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  • 151.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Jansson, G.
    River dialogue - A Story of Information Communication and Public Participation in Estonia, The Netherlands and Sweden2004In: International workshop on Information for Sustainable Water Management,2004, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 152.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Jansson, G
    Mikaelsson, Rickard
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Focus Groups in Motala Ström2004In: Focus Groups and Citizen Juries: River Dialogue experiences in enhancing public participation in water management / [ed] Kati Kangur, Tartu: Peipsi Center for Transpoundary Cooperation , 2004, p. -63Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication presents the results of the international research project – River Dialogue. From 2003 to 2004, the River Dialogue project aimed at identifying the best approaches to increase public participation in the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive, including preparation and implementation of river basin management plans. based on discussions with a wide range of specialists, stakeholders and local citizens in the three European river basins, this publication presents recommendations on approaches for involving scientists on the one hand and the public on the other hand in water management decision and policy-making.

  • 153.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Jansson, Gabriella
    River Dialogue - a story of information communication and public participation in Estonia, The Netherlands and Sweden2003In: Monitoring Tailer-Made IV,2003, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Kangur, K.
    Focus Group Methodology2004In: Focus Groups and Citizen Juries: River Dialogue experiences in enhancing public participation in water management / [ed] Kati Kangur, Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation , 2004, p. -63Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication presents the results of the international research project – River Dialogue. From 2003 to 2004, the River Dialogue project aimed at identifying the best approaches to increase public participation in the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive, including preparation and implementation of river basin management plans. based on discussions with a wide range of specialists, stakeholders and local citizens in the three European river basins, this publication presents recommendations on approaches for involving scientists on the one hand and the public on the other hand in water management decision and policy-making.

  • 155.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Linderoth, C.
    Swedish Citizens' Jury on Exploring the Future of the Motala Ströms River Basin2004In: Focus Groups and Citizen Juries: River Dialogue experiences in enhancing public participation in water management / [ed] Kati Kangur, Tartu: Peipsi Center for Transboundary Cooperation , 2004, p. -63Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication presents the results of the international research project – River Dialogue. From 2003 to 2004, the River Dialogue project aimed at identifying the best approaches to increase public participation in the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive, including preparation and implementation of river basin management plans. based on discussions with a wide range of specialists, stakeholders and local citizens in the three European river basins, this publication presents recommendations on approaches for involving scientists on the one hand and the public on the other hand in water management decision and policy-making.

  • 156.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Persson, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Demokratisk dialog eller kamp om dagordningen? Studier av kommunikationen mellan kommuner, massmedier och medborgare i Östergötland2007Report (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    Law, Policy, Actors and Institutions in Transboundary Water Governance2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    The Science-Policy-Stakeholder Interface and Transboundary Water Regimes2010In: Science, Policy and Stakeholders in Water Management / [ed] Gooch, G.D. and P. Stålnacke, London: Earthscan , 2010, p. 123-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major problems facing practitioners and scientists working with water management is how to integrate knowledge and experiences from scientific, policy and stakeholder perspectives. In this book this science-policy-stakeholder interface (SPSI) is examined both analytically and through the description of practical experiences from river basins in Europe, India and South-East Asia. These include the Tungabhadra (India), Sesan (Vietnam/Cambodia), Tagus (Spain/Portugal) and Glomma (Norway), which particularly highlight issues associated with pollution, severely altered river flows and transboundary conflicts.

    Following two chapters which lay the framework for the book the authors describe how SPSI was managed in the case study basins and how stakeholder participation and scenarios were used to integrate different perspectives, and to facilitate the communication of different forms of knowledge. Four important aspects of water management and SPSI are then discussed; these are water pollution, land and water interaction, environmental flow and transboundary water regimes. Short descriptions of the case study rivers are provided together with analyses of how SPSI was managed in water management in these basins and policy recommendations for the basins.

    The book concludes by providing a series of recommendations for improving the science-policy-stakeholder interface in water management. It represents a major step forward in our understanding of how to implement integrated water resources management.

  • 159.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    The Sesan River2010In: Integrating Water Resources Management / [ed] Gooch, G.D., A. Rieu-Clarke, P. Stålnacke, London: IWA , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 160.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee, Scotland.
    Baggett, Sue
    University of Dundee, Scotland.
    Law and Policy, Actors and Institutions in Water Governance in Protected Areas in Vietnam, Costa Rica, India and South Africa2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Rieuclarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    Dan Kim, Nhung
    Vietnam Academy of Science.
    A Multi-disciplinary approach to vulnerability assessment and transboundary water governance: the case of the Sesan basin2007In: International Forum on Water and Environmental Governance,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 162.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, AlistairUniversity of Dundee.Stålnacke, PerBIOFORSK.
    Integrating Water Resources Management2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of integrated water resources management (IWRM) has been around for some

    60 years. It was rediscovered by some in the 1990s. While at a first glance, the concept of IWRM looks

    attractive, a deeper analysis brings out many problems, both in concept and implementation, especially

    for meso- to macro-scale projects. The definition of IWRM continues to be amorphous, and there is no

    agreement on fundamental issues like what aspects should be integrated, how, by whom, or even if such

    integration in a wider sense is possible. The reasons for the current popularity of the concept are

    analyzed, and it is argued that in the real world, the concept will be exceedingly difficult to be made

    operational.

    Keywords

    :

  • 163.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    Stålnacke, Per
    BIOFORSK.
    Introduction: IWRM as product or process?2010In: Integrating Water Resources Management / [ed] G.D. Gooch, A. Rieu-Clarke, P. Stålnacke, London: IWA , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    Stålnacke, Per
    BIOFORSK.
    STRIVER in the context of IWRM2010In: Integrating Water Resources Management / [ed] Gooch, G.D., A. Rieu-Clarke, P. Stålnacke, London: IWA , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of integrated water resources management (IWRM) has been around for some

    60 years. It was rediscovered by some in the 1990s. While at a first glance, the concept of IWRM looks

    attractive, a deeper analysis brings out many problems, both in concept and implementation, especially

    for meso- to macro-scale projects. The definition of IWRM continues to be amorphous, and there is no

    agreement on fundamental issues like what aspects should be integrated, how, by whom, or even if such

    integration in a wider sense is possible. The reasons for the current popularity of the concept are

    analyzed, and it is argued that in the real world, the concept will be exceedingly difficult to be made

    operational.

  • 165.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Stålnacke, Per
    Integrated Scenarios - the key for successful water management?2003In: 7th International Water association IWA Conference on Diffus Pollution and Basin Management,2003, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 166.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stålnacke, PerBIOFORSK.
    Integrated Transboundary Water Management in Theory and Practice: Experiences from the New EU Eastern borders2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines and analyses the problems inherent in integrated water management in transboundary conditions. Integrated Transboundary Water Management in Theory and Practice provides new knowledge and policy recommendations based on the experiences and results of a major 3-year interdisciplinary research project (MANTRA-East). Drawing on extensive studies of the Lake Peipsi region in Estonia and Russia, the book explores the political and social issues surrounding transboundary water management and introduces the way that qualitative-quantitative-qualitative scenarios have been used in real-life situations. The book presents conclusions and policy recommendations for integrated transboundary water management that will be invaluable to water managers, policy-makers and academic researchers working in this rapidly expanding field

  • 167.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stålnacke, Per
    BIOFORSK.
    Introduction, the Science-Policy-Stakeholder Interface2010In: Science, Policy and Stakeholders in Water Management / [ed] Gooch, G.D. and P. Stålnacke, London: Earthscan , 2010, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major problems facing practitioners and scientists working with water management is how to integrate knowledge and experiences from scientific, policy and stakeholder perspectives. In this book this science-policy-stakeholder interface (SPSI) is examined both analytically and through the description of practical experiences from river basins in Europe, India and South-East Asia. These include the Tungabhadra (India), Sesan (Vietnam/Cambodia), Tagus (Spain/Portugal) and Glomma (Norway), which particularly highlight issues associated with pollution, severely altered river flows and transboundary conflicts.

    Following two chapters which lay the framework for the book the authors describe how SPSI was managed in the case study basins and how stakeholder participation and scenarios were used to integrate different perspectives, and to facilitate the communication of different forms of knowledge. Four important aspects of water management and SPSI are then discussed; these are water pollution, land and water interaction, environmental flow and transboundary water regimes. Short descriptions of the case study rivers are provided together with analyses of how SPSI was managed in water management in these basins and policy recommendations for the basins.

    The book concludes by providing a series of recommendations for improving the science-policy-stakeholder interface in water management. It represents a major step forward in our understanding of how to implement integrated water resources management.

  • 168.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stålnacke, PerBIOFORSK.
    Science, Policy and Stakeholders in Water Management2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major problems facing practitioners and scientists working with water management is how to integrate knowledge and experiences from scientific, policy and stakeholder perspectives. In this book this science-policy-stakeholder interface (SPSI) is examined both analytically and through the description of practical experiences from river basins in Europe, India and South-East Asia. These include the Tungabhadra (India), Sesan (Vietnam/Cambodia), Tagus (Spain/Portugal) and Glomma (Norway), which particularly highlight issues associated with pollution, severely altered river flows and transboundary conflicts.

    Following two chapters which lay the framework for the book the authors describe how SPSI was managed in the case study basins and how stakeholder participation and scenarios were used to integrate different perspectives, and to facilitate the communication of different forms of knowledge. Four important aspects of water management and SPSI are then discussed; these are water pollution, land and water interaction, environmental flow and transboundary water regimes. Short descriptions of the case study rivers are provided together with analyses of how SPSI was managed in water management in these basins and policy recommendations for the basins.

    The book concludes by providing a series of recommendations for improving the science-policy-stakeholder interface in water management. It represents a major step forward in our understanding of how to implement integrated water resources management.

  • 169.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stålnacke, Per
    BIOFORSK.
    The Science–Policy–Stakeholder Interface in Water Management: Lessons Learned and the Challenges Ahead2010In: Science, Policy and Stakeholders in Water Management, London: Earthscan , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the major problems facing practitioners and scientists working with water management is how to integrate knowledge and experiences from scientific, policy and stakeholder perspectives. In this book this science-policy-stakeholder interface (SPSI) is examined both analytically and through the description of practical experiences from river basins in Europe, India and South-East Asia. These include the Tungabhadra (India), Sesan (Vietnam/Cambodia), Tagus (Spain/Portugal) and Glomma (Norway), which particularly highlight issues associated with pollution, severely altered river flows and transboundary conflicts.

    Following two chapters which lay the framework for the book the authors describe how SPSI was managed in the case study basins and how stakeholder participation and scenarios were used to integrate different perspectives, and to facilitate the communication of different forms of knowledge. Four important aspects of water management and SPSI are then discussed; these are water pollution, land and water interaction, environmental flow and transboundary water regimes. Short descriptions of the case study rivers are provided together with analyses of how SPSI was managed in water management in these basins and policy recommendations for the basins.

    The book concludes by providing a series of recommendations for improving the science-policy-stakeholder interface in water management. It represents a major step forward in our understanding of how to implement integrated water resources management.

  • 170.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stålnacke, Per
    BIOFORSK.
    Rieu-Clarke, Alistair
    University of Dundee.
    Striver: overall findings2010In: Integrating Water Resources Management / [ed] Gooch, G.D., A. Rieu-Clarke, P. Stålnacke, London: IWA , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of integrated water resources management (IWRM) has been around for some

    60 years. It was rediscovered by some in the 1990s. While at a first glance, the concept of IWRM looks

    attractive, a deeper analysis brings out many problems, both in concept and implementation, especially

    for meso- to macro-scale projects. The definition of IWRM continues to be amorphous, and there is no

    agreement on fundamental issues like what aspects should be integrated, how, by whom, or even if such

    integration in a wider sense is possible. The reasons for the current popularity of the concept are

    analyzed, and it is argued that in the real world, the concept will be exceedingly difficult to be made

    operational.

    Keywords

    :

  • 171.
    Gottfredsson, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    ”Vi finns i hela världen… Vi tänker och har Eritrea i våra tankar och minnen”: En narrativanalys om diasporisk tillhörighet i Sverige2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how different persons origin from Eritrea express their diasporic belonging in Sweden and how this appears in their stories about their former homeland. This has been done by five qualitative interviews that has been processed using a narrative analysis. The diasporic belonging is operationalized to the three diaspora indicators; Dispersion, Homeland Orientation and Boundary-Maintenance. These indicators help us to understand the persons dispersions in the transnational social field and different levels of long-distance nationalism in their homeland orientated positions. The result shows that the diasporic belonging differs depending on self-perceived events and stories among people of the Eritrean diaspora in Sweden. The narratives in the study discern different beliefs about religion and political participation in the direction to Eritrea, which indicates that the Eritrean diaspora in Sweden is dynamic and multifaceted.

  • 172.
    Gröning, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Från Folkhem till Facebook2018In: Ett smartare samhälle?: Sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag / [ed] Lotta Gröning och Elin Winborg, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, p. 10-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Facebook är en diversehandel i sociala relationer och idéer som förändrar samhällsstrukturen. Utvecklingen går väldigt fort och det framkommer tydligt att politiken har svårt att hålla jämn takt med utvecklingen. Sverige har tappat sin tätposition när det gäller digitalisering. Lagstiftning tar tid och politikers kompetens på området, inte minst när det gäller sociala medier, är generellt sett inte stor. Vart tar folkhemmet vägen i Facebook…

  • 173.
    Gröning, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, ElinLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ett smartare samhälle?: sju perspektiv på digitaliseringen av vår vardag2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det digitala samhället påverkar och förändrar vår vardag: Hur vi betalar räkningar, hur vi utför vårt arbete, hur skolan förbereder oss? Här beskriver och diskuterar ett antal professorer och akademiker hur verkligheten förändras, vad vi bör se upp med - och vad vi måste vara medvetna om i denna snabba utveckling som berör livets alla områden.

  • 174.
    Gustafsson, Mariana
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Larsson, Julia
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘It is unbelievable how many come to us’: A study on librarians’ perspectives on digital inclusion in Sweden2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 175.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Constructing security: reflections on the margins of a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools2014In: Privacy and Identity Management for Emerging Services and Technologies: 8th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.5, 9.6/11.7, 11.4, 11.6 International Summer School, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, June 17-21, 2013, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] M. Hansen, J.-H. Hoepman, R. Leenes, D. Whitehouse, Springer, 2014, p. 224-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how people construct meanings regarding “the concept of security”, based upon the descriptions collected from participants in a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools. The aim of the paper is to reflect on the concept of security by identifying and analyzing how people build their own understanding of security when using ICT platforms in schools. The analysis identifies three ontological instances of security: security as an ideal state of affairs, security as a value and information security. The analysis also clarifies the difference between the objective and subjective nature of security, as well as the differences between factual and perceived information security. As a result, I raise several research questions concerning “security”, and identify common assumptions with regard to constructing the concept of security. 

  • 176.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Digitalization and the Challenge of Engagement in New Forms of Governance: A case study on adoption and implementation of the Regional Digital Agenda for Östergötland, Sweden 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a case study on the adoption and implementation of a digital agenda in the Region of Östergötland, in Sweden. I aim to describe and analyze the collaborative policy network around the agenda and the challenges of engagement of key regional and local actors with it. The underlying research question for this inquiry is how can I understand better the difficulties of engaging key local and regional actors in collaborative policy networks on digitalization policies and their implementation, in conditions when administrations and politics are compelled to reform. The study analyses the type of governance network and the difficulties of engaging the different local and regional actors in a multilevel, cross-jurisdictional collaboration. The findings present and discuss challenges such as changing roles, appraisal of utility of digitalization and new collaboration that it involves, ownership of digitalization and parallel networks as hinders or catalysts. It is concluded among others that the network is a hybrid combination of policy community and issue network that really does not govern in practice and still struggles at the moment to hold together.

  • 177.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reassembling Local E-Government: A study of actors’ translations of digitalisation in public administration2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The digitalisation of society decidedly affects public administration. Swedish public administration has long worked with information technologies for an effective and improved management of public services. But new and increased use of information technologies in society poses new challenges. New demands on information security are increasing, while accessibility and transparency are important priorities in policies on digitalisation in public services. However, the central government’s ambitions and expectations with regard to digitalisation face a slow and hesitant implementation in local governments. There are important differences between municipalities in priorities, local needs, and implementation mechanisms in connection with e-government. In this thesis, I argue there is a need to reconsider the role of governance mechanisms in e-government. There is a need to understand local translations of national policies and technological developments in relation to the goals of more effective and legitimate public administration. The main purpose of this thesis is to analyse tensions that emerge in the implementation of egovernment in local public administration. On the basis of a constructivist and interpretivist approach, I have undertaken two empirical studies. One focuses on municipal administration of education in Linköping. The other focuses on a governance network on digitalisation policy in Östergötland. The studies are presented in four papers. The issues addressed in the papers are further analysed with a focus on four fields of tension, using network governance theory and translation theory. This shows that the implementation of e-government in local public administration is a tension-laden process. The four fields of tension relate to: different logics and dilemmas for adoption and implementation; concerns and ambiguities in a context of unclear organisational and institutional arrangements; concerns and resistance from professional users; and a reassessment of the meaning of security as a reference for the interpretation of information security. I contend that established managerial and evolutionary models of e-government leave important process-related aspects out of the analysis of change in public administration. The contribution of this thesis lies in its description and analysis of the four identified fields of tension. One significant implication of my analysis is that reassembling current  governance mechanisms in local public administration is crucial.

    List of papers
    1. Safe on-line e-services building legitimacy for e- government: A case study of public e-services in education in Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Safe on-line e-services building legitimacy for e- government: A case study of public e-services in education in Sweden
    2013 (English)In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 155-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased use of public e-services integrating citizens into public administration through electronic interfaces. On-line interaction among public organizations and citizens is one core relation in e-government that hereby becomes embedded into daily practices. A safe entry into e-governmental systems is essential for security and trust in the e-governmental systems and schools as well as public services in general. This paper addresses how electronic identification has been used for access to public e-services in schools in a Swedish municipality. This paper draws on a case study of use of ICT platforms in education administration in order to study the implementation of secure login process and factors that may have implications upon trust in-and legitimacy of public e-services at local e-government level. Besides describing the implementation process and analyzing security and organizational arrangements connected to the use of the platform, the paper address the argument that secure identification tools are essential for increased use of e-services and lead to greater legitimacy of the public (e)services. The analysis focuses on information security, organization set-up and potential development of the platforms, contributing with empirical findings and conceptual applications. A key finding was that the organization of identification and access to public e-services seemed highly dependent of the organizational structure of the public schools. The more general implication of the findings was that safe and well organized identification systems that were considered as trustworthy and useful among citizens were essential for increased use of the services and legitimate public e-services in general. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Krems, Austria: Donau-Universitaet Krems, 2013
    Keywords
    local e-government, public e-services, education administration, legitimacy, electronic identification, information security
    National Category
    Public Administration Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99916 (URN)
    Projects
    Future secure electronic identification - emergence and use of e-identification (FUSe)
    Available from: 2013-10-23 Created: 2013-10-23 Last updated: 2018-06-15Bibliographically approved
    2. Constructing security: reflections on the margins of a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing security: reflections on the margins of a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools
    2014 (English)In: Privacy and Identity Management for Emerging Services and Technologies: 8th IFIP WG 9.2, 9.5, 9.6/11.7, 11.4, 11.6 International Summer School, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, June 17-21, 2013, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] M. Hansen, J.-H. Hoepman, R. Leenes, D. Whitehouse, Springer, 2014, p. 224-236Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses how people construct meanings regarding “the concept of security”, based upon the descriptions collected from participants in a case study of the use of electronic identification in ICT platforms in schools. The aim of the paper is to reflect on the concept of security by identifying and analyzing how people build their own understanding of security when using ICT platforms in schools. The analysis identifies three ontological instances of security: security as an ideal state of affairs, security as a value and information security. The analysis also clarifies the difference between the objective and subjective nature of security, as well as the differences between factual and perceived information security. As a result, I raise several research questions concerning “security”, and identify common assumptions with regard to constructing the concept of security. 

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2014
    Series
    IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238 ; 421
    Keywords
    Security, ontological, epistemological, construction, meaning, empirical
    National Category
    Public Administration Studies Information Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99931 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-55137-6_18 (DOI)000342688200018 ()978-3-642-55136-9 (ISBN)
    Conference
    8th International IFIP Summer School on Privacy and Identity Management for Emerging Services and Technologies, 17-21 June 2013, Nijmegen, the Netherlands
    Available from: 2013-10-23 Created: 2013-10-23 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
    3. Constructing identities: Professional use of eID in public organisations
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Constructing identities: Professional use of eID in public organisations
    2015 (English)In: Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, ISSN 1750-6166, E-ISSN 1750-6174, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 143-158Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of the paper is to reveal how identities are constructed when electronic identification (eIDs) cards are introduced through information systems in public organisations. Design/methodology/approach– Through two case studies, the authors generate rich data on the construction of identities through use of eID within public organisations. The author’s analysis, based on actor network theory, focusses on the translation of eIDs in these two settings. Findings– ID can be viewed as an artefact where the public and private spheres meet. The authors found at least three mixed roles in employees’ use of eID: as a purely private person; as a private person in the work place; and as a professional in the work place. Research limitations/implications– There is a need for further research on how eID is translated into organisational contexts and how institutional settings define the openings for local translation processes. However, the results are based on two small cases, meaning that broad generalisations are difficult to make. Practical implications– EID is so much more than technology. The technical framing of the identification system appears to be subordinated to organisational arrangements and cultures, making it important to apply a socio-technical perspective when working with eID. Originality/value– The empirical cases have offered a unique chance to study implementation and use of eID in two very different public service organisations. The findings illustrate how eID translated into organisational contexts, and how identity management within an organisational setting is linked to the employees’ private and professional roles.

    National Category
    Information Systems, Social aspects
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120124 (URN)10.1108/TG-11-2013-0049 (DOI)
    Available from: 2015-07-12 Created: 2015-07-12 Last updated: 2019-03-06
  • 178.
    Gustafsson, Mariana S.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elvström, Rebecca
    Motala kommun.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    DigidelCenter i Motala: Lärdomar för ökad digital kompetens2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Digital delaktighet är en demokratisk rättighet. Därför är digitalt utanförskap ett demokratiskt problem när allt fler offentliga tjänster hanteras i digitala kanaler med allt från bankärenden till skolfrågor, bussturlistor och kommunal information. I FN:s Agenda 2030 för hållbar utveckling, som ligger till grund för en del av forskningen som presenteras i denna rapport, talas det om att ingen ska lämnas efter eller utanför – alla ska med. Vi tar denna uppmaning från global policy som ett riktmärke för studier av lokal praktik.

    I rapporten presenteras kommunens och bibliotekens roll i vår digitala omvärld. På biblioteket stöttar medarbetarna medborgarna med både informationsinhämtning och att lära sig att använda digital teknik. Biblioteksmedarbetarna arbetar också med yttrandefrihet, medie- och informationskunskap och hållbar utveckling. Vi beskriver arbetet på bibliotek för att kunna tillmötesgå såväl politiska förväntningar och lokala realiteter, som vilka kompetenser personalen behöver och hur arbetet kan organiseras. Ett syfte har även varit att sprida erfarenheter av de arbetssätt för digital delaktighet som utvecklas på DigidelCenter i Motala, till i första hand politiker och tjänstemän i Sverige. Karaktären på studierna har varit aktionsforskning där design och resultat kontinuerligt diskuteras med intresserade aktörer i kommunen och på bibliotek i samverkan, i Östergötland.

    I rapporten beskriver och analyserar vi arbetet på DigidelCenter i Motala kommun som en demokratisk arena. Motalas arbete har i flera sammanhang lyfts fram som en framgångsrik modell för att stödja digital inkludering, bland annat av digitaliseringsministern Peter Eriksson vid hans besök våren 2018. Det framhölls även när regeringen lanserade en satsning på flera DigidelCenter runt om i Sverige och sköt till medel för arbetet (Regeringen Pressmeddelande, 2018). Därför står arbetet på Motala bibliotek i fokus här.

    En utmaning här är svårigheterna att mäta digital kompetens, men även hur den kan studeras och beforskas. I policydokument finns många olika perspektiv som pendlar mellan uppfattningar om enskilda personers kompetens att vara aktiva medborgare (EU:s styrdokument/ EU, 2017?), till krav på tjänstemän och medarbetares digitala kompetens att kunna förklara för andra, visa och leda (OECD, 2017). I båda fallen handlar det om vad som händer i möten med digital teknik.

    Vi presenterar resultat från aktiviteter med besökare och deltagare i DigidelCenters verksamhet i form av observationer, en enkätstudie, och intervjuer med bibliotekspersonal och kommunala politiker. Dessa olika sammanhang visar på vad vi måste förstå för att tala om digital delaktighet i det offentliga, det vill säga det vi har för avsikt att studera inom forskargruppen DINO.

    Resultaten indikerar att arbetet med digital inkludering behöver fortsätta, samt att det handlar om mer än tillgång till teknik - kompetens är också viktigt. Resultaten från DigidelCenter i Motala visar även att personal som i sin tjänst möter människor med digitala frågor behöver både pedagogisk kompetens och kännedom om samhällets logik kring var olika e-tjänster ”hör hemma”. Dessa resultat kommer att bidra till att utveckla stöd för dem som arbetar med digital kompetens och inkludering.

  • 179.
    Gustafsson, Mariana
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Safe on-line e-services building legitimacy for e- government: A case study of public e-services in education in Sweden2013In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, ISSN 2075-9517, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 155-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increased use of public e-services integrating citizens into public administration through electronic interfaces. On-line interaction among public organizations and citizens is one core relation in e-government that hereby becomes embedded into daily practices. A safe entry into e-governmental systems is essential for security and trust in the e-governmental systems and schools as well as public services in general. This paper addresses how electronic identification has been used for access to public e-services in schools in a Swedish municipality. This paper draws on a case study of use of ICT platforms in education administration in order to study the implementation of secure login process and factors that may have implications upon trust in-and legitimacy of public e-services at local e-government level. Besides describing the implementation process and analyzing security and organizational arrangements connected to the use of the platform, the paper address the argument that secure identification tools are essential for increased use of e-services and lead to greater legitimacy of the public (e)services. The analysis focuses on information security, organization set-up and potential development of the platforms, contributing with empirical findings and conceptual applications. A key finding was that the organization of identification and access to public e-services seemed highly dependent of the organizational structure of the public schools. The more general implication of the findings was that safe and well organized identification systems that were considered as trustworthy and useful among citizens were essential for increased use of the services and legitimate public e-services in general. 

  • 180.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reflecting on Collaborative Networking and the Roles of Municipalities in Local Sustainable Development2016In: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABILITY POLICY AND PRACTICE, ISSN 2325-1166, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 13-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development must be addressed locally; therefore, local governments and municipalities play acritical role in most states, having different formal responsibilities and potentials to be accountable for outcomes.However, municipalities are far from the sole owners of sustainable development. This paper considers various aspectsof actor collaboration for sustainable development by conceptualizing who has responsibilities and opportunities tocollaborate with whom, regarding what, and when. This paper synthesizes results of earlier case studies of municipalsustainability policy and praxis as well as theoretical considerations regarding networked governance andaccountability. The empirical basis is derived from interviews, surveys, observations, and document studies of Swedishcases, but has more general implications as well. This examination interprets the meanings of local resources andconstraints in the networked governance of sustainable urban development. It contributes to local actors’ reflections oneach other’s “worlds” and collaboration agendas. Our analytical conceptualization distinguishes between groups ofactors and their relationships with the local community and specifies spheres of responsibility by identifying these actors’perceptions of their action space. By providing this analytical framework, the conceptualization can encourage moresustainable collaboration and practices.

  • 181.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Reflecting on collaborative networking and the roles of municipalities in local sustainable development2016In: International Journal of Sustainability policy and Practice, ISSN 2325-1166, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 12-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development must be addressed locally; therefore, local governments and municipalities play acritical role in most states, having different formal responsibilities and potentials to be accountable for outcomes.However, municipalities are far from the sole owners of sustainable development. This paper considers various aspectsof actor collaboration for sustainable development by conceptualizing who has responsibilities and opportunities tocollaborate with whom, regarding what, and when. This paper synthesizes results of earlier case studies of municipalsustainability policy and praxis as well as theoretical considerations regarding networked governance andaccountability. The empirical basis is derived from interviews, surveys, observations, and document studies of Swedishcases, but has more general implications as well. This examination interprets the meanings of local resources andconstraints in the networked governance of sustainable urban development. It contributes to local actors’ reflections oneach other’s “worlds” and collaboration agendas. Our analytical conceptualization distinguishes between groups ofactors and their relationships with the local community and specifies spheres of responsibility by identifying these actors’perceptions of their action space. By providing this analytical framework, the conceptualization can encourage moresustainable collaboration and practices.

  • 182.
    Gyllander, Sara
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Transpersoners rätt till en ickediskriminerande vård: En policyanalys av diskrimineringslagen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to examine the implementation of the Swedish discrimination law on a regional level when it comes to transgender people’s right to a non-discriminatory health care. The study examens two health care institutions in Region Östergötland, Linköpings university hospital and health center Ödeshög. Interviews are being held in order to examine how the discrimination law is being implemented on a regional level, focusing on transgender people.

    Following questions are examined within the two different health care institutions. Is there knowledge and education on a regional level when it comes to transgender's right to nondiscriminatory health care? Are there any resources available on a regional level in order to maintain transgender's right to non-discriminatory health care? Lastly, does the health care institutions have interests, commitments and professional ethics when it comes to maintaining transgender’s rights to a non-discriminatory health care?

    It is possible to find friction when it comes to implementing the discrimination law at Linköping university hospital and health center Ödeshög. The absence of productive educations in LGBTQ and the lack of time are factors that are hindering the discrimination law to be fully implemented. Furthermore the lack of education in LGBTQ may lead to a lack of interests when it comes to maintaining transgender’s rights to a non-discriminatory health care.

  • 183.
    Haji Modiri, Shima
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Impacts of Living and Working Conditions on the Health of Immigrants: A Comparative Study on Asylum-Seekers in Germany and the Netherlands2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last several decades, many people, fleeing from disasters or political threats, have applied for asylum in the European countries. Council Directive 2003/9/EC, laying down minimum standards for the reception of asylum-seekers, as well as several other directives, have been developed in the EU in order to ensure fair treatment of the asylum-seekers in all the European countries. However, there are huge differences in the national asylum laws of countries and consequently, the way they treat the asylum-seekers. In this research, the national asylum laws of Germany and the Netherlands are studied and compared, showing that though following the Council Directive, fair or equal treatment of asylum-seekers cannot be guaranteed. In the Netherlands asylum-seekers are granted with a great extent of benefits while in Germany, they are greatly discriminated against. Based on the Social Determinants of Health Model, developed by Dahlgren and Whitehead in 1991, the hypothesis is that the asylum seekers in the Netherlands enjoy better health status than the ones in Germany, because based on the Dutch asylum laws, they have better living and working conditions. In order to confirm or negate this hypothesis, a meta-study of available literature on the health status of asylum-seekers has been done. However, the hypothesis could not be confirmed/ negated due to extreme lack of availability of data in this area.

    By discussing the relationship between life conditions and health of individuals, reviewing current legal instruments regulating asylum in the EU and analyzing the available data on the health status of asylum-seekers, this paper draws the attention to the importance of data and research on these topics and the need for development of practices for collection of such information. Availability of such information can affect future decision and policy makings regarding asylum-seekers and their health and might result in comprehensive reformations in the current national or international legal instruments.

  • 184.
    Hallin, Emelie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Partnerskap i praktiken: Strukturfondspartnerskapet för Östra Mellansverige2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mot bakgrund av de utmaningar som välfärdsstaten ställs inför i form av globaliseringen, internationaliseringen och minskande offentliga resurser måste nya sätt att främja tillväxt hittas. Därmed är statens och offentliga aktörer s möjligheter att främja näringslivsutveckling och tillväxt av intresse, liksom vilka konsekvenser de olika möjligheterna medför.

    I och med utvecklingen från government och governance har lösare former av samarbeten fått ett allt större utrymme i svensk politik. Detta poängterar bland andra Vedung (2006), som ser en stark trend mot samverkan i nätverk och partnerskap. Vilka effekter som detta får ur demokrati- och effektivitetsperspektiv kan dock diskuteras. Peter Gorpe, svensk analytiker och utredare, konstaterar dessutom att partnerskap som begrepp är ”luddigt”, vilket inte underlättar slutsatser kring partnerskapens effektivitet och demokratiska förankring.

    Denna studie fokuserar på Strukturfondspartnerskapet i Östra Mellansverige, vilket utgör ett av åtta regionala svenska partnerskap som ansvarar för att prioritera mellan ansökningar för regionalfondsmedel. Dessa partnerskap består av en majoritet folkvalda politiker samt ledamöter som nominerats av länsarbetsnämnderna, länsstyrelserna, olika arbetsmarknadsorganisationer samt ideella föreningar och organisationer.

    Sammansättningen av ledamöter utgör tillsammans med förekomsten av informella snarare än formella strukturer Strukturfondspartnerskapet till ett intressant fenomen att studera ur ett statsvetenskapligt perspektiv. Därför kommer denna studie fokusera på Strukturfondspartnerskapet i Östra Mellansverige och dess ledamöters roller fungerar i praktiken och vilka konsekvenser detta får ur effektivitets- och demokratiperspektiv.

  • 185.
    Hallström, Nils-Erik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    RESAN - ett pilotprojekt i tiden. Om ett tidigt inträde på arbetsmarknaden för nyanlända svenskar2004Report (Other academic)
  • 186.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Contracting Accountability2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Molde Høgskola, Norge.
    Flexible Rural Service Provision: Barriers and Possibilities2015In: Regional development in an international context: regional, national, cross border and international factors for growth and development. Revised papers presented at the 18th Uddevalla symposium, 11-13 June, 2015, Sönderborg, Denmark / [ed] Iréne Bernhard, Trollhättan: Högskolan i Väst , 2015, p. 267-282Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hybrid steering cultures in the governance of public transport: a successful way to meet demands?2013In: Research in Transportation Economics, ISSN 0739-8859, E-ISSN 1875-7979, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 175-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns steering aspects in the governance context of public transport. Various theoretical views of steering have been presented over the years, and it has been argued that a multiple-principal context often leads to fragmented steering. The paper aims to identify steering culture models found among principals operating in the same public transport context, and to explain how a successful procurement outcome is possible, despite the hybrid of steering cultures. The paper is based on an empirical analysis of a Swedish county's planning process that resulted in a very successful procurement outcome that met high environmental and safety standards at a relatively low cost. This procurement was seen as a triumph by principals. The findings presents the existence of various steering cultures among the principals, leading to the conclusion that a “metagovernor,” in this case the PTA, is central to achieving successful outcomes. The metagovernor designed the planning process and formulated a procurement document that satisfied the principals. In this process, the metagovernor negotiated separately with each principal, focusing on the particular characteristics of each principal.

  • 189.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Offentliga beslutsfattares agerande vid upphandling av kollektivtrafik: - styrning, roller och handlingsutrymme2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Policy genom konsultokrati och branschlobbyism: - en första analys2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Samverkan mellan aktörer - markanvändning och trafikplanering2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 192.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lissandrello, Enza
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Longva, Frode
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.
    Naess, Petter
    Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway.
    Richardson, Tim
    VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Svensson, Tomas
    VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    A Scandinavian public transport model?: A comparative study of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden2013In: Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Competition and Ownership in Land Passenger Transport: Contractural Setting: Workshop 5. The Roles and Responsibilities of Government and Operators, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Longva, Frode
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.
    Contracting accountability in Multi-level Networks2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Longva, Frode
    The Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.
    Contracting accountability in network governance structures2014In: Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management, ISSN 1176-6093, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 92-110Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to illustrate how accountability is expressed in contractual arrangements found in network governance structures that provide public transport services and to raise discussion of how to understand contracting accountability in network governance contexts.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is rooted in two research traditions: contracting studies and studies of accountability in government/governance contexts. Content analysis is used in examining contracts from two cases. These contracts are of five types: contracts between public organizations, contracts within a public organization, contracts between public organizations and private firms, and contracts between political parties within a municipality and contracts within a network. Various contracting approaches are identified within these types.

    Findings – The paper concludes that the contracts' functions differ between the cases. The first case did not have an overall contract that defined the network, relying on different two-party contracts instead. In the other case, an incentive-based contract was used to link the organizations. From an accountability perspective, the latter contracting structure clarifies the roles and responsibilities of the actors and increases the possibility of accountability to citizens.

    Originality/value – The paper brings new insights to the field of contracting and accountability by focusing on the role of contracts in network governance structures, taking account of various accountability relationships. It also contributes new theoretical categories usable when analysing contracting accountability in a network context

  • 195.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Molde Univ Coll Specialized Univ Logist, Norway.
    Nerhagen, Lena
    Swedish Natl Rd and Transport Res Inst, Sweden.
    Regulatory Measurements in Policy Coordinated Practices: The Case of Promoting Renewable Energy and Cleaner Transport in Sweden2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 6, article id 1687Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    International organisations, such as the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the European Union (EU), are seeking to implement a cohesive Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA) system in order to achieve better regulation and increased unity and transparency. Central to these evaluations is the use of cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and related tools. A comprehensive analysis of the use of impact assessment in the EU shows that many assessments lack important economic components. This paper draws on an extensive document study of the Swedish policy making process related to the EU Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. The aim of the paper is to examine how CBA is presented, negotiated and accounted for by central actors within a policy setting influenced by negotiation and policy coordination. The paper departs from a theoretical perspective on policy coordination and shows how this factor must be considered when explaining the low use of CBA. It concludes that the Swedish policy tradition, wherein the national government relies on consensus-based coordination between agencies, might counteract a more explicit assessment of different policy options. The paper also proposes a model that can be used for further studies on CBA and policy coordination.

  • 196.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Weinholt, Åsa
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Collaborative practices at local government level: examples from the emergency service sector2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Weinholt, Åsa
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Front-line Staff Collaboration: Adaptation to New Practices within the Fire and Rescue ServiceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses collaborative practice within the fire and rescue services (FRS), with the aim to describe how the FRS adapt to a collaborative service delivery and to provide a theoretical understanding of the new type of actors emerging in such context. The findings are based on three collaborative cases. The data consist of public documents, interviews, and incident reports. The findings show that FRS does not adapt to a collaborative setting, instead the adjustment is made by the new actors. Discretion, professional identity, and personal motivation are factors related to understanding the new front-line actors that emerge within this context.

  • 198.
    Hansson, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Constructing an active citizen online: A case study of blogs of medical histories in public healthcare in Sweden2015In: International Journal of Public Information Systems, ISSN 1653-4360, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the construction of citizenship online, through an analysis of independent blogs as well as member blogs of NGOs, all being written by young Swedish cancer patients. The findings show that citizenship is co-constructed in complex interplays. Blogging and support from NGOs open up new forms of everyday practice, extending the concept of citizenship. The importance of NGOs being online is highlighted in this context. The NGOs are supporting their members’ efforts to become more active citizens as well as providing tools for non-members to become more active as patients. Individual blogs are also important, as they can be seen as self-organised networks providing an interactive link among the writer, the commentators, and the readers in the construction of citizenship.

  • 199.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    mRunning: New Ways of Running in Kenya2015In: Journal of Sports Pedagogy and Physical Education, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues for new ways for Kenyan elite runners to use smartphones. The study focused on everyday use in social and professional practices to understand the interaction between smartphones, learning, and running. Thus, it was a specific example of how mobile technology can become integrated in existing practices, develop them, and become absorbed in daily routines. Thirty elite runners between the ages of 19 and 34 were provided with a simple smartphone in an intervention study that used a participatory action research approach (PAR) for a period of one and half years. The analysis was based on multiple sources of data and the Silverstone et al. (1992) Domestication of Technology Framework. The Kenyan runners in this study had limited educational background and low incomes, but smartphones with internet connectivity became a powerful catalyst for change. This project showed a distinct example of mRunning; considering the runners’ intensive use of the smartphones and their applications for running. The smartphones had an impact on their professions as runners and acted in a practice-building capacity. The runners were armed with better information about their own training, training programs, rehab information, health, race calendars, race venues, courses profiles, etc. Therefore, most of the runners in the study performed better in competitions. Smartphones were a substantial resource that made a significant impact on the Kenyan  runners’ daily practice and became an important and supportive tool for the runner to get out of poverty.

  • 200.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    New ways of learning: Participatory action research and Kenyan runners’ appropriation of smartphones to improve their daily lives and participation in m-learning2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Kenya, mobile technology is widely used, with more and more people gaining access to the Internet. Mobile technology has the potential to support learning and improve lives, particular those of impoverished people. In this study, 30 Kenyan runners from poor backgrounds and with limited formal education participated. They were provided with a basic smartphone and Internet data bundles for one year so that they could participate in m-learning. The participatory action research approach was used. Sources of data included interviews, observations, fieldnotes, web inquiries, and mobile log files. A sociocultural perspective was used to analyze how the participants learned informally using the smartphones.

    Findings indicate that the Kenyan runners’ rapid appropriation and mastery of the smartphones was based on their curiosity and interest in sports. The runners’ skills and knowledge increased over time, showing how digital resources improved their training, increased their social interactions, developed entrepreneurial skills, created awareness in and with the rest of society, and improved participation in m-learning. Sociocultural analysis showed that feedback from peers and the tool itself were both significant for learning. The participants themselves influenced the research process. From their interest emerged an online course (MOOC) about human rights. Key challenges in the process were power consumption, lack of electricity, and the availability and cost of Internet access. A lack of critical attitude about content on the Internet was also discernible. The main findings highlight how mobile technology can not only improve daily lives, but also develop new ways for people to participate in mlearning.

    List of papers
    1. Frontrunners in ICT: Kenyan runners’ improvement in training, informal learning and economic opportunities using smartphones
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Frontrunners in ICT: Kenyan runners’ improvement in training, informal learning and economic opportunities using smartphones
    2014 (English)In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 4-20Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this research was to study how mobile technology shapes, changes, and develops informal learning outside the classroom and school environment. In this study we provided each of the 30 Kenyan elite runners with a simple Android smartphone and free Internet for one year. This research project was a developmental intervention with a participatory action research approach, and aimed to facilitate innovation and examine how the runners developed their training, informal learning, and economic opportunities using a smartphone. Logs and tracking of smartphone usage recorded quantitative data, and interviews and participatory observations gathered qualitative data. Key findings were that the smartphone improved the runners’ training and race performance and created business opportunities. Second, a smartphone with an Internet connection empowered marginalized groups and augmented informal learning opportunities. Third, that a smartphone was not a significant technological hurdle for impoverished or uneducated individuals. Fourth, the participants were able to learn with little or no guidance or scaffolding. Fifth, the tracking log data indicated both a breadth and depth to individual learning. This participatory action research made a significant impact on the participants’ lives and the most common statement from the interviews was the statement “it helps us a lot”.

    Keywords
    Mobile learning; informal learning; smartphones; Kenyan runners; ICT4D; M4D
    National Category
    Pedagogy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114854 (URN)
    Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
    2. mRunning: New Ways of Running in Kenya
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>mRunning: New Ways of Running in Kenya
    2015 (English)In: Journal of Sports Pedagogy and Physical Education, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues for new ways for Kenyan elite runners to use smartphones. The study focused on everyday use in social and professional practices to understand the interaction between smartphones, learning, and running. Thus, it was a specific example of how mobile technology can become integrated in existing practices, develop them, and become absorbed in daily routines. Thirty elite runners between the ages of 19 and 34 were provided with a simple smartphone in an intervention study that used a participatory action research approach (PAR) for a period of one and half years. The analysis was based on multiple sources of data and the Silverstone et al. (1992) Domestication of Technology Framework. The Kenyan runners in this study had limited educational background and low incomes, but smartphones with internet connectivity became a powerful catalyst for change. This project showed a distinct example of mRunning; considering the runners’ intensive use of the smartphones and their applications for running. The smartphones had an impact on their professions as runners and acted in a practice-building capacity. The runners were armed with better information about their own training, training programs, rehab information, health, race calendars, race venues, courses profiles, etc. Therefore, most of the runners in the study performed better in competitions. Smartphones were a substantial resource that made a significant impact on the Kenyan  runners’ daily practice and became an important and supportive tool for the runner to get out of poverty.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Common Ground Publishing, 2015
    Keywords
    ICT4D/M4D, Smartphones, Participatory Action Research
    National Category
    Interaction Technologies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115801 (URN)
    Note

    On the day of the defence day the status of this article was Manuscript.

    Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-03-20 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
    3. Daily Usage of Smartphones: New Activities for Kenyan Elite Runners
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Daily Usage of Smartphones: New Activities for Kenyan Elite Runners
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Mobile Technologies, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 2155-4811, E-ISSN 2155-4811, Vol. 2016, article id 469363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how a group of Kenyan elite runners used smartphones in their daily activities for one year. This study used a participatory action research approach to explore 30 young Kenyan runners’ appropriation and day-to-day use of smartphones. The runners lived in two different low-income areas in Nairobi and were not accustomed to smartphones. The research focused on how the participants utilized the smartphone, its applications, and the Web to improve their learning, training, living conditions, and social interactions. To investigate the participants’ progress, every smartphone was tracked and its usage was analyzed according to Koole’s (2009) FRAME model. Findings highlighted that new activities arose through frequent usage of the Web and smartphone applications. 180,000 different visits to websites were made and the most popular usage was searching with Google and Yahoo, entertainment, social media, news, and sports related websites. In total, 346,832 applications were used and the phone, launcher and contacts were the primary applications. However, the findings showed a significant use of communication, camera, native applications and applications for running. A concluding remark is that the smartphone acted as a powerful tool for real-life improvement such as improved learning, current events awareness and social interactions for poor people in a developing country.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    International Business Information Management Association (IBIMA), 2016
    Keywords
    ICT4D/M4D, smartphones, Kenya, social interaction, learning, running
    National Category
    Interaction Technologies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-115803 (URN)
    Note

    The previous status on this article was Manuscript.

    DOI does not work: 10.5171/2016.469363

    Available from: 2015-03-20 Created: 2015-03-20 Last updated: 2018-02-28Bibliographically approved
    4. Putting a MOOC for Human Rights in the hands of Kenyans: The Haki Zangu case for non-formal learning
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Putting a MOOC for Human Rights in the hands of Kenyans: The Haki Zangu case for non-formal learning
    2014 (English)In: The Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 65, no 3, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The research goal of this project was to explore the use and effects of non-formal education and incentives in the context of a developing country. The practical aim of this project was to create, implement, and evaluate a platform about human rights that was available to any Kenyan for free in order to increase knowledge and engagement. Therefore, a non-formal massive open online course (MOOC) about human rights was designed and launched. The course was free and open to anyone in Kenya and offered both a digital badge and certificate from Stockholm University in Sweden upon completion. The course was called Haki Zangu (Kiswahili for “My Rights”), and it explored how using incentives such as a digital badge and certificate of completion affected learning outcomes. This course offered ubiquitous access based on principles of responsive web design and used audio recordings of the entire course content. The course is perpetual and still on-going, but after six months there were 160 participants who had enrolled, and ten participants had completed the course and received certificates and digital badges. The participants showed extensive enthusiasm and engagement for human rights issues, and they expressed desires to learn more and further spread knowledge about human rights. The current findings suggest that the availability of digital badges and certificates increased interest for participation and positively affected learning outcomes. Moreover, the use of a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) format with incentives proved successful, combined with the contextualization and accessibility of the course content. Furthermore, the technical platform proved adequate for disseminating education for free in a developing country, and allowed for unencumbered access regardless of device. Lastly, a key challenge for future non-formal learning efforts in developing countries is the cost of Internet access.

    Keywords
    mobile learning, non-formal learning, digital badges, ICT4D, human rights
    National Category
    Information Systems, Social aspects
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-114857 (URN)
    Available from: 2015-03-05 Created: 2015-03-05 Last updated: 2015-03-20Bibliographically approved
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