liu.seSök publikationer i DiVA
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
2345 201 - 226 av 226
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 201.
    Weiss, Dorothea
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    PRIMUM NON NOCERE: Medicine's Culture of Dealing with and Denial of the Occurrence of Medical Harm2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The hippocratic principle "primum non nocere" (above all do no harm) has always been and still is the strong foundation of medical conduct. For a long time healthcare professionals created the image of infallibility of medicine. Even within the "closed" hierarchies mistakes and malpractice were never openly discussed. This paper first investigates reasons for medical mistakes and introduces the legislation when malpractice occurs. Secondly ethical questions concerning medical mistakes are discussed through the lens of Beauchamp and Childress' principles of biomedical ethics (nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, justice). Thirdly, an ethically defensible strategy to deal with failure and malpractice is proposed. This proposal stresses how to improve the patient-physician communication by involving patients' experiences in order to increase patient safety and lower costs in the healthcare system. In regard to tackling medical harm there is the strong recommendation to follow four directives: open disclosure and explanation, adequate restorative and/or compensatory actions, fair and square apologies and information about strategies to avoid recurrence.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 202.
    Whitehead, Eleanor
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Under What Conditions, If at All, Can (Psychological) Strategic Behavioural Influences Be Justifiably Used to Shape People's Choices?2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The publication and mass appeal of Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein's book Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth and Happiness (Nudge), in 2008, illuminated behavioural economics, in the public and political domain. Nudging, a technique derived from behavioural economics, offers a fresh element to the long-time debate between paternalism and freedom, since proponents believe it can simultaneously preserve freedom of choice and serve as a means to influence behaviour. Unsurprisingly, in the decade or so since Nudge, private corporations and governments alike have shown great interest in the behavioural steering techniques derived from behavioural economics. This thesis explores the ethical implications and the various means by which governments and the private sector influence behaviour, specifically individual decision making. Since many of the methods overlap in purpose and practice, I make distinct three techniques: nudging, boosting and market advertising. These steering techniques range from transparent and educative to sub-conscious and manipulative methods; as such ethical justification for their employment varies. This thesis concludes by stating transparency as a condition for ethical behavioural influencing since non-transparent or covert methods do not uphold true freedom of choice, Furthermore, the implementation of non-transparent influences carries the potential for further violations of individual autonomy.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 203.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Att värdegrunda vid "grus i maskineriet"2022Ingår i: Etiska perspektiv på polisarbete / [ed] Rolf Granér, Malin Wieslander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, Första, s. 251--266Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    När ett värdegrundsarbete fungerar som avsett, kan det ge stöd och vägledning i det dagliga arbetet. I detta kapitel diskuteras kriterier som är nödvändiga för ett fungerande värdegrundsarbete, oavsett vilken organisation som avses. Med exempel från hur ett arbetslag inom polisen hanterar situationer när det ”skaver” i kollegiala relationer – så kallat ”grus i maskineriet” – lyfts vikten av att värdegrundsarbete sker på lokal nivå i arbetslagen.

  • 204.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Doing value policy: A local value contract as resource for group norm negotiation2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many obstacles for employees to introduce discussions about ethical issues at workplaces. Some examples are the significance of maintaining smooth peer-relations and a strong group cohesion, as well as internal power relations. It is argued that in professions with strong ‘esprit de corps’ (such as rescue-services) the importance of friction free scenes supress the ability for various opinions and controversies in everyday discussions. This paper explores how local contracts about common principles on a group level can render opportunities for employees to address and negotiate existing values and norms, especially where there is a perceived suppressed communication climate on an institutional level. The paper focuses on a few cases from a field study in a police district, where some working groups highlighted the importance of continuously revising and discussing values on a group level. Departing from a theoretical perspective that focuses on the significance of social interaction, the paper analyses field observations, field notes and interviews with police employees on a subordinate level and first level managerial position. Artefacts, such as value contracts and an assessment of the contract, are also analysed. The preliminary findings shows how the use of a group contract and the assessment about the contract’s values and norms functions as a resource and creates a discursive space for group members to address and negotiate existing practices.

  • 205.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Tystnadskultur och visselblåsare2022Ingår i: Etiska perspektiv på polisarbete / [ed] Rolf Granér, Malin Wieslander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, 1, s. 197-215Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att komma till rätta med oegentligheter i en verksamhet krävs att dessa vågar dryftas. En tystnadskultur innebär att oegentligheter tystas på grund av en utpräglad oro för att lyfta kritik eller påtala missförhållanden. Men vad består en sådan kultur i och varför har den vuxit fram inom polisen? Det här kapitlet belyser både kulturella och strukturella faktorer inom polisen som bidrar till en tystnadskultur och diskuterar några redskap som kan nyttjas för att skapa ett öppnare samtalsklimat.

  • 206.
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    et al.
    Department of Philosophy and History, KTH, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindblom, Lars
    Department of Historical, Religious and Philosophical Studies, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Toward a Responsibility-Catering Prioritarian Ethical Theory of Risk2019Ingår i: Science and Engineering Ethics, ISSN 1353-3452, E-ISSN 1471-5546, nr 25, s. 655-670Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Standard tools used in societal risk management such as probabilistic risk analysis or cost–benefit analysis typically define risks in terms of only probabilities and consequences and assume a utilitarian approach to ethics that aims to maximize expected utility. The philosopher Carl F. Cranor has argued against this view by devising a list of plausible aspects of the acceptability of risks that points towards a non-consequentialist ethical theory of societal risk management. This paper revisits Cranor’s list to argue that the alternative ethical theory responsibility-catering prioritarianism can accommodate the aspects identified by Cranor and that the elements in the list can be used to inform the details of how to view risks within this theory. An approach towards operationalizing the theory is proposed based on a prioritarian social welfare function that operates on responsibility-adjusted utilities. A responsibility-catering prioritarian ethical approach towards managing risks is a promising alternative to standard tools such as cost–benefit analysis.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Toward a Responsibility-Catering Prioritarian Ethical Theory of Risk
  • 207.
    Xie, Jiawei
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Writing Chinese Characters: Right or Left?: The Chinese Discriminatory Policy of Left-Handedness Correction in Terms of Handwriting2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Chinese left-handed are found to be very few, especially in terms of handwriting. The Chinese educational policy that fully entitles teachers in primary school to change the left-handed students to write with their right-hand, by nudging and even force, is found to be mainly blamed as the main cause. The thesis is to raise the ethical discussion and define this policy as being discriminatory against the left-handed by checking the features, definition and identification of discrimination, and reasons forming and supporting such a discriminatory policy will be taken into the major consideration as the source of discrimination. Therefore, the thesis is to propose solutions to help with the abolishment of the policy and the elimination of the prejudicial attitudes toward the left-handed, especially in terms of writing. The thesis itself, due to the limit of previous research and scientific support, has its own blindness or disadvantage, however, such a work could be helpful with the later discussion.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 208.
    Yesmin Shova, Tahmina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Liberal Citizenship in a Multicultural Society: Brian Barry's and William Galston's Approaches to Citizenship2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis demonstrates a comparative and analytic discussion of citizenship idea based on two distinct liberal doctrines of two contemporary political philosophers: Brian Barry and William Galston. Barry's egalitarian liberalism argues for 'common citizenship' notion in order to promote liberty and equal treatment of all individuals irrespective of any social differences. On the other hand, 'liberal pluralist citizenship' of William Galston's signifies his liberal pluralism to mitigate cultural and religious conflicts of liberal democratic society. The fundamental disagreements among these liberal approaches over the issues of public recognition of group rights and restricted state authority are analysed in this study. Finally, by analysing both the liberal positions under the challenge of multicultural issues the author defends Galston's liberal idea and judges it as more convincing than Barry's liberal approach.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 209.
    Ylirisku, Salu
    et al.
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Arvola, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Interaktiva och kognitiva system. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The varieties of good design2018Ingår i: Advancements in the philosophy of design / [ed] Pieter E. Vermaas and Stéphane Vial, Cham: Springer, 2018, s. 51-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the philosopher and logician Georg Henrik von Wright’s metaethical treatise of the varieties of goodness in the context of design. von Wright investigated the use of the notion of ‘good’ in language, and he identified six kinds of goodness: namely utilitarian goodness, instrumental goodness, technical goodness, medical goodness, hedonic goodness, and the good of man. We discuss these different kinds of goodness in relation to six design traditions that we identify, namely conceptual design, usability design, engineering design, ergonomics design, experience design and sustainability design. We argue that the design traditions are grounded in different appreciations of goodness, and that designers and design researchers can benefit from a more precise discernment of values that underpin design processes and design critique in different traditions. von Wright’s treatise serves as a point of departure for the appraisal of the multifaceted and relational character of the idea of good design and of the values of design. 

  • 210.
    Yonus, Rawad
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och samhälle, Avdelningen för filosofi och tillämpad etik.
    Ethical Limbo and Enhanced Informed Consent in Psychedelic-Assisted Therapy: Identifying New Challenges and Ethical Dimensions2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Human cultures have used classic psychedelics for healing purposes for millennia, emphasizing their subjective effects. In the 21st century, research has been revived to investigate the therapeutic effects of these substances. These substances show promising results in the treatment of various mental-related disorders such as depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and others, necessitating ethical considerations and guidelines for researchers, psychotherapists, and policymakers. The subjective effects of the psychedelic experience that these substances evoke, such as the feeling of oneness and interconnectedness, infallibility, the sense of reduced one's self-importance, the encounter with the "ultimate" reality or with God, radically distinguish them from typical psychiatric medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). In their essay "Ethics and Ego Dissolution: the Case of Psilocybin", William R. Smith and Dominic Sisti argue that the special properties of psychedelics entail certain novel risks that warrant "enhanced" informed consent that is "one that is more comprehensive than what may be typical for other psychiatric medications". They emphasize the unique effects of these substances, including 1) the potential for significant personality changes, 2) the short duration of treatment, and 3) the potential for profound and transformative experiences. They highlight the importance of explicitly addressing these potential changes as part of the informed consent process to ensure patient understanding, autonomy, and well-being. This current paper substantially complements Smith and Sisti's work by discussing in more detail the differences between psychedelics and typical psychiatric medications with respect to informed consent. I first support their arguments and then further argue that there are three other critical reasons why psychedelics should not be treated like other psychiatric medications that should be considered when discussing the enhancement of informed consent and disclosure. 1) potential changes in ethical values, 2) set and setting, and 3) suggestibility. To clarify my argument, I propose a distinction between changes in worldview and ethical values induced by the psychedelic experience and emphasize their differential impact on individuals undergoing psychedelic therapy. I introduce the term "ethical limbo", characterized as a state of uncertainty or ambiguity regarding the ethical implications or consequences of a particular action, decision, or situation due to conflicting ethical values, to highlight a potential risk of the psychedelic experience that should be considered in informed consent. Finally, I address potential objections to my arguments before concluding the paper and addressing some limitations of the research.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 211.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Against Cursory Treatments in Ethics of Medical Migration from Underserved Countries2017Ingår i: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, ISSN 1176-7529, E-ISSN 1872-4353, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 173-176Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a recent paper, Mpofu, Gupta, and Hays attempt to outline the obligations of recruiting high income countries (HICs) and would-be emigrant health workers (HWs) to tackle the effects of mass exodus of health workers from underserved regions. They reconstruct (i) Rawlsian and Kantian global justice approaches to argue for moral obligations of HICs and (ii) an individual justice approach to point to 'non-enforceable' social responsibilities of HWs to assist their compatriots. This critical paper demonstrates that the argumentation within their individual justice approach is problematic on the basis of three reasons: (1) their discussion under-theorizes and undervalues the individual rights and more specifically the right to exit, (2) their argumentation in the latter part, even if problematically, does rather point to moral obligations in lieu of 'social responsibilities' of HWs, and (3) they overlook many other important freedoms, interests and values pertinent to the issue of retention.

  • 212. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Doctors Behind Borders: The Ethics of Skilled Worker Emigration2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling i tillämpad etik består av fyra artiklar jämte en längre introduktion. Samtliga artiklar behandlar etiska aspekter på emigrationen av högutbildad vårdpersonal från utvecklingsländer och resursfattiga regioner, ett fenomen som ofta beskrivs som medicinsk kunskapsflykt (Medical Brain Drain). Utifrån normativ etisk teori analyseras i vilken utsträckning, om alls, utvecklingsländers ansatser att säkerställa nationella vård- och omsorgsbehov med hjälp av begränsningar av vårdpersonals mobilitet kan anses vara etiskt försvarbara. I avhandlingen analyseras också olika intressenters skyldigheter och rättigheter utifrån teorier om ansvar och rättigheter. Det gäller bland annat frågan om sjukvårdspersonalens individuella ansvar att stanna i hemlandet för att tillgodose grundläggande vårdbehov hos befolkningen.

    Avhandlingen bidrar med ett klargörande av (i) argument för och emot begränsningar av vårdpersonals rätt att lämna landet, (ii) relaterade rättighets- och intressekonflikters natur och (iii) teoretiskt förankrade rekommendationer för hur denna typ av konflikter bör hanteras. Avhandlingen synliggör etiskt relevanta följder av obligatoriska vårdprogram för olika intressegrupper (stakeholders) som stater, vårdgivare, vårdpersonal och vårdtagare, liksom vilka rättigheter och skyldigheter som står på spel, som exempelvis rätten att fritt lämna sitt land och rätten till grundläggande hälso- och sjukvård. Sammantaget bidrar avhandlingen med en grundlig analys av skäl för och emot begränsningar av den fundamentala men sparsamt analyserade mänskliga rättigheten att lämna det egna landet.

    Delarbeten
    1. Health Without Care? Vulnerability, Medical Brain Drain, and Health Worker Responsibilities in Underserved Contexts
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Health Without Care? Vulnerability, Medical Brain Drain, and Health Worker Responsibilities in Underserved Contexts
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 17-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    There is a consensus that the effects of medical brain drain, especially in the Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, ought to be perceived as more than a simple misfortune. Temporary restrictions on the emigration of health workers from the region is one of the already existing policy measures to tackle the issue - while such a restrictive measure brings about the need for quite a justificatory work. A recent normative contribution to the debate by Gillian Brock provides a fruitful starting point. In the first step of her defence of emigration restrictions, Brock provides three reasons why skilled workers themselves would hold responsibilities to assist with respect to vital needs of their compatriots. These are fair reciprocity, duty to support vital institutions, and attending to the unintended harmful consequences of one's actions. While the first two are explained and also largely discussed in the literature, the third requires an explication on how and on which basis skilled workers would have a responsibility as such. In this article, I offer a vulnerability approach with its dependency aspect that may account for why the health workers in underserved contexts would have a responsibility to attend to the unintended side effects of their actions that may lead to a vital risk of harm for the population. I discuss HIV/AIDS care in Zimbabwe as a case in point in order to show that local health workers may have responsibilities to assist the population who are vulnerable to their mobility.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Springer, 2018
    Nyckelord
    medical brain drain, ethics, vulnerability, Zimbabwe, HIV/AIDS, health workers
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Etik Filosofi Medicinsk etik Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-134570 (URN)10.1007/s10728-017-0342-x (DOI)000425320600002 ()28224293 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Stiftelsen Lars Hiertas Minne, FO2013-0484
    Anmärkning

    Funding agencies: Stiftelsen Lars Hiertas Minne [FO2013-0484]

    Tillgänglig från: 2017-02-16 Skapad: 2017-02-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-27
    2. How to Understand Limitations of the Right to Exit with Respect to Losses Associated with Health Worker Emigration: A Clarification
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How to Understand Limitations of the Right to Exit with Respect to Losses Associated with Health Worker Emigration: A Clarification
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 69-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    There is a recent interest in the ethics of high-skilled worker emigration through which the limitations of the right to exit are discussed. Insightful arguments have been made in favour of (or against) the emigration restrictions on skilled workers in order to tackle the deprivations in developing countries. However, there is still a need for clarification on how we can understand, discuss and implement limitations of a right from a normative perspective. Significantly, how we understand the limitation of a right might determine how we approach such limitations –both in terms ofthe process of assessing the limitations and in terms of their implications. In this paper, I identify two distinct ways to understand limitations of the right to exit with respect to losses associated with health worker emigration, while also pointing totheir implications for restrictive policies: (i) as a matter of scope, and (ii) as a matter of weight or emergency, which requires a compensatory scheme for the individual right holders. While the emergency restrictions seem to be a point of convergence in the literature, what defines an emergency and the nature of the compensation still warrant exploration. To that end, I also discuss from a normative perspective what might constitute a public emergency that would give states a prima facie prerogative to regulate temporary limitations on the exercise of the right to exit. In addition, I briefly introduce the implications of emergency restrictions, with a particular focus on compensatory schemes for individual right holders.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Akademika forlag, 2018
    Nyckelord
    compensation, emergency, health worker emigration, right limitations, right to exit
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Globaliseringsstudier Etik Filosofi Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152885 (URN)10.5324/eip.v12i2.2433 (DOI)000451375500006 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-27 Skapad: 2018-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-27Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. The Right to Exit and Skilled Labour Emigration: Ethical Considerations for Compulsory Health Service Programmes
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Right to Exit and Skilled Labour Emigration: Ethical Considerations for Compulsory Health Service Programmes
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Developing World Bioethics, ISSN 1471-8731, E-ISSN 1471-8847, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 169-179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory (health) service contracts have recently received considerable attention in the normative literature. The service contracts are considered and offered as a permissible and liberal alternative to emigration restrictions if individuals relinquish their right to exit via contract in exchange for the state-funded tertiary education. To that end, the recent normative literature on the service programmes has particularly focused on discussing the circumstances or conditions in which the contracts should be signed, so that they are morally binding on the part of the skilled workers. However, little attention is devoted to the relevance of the right to exit for the debate on compulsory service programmes. In this paper, I argue that even if the service contracts are voluntary, and thus the would-be medical students voluntarily relinquish their right to exit, the reasons behind the right should be taken into account for the contracts to be morally valid. A clear understanding of the right to exit is a must in order not to breach its basic components and for the service contracts to be morally binding. To that end, I provide two accounts of the reasons to value the right to exit by presenting Patti Lenard’s discussion of the right and by reconstructing James Griffin’s account of human rights. I conclude by offering brief ethical considerations for compulsory health service programmes grounded in the reasons to value the right to exit.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2019
    Nyckelord
    compulsory service, ethics, right to exit, contract, health workers, migration
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Etik Filosofi Medicinsk etik Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152001 (URN)10.1111/dewb.12217 (DOI)000483705700007 ()30548442 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-12 Skapad: 2018-12-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-23Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Individual Responsibilities in Partial Compliance: Skilled Health Worker Emigration from Under-Served Regions
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Individual Responsibilities in Partial Compliance: Skilled Health Worker Emigration from Under-Served Regions
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, s. 1-10, artikel-id phz016Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    One of the ways to address the effects of skilled worker emigration is to restrict the movement of skilled workers. However, even if skilled workers have responsibilities to assist their compatriots, what if other parties, such as affluent countries or source country governments, do not fulfil their fair share of responsibilities? This discussion raises an interesting problem about how to think of individual responsibilities under partial compliance where other agents (including affluent countries, developing states, or other individuals) do not fulfil their fair share of responsibilities. What is fair to expect from them? Taking health worker emigration as a case in point, I discuss whether the individual health workers’ fair share of responsibilities to address basic health care needs decreases or increases when the other parties do not fulfil their share. First, I review the responsibilities that different stakeholders may hold. Second, I argue that there are strong reasons against increasing or decreasing health workers’ fair share of responsibilities in a situation of partial compliance. I also argue that it is unfair for non-complier states to enforce health workers to fulfil their fair share or take up the slack.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER) Etik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161454 (URN)10.1093/phe/phz016 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-01 Skapad: 2019-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-01Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Doctors Behind Borders: The Ethics of Skilled Worker Emigration
    Ladda ner (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 213.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Domination and Global Justice: Implications of a Social-Republican Account2016Ingår i: Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric, ISSN 1835-6842, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 108-113Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 214.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Etik och migration mellan verklighet och ideal: En analys av Joseph H. Carens’s The Ethics of Immigration2014Ingår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, nr 3, s. 77-83Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten analyserar kortfattat Joseph H. Carens senaste bok, The Ethics of Immigration. Den inledande delen av dokumentet berör de grundläggande principerna från boken och hur Carens härleder sin utvärdering av olika immigrations och integrations principer från Ius Soli inom ett liberalt demokratiskt ramverk. Den andra delen behandlar bokens huvudsakliga metodologiska område, detta är den dualistiska strukturen Carens använder och hur den ska bli förstådd med hans givande bidrag. Slutligen kommer dokumentet undersöka den milda anti-cosmopolitan attityden Carens håller och dess implikationer.

  • 215.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Health Without Care? Vulnerability, Medical Brain Drain, and Health Worker Responsibilities in Underserved Contexts2018Ingår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 17-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a consensus that the effects of medical brain drain, especially in the Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, ought to be perceived as more than a simple misfortune. Temporary restrictions on the emigration of health workers from the region is one of the already existing policy measures to tackle the issue - while such a restrictive measure brings about the need for quite a justificatory work. A recent normative contribution to the debate by Gillian Brock provides a fruitful starting point. In the first step of her defence of emigration restrictions, Brock provides three reasons why skilled workers themselves would hold responsibilities to assist with respect to vital needs of their compatriots. These are fair reciprocity, duty to support vital institutions, and attending to the unintended harmful consequences of one's actions. While the first two are explained and also largely discussed in the literature, the third requires an explication on how and on which basis skilled workers would have a responsibility as such. In this article, I offer a vulnerability approach with its dependency aspect that may account for why the health workers in underserved contexts would have a responsibility to attend to the unintended side effects of their actions that may lead to a vital risk of harm for the population. I discuss HIV/AIDS care in Zimbabwe as a case in point in order to show that local health workers may have responsibilities to assist the population who are vulnerable to their mobility.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 216.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Institute of Philosophy, University of Bern, Switzerland.
    How to Understand Limitations of the Right to Exit with Respect to Losses Associated with Health Worker Emigration: A Clarification2018Ingår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 69-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a recent interest in the ethics of high-skilled worker emigration through which the limitations of the right to exit are discussed. Insightful arguments have been made in favour of (or against) the emigration restrictions on skilled workers in order to tackle the deprivations in developing countries. However, there is still a need for clarification on how we can understand, discuss and implement limitations of a right from a normative perspective. Significantly, how we understand the limitation of a right might determine how we approach such limitations –both in terms ofthe process of assessing the limitations and in terms of their implications. In this paper, I identify two distinct ways to understand limitations of the right to exit with respect to losses associated with health worker emigration, while also pointing totheir implications for restrictive policies: (i) as a matter of scope, and (ii) as a matter of weight or emergency, which requires a compensatory scheme for the individual right holders. While the emergency restrictions seem to be a point of convergence in the literature, what defines an emergency and the nature of the compensation still warrant exploration. To that end, I also discuss from a normative perspective what might constitute a public emergency that would give states a prima facie prerogative to regulate temporary limitations on the exercise of the right to exit. In addition, I briefly introduce the implications of emergency restrictions, with a particular focus on compensatory schemes for individual right holders.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 217.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Faculty of Communication, Istanbul Bilgi University, Santralistanbul, 34060 Eyupsultan, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Individual Responsibilities in Partial Compliance: Skilled Health Worker Emigration from Under-Served Regions2019Ingår i: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, s. 1-10, artikel-id phz016Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the ways to address the effects of skilled worker emigration is to restrict the movement of skilled workers. However, even if skilled workers have responsibilities to assist their compatriots, what if other parties, such as affluent countries or source country governments, do not fulfil their fair share of responsibilities? This discussion raises an interesting problem about how to think of individual responsibilities under partial compliance where other agents (including affluent countries, developing states, or other individuals) do not fulfil their fair share of responsibilities. What is fair to expect from them? Taking health worker emigration as a case in point, I discuss whether the individual health workers’ fair share of responsibilities to address basic health care needs decreases or increases when the other parties do not fulfil their share. First, I review the responsibilities that different stakeholders may hold. Second, I argue that there are strong reasons against increasing or decreasing health workers’ fair share of responsibilities in a situation of partial compliance. I also argue that it is unfair for non-complier states to enforce health workers to fulfil their fair share or take up the slack.

  • 218.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Moral Cosmopolitanism and the Right to Immigration2012Ingår i: Public Reason, ISSN 2065-7285, E-ISSN 2065-8958, Vol. 4, nr 1-2, s. 262-272Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is devoted to the ways and means to justify a ‘more’ cosmopolitan realization of certain policy implications, in the case of immigration. The raison d’être of this study is the idea that the contemporary debate over open borders suffers from indeterminate discussions on whether liberal states are entitled to restrict immigration. On the other hand, most of the liberal cosmopolitan accounts neglect the detrimental consequences of their open borders argument – which take it as a means to compensate people in need –, such as brain drain and the effects of brain drain on the opportunity sets of members of sending countries. Therefore I offer a moral cosmopolitan account of immigration which takes the interests of would-be immigrants, the residents in receiving, along with the residents in sending countries in respect to their opportunity sets because of the way arbitrary border control represents the inequality of opportunity. I do not provide a well-formed immigration policy here, yet I believe the account provided here is more feasible in considering phenomena such as brain drain.

  • 219.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Ethics of Immigration by Joseph Carens. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. 416 pp., ISBN 97801999338392015Ingår i: Political Studies Review, ISSN 1478-9299, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 242-242Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 220.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. University of Bern, Switzerland.
    The Right to Exit and Skilled Labour Emigration: Ethical Considerations for Compulsory Health Service Programmes2019Ingår i: Developing World Bioethics, ISSN 1471-8731, E-ISSN 1471-8847, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 169-179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory (health) service contracts have recently received considerable attention in the normative literature. The service contracts are considered and offered as a permissible and liberal alternative to emigration restrictions if individuals relinquish their right to exit via contract in exchange for the state-funded tertiary education. To that end, the recent normative literature on the service programmes has particularly focused on discussing the circumstances or conditions in which the contracts should be signed, so that they are morally binding on the part of the skilled workers. However, little attention is devoted to the relevance of the right to exit for the debate on compulsory service programmes. In this paper, I argue that even if the service contracts are voluntary, and thus the would-be medical students voluntarily relinquish their right to exit, the reasons behind the right should be taken into account for the contracts to be morally valid. A clear understanding of the right to exit is a must in order not to breach its basic components and for the service contracts to be morally binding. To that end, I provide two accounts of the reasons to value the right to exit by presenting Patti Lenard’s discussion of the right and by reconstructing James Griffin’s account of human rights. I conclude by offering brief ethical considerations for compulsory health service programmes grounded in the reasons to value the right to exit.

  • 221.
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Institute of Philosophy, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Palm, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Special Issue on Globalization, Cosmopolitanism, and Migration: Ethics of Inclusion and Exclusion2018Ingår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, nr 2, s. 1-5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The contributors to this issue offer applied critical and normative perspectives on central, yet overlooked, ethical aspects of migration management with a certain cosmopolitan lance in some capacity. However, cosmopolitanism might mean different things for transnational migration. It can refer to “political cosmopolitanism” that provides the reasons for why there should be certain global institutions governing migration. It can also refer to “moral cosmopolitanism” that simply represents a moral concern for individual rights and interests first and foremost (Caney 2005). Cosmopolitanism can also work as a lens that is based on a scepticism towards using the nation-state as the ultimate unit or locus of analysis. These perspectives are not mutually exclusive, and the contributions in this special issue accommodate a form of cosmopolitan outlook or stance to some extent in their discussion on migration management practices.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 222.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Weil2012Ingår i: Filosofi och medicin: från Platon till Foucault / [ed] Lennart Nordenfelt, Stockholm: Thales, 2012, s. 217-231Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 223.
    Zeiler, Kristin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    De Boer, Marjolein
    Tilburg University, the Netherlands.
    The Empirical and the Philosophical in Empirical Bioethics: Time for a Conceptual Turn2020Ingår i: AJOB Empirical Bioethics, ISSN 2329-4515, E-ISSN 2329-4523, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 11-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of scholars in bioethics engage with empirical work on stakeholders’ values, attitudes, and experiences as a basis for theorizing ethics in the context of healthcare. Related to this empirical turn, a debate is being conducted about how to combine empirical research with normative analysis. In this commentary, we are concerned with the more rarely discussed question of how to integrate philosophical, conceptual work into empirical bioethics. We suggest that empirical bioethics should make one more turn after the empirical one: a conceptual turn.

    The commentary offers a three-dimensional approach to doing philosophical empirical bioethics. Specifically, it proposes an integration of hermeneutical phenomenology into empirical bioethics.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 224.
    Zhou, Jiayi
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. SIPRI, Sweden; Stockholm Int Peace Res Inst Sipri, Sweden.
    The (universal) human and beyond: constituting security objects in theory and practice2022Ingår i: Critical Studies on Security, ISSN 2162-4887, E-ISSN 2162-4909, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 16-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses an analytical gap in critical security studies related to the social construction, legitimation, and institutionalisation of referents objects, or the for whom of security. As it lays out, referent objects tend to be assessed based on pre-theoretical commitments that themselves fall outside of the scope of critical security analysis. This has important analytical and ethical consequences, which I heuristically illustrate in relation to the individual in both Copenhagen School securitisation theory and human-centred security. In one case, the individual is understood as an atomised Hobbesian figure at odds with the collective, and in the other, as a socially embedded figure representative of humanity. Incommensurate ontological baselines have on the one hand stymied fruitful dialogue between these two influential approaches. More importantly, however, fixed perspectives on the individual have also served to limit each approachs purview, even on their own terms. In highlighting the value of de-naturalising the individual, I lay out a broader argument for problematising referent objects more generally, as a more productive way of thinking about security that moves the conversation beyond practically endless articulations of potential danger. Overall, I argue that the intersubjective processes by which any referent object is constituted as a legitimate claimant to security, is as central to the critical study and ethical practice of security, as that of putative threats to it.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 225.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    FEMINIST POSTHUMANITIES IN THE ANTHROPOCENE: FORAYS INTO THE POSTNATURAL2017Ingår i: JOURNAL OF POSTHUMAN STUDIES-PHILOSOPHY TECHNOLOGY MEDIA, ISSN 2472-4513, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 185-204Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the new planetary age of the Anthropocene or the Age of Man (as it were), humanity is cast as a single geological force, a major force of environmental destruction, and one folding in on itself. The Anthropocene is famously defined by human-induced climatic, biological, and geological transformations of our planet, by a profound anthropogenic environmental impact and mass species extinctions. However, the Anthropocene risk also, as pointed out by a wide range of feminist philosophers and critical scholars, to hide troublesome differences between humans, and also to hide intimate relationships between technology, humans, and other animals. This totalization of humanity is a parallel risk in some posthuman theorizing also, and something postdisciplinary scholars of the critical humanities and feminist philosophers have paid attention to for decades. In the posthuman context of the Anthropocene, I suggest and point to postdisciplinary humanities research and theory-practices that pay careful attention to the feminist theoretical work on our equally postnatural condition as an experimental remedy.

  • 226.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Genus.
    Hultman, MartinLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring.Lee, FrancisLinköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring.
    Posthumanistiska nyckelstexter2012Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken introducerar några viktiga författare på samtidsaktuella teoriområden. Donna Haraway, Karen Barad, Rosi Braidotti, Michel Callon, Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Michel Serres och Annemarie Mol presenteras i boken, som också innehåller översatta texter av dessa namn. Boken ger en bakgrund till och en överblick över ett område i intensiv teoriutveckling. Här presenteras den så kallade materiella, posthumana eller ontologiska vändningen. Här kartläggs grunderna för olika posthumanistiska förhållningssätt till de både mänskliga och icke-mänskliga (djur, miljö, teknik) krafterna i vår värld så som de begreppsliggjorts inom filosofi, feministisk teori, kulturstudier och samhällsvetenskapliga studier av naturvetenskap, medicin och teknik. Genom lästips och en omfattande litteraturlista öppnar boken för fortsatta studier och vidare diskussioner. Avslutningsvis finns också en omfattande ordlista med viktiga nyckelbegrepp som i sig ger en introduktion till ett heterogent forskningsfält. Boken riktar sig till studenter, doktorander och andra nyfikna forskare inom olika tvärvetenskapliga eller disciplinära former av humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.

    POSTHUMANISTISKA NYCKELTEXTER ger i de inledande kapitlen en överblick och en introduktion till posthumanistiska studier och till materiell-semiotik. Här behandlas tankeströmningar som rör det humanas natur, humanismens etik och humanvetenskapernas framtid. Boken ger en introduktion till det som inom genusvetenskap och tekniksociologi kommit att kallas den ontologiska vändningen mot de materiaaliteter och världsliga relationer som både gör och förgör oss. Här kartläggs grunderna för posthumanistiska förhållningssätt till de både mänskliga och icke-mänskliga (djur, miljö, teknik) dimensionerna av vår värld så som de begreppsliggjorts inom filosofi, feministisk teori, kulturstudier och sociala studier av vetenskap och teknik. 

    POSTHUMANISTISKA NYCKELTEXTER erbjuder introduktioner till viktiga författare och översättningar av nyckeltexter skrivna av Donna Haraway, Karen Barad, Rosi Braidotti, Michel Callon, Gilles Deleuze med Felix Guattari, Michel Serres och Annemarie Mol. Boken innehåller även en omfattande ordlista med viktiga nyckelbegrepp som i sig ger en introduktion till ett mångfaldigt forskningsfält.

2345 201 - 226 av 226
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf