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  • 151.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Learning and propensity for changing the job or life situation during downsizing and redundancy2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 152.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Learning and propensity for changing the job situation during downsizing2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Learning and propensity for changing the job situation during downsizing2012In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, E-ISSN 1758-7859, Vol. 24, no 7/8, p. 497-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – To investigate individuals’ learning and propensity for changing their job situation during downsizing in a company.

    Design/methodology/approach – A case study was carried out in an industrial company that had undergone major downsizing to adapt to changes in production. Approximately 100 employees retrained at the company’s training program and 350 employees received notice to quit their jobs. Data for this study consisted of qualitative interviews with 20 workers who faced different transition situations.

    Findings – Three general learning trajectories labelled stayers, leavers and reemployed leavers emerged as a consequence of the downsizing. The stayers were the individuals who remained at the company and later retrained to new jobs. The leavers were the individuals who more or less voluntarily left the company to start a new career. The reemployed leavers were dismissed and left involuntarily but were later reemployed at the company.

    Practical implications – In cases of downsizing it is important that the organization meets latent wishes for change and considers differentiated reactions connected to age, length of employment, former education, etc. among workers who face different transition situations.

    Originality/value – The results imply that the learning trajectories were shaped through participation, thus learning, in the transition program and workplace activities. Each worker has a specific history of experience which shape their disposition to learning and in which way they are able to adjust to a new job situation.

  • 154.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Learning to promote health at an emergency care department: identifying expansive and restrictive conditions2015In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 18-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on the findings of a planned workplace health promotion intervention, and the aim is to identify conditions that facilitated or restricted the learning to promote health at an emergency care department in a Swedish hospital. The study had a longitudinal design, with interviews before and after the intervention and follow-up interviews one year after the intervention. Data were collected through individual interviews with employees and managers, in total 69 interviews. In addition, data were collected from documents. The study provided insight into conditions which were found to act as expansive and restrictive reinforcements for learning to promote health. The conclusion is that the workplace health promotion intervention was shaped by conditions that existed outside the local workplace level which restricted the workplace health promotion. Nevertheless, collective employee-driven activities had the capacity to facilitate learning for change in order to create a health-promoting workplace. The advantage of combining theories of learning and workplace health promotion provided a holistic analytical view of learning to promote health at work and helped to uncover and monitor changed conditions during a planned workplace health promotion intervention.

  • 155.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa.
    Fagerlind, Anna-Carin
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Karlsson, Nadine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Reinerholm, Cathrine
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ledarskap och organisering för hälsa och produktion (LOHP)2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Fogelberg Eriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Gendered learning environments in managerial work2010In: Studies in the Education of Adults, ISSN 0266-0830, E-ISSN 1478-9833, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 141-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to investigate female and male managers’ learning environments with particular focus on their opportunities for and barriers to learning and career development in the managerial work of a male-dominated industrial company. In the case study 42 managers, 15 women and 27 men in the company were interviewed. The findings demonstrate that the male managers were provided with significantly richer opportunities to participate in activities conducive to learning and career development than were female managers. The opportunities and barriers in terms of horizontal and vertical manager mobility, senior managers’ support, strategic networks, career system, freedom of action and gender stereotypes operated simultaneously as opportunities and barriers to learning and career development for the female and male managers, respectively. The conclusion is that the expansive-restrictive continuum developed by Fuller and Unwin (2004) does not cover the extent to which gender operates as a condition for learning and career development, nor the extent to which the gender order influences the learning environment. Therefore we suggest that the expansive-restrictive model of learning environments would benefit from incorporating or, at least considering, gender dimensions in order to form a gender-sensitive model to analyse learning environments in workplaces.

  • 157.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Fogelberg Eriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation.
    Lokalt ledarskap i en global organisation - kvinnors och mäns möjligheter att bli chefer och utöva ledarskap inom ett verkstadsindustriföretag2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågor som rör chef- och ledarskap genererar alltid ett stort intresse såväl i arbetslivet som inom forskning. Det tema som fokuseras i den här rapporten är chef-/ledarskap och kön, särskilt könsfördelningen på ledande befattningar. I dagsläget är merparten av alla chefer i svenskt arbetsliv män. Män är överrepresenterade på chefsbefattningar i relation till samtliga anställda män i såväl privat som offentlig sektor. På de högsta chefsbefattningarna blir mansdominansen än tydligare (SCB, 2006). Mansdominansen på ledande befattningar kan sägas utgöra en utgångspunkt för de forskningsfrågor som formulerats inom forskningsområdet chef-/ledarskap och kön. Forskningsfrågorna handlar t.ex. om varför så få kvinnor är chefer samt på senare år om hur ledarskap är könsmärkt, dvs. hur ledarskap förknippas med kön. En återkommande fråga i mansdominerade organisationer är: Hur kan vi få fler kvinnor på ledande befattningar? Det är just denna problematik som fokuseras i föreliggande rapport som sammanfattar erfarenheter från ett forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt som pågick från senhösten 2007 till senhösten 2008.

    Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att kartlägga och analysera villkor för kvinnor och män att bli chefer och att utöva chef- och ledarskap, samt varför få kvinnor har chefspositioner. Utgångspunkten för denna analys är en empirisk studie inom ett globalt verkstadsindustriföretag baserad på intervjuer med chefer, både kvinnor och män, på olika chefsnivåer och från olika divisioner. Följande mer specifika frågeställningar har formulerats:

    1. Vad karaktäriserar chefernas uppfattningar om ledarskap, chefsrekrytering, lärande och karriär, jämställdhet samt hälsa i företaget?
    2. Vilka förutsättningar finns för kvinnor och män att rekryteras till chefspositioner samt utöva chef- och ledarskap i företaget?
    3. Vilka orsaker finns till varför få kvinnor har chefspositioner i företaget?

    För att kunna diskutera skillnader mellan kvinnors och mäns uppfattningar och villkor närmar vi oss forskningsfrågorna utifrån ett genusperspektiv. Med genusperspektiv avser vi i denna rapport synsättet att vi formas till kvinnor och män genom det vi gör, och de aktiviteter vi deltar i, i samspel med andra människor i det dagliga arbetet. Våra könsidentiteter är beroende av rådande, socialt konstruerade, föreställningar i samhället och vi lär oss och lär oss att förhålla oss till dessa föreställningar i det dagliga arbetet. Vi utvecklar dessa tankar ytterligare i kapitel 2.

  • 158.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Halvarsson Lundqvist, Agneta
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Integrating Formal and Informal Learning – Experiences from a Competence Development Programme Targeting Manufacturing SMEs2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) play a significant role in the economy in an era of globalization and international competition (European Commission, 2007). It is therefore of importance to deepen our knowledge of conditions that enable innovativeness in SMEs so that such companies remain globally competitive. In recent years, a variety of training and competence development initiatives, in particular efforts that focus on the application of Lean production, have been undertaken in Sweden to support the development of innovation and competitiveness in SMEs. In Sweden, one such initiative is the national competence programme The Production Leap and more than 200 enterprises have participated in the programme’s main components: courses for education in Lean, and coaching of individual enterprises. The aim of this paper is to investigate in what way competence development activities offered by The Production Leap were linked to informal learning within enterprises, and the conditions that facilitate or hinder learning that can contribute to production improvements. The discussion draws on empirical material based on 17 interviews with owners, managers, Lean coordinators and operators from four manufacturing SMEs that participated in The Production Leap.

    Based on empirical findings, two conclusions can be made. The first is that competence development activities focusing on Lean production are an important trigger for innovative learning in SMEs. The formal competence development activities offered in the Production Leap programme seemed to have a better impact if the learning environment inside the enterprise was supportive. Competence development as a trigger for innovative learning and thus a driving force for innovation is important but less useful if it is not integrated into daily work activities. The second conclusion made is that three different ways of linking formal and informal learning within the enterprises were identified in terms of different approaches; Lean coordinator-driven approach, engineer-driven approach and an employee-driven approach. All three approaches had some element of employees generating and implementing ideas and actions. In the first two approaches there was joint learning between the employees and Lean coordinator/engineer in the generation and implementation of ideas and actions that took place within the continuous improvement work. Therefore, we suggest that it is essential to consider that employee-driven innovations may be assumed to take different shapes, involving other functions that have the capacity to support innovative learning that goes beyond minor adjustments in the existing standards of the production.

  • 159.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Karlsson, Nadine
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    The relationship between learning conditions at work and employees’ perception of change in organizations 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Jönköping University.
    The Learning Potential of Boundary Crossing in the Context of Product Introduction2017In: Vocations and Learning, ISSN 1874-785X, E-ISSN 1874-7868, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 235-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim is to explore challenges related to the integration between product development and production in product introduction and, given these challenges, to analyse the learning potential of boundary crossing in the context of product introduction. The paper draws on evidence from a Swedish manufacturing company. The theoretical framework is based on a boundary-crossing perspective, which in turn is framed by a workplace learning perspective. Data were collected through interviews with 19 employees from the product development department and 21 employees from the production plant, and 8 focus-group interviews. Within the company, there were many challenges related to product introduction, but the findings also show these challenges can provide learning opportunities by enabling the boundaries to be crossed between the product development department and the production plant. Several forms of intrapersonal or interpersonal boundary crossing were identified. Individuals acted as brokers, and prototypes, pre-series, DfA analysis and a crossfunctional team served as boundary objects and encounters. Nothing in our study indicates that the boundary crossing identified on the intrapersonal and interpersonal levels created learning potentials on the organisational level in the company. The conclusion is that it is necessary to consider the learning potential made available by boundary crossing in order to support learning, and thereby improve the integration between product development and production in product introduction. By seeing and using prototypes and pre-series production as learning opportunities you can create a better preparedness and provide collective access to knowledge required for successful product introduction.

  • 161.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Thunborg, Camilla
    Stockholms universitet.
    Pedagogik i arbetslivet – forskningsområdets utveckling under 2005-20152016In: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Pedagogisk Forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, Vol. 21, no 3-4, p. 165-190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel ger vi en överblick av utvecklingen inom forskningsområdet pedagogik i arbetslivet. Underlaget bygger på 87 avhandlingar i pedagogik inom forskningsområdet pedagogik i arbetslivet som publicerats i Sverige under 2005-2015. Avhandlingarna kategoriseras i följande områden: rekrytering; kompetens och kompetensutveckling; arbetsplatslärande och arbetsplatsen som lärmiljö; chefers ledarskap, arbete och lärande samt ledarutveckling; organisations- och verksamhetsutveckling samt förändringsprocesser; interorganisatoriskt lärande och samverkan i partnerskap; lärande i övergången mellan utbildning och arbete; samt professionell praktik, identitet och professionsutveckling. Genom en fortsatt inriktning och utveckling av pedagogisk forskning i arbetslivet kan denna typ av forskning ge viktiga bidrag till att kritiskt ifrågasätta dagens arbetsliv och bidra till arbetsplatsnära forskning i riktning mot ett hållbart arbetsliv.

  • 162.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Biographical learning: two decades of research and discussion2014In: Educational review (Birmingham), ISSN 0013-1911, E-ISSN 1465-3397, Vol. 66, no 4, p. 497-513Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses the concept of biographical learning and reviews previous research on the subject. Several tensions between different versions of the concept are recognized, and a wide range of research areas in which the concept has been used are identified and presented. The general idea in the biographical learning tradition regarding the occurrence of general conceptions of one’s biography, as well as the idea of narrative coherence, is discussed critically. New areas of research are suggested.

  • 163.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nya karriärval mitt i livet: omställningsprocesser och biografiska brott2015In: Karriärvägledning: en forskningsöversikt / [ed] Anders Lovén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, p. 293-314Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Occupational transitions as a relational project2012In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 83-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Looking at ‘biographical learning’ as part of a work transition, the aim of this paper is to investigate how social relations enable and constrain such a learning process in outplacement clients. To examine the process, its character and social conditions, the study draws on interviews with workers who had been made redundant and were enrolled at an outplacement agency. The interviews were analysed using a comparative cross-case analysis. A distinction was made between ‘strong’ (long-term and intimate), ‘weak’ (short-term and non-intimate) and ‘formal’ (e.g., professional counsellors) relations. Findings showed that strong and formal relations were rather influential on people's engagement in biographical learning while weak relations were important to the straightforward career. Since transitions in late modern society has become not only a passage but also a learning option, the different sources and functions of social relations should be considered a vital part of outplacement counselling. Future research should examine more closely both parties in strong relationships and the (joint) process of career decision-making inherent in occupational transitions.

  • 165.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pragmatism and the challenge of work life transitions2007In: 5th ESREA European Research Conference, 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to outline how to make use of a number of perspectives in the tradition of pragmatism1 to understand agency in work-life transitions. It will focus on the interplay of cultural conditions, educational praxis in the field of career development and human action. The intention is also to develop theoretical resources that will be used in a forthcoming empirical study. The research question to be examined is how agency arises or emerges in occupational transitions; the main proposal is that pragmatism holds valuable insights that may be harnessed in this particular field of research.

    The paper begins by introducing the tradition of pragmatism. This is viewed in relation to the basic cultural and philosophical conditions known as modernity and enlightenment; it is characterized as modern but at the same time a departure from the rationalist-modernist era. Although this discussion will be preoccupied to some extent with the epistemological question, I will keep in mind the issue of human action and put forward  some arguments about the relationship between modernity, pragmatism and action theory. The content draws largely from analyses by the German sociologist Hans Joas.

    In the second part of the paper, I will make explicit use of Joas’ view of action to understand how agency emerges in work-life transitions. Three action-related phenomena are examined. The first is goal setting. The dynamic and elastic character of human intentionality as well as the ‘pre-reflective’ sources of agency will be emphasized. Consequently, career planning as some kind of instrumental, rationalist endeavour will be investigated. Secondly, the power of the situation will be examined and highlighted as a force that may produce reflection and creativity in work-life transitions. However, agency presupposes an ability to take different perspectives of the actual situation in order to find an appropriate line of action. Third, I will explore the importance of imagination further, in relation to goal setting. Emotional power and creative imagination are supposed to be latent in our wishes, but they need to be cultivated in imaginative interplay with the current conditions and in moments of ‘reality testing’. Creative imagination, however, presupposes confidence and ‘the capacity to be alone’. For that very reason, it is argued, insecurity and risk in work-life transitions need to be balanced by trust in order to release the crucial imaginative processes.

  • 166.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology.
    Understanding transitions2007In: Concepts of Learning 2007 Conference of the ESREA Network on Life History and Biography,2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 167.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The many faces of biographical learning2012In: Studies in the Education of Adults, ISSN 0266-0830, E-ISSN 1478-9833, Vol. 44, no 1, p. 70-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this article is to look for more diversity within the concept of biographical leaning. As a conceptual tool for investigating learning in life transitions, biographical learning has gained some recognition over recent years. The concept centres on people’s abilities and possibilities to cope with change in a rapidly changing environment. As transitions have become more common, ‘learning processes within transition’ has become an important area for educational research. The development of the concept of biographical learning is related to this trend, since biographical learning processes appear to be more explicitly triggered when a person’s life course is changing and people are faced with transitions in it. In this article, biographical learning will be discussed in relation to research on restructuring, job loss and enforced work transitions. The article will suggest that such transitions may be understood in terms of biographical learning, acknowledging that learning in work transitions is not only about ensuring one’s ‘professional competence’ or ‘employability’ but includes identity issues and decision-making that affect one’s biography.

    Alheit and Dausien portray biographical learning as a certain perspective on lifelong learning, suggesting a ‘shift in analytic perspective’ and a departure from the policy-focused view in which lifelong learning is framed by political and economic precepts. Acknowledging the inner tensions between the ‘instrumentalist’ and ‘emancipative’ power of lifelong learning, the authors place some confidence in the latter, calling for an outlook in which the learning individual ‘is taken more seriously’. There are empirical reasons for such a preference. Although traditional lifeworlds are eroding, people’s responses are not inevitably a ‘panic’ reaction. Instead, people cope with changes rather creatively by using different action strategies that affect both their own biography and the social world in which they live.

    The concept of biographical learning is regarded as useful in this context, firstly because it takes account both of social structures and of the individual’s subjectivity. Hence, it recognizes people’s sense of being able to control their own lives interacting with biographical and structural conditions. Even though life chances are unequally distributed and agency is always ‘bounded’, when people face transitions decisions must be made and actions taken that are affected by and affect their biography. Secondly, biographical learning could be considered valuable because its scope is wider than predominant lifelong learning policies and because its aim extends beyond instrumental skills and ‘employability’. Thirdly, biographical learning can be regarded as helpful because it includes not only formal and organized aspects of learning, but also ‘cognitive and reflexive dimensions of learning as much as the emotional, embodied, pre-reflexive and non-cognitive aspects of everyday learning processes and practices’.

    However, further investigations of the concept are called for, as pointed out by Alheit and Dausien. One possible development concerns challenging its somewhat uniform character. While Alheit has identified three current ‘biographical coping patterns’ (‘patchworking’, ‘networking’ and ‘designing’; Alheit, 1999, p. 75), further analysis will probably reveal new insights and perhaps lead to a more complex description of what biographical learning is. It seems reasonable to assume, for example, that there might be differences between more continuous and more disruptive versions of biographical learning. In order to encompass a wider spectrum of approaches, the aim of this paper is to analyse, explore and expand the notion of biographical learning and to suggest a number of different modes of such learning.

  • 168.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    End of journey, end of story? A longitudinal study of involuntary work transitions among laid-off workers2014In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 201-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to increase knowledge regarding involuntary work transitions among laid-off workers. It is part of an ongoing cooperation with two outplacement agencies enrolling white-collar workers. The particular arrangements, which are based on collective agreements, include relatively generous support, both economically and regarding the educational and counselling arrangements offered. A narrative research approach is used and the analysis is based on interviews with 15 people, conducted on two occasions with about a year in between. Conceptualizing the transition as a biographical learning process, the findings point out a great variety within and between cases. While the basic distinction is drawn between people who have changed their status and those who have not, a number of rhetorical varieties are identified, pointing to different modes of biographical learning. The originality of the paper lies in its narrative approach and the particular conceptual framework showing that biographical learning is a vital part of enforced work transitions.

  • 169.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Learning in occupational transitions: a study of the process following job loss2012In: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 331-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This article examines how workers supported by outplacement services engage with an occupational transition through problem solving and learning.

    Participants: The participants were 23 mid-life redundant white collar workers with at least eight years in their sector, organization or occupation. The selected interviewees either participated in training to broaden their professional competence or did not make any such ‘expansive’ efforts.

    Methods: The study was based on narrative interviews, which enabled a detailed cross case examination of individuals’ actions and choices and how the process unfolds over time.

    Results: The results showed that people treat their job loss as a practical problem to be solved using various strategies. This problemsolving process is structured, with people passing similar crossroads defining particular challenges and opportunities giving people limited sets of choices.

    Conclusion: The results point to the significance of creativity and learning in occupational transitions.

  • 170.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Work transitions as told: a narrative approach to biographical learning2013In: Studies in Continuing Education, ISSN 0158-037X, E-ISSN 1470-126X, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we introduce a narrative approach to biographical learning; that is, an approach that considers autobiographical storytelling as a practice through which claims about life history are performed and negotiated. Using insights from narrative theory, we highlight evaluations in those narratives and suggest their crucial role in promoting self-reflective thought. The research area is unemployment, more specifically, work transitions following company restructuring and redundancy supported by outplacement services. Recognizing the learning potential in autobiographical storytelling, the article examines job-loss narratives told by people made redundant. The analysis focuses on strategies used in moments of evaluation. Our findings point to a variety of rhetorical strategies, different kinds of reflexivity and, in turn, variation in the potential for biographical learning.

  • 171.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Adult Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Tillit i intersektoriell organisering?: en interaktiv longitudinell studie2014In: Lärande i arbetslivet: möjligheter och utmaningar : en vänbok till Per-Erik Ellström / [ed] Henrik Kock, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2014, p. 119-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I det här kapitlet vill vi diskutera hur intersektoriell samverkan mellan offentlig, privat och ideell sektor etableras och utvecklas. Mer specifikt vill vi utforska villkoren för och betydelsen av förtroende och misstroende mellan individer och organisationer över tid, i dylika projekt. Detta gör vi genom att närmare utforska och granska ett lokalt arbetsmarknadsprojekt drivet bland annat av ett arbetsintegrerande socialt företag. Projektet har följts över tre år i en höggradigt interaktiv process. På basis av resultaten diskuteras även intersektoriell rörlighet som en av den interaktive forskarens utmaningar och möjligheter.

  • 172.
    Halvarsson, Agneta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Partnerhögskolestudien: Rapport nr 3 i interaktiva forskningsprojektet - Att organisera för hållbar utveckling i Produktionslyftet2009Report (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Halvarsson, Agneta
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Samverkan för hållbar utveckling: Rapport 2 - Produktionslyftet2009Report (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Halvarsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Sociology . Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Att organisera för hållbart utvecklingsarbete: Första rapporten - Produktionslyftet2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 175.
    Halvarsson Lundkvist, Agneta
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Program steering by learning2015In: Sustainable development in organizations: studies on innovative practices / [ed] Mattias Elg, Per-Erik Ellström, Magnus Klofsten, Malin Tillmar, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 77-92Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Holmquist, Carin
    et al.
    Handelshögskolan, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Äldre entreprenörer: en lösning för samhälle och individer2015In: Organisation och Samhälle, ISSN 2001-9114, no 2, p. 8-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 177.
    Hoyrup, Steen
    et al.
    Danmarks Paedagogiske Universitet.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Arbejdspladslæring. Forudsætninger, Strategi/Metoder, Resultater2007Report (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Högberg, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Schölin, Tobias
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ram, Monder
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Jones, Trevor
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Categorising and labelling entrepreneurs: Business support organisations constructing the Other through prefixes of ethnicity and immigrantship2016In: International Small Business Journal, ISSN 0266-2426, E-ISSN 1741-2870, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 242-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article demonstrates how Swedish support organisations approach and target immigrant entrepreneurs in terms of categorisation and labelling. In their strategic positioning, and as a result of framing and communicating specific target groups for their activities, organisations simultaneously produce and reproduce categories of clients. We argue that despite its emancipatory intent, the process of categorisation runs the risk of reproducing an inferior Other. Adding prefixes in labelling entrepreneurs may replicate the societal hierarchies that business support initiatives were designed to counteract. This article questions the basis of business support for minority entrepreneurs and is a contribution to wider debates concerned with exposing the constructed nature of entrepreneurship.

  • 179.
    Högberg, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Sundin, ElisabethLinköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Innovative practices in work, organization and regional development: problems and prospects2014Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The call for contributions to this special issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration had the title Innovative Practices in Work, Organization and Regional Development – Problems and Prospects. Inspiration for the title came from the papers and discussions held at a conference organized by the HELIX VINN Excellence Centre (Linköping University) in June 2013. In the call, organizational perspectives on change, learning, health, gender equality and of course, innovation were emphasised. Another ambition was to present possibilities rather than problems was. As is shown in the contributions, the call received a number of qualified and interesting responses which together cover almost all of the issues stated, although not all in each contribution. Therefore, in these first pages we will offer some general reflections on the concepts and questions raised.  

             

  • 180.
    Högberg, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Sundin, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    New forms of organization: new ways to organize2015In: Sustainable development in organizations: studies on innovative practices / [ed] Mattias Elg, Per-Erik Ellström, Magnus Klofsten, Malin Tillmar, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 169-184Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizations are central to our way of organizing society and understanding the phenomenon of organizing within and between organizations is hence important. In this chapter we focus on dimensions of mobility in efforts at organizing within and between organizations as well as between sectors. It is argued that the public sector is a good place to start if one wants to capture facets of contemporary society, as an understanding of the changes taking place in the public sector is also a means of grasping the increasing hybridisation of organizations taking place also in private and third sectors. In our analysis we highlight examples of intraorganizational, interorganizational and intersectoral organizing and how mobility can be a tool and a goal, as well as a problem and a solution. When it comes to gender, however, the striking image is one of immobility rather than mobility.

  • 181.
    Höglund, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Östman, Lisa
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings.
    Effekter av ledarutveckling för individ och organisation2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en delrapport inom ramen för ett longitudinellt forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt vid HELIX VINN Excellence Centre vid Linköpings universitet. Det övergripande projektets syfte är att beskriva och analysera förutsättningar för en förbättrad koordination bland toppchefer i en växande och geografiskt expanderande organisation, samt hur koordinationen cheferna emellan kan förstås i termer av en kollektiv lärprocess. Som en del i detta större projekt har det även ingått att göra vissa fördjupningsstudier. Denna rapport är en sådan fördjupningsstudie där fokus varit på effekter av en ledarutvecklingssatsning som genomförts under ett antals års tid i en del av organisationen. Det empiriska underlaget samlades in under våren 2009.

    Rapporten har tagits fram i ett nära samarbete mellan forskarna i projektet. Cecilia Höglund och Lisa Östman, studenter vid PA-programmet i Linköping, har även samlat in och presenterat empirin inom ramen för sin kandidatuppsats ”Ledarutvecklingsprogram - användbart eller ej?”. Vi vill speciellt tacka de personer på fallföretaget som öppnat sina dörrar och tagit av sin tid för att möjliggöra vårt intervjuande.

  • 182.
    Ingefjord, Emma
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Letterblad, Hanna
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Chefens roll i ett innovativt klimat: En studie om enhetschefens hantering av innovativt klimat i äldreomsorgen2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Äldreomsorgen står inför ständiga förändringar och i dagsläget neddragningar. I Norrköpings kommun har ett projekt startats för att kunna ta tillvara på personalens innovativa förmåga. Personalen verkar tillsammans med chefen i ett arbetsklimat som kan vara både bra och dåligt. Klimatet kan även präglas av om idéer kan genomföras mer eller mindre enkelt. Den här studien har gjorts för att bidra till att utöka kunskapen om enhetschefens roll i innovativa klimat i äldreomsorgen.

    Syfte Syftet med uppsatsen är att ta fram och sprida kunskap om enhetschefers roll i hanteringen av innovativt klimat.

    Genomförande Med hjälp av intervjuer med enhetschefer och idébärare från äldreomsorgen och personal på Pimm har vi gjort en fallstudie med fokus på enhetschefens hantering av innovativt klimat. Pimm är ett projekt som tillvaratar idéer från personal, brukare och anhöriga inom vård och omsorg. Via idéer som har blivit innovationer med hjälp av Pimm valdes de enheter som vi har studerat. Vi antog att de enheter, där innovationer framkommit, hade ett innovativt klimat.

    Resultat Enhetschefen har en roll i det innovativa klimatet, genom att kunna främja eller förhindra det. Klimatet i sin helhet skapar enhetschefen tillsammans med övriga anställda. Vi har kommit fram till att innovationer kan komma fram utan ett innovativt klimat samt att ett innovativt klimat inte alltid resulterar i innovationer.

  • 183.
    Johansson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Quality Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Witell, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Quality Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Quality Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Changing quality initiative - does the quality profile really change?2013In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 79-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A firm working with quality management over time may change from total quality management to Six Sigma to lean production, but does this actually change the firm's quality profile? This paper seeks to identify specific quality profiles in service firms and how these profiles change over time. The empirical investigation is based on self-assessment studies conducted in 138 Swedish service firms. The results show that service firms often build up a specific quality profile, which they retain over time. The paper develops theoretical and managerial implications based on the research.

  • 184.
    Johansson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Quality Technology and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Witell, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Quality Technology and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Quality Technology and Management . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Evolvement of Quality Profiles in Swedish Service Organizations2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Johansson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Witell, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Quality Profiles of Service Firms2011In: 12th International Research Symposium on Service Excellence in Management, Ithaca, June 2-5, 2011, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Johansson, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Witell, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gremyr, Ida
    Elg, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics & Quality Management. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Quality of solutions, products and services in manufacturing firms2014In: Thessaloniki, June 13-15, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Johansson, Gun
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, KerstinLinköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering2009Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
  • 188.
    Jones-Evans, Dylan
    et al.
    UWE Bristol.
    Klofsten, MagnusLinköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship.
    Technology, Innovation and Enterprise: The European Experience1997Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Jonker, Dirk
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Rolander, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Balogh, I.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Sandsjö, I.
    MedTech West/School of Engineering, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Winkel, J.
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Rationalisation in public dental care - impact on clinical work tasksand biomechanical exposure for dentists: a prospective studyManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Comprehensive rationalisations in Swedish dentistry suggest contribute to increase risk for MSDs among dentists. This prospective study focused on assessing changes in degree of rationalisation of clinical dental work by dentists during a six years period, with particular emphasis on time aspects and mechanical exposure. Twelve dentists were followed up by the means 45 minute’s video recordings and synchronised inclinometry measurements. The video recordings were analyzed by a loss analysis technique.

    The results shows that non-VAW time proportion (waste) at the follow up was not reduced, but rather showed a trend towards an increase. Mechanical exposures during non-VAW and VAW were essentially not changed during the follow up time. The risk for MSDs for dentists due to mechanical exposure is unchanged. The used loss analysis technique has a lot to contribute in health care settings but the used concept applied needs further elaboration in the future.

  • 190.
    Jonker, Dirk
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Rolander, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Balogh, Istvan
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dept of Public Health and Community Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark/Department of Work Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mechanical exposure among general practice dentists in Sweden and possible implications of rationalization.2011In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 54, no 10, p. 953-560Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates dental work in terms of time distribution and mechanical exposure in value-added and non-value-added tasks. Further rationalization of dental work would typically involve an increase in the proportion of value-added tasks. Information on mechanical exposure within classes of value-added and non-value-added tasks can be used to predict possible implications of rationalization.

    Twenty-four dentists were investigated. Using a data logger, postures and movements were continuously recorded for each subject during four hours of work, which included 45 minutes of video recording. Time distribution and mechanical exposure for each work activity were calculated from the video recordings, using a loss analysis technique. Value-added tasks, which comprised 57% of the total working time, generally implied significantly more constrained mechanical exposures as compared with non-value-added tasks.

    The results indicate that future rationalization of dental work, involving a reduction of nonvalue-added tasks, may increase the risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders.

  • 191.
    Jonker, Dirk
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Rolander, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Balogh, Istvan
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dept of Public Health and Community Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark/Department of Work Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Mechanical exposure levels and duration of value-adding versus non-value-adding tasks among general practice dentists in Sweden.2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Jonker, Dirk
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Rolander, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Balogh, Istvan
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University, Sweden.
    Sandsjö, Leif
    Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Dept of Public Health and Community Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Winkel, Jörgen
    National Research Centre for the Working Environment, Copenhagen, Denmark/Department of Work Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Rationalization in public dental care and impact on biomechanical exposures for dentists - a prospective study. Oral presentation.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 193.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Boosting eco-innovation: The role of public support organizations2014In: XXV ISPIM Conference on Innovation for sustainable Economy and Society, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a multidisciplinary and systematic review of 45 journal articles and two case interviews to investigate the role of public support organizations in the development of eco-innovations. Even though eco-innovations are regarded as a driving force within sustainable development, entrepreneurs developing such innovations face barriers such as lack of some technical expertise, limited financial, time and human resources. Generally, two aspects are needed for eco-innovation support i.e. support for technology as well as business development. The selected public support organizations offered business development support through networking, bridging and financing. However, preliminary findings on their current support activities indicate bridging to other actors who can provide technical expertise such as environmental impact assessment and eco-design could be a promising addition to business development. Potential further research includes deeper empirical investigations on the role of public support actors in the development of eco-innovations.

  • 194.
    Kapteijn, Anna
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Mentorskap och dess effekter: en litteraturstudie2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Spridning av kunskap och utveckling av nätverk inom organisationer är högaktuella ämnen där mentorsprogram i olika former är ett populärt verktyg. I Sverige genomförs mentorsprogram inom olika typer av verksamheter men trots dess popularitet finns det begränsat forskningsmaterial om hur satsningar fungerar samtvad de faktiskt leder till.

    För organisationen anses utnyttjande av mentorskap bland annat vara ett effektivt verktyg för att förbättra de anställdas prestationer till relativt låga kostnader (Newton, 2002). Denna litteraturstudie är gjord i syfte att ge en bild av vad vi vet idag om mentorsprogram i arbetslivet och dess effekter. Särskilt intresse har tillägnats satsningar inom den offentliga sektorn, där den implicita kunskapen är högt värderad och de ekonomiska förutsättningarna att utbilda personal är begränsade.

  • 195.
    Karlström, Hanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Schyldt, Helena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Wallo, Andreas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Nilsson, Barbro
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Kompetensöverföring i småföretag: En övervägande informell process2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är resultatet av ett forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt inom HELIX VINN Excellence Centre i samarbete med IUC Öst AB och Industrikompetens AB. Syftet med projektet är att studera kompetensförsörjning i små och medelstora företag (SMF). Närmare bestämt presenteras här resultat som rör synen på, och arbetet, med kompetensöverföring i fyra företag. Det empiriska underlaget samlades in under våren 2009 och har tidigare redovisats i en magisteruppsats på PA-programmet vid Linköpings universitet (Karlström & Schyldt, 2009). Vi vill speciellt tacka de personer i de inblandade företagen som ställt upp på intervjuer, samt Karolina Hallstedt som medverkat i datainsamlingen. Ett stort tack även till Sune Karlsson vid IUC Öst och till Gunilla Åberg och Katarina Nyhammar vid Industrikompetens. Vidare vill vi också tacka Bodil Ekholm och Dan Rönnqvist vid Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Linköpings universitet, för deras stöd och givande synpunkter.

  • 196.
    Kettis, Åsa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ring, Lena
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Gustavsson, Maria
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wallman, Andy
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Placements: an underused vehicle for quality enhancement in higher education?2013In: Quality in Higher Education, ISSN 1353-8322, E-ISSN 1470-1081, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 28-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Placements have the potential to contribute more effectively to the quality of higher education. The aim of this article is to discuss how placements can be made more worthwhile for individual students, while also contributing to the overall quality of teaching and learning at HEIs as well as to the development of workplace cultures that are conducive to learning. Work experience opportunities help students to build substantive relationships and apply what they are learning. Students’ overall view of their learning experience becomes more positive, their identification with their intended profession strengthens and academic performance improves, as do graduate employment rates. Introducing placements in the curriculum does not, however, guarantee these positive effects. Learning is likely to be greater if the experience is ‘intentional and recognised’ and tightly knit into the curriculum. Using evidence from research on workplace learning is one way to improve the quality of placements, as exemplified by a scholarly approach to the development of placements for pharmacy students at Uppsala University. HEIs’ interaction with employers through placements enriches both parties. Academics gain insights into practice which may inspire teaching on campus, e.g. by generating real life examples that trigger students’ motivation and by informing curriculum design. Practitioners supervising students on placements are often excellent educational development partners. Placements may also contribute to organisational development. Developing a reflective, deliberate approach to learning in the workplace may be as useful for the employees as for the students. Also, students may carry out projects of value to the employer, while also keeping the university informed of current practice. An increased engagement in students' work experience opportunities may improve the student experience, and contribute to bridging the academy-practice divide in a way that is as much about influencing the rest of society as being influenced by it.

  • 197.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Laur, Inessa
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sölvell, Ingela
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Success Factors in Cluster Initiative Management2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Laur, Inessa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sölvell, Ingela
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Success factors in cluster initiative management: Mapping out the ‘big five’2015In: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 29, no 1, p. 65-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cluster development is prioritized in policy programmes as a means to facilitate regional growth and job creation. Triple Helix actors are often involved in so-called cluster initiatives – intermediary organizations having the objective of the development of a local or regional cluster. This paper maps out the ‘big five’ qualitative success factors in cluster initiative management: the idea; driving forces and commitment; activities; critical mass; and organization. The proposed framework enables the assessment of performance and sustainability over time, useful for both everyday management operations and policy programmes designed to support cluster initiatives.

  • 199.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Work and Working Life. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Learning in Working Life and Educational Settings. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arbetsplatslärande: Att leda och organisera kompetensutveckling2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag finns det påtagliga brister i hur företag och andra organisationer använder och utvecklar medarbetarnas kunskaper och kompetens. Att förbättra lärande och kompetensutveckling är därför en viktig utmaning. Hur kan satsningar på kompetensutveckling lyckas? Hur ska företaget gå till väga för att stärka olika gruppers möjligheter till ett utvecklingsinriktat lärande i arbetet, ökad anställningsbarhet och en i övriga avseenden starkare position på arbetsmarknaden? Boken svarar på frågor som:- Varför satsar företag på kompetensutveckling?- Hur går företag konkret tillväga, vilka metoder och angreppssätt  används?- Vilka resultat och effekter når man?- På vilket sätt stödjer företaget bäst lärande och kompetensutveckling på arbetsplatsen? Boken är lämplig för studenter i pedagogik, vuxnas lärande och arbetslivets pedagogik och den vänder sig till företrädare för arbetsmarknadens parter samt de som arbetar med HR-frågor i företag och andra organisationer.

  • 200.
    Kock, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Kompetensutveckling i företag: motiv och drivkrafter2010In: Arbetsplatslärande: att leda och organisera kompetensutveckling / [ed] Henrik Kock, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2010, p. 81-98Chapter in book (Other academic)
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