liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
Begrens søket
3456789 251 - 300 of 2067
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 251.
    Chakoshi, Negar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för språk och kultur. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Effects of Revolution Upon the development of Women's Capabilities and Freedom: An Analysis of the Trilogy, The Hunger Games, by Suzanne Collins with a Special Focus on the Protagonist, Katniss Everdeen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The present essay is the evaluation of women’s conditions and gender equality in the novel, the Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins. Different conditions of women such as the political, physical, marital and financial are analyzed in Panem society before and after the revolution. It is also discussed, which aspects of women’s lives are improved and which aspects are left unchanged after the rebellion of the novel. How far may revolution and the political system be influential upon the development of women and the decrease in male domination in Panem, as an example of real communities? In the final process of analysis, the lack of meritocracy in Panem society is discussed as the result of gender discriminations or the essence of policy. There are also comparisons between Panem and Greece and their heroes. The result of this comparison is, discovering a fluctuation in values, morals and political thoughts from ancient times up to an unknown future. Katniss as the heroine and the ideal female of society is primarily analyzed in each part, and then the other female characters are explored, depending on their roles and importance in the different parts.

  • 252.
    Chini, Farrah
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Direct-To-Consumer Advertising of Prescription Drugs: An Ethical Assessment2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Direct-to-Consumer Advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs has been a consistent controversial topic extensively debated in scholarly work by many authors. This thesis compares the arguments made by the proponents and opponents of this debate and comes to a conclusion that there is less justification in claims that DTCA benefits society. The thesis goes further in assessing the benefits from normative ethical principles, including using Rawls difference principle as a guide, to evaluate which side of the debate conforms more logically along the teachings of ethical philosophy. At the end it is apparent that the least advantaged members of society do not benefit from this aggressive marketing strategy. It concludes that the pharmaceutical industry makes exaggerated claims of providing the public increased autonomy when, in reality, it is trying to further its own cause of making huge profits for its shareholders. This thesis also reaches the conclusion that the industry uses patients as a means to achieve its own end, that end being unreasonable levels of profit.

  • 253.
    Chinweze, Madu Benedict
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Euthanasia: A Critical Analysis of the Physician's Role2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sometimes relatives have taken me on one side and told me they cannot bear it any more:"Isn't there something you can do to end it all?"More often requests for euthanasia have come from those who are ill. I remember visiting a man with lung cancer. He asked his wife to leave the room. As she closed the door he leaned over and grabbed my arm. "I want to die", he said. "Please can you give me something." He felt a burden on his wife and wanted euthanasia for himself .

    Often in their duty, physicians are faced with euthanasia requests of this kind. Death is the inevitable fate of all humans but how we die is an issue of great concern for many of us. Fear of pain, loss of control and being a burden to our loved ones are common issues surrounding dying and death of patients. This has led to varying circumstances of patients’ death, and of a significant remark, the involvement of physicians in bringing about these deaths through an act of euthanasia. Euthanasia involves the intentional killing of a patient by the direct intervention of a physician (or another party) ostensibly for the good of the patient, and the most common form that this comes is through lethal injection. The ethics of euthanasia and of a physicians’ involvement have been a contentious issue from the beginnings of medicine. This for the most part is as a result that the ethical code of physicians has long been based in part on the Hippocratic Oath, which requires physicians to “do no harm”. Thus, the focus of this work will be to look into the role of the physician in ending a patient’s life through the act of euthanasia. Although necessary but not a central point of this work to merely develop arguments for and against the justification of euthanasia and a physician’s involvement in the act, but to critically view the role played by physicians in ending the life of patients through euthanasia in contrast with their medical obligation. The issue of euthanasia raises ethical questions for physicians. Is it morally right or wrong for a physician to end the life of his or her patient? And this therefore will be the focus of this work.

  • 254.
    Christensson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Försäkringskassan har beslutat: En undersökning av mottagaranpassning och språkbruk i Försäkringskassans beslutstexter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to learn about and demonstrate the process in which Försäkringskassan (The Swedish Social Insurance Agency) customizes texts and the texts linguistics influence on a potential beneficiary. I use three different questions to fulfill the purpose of the study. I examine what the manuals writers of Försäkringskassan use say about the issues of sentence length, addressing the beneficiaries and wording – three language features that represent different perspectives within plain language research. Furthermore, I examine how decision texts are created and tailored for its beneficiary group and how the language in decisions is perceived by potential beneficiaries. The study’s main method is a case study, which is composed of three data collection methods – comparative text analysis, unstructured interview and survey analysis. The purpose with the different data collection methods is to produce a variety of data that can be discussed in relation to previous research in areas relevant to the purpose of this study. The manuals used by the social insurance staff seem to have a peripheral position on the issue of sentence length, although the survey respondents are expressing criticism towards too long or too short sentences. The study shows that Försäkringskassans decision process is effective, since decisions are created through collaboration of language experts, lawyers and insurance specialists – a collaboration which has also been praised by Språkrådet. However, certain problems arise with the legal language and in some cases Försäkringskassan have to resign themselves to use words and concepts that cannot be described as plain language. The study also demonstrates the need of continuous text reviewing, since the texts should follow current research in plain language and Föräkringskassans guidelines. The fact that Försäkringskassans role as a text transmitter affect the perception of language and content is clear due to results of the survey, a fact which is also supported by previous research. How language is perceived by a beneficiary depends both on the recipient's background knowledge and by his or her attitude towards Försäkringskassan as a text sender.

  • 255.
    Christianson Böhlin, Nina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Integration på öppna förskolan: fördelarna med dess verksamhet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    An ethnological essay about two open daycares in Söderköping, one by the Swedish church and one by the community. -How to integrate refugees and there children in the social enviroment in the town.The benefits of the daily activites at the open daycares by singing and interacting with other children. In the ethnological essay I spend 3 days at the community daycare and 3 days at the daycare by the Church. After my field time I interview the daycare teachers and the priest about integration in the daycare. The essay has also got a interview with the civil servants at the social office in Söderköping aout integration.  

  • 256.
    Chrysostomou, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Nationellt centrum för utomhuspedagogik (NCU).
    Primary teachers’ perceptions and attitudes on the status of experiential learning in outdoor language teaching in Cyprus2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor education is considered to be a recent teaching approach and method in a general educational framework, which is related to learning through authentic places and different direct experiences. However, the learning process within the educational system in Cyprus is mainly based on traditional models of teaching. Despite that fact, a modified society established the necessity for a new educational curriculum, which was implemented in 2010. Thus, the current research is focused on a curriculum-related study on outdoor learning and teaching, based on experiential learning in primary schools in Cyprus. Specifically, the focal point is on teachers’ perceptions regarding the status of experiential learning within the Greek language curriculum and the possibilities of implementing outdoor language activities, in order to enhance students’ learning. Through a qualitative approach, this research included analysis of the data extracted from ten semi-structured synchronous online interviews with primary teachers. The data were analysed thematically and summarized in five themes related to the connections between outdoor learning, experiential learning and language teaching. In particular, the relevant findings demonstrated that experiential learning is mainly presented on a theoretical base through the language curriculum and that outdoor language activities, although they can enhance the implementation of more efficient lessons, are limited. The results reveal primary teachers’ basic knowledge on the field of outdoor education, as they additionally noted some important barriers of outdoor learning, such as time limitations, lack of support and the traditional way of thinking. Thus, they pointed out the necessity of applying significant changes that will support the new Greek language curriculum and its basic principles. Additionally, the teachers acknowledged several benefits of outdoor language teaching mainly related to the students’ personal and social development. The above findings contribute to the current limited scientific knowledge, concerning the practice of outdoor education in primary level in Cyprus. To conclude, the results of the specific study are focused on the perceptions of the ten participants, so they cannot be generalized. Therefore, further research on the related field would be important for a wider investigation of outdoor language learning within the Cypriot educational system.

  • 257.
    Cilingir, Feyza
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Outdoor Education Perspectives: International Insights within the Field2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of this project is an analysis of the perception of postgraduate students of "Outdoor Environmental Education and Outdoor Life Master Program" regarding the concept of "Outdoor Education". The perceptions are introduced and elaborated through interviews with nine Master students from September 2013 till June 2014. One by one, the qualitative data is phenomenologically analyzed and interpretation of the findings are demonstrated to the reader. At the end of this study, five different themes, which have been obtained during this study, are presented. These themes are: the benefits of outdoor education; the practicality of outdoor education, the effects of outdoor education and issues within outdoor education. I argue how perspectives of international students vary depending on their culture.

  • 258.
    Clasén, Ida
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Hovmålaren och konstnärsfursten: Representationer av konstnärsrollen i självporträtt av David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl och Anders Zorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

     Den här uppsatsen utgör en undersökning av konstnärsrollen som den representeras i ett urval av självporträtt av konstnärerna David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl och Ander Zorn. Utifrån Michael Baxandalls teorier om the Period Eye så belyses ett antal kulturella omständigheter och sociala förhållanden som kan ha påverkat de två konstnärernas självporträtt och hur det kan anses relatera till samtida föreställningar om konstnärsrollen. Ur Erving Goffmans dramaturgiska perspektiv ses självporträtten som en del i ett framträdande där konstnärsrollen iscensätts. Detta innebär ett försök att närma sig ett synsätt som är samtida med konstnärerna och en nyanserad tolkning av konstverken. 

  • 259.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    A Reply to Agnafors2011Inngår i: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 303-304Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 260.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Applied and Professional Ethics2012Inngår i: KEMANUSIAAN: The Asian Journal of Humanities, ISSN 1394-9330, E-ISSN 1985-8353, Vol. 19, nr 1, s. 17-33Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of applied ethics in recent decades has had great significance for philosophy and society. In this article, I try to characterise this field of philosophical inquiry. I also discuss the relation of applied ethics to social policy and to professional ethics. In the first part, I address the following questions:

    1. What is applied ethics?
    2. When and why did applied ethics appear?
    3. How do we engage in applied ethics? What are the methods?

    In the second part of the article, I introduce professional ethics. What is professional ethics, and how can one distinguish professional ethics from applied ethics? I argue that the moral content of professional ethics is a result of professional relations. I also argue that professional ethics best can be understood as a type of virtue ethics.

  • 261.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Applied and Professional Ethics- an Introduction2007Inngår i: Perspectives on Applied Ethics / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: CTE , 2007, s. 23-40Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 262.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Att upprätta offrens värdighet - om global rättvisa och försoning2016Inngår i: Liv i försoning: Om upprättelse i kyrka och samhälle / [ed] C R Bråkenhielm och G Möller, Stockholm: Verbum Forlag, 2016, s. 41-65Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 263.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Betydelsen av historisk rättvisa efter kolonialismen2012Inngår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 4-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln tar sin utgångspunkt  i två aktuella exempel på krav på historisk rättvisa efter kolonialismen:  forna Mau-Mau-kämpars krav på gottgörelse för britternas övergrepp  på 1950-talet och hererofolkets krav till Tyskland på gottgörelse  för det folkmord som ägde rum 1904–1907. Dessa exempel aktualiserar  frågan om historisk rättvisa. Vad innebär historisk rättvisa? Vilka  krav på historisk rättvisa är berättigade att ställa? Hur lång tid  efter övergrepp och våld finns det skäl att kräva gottgörelse? Kan  kraven ärvas till efterkommande generationer? Vem bör gottgöra dem som  drabbats? Dessa frågor måste besvaras för att man skall kunna ta  ställning till krav på gottgörelse och rättvisa. Syftet med denna  artikel är att identifiera och söka besvara en rad frågor som krav  på gottgörande rättvisa efter kolonialismen ställer. Avslutningsvis  diskuteras kraven från Mau-Mau-kämparna som var internerade i brittiska  läger och hererofolkets krav på kompensation från Tyskland.

  • 264.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Book review: Janusz Salamon (ed). Solidarity Beyond Borders: Ethics in a Globalising World2016Inngår i: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 23, nr 2, s. 366-368Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 265.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Challenges to Malaysian Pluralism – the Policy of Affirmative Action2010Inngår i: Identity and Pluralism: Religion, Ethnicity, Values / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköpings universitet , 2010, 1, s. 47-60Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication contains presentations from the workshop “Identity and Pluralism” held at Linköping University in Sweden in June 2008.

    ¨The first article by Reevany Bustami, Ellisha Nasruddin and Sarmila Md Sum offers a critique of the ‘diversity and inclusion’ discussions in the present CSR discourse. In doing so, it seeks to expand the parameters of diversity to include the broader community as well as the supply chain networks within which companies exist. It also examines the issues of diversity and pluralism within the context of multi religious and multi ethnic Malaysian society as well as the continuing debates of affirmative action originated from Malaysia’s New Economic Policy (NEP).

    In their essay on pluralism in Malaysian higher education Ellisha Nasruddin, Reevany Bustami and Ng Sen Fa discuss: 1) key future trends/alternatives within higher education and their cross-impacts; 2) how these trends/alternatives may create undesirable or desirable impact on ethnic pluralism; and 3) roadmap(s) for transformation within higher education vis-a-vis ethnic pluralism.

    What is the role of Christian churches in Malaysia? Göran Wiking discusses the isolationist characteristics inherent in some Malaysian churches and denominations. Secondly, a brief analysis of the phenomenon is attempted: is this a genuine or just a perceived impediment to national integration? Are there in fact indicators to the contrary, whereby a certain degree of ethnic isolation can serve to strengthen identity and foster more wholesome members of the society at large?

    Göran Collste discusses one aspect of Malaysian political pluralism; the policy of affirmative action. Affirmative action is favouring Malays and to be Muslim is one of the requirements for being beneficiary of affirmative action. He points at some problems for the policy of affirmative action in a time with increased religious tensions and an increased emphasis on religious affiliation as identity marker.

    What are the conditions for a real dialogue between members of different ethnic and religious groups? Peter Gan argues that openness to transformation by the other is not strictly speaking an ethic of reducing the other to the self. Rather, it is an orientation that is predicated upon a symmetric self-other relation. In exploring this form of openness, the author attempts to unravel the intricacies embedded within the dialogic process which permeates interethnic, particularly interreligious relations.

    The concept “secular state” is nowadays often used in both everyday discourse and scholarly debate. Often it comes with normative connotations; that the democratic state should be secular. However, the exact meaning of the concept is not clear. In his essay Marcus Agnafors examines different meanings of the concept “secular state”. He also discusses some arguments commonly presented in support of the idea that the state should, in some sense, be secular.

    Finally, Anne-Christine Hornborg’s essay deals with the struggle for identity by an Indian tribe in Canada. She discusses the impact of the so called residential school on contemporary Mi’kmaq life worlds and identities, drawing on interviews from fieldworks conducted in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

  • 266.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Colonialism, Epistemic Injustice and Global Justice: A response to ‘Overcoming the Epistemic Injustice of Colonialism’ Rajeev Bhargava*2014Inngår i: Global Policy, ISSN 1758-5880, E-ISSN 1758-5899, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 386-387Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 267.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cultural Pluralism and Epistemic Injustice2019Inngår i: Journal of Nationalism, Memory & Language Politics, ISSN 2570-5857, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    For liberalism, values such as respect, reciprocity, and tolerance should framecultural encounters in multicultural societies. However, it is easy to disregardthat power differences and political domination also influence the culturalsphere and the relations between cultural groups. In this essay, I focus onsome challenges for cultural pluralism. In relation to Indian political theoristRajeev Bhargava, I discuss the meaning of cultural domination and epistemicinjustice and their historical and moral implications. Bhargava argued thatas a consequence of colonialism, “indigenous cultures” were inferiorized,marginalized, and anonymized. Although cultures are often changing dueto external influences, I argue that epistemic injustice implies that a cultureis forced to subjection, disrespected, and considered as inferior and that itthreatens the dominated people’s epistemic framework, collective identity,and existential security. Finally, I refer to John Rawls’s theory of politicalliberalism as a constructive approach to avoid parochialism and Westerncultural domination.

  • 268.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Det handlar om människovärde2013Inngår i: Dagens NyheterArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 269.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Därför är vissa mer jämlika än andra: Recension av Per Sundman: Egalitarian liberalism revisited. On the meaning and justification of social justice (Uppsala 2016)2016Inngår i: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 25 Nov., s. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 270.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Economic Globalisation and Global Justice2007Inngår i: Sustainable Development and Global Ethics / [ed] Carl-Henrik Grenholm & Normunds Kamergrauzis, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2007, s. 111-126Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 271.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ethics and Communication: global Perspectives2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    How can ethics be communicated in an age of globalisation? Is it possible to overcome cultural differences and agree on common values and principles that cross cultural borders? How does globalisation challenge ethics and established moral traditions? How are human rights justified in a global context?

    This timely collection of essays responds directly to these questions. An international team of contributors pursue issues in ethics, information and communication that include both the classical question of the universality/contextuality of ethics and values, but also new challenges for communication relating to how values and norms are communicated and shared across cultural and political borders. The essays in this book explore theoretical questions of global ethics and ethical universalism, ethics and communication with reference to specific world views and religions, and the challenge of globalisation for ethical communication in particular social arenas

  • 272.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ethics and Migration. An Introduction2012Inngår i: Ecumenical Review Sibiu / Revista Ecumenica Sibiu, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. iv, nr 3, s. 407-411Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 273.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ett läraretiskt dilemma2013Inngår i: Lärares etik och professionella arbete: skolan som moralisk praktik : [en vänbok till Gunnel Colnerud] / [ed] Helene Elvstrand, Karin Forslund Frykedal, Marcus Samuelsson, Robert Thornberg, Linköping: Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande , 2013, s. 21-25Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gunnel Colnerud, professor vid Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, vid Linköpings universitet har under den största delen av sitt yrkesverksamma liv varit engagerad i skolfrågor av olika slag. Ofta har fokus för hennes intresse och uppdrag legat i att förstå skolans vardagsliv och det komplexa uppdrag som läraryrket innebär. Gunnel fyller 67 år i januari 2015 och denna vänbok är en hyllning till henne från kollegor, både nationellt och internationellt, samt tidigare doktorander. Bidragen i antologin, Lärares etik och professionella arbete - skolan som moralisk praktik, är tänkt att spegla de områden som Gunnel i sin forskning varit engagerad i.

    Innan Gunnel påbörjade sin forskarutbildning i pedagogik var hon verksam som psykolog inom skolhälsovården. Denna erfarenhet av att ha mött barn och elevers utsatthet samt lärares ständiga arbete med att möta olika typer av förändringar och hantera en komplex yrkesroll är något som Gunnel burit med sig in i sin forskning, vilket inte minst syns i hennes outtröttliga engagemang i att vara en forskare som bidrar till skolans praktik.

    I mitten av nittiotalet Jade Gunnel fram sin avhandling som byggde på intervjuer med yrkesverksamma lärare och handlade om etiska dilemman lärare ställs inför i sitt yrkesutövande. Gunnel har allt sedan avhandlingsarbetet varit mycket engagerad i etiska frågor i relation till läraruppdraget och var en av de pådrivande krafterna i att tillsammans med Sveriges båda lärarförbund formulera gemensamma yrkesetiska principer, som kom att benämnas Lärares yrkesetik. I detta arbete gjorde Gunnel betydande insatser genom att problematisera yrkesetik som fenomen, medverka i otaliga utbildningsinsatser för lärare och lärarstudenter inom området och sist men inte minst bidra till att etablera yrkesetik som forskningsfält.

    Ett kännetecknande drag för Gunnels forskning har varit den starka viljan och övertygelsen om att forskning om skola behöver ske i relation till och med skolans praktik. Tillsammans med sin make och kollega professor Kjell Granström etablerade Gunnel en forskarmiljö med fokus på praxisnära forskning. Vi som är redaktörer för denna vänbok har alla haft förmånen att vara doktorander till Gunnel eller Kjell och fått möjlighet att växa som forskare i en forskarmiljö som präglats av kreativitet, engagemang och spännande diskussioner

  • 274.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ett läraretiskt dilemma2014Inngår i: Filosofisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0348-7482, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 35-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 275.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Forgiveness2011Inngår i: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 710-712Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 276.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global justice and globalisation2016Inngår i: Global ethics for leadership: values and virtues for life / [ed] Christoph Stückelberger, Walter Fust, Obiora Ike, Geneve: Globethics.Net , 2016, s. 81-102Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation involves both promising potentials and risks. It has the potential – through the spread of human rights, the migration of people and ideas, and the integration of diverse economies - to improve human wellbeing and enhance the protection of human rights worldwide. But globalisation also incurs risks: global environmental risks (such as global warming), the creation of new centres of power with limited legitimacy, a 'race to the bottom' regarding workers' safety and rights, risky journeys of thousands of migrants and not least growing global inequalities. Globalisation, therefore, is a key factor for today's discussions of justice.

    As globalisation connects people, it also raises associated responsibilities between them. Until recently, the interest in justice among political philosophers and social ethicists was mainly focused on the nation state. However, this is no longer feasible. Since economic globalisation affects how wealth and power are distributed globally it has become indispensable to discuss social ethics in a global context and to develop principles of global justice. Global justice, therefore, entails an assessment of the benefits and burdens of the structural relations and institutional arrangements that constitute and govern globalisation

    The academic discussion of global justice is vibrant and expanding. In my introduction I provide an overview of the discussions on global poverty, justice, cosmopolitanism and statism, migration, the capability approach and different dimensions of global justice.

  • 277.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global nedräkning2009Inngår i: Hela jorden, Vol. 04Artikkel, omtale (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 278.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global Rectificatory Justice2015 (oppl. 1)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent events have proved that colonialism has left indelible prints in history. In 2013, the British Foreign Secretary apologized and promised compensation for the atrocities in Kenyan detention camps in the 1950s and the same year the heads of governments of the Caribbean Community issued a declaration demanding reparation for the genocide of indigenous populations and for slavery and the slave trade during colonialism The discussion and literature on global justice has mainly focused on distributive justice. What are the implications of colonialism for a theory of global justice today? What does rectificatory justice mean in the light of colonialism? What does global rectificatory justice require in practice? In seeking to answer these questions, the author fills a significant gap in the literature on global justice.

  • 279.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Globaliation and Global Justice: A Thematic Introduction2016Inngår i: De Ethica, ISSN 1854-3405, E-ISSN 2001-8819, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 5-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation involves both promising potentials and risks. It has the potential – through the spread of human rights, the migration of people and ideas, and the integration of diverse economies – to improve human wellbeing and enhance the protection of human rights worldwide. But globalisation also incurs risks: global environmental risks (such as global warming), the creation of new centres of power with limited legitimacy, a ‘race to the bottom’ regarding workers’ safety and rights, risky journeys of thousands of migrants and not least growing global inequalities. Globalisation, therefore, is a key factor for today’s discussions of justice.

    As globalisation connects people, it also raises associated responsibilities between them. Until recently, the interest in justice among political philosophers and social ethicists was mainly focused on the nation state. However, this is no longer feasible. Since economic globalisation affects how wealth and power are distributed globally it has become indispensable to discuss social ethics in a global context and to develop principles of global justice. Global justice, therefore, entails an assessment of the benefits and burdens of the structural relations and institutional arrangements that constitute and govern globalisation.

    The academic discussion of global justice is vibrant and expanding. In my introduction I provide an overview of the discussions on global poverty, justice, cosmopolitanism and statism, migration, the capability approach and different dimensions of global justice.

  • 280.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Historisk rättvisa: Gottgörelse i en postkolonial tid2018Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det förflutna är aldrig dött, konstaterade författaren William Faulkner en gång, det är inte ens förflutet. Detta är ett ledmotiv i Göran Collstes bok om historisk rättvisa med exempel från Namibia, Kongo, Kenya, Indien och en rad andra länder som drabbades av kolonialismens gissel.

    Det är uppenbart att kolonialismens destruktiva följder inte upphörde med kolonialväldenas fall och att många av dagens globala kriser har sin grund i den koloniala världsordningen. De länder (däribland Sverige) som berikade sig på utplundringen av de koloniserade folken har en moralisk skyldighet att gottgöra det som har hänt och därmed försöka upprätta en ny moralisk jämvikt.

    Collste visar hur en sådan gottgörelse- och försoningsprocess kan gå till i praktiken och belyser också mer specifika frågor som återlämnandet av museiföremål till ursprungsbefolkningar. Även den globala uppvärmningen – som huvudsakligen drabbar de länder som har minst skuld till den – har en viktig gottgörelsedimension.

    Collste undersöker därtill – och med stöd av filosofer som John Rawls, Thomas Pogge och Rajeev Bhargava –historisk rättvisa på ett mer övergripande begreppsligt, kulturellt och historiskt plan. Hur förhåller sig gottgörande rättvisa till fördelningsrättvisa? Måste realpolitik och moral alltid befinna sig på kollisionskurs? Vad kan vi dra för lärdomar av Sydafrikas försoningsprocess och Internationella brottmålsdomstolen? Att vi fortfarande har mycket att lära torde det inte råda något tvivel om.

  • 281.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Human dignity, immigration and refugees2014Inngår i: The Cambridge Handbook of Human Dignity: interdisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Marcus Düwell, Jens Braarvig, Roger Brownsword, and Dietmar Mieth, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014, s. 461-470Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 282.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik.
    Hur kan IT bidra till god vård?2011Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 283.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Identity and Pluralism: Ethnicity, Religion and Values2010Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication contains presentations from the workshop “Identity and Pluralism” held at Linköping University in Sweden in June 2008.

    ¨The first article by Reevany Bustami, Ellisha Nasruddin and Sarmila Md Sum offers a critique of the ‘diversity and inclusion’ discussions in the present CSR discourse. In doing so, it seeks to expand the parameters of diversity to include the broader community as well as the supply chain networks within which companies exist. It also examines the issues of diversity and pluralism within the context of multi religious and multi ethnic Malaysian society as well as the continuing debates of affirmative action originated from Malaysia’s New Economic Policy (NEP).

    In their essay on pluralism in Malaysian higher education Ellisha Nasruddin, Reevany Bustami and Ng Sen Fa discuss: 1) key future trends/alternatives within higher education and their cross-impacts; 2) how these trends/alternatives may create undesirable or desirable impact on ethnic pluralism; and 3) roadmap(s) for transformation within higher education vis-a-vis ethnic pluralism.

    What is the role of Christian churches in Malaysia? Göran Wiking discusses the isolationist characteristics inherent in some Malaysian churches and denominations. Secondly, a brief analysis of the phenomenon is attempted: is this a genuine or just a perceived impediment to national integration? Are there in fact indicators to the contrary, whereby a certain degree of ethnic isolation can serve to strengthen identity and foster more wholesome members of the society at large?

    Göran Collste discusses one aspect of Malaysian political pluralism; the policy of affirmative action. Affirmative action is favouring Malays and to be Muslim is one of the requirements for being beneficiary of affirmative action. He points at some problems for the policy of affirmative action in a time with increased religious tensions and an increased emphasis on religious affiliation as identity marker.

    What are the conditions for a real dialogue between members of different ethnic and religious groups? Peter Gan argues that openness to transformation by the other is not strictly speaking an ethic of reducing the other to the self. Rather, it is an orientation that is predicated upon a symmetric self-other relation. In exploring this form of openness, the author attempts to unravel the intricacies embedded within the dialogic process which permeates interethnic, particularly interreligious relations.

    The concept “secular state” is nowadays often used in both everyday discourse and scholarly debate. Often it comes with normative connotations; that the democratic state should be secular. However, the exact meaning of the concept is not clear. In his essay Marcus Agnafors examines different meanings of the concept “secular state”. He also discusses some arguments commonly presented in support of the idea that the state should, in some sense, be secular.

    Finally, Anne-Christine Hornborg’s essay deals with the struggle for identity by an Indian tribe in Canada. She discusses the impact of the so called residential school on contemporary Mi’kmaq life worlds and identities, drawing on interviews from fieldworks conducted in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

  • 284.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Institute of Ethnic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi.
    Implications of Pluralism: Essays on culture, identity and values2011Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume contains a selection of papers that were originally presented at the International Conference on “Rethinking Realities, Reimagining Pluralism: Future Landscapes of Pluralism for Democratic Societies” held on 14-15 December 2010 at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiar (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. This conference was jointly organised by the Institute of Ethnic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, CSR, Philanthropy and Transdisciplinary Action Group (CPTAG),Universiti Sains Malaysia and Linköping University, Sweden. It was also the final conference of the research project “Possibilities of Religious Pluralism”, a joint project involving researchers from Sweden and Malaysia and funded by SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency).

    The papers in this volume have been revised and updated for purposes of publication. This publication would not have been possible without the encouragement, help and support of several people and parties. I would like to record my heartfelt thanks to the researchers involved in the joint research on “Possibilities of Religious Pluralism” and on which some of the papers in this volume are based. They are Reevany Bustami, Ellisha Nasruddin and Peter Gan from Malaysia and Edgar Almén, Annika Rabo and Hans Ingvar Roth from Sweden. I also thank Monica Påhlsson at the Centre for Applied Ethics, Linkoping University, for editorial assistance. Last but not least I would like to express my thanks and gratitude to Distinguished Professor Datuk Shamsul Amri Baharuddin, Founding Director of the Institute of Ethnic Studies and Professor Dato’ Sharifah Zaleha Syed Hassan, Principal Research Fellow of the Institute of Ethnic Studies for ensuring the speedy publication of this book.

    Editor

    November 2011

  • 285.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    In Defence of War. By Nigel Biggar2014Inngår i: Philosophical quarterly (Print), ISSN 0031-8094, E-ISSN 1467-9213, Vol. 64, nr 257, s. 644-646Artikkel, omtale (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Just war theory has always been a matter of controversy in the Christian tradition. How could war possibly be just according to a belief based on the teaching of ‘the Prince of Peace’? In the history of Christianity, one finds on the one side radical Christians arguing for pacifism, and on the other Church Fathers, bishops and theologians who elaborate a doctrine of just war.

  • 286.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Inledning till etiken2019 (oppl. 4)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning till etiken är sedan många år en uppskattad introduktion till etiskt tänkande. Här presenteras på ett inspirerande och klargörande sätt grunderna för etisk argumentation och förhållandet mellan etik och religion. Normativa etiska teorier som utilitarism, pliktetik samt kontrakts- och rättighetsteorier behandlas, liksom etiken inom kristendom, islam och buddhism. I boken diskuteras också aktuella frågor inom tillämpad etik och yrkesetik.

    Denna fjärde upplaga har aktualiserats och omarbetats samt försetts med tre nyskrivna kapitel: ett om mänskliga rättigheter, ett om etik och mångkulturalism samt ett om idrott och etik.

  • 287.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Inledning till etiken2010 (oppl. 3)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning till etiken är en sedan många år mycket uppskattad introduktion till etiskt tänkande. Boken utkommer nu i en tredje, uppdaterad upplaga. Här presenteras på ett inspirerande sätt grunderna för etisk argumentation och förhållandet mellan etik och religion. Vad utmärker en rätt handling? Normativa etiska teorier som utilitarism, pliktetik och kontrakts- och rättighetsteorier ger olika svar, och de analyseras i boken. Vidare behandlas etiken inom kristendom, islam och buddhism, liksom nyare riktningar som kommunitarism och feminism. I boken diskuteras aktuella frågor inom tillämpad etik och yrkesetik. Texten innehåller en rad exempel på moraliska problem som stimulerar läsaren till egna reflektioner. I denna reviderade utgåva behandlas dessutom yrkesetiken mera ingående.

  • 288.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Introduction: Ethics and Communication - Global Perspectives2016Inngår i: Ethics and Communication: Global Perspectives / [ed] Göran Collste, London & New York: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2016, 1, s. 1-21Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 289.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?2013Inngår i: Review of Ecumenical Studies, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 69-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from former colonies to former colonial powers represents a large part of the 20th century migration. The question discussed in this article is if a generous immigration policy on behalf of persons from former colonies is an appropriate means for the European nations and former colonial powers to compensate for colonial injustices.

  • 290.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?2012Inngår i: Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, s. 71-77Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from former colonies to former colonial powers represents a large part of the 20th century migration. The question discussed in this article is if a generous immigration policy on behalf of persons from former colonies is an appropriate means for the European nations and former colonial powers to compensate for colonial injustices.

  • 291.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lagen som tvingar äldre till separation bör ändras2010Inngår i: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, nr 13 juniArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 292.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Moral Decison making, Narratives and Geneteic Diagnosis.2011Inngår i: Ethical Dilemmas in Prenatal Diagnosis / [ed] Fischmann, T, Hildt, D, Dordrecht: Springer , 2011, s. 167-176Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological developments in the life sciences confront us with new facets of a Faustian seduction. Are we „playing God“ more and more, as claimed by critical authors of modernity? Achievements in genetic research produce ethical dilemmas which need to be the subject of reflection and debate in modern societies. Denial of ambivalences that ethical dilemmas arouse constitutes a threat to societies as well as to individuals. The book presents a compilation of some of the results of the interdisciplinary European study “Ethical Dilemmas Due to Prenatal and Genetic Diagnostics” (EDIG), which investigated some of these dilemmas in detail in a field which is particularly challenging: prenatal diagnosis. When results from prenatal diagnosis show fetal abnormalities, women and their partners are confronted with ethical dilemmas regarding: the right to know and the right not to know; decision-making about the remainder of the pregnancy and the desire for a healthy child; responsibility for the unborn child, for its well-being and possible suffering; life and death. This book provides answers from an ethical, psychoanalytical and medical viewpoint.

  • 293.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Perspectives on Applied Ethics2007Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Applied ethics is a growing, interdisciplinary field dealing with ethical problems in different areas of society. It includes for instance social and political ethics, computer ethics, medical ethics, bioethics, envi-ronmental ethics, business ethics, and it also relates to different forms of professional ethics.

    From the perspective of ethics, applied ethics is a specialisation in one area of ethics. From the perspective of social practice applying eth-ics is to focus on ethical aspects and implications of that particular practice.

    The Erasmus Mundus Masters Course in Applied Ethics is supported by the European Union. The programme is a collaboration between three European universities; Linköping University, The Centre for Ap-plied Ethics, (Sweden), Utrecht University, the Ethics Institute, (The Netherlands), and the Norwegian University of Science and Technol-ogy, Department of Philosophy, Programme for Applied Ethics (Nor-way).

    Each year, the programme starts with a common introduction for all students. During this introduction, the teachers present different per-spectives on applied ethics. In this volume the introductions are pub-lished. They give a broad view of different aspects on applied ethics.

    Göran Collste

    Programme coordinator

  • 294.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Principles and approaches in ethics assessment: Research integrity2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific research is a conscious and systematic approach to acquire knowledge, based on theories, methods and standards that have been developed through the history of scientific disciplines. The terms “research integrity” and “good research practice” refer to ideals for how research ought to be performed.

    In the 1940s the American sociologist Robert Merton proposed norms for scientific research that have influenced the discussion on research integrity since then. According to Merton good research should not be secret or anyone’s property but requires instead openness and publicity. Merton uses the term communism/communalism for this norm. The second norm, according to Merton, is universalism, which means that the only relevant criteria for assessing research are the scientific criteria. The position or characteristic of the researcher has no relevance. Thirdly, disinterestedness means that the main motive driving the researcher should be the quest for knowledge, not for example economic gain or fame. Finally, the researcher should always be open for questioning the result. Merton calls this “organized scepticism”. This norm coheres with Karl Popper’s famous demarcation line between research and other activities; falsification, i.e. the constant efforts to falsify one’s result in order to get closer to the truth. Merton’s norms for research are summarized in the acronym CUDOS. Although the exact meaning and implication of Merton’s criteria can be discussed, they imply an ideal for scientific work and deviations from this ideal can be seen as misconduct in research.

    Merton’s CUDOS norms are well - known examples of ideals and norms for science. These norms could be seen as the basis for professional ethics of researchers. Scientific misconduct and fraud are deviation from the ideals of science and good research practice. In the following we first conceptualise the area of scientific misconduct. Then we present some norms, guidelines and codes of scientific integrity. In the next section we

    argue that scientific misconduct is a real problem that must be taken seriously by the research community and finally we discuss how scientific misconduct is investigated, how common it is and how it can be explained.

     

  • 295.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania2012Konferanseproceedings (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    August 23-26 2012 Societas Ethica, the European Society for Research in Ethics held its 49th annual conference. The conference theme was “Ethics and Migration” and the setting the Romanian city Sibiu in Transylvania. The site for the conference mirrored the theme. Transylvania has during the centuries been a place for waves of migration, for example, already in the 12th Century it received many German immigrants. It is also today a home for hundreds of thousands of Roma people.

    Migration is so far a neglected issue within applied ethics. This is surprising due to both the seriousness of the issue and the ethical dilemmas it poses. With this conference the Societas Ethica, wished to bolster the ethical discussion on migration. The conference channels illustrated the range of ethical issues that migration raises:

    Many people migrate from poverty and oppression but are stopped at the borders of the rich nations in Europe and America; what are their obligations towards the migrants? How is migration related to global justice?

    Migrants and refugees are vulnerable. They have lost their communities and citizenships. What are the rights of migrants and refugees? Who is obliged to protect their rights?

    Fortress Europe has unfortunately become a reality. With surveillance, fences and barbwire Europe tries to keep the migrants at a distance. But, what are the moral obligations of the individual European nations and of the European Union? What do we owe them?

    Immigrants who have successfully entered Europe are often met with hostility and end up in segregated communities. What are the ethical challenges of segregation and conflicts based on religion and ethnicity?

    The unknown person, the different, the Other, is often despised and persecuted. European history shows ample of evidence of this fact. How should minorities, like for example the Roma people, be respected and included by the majority populations and by the states?

    The first key note speech was held by Dr Gernot Haupt, Alpen-Adria University Klagenfurt over the theme “Antigypsism and migration”. Haupt showed with plenty of examples how the Roma people in Europe have been victims of constant policies of exclusion; from repression to extermination culminating in the Holocaust in the 1930s and 1940s. Haupt expressed critique of the present attitude of the majority in societies with Roma minorities. Their message is; it is always they, the Roma, who must change, not we!

    Dr Matthew Gibney from Oxford University addressed the topic “Refugees and justice between states”. He noticed that presently the majority of the world’s refugees go to neighboring poor countries and hence that the refugee situation exacerbate the global inequalities. How can this change? Are not for example nations responsible for creating massive streams of refugees, like the United States after the attack on Iraq in 2003, obliged to host the resulting refugees?

    Dr Michelle Becka from University of Frankfurt am Main talked about “Ethics on the border. Towards a theological horizon in the discourse of migration”. She emphasized that being a stranger is an important theme in the biblical tradition; migrants are in focus for theological ethics. When the humanity of migrants is reduced due to oppression and segregation it is crucial for theological ethics to emphasize the need for solidarity.

    In the last keynote speech Dr Oliver Bakewell from Oxford University talked over the theme “The relationships between migration and human development”. His lecture focused on the potential positive effects of migration for development through Diasporas communities with links to their homelands, remittances, i.e. the financial support that immigrants send back to their home countries, etc.

    More than 40 participants, among them many young scholars from all over Europe but also from India, the United States, Hong Kong and Australia, presented high quality paper. As the only European society open for scholars in moral philosophy, theological ethics and applied ethics, Societas Ethica has a great potential to influence and stimulate the ethical discussions in Europe.

  • 296.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    "...punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation..." An Argument for Global Rectificatory Justice2007Inngår i: Political Practices and International Order / [ed] Stefanans Heuser, Hans Günter Ulrich, Zürich: LiT Verlag , 2007, s. 208-218Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    International order is one of the most challenging issues in political ethics today, and its place within the multifaceted fleld of politics is frequently debated. The diverse phenomena resulting from 'globalisation' - particularly in the wake of the end of the so-called Cold War - urge us to think about our 'world' in terms of a single political entity. Besides the existing international institutions, however, it is still open to question what this entity should be and what concrete political practices should correspond to it. In the essays collected in this book, political scientists, sociologists, philosophers, theologians and policy advisors explore how political practices can be institutionally localised without necessarily becoming incorporated into structures of governance. Political ethics, as presented in this book, seeks to address the particular practices of power, justice, and peace of citizens themselves, and to assess their relevance for the shaping of international institutions

  • 297.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rectification for Atrocities under Colonialism2016Inngår i: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 18, nr 6, s. 852-864Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars and injustices can have wide-ranging reverberations. Colonialism ended – with a few exceptions – over fifty years ago, but there are still many traces left. In this essay I focus on two cases of atrocities under colonialism that have left scars in the present and my question is: how can a nation rectify for the long-term effects of an aggression? What is the appropriate ethical response? The two examples are the German genocide of the Herero tribe in 1904–1905 and the British war against the Mau Mau movement in Kenya in the 1950s. The examples are chosen because they both illustrate enduring claims for rectification after aggressions. After the presentation of these cases and of how Germany and Great Britain have responded, I discuss the meaning of rectificatory justice and criteria for reasonable claims for rectification.

  • 298.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    “…restoring the dignity of the victims”. Is global rectificatory justice feasible?2010Inngår i: Ethics and global politics, ISSN 1654-4951, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 85-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of global justice has mainly focused on global distributive justice. This article argues for global rectificatory justice, mainly by former colonial states in favor of former colonized peoples. The argument depends on the following premises: (1) there is a moral obligation to rectify the consequences of wrongful acts; (2) colonialism was on the whole harmful for the colonies; (3) the present unjust global structure was constituted by colonialism; and (4) the obligation of rectificatory justice is trans-generational so long as there are at present identifiable beneficiaries and victims of past injustice. Although it is too demanding to ask for full compensation for 450 years of colonialism, the former colonial powers can in different ways and to the best of their efforts contribute to change the present inequalities that are the legacy of history. A theory of global rectificatory justice is complementary to a theory of global distributive justice and enables us to develop a fuller understanding of the meaning of global justice.

  • 299.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Social Justice: Perspectives from Uganda2013Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    SOCIAL JUSTICE, HEALTH AND POVERTY IN UGANDA

    John Barugahare

    Injustice in Uganda manifests in many ways. One most serious, yet least discussed social injustice, is inequity in Health. Although there are two equally important aims of health systems – efficiency and equity, in Uganda too much focus has been on ensuring efficiency and as a consequence concerns of equity have been relegated. Ultimately, health policy in Uganda has disproportionately negatively affected the poor’s livelihoods in general and the trend seems to be worsening by day. Even though it is possible to borrow a leaf from the Western literature on how to design a good health policy, low income countries like Uganda have special features that render the extrapolation of the Western input good but not enough. In particular, these special features are the level of resource constraints, poverty and the financing mechanism of health care services. These three have very serious implications for equity in health. In general, there is a lot of injustice in the Uganda health care and this has been mainly due to poverty levels and the financing mechanism which the system relies on. Hence, there is an urgent need to concentrate on a discussion of injustice in health because health enhances people’s functionings and is a mandatory condition for people’s enjoyment of other life opportunities to the extent that if a section of a society is made to suffer injustice in health, this will translate into injustice in all the dimensions of their lives. This is something that fair‐minded people cannot afford to live with for long. Therefore, it is important in this work to illustrate how the above three special features play to cause and sustain inequity in Uganda health care system and to  suggest the starting point to overcoming this injustice, not only in Uganda but as a general trend in health policy analysis.

    THE POLITICS OF RESTORING ETHICS AND THE CHALLENGE OF PATRIOTISM IN SERVICE DELIVERY IN UGANDA’S PUBLIC SERVICE

    Dickson Kanakulya

    Reports indicate that there is an erosion of professionalism and ethics across most of the East African public service systems and this is limiting the efficient service delivery and negatively impacts on social justice. Because of this challenge many approaches are being applied to mitigate it, such as the institutional, legal, cultural and the political. This paper discusses the political approach and particularly problematizes the political push for patriotism in Uganda. Most of the critique and analysis was done while carrying out research and consultancy with Makerere Centre for Applied Ethics (MACAE) in selected districts in Uganda under the project “Pro‐poor Integrity” (PPI) funded by Tiri and DFID. The paper argues that the government’s policy of patriotism is more of politicking than real improvement of service delivery to the people. Political interference in public service has engendered a culture of impunity and increased unethical conduct among ‘politically‐connected’ civil servants right from the grass root service to the top administration, The paper argues that if ethics in Uganda’s public administration is to improve politicians ought  to be divorce party‐biased ideology from the patriotism discourse such that it can appeal to a wider spectrum of Ugandans.

    PERSISTENT COLONIAL COERCION IN CONTEMPORARY UGANDA: FOUNDATION OF SOCIAL INJUSTICES IN THE COUNTRY

    Gervase Tusabe

    Since 1962, all Uganda’s major centres of power i.e., political, economic and military have always been dominated by a chosen few, and the attendant wealth that goes with such powers has always been disproportionately enjoyed in favour of these chosen few when a considerable large number of people in the country are living under the weight of abject poverty.

    The major argument advanced in this paper is that the fundamental cause of this experience of injustice in Uganda is the persistent domestic colonial mode of political administration that is managed by a particular closed group of individuals who more or less conspired to work together to promote their self‐centred interests at the cost of deliberately ignoring the legitimate interests of the Ugandans who are outside their group.

    STRUCTURAL INJUSTICES AND THE ETHICS OF ENGENDERING POVERTY ERADICATION POLICIES IN UGANDA

    Michael George Kizito

    Since time immemorial, poverty reduction interventions in Sub‐Saharan Africa like everywhere in the South, have focused on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism). According to this perspective, in order to lift human persons out of poverty, it is imperative to integrate poor persons into poverty eradication interventions irrespective of sex, social status and gender. Scholars and institutions that subscribed to this conception of poverty thought that individuals were poor because of personal weaknesses (case poverty).This perspective has been greatly challenged due to the upsurge of gender and human rights scholarship in the 20th century. Gender scholars have painstakingly argued that in order to understand poverty, we need to look at society (ethical collectivism). They have rejected the Women in Development(WID) discourse that aims at integrating women into the development process in favour of the Gender and Development(GAD) approach to development and poverty reduction that aims at confronting power relations between men and women (empowerment).This GAD perspective looks at poverty in terms of the powerlessness speared head by prevailing structures in society (structural poverty) and hence the need to empower vulnerable persons such as women to challenge structures and strictures of oppression. The International Monetary fund (IMF) and World Bank as vehement promoters of economism in Sub‐Saharan Africa for decades have urged governments to include the perspectives of the poor in poverty polices through what they call participatory poverty assessments (PPAs). Despite its deceptive appearance, this PPAs stance of the IMF and World Bank tacitly looks at poverty as a case and not structural issue and that is why Uganda’s ambitious poverty reduction policy though greatly informed by Participatory Poverty Assessments greatly ignores structures and strictures that render women vulnerable to poverty. This paper critically assesses the obliviousness of Uganda’s Agricultural poverty policy to structures and how this has militated on the gender poverty production in Uganda. The paper contends that in order to realise engendered poverty eradication in Uganda, it is pertinent for the agricultural policy to ultimately make paradigm shift from focusing on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism) to confronting structures and strictures that disempower and vulnerablelise individual moral agents (ethical collectivism).

  • 300.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Societas Ethica’s Annual Conference 2015: Globalisation and Global Justice, Lunnevads folkhögskola, Linköping, Sweden, August 20-23, 2015: Societas Ethica Jahretagung 2015, Globalisierung und globale Gerechtigkeit2015Konferanseproceedings (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The proceedings from the Societas Ethica’s annual conference 2015 looks different than previous years. We do not publish the full papers this year. The reason for this change is that less and less papers have been submitted the last years due to the fact that most academic journals are hesitant to publish articles that already have been published in conference proceedings. So, in order to be able to mirror the conferences, the board of Societas Ethica decided that it is better that the conference proceedings contain the paper abstracts.

    The proceedings contain three parts; first, the thematic introduction by the President, then the key note speeches and the responses to the key notes and finally, the conference paper abstracts.

3456789 251 - 300 of 2067
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf