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  • 151.
    Kämper, Heidrun
    et al.
    Universität Mannheim, Deutschland.
    Linke, AngelikaLinköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.Wengeler, MartinUniversität Trier, Deutschland.
    Der Sitz der Sprache im Leben: Beiträge zu einer kulturanalytischen Linguistik / Fritz Hermanns2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    'Sprachgeschichte als Mentalitätsgeschichte', 'linguistische Hermeneutik', 'affektive Lexik' ? diese und andere interdisziplinäre, kulturwissenschaftlich-linguistische Konzepte Fritz Hermanns' (1940-2007) werden, zusammen mit seinen terminologischen Klärungen zur Analyse politischer Sprache und Arbeiten zur sprachlichen Zeitgeschichte, hier erstmals gebündelt vorgelegt.

  • 152.
    Lee, Tzu-Lun
    et al.
    Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    He, Ya-Fang
    Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Huang, Yun-Ju
    Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Tseng, Shu-Chuan
    Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. TeliaSonera Sweden AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Prolongation in Mandari2004In: Proceedings of Interspeech (ICSLP) 2004, 2004, Vol. III, p. 2181-2184Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a corpus-based study on prolongations inspontaneous Mandarin. Prolongations are mainly produced forhesitation, but also for emphasizing a discourse focus and signalling an explicit feedback. 786 prolongation occurrences are investigated in terms of the position, the part of speech andthe segment and tone types. Prolongations are often found in word-final, phrase-final and utterance-medial positions. It is more likely to prolong in function words than in content words.However, in the case of monosyllabic words prolongations are more frequently found in function words, but in the remaining cases prolongations are more likely to be found in content words. Prolongations in transitive verbs, adverbs, nouns andparticles show particularly high rates, while prolongations inintransitive verbs and aspectual adverbs are really rare. Especially, there is no prolonged adjective. Consonants arerarely prolonged in Mandarin and no particular effect is found for lexical tones.

  • 153.
    Lindström, Anders
    et al.
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Eklund, Robert
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    How foreign are “foreign” speech sounds? Implications for speech recognition and speech synthesis2000In: Multi-Lingual Interoperability in Speech Technology (MIST) September 13-14, 1999 Leusden, The Netherlands, 2000, Vol. 28, p. 15-19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports results from a production study whichshows in what ways the traditional Swedish phone set is expanded with phones similar to or approximating phones from other languages than Swedish in everyday speech. Theinclusion of such sounds – here called xenophones – has implications for both automatic speech recognition and speech synthesis systems, especially in polylingual environments, which are discussed in the paper.

  • 154.
    Lindström, Anders
    et al.
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Eklund, Robert
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    [jɑːmes] or [dʒɛɪmz] or Perhaps Something In-between? Recapping Three Years of Xenophone Studies1999In: Gothenburg Papers in Theoretical Linguistics, 81. Proceedings Fonetik 99, The Swedish Phonetics Conference / [ed] Robert Andersson, 1999, Vol. 81, p. 109-112Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarises work on ‘xenophones’ (foreign sounds) carried out at Telia Research. The inclusion of “foreign” sounds in Swedish is described, as well as their implications on speech recognition and speech synthesis. Results from two earlier studies are summarised and described: the nature of the expansion of what is normally regarded as the Swedish phone set, and the nature of some possible underlying factors.

  • 155.
    Lindström, Anders
    et al.
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Xenophenomena: studies of foreign language influence at several linguistic levels2002In: Proceedings of 24. Jahrestagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft: Mehrsprachigkeit Heute, 2002, p. 132-134Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Languages have always been influenced by other languages in various ways, through cultural contacts, migration, trade and other channels. In an increasingly internationalized world, where contacts across national borders are commonplace, sometimes politically driven/pushed by bodies such as the EU, foreign language influences have become stronger than ever. Moreover, besides cultural influx through media such as TV and radio, multilingual automatic applications have become an important area of study for automatic speech recognition services, raising issues like how Germans pronounce French place names, and vice versa (Trancoso et al., 1999). Similarly, automatic speech synthesis also needs to cover pronunciation of foreign items, which has been observed by e.g. Eklund & Lindström (1996; 1998; 2001) and Möbius et al. (1997). While speech recognition and speech synthesis mainly are affected by “foreignness” of speech sounds, languages are also influenced at other linguistic levels, such as vocabulary, idioms such as ‘catch-phrases’ and ‘buzz-words’, translated or original expressions and so on, as observed by e.g. Ljung (1988).

  • 156.
    Lindström, Anders
    et al.
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Eklund, Robert
    Telia Research AB, Farsta, Sweden.
    Xenophones Revisited: Linguistic and other underlying factors affecting the pronunciation of foreign items in Swedish1999In: ICPhS 99: Proceedings of the XIVth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, San Francisco, 1-7 August 1999 / [ed] John J. Ohala, Yoko Hasegawa, Manjari Ohala, Daniel Granville and Ashlee C. Bailey, 1999, Vol. 3, p. 2227-2230, article id 0708Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the distribution of Swedish subjects’ productions of foreign speech sounds, here termed xenophones, is studied, and tabulated across gender, age, and region. The results are grouped in three categories along the “awareness” and “fidelity”dimensions. Results indicate that age is by far the most decisive underlying factor, which can be explained in terms of cultural exposure.

  • 157.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Grammatical Constructions in Dialogue2009In: Context and Constructions / [ed] Alexander Bergs & Gabriela Diewald, Amsterdam: John Benjamins , 2009, 1, p. 97-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This collection of original articles focuses on the function, role, and structure of linguistic and extralinguistic “context(s)” in relation to the notion of “constructions” and in construction grammar. It thus takes up and brings together two equally complex concepts of linguistics, which both encompass structural as well as pragmatic and discourse-oriented aspects. Although both notions – contexts as well as constructions – have been under intense discussion in linguistics during the last decades with a wide span of research interests, integrative studies of these aspects have been largely missing.

    The eight papers presented in this volume explore the possibilities and risks of integrating context(s) into particular constructions and construction grammar in general. Topics range from particular language and construction-specific problems such as the "polysemy" of modal verbs in relation to context-sensitive constructions, to general technical analyses and proposals, including proposals for formalizing contextual features in constructional representations.

    The volume will be of interest to scholars and advanced undergraduates interested in linguistic theory in general and in constructional, pragmatic and discourse-analytic approaches in particular.

  • 158.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pis´mennojazykovaja predvjaztost´ lingvistiki kak nautjnoj otrasli2009In: Studia Linguistica Cognitiva 2: Nauka o jazyke v izmejajusjtjejsja paradigme znanija / [ed] sovet serii A. V. Kravčenko, Irkutsk: BNUEL Publishers , 2009, 1, p. 153-191Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 159.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rethinking Language, Mind and World Dialogically: Interactional and contextual theories of human sense-making2009 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A volume in Advances in Cultural PsychologySeries Editor: Jaan Valsiner, Clark University"This is a remarkable and highly original work on dialogism, dialogical theories and dialogue. With his erudite and broadly based scholarship PerLinell makes a path-breaking contribution to the study of the human mind, presenting a novel alternative to traditional monologism and exploring thedynamics of sense-making in different forms of interaction and communicative projects. Although Per Linell discusses complex dialogical concepts, the text is written with exceptional clarity, taking the reader through critique as well as appreciation of great intellectual traditions of our time."(Professor Ivana Markov, University of Stirling, U.K.)"Per Linells Rethinking Language, Mind And World Dialogically represents a landmark in the development ofa transdisciplinary dialogically basedparadigm for the human sciences. The author?'s lucid analysis and constructive rethinking ranges all the way from integrating explanations ofsignificant empirical contributions across the entire range of human sciences dealing with language, thought and communication to foundational, epistemological and ontological issues."(Professor Ragnar Rommetveit, University of Oslo, Norway)Per Linell took his degree in linguistics and is currently professor of language and culture, with a specialisation on communication and spokeninteraction, at the University of Link ping, Sweden. He has been instrumental in building up an internationally renowned interdisciplinary graduateschool in communication studies in Link ping. He has worked for many years on developing a dialogical alternative to mainstream theories inlinguistics, psychology and social sciences. His production comprises more than 100 articles on dialogue, talk-in-interaction and institutionaldiscourse. His more recent books include Approaching Dialogue (1998), The Written Language Bias in Linguistics (2005) and Dialogue in FocusGroups (2007, with I. Markov, M. Grossen and A. Salazar Orvig).

  • 160.
    Linell, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mertzlufft, Christine
    Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Deutsches Seminar, Germanistische Linguistik, Germany.
    Evidence for a dialogical grammar: reactive constructions in swedish and german2014In: Grammar and dialogism: sequential, syntactic, and prosodic patterns between emergence and sedimentation / [ed] Susanne Günthner, Wolfgang Imo and Jörg Bücker, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2014, p. 79-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present chapter deals with reactive constructions in Swedish and German, especially with two constructions which will be called x-och/und-x (i.e. x-and-x) and 'double initial auxiliaries' (= DIA) constructions. As reactive constructions we define constructions involving the speaker's repetition of an expression x used in a prior utterance by another or by the speaker him/herself. This first segment is followed by a negotiation of the situated meaning of x. The function is to react to or against the previous speaker's way of expressing him/herself, his/her use of the expression x.

    Our observations confirm a general view of online languaging ( = 'language use'), that utterances are incrementally built. Moreover, our data show that reactive constructions are evidence for a dynamic and dialogical conception of language and languaging, including grammatical constructions.

  • 161.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Das Schielen auf den Dritten. Zur konfigurativen Bestimmtheit von Kommunikation.2007In: Mediale Gegenwärtigkeit / [ed] Christian Kiening, Zürich: Chronos , 2007, p. 111-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 162.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Der Esstisch. Zur raumsemiotischen Nutzung eines Möbelstücks2018In: Historische Anthropologie (Kultur – Gesellschaft – Alltag), ISSN 0942-8704, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 350-378Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 163.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Einführung: Kommunikation und Kulturalität2016In: Sprache - Kultur - Kommunikation / Language - Culture - Communication: Ein internationales Handbuch zu Linguistik als Kulturwissenschaft / An International Handbook of Linguistics as a Cultural Discipline / [ed] Ludwig Jäger, Werner Holly, Peter Krapp, Samuel Weber, Simone Heekeren, Berlin: De Gruyter , 2016, 1, Vol. 1, p. 351-368Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Entdeckungsprozeduren. Oder: Wie Diskurse auf sich aufmerksam machen.2015In: Diskurs – interdisziplinär: Zugänge, Gegenstände, Perspektiven. / [ed] Kämper, Heidrun; Warnke, Ingo H., Berlin, Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2015, 1, p. 63-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    About the book:

    What happens when philosophers and sociologists, historians, literary scholars, and linguists try to engage in discourse? The essays in this volume examine this question and describe the structure of discourses as instances of meaning-production based on a common basic understanding of “discourse” from a theoretical, methodological, and empirical perspective.

  • 165.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kommunikationsgeschichte2014In: Paradigmen der aktuellen Sprachgeschichtsforschung / [ed] Vilmos Ágel, Andreas Gardt, Berlin, Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2014, 1, p. 22-45Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kulturhistorische Linguistik2018In: Sprache im kommunikativen, interaktiven und kulturellen Kontext / [ed] Arnulf Deppermann, Silke Reineke, Mouton de Gruyter, 2018, p. 347-384Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Der Beitrag stellt das Arbeitsfeld der Kulturhistorischen Linguistik vor. Er umreißt ihre Entstehung und ihren Status mit Blick auf die größeren wissenschaftshistorischen und disziplinären Zusammenhänge und gibt einen Überblick über die zentralen theoretischen Konzepte, über Leitfragen, methodische Zugänge und Gegenstände. Besonderes Gewicht wird auf die Darstellung des Kultur- wie des Sprachbegriffs gelegt, welcher die Perspektive der Kulturhistorischen Linguistik auf historische Sprachwelten und deren Wandel auszeichnet, ergänzt durch Überlegungen dazu, wie sich Kulturhistorische Linguistik zu ihrer ‚Schwesterwissenschaft‘, der Neuen Kulturgeschichte, verhält. In methodischer Hinsicht wird die gesprächslinguistische Gretchenfrage – why that now – für die Kulturhistorische Linguistik adaptiert und die kulturelle Signifikanz von Form, d. h. von sprachlicher und kommunikativer Musterhaftigkeit sowie von deren Veränderungen in der Zeit herausgestellt. Im Anschluss daran werden mögliche Themenfelder und Gegenstände Kulturhistorischer Linguistik vorgestellt und anhand von Kurzpräsentationen exemplarisch ausgewählter Arbeiten anschaulich gemacht. In einem abschließenden Kapitel werden die Fragestellung und das Erkenntnispotential Kulturhistorischer Linguistik nochmals zusammenfassend reflektiert mit dem Blick darauf, dass die Erarbeitung linguistischer Befunde zwar den disziplinären Kern kulturhistorischer linguistischer Forschung bildet, ihre Frage nach der kulturellen Signifikanz dieser Befunde aber immer darüber hinausgeht.

  • 167.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Körperkonfigurationen: Die Sitzgruppe: Zur Kulturgeschichte des Verhältnisses von Gespräch, Körpern und Raum vom 18. bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts2012In: Historische Pragmatik / [ed] Ernst, Peter, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2012, 1, p. 185-214Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 168.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Politics as Linguistic Performance: Function and magic of Communicative Practises2011In: Political Languages in the Age of Extremes / [ed] Willibald Steinmetz, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011, p. 53-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume explores the relationship between language and political power in the Age of Extremes. Topics include leadership cults under Stalin and Mussolini, depictions of enemies, secret diary-writing under Nazism, and the defence strategies of Soviet party members and Gestapo prisoners.

  • 169.
    Linke, Angelika
    Universität Zürich, Zürich, Schweiz.
    Schreiben als Beziehungspraxis: Frauenbriefe aus dem Zürcher Bürgertum 1760–1800. Ein Entwurf2019In: LiLi: Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik, ISSN 0049-8653, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 241-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper examines the interdependency between private letter-writing and the constitution of friendship among women as a specific social relationship. The data used are private letters exchanged between women belonging to the urban middle class of Zurich at the end of the 18th century. With regard to the vivid epistolary culture of the time as it is documented in letter manuals I ask for the function of the letter as a means to create and shape the sociocultural concept of female friendship.

  • 170.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sprachreflexion und Menschenbild: Entwürfe zum Verhältnis von Sprachlichkeit und Sozialität2015In: Sprachwissenschaft im Fokus: Positionsbestimmungen und Perspektiven / [ed] Ludwig M. Eichinger, Berlin, München, Boston: de Gruyter , 2015, 1, p. 9-42Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Zu den Gemeinplätzen wissenschaftlichen wie populären Nachdenkens über den Menschen gehört, dass es die Sprache ist, die den Menschen in besonderer Weise gegenüber allen anderen Lebewesen auszeichnet. Die naheliegende Folgerung, dass Sprachwissenschaft deshalb immer auch eine Wissenschaft vom Menschen ist, wird dennoch eher selten gezogen. Zumindest nicht in expliziter Form. Andererseits ist es praktisch nicht möglich, sprachtheoretische Überlegungen zum ‘Wesen’ der Sprache oder zu den zentralen Aufgaben und Fragestellungen der Linguistik anzustellen, ohne zumindest implizit auch ein Bild des Menschen selbst zu entwerfen. Der Vortrag versucht – mit dem Fokus auf die Fachgeschichte der letzten 50 Jahre – der mit Stichworten wie Funktion, Kontext, Praxis, Alterität, Dialogizität verbundenen Neukonturierung unserer Vorstellungen von ‘Sprache und ihren Menschen’ nachzugehen. Im Horizont der Überlegungen steht zudem die Frage, ob angesichts dieser Neukonturierung neue Perspektiven auf ‘alte‘ Konzeptualisierungen vom Menschen wie von Sprache möglich sind.

  • 171.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Themenschwerpunkt Linguistik und Kulturanalyse2006Other (Refereed)
  • 172.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tischgespräche2011In: Lieblingsstücke: Germanistik in Zürich – 125 Jahre Deutsches Seminar / [ed] Christian Kiening, Barbara Naumann, Zurich: vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich, 2011, 1, p. 124-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Die englische Kult-Designerin Cath Kidston feiert seit langem weltweit Erfolge. Jetzt gibt es das Handarbeitsbuch für Fans mit 48 kreativen Projekten und 16 Motiv-Schablonen! Unter den fantasievollen Ideen zur individuellen Gestaltung von Kissen oder Bettwäsche, Kleidung, Taschen und Geschenken findet garantiert jeder sein persönliches "Lieblingsstück". Alle Projekte enthalten ausführliche Anleitungen und Angaben zum jeweiligen Schwierigkeitsgrad. Das Highlight: 16 Vorlagen für original Cath-Kidston-Motive zum Ausschneiden oder Kopieren in Originalgröße! Ein wunderschön gestaltetes Buch, ideal auch für Anfänger.

  • 173.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unauffällig, aber unausweichlich: Alltagssprache als Ort von Kultur2014In: Wo ist Kultur?: Perspektiven der Kulturanalyse / [ed] Forrer, Thomas/Linke, Angelika, Zurich: vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich, 2014, p. 169-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unordentlich, langhaarig und mit der Matratze auf dem Boden: Zur Protestsemiotik von Körper und Raum in den 1968er-Jahre2012In: 1968: Eine sprachwissenschaftliche Zwischenbilanz / [ed] Kämper, Heidrun/Scharloth, Joachim/Wengeler, Martin, Berlin/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2012, 1, p. 201-226Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The cipher “1968” evokes a remembrance that has a strong impact on the collective memory, especially through its language. After forty years the time has come for an interim status report, which this collective volume undertakes. It mainly contains linguistic contributions on “1968”, presenting and describing the various manifestations and aspects of this language. Thus, it represents a contribution of cultural-studies to the history of language, as well as to semiotics, and to the history of the media and contemporary history.

  • 175.
    Linke, Angelika
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Wer ist "arm"? Soziale Kategorisierung im Medium der Sprache.2007In: Zu wenig. Dimensionen der Armut. / [ed] Ursula Renz ,Barbara Bleisch, Zürich: Seismo , 2007, 1, p. 19-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Arm zu sein bedeutet immer auch, in der einen oder anderen Weise zu wenig zu haben. Doch wie wenig ist zu wenig? Und wovon zu wenig zu haben ist ein Zeichen von Armut? Wie nehmen wir Armut wahr und wo und weshalb übersehen wir sie? Worin zeichnet sich Armut in Industrieländern aus, und welche Herausforderungen stellt sie an den Sozialstaat? Lässt sich Armut bei uns mit der Armut in Entwicklungsländern vergleichen und wenn ja, anhandwelcher Massstäbe? Welche ökonomischen und technischen Strategien der Armutsbekämpfung werden gegenwärtig in Politik und Wissenschaft diskutiert? Diesen und weiteren Fragen geht der vorliegende Band in dreizehn Beiträgen aus verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen auf den Grund und wirft Schlaglichter auf ganz unterschiedliche Dimensionen dessen, was es heissen kann, zu wenig zu haben. Beiträge von: Thomas Abel, Daniela Fuhr/Adrian Spoerri, Philipp Aerni, Christine N. Brinckmann, Tina Goethe, Rolf Kappel, Stephan Klasen, Lucy Koechlin, Angelika Linke, Thomas Pogge, Robert Schnepf, Monika Stocker, Jakob Tanner, Christa Wichterich.

  • 176.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deppermann, Arnulf
    IDS - Institut für Deutsche Sprache, Germany.
    Feilke, Helmuth
    Universität Giessen, Germany.
    Sprachliche und kommunikative Praktiken: Eine Annäherung aus linguistischer Sicht2016In: Sprachliche und kommunikative Praktiken / [ed] Deppermann, Arnulf; Feilke, Helmuth; Linke, Angelika, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2016, 1, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deppermann, ArnulfIDS - Institut für Deutsche Sprache, Germany.Feilke, HelmuthUniversität Giessen, Germany.
    Sprachliche und kommunikative Praktiken: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache 20152016Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For the first time, this volume shows the benefits of a praxeological approach to linguistics. It conceives of language, text, behavior, and communication as “practices.” A focus is placed on processuality, materiality, embodiment, and social routines. Instead of regarding language as an autonomous system, the contributions look at how actors use language in the context of embodied practices as shaped by social and cultural history.

  • 178.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forrer, Thomas
    University of Lucerne, Switzerland.
    Wo ist Kultur?2014In: Wo ist Kultur?: Perspektiven der Kulturanalyse / [ed] Forrer, Thomas/Linke, Angelika, Zurich: vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich, 2014, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 179.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Forrer, ThomasUniversity of Lucerne, Switzerland.
    Wo ist Kultur?: Perspektiven der Kulturanalyse2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [de]

    Wo ist Kultur? Was meinen wir, wenn wir "Kultur" sagen? Im 19. Jahrhundert hatte "Kultur" ihren Hort in Europa, ihre Heimat war das antike Griechenland und die sie tragende Schicht das Bürgertum. Die Umbrüche des 20. Jahrhunderts lassen keine feste Verortung von "Kultur" mehr zu. Dennoch (oder gerade deshalb?) ist "Kultur" in gegenwärtigen Debatten ein Schlüsselwort. Die komplexe Dynamik sozialer, wirtschaftlicher und medialer Prozesse erscheint letztlich nur "kulturell" erklärbar – ein Diskurs, der aktuell unterschiedlichste Positionen herausfordert.

    Der Band dokumentiert die interdisziplinäre Ringvorlesung von Universität und ETH Zürich, die der Frage nach dem Ort von Kultur nachgeht.

  • 180.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schröter, Juliane
    Institut für Germanistik an der Universität Wien, Austria.
    Diskurslinguistik und Transsemiotizität2018In: Handbuch Diskurs / [ed] Ingo. H. Warnke, Berlin/Munich/Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2018, 1, p. 449-469Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Der Handbuchartikel skizziert die Möglichkeiten, das Konzept des Diskurses, wie es im Anschluss an Foucault in die Linguistik aufgenommen worden ist, für die Analyse von Aussagen- und Wissenszusammenhängen fruchtbar zu machen, die nicht allein zwischen sprachlichen Äußerungen, sondern auch zwischen diesen und semiotischen Phänomenen unterschiedlichster Art bestehen bzw. zu vermuten sind. Damit wird ein transsemiotisches Diskurskonzept konturiert, das insbesondere im Rahmen einer kulturanalytischen Linguistik, d. h. für diskurslinguistische Untersuchungen, die nach der sozialen und kulturellen Bedingtheit und Wirkmächtigkeit von Sprache und Zeichen, Sprachgebrauch und Zeichengebrauch fragen, hilfreich erscheint. Darüber hinaus könnte es auch jenseits der Linguistik für diskursanalytische Studien des kulturellen Zusammenhangs, der kulturellen Voraussetzungen und Konsequenzen von Ensembles zeichenhafter Prozesse und Produkte ganz verschiedener Materialitäten bzw. Modalitäten verwendet werden.

  • 181.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schröter, Juliane
    University of Zurich.
    Bubenhofer, Noah
    Institut für Deusche Sprache, Mannheim.
    »Ich als Linguist«: Eine empirische Studie zur Einschätzung und Verwendung des generischen Maskulinums2012In: Genderlinguistik. Sprachliche Konstruktionen von Geschlechtsidentität: Sprachliche Konstruktionen von Geschlechtsidentität / [ed] Günthner, Susanne/Hüpper, Dagmar/Spieß, Constanze, Berlin, Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2012, 1, p. 359-379Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Der Sammelband zur Genderlinguistik zeigt Praktiken der sprachlichen Konstruktion von Geschlechteridentitäten aus diversen Blickwinkeln auf. Die Beiträge präsentieren aktuelle methodische und theoretische Zugänge zur Analyse des Zusammenhangs von Sprache und Geschlecht, diskutieren aktuelle Fragestellungen und skizzieren neue Perspektiven zur sprachlichen Geschlechterkonstruktion in medialen Kontexten, in Face-to-Face-Interaktionen und im Zusammenspiel von Sprachsystem und -gebrauch.

  • 182.
    Linke, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schüller, Larissa
    Universität Zürich.
    Weihnachten Erzählen2016In: Sprachreport, ISSN 0178-644X, Vol. 4, no 32, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Ljunglöf, Peter
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lundälv, Mats
    Drottning Silvias barn- och ungdomssjukhus, Göteborg.
    Mühlenbock, Katarina
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    GRASP: Grammatikbaserad språkinlärningför barn med funktionshinder2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi avser att utveckla ett pedagogiskt hjälpmedel för barn med språkliga funktionshinder. Hjälpmedlet kommer att bestå av ett datorsystem som ger stöd för språkinlärning och språkträning. Systemet är grafiskt,där barnet kan peka på ord eller fraser för att få förklaringar i form av text eller ljud, och också själv kan göra omformuleringar. Barnet kan själv flytta omkring ord i en mening, och systemet flyttar automatiskt omkring andra ord och ändrar böjningar, så att meningen hela tiden blir grammatiskt korrekt. Hjälpmedlet är avsett att på ett lekfullt sätt stimulera barnets vilja att utforska språkets möjligheter.

  • 184.
    Lockenvitz, Sarah
    et al.
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Missouri State University, Springfield, MO, USA.
    Kuecker, Karrie
    Department of Communicative Disorders, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Lafayette, LA, USA.
    Ball, Martin J
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Evidence for the distinction between ‘consonantal-/r/’ and ‘vocalic-/r/’ in American English2015In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 29, no 8-10, p. 613-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the distinction between “consonantal-r” and “vocalic-r” in American English, terms encountered in the speech pathology literature but rarely in phonetic studies. We review evidence from phonetics, phonology and therapy, and describe our own study which measured percentage rhoticity in pre- and post-vocalic /r/. We suggest that the evidence supports a view that there is no more variation between pre-vocalic and post-vocalic /r/ than found in many other consonants. We also evaluate the different transcription traditions for post-vocalic /r/ in American English (as a consonant or a vowel), and describe a preliminary study demonstrating that these transcriptions are not equivalent, and denote different realisations.

  • 185.
    Lohmander, Anette
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Lundeborg, Inger
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Speech language pathology, Audiology and Otorhinolaryngology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Persson, Christina
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    SVANTE - The Swedish Articulation and Nasality Test - Normative data and a minimum standard set for cross-linguistic comparison2017In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 137-154Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Normative language-based data are important for comparing speech performances of clinical groups. The Swedish Articulation and Nasality Test (SVANTE) was developed to enable a detailed speech assessment. This studys aim was to present normative data on articulation and nasality in Swedish speakers. Single word production, sentence repetition and connected speech were collected using SVANTE in 443 individuals. Mean (SD) and prevalences in the groups of 3-, 5-, 7-, 10-, 16- and 19-year-olds were calculated from phonetic transcriptions or ordinal rating. For the 3- and 5-year-olds, a consonant inventory was also determined. The mean percent of oral consonants correct ranged from 77% at age 3 to 99% at age 19. At age 5, a mean of 96% was already reached, and the consonant inventory was established except for /s/, /r/, /?/. The norms on the SVANTE, also including a short version, will be useful in the interpretation of speech outcomes.

  • 186.
    Lundeborg Hammarström, Inger
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    McAllister, Anita
    Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Oral sensorimotor function in typically developing children 3 to 8 years old as assessed by the Nordic orofacial test, NOT-S2014In: Journal of medical speech-language pathology, ISSN 1065-1438, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 51-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Oral senorimotor development is the basis for several vital functions for the child, hence orofacial dysfunction may be severely disabling. Recently, a comprehensive screening instrument assessing different aspects of orofacial function in adults and children age three and up was developed, the Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S). The aim of the present study was to establish developmental profiles of orofacial function for children 3 to 7:11 years old using NOT-S methods: A total of 231  typically developing children 3:0 to 7:11 years old were included. Data were compiled from previous investigations. Comparisons across ages and gender were made.

    Results: The total NOT-S score was below two for 58% (133) of all children in the study.There was a clear trend of lower total NOT-S score with  increased age according to a best linear fit regression, R2= .81, p = .014. The number of children without any score on NOT-S increases dramatically for the seven-year-old children, 44% compared to 20% or lower for the other age groups. Boys had statistically significant higher scores than girls on the total NOT-S score and also for the clinical examination according to a Mann-Whitney U-test, p<.000 for both cases.

  • 187.
    Lundgren, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Swedish Studies and Comparative Literature.
    Longitudinal development of stance-taking in an interdisciplinary cancer assessment team2012In: COMET 2012 Trondheim: The 10th conference on Communication, Medicine and Ethics / [ed] Thomassen, Göril, Trondheim, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Lundgren, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Swedish Studies and Comparative Literature. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Testing the waters: Raising problematic issues in an interprofessional pain rehabilitation team2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Måseide (2007) indicates that politeness and carefulness are important aspects of successful intraprofessional negotiations in health care. In this presentation, I will argue that face work (Goffman 1959) is vital to the success also of interprofessional collaboration. Based on analyses of discursive practices in a pain rehabilitation team (see also Lundgren 2009), the presentation focuses on a pragmatic strategy used by the team members, which appears to be one of the keys to the successful collaboration in this particular team.

    The strategy, which I call “testing the waters”, is based on a specific five part construction: 1) announcement, 2) response, 3) elaboration, 4) initiation of discussion and 5) conclusion. It may be initiated in three different ways: by a) indicating a lack of certainty, b) making a reflection or c) sending out a feeler. The first three parts of the construction is similar both to Maynard’s description of the beginning of news delivery sequences in physician-patient interaction (Maynard 2003) as well as to the questioning sequences in workplace meetings described by Ford (Ford 2008). However, there are also important differences which will be addressed in the presentation.

    By “testing the waters”, any team member can raise a potentially problematic issue at virtually any point of the team conference. Simultaneously, “testing the waters” enables discussions that may be sensitive, without threatening the face of the colleagues (or of the team member raising the issue). The discussions often lead to a review of previously made decisions, or a decision about a previously undiscussed point. According to the team members, these discussions can be understood as the team’s raison d’être, since they allow them to make the most of the variety of professional perspectives represented in the team and thereby to reach a genuinely shared understanding of the patient’s problems.

    The results are based on discourse analyses of 15 video recordings of team conferences in the pain rehabilitation team.

    References:- Ford, C. E. 2008. Women Speaking up. Getting and using turns in workplace meetings. New York: Palgrave. - Goffman, E. 1959. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday. - Lundgren, C. 2009. Samarbete genom samtal. En samtalsanalytisk studie av multiprofessionella teamkonferenser inom smärtrehabilitering. [Team Talk: Collaboration through Communication in Meetings of a Multiprofessional Pain Rehabilitation Care Team] Linköping Studies in Arts and Science 483. Linköping: Linköping University. - Maynard, D. W. 2003. Bad News, Good News: Conversational order in everyday talk and clinical settings. Chicago: Chicago University Press. - Måseide, P. 2007. Discourses of collaborative medical work. Text and Talk, 27 (5/6): 611-632.

  • 189.
    Lundgren, Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Swedish Studies and Comparative Literature. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Tvärvetenskaplig följeforskning inom försöksverksamheten med patientfokuserad och sammanhållen cancervård"2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Lundgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Swedish Studies and Comparative Literature.
    Lagerfelt, Marie
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Surgery UHL.
    Kommunikation och lärande i multidisciplinärt samarbete: exemplet CUUS2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Lyberg, Bertil
    et al.
    Telia Research AB, Sweden.
    Eklund, Robert
    Telia Research AB, Sweden.
    The Possible Use of Prosody in Spoken Language Translation Systems1995In: TELECOM 95, 1995, p. 9-13Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech recognition systems do not normally make use of information signalled by prosody, i.e. the segment duration and the fundamental frequency contour of the speech signal. Rather, in current statistical approaches to the speech recognition problem, the acoustic manifestations of prosody is more or less considered as disturbances. In more advanced applications for speech recognition, such as speech-to-speech translation systems, it is obvious that the information conveyed by prosody has to be detected in the source language, mapped onto the target language and then generated by the speech synthesizer of the target language. The linguistic information signalled by prosody is syntactic structure, semantic interpretation and sentence emphasis. Moreover, in languages such as Swedish, with tonal accents, there are word and phrase pairs that are only distinguishable by means of intonation contour. In pure tone languages, the inclusion of prosody is crucial for speech recognition systems. Besides syntactic and semantic information, prosody also mirrors para-linguistic properties such as sex and attitude etc. Speech-to-speech translation systems that will not transfer this type of information will be of limited value for person-to-person communication.

  • 192.
    Magnusson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fokus ålder: betydelserelationer och betydelseförändring i användning2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study how words denoting age are used in newspaper texts. I have chosen mainly to study the following Swedish focus words for females and males of different ages (flicka, kvinna, tjej, dam; pojke, man, kille and herre) as they relate to age. Furthermore, age lexemes – different variations of Swedish expressions of age – are investigated and finally also a number of new Swedish expressions that are used to describe age – kids, förtis, grups, tweenie, mappie, senior and what I call “plus gradings” – e.g. 50 +.

    The study is particularly concerned with where and how age is referred to and how the chosen focus words relate in different ways to age and sex – and finally also with how these things have changed over time. I have examined newspaper corpora from three separate years – 1965, 1987 and 2000. My theoretical perspective is social constructivist, age being understood as something that is constructed and negotiated in language use. As for method, I adopt a corpus linguistic approach – large corpora and quantitative language patterns in frequencies and lexical content. Thus, my investigation is aimed at the focus words, the age lexemes and the terms in their linguistic contexts, primarily as regards adjective attributes, lexical relations and collocations.

    My conclusion is that the examined expressions occur in different contexts and are used in different ways, but are not always related to age or age differentiation. I have noticed a couple of tendencies; one relates to vagueness when it comes to age and one relates to a semantic division of labour. The focus words are both used as synonyms and as oppositions, and they refer to referents belonging to different age groups. At the same time there is a clear division of labour between them in that variation in many contexts relates more to subject and contextual pattern than to different chronological ages. Ihave also noticed that chronological age is generally used when something is unusual, deviant or when the context has to do with crime, sports, (change of or debut in) a profession, birthday announcements etc.

  • 193.
    Majlesi, Ali Reza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Broth, Mathias
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Emergent learnables in second language classroom interaction2012In: Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, ISSN 2210-6561, E-ISSN 2210-657X, Vol. 1, no 3-4, p. 193-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies how unplanned learnablesemerge in classroom interaction. A learnableis defined as whatever is interactively established as relevant and developed to become a shared pedagogical focus. A learnable can thus be related to any social practice. In the context that we are studying, a Swedish as a second language classroom, we show how interactive processes constructing something as a learnable may originate not only in the use of an unknown Swedish word whose meaning is then asked for (which amounts to a verbal source for a learnable), but also in an unknown name for an object (a material source for a learnable) or an unknown meaning of a gesture (a gestural source for a learnable). These last two sources have not been much described in the existing literature on objects of learning. Through detailed analyses of video recorded classroom interaction, focusing on the ways in which participants gradually accomplish learnables, we show how learnables can arise, step by step, in and for the relevant needs of an emergent learning project that may be quite different from the teacher's pedagogical agenda.

  • 194.
    Malmenholt, Ann
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Lohmander, Anette
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Mcallister, Anita
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.
    Childhood apraxia of speech: A survey of praxis and typical speech characteristics2017In: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology, ISSN 1401-5439, E-ISSN 1651-2022, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 84-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate current knowledge of the diagnosis childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) in Sweden and compare speech characteristics and symptoms to those of earlier survey findings in mainly English-speakers. Method: In a web-based questionnaire 178 Swedish speech-language pathologists (SLPs) anonymously answered questions about their perception of typical speech characteristics for CAS. They graded own assessment skills and estimated clinical occurrence. Results: The seven top speech characteristics reported as typical for children with CAS were: inconsistent speech production (85%), sequencing difficulties (71%), oro-motor deficits (63%), vowel errors (62%), voicing errors (61%), consonant cluster deletions (54%), and prosodic disturbance (53%). Motor-programming deficits described as lack of automatization of speech movements were perceived by 82%. All listed characteristics were consistent with the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) consensus-based features, Strands 10-point checklist, and the diagnostic model proposed by Ozanne. The mode for clinical occurrence was 5%. Number of suspected cases of CAS in the clinical caseload was approximately one new patient/year and SLP. Conclusions: The results support and add to findings from studies of CAS in English-speaking children with similar speech characteristics regarded as typical. Possibly, these findings could contribute to cross-linguistic consensus on CAS characteristics.

  • 195.
    Marsh, John E.
    et al.
    University of Central Lancashire, England; University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Crawford, Jessica C.
    University of Central Lancashire, England.
    Pilgrim, Lea K.
    University of Central Lancashire, England.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Hughes, Robert W.
    Royal Holloway University of London, England.
    Trouble articulating the right words: Evidence for a response-exclusion account of distraction during semantic fluency2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 367-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is widely held that single-word lexical access is a competitive process, a view based largely on the observation that naming a picture is slowed in the presence of a distractor-word. However, problematic for this view is that a low-frequency distractor-word slows the naming of a picture more than does a high-frequency word. This supports an alternative, response-exclusion, account in which a distractor-word interferes because it must be excluded from an articulatory output buffer before the right word can be articulated (the picture name): A high, compared to low, frequency word accesses the buffer more quickly and, as such, can also be excluded more quickly. Here we studied the respective roles of competition and response-exclusion for the first time in the context of semantic verbal fluency, a setting requiring the accessing of, and production of, multiple words from long-term memory in response to a single semantic cue. We show that disruption to semantic fluency by a sequence of to-be-ignored spoken distractors is also greater when those distractors are low in frequency, thereby extending the explanatory compass of the response-exclusion account to a multiple-word production setting and casting further doubt on the lexical-selection-by-competition view. The results can be understood as reflecting the contribution of speech output processes to semantic fluency.

  • 196.
    Martín-Bylund, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    The matter of silence in early childhood bilingual education2017In: Educational Philosophy and Theory, ISSN 0013-1857, E-ISSN 1469-5812, Vol. 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between silence as non-speech and bilingualism in early childhood education is intricate. This article maps this relationship with the help of diverse theoretical entrances to a video-recorded everyday episode from a bilingual (Spanish–Swedish) preschool in Sweden. Though this, three alternative readings of silence are produced. Thinking with Deleuzian philosophy, the aim is to consider how the different readings of silence require different understandings of both time and language and allow different bilingual child subjectivities. The different readings present silence as development, strategy and intensity. Thinking with different dimensions of language as well as Chronosand Aion as different notions of time, the article shows that silence as development and silence as strategy are individually, chronologically and linguistically oriented readings. These allow viewing the bilingual child as more or less competent, active and powerful in relation to adults. Furthermore, silence as intensity is collectively produced as well as temporally unbounded, and produces the bilingual child, as involved in several material–semiotic relations capable of amazement. It is discussed whether, due to the evasive and inconsistent nature of silence, all three readings are equally (im)possible. Nevertheless, they produce different effects and raise different questions concerning bilingual educational practice in the early years.

  • 197.
    Martín-Bylund, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Towards a minor bilingualism: Exploring variations of language and literacy in early childhood education2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this compilation thesis is to explore variations in bilingualism with the help of everyday specific situations at a Spanish-Swedish early childhood institution in Sweden, and by means of a ‘material-semiotic theorizing’. This means that material and semiotic elements are treated equally and entwined. Through studying a bilingual preschool practice, theory and politics as three interwoven practices, the thesis produces knowledge on language and literacy as socially and materially divergent, transformative occurrences. The research process is a commitment with Deleuzio-Guattarian philosophy, theory and politics, and is defined as a becoming in and of the three practices (education, theory, politics). Ethical and methodological undertakings are described as results of the interaction of these practices. Processes of data production include a yearlong fieldwork with all year groups (1-5) at a bilingual preschool in Sweden with a Spanish-Swedish language policy. The materials of data (approx. 59 hours of video-recordings and additional field-notes of everyday activities) are extended and developed upon in interaction with theoretical concepts and political concerns in terms of an analytical process that ‘puts theory to work’. The results are phrased as three temporal suggestions: 1) Bilingualism is a plural, collectively produced, both transitory and specific phenomenon 2) Bilingualism emerges with different, simultaneous dimensions of language and literacy (language as both code and material intensities) 3) Bilingualism is shared and public but also private and inconclusive. The thesis also shows the interconnectedness and continuity between different constructions of bilingualism (i.e. separate – flexible, public - private) as well as the productivity of the unknown and of what is labelled as (il)literate expertise. The impact that these suggestions may have in working with bilingualism in early childhood education is discussed. At the same time the discussion inspires to thinking towards a minor bilingualism also in more general terms.

    List of papers
    1. Playing the game and speaking the right language: Language policy and materiality in a bilingual preschool activity
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Playing the game and speaking the right language: Language policy and materiality in a bilingual preschool activity
    2017 (English)In: Multilingua - Journal of Cross-cultural and Interlanguage Communiciation, ISSN 0167-8507, E-ISSN 1613-3684, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 23p. 477-499Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    What are the material-semiotic relationships between a language policy and a table game activity in a bilingual preschool? Using Actor-Network Theory (ANT), the aim of this article is to explore this question, working with both human and nonhuman aspects of the activity, symmetrically, at the same level. The game playing activity takes place at a bilingual, Spanish-Swedish preschool in Sweden, which adopts a 50-50 approach in daily interaction. In interplay with video recordings, field notes and Actor-Network Theory, four different actor-network scenes of the activity are produced. Children, teacher, game pieces, die, cards, linguistic and other elements are described in the same language, as well as symmetrically drawn together in material-semiotic relations. The results indicate that the activity revolves mainly around two different, multilayered, and sometimes conflicting interests: to play the game and to speak the right language. The article describes the interrelatedness between these interests and how bilingualism emerges, transforms and becomes temporarily different in the relations of the actor-network. The approach opens up new avenues for understanding different constructions of bilingualism not in terms of a flexible-separate dichotomy but as entangled with one another in material-semiotic relations, which may illuminate creative potentials in the relations of policy and practice rather than implementation.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2017. p. 23
    Keywords
    language policy, bilingualism, flexible-separate, Actor-Network Theory (ANT), material-semiotic, human and nonhuman, early childhood education
    National Category
    Specific Languages
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139851 (URN)10.1515/multi-2016-0021 (DOI)000412873300006 ()2-s2.0-85026677165 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Multilingual becoming in reading: a picture storybook-reading-assemblage in early years education
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multilingual becoming in reading: a picture storybook-reading-assemblage in early years education
    2015 (English)In: Early Years Second Language Education: International perspectives on theory and practice / [ed] Sandie Mourão and Mónica Lourenco, Abingdon och New York: Routledge, 2015, 1, p. 78-92Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Abingdon och New York: Routledge, 2015 Edition: 1
    Series
    Routledge research in early childhood education
    Keywords
    multilingualism, preschool, literacy, Multiple Literacies Theory
    National Category
    Sociology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-117976 (URN)978-0-415-70527-1 (ISBN)978-1-315-88994-8 (ISBN)
    Projects
    Språkpolicy i flerspråkiga förskolor och familjer: institutionella och vardagliga praktiker
    Funder
    Swedish Research Council, 721-2011-5842
    Available from: 2015-05-19 Created: 2015-05-19 Last updated: 2017-08-17
    3. The matter of silence in early childhood bilingual education
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The matter of silence in early childhood bilingual education
    2017 (English)In: Educational Philosophy and Theory, ISSN 0013-1857, E-ISSN 1469-5812, Vol. 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between silence as non-speech and bilingualism in early childhood education is intricate. This article maps this relationship with the help of diverse theoretical entrances to a video-recorded everyday episode from a bilingual (Spanish–Swedish) preschool in Sweden. Though this, three alternative readings of silence are produced. Thinking with Deleuzian philosophy, the aim is to consider how the different readings of silence require different understandings of both time and language and allow different bilingual child subjectivities. The different readings present silence as development, strategy and intensity. Thinking with different dimensions of language as well as Chronosand Aion as different notions of time, the article shows that silence as development and silence as strategy are individually, chronologically and linguistically oriented readings. These allow viewing the bilingual child as more or less competent, active and powerful in relation to adults. Furthermore, silence as intensity is collectively produced as well as temporally unbounded, and produces the bilingual child, as involved in several material–semiotic relations capable of amazement. It is discussed whether, due to the evasive and inconsistent nature of silence, all three readings are equally (im)possible. Nevertheless, they produce different effects and raise different questions concerning bilingual educational practice in the early years.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Abington: Routledge, 2017
    Keywords
    Silence and bilingualism, Deleuze, Chronos and Aion, different dimensions of language
    National Category
    General Language Studies and Linguistics Specific Languages Pedagogy Pedagogical Work Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-139852 (URN)10.1080/00131857.2017.1361820 (DOI)000427698300004 ()2-s2.0-85026892648 (Scopus ID)
    Available from: 2017-08-17 Created: 2017-08-17 Last updated: 2018-04-11Bibliographically approved
  • 198.
    Mata, Iracema
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kodväxling och intersubjektivitet  i tolkmedierade domstolsförhandligar2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reaching shared understanding during court hearings is a prerequisite to ensure a fair trial and maintaining legal certainty. Every month between 2,000 and 3,000 court hearings in Sweden make use of interpreters. Interpreter-mediated conversations involve an extra discourse compared to monolingual conversations which increases the risk of misunderstandings.

    Using methodology of conversation analysis the study explores how bilingualism is expressed during interpreter-mediated court hearings, at which occasions the Spanish-speaking laymen switch to Swedish and what function the codeswitching fulfills. The study identifies patterns in codeswitching and categorizes them into six different types. Furthermore the ideology of monolingualism in court is challenged and the advantages and disadvantages of codeswitching is discussed.

    The analysis concludes that even though certain types of codeswitching lead to delays in the conversation, the interaction is mostly favored by the Spanish-speaking party understanding some Swedish. Court proceedings would benefit from being more permissive toward bilingualism and the types of codeswitching that favor intersubjectivity.

  • 199.
    McAllister, Anita
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eklund, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    An acoustic analysis of the cattle call “kulning”,performed outdoors at Säter, Dalarna, Sweden2015In: Proceedings from Fonetik 2015. Working Papers 55/2015, 8–10 June 2015, Centre for Languages and Literature, General Linguistics/Phonetics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden, Lund, Sweden: Lund University , 2015, p. 81-84Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper summarizes recent research on ‘kulning’, a surprisingly understudiedSwedish cattle call singing style. In a previous study (Eklund, McAllister & Pehrson, 2013), we compared kulning and head voice (‘falsetto’) as recorded in a normal room and in an anechoic chamber. This paper reports from an analysisof the same “kulning” song recorded outdoors on location in Säter, Dalarna (Sweden), close to the singer’s home, which makes the data more ecologically validand allows comparisons between “clean” indoor recordings and more authentic outdoor recordings. Several recordings were made, but the present article analysesrecordings made simultaneously at 1 meter and 11 meters from the singer. Results indicate that for the vowels [a] and [u] partials in kulning, as compared to head voice, are visible at both higher frequencies and at a longer distance, which provides an acoustic rationale for the development of the singing style, intended to be heard at a long distance.

  • 200.
    Melin, Henrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature.
    Petersson, Julia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Literature.
    Minoritetsspråk för majoriteten: En undersökning av hur undervisning om minoritetsspråk legitimeras2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom ramen för svenskundervisningen på gymnasiet är svensklärare skyldiga att undervisa om de nationella minoritetsspråken. Detta är en följd av att Sverige ratificerat två styrdokument från Europeiska rådet vilka syftar till att skydda europeiska minoritetsgruppers rätt att behålla och bevara sitt språk och sin kultur. I denna uppsats undersöks hur forskning legitimerar de kopplingar som de europeiska styrdokumenten drar mellan minoritetsspråk, kultur och identitet samt hur undervisning om minoritetsspråk bidrar till språkens bevarande. Detta görs genom att undersöka hur kopplingarna mellan minoritetsspråk, kultur och identitet ser ut, vilka statusskillnader som finns mellan olika språk och vad de kan bero på samt vilken roll den svenska skolan har i bevarandet av de nationella minoritetsspråken. Enligt den forskning som presenteras i denna uppsats finns det ett känslomässigt och symboliskt samband mellan minoritetsspråk, kultur och identitet. Exakt på vilket sätt relationen mellan dessa faktorer ser ut är forskningen inte helt ense om. Forskningen visar att majoritetssamhällets attityder gentemot minoritetsspråk har en avgörande betydelse i bevarandet av minoritetsspråken. Skolan har till uppgift att undervisa elever om de nationella minoritetsspråken som ett sätt förbättra majoritetens attityder och därmed främja de nationella minoritetsspråken. Denna undervisning är dock något som i dagsläget brister och många lärare väljer att inte undervisa om minoritetsspråken på grund av brist på kunskap om dem. En nackdel med att undervisa om de nationella minoritetsspråken kan, beroende på hur undervisning sker, vara att de nationella minoriteterna beskrivs på ett stereotypiskt sätt och bidrar till kategorisering och stigmatisering. En fördel med en sådan undervisning är att språken då uppmärksammas som en del av den svenska kulturen och därmed främjas.

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