liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
Refine search result
45678910 301 - 350 of 605
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 301.
    Livholts, Mona
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bryant, LiaSocial Work and Sociology, School of Psychology, Social Work and Social Policy, University of South Australia.
    Social work in a glocalised world2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This engaging and timely volume contributes new knowledge to the rapidly emerging field of globalisation and social work. The volume brings together cutting-edge interdisciplinary scholarship from countries such as Australia, Finland, Japan, South Africa, the Philippines and Sweden. It proposes ‘glocalisation’ as a useful concept for re-framing conditions, methodologies and practices for social work in a world perspective.

    Part I of the volume, 'The Glocalisation of Social Issues', deals with major environmental, social and cultural issues – migration and human rights, environmental problems and gendered violence. Part II, 'Methodological Re-Shaping and Spatial Transgression in Glocalised Social Work', develops an epistemology of situated knowledge and methodologies inspired by art, creative writing and cultural geography, focusing on physical, material and emotional spatial dimensions of relevance to social work. Part III, 'Responses from Social Work as a Glocalised Profession', examines how social work has responded to specific social problems, crises and vulnerabilities in a glocalised world.

    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 302.
    Lord Karlsson, Carin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Önner Angleflod, Minna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Samhällets kärleksministerium och batikhäxan: Föreställningar om socialtjänsten och socialarbetare på Flashback Forum.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskussionsforumet Flashback Forum har med sin slogan ”Yttrandefrihet på riktigt!” etablerat sig som det forum på Internet där kontroversiella åsikter och provocerande material får fritt spelrum. Detta gör forumet till en tacksam forskningskontext när det gäller föreställningar om något så allmängiltigt som välfärdsverksamhet. Studiens syfte är att synliggöra de föreställningar om socialtjänsten och socialarbetare som finns på Flashback Forum, bilda en diskurs av dessa och sedan jämföra diskursen med andra diskurser kring samma fenomen. Flashback Forumdiskursen genomsyras av fyra teman; Misstro mot socialtjänsten och socialarbetare, Socialtjänsten och socialarbetares verksamhet, Socialtjänsten, socialarbetare och kön samt Tilltro till socialtjänsten och socialarbetare. Med socialkonstruktionism och inspiration från Norman Faircloughs kritiska diskursanalys har en analys av empirin samt en jämförelse mellan diskurserna genomförts. Studiens slutsats är att Flashback Forumdiskursen präglas av en stark misstro och en till viss del förlegad kvinnosyn samt att massmediediskursen tycks påverka de övriga diskurserna att presentera en svartvit bild av socialtjänsten och socialarbetare.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 303.
    Lundahl, Markus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Thellman, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Allvarligt talat: Professionellas syn på betydelsen av humor i behandling av ungdomar på HVB-boenden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study has been to investigate the how the importance of humour is described by professional social workers in residential care. Additionally, the significance humour is given in creating meaningful relationships with adolescents as well as its importance for the professionals own cooperation has been investigated. The empirical material from this study is based on two focus group-interviews consisting of four participants each and two semi-structured interviews with one professional each. A total of ten informants from four different institutions were interviewed for this study. The theoretical perspective of the study is social constructivism.The studies empirical material have foremost been understood through Erving Goffman’s dramaturgical perspective including his theoretical concepts of “Role” and “Frame”, and Michel Foucault’s discourse perspective and the concept “Biopower”. The concept “Doing gender” from Candace West and Don Zimmerman was also used as a complementary perspective in the analysis. The empirical material of the study has been processed with a thematic analysis in which four main themes were developed. “Professionalism and humour”, “Communication”, “Relation and humour” and “Culture, climate and humour”. These themes made the foundation of the analysis- and results chapter of the study, and was therefore also what was interpreted to answer the question formulation of the study. The interpretation made out of the empirical material of the study show that humour is a constantly present factor in the work with the adolescents as well as with the professionals themselves where humour worked as a coping-strategy. Humour has a disarming feature in tense situations, and can for example give a human touch in the first meeting with the institution. What was mostly highlighted in the material was that the primary characteristic of humour was its function to aid people in forming relationships. Furthermore humour was described merely as something that’s “just there” in the context, but that a proper usage of humour played a major role in what it meant to be a professional. Recurrent in the study was how the professionals emphasized that a proper usage of humour was difficult to formulate since the usage in itself was described as very contextual and that a great deal of sensitivity is of utmost importance.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 304.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare, Malmö Högskola.
    Humanitära överväganden i asylprocessen: Balansövningar i spänningsfältet mellan solidaritet och ojämlikhet2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 3-4, p. 194-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Humanitarian considerations in the Swedish asylum process. A study of the migration authorities’ balancing act between solidarity and inequalityMedical certi cates are becoming increasingly important as a basis for asylum assessments. Using examples from 24 asylum decisions concerning children and their families, the present article discusses how the Swedish Migration Agency and the Migration Courts in Sweden make use of medical certi cates. e common denominator for the decisions was that the children had been waiting for long periods in Sweden for their case to be assessed, and that they were not considered in need of political protection but instead the question was whether they should be granted a residence permit because of distressing circumstances. e study’s practical knowledge about humanitarian considerations is analysed through the notions of bio-legitimation and bio- inequalities (Fassin 2009), which provide for an understanding of how meaning and value are att- ributed to children’s lives and health conditions in the Swedish asylum process. Previous studies of the management of migration, focusing on bio-political dimensions, have discussed the form of the exercise of power, and scholars interested in governmentality have highlighted the state admi- nistration as the unit of analysis. is study aims to provide an additional qualitative perspective in the eld of humanitarianism in the welfare state. Furthermore, the article seeks to introduce the above concepts of bio-legitimation and bio-inequalities in a Swedish context. e analysis of asylum cases shows that humanitarian considerations were entirely focused on formalities and that the child’s actual well-being was subordinate when their humanitarian reasons were investi- gated by the migration authorities and courts. is brought with it both a de-politicization and the fact that no substantial assessment of individual children’s health conditions came about. e growing political interest in children’s health in the asylum process paradoxically means greater limitation in how to appear as persons before the law.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 305.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Medicinska åldersbedömningar2017In: Hör detta och lyssna till det : en antologi om flykt / [ed] Elin Sundberg & Moa Kjellstrand, Malmö/Lund: Allt åt alla och Celanders förlag , 2017, p. 68-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är sommar 2016 och tv-programmet Uppdrag granskning sänder ett uppmärksammat avsnitt om åldersbedömningar i asylprocessen: Ålder: okänd. Reportaget utgår från flera fall där vuxna sagt sig vara barn och som en följd av det placerats med barn som de sedan utsatt för grova övergrepp. Dessa avskyvärda händelser kunde ske, låter journalisterna påskina, därför att läkare och tandläkare avstått från att genomföra medicinska åldersbedömningar i asylprocessen. Inte ett ord sägs i inslaget om risken för att barn bedöms vara vuxna och som en följd av det placeras på vuxenboenden där de inte alls får det stöd som asylsökande barn har rätt till. Inte ett ord sägs om vad vuxenbedömda barn som får avslag på sin asylansökan riskerar vid en deportation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Medicinska åldersbedömningar
  • 306.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Malmö Högskola.
    Nöden har ingen lag. Om demokratins överlevnad i en ’akut nödsituation’: En reflektion över Sverige 20152016In: Tillsammans gör vi politik: en bok av Tyfon / [ed] Florencia Fernández, Malmö: Tyfon , 2016, p. 113-123Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt våldsammare deportationer. Fler oskyldiga människor i fängsligt förvar. Fler svårt sjuka barn som skickas till länder där det är högst osäkert om de kan få vård. Ett stigande antal föräldrar som tar med sig sina barn på sjöodugliga båtar över medelhavet för att undvika mångårig separation. En växande mängd ungdomar som lever ett liv i papperslöshetens skuggsamhälle.

    Detta är några sannolika följder av de flyktingpolitiska förslag som Sveriges folkvalda politiker presenterade under hösten och som utreds i rasande fart under våren.

    Om dessa förslag går igenom så drabbas naturligtvis främst de människor som inte kommer få en fristad från krig och förföljelse eller på längre sikt i trygghet kunna planera sina liv. Detta är människor vars erfarenheter och anspråk inte tillmäts någon som helst betydelse vid utformningen av regelverk som är helt avgörande för såväl att de överhuvudtaget ska klara livhanken som för hela deras framtid.

    Vad med alla oss andra? Alla vi som har mandat att faktiskt påverka? Vi som obetingat kallar oss för demokrater och gör gällande att mänskliga rättigheter, de är viktiga? Vad är vår roll och hur bör vi agera i dessa tider av allt fler skoningslösa förslag från statsmaktens sida?

  • 307.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Global Political Studies, Malmö högskola.
    Organiseringen mot förvar växer2016In: Flyktingfängelser: en antologi om Migrationsverkets förvar / [ed] Ulrika Andersson, Elinor Hermansson, Lina Myritz och Tove Stenqvist, Verbal förlag , 2016, p. 192-197Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Organiseringen mot förvar växer
  • 308.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Global Political Studies, Malmö University, Sweden.
    Spång, Mikael
    Department of Global Political Studies, Malmö University, Sweden.
    Deportability Status as Basis for Human Rights Claims: Irregularised Migrants’ Right to Health Care in Sweden2017In: Nordic Journal of Human Rights, ISSN 1891-8131, E-ISSN 1891-814X, Vol. 35, no 1, p. 35-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the issue of the right to health care for irregularised migrants in Sweden, from a human rights perspective. An extended right to health care for irregularised migrants came into effect through a legislative amendment in 2013. By exploring the legislative process before the new Act on Health Care to Some Foreigners Who Reside In Sweden Without the Necessary Permits in 2013, we show how the Act uses ‘deportability’ as a legal category and basis for health care and why this is problematic. Our study reveals a variety of practices that reproduce inconsistencies entrenched in rights-mobilisation for non-citizens: separate legislations for different categories of persons, vague accounts of treaty-obligations, absence of discussions on liability, and shifting the responsibility of extending health care to the local government.

  • 309.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Spång, Mikael
    Globala politiska studier, Malmö Högskola.
    Papperslösa och Hannah Arendts reflektion om rätten att ha rättigheter2016In: Irreguljär Migration i Sverige. Rättigheter, vardagserfarenheter, motstånd och statliga kategoriseringar / [ed] Maja Sager, Helena Holgersson & Klara Öberg, Daidalos, 2016, p. 419-440Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet diskuteras tre tolkningar av Arendt, tolkningar som alla har stöd i Arendts text men som vidareutvecklats på olika sätt av samhällsvetare och filosofer. I den första tolkningen är det bristen på tillgodoseende av mänskliga rättigheter för papperslösa om står i fokus. En viktig anledning till denna brist ligger i kopplingen mellan invandringsreglering och mänskliga rättigheter, att stater insisterar på att personer som inte har rätt att vistas på territoriet ska utvisas (Noll, 2010). I litteraturen om papperslösa betonas detta ofta i termer av att deras situation utmärks av deportabilitet eller utvisningsbarhet (se t.ex. de Genova, 2002). För Arendt (1951: kapitel 9) var det dock inte enbart avsaknaden av statligt (eller annat institutionellt) skydd av rättigheter som var problemet, utan det visar på förlusten av den politiska gemenskapen. Detta för oss till den andra tolkningen av Arendt som handlar om uteslutning från möjligheten till politiskt handlande. Avsaknad av skydd för rättigheter innebär att personer utesluts från det sammanhang, den politiska gemenskapen, där tal och handling har betydelse, där det som en person gör kan ses av andra och påverka dem, där det som sägs kan höras av andra och utgör anledning för dem att också tala. I anslutning till antikt politiskt tänkande menade Arendt (1958) att det är den politiska gemenskapen, det vi idag oftast kallar för staten, som utgör detta sammanhang där tal och handlande har betydelse. Är vi inte del av denna gemenskap är vi inte i egentlig mening politiska varelser (politiska djur) utan enbart levande, biologiska varelser. Det senare delar vi med andra levande varelser, exempelvis djur, men det är inte denna biologiska existens som gör människor särskilda. Istället är det specifikt mänskliga att människan är ett politiskt djur, har förmågan att tala och handla tillsammans med andra.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Papperslösa och Hannah Arendts reflektion om rätten att ha rättigheter
  • 310.
    Lundberg, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Global Political Studies, Faculty of Culture and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Strange, Michael
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Who provides the conditions for human life?: Sanctuary movements in Sweden as both contesting and working with state agencies2016In: Politics, ISSN 0263-3957, E-ISSN 1467-9256, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 347-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyses sanctuary initiatives intended to change the situation of ‘irregularised residents’. Through fieldwork, three main activities are identified: assistance for welfare services, alternatives to inaccessible services, and inventing new ways of organising togetherness in the city. The role of activists in the initiatives links to discussions within Critical Human Rights literature, which emphasise the anti-institutionalist origins of rights. Yet, a complex interplay also plays out through co-current resistance against the state’s migration policing and collaboration with city-level state agencies. Understanding this complex process is important to improving knowledge of both the politics of sanctuary and human rights.

  • 311.
    Lundberg, Linda
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Dolic, Zlatko
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Cederberg, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Danielsson, Kajsa
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Hasselrot, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Taxöron, EMO-kloner och batcavegother -att vara online bland blommor och volanger: Fem studier om ungdomars livsvillkor och identitetsskapande2008Student paper second term, 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi kommer i denna antologi belysa ungdomars livsvillkor och identitetsskapande i dagens samhälle. De olika bidragen har sin grund i ett socialkonstruktivistiskt perspektiv, där vi utgår ifrån att vi skapar vår identitet i interaktion med andra. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod där vi genom observationer och intervjuer har samlat in vår empiri. Empirin har sedan analyserats enligt Grundad teori. Den första studien Raised in black beskriver identitetsskapande genom en subkultur, varför man väljer att tillhöra en subkultur och varför man väljer att lämna den bakom sig. Den andra studien Internet, ”ett samhälle där allting står stilla i en rasande fart” belyser vilken betydelse Internet har för ungdomars livsvillkor och identitetsskapande. I den tredje studien Om inte jag hade hittat den musiken så hade jag vart en förvirrad idiot står musikens betydelse för ungdomars identitetsskapande i fokus. Den fjärde studien Och så var man morsa…-Om att få barn i tonåren behandlar unga mödrar, hur de uppfattar sig själva, hur de upplever omgivningens syn på deras situation och vilken betydelse det har för deras identitetsskapande. Den sista studien Vilket kom först – Kvinnan eller Kvinnligheten? diskuterar unga tjejers syn på identitetsskapande ur könsroller och sexualitet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 312.
    Lundgren, Linea
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Uhlin, Rebecca
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ett universitet med eller utan cannabis?: En kvantitativ studie om utbredningen av cannabis vid Linköpings universitet och huruvida det finns något samband mellan cannabis-användningen och studenternas upplevelser av studiesituationen.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cannabis är den mest använda drogen i världen och attityderna gentemot den blir allt mer liberala. Då många syntetiskt framställda cannabinoider ständigt dyker upp på marknaden visar studier på olika resultat angående utbredningen av drogen. Det är personer i de yngre åldrarna som i störst utsträckning använder cannabis. I dagens samhälle ställs det allt mer krav på unga vuxna, inte minst när det gäller att skaffa sig en utbildning. Syftet med denna studie var därför att undersöka om det fanns något samband mellan användningen av cannabis och upplevelser av studiesituationen bland studenter vid Linköpings universitet.Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt utgjordes av Robert K. Mertons strainteori där fokus låg på huruvida studenterna upplevde sig ha förutsättningar och medel att uppnå sitt mål; att klara av en utbildning. Populationen för studien var alla studenter som var registrerade på ett program. En totalundersökning gjordes av de studenter som våren 2014 studerade på ett program i termin fyra. Det empiriska materialet samlades in via en onlineenkät som besvarades av 1 481 respondenter.Resultatet visade att 36,8 % av respondenterna någon gång hade testat cannabis, männen var signifikant överrepresenterade. De flesta hade testat cannabis första gången då de studerade på gymnasiet. Respondenterna var över lag nöjda med sin studiesituation. Det var inte möjligt att se något samband mellan användningen av cannabis och upplevelser av studiesituationen som helhet.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 313. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Lundqvist, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Cognitive functions in drivers with brain injury: Anticipation and adaption2001Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to improve the understanding of what cognitive functions are important for driving performance, investigate the impact of impaired cognitive functions on drivers with brain injury, and study adaptation strategies relevant for driving performance after brain injury. Finally, the predictive value of a neuropsychological test battery was evaluated for driving performance.

    Main results can be summarized in the following conclusions: (a) Cognitive functions in terms of attentional and dynamic working memory-related functions are relevant for driving performance. (b) Neuropsychological impairments in information processing speed, divided and focused attention, requiring working memory, are associated to limitations in driving performance. In addition, qualitative aspects of driving problems especially impaired anticipatory attention appeared to constrain driving performance. (c) A neuropsychological test battery assessing speed of information processing and attention in terms of working memory predicted driving performance. In addition, cognitive factors are relevant for interpretation of driving problems qualitatively. (d) Driving speed adjustment and anticipatory attention were adaptive strategies for driving after brain injury. Interest in driving, motivation for driving safely, and driving experience appeared also relevant for driving after brain injury. (e) Collaboration between medical, neuropsychological and driving expertise is recommended for a total evaluation of driving performance after brain injury.

    Anticipatory attention was considered a working memory based attentional system, directing the processing resources flexibly and appropriately between the different information processing components. Thus, anticipatory attention demonstrated qualitatively that working memory is a prominent function in a real driving context.

    List of papers
    1. Neuropsychological aspects of driving after brain lesion: Simulator study and on-road driving
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuropsychological aspects of driving after brain lesion: Simulator study and on-road driving
    Show others...
    1997 (English)In: Applied Neuropsychology, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 220-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13618 (URN)
    Available from: 2001-06-30 Created: 2001-06-30
    2. Neuropsychological aspects of driving after a stroke: in the simulator and on the road
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuropsychological aspects of driving after a stroke: in the simulator and on the road
    2000 (English)In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0888-4080, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 135-150Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Thirty patients with stroke and 30 matched controls participated in the study (mean age 68 years, mean interval since stroke onset 8.6 months). The patients performed significantly worse on cognitive and attentional processing measured by a neuropsychological test battery. The patients had significantly greater difficulty in allocating processing resources to a secondary information processing task during driving in an advanced simulator. The patients performed worse driving in real traffic, and had less driving skill; fifty per cent did not pass the driving test. The neuropsychological test battery showed a pattern with three factors: (1) attentional processing (2) executive capacity, and (3) cognitive processing. Regression models based on simulator driving variables and neuropsychological test variables respectively, overall classified correctly in 85% and 83% of the cases with respect to driving skill. Decreased cognitive and attentional processing were suggested to be associated with an overall speed impairment.

    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13619 (URN)
    Available from: 2001-06-30 Created: 2001-06-30 Last updated: 2009-08-19
    3. Driving problems and adaptive driving behavior after brain injury: A Qualitative Assessment
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Driving problems and adaptive driving behavior after brain injury: A Qualitative Assessment
    2001 (English)In: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, ISSN 0960-2011, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 171-185Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    One professional driving expert was interviewed after each of 22 on-road driving occasions with brain-injured patients. Driving problems were found in five prescribed qualitative dimensions: speed, manoeuvring, position, attention, and traffic behaviour. In addition, three non-prescribed qualitative dimensions were found: orientation, decision-making, and confidence. Also, adaptive aspects important for safe driving despite brain injury were identified: anticipatory attention, slowing down speed, interest and motivation for safe driving, and driving experience. The results are discussed in terms of a hierarchical model of driving performance. In addition, driving problems and adaptive aspects are discussed in relation to attention and information processing. Anticipatory attention is considered a working memory-based attention system, which is essential for driving quality. Practical implications are outlined, for example, educational practice for driving evaluators and adaptive driving behaviour for patients facilitating driving practice as a part of the rehabilitation programme.

    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13620 (URN)10.1080/09602010042000240 (DOI)
    Available from: 2001-06-30 Created: 2001-06-30
    4. Neuropsychological aspects of driving characteristics
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuropsychological aspects of driving characteristics
    2001 (English)In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, Vol. 15, no 11, p. 981-984Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Brain injury often causes impairments of cognitive functions, which may affect driving performance. The question of whether the brain-injured patient can resume car driving or not generally comes up during rehabilitation. The medical clinical examination, covering neurological status, screening of cognitive functions, and affective state, is insufficient in assessing relevant functions required for driving performance. A neuropsychological assessment and a driving test are additional parts of the driving assessment besides the medical examination. In this paper, neuropsychological test results and driving test results from four patients with brain injury are presented. The paper demonstrates the complementary value of neuropsychological assessment and a driving test: the relevance of cognitive factors for interpretation of driving problems, but also the relevance of a driving test to show compensatory capacity in some drivers with brain injury. Thus, collaboration between medical, neuropsychological and driving expertise can promote and deepen the total assessment of driving performance after brain injury.

    National Category
    Medical and Health Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-13621 (URN)
    Available from: 2001-06-30 Created: 2001-06-30
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 314.
    Lundqvist, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Fogelberg Eriksson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Managers social support: Facilitators and hindrances for seeking support at work2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 351-365Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that social support is important for health and performance at work, but there is a lack of research regarding managers social support at work, and if it needs to be improved. OBJECTIVE: To investigate managers perception of work-related social support, and facilitators and hindrances that influence their seeking of social support at work. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with sixty-two managers in two Swedish organizations. RESULTS: Work-related support, which strengthened their managerial image of being competent, was sought from sources within the workplace. Sensitive and personal support, where there was a risk of jeopardizing their image of being competent, was sought from sources outside the workplace. Access to arenas for support (location of the workplace, meetings, and vocational courses) and the managerial role could facilitate their support-seeking, but could also act as hindrances. Because attending different arenas for support were demanding, they refrained from seeking support if the demands were perceived as too high. CONCLUSIONS: Different supportive sources are distinguished based on what supportive function they have and in which arenas they are found, in order to preserve the confidence of the closest organization and to maintain the image of being a competent and performing manager.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 315.
    Lundqvist, Gunilla
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society , Malmö University , Malmö, Sweden.
    Hansson, Kjell
    School of Social Work , Lund University , Lund, Sweden.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Group Therapy for Women Sexually Abused asChildren: Social Interaction, Adjustment, andRelationships Before and After Group Therapy2009In: Psychoanalytic Social Work, ISSN 1522-8878, E-ISSN 1522-9033, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 158-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forty-five female outpatients sexually abused in childhood were offered a two-year-long trauma-focused group therapy. Questionnaires were given before and after treatment concerning social interaction (ISSI), social adjustment (SAS-SR), perceived family climate (Family Climate Test, Questions of Family Members). Both the level of social interaction and social adjustment were significantly improved after treatment. There were no significant changes in family climate except for the expressed emotion subscale perceived criticism in relation to the partner that showed a reduction. We conclude that trauma-focused group therapy seems to be useful in improving the relationships and social life of women who were sexually abused as children.

  • 316.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Att veta sin plats: om förortens och innerstadens betydelse för unga kvinnors förståelse av nationell tillhörighet2007In: Locus, ISSN 1100-3197, Vol. 06, no 4, p. 4-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Löf (Gillingsjö), Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Michailakis, Dimitris
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    HBTQ-äldre i den politiska debatten2018In: Gränsöverskridande Socialt arbete: Kritiska perspektiv / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2018, 1, p. 41-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 318.
    Löf (Gillingsjö), Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Care decision-making and older LGBTQ adults in Sweden: Getting past generalities2018In: Innovation in Aging, ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 2, no S1, p. 844-845Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is mounting evidence that Swedish elder care is unable to adequately address the unique needs of older lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) persons, and that social work research and services do not focus on individual variations within the LGTBQ-group. There are negative consequences for older LGBTQ individuals, including poor service utilization. Significantly, service utilization is associated with improved outcomes across the life course. Based on interviews with 15 participants living at home in Sweden, this qualitative study explores how older Swedish LGBTQ adults assess elder care alternatives for their future. Findings indicate that feeling accepted as individuals is essential, but that this did not necessarily mean being recognized as an LGBTQ individual. Feeling welcome individually transcended the need to be recognized as LGBTQ. Implications for social work include increasing cultural competence for work with diverse older adults, including LGBTQ persons, and advocating for person-centered care.

  • 319.
    Löf (Gillingsjö), Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linkoping University.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    ‘I don’t want to go back into the closet just because I need care’ [‘Jag vill inte gå tillbaka i garderoben bara för att jag behöver vård’]: recognition of older LGBTQ adults in relation to future care needs [Erkännande av äldre HBTQ personer i relation till framtida omsorgsbehov]2018In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is increasing awareness in research about the social service needs of older LGBTQ adults. However, there are few studies that deal with differences in this community regarding elder care services. As a rule, transgender individuals are not included in these studies. This study focuses on how older Swedish LGBTQ adults reason about openness in an elder care context concerning their future needs for services and adopts Nancy Fraser’s theoretical framework of recognition. The material consists of fifteen semi-structured interviews with older LGBTQ adults. The results indicate that the main concern for older LGBTQ individuals is being accepted for their preferred sexual orientation and/or gender identity in elder care. However, there were differences regarding that concern in this LGBTQ group. There were also a variety of approaches in the group as to preferences for equal versus special treatment with respect to their LGBTQ identity. In addition, there were differences as to whether they prefer to live in LGBTQ housing or not. The findings contribute to existing knowledge by highlighting the diverse views on elder care services in both this group of interviewees and its subgroups. These findings emphasise the importance of the social work practice recognising different preferences and having an accepting approach. The results can further provide guidance on how to design elder care services for older LGBTQ adults.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 320.
    Löf (Gillingsjö), Jenny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olaison, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    I want to be open when entering elder care: An interview study with older LGBTQ adults reasoning about future care needs.2018In: Proceedings of the 8th ECSWR European Conference for Social Work Research, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that there is an increasing awareness that elder care is not addressing the unique needs of older LGBTQ, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender persons. Many LGTBQ people entering old age today have worse health and, to a lesser extent than other older groups, tends to seek help from health and social services. Few studies within gerontological social work have however focused on how older LGBTQ persons express their needs, and wishes of future social services. This presentation addresses this knowledge gap by focusing on how older LGBTQ reason about possible good alternatives to meet their needs when they are entering a phase where they need care. The study is based on a qualitative interview study with (n= 15), older LGBTQ persons in Sweden who live at home and where only two of them have had prior experiences of services. The analysis shows that, the overall most important issue for the older LGTBQ persons, was to be able to be open with their sexual orientation and/or gender identity within a future elder care setting. It was essential for the LGBTQ persons that the engagement of staff must be based on respect and that they should be able to meet every person as an individual. Regarding the issue of need for education and knowledge among staff about LGBTQ issues the interviewed expressed a wish that staff should have knowledge about these issues. For some it was important to be seen as an LGBTQ-person and to others it was mostly important being met in a welcoming and affirmative way, but not focusing too much on their LGBTQ-identity. The results provide support for the debate on the importance of addressing the unique needs of older LGTBQ persons and highlight the importance for social work to address the diversity of needs and wishes that is present within the group in regards to entering elder care.

  • 321.
    Löf, Karin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Lööf, Victoria
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Familj, där livet börjar och kärleken aldrig tar slut: En etnografisk studie av personalens arbetssituation på ett barnhem i Nepal2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Barn i Nepal kan ses som en särskilt utsatt grupp då en av landets utmaningar är att hantera de barn vars levnadsförhållanden kränks och därmed placeras på barnhem (Conley Wright et al. 2014, s. 135). Då personal på barnhem arbetar med en målgrupp som lever med social pro- blematik kan det ses som viktigt att fokusera på deras perspektiv. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka personalens arbetssituation på ett barnhem i Nepal. Studien har en etnografisk ansats och är baserad på såväl observationer som intervjuer av personal på ett barnhem. Vid bearbetning och analys av materialet har analysmetoden grounded theory tillämpats. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter består av Meads (1976) teoribildning symbolisk interaktionism samt Durkheims (1978) definition av begreppet socialisation. Resultaten har analyserats uti- från dessa teoretiker samt den forskning som presenteras. Studiens resultat visar att persona- len definierar sig själva och varandra utifrån familjeroller och att arbetet till stor del influeras av denna rolluppsättning. Resultaten visar att det finns en koppling mellan personalens roller och arbetsfördelning på barnhemmet, där dessa komponenter ständigt påverkar varandra. Vi- dare visar resultaten att personalens arbete till stor del grundar sig i att socialisera samt eta- blera flickorna i samhället och att deras arbete påverkas av yttre faktorer från samhälleliga normer. Slutligen lyfter resultaten fram betydelsen av den samhällsstruktur och hur de förut- sättningar som finns inom Nepal påverkar barnhemmets utformning. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 322.
    Löfgren, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Lärarberättelser från förskolan2014In: Förskollärarens metod och vetenskapsteori / [ed] Annica Löfdahl, Maria Hjalmarsson och Karin Franzén, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, 1, p. 144-156Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken ges exempel på vetenskapliga redskap för att beskriva och förstå förskolans verksamhet såväl från barnens, förskollärarnas och organisationens perspektiv. Här ges rikliga exempel från förskolans verksamhet på hur olika typer av data samlas in, bearbetas och analyseras samt hur den vetenskapliga rapporten framställs. Bokens författare är aktiva inom forskargruppen UBB - Utbildningsvetenskapliga studier av barn och barndom vid Karlstads universitet och har samtliga erfarenhet av studier av förskola, barn och lärare samt av undervisning inom förskollärarprogrammet. Boken fungerar i samtliga kurser inom förskollärarutbildningen där studenternas vetenskapliga förhållningssätt prövas och utvecklas samt i examensarbet

  • 323.
    Löfgren, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Mälman, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Lek är barnens språk: En jämförande studie om socialsekreterares och kuratorers erfarenheter av metoden tejping vid kommunikation med barn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningen visar att socialarbetare finner det svårt att kommunicera med barn, trots att socialarbetarnas arbetsuppgifter länge har handlat om att arbeta med barn. Vidare har forskare hävdat att samtal med barn borde finnas med i socialarbetares läroplan. Enligt svensk lagstiftning skall barns åsikt beaktas i ärenden som rör barnet. Forskningen påpekar att barns förmåga att uttrycka sig verbalt är begränsad till dess ålder och mognad. Vad forskningen också visar är att det krävs olika former av hjälpmedel för att kunna kommunicera med barn. Exempelvis föreslås olika typer av lek och användande av dockor för att underlätta kommunikation med barn.

    Syftet med den här kvalitativa studien är att undersöka och jämföra hur socialarbetare inom socialtjänsten och Barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin (BUP) beskriver sina erfarenheter av sitt arbete med metoden tejping vid kommunikation med barn. Studien är baserad på två fokusgruppsintervjuer, en med socialsekreterare på socialtjänsten och en med kuratorer på BUP. Det empiriska materialet analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys och den teoretiska analysen gjordes utifrån systemteori. Innehållsanalysen resulterade i ett övergripande tema och sex underteman på respektive fokusgrupp. För socialtjänsten fann vi temat En metod som underlättar vårt arbete med dessa underteman: bra för barn, utredningsprocessen, bra för socialsekreterarna, metod och hjälpmedel, krav på socialsekreteraren och hindrande faktorer. För BUP fann vi temat Bra att ha på sin kunskapsrepertoar med dessa underteman: barnperspektiv, terapeutiskt arbete, förhållningssätt, handledning och stöd, krav på kuratorn och främjande- och hindrande faktorer. Sammantaget tolkade vi ett huvudtema utifrån de båda fokusgrupperna; Tejping som metod, hjälpmedel och förhållningssätt. Resultatet av studien visar att socialsekreterarnas och kuratorernas beskrivning av sina erfarenheter och upplevelser av tejping kan förklaras teoretiskt utifrån respektive systems logik. Inom socialtjänsten används metoden för att förstärka utredningsarbetet och inom BUP för att förstärka det terapeutiska arbetet bland en mångfald av metoder. Studien väcker frågan: kan socialarbetarnas osäkerhet kring kommunikation med barn leda till att barnets röst inte kommer fram i den mån som socialtjänstlagen och barnkonventionen föreskriver?

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 324. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Machat-From, Laura
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division Ageing and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identity, Old(er) Age and Migrancy: A Social Constructionist Lens2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ldentity research in relation to ethnicity and migration has tended to focus an younger people whilst identity research in relation to ageing and old(er) age has not focused an migrants. This inadvertent mutual neglect has led to a lack of identity research that examines the identity categories of old(er) age and migrancy together, a lacuna that this dissertation aims to redress. This dissertation departs from a social constructionist understanding of identity as situationally accomplished in the interplay between how one defines oneself (internally) and how others define one (externally). The questions raised by this perspective and addressed in this dissertation are: When (in what situations) and in relation to whom do old(er) age and migrancy (respectively) seem to become meaningful for identification? How do the identity categories of old(er) age and migrancy seem to be negotiated? The empirical material consists of in-depth interviews with 24 older migrants (13 men, 11 women) aged between 55 and 79 who have been living in Sweden for 18 to 61 years. Interviewees come from 12 different countries that vary in perceived cultural distance from Sweden. The findings suggest that identifications with old(er) age and migrancy seem to be dynamic and flexible rather than necessarily permanently meaningful, thus gaining meaning in specific situations and in relation to particular Others. External definitions furthermore do not always seem to match with internal ones. Regardless of how old(er) age and migrancy are constructed, they seem to be negotiable. This dissertation thus contributes to identity research by studying old(er) age and migrancy together and furthermore sheds light onto how the social constructionist lens allows us to see variability where stability otherwise would be presumed.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Identity, Old(er) Age and Migrancy: A Social Constructionist Lens
    Download (pdf)
    omslag
    Download (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 325.
    Madsen, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Karlsson, Frida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Utan förståelse blir det inte mycket till hjälp...: En studie om hur profesionella inom Kriminalvården beskriver sin förståelse av intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta klienter och arbetet med denna målgrupp2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom såväl den svenska politiken som i internationell forskningen har det framkommit en oro avseende intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta individers situation inom Kriminalvården. Exempelvis har det inom politiken påpekats att det råder en brist på studier gällande funktionsnedsatta klienter inom den svenska Kriminalvården. Vidare har det konstaterats att ett flertal förbättringar kan behövas för att myndigheten ska kunna möta dessa individer på ett bättre sätt. Den oro som beskrivs kan uppfattas vara befogad, då även ett flertal internationella studier har visat på hur flera länders straffrättsliga system inte är anpassade efter intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta klienter. Exempelvis uppges att programverksamheten inte är anpassad efter klientgruppen samt att de professionella saknar kunskap om funktionsnedsättningen och därför inte kan bemöta dessa individer på ett adekvat sätt.

    Syftet med denna studie är att analysera (1) hur professionella inom Kriminalvården beskriver och reflekterar kring sin förståelse av intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta klienter, (2) hur de professionella anser att deras förståelse av klienterna påverkar det återfallsförebyggande arbetet, (3) hur det återfallsförebyggande arbetet gentemot klientgruppen kan förbättras. För att studiens syfte skulle kunna uppnås använde vi oss av kvalitativ metod. Vi genomförde semistrukturerade intervjuer med sju professionella inom Kriminalvården. Genom att sedan göra en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av det empiriska materialet fann vi fem teman: ”Intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta klienter är inte som andra” ”Både en ovanlig och vanlig klientgrupp”, ”Struktur, möten och insatser”, ”Inte speciellt jättebra” och ”Utan förståelse blir det inte mycket till hjälp”. Empirin analyserades med utgångspunkt i socialkonstruktivismen och begreppen roller, det sociala kunskapsförrådet och typifieringsscheman. I analysen använde vi oss även av de observationsteoretiska begreppen distinktioner och blinda fläcken.

    Resultatet i studien visar att de professionella beskrev intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta klienter som individer med en begränsad förmåga till förståelse. Angående klientgruppens förekomst inom Kriminalvården gav de professionella en varierad bild. Klienterna beskrevs som så väl vanliga som ovanliga. Vidare upplevde flera av de professionella att de hade en bristande kunskap om funktionsnedsättningen samt att de saknade ett kunskapsstöd från Kriminalvårdens sida. Informanternas erfarenheter av klientgruppen var att verksamhetens struktur inte alltid sammanfaller väl med dessa klienters behov och att en förståelse för klienten är vitalt för det återfallsförebyggande arbetet. Ett förbättringsområde vi kan se utifrån resultatet är att professionella får ta del av utbildning om intellektuell funktionsnedsättning.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Utan förståelse blir det inte mycket till hjälp...: En studie om hur profesionella inom Kriminalvården beskriver sin förståelse av intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta klienter och arbetet med denna målgrupp
  • 326.
    Magnusson, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Anders
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Andersson, Gerhard
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Hellner, Clara
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Carlbring, Per
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Level of Agreement Between Problem Gamblers and Collaterals Reports: A Bayesian Random-Effects Two-Part Model2019In: Journal of Gambling Studies, ISSN 1050-5350, E-ISSN 1573-3602, Vol. 35, no 4, p. 1127-1145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the level of agreement between problem gamblers and their concerned significant others (CSOs) regarding the amount of money lost when gambling. Reported losses were analyzed from 266 participants (133 dyads) seeking treatment, which included different types of CSO-gambler dyads. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) concerning the money lost when gambling during the last 30 days were calculated based on the timeline followback. In order to model reports that were highly skewed and included zeros, a two-part generalized linear mixed-effects model was used. The results were compared from models assuming either a Gaussian, two-part gamma, or two-part lognormal response distribution. Overall, the results indicated a fair level of agreement, ICC = .57, 95% CI (.48, .64), between the gamblers and their CSOs. The partner CSOs tended to exhibit better agreement than the parent CSOs with regard to the amount of money lost, ICCdiff = .20, 95% CI (.03, .39). The difference became smaller and inconclusive when reports of no losses (zeros) were included, ICCdiff = .16, 95% CI (- .05, .36). A small simulation investigation indicated that the two-part model worked well under assumptions related to this study, and further, that calculating the ICCs under normal assumptions led to incorrect conclusions regarding the level of agreement for skewed reports (such as gambling losses). For gambling losses, the normal assumption is unlikely to hold and ICCs based on this assumption are likely to be highly unreliable.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 327.
    Mahne, Katharina
    et al.
    German Centre of Gerontology, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Str. 2, 12101 Berlin, Germany.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    German Centre of Gerontology, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Str. 2, 12101 Berlin, Germany.
    Grandparenthood: A Universal Aspiration for Later Life? On the Subjective Importance of the Grandparent Role in Germany2011In: Advances in Life Course Research, ISSN 1569-4909, E-ISSN 1879-6974, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 145-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the light of changing opportunity structures for the experience of grandparenthood, we address older parents’ attitudes towards the grandparent role. Our focus is on the interrelationship between the importance of the grandparent role and social class. The likelihood of the transition to grandparenthood and the opportunities to enact the grandparent role clearly differ according to an individual's social class position. We therefore ask whether the importance attached to grandparenthood varies for individuals from different social classes as well. Furthermore, we test for other correlates of the subjective importance of grandparenthood, such as the quality of family relations, marital status, and value orientations towards life in general.

    The analyses are based on data of the German Ageing Survey, a nationally representative study of individuals aged 40 years and older. Data collected in 2008 provide information on the subjective importance of (prospective) grandparenthood as reported by grandparents and non-grandparents.

    According to our data, the subjective importance of experienced as well as prospective grandparenthood does not vary by social class. Instead, we find relationship quality with grandchildren to be most influential and positively related to the perceived importance of the grandparent role. The same holds true for non-grandparents and their relationships with children. Conservative value orientations promote the importance of a future transition to grandparenthood only. In light of the findings, and given the changing opportunities to experience the grandparent role, grandparenthood might evolve into an unequally distributed social resource for later life.

  • 328.
    Mahrs Träff, Annsofie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Blekinge Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Perceptions of physical activity among elderly residents and professionals in assisted living facilities2017In: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, ISSN 1813-7253, E-ISSN 1861-6909, Vol. 14, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity is often described as being important for people of all ages, but what different people mean when they talk about physical activity is unclear. A phenomenographic method was used to analyze how 13 older people and 17 professionals answer the question, "If I say physical activity, what does the concept mean to you?" as part of semi-structured interviews conducted in four assisted living facilities in two different municipalities. We identified a number of different perceptions of physical activity, with the older people and professionals having different responses. Elderly and professionals alike, define physical activity as a requirement for life and as an opportunity to maintain the body although they define the concepts in different ways. Elderly define the concept as a way to create meaning and the professionals have the attitude that the concept means everyday activities. The concept of physical activity may be defined in many different ways. This study has shown that elderly and professionals do not define physical activity in the same way. Therefore, professionals need to be aware of these differences when talking with elderly about individual needs in everyday life.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 329.
    Malmquist, Anna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Björnstam, Therese
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thunholm, Amanda
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish Children of Single Mothers by Choice, and Children of Heterosexual Couples, Reflect on Child Conception and Other Paths to Parenthood2019In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 166-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents findings from interviews with 15 Swedish 6- to 9-year-olds from two family forms: children of single mothers by choice and children of heterosexual couples. The article focuses on the childrens reflections on child conception and other paths to parenthood. The children of single mothers by choice mentioned heterosexual intimacy, assisted reproduction, and adoption. The children of heterosexual couples mentioned heterosexual intimacy and adoption, but not assisted reproduction, in the interviews. Heterosexual intimacy was often, but not always, presented as the obvious or optimal path to parenthood by children in both groups, while assisted reproduction and adoption often were seen as secondary solutions. Some children did, however, present assisted reproduction or adoption as optimal for singles. The findings show that heteronormativity is the predominant discourse, but also that most participants acknowledged other paths to parenthood.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 330.
    Manchaiah, Vinaya
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Lamar University, TX 77710 USA; Audiol India, India.
    Zhao, Fei
    Cardiff Metropolitan University, Wales; Sun Yat Sen University, Peoples R China.
    Widen, Stephen
    University of Örebro, Sweden.
    Auzenne, Jasmin
    Lamar University, TX 77710 USA.
    Beukes, Eldre W.
    Anglia Ruskin University, England.
    Ahmadi, Tayebeh
    University of Social Welf and Rehabil Science, Iran.
    Tome, David
    Polytech Institute Porto, Portugal.
    Mahadeva, Deepthi
    St Johns Medical Coll, India.
    Krishna, Rajalakshmi
    Audiol India, India; University of Mysore, India.
    Germundsson, Per
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Social representation of "music" in young adults: a cross-cultural study2017In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AUDIOLOGY, ISSN 1499-2027, Vol. 56, no 1, p. 24-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study was aimed to explore perceptions of and reactions to music in young adults (18-25 years) using the theory of social representations (TSR). Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design and included participants from India, Iran, Portugal, USA and UK. Data were analysed using various qualitative and quantitative methods. Study sample: The study sample included 534 young adults. Results: The Chi-square analysis showed significant differences between the countries regarding the informants perception of music. The most positive connotations about music were found in the responses obtained from Iranian participants (82.2%), followed by Portuguese participants (80.6%), while the most negative connotations about music were found in the responses obtained from Indian participants (18.2%), followed by Iranian participants (7.3%). The participants responses fell into 19 main categories based on their meaning; however, not all categories were found in all five countries. The co-occurrence analysis results generally indicate that the category positive emotions or actions was the most frequent category occurring in all five countries. Conclusions: The results indicate that music is generally considered to bring positive emotions for people within these societies, although a small percentage of responses indicate some negative consequences of music.

  • 331.
    Maria Örnvall, Denise Björklund
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nära och kära?: En kvalitativ studie om hur före detta frihetsberövade upplever betydelsen avett socialt nätverk.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har som syfte att belysa upplevelser kring betydelsen av ett socialt nätverk för före detta frihetsberövade. Studiens avgränsning är medlemmar på kamratföreningen KRIS (Kriminellas Revansch I Samhället). KRIS är en ideell förening där före detta kriminella och missbrukare erbjuds hjälpen till att leva ett liv utanför kriminalitet och droger för att komma tillbaka in i samhället. Begreppet socialt nätverk kan ha olika betydelser för olika individer. Det kan röra sig om ett nätverk inom yrkeslivet, familjen eller ett brukarnätverk. Det handlar om grupper som utgör ett kollektiv med gemensamma intressen. Den vanligaste definitionen av ett socialt nätverk beskriver familj- och vänskapsrelationer som vi har ett starkt känslomässigt band till (Andresen, 2002:72). Utifrån detta väljer vi därför att i inrikta oss på familj, släkt, vänner och arbetskamrater som en del i det sociala nätverket för att se betydelsen av dessa.

    Studiens empiri utgår från sex intervjuer med KRIS-medlemmar från tre olika föreningar i Sverige. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten i studien är socialt kapital och Bronfenbrenners teori om utvecklingsekologi. Studien grundar sig också på tidigare forskning som har fokus på det sociala nätverkets betydelse för individer generellt men även betydelsen av det sociala nätverket för före detta kriminella. Under studiens analys framkom det fyra olika teman; Viktiga delar i det sociala nätverket, Utmaningar, KRIS betydelse och Bryta kriminalitet. I det första temat som berör viktiga delar i det sociala nätverket ingår kategorier som uppväxt, familj och släkt, kriminella vänner och icke kriminella vänner. Det andra temat utmaningar berör kategorier som klippa kontakten med gamla vänner, tillit och det går inte att leva på båda sidor. Det tredje temat som uppkom under analysen var KRIS betydelse där kategoriers som KRIS stöttar och KRIS som socialt nätverk framförs. Det sista temat bryta kriminalitet, växte fram under studiens gång och berör kategorier som missbruk, byta geografisk placering och trött på kriminalitet. Analysen visade att informanternas upplevelser av det sociala nätverkets betydelse skiljer sig åt men att vikten av ett socialt nätverk är betydande oberoende om det är ett kriminellt eller icke kriminellt nätverk.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 332.
    Markström, Ann-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Serviceinsatser inom socialtjänstens individ- och familjeomsorg. Möjligheter och dilemman.2009Report (Other academic)
  • 333.
    Markström, Ann-Marie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Eriksson, Lisbeth
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social Pedagogy in a Swedish Context2009In: The Diversity of Social pedagogy in Europe, Bremen: Europäischer Hochschuleverlag GmbH & Co , 2009, 1, p. 46-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Situated at the intersection between social work and education, social pedagogy is an original and dynamic academic and professional tradition. It can be found across most European countries and shows great variety, being closely connected to specific national - and sometimes even regional cultures and structures. Yet despite this diversity, social pedagogy also has many common features, cross-nationally. The aim of the book is to illustrate this diversity via a selection of case studies from Denmark, France, Germany, Poland and Sweden. Although social pedagogy is, in many countries, a profession that represents a sizeable workforce, very little has been written about it from a European perspective. Comparative literature tends to look at social work, whereby social pedagogy is obscured. But while there is a lack of comparative social pedagogy literature, interest in social pedagogy is growing. This is particularly so in the United Kingdom where no social pedagogy tradition exists but policy developments point to the emergence of a social pedagogy paradigm both in academia and in terms of careers. This book aims to help fill the gap. Case studies deal with theoretical and practical aspects of social pedagogy, professional education, fields of practice and research as well as links with other academic and professional paradigms.

  • 334.
    Mazzone, Angela
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. Anti-Bullying Research and Resource Centre, Dublin City University, Dublin, Ireland.
    Thornberg, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Stefanelli, Sara
    C.R.I.d.e.e, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.
    Cadei, Livia
    Department of Pedagogy, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy.
    Caravita, Simona C. S.
    C.R.I.d.e.e, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy; Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Brescia, Italy.
    “Judging by the cover”: A grounded theory study of bullying towards same-country and immigrant peers2018In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 91, p. 403-412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated students perspectives about bullying towards same-country and immigrant peers. Thirty-five Italian and immigrant students (age range: 11-15) took part to the study. Participants were probed with two bullying scenarios, depicting respectively a new classmate from another Italian city and from a foreign country. A Grounded Theory approach was adopted to examine participants perspectives about the motives for bullying. Findings showed that a process of socializing deviance is at the core of both forms of bullying. This social process refers to a series of shared beliefs within the peer group about the victims deviant features. Three sub-categories related to both forms of bullying emerged from the core concept: (a) Rejecting the newcomer deviance, (b) Rejecting physical deviance, (c) and Rejecting personality deviance. These sub-categories were related to the sub-categories of bullying towards immigrant peers: (d) Rejecting cultural deviance, (e) and Learned racism. Findings are discussed in terms of their theoretical and practical relevance.

  • 335.
    Mehek, Muftee
    et al.
    School of Education and Communication, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Anna
    Global Political Studies, Malmö University, Sweden.
    Providing rights through individual compassion2016In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 140-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article analyses the social constructions of rights as they come about through Swedish delegations preparing refugees for resettlement in Sweden, under the Cultural Orientation Programme (COP). COPs are analysed as an activity that manifests a need to convey rights. Fieldwork was conducted through video observations of COPs in Kenya and Sudan. Our empirical findings show how the Swedish officials engage in talks about rights through positioning the refugees as unaware of, and incapable of, claiming rights. Rights are also highlighted as obligations with correct ways of realising them. This study manifests the clash between rights as universal and rights tied to citizenship where, during COPs, rights are conveyed as particularly Swedish, positioning the refugees on a receiving end of the conversations. However, the study also shows how the participants do make claims, sometimes resisting the hierarchies during the talks.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Providing rights through individual compassion
  • 336.
    Michailakis, Dimitris
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schirmer, Werner
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Ghent University, Belgium.
    Social work and social problems: A contribution from systems theory and constructionism2014In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 431-442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social work builds its identity on social problems. The goal is to generate knowledge about causes, consequences and solutions. However, there is a lack of theory of social problems. We suggest that research on social problems can benefit by ‘bringing the observer in’: Loseke's constructionist framework and Luhmann's systems theory. According to Loseke, social problems appear differently when constructed by different observers. Constructions vary in terms of morality, conditions, victims/villains and solutions. From Luhmann we learn that modern society consists of a multitude of social systems (e.g. politics, science, economy etc.), each operating with their own communicative codes. Combining both approaches, we hypothesise that any social system constructs its own (version of) social problems. Illustrating with the empirical case ‘suicide among mentally ill people’, we examine how a phenomenon is constructed differently as a social problem by four different social systems: the disability movement, politics, medicine and social work.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 337.
    Michailakis, Dimitris
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Schirmer, Werner
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The lost Gemeinschaft: How people working with the elderly explain loneliness2015In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, no 33, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We conducted a qualitative interview study with people of different professions working with lonely elderly people. The rationale of the study was to examine how these respondents explain loneliness among the elderly. The present article focuses on the social explanations, i.e. explanations that identify causes of loneliness in the structure of modern society. We found that many of the social explanations given are aspects of a more encompassing and general pattern underlying all the reasoning about loneliness among the elderly. This pattern is the expression of two contrasting images of society which the classical sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies termed Gemeinschaft (community) and Gesellschaft (society). The former refers to traditional or small-size rural communities characterized by high degrees of social cohesion, integration, solidarity, proximity and familiarity, whereas the latter refers to functional differentiation, distance, individualization, exchanged-based social relations and anonymity. Loneliness among the elderly is explained by the lack of Gemeinschaft and its characteristics in contemporary society. This explanatory pattern goes hand in hand with a critical view of contemporary society and a nostalgic yearning for the lost communities of past societies, where inhabitants find their staked-out place and sense of belonging, and thus loneliness hardly seems to occur. We summarized this view under the label the "lost Gemeinschaft".

  • 338.
    Molin, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att vara i särklass: om delaktighet och utanförskap i gymnasiesärskolan2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Swedish debate concerning disability issues it has been shown, as in many other countries, that the concept ‘participation’ has been used in a very vague and obscure way. For example, at an ideological level the concept often refers to ‘accessibility’. Others claim that it should be understood as ‘social integration’ or ‘inclusion’. In the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (WHO) participation means ‘involvement’ in a life situation. In the literature there are several ways to approach the concept of participation. Broadly, it is used to describe a characteristic within the individual or the result of an interplay. The general aim of this thesis is to illuminate different forms of participation within the municipal upper secondary special programme for pupils with intellectual disabilities (ID).

    The study contains two main parts. On the one hand a semantic analysis is made for the purpose of illuminating different conceptual forms of participation. On the other hand a field study is performed. This empirical study can be described as a hermeneutically influenced field study designed to interpret participative patterns in everyday school situations.

    Data have been collected during a period of one school year. Several methods have been used in order to capture different kinds of patterns in the pupils’ participation in a chosen upper secondary individual program for pupils with ID. These methods involve participant observation in everyday school situations (which was recorded in field notes), interviews with pupils, staff and administrators.

    Rather often it is implied that a higher extent of involvement leads to a higher (or better) form of participation. My study showed something else. Several examples demonstrated how groups of pupils within the special programme setting gave up their involvement in specific activities since they wanted to show their belonging to a different community outside the school. The analysis showed that involvement, as one form of participation, is highly related to other forms of participation (for example formal and informal belonging). In one sense these pupils had a conception of how to behave in order to be accepted outside the special programme setting. Therefore it is possible to talk about the pupils in terms of different worlds of belonging. For a specific group of pupils the formal belonging to the special programme was a threat towards their self-image, which seemed to derive from another alternative world — with other ideals than are usually associated with special programmes for pupils with ID.

    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 339.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Plenum Altern in Vielfalt - Vielfalt im Alter2014In: Vielfalt und Zusammenhalt: Verhandlungen des 36. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie in Bochum und Dortmund 2012 / [ed] Martina Löw, Frankfurt/M.: Campus Verlag, 2014, p. 531-532Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 340.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Klaus, Daniela
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Simonson, Julia
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Befragungen von älteren und alten Menschen2015In: Handbuch Methoden der empirischen Sozialforschung / [ed] Nina Baur, Jörg Blasius, Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Springer, 2015, p. 781-786Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    Der demografische Wandel ist eine der großen aktuellen gesellschaftlichen Herausforderungen. Niedrige Fertilität, zunehmende Migration und die Verlängerung der Lebensspanne verändern die Gesellschaft. Die Lebenserwartung hat im 20. Jahrhundert stetig um zwei bis drei Jahre pro Jahrzehnt zugenommen und steigt weiter. Das lange Leben bringt gesellschaftliche und individuelle Entwicklungschancen mit sich, geht aber zugleich mit bisher unbekannten Herausforderungen einher.

  • 341.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    et al.
    German Centre of Gerontology (DZA), Manfred-von-Richthofen-Strasse 2, 12101, Berlin, Germany .
    Romeu Gordo, Laura
    German Centre of Gerontology (DZA), Manfred-von-Richthofen-Strasse 2, 12101, Berlin, Germany .
    Betzin, Jörg
    German Centre of Gerontology (DZA), Manfred-von-Richthofen-Strasse 2, 12101, Berlin, Germany .
    Welfare States and Quality of Later Life: Distributions and Predictions in a Comparative Perspective2009In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 67-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Demographic transitions are a driver of social change and societal ageing influences the resources and chances in life of different age groups. As a contribution to the debate on (potential) results of the transformation of social security in ageing societies, the impact of social security systems on distributions of quality of life in later life is discussed. Quality of life is introduced as a helpful concept to answer the paper’s research questions: How are levels of quality of life in later life and the variability of objective and subjective quality of life indicators related to welfare state arrangements? What is the relevance of social structure indicators for this variability, how is it related to old age security, and what can be learned for the perspectives of current debates on equity and social security reforms? In a comparative perspective employing Esping-Andersen’s welfare regime typology, three basic hypotheses are thoroughly tested: the ‘hypothesis of (relative) levels’, the ‘distribution hypothesis’ and the ‘social structure hypothesis’. The analyses apply micro data from ten countries. While most of them are included in the first wave of the international comparative research project SHARE, data for England come from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Descriptive analyses as well as multivariate models prove an interconnection between welfare state systems and quality of life indicators but not all three hypotheses can be fully confirmed. Social policy implications of these findings are discussed and a basis for extended future analyses is outlined.

  • 342.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    et al.
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen, Berlin.
    Tölke, Angelika
    Deutsches Jugendinstitut, München.
    Alter(n) jenseits der Normalfamilie?2013In: Transnationale Vergesellschaftungen: Verhandlungen des 35. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie in Frankfurt am Main 2010. / [ed] Hans-Georg Soeffner, Frankfurt/M.: Springer, 2013, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 343.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    et al.
    Berlin, Deutschland.
    Vogel, Claudia
    Berlin, Deutschland.
    Die Rückkehr der Altersarmut?2013In: Altern im sozialen Wandel: Rückkehr der Altersarmut ? / [ed] Claudia Vogel & Andreas Motel-Klingebiel, Fachmedien Wiesbaden: Springer, 2013, p. 13-23Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [de]

    In den vergangenen Jahrzehnten haben sich die Bedeutungen und die Bedingungen des Alter(n)s in Deutschland gewandelt. Nach einer Phase der stetigen Verbesserung materieller Lagen im Alter stehen spätestens seit dem Paradigmenwechsel in der Alterssicherung wachsende Armutsrisiken auf der sozialpolitischen Agenda.

  • 344.
    Motel-Klingebiel, Andreas
    et al.
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Str. 2, 12101, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Ziegelmann, Jochen
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Str. 2, 12101, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Wiest, Maja
    Deutsches Zentrum für Altersfragen, Manfred-von-Richthofen-Str. 2, 12101, Berlin, Deutschland.
    Hochaltrigkeit in der Gesellschaft des langen Lebens: Theoretische Herausforderung, empirisches Problem und sozialpolitische Aufgabe2013In: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie (Print), ISSN 0948-6704, E-ISSN 1435-1269, Vol. 46, no 1, p. 5-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on very old age as a challenge for ageing theory, as an empirical problem and as a scope for social policy and it introduces the contributions of the special issue “Very old age in an ageing society”. Especially the need for (re-)integration of the life-phases of young and old age is discussed from the position of social and behavioural ageing research. While reaching very old age is an increasingly normal life-event, and thus there is an increasing need for knowledge, there is currently only limited knowledge about it. It is particularly the diversity and inequality within old and very old age and the pathways into latest life that needs to be targeted. Finally, normative patterns and biographical outlines of this increasingly important phase of life need to be developed.

  • 345.
    Mourad, Markus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Özer Bagdo, Teodora
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Bilder av den hemlöse individen: En innehållsanalys av hur bilder av personer som befinner sig i en hemlös situation konstrueras i socialtjänstens utredningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka hur bilder av personer som befinner sig i en hemlös situation konstrueras i socialtjänstens utredningar för bistånd enligt Socialtjänstlagen [SoL] (2001:453) 4:1 i form av stöd till bostadsanskaffning eller boende. Tidigare forskning består av vetenskapliga artiklar kring social konstruktion om hemlösa och hemlöshet samt klientkonstruktion i socialt arbete. Studiens empiriska material består av totalt 15 stycken utredningar varav sex utredningar med gynnande beslut och nio utredningar med icke gynnande beslut. Genom att granska det empiriska materialet har vi uppmärksammat olika konstruerade bilder som förekom i socialtjänstens utredningar; den aktiva och ansvarstagande, socialt utsatt, tillhör inte målgruppen socialt utsatt samt klienten som gör felaktiga val. Dessa konstruktioner avlästes med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkt är präglat av ett socialkonstruktionistiskt perspektiv med fokus på maktens tekniker. För att besvara våra frågeställningar har vi tillämpat tidigare forskning samt utgått ifrån våra teoretiska ramar och begrepp. Resultatet i vår studie visar på att bilder av personer som befinner sig i en hemlös situation konstrueras i socialtjänstens utredningar. Resultatet visar även på att socialsekreteraren använder olika tekniker som exempelvis att styra klienten till vissa handlingsalternativ, att förmedla en ståndpunkt eller att kontrollera hur något presenteras, något som påverkar hur klienten konstrueras. Hemlöshet som konstruktion i socialtjänstens utredningar kan således antas förstås utifrån individuella eller strukturella faktorer beroende på hur klienten konstrueras i utredningarna, vilka framställer klienten som antingen ett objekt eller subjekt i förhållande till situationen den befinner sig i.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 346.
    Mutic, Senad
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Tall, Bengt
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    ”Det känns som att vi vanliga människor måste ta det här ansvaret”: En kvalitativ studie om frivilligt områdesbaserat socialt arbete med fotboll som interventionsmetod2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I hela Västeuropa och i Sverige pågår en utveckling där välfärdsstaten sakta drar sig tillbaka och överlåter mer och mer av det sociala arbetet åt frivilliga. Det kan röra sig om organisationer, stiftelser, föreningar, eller enskilda individer. Det rör sig ofta om människor med stort engagemang och en vilja att hjälpa andra. Samtidigt finns det områden i svenska kommuner med stora utmaningar; ”utanförskap”, kriminalitet, fattigdom, arbetslöshet och där otrygghet hamrat sig fast. Det område vi studerat är ett sådant, där det framförallt anses vara ungdomarna som bidrar till och i vissa lägen skapar problemen. För att mildra problemen bedrivs i området ett projekt, midnattsfotboll, med målsättningen att erbjuda barn och ungdomar i området en meningsfull sysselsättning. Projektet är ideellt och bedrivs av frivilliga krafter där en fotbollsförening engagerat sig och samverkar med ett försäkringsbolag, två företag, kommunen och en stiftelse för att kunna finansiera projektet.

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka projektet midnattsfotboll som ett socialt projekt. Fokus ligger på att analysera ledarnas för midnattfotbollens beskrivningar dels av vad deras arbete leder till i fråga om social inkludering och dels kring deras kvalifikationer som ledare i fråga om egenskaper som skapar relationer till ungdomarna som deltar i midnattsfotbollen. Studien är kvalitativ och explorativ. Tillvägagångssättet var att med hjälp av sju semistrukturerade intervjuer av ledare inom midnattsfotbollen identifiera vad ledarna beskriver att projektet leder till i fråga om social nytta. Intervjuerna fokuserades på tre olika ämnen som valdes ut i förväg; ledarskap, relationer och social inverkan. De teoretiska utgångspunkter vi använt oss av i detta arbete är symbolisk interaktionism och socialpedagogik. Vi har också använt oss av begreppen; stämpling, socialisering/lärande, inkludering, bildning samt lösning. Vi använde oss av en induktiv tematisk analys för att analysera den empiriska data vi samlat in. Genom analysen identifierades följande fyra teman; kompetenser, relationer på mötesplatsen, pedagogisk praktik och målbilder.

    Vi har i diskussionsavsnittet också presenterat de fyra fynd vi gjort i vår studie, utifrån vårt empiriska material; Livskompetens, Hem-skola-fritid, bildning av goda samhällsmedborgare samt minskad kriminalitet.

    Det första fyndet är att livskompetens är en viktig och relevanta kompetens som ledarna påstår att de har. Andra fyndet är att respondenternas utsagor pekar på att de tre delarna; hem, skola och fritid allihop är viktiga instanser som bör fungera för att ungdomarna inte ska riskera att hamna i ”utanförskap”. Tredje fyndet är att respondenternas utsagor pekar på att målsättning med midnattsfotbollen är betydligt mycket mer än att bara spela fotboll. Respondenterna hävdar att ungdomarna bildas till att bli goda samhällsmedborgare. Vårt fjärde och sista fynd är att projektet enligt respondenterna bidrar till minskad kriminalitet i området, åtminstone under de tider som midnattsfotbollen äger rum. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    ”Det känns som att vi vanliga människor måste ta det här ansvaret”: En kvalitativ studie om frivilligt områdesbaserat socialt arbete med fotboll som interventionsmetod
  • 347.
    Mäkinen, Sami
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Ollila, Ofelia
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work.
    Pornografi och Sexualitet: En tvärsnittsstudie om studenters attityder2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka studenters attityder till pornografisk film och sexualitet, både i vilken grad de upplever att pornografisk film sänder ett budskap till allmänheten samt i vilken grad de upplever att det påverkat deras egen sexualitet.

    Studiens resultat visar på en spridning av respondenternas uppfattningar. Majoriteten av respondenterna instämde delvis med att pornografisk film sänder ett budskap vad gäller den sexuella aktörens utseende och beteende, samt i vilka situationer som sex förväntas och är lämpligt. Respondenterna instämde helt med att pornografisk film gav en bild av vilka sexuella handlingar som förväntades vara upphetsande och vilka sexuella handlingar en sexuell aktör förväntades att göra. Vad gäller respondenternas upplevelse av att pornografisk film har påverkat deras egen sexualitet visade resultatet en spridning även här: 49% tog helt eller delvis avstånd, 43% instämde helt eller delvis, och 8% varken tog avstånd eller instämde med påståendet. Slutligen visade korrelationsanalyser av resultatet samband mellan respondenternas uppfattning och deras könsidentitet, nuvarande pornografikonsumtion, ålder vid pornografisk debut, samt föräldrarnas ursprung. Ett tydligt resultat utifrån dessa analyser var att män samt regelbundna konsumenter av pornografisk film inte upplevde att pornografisk film angav ramarna för sexualitet i lika stor utsträckning som kvinnor eller de som vid studiens tidpunkt sällan eller aldrig konsumerade pornografisk film. Korrelationsanalyserna fann inga signifikanta resultat mellan studiens index och bakgrundsfaktorerna ålder, civilstånd, trosuppfattning, om respondenten haft sin samlagsdebut och i så fall vid vilken ålder.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 348.
    Münger, Ann- Charlotte
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Markström, Ann-Marie
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education, Teaching and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    School and Child Protection Services Professionals’ Views on the school’s Mission and Responsibilities for Children Living with Domestic Violence: Tensions and Gaps2019In: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 34, no 5, p. 385-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the work presented here was to study how the Swedish compulsory school, identifies and acts relative to the social problem of children living with domestic violence. More specifically: how do the various professional groups in school and professionals within the child protection services (CPS) describe and understand their own and other professionals’ responsibilities and tasks with respect to children living with domestic violence? The study consisted of 10 focus groups whose members were taken from five professional groups in schools and the CPS in Sweden. The results show that professionals in school lack knowledge about living with domestic violence, one example of which is child abuse. They navigate through the large open space that exists between the pedagogic and psychosocial missions of schools, and use different strategies to interpret the child’s symptoms of maltreatment. They point at an unclear distribution of responsibility between different professionals in school, which can be interpreted as a tension between domains within the institutional school domain. They also point at a “gap” between the school and CPS domains, and find confidentiality to be an obstacle to collaboration. Furthermore, the article sheds light on the complexities, the conflicting understandings, and the different priorities of the different professionals and institutions working with children living with domestic violence. It also discusses practical implications of the results.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 349.
    Münger, Ann-Charlotte
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Education and Sociology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    'The best interest of the child' or the 'best interest of the family'?: how the child protection services in Sweden respond to domestic violence2016In: Response based approaches to the study of interpersonal violence / [ed] Margareta Hydén, David Gadd, Allan Wade, Houndsmill: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016, p. 117-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 350.
    Nielsen, Lina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    Bergendahl, Karl
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
    "Varför skulle hon släppa taget?": En diskursanalytisk studie kring konstruktionen av anorexia nervosa i handböcker för behandlare och professionella.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa litteraturstudie är att granska hur anorexia nervosa och tillfrisknande konstrueras i handböcker vilka skrivna för och använda av behandlare och professionella vilka arbetar med anorexia nervosa och andra ätstörningar. Studien har sin teoretiska grund i socialkonstruktionism och använder sig av Michel Foucaults resonemang kring produktiv makt, disciplin och panopticon. Dessa begrepp används i studien för att nå en djupare analysnivå. Tidigare forskning om anorexia nervosa har visat på komplexiteten av fenomenet och behovet av vidare forskning. Anorexia nervosa ses i regel som ett individuellt problem. Viss forskning föreslår att detta perspektiv behöver breddas och att det sociala arbetet kan fylla en viktig funktion i relation till detta. Studiens grundläggande empiriska material erhölls från Länsteamet på Ätstörningsenheten i Region Östergötland och var i form av handböcker kring ämnena anorexia nervosa och ätstörningar. Metodologin i denna studie är diskursanalytisk och utfördes med hjälp av Carol Bacchis analysverktyg What is the problem represented to be? Studiens resultat visar på ett antal olika diskurser kring tillfrisknande. I dessa kan vi se tendenser kring vad som lämnas oproblematiserat i skapandet av den drabbade samt hur ett tillfrisknande går till i relation till anorexia nervosa. Vanligt förekommande diskursiva element ger vid handen att det är individens uppgift och ansvar att iscensätta sitt eget tillfrisknande. I relation till Foucaults begrepp produktiv makt, disciplin och panopticon kan tillfrisknandet ses som ett exempel på en maktteknologi. Individens fortsatta välmående och liv kopplas samman med dennes produktivitet. Således är makten inbyggd i individens tillfrisknande. Förhoppningen är att denna studie bidrar till medvetenhet kring konstruktionen av anorexia nervosa som problem och samtidigt presentera förgivettagna problemkonstruktioner. Studien kan sägas vara explorativ och den öppnar för vidare frågeställningar kring makt, tillfrisknande och anorexia nervosa i relation till socialt arbete.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
45678910 301 - 350 of 605
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf