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  • 301.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Åsberg, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Interactions between a zwitterionic polythiophene derivative and oligonucleotides as resolved by fluorescence resonance energy transfer2005In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 17, no 16, p. 4204-4211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interactions between a zwitterionic polythiophene derivative, POWT, and DNA oligonucleotides in solution have been studied by FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer). When POWT and ssDNA are bound alone in a complex, the distance between them is at its smallest. The distance increases when adding complementary DNA, but POWT is still mainly bound to the first DNA strand. We find that two POWT chains bind to one DNA strand, and the two POWT chains seem held together in pairs, unable to separate, as they can only bind to and quench half their own amount of labeled DNA. This POWT−POWT complex appears to dissociate at lower concentrations. ssDNA attached to POWT in a complex can also be substituted by other ssDNA in solution; this occurs to 50% when the free DNA is present in 10-fold concentration compared to the ssDNA bound to POWT. Titration studies at different concentrations show positive cooperativity in the binding of POWT and ssDNA into a complex. The hybridization of complementary DNA to the same complex involves no cooperativity. These observations indicate interesting possibilities for the use of POWT as a DNA sensor.

  • 302.
    Karlsson, Roger H.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Herland, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hamedi, Mahiar
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Åslund, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Organic Chemistry . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Konradsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Organic Chemistry . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Iron Catalyzed Polymerization of Alkoxysulfonate-Functionalized EDOT gives2007In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 303.
    Karlsson, Roger
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Organic Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Herland, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hamedi, Mahiar
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wigenius, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Åslund, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Organic Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Konradsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Organic Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Iron-Catalyzed Polymerization of Alkoxysulfonate-Functionalized 3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene Gives Water-Soluble Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) of High Conductivity2009In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 21, no 9, p. 1815-1821Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical polymerization of a 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene derivative bearing a sulfonate group (EDOTS) is reported. The polymer, PEDOT-S, is fully water-soluble and has been produced by polymerizing EDOT-S in water, using Na2S2O8 and a catalytic amount of FeCl3. Elemental analysis and XPS measurements indicate that PEDOT-S is a material with a substantial degree of self-doping, but also contains free sulfate ions as charge-balancing counterions of the oxidized polymer. Apart from self-doping PEDOT-S, the side chains enable full water solubility of the material; DLS studies show an average cluster size of only 2 nm. Importantly, the solvation properties of the PEDOT-S are reflected in spin-coated films, which show a surface roughness of 1.2 nm and good conductivity (12 S/cm) in ambient conditions. The electro-optical properties of this material are shown with cyclic voltammetry and spectroelectrochemical experiment reveals an electrochromic contrast (similar to 48% at lambda(max) = 606 nm).

  • 304.
    Karuthedath, Safakath
    et al.
    KAUST, Saudi Arabia.
    Melianas, Armantas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stanford Univ, CA 94305 USA.
    Kan, Zhipeng
    KAUST, Saudi Arabia.
    Pranculis, Vytenis
    Ctr Phys Sci and Technol, Lithuania.
    Wohlfahrt, Markus
    KAUST, Saudi Arabia.
    Khan, Jafar I.
    KAUST, Saudi Arabia.
    Gorenflot, Julien
    KAUST, Saudi Arabia.
    Xia, Yuxin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gulbinas, Vidmantas
    Ctr Phys Sci and Technol, Lithuania.
    Kemerink, Martijn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Complex Materials and Devices. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Laquai, Frederic
    KAUST, Saudi Arabia.
    Thermal annealing reduces geminate recombination in TQ1:N2200 all-polymer solar cells2018In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 6, no 17, p. 7428-7438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    combination of steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopic measurements is used to investigate the photophysics of the all-polymer bulk heterojunction system TQ1:N2200. Upon thermal annealing a doubling of the external quantum efficiency and an improved fill factor (FF) is observed, resulting in an increase in the power conversion efficiency. Carrier extraction is similar for both blends, as demonstrated by time-resolved electric-field-induced second harmonic generation experiments in conjunction with transient photocurrent studies, spanning the ps-mu s time range. Complementary transient absorption spectroscopy measurements reveal that the different quantum efficiencies originate from differences in charge carrier separation and recombination at the polymer-polymer interface: in as-spun samples similar to 35% of the charges are bound in interfacial charge-transfer states and recombine geminately, while this pool is reduced to similar to 7% in thermally-annealed samples, resulting in higher short-circuit currents. Time-delayed collection field experiments demonstrate a field-dependent charge generation process in as-spun samples, which reduces the FF. In contrast, field-dependence of charge generation is weak in annealed films. While both devices exhibit significant non-geminate recombination competing with charge extraction, causing low FFs, our results demonstrate that the donor/acceptor interface in all-polymer solar cells can be favourably altered to enhance charge separation, without compromising charge transport and extraction.

  • 305.
    Ke, You
    et al.
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Nana
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Kong, Decheng
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Cao, Yu
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    He, Yarong
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Zhu, Lin
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Yuming
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Xue, Chen
    Northwestern Polytech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Peng, Qiming
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Huang, Wei
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China; Northwestern Polytech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Jianpu
    Nanjing Tech Univ NanjingTech, Peoples R China.
    Defect Passivation for Red Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes with Improved Brightness and Stability2019In: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, ISSN 1948-7185, E-ISSN 1948-7185, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 380-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efficient and stable red perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs) are important for realizing full-color display and lighting. Red PeLEDs can be achieved either by mixed-halide or low-dimensional perovskites. However, the device performance, especially the brightness, is still low owing to phase separation or poor charge transport issues. Here, we demonstrate red PeLEDs based on three-dimensional (3D) mixed-halide perovskites where the defects are passivated by using 5-aminovaleric acid. The red PeLEDs with an emission peak at 690 nm exhibit an external quantum efficiency of 8.7% and a luminance of 1408 cd m(-2). A maximum luminance of 8547 cd m(-2) can be further achieved as tuning the emission peak to 662 nm, representing the highest brightness of red PeLEDs. Moreover, those LEDs exhibit a half-life of up to 8 h under a high constant current density of 100 mA cm(-2), which is over 10 times improvement compared to literature results.

  • 306.
    Klug, Matthew T.
    et al.
    MIT, MA 02139 USA; University of Oxford, England.
    Osherov, Anna
    MIT, USA.
    Haghighirad, Amir A.
    University of Oxford, England.
    Stranks, Samuel D.
    MIT, USA;Cavendish Lab, England.
    Brown, Patrick R.
    MIT, USA.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. University of Oxford, England.
    Wang, Jacob T. -W.
    University of Oxford, England.
    Dang, Xiangnan
    MIT, USA.
    Bulovic, Vladimir
    MIT, USA.
    Snaith, Henry J.
    University of Oxford, England.
    Belcher, Angela M.
    MIT USA.
    Tailoring metal halide perovskites through metal substitution: influence on photovoltaic and material properties2017In: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 236-246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present herein an experimental screening study that assesses how partially replacing Pb in methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite films with nine different alternative, divalent metal species, B = {Co, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Ni, Sn, Sr, and Zn}, influences photovoltaic performance and optical properties. Our findings indicate the perovskite film is tolerant to most of the considered homovalent metal species with lead-cobalt compositions yielding the highest power conversion efficiencies when less than 6% of the Pb2+ ions are replaced. Through subsequent materials characterisation, we demonstrate for the first time that partially substituting Pb2+ at the B-sites of the perovskite lattice is not restricted to Group IV elements but is also possible with at least Co2+. Moreover, adjusting the molar ratio of Pb: Co in the mixed-metal perovskite affords new opportunities to tailor the material properties while maintaining stabilised device efficiencies above 16% in optimised solar cells. Specifically, crystallographic analysis reveals that Co2+ incorporates into the perovskite lattice and increasing its concentration can mediate a crystal structure transition from the cubic to tetragonal phase at room-temperature. Likewise, Co2+ substitution continually modifies the perovskite work function and band edge energies without either changing the band gap or electronically doping the intrinsic material. By leveraging this orthogonal dimension of electronic tunability, we achieve remarkably high open-circuit voltages up to 1.08 V with an inverted device architecture by shifting the perovskite into a more favourable energetic alignment with the PEDOT: PSS hole transport material.

  • 307.
    Koehler, M.
    et al.
    Depto. de Engenharia Elétrica, Univ. Federal do Paraná, 81531-990 Curitiba-PR, Brazil.
    Roman, L.S.
    Departamento de Física, Univ. Federal do Paraná, C.P. 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba-PR, Brazil.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Da, Luz M.G.E.
    Da Luz, M.G.E., Departamento de Física, Univ. Federal do Paraná, C.P. 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba-PR, Brazil.
    Modeling bilayer polymer/fullerene photovoltaic devices2004In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 96, no 1, p. 40-43Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electrical transport and charge generation of polymer/fullerene photovoltaic devices were investigated. The polymer/fullerene photodiodes were formed by a heterojunction of fullerene and a semiconducting polymer poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene). The current-voltage characteristic of the devices were measured with variable thickness of the C60 layer, under monochromatic light of different wavelengths. The results show that the values of the electrical photoconductivity are related to the optical absorption coefficient of the fullerene, and thus implying a large contribution of the C60 films to the diode photocurrent.

  • 308.
    Koehler, M.
    et al.
    Nonlinear Optics Laboratory, Institute of Quantum Electronics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland.
    Roman, L.S.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Da, Luz M.G.E.
    Da Luz, M.G.E., Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Caixa Postal 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba-PR, Brazil.
    Space-charge-limited bipolar currents in polymer/C60 diodes2002In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 92, no 9, p. 5575-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [No abstract available]

  • 309.
    Krebs, Frederik C
    et al.
    Tech University Denmark, Riso Natl Lab Sustainable Energy, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark .
    Gevorgyan, Suren A
    Tech University Denmark, Riso Natl Lab Sustainable Energy, DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark .
    Gholamkhass, Bobak
    Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 Canada .
    Holdcroft, Steven
    Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 Canada .
    Schlenker, Cody
    University So Calif, Department Chemistry, Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA Centre Energy Nanosci and Technology, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA .
    Thompson, Mark E
    University So Calif, Department Chemistry, Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA Centre Energy Nanosci and Technology, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA .
    Thompson, Barry C
    University So Calif, Department Chemistry, Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA Centre Energy Nanosci and Technology, Los Angeles, CA 90089 USA .
    Olson, Dana
    NREL, Golden, CO 80401 USA .
    Ginley, David S
    NREL, Golden, CO 80401 USA .
    Shaheen, Sean E
    NREL, Golden, CO 80401 USA University Denver, Department Phys and Astron, Denver, CO 80208 USA .
    Alshareef, Husam N
    University Texas Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080 USA .
    Murphy, John W
    University Texas Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080 USA .
    Youngblood, W Justin
    University N Texas, Department Chemistry, Denton, TX 76201 USA .
    Heston, Nathan C
    University Florida, Department Phys, Centre Macromol Science and Engn, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA .
    Reynolds, John R
    University Florida, Department Chemistry, Centre Macromol Science and Engn, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA .
    Jia, Shijun
    Plextronics Inc, Pittsburgh, PA 15238 USA .
    Laird, Darin
    Plextronics Inc, Pittsburgh, PA 15238 USA .
    Tuladhar, Sachetan M
    University London Imperial Coll Science Technology and Med, Department Phys, Blackett Lab, London SW7 2AZ, England .
    Dane, Justin G A
    University London Imperial Coll Science Technology and Med, Department Phys, Blackett Lab, London SW7 2AZ, England .
    Atienzar, Pedro
    University London Imperial Coll Science Technology and Med, Department Phys, Blackett Lab, London SW7 2AZ, England .
    Nelson, Jenny
    University London Imperial Coll Science Technology and Med, Department Phys, Blackett Lab, London SW7 2AZ, England .
    Kroon, Jan M
    ECN Solar Energy, NL-1755 ZG Petten, Netherlands .
    Wienk, Martijn M
    Eindhoven University Technology, Lab Macromol and Organ Chemistry, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands .
    Janssen, Rene A J
    Eindhoven University Technology, Lab Macromol and Organ Chemistry, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands .
    Tvingstedt, Kristofer
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lira-Cantu, Monica
    Centre Invest Nanociencia and Nanotecnol, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain .
    de Bettignies, Remi
    CEA INES DRI, Lab Composants Solaires, F-73377 Le Bourget Du lac, France .
    Guillerez, Stephane
    CEA INES DRI, Lab Composants Solaires, F-73377 Le Bourget Du lac, France .
    Aernouts, Tom
    IMEC, PV Department, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium .
    Cheyns, David
    IMEC, PV Department, B-3001 Louvain, Belgium .
    Lutsen, Laurence
    IMEC, IMOMEC, B-3590 Diepenbeek, Belgium .
    Zimmermann, Birger
    Fraunhofer Institute Solare Energiesyst ISE, Department Mat Research and Appl Opt, D-79110 Freiburg, Germany .
    Wuerfel, Uli
    Fraunhofer Institute Solare Energiesyst ISE, Department Mat Research and Appl Opt, D-79110 Freiburg, Germany .
    Niggemann, Michael
    Fraunhofer Institute Solare Energiesyst ISE, Department Mat Research and Appl Opt, D-79110 Freiburg, Germany .
    Schleiermacher, Hans-Frieder
    Fraunhofer Institute Solare Energiesyst ISE, Department Mat Research and Appl Opt, D-79110 Freiburg, Germany .
    Liska, Paul
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, LPI, Institute Chemistry Science and Engn, Fac Basic Science, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland .
    Graetzel, Michael
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, LPI, Institute Chemistry Science and Engn, Fac Basic Science, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland .
    Lianos, Panagiotis
    University Patras, Department Engn Science, Patras 26500, Greece .
    Katz, Eugene A
    Ben Gurion University Negev, Jacob Blaustein Institute Desert Research, Department Solar Energy and Environm Phys, IL-84990 Sede Boqer, Israel .
    Lohwasser, Wolfgang
    Alcan Packaging Singen GmbH, D-78221 Singen, Germany .
    Jannon, Bertrand
    Alcan Packaging Singen GmbH, D-78221 Singen, Germany .
    A round robin study of flexible large-area roll-to-roll processed polymer solar cell modules2009In: SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, ISSN 0927-0248, Vol. 93, no 11, p. 1968-1977Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A round robin for the performance of roll-to-roll coated flexible large-area polymer solar-cell modules involving 18 different laboratories in Northern America, Europe and Middle East is presented. The study involved the performance measurement of the devices at one location (Riso DTU) followed by transportation to a participating laboratory for performance measurement and return to the starting location (Riso DTU) for re-measurement of the performance. It was found possible to package polymer solar-cell modules using a flexible plastic barrier material in such a manner that degradation of the devices played a relatively small role in the experiment that has taken place over 4 months. The method of transportation followed both air-mail and surface-mail paths.

  • 310.
    Kroon, Renee
    et al.
    University of S Australia, Australia Chalmers, Sweden .
    Diaz de Zerio Mendaza, Amaia
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Himmelberger, Scott
    Stanford University, CA 94305 USA .
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Backe, Olof
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Couto Faria, Gregorio
    Stanford University, CA 94305 USA University of Sao Paulo, Brazil .
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Obaid, Abdulmalik
    Wake Forest University, NC 27106 USA .
    Zhuang, Wenliu
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Gedefaw, Desta
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Olsson, Eva
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Salleo, Alberto
    Stanford University, CA 94305 USA .
    Muller, Christian
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Andersson, Mats R.
    University of S Australia, Australia Chalmers, Sweden .
    A New Tetracyclic Lactam Building Block for Thick, Broad-Bandgap Photovoltaics2014In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 136, no 33, p. 11578-11581Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A new tetracyclic lactam building block for polymer semiconductors is reported that was designed to combine the many favorable properties that larger fused and/or amide-containing building blocks can induce, including improved solid-state packing, high charge carrier mobility, and improved charge separation. Copolymerization with thiophene resulted in a semicrystalline conjugated polymer, PTNT, with a broad bandgap of 2.2 eV. Grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering of PTNT thin films revealed a strong tendency for face-on pi-stacking of the polymer backbone, which was retained in PTNT:firllerene blends. Corresponding solar cells featured a high open-circuit voltage of 0.9 V, a fill factor around 0.6, and a power conversion efficiency as high as 596 for greater than200 nm thick active layers, regardless of variations in blend stoichiometry and nanostructure. Moreover, efficiencies of greater than4% could be retained when thick active layers of similar to 400 rim were employed. Overall, these values are the highest reported for a conjugated polymer with such a broad bandgap and are unprecedented in materials for tandem and particularly ternary blend photovoltaics. Hence, the newly developed tetracyclic lactam unit has significant potential as a conjugated building block in future organic electronic materials.

  • 311.
    Kroon, Renee
    et al.
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Gehlhaar, Robert
    IMEC VZW, Belgium .
    Steckler, Timothy T
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Henriksson, Patrik
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Muller, Christian
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hadipour, Afshin
    IMEC VZW, Belgium .
    Heremans, Paul
    IMEC VZW, Belgium .
    Andersson, Mats R
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    New quinoxaline and pyridopyrazine-based polymers for solution-processable photovoltaics2012In: Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, E-ISSN 1879-3398, Vol. 105, p. 280-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The recently published quinoxaline/thiophene-based polymer TQ1 has been modified on its acceptor unit, either altering the acceptor strength by incorporating a pyridopyrazine, substitution of the acceptor-hydrogens by fluorine, or substitution of the alkoxy side chain by alkyl. The changes in physical, electronic and device properties are discussed. For the polymers incorporating the stronger acceptors a decreased performance is found, where in both cases the current in the devices is compromised. Incorporation of the pyridopyrazine-based acceptor seems to result in more severe or additional loss mechanisms compared to the polymer that incorporates the fluorine atoms. A similar performing material is obtained when changing the alkoxy side chain in TQ1 to an alkyl, where the solar cell performance is mainly improved on the fill factor. It is demonstrated that the standard TQ1 structure is easily modified in a number of ways, showing the versatility and robustness of the standard TQ1 structure and synthesis. (c) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 312.
    Kroon, Renee
    et al.
    University of S Australia, Australia; Chalmers, Sweden.
    Melianas, Armantas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhuang, Wenliu
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Diaz de Zerio Mendaza, Amaia
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Steckler, Timothy T.
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Yu, Liyang
    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia.
    Bradley, Siobhan J.
    University of S Australia, Australia.
    Musumeci, Chiara
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gedefaw, Desta
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Nann, Thomas
    University of S Australia, Australia.
    Amassian, Aram
    King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia.
    Muller, Christian
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Mats R.
    University of S Australia, Australia; Chalmers, Sweden.
    Comparison of selenophene and thienothiophene incorporation into pentacyclic lactam-based conjugated polymers for organic solar cells2015In: Polymer Chemistry, ISSN 1759-9954, E-ISSN 1759-9962, Vol. 6, no 42, p. 7402-7409Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we compare the effect of incorporating selenophene versus thienothiophene spacers into pentacyclic lactam-based conjugated polymers for organic solar cells. The two cyclic lactam-based copolymers were obtained via a new synthetic method for the lactam moiety. Selenophene incorporation results in a broader and red-shifted optical absorption while retaining a deep highest occupied molecular orbital level, whereas thienothienophene incorporation results in a blue-shifted optical absorption. Additionally, grazing-incidence wide angle X-ray scattering data indicates edge- and face-on solid state order for the selenophene-based polymer as compared to the thienothiophene-based polymer, which orders predominantly edge-on with respect to the substrate. In polymer : PC71BM bulk heterojunction solar cells both materials show a similar open-circuit voltage of similar to 0.80-0.84 V, however the selenophene-based polymer displays a higher fill factor of similar to 0.70 vs. similar to 0.65. This is due to the partial face-on backbone orientation of the selenophene-based polymer, leading to a higher hole mobility, as confirmed by single-carrier diode measurements, and a concomitantly higher fill factor. Combined with improved spectral coverage of the selenophene-based polymer, as confirmed by quantum efficiency experiments, it offers a larger short-circuit current density of similar to 12 mA cm(-2). Despite the relatively low molecular weight of both materials, a very robust power conversion efficiency similar to 7% is achieved for the selenophene-based polymer, while the thienothiophene-based polymer demonstrates only a moderate maximum PCE of similar to 5.5%. Hence, the favorable effects of selenophene incorporation on the photovoltaic performance of pentacyclic lactam-based conjugated polymers are clearly demonstrated.

  • 313.
    Kumawat, Naresh Kumar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xiaoke
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Kabra, Dinesh
    Indian Inst Technol, India.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Blue perovskite light-emitting diodes: progress, challenges and future directions2019In: Nanoscale, ISSN 2040-3364, E-ISSN 2040-3372, Vol. 11, no 5, p. 2109-2120Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal halide perovskites have excellent optical and electrical properties and can be easily processed via low-cost solution-based techniques like blade-coating and inkjet printing, promising a bright future for various optoelectronic applications. Recently, encouraging progress has been made in perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). Green, red, and near-infrared PeLEDs have achieved high external quantum efficiencies of more than 20%. However, as historically blue electroluminescence remains challenging in all previous LED technologies, we are witnessing a similar case with the development of blue PeLEDs, an essential part of displays and solid-state lighting, which lag far behind those of their counterparts. Herein, we review the recent progress of blue PeLEDs and discuss the main challenges including colour instability, poor photoluminescence efficiency and emission quenching by interlayers. Future directions are provided to facilitate the development of efficient blue PeLEDs.

  • 314.
    Kumawat, Naresh Kumar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Yuan, Zhongcheng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Metal Doping/Alloying of Cesium Lead Halide Perovskite Nanocrystals and their Applications in Light-Emitting Diodes with Enhanced Efficiency and Stability2019In: Israel Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 0021-2148, Vol. 59, no 8, p. 695-707Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Metal halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have demonstrated great advances for light-emitting diodes (LEDs) applications, owing to their excellent optical, electrical properties and cost-effective solution-processing potentials. Tremendous progress has been made in perovskite NCs-based LEDs during the past several years, with the external quantum efficiency (EQE) boosted to over 20 %. Recently, metal doping/alloying strategy has been explored to finely tune the optoelectronic properties and enhance material stability of perovskite NCs, leading to further improved device efficiency and stability of the obtained perovskite NCs-based LEDs. In this review, we summarize recent progress on the metal doping/alloying of perovskite NCs and their applications in LEDs. We focus on the effects of different metal doping strategies on the structural and optoelectronic properties of the perovskite NCs. In addition, several works on high-performance LEDs based on metal doped/alloyed perovskite NCs with different light emission colours are highlighted. Finally, we present an outlook on employing metal doping/alloying strategies to further improve the device efficiency and stability of LEDs based on perovskite NCs.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-05-03 11:34
  • 315.
    Kupis-Rozmyslowicz, Justyna
    et al.
    AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland.
    Wagner, Michal
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bobacka, Johan
    Abo Akad University, Finland.
    Lewenstam, Andrzej
    AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland; Abo Akad University, Finland.
    Migdalski, Jan
    AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland.
    Biomimetic membranes based on molecularly imprinted conducting polymers as a sensing element for determination of taurine2016In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 1873-3859, Vol. 188, p. 537-544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Molecularly Imprinted Conducting Polymer based films (MICP films) devoted for the taurine determination is described. MICP films were electrodeposited from an aqueous solution containing 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene, acetic acid thiophene, fiavin mononucleotide, and taurine. The presence of taurine inside freshly deposited MICP films as well as absence of taurine in the outer layer of the MICP film after extraction process was confirmed by the XPS spectra. It was found that after taurine extraction, MICP films can be used as a potentiometric sensor giving close to Nernstian response towards taurine equal to 53.8 +/- 2.6 mV/p[taurine] in the concentration range 10(-2) to 10(-4) mol.dm(-3). (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 316.
    Kylberg, William
    et al.
    Empa.
    Sonar, Prashant
    ASTAR.
    Heier, Jakob
    Empa.
    Tisserant, Jean-Nicolas
    Empa.
    Müller, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nueesch, Frank
    Empa.
    Chen, Zhi-Kuan
    ASTAR.
    Dodabalapur, Ananth
    University of Texas Austin.
    Yoon, Songhak
    Empa.
    Hany, Roland
    Empa.
    Synthesis, thin-film morphology, and comparative study of bulk and bilayer heterojunction organic photovoltaic devices using soluble diketopyrrolopyrrole molecules2011In: Energy & Environmental Science, ISSN 1754-5692, E-ISSN 1754-5706, Vol. 4, no 9, p. 3617-3624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP)-based organic semiconductors EH-DPP-TFP and EH-DPP-TFPV with branched ethyl-hexyl solubilizing alkyl chains and end capped with trifluoromethyl phenyl groups were designed and synthesized via Suzuki coupling. These compounds show intense absorptions up to 700 nm, and thin film-forming characteristics that sensitively depend on the solvent and coating conditions. Both materials have been used as electron donors in bulk heterojunction and bilayer organic photovoltaic (OPV) devices with fullerenes as acceptors and their performance has been studied in detail. The best power conversion efficiency of 3.3% under AM1.5G illumination (100 mW cm(-2)) was achieved for bilayer solar cells when EH-DPP-TFPV was used with C(60), after a thermal annealing step to induce dye aggregation and interdiffusion of C(60) with the donor material. To date, this is one of the highest efficiencies reported for simple bilayer OPV devices.

  • 317. Lacic, Sasa
    et al.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Modeling electrical transport in blend heterojunction organic solar cells2005In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 97, p. 12490-1-142490-7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 318.
    Lan, Yang
    et al.
    McGill Univ, Canada.
    Dringoli, Benjamin J.
    McGill Univ, Canada.
    Valverde-Chavez, David A.
    McGill Univ, Canada.
    Ponseca, Carlito
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sutton, Mark
    McGill Univ, Canada.
    He, Yihui
    Northwestern Univ, IL 60208 USA.
    Kanatzidis, Mercouri G.
    Northwestern Univ, IL 60208 USA.
    Cooke, David G.
    McGill Univ, Canada.
    Ultrafast correlated charge and lattice motion in a hybrid metal halide perovskite2019In: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 5, no 5, article id eaaw5558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskites have shown remarkable optoelectronic properties, exhibiting an impressive tolerance to defects believed to originate from correlated motion of charge carriers and the polar lattice forming large polarons. Few experimental techniques are capable of directly probing these correlations, requiring simultaneous sub-millielectron volt energy and femtosecond temporal resolution after absorption of a photon. Here, we use time-resolved multi-THz spectroscopy, sensitive to the internal excitations of the polaron, to temporally and energetically resolve the coherent coupling of charges to longitudinal optical phonons in single-crystal CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPI). We observe room temperature intraband quantum beats arising from the coherent displacement of charge from the coupled phonon cloud. Our measurements provide strong evidence for the existence of polarons in MAPI at room temperature, suggesting that electron/hole-phonon coupling is a defining aspect of the hybrid metal-halide perovskites contributing to the protection from scattering and enhanced carrier lifetimes that define their usefulness in devices.

  • 319.
    Leiqiang, Qin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tao, Quanzheng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    El Ghazaly, Ahmed
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fernandez-Rodriguez, Julia
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Persson, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rosén, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    High-Performance Ultrathin Flexible Solid-State Supercapacitors Based on Solution Processable Mo1.33C MXene and PEDOT:PSS2018In: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 28, no 2, article id 1703808Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MXenes, a young family of 2D transition metal carbides/nitrides, show great potential in electrochemical energy storage applications. Herein, a high performance ultrathin flexible solid-state supercapacitor is demonstrated based on a Mo1.33C MXene with vacancy ordering in an aligned layer structure MXene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonic acid) (PEDOT:PSS) composite film posttreated with concentrated H2SO4. The flexible solid-state supercapacitor delivers a maximum capacitance of 568 F cm-3, an ultrahigh energy density of 33.2 mWh cm-3 and a power density of 19 470 mW cm-3. The Mo1.33C MXene/PEDOT:PSS composite film shows a reduction in resistance upon H2SO4 treatment, a higher capacitance (1310 F cm-3) and improved rate capabilities than both pristine Mo1.33C MXene and the nontreated Mo1.33C/PEDOT:PSS composite films. The enhanced capacitance and stability are attributed to the synergistic effect of increased interlayer spacing between Mo1.33C MXene layers due to insertion of conductive PEDOT, and surface redox processes of the PEDOT and the MXene.

  • 320.
    Li, Cheng
    et al.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Chao
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China; Hebei Univ, Peoples R China.
    Guo, Yiting
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yingzhi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Yao, Nannan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wu, Yonggang
    Hebei Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Li, Weiwei
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China; Beijing Univ Chem Technol, Peoples R China.
    A diketopyrrolopyrrole-based macrocyclic conjugated molecule for organic electronics2019In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, ISSN 2050-7526, E-ISSN 2050-7534, Vol. 7, no 13, p. 3802-3810Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, the first diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) based donor-acceptor macrocyclic conjugated molecule was developed and its application in organic electronics was systematically studied. Macrocyclic molecules, as a fragment of armchair carbon nanotubes, have emerged as functional materials in materials chemistry, but the materials are always limited to cycloparaphenylenes. Using the donor-acceptor design strategy that has been widely used in high performance conjugated polymers for macrocyclic molecules, it will significantly broaden their species with tunable optical and electrical properties. Herein, we synthesize a well-defined macrocyclic molecule containing four electron-deficient DPP units alternating with electron-rich thiophenes. The new molecule was found to show high solubility, near-infrared absorption spectra and 3D charge transport properties. The new macrocyclic molecule as an electron acceptor was applied to non-fullerene organic solar cells, exhibiting an initial efficiency of 0.49%, while the linear molecule with a similar backbone only showed a very low efficiency of 0.03%. Our results demonstrate that donor-acceptor macrocyclic conjugated materials have great potential application in organic electronics.

  • 321.
    Li, Fenghong
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Graziosi, Patrizio
    Istituto per lo Studio di Materiali Nanostrutturati–Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (ISMN-CNR), Bologna, Italy.
    Tang, Qun
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhan, Yiqiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Dediu, Valentin
    Istituto per lo Studio di Materiali Nanostrutturati–Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (ISMN-CNR), Bologna, Italy.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Electronic structure and molecular orientation of pentacene thin films on ferromagnetic La0.7Sr0.3MnO32010In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 81, no 20, p. 205415-1-205415-6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pentacene thin films deposited on a ferromagnetic electrode, La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO), have been studied using near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS), ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (UPS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Here we present electronic structure and molecular orientation of pentacene thin film on LSMO. No evidence related to covalent bonding or significant charge transfer between pentacene and LSMO has been found in the NEXAFS or UPS results. UPS measurements suggest that the vertical ionization potential of pentacene on LSMO is 4.9 eV. Our results extracted from NEXAFS indicate that molecular long axis of pentacene stands on the LSMO substrate surface with a tilt angle of about 22 degrees +/- 2 degrees between the main molecular axis and the substrate surface normal. AFM images show the terracelike crystalline grain formed by stacking pentacene crystalline layers and a rough crystal-layer spacing of 14-15 angstrom. Findings deduced from UPS, NEXAFS, and AFM consistently demonstrate that pentacene stands on LSMO with a tilt angle.

  • 322.
    Li, Fenghong
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhou, Yi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Sensor Science and Molecular Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhan, Yiqiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tuning Work Function of Noble Metals As Promising Cathodes in Organic Electronic Devices2009In: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, ISSN 0897-4756, Vol. 21, no 13, p. 2798-2802Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work function (WF) modification of metal electrodes by adsorbing electron-rich or electron-deficient molecules oil metal surfaces has become a field of significant interest. The barrier for charge carrier injection in organic semiconductor devices can be reduced by molecular adsorption, leading to all interfacial dipole. Here, we demonstrate that the WF of noble metals such as ALL call be decreased significantly by adsorbing air stable n-type dopant acridine orange base (AOB) thin film. When a (sub)monolayer AOB is deposited on sputter-cleaned Au, the WF of the substrate changes from 5.2 to 3.5 eV. At complete coverage of the Au Surface, the WF is further reduced to 3.3 eV. When a (sub) monolayer of AOB is inserted between Au and C-60 thin film, the barrier of electron injection is decreased by 0.4 +/- 0.1 eV as compared to an Au-C-60 interface without AOB. Polymer solar cells with AOB/Au as a cathode have a similar open circuit voltage and comparable power conversion efficiency with devices using LiF/Al as a cathode, demonstrating that the AOB-modified gold electrode is an efficient low-work-function contact. Given the low positive pinning energy of 3.3 eV for AOB, we expect that other conventional high-work-function materials (Ag, ITO. La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and even PEDOT:PSS) can be modified by AOB as effectively as Au.

  • 323.
    Li, Guangru
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Wisnivesky Rocca Rivarola, Florencia
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Davis, Nathaniel J. L. K.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Jellicoe, Tom C.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    de la Pena, Francisco
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Hou, Shaocong
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Ducati, Caterina
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Friend, Richard H.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Greenham, Neil C.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Tan, Zhi-Kuang
    University of Cambridge, England; National University of Singapore, Singapore; National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Highly Efficient Perovskite Nanocrystal Light-Emitting Diodes Enabled by a Universal Crosslinking Method2016In: Advanced Materials, ISSN 0935-9648, E-ISSN 1521-4095, Vol. 28, no 18, p. 3528-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The preparation of highly efficient perovskite nanocrystal light-emitting diodes is shown. A new trimethylaluminum vapor-based crosslinking method to render the nanocrystal films insoluble is applied. The resulting near-complete nanocrystal film coverage, coupled with the natural confinement of injected charges within the perovskite crystals, facilitates electron-hole capture and give rise to a remarkable electroluminescence yield of 5.7%.

  • 324.
    Li, Liyuan
    et al.
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China; Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Lu, Feixue
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China; Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Chao
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liang, Weihua
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Kuga, Shigenori
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Dong, Zhichao
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Yang
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Yong
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Min
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Flexible double-cross-linked cellulose-based hydrogel and aerogel membrane for supercapacitor separator2018In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 6, no 47, p. 24468-24478Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cellulose-based flexible double-cross-linked hydrogel with hierarchical porosity (max. 80%) was obtained by a facile solution-phase method by using polydopamine (PDA) as a crosslinker between cellulose and polyacrylamide (PAM). The investigation on the ratio of dopamine/acrylamide (DA/AM) reveals that the - stacking of the catechol groups in PDA and the abundant hydrogen bonds distributed in the gel network exert key effects on the hydrogels mechanical properties. At the premium ratio of 0.4 (C-4-DM-40), the mechanical and self-healing properties of the hydrogel are superior to those of other hydrogels. Fe3+-functionalizing endows the hydrogel with enhanced conductivity and sensitivity, as evidenced by the 3-fold increase in resistance variation (R/R-0) in a finger-bending monitoring test. An electric double layer supercapacitor using the KOH-saturated C-4-DM-40 aerogel membrane as a polymer electrolyte presents high capacitance of 172 F g(-1) at 1.0 A g(-1) and long cycling life of 10000 cycles with 84.7% capacitance retention due to electrolyte retention of 548.6%. Remarkably, an integrated micro-supercapacitor is fabricated by directly depositing activated carbon materials onto the C-4-DM-40 hydrogel membrane. The device shows areal capacitance of 275.8 mF cm(-2) and volumetric capacitance of 394.1 F cm(-3) at 10 mV s(-1). These findings suggest that the multi-functional cellulose-based hydrogels reported in this study display various potentials for practical applications not only in human health monitoring but also in portable and energy-storage devices.

  • 325.
    Li, P. L.
    et al.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Yao, X. Y.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhao, C.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Yin, K. B.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Weng, Y. Y.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Liu, J.-M.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Ren, Z. F.
    Nanjing University, MA 02467 USA.
    Preparation of aligned Ca3Co2O6 nanorods and their steplike magnetization2007In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 91, no 4, p. 042505-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Well-aligned Ca3Co2O6 nanorods (similar to 300 nm in length and similar to 40 nm in diameter) on Si substrates are prepared by pulsed laser deposition. The steplike magnetization feature as identified in bulk Ca3Co2O6 can be retained in the nanorods in spite of the enhanced distortion of the magnetically ordered spin chains due to the finite size effect. The out-of-plane magnetization value is slightly larger than the in-plane value, which shows the small magnetic anisotropy. An additional distinct transition at 54 K associated with the spin frustration is revealed, different from the bulk samples. (C) 2007 American Institute of Physics.

  • 326.
    Li, P. L.
    et al.
    Nanjing University, Peoples R China.
    Yao, X. Y.
    Nanjing University, Peoples R China.
    Wang, K. F.
    Nanjing University, Peoples R China.
    Lu, C. L.
    Nanjing University, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Liu, J. -M.
    Nanjing University, Peoples R China.
    Steplike magnetocapacitance and dielectric relaxation in spin frustrated Ca(3)Co(2)O(6)2008In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 104, no 5, p. 054111-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dielectric relaxation and magnetocapacitance effect of one-dimensional spin frustrated compound Ca(3)Co(2)O(6) are investigated. The steplike magnetocapacitance effect is observed and one to one corresponds to the steplike magnetization. We explain this phenomenon from the spin configuration dependent dielectric response. The simulation results using the Monte Carlo method are in good agreement with experimental data at low temperature. The close correspondence between the magnetic and dielectric properties indicates that the coupling is the intrinsic character of Ca(3)Co(2)O. The steplike magnetocapacitance effect may find potential applications in data storage and sensors. (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics.

  • 327.
    Li, Songjun
    et al.
    Cranfield University.
    Tiwari, Ashutosh
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Dedication and prominence: 31 years in ‘Biosensors and bioelectronics’: Dedicated to Professor Anthony P.F. Turner’s 61st birthday in Advanced Materials Letters2011In: Advanced Materials Letters, ISSN 0976-3961, E-ISSN 0976-397X, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 84-89Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The name Anthony P. F. Turner, biosensor pioneer, is often considered synonymous with his chosen field. This 5th June will be his 61st birthday. We track here his professional footprint, in order to celebrate his upcoming birthday and to commemorate his 31-years of dedication to biosensors. Commemorating this pioneer‟s achievements is a multidisciplinary celebration of his prominent contribution to biotechnology, chemistry, biomaterials and nanotechnology.

  • 328.
    Li, Wei
    et al.
    Chalmers, Sweden; S China University of Technology, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Daojuan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Suhao
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ma, Wei
    Xi An Jiao Tong University, Peoples R China.
    Hedstrom, Svante
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ian James, David
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Xu, Xiaofeng
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Persson, Petter
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Fabiano, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Huang, Fei
    S China University of Technology, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Ergang
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    One-Step Synthesis of Precursor Oligomers for Organic Photovoltaics: A Comparative Study between Polymers and Small Molecules2015In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 7, no 49, p. 27106-27114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two series of oligomers TQ and rhodanine end-capped TQ-DR were synthesized using a facile one-step method. Their optical, electrical, and thermal properties and photovoltaic performances were systematically investigated and compared. The TQ series of oligomers were found to be amorphous, whereas the TQ-DR series are semicrystalline. For the TQ oligomers, the results obtained in solar cells show that as the chain length of the oligomers increases, an increase in power conversion efficiency (PCE) is obtained. However, when introducing 3-ethylrhodanine into the TQ oligomers as end groups, the PCE of the TQ-DR series of oligomers decreases as the chain length increases. Moreover, the TQ-DR series of oligomers give much higher performances compared to the original amorphous TQ series of oligomers owing to the improved extinction coefficient (epsilon) and crystallinity afforded by the rhodanine. In particular, the highly crystalline oligomer TQ5-DR, which has the shortest conjugation length shows a high hole mobility of 0.034 cm(2) V-1 s(-1) and a high PCE of 3.14%, which is the highest efficiency out of all of the six oligomers. The structure-property correlations for all of the oligomers and the TQ1 polymer demonstrate that structural control of enhanced intermolecular interactions and crystallinity is a key for small molecules/oligomers to achieve high mobilities, which is an essential requirement for use in OPVs.

  • 329.
    Li, Weiwei
    et al.
    CAS, Inst Chem, Lab Polymer Phys & Chem, Beijing .
    Du, Chun
    CAS, Inst Chem, Lab Polymer Phys & Chem, Beijing .
    Li, Fenghong
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhou, Yi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bo, Zhishan
    CAS, Institute Chemistry, Lab Polymer Phys & Chemistry, Beijing .
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Benzothiadiazole-Based Linear and Star Molecules: Design, Synthesis, and Their Application in Bulk Heterojunction Organic Solar Cells2009In: CHEMISTRY OF MATERIALS, ISSN 0897-4756, Vol. 21, no 21, p. 5327-5334Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Star molecules have many advantages, such as monodispersity, excellent solubility, and vast structures with different functional groups. A set of four-arm star molecules with benzothiadiazole as the core, oligothiophene its the arm, and triphenylamine its the end group and their linear counterparts were designed and synthesized Organic solar cells (OSCs) fabricated with these star molecules and [6,6]-phenyl C-71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) by spin-coating from solution demonstrate similar short circuit current density (J(sc)) and fill factor (FF) but larger open circuit voltage (V-oc) in comparison With solar cells fabricated with corresponding linear molecules and PC71BM A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 18%, with J(sc) = 4.9 mA/cm(2), V-oc = 0 92 V, and FF = 0 41 was achieved with one of these star molecules

  • 330.
    Li, Weiwei
    et al.
    Chinese Academy of Science.
    Qin, Ruiping
    Beijing Normal University.
    Zhou, Yi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Li, Fenghong
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhang, Chi
    Chinese Academy of Science.
    Li, Binsong
    Chinese Academy of Science.
    Liu, Zhengping
    Beijing Normal University.
    Bo, Zhishan
    Chinese Academy of Science.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tailoring side chains of low band gap polymers for high efficiency polymer solar cells2010In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 51, no 14, p. 3031-3038Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High efficiency organic solar cells (OSCs) require conjugated polymers with a low band gap, broad absorption in visible and IR region, high carrier mobility, and relatively high molecular weight as p-type donor materials. Flexible side chains on the rigid polymer backbone are crucial for the solubility of conjugated polymers. In this work, four polymers with the main chain structure of fluorene-thiophene-benzothiadiazole-thiophene and flexible side chains located on fluorene, thiophene, and benzothiadiazole moiety, respectively, have been synthesized by Suzuki-Miyaura-Schluter polycondensation. Photovoltaic device measurements with a device configuration of ITO/polymer:PC71BM blends/LiF/Al show that P1 carrying octyloxy chains on benzothiadiazole rings gives the best performance, with a power conversion efficiency of 3.1%.

  • 331.
    Li, Weiwei
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhou, Yi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Viktor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Thomann, Yi
    Freiburg Material Research Centre, Germany.
    Veit, Clemens
    Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, Germany.
    Tvingstedt, Kristofer
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Qin, Ruiping
    Beijing Normal University, China.
    Bo, Zhishan
    Beijing Normal University, China.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wuerfel, Uli
    Freiburg Material Research Centre, Germany.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The Effect of additive on performance and shelf-stability of HSX-1/PCBM photovoltaic devices2011In: Organic electronics, ISSN 1566-1199, E-ISSN 1878-5530, Vol. 12, no 9, p. 1544-1551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How 1,8-diiodooctane (DIO) enhances performance of polymer solar cells based on polymer HXS-1 and fullerene [6,6]-phenyl C(71)-butyric acid methyl ester (PC(71)BM) from 3.6% to 5.4% is scrutinized with several techniques by comparing devices or blend films spin-coated from dichlorobenzene (DCB) to those from DCB/DIO (97.5:2.5 v/v). Morphology of blend films is examined with atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and electron tomography (3-D TEM), respectively. Charge generation and recombination is studied with photoluminescence, and charge transport with field effect transistors. The morphology with domain size in 10-20 nm and vertical elongated clusters formed in DIO system is supposed to facilitate charge transport and minimize charge carrier recombination, which are the main reasons for enhancing power conversion efficiency (PCE) from 3.6% (without DIO) to 5.4% (with DIO). Furthermore, a two year inspection shows no significant impact of DIO on the shelf-stability of the solar cells. No visible degradation in the second year indicates that the morphology of the active layers in the devices is relatively stable after initial relaxation in the first year.

  • 332.
    Li, Xiaodong
    et al.
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Xueyan
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Wenjun
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Yulei
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fang, Junfeng
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    The effect of external electric field on the performance of perovskite solar cells2015In: Organic electronics, ISSN 1566-1199, E-ISSN 1878-5530, Vol. 18, p. 107-112Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells were fabricated through a low temperature approach. We find that the device performance significantly depends on the external bias before and during measurements. By appropriate optimization of the bias conditions, we could achieve an 8-fold increase in the power conversion efficiency. The significant improvement in device performance might be caused by the ion motion in the perovskite under the external electric field.

  • 333.
    Li, Xiaodong
    et al.
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Wenjun
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Xueyan
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fang, Junfeng
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Disodium Edetate As a Promising Interfacial Material for Inverted Organic Solar Cells and the Device Performance Optimization2014In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, ISSN 1944-8244, E-ISSN 1944-8252, Vol. 6, no 23, p. 20569-20573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Disodium edetate (EDTA-Na), a popular hexadentate ligand in analytical chemistry, was successfully introduced in organic solar cells (OSCs) as cathode interfacial layer. The inverted OSCs with EDTA-Na showed superior performance both in power conversion efficiency and devices stability compared with conventional devices. Interestingly, we found that the performance of devices with EDTA-Na could be optimized through external bias treatment. After optimization, the efficiency of inverted OSCs with device structure of ITO/EDTA-Na/polymer thieno[3,4-b]thiophene/benzodithiophene (PTB7):PC71BM/MoO3/Al was significantly increased to 8.33% from an initial value of 6.75%. This work introduces a new class of interlayer materials, small molecule electrolytes, for organic solar cells.

  • 334.
    Li, Xiaodong
    et al.
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Wenjun
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Xueyan
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Yulei
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fang, Junfeng
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Critical role of the external bias in improving the performance of polymer solar cells with a small molecule electrolyte interlayer2015In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 504-508Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A small-molecule electrolyte based on the popular ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA-N) is introduced as an efficient cathode interlayer in inverted polymer solar cells, helping to deliver power conversion efficiency over 9%. The strong dependence of device performance on the external bias suggests that the ion motion plays a critical role in improving the performance of devices with electrolyte interlayers.

  • 335.
    Li, Yongxi
    et al.
    Soochow University, Peoples R China; Soochow University, Peoples R China; Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Xiaodong
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Fu-Peng
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Zhou, Yi
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Jiang, Zuo-Quan
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Song, Bo
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Xia, Yuxin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhang, Zhi-Guo
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Li, Yongfang
    Soochow University, Peoples R China; Soochow University, Peoples R China; Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Liao, Liang-Sheng
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Non-fullerene acceptor with low energy loss and high external quantum efficiency: towards high performance polymer solar cells2016In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 4, no 16, p. 5890-5897Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A non-fullerene electron acceptor bearing a fused 10-heterocyclic ring (indacenodithiophenoindacenodithiophene) with a narrow band gap (similar to 1.5 eV) was designed and synthesized. It possesses excellent planarity and enhanced effective conjugation length compared to previously reported fused-ring electron acceptors. When this acceptor was paired with PTB7-Th and applied in polymer solar cells, a power conversion efficiency of 6.5% was achieved with a high open circuit voltage of 0.94 V. More significantly, an energy loss as low as 0.59 eV and an external quantum efficiency as high as 63% were obtained simultaneously.

  • 336.
    Li, Yongxi
    et al.
    Soochow University, Peoples R China; Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Qian, Deping
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhong, Lian
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Lin, Jiu-Dong
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Jiang, Zuo-Quan
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Zhi-Guo
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Zhanjun
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; University of Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Li, Yongfang
    Soochow University, Peoples R China; Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Liao, Liang-Sheng
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A fused-ring based electron acceptor for efficient non-fullerene polymer solar cells with small HOMO offset2016In: NANO ENERGY, ISSN 2211-2855, Vol. 27, p. 430-438Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A non-fullerene electron acceptor bearing a novel backbone with fused 10-heterocyclic ring (in-dacenodithiopheno-indacenodiselenophene), denoted by IDTIDSe-IC is developed for fullerene free polymer solar cells. IDTIDSe-IC exhibits a low band gap (E-g=1.52 eV) and strong absorption in the 600850 nm region. Combining with a large band gap polymer J51 (E-g=1.91 eV) as donor, broad absorption coverage from 300 nm to 800 nm is obtained due to complementary absorption of J51 and IDTIDSe-IC, which enables a high PCE of 8.02% with a V-oc of 0.91 V, a J(SC) of 15.16 mA/cm(2) and a FF of 58.0% in the corresponding PSCs. Moreover, the EQE of 50-65% is achieved in the absorption range of IDTIDSe-IC with only about 0.1 eV HOMO difference between J51 and IDTIDSe-IC. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 337.
    Li, Zaifang
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Hengda
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hsiao, Ching-Lien
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Yao, Yulong
    Univ Kentucky, KY 40506 USA.
    Xiao, Yiqun
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Shahi, Maryam
    Univ Kentucky, KY 40506 USA.
    Jin, Yingzhi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Cruce, Alex
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liu, Xianjie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Jiang, Youyu
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Meng, Wei
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Qin, Fei
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China.
    Ederth, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Molecular Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fabiano, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chen, Weimin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Surface Physics and Chemistry. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Lu, Xinhui
    Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Brill, Joseph W.
    Univ Kentucky, KY 40506 USA.
    Zhou, Yinhua
    Huazhong Univ Sci and Technol, Peoples R China; South China Univ Technol, Peoples R China.
    Crispin, Xavier
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A Free-Standing High-Output Power Density Thermoelectric Device Based on Structure-Ordered PEDOT:PSS2018In: Advanced Electronic Materials, ISSN 2199-160X, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 1700496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A free-standing high-output power density polymeric thermoelectric (TE) device is realized based on a highly conductive (approximate to 2500 S cm(-1)) structure-ordered poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrene sulfonate film (denoted as FS-PEDOT:PSS) with a Seebeck coefficient of 20.6 mu V K-1, an in-plane thermal conductivity of 0.64 W m(-1) K-1, and a peak power factor of 107 mu W K-2 m(-1) at room temperature. Under a small temperature gradient of 29 K, the TE device demonstrates a maximum output power density of 99 +/- 18.7 mu W cm(-2), which is the highest value achieved in pristine PEDOT:PSS based TE devices. In addition, a fivefold output power is demonstrated by series connecting five devices into a flexible thermoelectric module. The simplicity of assembling the films into flexible thermoelectric modules, the low out-of-plane thermal conductivity of 0.27 W m(-1) K-1, and free-standing feature indicates the potential to integrate the FS-PEDOT:PSS TE modules with textiles to power wearable electronics by harvesting human bodys heat. In addition to the high power factor, the high thermal stability of the FS-PEDOT:PSS films up to 250 degrees C is confirmed by in situ temperature-dependent X-ray diffraction and grazing incident wide angle X-ray scattering, which makes the FS-PEDOT:PSS films promising candidates for thermoelectric applications.

  • 338.
    Li, Zhaojun
    et al.
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Xu, Xiaofeng
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    Zhang, Wei
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Meng, Xiangyi
    Xi An Jiao Tong University, Peoples R China.
    Ma, Wei
    Xi An Jiao Tong University, Peoples R China.
    Yartsev, Arkady
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Mats. R.
    University of South Australia, Australia.
    Janssen, Rene A. J.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands; Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Wang, Ergang
    Chalmers, Sweden.
    High Performance All-Polymer Solar Cells by Synergistic Effects of Fine-Tuned Crystallinity and Solvent Annealing2016In: Journal of the American Chemical Society, ISSN 0002-7863, E-ISSN 1520-5126, Vol. 138, no 34, p. 10935-10944Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Growing interests have been devoted to the design of polymer acceptors as potential replacement for fullerene derivatives for high-performance all polymer solar cells (all-PSCs). One key factor that is limiting the efficiency of all-PSCs is the low fill factor (FF) (normally amp;lt;0.65), which is strongly correlated with the mobility and film morphology of polymer:polymer blends. In this work, we find a facile method to modulate the crystallinity of the well-known naphthalene diimide (NDI) based polymer N2200, by replacing a certain amount of bithiophene (2T) units in the N2200 backbone by single thiophene (T) units and synthesizing a series of random polymers PNDI-Tx, where x is the percentage of the single T. The acceptor PNDI-T10 is properly miscible with the low band gap donor polymer PTB7-Th, and the nanostructured blend promotes efficient exciton dissociation and charge transport. Solvent annealing (SA) enables higher hole and electron mobilities, and further suppresses the bimolecular recombination. As expected, the PTB7-Th:PNDI-T10 solar cells attain a high PCE of 7.6%, which is a 2-fold increase compared to that of PTB7-Th:N2200 solar cells. The FF of 0.71 reaches the highest value among all-PSCs to date. Our work demonstrates a rational design for fine-tuned crystallinity of polymer acceptors, and reveals the high potential of all-PSCs through structure and morphology engineering of semicrystalline polymer:polymer blends.

  • 339.
    Li, Zhe
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Greenham, Neil C.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    McNeill, Christopher R.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Comparison of the Operation of Polymer/Fullerene, Polymer/Polymer, and Polymer/Nanocrystal Solar Cells: A Transient Photocurrent and Photovoltage Study2011In: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 21, no 8, p. 1419-1431Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We utilize transient techniques to directly compare the operation of polymer/fullerene, polymer/nanocrystal, and polymer/polymer bulk heterojunction solar cells. For all devices, poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) is used as the electron donating polymer, in combination with either the fullerene derivative phenyl-C(61)-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) in polymer/fullerene cells, CdSe nanoparticles in polymer/nanocrystal cells, or the polyfluorene copolymer poly((9,9-dioctylfluorene)-2,7-diyl-alt-[4,7-bis(3-hexylthien-5-yl)-2,1,3- benzothiadiazole]-2,2-diyl) (F8TBT) in polymer/polymer cells. Transient photocurrent and photovoltage measurements are used to probe the dynamics of charge-separated carriers, with vastly different dynamic behavior observed for polymer/fullerene, polymer/polymer, and polymer/nanocrystal devices on the microsecond to millisecond timescale. Furthermore, by employing transient photocurrent analysis with different applied voltages we are also able to probe the dynamics behavior of these cells from short circuit to open circuit. P3HT/F8TBT and P3HT/CdSe devices are characterized by poor charge extraction of the long-lived carriers attributed to charge trapping. P3HT/PCBM devices, in contrast, show relatively trap-free operation with the variation in the photocurrent decay kinetics with applied bias at low intensity, consistent with the drift of free charges under a uniform electric field. Under solar conditions at the maximum power point, we see direct evidence of bimolecular recombination in the P3HT/PCBM device competing with charge extraction. Transient photovoltage measurements reveal that, at open circuit, photogenerated charges have similar lifetimes in all device types, and hence, the extraction of these long-lived charges is a limiting process in polymer/nanocrystal and polymer/polymer devices.

  • 340.
    Liang, Xiaoyong
    et al.
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Xin
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Dai, Xingliang
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sun, Baoquan
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Ning, Zhijun
    Shanghai Technical University, Peoples R China.
    Ye, Zhizhen
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yizheng
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China.
    Colloidal metal oxide nanocrystals as charge transporting layers for solution-processed light-emitting diodes and solar cells2017In: Chemical Society Reviews, ISSN 0306-0012, E-ISSN 1460-4744, Vol. 46, no 6, p. 1730-1759Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Colloidal metal oxide nanocrystals offer a unique combination of excellent low-temperature solution processability, rich and tuneable optoelectronic properties and intrinsic stability, which makes them an ideal class of materials as charge transporting layers in solution-processed light-emitting diodes and solar cells. Developing new material chemistry and custom-tailoring processing and properties of charge transporting layers based on oxide nanocrystals hold the key to boosting the efficiency and lifetime of all-solution-processed light-emitting diodes and solar cells, and thereby realizing an unprecedented generation of high-performance, low-cost, large-area and flexible optoelectronic devices. This review aims to bridge two research fields, chemistry of colloidal oxide nanocrystals and interfacial engineering of optoelectronic devices, focusing on the relationship between chemistry of colloidal oxide nanocrystals, processing and properties of charge transporting layers and device performance. Synthetic chemistry of colloidal oxide nanocrystals, ligand chemistry that may be applied to colloidal oxide nanocrystals and chemistry associated with post-deposition treatments are discussed to highlight the ability of optimizing processing and optoelectronic properties of charge transporting layers. Selected examples of solution-processed solar cells and light-emitting diodes with oxide-nanocrystal charge transporting layers are examined. The emphasis is placed on the correlation between the properties of oxide-nanocrystal charge transporting layers and device performance. Finally, three major challenges that need to be addressed in the future are outlined. We anticipate that this review will spur new material design and simulate new chemistry for colloidal oxide nanocrystals, leading to charge transporting layers and solution-processed optoelectronic devices beyond the state-of-the-art.

  • 341.
    Liang, Xiaoyong
    et al.
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Yi, Qing
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Bai, Sai
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Dai, Xingliang
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Wang, Xin
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Ye, Zhizhen
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sun, Baoquan
    Soochow University, Peoples R China .
    Jin, Yizheng
    Zhejiang University, Peoples R China Zhejiang University, Peoples R China .
    Synthesis of Unstable Colloidal Inorganic Nanocrystals through the Introduction of a Protecting Ligand2014In: Nano letters (Print), ISSN 1530-6984, E-ISSN 1530-6992, Vol. 14, no 6, p. 3117-3123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We demonstrate a facile and general strategy based on ligand protection for the synthesis of unstable colloidal nanocrystals by using the synthesis of pure p-type NiO nanocrystals as an example. We find that the introduction of lithium stearate, which is stable in the reaction system and capable of binding to the surface of NiO oxide nanocrystals, can effectively suppress the reactivity of NiO nanocrystals and thus prevent their in situ reduction into Ni. The resulting p-type NiO nanocrystals, a highly demanded hole-transporting and electron-blocking material, are applied to the fabrication of organic solar cells and polymer light-emitting diodes, demonstrating their great potential as an interfacial layer for low-cost and large-area, solution-processed optoelectronic devices.

  • 342.
    Lim, Eunhee
    et al.
    University of Cambridge, England; Korea Institute Ind Technology KITECH, South Korea.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Schwartz, Erik
    Radboud University of Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Cornelissen, Jeroen J. L. M.
    Radboud University of Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Nolte, Roeland J. M.
    Radboud University of Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Rowan, Alan E.
    Radboud University of Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Greenham, Neil C.
    University of Cambridge, England.
    Do, Lee-Mi
    Elect and Telecommun Research Institute ETRI, South Korea.
    Carbazole Functionalized Isocyanide Brushes in Heterojunction Photovoltaic Devices2012In: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ISSN 1533-4880, E-ISSN 1533-4899, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 503-507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, carbazole-containing polyisocyanide (PIACz) brushes were used for photovoltaic devices. A photovoltaic device was fabricated on top of the brushes by spin-coating a suitable acceptor and evaporating an Al cathode. Devices with a poly(N-vinylcarbazole) (PVK) bulk polymer were also prepared for comparison. Interestingly, the brushes showed better photovoltaic characteristics as compared to the blended PVK system. This is attributed to the specific morphologies of the polyisocyanide brushes, which provide a large interfacial area between the donor and acceptor for efficient photogeneration. It was found that the device performance varied according to the molecular size of the incorporated acceptors.

  • 343.
    Lin, Yuanbao
    et al.
    Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Jin, Yingzhi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Dong, Sheng
    South China Univ Technol, Peoples R China.
    Zheng, Wenhao
    Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Yang, Junyu
    Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Alei
    Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Feng
    Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Peoples R China.
    Jiang, Yufeng
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, CA 94720 USA.
    Russell, Thomas P.
    Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, CA 94720 USA.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Fei
    South China Univ Technol, Peoples R China.
    Hou, Lintao
    Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Printed Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells with the Highest Efficiency of 9.5%2018In: ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 8, no 13, article id 1701942Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The current work reports a high power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.54% achieved with nonfullerene organic solar cells (OSCs) based on PTB7-Th donor and 3,9-bis(2-methylene-(3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-indanone))-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2,3-d]-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b]dithiophene) (ITIC) acceptor fabricated by doctor-blade printing, which has the highest efficiency ever reported in printed nonfullerene OSCs. Furthermore, a high PCE of 7.6% is realized in flexible large-area (2.03 cm(2)) indium tin oxide (ITO)-free doctor-bladed nonfullerene OSCs, which is higher than that (5.86%) of the spin-coated counterpart. To understand the mechanism of the performance enhancement with doctor-blade printing, the morphology, crystallinity, charge recombination, and transport of the active layers are investigated. These results suggest that the good performance of the doctor-blade OSCs is attributed to a favorable nanoscale phase separation by incorporating 0.6 vol% of 1,8-diiodooctane that prolongs the dynamic drying time of the doctor-bladed active layer and contributes to the migration of ITIC molecules in the drying process. High PCE obtained in the flexible large-area ITO-free doctor-bladed nonfullerene OSCs indicates the feasibility of doctor-blade printing in large-scale fullerene-free OSC manufacturing. For the first time, the open-circuit voltage is increased by 0.1 V when 1 vol% solvent additive is added, due to the vertical segregation of ITIC molecules during solvent evaporation.

  • 344.
    Lin, Yuze
    et al.
    Peking Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Fuwen
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    Prasad, Shyamal K. K.
    Victoria Univ Wellington, New Zealand.
    Chen, Jing-De
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Wanzhu, Cai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhang, Qianqian
    Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.
    Chen, Kai
    Victoria Univ Wellington, New Zealand.
    Wu, Yang
    Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Peoples R China.
    Ma, Wei
    Xi An Jiao Tong Univ, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tang, Jian-Xin
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Chunru
    Chinese Acad Sci, Peoples R China.
    You, Wei
    Univ North Carolina Chapel Hill, NC 27599 USA.
    Hodgkiss, Justin M.
    Victoria Univ Wellington, New Zealand.
    Zhan, Xiaowei
    Peking Univ, Peoples R China.
    Balanced Partnership between Donor and Acceptor Components in Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells with > 12% Efficiency2018In: Advanced Materials, ISSN 0935-9648, E-ISSN 1521-4095, Vol. 30, no 16, article id 1706363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relative to electron donors for bulk heterojunction organic solar cells (OSCs), electron acceptors that absorb strongly in the visible and even near-infrared region are less well developed, which hinders the further development of OSCs. Fullerenes as traditional electron acceptors have relatively weak visible absorption and limited electronic tunability, which constrains the optical and electronic properties required of the donor. Here, high-performance fullerene-free OSCs based on a combination of a medium-bandgap polymer donor (FTAZ) and a narrow-bandgap nonfullerene acceptor (IDIC), which exhibit complementary absorption, matched energy levels, and blend with pure phases on the exciton diffusion length scale, are reported. The single-junction OSCs based on the FTAZ:IDIC blend exhibit power conversion efficiencies up to 12.5% with a certified value of 12.14%. Transient absorption spectroscopy reveals that exciting either the donor or the acceptor component efficiently generates mobile charges, which do not suffer from recombination to triplet states. Balancing photocurrent generation between the donor and nonfullerene acceptor removes undesirable constraints on the donor imposed by fullerene derivatives, opening a new avenue toward even higher efficiency for OSCs.

  • 345.
    Lin, Yuze
    et al.
    Peking University, Peoples R China; Capital Normal University, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Fuwen
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Wu, Yang
    Xi An Jiao Tong University, Peoples R China.
    Chen, Kai
    Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
    Xia, Yuxin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Li, Guangwu
    Beijing Normal University, Peoples R China.
    Prasad, Shyamal K. K.
    Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
    Zhu, Jingshuai
    Capital Normal University, Peoples R China.
    Huo, Lijun
    Beihang University, Peoples R China.
    Bin, Haijun
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Zhi-Guo
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Guo, Xia
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Maojie
    Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Sun, Yanming
    Beihang University, Peoples R China.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wei, Zhixiang
    National Centre Nanosci and Technology, Peoples R China.
    Ma, Wei
    Xi An Jiao Tong University, Peoples R China.
    Wang, Chunru
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China.
    Hodgkiss, Justin
    Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
    Bo, Zhishan
    Beijing Normal University, Peoples R China.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Li, Yongfang
    Chinese Academic Science, Peoples R China; Soochow University, Peoples R China.
    Zhan, Xiaowei
    Peking University, Peoples R China.
    Mapping Polymer Donors toward High-Efficiency Fullerene Free Organic Solar Cells2017In: Advanced Materials, ISSN 0935-9648, E-ISSN 1521-4095, Vol. 29, no 3, article id UNSP 1604155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Five polymer donors with distinct chemical structures and different electronic properties are surveyed in a planar and narrow-bandgap fused-ring electron acceptor (IDIC)-based organic solar cells, which exhibit power conversion efficiencies of up to 11%.

  • 346.
    Lindgren, Lars
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Admassie, Shimelis
    Addis Ababa University.
    Wang, Xiangjun
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Andersson, M.R.
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Blue Polymer Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Novel Polymers2005In: 14:th International Conference on Luminescence ICL05,2005, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 347.
    Lindgren, L.J.
    et al.
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Wang, Xiangjun
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Andersson, Mats R.
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Synthesis and properties of polyfluorenes with phenyl substituents2005In: Synthetic metals, ISSN 0379-6779, E-ISSN 1879-3290, Vol. 154, p. 97-100Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 348.
    Lindgren, L.J
    et al.
    CTH.
    Zhang, Fengling
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Admassie, S.
    Addis Abeba university.
    Wang, Xiangjun
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics .
    Blue light-emitting diodes based on novel polyfluorene copolymers2007In: Journal of Luminescence, ISSN 0022-2313, E-ISSN 1872-7883, Vol. 122-123, no 1-2, p. 610-613Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the synthesis and characterisation of a series of fluorene-based conjugated copolymers, together with the preparation and characterisation of the corresponding light-emitting devices. The polymers consist of alkoxyphenyl-substituted fluorene units together with different amounts of a hole-transporting triphenylamine-substituted fluorene unit: 0%, 10%, 25% and 50%. All polymers (P0, P1, P2, and P3) show high photoluminescence efficiency (ηPL) and light emission (both PL and EL) in the blue spectral region. Electrochemical studies show improved hole injection as the ratio of the triphenylamine-substituted segment is increased. The electroluminescence quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of the devices increase six times going from P0 to P1. Compared with P1, polymers P2 and P3 show lower efficiencies in devices. These findings indicate the presence of an optimal polymer composition, where balance between the charge-carrier mobilities has been reached. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 349.
    Lindgren, Mikael
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Stabo-Eeg, Frantz
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
    Nilsson, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hammarström, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biochemistry. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Biosensing and -imaging with enantiomeric luminescent conjugated polythiophenes using single - and multiphoton excitation2006In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Biophotonics, Nanophotonics and Metamaterials, IEEE , 2006, p. 226-226Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 350.
    Lindqvist, Camilla
    et al.
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Bergqvist, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Backe, Olof
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Gustafsson, Stefan
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Wang, Ergang
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Olsson, Eva
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Inganäs, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Andersson, Mats R.
    Chalmers, Sweden University of S Australia, Australia .
    Muller, Christian
    Chalmers, Sweden .
    Fullerene mixtures enhance the thermal stability of a non-crystalline polymer solar cell blend2014In: Applied Physics Letters, ISSN 0003-6951, E-ISSN 1077-3118, Vol. 104, no 15, p. 153301-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Printing of polymer: fullerene solar cells at high speed requires annealing at temperatures up to 140 degrees C. However, bulk-heterojunction blends that comprise a non-crystalline donor polymer often suffer from insufficient thermal stability and hence rapidly coarsen upon annealing above the glass transition temperature of the blend. In addition, micrometer-sized fullerene crystals grow, which are detrimental for the solar cell performance. In this manuscript, we present a strategy to limit fullerene crystallization, which is based on the use of fullerene mixtures of the two most common derivatives, PC61BM and PC71BM, as the acceptor material. Blends of this fullerene mixture and a non-crystalline thiophene-quinoxaline copolymer display considerably enhanced thermal stability and largely retain their photovoltaic performance upon annealing at elevated temperatures as high as 170 degrees C.

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