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  • 20401.
    Åström, I. Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karl-Göran , Karlsson
    Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics, Mid Sweden University.
    Integrated and subject-specific Science education: Teachers’ and students’ viewsManuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns the views of teachers’ and students’ regarding Science education. The teachers and students are all from four schools in the same small town in Sweden. The teachers’ views of Science lessons focused on how to plan lessons and organise content. The students’ views focused on three questions concerning the integration of science. The study is based on several data collections: interviews with and observations of teachers, a school survey and student questionnaires. The teacher interviews were analysed with regard to integrated and subject-specific Science education and the students’ questionnaires were analysed with statistical methods. The four schools in this study may be categorised as two integrated schools, one subject-specific and one mixed school. The students’ views of subjectspecific and integrated Science did not completely coincide with the teachers’ views. Teachers and students agreed on that they did integrated education in only one out of the four schools.

  • 20402.
    Åström, Karsten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Socialt arbete. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Parallel norm creating processes2013Ingår i: Social and Legal Norms: Towards a Socio-legal Understanding of Normativity / [ed] Matthias Baier, Farnham: Ashgate, 2013, 1Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20403.
    Åström, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Lärande, Estetik, Naturvetenskap (LEN). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Betyg och bedömning i NO2012Ingår i: Betyg i teori och praktik: ämnesdidaktiska perspektiv på bedömning i grundskola och gymnasium / [ed] Nordgren, Kenneth, Odenstad, Christina och Samuelsson, Johan, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2012, 2, s. 131-140Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20404.
    Åström, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Defining Integrated Science Education and Putting It to Test2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis is made up by four studies, on the comprehensive theme of integrated and subjectspecific science education in Swedish compulsory school. A literature study on the matter is followed by an expert survey, then a case study and ending with two analyses of students’ science results from PISA 2003 and PISA 2006. The first two studies explore similarities and differences between integrated and subject-specific science education, i. e. Science education and science taught as Biology, Chemistry and Physics respectively. The two following analyses of PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 data put forward the question whether there are differences in results of students’ science literacy scores due to different types of science education.

    The expert survey compares theories of integration to the Swedish science education context. Also some difference in intention, in the school case study, some slight differences in the way teachers plan the science education are shown, mainly with respect to how teachers involve students in their planning.

    The statistical analysis of integrated and subject-specific science education comparing students’ science results from PISA 2003 shows no difference between students or between schools. The analysis of PISA 2006, however, shows small differences between girls’ results with integrated and subject-specific science education both in total scores and in the three scientific literacy competencies. No differences in boys’ results are shown on different science educations.

    Delarbeten
    1. En Delphi-studie av initierade brukaresuppfattningar om karaktärer av integreradnaturvetenskap i senare delen av svensk grundskola
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>En Delphi-studie av initierade brukaresuppfattningar om karaktärer av integreradnaturvetenskap i senare delen av svensk grundskola
    2009 (Svenska)Ingår i: Didaktisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1101-7686, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 114-132Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Den här studien undersöker hur experter, väl insatta i den svenska debatten om integrerad NO uppfattar vad integrerad NO är, hur den tillämpas och vilka skäl som finns för att undervisa integrerat i NO istället för att undervisa ämnesuppdelat. Diskussionen om integrerad eller ämnesuppdelad NO hade en kulmen på 1980-talet i Sverige som gav två varianter att undervisa NO på i grundskolan, antingen som ett ämne eller som tre ämnen, biologi, kemi och fysik. Dessa varianter finns åtminstone som två likvärdiga sätt att gradera betyg på. Nu är det aktuellt att ta bort denna möjlighet att sätta NO-betyg eller biologi-, fysik- och kemibetyg, vilket gör det intressant att undersöka hur idén om vad integrerad och ämnesuppdelad NO-undervisning har för likheter och skillnader. Undersökningen är genomförd som en Delphistudie, där de tillfrågade deltagarna anonymt har värderat 30 påståenden om integrerad och ämnesuppdelad undervisning i ett första steg. Svaren sammanställdes med medelvärden och medianer och presenterades för deltagarna i en andra enkätomgång. Informanterna erbjöds möjlighet att ändra sina svar efter att ha tagit del i de övriga deltagarnas värderingar av påståendena i form av centralmått på frågorna. Resultatet av den första undersökningsomgången redovisas i tabell där informanternas sammanlagda bedömning eller skattning av påståendena redovisas. Informanternas svar diskuteras och jämförs med den teori som ursprungligen använts för att konstruera frågorna. Metodiska frågor i samband med undersökningen diskuteras också.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Jönköping: Jönköping University Press, 2009
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Didaktik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15364 (URN)
    Anmärkning

    On the day of the defence date the status of this article was "Manuscript" and the title was "En Delphistudie av initierade brukares och användares uppfattningar om karaktären av integrerad naturvetenskap i senare delen av svenska grundskola"

    Tillgänglig från: 2008-11-05 Skapad: 2008-11-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Integrated and subject-specific Science education: Teachers’ and students’ views
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Integrated and subject-specific Science education: Teachers’ and students’ views
    (Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns the views of teachers’ and students’ regarding Science education. The teachers and students are all from four schools in the same small town in Sweden. The teachers’ views of Science lessons focused on how to plan lessons and organise content. The students’ views focused on three questions concerning the integration of science. The study is based on several data collections: interviews with and observations of teachers, a school survey and student questionnaires. The teacher interviews were analysed with regard to integrated and subject-specific Science education and the students’ questionnaires were analysed with statistical methods. The four schools in this study may be categorised as two integrated schools, one subject-specific and one mixed school. The students’ views of subjectspecific and integrated Science did not completely coincide with the teachers’ views. Teachers and students agreed on that they did integrated education in only one out of the four schools.

    Nyckelord
    Science education, teachers’ and students’ views, integrated and subject specific Science
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Pedagogik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15475 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-11-11 Skapad: 2008-11-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-01-14Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Using hierarchical linear models to test differences in Swedish results from OECD's PISA 2003: Integrated and Subject-specific science education
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Using hierarchical linear models to test differences in Swedish results from OECD's PISA 2003: Integrated and Subject-specific science education
    2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, nr 2, s. 121-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The possible effects of different organisations of the science curriculum in schools participating in PISA 2003 are tested with a hierarchical linear model (HLM) of two levels. The analysis is based on science results. Swedish schools are free to choose how they organise the science curriculum. They may choose to work subject-specifically (with Biology, Chemistry and Physics), integrated (with Science) or to mix these two. In this study, all three ways of organising science classes in compulsory school are present to some degree. None of the different ways of organising science education displayed statistically significant better student results in scientific literacy as measured in PISA 2003. The HLM model used variables of gender, country of birth, home language, preschool attendance, an economic, social and cultural index as well as the teaching organisation.

    Nyckelord
    science education
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Pedagogik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:miun:diva-5130 (URN)5274 (Lokalt ID)5274 (Arkivnummer)5274 (OAI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-09-30 Skapad: 2008-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Differences between students in Swedish compulsory schools with integrated andsubject-specific Science education in PISA 2006
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Differences between students in Swedish compulsory schools with integrated andsubject-specific Science education in PISA 2006
    (Engelska)Manuskript (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a comparison between three groups of teaching organisations in Sweden that work either with integrated Science, subject-specific Science or a mixed form of the two. Comparison is made between the students’ total Science scores in the PISA 2006 study and the three scores in student competency regarding Knowledge in Science and Knowledge about Science. This comparison is made both at the individual and school level. There are differences between students with integrated Science education and students with subjectspecific Science. These differences are found both in the total scores and in some of the subscores. An even more striking difference is found between boys and girls in the different groups. There are big differences in test scores for girls with integrated Science as compared to girls with subject-specific Science; this difference is almost nonexistent for boys. Some caution must be shown in drawing conclusions from this finding, however, since girls’ and boys’ groups differ in mean ESCS, and there are differences in the percentage of students who speak another language at home than Swedish. Some plausible explanations for the differences are discussed based on inferences from other studies.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Didaktik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-15365 (URN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2008-11-05 Skapad: 2008-11-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-01-14Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 20405.
    Åström, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karl-Göran, Karlsson
    Department of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics, Mid Sweden University.
    Using hierarchical linear models to test differences in Swedish results from OECD’sPISA 2003: Integrated and subject-specific science education2007Ingår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 121-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The possible effects of different organisations of the science curriculum in schools participating in PISA 2003 are tested with a hierarchical linear model (HLM) of two levels. The analysis is based on science results. Swedish schools are free to choose how they organise the science curriculum. They may choose to work subject-specifically (with Biology, Chemistry and Physics), integrated (with Science) or to mix these two. In this study, all three ways of organising science classes in compulsory school are present to some degree. None of the different ways of organising science education displayed statistically significant better student results in scientific literacy as measured in PISA 2003. The HLM model used variables of gender, country of birth, home language, preschool attendance, an economic, social and cultural index as well as the teaching organisation.

  • 20406.
    Öberg, Britt-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Negotiation processes as talk and interaction: Interaction analyses of informal negotiations1995Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents interaction analyses of one Swedish and theee international negotiations, all authentic.

    The first study cancerns the phase structure and intemctional manifestations of cooperation found in the Swedish negotiation set of three sessions. The phase structure of each session was found to be related to the general negotiation structure of three main parts; an initiation phase, a problem solving phase and a resolution phase. The distribution of the two types of cooperative talk, teamtalk and grouptalk, and the general interaction character differed from phase to phase. The first phase was mainly monologic and included few instances of cooperative talk, the second phase was mainly dyadic and included several instances of team talk, while the interaction of the third phase kept switching between dyadic and multi-party talk. Teamtalk as well as grouptalk were frequently used in this phase.

    In the second study incipient miscommunication between native and non-native speakers of English was categorized and examined. Cross-cultural miscommunication was found to be an intrinsic part of the establishing of consensus and could therefore be used as a communicative resource. However, miscomrnunication related to the different socio-cultural backgrounds and to unawareness regarding the miscomrnunication sometimes had serious interactional consequences.

    The third study presents an analysis of the distribution and function of laughter in different types of international negotiations. The analyses foeussed on when the participants laughed, at what the participants laughed and how the participants laughed jointly or unilaterally. The analyses indicated firstly that laughter worked as a discourse boundary device; secondly that laughter signalled what topies were important or less important, sensitive or less sensitive and thirdly; that unilateral laughter, as opposed to joint laughter, was more frequent with those participants that were at a disadvantage.

    The fourth study describes and analyses the interactional features that justify these informal meetings to be called negotiations. It compared the premisses for and characteristics of the different negotiatians. An institutional type of talk, negotiation talk, i.e. ordinary easual conversation adapted and reshaped to fit a specific communicative event, the negotiation, was found in all the negotiatians. Negotiators pursued instrumental, relational and face-related goals of which the relational and the face-related goals were found to be more important to the negotiators than previous research implies. The negotiations were agenda driven. They included elements of conscious planning and the negotiation discourse had a particular type of topic structure, supported by a particular participation framework. Finally, every negotiation must be studied as an individual part that has reached a particular stage of development within the negotiation process. These characteristics of negotiatians call for a flexible, multi-dimensional interactional competence on thc part of the negotiator.

  • 20407.
    Öberg, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Äldrecentrum, Östergötland.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning.
    Näsman, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning.
    Olsson, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning.
    Changing Worlds and the Ageing Subject.: Dimensions in the Study of Ageing and Later Life2004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Considers the humanistic-historical dimension of ageing and substantiates new perspectives on family roles and intergenerational relationships. Also examines age discrimination, the impact of the increase in early retirement, the effect of old and new technology on older people's lives, and more.Show more Show less

  • 20408.
    Öberg (fd Asplund), Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    On the origin of organohalogens found in the environment1992Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The natural production of halogenated organic compounds in the environment is often assumed to be negligible compared to the anthropogenic production of such compounds. A change in this general view is advocated in the present thesis.

    Amounts of halogenated organic compounds were measured by detennination of AOX (adsorbable organic halogen) or TOX (total organic halogen), and it was found that these compounds are more widespread than previously assumed. A national organohalogen budget was established by calculating chlorine-to-carbon ratios for different types of samples and then combining these values with studies of organic carbon pools in Sweden. The obtained budget showed that the major fraction of organohalogens is stored in soil and freshwater sediments (approx. 5000 x J03 and 2000 x J03 tonnes, respectively).

    It was also found that soil extracts obtained by using an enzyme extraction procedure were able to catalyze chlorination of organic compounds. The reaction did not proceed in the absence of hydrogen peroxide or after the soil extract had been heated; furthermore the catalyst had a molecular weight that was greater than 10,000, exhibited decreasing activity with time and rising temperature, and was inhibited by phloroglucinol, resorcinol, orcinol and ethanol. In all these respects the soil derived catalyst resembled a commercial chlorperoxidase. Based on these findings, it was concluded that a chloroperoxidase-like catalyst is present in soil. In this context it is also noteworthy that a net production of organohalogens ~as found in soil stored under controlled conditions.

    The soil-extract-catalyzed chlorination, the detected net production in soil, and the background concentration of organohalogens in surface water were all found to increase with decreasing pH. This implies that the natural production of halogenated organic compounds may increase with acidification of soil and surface water.

  • 20409.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle.
    Chloride and Organic Chlorine in Soil1998Ingår i: Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, ISSN 0323-4320, E-ISSN 1521-401X, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 137-144Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20410.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning, Miljövetenskap.
    The biogeochemistry of chlorine in soil2003Ingår i: The handbook of environmental chemistry: Vol. 3. P. P, Anthropogenic compounds. Natural production of organohalogen compounds / [ed] Gordon W. Gribble, Springer Verlag , 2003, s. 43-62Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Summarizes the knowledge on naturally occurring organohalogens, of which more than 3700 are documented. This book features chapters that cover various aspects of this field, including the structural diversity and sources of organohalogens, the mechanisms for their formation and biodegradation, the clinical use of dichloroacetate, and more

  • 20411.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning, Miljövetenskap.
    The natural chlorine cycle - fitting the scattered pieces2002Ingår i: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 58, nr 5, s. 565-581Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chlorine is one of the most abundant elements on the surface of the earth. Until recently, it was widely believed that all chlorinated organic compounds were xenobiotic, that chlorine does not participate in biological processes and that it is present in the environment only as chloride. However, over the years, research has revealed that chlorine takes part in a complex biogeochemical cycle, that it is one of the major elements of soil organic matter and that the amount of naturally formed organic chlorine present in the environment can be counted in tons per km(2). Interestingly enough, some of the pieces of the chlorine puzzle have actually been known for decades, but the information has been scattered among a number of different disciplines with little or no exchange of information. The lack of communication appears to be due to the fact that the points of departure in the various fields have not corresponded, a number of paradoxes are actually revealed when the known pieces of the chlorine puzzle are fit together. It appears as if a number of generally agreed statements or tacit understandings have guided perceptions, and that these have obstructed the understanding of the chlorine-cycle as a whole. The present review enlightens four paradoxes that spring up when some persistent tacit understandings are viewed in the light of recent work as well as earlier findings in other areas. The paradoxes illuminated in this paper are that it is generally agreed that: (1) chlorinated organic compounds are xenobiotic even though more than 1,000 naturally produced chlorinated compounds have been identified, (2) only a few, rather specialised, organisms are able to convert chloride to organic chlorine even though it appears as if the ability among organisms to transform chloride to organic chlorine is more the rule than the exception,, (3) all chlorinated organic compounds are persistent and toxic even though the vast majority of naturally produced organic chlorine is neither persistent nor toxic, (4) chlorine is mainly found in its ionic form in the environment even though organic chlorine is as abundant or even more abundant than chloride in soil. Furthermore, the contours of the terrestrial chlorine cycle are outlined and put in a concrete form by constructing a rough chlorine budget over a small forested catchment. Finally, possible ecological roles of the turnover of chlorine are discussed.

  • 20412.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle.
    Grøn, C.
    Sources of Organic Halogens in Spruce Forest Soil1998Ingår i: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 1086-931X, E-ISSN 1520-6912, Vol. 32, nr 11, s. 1573-1579Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20413.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning, Miljövetenskap.
    Holm, Mats
    Skogsvårdsstyrelsen Norrköpings distrikt.
    Sandén, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning, Miljövetenskap.
    Svensson, Teresia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Parikka, Matti
    Institutionen för bioenergi Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Chlorine budget of a small catchment2004Ingår i: European Geosciences Union 1st Assembly,2004, 2004, s. 180-180Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20414.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Holm, Mats
    Local Forest Administration, Östergötland, Sweden.
    Sandén, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Svensson, Teresia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Parikka, Matti
    Department of Bioenergy, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The role of organic matter bound chlorine in the chlorine cycle: a case study of the Stubbetorp catchment, Sweden2005Ingår i: Biogeochemistry, ISSN 0168-2563, Vol. 75, nr 2, s. 241-269Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to construct a balanced chlorine budget for a small forested catchment, focusing on the interaction between chloride (Clinorg) and organic-matter-bound chlorine (Clorg). Data from the actual catchment are combined with secondary data from other sites to elucidate more clearly which parts of the cycle are fairly well known and which are more or less unknown. The budget calculations show that the principal input and output fluxes of Cl in the catchment are inorganic but that the main pool is Clorg in the soil. In addition, the budget calculations suggest that a considerable portion of Clinorg in soil is transformed to Clorg and subsequently leached to deeper soil layers, that net mineralization of Clorg takes place in soil, preferably in deeper soil layers, and that degrading organic matter is a major source of Clinorg in runoff. The loss of Clorg through runoff is small to negligible in relation to other fluxes. It appears as if dry deposition of Clinorg is at risk of being underestimated if Clinorg is assumed to be conservative in soil. The pool of organic-matter-bound chlorine in soil is considerably larger than the annual flux of chloride through the system. The estimates suggest that the amount of Clorg in the upper 40 cm of the soil at the investigated site is approximately twice as large as the Clinorg. Furthermore, the amount of Clorg biomass is small in relation to the occurrence of Clorg in soil. Finally, the estimates indicate that the transport of volatile Clorg from the soil to the atmosphere may influence the chlorine cycle.

  • 20415.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning, Miljövetenskap.
    Lövbrand, Eva
    Department of Biology and Environmental Science Kalmar University.
    Towards reflexive scientization of environmental policy2005Ingår i: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 8, nr 2, s. 195-197Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20416.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Niedan, Volker
    Pavasars, Ivars
    Chloroperoxidase-mediated chlorination of aromatic groups in fulvic acid2000Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 779-785Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to investigate whether exo-enzymatically mediated chlorination of fulvic acid (FA) results in the formation of chlorinated groups within the macromolecules which correspond to those which were previously detected in soil and surface water samples. The chlorination was carried out by exposing FA to a commercial chloroperoxidase (CPO) in the presence of chloride and hydrogen-peroxide. The exposed FA was then chemically degraded using an oxidative technique and finally analysed for four different aromatic groups and their chlorinated analogues. The particular aromatic groups included were the methyl esters of 4-ethoxybenzoic acid, 3-methoxy-4-ethoxybenzoic acid, 3,4-diethoxybenzoic acid, and 3,5- dimethoxy-4-ethoxybenzoic acid, along with their mono-and dichlorinated analogues. Prior to the chemical degradation procedure, the FA was analysed for AOX (adsorbable organic halogens) and chlorinated acetic acids. The original FA contained 1.4 mg Cl(org) g-1 and detectable amounts of two chlorinated aromatic groups. After exposure to the enzyme, the concentration of AOX increased to 44.3 mg Cl(org) g-1 and detectable amounts of four chlorinated aromatic groups as well as di- and trichloroacetic acid were found. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

  • 20417.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tematisk utbildning och forskning, Miljövetenskap.
    Sandén, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Retention of chloride in soil and cycling of organic matter-bound chlorine2005Ingår i: Hydrological Processes, ISSN 0885-6087, E-ISSN 1099-1085, Vol. 19, nr 11, s. 2123-2136Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chloride (Cl-inorg) is generally considered to be a hydrologically and chemically inert substance. Past research suggests that Cl-inorg participates in a complex biogeochemical cycle involving the formation of organically bound chlorine (Cl-org). The present study examines whether Cl-org cycling is sufficiently extensive as to influence the geochemical cycling Of Cl-inorg- Undisturbed soil cores were collected in a coniferous forest soil in SE Sweden. The cores were stored in climate chambers for three months, irrigated with artificial rain, and the leachate was collected and analysed. The water balance of the lysimeters could be well described, and we found that 20-50% of the chlorine leached from the lysimeters was organically bound and that the amounts lost did not decrease with time. This strongly suggests that a substantial amount of Cl-inorg forms in topsoil, and that subsequent leaching to deeper layers causes a considerable withdrawal of Cl-inorg. The concentration of both organic carbon and Cl-inorg in the leachate was considerably higher than concentrations observed in the runoff in the actual catchment, suggesting that organic matter precipitates or is mineralized on its way through the soil. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 20418.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The effects of a pre-fitting intervention on hearing aid benefit:a randomized controlled trial2009Ingår i: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 211-215Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Thirty-nine first time hearing aid users with mild to moderate hearing losses were randomly assigned to a pre-fitting intervention group (N=19) or a control group (N=20). The pre-fitting intervention consisted of three weekly visits, where the user adjusted the amplification of an experimental hearing aid to preferred settings, and wore the aid between the visits. After the pre-fitting intervention phase, both groups received conventional hearing aid fitting. Standardized questionnaires (IOI-HA, HHIE, ECHO, SADL, HADS) were administered before and after pre-fitting intervention, after conventional hearing aid fitting, and at one-year follow-up. Hearing aid success was evaluated by an independent audiologist at the one- year follow-up appointment. The pre-fitting intervention phase showed positive effects for the intervention group but not for the control group on activity limitation and participation restriction, and expectations. However, the intervention in its current version had no lasting effects beyond the control group after conventional hearing aid fitting or after a year. Furthermore, both groups showed mostly successful hearing aid fittings, improved psychosocial well-being, quality of life, and reduced participation restriction.

  • 20419.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The effects of a sound awareness pre-fitting intervention: A randomized controlled trial2008Ingår i: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 129-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of an individual pre-fitting intervention for first-time hearing aid users. Thirty-eight hearing impaired adults were randomly assigned to a sound awareness pre-fitting intervention (n=19) or to a control group (n=19). The purpose of the sound awareness training was to facilitate the users' acclimatization to amplified sound. The pre-fitting intervention consisted of three visits and was followed by conventional hearing aid fitting that was identical for both groups. Standardized questionnaires were administered before and after the pre-fitting intervention, after the conventional hearing aid fitting, and at a one-year follow-up. The follow-up also included a clinical assessment by means of a telephone interview performed by an independent audiologist. The pre-intervention did not result in any major improvement over and above the control group. However, improvements were found for both groups following hearing aid fitting. In addition, most participants were considered as successful users in the interview. Future research should target individuals in need of extended hearing aid rehabilitation.

  • 20420.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Utökad rådgivning före hörapparatanpassning- gör det någon nytta?2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 20421.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Brännström, Jonas
    Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Laplante.Lévesque, Ariane
    Eriksholms Research Centre, Denmark.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Eriksholm Research Centre, Denmark.
    Hörselrehabilitering och Internet2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20422.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ingo, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    On-line supportsystem för audionomer och förstagångsbrukare2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20423.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Psychometric evaluation of hearing specific self-report measures and their associations with psychosocial and demographic variables2007Ingår i: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 188-199Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to collect descriptive data and to evaluate the psychometric properties of a range of self-report questionnaires in a Swedish population. Other aims were to investigate the correlations between these measures and the higher order factorial structure of the included questionnaires. One hundred and sixty-two first-time hearing aid users completed four standardized hearing specific questionnaires: the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE); the Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL); the Communication Strategies Scale (CSS); and the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA). In addition, two psychosocial questionnaires were completed: the Sense of Coherence scale (SOC); and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). All measures were administered at one year post hearing aid fitting. Mean scores for the questionnaires were in agreement with previous studies. The questionnaires were found to be reliable and acceptable for further clinical use. Correlations were seen across different hearing specific questionnaires, and between hearing aid use and satisfaction. Psychosocial variables were more strongly associated with participation restriction and satisfaction than with the demographic variables, confirming the importance of subjective measures. The factor analysis extracted four factors: psychosocial well-being, hearing aid satisfaction, adaptive communications strategies, and residual participation restriction, and indicated that the number of questionnaires could be reduced. It is concluded that psychosocial factors are important to consider in hearing aid rehabilitation and their possible role should be further investigated in future studies.

  • 20424.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Eriksholm Research Centre, Denmark.
    Behandlingsprocessens betydelse vid hörapparatanpassning2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20425.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Wärnström, Gunnilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Hjertman, Heléne
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Development and initial validation of the “Clinical Global Impression” to measure outcomes for audiological rehabilitation2009Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, nr 17, s. 1409-1417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and validate an interview instrument for assessing outcome following hearing aid fitting based on clinical global impressions.

    Method: The Audiological Rehabilitation Clinical Global Impression (AR-CGI) was developed and used in a telephone interview in two separate samples. The first sample (N=69) consisted of hearing aid owners who had participated in two intervention studies and the second sample consisted of hearing aid owners receiving regular services from a hearing clinic (N=21). Following the structured telephone interview, participants were categorized into three categories: Successful, Successful with some limitations, or Unsuccessful.

    Results: A vast majority were categorized as Successful (80% of the intervention sample and 71% of the clinical sample). Those categorized as successful were found to differ from those categorized as less successful in terms of age and self-reported hearing aid use, depressed mood, and residual participation restriction, but they did not differ in terms of degree of hearing loss.

    Conclusion: It is suggested that the brevity and usefulness of the AR-CGI makes it a potential tool for further use in audiological settings.

  • 20426.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, NISAL - Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?2016Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 19-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Does couplehood in later life protect against loneliness?

    The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base the study on a survey of Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1,225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late-life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and living apart together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more one’s ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss perspective but also from a gains perspective.

  • 20427.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ekonomisk globalisering och global rättvisa2014Ingår i: Myt eller verklighet?: om samband mellan demokrati och ekonomisk tillväxt / [ed] Sven Oskarsson och Sten Widmalm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20428.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Förord till den svenska utgåvan2016Ingår i: Politiskt tänkande - En introduktion / [ed] Peri Roberts & Peter Sutch, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, s. 7-8Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20429.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Kan en stat gå under, men ändå finnas kvar?: Stigande havsnivåer och avterritorialiserade östater2015Ingår i: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, nr 2, s. 26-43Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en risk att klimatförändringar i framtiden leder till att hela stater går under. Det är framförallt små östater som är utsatta för detta hot eftersom de är känsliga för höjningar av havsvattennivån. Att befolkningarna på dessa östater kan bli tvungna att i framtiden helt överge sina territorier väcker frågor om vad som händer med dessa staters suveränitet och politiska självbestämmande.

    Vi tänker oss vanligen att det krävs ett territorium för att ett folk ska kunna vara politiskt självbestämmande. Men är detta verkligen nödvändigt? Vissa folkrättsjurister har hävdad att det är möjligt för ett folk att fortsätta utöva självbestämmande även efter att de tvingats överge sitt territorium. De har dessutom föreslagit att detta att tillåta existensen av avterritorialiserade stater kan vara en lösning på problemet att klimatförändringar i framtiden kan komma att undergräva självbestämmandet för vissa östater.

    I denna artikel granskas detta förslag kritiskt. Skulle ett sådant förslag verkligen bevara självbestämmande i någon meningsfull betydelse? Är förslaget moraliskt acceptabelt i betydelsen att det fullgör några av de skyldigheter som det

  • 20430.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Rights of Climate Change Migrants2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20431.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Underwater self-determination: Sea-level rise and deterritorialized Small Island States2014Ingår i: Ethics, Policy & Environment, ISSN 2155-0085, E-ISSN 2155-0093, Vol. 17, nr 2, s. 225-237Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Global climate change is likely to become a major cause of future migration. Small Island States are particularly vulnerable since territorial destruction caused by sea level rise poses a threat to their entire existence. This raises important issues concerning state sovereignty and self-determination. Is it possible for a state to remain self-determining even if it lacks a stable population residing on a specific territory? It has been suggested that migrants from disappearing Small Island States could continue to exercise sovereign control over their abandoned territory. Such an arrangement would allow them to retain a measure of self-determination. The question posed in this paper is whether this ‘deterritorialized state proposal’ is conceptually plausible and normatively acceptable. It is argued that the proposal is conceptually plausible if we adopt a gradual understanding of ‘self-determination’, but that its normative acceptability is weak even if it is supplemented with compensatory measures.

  • 20432.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Bromesson, Douglas
    Department of Political Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för studier av samhällsutveckling och kultur, Centrum för kommunstrategiska studier – CKS. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fogelgren, Mattias
    Swedish Ministry of Finance, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Teaching university teachers to become better teachers: the effects of pedagogical training courses at six Swedish universities2019Ingår i: Higher Education Research and Development, ISSN 0729-4360, E-ISSN 1469-8366, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 339-353Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Do pedagogical training courses for university teachers have desirable effects on the participants? We set out to answer this question by following a panel of 183 university teachers from Sweden’s six largest universities, who participated in pedagogical training courses. Our study reveals that the participants’ self-reported confidence in their role as teachers increased slightly, and their self-assessed pedagogical skills increased notably after they had finished their courses. Even though the courses were rather short, we could also observe some changes in fundamental approaches to teaching in some of the subgroups of respondents, both toward more student-centeredness and, perplexingly, toward more teacher-centeredness. Additionally, most respondents (7 out of 10) found the courses useful or very useful. Course satisfaction was most notable among participants with less than three years of teaching experience. Considering the fact that we find the positive effects of pedagogical training courses to be present mainly in the group of participants with less than three years of teaching experience, we discuss whether a policy of making these courses mandatory for all university teachers implies an overestimation of their impact.

  • 20433.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Statsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Heyward, Clare
    University of Warwick.
    A Free Movement Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a significant risk that some Small Island States will become uninhabitable due to sea level rises, driven by anthropogenic climate change. Should this happen, citizens of such states will be forced to migrate but, under the current system of international law, these migrants could become stateless. In this article we propose that migrants from threatened island states (the territorially dispossessed) should be provided with a “Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed” (PTD). A PTD also gives its holder a right to free movement and a right to choose their new nationality. The PTD proposal has an advantage over competing suggestions that states should admit a set proportion of these migrants. Quota schemes will generally fail to appropriately compensate the territorially dispossessed. The principle of free choice, by contrast, allows them to retain a measure of control over their destiny and to migrate with dignity.

  • 20434.
    Ödman, Pia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Richt, Bengt
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Öberg , Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Parents conceptions of intensive group training. The case of cerebral palsy2009Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 293-301Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim was to explore what wants and needs intensive group training (IGT) fulfil for parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and what problems that may arise due to participation. Methods. A phenomenograpical approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit information about what participation means to parents. Results. Five overarching categories expressing positive functions of IGT were identified: IGT as knowledge promotion, as a complementary training resource, as a bracket to ordinary life, as a means to promote relations with therapists, and as a leisure-activity. One category: IGT as risk for ill-being expresses perceived problems. Each category is in turn divided into a number of subconceptions-13 conceptions of this kind were identified. Conclusions. The conceptions express positive and negative functions of IGT as perceived by parents. These functions in turn can be considered as reflections of basic wants and needs. The results demonstrate that IGT have a potential to contribute to feelings of enhanced care competence among parents, of being supported and of increased strength and vitality. All parents did not have needs of participation in IGT for themselves. There is also a risk that IGT is experienced as an additional burden and may have negative effects on family-functioning.

  • 20435.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Näslund, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Handledning i dag och i framtiden2010Ingår i: Grupphandledning: Forskning och erfarenheter från olika verksamhetsområden / [ed] Johan Näslund & Marie-Louise ögren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, s. 207-215Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20436.
    Öhlin, Ann-Mari
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Elevens utveckling genom skolslöjden: En litteratur- och dokumentstudie om kunskaper och förmågor som elever utvecklar genom skolslöjden2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolslöjden är ett skolämne som infördes för mer än 50 år sedan i det svenska skolsystemet. Idag är samhället annorlunda än hur det var när slöjden infördes, och syftet med den har förändrats sedan dess. Denna litteratur- och dokumentstudie undersöker vilka kunskaper och förmågor elever utvecklar genom skolslöjden idag samt hur väl dessa överensstämmer med de krav som politiker ställer i de aktuella kursplanerna. Detta görs genom att analysera utvald litteratur och jämföra resultatet med en analys av den inledande delen av de tre senaste kursplanerna för skolslöjd i grundskolan. Analyserna gjordes genom tolkning med hjälp av den hermeneutiska analysmetoden.

    Resultatet visar att elever genom skolslöjden utvecklar olika förmågor och kunskaper som kan vara dem till hjälp i dagens samhälle. Exempel på detta är problemlösningsförmåga och praktiskt tänkande. Jämförandet mellan forskningsresultat i den valda litteraturen och den inledande delen i kursplanerna ledde fram till slutsatsen att de stämmer väl överens och att skolslöjden därför i politisk mening fyller sin uppgift i dagens samhälle.

  • 20437.
    Öhlin, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sakotic, Vanja
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Multiplar som investeringsstrategi: En kvantitativ studie om bolag på Stockholmsbörsen mellan åren 2008- 20182019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det finns olika investeringsstrategier som investerare kan använda sig av, att investera i låga multiplar är en strategi som har studerats väl. Genom att använda sig av låga multiplar kan investerare finna undervärderade bolag som på sikt genererar en överavkastning gentemot marknaden. 

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att analysera hur väl P/E, P/B, P/S, EV/EBIT, EV/EBITDA och EV/S multiplarna skulle kunna appliceras som investeringsstrategi på Stockholmsbörsen. Vidare ämnar studien åt att analysera om det är möjligt att generera en högre avkastning än vad indexet OMXSPI har avkastat under tidsperioden 2008-2018.

    Metod: Studien använder sig av en kvantitativ forskningsstrategi där två portföljer för respektive multipel har sammanställts. Portföljerna viktas om årligen och både den verkliga och den ackumulerade avkastningen beräknas fram. Vidare utvärderas portföljerna enligt utvärderingsmåtten Sharpekvot, M^2, Treynorkvot och Jensens Alpha.

    Resultat: Investeringsstrategin är implementerbar för tre av sex multiplar. Låga P/B, EV/EBIT och EV/EBITDA genererade en överavkastning och slog både index samt respektive hög portfölj. Medan för de resterande multiplarna P/E, P/S och EV/S resulterade det i att investeringsstrategin inte är implementerbar. EV/S hade den högsta riskjusterade överavkastning och presterade bäst av samtliga sex multiplar. Studieresultatet för samtliga multiplar kan statistiskt säkerställas med en signifikansnivå på 5%. Den månatliga portföljavkastningen är inte slumpmässig, utan marknadsavkastningen har en viss påverkan.

  • 20438.
    Öhlund, Sten-Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Interoperability Capability to interoperate in a shared work practice using information infrastructures: studies in ePrescribing2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to interoperate between systems, people, and organizations is considered an important issue within eHealth in order to deliver patient centered care. The achieving and improving of interoperability is a complex undertaking involving the evolution of an information infrastructure, sharing of knowledge and resources, governance of the interoperation between organizations, people and work practices, and handling of economic and legal matters.

    This thesis contributes with practical knowledge on improving interoperability, based on active participation in and empirical studies of improving interoperability in ePrescribing. A case study describes and analyzes the evolution of ePrescribing in Sweden since the early pioneering years in 1980s, its growth and consolidation before the reregulation of the pharmacy market in 2009. Apractical theory on ePrescribing is presented. A unique field experimental study measuring improvement of interoperability in ePrescribing, before and after a major intervention to improve the quality of ePrescriptions between 2004 and 2009 is presented.

    Furthermore, a practical theory on interoperation and interoperability is presented. Interoperability is seen as the exercised capability of organizations through their agents to interoperate in a shared work practice in an effective, efficient, and satisfactory manner based on a common ground in a mediated, prescriptive, and non-personal communicative setting using an information infrastructure for mediating interoperation.

  • 20439.
    Öhlund, Sten-Erik
    et al.
    Högskolan Kalmar.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, VITS - Laboratoriet för verksamhetsinriktad systemutveckling.
    Towards a socio-pragmatic understanding of ePrescribing2008Ingår i: Intl Conference on Action in Language, Organisations and Information Systems ALOIS,2008, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ePrescribing in Sweden covers over 65% of all prescriptions. ePrescribing is a highly regulated process with a high demand on availability and security in a complex communication situation with many systems and actors involved. It is an interaction between two markets, healthcare and pharmacy. The purpose of this work is to con-tribute to the development of models to analyse e-services. Three models are used to analyse ePrescribing: the Generic Exchange Model, the Generic Regulation Model and a socio-pragmatic communication framework. The conclusion of this application is that the models contributed to new essential insights and helped to focus on es-sential communication aspects. The analysis contributes to a better understanding of ePrescribing in a general, to be useful both for those who are working with developing ePrescription, taking into account the different legisla-tion and history of prescribing in their countries, and for policy makers who may want to turn the process of ePrescribing into a new direction.

  • 20440.
    Öhlén, J.
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Carling Elofsson, L.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Friberg, F.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Exploration of communicative patterns of consultations in palliative cancer care2008Ingår i: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 44-52Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the research conducted on institutional communication, and the analysis of actual communication taking place in clinical settings, this study describes and highlights features of palliative care consultations and focuses on the distribution of discursive space (i.e., share of words, lengths of turns), occurring topics and conversational frames. Six consultations between physicians, patients and significant others were videotaped and all participants took part in audio-taped interviews. The recordings were transcribed and analysed in regard to expectations of, the discursive space of, and topics addressed in the consultations. The distribution of the discursive space was unequal, the physicians had the greatest share of words and length of turns in all six consultations, and they mostly initiated discussion of medical issues connected to examinations and treatment, while only patients initiated the topic of the patient's future. During the consultations, institutional framing tended to dominate over client framing. There was found to be room for further study of the structure and content of palliative care consultations with emphasis on how the voice of the patient can manifest itself within the framework of the medical agenda of the consultation and its significance for palliative cancer team work. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 20441.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Centrum för forskning om ekonomiska relationer, Mittuniversitetet i Sundsvall.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi.
    Riskbedömningar inom bank och revision relaterade till två typfel2015Ingår i: Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer / [ed] Peter Öhman, Heléne Lundberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, s. 145-166Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20442. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Touching voices with the tactilator1992Ingår i: Second international conference on Tactile Aids, Hearing Aids Cochlear Implants: Improving speech communication for profoundly hearing impaired children and adults.,1992, 1992Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20443. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Touching voices with the tactilator1992Ingår i: XXI International Conference of Audiology,1992, 1992Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20444. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Touching voices with the tactilator1992Ingår i: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 27, s. 89-89Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20445. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Touching voices with the tactilator (poster presentation)1992Ingår i: The XXV Internationa Congress of Psychology,1992, 1992Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20446. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Kan taktilering tränas?(Can tactiling be trained?)1987Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20447. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Tactiling: A usable support system for speechreading?1989Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20448. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Tactiling: A Usable support sytem for speechreading?1992Ingår i: British Journal of Audiology, ISSN 0300-5364, E-ISSN 1471-2849, Vol. 26, s. 167-173Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20449. Öhngren, G.
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Kognitiv psykologi.
    Tactiling: a trainable supportsystem for speechreading?1990Ingår i: STL-QSPR, Vol. 2-3, s. 69-77Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20450.
    Öhrling, Magdalena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    "Gån fördenskull ut": Fredrik och Märtha Ysander - missionärer i Sydindien 1925-19502011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fredrik och Märtha Ysander var i Svenska Kyrkans Missions tjänst mellan år 1923 och år 1956. Större delen av denna tid tillbringade de på missionssjukhuset i Tirupattur på den sydindiska slätten. Fredrik var läkare och Märtha var under en tid föreståndare för sjukhusets blindskola. Föreliggande uppsats har som syfte att beskriva deras liv på denna plats och i denna tid med betoning på arbete och vardag, deras förhållande till den omgivande kulturen och den inhemska befolkningen samt syn på missionsuppdraget. Uppsatsen har delvis formen av en biografi. Resultaten av undersökningen visar att arbetet innebar, förutom det rent medicinska, att delta i möten och konferenser som behandlade missionens inre angelägenheter. Fredrik var också under lång tid chef för sjukhuset och ledde då det medicinska arbetet och sjukhusets utveckling. När det var alltför hett på slätten reste man till den svenska semesterkolonin i Kodaikanal, där man vilade ut och umgicks med kollegor. Fredriks och Märthas förhållande till den indiska kulturen och de människor de kom i kontakt med var inte helt okomplicerat. Till en början var det svårt framför allt för Märtha att riktigt trivas, men med tiden ändrades hennes inställning och hon kom att känna sig hemma i Tirupattur. Fredriks syn på missionsuppdraget under alla år i tjänst var i grunden detsamma. Han ansåg att läkarmissionens uppdrag var att vittna om, att bereda en väg till och att utså en längtan efter Kristus genom att utföra barmhärtiga gärningar i Hans namn. Detta är också en förkunnelse i sig. Hos Fredrik fanns redan från början en stark längtan att gå ut som missionär. Hos Märtha växte denna längtan fram under årens lopp. Det livsval de gjorde innebar bland annat att kontakten med släkt och vänner länge var hänvisad till brev. Under några år var Fredrik och Märtha också åtskilda från sina barn. De var kvar i Sverige, bland annat för att studera, då föräldrarna reste ut till Indien för en sista period.

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