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  • 201.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The use of mobile technology to improve learning, knowledge and skills in shrinking areas2017In: Dealing with urban and rural shrinkage: formal and informal strategies / [ed] Gert-Jan Hospers, Josefina Syssner, Zürich: LIT Verlag, 2017, Vol. 134-144, p. 134-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 202.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Problem based teaching with other focuses than problem solving2015In: EDULEARN15: 7TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EDUCATION AND NEW LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES, IATED , 2015, p. 7899-7907Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem based teaching has been on the agenda in higher education for at least the last twenty years and is embedded in professional educations often to prepare students for real life problem solving. However, in when higher education rather aim to provide deeper theoretical and reflective competences promoting the students capacities to address unpredictable challenges in different contexts, there might be other ways of applying and using problem based educational tools. In this paper we describe and discuss our experiences of such attempts in three different higher educational programs.

    The three educational settings are a Master of European and International relations, teacher-training courses on master level and Master of Political Science. The work on our new curriculums and pedagogical approaches has taken place within a development project and we have shared ideas and experiences throughout the project. The approach has been differently designed into the three programs but the common focus has been that we do not take off in the problem, but the students have to find the problem and explain how it fits to the theories they learn. We conclude, so far, that a key for success is to present and introduce the students to the model of teaching to be successful.

  • 203.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jobe, William
    Department of Informatics, University West, Sweden.
    Daily Usage of Smartphones: New Activities for Kenyan Elite Runners2016In: Journal of Mobile Technologies, Knowledge and Society, ISSN 2155-4811, E-ISSN 2155-4811, Vol. 2016, article id 469363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how a group of Kenyan elite runners used smartphones in their daily activities for one year. This study used a participatory action research approach to explore 30 young Kenyan runners’ appropriation and day-to-day use of smartphones. The runners lived in two different low-income areas in Nairobi and were not accustomed to smartphones. The research focused on how the participants utilized the smartphone, its applications, and the Web to improve their learning, training, living conditions, and social interactions. To investigate the participants’ progress, every smartphone was tracked and its usage was analyzed according to Koole’s (2009) FRAME model. Findings highlighted that new activities arose through frequent usage of the Web and smartphone applications. 180,000 different visits to websites were made and the most popular usage was searching with Google and Yahoo, entertainment, social media, news, and sports related websites. In total, 346,832 applications were used and the phone, launcher and contacts were the primary applications. However, the findings showed a significant use of communication, camera, native applications and applications for running. A concluding remark is that the smartphone acted as a powerful tool for real-life improvement such as improved learning, current events awareness and social interactions for poor people in a developing country.

  • 204.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jobe, William
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Frontrunners in ICT: Kenyan runners’ improvement in training, informal learning and economic opportunities using smartphones2014In: ijEDict - International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1814-0556, E-ISSN 1814-0556, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 4-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this research was to study how mobile technology shapes, changes, and develops informal learning outside the classroom and school environment. In this study we provided each of the 30 Kenyan elite runners with a simple Android smartphone and free Internet for one year. This research project was a developmental intervention with a participatory action research approach, and aimed to facilitate innovation and examine how the runners developed their training, informal learning, and economic opportunities using a smartphone. Logs and tracking of smartphone usage recorded quantitative data, and interviews and participatory observations gathered qualitative data. Key findings were that the smartphone improved the runners’ training and race performance and created business opportunities. Second, a smartphone with an Internet connection empowered marginalized groups and augmented informal learning opportunities. Third, that a smartphone was not a significant technological hurdle for impoverished or uneducated individuals. Fourth, the participants were able to learn with little or no guidance or scaffolding. Fifth, the tracking log data indicated both a breadth and depth to individual learning. This participatory action research made a significant impact on the participants’ lives and the most common statement from the interviews was the statement “it helps us a lot”.

  • 205.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Development of quality management in education: A comparative case study in the Swedish multi-level governance system2016In: The 10th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics : July 5-8, 2016-Orlando, Florida, USA : proceedings : IMSCI'16 / [ed] Nagib Callaos et al., International Institute of Informatics and Systemics , 2016, p. 43-48Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    New Public Management (NPM) reforms has affected the Swedish school system and its administration over the last 20 years. User choices and competition create new context to promote quality management which are not completely applicable on public services. This paper focus on the growing use of quality management in primary education and on processes at different levels, how processes can be supported either by professionals or/and ICT to improve educational quality. This paper investigates meanings of quality in education by analysing data from Swedish public schools and the municipal administration. Case studies in five municipalities have been conducted, varying in size and thereby also by numbers of schools and structures of quality management. Based on this multi-case study we discuss four implications. First, there is a need to clarify the roles and obligations of the different levels and actors in the education sectors. Second, there is a need to support and develop roles that can strengthen quality in public schools no matter of the size of the municipality administration. Thirdly, such support can be implemented by certain services as quality coordinators in a community of practice. Implementation of ICT to support quality is an another opportunity; people in virtual community of practice collaborate online, share experiences and support each other in legislative matters, human resources etc. Fourthly, there is need to elaborate on the meanings of quality management in public settings and also open up the meanings of quality in relation to education in particular and public services in general.

  • 206.
    Harris, Matthew
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Governments Role in Education on Citizenship Development: A Comparative Study of the United States and Swedenʼs Educational Systems2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

        The purpose of this research is to examine the connection between the institution of education and its effects on citizenship development in a given country. A new theory is developed making the case that education is an institution supported by national governments to promote norms and values of the ideal citizen through socialization. This theory is based on the use of new institutionalism and historical institutionalism to show the effects education has on a society. This thesis then takes a global perspective on education and citizenship, trying to understand the rise of research on global citizenship education theories. This theory is then tested using a comparative case study between the United States and Sweden, using textual analysis of educational policies of each country. The United States case study examined the No Child Left Behind Act and the Common  Core State Standards. The Sweden case study reviewed the Education Act (Skollag) of 1985 and the National Agency of Education’s Curriculum for the compulsory school (Läroplan).  The analysis of these documents finds that the United States’ ideal citizen is one that understands the laws of the country and civic duties, is ready and prepared for the “college and career” pathway, and believes in the liberal democratic economy. Whereas, Sweden’s ideal citizen is one that understands the fundamental democratic values,  differing cultures, cooperation and solidarity, and equality.

  • 207.
    Haxha, Engjell
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Vad är Euroskepticism?: What is Euroscepticism?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study was to examine what euroskepticism stands for and what it is. Euroskepticism has been a marginal phenomenon under some long time but in the later years the definition of euroskepticism has become a mainstream definition. This definition has become in a longer extent a way to describe the dissatisfaction of the EU´s problems and crisis by the citizens of the European nation’s states.

    The studies approach point was to understand how Brexit went down, and what were the consequences that made this referendum a vote for the discontent of the elites in Brussels by the common man in United Kingdom. And if so, were the consequences something that could apply to euroskepticism, were the incitements of eurosceptic origin. When the study cleared this chapter about the timeline of Brexit then the study aimed for the consequences Brexit could have on euroscepticism and if euroscepticism would grow because of Brexit. This could only be explained by which deal UK would get from the European union.

    The results of the study demonstrate that in the end Brexit and the referendum was infused by the discontent of the lower classes in the community and by a notion that expressed itself in a way that was eurosceptic. The results demonstrated moreover that the eurosceptic as a definition has been a way to show the establishment that the losers of globalisations are there and their voices are going to get heard, and the voices are getting heard now through eurosceptic incitements and euroscepticism has become a banner of the common people.

  • 208.
    Heyward, Clare
    et al.
    University of Warwick, UK.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A free movement passport for the territorially dispossessed2016In: Climate justice in a non-ideal world / [ed] Clare Heyward, Dominic Roser, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 208-226Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Clare Heyward and Jörgen Ödalen focus on the need for institutional reform to address climate-related injustice for a particular group of victims. They are concerned with the potential lacuna in international law concerning those citizens of states whose entire territories could be submerged by rising sea levels. Heyward and Ödalen refer to these as the the ‘territorially dispossessed’ and argue that they should be provided with a ‘Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed’ which gives its holder a right to choose their new nationality. They compare their proposal with competing ‘quota’ schemes and argue that the PTD is less unjust because its principle of free choice allows the territorially dispossessed to retain a larger measure of control over their destiny.

  • 209.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Development and Implementation of Baltic Sea Pollution Commitments: The Case of Sweden1998In: The NEBI Yearbook 1998: North European and Baltic Sea Integration / [ed] Lars Hedegaard, Bjarne Lindström, Pertti Joenniemi, Berlin, Germany: Springer Interantional Verlag , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Thirty-three papers examine various aspects of integration in the North European area, from the Barents region in the north to the Baltic Sea in the south. Papers discuss economic integration; spatial planning and the environment; transborder regional cooperation; and political integration, territorial governance, and foreign and security policy. Also includes statistics on the current status and development of countries in Northern Europe and the Baltic. Hedegaard is with the Nordic Center for Spatial Development in Copenhagen. Lindstrom is in the Department of Statistics and Economics Research in Aland, Aland Islands. Index.

  • 210.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Equality in the theory of international society: Kelsen, Rawls and the English School2011In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 2585-2602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the idea of equality in the theory of international society. Contrary to the widespread contemporary notion of equality as a corollary principle to sovereignty, the central argument of the article is that equality and sovereignty can and ought to be disconnected, and that the concept of equality, when uncoupled from sovereignty, is a better point of departure when theorising international society than is, for example, non-intervention or sovereignty. An alternative approach to deal with equality of states and other entities within international society is sketched out.

  • 211.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Hedley Bull's paradox of the balance of power: a philosophical inquiry2007In: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 597-613Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the complex relationship between international law and the balance of power which Hedley Bull claims is paradoxical. Bull argues that the balance of power is an 'essential condition' of international law and that the actions required to preserve the balance 'often involve' violation of international law. It is shown that what seems to be a paradox is not a paradox but essentially a normative problem related to the difficulties in regulating power within international society, and that the perceived paradox does more to obscure than to clarify the fundamental normative problem to be dealt with.

  • 212.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Implementation of Baltic Sea Pollution Commitments in Poland: A Review of the Literature1998In: Implementation and Effectiveness of International Environmental Commitments: Theory and Practice / [ed] David G. Victor, Kal Raustiala, and Eugene B. Skolnikoff, Laxenburg: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 213.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Statsgränsen som faktum och norm2001In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, Vol. 2, p. 24-49Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 214.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Thomas Hobbes and the world order since 9/112003In: Internasjonal Politikk, ISSN 0020-577X, E-ISSN 1891-1757, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 163-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Does international terrorism constitute such a threat that states will accept an international monopoly of violence or hegemony? This essay analyses the world political situation from the perspective of Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan. According to Hobbes, there are several reasons why an international monopoly of violence will not follow from similar processes as those that shape the political authority of the state. Accordingly, it is shown in this essay, that neither hegemony nor an international monopoly of violence will necessarily follow from the present situation, regardless of US domination. The extended interpretation of the right of self-defence seems to have led to an increased acceptance among states of unilateral political action. Judging from Hobbes, however, the right of self-defence cannot alone guarantee international stability.

  • 215.
    Hjorth, Ronnie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science .
    Loftsson, E.
    The Baltic Sea Environmental Protection Institutions: Three Images of a Transition Regime1997In: The North-Baltic Europe: Integration, Risks, Barriers and Opportunities. Papers from the 4th International Nordic-Baltic Workshop, 1996, Warsaw: Warsaw & Sopot: The Interfaces Institute , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 216.
    Hrelja, Robert
    et al.
    VTI, Statens- väg och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Hansson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Richardson, Tim
    VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Svensson, Tomas
    VTI, Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lissandrello, Enza
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Næss, Petter
    Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Aas, Norway.
    Tennøy, Aud
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.
    Longva, Frode
    Institute of Transport Economics, Oslo, Norway.
    Innovations for sustainable public transport: Experiences and challenges in the Scandinavian countries2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the project has been to analyse institutional and planning conditions for public transport in the Scandinavian countries from a comparative perspective, looking at the county of Skåne (Sweden) and the municipalities of Aarhus (Denmark) and Trondheim (Norway). The report considers qualitative case- studies of public transport in Skåne, Aarhus, and Trondheim, and uses an empirical material consisting of written material and interviews. It concludes that: (i) new forms of coordination between organizations and policy areas are called for in a number of critical areas, if public transport is to contribute effectively to the development of an efficient and sustainable transport system (for example, forms for the coordination of public transport, land use, and infrastructure planning); (ii) public transport must not be seen as an end in itself, or as merely a technical transport system; (iii) the successful pursuit of public-transport innovations relies upon complex, interwoven stories and arguments that persuade diverse actors and organizations to collaborate and act on their shared meanings; and (iiii) there is a need to challenge the planning myths used to mobilize support for land-use and traffic- system developments that undermine the long-term competitiveness of public transport.

  • 217. Hägerhaäll Aniansson, Britt
    et al.
    Gooch, Geoffrey
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Sustainability as a Centrally Induced Swedish 'Local' Discourse2002In: Sustainability, local democracy and the future : the Swedish model / [ed] Uno Svedin and Britt Hägerhäll Aniansson, Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic Publishers , 2002, p. 49-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    "This book deals with the challenges posed by the transformation of society towards much-needed sustainability. Especially, it deals with the local features of this change, but seen in a global context. The two cases - the municipalities of Linkoping and Atvidaberg - are Swedish, but the problems of how to relate locally to a globalized world are common in the world of today. They have been deliberately chosen to expose alternative types of choices for the local communities involved. Large Linkoping is, historically, a nodal city of importance in the national grid of regional centres, one that relates to the nation state and represents officialdom. Small Atvidaberg developed in the context of its forest region setting and metallurgy, and today operates directly to wider markets, while still emphasising its very local identity. As these municipalities are bordering each other, it provides a similar regional context and differences between them may not be entirely confused by a debate on drastically different geographical settings."--BOOK JACKET

  • 218.
    Hühnerfuß, Anne
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    To Intervene or Not to Intervene?: A Theoretical Account of European Crisis Management in Mali2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aspiring to become a “global security actor,” the EU has, throughout the last decade, increasingly made use of its versatile toolbox in crisis management missions far beyond its own soil. Crisis management missions are particularly challenging when security is threatened on various levels at once, as is the case in Mali. There, addressing the conflict means combining military assistance with development aid, state-building efforts, and security sector reforms. Ambitious to apply a truly comprehensive approach, meaning an approach that bridges military and civilian efforts, the EU has launched two missions in Mali; yet it has refrained from providing a full-scale military operation. This case study aims to foster an understanding of European security actorness by accounting for the challenges of EU crisis management in general and in Mali in particular from a theoretical perspective that integrates realist, institutionalist, and constructivist understandings. Finally, this thesis contributes to the academic debate on the concept of strategic culture by analyzing to what extent the concept proves helpful for understanding the challenges inherent in European crisis management.

  • 219.
    Iacobaeus, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Internationell samverkan vid Linköpings universitet2019Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Under 2018 genomfördes en kartläggning av lärosätets pågående internationella samverkansprojekt med icke-akademiska partners inom ramen för det Vinnova-finansierade projektet INSA (Internationalisering av Samverkan). Kartläggningen identifierade 120 pågående projekt i samverkan mellan företag, myndigheter, stiftelser, skolor, sjukhus, föreningar och forskningsinstitut. De varierar från mindre projekt som drivs av ett fåtal personer till omfattande projekt med ett stort antal partnerorganisationer från många länder involverade. Det finns tydliga kopplingar mellan i vilka länder som LiU har utbildnings-, forsknings- och samverkanskontakter me det finns också möjliga synergieffekter i vissa delar av världen där till exempel utbildningssamarbete är vanligt medan det finns få eller inga identifierade samverkansprojekt. LiU:s starka samverkansregioner är för tillfället framför allt i Europa, Kina och USA, något som också i viss mån speglar lärosätets starka studentutbytesregioner.

    Utifrån kartläggningen gjordes ett urval av 30 projektägare som intervjuades om sina projekt och gav sina bilder av hinder och möjligheter inom internationell samverkan. De gav också input inför arbetet med att ta fram en ny internationell strategi för lärosätet och pekade på flera områden, främst inom finansiering, projektkoordinering, kommunikation, administration och personalfrågor, som LiU kan arbeta vidare med för att stödja internationella samverkansprojekt på ett bättre sätt. Även fortsättningsvis välkomnar Samverkansenheten fler exempel på internationell samverkan och förslag på hur den kan främjas.

  • 220.
    Irsara, Dhana
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Iceland: the seven factors behind reluctant EUropeanness2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The reluctance of some European countries to fully integrate into the European Union is one of the enigmas of the study of European integration. This case study examines the unique case of Iceland, one of the most eurosceptic European countries, and follows a distinct approach to detect the reasons behind this anti-EU attitude. Economics, public opinion, identity, sovereignty, security concerns, geopolitics and politics of this Nordic island are studied to find whether they have been influential in the Icelandic debates on European integration. Four research questions will be answered, three of them covering a specific time period, andthe fourth testing the findings on another eurosceptic country, Norway, through replication. The thesis follows Iceland’s sudden application for EU-membership in 2009, the contested application process, and the different debates during the post-war period, the 1970s and the 1990s. Reasons for euroscepticism will thus be sought in Icelandic history in order to find possible explanations for the attitude towards European integration, and it will be analysed whether a change in attitude has taken place throughout the negotiations. The theoretical framework consists of four approaches: realism, liberal intergovernmentalism,historical institutionalism and constructivism. Each theoretical approach will provide different, valuable insights. The analysis will find that seven distinct factors have determined the eurosceptic attitude of Iceland: focus on economic advantages; cleavages in public opinion; strong national identity; the importance of sovereignty and independence; security concerns; geopolitics and globalisation; and a sceptical political elite.

  • 221.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Constructing Local Public e-Services: Clashing Values?: A Comparative Study of Public e-Services Developments in Botkyrka and Nacka Municipality, Sweden2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Contemporary Ideas in the Framing of a European Policy for E-government2013Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of an EU-wide policy for e-government is emerging as a central reform in the transformation of national public administrations. As an increasingly important actor in the field, the European Commission thereby has the possibility to shape the role and content of European public administrations. This calls for the need to scrutinize the ideas and intent behind the EU e-government policy: what views on the role of public administration do these ideas convey? The analysis shows that e-government is increasingly being viewed as an issue of enhancing service production and effective output, rather than rule of law or democratic deliberation, that is, the process- or input-side of governments. This refinement of the policy field might prove problematic for wider processes of legitimacy building in the multi-functional and disperse public administrations of EU member states.

  • 223.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Contemporary Ideas in the Framing of a European Policy for E-government2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the last decade, the development of electronic government (e-government) has emerged as one of the central reforms in the modernization of public administration, from local government to the European Union (EU) level. This is somewhat surprising since public administration is a policy field that traditionally has been confined to the nation state. In the integration of the EU, member states have generally been unwilling to harmonize issues related to public administration, since nation specific path dependencies in the shape of welfare state regimes and administrative traditions continue to be strong (e.g. Esping-andersen, 1990; Knill, 2001; Olsen, 2003). Hence, administrative cooperation and reform have remained within the exclusive competences of the member states, with few formal powers of the EU for enforcing implementation.

    A European policy for e-government is nonetheless under development, including common strategies, guidelines and standards (European Commission, 2005; 2010a). The European Commission (2011) defines e-government as “…using the tools and systems made possible by Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to provide better public services to citizens and businesses”. The stated aims of e-government are manifold and ambitious: increasing mobility in the Single Market; rationalizing administrative processes of European governments and improving access to and citizen involvement in public services (European Commission, 2010a). It can be viewed as the embodiment of a “super-standard” (Røvik 2000; 2008), that is, a widely popular idea that is portrayed as the solution to a spectrum of problems (Bekkers & Homburg, 2008; Lindblad-Gidlund & Giritli-Nygren, 2009). In the practical development of e-government, national governments have also looked to the EU in several respects. National strategies have been shaped by the rhetoric of EU policy (e.g. Government Offices of Sweden, 2008) and national governments have readily accepted common technical solutions and standards developed on an EU level (Criado, 2009; European Commission, 2009). Thus, e-government is a policy field where implementation of EU policies is occurring at a faster pace than within any other policy area with similar (weak) EU competences (Criado, 2009).

  • 224.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Developing e-services in local public administration – the (re)construction of values: The case of the municipality of Botkyrka, Sweden2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 225.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    En legitim (elektronisk) förvaltning?: Om IT-utveckling i kommunal förvaltning2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the development of an electronic government from a legitimacy perspective. The overarching aim is to analyse the actual and potential processes of change and impacts of e-government on bases of legitimacy within public administration – both with regards to how the ideas behind e-government have been formulated as well as how e-government in practise has been realised. The thesis consists of five articles that examine different aspects of the overarching aim; from the ideas behind e-government on an international level, to the practical implementation process in local government. The overarching analysis uses an institutional perspective and perspectives on the creation and maintenance of legitimacy in public administration. An in-depth case study of a Swedish municipality provides the main empirical material for the analysis. In turn, the material is supplemented with a smaller case study of another Swedish municipality, as well as document studies of the e-government policy of the European Union. The analysis arrives at four overarching conclusions: (1) egovernment reforms contribute to new practises, in which the development and application of IT is becoming increasingly central for the local organisation and the provision of public services, (2) this contributes to a reorganisation of actor roles and relationships. Leading public officials shoulder the strategic steering usually confined to local politicians, whilst street-level bureaucrats are circumvented by citizens since citizens are expected to shoulder greater individual responsibility in their interaction with administrations, (3) in turn, certain bases for legitimacy are placed in the foreground, in particular user influence and customer adaptation, whilst political steering and evaluation are downplayed, (4) these developments point at the emergence of a do-it-yourself-logic, in which legitimacy is mainly based on creating sufficient preconditions for individual selfservices and self-government through the electronic channels of administrations.

    List of papers
    1. Electronic services in the public sector: A conceptual framework
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Electronic services in the public sector: A conceptual framework
    2013 (English)In: Government Information Quarterly, ISSN 0740-624X, E-ISSN 1872-9517, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 163-172Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic services provided by governmental organizations, here referred to as public e-services, are frequently discussed in the e-government literature. There is, however, little consensus on the meaning of the concepts used to describe and discuss these e-services, and hence, the literature is full of synonymous terms and concepts. This paper is conceptual and presents efforts to understand e-services in the public sector domain by unpacking the public e-service concept into three dimensions; as being (1) a service, (2) electronic, and (3) public (as contrasted to being private). Based on a hermeneutic analysis, these dimensions are discussed in a number of combinations, illustrating that a multi-dimensional take on public e-services must be adopted in order to capture the complexity of governmentally supplied e-services and contribute to theory development, as well as practical utility.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2013
    Keywords
    e-Government, e-Services, Public sector organizations, Public services, Information systems
    National Category
    Information Systems, Social aspects Public Administration Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89664 (URN)10.1016/j.giq.2012.10.005 (DOI)000316974200005 ()
    Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06
    2. Contemporary Ideas in the Framing of a European Policy for E-government
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contemporary Ideas in the Framing of a European Policy for E-government
    2013 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of an EU-wide policy for e-government is emerging as a central reform in the transformation of national public administrations. As an increasingly important actor in the field, the European Commission thereby has the possibility to shape the role and content of European public administrations. This calls for the need to scrutinize the ideas and intent behind the EU e-government policy: what views on the role of public administration do these ideas convey? The analysis shows that e-government is increasingly being viewed as an issue of enhancing service production and effective output, rather than rule of law or democratic deliberation, that is, the process- or input-side of governments. This refinement of the policy field might prove problematic for wider processes of legitimacy building in the multi-functional and disperse public administrations of EU member states.

    Keywords
    EU, e-government, public e-services, ideas, legitimacy, public administration
    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98289 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2013-10-07Bibliographically approved
    3. Local democratic values and e-government: barrier or promoter?: A case study of a multicultural Swedish municipality
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local democratic values and e-government: barrier or promoter?: A case study of a multicultural Swedish municipality
    2013 (English)In: Journal of Community Informatics, ISSN 1712-4441, E-ISSN 1712-4441, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to understand the significance of local democratic core values for the introduction of e-government reforms (public e-services) in a multicultural Swedish municipality with a strong tradition of developing democratic processes and responsiveness to citizen needs. We conclude that the democratic core values in the municipality have acted both as promoter and facilitator of public e-services. Despite the strong economic rationale of e-services, the local democratic values prevail and have advocated e-service developments. This illustrates how locally defined values have a fundamental role in legitimizing and defining the purpose of e-services in the community where they are implemented. However, we also conclude that public e-services, in their present form, could lead to a hollowing out of the local democratic values.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Journal of Community Informatics, 2013
    Keywords
    E-Government; Public E-Services; ICT; Public Organization; Municipality; Democratic Values; One-Stop Government Offices
    National Category
    Public Administration Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89663 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
    4. Politikens betydelse för e-förvaltning: Om lokala IT-projekt och det demokratiska ansvarsutkrävandet
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Politikens betydelse för e-förvaltning: Om lokala IT-projekt och det demokratiska ansvarsutkrävandet
    2013 (Swedish)In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 103-125Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-projekt, med upprättandet av elektronisk förvaltning (e-förvaltning) som mål, intar en central plats i kommunernas förändringsarbete. Eftersom IT-projekt utgör en väsentlig utgiftspost och den slutgiltiga utformningen e-förvaltningen med stor sannolikhet påverkar medborgarnas förtroende för det offentliga, finns anledning att uppmärksamma vilken roll politiker har i denna utveckling. Artikelns syfte är därför att analysera kommunpolitikers roll i och betydelse för projektorganiseringen av e-förvaltning, samt diskutera vilka demokratiska implikationer deras deltagande eller icke-deltagande kan få. Resultaten visar att politikernas roller har varierat, men att ökat politisk deltagande skulle kunna ha betydelse för projektorganiseringen, särskilt för att skapa en långsiktig och mer sammanhängande utveckling. Artikelns slutsatser visar särskilt på betydelsen av politisk styrning, där aspekter som den politiska visionen, beslutslegitimiteten och beslutsmakten har relevans för utvecklingen av IT-projekt, samt mer långsiktigt, även för den offentliga förvaltningen. Detta gäller framför allt det demokratiska ansvarsutkrävandet. Avsaknaden av politisk styrning riskerar urholka övriga dimensioner av politikerrollen, som representation och beslutsfattande, vilket kan försvaga den demokratiska legitimiteten.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Göteborgs universitet, 2013
    Keywords
    IT, projekt, e-förvaltning, politiker, kommun.
    National Category
    Public Administration Studies
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89662 (URN)
    Available from: 2013-02-28 Created: 2013-02-28 Last updated: 2017-12-06
    5. More E-government – Less Street-Level Bureaucracy?: On Legitimacy and the Human Side of Public Administration
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>More E-government – Less Street-Level Bureaucracy?: On Legitimacy and the Human Side of Public Administration
    2014 (English)In: Journal of Information Technology & Politics, ISSN 1933-1681, no 3, p. 291-308Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    To explain how legitimacy is maintained, scholars increasingly argue that more attention must be paid to how citizens experience their encounters with public officials. At the same time, the introduction of egovernment is challenging the role of street-level bureaucrats as building blocks of legitimacy. Citizens are increasingly expected to deal with public organizations through impersonal computer screens. We ask whether greater elements of e-government may affect street-level bureaucrats and their ability to build legitimacy of the political system. Our answers are based on a case study of a Swedish municipality which was a pioneer in developing a strong position of street-level bureaucrats in the 1980s, and later also a pioneer in implementing ambitious e-government-reforms. We show that e-government is, by key actors, increasingly regarded as the central contact channel. While this improves transparency and availability, responsive listening and situational adaptation are not easily translated to electronic channels. Certain practical preconditions for legitimacybuilding, inherent to the street-level bureaucratic role, are therefore challenged.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2014
    Keywords
    E-government, street-level bureaucrats, legitimacy, welfare state, local government
    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98290 (URN)10.1080/19331681.2014.908155 (DOI)
    Note

    The previous status of this publication was Manuscript.

    Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
  • 226.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    E-tjänster – nya verktyg för ökat medborgarfokus?: En studie av arbetet med att utveckla och införa en e-strategi i Botkyrka kommun2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Botkyrka kommun i södra Stockholms län har sedan länge varit uppmärksammat av bl.a. Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting (SKL) som en pionjär inom medborgarservice och demokratiska deltagarformer. Ledordet bakom kommunens utveckling har varit ökat medborgarfokus – en kommun som arbetar närmare medborgaren och når fler bl.a. genom medborgarkontor. Medborgarkontor är en gemensam offentlig serviceenhet som utför tjänster över förvaltnings-, myndighets- och sektorgränser. Sedan början av 2000-talet pågår dessutom i Botkyrka, liksom i resten av Sverige och världen, utvecklingen av e-förvaltning och e-tjänster vilket innebär en rad förändringar för den kommunala organisationen. Med e-förvaltning menas användning av informationsteknik i offentlig förvaltning. E-tjänster ses som den elektroniska förmedlingen av tjänster, t.ex. ansökan om barnomsorg och bygglov via Internet. Syftet med följande fallstudierapport är därför att presentera en analys av Botkyrka kommuns arbete med att utveckla och införa en e-strategi, med fokus på utvecklingen av e-tjänster. Särskilt två perspektiv fokuseras: 1) hur och varför utvecklingen av e-tjänster har drivits i den kommunala organisationen 2) medhavda erfarenheter från medborgarkontor till e-tjänster.

    Det kan konstateras att medborgarkontoren har spelat en viktig roll i kommunens utveckling av e-tjänster. Genom ett medborgar- och förvaltningsöverskridande arbetssätt, samt genom en tradition av att hitta innovativa lösningar för utvecklingen av kommunal service, ses utvecklingen av e-tjänster som en naturlig fortsättning på kommunens medborgarfokus. Informations- och kommunikationsteknologi (IKT) uppfattas därmed som ett nytt verktyg för att nå fler medborgare, var som helst, när som helst, anpassat till medborgarnas behov. Botkyrka kan därför anses ha haft en fördel i e-tjänsteutvecklingen. Komplexiteten i e-tjänsteområdet, samt mötet med den kommunala organisationen belyser dock flera ”nya” frågor, vilka har influerat utvecklingen. Är utvecklingen av e-tjänster en IT- eller verksamhetsfråga? Till vilken grad är det en politiker- eller tjänstemannafråga? Hur mycket helhetsstyrning kontra detaljstyrning är nödvändigt? E-tjänster tycks innehålla en rad motstridigheter som Botkyrka kommun har brottats med. E-tjänsteutvecklingen kan därför anses ha drivits genom på en retorisk och delvis beslutande nivå, dock inte helt på en verkställande nivå. I dagsläget är kommunen snarare en efterföljare än en pionjär.

    Sammanfattningsvis kan utvecklingen av e-tjänster ses som en reform som har passat Botkyrkas organisationskultur, med en möjlighet att utveckla den starka medborgarfokuseringen inom kommunen. Utvecklingen pekar dock på vissa möjliga implikationer. En erfarenhet som inte till lika hög grad har tillvaratagits är hur medborgarkontoren, till skillnad från e-tjänsterna, har utvecklats inom en lokal kontext. Med tanke på Botkyrkas socioekonomiska situation finns ett behov av att översätta även e-tjänsteutvecklingen till de lokala behoven för att effektivt realisera tanken om e-tjänster som ett nytt verktyg för ökat medborgarfokus.

  • 227.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kommunpolitiker och e-förvaltning – från IT-projekt till hållbar verksamhetsutveckling?2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 228.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Local democratic values and e-government: barrier or promoter?: A case study of a multicultural Swedish municipality2013In: Journal of Community Informatics, ISSN 1712-4441, E-ISSN 1712-4441, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to understand the significance of local democratic core values for the introduction of e-government reforms (public e-services) in a multicultural Swedish municipality with a strong tradition of developing democratic processes and responsiveness to citizen needs. We conclude that the democratic core values in the municipality have acted both as promoter and facilitator of public e-services. Despite the strong economic rationale of e-services, the local democratic values prevail and have advocated e-service developments. This illustrates how locally defined values have a fundamental role in legitimizing and defining the purpose of e-services in the community where they are implemented. However, we also conclude that public e-services, in their present form, could lead to a hollowing out of the local democratic values.

  • 229.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Local Values and e-Government - Continuity and Change in Public Administration: Implementing Public e-Services in Two Swedish Municipalities2011Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    E-government, the use of information and communication technology in public administration, is often presented as a multifaceted reform with powerful transforming potential. E-government currently embodies both hopes of more efficient public administration and fears that an overemphasis on efficiency will neglect the democratic values of public administration.

    This study sets out to increase the understanding of the relationship between local values in public administration and e-government. It does so by analyzing and comparing the significance of the introduction of public e-services for core values in two Swedish municipal organizations: Botkyrka and Nacka. To be more exact, what happens to local core values when public e-services are implemented? In doing so, the study contributes to research on reforms and their consequences for the function of public administration today and more specifically, to the discussion on “government” in e-government research.

    A neo-institutional outlook with a special emphasis on core values in processes of continuity and change is used as an explanatory framework. The results of the study show the significance of the local institutional setting in defining the process and outcomes of public e-service implementation. Through a local framing of the policy, key actors within both municipalities perceive e-services as mutually supportive of existing core values, despite fundamental differences in values. Nevertheless, practices in the provision of e-services and the inherent characteristics of the technology reveal a higher level of conflict. These could have implications for local core values and, in the long run, for the view of the role of public organizations and citizens.

  • 230.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Politikens betydelse för e-förvaltning: Om lokala IT-projekt och det demokratiska ansvarsutkrävandet2013In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 103-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    IT-projekt, med upprättandet av elektronisk förvaltning (e-förvaltning) som mål, intar en central plats i kommunernas förändringsarbete. Eftersom IT-projekt utgör en väsentlig utgiftspost och den slutgiltiga utformningen e-förvaltningen med stor sannolikhet påverkar medborgarnas förtroende för det offentliga, finns anledning att uppmärksamma vilken roll politiker har i denna utveckling. Artikelns syfte är därför att analysera kommunpolitikers roll i och betydelse för projektorganiseringen av e-förvaltning, samt diskutera vilka demokratiska implikationer deras deltagande eller icke-deltagande kan få. Resultaten visar att politikernas roller har varierat, men att ökat politisk deltagande skulle kunna ha betydelse för projektorganiseringen, särskilt för att skapa en långsiktig och mer sammanhängande utveckling. Artikelns slutsatser visar särskilt på betydelsen av politisk styrning, där aspekter som den politiska visionen, beslutslegitimiteten och beslutsmakten har relevans för utvecklingen av IT-projekt, samt mer långsiktigt, även för den offentliga förvaltningen. Detta gäller framför allt det demokratiska ansvarsutkrävandet. Avsaknaden av politisk styrning riskerar urholka övriga dimensioner av politikerrollen, som representation och beslutsfattande, vilket kan försvaga den demokratiska legitimiteten.

  • 231.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Public e-services – a new local divide?: A comparative study of policies in three Swedish municipalities2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 232.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Safe public e-services – an issue of trust and organisation: Possible research outlines for a licentiate thesis2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing public e-services is one of the main challenges facing public authorities and organizations with the emerging information society. In order for this development to reach its aims of effectiveness and public participaton, information security and trust are vital issues. This paper discusses possible research questions and perspectives for the structuring of my licentiate thesis within this field, presenting a very first outline for possible aims. The research is a part of the project “Safe public e-services – an issue of trust and organisation”, financed by the Swedish Emergency Management Agency (SEMA). The aim of the overall research project is to analyse how and why “secure” public e-services are constructed (both as a social and technical activity) within different practices. The research project will involve several case studies, of which one will be mine. This paper provides general suggestions for possible analytical approaches and how these can be applied to a number of possible case studies. In turn, a number of broad research questions are generated.

  • 233.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    More E-government – Less Street-Level Bureaucracy?: On Legitimacy and the Human Side of Public Administration2014In: Journal of Information Technology & Politics, ISSN 1933-1681, no 3, p. 291-308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To explain how legitimacy is maintained, scholars increasingly argue that more attention must be paid to how citizens experience their encounters with public officials. At the same time, the introduction of egovernment is challenging the role of street-level bureaucrats as building blocks of legitimacy. Citizens are increasingly expected to deal with public organizations through impersonal computer screens. We ask whether greater elements of e-government may affect street-level bureaucrats and their ability to build legitimacy of the political system. Our answers are based on a case study of a Swedish municipality which was a pioneer in developing a strong position of street-level bureaucrats in the 1980s, and later also a pioneer in implementing ambitious e-government-reforms. We show that e-government is, by key actors, increasingly regarded as the central contact channel. While this improves transparency and availability, responsive listening and situational adaptation are not easily translated to electronic channels. Certain practical preconditions for legitimacybuilding, inherent to the street-level bureaucratic role, are therefore challenged.

  • 234.
    Jansson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lindgren, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial ergonomics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Putting "Public" Back Into Public E-services: A Conceptual Discussion2012In: Electronic Government and Electronic Participation: Joint Proceedings of Ongoing Research and Projects of IFIP EGOV and IFIP ePart 2012 / [ed] Hans J. Scholl et al, Trauner Verlag Universitat , 2012, p. 202-214Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents attempts to contribute to the conceptual refinement of e-government and public e-services by discussing the concept of “public” in relation to public e-services. It does so by building on perspectives from political science and public administration. Bridging the gap to insights made in previous research is here regarded as vital in order to contribute to conceptual, theoretical and practical development of public e-services. In turn, the paper serves as part of on-going research that contributes to the formulation of a wider conceptual framework concerning the essence of public e-services. By putting the “public” of public e-services in the foreground, public e-services are here viewed as a matter of access to governments and governmental output. Consequently, depending on issues such as usability and availability, public e-services can be conceptualized as either the swing door or gatekeeper to public services.

  • 235.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Being Neighbours: Rhetoric and Legitimacy in the European Neighbourhood Policy2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the idea of “neighborliness” as contained in the European Neighborhood Policy (ENP). I will confront the official EU policy discourse with a review of the meaning of neighborhood and neighborly relations as a variation of close association between social actors in general and states in particular. My point of departure is the claim that the adoption of a concept and discourse of neighborhood in EU’s relations with its near abroad is both significant and consequential, and therefore in need of analysis and interpretation. Significant because the adoption of the neighborhood discourse is a deliberate choice that indicates and implies commitment to further values and ideas of how the EU should conduct its foreign relations. Consequential because the choice and use of a suggestive group of concepts centered on the idea and image of “the good neighbor” is likely to raise and define expectations among actors, thus affecting the legitimacy of the policy.

    Accordingly, this is not an analysis of policy but of ideas, based on the presumption that the coherence and intelligibility of guiding ideas are essential for the legitimacy of the poli- cy itself. But the meaning and significance of a proclaimed policy of neighborhood is only partially determined by the authors of that policy. Bringing the concept of neighborhood into the field of foreign policy-making is to open up an interpretative space where different expectations and understandings meet, but don’t necessarily merge. Thus referring to neighborhood as the defining element of external policy raises questions not only about the contents of this policy but more importantly about what kind of relationship and asso- ciation are envisaged, and made possible.

    The following questions will be addressed. First of all: What is the EU idea of neighbor- hood and neighborly relations? This is not primarily a question about the content and de- sign of the policy in terms of action plans and programs; it is a question about the intended and implied value basis of the policy. In the declared rationale of the ENP, what is the ex- pressed or suggested meaning of neighborhood and neighborliness? Has this idea changed over time? And second: Is the EU idea of neighborhood and neighborly relations compatible with and understandable in light of normative standards of neighborhood and neighborli- ness? 

  • 236.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Collective Identity and Political Change1995Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 237.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Conceptions of Change in World Politics: A View from Classical Realism2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Before appreciating the “unprecedented changes” of our time, we need to ask what qualifies as change, and what is the measure of significance. This paper recognizes the need to de- velop a middle ground between those who claim that the character of contemporary inter- national politics has changed fundamentally, and those who maintain that nothing signifi- cant at all has happened. A first step is to realize that notions of change and continuity constitute each other as the variable pace of political time. Change is not uniform: processes of integration are aligned with disintegration, globalization with regionalization, etc. A se- cond claim is the proposition that significance is a matter of interpretation and understand- ing. This paper takes the study of political change to be essentially a study of ideas and patterns of thought, the ways in which change is conceived. Against the common claim that realism fails to address change, I maintain that classical realism largely is about significant change, and how to come to terms with an environment in flux. A discussion of the smart power discourse serves to illustrate the enduring impact of classical realist thought on the analysis of international change. 

  • 238.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ”European Security in the Lisbon Order”2012In: The European Union after Lisbon: polity, politics, policy / [ed] Sören Dosenrode, Farnham: Ashgate , 2012, p. 63-74Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A few years have passed since the Lisbon Treaty came into force but the question still remains of what the Lisbon Treaty has actually brought about. Was it just 'relatively insignificant' as some scholars have claimed, or was it 'something' more? This book sets out to look at this question and it does so by applying a classical division: polity.

  • 239.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hans Lödén: För säkerhets skull. Ideologi och säkerhet i svensk aktiv utrikespolitik 1950-19752000In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 2, p. 178-184Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 240.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identity-defining Practices in Thucydides’: History of the Peloponnesian War1997In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 147-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    If different identities and national characters matter in explaining foreign policy choices and outcomes, as some studies of Thucydides suggest, then it must be important to understand how these identities and characteristics are created and maintained. This article addresses the problem of collective identity formation in Thucydides' narrative from a rhetorical point of view. The analysis focuses on identitydefining practices, i.e. discursive practices which serve to delineate collective subjects.  It is demonstrated that the Peloponnesian War is comprehensible not only in conventional political terms as a struggle over territory, trading interests or leadership, but also as a struggle over identity in which the foundations of collective identification provide both an exploitable resource and a bone of contention per se. Superimposed on other levels of conflict, the issue of collective identification emerges as a sometimes unconscious yet always central concern to Thucydides and the leadeaes of his time.

  • 241.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Institutions and Interpretations2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 242.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    International Norm Entrepreneurs: A Conceptual Critique2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 243.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ”Internationella normentreprenörer – en kritik”2011In: Politikens entreprenörskap: kreativ problemlösning och förändring / [ed] Marie-Louise von Bergmann-Winberg & Elin Wihlborg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011, p. 68-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur ser politikens entreprenörskap ut? Gäller samma regler och processer här som inom de klassiska entreprenörskapsteorierna? Kan vi lära av varandras entreprenörskap, och hur gör vi det i olika sammanhang?Hur kan man studera och förstå politikens entreprenörskap? Entreprenörskap har blivit ett modeord inom flera vetenskapsområden och står för något positivt och eftersträvansvärt. Tidigare har det varit en fråga för det privata näringslivet, där det alltid har kommit fram nya entreprenörer inom olika branscher. I den här boken lyfts de politiska entreprenörerna fram – entreprenörer som verkar inom den offentliga sektorn och i samarbete med näringsliv och ideella organisationer.

  • 244.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mike Bowker & Phil Williams: Superpower Detente: A Reappraisal1989In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477, no 3, p. 280-282Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 245.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Myth and Metaphor in Swedish Security Policy Discourse 1919-19391993Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 246.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Paul Kennedy: The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 20001988In: Internationella Studier, ISSN 0020-952X, no 4, p. 45-48Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 247.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rhetoric, Context of Values, and the Emergence of Internatiuonal Norms: The Case of Arbitration2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Richard E. Neustadt & Ernest R. May: Thinking in Time: The Uses of History for Decision-Makers1987In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 2, p. 174-176Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ritual Theory and Foreign Policy Discourse1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 250.
    Jansson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Smart Neighbor Europe?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
2345678 201 - 250 of 571
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