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  • 201.
    Yuan, Xi Ming
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Genetics.
    Apoptotic macrophage-derived foam cells in human atheromas are rich in iron and ferritin, suggesting iron-catalyzed reactions to be involved in apoptosis.1999In: Free radical research, ISSN 1071-5762, E-ISSN 1029-2470, Vol. 30, p. 221-231Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 202.
    Zhao, Ming
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology.
    Antunes, Fernando
    Eaton, John Wallace
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Genetics.
    Brunk, Ulf
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Genetics.
    Lysosomal enzymes promote mitochondrial oxidant production, cytochrome c release and apoptosis2003In: European Journal of Biochemistry, ISSN 0014-2956, E-ISSN 1432-1033, Vol. 270, no 18, p. 3778-3786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exposure of mammalian cells to oxidant stress causes early (iron catalysed) lysosomal rupture followed by apoptosis or necrosis. Enhanced intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), presumably of mitochondrial origin, is also observed when cells are exposed to nonoxidant proapoptotic agonists of cell death. We hypothesized that ROS generation in this latter case might promote the apoptotic cascade and could arise from effects of released lysosomal materials on mitochondria. Indeed, in intact cells (J774 macrophages, HeLa cells and AG1518 fibroblasts) the lysosomotropic detergent O-methyl-serine dodecylamide hydrochloride (MSDH) causes lysosomal rupture, enhanced intracellular ROS production, and apoptosis. Furthermore, in mixtures of rat liver lysosomes and mitochondria, selective rupture of lysosomes by MSDH promotes mitochondrial ROS production and cytochrome c release, whereas MSDH has no direct effect on ROS generation by purifed mitochondria. Intracellular lysosomal rupture is associated with the release of (among other constituents) cathepsins and activation of phospholipase A2 (PLA2). We find that addition of purified cathepsins B or D, or of PLA2, causes substantial increases in ROS generation by purified mitochondria. Furthermore, PLA2 - but not cathepsins B or D - causes rupture of semipurified lysosomes, suggesting an amplification mechanism. Thus, initiation of the apoptotic cascade by nonoxidant agonists may involve early release of lysosomal constituents (such as cathepsins B and D) and activation of PLA2, leading to enhanced mitochondrial oxidant production, further lysosomal rupture and, finally, mitochondrial cytochrome c release. Nonoxidant agonists of apoptosis may, thus, act through oxidant mechanisms.

  • 203.
    Zhao, Ming
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology.
    Liu, Yawei
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology.
    Bao, Mingmin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology.
    Kato, Yutaka
    Han, Jiahuai
    Eaton, John Wallace
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Genetics.
    Vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation requires both p38 and BMK1 MAP kinases2002In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, ISSN 0003-9861, E-ISSN 1096-0384, Vol. 400, no 2, p. 199-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation is a key event in the progression of atherosclerosis. Induction of both c-fos (through the transcription factor Elk-1) and c-jun, both immediate early genes, is important for the stimulation of VSMC proliferation and migration. It was earlier found that p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase upregulates c-jun gene transcription through phosphorylation of two myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) family transcription factors, MEF2A and MEF2C, while big MAP kinase 1 (BMK1) may upregulate c-jun gene transcription through MEF2A, MEF2C, and also MEF2D. Here, we report that inhibition of BMK1 by a dominant negative form of MEK5 or pharmacologic inhibition of p38 by SB 203580 additively suppress serum-induced VSMC proliferation. This additive effect of p38 and BMK1 inhibition implies that these two kinases coordinately regulate MEF2 transcription factors. The exclusive activation of MEF2D by BMK1 appears required for this cooperative upregulation of c-jun in VSMC, and coactivation of p38 and BMK1 also has additive effects on the activation of a reporter gene linked to the c-jun promoter in our experimental system. Thus, coordinate activity of both the p38 and BMK1 pathways appears necessary for optimal transcription of c-jun and, pari pasu, VSMC proliferation. These results may have implications for the future design of pharmacologic agents for inhibition of VSMC growth.

  • 204.
    Öllinger, Karin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Genetics.
    Inhibition of cathepsin D prevents free-radical-induced apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes2000In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, ISSN 0003-9861, E-ISSN 1096-0384, Vol. 373, no 2, p. 346-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Apoptosis was inhibited in rat cardiomyocytes pretreated with the aspartic protease inhibitor pepstatin A and subsequently exposed to naphthazarin (5,8-dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone). Cathepsin D was released from lysosomes to the cytosol upon exposure to naphthazarin, and the enzyme activity decreased simultaneously. Later, cathepsin D reappeared in granules of increased size, and enzyme activity was restored. Activation of caspase-3- like proteases was detected, and the number of cells showing apoptotic morphology increased with time. Pepstatin A pretreatment did not prevent release of cathepsin D from lysosomes but did significantly inhibit subsequent naphthazarin-induced caspase activation and apoptotic morphology. This suggests that cathepsin D exerts its apoptosis-stimulating effect upstream of caspase-3-like activation. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

  • 205.
    Öllinger, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Department of Clinical Pathology and Clinical Genetics.
    Kågedal, Katarina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion, Pathology.
    Induction of apoptosis by redoxcycling quinones2002In: Phospholipid metabolism in apoptosis / [ed] Peter J. Quinn and Valerian E. Kagan, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2002, p. 151-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The last few years have witnessed an explosion of both interest and knowledge about apoptosis, the process by which a cell actively commits suicide. It is now well recognised that apoptosis is essential in many aspects of normal development and is required for maintaining tissue homeostasis. The molecular mechanisms of apoptosis are presently unknown and the subject of focused research effort. It is clear that cell membrane structure and properties play an early part in the induction process. There is increasing evidence that the arrangement of polar lipids in the membrane lipid matrix is an important factor coupled with the homeostatic mechanisms responsible for preserving membrane lipid composition and asymmetry. Changes in membrane permeability are also likely to be involved, possibly as a direct consequence of disturbances in the lipid bilayer matrix. The purpose of this volume is to examine the involvement of membrane lipids in early events of apoptosis. In particular, the role of phospholipids in mitochondrial permeability, membrane lipid asymmetry, and sphingolipid and phospholipid signalling processes in early apoptotic events are reviewed by current researchers in these fields

2345 201 - 205 of 205
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