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  • 21101.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Chloride and Organic Chlorine in Soil1998In: Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, ISSN 0323-4320, E-ISSN 1521-401X, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 137-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21102.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    The biogeochemistry of chlorine in soil2003In: The handbook of environmental chemistry: Vol. 3. P. P, Anthropogenic compounds. Natural production of organohalogen compounds / [ed] Gordon W. Gribble, Springer Verlag , 2003, p. 43-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Summarizes the knowledge on naturally occurring organohalogens, of which more than 3700 are documented. This book features chapters that cover various aspects of this field, including the structural diversity and sources of organohalogens, the mechanisms for their formation and biodegradation, the clinical use of dichloroacetate, and more

  • 21103.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    The natural chlorine cycle - fitting the scattered pieces2002In: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, ISSN 0175-7598, E-ISSN 1432-0614, Vol. 58, no 5, p. 565-581Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chlorine is one of the most abundant elements on the surface of the earth. Until recently, it was widely believed that all chlorinated organic compounds were xenobiotic, that chlorine does not participate in biological processes and that it is present in the environment only as chloride. However, over the years, research has revealed that chlorine takes part in a complex biogeochemical cycle, that it is one of the major elements of soil organic matter and that the amount of naturally formed organic chlorine present in the environment can be counted in tons per km(2). Interestingly enough, some of the pieces of the chlorine puzzle have actually been known for decades, but the information has been scattered among a number of different disciplines with little or no exchange of information. The lack of communication appears to be due to the fact that the points of departure in the various fields have not corresponded, a number of paradoxes are actually revealed when the known pieces of the chlorine puzzle are fit together. It appears as if a number of generally agreed statements or tacit understandings have guided perceptions, and that these have obstructed the understanding of the chlorine-cycle as a whole. The present review enlightens four paradoxes that spring up when some persistent tacit understandings are viewed in the light of recent work as well as earlier findings in other areas. The paradoxes illuminated in this paper are that it is generally agreed that: (1) chlorinated organic compounds are xenobiotic even though more than 1,000 naturally produced chlorinated compounds have been identified, (2) only a few, rather specialised, organisms are able to convert chloride to organic chlorine even though it appears as if the ability among organisms to transform chloride to organic chlorine is more the rule than the exception,, (3) all chlorinated organic compounds are persistent and toxic even though the vast majority of naturally produced organic chlorine is neither persistent nor toxic, (4) chlorine is mainly found in its ionic form in the environment even though organic chlorine is as abundant or even more abundant than chloride in soil. Furthermore, the contours of the terrestrial chlorine cycle are outlined and put in a concrete form by constructing a rough chlorine budget over a small forested catchment. Finally, possible ecological roles of the turnover of chlorine are discussed.

  • 21104.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies.
    Grøn, C.
    Sources of Organic Halogens in Spruce Forest Soil1998In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 1086-931X, E-ISSN 1520-6912, Vol. 32, no 11, p. 1573-1579Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21105.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    Holm, Mats
    Skogsvårdsstyrelsen Norrköpings distrikt.
    Sandén, Per
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    Svensson, Teresia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Parikka, Matti
    Institutionen för bioenergi Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Chlorine budget of a small catchment2004In: European Geosciences Union 1st Assembly,2004, 2004, p. 180-180Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21106.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Holm, Mats
    Local Forest Administration, Östergötland, Sweden.
    Sandén, Per
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Svensson, Teresia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Parikka, Matti
    Department of Bioenergy, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The role of organic matter bound chlorine in the chlorine cycle: a case study of the Stubbetorp catchment, Sweden2005In: Biogeochemistry, ISSN 0168-2563, Vol. 75, no 2, p. 241-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study is to construct a balanced chlorine budget for a small forested catchment, focusing on the interaction between chloride (Clinorg) and organic-matter-bound chlorine (Clorg). Data from the actual catchment are combined with secondary data from other sites to elucidate more clearly which parts of the cycle are fairly well known and which are more or less unknown. The budget calculations show that the principal input and output fluxes of Cl in the catchment are inorganic but that the main pool is Clorg in the soil. In addition, the budget calculations suggest that a considerable portion of Clinorg in soil is transformed to Clorg and subsequently leached to deeper soil layers, that net mineralization of Clorg takes place in soil, preferably in deeper soil layers, and that degrading organic matter is a major source of Clinorg in runoff. The loss of Clorg through runoff is small to negligible in relation to other fluxes. It appears as if dry deposition of Clinorg is at risk of being underestimated if Clinorg is assumed to be conservative in soil. The pool of organic-matter-bound chlorine in soil is considerably larger than the annual flux of chloride through the system. The estimates suggest that the amount of Clorg in the upper 40 cm of the soil at the investigated site is approximately twice as large as the Clinorg. Furthermore, the amount of Clorg biomass is small in relation to the occurrence of Clorg in soil. Finally, the estimates indicate that the transport of volatile Clorg from the soil to the atmosphere may influence the chlorine cycle.

  • 21107.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    Lövbrand, Eva
    Department of Biology and Environmental Science Kalmar University.
    Towards reflexive scientization of environmental policy2005In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 195-197Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21108.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Niedan, Volker
    Pavasars, Ivars
    Chloroperoxidase-mediated chlorination of aromatic groups in fulvic acid2000In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 779-785Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to investigate whether exo-enzymatically mediated chlorination of fulvic acid (FA) results in the formation of chlorinated groups within the macromolecules which correspond to those which were previously detected in soil and surface water samples. The chlorination was carried out by exposing FA to a commercial chloroperoxidase (CPO) in the presence of chloride and hydrogen-peroxide. The exposed FA was then chemically degraded using an oxidative technique and finally analysed for four different aromatic groups and their chlorinated analogues. The particular aromatic groups included were the methyl esters of 4-ethoxybenzoic acid, 3-methoxy-4-ethoxybenzoic acid, 3,4-diethoxybenzoic acid, and 3,5- dimethoxy-4-ethoxybenzoic acid, along with their mono-and dichlorinated analogues. Prior to the chemical degradation procedure, the FA was analysed for AOX (adsorbable organic halogens) and chlorinated acetic acids. The original FA contained 1.4 mg Cl(org) g-1 and detectable amounts of two chlorinated aromatic groups. After exposure to the enzyme, the concentration of AOX increased to 44.3 mg Cl(org) g-1 and detectable amounts of four chlorinated aromatic groups as well as di- and trichloroacetic acid were found. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

  • 21109.
    Öberg, Gunilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Environmental Science.
    Sandén, Per
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Retention of chloride in soil and cycling of organic matter-bound chlorine2005In: Hydrological Processes, ISSN 0885-6087, E-ISSN 1099-1085, Vol. 19, no 11, p. 2123-2136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chloride (Cl-inorg) is generally considered to be a hydrologically and chemically inert substance. Past research suggests that Cl-inorg participates in a complex biogeochemical cycle involving the formation of organically bound chlorine (Cl-org). The present study examines whether Cl-org cycling is sufficiently extensive as to influence the geochemical cycling Of Cl-inorg- Undisturbed soil cores were collected in a coniferous forest soil in SE Sweden. The cores were stored in climate chambers for three months, irrigated with artificial rain, and the leachate was collected and analysed. The water balance of the lysimeters could be well described, and we found that 20-50% of the chlorine leached from the lysimeters was organically bound and that the amounts lost did not decrease with time. This strongly suggests that a substantial amount of Cl-inorg forms in topsoil, and that subsequent leaching to deeper layers causes a considerable withdrawal of Cl-inorg. The concentration of both organic carbon and Cl-inorg in the leachate was considerably higher than concentrations observed in the runoff in the actual catchment, suggesting that organic matter precipitates or is mineralized on its way through the soil. Copyright (c) 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 21110.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    The effects of a pre-fitting intervention on hearing aid benefit:a randomized controlled trial2009In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 211-215Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Thirty-nine first time hearing aid users with mild to moderate hearing losses were randomly assigned to a pre-fitting intervention group (N=19) or a control group (N=20). The pre-fitting intervention consisted of three weekly visits, where the user adjusted the amplification of an experimental hearing aid to preferred settings, and wore the aid between the visits. After the pre-fitting intervention phase, both groups received conventional hearing aid fitting. Standardized questionnaires (IOI-HA, HHIE, ECHO, SADL, HADS) were administered before and after pre-fitting intervention, after conventional hearing aid fitting, and at one-year follow-up. Hearing aid success was evaluated by an independent audiologist at the one- year follow-up appointment. The pre-fitting intervention phase showed positive effects for the intervention group but not for the control group on activity limitation and participation restriction, and expectations. However, the intervention in its current version had no lasting effects beyond the control group after conventional hearing aid fitting or after a year. Furthermore, both groups showed mostly successful hearing aid fittings, improved psychosocial well-being, quality of life, and reduced participation restriction.

  • 21111.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    The effects of a sound awareness pre-fitting intervention: A randomized controlled trial2008In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 6, no 6, p. 129-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of an individual pre-fitting intervention for first-time hearing aid users. Thirty-eight hearing impaired adults were randomly assigned to a sound awareness pre-fitting intervention (n=19) or to a control group (n=19). The purpose of the sound awareness training was to facilitate the users' acclimatization to amplified sound. The pre-fitting intervention consisted of three visits and was followed by conventional hearing aid fitting that was identical for both groups. Standardized questionnaires were administered before and after the pre-fitting intervention, after the conventional hearing aid fitting, and at a one-year follow-up. The follow-up also included a clinical assessment by means of a telephone interview performed by an independent audiologist. The pre-intervention did not result in any major improvement over and above the control group. However, improvements were found for both groups following hearing aid fitting. In addition, most participants were considered as successful users in the interview. Future research should target individuals in need of extended hearing aid rehabilitation.

  • 21112.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Utökad rådgivning före hörapparatanpassning- gör det någon nytta?2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21113.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Brännström, Jonas
    Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sverige.
    Laplante.Lévesque, Ariane
    Eriksholms Research Centre, Denmark.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Eriksholm Research Centre, Denmark.
    Hörselrehabilitering och Internet2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21114.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Ingo, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    On-line supportsystem för audionomer och förstagångsbrukare2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21115.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Psychometric evaluation of hearing specific self-report measures and their associations with psychosocial and demographic variables2007In: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 188-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to collect descriptive data and to evaluate the psychometric properties of a range of self-report questionnaires in a Swedish population. Other aims were to investigate the correlations between these measures and the higher order factorial structure of the included questionnaires. One hundred and sixty-two first-time hearing aid users completed four standardized hearing specific questionnaires: the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE); the Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL); the Communication Strategies Scale (CSS); and the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA). In addition, two psychosocial questionnaires were completed: the Sense of Coherence scale (SOC); and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). All measures were administered at one year post hearing aid fitting. Mean scores for the questionnaires were in agreement with previous studies. The questionnaires were found to be reliable and acceptable for further clinical use. Correlations were seen across different hearing specific questionnaires, and between hearing aid use and satisfaction. Psychosocial variables were more strongly associated with participation restriction and satisfaction than with the demographic variables, confirming the importance of subjective measures. The factor analysis extracted four factors: psychosocial well-being, hearing aid satisfaction, adaptive communications strategies, and residual participation restriction, and indicated that the number of questionnaires could be reduced. It is concluded that psychosocial factors are important to consider in hearing aid rehabilitation and their possible role should be further investigated in future studies.

  • 21116.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Eriksholm Research Centre, Denmark.
    Behandlingsprocessens betydelse vid hörapparatanpassning2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21117.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Wärnström, Gunnilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Hjertman, Heléne
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Reconstruction Centre, Department of ENT - Head and Neck Surgery UHL.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology . Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Development and initial validation of the “Clinical Global Impression” to measure outcomes for audiological rehabilitation2009In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, no 17, p. 1409-1417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and validate an interview instrument for assessing outcome following hearing aid fitting based on clinical global impressions.

    Method: The Audiological Rehabilitation Clinical Global Impression (AR-CGI) was developed and used in a telephone interview in two separate samples. The first sample (N=69) consisted of hearing aid owners who had participated in two intervention studies and the second sample consisted of hearing aid owners receiving regular services from a hearing clinic (N=21). Following the structured telephone interview, participants were categorized into three categories: Successful, Successful with some limitations, or Unsuccessful.

    Results: A vast majority were categorized as Successful (80% of the intervention sample and 71% of the clinical sample). Those categorized as successful were found to differ from those categorized as less successful in terms of age and self-reported hearing aid use, depressed mood, and residual participation restriction, but they did not differ in terms of degree of hearing loss.

    Conclusion: It is suggested that the brevity and usefulness of the AR-CGI makes it a potential tool for further use in audiological settings.

  • 21118.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Andersson, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms Universitet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Does couplehood in later life protect against loneliness?

    The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base the study on a survey of Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1,225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late-life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and living apart together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more one’s ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss perspective but also from a gains perspective.

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  • 21119.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ekonomisk globalisering och global rättvisa2014In: Myt eller verklighet?: om samband mellan demokrati och ekonomisk tillväxt / [ed] Sven Oskarsson och Sten Widmalm, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21120.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Förord till den svenska utgåvan2016In: Politiskt tänkande - En introduktion / [ed] Peri Roberts & Peter Sutch, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21121.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kan en stat gå under, men ändå finnas kvar?: Stigande havsnivåer och avterritorialiserade östater2015In: Tidskrift för politisk filosofi, ISSN 1402-2710, no 2, p. 26-43Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en risk att klimatförändringar i framtiden leder till att hela stater går under. Det är framförallt små östater som är utsatta för detta hot eftersom de är känsliga för höjningar av havsvattennivån. Att befolkningarna på dessa östater kan bli tvungna att i framtiden helt överge sina territorier väcker frågor om vad som händer med dessa staters suveränitet och politiska självbestämmande.

    Vi tänker oss vanligen att det krävs ett territorium för att ett folk ska kunna vara politiskt självbestämmande. Men är detta verkligen nödvändigt? Vissa folkrättsjurister har hävdad att det är möjligt för ett folk att fortsätta utöva självbestämmande även efter att de tvingats överge sitt territorium. De har dessutom föreslagit att detta att tillåta existensen av avterritorialiserade stater kan vara en lösning på problemet att klimatförändringar i framtiden kan komma att undergräva självbestämmandet för vissa östater.

    I denna artikel granskas detta förslag kritiskt. Skulle ett sådant förslag verkligen bevara självbestämmande i någon meningsfull betydelse? Är förslaget moraliskt acceptabelt i betydelsen att det fullgör några av de skyldigheter som det

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  • 21122.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Rights of Climate Change Migrants2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21123.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Underwater self-determination: Sea-level rise and deterritorialized Small Island States2014In: Ethics, Policy & Environment, ISSN 2155-0085, E-ISSN 2155-0093, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 225-237Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Global climate change is likely to become a major cause of future migration. Small Island States are particularly vulnerable since territorial destruction caused by sea level rise poses a threat to their entire existence. This raises important issues concerning state sovereignty and self-determination. Is it possible for a state to remain self-determining even if it lacks a stable population residing on a specific territory? It has been suggested that migrants from disappearing Small Island States could continue to exercise sovereign control over their abandoned territory. Such an arrangement would allow them to retain a measure of self-determination. The question posed in this paper is whether this ‘deterritorialized state proposal’ is conceptually plausible and normatively acceptable. It is argued that the proposal is conceptually plausible if we adopt a gradual understanding of ‘self-determination’, but that its normative acceptability is weak even if it is supplemented with compensatory measures.

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  • 21124.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bromesson, Douglas
    Department of Political Science, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Erlingsson, Gissur Ó
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Karlsson Schaffer, Johan
    School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fogelgren, Mattias
    Swedish Ministry of Finance, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Teaching university teachers to become better teachers: the effects of pedagogical training courses at six Swedish universities2019In: Higher Education Research and Development, ISSN 0729-4360, E-ISSN 1469-8366, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 339-353Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do pedagogical training courses for university teachers have desirable effects on the participants? We set out to answer this question by following a panel of 183 university teachers from Sweden’s six largest universities, who participated in pedagogical training courses. Our study reveals that the participants’ self-reported confidence in their role as teachers increased slightly, and their self-assessed pedagogical skills increased notably after they had finished their courses. Even though the courses were rather short, we could also observe some changes in fundamental approaches to teaching in some of the subgroups of respondents, both toward more student-centeredness and, perplexingly, toward more teacher-centeredness. Additionally, most respondents (7 out of 10) found the courses useful or very useful. Course satisfaction was most notable among participants with less than three years of teaching experience. Considering the fact that we find the positive effects of pedagogical training courses to be present mainly in the group of participants with less than three years of teaching experience, we discuss whether a policy of making these courses mandatory for all university teachers implies an overestimation of their impact.

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  • 21125.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Heyward, Clare
    University of Warwick.
    A Free Movement Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a significant risk that some Small Island States will become uninhabitable due to sea level rises, driven by anthropogenic climate change. Should this happen, citizens of such states will be forced to migrate but, under the current system of international law, these migrants could become stateless. In this article we propose that migrants from threatened island states (the territorially dispossessed) should be provided with a “Passport for the Territorially Dispossessed” (PTD). A PTD also gives its holder a right to free movement and a right to choose their new nationality. The PTD proposal has an advantage over competing suggestions that states should admit a set proportion of these migrants. Quota schemes will generally fail to appropriately compensate the territorially dispossessed. The principle of free choice, by contrast, allows them to retain a measure of control over their destiny and to migrate with dignity.

  • 21126.
    Ödman, Pia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Richt, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Öberg , Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Parents conceptions of intensive group training. The case of cerebral palsy2009In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 293-301Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim was to explore what wants and needs intensive group training (IGT) fulfil for parents of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and what problems that may arise due to participation. Methods. A phenomenograpical approach was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to elicit information about what participation means to parents. Results. Five overarching categories expressing positive functions of IGT were identified: IGT as knowledge promotion, as a complementary training resource, as a bracket to ordinary life, as a means to promote relations with therapists, and as a leisure-activity. One category: IGT as risk for ill-being expresses perceived problems. Each category is in turn divided into a number of subconceptions-13 conceptions of this kind were identified. Conclusions. The conceptions express positive and negative functions of IGT as perceived by parents. These functions in turn can be considered as reflections of basic wants and needs. The results demonstrate that IGT have a potential to contribute to feelings of enhanced care competence among parents, of being supported and of increased strength and vitality. All parents did not have needs of participation in IGT for themselves. There is also a risk that IGT is experienced as an additional burden and may have negative effects on family-functioning.

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  • 21127.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Näslund, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Clinical and Social Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Handledning i dag och i framtiden2010In: Grupphandledning: Forskning och erfarenheter från olika verksamhetsområden / [ed] Johan Näslund & Marie-Louise ögren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, p. 207-215Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21128.
    Öhlin, Ann-Mari
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Elevens utveckling genom skolslöjden: En litteratur- och dokumentstudie om kunskaper och förmågor som elever utvecklar genom skolslöjden2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolslöjden är ett skolämne som infördes för mer än 50 år sedan i det svenska skolsystemet. Idag är samhället annorlunda än hur det var när slöjden infördes, och syftet med den har förändrats sedan dess. Denna litteratur- och dokumentstudie undersöker vilka kunskaper och förmågor elever utvecklar genom skolslöjden idag samt hur väl dessa överensstämmer med de krav som politiker ställer i de aktuella kursplanerna. Detta görs genom att analysera utvald litteratur och jämföra resultatet med en analys av den inledande delen av de tre senaste kursplanerna för skolslöjd i grundskolan. Analyserna gjordes genom tolkning med hjälp av den hermeneutiska analysmetoden.

    Resultatet visar att elever genom skolslöjden utvecklar olika förmågor och kunskaper som kan vara dem till hjälp i dagens samhälle. Exempel på detta är problemlösningsförmåga och praktiskt tänkande. Jämförandet mellan forskningsresultat i den valda litteraturen och den inledande delen i kursplanerna ledde fram till slutsatsen att de stämmer väl överens och att skolslöjden därför i politisk mening fyller sin uppgift i dagens samhälle.

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  • 21129.
    Öhlin, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sakotic, Vanja
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Multiplar som investeringsstrategi: En kvantitativ studie om bolag på Stockholmsbörsen mellan åren 2008- 20182019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There are several investment strategies investors can use, where the strategy to invest in low multiples is well studied. By using low multiples investors can find undervalued companies to generate an excess return. Previous studies have been focusing on the P/E and EV/EBITDA- multiples, and not as much on other used multiples in relative valuation. Therefore an interest exists to also analyze multiples such as P/B, P/S, EV/EBIT and EV/S.

    Purpose: The study’s purpose is to analyze how well the multiples P/E, P/B, P/S, EV/EBIT, EV/EBITDA and EV/S can be applied as an investment strategy in the Stockholm Stock Exchange. Furthermore the study aim to analyze the possibility to generate a higher return than the index OMXSPI during the time period 2008-2018.

    Method: The study uses a quantitative research strategy, where two portfolios for each multiple has been created. The portfolio has been reinvested once a year, both the real and accumulated return was calculated. Also, the portfolios’ performance has been evaluated by adjusting it to risk by using the Sharpe ratio, M^2 , Treynor ratio and Jensen’s Alpha.

    Result: The investment strategy can be implemented for three of six multiples. The low P/B, EV/EBIT and EV/EBITDA generated a higher return than both index and their respective high portfolio. The other multiples P/E, P/S and EV/S cannot be used as an investment strategy. The high EV/S portfolio had the highest risk adjusted excess return meanwhile P/S had the highest accumulated return. The result of all multiples has been found to be statistically significant, therefore the market return has an effect on the portfolios’ monthly return.

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  • 21130. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Öhlund, Sten-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Interoperability Capability to interoperate in a shared work practice using information infrastructures: studies in ePrescribing2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to interoperate between systems, people, and organizations is considered an important issue within eHealth in order to deliver patient centered care. The achieving and improving of interoperability is a complex undertaking involving the evolution of an information infrastructure, sharing of knowledge and resources, governance of the interoperation between organizations, people and work practices, and handling of economic and legal matters.

    This thesis contributes with practical knowledge on improving interoperability, based on active participation in and empirical studies of improving interoperability in ePrescribing. A case study describes and analyzes the evolution of ePrescribing in Sweden since the early pioneering years in 1980s, its growth and consolidation before the reregulation of the pharmacy market in 2009. Apractical theory on ePrescribing is presented. A unique field experimental study measuring improvement of interoperability in ePrescribing, before and after a major intervention to improve the quality of ePrescriptions between 2004 and 2009 is presented.

    Furthermore, a practical theory on interoperation and interoperability is presented. Interoperability is seen as the exercised capability of organizations through their agents to interoperate in a shared work practice in an effective, efficient, and satisfactory manner based on a common ground in a mediated, prescriptive, and non-personal communicative setting using an information infrastructure for mediating interoperation.

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  • 21131.
    Öhlund, Sten-Erik
    et al.
    Högskolan Kalmar.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, VITS - Development of Informations Systems and Work Context.
    Towards a socio-pragmatic understanding of ePrescribing2008In: Intl Conference on Action in Language, Organisations and Information Systems ALOIS,2008, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ePrescribing in Sweden covers over 65% of all prescriptions. ePrescribing is a highly regulated process with a high demand on availability and security in a complex communication situation with many systems and actors involved. It is an interaction between two markets, healthcare and pharmacy. The purpose of this work is to con-tribute to the development of models to analyse e-services. Three models are used to analyse ePrescribing: the Generic Exchange Model, the Generic Regulation Model and a socio-pragmatic communication framework. The conclusion of this application is that the models contributed to new essential insights and helped to focus on es-sential communication aspects. The analysis contributes to a better understanding of ePrescribing in a general, to be useful both for those who are working with developing ePrescription, taking into account the different legisla-tion and history of prescribing in their countries, and for policy makers who may want to turn the process of ePrescribing into a new direction.

  • 21132.
    Öhlén, J.
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Carling Elofsson, L.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hydén, Lars-Christer
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    Friberg, F.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Exploration of communicative patterns of consultations in palliative cancer care2008In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 44-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Building on the research conducted on institutional communication, and the analysis of actual communication taking place in clinical settings, this study describes and highlights features of palliative care consultations and focuses on the distribution of discursive space (i.e., share of words, lengths of turns), occurring topics and conversational frames. Six consultations between physicians, patients and significant others were videotaped and all participants took part in audio-taped interviews. The recordings were transcribed and analysed in regard to expectations of, the discursive space of, and topics addressed in the consultations. The distribution of the discursive space was unequal, the physicians had the greatest share of words and length of turns in all six consultations, and they mostly initiated discussion of medical issues connected to examinations and treatment, while only patients initiated the topic of the patient's future. During the consultations, institutional framing tended to dominate over client framing. There was found to be room for further study of the structure and content of palliative care consultations with emphasis on how the voice of the patient can manifest itself within the framework of the medical agenda of the consultation and its significance for palliative cancer team work. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 21133.
    Öhman, Peter
    et al.
    Centrum för forskning om ekonomiska relationer, Mittuniversitetet i Sundsvall.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Riskbedömningar inom bank och revision relaterade till två typfel2015In: Trovärdighet och förtroende i ekonomiska relationer / [ed] Peter Öhman, Heléne Lundberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, p. 145-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21134. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Touching voices with the tactilator1992In: Second international conference on Tactile Aids, Hearing Aids Cochlear Implants: Improving speech communication for profoundly hearing impaired children and adults.,1992, 1992Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21135. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Touching voices with the tactilator1992In: XXI International Conference of Audiology,1992, 1992Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21136. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Touching voices with the tactilator1992In: International Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0020-7594, E-ISSN 1464-066X, Vol. 27, p. 89-89Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21137. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Touching voices with the tactilator (poster presentation)1992In: The XXV Internationa Congress of Psychology,1992, 1992Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21138. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Kan taktilering tränas?(Can tactiling be trained?)1987Report (Other academic)
  • 21139. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Tactiling: A usable support system for speechreading?1989Report (Other academic)
  • 21140. Öhngren, G
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Tactiling: A Usable support sytem for speechreading?1992In: British Journal of Audiology, ISSN 0300-5364, E-ISSN 1471-2849, Vol. 26, p. 167-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21141. Öhngren, G.
    et al.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Cognitive Psychology.
    Tactiling: a trainable supportsystem for speechreading?1990In: STL-QSPR, Vol. 2-3, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21142.
    Öhrling, Magdalena
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Gån fördenskull ut": Fredrik och Märtha Ysander - missionärer i Sydindien 1925-19502011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Fredrik och Märtha Ysander var i Svenska Kyrkans Missions tjänst mellan år 1923 och år 1956. Större delen av denna tid tillbringade de på missionssjukhuset i Tirupattur på den sydindiska slätten. Fredrik var läkare och Märtha var under en tid föreståndare för sjukhusets blindskola. Föreliggande uppsats har som syfte att beskriva deras liv på denna plats och i denna tid med betoning på arbete och vardag, deras förhållande till den omgivande kulturen och den inhemska befolkningen samt syn på missionsuppdraget. Uppsatsen har delvis formen av en biografi. Resultaten av undersökningen visar att arbetet innebar, förutom det rent medicinska, att delta i möten och konferenser som behandlade missionens inre angelägenheter. Fredrik var också under lång tid chef för sjukhuset och ledde då det medicinska arbetet och sjukhusets utveckling. När det var alltför hett på slätten reste man till den svenska semesterkolonin i Kodaikanal, där man vilade ut och umgicks med kollegor. Fredriks och Märthas förhållande till den indiska kulturen och de människor de kom i kontakt med var inte helt okomplicerat. Till en början var det svårt framför allt för Märtha att riktigt trivas, men med tiden ändrades hennes inställning och hon kom att känna sig hemma i Tirupattur. Fredriks syn på missionsuppdraget under alla år i tjänst var i grunden detsamma. Han ansåg att läkarmissionens uppdrag var att vittna om, att bereda en väg till och att utså en längtan efter Kristus genom att utföra barmhärtiga gärningar i Hans namn. Detta är också en förkunnelse i sig. Hos Fredrik fanns redan från början en stark längtan att gå ut som missionär. Hos Märtha växte denna längtan fram under årens lopp. Det livsval de gjorde innebar bland annat att kontakten med släkt och vänner länge var hänvisad till brev. Under några år var Fredrik och Märtha också åtskilda från sina barn. De var kvar i Sverige, bland annat för att studera, då föräldrarna reste ut till Indien för en sista period.

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  • 21143. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Growing into Voting: Election Turnout among Young People and Habit Formation2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis contains an introduction and four essays that together address the issues of turnout and habitual voting. Although voting is less unequal than other forms of political participation, it is still biased in favour of more socially affluent citizens.  One way to achieve more equal participation is to increase the general turnout. This is the implication of the `law of dispersion', formulated by Tingsten in 1937, which states that as turnout increases, participatory equality also increases. In Essay I, co-written with Mikael Persson and Maria Solevid, we revisit Tingsten's law and find new empirical support for it.

    One possible path to improving general turnout is the formation of voting habits. It is argued by some scholars that voting is a habit formed early on in life, when young people encounter their first elections after coming of age. It is, however, still a matter of debate as to whether voting is an act of habit. Three of the four essays in this thesis tackle this question in various ways. In Essay II, I study voting among young people who encounter their first election in different social contexts depending on their age, and how these differing contexts affect their propensity to vote in their first and second election. In Essay III, I examine whether experiencing a European Parliament election with a low turnout as a first election affects the likelihood of casting a vote in a subsequent national parliamentary election. In Essay IV, co-written with Sven Oskarsson, we study student mock elections, which constitute the first, albeit hypothetical, election experience for many young people.

    The main result is that the first election a young person faces is not as important as has been claimed in previous research. Regardless of whether the initial experience takes place in a context that encourages turnout or the first election encountered is a low-stimulus election that fails to draw crowds to the polls, there is no substantial impact on turnout in subsequent elections. One implication of this finding is that lowering the voting age is not likely to increase voting rates, not even in the longer term.

    List of papers
    1. Voter Turnout and Political Equality: Testing the ‘Law of Dispersion’ in a Swedish Natural Experiment
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Voter Turnout and Political Equality: Testing the ‘Law of Dispersion’ in a Swedish Natural Experiment
    2013 (English)In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 172-184Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    According to the ‘law of dispersion’, the level of inequality in political participation is higher when voter turnout is low. We empirically test this hypothesis by evaluating levels of voter turnout in the 2010 Swedish election to the Västra Götaland county council and in the 2011 re-election for the same county council. The re-election voter turnout was reduced by almost half, from 80.6 per cent to 44.1 per cent. Our results support the law of dispersion: the level of inequality in participation substantially increased between young and old, rich and poor, low and high educated and politically interested and uninterested.

    Keywords
    voter turnout, voter participation, political equality, law of dispersion, re-elections
    National Category
    Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124361 (URN)10.1111/1467-9256.12012 (DOI)
    Available from: 2016-01-27 Created: 2016-01-27 Last updated: 2018-08-14
    2. Practice makes voters?: Effects of student mock elections on turnout
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Practice makes voters?: Effects of student mock elections on turnout
    2019 (English)In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
    Abstract [en]

    Student mock elections are conducted in schools around the world in an effort to increase political interest and efficacy among students. There is, however, a lack of research on whether mock elections in schools enhance voter turnout in real elections. In this article, we examine whether the propensity to vote in Swedish elections is higher among young people who have previously experienced a student mock election. The analysis is based on unique administrative population-wide data on turnout in the Swedish 2010 parliamentary election and the 2009 European Parliament election. Our results show that having experienced a mock election as a student does not increase the likelihood of voting in subsequent real elections. This result holds when we study both short- and long-term effects, and when we divide our sample into different parts depending on their socio-economic status and study each part separately.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Sage Publications, 2019
    Keywords
    education, political inequality, student mock elections, voter turnout
    National Category
    Political Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161089 (URN)10.1177/0263395719875110 (DOI)000491638600001 ()
    Funder
    EU, European Research CouncilSwedish Research Council
    Note

    Funding agencies: Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council; European Research CouncilEuropean Research Council (ERC)

    Available from: 2019-10-21 Created: 2019-10-21 Last updated: 2019-11-05Bibliographically approved
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  • 21144.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB).
    Svenskt valdeltagande under hundra år2012Report (Other academic)
  • 21145.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB).
    Valdeltagande vid omvalen 20112012Report (Other academic)
  • 21146.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Statistiska centralbyrån (SCB).
    Vilka valde att välja?: Deltagandet i valen 20142015Report (Other academic)
  • 21147.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN).
    Voter Turnout2015In: Oxford Handbook of Swedish Politics / [ed] Jon Pierre, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, 1, p. 229-245Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For several decades, Sweden has had a relatively high voter turnout, both in relation to the first half of the 20th century and in comparison with other countries. Still, even in this high-turnout context substantial differences in turnout can be found when comparing different population groups. Demographic characteristics and socioeconomic resources are related to the propensity to vote. A more general conclusion is that voter turnout is associated with a higher level of equality in participation. The increase in turnout in recent Swedish elections has led to a more equal participation. 

  • 21148.
    Öhrvall, Richard
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Centre for Municipality Studies – CKS. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Institutet för Näringslivsforskning (IFN), Stockholm.
    Oskarsson, Sven
    Department of Government, Uppsala Univeristy, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Practice makes voters?: Effects of student mock elections on turnout2019In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Student mock elections are conducted in schools around the world in an effort to increase political interest and efficacy among students. There is, however, a lack of research on whether mock elections in schools enhance voter turnout in real elections. In this article, we examine whether the propensity to vote in Swedish elections is higher among young people who have previously experienced a student mock election. The analysis is based on unique administrative population-wide data on turnout in the Swedish 2010 parliamentary election and the 2009 European Parliament election. Our results show that having experienced a mock election as a student does not increase the likelihood of voting in subsequent real elections. This result holds when we study both short- and long-term effects, and when we divide our sample into different parts depending on their socio-economic status and study each part separately.

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    Practice makes voters?: Effects of student mock elections on turnout
  • 21149. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Interorganizational IT Support for Collaborative Product Development2002Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    As product complexity increases and markets become more global, companies tend to collaborate with customers, suppliers and partners in business process activities previously carried out within a single firm. This is observed notably also in product development. Product development is an information and communication intense activity, and collaborative product development requires efficient communication between the participating firms, both during an ongoing project and afterwards when the product is in service. When more than one firm is involved, questions linked to business aspects regarding what information to share and how to communicate the information between the firms become important. With changing partners and competing supply chains this is a delicate management issue.

    The objective of this dissertation is to assess characteristics of communication in collaborative product development, in order to identify requirements for supporting IT tools.

    Empirically, the research was conducted in two parts. Part I was conducted in the aircraft industry, where a systems integrator firm’s relationship to its major suppliers was investigated. In Part II, collaborative product development between a buyer and several suppliers organized in networks was investigated. These studies were complemented with studies of IS/IT development and implementation projects. Theoretically, it is based on the literature on product development, supply chain management, and IT support for business relationships.

    Concerning the buyer-supplier dyad it was found that there was not one collaborative product development process in common between the firms, but rather coordination between the firms’ processes. Concerning the relationship between buyer and supplier network, it was found that one of the suppliers represents the network in a dyadic buyer-supplier relationship. Within the supplier network, the firms conducted interorganizational integrated product development, which means that the functions were represented by several firms. This implied that management practices must respect the special characteristic of small and medium-sized firms in collaboration.

    The investigation of information and communication in collaborative product development in dyads and networks led to a list of requirements on IOIS. The findings were concluded in a matrix that presents characteristics of product development in general, product development in dyads, and product development in supplier networks, and a mapping of the requirements on IOIS.

    Since the business relationship is the major difference between product development in-house and collaborative product development, it was considered appropriate to take a supply chain view on the requirements for an IOIS. It was found that support is needed both for the procurement and the product development process. Moreover, it was found that project management support can significantly improve the efficiency of the development process. Improvements of the effectiveness regard support for the product life cycle, and for the long-term relationship between the parties.

    It was concluded that an IOIS for collaborative product development should be based on standard technology and support standard formats, in order to make it possible for a firm to simultaneously manage its own systems and proprietary information, and exchange information with partners when needed. 

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    Interorganizational IT Support for Collaborative Product Development
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    omslag
  • 21150.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, VITS - Development of Informations Systems and Work Context. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Dacke, Peter
    Botkyrka kommun, Sweden.
    Needs for a Semi-Open Source Software Business Model for Local Governments2008In: Collaboration and the Knowledge Economy: Issues, Applications, Case Studies / [ed] Paul Cunningham and Miriam Cunningham, Amsterdam, The Netherlands: IOS Press, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The search for efficient business models for open source software is a hot topic both for software vendors and for customers and users of software. In this paper we investigate possibilities for a network of municipalities in Sweden, Sambruk, to use an open source business model for their procurement of software solutions. More specifically, the procurement of public e-services has been followed in seven case studies, of which one was studied in-depth and is accounted for in detail in this paper. The results are that municipalities- investments in e-services are important both concerning function and long-term cost of ownership. Open source software, OSS, can be an alternative, but in the studied procurement cases it appeared not to be a realistic choice in practise. This paper investigates why, and the conclusions are presented as general results. The authors also suggest an alternative business model referred to as Sambruk Community Licence, ie a semi-open source software business model for local governments. 

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