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  • 251.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Changing to a project-based approach to education – a comparison between experiences from traditional and project-based education in engineering2003Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 252.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Crowd dynamics as interaction between and within groups2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 253.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Forskning om masshändelser2010Ingår i: Demonstrationer och sporthändelser: en bok om poliser, demonstranter, idrottssupportrar, kravaller och folkfest / [ed] Kjell Granström, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, s. 29-40Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    När många människor samlas på ett ställe finns en risk att det uppstår konflikter som urartar i våld, även om syftet med samlingen är fredligt. I boken beskrivs vad som kan hända i samband med demonstrationer, gatufester och idrottsevenemang. Bokens första syfte är att ge en överblick över aktuell forskning om masshändelser och kravaller. Ett annat syfte är att ge konkreta exempel på masshändelser som urartat och sådana som avlöpt fredligt, samt att förklara varför kravaller uppstår. Det tredje syftet är att ge konkreta beskrivningar av hur polis, myndigheter och arrangörer kan agera för att undvika kravaller. Ökad kunskap om den dynamik som kan utvecklas i samband med masshändelser kan bidra till att öka medvetenheten om den egna gruppens betydelse för händelseutvecklingen och bemötande av andra grupper. Detta är kunskap med relevans också för en mängd vardagliga situationer som kan uppstå på t.ex. arbetsplatser eller i skolklasser. Boken riktar sig till poliser, polisaspiranter, idrottsföreningar och arrangörer av demonstrationer, men också till lokala myndigheter och politiker. Boken kan med fördel användas i undervisning och forskning inom det beteendevetenskapliga området.

  • 254.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Konformitet på Internet2011Ingår i: Områdesgruppen för grupp- och socialpsykologi, 16-17 maj, Linköping, Sweden, 2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 255.
    Rosander, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Peaceful outcome of a crowd event as an identification process2011Ingår i: The 16th EASP General Meeting 12-16 July, Stockholm, Sweden, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 256.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Granström, Kjell
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för pedagogik i utbildning och skola, PiUS.
    Stiwne, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi, CS.
    Group mind in Christian communities2006Ingår i: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, Vol. 58, s. 74-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, group movements in different Christian communities were analysed by use of an expanded model of Janis' (1972, 1982) concept groupthink (Granstrom & Stiwne, 1998). Much research in the psychology of religion has focused on individual differences. The focus of this study was on religious groups qua group, and processes that may influence their work and primary task. The groups studied were classified in one of three organisational clusters based on their way of organising work - ranging from more teamwork to more hierarchical oriented organisations. The results showed that there were considerable differences between different religious groups as to their groupthink tendencies, indicating that religiosity as such is not a sufficient explanation of group dynamics in such groups. However, the way of organising work may be an important factor for understanding groupthink tendencies. Another contribution was the application of the concept groupthink to rather ordinary religious groups. Groupthink has mainly been used to explain political, military or industrial fiascos. In this case the concept was applied to everyday life pointing to its explanatory value.

  • 257.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Guvå, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Demonstrations as a communicative interplay between demonstrators and the police2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 258.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Guvå, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    “Don’t call them demonstrators”, dealing with activists in the autonomous setting2007Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 259.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Guvå, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Keeping the peace: Police behaviour at a mass event2012Ingår i: Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, ISSN 1544-4759, E-ISSN 1544-4767, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 52-68Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the collective behaviour of the police during a football match at the 2006 Football World Cup. What peacekeeping and aggravating processes could be identified and what were their consequences? Data were collected using observation and field interviews. Some critical situations could have escalated into riots; however, the police showed trust in the majority of the supporters’ intentions to be peaceful. Distrust was reserved for selected individuals who were under surveillance. This, together with tactics involving using different forces for different tasks and an overall organizational strategy focusing on the festivity of the event, was the main reason for the peaceful outcome. A friendly, but firm, approach was successful in keeping the peace.

  • 260.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Guvå, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Polisens aktiva bidrag till fredlig utveckling vid fotbolls-VM 20062010Ingår i: Demonstrationer och sporthändelser: En bok om poliser, demonstranter, idrottssupportrar, kravaller och folkfest / [ed] Kjell Granström, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, 1, s. 187-200Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    När många människor samlas på ett ställe finns en risk att det uppstår konflikter som urartar i våld, även om syftet med samlingen är fredligt. I boken beskrivs vad som kan hända i samband med demonstrationer, gatufester och idrottsevenemang. Bokens första syfte är att ge en överblick över aktuell forskning om masshändelser och kravaller. Ett annat syfte är att ge konkreta exempel på masshändelser som urartat och sådana som avlöpt fredligt, samt att förklara varför kravaller uppstår. Det tredje syftet är att ge konkreta beskrivningar av hur polis, myndigheter och arrangörer kan agera för att undvika kravaller. Ökad kunskap om den dynamik som kan utvecklas i samband med masshändelser kan bidra till att öka medvetenheten om den egna gruppens betydelse för händelseutvecklingen och bemötande av andra grupper. Detta är kunskap med relevans också för en mängd vardagliga situationer som kan uppstå på t.ex. arbetsplatser eller i skolklasser. Boken riktar sig till poliser, polisaspiranter, idrottsföreningar och arrangörer av demonstrationer, men också till lokala myndigheter och politiker. Boken kan med fördel användas i undervisning och forskning inom det beteendevetenskapliga området.

  • 261.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Guvå, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Using practitioners in research - practical or problematic?2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 262.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Hylander, Ingrid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Från Göteborg till Dortmund – studier av masshändelser.2007Ingår i: Det enkla är det sköna – en vänbok till Kjell Granström / [ed] Einarsson, Charlotta, Linköping: Skapande vetande , 2007, s. 234-252Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 263.
    Rosander, Michael
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Stiwne, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi, CS.
    Granström, Kjell
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för pedagogik i utbildning och skola, PiUS.
    Bipolar groupthink: Assessing groupthink tendencies in authentic work groups1998Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 10, s. 10-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 264.
    Rosmarin, D.H.
    et al.
    Bowling Green State University.
    Krumrei, E.J.
    Bowling Green State University.
    Andersson , Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Religion as a predictor of psychological distress in two religious communities2009Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, Vol. 38, nr 1, s. 54-64Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although spirituality and religion play a role in the lives of many North Americans, the relationship of these variables to symptoms of affective disorders has not been rigorously studied. The authors, therefore, evaluated the extent to which religious factors predicted symptoms of distress in a large community sample of 354 individuals (120 Christian and 234 Jewish). Results indicated that religious denomination was a poor predictor of distress. However, general religiousness (e.g. importance of religion), religious practices (e.g. frequency of prayer), and positive religious core beliefs predicted lower levels of worry, trait anxiety, and depressive symptoms, whereas negative religious core beliefs predicted increased symptoms. These variables accounted for a small but significant portion of the variance in reported symptoms after controlling for covariates. These findings are taken to indicate that religion is an important factor to consider when evaluating and treating distress in religious individuals. Implications for clinical practice of empirically supported treatments with religious individuals are explored.

  • 265.
    Sarkohi, Ali
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Psykologi.
    Bjärehed, Jonas
    Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Links between Future Thinking and Autobiographical Memory Specificity in Major Depression2011Ingår i: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 2, nr 3, s. 261-265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the association between autobiographical memory specificity and future thinking in a depressed sample. A total of 88 individuals who meet the DSM-IV criteria of major depression were included and completed the autobiographical memory test (AMT) and the future thinking task (FTT). The FTT was an index of number of future plausible events, rating of likelihood and emotional valence. The results showed that positive future thinking was significantly correlated with retrieval of specific positive autobio-graphical memories (r = 0.23). Moreover, correlational analyses showed that positive autobiographical memo-ries were negatively correlated with extended autobiographical memories, repeated autobiographical memories, semantic associations and non-responses on the AMT. Self-report measures of depression and anxiety were not correlated with either the FTT or the AMT. The results of this cross-sectional study only give weak support for an association between autobiographical memory specificity and future thinking.

  • 266.
    Sarkohi, Ali
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV). Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Handikappvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Forslund Frykedal, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för pedagogik inom arbetsliv och utbildning (PiAU). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Holmberg Forsyth, Hazel
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Psykiatriska kliniken.
    Larsson, Staffan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Representations of the future in depression. A qualitative studyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies indicate that the ability to imagine negative and positive future events affect psychological well-being and is a characteristic feature of depression. The aim of this study was to investigate how depressed individuals view their future along different time periods. A total of 15 individuals with a diagnosis of major depression were recruited from a psychiatry clinic and completed a semi-structured qualitative interview. Questions were asked about the situation right now, before becoming depressed, and the future (nearest time, within a year and the upcoming 5-10 years). Data were collected and analysed using open-ended methodology in line with the principles of grounded theory. The results showed that depressed individuals experienced a state of “ambivalence”, with negative cognitive, emotional, physical and socioeconomic consequences, when they were asked to think about their nearest future. Ambivalence and its negative emotional and cognitive effects were substantially reduced in strength when they were asked about their more distant future. We conclude that ambivalence in the present may be an important feature of depression which deserves more attention from both a theoretical and clinical perspective. The use of qualitative approaches in the study of depression is encouraged.

  • 267.
    Stiwne, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Diskursernas kamp': Kommentar till RPC's höstkonferens2009Ingår i: in Insikten, issue 2, 2009, ISSN 1400 0936, Stockholm, 2009, nr 2, s. 13-15Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 268.
    Stiwne, Dan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Från techne till phronesis. Om litteratursamtalets möjligheter i psykoterapeututbildningen2009Ingår i: Litteratur som livskunskap: Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på personlighetsutvecklande läsning, Högskolan i Borås, 2009, s. 108-113Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur kan litteraturvinjetter användas för att skapa meningsfullt reflektionsinnehåll inom ramen för en existentiellt inriktad psykoterapeututbildning? Resultat från Linköpingsutbildningen 2004-2009 redovisas utifrån de studerandes reaktioner på några introducerade vinjetter inom ramen för problembaserat lärande (PBL).

  • 269.
    Ström, Lars
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Richard
    Department of Psychology, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Internet-Based Treatment for Insomnia: A Controlled Evaluation2004Ingår i: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, ISSN 0022-006X, E-ISSN 1939-2117, Vol. 72, nr 1, s. 113-120Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the effects of an Internet-based intervention for insomnia. Participants who met criteria for insomnia (N = 109) were randomly assigned to either a cognitive-behavioral self-help treatment or a waiting list control condition. The 5-week intervention mainly consisted of sleep restriction, stimulus control, and cognitive restructuring. Sleep diary data were collected for 2 weeks at baseline and at posttreatment. The dropout rate was 24% (n = 28). Results showed statistically significant improvements in the treatment group on many outcome measures, including total sleep time, total wake time in bed, and sleep efficiency. However, improvements were also found in the control group. Overall, between-groups effect sizes were low, with the exception of the Beliefs and Attitudes About Sleep Scale (Cohen's d = .81).

  • 270.
    Sundewall Thorén, Elisabet
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Svensson, Monica
    Lund University.
    Tornqvist, Anna
    Lund University.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Carlbring, Per
    Umeå University.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Online self-help via a controlled discussion forum2009Ingår i: Binaural Processing and Spatial Hearing, Ballerup: The Danavox Jubilee Foundation , 2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent studies on hearing rehabilitation with group discussions show similar long-term benefits as conventional professional counselling (Abrams et al., 2002; Hickson et al., 2007). The use of professional support for self-help via Internet may reduce anxiety and depression (Andersson et al., 2005). Inspired by those results, we created an online discussion forum for self-help where 29 experienced hearing-aid users communicated, on their own for five weeks. Each week they started the discussions from a given topic, without any professional assistance. We measured their reported subjective hearing problems online using standardized questionnaires (HHIE, IOI-HA and SADL) pre and post the online intervention. The findings show that the participants reduced their reported subjective hearing problems significantly by taking part in the discussions. Six months after the online intervention was finished the significant reduction was persistent.

    By using manifest qualitative content analysis of the participants’ online communication we will present results including typical categories and themes in the discussions, as well as peer-to-peer helping behavior.

    The findings indicates that interacting with peers have a positive significant effect on the long-term outcome of their hearing rehabilitation. Further development of this tool could be a very useful instrument in the rehabilitation of hearing impaired adults.

     

    References: Abrams, H., Chisholm., T. H., McArdle, R. (2002). A cost-utility analysis of adults group audiologic rehabilitation: Are the benefits worth the cost? Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 5, 549-558.

    Andersson, G., Bergström, J., Carlbring, P., Lindefors, N. (2005). The use of internet in the treatment of anxiety disorders. Current opinion in Psychiatry, 18, 73-77.

    Hickson, L., Worrall, L., Scarinci, N. (2007). A randomized controlled trial evaluating the Active Communication Education program for older people with hearing impairment. Ear and Hearing, 28, 212-230.

  • 271.
    Thorndike, F
    et al.
    University of Virginia.
    Ritterband, L
    University of Virginia.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Gonder-Frederick, L
    University of Virginia.
    Magee, J
    University of Virginia.
    Smyth, F
    University of Virginia.
    Web-based Measurement: Effect of Completing Single or Multiple Items Per Web Page2006Ingår i: Second international meeting of the International Society for Research on Internet Interventions,2006, Charlottesville: ISRII , 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 272.
    Thorndike, Frances P
    et al.
    University of Virginia.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Smyth, Frederick L
    University of Virginia.
    Magee, Joshua C
    University of Virginia.
    Gonder-Frederick, Linda
    University of Virginia.
    Ost, Lars-Goran
    Stockholm University.
    Ritterband , Lee M
    University of Virginia.
    Web-based measurement: Effect of completing single or multiple items per webpage2009Ingår i: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 393-401Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The current study was conducted to determine whether participants respond differently to online questionnaires presenting all items on a single webpage versus questionnaires presenting only one item per page, and whether participants prefer one format over the other. Of participants seeking self-help treatment on the Internet (for depression, social phobia, or panic disorder), 710 completed four questionnaires (Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Quality of Life Index, Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale) on the Internet on two occasions. The questionnaires were either presented with one questionnaire on one webpage (e.g., BDI on one webpage) or on multiple webpages (e.g., BDI on 21 webpages with one item each). Results suggest that the four web questionnaires measure the same construct across diagnostic group (depression, social phobia, panic), presentation type (single versus multiple items per page), and order of presentation (which format first). Within each diagnostic group, factor means for all questionnaires were equivalent across presentation method and time. Furthermore. factor means varied as expected across samples (e.g.. depressed group scored higher on BDI), providing evidence of construct validity. The majority of participants in each diagnostic group preferred the single item per page format, even though this format required more time.

  • 273.
    Tillfors, M
    et al.
    Örebros universitet.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Furmark, T
    Uppsala univ.
    Lewenhaupt, S
    Eriksson, A
    Spak, M
    Ekselius, L
    Uppsala universitet.
    Westling, B E
    Uppsala univ.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    University students with social phobia and public speaking fears: A randomized trial of Internet delivered self-help with or without live group exposure2006Ingår i: Second international meeting of the International Society for Research on Internet Interventions,2006, Charlottesville: ISRII , 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 274. Tillfors, Maria
    et al.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Furmark, Tomas
    Lewenhaupt, Susanna
    Spak, Maria
    Eriksson, Annelie
    Ekselius, Lisa
    Westling, Bengt
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Treating university students with social phobia and public speaking fears: Internet delivered self-help with or without live group exposure sessions2008Ingår i: Depression and anxiety (Print), ISSN 1091-4269, E-ISSN 1520-6394, Vol. 25, nr 8, s. 708-717Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study investigated the efficacy of an Internet-based self-help program with minimal therapist contact via e-mail for Swedish university students with social phobia and public speaking fears. The main objective was to test if the Internet-based self-help program would be more effective if five live group exposure sessions were added. Methods: Thirty-eight students meeting the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edition criteria for social phobia were randomized into two different treatment groups: Internet delivered cognitive behavior therapy combined with five group exposure sessions (ICBT+ exp) or the Internet program alone (ICBT). Results: Results were analyzed on an intention-to-treat basis. Both treatment groups showed significant improvement from pre- to post-test, and from pre-test to 1-year follow-up, on all measured dimensions (social anxiety, general anxiety, depression levels, and quality of life). For both the groups, the average within-group effect sizes for the primary social anxiety scales, expressed as Cohen's d, were comparable to those seen in traditionally administered cognitive behavioral therapy both at post-test and at 1- year follow-up. Conclusions: The results suggest that the Internet-based self-help program on its own is efficient in the treatment of university students with social phobia. Adding group exposure sessions did not improve the outcome significantly. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  • 275.
    van Straten, Annemieke
    et al.
    Vrije University.
    Geraedts, Anna
    Vrije University.
    Verdonck-de Leeuw, Irma
    Vrije University.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Cuijpers, Pim
    Vrije University.
    Psychological treatment of depressive symptoms in patients with medical disorders: A meta-analysis2010Ingår i: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 69, nr 1, s. 23-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: It is widely acknowledged that the prevalence of depression in the general population is high, but that it is even higher for patients with medical disorders. Yet, the effectiveness of psychological treatments in these patient populations has not been firmly established. Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis of randomized controlled studies examining the effects of psychological treatments in patients with 1 of 10 different medical disorders and elevated levels of depression. Extensive searches were performed in PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Results: We included 23 studies. The overall effect size of the 15 studies that compared psychological treatments with a waitlist or care-as-usual control group was d=1.00 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.57-1.44] but declined to d=0.42 (95% CI, 0.27-0.58) after removing two outliers with extremely high effects. We tested the type of disorder, inclusion based on diagnostic criteria or symptoms, type of treatment, treatment format, type of control group, and intention-to-treat or completers analyses, but none of these variables were significantly associated with the effect. The four studies that compared one type of psychotherapy to another showed a positive effect of cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy compared to supportive therapy (d=0.42; 95% CI, 0.14-0.69). There were not enough studies (n=3) to draw any conclusions about the comparison of psychotherapy to pharmacotherapy. Conclusion: We conclude that the effects of psychological treatment of patients with medical disorders are very similar to those found in otherwise healthy patients. Treating this comorbid depression should be one of the priorities in medical care settings.

  • 276. Vernmark, K
    et al.
    Lenndin, J
    Bjärehed, J
    Carlsson, M
    CS / IBL LiU.
    Eriksson, T
    Specialistläkarna Specialistläkarna.
    Karlsson, J
    CS / IBL LiU.
    Sarkohi, A
    CS / IBL LiU.
    Öberg, J
    CS / IBL LiU.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Internet-delivered Email and self-help treatment for Depression: a randomised controlled trial2006Ingår i: Second international meeting of the International Society for Research on Internet Interventions,2006, Charlottesville: ISRII , 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 277.
    Vernmark, Kristofer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lenndin, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Bjarehed, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Carlsson, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Oberg, Jorgen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Carlbring, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Eriksson, Thomas
    Redakliniken, Linkoping, Sweden .
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Internet administered guided self-help versus individualized e-mail therapy: A randomized trial of two versions of CBT for major depression2010Ingår i: BEHAVIOUR RESEARCH AND THERAPY, ISSN 0005-7967, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 368-376Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet-delivered psychological treatment of major depression has been investigated in several trials, but the role of personalized treatment is less investigated. Studies suggest that guidance is important and that automated computerized programmes without therapist support are less effective. Individualized e-mail therapy for depression has not been studied in a controlled trial. Eighty-eight individuals with major depression were randomized to two different forms of Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), or to a waiting-list control group. One form of Internet treatment consisted of guided self-help, with weekly modules and homework assignments. Standard CBT components were presented and brief support was provided during the treatment. The other group received e-mail therapy, which was tailored and did not use the self-help texts i.e., all e-mails were written for the unique patient. Both treatments lasted for 8 weeks. In the guided self-help 93% completed (27/29) and in the e-mail therapy 96% (29/30) completed the posttreatment assessment. Results showed significant symptom reductions in both treatment groups with moderate to large effect sizes. At posttreatment 34.5% of the guided self-help group and 30% of the e-mail therapy group reached the criteria of high-end-state functioning (Beck Depression Inventory score below 9). At six-month follow-up the corresponding figures were 47.4% and 43.3%. Overall, the difference between guided self-help and e-mail therapy was small, but in favour of the latter. These findings indicate that both guided self-help and individualized e-mail therapy can be effective.

  • 278.
    Viklund, Erika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Holmquist, Rolf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Client-identified important events in psychotherapy: Interactional structures and practices2010Ingår i: Psychotherapy Research, ISSN 1050-3307, E-ISSN 1468-4381, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 151-164Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study describes interactional structures and practices in client-identified important events in psychotherapy sessions. Twelve of 16 events from seven client-therapist dyads were found to contain disagreement. A turn-by-turn investigation using conversation analysis displayed three different ways that therapists used to handle disagreement. The first was to orient to the client's disagreement cues by inviting the client to elaborate his or her point and to establish a shared understanding. The second was to orient to the client's disagreement cues but define the therapist's point of view as more relevant to the project at hand. The third was a single case where the therapist did not orient to the client's disagreement cues. The results suggest that disagreement patterns may be an interesting focus for further exploration of microprocesses within therapy sessions.

  • 279.
    Viklund, Erika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Holmquist, Rolf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Two ways of analyzing clients’ accounts of important events in psychotherapy2014Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze clients’ accounts of important events in psychotherapy, by examining both what types of therapy events clients describe as important, and how their talk about the events is shaped and organized within the context of the research interviews. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight clients after their third session. A content analysis of the clients’ accounts yielded descriptions of five types of important events: feeling validated/understood, gaining insight/understanding/awareness, exploring feelings/experiencing emotions, therapist omission/therapeutic impasse, and advice/problem solving. In a second step, a discourse analysis identified one dominating interpretative repertoire that clients drew on to construct therapy as a special kind of talk that is different from everyday talk. Clients were also found to account for their experience and expertise as clients and to reject invitations to speculate about the therapist’s thoughts and feelings. These were strategies clients used to handle attempts to trouble their positions as clients, while at the same time maintaining the special-kind of talk-repertoire and addressing their accountability as clients.

  • 280.
    Westin, Vendela
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    C Hayes, Steven
    University of Nevada.
    Andersson , Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Is it the sound or your relationship to it? The role of acceptance in predicting tinnitus impact2008Ingår i: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 46, nr 12, s. 1259-1265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tinnitus is an experience of sound in the absence of an appropriate external source. A symptom that can accompany most central or peripheral dysfunctions of the auditory system, tinnitus can lead to significant distress, depression, anxiety, and decreases in life quality. This paper investigated the construct of psychological acceptance in a population of tinnitus patients. First, a cross-sectional Study (N = 77) was conducted in which a tinnitus specific acceptance questionnaire was developed. Results showed that a Tinnitus Acceptance Questionnaire (TAQ) generated good internal consistency. A factor Solution was derived with two factors: activity engagement and tinnitus supression, Second, a longitudinal study (N = 47) investigated the mediating role of acceptance on the relationship between tinnitus distress at baseline and tinnitus distress, anxiety, life quality, and depression at a 7-month follow-up The results. showed full mediation of activity engagement for depression and life quality at follow-up, partial mediation for tinnitus distress, and no mediation for anxiety. The role of acceptance in the negative impact of tinnitus distress merits further investigation.

  • 281.
    Westin, Vendela
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ostergren, Richard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Andersson , Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The effects of acceptance versus thought suppression for dealing with the intrusiveness of tinnitus2008Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 47, s. S112-S118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acceptance versus suppression of disruptions on a mental imagery task in a sample of tinnitus patients. Previous research has indicated that acceptance can be an effective strategy for dealing with unpleasant experiences such as pain and anxiety. The study used a between-group design, including 47 participants who completed a task involving mental imagery in a sound-proof booth. Participants were randomly assigned to three instruction conditions: acceptance, suppression, or a control condition. The results showed a significant difference between the acceptance group and the control group in that participants in the acceptance group were able to focus on the imagery task for a longer time without being interrupted. The study provides preliminary support for the notion that acceptance can be a helpful strategy for tinnitus patients.

  • 282.
    Willebrand, M.
    et al.
    Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University Hospital, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden, Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS).
    Kildal, M.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gerdin, B.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ekselius, L.
    Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Uppsala University Hospital, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.
    Injury-related fear-avoidance, neuroticism and burn-specific health2006Ingår i: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 32, nr 4, s. 408-415Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dysfunctional beliefs such as fear-avoidance (i.e. fear of re-injury) and personality traits such as neuroticism are risk factors for poor health. However, there is little information regarding associations with poor perceived health after severe burn and what level of fear-avoidance is associated with poor health. In this study, we investigated fear-avoidance and neuroticism regarding their associations with post-burn health. Participants were 86 recovered burn patients and data were collected by a postal survey. Post-burn health was assessed with the nine subscales of the Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B). In logistic regressions, fear-avoidance was related to poorer health in six subscales assessing both physical and psychosocial problems. Neuroticism was associated with poorer health in three subscales assessing mainly psychosocial problems. Chi-square analyses showed that participants with a moderate or high level of fear-avoidance =1.0 (out of 4) were more likely to describe their health as poor and had a longer sick leave than those with a fear-avoidance level of <1.0. In summary, fear-avoidance was associated with poorer health even at moderate levels and was associated with several aspects of post-burn health. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI.

  • 283.
    Zetterqvist Westin, Vendela
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Schulin, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Oto-Rhino-Laryngologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Hesser, Hugo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutet för handikappvetenskap (IHV).
    Karlsson, Marianne
    Vrinnevisjukhuset, Norrköping.
    Zare Noe, Reza
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Oto-Rhino-Laryngologi.
    Olofsson, Ulrike
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Sinnescentrum, Öron- näsa- och halskliniken US.
    Stalby, Magnus
    Psykologpartners, Linköping.
    Wisung, Gisela
    Psykologpartners, Linköping.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in the treatment of tinnitus: A randomised controlled trial2011Ingår i: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 49, nr 11, s. 737-747Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study compared the effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) with Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) on tinnitus impact in a randomised controlled trial. Sixty-four normal hearing subjects with tinnitus were randomised to one of the active treatments or a wait-list control (WLC). The ACT treatment consisted of 10 weekly 60min sessions. The TRT treatment consisted of one 150min session, one 30min follow-up and continued daily use of wearable sound generators for a recommended period of at least 8h/day for 18 months. Assessments were made at baseline, 10 weeks, 6 months and 18 months. At 10 weeks, results showed a superior effect of ACT in comparison with the WLC regarding tinnitus impact (Cohen's d=1.04), problems with sleep and anxiety. The results were mediated by tinnitus acceptance. A comparison between the active treatments, including all assessment points, revealed significant differences in favour of ACT regarding tinnitus impact (Cohen's d=0.75) and problems with sleep. At 6 months, reliable improvement on the main outcome measure was found for 54.5% in the ACT condition and 20% in the TRT condition. The results suggest that ACT can reduce tinnitus distress and impact in a group of normal hearing tinnitus patients.

  • 284.
    Zetterqvist (f.d. Westin), Vendela
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Tinnitus – an acceptance-based approach2011Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tinnitus är ett mycket vanligt hälsoproblem där en grupp av de drabbade upplever påtagliga besvär såsom påverkan på sömn, välbefinnande och funktionsnivå. Denna avhandlings syften var att 1) utforska den roll acceptans och psykologisk flexibilitet har för förståelsen av tinnitusbesvär såväl experimentellt som med en longitudinell design 2) utvärdera de omedelbara och långsiktiga effekterna av en acceptansinriktad beteendeterapi (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy; ACT) vid behandling av personer med tinnitus samt 3) undersöka relationen mellan behandlingsutfall och processer som antas utgöra behandlingens aktiva komponenter (acceptans och kognitiv defusion).

    Studie I (n=47) var ett experiment där man jämförde förmågan att bibehålla uppmärksamheten på en mental bild vid tre olika betingelser: acceptans, tankesuppression eller en neutral betingelse. Resultaten indikerade att deltagarna som slumpats till acceptans var hjälpta av denna strategi i genomförandet av uppgiften. Studie II (n=47) var en självrapportstudie med longitudinell design där det undersöktes om acceptans fungerade som en mediator i sambandet mellan tinnitusbesvär i baslinjen och livskvalitet, depression, ångest och tinnitusbesvär vid en uppföljning efter sju månader. För variablerna livskvalitet och depression visade resultaten en fullständig mediation och för tinnitusbesvär en partiell mediation. Studie IV (n=64) var en randomiserad kontrollerad prövning av de omedelbara och långsiktiga effekterna av ACT i jämförelse med Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) och en väntelistekontrollgrupp. Resultaten visade att ACT hade en stor omedelbar effekt på tinnitusbesvär i jämförelse med väntelistan och en medelstor effekt i jämförelse med TRT. Även sekundära utfallsmått visade på effekter. Utfallet i ACT medierades av självrapporterad acceptans av tinnitus. Studie III (n=24) studerade processer i ACT-behandlingen genom observation och skattning av klientbeteenden under de videoinspelade sessionerna. Resultaten visade att klienternas acceptans- och defusionbeteende under sessioner tidigt i terapin predicerade det långsiktiga utfallet i behandlingen. Dessa samband kvarstod även när man kontrollerade för symtomförbättring fram till den skattade sessionen. Detta medan tidigare symtomförbättring inte predicerade klientbeteende senare i behandling. Deltagare i samtliga studier var patienter med kronisk tinnitus, huvudsakligen rekryterade från reguljär hörselvård. Resultaten från dessa studier indikerar att 1) acceptans och psykologisk flexibilitet kan bidra till förståelsen av tinnitusbesvär 2) ACT kan minska tinnitusbesvär hos en grupp normalhörande patienter 3) acceptans och kognitiv defusion är viktiga processer i ACT vilka är relaterade till behandlingutfallet.

    Delarbeten
    1. The effects of acceptance versus thought suppression for dealing with the intrusiveness of tinnitus
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The effects of acceptance versus thought suppression for dealing with the intrusiveness of tinnitus
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 47, s. S112-S118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of acceptance versus suppression of disruptions on a mental imagery task in a sample of tinnitus patients. Previous research has indicated that acceptance can be an effective strategy for dealing with unpleasant experiences such as pain and anxiety. The study used a between-group design, including 47 participants who completed a task involving mental imagery in a sound-proof booth. Participants were randomly assigned to three instruction conditions: acceptance, suppression, or a control condition. The results showed a significant difference between the acceptance group and the control group in that participants in the acceptance group were able to focus on the imagery task for a longer time without being interrupted. The study provides preliminary support for the notion that acceptance can be a helpful strategy for tinnitus patients.

    Nyckelord
    Tinnitus, Acceptance, Thought suppression
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16151 (URN)10.1080/14992020802301688 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-01-08 Skapad: 2009-01-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14
    2. Is it the sound or your relationship to it? The role of acceptance in predicting tinnitus impact
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Is it the sound or your relationship to it? The role of acceptance in predicting tinnitus impact
    2008 (Engelska)Ingår i: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 46, nr 12, s. 1259-1265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Tinnitus is an experience of sound in the absence of an appropriate external source. A symptom that can accompany most central or peripheral dysfunctions of the auditory system, tinnitus can lead to significant distress, depression, anxiety, and decreases in life quality. This paper investigated the construct of psychological acceptance in a population of tinnitus patients. First, a cross-sectional Study (N = 77) was conducted in which a tinnitus specific acceptance questionnaire was developed. Results showed that a Tinnitus Acceptance Questionnaire (TAQ) generated good internal consistency. A factor Solution was derived with two factors: activity engagement and tinnitus supression, Second, a longitudinal study (N = 47) investigated the mediating role of acceptance on the relationship between tinnitus distress at baseline and tinnitus distress, anxiety, life quality, and depression at a 7-month follow-up The results. showed full mediation of activity engagement for depression and life quality at follow-up, partial mediation for tinnitus distress, and no mediation for anxiety. The role of acceptance in the negative impact of tinnitus distress merits further investigation.

    Nyckelord
    Tinnitus, Acceptance, Mediation analysis, Tinnitus distress, Defusion, Longitudinal
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-16262 (URN)10.1016/j.brat.2008.08.008 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-01-12 Skapad: 2009-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14
    3. Clients' in-session acceptance and cognitive defusion behaviors in acceptance-based treatment of tinnitus distress.
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Clients' in-session acceptance and cognitive defusion behaviors in acceptance-based treatment of tinnitus distress.
    2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 47, nr 6, s. 523-8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) is considered to be an effective treatment of distress associated with tinnitus (perception of internal noises without any outer auditory stimulation), but the processes by which the therapy works remain unclear. Mindfulness and acceptance is receiving increased attention in the treatment literature for chronic medical conditions. However, few studies have examined these and related processes with behavioral or observer measures. In the present study 57 videotapes (a total of 1710min) from 19 clients who participated in a controlled trial of an acceptance-based treatment for tinnitus distress, were coded for frequency and peak level of verbal behaviors expressing either acceptance or cognitive defusion. Frequency of cognitive defusion behaviors and peak level of cognitive defusion as well as peak level of acceptance rated in Session 2, predicted symptom reduction 6 month following treatment. These relationships were not accounted for by the improvement that had occurred prior to the measurement point of the process variables. Moreover, prior symptom changes could not predict process variables rated later in therapy (after most of the improvement in therapy had occurred). Thus, clients' in-session acceptance and cognitive defusion behaviors appear to play an important role in the reduction of negative impact of tinnitus.

    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-18989 (URN)10.1016/j.brat.2009.02.002 (DOI)19268281 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2009-06-07 Skapad: 2009-06-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in the treatment of tinnitus: A randomised controlled trial
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Tinnitus Retraining Therapy in the treatment of tinnitus: A randomised controlled trial
    Visa övriga...
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Behaviour Research and Therapy, ISSN 0005-7967, E-ISSN 1873-622X, Vol. 49, nr 11, s. 737-747Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The study compared the effects of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) with Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) on tinnitus impact in a randomised controlled trial. Sixty-four normal hearing subjects with tinnitus were randomised to one of the active treatments or a wait-list control (WLC). The ACT treatment consisted of 10 weekly 60min sessions. The TRT treatment consisted of one 150min session, one 30min follow-up and continued daily use of wearable sound generators for a recommended period of at least 8h/day for 18 months. Assessments were made at baseline, 10 weeks, 6 months and 18 months. At 10 weeks, results showed a superior effect of ACT in comparison with the WLC regarding tinnitus impact (Cohen's d=1.04), problems with sleep and anxiety. The results were mediated by tinnitus acceptance. A comparison between the active treatments, including all assessment points, revealed significant differences in favour of ACT regarding tinnitus impact (Cohen's d=0.75) and problems with sleep. At 6 months, reliable improvement on the main outcome measure was found for 54.5% in the ACT condition and 20% in the TRT condition. The results suggest that ACT can reduce tinnitus distress and impact in a group of normal hearing tinnitus patients.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Elsevier, 2011
    Nyckelord
    Acceptance and commitment therapy; Stress; Social workers; Burnout; Randomized controlled trial; Stress management
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Medicin och hälsovetenskap
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71844 (URN)10.1016/j.brat.2011.08.001 (DOI)000296941700003 ()21864830 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2011-11-07 Skapad: 2011-11-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-12-12
  • 285.
    Zetterqvist Nelson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mot alla odds: Regnbågsföräldrars berättelser om att bilda familj och få barn.2007 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

     Att välja att skaffa barn inom ramen för en homosexuell relation utmanar nutida föreställningar om föräldraskap och familjeliv. Den här boken handlar om en grupp homosexuella föräldrar som får barn under 1990-talet och deras vindlande väg fram till en form av familj som består av en, två, tre eller fyra föräldrar som delar vård och omsorg av gemensamma barn. De dimensioner av föräldraskap som rör sexualitet, kön och genus blir starkt framträdande i regnbågsfamiljer som dessa, dimensioner som annars döljs av en stark samhällelig heteronorm. Boken är ett resultat av ett forskningsprojekt vid tema Barn.

  • 286.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The effects of a pre-fitting intervention on hearing aid benefit:a randomized controlled trial2009Ingår i: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 211-215Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Thirty-nine first time hearing aid users with mild to moderate hearing losses were randomly assigned to a pre-fitting intervention group (N=19) or a control group (N=20). The pre-fitting intervention consisted of three weekly visits, where the user adjusted the amplification of an experimental hearing aid to preferred settings, and wore the aid between the visits. After the pre-fitting intervention phase, both groups received conventional hearing aid fitting. Standardized questionnaires (IOI-HA, HHIE, ECHO, SADL, HADS) were administered before and after pre-fitting intervention, after conventional hearing aid fitting, and at one-year follow-up. Hearing aid success was evaluated by an independent audiologist at the one- year follow-up appointment. The pre-fitting intervention phase showed positive effects for the intervention group but not for the control group on activity limitation and participation restriction, and expectations. However, the intervention in its current version had no lasting effects beyond the control group after conventional hearing aid fitting or after a year. Furthermore, both groups showed mostly successful hearing aid fittings, improved psychosocial well-being, quality of life, and reduced participation restriction.

  • 287.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The effects of a sound awareness pre-fitting intervention: A randomized controlled trial2008Ingår i: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 129-140Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of an individual pre-fitting intervention for first-time hearing aid users. Thirty-eight hearing impaired adults were randomly assigned to a sound awareness pre-fitting intervention (n=19) or to a control group (n=19). The purpose of the sound awareness training was to facilitate the users' acclimatization to amplified sound. The pre-fitting intervention consisted of three visits and was followed by conventional hearing aid fitting that was identical for both groups. Standardized questionnaires were administered before and after the pre-fitting intervention, after the conventional hearing aid fitting, and at a one-year follow-up. The follow-up also included a clinical assessment by means of a telephone interview performed by an independent audiologist. The pre-intervention did not result in any major improvement over and above the control group. However, improvements were found for both groups following hearing aid fitting. In addition, most participants were considered as successful users in the interview. Future research should target individuals in need of extended hearing aid rehabilitation.

  • 288.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Wänström, Gunilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Utökad rådgivning före hörapparatanpassning- gör det någon nytta?2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 289.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Psychometric evaluation of hearing specific self-report measures and their associations with psychosocial and demographic variables2007Ingår i: Audiological Medicine, ISSN 1651-386X, E-ISSN 1651-3835, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 188-199Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of this study was to collect descriptive data and to evaluate the psychometric properties of a range of self-report questionnaires in a Swedish population. Other aims were to investigate the correlations between these measures and the higher order factorial structure of the included questionnaires. One hundred and sixty-two first-time hearing aid users completed four standardized hearing specific questionnaires: the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE); the Satisfaction with Amplification in Daily Life (SADL); the Communication Strategies Scale (CSS); and the International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids (IOI-HA). In addition, two psychosocial questionnaires were completed: the Sense of Coherence scale (SOC); and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). All measures were administered at one year post hearing aid fitting. Mean scores for the questionnaires were in agreement with previous studies. The questionnaires were found to be reliable and acceptable for further clinical use. Correlations were seen across different hearing specific questionnaires, and between hearing aid use and satisfaction. Psychosocial variables were more strongly associated with participation restriction and satisfaction than with the demographic variables, confirming the importance of subjective measures. The factor analysis extracted four factors: psychosocial well-being, hearing aid satisfaction, adaptive communications strategies, and residual participation restriction, and indicated that the number of questionnaires could be reduced. It is concluded that psychosocial factors are important to consider in hearing aid rehabilitation and their possible role should be further investigated in future studies.

  • 290.
    Öberg, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Wärnström, Gunnilla
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Hjertman, Heléne
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Lunner, Thomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Teknisk audiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Development and initial validation of the “Clinical Global Impression” to measure outcomes for audiological rehabilitation2009Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, nr 17, s. 1409-1417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to develop and validate an interview instrument for assessing outcome following hearing aid fitting based on clinical global impressions.

    Method: The Audiological Rehabilitation Clinical Global Impression (AR-CGI) was developed and used in a telephone interview in two separate samples. The first sample (N=69) consisted of hearing aid owners who had participated in two intervention studies and the second sample consisted of hearing aid owners receiving regular services from a hearing clinic (N=21). Following the structured telephone interview, participants were categorized into three categories: Successful, Successful with some limitations, or Unsuccessful.

    Results: A vast majority were categorized as Successful (80% of the intervention sample and 71% of the clinical sample). Those categorized as successful were found to differ from those categorized as less successful in terms of age and self-reported hearing aid use, depressed mood, and residual participation restriction, but they did not differ in terms of degree of hearing loss.

    Conclusion: It is suggested that the brevity and usefulness of the AR-CGI makes it a potential tool for further use in audiological settings.

  • 291.
    Ögren, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Näslund, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för klinisk och socialpsykologi (CS). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Handledning i dag och i framtiden2010Ingår i: Grupphandledning: Forskning och erfarenheter från olika verksamhetsområden / [ed] Johan Näslund & Marie-Louise ögren, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, s. 207-215Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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