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  • 151.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegrd, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Time squeezed teachers?: Structural patterns in the time use of teachers’ in folk high schools2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like staff meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is folk high school teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

    In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in non-formal adult education in the Swedish folk high school. The analysis is based on 658 time diaries, from 94 folk high school teachers who filled in seven time diaries each, during a full week Monday-Sunday.

    We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). E.g., the work rhythm of the week, the day-to-day sequential flow of activities including the weekend, can be identified on an individual level for these folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective.

    The results show structural patterns in the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

  • 152.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Everyday life of teachers in compulsory schools and folk high schools2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The teacher profession has certain conditions when it comes to time use. On the one hand, teaching is normally strictly scheduled during the day and week. Increasingly, at least in the Swedish context, also other duties are scheduled, like formal meetings and planning with colleagues. On the other hand, there is still a high degree of freedom when it comes to teachers’ use – in time and space – of the rest of the working hours. What is teachers’ everyday life like in a week perspective?

    In this paper we analyse and visualize the activity rhythm of teachers in compulsory school and non-formal adult education in the folk high school. The analysis is based on two data sets with similarities and differences. 3626 compulsory-school teachers filled in a one-day time diary each, on one of the weekdays Monday–Friday. 94 folk high school teachers filled in seven time diaries each, during a week Monday-Sunday. As data on compulsory-school teachers’ weekends are lacking, the focus will be activity patterns during weekdays, Monday–Friday.

    We use the data for an analysis based on basic time-geographic concepts (activities, projects and constraints) and methods (visualizations). We also discuss weaknesses and strengths of the whole week data collection and the one-day diaries, and the consequences of these different approaches for the analysis. E.g., the work rhythm of the week, in this paper focussing on the weekdays, can be identified on an individual level for the folk high school teachers, and the interweaving of work and private activities can be revealed in a week perspective. For the compulsory-school teachers, the data based on one-day diaries from different individuals mean that the rhythm of the week can be identified at aggregated level and day by day only, while the important day-to-day sequential flow of activities is lost.

    The results will show similarities and differences between teachers work in compulsory school and folk high school when it comes to the interweaving of teaching, planning, and administrative work-activities, and of work and private life. The influence of the schedule will also be identified in relation to time for breaks and recovery during the day.

  • 153.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lärare i tidens grepp?: Aktivitetsmönster som strukturerar folkhögskollärares arbetsvecka2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta paper innehåller en preliminär tidsgeografisk analys av 94 folkhögskollärares sätt att använda sin tid under en hel vecka om sju dagar. Analysen bygger på tidsdagboksmaterial, och visualiserar veckans struktur när det gäller olika typer av arbetsrelaterade aktiviteter bland dessa 94 lärare.

  • 154.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education.
    Hedberg, Per
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mandelin, Fredrik
    Vägvisaren2003Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 155.
    Andersson, Per
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Scoutmärken1995Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 156.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Deregulation and Internet: New challenges to postal services in Sweden2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The postal system is an old communication technology, now subject to internal competition from potential entrants and external from technological substitutes. This is a study of how the postal industry in Sweden responds to the dual challenge from deregulation and the Internet.

    The liberalisation process lasted throughout the 1990's. The role of actors for change is found to be crucial. The Post Office and the world's first new entrant on the postal market, City Mail, were the entrepreneurs working for change in the institutional framework. In the background were changing conditions in terms of increasing demand for postal services and a shift towards mass letters, technological improvements that made pre-sorting in computers possible and an ambiguous construction of the legal monopoly in Sweden. The most crucial issues after deregulation in 1993-94 have been access to common services and facilitates and the dominant incumbent's right to differentiate prices.

    The effects of the Internet and the use of e-mail on postal volumes are studied. Some substitution has already occurred and a further potential for it exists, particularly in certain segments like fmancial information. At the same time, communication in general is increasing, which appears to outweigh the negative effect on the demand for postal services. The evidence does not support the hypothesis of declining postal volumes.

    The effects on postal efficiency of the dual challenge are found to be positive but modest. The price structure has changed. The threat from the Internet has spurred some product innovation and strategic change whilst potential postal competition has been met by price adjustmentsand process innovation. The major effect is redistribution and the net effect on welfare is little. Owing to actual and potential competition, postal firms may not prosper in the future, but Post as a technology for communication probably will.

  • 157.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Informationsteknologi i organisationer: bestämningsfaktorer och mönster1989Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers in this field have placed different emphasis on the structural constraints visa- vis the freedom of the actors. An awareness that IT is a social construction does not necessarily mean that some individual actor or actor entity can perform freely. An inflexible, tightly structured social situation can considerably limit the action space. Actors are hemmed in by "objective" circumstances, ie, a rather closely controlled situation established by other actors, and which is apparently unyielding in the face of technological decisions.

    By creating a perspective that addresses both structural and actor aspects, this study attempts a holistic understanding which will lay bare the probable dialectic process between the changeable and the nonchangeable. This aspiration to comprehend the whole, when viewed against the complex character of the subject, calls for an understanding oriented approach.

    The study at hand deals with the choice of information technology in organizations, with special focus on automatic data processing (ADP) for administrative purposes. Its main aim is to improve an understanding of factors that determine the choice of ADP technology in organizations.

    The empirical section of the work at hand consists of two case studies and an overview study. The case studies, which concern two extensive ADP projects, are emphasized. The purpose of these two projects was to raise the degree of computerization and to choose both a configuration and degree of uniformity. In both cases however the configuration turned out to be the most critical issue. One concerned the administration of social insurance in Sweden, Rationalisering av den allmänna försäkringens administration (Rationalization of the Swedish social insurance administration), hereafter called the RAFA project. The other case study, referred to here as the FFV study, deals with an administrative system for the manufacturing sector of the FFV Group  The overview study, called the Norrköping study, deals mainly with the technological level and the ADP configuration in a wide spectrum of organizations. The level and the configuration are viewed against an overarching organizational structure, the worksite placement of qualified ADP staff, the line of business and the size of the firm. The study consists of an opinion poll and three delimited secondary studies.

    In the initial stage of each project, rational motives dominated. These were founded on cost and effect assessments and on developments in the field of computer science. From a structural viewpoint, investments in computers seemed self-evident; efficiency goals were paramount. However, an ADP undertaking entails not only rationalization in the conventional sense, it also brings to the ideational aspects inherent in the organization. While ADP technology was believed necessary, it became, in the preplanning and argumentation phase, a means of projecting socially determined concepts and goals. An ADP solution was sought which would combine the latest innovations in computer science with the dominant actors' organizational ideas.

    The dominant actors at FFV were for the most part newly appointed managers, imprinted with other organizational ideals and relationships than those characterizing FFV. The choice stood between a departure from company tradition by selecting a solution based on local minicomputers, or expanding the existing centralized main frame facility. The critics were specialists who had taken part in the design of the existing configuration. At FFV, the structural determinants had to be toned down in favor of the deliberate performance of the dominant actors. In the RAF A case, the opposite was true. The critics wanted a certain change of existing circumstances, while the dominant actors sought to preserve status quo and its underlying ideas. In the RAF A case, ADP thus became a cementing force rather than the catalyst.

    The Norrkoping study clearly indicates that the direction and size of an enterprise has primary importance for how much the computers are used. The ADP configuration appearance varies mainly with the organizational relationships. This is true for the placement of ADP staff and the overall structure of the organization. The main tendency is that the configuration reflects the relationships in an organization. This supports the view in the case studies that proximity to and control of the ADP has a major organizational value.

  • 158.
    Andersson, Peter
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies, Department of Geography.
    Kulturmiljöer i Vrinneviskogen: En kulturgeografisk studie i ett naturreservat2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är fokuserad på Vrinneviskogens kulturlämningar och kulturmiljöer. Den omfattar även en kulturgeografisk studie över Vrinneviskogen. Det innebär att det geografiska rummet är koncentrerat till en geografisk yta som omfattar hela nuvarande Vrinneviskogen. Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att inventera och dokumentera  kulturlämningar och kulturmiljöer i undersökningsområdet. Jag att har undersökt områdets kulturmiljöer och orsaken till varför kulturgeografiska värden fortfarande är jämförelsevis okända i utredningar och i skötselplaner. Jag har utfört i undersökningsområdet utfört en fältinventering med både nutida och historiska kartor och med en GPS. Resultatet har sedan blivit digitaliserat till ett GIS-skikt i ett dataprogram.

    Kulturlämningarna och kulturmiljöerna i Vrinneviskogens naturreservat förekommer endast begränsat i skötselplanen över naturreservatet. Det saknades ett tillräckligt underlag och information om områdets kulturmiljöer och kulturlämningar i skötselplanen. Kulturlämningarna och kulturmiljöerna i Vrinneviskogens naturreservat är inte integrerade i skötselplanen, vilket innebär att det historiska landskapet till stora delar förblir okänt och ställt vid sidan av värden för natur och friluftsliv. Fornlämningsregistret innehöll utförlig information om fornlämningar från  bronsåldern och järnåldern i undersökningsområdet. Men fornlämningarna var mest isolerade punkter i landskapet och på kartan. Vrinneviskogens senare historia och kulturmiljöer saknas i till stora delar fornminnesregistret. Det som återstår är ett fragmentariskt kulturlandskap, utan koppling mellan de olika tidperioderna som format 2000-talets landskap i Vrinneviskogen. Vid min fältundersökning hösten och vintern 2009-2010 upptäcktes och registrerades 122 st. nya kulturlämningar. Det historiska kartmaterialet innehöll värdefull information om äldre kulturmiljöer i undersökningsområdet. Genom att studera informationen på häradskartan, de äldre och de yngre ekonomiska kartorna och jämföra den i fält kunde drygt 80 % av ruiner efter torp och backstugor återfinnas i fält.

    Många av de upptäckta kulturlämningarna hade inte registrerats vid tidigare inventeringar, särskilt de många stenbrotten, torplämningarna, stenmurarna och de fossila åkrarna. Fältinventeringen innebar en avsevärd förändrad bild av kulturlämningarna i undersökningsområdet. Min undersökning visa att Vrinneiskogen utgör ett i värdefullt och intressant landskap i centrala Norrköping. Men det finns samtidigt goda förutsättningar att lyfta fram Vrinneviskogens kulturgeografi och kulturmiljöer för olika målgrupper. Något som positivt skulle bidra med detta är att synliggöra kulturhistorien och dess människor som levt i Vrinneviskogen till nya generationer genom särskilda informationstavlor och skyltar i landskapet samt broschyrer och kartor.

  • 159.
    Andersson, Réka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gränsdragningar i Vårdens Vardag: Hanteringen av arbetsrelaterad psykisk ohälsa i det svenska välfärdssystemet2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mental ill health in working life is a major and growing problem in the welfare society. The problem is multifaceted and raises many questions about who is responsible, what kind of phenomenon it is and how it should be managed. This study examines how care professionals manage work-related mental ill health. Focusing on occupational healthcare and primary care, interest is directed towards how care professionals argue about workrelated mental illness, what dilemmas they face and the strategies they rely on in managing them. It also seeks to answer the question of responsibility regarding this complex problem, not least in the light of the privatization of occupational healthcare.

    The study uses a multidisciplinary perspective, combining concepts from technology and science studies (STS), sociology of professions and organizational theory in order to analyze various aspects of care management of work-related mental ill health. The empirical material is mainly based on interviews with physicians, psychotherapists, counsellors, occupational therapists, psychologists, rehabilitation coordinators and behavioral scientists, but also includes observations in primary care and occupational health care. The management of work-related mental ill health in everyday healthcare practice is characterized by the fact that the cause of the problem is complex, the division of responsibility unclear and that psychosocial causes of disease are controversial. The study discusses the challenges and possibilities of managing this complex problem in a broad sense. The analysis pays attention to the drawing of boundaries by the care professionals regarding both responsibility and the phenomenon of work-related mental illness. The concept of knowledge infrastructure is used to explain and understand the knowledge and material structures that the care professionals work within. The analysis shows that the care professionals have a pragmatic approach and use different strategies to create scope for dealing with work-related mental health.

  • 160.
    Andersson, Simon
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Urban Mining potential in local power grids: Hibernating copper and aluminium in Linköping2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Power grids have a high content of metal, mainly copper and aluminium. When old cables reach their end-of-life, or in some way lose their intended purpose, they are usually left lying in their subsurface position. Material no longer used, but not yet discarded as waste, is in a state known as hibernation. Over time there is an accumulation of hibernating cables under ground that potentially could be recovered or “mined”. The aim of this study is to examine the total hibernating metal content of an urban, subsurface power grid, how it is distributed and also what reasons for disconnection are the most common. The focus of the study is the power grid of Linköping. Using a GIS based variant of material flow analysis the hibernating metal stock is examined both in terms of size and spatial distribution. The results of the study show a significant amount of hibernating copper and aluminium; in total 240 tons of metal were identified. By comparing the results with previous studies both similar and differing patterns appear. The main differences lie in the distribution of the stock within the city which is affected by the characteristics of the cities. When examining the reasons for disconnection continuous repair and maintenance work seems to be the most common reason for disconnection of cables. Further studies on how the characteristics of a city affects the formation of hibernating metal stocks in the infrastructure are suggested.

  • 161.
    Andersson, Simon
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Petersson, Johan
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Potential for Urban Mining in Norrköping: a Static Quantification of Metal in Subterranean Infrasystems2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the society’s demand for metal increases, the rate of mineral extraction will do the same. This contributes to environmental implications in the form of emissions and depletion of finite natural resources. Conventional recycling is a common practice used to reduce the need for extraction of metal ore and in turn reduce the environmental impact. Recycling is an important source to satisfy the metal demand; as much of 30 % of the metal demand is covered by recycling in some markets. Another form of recycling is the practice of urban mining. A practice which includes recycling of society’s stocks of unused but not discarded metal, these unused amounts metal is part of a so called hibernating stock. An example of a very large stock is the infrasystems in the shape of power cables and pipes. The objective of this thesis is to quantify the metal stocks of copper, aluminium and iron in subterranean infrasystems in the city district of Södra Butängen in Norrköping. Also, a quantification for Norrköping as a whole is performed but on slightly different infrasystems. An economical valuation of these stocks is also performed. The Municipality of Norrköping has the ambition to transform this small industrial area, that Södra Butängen is today, into to a sustainability profiled residential and commercial area which opens up an opportunity to recycle the infrasystems when all buildings are removed and the ground is dug up. To fulfil the objective of the thesis, and quantify the metal stocks, so called static quantification was used. The infrasystems to be included in this study were chosen and the data describing these systems was collected from the respective owner of the systems. The gathered data consists of maps which were digitalized with GIS-software using ArcMap 10 where the stocks then were quantified. The results show that the infrasystems in Södra Butängen holds almost 600 tons of metal with an economical value of 4.67 million SEK. For the Norrköping quantification the results shows that the stock contains about 30,000 tons of metal. The economical value is a little over 70 million SEK. The hibernating stocks in Norrköping equals to 5,100 tons of metal and a value of 9.5 million SEK. There is a potential for urban mining in Södra Butängen that should be considered. However, there are some issues that also must be considered, like cost of extraction. There are large stocks of metal that not have been possible to identify in this thesis. This includes the power grid for Norrköping; a valuable stock due to its large copper content.

  • 162.
    Andersson, Simon
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rundström, Robin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Kommunikation av ekologiskt livsmedel: En intervju- och textanalysstudie av hur ekologiskt livsmedel kommuniceras mot konsumenter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the rhetorical rendering of organic foods, within the research area of environmental communication and ecological theories. The aim is to analyse which renderings are connected to the concept organic foods. Further on Swedish authorities and organisations views on organic foods are examined, in comparison to the grocery retailer’s rhetorical rendering of organic foods. The methodology is based on two methods of data collection. Qualitative research interviews have been conducted with the following authorities: the Swedish Food Agency, the Swedish Consumer Agency and the Swedish Board of Agriculture. Interviews were also conducted with the organisations KRAV and the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation. The interviews were conducted with the intention of making visible the underlying rendering of the concept of organic foods. A textual and metaphor analyses of ICA, Coop and Axfood’s combined communication of organic foods were performed. The aim with these analyses is to examine the grocery retailer’s rhetorical rendering of the concept. The study highlights that there are two main attitudes towards the rendering of organic foods among the actors. Additionally this study clarifies that the authorities, organisations and grocery retailer’s use of the concept differ. Partly the authorities rendering of organics are mainly focused around environmental benefits. While the grocery retailers rendering of organic foods is based on metaphors and idyllic nature values. The study also shows that organic labels is part of green consumerism and thereby legitimize consumption as a solution of environmental and social problems. 

  • 163.
    Andersson, Sten
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of History.
    Mellan SAP och Komintern : lokala kommunistiska strategier i Linköping och Norrköping2001In: Arbetarhistoria : meddelande från Arbetarrvrelsens arkiv och bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 64-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 164.
    Andersson, Sven
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social scaling and children's graphic strategies: A comparative study of children's drawings in three cultures1994Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This cultural comparative study examines social scaling in children's drawings and whether children's formal graphic strategies follow the lines of traditional develop­mental stage models. Moreover, an attempt is made to develop methodological tools for comparative cultural research on children's social worlds.

    For this purpose, children in three communities were asked to make drawings of classroom life (fourth-graders) and their future family (fifth-graders). In total, 591 children were recruited from three settings: a Tanzanian town, a refugee settlement in Tanzania of the African National Congress, South Africa and a Swedish small-town. These settings were chosen in order to involve cultural variation in terms of pedagogical practices and child-rearing ideologies. Instead of absolute measures, relative rating scales (within drawings) were developed for the scoring of children's drawings and for the comparison of drawings between cultures.

    The findings of the present work lend support to the notion of social scaling, that is, social space in drawings (relative size, distances and degree of detailing, etc.) reflects children's hierarchies of importance. Thus, children's self-representations in relation to teacher representation vary with pedagogical practices across cultures. Swedish children produced more self-centered (child-centered) representations of classroom life than any of the African groups. The children in the traditional respect-oriented culture (Tanzanian town group) drew the most sociocentric and least child-centered representations, whereas children from South Africa produced drawings that were intermediate. Differences in social scaling were thus related to cultural differences in pedagogical practices and child-rearing ideologies. Likewise, children's social worlds, as reflected in family figure drawings, vary with child-rearing ideologies in the three different settings.

    The analyses of graphic strategies for both tasks indicated that the African groups employed X-ray strategies to a greater extent than the Swedish children. Quite contradictorily, if viewed from stage-type theorising, the African children simultaneously employed advanced projection systems to a greater extent than the Swedish children. Moreover, the children in the two African settings would in many cases combine these theoretically incompatible drawing strategies. A second analysis of formal graphic strategies showed that children in the two African settings independently employed the same specific local drawing conventions by depicting buildings in a non-representational way. Such local conventions are of theoretical interest in that they question representational models of drawing development. The present results challenge claims for universal or stage-type models in the way children's drawing develops. Instead, the results can be seen to support sociocultural approaches to child development.

  • 165.
    Andersson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Waldén, Louise
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Tekniker och icke-tekniker vid Husqvarna symaskinsfabrik: Levnadshistorier och attityder till teknik1983Report (Other academic)
  • 166.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Fallsvik, Jan
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Hultén, Carina
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute, Göteborg, Sverige.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hjerpe, Mattias
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glaas, Erik
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Climate change in Sweden - geotechnical and contaminated land consequences2008In: WSEAS International Conference on Environmental and Geological Science,2008, 2008, p. 52-57Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

         

  • 167.
    Andresen, Astri
    et al.
    Universitetet i Bergen, Norge.
    Gardarsdottir, Olöf
    Islands universitet, Reykjavik, Island.
    Janfelt, Monika
    Syddansk Universitet, Odense, Danmark.
    Lindgren, Cecilia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Markkola, Pirjo
    Jyväskylä universitet, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Söderlind, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Barnen och välfärdspolitiken: Nordiska barndomar 1900-20002011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens diskussion om barn och barns rättigheter och villkor tar ofta sin utgångspunkt i 1989 års barnkonvention, men dessa frågor hör inte bara till vår egen tid. I Norden har barn under hela 1900-talet haft en viktig plats i det offentliga samtalet och i välfärdspolitiken, men det uppmärksammas sällan i forskningen. I den här boken beskrivs den välfärdshistoriska utvecklingen utifrån ämnet barn i ett jämförande nordiskt perspektiv. De nordiska länderna har mycket gemensamt och det har under hela 1900-talet funnits ett nära samarbete när det gäller barnpolitik och barns rättigheter.Barnen har setts, inte bara som de enskilda nationernas framtid utan som Nordens framtid.Boken diskuterar vad nordiskt samarbete inneburit för barn både i fråga om lagstiftning och barnpolitik i praktiken, och i vilken utsträckning nordisk välfärdspolitik har utvecklats som ett resultat av samarbete, tävlan och politik komparation. Vad är nordiskt, vad är nationellt och vad är internationellt i nordiska välfärdsmodeller?

     

     

  • 168.
    André, Karin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Climate change adaptation processes: Regional and sectoral stakeholder perspectives2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis analyses how societal adaptation processes in public and private sectors at the regional to local level in Sweden are enacted. The thesis pays particular attention to critical factors that constrain or enable adaptation by focussing on: who are the stakeholders, how do different stakeholders perceive their capacity to adapt, and the role of stakeholder interaction in facilitating adaptation processes A combination of two analytical perspectives is used where one is based on key concepts within adaptation literature, and the other draws on boundary crossing and transdisciplinary knowledge production (stakeholders, adaptive capacity, and science-based stakeholder dialogues). The study is conducted within the scope of two overall case studies of local adaptation processes within an urban region, and a land-use based sector, the private forestry sector. The cases are setting the scene for the collection of empirical material which is achieved through qualitative methods, primarily focus groups discussions with local and regional, public and private stakeholders with an interest in, and responsibility for adaptation. The focus groups meetings are organized as a series of meetings to which different participatory techniques are applied. The study also builds on a comprehensive stakeholder mapping. First, the results suggest a systematic method for identifying stakeholders in adaptation research, policy, and planning applicable in both sectors and regions that combines top-down knowledge with experience and knowledge based on bottom-up processes. Second, the analysis of perceived adaptive capacities reveal several facilitating and constraining factors that relates both to the characteristics of climate risks, experience of climate variability and extreme weather events, and responsibility- and decision-making structures. Third, the analysis of the interaction between local experts and scientists show that there is potential for the boundary spanning function of science-based stakeholder dialogues in facilitating adaptation through stimulating questions and sharing different knowledge bases and experiences among the participants. However further attention needs to be taken to the institutional environment and the role of so called anchoring devices that help local experts to contextualise, discus and thus anchor scientific knowledge in their own decision-making context. In conclusion, there are both commonalities between adaptation processes in the two case studies and some marked differences, e.g., regarding the concept of adaptation, what type of adaptation actions that are identified, the perceived opportunities for adaptation and degree of complexity.

    List of papers
    1. Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes
    2012 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 243-261Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    It is now widely recognized that stakeholder interaction and dialogue is essential to improve decisions about and awareness of climate change. The term ‘stakeholder’ is broad and researchers and practitioners may have interrelated and contrasting views on who is a stakeholder or who is (or should be) responsible for adaptation to climate change. To engage stakeholders in research or other projects on adaptation thus requires a careful mapping of the stakeholder landscape and identification of relevant actors at different levels. Through a case study approach, based on studies of two Swedish urban regions, Stockholm and Gothenburg, this paper proposes a systematic method to analyse and identify roles and responsibilities in the stakeholder landscape. The initial mapping exercise was complemented by participatory studies of local and regional stakeholders’ perceptions of who is, or should be, involved in adaptation and their significance for climate change adaptation in the respective regions. The results indicate the value of careful stakeholder analysis for sustainable, effective, planned adaptation that is flexible, but also systematic enough to fulfil practical and scientific requirements for the study and advancement of ongoing adaptation processes and implementation.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Routledge, 2012
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-80623 (URN)10.1080/1523908X.2012.702562 (DOI)000307926400002 ()
    Available from: 2012-08-30 Created: 2012-08-28 Last updated: 2018-01-12
    2. Perceptions of Risk and Limits to Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies of Two Swedish Urban Regions
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of Risk and Limits to Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies of Two Swedish Urban Regions
    Show others...
    2011 (English)In: Climate Change Adaptation in Developed Nations: From Theory to Practice / [ed] James D. Ford and Lea Berrang-Ford, Springer , 2011, p. 321-334Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is now widely accepted that adaptation will be necessary if we are to manage the risks posed by climate change. What we know about adaptation, however, is limited. While there is a well established body of scholarship proposing assessment approaches and explaining concepts, few studies have examined if and how adaptation is taking place at a national or regional level. This deficit in understanding is particularly pronounced in developed nations which have typically been assumed to have a low vulnerability to climate change. Yet as recent research highlights, this assumption is misplaced: developed nations are experiencing the most pronounced changes in climatic conditions globally and have significant pockets of vulnerability. Chapters in this book profile cases from different sectors in developed nations where specific adaptation measures have been identified, implemented, and evaluated. The contributions provide practical advice and guidance that can help guide adaptation planning in multiple contexts, identifying transferable lessons. It is a comprehensive and timely piece of work on an emerging body of literature that is critical for both academics and policy makers to be aware of and learn from in regards to the importance of adaptation and adaptation needs associated with climate change and variability. It is a strong step forward in bringing together this literature and thinking in one collective piece of writing. Chris Furgal, Trent University, Canada Lead Author IPCC 4th Assessment Report This volume is ambitious in scope and distinctive in focus. It is not about climate change science or mitigation or impacts... but focuses clearly on the processes of adaptation. This volume represents a valuable compilation of ideas, methods and applications dealing with adaptation to climate change in developed nations. Barry Smit, University of Guelph, Canada Canada Research Chair in Global Environmental Change This book provides key insights from leading scholars who are addressing an important but neglected question: How easy is it to adapt to climate change in practice? Focusing on evidence from developed countries, the contributions provide reasons for both optimism and concern, and lessons that are critical for anyone interested in climate change policy and a sustainable future. Karen O Brien, University of Oslo, Norway Chair of Global Environmental Change and Human Security

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2011
    Series
    Advances in Global Change Research, ISSN 1574-0919 ; 42
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71055 (URN)10.1007/978-94-007-0567-8_23 (DOI)9400705662 (ISBN)
    Available from: 2011-10-14 Created: 2011-09-29 Last updated: 2018-03-12Bibliographically approved
    3. Stakeholder perceptions of adaptation space: The relevance of directexperience and perceived ability to adapt to climate change in Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stakeholder perceptions of adaptation space: The relevance of directexperience and perceived ability to adapt to climate change in Sweden
    (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses perceptions of adaptation space in Swedish forestry and the potential for developing and implementing climate adaptation processes. The empirical material of this study builds on participatory methods and focus group discussions with private forest owners and forest officials in two forest intensive regions in Sweden. This allowed for a qualitative analysis of the many aspects of adaptation processes, with adaptation space as the main analytical framework to understand the capacity for climate adaptation on levels other than the national average, departing from actor’s perceptions rather than statistics and indices. We discuss if and how exposure to extreme weather events and variability in the past, and the prospect of future climate change and extremes, translates into adaptation action, and examine the role of perceived ability to adapt to the multiple effects of climate change.

    Keywords
    Adaptation space, adaptive capacity, awareness, climate change, concern, forestry sector, perceptions, risk management, Sweden
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90498 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2013-03-28Bibliographically approved
    4. Science-practice interactions regarding climate adaptation in two Swedish contexts: Municipal planning and forestry
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Science-practice interactions regarding climate adaptation in two Swedish contexts: Municipal planning and forestry
    2015 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 297-314Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the science-practice interface in the complex issue of adapting society to climate change. Through analyses of science-based stakeholder dialogues with climate scientists, municipal officers and private individual forest owners in Sweden, this paper looks at how local experts in the forestry and municipal planning sectors share and integrate scientific knowledge and experience into their work strategies and practices. The results demonstrate how local experts jointly conceptualize climate adaptation, how scientific knowledge is domesticated among local experts in dialogue with scientific experts, the emergence of anchoring devices and, in a more general way, the boundary spanning functions that are at work in the respective sectors.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2015
    Keywords
    Anchoring devices, boundary organisations, climate adaptation, domestication, forestry sector, municipal planning, science-based stakeholder dialogues
    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-90499 (URN)10.1080/09640568.2013.854717 (DOI)000345569000007 ()
    Available from: 2013-03-28 Created: 2013-03-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
  • 169.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Stockholmsregionens anpassning till ett förändrat klimat: Sammanställning av delresultat från studier inom forskningsprogrammet Mistra-Swecia2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Denna   rapport   redovisar   delar   av   resultat   och   analyser   från   Mistra-SWECIAs   arbete   i Stockholmsområdet.   Vår   förhoppning   är   att   den   är   av   intresse   för   de   som   arbetar   med anpassningsfrågor inför klimatförändringar på olika sätt i regionen och i andra delar av Sverige.

    SWECIA står för Swedish Research Programme on Climate, Impacts and Adaptation och finansieras av Stiftelsen  för  miljöstrategisk  forskning,  Mistra.  Forskningsprogrammet  studerar  klimat,  ekonomi, effekter och anpassning med gemensamma socio-ekonomiska förutsättningar, och med hänsyn till kopplingarna   som   finns   mellan   dessa   forskningsområden.   Forskarna   arbetar   vid   Stockholm Environment Institute  (SEI),  Linköpings  universitet, Lunds  universitet,  Stockholms  universitet  och SMHI.  I  Mistra-SWECIA  är  kommunikationen  mellan  forskare  och  avnämare  central  då  dialogen hjälper till att planera forskningen och bidrar dessutom till effektiv omsättning av resultaten. Första programfasen är fyra år (2008–2011). Denna rapport är en första sammanställning av delresultat från den fallstudie som påbörjades i Stockholms län 2008.

    Inledningsvis   diskuteras   delar   av   den   deltagandestudie   som   genomfördes   med   aktörer   i Stockholmsregionen under hösten 2008. Vi redogör översiktligt för hur deltagandeforskningen har genomförts och varför vi valt detta sätt att bedriva forskning; på vilket sätt socialt lärande bidrar till anpassningsarbetet;     vilka     intressenter     som     är     engagerade     direkt     eller     indirekt     i klimatanpassningsarbetet, och vilka faktorer vi har uppfattat som kritiska och viktiga för anpassning,. Rapporten  avslutas  med  att  presentera  resultat  från  Mistra-SWECIAs  forskning  inom  Lunds universitet  och  SMHI  angående  framtida  flöden  och  vattennivåer  i  Mälaren,  samt  beräknade klimatscenarier för Stockholmsregionen. Dessa har ockå använts som underlag för studien.

    Författarna är mycket tacksamma för deltagarnas kommentarer och engagemang i studien men eventuella felaktigheter eller missuppfattningar är helt och hållet författarnas egna. Delar av resultat som presenteras i denna rapport återfinns även i andra kommande publikationer som t ex Simonsson m fl. (kommande); André & Simonsson (2009); Simonsson & André (2009), och Nilsson & Gerger Swartling (2009).

    Information   om   resultat   och   aktiviteter   inom   Mistra-SWECIA   presenteras   fortlöpande   på www.mistra–swecia.se.

  • 170.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research.
    Science-practice interactions regarding climate adaptation in two Swedish contexts: Municipal planning and forestry2015In: Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, ISSN 0964-0568, E-ISSN 1360-0559, Vol. 58, no 2, p. 297-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the science-practice interface in the complex issue of adapting society to climate change. Through analyses of science-based stakeholder dialogues with climate scientists, municipal officers and private individual forest owners in Sweden, this paper looks at how local experts in the forestry and municipal planning sectors share and integrate scientific knowledge and experience into their work strategies and practices. The results demonstrate how local experts jointly conceptualize climate adaptation, how scientific knowledge is domesticated among local experts in dialogue with scientific experts, the emergence of anchoring devices and, in a more general way, the boundary spanning functions that are at work in the respective sectors.

  • 171.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identification of regional stakeholders for adaptation to climate change:  2009In:  , 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve decisions and awareness considering climate change it is argued that stakeholder interaction and dialogue is essential. Engaging stakeholders in research on adaptation thus requires analysis of stakeholder landscape and identification of relevant actors at different levels in society. The term 'stakeholder' is broad and researchers and practitioners might have both interrelated and contrasting views on who is at stake, the need for adaptation and climate risks.

    The aim of this paper is to analyse the stakeholder landscape in a Swedish region, as part of increasing the understanding of the adaptation process. The stakeholder analysis has been initiated by the research teams through stakeholder mapping and complemented by local and regional actors' notions of who is, or should be, involved and active stakeholders in adaptation to climate change. The results indicate the importance of careful stakeholder analysis for sustainable adaptation. The actors' expert knowledge of the regions deepens the picture, show important links and gaps between different actors and illuminate unclear relationships and responsibilities as well as identify those actors who have important roles to play.

  • 172.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Umeå, Sweden.
    Stakeholder perceptions of adaptation space: The relevance of directexperience and perceived ability to adapt to climate change in SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses perceptions of adaptation space in Swedish forestry and the potential for developing and implementing climate adaptation processes. The empirical material of this study builds on participatory methods and focus group discussions with private forest owners and forest officials in two forest intensive regions in Sweden. This allowed for a qualitative analysis of the many aspects of adaptation processes, with adaptation space as the main analytical framework to understand the capacity for climate adaptation on levels other than the national average, departing from actor’s perceptions rather than statistics and indices. We discuss if and how exposure to extreme weather events and variability in the past, and the prospect of future climate change and extremes, translates into adaptation action, and examine the role of perceived ability to adapt to the multiple effects of climate change.

  • 173.
    André, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Simonsson, Louise
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, Umeå.
    Gerger Swartling, Åsa
    Stockholms universitet, Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm Environment Institute.
    Linnér, Björn-Ola
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Method development for identifying and analysing stakeholders in climate change adaptation processes2012In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 243-261Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is now widely recognized that stakeholder interaction and dialogue is essential to improve decisions about and awareness of climate change. The term ‘stakeholder’ is broad and researchers and practitioners may have interrelated and contrasting views on who is a stakeholder or who is (or should be) responsible for adaptation to climate change. To engage stakeholders in research or other projects on adaptation thus requires a careful mapping of the stakeholder landscape and identification of relevant actors at different levels. Through a case study approach, based on studies of two Swedish urban regions, Stockholm and Gothenburg, this paper proposes a systematic method to analyse and identify roles and responsibilities in the stakeholder landscape. The initial mapping exercise was complemented by participatory studies of local and regional stakeholders’ perceptions of who is, or should be, involved in adaptation and their significance for climate change adaptation in the respective regions. The results indicate the value of careful stakeholder analysis for sustainable, effective, planned adaptation that is flexible, but also systematic enough to fulfil practical and scientific requirements for the study and advancement of ongoing adaptation processes and implementation.

  • 174.
    Andrén, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Children's expressive handling of objects in a shared world2017In: Intercorporeality: Emerging Socialities in Interaction / [ed] Christian Meyer, J Streeck and J. Scott Jordan, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 105-141Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of embodied interaction and environmental coupling have come a long way in their struggle with the slippery notions of mind, matter and sociality, but there is a need for systematic documentation of actual social practices to be carried out from this perspective, especially in relation to children. When parent- child interaction takes place in contexts where physical objects are involved, the handling of an object may suddenly stand out as having expressive (gestural) qualities over and above the instrumental aspects that may also be involved. What sort of expressive qualities may be found in such actions? What is it about these movements, in their context, that provide for their expressive qualities? In short, how do they come to mean (see also Cuffari & Streeck, this volume)? The aim is to provide a principled and systematic approach to address these questions, by focusing on micro-ecologies of expression that have their basis in how human bodies handle objects. The approach is applied to data from five Swedish children, recorded longitudinally between 18–30 months, in an attempt to begin answering the questions above. Asking such questions — empirically, theoretically, and conceptually — is a logical consequence of an approach to intersubjectivity that views it as emergent from embodied interaction. This view of intersubjectivity is a synthesis of, first and foremost, the work of Schutz, Mead and Merlau-Ponty.

  • 175.
    Andrén, Mats
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Multimodal constructions in children: Is the headshake part of language?2015In: Gesture, ISSN 1568-1475, E-ISSN 1569-9773, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 141-170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish children’s use of the headshake from 18 to 30 months shows a developmental progression from rote-learned and formulaic coordination with speech to increasingly more flexible and productive coordination with speech. To deal with these observations, I make use of the concept of multimodal constructions, to extend usage-based approaches to language learning and construction grammar by inclusion of the kinetic domain. These ideas have consequences for the (meta‑)theoretical question of whether gesture can be said to be part of language or not. I suggest that some speech-coordinated gestures, including the headshake, can be considered part of language, also in the traditional sense of language as a conventionalized system.

  • 176.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Blomberg, Johan
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Children’s use of gesture and action with static and dynamic verbs2018In: Language, Interaction and Acquisition, ISSN 1879-7865, E-ISSN 1879-7873, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 22-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates the use of gestures by 18-, 24- and 30-month-old Swedish children, as well as their practical actions in coordination with verbs. Previous research on connections between children’s verbs and gestures has mainly focused only on iconic gestures and action verbs. We expand the research foci in two ways: we look both at gestures and at practical actions, examining how the two are coordinated with static verbs (e.g. sleep) and dynamic verbs (e.g. fall). Thanks to these additional distinctions, we have found that iconic gestures and iconic actions (the latter in particular) most commonly occurred with dynamic verbs. Static verbs were most commonly accompanied by deictic actions and deictic gestures (the latter in particular). At 30 months, deictic bodily expressions, including both gestures and actions, increased, whereas iconic expressions decreased. We suggest that this may reflect a transition to less redundant ways of using bodily expressions at 30 months, where bodily movement increasingly takes on the role of specifying verb arguments rather than expressing the semantics of the verb itself.

  • 177.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cekaite, Asta
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Don't laugh!: socialization of laughter and smiling in pre-school and school settings2017In: Children's knowledge-in-interaction: studies in Conversation Analysis / [ed] Amanda Bateman, Amelia Church, Singapore: Springer, 2017, p. 127-147Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although laughter and smiling is generally thought of in terms of positive emotions and values, this is not always the case. In this paper we analyze situations where children’s smiling and laughter are treated as undesirable by other participants—peers and teachers—in preschool and school settings. Participants’ treatment of children’s laughs and smiles as accountable, even sanctionable, provides one piece of the larger puzzle of how emotional expressions form an emerging social competence, negotiated and co-constructed in and through social interaction. The analysis shows how emotional expressions such as laughter and smiling are part of, and subject to, processes of socialization, i.e., social knowledge about embodied moral norms

  • 178.
    Andrén, Mats
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Sanne, Johan M.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Linell, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Striking the Balance between Formality and Informality in Safety-Critical Communication: The Case of Train Traffic Control Calls2010In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 42, no 1, p. 220-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Talk in safety-critical activities displays features that distinguish it from both ordinaryconversations as well as from other institutional talk, but it also shares some features with these.Formality and informality are both interactionally accomplished phenomena, but they are shapedthrough different sources. Safety rules and pre-printed forms constitute two sources offormalization, dictating how to carry out communicative exchanges in certain types of situations,irrespective of the more specific circumstances in individual cases. Sources of informalization arethe participants’ need to adapt to situation-specific communicative needs, but also, ironicallyenough, routinization itself.In contemporary literature, safety-critical talk tends to be treated either in terms of strictadherence to a formal code, where all informalities are seen as potential sources of accidents, orinformalization is treated as natural and inevitable, focusing on routine conditions where they areapparently harmless. In this paper, based upon detailed analysis of telephone calls between traindrivers and dispatchers on the Swedish railway network, we propose a middle ground. We suggest acontingent theory of formalization, identifying four main types of informalizations, as well asdiscussing when and why they may be harmless and when they may be detrimental.

  • 179.
    Andrén, Niclas
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Laurin, Astrid
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of History. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Maktresurser och hegemoni : En redogörelse för maktkampen mellan socialdemokrater och kommunister inom Metallindustriarbetareförbundet avdelning 12 i Norrköping 1960-1972 / "Fördomar, vidskepelse och enfald." : En undersökning av spädbarnsdödligheten samt amningens och spädbarnsvårdens inverkan på denna i delar av Distriktsläkarens i Åtvidabergs distrikt och Tjusts provinsialläkardistrikt under åren 1860-18802000Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Maktresurser och hegemoni : En redogörelse för maktkampen mellan socialdemokrater och kommunister inom Metallindustriarbetareförbundet avdelning 12 i Norrköping 1960-1972 Av Niclas Andren.

    Den 15 februari 1962 hade Metallindustriarbetareförbundet i Norrköping ett avdelningsmöte. Styrelseledamot Axel Carlsson presenterade ett förbundscirkulär, insamlingen "LO-hjälp över gränserna", ett cirkulär som gått ut till samtliga klubbar. Efter presentationen föreslog kommunisten Karl Andersson att en skrivelse skulle överlämnas till regeringen, där den uppmanas att sänka rustningskostnaderna med tio procent. De medel som på detta sätt insparades borde användas till "kostnadsfri leverans av maskiner och verkstadsutrustning till u-länderna med organisering och förmedling av F.N." Mötet uppskattade dock inte Anderssons förslag, utan beslöt att avslå. Andersson reserverade sig till förmån för sitt förslag.

    Exemplet ovan är ett av många, där man i någon mening kan tala om en konfliktsituation mellan socialdemokrater och kommunister i fackförbunden och där en överväldigande majoritet av medlemmarna ställde sig på socialdemokratins sida. Föreliggande uppsats handlar främst om maktrelationerna mellan SAP och SKPNPK och den kamp om medlemmarnas sympatier som förts inom avdelning 12 i Norrköping. De övergripande frågeställningarna kan sägas vara hur man vinner och upprätthåller dominans inom avdelningen samt varför medlemmarna sympatiserade med SAP och inte med SKP/VPK.

    Då det gäller de nyckelbegrepp som använts som analysinstrument, har främst den italienska marxistiska filosofen och politikern Antonio Gramscis verk tjänat som utgångspunkt, då jag funnit hans teorier beträffande hegemonin varit högst lämpliga att bruka i analyser av detta slag. Termen hegemoni (gegemoniya) förekom redan mot slutet av 1800-talet, främst inom den ryska arbetarrörelsen, men det var onekligen Gramsci som utvecklade det till ett teoretiskt begrepp under åren runt 1930 i Mussolinis fängelser. Hegemonin är idag det begrepp som många människor närmast förknippar med hans namn och som förklarar hur ett visst system kan upprätthålla sin maktställning och bibehålla sitt stöd från de dominerade grupperna. Grarnscis tänkande, tillsammans med Klas Åmarks maktresursbegrepp är lämpliga teoretiska utgångspunkter, då de förefaller komplettera varandra.

    Jag kommer således att undersöka maktrelationerna mellan socialdemokrater och kommunister inom Metallindustriarbetareförbundet, avdelning 12 i Norrköping. Undersökningsperioden omfattar främst sextiotalet, men även de första åren av 1970-talet. Sextiotalet beskrivs ibland som ett decennium där arbetsmarknaden de första fem åren är relativt konfliktfri, medan den senare delen av decenniet präglas av ökande motsättningar och av framväxande proteströrelser som t.ex. FNL-rörelsen och nyvänstern. Dessa rörelser kritiserade hårt det svenska samhället och inte minst socialdemokratin, som i någon mening tvingades till en politisk omorientering.

    Motsättningarna mellan socialdemokratin och kommunisterna gällde bl.a. synen på den politiska demokratin och på det politiska partiets roll liksom olika uppfattningar om vilken taktik som skulle användas mot arbetsgivarna och vilken strategi man skulle förlita sig på i konflikten mellan klasserna. Socialdemokratin anklagade kommunisterna för att sätta enskilda intressen framför den allmänna välfärden. Kommunisterna å andra sidan betraktade socialdemokraterna som arbetarförrädare vilka systematiskt svek arbetarklassen.

  • 180.
    Angen Rye, Ståle
    et al.
    Høgskolen i Agder.
    Simonsen, Pål Aarsand
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    IKT i skolens utvikling2003In: IKT som prosjekt i skolen, Bergen: Fagbok forlaget , 2003, p. 122-138Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 181.
    Angen Rye, Ståle
    et al.
    Høgskolen i Agder.
    Simonsen, Pål Aarsand
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies.
    Mellom tradisjon og ny teknologi2004Report (Other academic)
  • 182.
    Angirekula, Ravi Kumar
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Low-Cost treatment methods for purification of Phenolic compounds suitable for ASEAN Agro/forest Industrial Wastewater2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid industrialization of South East Asian countries is causing severe industrial wastewater pollution. Large number of agro/forest industries such as agro-chemicals, rubber, oil palm, pulp and paper and wood preserving industries are contributing major role in industrial pollution. These industries discharging huge amounts of organic pollutants like phenolic compounds into the environment. Phenolic compounds showing significant negative impacts on water resources, aquatic life and human health. The growing problems of industrial wastewater pollution are exacerbated for many developing countries which cannot afford to construct or operate conventional wastewater treatment facilities. It has thus become imperative to develop and popularize low-cost and energy-saving technologies for wastewater treatment. Lack of treatment facilities, feeble environmental legislations and less financial resources of agro-forest industries are might be the some of causes for present situation of industrial pollution. This paper analyzed different low cost treatment methods such as stabilization ponds, constructed treatment wetlands, bioadsorbents and adsorption process on activated carbons prepared from low cost agro/forest based waste byproducts to purify the phenolic compounds present in the agro/forest industrial wastewaters. And also it analyzed the suitability of treatment methods for the circumstances and conditions of agro/forest based industries of ASEAN countries. Based on different factors such as suitability of any kind of physical, chemical and biological conditions, low cost, availability of raw material and availability land adsorption process on low cost activated carbons seem to be most promising treatment method for purification of phenols in ASEAN agro/forest industrial wastewaters.

  • 183.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    1970: talet2006In: Samhällsforskning 2006.: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle. / [ed] Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm: Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB , 2006, p. 136-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna årsbok ges en bild av den forskning som fått stöd inom ramen för SKB:s satsning på samhälls- och beteendevetenskap samt humaniora. Åtta forskargrupper presenterar sina perspektiv och preliminära resultat. Många viktiga frågor behandlas i årsboken: Har attityderna till kärnavfallet förändrats i platsundersökningskommunerna under 2000-talet?

    Hur ser utvecklingen där ut jämfört med landet i övrigt och vad ligger bakom människors olika ställningstaganden? Vilka resurser kan det lokala näringslivet i platsundersökningskommunerna uppskattas ha inför upphandlingsbehoven när slutförvarsprojektet ska genomföras?

    Vilka lokala socioekonomiska och befolkningsmässiga effekter kan man förvänta sig? Hur tillvaratas allmänhetens, experternas och myndigheternas argumentation och ståndpunkter i samrådsprocessen? Hur förhåller sig den nationella strategin och lagstiftningen till EUmedlemskapets regelsystem och till andra internationella överenskommelser? Vilken är bakgrunden till de vägval som gjorts – och inte gjorts – när det gäller hanteringen av kärnavfall och använt kärnbränsle i Sverige? Varför hamnade hanteringen av använt kärnbränsle i den nationella politikens centrum på 1970-talet och vilka var debattens centrala argument?

    Dessa frågeställningar belyses närmare i årsbokens olika kapitel. Bidragen beaktar såväl den dagsaktuella situationen som de processer och överväganden som lett fram till dagens vägval. I boken presenteras först några kapitel som tar upp situationen idag. De båda inledande kapitlen diskuterar attityder till kärnavfallet, i platsundersökningskommunerna och i Sverige i stort, samt ger en bild av hur människor resonerar kring hur hembygd och framti kan komma att påverkas av ett slutförvar under många tusen år. Sedan följer analyser av det lokala näringslivets kapaciteter och den socioekonomiska, respektive befolkningsmässiga betydelsen av att slutförvaret förläggs till Östhammar eller Oskarshamn. Andra aktuella teman som tas upp är hur samrådet har utvecklats lokalt samt hur besluten kring hanteringen av kärnavfallet påverkas av nationell, regional och internationell lagstiftning.

    Attityder, engagemang och vägval påverkas inte enbart av aktuella förhållanden och processer. Historiska händelser och avgöranden styr ofta direkt eller indirekt tankar och handlingar i specifika banor. Det är därför betydelsefullt att också hålla ett öga i backspegeln för att bättre förstå de komplexa sammanhang och utvecklingsprocesser som påverkat dagens och morgondagens beslut. SKB:s samhällsforskningsprogram har därför stött även tillbakablickande forskning. Här presenteras bidrag från två sådana projekt.

    Det första handlar om övervägandena bakom Sveriges och andra länders val av strategier för hantering av använt kärnbränsle och det andra om efterkrigstidens politiska debatt där kapitlet i denna årsbok fokuserar på 1970-talet, då en tidigare strategi kring kärnavfallet kom att ifrågasättas och ändras.

  • 184.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Among demons and wizards: the nuclear energy discourse in Sweden and the re-chantement of the world2010In: Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society, ISSN 0270-4676, E-ISSN 1552-4183, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 43-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1956, the Swedish Parliament decided to invest in a national nuclear energy program. The decision rested on the conviction that it would be in the interest of the nation to use the assets of natural uranium, the advanced reactor technology, and the expertise on nuclear physics that the country had at its disposal. Since the decision concerned the largest investment ever in Swedish industrial politics, the scientists and engineers had to promise that it would lead to a prosperous future. In this article, the utopian discourse and the rhetoric that were developed to support the Swedish nuclear energy program are analyzed. An important conclusion is that the scientific, technological, political, economic, and moral discourse was not sufficient to create political and civil support. Instead, the scientists and engineers had to turn to the world of myths. Thereby, the conflicts between nuclear physics and magic, scientific objectivity and demons, and rationalistic belief in progress and irrational ideas of faith were dissolved. In Sweden, as in many other Western countries during the 1950s, the world was not disenchanted, but re-enchanted.

  • 185.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att ersätta kärnkraften med bioenergi: Om en omstridd idé i den offentliga energipolitiska debatten i Sverige 1979-20002009Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 186.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Bergsäkert eller våghalsigt?: Frågan om kärnavfallets hantering i det offentliga samtalet i Sverige 1950-2002.2006Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      Vilka risker är förenade med hantering av högaktivt kärnavfall? Var skall det förvaras? Hur skall en anläggning för säker slutförvaring utformas? Kan det överhuvudtaget finnas någon lösning som är säker för all framtid? Hur kan vi i så fall veta det?Sådana frågor har ägnats stort utrymme i det offentliga samtalet i Sverige sedan planerna på ett svenskt kärnkraftsprogram vann gehör i riksdagen på 1950-talet. Om frågorna i stort sett varit de samma har svaren varierat desto mer. Såväl kraftindustrins som miljörörelsens företrädare har förändrat sina förhållningssätt och sanningsanspråk i takt med att de tekniska, politiska, ekonomiska, vetenskapliga och kulturella omständigheterna har skiftat. I denna bok skildrar Jonas Anshelm förskjutningarna i värderingsmönstren och försanthållandena i en av det sena 1900-talets mest konfliktfyllda miljöfrågor.Jonas Anshelm är professor vid tema Teknik och social förändring vid Linköpings universitet.

  • 187.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bevarandeopinionen som vann gehör1993In: Modernisering och kulturarv / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Stockholm, Stehag: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1993, p. 299-394Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 188.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Bland trollkarlar och demoner1996In: Vest: journal for science and technology studies, ISSN 0238-6025, Vol. 1996:1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 189.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change.
    Den nya alternativrörelsen2004In: Krävs energi i samhällsplaneringen?: en antologi / [ed] Gösta Blücher och Göran Graninger, Linköping: Vadstena Forum , 2004, p. 119-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 190.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Det gröna folkhemmet. Striden om den ekologiska moderiniseringen i Sverige.2002In: Naturen som brytpunkt: om miljöfrågans mystifieringar, konflikter och motsägelser / [ed] Johan Hedrén, Stockholm, Stehag: Symposium , 2002, p. 34-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här analyserar forskare från olika ämnen en rad frågor som på olika sätt har att göra med naturen som angelägenhet för det moderna projektet.

  • 191.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change.
    Det nödvändigas omöjlighet och det omöjligas nödvändighet. Om utopin i Eyvind Johnsons roman 'Strändernas svall'2005In: Frigörare?: Moderna svenska samhällsströmmar / [ed] Martin Kylhammar, Michael Godhe, Stockholm: Carlssons , 2005, 1, p. 254-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Författarna skriver om svenska samhällsdrömmar efter andra världskriget. Vilka visioner finns om det goda samhället och vad står de för? Vilka personer engagerar sig i nuet för framtidens skull? Frigörare är personer, saker och ting som gjort anspråk på att befria oss och hjälpa oss att skapa ett bättre samhälle.

  • 192.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change.
    Det vilda, det vackra och det ekologiskt hållbara: om opinionsbildningen i Svenska naturskyddsföreningens tidskrift Sveriges natur 1943-20022004Book (Other academic)
  • 193.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Från energiresurs till kvittblivningsproblem - om kärnavfallsdebatten i Sverige mellan 1950 och 1970.2005In: Samhällsforskning 2005.: Betydelsen för människorna, hembygden och regionen av ett slutförvar för använt kärnbränsle. / [ed] Svensk kärnbränslehantering AB, Stockholm: SKB , 2005, p. 65-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Det tog över tjugo år från att det svenska kärnkraftprogrammet började planeras till att frågan om kärnavfallet blev föremål för en offentlig kontrovers, där olika uppfattningar och kärnkraftens önskvärdhet ställdes mot varandra. Från 1950 till 1960-talets andra hälft var det endast några få debattörer som påtalade några nämnvärda risker med de radioaktiva restprodukterna. I efter-handsperspektivet kan detta te sig märkligt. Hur var det möjligt? "Frågan besvaras i denna artikel."        

  • 194.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Från energiresurs till kvittblivningsproblem. Frågan om kärnavfallets hantering i det offentliga samtalet i Sverige, 1950-2002.2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 195.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förnuftets brytpunkt: om teknikkritiken i P C Jersilds författarskap1990Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Modern technology has enabled us to realise objectives our forebearers could only dream of. Our capacity to do both good and evil has grown dramatically. With these new capacities ensue extremely weighty moral responsibilities.

    P C Jersild is a Swedish author who has dedicated his work to the investigation of morality in the technological society. This is why his authorship has been chosen as the object for analysis in this thesis. The analysis of Jersild's work is divided inta two sections. The first of these (chapters 3-5) has the character of a general survey and therefore follows a chronological disposition. We follow the changing course of Jersild's authorship in relation to the changing face of public debate. In addition to relativety detailed interpretations of individual texts and analyses of the motif of technology criticism, Jersild's literary production is campared with his social commentary and brief reflections on the public reception of his books are offered. In this fashion the foundations for the second half of the study which is camposed of four thematic chapters (chapters 6-9) are laid. This thematic approach focuses on several essential issues in Jersild's discussion of technology. Consequently, abstraction and generalization tend to assume a more significant position.

    It is shown in this thesis that Jersild critically assesses modern technology as both abstract rationality and concrete lived experience and pennits both perspectives to enrich and stimulate each other. In his discussion of modern technology and its social implications, Jersild repeatedly retums to essentially the same situation: the individual who has teen placed in a predicament due to a harmful pattern of technological development. However, each time he returns to this unsatisfactory situation he views it from a different perspective. He views it through the eyes of a bureaucrat, psychologist, engineer, factory worker, housewife, child, pensioner, lonely alcoholic, hospital patient and animal. This versatility of perspective imbues his narrative with a prismatic acuity; the image of a technological society is complemented and enlarged with every new angle of approach.

    Jersild's work can be seen as a critical investigation of those areas of modern society where the "modem project" has gone astray; where a cognitive-instrumental rationally has been allowed to suppress moral-practical reason. In spite of this criticism, it is made clear, Jersild remains a faithful disciple of the Enlightenment and defends modemity; albeit with restrained optimism and a critical scepticism which continually encaurages reflexivity and a sense of moral responsibility. He reclaims a normative fraction and a measare of critical reason which can be used to advance rather than dismantie the "modem project". Somewhat magniloquently, it can be asserted that Jersild' s work is characterised by an attempt to establish a sensible moral argumentation capable of resening the "modern project" from self-inflicted ruin.

  • 196.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förord1993In: Modernisering och kulturarv / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Stockholm, Stehag: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 197.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Industrisamhället och det folkliga kulrutarvet - ett tema i Martin Kochs författarskap1994Book (Other academic)
  • 198.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Industrisamhället och det folkliga kulturarvet: ett tema i Martin Kochs författarskap1993Report (Other academic)
  • 199.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kampen om klimatet: miljöpolitiska strider i Sverige 2006-20092012Book (Other academic)
  • 200.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kraftproduktion och miljöoppinion: Kritiken av vindkraftens miljöpåverkan och den som riktats mot övriga kraftslag2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Alla typer av storskalig elproduktion i Sverige har mött någon sorts miljömotstånd, och kan sägas stå i konflikt med ett eller flera av de nationella miljömålen. Detta innebär att valet av energislag inte endast handlar om teknisk-ekonomiska beräkningar utan också involverar beslut om vilka miljökonsekvenser som är att föredra, och även vilken miljöopinion som ska hörsammas. Argumenten mot användandet av en viss energikälla bestämmer delvis vilka argument som kan aktualiseras i relation till en annan energikälla. Föreliggande rapport analyserar miljöopinionen mot vindkraft i Sverige och skillnader mellan denna opinion och andra energirelaterade miljöopinioner.

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