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  • 301.
    Tehrani, Payman
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Engquist, Isak
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Robinson, Nathaniel D.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nilsson, David
    Acreo AB, Bredgatan 34, SE-601 21 Norrköping, Sweden.
    Robertsson, Mats
    Acreo AB, Bredgatan 34, SE-601 21 Norrköping, Sweden.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Printable organic temperature logger based on overoxidation front propagation in PEDOT:PSSManuscript (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An electrochemical temperature logger has been realized by using the propagation of overoxidation fronts in stripes of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiopehene) blended with poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). The over-oxidation front propagation has been characterized and related to the ionic conductivity of polyethylene glycol (PEG) electrolytes. The electrolytes were chosen to have a phase transition in the temperature interval to be monitored, resulting in large conductivity variations and thereby an easily interpreted output. A logger demonstrator has been fabricated and shown to detect a temperature increase and a following temperature decrease. This very simple device is cheap to produce and could be used to monitor the temperature of packages.

  • 302.
    Wang, Xiaodong
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Platt, Duncan
    Acreo AB, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Engquist, Isak
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Printed low loss capacitors for use in a wireless humidity sensor labelManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A low loss printed capacitor is achieved by using a screen printable benzocyclobutene-based solution. The dissipation factor is measured to be 0.001 at frequencies around 3 MHz, which is low compared to commercially available dielectric inks with dissipation factors of ~0.05 in the same frequency region. By incorporating low loss printed capacitors with a planar antenna and a printed humidity sensor capacitor, a humidity sensor label which resonates at 3 MHz is demonstrated. The label is fully printed on a flexible substrate pre-patterned with the antenna and the manufacturing process is compatible with low-cost reelto-reel processing technology. The quality factor (Q factor) of the sensor label is enhanced up to about 15 in ambient environment. This allows readout of the sensor response at a distance and through damping materials such as walls in a building.

  • 303.
    Said, Elias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Larsson, Oscar
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Role of the ionic currents in electrolyte-gated organic field effect transistorsManuscript (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 304.
    Bao, Qinye
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fabiano, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sun, Zhengyi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    The energetics of the semiconducting polymer-electrode interface for solution-processed electronicsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The semiconductor-electrode interface impacts the function and the performance of (opto-)electronic devices. For printed organic electronics the electrode surface is not atomically clean leading to weakly interacting interfaces. As a result, solution-processed organic ultra-thin films on electrodes typically form islands due to de-wetting. It has therefore been utterly difficult to achieve homogenous ultrathin conjugated polymer films. This has made the investigation of the correct energetics of the conjugated polymer-electrode interface impossible. Also, this has hampered the development of devices including ultra-thin conjugated polymer layers. Here, we report Langmuir-Shäfer-manufactured homogenous mono- and multilayers of semiconducting polymers on metal electrodes and track the energy level bending using photoelectron spectroscopy. The amorphous films display an abrupt energy level bending that does not extend beyond the first monolayer. Our findings provide new insights of the energetics of the polymer-electrode interface and opens up for new high-performing devices based on ultra-thin semiconducting polymers.

  • 305.
    Jakobsson, Fredrik L. E.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Marsal, Philippe
    Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Braun, Slawomir
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cornil, Jérôme
    Laboratory for Chemistry of Novel Materials, University of Mons-Hainaut, Place du Parc 20, B-7000 Mons, Belgium.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tuning the energy levels of photochromic diarylethene compounds for optoelectronic switch devicesManuscript (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Photochromic diarylethene molecules (PC) is investigated for use in opticalwrite/electrical read memory applications. The frontier energy levels and dipolemoment is calculated using density functional theory. Good agreement is foundbetween calculated electronic structure and measured ultraviolet photoelectronspectra. The changes in frontier energy levels and dipole moment are scrutinizedupon two different approaches for chemical modification: (i) adding substituentsto the ethylene bridge; or (ii) changing the chemical nature of the aryl rings.Through the chemical modification the frontier energy levels can be tuned bymore than 2 eV. The calculated molecular properties are used in charge transportmodels to predict the behavior of devices based on these molecules. By using thePC in combination with an organic semiconductor (in bilayer or blend) goodswitching behavior can be achieved in a device. The switch effect is predicted tobe mainly due to switch in frontier energy levels rather than switch of dipolemoment. This is concluded since the dipole moment is either too small (< 5 D) orthe switch effect to small (less than a factor of two).

  • 306.
    Larsson, Oscar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Laiho, Ari
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Unifying electrochemical and field-effect mechanisms in electrolyte-gated organic field-effect transistorsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of electrolytes and organic semiconductors has opened up new opportunities in photonics1, electronics2 and in energy storage3. In most of these devices, the key mechanisms involve the transport of charge carriers (electrons or ions) across the organic semiconductor-electrolyte interface. The formation of an electric double layer (EDL) at this polarized interface is fuzzier than at a metal-electrolyte interface since weak intermolecular interactions in the organic solid favour the penetration of ions4. An EDL established at the organic semiconductor-electrolyte interface, defined by a sheet of electronic charge carriers and a sheet of ions, has been proposed recently as the basic mechanism for electrolyte-gated organic field-effect transistors (EGOFETs)5, 6. Here, organic thin film transistors are used as a probe to investigate the organic semiconductor-electrolyte interface. We demonstrate that the capacitance value of the gate counter electrode dictates the degree of advancement7 of the electrochemical halfreaction (the extent of the reaction) at this interface. This finding unifies the mechanisms proposed for EGOFETs and organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs); and sets the ground description for an electrochemical half-reaction induced entirely by capacitive coupling.

  • 307.
    Hansson (f.d. Wadeasa), Amal
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. null.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. null.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. null.
    ZnO-Polymer hybrid electron only rectifiersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The combination of organic semiconductors and ZnO nanorods provides new hybrid devices for large area optoelectronics targeting solar energy harvesting and light emission applications. The electronic transport across organic-ZnO heterojunction is not well understood. Here, we investigate systematically the creation of the ZnOpolymer interface and pinpoint potential issues in hybrid devices based on chemically grown ZnO nanorods. For the sake of simplicity, we focus on a ZnO-polymer hybrid device transporting only electrons. The semiconducting polymer used is poly {[N,N0-bis(2-octyldodecyl)-naphthalene-1,4,5,8-bis(dicarboximide)-2,6-diyl]-alt-5,50-(2,20-dithiophene)}. The device shows easy electron injection from Au/ZnO contacts and a good rectification partially governed by the morphology of the heterojunction.

4567 301 - 307 of 307
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