liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
Begrens søket
34567 251 - 300 of 345
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 251.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Remembering sign language: cognitive aging in deaf signers2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 252.
    Rudner, Mary
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Danielsson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Univ Oslo, Norway.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Oticon AS, Denmark.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Visual Rhyme Judgment in Adults With Mild-to-Severe Hearing Loss2019Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, artikkel-id 1149Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Adults with poorer peripheral hearing have slower phonological processing speed measured using visual rhyme tasks, and it has been suggested that this is due to fading of phonological representations stored in long-term memory. Representations of both vowels and consonants are likely to be important for determining whether or not two printed words rhyme. However, it is not known whether the relation between phonological processing speed and hearing loss is specific to the lower frequency ranges which characterize vowels or higher frequency ranges that characterize consonants. We tested the visual rhyme ability of 212 adults with hearing loss. As in previous studies, we found that rhyme judgments were slower and less accurate when there was a mismatch between phonological and orthographic information. A substantial portion of the variance in the speed of making correct rhyme judgment decisions was explained by lexical access speed. Reading span, a measure of working memory, explained further variance in match but not mismatch conditions, but no additional variance was explained by auditory variables. This pattern of findings suggests possible reliance on a lexico-semantic word-matching strategy for solving the rhyme judgment task. Future work should investigate the relation between adoption of a lexico-semantic strategy during phonological processing tasks and hearing aid outcome.

  • 253.
    Rudner, Mary
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Holmer, Emil
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sign language based literacy training with Omega-is-d2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Signed languages do not have a written form. Thus, deaf children, for whom sign language is the primary mode of communication, learn to read in a second language. Not surprisingly, the reading skills of deaf children generally lag behind those of their hearing peers. The mechanisms underlying reading in deaf individuals are only just beginning to be unraveled but it seems that language skills play an important role. The assumption underlying the present study is that encouraging deaf children to explore the relationship between signed language and written speech-based language can promote reading skill. We are developing and evaluating a sign language version of Omega-is, a computerized literacy training program that trains language abilities. Interventions with Omega-is and its forerunners have shown positive effects on reading abilities in children with sensory and cognitive impairments. In the sign language version, known as Omega-is-d, written sentences created by the user are presented in Swedish Sign Language. In a preliminary study, 12 deaf pupils (six in grade 1-2 and six in grade 4-6) at a Swedish state primary school for deaf and hard of hearing children trained language skills using a pilot version of Omega-is-d in a crossover design. Participants in grade 1-2 improved their word-decoding ability as a result of training. Although reading comprehension was below normal, cognitive skills were age appropriate. Better reading comprehension was associated with better word decoding skills, better syntax skills in written Swedish and Swedish Sign Language and better working memory capacity. These preliminary findings suggest that young deaf children with age appropriate cognitive skills can achieve better reading skills with sign based literacy training.

  • 254.
    Rudner, Mary
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Lyberg-Ahlander, Viveka
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Brännstrom, Jonas
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Nirme, Jens
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Pichora-Fuller, M. K.
    Univ Toronto, Canada.
    Sahlen, Birgitta
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Listening Comprehension and Listening Effort in the Primary School Classroom2018Inngår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 9, artikkel-id 1193Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the primary school classroom, children are exposed to multiple factors that combine to create adverse conditions for listening to and understanding what the teacher is saying. Despite the ubiquity of these conditions, there is little knowledge concerning the way in which various factors combine to influence listening comprehension and the effortfulness of listening. The aim of the present study was to investigate the combined effects of background noise, voice quality, and visual cues on childrens listening comprehension and effort. To achieve this aim, we performed a set of four well-controlled, yet ecologically valid, experiments with 245 eight-year-old participants. Classroom listening conditions were simulated using a digitally animated talker with a dysphonic (hoarse) voice and background babble noise composed of several children talking. Results show that even low levels of babble noise interfere with listening comprehension, and there was some evidence that this effect was reduced by seeing the talkers face. Dysphonia did not significantly reduce listening comprehension scores, but it was considered unpleasant and made listening seem difficult, probably by reducing motivation to listen. We found some evidence that listening comprehension performance under adverse conditions is positively associated with individual differences in executive function. Overall, these results suggest that multiple factors combine to influence listening comprehension and effort for child listeners in the primary school classroom. The constellation of these room, talker, modality, and listener factors should be taken into account in the planning and design of educational and learning activities.

  • 255.
    Rudner, Mary
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Mishra, Sushmit
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Institutet för handikappvetenskap, IHV.
    Stenfelt, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Snekkersten, Oticon A/S, Eriksholm Research Centre.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linnaeus Centre HEAD.
    Seeing the talker’s face improves free recall of speech for young adults with normal hearing but not older adults with hearing loss2016Inngår i: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 59, s. 590-599Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Seeing the talker's face improves speech understanding in noise, possibly releasing resources for cognitive processing. We investigated whether it improves free recall of spoken two-digit numbers.

    Method Twenty younger adults with normal hearing and 24 older adults with hearing loss listened to and subsequently recalled lists of 13 two-digit numbers, with alternating male and female talkers. Lists were presented in quiet as well as in stationary and speech-like noise at a signal-to-noise ratio giving approximately 90% intelligibility. Amplification compensated for loss of audibility.

    Results Seeing the talker's face improved free recall performance for the younger but not the older group. Poorer performance in background noise was contingent on individual differences in working memory capacity. The effect of seeing the talker's face did not differ in quiet and noise.

    Conclusions We have argued that the absence of an effect of seeing the talker's face for older adults with hearing loss may be due to modulation of audiovisual integration mechanisms caused by an interaction between task demands and participant characteristics. In particular, we suggest that executive task demands and interindividual executive skills may play a key role in determining the benefit of seeing the talker's face during a speech-based cognitive task

  • 256.
    Rudner, Mary
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Orfanidou, Eleni
    Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, University College London, London, UK/ Department of Psychology, University of Crete, Rethymno, Greece.
    Cardin, Velia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, University College London, London, UK.
    Capek, Cheryl M.
    School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Woll, Bencie
    Deafness, Cognition and Language Research Centre, University College London, London, UK.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Preexisting semantic representation improves working memory performance in the visuospatial domain2016Inngår i: Memory & Cognition, ISSN 0090-502X, E-ISSN 1532-5946, Vol. 44, nr 4, s. 608-620Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Working memory (WM) for spoken language improves when the to-be-remembered items correspond to preexisting representations in long-term memory. We investigated whether this effect generalizes to the visuospatial domain by administering a visual n-back WM task to deaf signers and hearing signers, as well as to hearing nonsigners. Four different kinds of stimuli were presented: British Sign Language (BSL; familiar to the signers), Swedish Sign Language (SSL; unfamiliar), nonsigns, and nonlinguistic manual actions. The hearing signers performed better with BSL than with SSL, demonstrating a facilitatory effect of preexisting semantic representation. The deaf signers also performed better with BSL than with SSL, but only when WM load was high. No effect of preexisting phonological representation was detected. The deaf signers performed better than the hearing nonsigners with all sign-based materials, but this effect did not generalize to nonlinguistic manual actions. We argue that deaf signers, who are highly reliant on visual information for communication, develop expertise in processing sign-based items, even when those items do not have preexisting semantic or phonological representations. Preexisting semantic representation, however, enhances the quality of the gesture-based representations temporarily maintained in WM by this group, thereby releasing WM resources to deal with increased load. Hearing signers, on the other hand, may make strategic use of their speech-based representations for mnemonic purposes. The overall pattern of results is in line with flexible-resource models of WM.

  • 257.
    Rudner, Mary
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Seeto, Mark
    Natl Acoust Labs, Australia; HEARing CRC, Australia.
    Keidser, Gitte
    Natl Acoust Labs, Australia; HEARing CRC, Australia.
    Johnson, Blake
    Macquarie Univ, Australia.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Poorer Speech Reception Threshold in Noise Is Associated With Lower Brain Volume in Auditory and Cognitive Processing Regions2019Inngår i: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 62, nr 4, s. 1117-1130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Hearing loss is associated with changes in brain volume in regions supporting auditory and cognitive processing. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a systematic association between hearing ability and brain volume in cross-sectional data from a large nonclinical cohort of middle-aged adults available from the UK Biobank Resource (http://www.ukbiobank.ac.uk). Method: We performed a set of regression analyses to determine the association between speech reception threshold in noise (SRTn) and global brain volume as well as predefined regions of interest (ROIs) based on T1-weighted structural images, controlling for hearing-related comorbidities and cognition as well as demographic factors. In a 2nd set of analyses, we additionally controlled for hearing aid (HA) use. We predicted statistically significant associations globally and in ROIs including auditory and cognitive processing regions, possibly modulated by HA use. Results: Whole-brain gray matter volume was significantly lower for individuals with poorer SRTn. Furthermore, the volume of 9 predicted ROIs including both auditory and cognitive processing regions was lower for individuals with poorer SRTn. The greatest percentage difference (-0.57%) in ROI volume relating to a 1 SD worsening of SRTn was found in the left superior temporal gyrus. HA use did not substantially modulate the pattern of association between brain volume and SRTn. Conclusions: In a large middle-aged nonclinical population, poorer hearing ability is associated with lower brain volume globally as well as in cortical and subcortical regions involved in auditory and cognitive processing, but there was no conclusive evidence that this effect is moderated by HA use. This pattern of results supports the notion that poor hearing leads to reduced volume in brain regions recruited during speech understanding under challenging conditions. These findings should be tested in future longitudinal, experimental studies.

  • 258.
    Runions, Kevin C.
    et al.
    Perth Childrens Hosp, Australia.
    Shaw, Therese
    Perth Childrens Hosp, Australia.
    Bussey, Kay
    Macquarie Univ, Australia.
    Thornberg, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Salmivalli, Christina
    Univ Turku, Finland.
    Cross, Donna S.
    Perth Childrens Hosp, Australia.
    Moral Disengagement of Pure Bullies and Bully/Victims: Shared and Distinct Mechanisms2019Inngår i: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, ISSN 0047-2891, E-ISSN 1573-6601, Vol. 48, nr 9, s. 1835-1848Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The vast majority of adolescents recognize that bullying is morally wrong, yet bullying remains a problem in secondary schools, indicating young people may disengage from their moral values to engage in bullying. But it is unclear whether the same mechanisms enabling moral disengagement are active for bully/victims (who both bully and are bullied) as for pure bullies (who are not targets of bullying). This study tested the hypotheses that mechanisms of moral disengagement, including blaming the victim and minimizing the impact of bullying, may operate differently in bully/victims compared to pure bullies. From a sample of 1895 students from grades 7-9 (50.6% female; 83.4% from English speaking homes), 1870 provided self-reports on bullying involvement and mechanisms of moral disengagement associated with bullying. Two cut-offs were compared for bullying involvement (as perpetrator and as target of bullying) during the previous school term: a conservative cut-off (every few weeks or more often) and a liberal cut-off (once-or-twice). Using the conservative cut-off, both pure bullies and bully/victims enlisted moral disengagement mechanisms to justify bullying more than did uninvolved students and pure victims, with no significant difference in scores on any of the moral disengagement scales between pure bullies and bully/victims. For the liberal cut-off, bully/victims reported lower overall moral disengagement scores than did pure bullies, and specifically less distortion of consequences, diffusion of responsibility, and euphemistic labeling. This study advances bullying research by extending the role of moral disengagement in bullying episodes beyond pure bullies to victims, both pure victims and bully/victims. Examination of specific moral disengagement mechanisms and the extent of involvement in bullying enabled a more nuanced differentiation between the bullying groups. These results will inform future interventions aimed at reducing the use of moral disengagement mechanisms that sustain bullying and victimization. Targeted interventions are needed to challenge specific moral disengagement mechanisms from the perspectives of pure bullies and bully/victims.

  • 259.
    Rusk, Jeanette
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet.
    Mot ett ökat samarbete mellan hjärtklinik och vårdcentral: En beskrivande fallstudie ur ett aktivitetsteoretiskt perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor rör sig idag i allt större utsträckning mellan olika vårdenheter. För att patienter ska erhålla en god, tillgänglig, säker och effektiv vård krävs det därför att olika vårdenheter samarbetar (Nationell IT-strategi, s. 4, 2008). Jönköpings läns landsting driver tillsammans med universitetet, JIBS, ett forskningsprojekt som bygger på kommunikation och samarbete mellan patienter, närstående och vårdpersonal. Ett område i projektet handlar om att effektivisera behandlingen av patienter med förmaksflimmer genom ett bättre samarbete mellan olika vårdenheter. Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur samarbetet mellan hjärtklinik och vårdcentral kan ökas genom att specialister vid hjärtklinik aktivt utbyter erfarenheter kring förmaksflimmer med läkare på vårdcentral. I studien presenteras även ett kunskapshanteringsverktyg i form av en kunskapsdatabas för förmedling av dessa erfarenheter. Data har samlats in genom sedan tidigare inspelat material, fokusgrupp, litteraturgranskning samt ett frågeformulär. Ett teoretiskt ramverk, aktivitetsteorin, har sedan använts genom att tillämpas på aktiviteten för specialister vid hjärtklinik respektive läkare vid vårdcentral för att beskriva hur aktiviteten ser ut och hur arbetet fördelas idag. Teorin har sedan applicerats på resultatet av insamlad data för att teoretiskt presentera hur ett aktivt utbyte av erfarenheter skulle kunna påverka aktivitetsstrukturen vid de båda vårdenheterna. Studien visar att det finns kunskap i form av erfarenheter kring förmaksflimmer som anses vara viktig att förmedla från hjärtklinik till vårdcentral och att förmedling av dessa erfarenheter kan göras möjlig genom ett kunskapshanteringsverktyg som stöd för detta.

  • 260.
    Rybing, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Smith, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    CogFLUX: Grunden till ett automatiskt textförenklingssystem för svenska2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor del av den svenska befolkningen har svårigheter att läsa en hel del texter på svenska, t ex myndighetstexter, nyheter men även skönlitteratur. Detta innebär att många inte har samma tillgång till information via det skrivna mediet som övrig allmänhet erbjuds. Komplicerade texter har visat sig besitta en avancerad syntax som försämrar läsbarheten. Manuell bearbetning av texter vid syntaxförenkling är en tidskrävande process och ett automatiserat tillvägagångssätt är önskvärt. I syfte att undersöka huruvida ett verktyg som automatiserar förenklingsprocessen är möjlig med dagens teknik togs verktyget CogFLUX fram. CogFLUX kan ses som en verktygslåda för vidare utveckling, som i dagsläget framförallt analyserar texter syntaktiskt och applicerar syntaktiska omskrivningsregler på frasnivå. Omskrivningsreglerna är sedan tidigare framtagna av Anna Decker vid Stockholms universitet. Utvärderingstexternas läsbarhet utvärderades med tre olika mått på läsbarhet; LIX, Nominalkvot och Lexikal variation, före och efter den syntaktiska förenklingen. Resultaten jämfördes sedan med manuellt förenklade texter inom samma genre. Resultaten av utvärderingen visar att vissa värden hos texterna kan förknippas med bättre läsbarhet efter CogFLUX:s bearbetning. Huruvida resultaten av förenklingen och utvärderingsmåtten visar på att texten blir mer lättläst diskuteras, då dessa ytliga mått har sina begränsningar och texterna ofta visade sig bli fragmentariska. Det kan konstateras att det med dagens resurser är möjligt att automatiskt applicera syntaktiska textomskrivningsregler på frasnivå. Tillsammans med ytterligare metoder för bearbetning av en texts syntax och dess semantik ses möjligheter för ett framtida robust verktyg som automatiskt gör texter lättlästa.

  • 261.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hygge, Staffan
    Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gävle.
    Keidser, Gitte
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. National Acoustic Laboratories, Australia.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linnaeus Centre HEAD, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hearing loss and episodic long-term memory2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The UK Biobank offers cross-sectional epidemiological data collected on >500,000 individuals in the UK between 40 and 70 years of age. Using the UK Biobank data, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of functional hearing loss and hearing aid usage on visuospatial memory function. A sub-sample of 138,098 participants was selected. A digit triplets functional hearing test was used to divide the participants into three groups: poor, insufficient and normal hearers. We found negative relationships between functional hearing loss and both visuospatial working memory (i.e., a card pair matching task) and visuospatial, episodic long-term memory (i.e., a prospective memory task), with the strongest association for episodic long-term memory (Rönnberg et al., 2014). The selectivity in effect on memory systems replicate previous results (Rönnberg et al., 2011). In addition, the collective results suggest that the selectivity is independent of encoding format in the memory task (auditory, motor or visuospatial), implying an effect of hearing loss on a multimodal episodic long-term memory system.

  • 262.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Johnsrude, Ingrid S
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Stenfelt, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Speech in noise and ease of language understanding: When and how working memory capacity plays a role2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A working memory based model for Ease of Language Understanding (ELU) has been developed (Rönnberg, 2003; Rönnberg et al., 2008; Rönnberg et al., 2011). It predicts that speech understanding in adverse, mismatching noise conditions is dependent on explicit processing resources such as working memory capacity (WMC). This presentation will examine the details of this prediction by addressing some recent data on (1) how brainstem responses are modulated by working memory load and WMC, (2) how cortical correlates of speech understanding in noise are modulated by WMC, and (3) how WMC determines episodic long-term memory for spoken discourse masked by speech.

  • 263.
    Rönnqvist, Lisa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Etnisk mångfald i illustrationer: En kvalitativ undersökning om etnisk mångfald i illustrationer och hur illustratörer tänker när de skapar illustrationer2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 poäng / 18 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Illustrationer i böcker ämnade för barn, både läroböcker och skönlitteratur, innehöll färre karaktärer med mörk hudfärg än ljus hudfärg och karaktärerna med mörk hudfärg hade sällan huvudroller i böckerna. Den här studien ämnade därför att undersöka hur illustratörer går tillväga för att skapa illustrationer av karaktärer med fokus på etnisk mångfald, hur man kan illustrera en variation bland karaktärerna utan att illustrera stereotypiskt och varför det är viktigt att illustrationer innehåller karaktärer med olika etniciteter. För att uppfylla studiens syfte intervjuade fem illustratörer och sedan analyserades materialet med tematisk analys. Resultatet visade att det är viktigt att illustrationer innehåller karaktärer med olika etniciteter eftersom det kan visa barn att människor ser olika ut. Det är även viktigt att vara medveten om normer och stereotyper när man illustrerar för att skapa illustrationer som bidrar till den stereotypiska bilden och genom att vara medveten kan man välja att illustrera på sätt som skiljer sig från det stereotypiska. Resultatet visade även att det kan vara både illustratören och uppdragsgivaren som bestämmer hur karaktärerna i en illustration ska se ut.

  • 264.
    Sacchet, Matthew D.
    et al.
    Stanford University, USA; VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA.
    Levy, Benjamin J.
    VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA; University of San Francisco, CA 94117 USA.
    Hamilton, Paul J.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA.
    Maksimovskiy, Arkadiy
    VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA; Boston University, MA 02118 USA.
    Hertel, Paula T.
    VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA; Trinity University, TX 78212 USA.
    Joormann, Jutta
    VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA; Yale University, CT USA.
    Anderson, Michael C.
    VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA; University of Cambridge, England.
    Wagner, Anthony D.
    Stanford University, CA 94305 USA; Stanford University, CA 94305 USA; VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA.
    Gotlib, Ian H.
    Stanford University, CA 94305 USA; Stanford University, CA 94305 USA; VA Boston Healthcare Syst, MA 02130 USA.
    Cognitive and neural consequences of memory suppression in major depressive disorder2017Inngår i: Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, ISSN 1530-7026, E-ISSN 1531-135X, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 77-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Negative biases in cognition have been documented consistently in major depressive disorder (MDD), including difficulties in the ability to control the processing of negative material. Although negative information-processing biases have been studied using both behavioral and neuroimaging paradigms, relatively little research has been conducted examining the difficulties of depressed persons with inhibiting the retrieval of negative information from long-term memory. In this study, we used the think/no-think paradigm and functional magnetic resonance imaging to assess the cognitive and neural consequences of memory suppression in individuals diagnosed with depression and in healthy controls. The participants showed typical behavioral forgetting effects, but contrary to our hypotheses, there were no differences between the depressed and nondepressed participants or between neutral and negative memories. Relative to controls, depressed individuals exhibited greater activity in right middle frontal gyrus during memory suppression, regardless of the valence of the suppressed stimuli, and differential activity in the amygdala and hippocampus during memory suppression involving negatively valenced stimuli. These findings indicate that depressed individuals are characterized by neural anomalies during the suppression of long-term memories, increasing our understanding of the brain bases of negative cognitive biases in MDD.

  • 265.
    Samuelsson, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Kvinnors känslor för sina underliv och dess påverkan på livet: En målgruppsundersökning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 poäng / 18 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien var en del av projektet ”Är jag normal?”, drivet av design- och forskningsinstitutet RISE Interactive. Syftet med deras projekt är att genom att webbplattform skapa en mer representativ visualisering av det kvinnliga könsorganet. Den här studiens syfte var att genom en målgruppsundersökning inriktad mot kvinnor undersöka vilka känslor kvinnor har för sina underliv, vilka de vanligaste missuppfattningarna kring underlivet är och hur de känslorna och missuppfattningarna påverkar kvinnor i olika aspekter av livet. Studien ämnade att bidra till projektet genom att skapa ett underlag för vilken typ av information webbplattformen kan ha för att visa en mer verklighetstrogen bild av det kvinnliga könsorganet och därmed motverka missuppfattningar. För att få information om målgruppen intervjuades en gynekolog och en barnmorska. Data från målgruppen samlades därefter in via en enkätundersökning. Deltagarna var 146 kvinnor i åldern 17-66 år (M= 27.3, SD = 8). Resultatet visade att kvinnor hyser många olika starka känslor för underlivet, både positiva och negativa. Många missuppfattningar identifierades, främst kring underlivets utseende. Både känslor och missuppfattningar har en stor påverkan på psykologiska, sociala och biologiska aspekter av kvinnors liv, särskilt vad gäller psykiskt välmående och interaktionen med en partner i sexuella sammanhang. Studien visar att ”Är jag normal?” är ett projekt med ett både viktigt och nödvändigt syfte.

  • 266.
    Samuelsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Samuelsson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Ossi, Autio
    Tracing the development and patterns of sloyd teachers’ efficacy beliefs over the course of their careers2015Inngår i: Techne series: Research in sloyd education and crafts science. A, ISSN 1238-9501, E-ISSN 1893-1774, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 30-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the patterns of teachers’ efficacy beliefs at different stages of their professional careers. In order to do that a questionnaire were constructed and distributed to 280 sloyd teachers and pre-service sloyd teachers in Finland and Sweden. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the questionnaire answers gave us the following five factors: instructional skills, classroom management, motivating pupils, assessment competence and establishing routines. We used these five factors to compare means between novice teachers, mid-career and late-career teachers. The group of novice teachers estimated all five factors to be lower than did the mid-career and late-career teachers. Patterns of teachers’ efficacy beliefs at different stages showed that novice, mid-career and late- career teachers all estimated their classroom management ability the highest and their ability to assess pupils’ competence in sloyd as second highest. The findings indicated that novice teachers, in particular, lacked opportunities to discuss questions such as how to instruct, how to manage the classroom, how to motivate pupils, how to assess pupils’ knowledge and how to establish routines in a classroom. The findings also indicated that sloyd teachers’ self-rated assessment with respect to instructional skills increases up until the middle stages of their career, before flattening out. Finally we found that sloyd teachers in the latter stages of their career had different beliefs about their ability to perform important teaching activities that help pupils to learn sloyd. Consequently, it appears that sloyd teachers with extensive experience are better prepared for day-to-day teaching practice. 

  • 267.
    Samuelsson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Reading disability among very low birth weight children: Implications for using different exclusion criteria in defining dyslexia2002Inngår i: Dyslexia and literacy / [ed] Erland Hjelmquist; Curt von Euler, London: Whurr publisher , 2002, 1, s. 39-53Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Dyslexia and Literacy provides a comprehensive, practical introduction for all professionals seeking an understanding of dyslexia in children. Divided into 4 parts, the book firstly introduces the various theoretical perspectives and follows this up with identification and assessment techniques with an emphasis on practical, classroom related issues. The third part of the text covers topics related to the school curriculum and a final section covers issues that relate to the learning process. An invaluable text for anyone who needs to know about dyslexia in children including post-graduate students in psychology and education, SENCOs and trainee teachers.

  • 268.
    Scott, Melissa
    et al.
    Curtin Univ, Australia; Cooperat Res Ctr Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Curtin Univ, Australia; Cooperat Res Ctr Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia; Jonkoping Univ, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Curtin Univ, Australia; Cooperat Res Ctr Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    Curtin Univ, Australia; Cooperat Res Ctr Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia.
    Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Autism-Specific Workplace Tool for Employers: A Randomised Controlled Trial2018Inngår i: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 48, nr 10, s. 3377-3392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A randomised controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of the Integrated Employment Success Tool (IEST (TM)) in improving employers self-efficacy in modifying the workplace for individuals on the autism spectrum. Employers (N = 84) were randomised to the IEST (TM) or support as usual groups. Measurements of self-efficacy, knowledge and attitudes towards disability in the workplace were obtained at baseline and post-test. Results revealed a significant improvement in self-efficacy within the IEST (TM) group between baseline and post-test (p = 0.016). At post-test, there were no significant differences between groups in relation to self-efficacy in implementing autism-specific workplace modifications and employer attitudes towards disability in the workplace. Given the lack of significant outcomes, further research is needed to determine the effectiveness of the IEST (TM) for employers.Trial registration: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry #ACTRN12614000771651, registered 21/7/2014. Trial URL https ://www.anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=366699.

  • 269.
    Shirnin, Denis
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Blomberg, Rina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Signoret, Carine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Speech perception in noise: prediction patterns of neural pre-activation in lexical processing2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine whether the neural correlates of lexical expectations could be used to predict speech in noise perception. We analyse mag-netoencephalography (MEG) data from 20 normal hearing participants, who read a set of couplets (a pair of phrases with rhyming end words) prior to the experiment. During the experiment, the participants are asked to listen to the couplets, whose intelligibility is set to 80%. However, the last word is pronounced with a delay of 1600 ms (i.e. expectation gap) and is masked at 50% of intelligibility. At the end of each couplet, the participants are asked to indicate if the last word was cor-rect, i.e. corresponding to the expected word. Given the oscillatory characteristics of neural patterns of lexical expectations during the expectation gap, can we predict the participant’s actual perception of the last word? In order to approach this re-search question, we aim to identify the correlation patterns between the instances of neural pre-activation, occurring during the interval of the expectation gap and the type of the given answer. According to the sequential design of the experiment, the expectation gap is placed 4400 ms prior to the time interval dedicated to the participant’s answer. Machine Learning approach has been chosen as the main tool for the pattern recognition.

  • 270.
    Signoret, Carine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Semantic representations involvement during degraded speech perception2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The perceptual clarity of speech is not entirely dependent on the acoustic quality of the sound. Other resources, such as linguistic representations, are involved during degraded speech perception. For example, presentation of the written version of a degraded sentence before hearing it will enable prior knowledge on the exact speech content, which will make the degraded sentence seems clearer. This phenomenon has been explained by top-down influence of phonological and lexical representations on acoustic processing. Another example is the influence of semantic representations on the intelligibility of degraded speech: degraded sentences are better reported if they are meaningful than meaningless. The question now is whether the semantic representations could further influence the perceptual clarity of degraded speech for both normal-hearing (NH) and hearing-impaired (HI) listeners. In the reported set of three experiments, grammatically correct Swedish spoken sentences were presented at different sound quality levels, from clear to unintelligible. The sound quality levels were manipulated by using noise vocoding (NV) method in which the number of bands reflects intelligibility: more bands for more intelligibility. HI listeners were provided with amplification according to the Cambridge formula. The sentences had either high (e.g. “His new clothes were from France.”) or low (e.g. “His red school was from the newspaper”) semantic coherence and were matched at the word level. The written version of each spoken word (matching text) or a string of consonants (non-matching text) was presented 200 ms beforehand in a rapid serial visual paradigm. The task of the listeners was to rate the clarity of each spoken sentence on a 7-point Likert scale. Results revealed significant interactions between coherence and text for both groups, showing a benefit of coherence with matching and non-matching text for NH listeners but only with matching text for HI listeners. Significant three-way interactions including sound quality level modified this finding to some extent. Indeed, NH listeners benefitted from semantic coherence with non-matching text at 6 and 12 band NV (but not 3 band) while HI listeners benefitted at 12 band (but not 3 and 6 band). Preliminary fMRI results obtained for NH listeners indicated that processing of semantic coherence with non-matching text is supported by right middle temporal gyrus. The overall pattern of results suggest that NH listeners successfully utilize semantic representations in spoken sentences that are moderately degraded and when no prior knowledge is available. What prevents HI listeners to do the same?

  • 271.
    Signoret, Carine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Blomberg, Rina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Andersen, L. Møller
    Dept. of Clin. Neurosci., The Natl. Res. Facility for Magnetoencephalography, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Lundqvist, D.
    Dept. of Clin. Neurosci., The Natl. Res. Facility for Magnetoencephalography, Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Resolving discrepancies between incoming auditory information and linguistic expectations2018Inngår i: Neuroscience 2018: 48th annual meeting of Society for Neuroscience, Society for Neuroscience , 2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech perception in noise is dependent on stimulus-driven and knowledge-driven processes. Here we investigate the neural correlates and time course of discrepancies between incoming auditory information (i.e. stimulus-driven processing) and linguistic expectations (knowledge-driven processing) by including 20 normal hearing adults in a MEG study. Participants read 48 rhyming sentence pairs beforehand. In the scanner, they listened to sentences that corresponded exactly to the read sentences except that the last word (presented after 1600 millisecond delay and with 50% intelligibility) was only correct in half of the cases. Otherwise, it was 1) phonologically but not semantically related, 2) semantically but not phonologically related, or 3) neither phonologically nor semantically related to the sentence. Participants indicated by button press whether the last word matched the sentence they had read outside the scanner. Behavioural results showed more errors in condition 1 than in conditions 2 or 3, suggesting that phonological compatibility overrides semantic discrepancy when intelligibility is poor. Event-related field analysis demonstrated larger activity on frontal sites for correct than unrelated words, suggesting that the former were more accurately expected than the latter. An early M170 component was also observed, possibly reflecting expectation violation in the auditory modality. Dipole analysis will reveal whether M170 could be modulated by type of linguistic discrepancy. Distributed-network analysis will further our understanding of the time course and neural correlates of discrepancies between incoming auditory information and linguistic expectations.

  • 272.
    Signoret, Carine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Blomberg, Rina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Dahlström, Örjan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Modulation of the neural expectation violation marker during speech perception in noise.2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 273.
    Signoret, Carine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Johnsrude, Ingrid
    Univ Western Ontario, Sch Commun Sci & Disorders, London, Canada; Univ Western Ontario, Dept Psychol, London, Canada.
    Classon, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Combined Effects of Form- and Meaning-Based Predictability on Perceived Clarity of Speech2018Inngår i: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, ISSN 0096-1523, E-ISSN 1939-1277, Vol. 44, nr 2, s. 277-285Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The perceptual clarity of speech is influenced by more than just the acoustic quality of the sound; it also depends on contextual support. For example, a degraded sentence is perceived to be clearer when the content of the speech signal is provided with matching text (i.e., form-based predictability) before hearing the degraded sentence. Here, we investigate whether sentence-level semantic coherence (i.e., meaning-based predictability), enhances perceptual clarity of degraded sentences, and if so, whether the mechanism is the same as that underlying enhancement by matching text. We also ask whether form- and meaning-based predictability are related to individual differences in cognitive abilities. Twenty participants listened to spoken sentences that were either clear or degraded by noise vocoding and rated the clarity of each item. The sentences had either high or low semantic coherence. Each spoken word was preceded by the homologous printed word (matching text), or by a meaningless letter string (nonmatching text). Cognitive abilities were measured with a working memory test. Results showed that perceptual clarity was significantly enhanced both by matching text and by semantic coherence. Importantly, high coherence enhanced the perceptual clarity of the degraded sentences even when they were preceded by matching text, suggesting that the effects of form- and meaning-based predictions on perceptual clarity are independent and additive. However, when working memory capacity indexed by the Size-Comparison Span Test was controlled for, only form-based predictions enhanced perceptual clarity, and then only at some sound quality levels, suggesting that prediction effects are to a certain extent dependent on cognitive abilities. (PsycINFO Database Record

  • 274.
    Sim, Angela
    et al.
    Curtin University, Australia; Curtin University of Technology, Australia.
    Cordier, Reinie
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Curtin University, Australia; La Trobe University, Australia; Cooperat Research Centre Living Autism Spectrum Disorders, Australia.
    Relationship Satisfaction and Dyadic Coping in Couples with a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder2017Inngår i: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 47, nr 11, s. 3562-3573Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Dyadic coping strategies may play a pivotal role in relationship satisfaction and explain why some couples adapt positively to the challenges associated with raising a child with ASD and others do not. Survey data from 127 caregivers of a child with ASD were used in generalized estimating equation analyses to investigate the factors associated with relationship satisfaction, including socio-demographics, parenting stress and dyadic coping. Results showed that over two-thirds of the sample reported satisfaction, which was associated with low parenting stress, increased use of positive and decreased use of negative dyadic coping strategies. Positive dyadic coping was found to have a greater influence than negative dyadic coping, supporting a strengths-based approach to interventions promoting family resilience.

  • 275.
    Skagerlund, Kenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Implications of dysphoria on driving ability: A study using a driving simulator paradigm2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The project of enhancing traffic safety is a continuous effort that will not cease in its aspirations. In fact, as technology evolves and additional digital artifacts are implemented into our cars, the attention to traffic safety becomes even more important. Driving a car through urban and rural environments is a cognitively challenging task that especially tax attentional resources, and as more artifacts compete for our attention during driving, the adherence to traffic safety is vital. Thus, factors that influence driving ability, such as sleep, nutrition and – perhaps - emotions are of great interest. An earlier study by Bulmash et al. (2006) hypothesized that individuals with Major Depressive Disorder would perform worse than controls in a study using a driving simulator; their hypothesis was confirmed. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether dysphoric individuals show reduced driving performance relative to controls. The notion of dysphoria refers to mild depression in a non-clinical sense. This was investigated using a driving simulator that measured Lateral Positioning (Standard Deviation of Lateral Position - SDLP) on the road, Brake Reaction Time (BRT) and performance on a secondary task (Peripheral Detection Task - PDT). Dysphoric individuals were identified using the Major Depression Inventory (MDI). The hypothesis was partly confirmed, as dysphoric individuals did indeed show more variable positioning on the road. However, performance differences on PDT and BRT were not significant. The results indicate that the negative influence of mood on driving ability is not a discrete phenomenon primarily manifested in individuals with clinical depression, but is rather a continuous phenomenon. The results should be of special interest to clinicians that evaluate individuals with depressive tendencies, as well as the academic community in general since the insights into the impact of emotions on cognitive performance are inconclusive and still not clearly understood. These results might also be of interest in other domains of high complexity, where human performance is of great importance, such as Command and Control, nuclear power plants and control rooms in general.

  • 276.
    Smedler, Ann-Charlotte
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bohlin, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Preissler, Gunillia
    Stockholms universitet.
    Etik HSFR: God praxis vid forskning med video1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande text är tänkt att vägleda den forskare som står i begrepp att använda video i datainsamlande syfre. Avsikten är inte att framställa videomediet som väsensskilt från andra registreringsmetoder. Inte heller ska denna skrift tolkas som att HSFR:s allmant formulerade etiska principer är ortillräckliga, då en forskare använder sig av video. Istället är syftet att tämligen konkret diskutera hur individskyddet kan tillfredsställas vid just videoanvänding, och att därigenom bidra till god praxis. Nedanstående diskussion anknyter därför uttryckligen till de allmänna etikprinciper, som 1990 antagits av HSFR (se HSFR Etik, nytryck 1996).

  • 277.
    Smith, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Automatic summarization and readability2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The enormous amount of information available today within different media gives rise to the notion of ways to reduce the inevitable complexity and to distribute text material to different channels or media. In an effort to investigate the possibilities of a tool to help eleviate the problem, an automatic summarizer called COGSUM has been developed and evaluated with regards to the informational quality of the summaries and with regards to the readability. COGSUM is based on word space methodology, including virtues such as problematic computational complexity and possibilities of inferring semantic relations. The results from the evaluations show how to set some parameters in order to get as good summary as possible and that the resulting summaries have higher readability score than the full text on different genres.

  • 278.
    Smitmanis, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Developing Prototypical Scenarios for Active Safety Systems from Naturalistic Driving Data2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    As active safety systems installed in vehicles become more common and more sophisticated, a concise method of testing them in conditions as close to real risk situations as possible becomes necessary. This study looks at the possibilities of developing use cases, using video recordings of real risk situations, obtained through naturalistic driving studies. The concept of conflicts is explored as a substitute to actual accidents. A method of finding conflicts in a large data material from looking at the acceleration signal and its derivative, referred to as jerk is also sought. These possibilities are tried on material from a previously conducted naturalistic driving study. The results are an improvement in the ability to find conflict situations automatically, and a suggestion to how use cases can be produced from video recordings of conflicts obtained through naturalistic driving studies. The DREAM framework is used and modified in order to aid with data collection and interpretation.

  • 279.
    Spendel, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Strömberg, Markus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Interface Design In an Automobile Glass Cockpit Environment2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s automobile cockpit is filled with different buttons and screen-based displays giving input and relaying information in a complex human-machine system. Following in the footsteps of the early 1970s flight industry, this thesis work focused on creating a complete glass cockpit concept in the automobile.

    Our automobile glass cockpit consists of three displays. A touch screen based centre console with an interface that we took part in creating during the spring of 2006. Parallel to this ongoing master thesis, a head-up display was installed by a group of students and we had the opportunity of giving input regarding the design of the graphical interface.

    The third display, a LCD, replaces the main instruments displaying speed, RPM, fuel level, engine temperature etc. Together with ideas on an extended allocation of functions to the area on and around the steering wheel, creating a dynamic mode based interface replacing today’s static main instruments was the focus of this project.

    After conducting a thorough theoretical study, a large number of ideas were put to the test and incorporated in concept sketches. Paper sketches ranging from detailed features to all-embracing concepts combined with interviews and brainstorming sessions converged into a number of computer sketches made in an image processing software. The computer sketches was easily displayed in the cockpit environment and instantly evaluated. Some parts were discarded and some incorporated in new, modified, ideas leading to a final concept solution.

    After the design part was concluded, the new graphical interface was given functionality with the help of a programming software. As was the case with the computer sketches, the functionality of the interface could be quickly evaluated and modified. With the help of a custom-made application our interface could be integrated with the simulator software and fully implemented in the automobile cockpit at the university simulator facilities.

    Using a custom made scenario, the interface underwent a minor, informal evaluation. A number of potential users were invited to the VR-laboratory and introduced to the new concept. After driving a pre-determined route and familiarizing themselves with the interface, their thoughts on screen-based solutions in general and the interface itself was gathered. In addition, we ourselves performed an evaluation of the interface based on the theoretical study.

  • 280.
    Stenbäck, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Executive function and speech- in- noise perception: the role of inhibition2013Inngår i: Aging and Speech Communication, 2013 / [ed] Larry E Humes, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Little is known about the relation between the ability to inhibit irrelevant information and perceiving speech-in-noise and the effects of hearing loss and ageing on this relationship. In settings where a listening task is difficult, individuals use both their hearing and cognitive abilities to process the auditory information. To perceive speech in noise, one must focus on the relevant information and at the same time inhibit the processing of irrelevant information. Results from recent studies indicate that older adults have difficulties singling out speech in noise, and selectively attend to target speech while inhibiting irrelevant information.

     

    The purpose of the project is to increase theoretical knowledge concerning the relation between age, perceiving speech-in-noise and inhibition. The pilot study involved the administration of a test battery consisting of audiological, cognitive and speech perception tests. The results of a series of ANOVAs and correlational analyses will be presented to show differences in performance and the relation between performance on the cognitive, audiological and speech-perception tasks. Upon completion, the results of this study will be used to compare younger individuals´ performance with older adults with and without hearing loss to determine the effect of age and hearing ability on the relation between capacity to inhibit irrelevant information and speech-in-noise recognition.

  • 281.
    Stenbäck, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    The role of cognitive abilities in younger and older normally hearing adults when listening to speech under adverse conditions2015Inngår i: 6th Aging and Speech Communication Research Conference 2015 (“ASC15”) Bloomington, Indiana, USA October 11-14, 2015 / [ed] Larry E Humes, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive abilities, such as working memory capacity (WMC), lexical decision making, and cognitive inhibition, can help predict performance on speech-recognition-in-noise tasks. Working memory is assumed to play a major part in every day listening situations, storing and actively working with relevant information, while inhibitory control helps to suppress and separate irrelevant information from interfering with the information processing. With increasing age, comes decreasing cognitive abilities, such as declines in WMC, speed of information processing, and inhibitory control, leading to problems when selectively attending to speech while inhibiting interfering distractors. The aim of the present study was to examine age-related declines in WMC, inhibitory control, and lexical decision making, and their respective roles when listening to speech under adverse listening conditions. Twenty-four young normally-hearing (NH), and 24 elderly ( for their age) NH individuals participated in the study. They completing a cognitive test battery assessing WMC, cognitive inhibition, and lexical decision making, as well as a closed-set (Hagerman sentences) and an open-set (HINT) speech-recognition-in-noise task masked with different maskers. We will present results comparing cognitive abilities in younger normally-hearing individuals with elderly normally-hearing individuals, and how age and cognitive abilities relates to performance on speech-recognition-in-noise tasks.

  • 282.
    Stenbäck, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    the Speech recognition under adverse listening conditions in young normally-hearing listeners2015Inngår i: Third International Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication, Linköping, 14-17 June, 2015. Sweden., 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study we aimed to investigate individual differences in cognitive inhibition, WMC, and how they relate to performance on a speech-recognition-in-noise task. Sixteen young normally-hearing individuals were presented with a cognitive test battery, as well as a sentence corpus masked by 5 different maskers, targeting 80% speech-recognition. One masker was a slightly modulated (10%) speech-shaped noise (SSN), 2 maskers were constructed by modulating the SSN with the envelopes from a single female talker, and the international speech test signal (ISTS). We also masked the target sentences with the ISTS, and a single female talker reading a passage in a Swedish newspaper. Our results showed that cognitive inhibition is significantly related to performance when maskers with meaningful, semantic information is used. The results further indicate that young normally-hearing individuals can take advantage of temporal and spectral dips to fill in missing information. Our findings suggest that choice of speech material is of importance for the outcome in speech-recognition-in-noise tasks. We further propose that tasks of cognitive inhibition can be used to predict performance in a speech-recognition task.

  • 283.
    Stenbäck, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The Swedish Hayling task, and its relation to working memory, verbal ability, and speech-recognition-in-noise2015Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 264-272Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive functions and speech-recognition-in-noise were evaluated with a cognitive test battery, assessing response inhibition using the Hayling task, working memory capacity (WMC) and verbal information processing, and an auditory test of speech recognition. The cognitive tests were performed in silence whereas the speech recognition task was presented in noise. Thirty young normally-hearing individuals participated in the study. The aim of the study was to investigate one executive function, response inhibition, and whether it is related to individual working memory capacity (WMC), and how speech-recognition-in-noise relates to WMC and inhibitory control. The results showed a significant difference between initiation and response inhibition, suggesting that the Hayling task taps cognitive activity responsible for executive control. Our findings also suggest that high verbal ability was associated with better performance in the Hayling task. We also present findings suggesting that individuals who perform well on tasks involving response inhibition, and WMC, also perform well on a speech-in-noise task. Our findings indicate that capacity to resist semantic interference can be used to predict performance on speech-in-noise tasks.

  • 284.
    Stenbäck, Victoria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hällgren, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Informational masking in spoken communication – developing the Swedish "Hayling"-sentences2013Inngår i: Abstract book: 2nd International Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication, 2013, s. 164-164Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 285.
    Stenfelt, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Eriksholm Research Centre, Oticon A/S, Helsingor, Denmark.
    Ng, Elaine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lidestam, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Zekveld, Adriana
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
    Lyxell, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Träff, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Yumba, Wycliffe
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Classon, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Hällgren, Mathias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Larsby, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Signoret, Carine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Pichora-Fuller, Kathleen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Rudner, Mary
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Danielsson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Auditory, signal processing, and cognitive factors  influencing  speech  perception  in  persons with hearing loss fitted with hearing aids – the N200 study2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of the current study was to assess aided speech-in-noise outcomes and relate those measures to auditory sensitivity and processing, different types of cognitive processing abilities, and signal processing in hearing aids.

    Material and method: Participants were 200 hearing-aid wearers, with a mean age of 60.8 years, 43% females, with average hearing thresholds in the better ear of 37.4 dB HL. Tests of auditory functions were hearing thresholds, DPOAEs, tests of fine structure processing, IHC dead regions, spectro-temporal modulation, and speech recognition in quiet (PB words). Tests of cognitive processing function were tests of phonological skills, working memory, executive functions and inference making abilities, and general cognitive tests (e.g., tests of cognitive decline and IQ). The outcome test variables were the Hagerman sentences with 50 and 80% speech recognition levels, using two different noises (stationary speech weighted noise and 4-talker babble), and three types of signal processing (linear gain, fast acting compression, and linear gain plus a non-ideal binary mask). Another sentence test included typical and atypical sentences with contextual cues that were tested both audio-visually and in an auditory mode only. Moreover, HINT and SSQ were administrated.

    Analysis: Factor analyses were performed separate for the auditory, cognitive, and outcome tests.

    Results: The auditory tests resulted in two factors labeled SENSITIVITY and TEMPORAL FINE STRUCTURE, the cognitive tests in one factor (COGNITION), and the outcome tests in the two factors termed NO CONTEXT and CONTEXT that relates to the level of context in the different outcome tests. When age was partialled out, COGNITION was moderately correlated with the TEMPORAL FINE STRUCTURE and NO CONTEXT factors but only weakly correlated with the CONTEXT factor. SENSITIVITY correlated weakly with TEMPORAL FINE STRUCTURE and CONTEXT, and moderately with NO CONTEXT, while TEMPORAL FINE STRUCTURE showed weak correlation with CONTEXT and moderate correlation with NO CONTEXT. CONTEXT and NO CONTEXT had a  moderate correlation. Moreover, the overall results of the Hagerman sentences showed 0.9 dB worse SNR with fast acting compression compared with linear gain and 5.5 dB better SNR with linear  gain and noise reduction compared with only linear gain.

    Conclusions: For hearing aid wearers, the ability to recognize speech in noise is associated with both sensory and cognitive processing abilities when the speech materials have low internal context. These associations are less prominent when the speech material has contextual cues.

  • 286.
    Strand, Annie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema.
    Participatory projects – a benefit to all?: A minor field study in rural India2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Participation has become a crucial aspect for development and development aid thus it ensures empowerment and appropriate gain for the stakeholders. Participation is important especially for managing natural resources like water but the participatory approach is not always satisfying. This Minor field study has looked at two different projects participation from the stakeholders view and tried to answer what the stakeholders gain is for from participatory projects. This is done by interviewing the initiators of the projects and the villagers involved in it. The interviews showed a difference between the projects where the local development project had a more constant participation from start to finish while the research project stationed in Sweden had participation at times and in a different way. The study showed that more efforts need to be done to define participation thus it is now used in many different ways. There is also a need for improved documentation on the participatory process to assure participation and improve the procedures.

  • 287.
    Strid, Karin
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tjus, Tomas
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Pretend play, deferred imitation and parent-child interaction in speaking and non-speaking children with autism2013Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 54, nr 1, s. 26-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates spontaneous pretend play during a parent-child free play observation, and deferred imitation observed in an experimental setting in speaking and non-speaking children with autism in comparison to children with typical development. Both groups of children with autism showed a reduced level of deferred imitation compared to the typically developing group, but only the non-speaking children with autism spent significantly less time in pretend play compared to children with typical development. Deferred imitation was related to parents’ verbal interaction in both groups. An analysis of the parent-child interaction revealed that parents of children with autism used less synchronized comments compared to parents of typically developing children. Parents of the speaking group with autism used more synchronized than unsynchronized comments, while parents of the non-speaking group used the same amount of synchronized and unsynchronized comments. These findings are discussed in terms of how the developmental level affects behaviour and interaction in autism.

  • 288.
    Strid, Karin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Tjus, Tomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Smith, Lars
    Universitetet i Oslo, Norge.
    Meltzoff, Andrew N
    University of Washington, USA.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för kognition, utveckling och handikapp, CDD.
    Infant recall memory and communication predicts later cognitive development2006Inngår i: Infant Behavior and Development, ISSN 0163-6383, E-ISSN 1879-0453, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 545-553Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This longitudinal study investigates the relation between recall memory and communication in infancy and later cognitive development. Twenty-six typically developing Swedish children were tested during infancy for deferred imitation (memory), joint attention (JA), and requesting (nonverbal communication), they also were tested during childhood for language and cognitive competence. Results showed that infants with low performance on both deferred imitation at 9 months and joint attention at 14 months obtained a significantly lower score on a test of cognitive abilities at 4 years of age. This long-term prediction from preverbal infancy to childhood cognition is of interest both to developmental theory and to practice. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 289.
    Strömbäck, Camilla
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lind, Thérèse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Skagerlund, Kenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Västfjäll, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Decision Research, Eugene Oregon, USA.
    Tinghög, Gustav
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för hälso- och sjukvårdsanalys. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Does self-control predict financial behavior and financial well-being?2017Inngår i: Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, ISSN 2214-6350, E-ISSN 2214-6369, ISSN 2214-6350, Vol. 14, s. 30-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve our understanding of how people make financial decisions, it is important to investigate what psychological characteristics influence individuals’ positive financial behavior and financial well-being. In this study, we explore the effect of individual differences in self-control and other non-cognitive factors on financial behavior and financial well-being. A survey containing measures of financial behavior, subjective financial well-being, self-control, optimism, deliberative thinking and demographic variables was sent to a representative sample (n=2063)" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; display: inline-block; line-height: normal; font-size: 14.399999618530273px; word-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; padding: 0px; margin: 0px; color: rgb(80, 80, 80); font-family: Arial, Helvetica, 'Lucida Sans Unicode', 'Microsoft Sans Serif', 'Segoe UI Symbol', STIXGeneral, 'Cambria Math', 'Arial Unicode MS', sans-serif; position: relative;"> of the Swedish population. Our findings extend the application of the behavioral lifecycle hypothesis beyond savings behavior, to include general financial behavior. People with good self-control are more likely to save money from every pay-check, have better general financial behavior, feel less anxious about financial matters, and feel more secure in their current and future financial situation.

  • 290. Sundqvist, Annette
    et al.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The development of theory of mind. Considerations for deaf children with cochlear implants2014Inngår i: OTORINOLARINGOLOGIA, Vol. 64, nr 4, s. 179-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 291.
    Sundqvist, Annette
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nordqvist, Emelie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Koch, Felix-Sebastian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Heimann, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Early declarative memory predicts productive language: A longitudinal study of deferred imitation and communication at 9 and 16 months2016Inngår i: Journal of experimental child psychology (Print), ISSN 0022-0965, E-ISSN 1096-0457, Vol. 151, s. 109-119Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Deferred imitation (DI) may be regarded as an early declarative-like memory ability shaping the infant's ability to learn about novelties and regularities of the surrounding world. In the current longitudinal study, infants were assessed at 9 and 16months. DI was assessed using five novel objects. Each infant's communicative development was measured by parental questionnaires. The results indicate stability in DI performance and early communicative development between 9 and 16months. The early achievers at 9months were still advanced at 16months. Results also identified a predictive relationship between the infant's gestural development at 9months and the infant's productive and receptive language at 16months. Moreover, the results show that declarative memory, measured with DI, and gestural communication at 9months independently predict productive language at 16months. These findings suggest a connection between the ability to form non-linguistic and linguistic mental representations. These results indicate that the child's DI ability when predominantly preverbal might be regarded as an early domain-general declarative memory ability underlying early productive language development.

  • 292.
    Susi, Tarja
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Skövde, Sweden.
    Rambusch, Jana
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Situated play: just a temporary blip2007Inngår i: Proceedings of DiGRA 2007 Conference: Situated Play, September 24-28, 2007, Tokyo, Japan, 2007, s. 730-735Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we discuss how cognitive science may contribute to understanding the concepts of situatedness and situated play. While situatedness has become something of a catch-all term, it actually has several different meanings, ranging from “higher” social-cultural forms to “lower” sensori-motoric activities. We also discuss an often overlooked, but crucial aspect of situatedness, which is the use of external resources such as tools and their use. As will become apparent, a more thorough understanding of situatedness and tool use are key to understanding computer games and people’s everyday playing activities.

  • 293.
    Szymanowski, Mårten
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Björkman, Lars Petter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap.
    Design av stödjande system vid filbyte: En jämförande studie av två metoder för framtagande av information till bilförare vid filbyte ur ett trafiksäkerhetsperspektiv2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom bilindustrin utvecklas system som ska stödja föraren under körningen. Ett problemområde har varit uppsikten över bakomvarande upphinnande trafik. Det är svårt att täcka upp hela området med bilens back- och sidospeglar. I dag finns det ett antal kommersiella system, som ska ge föraren information om fordon som befinner sig i den döda vinkeln. Döda vinkeln är en del av problemet med upphinnandeolyckor, där dålig sikt leder till olyckor vid filbyte. Dock skapas en begränsning av informationen till föraren om systemet bara ser till döda vinkeln.

    I denna uppsats görs en jämförelse mellan ett informationssystem som bygger på information från döda vinkeln och ett som bygger på information om avståndet mellan fordon mätt i Time-To-Collision (TTC). En jämförelse av säkerhet och användarupplevelse mellan systemen genomfördes i bilsimulator. Simulatorn var av typen fixed-base och simuleringen bestod av ett antal omkörningsscenarier på en motorvägssträcka. För att fånga situationer där föraren påbörjar filbyte utan kännedom om bakomvarande trafik gavs ingen information via back- och sidospeglar.

    Resultaten visade att systemet där informationen baserades på TTC ledde till signifikant färre farliga filbyten (kollisioner) än vad systemet baserat på fordon i döda vinkeln gjorde. Försökspersonernas skattning av respektive system visade på en signifikant skillnad när det gällde upplevd hjälp och aktivering av signalen i ”rätt” tid till fördel för systemet baserat på TTC.

  • 294.
    Södergren, Lina
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mickelsson, Malin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Utredning av mobbning och kränkanande särbehandling på arbetsplatser – En fallstudie om upplevelser av att vara en del av en faktaundersökning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur utredningsmetoden Faktaundersökning kan upplevas av olika parter och hur de påverkas av att vara en del i en utredningsprocess av mobbning och kränkande särbehandling. En enfallsstudie gjordes för att belysa dessa aspekter utifrån olika deltagares perspektiv. Tretton personer intervjuades via semistrukturerade intervjuer för att besvara studiens frågeställningar. Deltagarna var personer som varit delaktiga i en utredning som genomförts med Faktaundersökning som metod, samt organisationspsykologen som genomfört utredningen.

    Studiens ansats vilar på en realistisk utgångspunkt som förutsätter att kunskap kan inhämtas via deltagares beskrivningar av sina upplevelser. Den datanära tematiska analysen genererade sex övergripande teman: avsikter och förhoppningar med metoden, upplevelser av ramarna i Faktaundersökning, känslomässig påverkan, tilltro i utredningen, misstro i utredningen och organisationspsykologens perspektiv. I resultatet framkommer hur Faktaundersökningen kunde användas som ett redskap för att sända ut signaler till olika målgrupper med förhoppningar om att påverka och åstadkomma olika förändringar inom företaget. En viktig slutsats berör också upplevelsen av tilltro till utredningsprocessen som vid upplevelser av orättvisa och oförutsägbarhet i processen lätt kunde skapa känslor av otrygghet. Detta resulterade i att upplevelsen av tilltro lätt kunde bytas ut mot en känsla av misstro, vilket ledde till misstänksamhet gentemot utredningsprocessen. Behovet av att få känna upprättelse och bekräftelse i utredningen framkommer som ett centralt fynd, likt besvikelsen som kan uppkomma som en konsekvens hos deltagare som inte får dessa behov uppfyllda. En känslomässig påverkan hos deltagare i utredningen kan också ha en inverkan på förmågan att kunna bidra i utredningen. Slutligen framkommer hur utredarens roll som bedömare och beslutsfattare kan ha en stor inverkan på deltagares upplevelser av utredningsmetoden. Upplevelserna kan bero av utredarens upplevda kompetens, opartiskhet och agerande gentemot deltagarna. Den centrala rollen som utredare kan härigenom också bli föremål för mycket kritik och granskning.

  • 295.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Gävle, Gävle.
    Rönnberg, Jerker
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Individual differences in distractibility: An update and a mode2014Inngår i: PsyCh Journal, ISSN 2046-0252, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 42-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews the current literature on individual differences in susceptibility to the effects of background sound on visual-verbal task performance. A large body of evidence suggests that individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) underpin individual differences in susceptibility to auditory distraction in most tasks and contexts. Specifically, high WMC is associated with a more steadfast locus of attention (thus overruling the call for attention that background noise may evoke) and a more constrained auditory-sensory gating (i.e., less processing of the background sound). The relation between WMC and distractibility is a general framework that may also explain distractibility differences between populations that differ along variables that covary with WMC (such as age, developmental disorders, and personality traits). A neurocognitive task-engagement/distraction trade-off (TEDTOFF) model that summarizes current knowledge is outlined and directions for future research are proposed.

  • 296.
    Tahmasebi, A.
    et al.
    Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care.
    Davis, M.H.
    Medical Research Council Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit.
    Wild, C.
    Queen’s University.
    Rodd, J.M.
    University College London.
    Hakyemez, H.
    Queen’s University.
    Johnsrude, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Is the link between anatomical macrostructure and function equally strong at all cognitive levels of processing?2012Inngår i: Cerebral Cortex, ISSN 1047-3211, E-ISSN 1460-2199, Vol. 22, nr 7, s. 1593-1603Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas low-level sensory processes can be linked to macroanatomy with great confidence, the degree to which high-level cognitive                     processes map onto anatomy is less clear. If function respects anatomy, more accurate intersubject anatomical registration                     should result in better functional alignment. Here, we use auditory functional magnetic resonance imaging and compare the                     effectiveness of affine and nonlinear registration methods for aligning anatomy and functional activation across subjects.                     Anatomical alignment was measured using normalized cross-correlation within functionally defined regions of interest. Functional                     overlap was assessed using t-statistics from the group analyses and the degree to which group statistics predict high and consistent signal change in                     individual data sets. In regions related to early stages of auditory processing, nonlinear registration resulted in more accurate                     anatomical registration and stronger functional overlap among subjects compared with affine. In frontal and temporal areas                     reflecting high-level processing of linguistic meaning, nonlinear registration also improved the accuracy of anatomical registration.                     However, functional overlap across subjects was not enhanced in these regions. Therefore, functional organization, relative                     to anatomy, is more variable in the frontal and temporal areas supporting meaning-based processes than in areas devoted to                     sensory/perceptual auditory processing. This demonstrates for the first time that functional variability increases systematically                     between regions supporting lower and higher cognitive processes.                 

  • 297.
    Thornberg, Robert
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    School bullying and fitting into the peer landscape: A grounded theory field study2018Inngår i: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 39, nr 1, s. 144-158Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on school bullying has its roots in the field of developmental and educational psychology, and appeals to the need for a theoretical and methodological widening in order to grasp its ambiguity and complexity. The article draws on ethnographic fieldwork in which 144 pupils and seven teachers participated from seven school classes in three Swedish public primary schools. A constructivist grounded theory guided data gathering and analysis. This article offers an interpretative portrayal of school bullying. It paints a picture of the core process of misfitting and how this process involves the selective use of normativities from the macro, meso and micro levels. When bullying is conceptualized as simply caused by individual characteristics, teachers and others become blind to gender norms, heteronormativity, racism and a range of other oppressions taking place in bullying, and this will fail to offer an appropriate knowledge base on how to counteract and reduce bullying.

  • 298.
    Thornberg, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Jungert, Tomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Bystander behavior in bullying situations: basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy2013Inngår i: Journal of Adolescence, ISSN 0140-1971, E-ISSN 1095-9254, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 475-483Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate how basic moral sensitivity in bullying, moral disengagement in bullying and defender self-efficacy were related to different bystander behaviors in bullying. Therefore, we examined pathways that linked students' basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement, and defender self-efficacy to different bystander behaviors in bullying situations. Three hundred and forty-seven teenagers completed a bullying survey. Findings indicated that compared with boys, girls expressed higher basic moral sensitivity in bullying, lower defender self-efficacy and moral disengagement in bullying. Results from the SEM showed that basic moral sensitivity in bullying was negatively related to pro-bully behavior and positively related to outsider and defender behavior, mediated by moral disengagement in bullying, which in turn was positively related to pro-bully behavior and negatively related to outsider and defender behavior. What differed in the relations between outsider and defender behaviors was the degree of defender self-efficacy.

  • 299.
    Thornberg, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Pozzoli, Tiziana
    University of Padova, Italy.
    Gini, Gianluca
    University pf Padova, Italy.
    Hong, Jun Sung
    Wayne State University, Detroit, USA; Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Bullying and repeated conventional transgressions in Swedish schools: How do gender and bullying roles affect students’ conceptions?2017Inngår i: Psychology in the schools (Print), ISSN 0033-3085, E-ISSN 1520-6807, Vol. 54, nr 9, s. 1189-1201Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying is a moral transgression. Recognizing the importance of approaching bullying from a moral perspective, the present study examines whether children's judgments and reasoning to justify their judgments differ between bullying and repeated conventional transgressions. Our study also explores differences by gender and differences among bullies, victims, and uninvolved students. Participants included 381 students from 13 elementary schools in Sweden. Findings indicate that children judge bullying as more wrong than repeated conventional transgressions; use moral reasons more frequently in their justifications about bullying than about repeated conventional transgressions; and use conventional reasons more frequently to justify their judgments on repeated conventional transgressions as compared with bullying. Female students and nonbullies judged bullying and repeated conventional transgressions as more wrong and used moral reasons more frequently in their justifications of judgments of bullying than did male students and bullies. Male students reported bullying more than did female students. Implications for practice are also discussed.

  • 300.
    Thornberg, Robert
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och didaktik. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Tenenbaum, Laura
    Georgia State University, USA.
    Varjas, Kristen
    Georgia State University, USA.
    Meyers, Joel
    Georgia State University, USA.
    Jungert, Tomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Vanegas, Gina
    Georgia State University, USA.
    Bystander motivation in bullying incidents: To intervene or not to intervene?2012Inngår i: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1936-900X, E-ISSN 1936-9018, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 247-252Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    This research sought to extend knowledge about bystanders in bullying situations with a focus on the motivations that lead them to different responses. The 2 primary goals of this study were to investigate the reasons for children's decisions to help or not to help a victim when witnessing bullying, and to generate a grounded theory (or conceptual framework) of bystander motivation in bullying situations.

    Methods

    Thirty students ranging in age from 9 to 15 years (M = 11.9; SD = 1.7) from an elementary and middle school in the southeastern United States participated in this study. Open- ended, semi-structured interviews were used, and sessions ranged from 30 to 45 minutes. We conducted qualitative methodology and analyses to gain an in-depth understanding of children's perspectives and concerns when witnessing bullying.

    Results

    A key finding was a conceptual framework of bystander motivation to intervene in bullying situations suggesting that deciding whether to help or not help the victim in a bullying situation depends on how bystanders define and evaluate the situation, the social context, and their own agency. Qualitative analysis revealed 5 themes related to bystander motives and included: interpretation of harm in the bullying situation, emotional reactions, social evaluating, moral evaluating, and intervention self-efficacy.

    Conclusion

    Given the themes that emerged surrounding bystanders' motives to intervene or abstain from intervening, respondents reported 3 key elements that need to be confirmed in future research and that may have implications for future work on bullying prevention. These included: first, the potential importance of clear communication to children that adults expect bystanders to intervene when witnessing bullying; second, the potential of direct education about how bystanders can intervene to increase children's self-efficacy as defenders of those who are victims of bullying; and third, the assumption that it may be effective to encourage children's belief that bullying is morally wrong.

34567 251 - 300 of 345
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf