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  • 301.
    Ajjan, Fátima
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Casado, N.
    University of Basque Country, Spain.
    Rebis, Tomasz
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Elfwing, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Solin, Niclas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mecerreyes, D.
    University of Basque Country, Spain; Ikerbasque, Spain.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    High performance PEDOT/lignin biopolymer composites for electrochemical supercapacitors2016In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 1838-1847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing sustainable organic electrode materials for energy storage applications is an urgent task. We present a promising candidate based on the use of lignin, the second most abundant biopolymer in nature. This polymer is combined with a conducting polymer, where lignin as a polyanion can behave both as a dopant and surfactant. The synthesis of PEDOT/Lig biocomposites by both oxidative chemical and electrochemical polymerization of EDOT in the presence of lignin sulfonate is presented. The characterization of PEDOT/Lig was performed by UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, FTIR infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge. PEDOT doped with lignin doubles the specific capacitance (170.4 F g(-1)) compared to reference PEDOT electrodes (80.4 F g(-1)). The enhanced energy storage performance is a consequence of the additional pseudocapacitance generated by the quinone moieties in lignin, which give rise to faradaic reactions. Furthermore PEDOT/Lig is a highly stable biocomposite, retaining about 83% of its electroactivity after 1000 charge/discharge cycles. These results illustrate that the redox doping strategy is a facile and straightforward approach to improve the electroactive performance of PEDOT.

  • 302.
    Ajjan, Fátima
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Javad Jafari, Mohammad
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rebis, T.
    Poznan University of Tech, Poland.
    Ederth, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Spectroelectrochemical investigation of redox states in a polypyrrole/lignin composite electrode material2015In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 3, no 24, p. 12927-12937Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We report spectroelectrochemical studies to investigate the charge storage mechanism of composite polypyrrole/lignin electrodes. Renewable bioorganic electrode materials were produced by electropolymerization of pyrrole in the presence of a water-soluble lignin derivative acting as a dopant. The resulting composite exhibited enhanced charge storage abilities due to a lignin-based faradaic process, which was expressed after repeated electrochemical redox of the material. The in situ FTIR spectroelectrochemistry results show the formation of quinone groups, and reversible oxidation-reduction of these groups during charge-discharge experiments in the electrode materials. The most significant IR bands include carbonyl absorption near 1705 cm(-1), which is attributed to the creation of quinone moieties during oxidation, and absorption at 1045 cm(-1) which is due to hydroquinone moieties.

  • 303.
    Ajjan, Fátima
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mecerreyes, David
    Univ Basque Country UPV EHU, Spain.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Enhancing Energy Storage Devices with Biomacromolecules in Hybrid Electrodes2019In: Biotechnology Journal, ISSN 1860-6768, E-ISSN 1860-7314, article id 1900062Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of energy storage devices with higher energy and power outputs, and long cycling stability is urgently required in the pursuit of the expanding challenges of electrical energy storage. The utilization of biologically renewable redox compounds holds a great potential in designing sustainable energy storage systems and contributes in reducing the dependence on fossil fuels for energy materials. Quinones are the principal redox centers in natural organic materials and play a key role as charge storage electrode materials because of their abundance, multiple forms and integration into the materials flow through the biosphere. Electrical energy storage devices and systems can be significantly improved by the combination of scalable quinone-based biomaterials with good electronic conductors. This review uses recent examples to show how biopolymers are providing new directions in the development of renewable biohybrid electrodes for energy storage devices.

  • 304.
    Ajjan Godoy, Fátima Nadia
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Biohybrid Polymer Electrodes for Renewable Energy Storage2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Daily and seasonally fluctuating energy supply and demand requires adequate energy storage solutions. In recent years electrochemical supercapacitors have attracted considerable attention due to their ability to both store and deliver electrical energy efficiently. Our efforts are focused on developing and optimizing sustainable organic electrode materials for supercapacitors based on renewable bioorganic materials, offering a cheap, environmentally friendly and scalable alternative to store energy. In particular, we are using the second most abundant biopolymer in nature, lignin (Lig), which is an insulating material. However, when used in combination with electroactive and conducting polymers such as polypyrrole (PPy) and poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), the biohybrid electrodes PPy/Lig and PEDOT/Lig display significantly enhanced energy storage performance as compared to the pristine conducting polymers without the lignin. Redox cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge/discharge measurements indicate that the enhanced performance is due to the additional pseudocapacitance generated by the quinone moieties in lignin. Moreover, a conjugated redoxpolymer poly(aminoanthraquinone) PAAQ, with intrinsic quinone functions and excellentstability, has been combined with lignin and PEDOT resulting in a trihybrid bioelectrode. PEDOT compensates the low conductivity of PAAQ and provides electrical pathways to the quinone groups. The electrochemically generated quinones undergo a two electron, two protonredox process within the biohybrid electrodes as revealed by FTIR spectroelectrochemistry.These remarkable features reveal the exciting potential of a full organic energy storage device with long cycle life. Therefore, supercapacitor devices were designed in symmetric or asymmetric two electrode configuration. The best electrochemical performance was achieved by the asymmetric supercapacitor based on PEDOT+Lignin/PAAQ as the positive electrode and PEDOT/PAAQ as the negative electrode. This device exhibits superior electrochemical performance and outstanding stability after 10000 charge/discharge cycles due to the synergistic effect of the two electrodes. Finally, we have characterized the response of this supercapacitor device when charged with the intermittent power supply from an organic photovoltaic module. We have designed charging/discharging conditions such that reserve power was available in the storage device at all times. This work has resulted in an inexpensive fully organic system witht he dual function of energy conversion and storage.

    List of papers
    1. Biopolymer hybrid electrodes for scalable electricity storage
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Biopolymer hybrid electrodes for scalable electricity storage
    2016 (English)In: Materials Horizons, ISSN 2051-6347, E-ISSN 2051-6355, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 174-185Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Powering the future, while maintaining a cleaner environment and a strong socioeconomic growth, is going to be one of the biggest challenges faced by mankind in the 21st century. The first step in overcoming the challenge for a sustainable future is to use energy more efficiently so that the demand for fossil fuels can be reduced drastically. The second step is a transition from the use of fossil fuels to renewable energy sources. In this sense, organic electrode materials are becoming increasingly attractive compared to inorganic electrode materials which have reached a plateau regarding performance and have severe drawbacks in terms of cost, safety and environmental friendliness. Using organic composites based on conducting polymers, such as polypyrrole, and abundant, cheap and naturally occurring biopolymers rich in quinones, such as lignin, has recently emerged as an interesting alternative. These materials, which exhibit electronic and ionic conductivity, provide challenging opportunities in the development of new charge storage materials. This review presents an overview of recent developments in organic biopolymer composite electrodes as renewable electroactive materials towards sustainable, cheap and scalable energy storage devices.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, 2016
    National Category
    Other Environmental Engineering
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128741 (URN)10.1039/c5mh00261c (DOI)000375296600002 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation; Wallenberg Scholar grant

    Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30
    2. Spectroelectrochemical investigation of redox states in a polypyrrole/lignin composite electrode material
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Spectroelectrochemical investigation of redox states in a polypyrrole/lignin composite electrode material
    Show others...
    2015 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 3, no 24, p. 12927-12937Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We report spectroelectrochemical studies to investigate the charge storage mechanism of composite polypyrrole/lignin electrodes. Renewable bioorganic electrode materials were produced by electropolymerization of pyrrole in the presence of a water-soluble lignin derivative acting as a dopant. The resulting composite exhibited enhanced charge storage abilities due to a lignin-based faradaic process, which was expressed after repeated electrochemical redox of the material. The in situ FTIR spectroelectrochemistry results show the formation of quinone groups, and reversible oxidation-reduction of these groups during charge-discharge experiments in the electrode materials. The most significant IR bands include carbonyl absorption near 1705 cm(-1), which is attributed to the creation of quinone moieties during oxidation, and absorption at 1045 cm(-1) which is due to hydroquinone moieties.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, 2015
    National Category
    Materials Chemistry
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120069 (URN)10.1039/c5ta00788g (DOI)000356022800044 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation; Marie Curie network Renaissance; Swedish Government Strategic Research Area in Materials Science on Functional Materials at Linkoping University [2009-00971]

    Available from: 2015-07-06 Created: 2015-07-06 Last updated: 2017-12-04
    3. High performance PEDOT/lignin biopolymer composites for electrochemical supercapacitors
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>High performance PEDOT/lignin biopolymer composites for electrochemical supercapacitors
    Show others...
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 1838-1847Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Developing sustainable organic electrode materials for energy storage applications is an urgent task. We present a promising candidate based on the use of lignin, the second most abundant biopolymer in nature. This polymer is combined with a conducting polymer, where lignin as a polyanion can behave both as a dopant and surfactant. The synthesis of PEDOT/Lig biocomposites by both oxidative chemical and electrochemical polymerization of EDOT in the presence of lignin sulfonate is presented. The characterization of PEDOT/Lig was performed by UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, FTIR infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge. PEDOT doped with lignin doubles the specific capacitance (170.4 F g(-1)) compared to reference PEDOT electrodes (80.4 F g(-1)). The enhanced energy storage performance is a consequence of the additional pseudocapacitance generated by the quinone moieties in lignin, which give rise to faradaic reactions. Furthermore PEDOT/Lig is a highly stable biocomposite, retaining about 83% of its electroactivity after 1000 charge/discharge cycles. These results illustrate that the redox doping strategy is a facile and straightforward approach to improve the electroactive performance of PEDOT.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY, 2016
    National Category
    Biological Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125323 (URN)10.1039/c5ta10096h (DOI)000368839200035 ()
    Note

    Funding Agencies|Power Papers project from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation; Wallenberg Scholar grant from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation; Marie Curie network Renaissance (NA); European Research Council by Starting Grant Innovative Polymers for Energy Storage (iPes) [306250]; Basque Government

    Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-19 Last updated: 2017-11-30
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  • 305.
    Ajma, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Furdek, Marija
    School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden / Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, Dept. of Telecommunications, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Monti, Paolo
    School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wosinska, Lena
    School of Information and Communication Technology, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Dynamic provisioning utilizing redundant modules in elastic optical networks based on architecture on demand nodes2014In: European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2014, IEEE , 2014, p. 1-3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Survivable synthetic ROADMs are equipped with redundant switching modules to support failure recovery. The paper proposes a dynamic connection provisioning strategy which exploits these idle redundant modules to provision regular traffic resulting in a substantial improvement in the blocking performance.

  • 306.
    Ajmal, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cavdar, Cicek
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wosinska, Lena
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Trading Quality of Transmission for Improved Blocking Performance in All-Optical Networks2013In: Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2013, 2013, p. AF4E.5-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a connection provisioning strategy in dynamic all-optical networks, which exploit the possibility to allow a tolerable signal quality degradation during a small fraction of holding-time resulting in a significant improvement of blocking performance.

  • 307.
    Ajmal, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Furdek, Marija
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden / Dept. of Telecommunications, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
    Monti, Paolo
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wosinska, Lena
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    An Optimization Model for Dynamic Bulk Provisioning in Elastic Optical Networks2014In: Asia Communications and Photonics Conference 2014, Optics Info Base, Optical Society of America, 2014, p. AF3E.6-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate benefits of setup-delay tolerance in elastic optical networks and propose an optimization model for dynamic and concurrent connection provisioning. Simulation shows that the proposed strategy offers significant improvement of the network blocking performance.

  • 308.
    Ajmal, Muhammad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zervas, Georgios
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Saridis, George
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Salas, Emilio H.
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Simeonidou, Dimitra
    High-Performance Networks Group, University of Bristol, UK.
    Forchheimer, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Information Coding. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Flexible and Synthetic SDM Networks with Multi-core-Fibers Implemented by Programmable ROADMs2014In: Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communication ECOC2014, Cannes, France, September 21-25 September 2014, IEEE , 2014, p. 1-3Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study looks into network planning issues for synthetic MCF-based SDM networks implemented through programmable ROADMs. The results show that significant savings in switching modules and energy can be attained by exploiting the flexibility inherent in programmable ROADM through a proper network design.

  • 309.
    Akhlaq, Faisal
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Loganathan, Sumathi
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Assembler Generator and Cycle-Accurate Simulator Generator for NoGAP2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    System-on-Chip is increasingly built using ASIP(Application  Specific Instruction set Processor) due to the flexibility and efficiency obtained from ASIPs. NoGAP (Novel Generator of Accelerator and Processor framework) is an innovative approach for  ASIP design, which provides the advantage of both ADL (Architecture  Description Language) and HDL (Hardware Description Language) to the  designer.

    For the processors designed using NoGAP, software tools need to be automatically generated, to aid the  designer in programming and verifying the processor. As part of the master thesis work, we have developed two generators namely Assembler generator and Cycle-Accurate Simulator generator for NoGAP using C++. The Assembler generator automatically generates an assembler, which is used to convert the assembly code written by a programmer into relocatable binary code. The Cycle-Accurate Simulator generator automatically generates a cycle-accurate simulator to model the behavior of the designed processor. Both these generators are static, and can be used to generate the tools for any processor created using NoGAP.

    In this report, we have detailed the concepts behind the generators,and the implementation details of the generators. We have listed the results obtained from running assembler and cycle-accurate simulator on a test processor created using NoGAP.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 310.
    Akhter Feroz, Raisin
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment for Sustainable Urban Development: A Study on Slum Population of Kota, India2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The urban centres are becoming more vulnerable to climate change because of the rapid urbanization and the inequality of urban development. This study assesses the urban vulnerability in an integrated approach focusing the slum people as the targeted group. The slum people are severely exposed to climate risks in terms of city‟s overall development. The negative indications of the indicators of person‟s vulnerability represent their high sensitivity to the adverse impact of climate change. The determinants of adaptive capacity also confirm that the slum people are more vulnerable to climate change with having lower adaptive capacity; though, the city is possessing high development indexes. In this context, an institutional structure is developed to build multi-level urban climate governance with the involvement of all relevant stakeholders based on the case study and literature review to integrate the vulnerable group in development planning for climate change adaptation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 311.
    Akin, H. Levent
    et al.
    Bogazici University, Turkey.
    Ito, Nobuhiro
    Aichi Institute of Technology, Japan.
    Jacoff, Adam
    National Institute of Standards, USA.
    Kleiner, Alexander
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Artificial Intelligence and Integrated Computer Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pellenz, Johannes
    V&R Vision & Robotics GmbH, Germany.
    Visser, Arnoud
    University of Amsterdam, Holland.
    RoboCup Rescue Robot and Simulation Leagues2013In: The AI Magazine, ISSN 0738-4602, Vol. 34, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The RoboCup Rescue Robot and Simulation competitions have been held since 2000. The experience gained during these competitions has increased the maturity level of the field, which allowed deploying robots after real disasters (e.g. Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster). This article provides an overview of these competitions and highlights the state of the art and the lessons learned.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 312.
    Akke, Mikael
    et al.
    Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Lund University.
    Lundström, Patrik
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Biotechnology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Conformational Dynamics by Relaxation Dispersion2012In: Encyclopedia of Biophysics / [ed] Gordon C. K. Roberts., Elsevier, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Encyclopedia of Biophysics is envisioned both as an easily accessible source of information and as an introductory guide to the scientific literature. It includes entries describing both Techniques and Systems. In the Techniques entries, each of the wide range of methods which fall under the heading of Biophysics are explained in detail, together with the value and the limitations of the information each provides. Techniques covered range from diffraction (X-ray, electron and neutron) through a wide range of spectroscopic methods (X-ray, optical, EPR, NMR) to imaging (from electron microscopy to live cell imaging and MRI), as well as computational and simulation approaches.In the Systems entries, biophysical approaches to specific biological systems or problems – from protein and nucleic acid structure to membranes, ion channels and receptors – are described. These sections, which place emphasis on the integration of the different techniques, therefore provide an inroad into Biophysics from a biological more than from a technique-oriented physical/chemical perspective. Thus the Encyclopedia is intended to provide a resource both for biophysicists interested in methods beyond those used in their immediate sub-discipline and for those readers who are approaching biophysics from either a physical or biological background.

  • 313.
    Akoto, Brenda
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Is spring burning a viable management tool for species-rich grasslands?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Semi- natural grasslands are species-rich and also one of the most threatened biotopes in Europe. The area of these grasslands has declined and grassland vegetation is threatened as a result of lack of management and land use change. Appropriate management is therefore required to maintain the conservation values and high species richness of semi- natural grasslands. Traditional management, that is, grazing or annual mowing is expensive, which motivates evaluation of alternative cheaper methods of management. Burning is less costly and therefore I evaluated burning along with the conventional methods. The study addressed the main question: is burning an option to mowing and grazing? I searched the literature for available studies suitable for metaanalysis, but located only detailed reports from a series of eleven Swedish long-term field trials. In addition, I collected data in the only one of these trials still running. To facilitate metaanalysis, l used different indicator systems of classification of grassland plants then calculating the odds for a random record being an indicator after one, eight, fourteen, twenty-eight and thirty-nine spring burns. The results show an increasing proportion of grassland indicators of good management in the mowed and grazed plots compared with the burnt plots, indicating a general negative effect of burning on grassland plants compared with mowing and grazing. Hence, burning is not an appropriate long-term management method if the aim is to maintain vegetation diversity in semi-natural grassland.

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    fulltext
  • 314.
    Akram Hassan, Kahin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rönnberg, Niklas
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Forsell, Camilla
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    On the Performance of Stereoscopic Versus Monoscopic 3D Parallel Coordinates2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents the results from an evaluation of stereoscopic versus monoscopic 3D parallel coordinates. The objective of the evaluation was to investigate if stereopsis increases user performance. The results show that stereoscopy has no effect at all on user performance compared to monoscopy. This result is important when it comes to the potential use of stereopsis within the information visualization community.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 315.
    Akram, Usman
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Metson, Genevieve
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research, CSPR.
    Quttineh, Nils-Hassan
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Optimization . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wennergren, Uno
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Closing Pakistan’s yield gaps through nutrient recycling2018In: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, E-ISSN 2571-581X, p. 1-14, article id 00024Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Achieving food security will require closing yield gaps in many regions, including Pakistan. Although fertilizer subsidies have facilitated increased nitrogen (N) application rates, many staple crop yields have yet to reach their maximum potential. Considering that current animal manure and human excreta (bio-supply) recycling rates are low, there is substantial potential to increase the reuse of nutrients in bio-supply. We quantified 2010 crop N, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) needs along with bio-supply nutrient availability for Pakistani districts, and compared these values to synthetic fertilizer use and costs. We found that synthetic fertilizer use combined with low bio-supply recycling resulted in a substantial gap between nutrient supply and P and K crop needs, which would cost 3 billion USD to fill with synthetic fertilizers. If all bio-supply was recycled, it could eliminate K synthetic fertilizer needs and decrease N synthetic fertilizer needs to 43% of what was purchased in 2010. Under a full recycling scenario, farmers would still require an additional 0.28 million tons of synthetic P fertilizers, costing 2.77 billion USD. However, it may not be prohibitively expensive to correct P deficiencies. Pakistan already spends this amount of money on fertilizers. If funds used for synthetic N were reallocated to synthetic P purchases in a full bio-supply recycling scenario, crop needs could be met. Most recycling could happen within districts, with only 6% of bio-supply requiring between-district transport when optimized to meet national N crop needs. Increased recycling in Pakistan could be a viable way to decrease yield gaps.

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    Closing Pakistan’s Yield Gaps Through Nutrient Recycling
  • 316.
    Akram, Usman
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Quttineh, Nils-Hassan
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Optimization . Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wennergren, Uno
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tonderski, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Metson, Genevieve
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Enhancing nutrient recycling from excreta to meet crop nutrient needs in Sweden - a spatial analysis2019In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, article id 10264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased recycling of nutrient-rich organic waste to meet crop nutrient needs is an essential component of a more sustainable food system. However, agricultural specialization continues to pose a significant challenge to balancing crop nutrient needs and the nutrient supply from animal manure and human excreta locally. For Sweden, this study found that recycling all excreta (in 2007) could meet up to 75% of crop nitrogen and 81% of phosphorus needs, but that this would exceed crop potassium needs by 51%. Recycling excreta within municipalities could meet 63% of crop P nutrient needs, but large regional differences and imbalances need to be corrected to avoid over or under fertilizing. Over 50% of the total nitrogen and phosphorus in excreta is contained in just 40% of municipalities, and those have a surplus of excreta nutrients compared to crop needs. Reallocation of surpluses (nationally optimized for phosphorus) towards deficit municipalities, would cost 192 million USD (for 24 079 km of truck travel). This is 3.7 times more than the total NPK fertilizer value being transported. These results indicate that Sweden could reduce its dependence on synthetic fertilizers through investments in excreta recycling, but this would likely require valuing also other recycling benefits.

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  • 317.
    Akram, Usman
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology.
    Quttineh, Nils-Hassan
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Optimization .
    Wennergren, Uno
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology.
    Tonderski, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology.
    Metson, Geneviéve S.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology.
    Optimizing Nutrient Recycling From Excreta in Sweden and Pakistan: Higher Spatial Resolution Makes Transportation More Attractive2019In: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, ISSN 2571-581X, Vol. 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recycling essential plant nutrients like nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) from organic waste such as human and animal excreta will be an essential part of sustainable food systems and a circular economy. However, transportation is often cited as a major barrier to increased recycling as organic waste is heavy and bulky, and distances between areas of abundant waste may be far from areas with a need for fertilizers. We investigated the effect of increased input data spatial resolution to an optimization model on the weight, distance, and spatial patterns of transport. The model was run in Sweden and in Pakistan to examine cost-effectiveness of transporting excess excreta to areas of crop need after local recycling. Increasing the resolution of input data from political boundaries (municipalities and districts) to 0.083 decimal grids increased the amount of N requiring transport by 12% in Pakistan and increased P requiring transport by 14% in Sweden. The average distance decreased by 67% (to 44 km) in Pakistan but increased by 1 km in Sweden. Further increasing the resolution to 5 km grids in Sweden decreased the average transportation distance by 9 km (down to 123 km). In both countries, increasing resolution also decreased the number of long-distance heavy transports, and as such costs did not increase as much as total distance and weight transported. Ultimately, transportation in Pakistan seemed financially beneficial: the cost of transport only represented 13% of the NPK fertilizer value transported, and total recycling could even cover 78% of additional fertilizer purchases required. In Sweden, the cost of transporting excreta did not seem cost effective without valuing other potential benefits of increased recycling: costs were three times higher than the fertilizer value transported in excreta at the 5 km resolution. In summary, increasing input data resolution created a more realistic picture of recycling needs. This also highlighted more favorable cost to fertilizer value ratios which could make it easier to move forward with industry and government partners to facilitate productive recycling. Our analysis shows that in both countries increased recycling can result in better spatial nutrient balances.

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  • 318.
    Al Haji, Ghazwan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fowler, Scott
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson Granberg, Tobias
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Smart traffic calming measures for smart cities - a pre-study2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic calming measures, such as speed bumps and elevated crossing points, are used to reduce speed, to prevent overtaking and generally contribute to a safer traffic situation. However, they might also cause increased response times for rescue vehicles (e.g. ambulances or fire trucks). An alternative to the conventional traffic calming measures is so-called smart traffic calming measures. These can determine when a vehicle approaches, whose journey should not be hindered, and adjust to allow for free passage for this vehicle.

    This report gives an overview of the problem, and some examples of smart  traffic calming measures are discussed. Special focus is put on the wireless communication necessary to detect emergency vehicles. Furthermore, existing challenges and possible solutions for traffic calming measures and the communication needed to make them smart are discussed.

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  • 319.
    Alagia, M.
    et al.
    ISMN-CNR, Sez. Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy and TASC-CNR, Area Science Park, Basovizza, I-34012 Trieste, Italy.
    Lavollée, M.
    LIXAM-CNRS, F-91898 Orsay-Cedex, France.
    Richter, R.
    Sincrotrone Trieste, Area Science Park, I-34012 Basovizza, Trieste, Italy.
    Ekström, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Computational Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Carravetta, V.
    Institute of Chemical Physical Processes (CNR), Via Moruzzi 1, I-56124 Pisa, Italy.
    Stranges, D.
    Dipartimento di Chimica and INSTM, Universitá La Sapienza, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy and ISMN-CNR, Sez. Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy.
    Brunetti, B.
    ISMN-CNR, Sez. Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy.
    Stranges, S.
    Dipartimento di Chimica and INSTM, Universitá La Sapienza, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy; ISMN-CNR, Sez. Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, I-00185 Roma, Italy; and TASC-CNR, Area Science Park, Basovizza, I-34012 Trieste, Italy.
    Probing the potential energy surface by highresolution x-ray absorption spectroscopy: The umbrella motion of the coreexcited CH3 free radical2007In: Physical Review. A, ISSN 1050-2947, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 124305-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A detailed study of the umbrellalike vibration in inner-shell spectroscopy is presented. The high-resolution x-ray absorption spectrum for the lowest lying core excitation of the CH3 free radical was recorded. High quality potential energy surfaces (PES) for the initial and final states of the transition were calculated as a function of the symmetrical stretching and the umbrella deformation coordinates. The strong anharmonicity along the umbrella coordinate in the double-well region of the PES of the core excited state has a strong effect on the bending vibrational progressions. The excellent agreement between the experiment and theory allows an accurate spectroscopic characterization of the vibrational structure of the electronic transition, and the estimation of the umbrella inversion time of 149  fs.

  • 320.
    Alagia, Michele
    et al.
    ISMN-CNR, Rom.
    Baldacchini, Chiara
    Università di Roma "La Sapienza" .
    Betti, Maria Grazia
    Università di Roma "La Sapienza" .
    Bussolotti, Fabio
    Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia.
    Carravetta, Vincenzo
    IPCF-CNR, Pisa.
    Ekström, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Computational Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Mariani, Carlo
    Università di Roma "La Sapienza" .
    Stranges, Stefano
    Università di Roma "La Sapienza" .
    Core-shell photoabsorption and photoelectron spectra of gas-phase pentacene: Experiment and theory2005In: Journal of chemical physics Online, ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 122, no 12, p. 124305-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The C K-edge photoabsorption and 1s core-level photoemission of pentacene (C22H14) free molecules are experimentally measured, and calculated by self-consistent-field and static-exchange approximation ab initio methods. Six nonequivalent C atoms present in the molecule contribute to the C 1s photoemission spectrum. The complex near-edge structures of the carbon K-edge absorption spectrum present two main groups of discrete transitions between 283 and 288  eV photon energy, due to absorption to * virtual orbitals, and broader structures at higher energy, involving * virtual orbitals. The sharp absorption structures to the * empty orbitals lay well below the thresholds for the C 1s ionizations, caused by strong excitonic and localization effects. We can definitely explain the C K-edge absorption spectrum as due to both final (virtual) and initial (core) orbital effects, mainly involving excitations to the two lowest-unoccupied molecular orbitals of * symmetry, from the six chemically shifted C 1s core orbitals. ©2005 American Institute of Physics

  • 321.
    Alam, Syed Asad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Namal Inst, Pakistan.
    Gustafsson, Oscar
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Improved Particle Filter Resampling Architectures2020In: Journal of Signal Processing Systems, ISSN 1939-8018, E-ISSN 1939-8115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most challenging aspect of particle filtering hardware implementation is the resampling step. This is because of high latency as it can be only partially executed in parallel with the other steps of particle filtering and has no inherent parallelism inside it. To reduce the latency, an improved resampling architecture is proposed which involves pre-fetching from the weight memory in parallel to the fetching of a value from a random function generator along with architectures for realizing the pre-fetch technique. This enables a particle filter using M particles with otherwise streaming operation to get new inputs more often than 2M cycles as the previously best approach gives. Results show that a pre-fetch buffer of five values achieves the best area-latency reduction trade-off while on average achieving an 85% reduction in latency for the resampling step leading to a sample time reduction of more than 40%. We also propose a generic division-free architecture for the resampling steps. It also removes the need of explicitly ordering the random values for efficient multinomial resampling implementation. In addition, on-the-fly computation of the cumulative sum of weights is proposed which helps reduce the word length of the particle weight memory. FPGA implementation results show that the memory size is reduced by up to 50%.

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  • 322.
    Alami, Jones
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Measurement Technology, Biology and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Plasma characterisation in high power pulsed magnetron sputtering2003Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, plasma parameters including plasma and floating potentials, electron energy distribution function (EEDF) plasma density and electron temperature are studied in a high power pulsed magnetron (HPPM) discharge at different Argon (Ar) gas pressures and different magnetron powers. It is reported that the EEDF during and shortly after the pulse can be represented by a bi-Maxwellian distribution indicating two energy groups of electrons.

    Furthermore, we report on the variation of the plasma parameters and electron energy distribution function with gas pressure in the pressure range 0.5-20 mtorr. At a high pressure (> 10 mTorr) two density peaks are present, the second of which occurs hundreds of microseconds after the pulse is switched off. It shows that the second peaks occurrence depends on the target material used as well as the chamber pressure and the magnetron power. It is found that the electron density is very high (up to 1019 m-3, during the whole of the measured 2000 µs, indicating the importance of the second density peak in maintaining the high plasma density.

    Measurements on the electron temperature show that this does not exceed 3 eV while the pulse is on, and that it is no more than 0.5 after the pulse is off. A movie is constructed using Langmuir probe measurements data, showing the temporal evolution of the plasma at 20 mTorr argon pressure and 11 J pulse energy. Analysis shows the existence of a magnetic trap underneath the center of the target. Furthermore, the electron flux in the substrate vicinity 10 - 12 cm from the target is found to be homogeneous. Ti thin films are grown along the sidewalls of a hole, 1 cm2 in area and 2 cm in depth, using both de magnetron and HPPM sputtering. Secondary electron microscopy shows that the film grown by de magnetron sputtering shows clear columnar growth, while a dense and flat film was produced using the HPPM sputtering technique.

  • 323.
    Alami, Jones
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Jon M.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lattemann, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wallin, Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Böhlmark, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Persson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Helmersson, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Phase tailoring of Ta thin films by highly ionized pulsed magnetron sputtering2007In: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, E-ISSN 1879-2731, Vol. 515, no 7-8, p. 3434-3438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ta thin films were grown on Si substrates at different inclination angles with respect to the sputter source using high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HIPIMS), an ionized physical vapor deposition technique. The ionization allowed for better control of the energy and directionality of the sputtered species, and consequently for improved properties of the deposited films. Depositions were made on Si substrates with the native oxide intact. The structure of the as deposited films was investigated using X-ray diffraction, while a four-point probe setup was used to measure the resistivity. A substrate bias process-window for growth of bcc-Ta was observed. However, the process-window position changed with changing inclination angles of the substrate. The formation of this low-resistivity bcc-phase could be understood in light of the high ion flux from the HIPIMS discharge.

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  • 324.
    Alami, Jones
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Emmerlich, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wilhelmsson, O.
    Department of Materials Chemistry, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jansson, U.
    Department of Materials Chemistry, The Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Högberg, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Helmersson, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    High-power impulse magnetron sputtering of Ti-Si-C thin films from a Ti3SiC2 compound target2006In: Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, E-ISSN 1879-2731, Vol. 515, no 4, p. 1731-1736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have deposited Ti-Si-C thin films using high-power impulse magnetron sputtering (HIPIMS) from a Ti3SiC2 compound target. The as-deposited films were composite materials with TiC as the main crystalline constituent. X-ray diffraction and photoelectron spectroscopy indicated that they also contained amorphous SiC, and for films deposited on inclined substrates, crystalline Ti5Si3Cx. The film morphology was dense and flat, while films deposited with dc magnetron sputtering under comparable conditions were rough and porous. Due to the high degree of ionization of the sputtered species obtained in HIPIMS, it is possible to control the film composition, in particular the C content, by tuning the substrate inclination angle, the Ar process pressure, and the bias voltage.

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  • 325.
    Alami, Jones
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Persson, Per O. Å.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Music, Denis
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gudmundsson, J. T.
    University of Iceland, Reykjavik.
    Böhlmark, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Helmersson, Ulf
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Plasma and Coating Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ion-assisted Physical Vapor Deposition for enhanced film properties on non-flat surfaces2005In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, ISSN 0734-2101, E-ISSN 1520-8559, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 278-280Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have synthesized Ta thin films on Si substrates placed along a wall of a 2-cm-deep and 1-cm-wide trench, using both a mostly neutral Ta flux by conventional dc magnetron sputtering (dcMS) and a mostly ionized Ta flux by high-power pulsed magnetron sputtering (HPPMS). Structure of the grown films was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy. The Ta thin film grown by HPPMS has a smooth surface and a dense crystalline structure with grains oriented perpendicular to the substrate surface, whereas the film grown by dcMS exhibits a rough surface, pores between the grains, and an inclined columnar structure. The improved homogeneity achieved by HPPMS is a direct consequence of the high ion fraction of sputtered species.

  • 326.
    Alansari, Hayder
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Clustered Data Management in Virtual Docker Networks Spanning Geo-Redundant Data Centers: A Performance Evaluation Study of Docker Networking2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Software containers in general and Docker in particular is becoming more popular both in software development and deployment. Software containers are intended to be a lightweight virtualization that provides the isolation of virtual machines with a performance that is close to native. Docker does not only provide virtual isolation but also virtual networking to connect the isolated containers in the desired way. Many alternatives exist when it comes to the virtual networking provided by Docker such as Host, Macvlan, Bridge, and Overlay networks. Each of these networking solutions has its own advantages and disadvantages.

    One application that can be developed and deployed in software containers is data grid system. The purpose of this thesis is to measure the impact of various Docker networks on the performance of Oracle Coherence data grid system. Therefore, the performance metrics are measured and compared between native deployment and Docker built-in networking solutions. A scaled-down model of a data grid system is used along with benchmarking tools to measure the performance metrics.

    The obtained results show that changing the Docker networking has an impact on performance. In fact, some results suggested that some Docker networks can outperform native deployment. The conclusion of the thesis suggests that if performance is the only consideration, then Docker networks that showed high performance can be used. However, real applications require more aspects than performance such as security, availability, and simplicity. Therefore Docker network should be carefully selected based on the requirements of the application.

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  • 327.
    Alarcon, Emilio I.
    et al.
    University of Ottawa, Canada; University of Ottawa, Canada; University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Udekwu, Klas I.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Noel, Christopher W.
    University of Ottawa, Canada; .
    Gagnon, Luke B. -P.
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Taylor, Patrick K.
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Vulesevic, Branka
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Simpson, Madeline J.
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Gkotzis, Spyridon
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Islam, Mohammed Mirazul
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Lee, Chyan-Jang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor Science and Molecular Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Richter-Dahlfors, Agneta
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Mah, Thien-Fah
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Suuronen, Erik J.
    University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Scaiano, Juan
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. University of Ottawa, Canada.
    Griffith, May
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Cell Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Safety and efficacy of composite collagen-silver nanoparticle hydrogels as tissue engineering scaffolds2015In: Nanoscale, ISSN 2040-3364, E-ISSN 2040-3372, Vol. 7, no 44, p. 18789-18798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing number of multidrug resistant bacteria has revitalized interest in seeking alternative sources for controlling bacterial infection. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), are amongst the most promising candidates due to their wide microbial spectrum of action. In this work, we report on the safety and efficacy of the incorporation of collagen coated AgNPs into collagen hydrogels for tissue engineering. The resulting hybrid materials at [AgNPs] less than0.4 mu M retained the mechanical properties and biocompatibility for primary human skin fibroblasts and keratinocytes of collagen hydrogels; they also displayed remarkable anti-infective properties against S. aureus, S. epidermidis, E. coli and P. aeruginosa at considerably lower concentrations than silver nitrate. Further, subcutaneous implants of materials containing 0.2 mu M AgNPs in mice showed a reduction in the levels of IL-6 and other inflammation markers (CCL24, sTNFR-2, and TIMP1). Finally, an analysis of silver contents in implanted mice showed that silver accumulation primarily occurred within the tissue surrounding the implant.

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  • 328.
    Alazawi, Salah
    et al.
    ISY, DATORSYSTEM, DI.
    Alilovic, Bojan
    ISY, DATORSSYTEM, DI.
    Konstruktion av Ethernet-baserad Qbussförlängare2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Syftet med var att konstruera ett bussförlängartkort till Qbussen som gör Ethernet-baserad kommunikation med I/O:t möjlig. Kortet ska kunna anslutas till standard 100 Mbits nätverksutrustning och klara autoförhandling och låsning av hastighet och duplex. Detta minskar på många ställen kabeldragningen väsentligt och det är därför önskvärt att SSAB:s egna I/O ska kunna köras så över Ethernet, antingen över vanliga nätverket eller på dedikerad kabel.

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  • 329.
    Albert, Frank W.
    et al.
    Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, and Lewis Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America,.
    Somel, Mehmet
    Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany, CAS–MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology SIBS, Shanghai, China.
    Carneiro, Miguel
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigac¸a˜o em Biodiversidade e Recursos Gene´ ticos, Vaira˜o, Portugal, and Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Cieˆncias da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Po.
    Aximu-Petri, Ayinuer
    Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.
    Halbwax, Michael
    Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany and Fernan Vaz Gorilla Project, Port-Gentil, Gabon.
    Thalmann, Olaf
    Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany and Department of Biology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
    Blanco-Aguiar, Jose A.
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigac¸a˜o em Biodiversidade e Recursos Gene´ ticos, Vaira˜o, Portugal, 5 Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Cieˆncias da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal and Instituto de Investigacio´n en Recursos Cinege´ticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Plyusnina, Irina Z.
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.
    Trut, Lyudmila
    Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk, Russia.
    Villafuerte, Rafael
    Instituto de Investigacio´n en Recursos Cinege´ticos, IREC (CSIC, UCLM, JCCM), Ciudad Real, Spain.
    Ferrand, Nuno
    CIBIO, Centro de Investigac¸a˜o em Biodiversidade e Recursos Gene´ ticos, Vaira˜o, Portugal, and Departamento de Zoologia e Antropologia–Faculdade de Cieˆncias da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Kaiser, Sylvia
    Department of Behavioural Biology, University of Mu¨ nster, Mu¨ nster, Germany.
    Jensen, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Zoology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pääbo, Svante
    Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.
    A Comparison of Brain Gene Expression Levels in Domesticated and Wild Animals2012In: PLOS Genetics, ISSN 1553-7390, Vol. 8, no 9, p. e1002962-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Domestication has led to similar changes in morphology and behavior in several animal species, raising the questionwhether similarities between different domestication events also exist at the molecular level. We used mRNA sequencing toanalyze genome-wide gene expression patterns in brain frontal cortex in three pairs of domesticated and wild species (dogsand wolves, pigs and wild boars, and domesticated and wild rabbits). We compared the expression differences with thosebetween domesticated guinea pigs and a distant wild relative (Cavia aperea) as well as between two lines of rats selectedfor tameness or aggression towards humans. There were few gene expression differences between domesticated and wilddogs, pigs, and rabbits (30–75 genes (less than 1%) of expressed genes were differentially expressed), while guinea pigs andC. aperea differed more strongly. Almost no overlap was found between the genes with differential expression in thedifferent domestication events. In addition, joint analyses of all domesticated and wild samples provided only suggestiveevidence for the existence of a small group of genes that changed their expression in a similar fashion in differentdomesticated species. The most extreme of these shared expression changes include up-regulation in domesticates of SOX6and PROM1, two modulators of brain development. There was almost no overlap between gene expression in domesticatedanimals and the tame and aggressive rats. However, two of the genes with the strongest expression differences betweenthe rats (DLL3 and DHDH) were located in a genomic region associated with tameness and aggression, suggesting a role ininfluencing tameness. In summary, the majority of brain gene expression changes in domesticated animals are specific tothe given domestication event, suggesting that the causative variants of behavioral domestication traits may likewise bedifferent.

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  • 330.
    Alberti, Esteban
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Los, Marek Jan
    Interfaculty Institute for Biochemistry, University of Tübingen, Germany; BioApplications Enterprises, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.
    Garcia, Rocio
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Fraga, JL
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Serrano, T.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Hernandez, E.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Klonisch, Thomas
    Department of Human Anatomy and Cell Sciences, and Manitoba Institute of Child Health, Winnipeg, Canada.
    Macías, R.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Martinez, L.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    Castillo, L.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba..
    de la Cuétara, K.
    Department of Neurobiology, International Center of Neurological Restoration, CIREN, Havana, Cuba.
    Prolonged Survival and expression of neural markers by bone marrow-derived stem cells transplanted into brain lesions2009In: Medical Science Monitor, ISSN 1234-1010, E-ISSN 1643-3750, Vol. 15, no 2, p. BR47-BR54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Bone marrow-derived stem cell transplantation is a potentially viable therapeutic option for the treatment of neurodegenerative disease. MATERIAL/METHODS: We have isolated bone marrow stem cells by standard method. We then evaluated the survival of rats' bone marrow mononuclear cells implanted in rats' brain. The cells were extracted from rats' femurs, and marked for monitoring purposes by adenoviral transduction with Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP). Labeled cells were implanted within the area of rats' striatum lesions that were induced a month earlier employing quinolinic acid-based method. The implants were phenotyped by monitoring CD34; CD38; CD45 and CD90 expression. Bone marrow stromal cells were extracted from rats' femurs and cultivated until monolayer bone marrow stromal cells were obtained. The ability of bone marrow stromal cells to express NGF and GDNF was evaluated by RT-PCR. RESULTS: Implanted cells survived for at least one month after transplantation and dispersed from the area of injection towards corpus callosum and brain cortex. Interestingly, passaged rat bone marrow stromal cells expressed NGF and GDNF mRNA. CONCLUSIONS: The bone marrow cells could be successfully transplanted to the brain either for the purpose of trans-differentiation, or for the expression of desired growth factors.

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  • 331.
    Alberti, Marco
    et al.
    Dept. of Computer Science, Nova Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon.
    Dell'Acqua, Pierangelo
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pereira, Luis M
    Dept. of Computer Science, Nova Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon.
    Observation Strategies for Event Detection with Incidence on Runtime Verification: Theory, Algorithms, Experimentation2011In: Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence, ISSN 1012-2443, E-ISSN 1573-7470, Vol. 62, no 3-4, p. 161-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many applications (such as system and user monitoring, runtime verification, diagnosis, observation-based decision making, intention recognition) all require to detect the occurrence of an event in a system, which entails the ability to observe the system. Observation can be costly, so it makes sense to try and reduce the number of observations, without losing full certainty about the event’s actual occurrence. In this paper, we propose a formalization of this problem. We formally show that, whenever the event to be detected follows a discrete spatial or temporal pattern, then it is possible to reduce the number of observations. We discuss exact and approximate algorithms to solve the problem, and provide an experimental evaluation of them. We apply the resulting algorithms to verification of linear temporal logics formulæ. Finally, we discuss possible generalizations and extensions, and, in particular, how event detection can benefit from logic programming techniques.

  • 332.
    Albertsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Öberg Bustad, Adrian
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Sundmark, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Gerde, Elof
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Boberg, Jessika
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Abdulla, Ariyan
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Danielsson, Oscar
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Johnsson Bittmann, Felicia
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Moberg, Anton
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Hur en webbapplikation kan utvecklas för att leverera säkerhet, handlingsbarhet och navigerbarhet: PimpaOvven – Utveckling av en e-butik för märken och accessoarer till studentoveraller2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Among students in many of Sweden’s Universities the student overall is an established possession. Many students like to decorate their overalls with embroidered patches and other types of accessories, the supply of these is however limited. This report presents the development process and result of the web application “PimpaOvven” – an e-shop with the purpose of increasing the accessibility of patches and overall accessories. The development has been iterative and focused on building a secure web application that generates a useable environment regarding actability and navigability that also provides an impression of security to the user. The methods used which generated the resulting web application together with the reference framework form the basis of the report’s discussion. During the project plenty of usability tests and security tests were conducted, from these tests together with the report’s discussion the conclusion was drawn that the produced web application was secure and useable.

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    Kandidatarbete TDDD83 PimpaOvven
  • 333.
    Albertsson, Sarah
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. SICS East Swedish ICT AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Rennes, Evelina
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. SICS East Swedish ICT AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Arne
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. SICS East Swedish ICT AB, Linköping, Sweden.
    Similarity-Based Alignment of Monolingual Corpora for Text Simplification2016In: CL4LC 2016 - Computational Linguistics for Linguistic Complexity: Proceedings of the Workshop, The COLING 2016 Organizing Committee , 2016, p. 154-163Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Comparable or parallel corpora are beneficial for many NLP tasks.  The automatic collection of corpora enables large-scale resources, even for less-resourced languages, which in turn can be useful for deducing rules and patterns for text rewriting algorithms, a subtask of automatic text simplification. We present two methods for the alignment of Swedish easy-to-read text segments to text segments from a reference corpus.  The first method (M1) was originally developed for the task of text reuse detection, measuring sentence similarity by a modified version of a TF-IDF vector space model. A second method (M2), also accounting for part-of-speech tags, was devel- oped, and the methods were compared.  For evaluation, a crowdsourcing platform was built for human judgement data collection, and preliminary results showed that cosine similarity relates better to human ranks than the Dice coefficient. We also saw a tendency that including syntactic context to the TF-IDF vector space model is beneficial for this kind of paraphrase alignment task.

  • 334.
    Albin, Gräns
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Feto-Maternal: Communication in Broiler Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus)2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bird incubation is a natural phenomenon that balances the needs of the parents for nourishment with the needs of the fetus for heat provision and protection. In this context, any means of communication between the fetus and the parents would have an adaptive value. The aim of the study was to investigate whether putative means of fetomaternal communication would correlate to physiological changes caused by environmental alterations. Oxygen consumption was used to measure fetal well being and six independent variables associated with fetal vocalizations and fetal movements were used to evaluate their potential for communicating the fetus statu quo. Broiler fetuses (Gallus gallus domesticus) of three developmental stages (day 18, internally pipped and externally pipped) were challenged by a stepwise reduction in ambient temperature down to 30ºC. A linear drop in oxygen consumption in response to lowered temperatures was found in all three developmental stages indicating that the fetus was affected by the temperature changes. No differences correlating with temperature variations were found in any of the variables associated with fetal vocalization. Fetal vocalizations are consequently not used to communicate the thermal status of the fetus. Movement occurrence, movement intensity and ventilation frequency, however, followed a “maximum peak” trend, with a highest response at the third temperature interval (35.0-35.5ºC). Considering that the lower limit of optimal development is between 35-36ºC, the results suggest that fetal movements can be of potential use to the incubating parent to assess the well-being of the fetus.

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  • 335.
    Albin, Odervall
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Philip, Montalvo
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Design and Evaluation of a Reliable Group Communication Protocol2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In distributed systems it is often useful to ensure that messages sent between processes in a group are received by all group members. This thesis presents Reliable Non-Ordered Multicast Protocol (RNOMP). We argue that it achieves reliable multicast between processes in groups that processes can leave and join arbitrarily. The protocol has been implemented on top of a group membership simulation which allows evaluation of the performance of the protocol while varying packet loss and the frequency at which processes leaves and joins groups. After analyzing how the protocol handles certain situations we conclude that our protocol achieves reliability and performs well within certain parameter values.

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    Design and Evaluation of a Reliable Group Communication Protocol
  • 336. Albinsson, L.
    et al.
    Ansell, Ricky
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular genetics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Drotz, Weine
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Sciences, Linköping.
    Single DNA analysis approach of crime scene samples2009In: Book of Abstracts, 2009, p. 142-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 337.
    Albinsson, L.
    et al.
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, Linköping.
    Hedman, J.
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science, Linköping.
    Ansell, Ricky
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular genetics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Verification of alleles by using peak height thresholds and quality control of STR profiling kits2011In: Forensic Science International: Genetics, Supplement Series, ISSN 1875-1768, Vol. 3, no 1, p. e251-e252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the autumn of 2010 SKL performed in-house validation of PowerPlex ESX 16 System (Promega). As the validation showed that very low amounts of DNA (∼10 pg) may provide correct allele callings (peaks above 50 rfu), we investigated the linear range, i.e., the interval of DNA amounts where a profile is well balanced and does not contain drop-outs and/or drop-ins. The linear range as indicated by our results is approximately from 0.5 ng (manufacturer's recommendation) to 2.0 ng of DNA. As minute DNA amounts may be detected using the kit, extra care needs to be taken not to report a contaminant allele as a part of the correct profile. A way to verify the correctness of a single donor profile in routine analysis, without using duplicate analysis, is to use conservative peak height thresholds. We determine STR marker specific peak height thresholds for each new lot of DNA profiling kits, based on the results from three different tests: heterozygote balance, signal intensity and repeatability, and PCR inhibitor tolerance. The tests also serve to verify the quality of the kit lot. Generally, the peak height thresholds vary between 200 and 250 rfu for heterozygote alleles, with doubled values used for homozygotes.

  • 338.
    Albinsson, L.
    et al.
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science (SKL), Linköping, Sweden.
    Hedman, J.
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science (SKL), Linköping, Sweden.
    Ansell, Ricky
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular genetics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Verification of alleles by using peak height thresholds and quality control of STR profiling kits2011In: Book of Abstracts, 2011, p. 134-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the autumn of 2010 SKL performed in-house validation of PowerPlex ESX 16 System (Promega). As the validationshowed that very low amounts of DNA (< 10 pg) may provide correct allele callings (peaks above 50 rfu),we investigated the linear range, i.e., the interval of DNA amounts where a profile is well balanced and doesnot contain drop-outs and/or drop-ins. The linear range as indicated by our results is approximately from 0.5ng (manufacturer’s recommendation) to 2.0 ng of DNA. Profiles generated by less than 0.5 ng contained intralocus imbalances and/or drop-outs. Above 2.0 ng “bleed through” occurs due to overload of template-DNA.A way to verify the correctness of a profile, without knowing anything about the condition of the template-DNA, is to use peak height thresholds adjusted to each marker and batch of kits used. SKL performs a qualitycontrol and adjust thresholds for each batch of kits. Three main tests are performed; detection limit, inhibitortolerance and signal repeatability. The detection limit is examined to identify at which concentration intralocus imbalances and drop-outs start to increase. The ability to overcome inhibition is checked by analysingvarying amounts of blood extracted with Chelex. Finally a set of replicates of control DNA is amplified (0.5 ngtemplate-DNA) to calculate the mean peak height and standard deviation at each locus. Generally, the peakheight thresholds vary between 200 and 250 rfu for heterozygote peaks. To verify allelic peaks below the setpeak height thresholds, SKL uses consensus analysis.

  • 339.
    Albinsson, L.
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in the East of Östergötland, Centre of Competence in Palliative Care.
    Strang, P.
    Karolinska Institutet, FoUU, Stockholms Sjukhem, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Staff opinions about the leadership and organisation of municipal dementia care2002In: Health & Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, E-ISSN 1365-2524, Vol. 10, no 5, p. 313-322Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study describes the opinions of experienced staff providing direct care to patients with dementia in municipal units in Sweden. The focus is mainly on leadership and other organisational factors. A purposeful sample of 31 staff members employed in municipal dementia care in both urban and rural areas in mid-Sweden were selected. Data were collected within a qualitative paradigm using semi-structured interviews which were tape-recorded and analysed using a modified phenomenographical approach. The nearly unanimous opinions of the interviewees indicated that there was a great lack of daily leadership in the units. Thus, few units had clearly formulated goals and few had regular care planning for their residents. Poorly developed teamwork was reported in the care of people with dementia especially regarding doctors, whose visits to the unit were too infrequent and too short, and did not include a direct exchange of information with other staff. In addition, little or no staff education and guidance/supervision was provided on a regular basis. In conclusion, without any unreasonable increase in cost, measures such as introducing clear leadership at the care unit level, concentrating on multi-professional teamwork, and providing education and guidance/supervision to the staff would probably result in better care for patients with dementia and their families.

  • 340.
    Albinsson, Linda
    et al.
    Biologienheten SKL.
    Hedman, Johannes
    Biologienheten SKL.
    Ansell, Ricky
    Biologienheten SKL.
    SKL byter DNA-kit2011In: Kriminalteknik, no 1, p. 4-5Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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  • 341.
    Albinsson, Linda
    et al.
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science (SKL), Linköping, Sweden.
    Norén, Lina
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science (SKL), Linköping, Sweden.
    Hedell, Ronny
    Swedish National Laboratory of Forensic Science (SKL), Linköping, Sweden.
    Ansell, Ricky
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular genetics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Swedish population data and concordance for the kits PowerPlexÒ ESX 16 System, PowerPlexÒ ESI 16 System, AmpFlSTRÒ NGMTM, AmpFlSTRÒ SGM PlusTM and Investigator ESSplex2011In: Forensic Science International: Genetics, ISSN 1872-4973, E-ISSN 1878-0326, Vol. 5, no 3, p. e89-e92Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The European Standard Set of loci (ESS) has been extended with five additional short tandem repeat (STR) loci following the recommendations of the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) and the European DNA Profiling Group (EDNAP) to increase the number of loci routinely used by the European forensic community. Subsequently, a new extended Swedish population database, based on 425 individuals, has been assembled using the new STR multiplex kits commercially available.

    Allele frequencies and statistical parameters of forensic interest for 15 autosomal STR loci (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, D10S1248, D1S1656, D2S1338, D16S539, D22S1045, vWA, D8S1179, FGA, D2S441, D12S391 and D19S433) were obtained from the analysis of the PowerPlex® ESX 16 System kit (Promega Corporation, USA). According to the data no evidence of deviations from Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium was found. The observed heterozygosity varies between 0.755 (TH01) and 0.892 (D1S1656). The power of discrimination was smallest for D22S1045 (0.869) and largest for D1S1656 (0.982) while the power of exclusion was smallest for TH01 (0.518) and largest for D1S1656 (0.778).

    A concordance study was performed on the five amplification systems: PowerPlex® ESX 16 System, PowerPlex® ESI 16 System (Promega Corporation, USA), AmpFlSTR® NGM™, AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus™ (Applied Biosystems, USA) and Investigator ESSplex (Qiagen, Germany) to reveal null alleles and other divergences between the kits. For the 425 DNA profiles included, AmpFlSTR® NGM™ revealed two null alleles, AmpFlSTR® SGM Plus™ revealed one, and Investigator ESSplex revealed a micro-variant, while the rest of the alleles showed full concordance between the kits tested.

  • 342.
    Albinsson, Per-Anders
    et al.
    Swedish Defence Research Agency.
    Dahlbäck, Nils
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Morin, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, ASLAB - Application Systems Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Coupling Models of Complexity and Models of Cognition in a Systems Design Process2003In: Proceedings of the Conference People in Control 2003 (PIC2003), November 4-6, 2003, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 2003, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 343.
    Albinsson, Pär-Anders
    et al.
    FOI.
    Dahlbäck, Nils
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory.
    Morin, Magnus
    Visuell Systemteknik.
    Coupling Models of Complexity and Models of Cognition in a Systems Design Process2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 344.
    Albonico, Andrea
    et al.
    Human Vision and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Furubacke, Amanda
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Human Vision and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Barton, Jason J. S.
    Human Vision and Eye Movement Laboratory, Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
    Oruc, Ipek
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Canada; Program in Neuroscience, University of British Columbia, Canada.
    Perceptual efficiency and the inversion effect for faces, words and houses2018In: Vision Research, ISSN 0042-6989, E-ISSN 1878-5646, Vol. 153, p. 91-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Face and visual word recognition are two key forms of expert visual processing. In the domain of object recognition, it has been suggested that expert processing is characterized by the use of different mechanisms from the ones involved in general object recognition. It has been suggested that one traditional marker of expert processing is the inversion effect. To investigate whether face and word recognition differ from general object recognition, we compared the effect of inversion on the perceptual efficiency of face and visual word recognition as well as on the recognition of a third, non-expert object category, houses. From the comparison of identification contrast thresholds to an ideal observer, we derived the efficiency and equivalent input noise of stimulus processing in both upright and inverted orientations. While efficiency reflects the efficacy in sampling the available information, equivalent input noise is associated with the degradation of the stimulus signal within the visual system. We hypothesized that large inversion effects for efficiency and/or equivalent input noise should characterize expert high-level processes, and asked whether this would be true for both faces and words, but not houses. However, we found that while face recognition efficiency was profoundly reduced by inversion, the efficiency of word and house recognition was minimally influenced by the orientation manipulation. Inversion did not affect equivalent input noise. These results suggest that even though faces and words are both considered expert processes, only the efficiency of the mechanism involved in face recognition is sensitive to orientation.

  • 345.
    Albouy, Camille
    et al.
    IFREMER, France.
    Archambault, Philippe
    Univ Laval, Canada.
    Appeltans, Ward
    UNESCO, Belgium.
    Araujo, Miguel B.
    CSIC, Spain; Univ Evora, Portugal; Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Beauchesne, David
    Univ Quebec Rimouski, Canada.
    Cazelles, Kevin
    Univ Guelph, Canada.
    Cirtwill, Alyssa
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Fortin, Marie-Josee
    Univ Toronto, Canada.
    Galiana, Nuria
    CNRS, France.
    Leroux, Shawn J.
    Mem Univ, Canada.
    Pellissier, Loik
    Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Switzerland; Swiss Fed Res Inst WSL, Switzerland.
    Poisot, Timothee
    Univ Montreal, Canada; McGill Univ, Canada.
    Stouffer, Daniel B.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Wood, Spencer A.
    Univ Washington, WA 98195 USA.
    Gravel, Dominique
    Univ Montreal, Canada; Univ Sherbrooke, Canada.
    The marine fish food web is globally connected2019In: Nature Ecology & Evolution, E-ISSN 2397-334X, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 1153-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The productivity of marine ecosystems and the services they provide to humans are largely dependent on complex interactions between prey and predators. These are embedded in a diverse network of trophic interactions, resulting in a cascade of events following perturbations such as species extinction. The sheer scale of oceans, however, precludes the characterization of marine feeding networks through de novo sampling. This effort ought instead to rely on a combination of extensive data and inference. Here we investigate how the distribution of trophic interactions at the global scale shapes the marine fish food web structure. We hypothesize that the heterogeneous distribution of species ranges in biogeographic regions should concentrate interactions in the warmest areas and within species groups. We find that the inferred global metaweb of marine fish-that is, all possible potential feeding links between co-occurring species-is highly connected geographically with a low degree of spatial modularity. Metrics of network structure correlate with sea surface temperature and tend to peak towards the tropics. In contrast to open-water communities, coastal food webs have greater interaction redundancy, which may confer robustness to species extinction. Our results suggest that marine ecosystems are connected yet display some resistance to perturbations because of high robustness at most locations.

  • 346.
    Albrektson, Maja
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Att skapa en användarcentrerad återkopplingsrapport: En designprocess kring data2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Människor utsätts för mer information än någonsin tidigare. För att underlätta processandet av information är det viktigt att presentera informationen på rätt sätt - anpassat efter användaren. Detta projekt genomfördes i samarbete med Linköpings kommun och det övergripande syftet var att undersöka hur man kan utforma ett gränssnitt för de återkopplingsrapporter som ska nå ut till anställda på företaget. För den första frågeställningen “Vad önskar förvaltningarna för information/data i en återkopplingsrapport?” valdes en kvalitativ ansats och en tematisk analys utfördes utifrån data från nio intervjudeltagare som arbetade på kommunen. Analysen visade att den data förvaltningarna var mest intresserad av handlade om volym, kategorier, vidarekopplingar, service och jämförelser med andra förvaltningar. Resultaten av den tematiska analysen lade även grunden för att besvara resterande två frågeställningar - “Hur bör denna information visualiseras för att den lättast ska kunna förstås och användas?” samt “Hur skulle ett gränssnitt för återkopplingsrapporten till förvaltningarna kunna se ut?”. För att besvara dessa frågeställningar presenterades tidigare forskning om hur rapporter utformas idag och teori kring existerande gestaltlagar samtidigt som det producerades en persona, kontextscenarier, en kravspecifikation samt skisser och en temporär prototyp av dashboard-karaktär.

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  • 347.
    Al-Chalabi, Mona
    Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gymnasieelevers matematiska svårigheter att lösa linjära ekvationer och linjära ekvationssystem: En litteraturöversikt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many students of secondary school find it difficult to understand algebra, specifically linear equations and systems of linear equations, which prevents their further learning in both mathematics and other subjects. Teacher must therefore have a clear idea of what these difficulties are in order to assist their students in understanding and learning this area in algebra. The study examines the findings of the research literature as to what these difficulties are. Proven difficulties that have been illustrated with examples of students´ solutions are: deficiencies in their algebraic prerequisites, procedural knowledge and conceptual knowledge (especially about similarities, constants and variables), lack of knowledge of the algebraic syntax, and incorrect handling of the operations used to solve equations and systems of equations, for example how to handle negative coefficients and constants and use the substitution method.

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  • 348.
    Aldred, Nick
    et al.
    1School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK..
    Ekblad, Tobias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor Science and Molecular Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Olof
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor Science and Molecular Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Liedberg, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor Science and Molecular Physics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Clare, Anthony C.
    1School of Marine Science and Technology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK..
    In situ study of surface exploration by barnacle cyprids (Semibalanus balanoides) using imaging surface plasmon resonanceManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Imaging surface plasmon resonance (iSPR) was employed to investigate the interfacial adhesion phenomena that occur during the exploration of immersed surfaces by barnacle cyprids (Semibalanus balanoides). It was hypothesised that since the footprint material used by cyprids for temporary adhesion has previously been related to a large cuticular glycoprotein (SIPC), the passive deposition of cyprid footprints and the binding of SIPC to surfaces might correlate. Increased surface exploration (and footprint deposition) has also been related to increased likelihood of settlement in barnacle cyprids. If a correlation between footprint deposition and SIPC binding were to exist, therefore, there would be potential for the development of a high‐throughput assay to determine the efficacy of putative antifouling chemistries against cyprids prior to, or instead of, lengthy bio‐assays. Footprints were deposited in large numbers on carboxyl‐terminated self‐assembled monolayers (SAMs) and in very small numbers on ethylene glycol‐containing SAMs and hydrogel coatings. SIPC binding also followed the same trend. An exception to the correlation was an amineterminated SAM that accumulated few cyprid footprints, but bound SIPC strongly. It is concluded that there is great potential for the iSPR technique to be used in the evaluation of putatively non‐fouling surfaces as well as improving our understanding of the nature of the cyprid footprint material and its interactions with surfaces of different chemistry. However, the use of SIPC binding as a predictor of footprint accumulation/likelihood of settlement of cyprids to surfaces would be premature at this stage without first understanding the exceptions highlighted in this study.

  • 349.
    Aldén, Fanny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Juopperi, Emil
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    UX-verktyg för prototyputveckling med AI-baserat automationsstöd för omvandling av skisser till gränssnittskomponenter2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Att skapa prototyper för att testa idéer är vanligt, oavsett vad det är som ska testas. Prototyper kan förekomma i oändligt olika former och vara mer eller mindre verklighetstrogna. Hur verklighetstrogen en prototyp är beror på vad som ska testas och hur mycket tid som läggs på prototypskapandet. I teknikbranschen är prototyperna vanligen digitala och skapas med prototypprogram. Eftersom tid är pengar så försöker företag effektivisera prototyprocessen genom att utforska nya tekniker, som exempelvis artificiell intelligens. Syftet med examensarbetet som beskrivs i den här rapporten är att undersöka hur ett prototypverktyg med automation bör utformas samt vilka eventuella användningsområde verktyget har. Under examensarbetet genomfördes intervjuer med anställda på konsultföretaget Exsitec. Syftet med intervjuerna var att ta reda på hur Exsitec arbetar med prototyper i uppstarten av sina projekt. Med hjälp av informationen identifierades svårigheter i arbetsprocessen. Utifrån den informationen utvecklades prototypverktyget ProtoDraw. Verktyget är utrustat med artificiell intelligens, som känner igen skisser och ger utifrån dem rekommendationer på webbkomponenter. Prototypverktyget utvecklades, tränades och testades som en del av fallstudien. Målet med fallstudien var att testa användares förtroende för verktyget samt hur förtroendet berodde på verktygets automationsnivå. Prototypverktyget utrustades med tre automationsnivåer interaktionsmodell A, interaktionsmodell B och interaktionsmodell C. Interaktionsmodell A gav alla förslag till användaren och rekommenderade de mest lika komponenterna genom att rama in dem. I interaktionsmodell B fick användaren endast de tre bästa resultaten. I interaktionsmodell C fick användaren endast ett förslag från automationen. Totalt genomfördes 15 användartester, fem stycken på varje nivå. Resultatet från användartesterna visade att interaktionsmodell B hade högst och stadigast förtroende. Interaktionsmodell B var även nivån som användarna ansåg var mest användbar. Trots detta var A nivån som användarna utförde uppgifterna i användartesterna på kortast tid. C hade den långsammaste tiden och det berodde på att den höga automationsnivån bidrog till att gränssnittet blev känsligt för fel.

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    UX-verktyg för prototyputveckling med AI-baserat automationsstöd för omvandling av skisser till gränssnittskomponenter
  • 350.
    Aleckovic, Ehlimana
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Andersson, Linnea
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Chamoun, Sherley
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Einarsson, Ellen
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Ekstedt, Ebba
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Eriksen, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Madan-Andersson, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
    Method Development for Determining the Stability of Heat Stable Proteins Combined with Biophysical Characterization of Human Calmodulin and the Disease Associated Variant D130G2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Calmodulin is a highly conserved calcium ion binding protein expressed in all eukaryotic species. The 149 amino acid residues in the primary structure are organized in seven α helices with the highly flexible central α helix connecting the two non-cooperative domains of calmodulin. Each domain contains two EF-hand motifs to which calcium ions bind in a cooperative manner, hence the binding of four calcium ions saturate one calmodulin molecule. In the cardiovascular area calmodulin is involved in the activation of cardiac muscle contraction, and mutations that arise in the genetic sequence of the protein often have severe consequences. One such consequential mutation that can arise brings about the replacement of the highly conserved aspartic acid with glycine at position 130 in the amino acid sequence. In this research, the thermal and chemical stability within the C domain of the D130G variant of human calmodulin was investigated using a new method only requiring circular dichroism spectroscopic measurements. Affinity studies within the C domain of the D130G variant of human calmodulin were performed using fluorescence spectroscopy, and the ligands chosen for this purpose were trifluoperazine and p- HTMI. All analytical experiments were performed with the C domain of wild type human calmodulin as a reference. From the new method, it was concluded that the C domain of the D130G variant of human calmodulin has a slightly decreased stability in terms of Tm and Cm values compared to the C domain of wild type human calmodulin. The affinity analyses indicated that neither trifluoperazine nor p-HTMI discriminates between the C domain of the D130G variant of human calmodulin and the C domain of wild type human calmodulin in terms of dissociation constants. The pivotal outcome from this research is that the new method is applicable for determination of the stability parameters Tm and Cm of heat stable proteins. 

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