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  • 301.
    Bai, Zhihe
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Nationalism and The Construction of Others in China: Exploring Social Media in the Shadow of the “Refugee Crisis”2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines discourses on the social media site Weibo around the group of international asylum seekers during an online campaign launched by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to raise awareness of asylum seekers in the People’s Republic of China on June 2017. Sina Weibo is a Chinese social media site with its users making up of around 50% of total Chinese internet users (Weibo, 2017). Despite the background that Chinese government aims at taking more significant responsibility in global governance, in the same time as China demonstrates emerging interests in refugee issues, commentaries from grassroots Chinese on social media, however, held an altered stance. According to the author’s observation, during and after the UNHCR campaign of World Refugee Day on June 20, 2017, comments on topics of international refugee, refugee protection as well as certain religious and ethnic groups (Islam and Muslim, for example) on Weibo were mainly loaded with negative emotions, biased stereotypes, and resistant sentiments. 

    The study is an interdisciplinary study contemplating theory in several disciplines, such as international migration and ethnic relations, international relations, public attitude dynamics, public communication, and new media. It is based on a critical discourse analysis approach, where the relationship between cyber discursive practices and the social, cultural, and power structure in the Chinese context is studied. Chinese public perception of the European “refugee crisis”, the public reaction toward several humanitarian pursuits which are deemed to be possessed by the West, grassroots identification of usand them, the global production and dissemination of particular xenophobic and Islamophobic sentiments will be studied. Last but not least, features of social media concerning their possible impacts on the aspects mentioned above are analyzed. 

  • 302.
    Baiden, Emelie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Papanikolaou, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Strand, Hannah
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Wistrand Mattila, Lina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Prestation hos kvinnor: Om kvinnors upplevelser och erfarenheter av krav i vardagens skilda miljöer2011Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna antologi har som syfte att synliggöra hur kvinnor upplever och upplevs i relation till prestation samt hur kvinnors livsvillkor och identitet berörs av krav och prestation. Kvinnan i rollen som gymnasieelev, arbetssökande, och mamma är målgruppen för att belysa vår valda tematik. För att ta del av våra informanters livsberättelser har vi utfört kvalitativa intervjuer samt observationer i syfte att genera skilda frågeställningar. Vidare har grundad teori använts för att analysera vår data. Teorier så som identitet, genus, stigma och det biografiska schemat har applicerats för att analysera och vidare diskutera de respektive materialen.  En viktig slutsats i studien är att framtidsförväntningarna utgör en avgörande roll för upplevelsen av krav och prestation. Studiens övergripande slutsats är att oavsett i vilken miljö och livsfas kvinnorna befinner sig i upplevs krav att prestera i vardagen. Press upplevs vara ”normalt” tills tid för reflektion ges, i vårt fall samtalen vid intervjuerna, vilket påvisar den i samhället etablerade stressen.

  • 303.
    Bajric, Azra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Arbetsmarknadens spelregler: arbetslöshet bland utomnordiskt födda individer som bor i Finspångs kommun2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that immigrants in the Swedish society often, when seeking jobs, don’t get the same opportunities as the rest of the population. This thesis is a qualitative research that examines the problematic situation of unemployment among immigrants in the municipality of Finspång. The purpose of this study is to analyze how civil servants in Finspång apprehend and describe the labor market problems surrounding the immigrant groups that live in the municipality of Finspång. The empirical material is build upon seven qualitative interviews with eight civil servants working in Finspång. The main focus has been to study how power relations that could be generated through structural/institutional discrimination related to ethnic/ cultural and gender based differentiation take place and regulate opportunities on the Swedish labor market.

  • 304.
    Bajric, Azra
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Att skapa en invandrare: Hjältar, offer och förbrytare2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien bygger på en analys av svenska tidningars skrivelser kring verksamheten Sharaf Hjältar, en verksamhet tillsatt av den feministiska organisationen Elektra. I denna studie visar jag på hur bland annat invandrare, kultur samt kvinnoförtryck som sker bland svenska invandrare gestaltas i svensk media. Fokus har legat på att visa hur media, genom att stereotypifiera och stigmatisera kulturer, beteenden och identiteter skapar en bild av invandrare i det svenska samhället. Studien visar hur invandrare framställs som bland annat en homogen grupp som fungerar i kollektiva former samt hur invandrare sätts i en stark motsatsbild till ”svenskar” och ”svenskhet”. I studien behandlas således även konstruktionen av ”vi” och ”dom”.

  • 305.
    Bajric, Azra
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Hellbrand, Hedvig
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Altun, Nergiz
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Askerdal, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Berggren, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Att må bra: fem aspekter av välbefinnande2006Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande antologi har vi undersökt några aspekter av välbefinnande. Vi presenterar och analyserar ett urval av företeelser som kan sägas syfta till att skapa välbefinnande och kan vara en del av individers identitetsskapande. Företeelserna vi har valt att studera är: relationer på Internet, heminredning, hälsa, husdjur, samt unga kvinnors tankar om pornografi.Metoden vi har använt är kvalitativ, till grund för analysen ligger observationer och intervjuer. Vi har arbetat enligt grundad teori, det vill säga att vi från början inte hade några teoretiska utgångspunkter, utan vi har arbetat fram våra frågeställningar utifrån de data vi samlat in.Vi visar på att de olika företeelserna kan fungera som medel för att uppnå välbefinnande, men att de även kan orsaka det motsatta. Individernas förhållningssätt till dessa företeelser utgör också en del i deras identitetsskapande.

  • 306.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Sweden; Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy.
    Poli, Arianna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Linnaeus Univ, Sweden; Swedish Family Care Competence Ctr, Sweden; Eurocarers, Germany.
    Andreasson, Frida
    Linnaeus Univ, Sweden; Swedish Family Care Competence Ctr, Sweden.
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy; Wir Pflegen eV, Germany.
    Doehner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Germany; Wir Pflegen eV, Germany.
    Papa, Roberta
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    Eurocarers, Germany; Cyprus Univ Technol, Cyprus.
    Valenza, Silvia
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy.
    Pelliccioni, Giuseppe
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    Italian Natl Inst Hlth and Sci Ageing, Italy.
    Usage and Usability of a Web-based Program for Family Caregivers of Older People in Three European Countries: A Mixed-Methods Evaluation2018In: Computers, Informatics, Nursing, ISSN 1538-2931, E-ISSN 1538-9774, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 232-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    InformCare is a European Web platform that supports informal caregivers of older people by providing access to online information and professional and peer support. The aim of this study was to assess the usage and usability of a psychosocial Web-based program carried out in three European countries (Italy, Sweden, and Germany). A mixed-methods sequential explanatory design was adopted, comprising baseline and postintervention assessments, as well as combined thematic content analysis of results and focus group findings. A convenience sample of 118 caregivers was enrolled, of whom 94 used the services offered by the program at least once. The subsamples in the three countries used the platform in different ways, with a predominance of passive strategies (eg, seeking information and reading other peoples comments) for Italian caregivers, and more active usage by Swedish and German caregivers. The usability assessment showed that the platform was perceived well by Italian and German caregivers, whereas technical problems affected the Swedish samples experiences. Focus group data highlighted user satisfaction with the online support and reliability of the environment. Recommendations for practitioners are to ensure digital training for caregivers who have lower confidence in use of the Internet, to involve different healthcare professionals in the provision of professional support, and to adequately manage online community building.

  • 307.
    Barbareschi, Giorgio
    et al.
    University of Groningen.
    Sanderman, Robbert
    University of Groningen.
    Lesman Leegte, Ivonne
    University of Groningen.
    J. Van Veldhuisen, Dirk
    University of Groningen.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Educational Level and the Quality of Life of Heart Failure Patients: A Longitudinal Study2011In: Journal of Cardiac Failure, ISSN 1071-9164, E-ISSN 1532-8414, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 47-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Lower education in heart failure (HF) patients is associated with high levels of anxiety, limited physical functioning, and an increased risk of hospitalization. We examined whether educational level is related to longitudinal differences in quality of life (QoL) in HF patients. Methods and Results: This research is a substudy of the Coordinating study evaluating Outcomes of Advising and Counselling in Heart failure (COACH). QoL of 553 HF patients (mean age 69, 38% female, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 33%) was assessed during their hospitalization and at 4 follow-up measurements after discharge. In total 32% of the patients had very low, 24% low, 32% medium, and 12% high education. Patients with low educational levels reported the worst QoL. Significant differences between educational groups (P less than .05) were only reported in physical functioning, social functioning, energy/fatigue, pain, and limitations in role functioning related to emotional problems. Longitudinal results show that a significantly higher proportion of high-educated patients improved in functional limitations related to emotional problems over time compared with lower-educated patients (P less than .05). Conclusions: Patients with low educational levels reported the worst physical and functional condition. High-educated patients improved more than the other patients in functional limitations related to emotional problems over time. Low-educated patients may require different levels of intervention to improve their physical and functional condition.

  • 308.
    Barns, Angela
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Svanholm, Frida
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Rheumatology.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Living in the present: Women's everyday experiences of living with rheumatoid arthritis2015In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents the findings from a qualitative research project exploring eight women’s experiences of living with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Through semistructured interviews, the women provided insights into the physical, emotional, and social impacts of RA and the “work” involved in negotiating its influence in the everyday life. In narrating their experiences of adapting to RA, the women express a common desire for “normalcy,” to return to a time and space before the disruption of RA. The women’s accounts also emphasized the interrelatedness between bodily experience and constructions of self, highlighting the corporeal nature of RA and the constant shaping and reshaping of personal meanings and values.

  • 309.
    Bastviken, David
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
    Cole, J
    Pace, M
    Tranvik, L
    Methane emissions from lakes: Dependence of lake characteristics, two regional assessments, and a global estimate2004In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, ISSN 0886-6236, E-ISSN 1944-9224, Vol. 18, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [ 1] Lake sediments are "hot spots'' of methane production in the landscape. However, regional and global lake methane emissions, contributing to the greenhouse effect, are poorly known. We developed predictions of methane emissions from easily measured lake characteristics based on measurements for 11 North American and 13 Swedish lakes, and literature values from 49 lakes. Results suggest that open water methane emission can be predicted from variables such as lake area, water depth, concentrations of total phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon, and methane, and the anoxic lake volume fraction. Using these relations, we provide regional estimates from lakes in Sweden and the upper midwest of the United States. Considering both open water and plant-mediated fluxes, we estimate global emissions as 8 - 48 Tg CH4 yr(-1) (6 - 16% of total natural methane emissions and greater than oceanic emission), indicating that lakes should be included as a significant source in global methane budgets.

  • 310.
    Bastviken, David
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Samuelsson, C.
    Ståhlberg, Carina
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Similar organic matter mineralisation rates under oxic, methanogenic, and sulphate reducing conditions in late winter sediment of a Swedish river2006Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 311. Beer, Martin
    et al.
    Armitt, Gillian
    van Bruggen, Johanna
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Green, Sharon
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    Running a European Internet School - OTIS at Work2001In: ICALT 2001,2001, Los Alamitos, CA, USA: IEEE Computer Society , 2001, p. 418-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 312. Beer, Martin
    et al.
    Slack, Frances
    Armitt, Gillian
    van Bruggen, Hanneke
    Daniels, Ramon
    Ghyselen, Ludo
    Green, Sharon
    Sandqvist, Jan
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Sixsmith, Andrew
    Developing Communities of Interest in a European Internet School2002In: Networked Learning 2002,2002, Sheffield: University of Sheffield , 2002, p. 611-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 313.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Informal Recruitment Methods and Disadvantages of Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market2008In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 411-430Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the probability of success for different methods of finding employment in the Swedish labour market, in times of both economic growth and decline. Existing West European studies on hiring processes have not allowed researchers to examine the relationship between job contacts and wage income among various groups of immigrants. Since our dataset is sufficiently large, this article examines job-finding strategies and labour market outcomes for individuals within two large groups, immigrants and natives. By studying those who have been in their current jobs for one year or less, the paper investigates to what extent both natives and immigrants use their social networks to find a job, and how informal job-finding methods are related to the rate of return in the Swedish labour market for the job secured, in terms of hourly wage. The findings show that immigrants, compared to natives, are less likely to be able to find jobs through informal methods and that jobs found through informal methods do not pay as well for immigrants as for natives.

  • 314.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Marriage Pattern of Immigrants in Sweden2010In: Journal of Comparative Family Studies, ISSN 0047-2328, E-ISSN 1929-9850, Vol. 41, no 3, p. 415-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is (a) to depict the general pattern of partnership of Immigrants and their children in Sweden and their position in the Swedish "marriage market" relative to that of natives; (b) to estimate probability of out-marriage of individuals from different immigrant groups with natives; and (c) to examine exchange theory in relation to partnerships between immigrants and natives. Using a register data-set provided by Statistics Sweden, I find that individuals in this sample tend to choose men and women who are like themselves in socio-economic background, income, educational level, and position in the labour market. Regarding "immigrant background," the results indicate a tendency towards "ethnic endogamy." Results also show that men and women with origins in countries outside northwest Europe and North America (ONW) have a lower probability of having a native partner than others. Empirical results also provide some support for "exchange theory," that is, members of the ONW Immigrant group with native partners have compensated for their "tribal stigma of race/ethnicity" with their age and educational differences. They tend to be younger and better-educated than their native partners.

  • 315.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nätverksrekrytering, infödda och invandrare2006In: På tröskeln till lönearbete: diskriminering, exkludering och underordning av personer med utländsk bakgrund:rapport/av Utredningen om makt, Integration och strukturell diskriminering / [ed] Neergaard, Anders, Stockholm: Fritzes , 2006, p. 137-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten innehåller följande kapitel:

    På tröskeln till lönearbete - Centrala begrepp och antologins innehållAnders NeergaardDen strukturella diskrimineringens försåtlighet - Ett historiskt och nutida perspektivWuokko KnockeAtt mäta diskriminering Lena NekbyFöreställ dig att du är en invandrare och ingen bryr sig - Rädslor, hopp och unga människors strategier för inträde till arbetsmarknadenNora RäthzelNätverksrekrytering, infödda och invandrareAlireza BehtouiKultur och kompetens - Bilden av "de Andra" i arbetsmarknadspolitisk gräsrotsbyråkratiFredrik HertzbergUrval på institutionella grunderAngela Nilsson Rekrytering som en institutionell praktik av inkluderad och exkluderad underordningAnders NeergaardSammanfattning och slutsatser - Strukturell diskriminering som en väv av samverkande processer, praktiker och strategierAnders Neergaard

  • 316.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity .
    Om de hade föräldrar födda på ´rätt plats´2006Report (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social capital and Stigmatised Immigrants2009In: European perspectives on exclusion and subordination: the political economy of migration / [ed] Neergaard Anders, Maastricht: Shaker Publishing , 2009, 1, p. 232-237Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 318.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Social Capital and Stratification of Young People2013In: Social Inclusion, E-ISSN 2183-2803, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 46-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the impact of social capital on the status attainment process of young people at the start of their careers and examines how social class, gender and ethnicity affect the accumulation of social capital and thereby labour market stratification of young people. A sample of young Swedes graduating from vocational schools and universities between 2005 and 2006, was surveyed via the telephone about their experiences acquiring jobs. Two re­search questions are posed: (i) Which characteristics (class, gender and ethnicity) affect young people's access to more social capital? (ii) How is social capital rewarded in the labour market? The results show that being female, coming from the lower social classes and being a member of a stigmatized immigrant groupare associated with a substantial social capital deficit. When socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds as well as the human capital of respondents are controlled, social capital is positively associated with salary level. The results indicate that social capital is a significant factor in the stratification process of young people.

  • 319.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden2007In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 383-407Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of social capital in the status attainment process and examines the link between the hiring process and the potential pool of social capital embedded in a person's network. The analysis is based on a sample of people newly employed by the municipal services in Malmö, the third largest city in Sweden. Jobs in this sector of labour market are mainly low-paid, and are dominated by women and immigrants. The position generator method is used to measure social capital, understood as assets captured by individuals in social networks. The findings demonstrate that access to social capital is positively related to work experience, a higher educational level, having a partner, and active membership of voluntary associations. It is also apparent that being an immigrant is associated with a substantial social capital deficit. Regarding the return on capital, the results show that both human capital and social capital were rewarded with higher wages and more adequate jobs. Furthermore, we found that social capital is associated with better labour market outcomes, whether or not respondents reported that they obtained their current jobs using informal job-search methods. Results also show similar returns on access to social capital for natives and immigrants.

  • 320.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market2004In: Labour, ISSN 1121-7081, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 633-660Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. This paper investigates labour-market performance for 'young people with immigrant backgrounds' and those 'born in Sweden with native-born parents' in the Swedish labour market. It focuses on young people who were aged 18–20 during 1990, and their labour-market status after 8 years, in 1998. The results indicate that young people of immigrant descent have lower annual wage income and are at higher risk of not being employed than those born in Sweden with native-born parents. Differences in human capital characteristics cannot explain these results. Other theories, which stress the effect of discriminatory behaviour and the power of social network composition, are discussed as alternative interpretations. Having one native-born parent is considered to be important to labour market success. However, having a native-born father rather than a native-born mother is associated with better labour-market achievement.

  • 321.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unequal Opportunities: The Impact of Social Capital and Recruitment Methods on Immigrants and Their Children in the Swedish Labour Market2006Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of an introduction and three self-contained studies on the impact of social capital on individuals’ labour market outcomes. It focuses on labour market conditions for immigrants and their children in Sweden. The central research questions of the thesis are twofold. First, what individual characteristics, such as educational level, gender and country of origin, enhance or hinder access to social capital, and how well is social capital rewarded in the labour market compared with education and work experience? Second, does the stigmatized social identity of some immigrant groups affect their access to social capital, and to what degree does such a social capital ‘deficit’ affect their labour market outcomes? The results demonstrate that inequality between immigrants (and their children) and natives (and their children) in access to networks with valuable resources of social capital is an important issue in their labour market outcomes.

    List of papers
    1. Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unequal Opportunities for Young People with Immigrant Backgrounds in the Swedish Labour Market
    2004 (English)In: Labour, ISSN 1121-7081, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 633-660Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. This paper investigates labour-market performance for 'young people with immigrant backgrounds' and those 'born in Sweden with native-born parents' in the Swedish labour market. It focuses on young people who were aged 18–20 during 1990, and their labour-market status after 8 years, in 1998. The results indicate that young people of immigrant descent have lower annual wage income and are at higher risk of not being employed than those born in Sweden with native-born parents. Differences in human capital characteristics cannot explain these results. Other theories, which stress the effect of discriminatory behaviour and the power of social network composition, are discussed as alternative interpretations. Having one native-born parent is considered to be important to labour market success. However, having a native-born father rather than a native-born mother is associated with better labour-market achievement.

    National Category
    Social Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14146 (URN)10.1111/j.1121-7081.2004.00281.x (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2014-10-08Bibliographically approved
    2. Informal Recruitment Methods and Disadvantages of Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Informal Recruitment Methods and Disadvantages of Immigrants in the Swedish Labour Market
    2008 (English)In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 411-430Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the probability of success for different methods of finding employment in the Swedish labour market, in times of both economic growth and decline. Existing West European studies on hiring processes have not allowed researchers to examine the relationship between job contacts and wage income among various groups of immigrants. Since our dataset is sufficiently large, this article examines job-finding strategies and labour market outcomes for individuals within two large groups, immigrants and natives. By studying those who have been in their current jobs for one year or less, the paper investigates to what extent both natives and immigrants use their social networks to find a job, and how informal job-finding methods are related to the rate of return in the Swedish labour market for the job secured, in terms of hourly wage. The findings show that immigrants, compared to natives, are less likely to be able to find jobs through informal methods and that jobs found through informal methods do not pay as well for immigrants as for natives.

    Keywords
    Job-Finding Methods; Social Networks; Immigrants; Swedish Labour Market
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14147 (URN)10.1080/13691830701880251 (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
    3. The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Distribution and Return of Social Capital: Evidence from Sweden
    2007 (English)In: European Societies: The Official Journal of the European Sociological Association, ISSN 1461-6696, E-ISSN 1469-8307, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 383-407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the role of social capital in the status attainment process and examines the link between the hiring process and the potential pool of social capital embedded in a person's network. The analysis is based on a sample of people newly employed by the municipal services in Malmö, the third largest city in Sweden. Jobs in this sector of labour market are mainly low-paid, and are dominated by women and immigrants. The position generator method is used to measure social capital, understood as assets captured by individuals in social networks. The findings demonstrate that access to social capital is positively related to work experience, a higher educational level, having a partner, and active membership of voluntary associations. It is also apparent that being an immigrant is associated with a substantial social capital deficit. Regarding the return on capital, the results show that both human capital and social capital were rewarded with higher wages and more adequate jobs. Furthermore, we found that social capital is associated with better labour market outcomes, whether or not respondents reported that they obtained their current jobs using informal job-search methods. Results also show similar returns on access to social capital for natives and immigrants.

    Keywords
    social capital, hiring process, immigrants
    National Category
    International Migration and Ethnic Relations
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-14148 (URN)10.1080/14616690701314093 (DOI)
    Available from: 2006-11-21 Created: 2006-11-21 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
  • 322.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Linköpings universitet.
    Att verka för jämlika arbetsplatser: en studie av jämlikhet och ojämlikhet mellan anställda i äldrevården2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten redovisar resultat från en studie på ett antal äldreboenden i en större svensk kommun. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur jämlikhet mellan olika grupper av anställda – i första hand mellan personer i befattningarna undersköterska och sjukvårdsbiträde – kan gynnas.

    Studien har genomförts av fyra forskare och bekostats av det statliga Vetenskapsrådet. Den är alltså varken beställd eller planerad av kommunen ifråga. Forskarna är helt ansvariga för alla delar av studiens uppläggning, genomförande och resultat.

  • 323.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Boréus, Kristina
    Uppsala university, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yazdanpanah, Soheyla
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Speaking up, leaving or keeping silent: racialised employees in the Swedish elderly care sector2017In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 954-971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motstånd - valet mellan protest, sorti och tystnad för invandrade och infödda anställda i äldrevården

  • 324.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Department of Social Sciences, Södertörn University, Sweden / Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Department of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jonsson, Rickard
    Department of Child and Youth Studies, Stockholm, University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    León Rosales, René
    Mångkulturellt Centrum, Botkyrka, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sweden: The Otherization of the Descendants of Immigrants2019In: The Palgrave Handbook of Race and Ethnic Inequalities in Education / [ed] Peter Stevens and A. Gary Dworkin, Cham: Palgrave MacMillan , 2019, 2, p. 999-1034Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter offers a systematic review of the literature on educational inequality and school attainments of immigrants’ offspring in Sweden. The review covers research conducted between 1990 and 2015 and critically examines how different research traditions explain this inequality. The chapter begins by mapping the key characteristics of the Swedish educational system together with Swedish immigration patterns. Thereafter, five major research traditions that explain educational inequality and ethnic background in Sweden are presented. These perspectives include (1) political arithmetic; (2) racism and discrimination; (3) language proficiency tradition; (4) school choice and school segregation; and (5) cultural and social capital and socio-historical contexts. The ‘political arithmetic’ tradition, which starts mainly from a positivistic approach and employs large-scale, quantitative research strategies, has focused on the individual and demographic characteristics of pupils. The main assumption of the other research clusters is that there are important contextual circumstances (beyond individual factors) which decisively affect the educational achievements of the descendants of immigrants. While often dominated by qualitative approaches, these types of research do sometimes include quantitatively designed studies. These research traditions take a more critical stance on government policies, which have produced an extremely segregated school system, and show the consequences of a concentration of children of families from vulnerable groups (economically disadvantaged and immigrant groups in marginalized neighborhoods) in schools with limited resources.

  • 325.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Perceptions of Discrimination in Recruitment and the Workplace 2009In: Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, ISSN 1556-2948, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 347-369Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous Swedish studies show that, due to stigmatization and discrimination, immigrants occupy inferior positions in the labor market. This article investigates the extent to which natives and immigrants perceive discrimination of immigrants establishes the discrepancy between concrete and abstract attitudes about discrimination, and evaluates the assimilation hypothesis and the consciousness hypothesis as alternative explanations of perceived discrimination by immigrants. Data for this study came from a survey of individuals employed by the Malm municipality. The results show that, concerning abstract attitudes, natives hold largely the same opinion about discrimination against immigrants as do immigrants themselves, and that there is a significant difference between concrete and abstract perceptions of discrimination among natives and immigrants. But immigrants embrace stronger positions than do natives on the prevalence of discrimination in the workplace. With one exception, our results tend to be more in line with the consciousness perspective.

  • 326.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social capital and wage differentials between immigrants and natives2010In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 761-779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the characteristics that affect access to social capital for employees in a single industrial firm in Sweden, and the impact of their social capital on their monthly salaries. The results demonstrate that being a member of a stigmatised immigrant group is associated with a substantial social capital deficit. This deficit arises because immigrant workers are embedded in social networks that constrain their ability to acquire valuable social resources or are excluded from social networks with valuable resources. Another finding is that the average salary earned by members of stigmatised immigrant groups is lower than that earned by native-born workers. The observed wage gap cannot be explained by ‘human capital’ variables. However, when social capital variables were taken into account, wage gaps noticeably shrank, which indicates that part of the wage disadvantage experienced by immigrants is likely to represent the impact of unequal access to social capital.

  • 327.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
     Social capital and wage disadvantages among immigrant workers2010In: Work, Employment and Society, ISSN 0950-0170, E-ISSN 1469-8722, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 761-779Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     This study investigates the characteristics that affect access to social capital for employees in a single industrial firm in Sweden, and the impact of their social capital on their monthly salaries. The results demonstrate that being a member of a stigmatised immigrant group is associated with a substantial social capital deficit. This deficit arises because immigrant workers are embedded in social networks that constrain their ability to acquire valuable social resources or are excluded from social networks with valuable resources. Another finding is that the average salary earned by members of stigmatised immigrant groups is lower than that earned by native-born workers. The observed wage gap cannot be explained by ‘human capital’ variables. However, when social capital variables were taken into account, wage gaps noticeably shrank, which indicates that part of the wage disadvantage experienced by immigrants is likely to represent the impact of unequal access to social capital.

  • 328.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social capital, status and income attainment in the workplace2012In: International journal of sociology and social policy, ISSN 0144-333X, E-ISSN 1758-6720, Vol. 32, no 1/2, p. 42-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to investigate the importance of social capital in the workplace. To be more precise, we ask whether access to social capital is associated with differences in the wages and status of employees within the organization.

    Design/methodology/approach - We used data from a case study of the status attainment of employees in a Swedish industrial firm.

    Findings - Results demonstrate that: (a) the socioeconomic background, gender and "migrant backgrounds" of employees have an impact on their access to resource-rich networks; and (b) there is a positive association between access to social capital and position in the organization, even after control for employees’ education and labor market experience.

    Research limitations/implications - The case study approach of the paper has its own characteristic limitations. At the same time the cross-sectional data open up the possibility of reverse causality. The analysis includes only individuals who were still working, while we know from the fieldwork that some former employees have taken early retirement or disability pensions due to occupational injury.

    Originality/value - The focus of the paper is on the process of status attainment of subordinate groups (individuals from lower socioeconomic groups, individuals with stigmatized migrant backgrounds, and women), which is an under-researched issue in organizational studies. Therefore, we ask whether the subordinate status of employees has an impact on their access to social capital in the place of work.

  • 329.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nygård, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ungdomar, socialt kapital och stratifiering2016In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2016, p. 239-263Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 330.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nygård, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO – Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ungdomar, socialt kapital och stratifiering2016In: Utbildning, arbete, medborgarskap: strategier för social inkludering i den mångetniska staden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Fredrik Hertzberg, Susanne Urban, Aleksandra Ålund, Umeå: Borea , 2016, 3, p. 239-263Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Bell, Holly
    et al.
    University of Texas Austin, TX 78712 USA.
    Hydén, Margareta
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Editorial Material: Introducing the Special Issue: Social work and the narrative (half?) turn in QUALITATIVE SOCIAL WORK, vol 16, issue 2, pp 161-1652017In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 161-165Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 332.
    Ben Gal, Tuvia
    et al.
    Rabin Medical Centre, Israel .
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Editorial Material: Patients with a Left Ventricular Assist Device: the new chronic patient in cardiology2012In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 378-379Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 333.
    Ben Gal, Tuvia
    et al.
    Rabin Medical Center, Petah Tikva, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Self-care and communication issues at the end of life of recipients of a left-ventricular assist device as destination therapy2013In: Current opinion in supportive and palliative care, ISSN 1751-4266, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 29-35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of self- care and communication issues at the end of life of patients with left-ventricular assist devices (LVADs) for destination therapy, based on recent research on end-of-life communication in other diseases.

    RECENT FINDINGS: For many patients with advanced heart failure, LVADs as destination therapy improve survival and quality of life. However, LVADs can be associated with complications, new comorbidities or worsening of previous conditions, resulting in decreased quality of life and limited prognosis, raising the need for planning palliative and end-of-life care. Open communication addressing the consequences of the LVAD implantation for daily life and the future (including advance directives) is advised in different stages of the treatment, involving a multidisciplinary team taking care of these complex patients and their caregivers.

    SUMMARY: Healthcare professionals treating patients before and after LVAD implantation need to take an active role in end-of-life discussions and be able to communicate information regarding expected complications, quality of life and prognosis to the patients and caregivers. Research is needed addressing optimal ways and timing of communication with LVAD patients and families.

  • 334.
    Ben Gal, Tuvia
    et al.
    Rabin Medical Centre, Israel; Tel Aviv University, Israel.
    Piepoli, Massimo F.
    G da Saliceto Polichirurg Hospital, Italy.
    Corra, Ugo
    IRCCS Science Institute Veruno, Italy.
    Conraads, Viviane
    University of Antwerp Hospital, Belgium.
    Adamopoulos, Stamatis
    Onassis Cardiac Surg Centre, Greece.
    Agostoni, Piergiuseppe
    IRCCS, Italy.
    Piotrowicz, Ewa
    Institute Cardiol, Poland.
    Schmid, Jean-Paul
    Tiefenau Hospital, Switzerland; University of Bern, Switzerland.
    Seferovic, Petar M.
    University of Belgrade, Serbia.
    Ponikowski, Piotr
    Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.
    Filippatos, Gerasimos
    Athens University Hospital Attikon, Greece.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Exercise programs for LVAD supported patients: A snapshot from the ESC affiliated countries2015In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 201, p. 215-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To contribute to the protocol development of exercise training in LVAD supported patients by reviewing the exercise programs for those patients in the ESC affiliated countries. Methods: A subset of data from 77 (26 countries) LVAD implanting centers that participated in the Extra-HF survey (170 centers) was analyzed. Results: Of the 77 LVAD implanting centers, 45 (58%) reported to have a functioning exercise training program (ETP) for LVAD patients. In 21 (47%) of the 45 ETP programs in LVAD implanting centers, patients begin their ETP during their in-hospital post-operative recovery period. Most centers (71%) have an early post-discharge program for their patients, and 24% of the centers offer a long-term maintenance program. The professionals involved in the ETPs are mainly physiotherapists (73%), psychologists, cardiac rehab nurses (22%), or cardiologists specialized in rehabilitation (22%). Not all programs include the treating cardiologist or surgeons. Most of the ETPs (84%) include aerobic endurance training, mostly cycling (73%), or walking (62%) at low intensity intervals. Some programs apply resistance training (47%), respiratory muscle training (55%), or balance training (44%). Reasons for the absence of ETPs are referral of patients to another center (14 centers) and lack of resources (11 centers). Conclusion: There is a great variance in ETPs in LVAD implanting centers. Not all the implanting centers have an ETP, and those that do have adopted a local protocol. Clear guidance on ETP supplied by LVAD implanting centers to LVAD supported patients and more evidence for optimal modalities are needed. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 335.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
    I saw daddy kissing Santa Claus! - Negotiating normativity in the early years of compulsory school.2006In: Hetero Factory. Challenging normativity in school and working life,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

           

  • 336.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
    I saw daddy kissing Santa Claus! - Norms, power and resistance in the early years of compulsory school2006In: 34th Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association,2006, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 337.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Jag sa att jag älskade han men jag har redan sagt förlåt för det: Ålder, genus och sexualitet i skolans tidigare år2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation examines how normality is performed and challenged in everyday practices in the early years of compulsory school, focusing primarily on norms of age, gender and sexuality. The empirical material is created through participant observation and interviews with pupils and teachers in two classes in two schools (school year 2 and 3). The study uses poststructuralist theories to highlight how power works in the everyday and the familiar, both in making comprehensibility and meaningfulness but also in defining deviations and normalize exclusion and subordination. The analysis shows how pupils and teachers perform and question different expectations of how to be and act as children, adults, pupils, teachers, girl, boy, etcetera. It appears that this 'doing' of norms is linked to the creation of different belongings, formal and informal settings, differences between class periods and breaks, classrooms and locker rooms or seriousness and laughter. The study shows that these changes create space for negotiations and challenges in what can be understood as uncertain or border areas. By taking note of how norms interacts the study further shows that challenges and questioning of norms around gender and sexuality are at risk of being trivialized by the pupils' position as children. This means that even if norms appears as boundaries of the possible and desirable, one cannot equate the challenges and the crossing of boundaries and transformation of norms. The study thus argues that pedagogical work that problematize how norms are repeated and challenged in school must consider ambiguities and the uncertain as part of creating hierarchical orders.

  • 338.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
    Making space - sex/uality and constructions of normality in the early school years2009In: NERA 37th Congress,2009, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 339.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
    Schooling Heteronormativity2005In: Heteronormativity ¿ a fruitful concept,2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

          

  • 340.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science.
    Äckligt - Normer kring ålder, kön och sexualitet i skolans tidigare år2008In: Skola i normer, Malmö: Gleerups , 2008, 1, p. 31-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

       Skola i normer granskar hur normer för hur man ska vara och bete sig upprepas och utmanas av elever och lärare i skolan, på lärarutbildningen och i skolans värdegrundsarbete. Författarna fokuserar på sexualitet, men diskuterar också ålder, kön, klass och nationalitet.En genomgående tanke i boken är att föreställningar om normalitet skapar det som inte ryms innanför normens gränser, de Andra eller det Andra . De leder till utestängningar där det annorlunda definieras bort som något främmade och avlägset. Samtidigt uppstår alltid motsägelser, både i skolans vardagliga praktik och i dess styrdokument, som skapar möjligheter till motstånd.Skola i normer riktar sig främst till lärarstudenter och lärarutbildare, men också till alla som intresserar sig för hur makthierarkier och motstånd skapas i skolan. Bokens författare är alla lärarutbildare. Lena Martinsson är professor i genusvetenskap vid Institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, Göteborgs universitet. Hon är också verksam som lärarutbildare.Eva Reimers är professor i pedagogiskt arbete och verksam vid Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Linköpings universitet. Hon är också verksam som lärarutbildare.

  • 341.
    Bengtsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bolander, Eva
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Strategies for inclusion and equality - norm-critical sex education in SwedenIn: Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, ISSN 1468-1811, E-ISSN 1472-0825Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the tactical (counter) politics of inclusive and norm-critical approaches in Swedish sex education, focusing on the enactment of this critical agenda in sex education practices and how teachers interpret and negotiate the possibilities and pitfalls of this kind of work. The analysis draws on participant observation in sex education practices and in-service teacher training, as well as interviews with educators. Three recurrent strategies lie at the centre of the analysis: the sensitive use of language to achieve inclusion; the organisation and incorporation of sensitive content to resist stigmatisation; and the use of different modalities to produce a specific knowledge order. The analysis shows how these strategies are grounded in norm-critical ideals, which become partly inflicted with tensions and discomforts when acted out in practice. The analysis further shows how an inclusive and norm-critical agenda runs the risk of becoming static, in the sense of providing students with the results of critique rather than engaging them in it.

  • 342.
    Bengtsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wenkler Garberg, Ludvig
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ”Om morsan fyller år får man fira henne senare”: om hur fotbollsintresserade män konstruerar identitet genom sitt supporterskap2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att ge en bild av hur fotbollsintresserade män konstruerar sin identitet genom sitt supporterskap, med utgångspunkt i mediebilden av fotbollssupportern som bråkig och stökig. Vi har en socialkonstruktionistisk ansats och använder symbolisk interaktionism och stigmabegreppet för att förstå och förklara våra resultat. Materialet bestod av sex intervjuer med supportrar till två olika allsvenska fotbollslag.Vår studie genererade fyra olika supporterskapsteman i vilka det kan utläsas olika sätt som fotbollssupportrar konstruerar sin identitet genom. Supporterskapet som en del av mig tar upp hur viktigt det är för fotbollssupportrar att visa engagemang och tillhörighet till sitt lag och hur de tycker att supporterskapet är en naturlig del av deras identitet. Det visar även att närvaron och engagemang på fotbollsmatcher är den mest centrala delen i supporterskapet som identitet. Vidare synliggör den hur supporterskapet är något som fotbollssupportrarna är stolta över. Supporterskapet som en gemenskap visar att supporterskapet är något som skapas och återskapas tillsammans med andra. Både med supportrar till det egna laget men även med supportrar till andra lag. Supporterskapet som något mer än en match visar hur stor vikt fotbollssupportrar lägger vid sitt supporterskap och hur de ofta låter supporterrollen prioriteras före andra roller, till exempel den som sambo eller son. Temat tydliggör också hur en fotbollsmatch är något som påverkar supporterns känslor och välmående både före och efter att den spelats. Supporterskapet under belägring åskådliggör hur fotbollssupportrarna uppfattar den rådande mediebilden som orättvis och felaktig. Temat visar också hur supportrarna förhåller sig till denna bild och hur bilden av sig själva som något negativt ibland får dem att känna sig utpekade. Mediebilden leder till att supportrarna hamnar i en försvarsställning när de kommer i kontakt med folk som inte är supportrar.

  • 343.
    Bennich-Bjorkman, Li
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Likic-Brboric, Branka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    SUCCESSFUL BUT DIFFERENT: DELIBERATIVE IDENTITY AND THE CONSENSUS-DRIVEN TRANSITION TO CAPITALISM IN ESTONIA AND SLOVENIA2012In: Journal of Baltic Studies, ISSN 0162-9778, E-ISSN 1751-7877, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 47-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Praised by international organizations, Estonia and Slovenia have long been considered among the most successful post-communist states. Estonia quickly transformed itself into one of the most liberal economies in the world, whereas Slovenia opted for a social justice-oriented market economy. Still, the roots of their success coincide in that consensus played a crucial role. We argue that the public sphere was never as repressed in Estonia and Slovenia during the communist period as it was elsewhere. Distinct national identities continued to be formed and re-formed by intellectuals during the decades of communist rule, who assumed roles as political leaders when the transition started. Consensus based on these national identities legitimized reform policies for the entire decade of the 1990s.

  • 344.
    Bennich-Björkman, Li
    et al.
    Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Kostic, RolandInstitutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning, Uppsala universitet.Likic-Brboric, BrankaLinköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Citizens at heart?: perspectives on integration of refugees in the EU after the Yugoslav wars of succession2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This edited volume is based on presentations made at the international conference “Citizens at Heart: Immigrant Integration in a European Perspective”, held at Uppsala University in March 2013. The book is a contribution to the growing literature investigating the aftermath of the violent dissolution of Yugoslavia and the processes of re-settlement and integration experienced by the refugees from Bosnia and Herzegvoina. In the midst of the present war in Syria and the heavy flows of refugees that are currently arriving in Europe, it is timely to revisit the integration experiences and transnational activities of the Bosnians who faced a similar fate some twenty years ago.

  • 345.
    Berben, L.
    et al.
    University of Basel, Switzerland .
    Bogert, L
    University of Basel, Switzerland .
    Leventhal, M. E.
    University of Basel, Switzerland .
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Hälsohögskolan i Jönköping.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Norekvål, T. M.
    Haukeland University Hospital, Norway .
    Smith, K.
    Ninewells Hospital, UK .
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Cardiology UHL.
    Thompson, David
    Australian Catholic University, Melbourne.
    De Geest, Sabine
    University of Basel, Switzerland .
    Which interventions are used by health care professionals to enhance medication adherence in cardiovascular patients? A survey of current clinical practice2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 346.
    Berben, Lut
    et al.
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Bogert, Laura
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Leventhal, Marcia E
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Jaarsma, Tiny
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Norekval, Tone M
    Haukeland University Hospital, Norway.
    Smith, Karen
    Ninewells Hospital, UK.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Cardiology in Linköping.
    De Geest, Sabina
    University of Basel, Switzerland .
    Which interventions are used by health care professionals to enhance medication adherence in cardiovascular patients? A survey of current clinical practice2011In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 14-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Complex medication regimens are often required to manage cardiovascular diseases. As non-adherence, which can have severe negative outcomes, is common among cardiovascular patients, various interventions to improve adherence should be implemented in daily practice.

    Aim: To assess which strategies cardiovascular nurses and allied health professionals utilize to (1) assess patients' adherence to medication regimen, and (2) enhance medication adherence via educational/cognitive, counseling/behavioral, and psychological/affective interventions.

    Method: A 45-item questionnaire to assess adherence assessment and interventional strategies utilized by health care professionals in daily clinical practice was distributed to a convenience sample of attendants of the 10th Annual Spring Meeting of the European Society of Cardiology Council on Cardiovascular Nursing and Allied Professions conference in Geneva (Switzerland) in March 2010. Respondents not in direct clinical practice were excluded. Descriptive statistics were used to describe practice patterns regarding adherence management.

    Results: Of 276 distributed questionnaires, 171 (62%) were returned, of which 34 (20%) were excluded as respondents performed no direct patient care. Questioning patients about non-adherence during follow-up was the most frequently reported assessment strategy (56%). Educational/cognitive adherence enhancing interventions were used most frequently, followed by counseling/behavioral interventions. Psychological/affective interventions were less frequently used. The most frequent intervention used was providing reading materials (66%) followed by training patients regarding medication taking during inpatient recovery (48%). Slightly over two-thirds (69%) reported using a combination of interventions to improve patient's adherence.

    Conclusion: Educational interventions are used most in clinical practice, although evidence shows they are less effective than behavioral interventions at enhancing medication adherence.

  • 347.
    Berg, Astrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    Eriksson, I
    Löfgren, Ragnhild
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    Constituted vs pontential chemistry content2008In: NFPF/NERA,2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 348.
    Berg, Astrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Eriksson, Inger
    Institutionen för didaktik och pedagogiskt arbete, Stockholms universitet.
    Löfgren, Ragnhild
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Observationer i kemiklassrummet - att lära sig se kemiska reaktioner2010In: Innehållet i fokus - kemiundervisning i finlandssvenska klassrum / [ed] Inger Eriksson, Stockholm: Stockholms universitets förlag , 2010, p. 37-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I flera jämförande internationella studier hamnar de finska eleverna i toppen. Hur bedrivs kemiundervisningen i finlandssvenska klassrum? Rapporten består av sex kapitel där författarna bl.a. tar upp följande frågor: Vad kännetecknar undervisningspraktiken i en finlandssvensk klass? Vilka texter används i klassrummet? Vad betraktas som viktig respektive mindre viktig kunskap? I ett av kapitlen analyseras vilka frågor läraren ställer till eleverna och vilken feedback som ges. I studien ingick fyra lärare, och i det avslutande kapitlet analyseras deras provkonstruktion och bedömningsarbete.Texterna vänder sig till alla som är intresserade av bedömningsfrågor, kunskapsfrågor, lärande och undervisning. Forskningsprojektet är finansierat av Vetenskapsrådet.

  • 349.
    Berg, Astrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    Löfgren, Ragnhild
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    Chemistry content in a laboratory based teaching practice2007In: NFPF/NERA,2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 350.
    Berg, Astrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    Löfgren, Ragnhild
    Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Natural Science - Medicine - Esthetics - Communication .
    Eriksson, Inger
    Lärarhögskolan i Stockholm.
    Kemiinnehåll i undervisningen för nybörjare. En studie av hur ämnesinnehållet får konkurrera med målet att få eleverna intresserade av naturvetenskap2007In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 146-162Article in journal (Refereed)
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