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  • 351.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Granberg, Mark
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi.
    Lång, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Does having ones own place to live make someone more employable?2017Inngår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 24, nr 18, s. 1327-1330Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article encapsulates the findings of a randomized correspondence test field experiment investigating whether job candidates home status influences their employability. More than 2000 employers with vacancies in the Swedish labour market received a job application from a fictitious candidate. A job candidates home status (his or her own place to live or temporary housing with a friend) was randomized across employers. Results show that home status indeed affected the number of positive employer responses received by job candidates, mainly in low-skilled occupations. Not having a place to live at the time of the application proved a disadvantage when applying for positions within but an advantage when applying for positions outside the city of residence at the time of the application.

  • 352.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö University, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö University, Sweden.
    Detecting discrimination against homosexuals: evidence from a field experiment on the Internet2009Inngår i: Economica, ISSN 0013-0427, E-ISSN 1468-0335, Vol. 76, nr 303, s. 588-597Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the first field experiment studying discrimination against homosexuals on the housing market. The study is conducted on the rental housing market in Sweden using the internet as a research platform. Two fictitious couples, one heterosexual and one male homosexual, apply for vacant rental apartments advertised by landlords on the internet. Our findings show that homosexual males are discriminated against on the Swedish housing market, since the homosexual couple gets far fewer call-backs and fewer invitations to further contacts and to showings of apartments than the heterosexual couple.

  • 353.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet och Växjö universitet.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö universitet.
    Diskrimineras homosexuella? Några erfarenheter från svensk ekonomisk forskning2008Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 36, nr 8, s. 31-40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskriminering av homosexuella är förbjudet i Sverige. Trots detta är den ekonomiska forskning som finns på området begränsad. I artikeln presenteras resultat från forskningsprojekt rörande homosexuellas situation på arbets- och bostadsmarknaden i Sverige. Resultaten är i linje med resultat från internationell forskning. Homosexuella män har lägre arbetsinkomster än heterosexuella män. Diskriminering och skillnader i fördelningen av marknadsarbete och hushållarbete mellan homo- och heterosexuella hushåll framförs som förklaringar till detta. Vidare diskrimineras homosexuella män på bostadsmarknaden. Beträffande kvinnor finner vi inga statistiskt signifikanta skillnader mellan homo- och heterosexuella. Avslutningsvis presenteras några tänkbara förklaringar till varför homosexuella män diskrimineras medan detta inte är fallet för homosexuella kvinnor.

  • 354.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö universitet.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö universitet.
    Diskriminering på bostadsmarknaden: effekten av att heta Mohammed2007Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 35, nr 6, s. 34-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna artikel studeras diskriminering på svensk bostadsmarknad med hjälp av ett fältexperiment utfört på internet. I experimentet studeras såväl etnisk diskriminering som könsdiskriminering genom att tre fiktiva personer, en med ett typiskt svenskt manligt namn, en med ett typiskt svensk kvinnligt namn samt en med ett typiskt arabiskt/muslimskt manligt namn söker hyresrättslägenheter vilka utannonserats som lediga av såväl privatpersoner som företag på Blocket. se. Våra resultat visar att den arabiske/muslimske mannen möter diskriminering när han söker lägenheter. Den arabisk/muslimske mannen fick långt färre positiva svar och erbjudanden till visningar av lägenheter än den svenske mannen. Vi finner också en könsdiskriminering på bostadsmarknaden där den svenska kvinnan fick fler positiva svar och visningserbjudanden än den svenske mannen.

  • 355.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö universitet.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö universitet.
    Ekonomiska perspektiv på etnisk diskriminering2010Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 356.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö University, Sweden .
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö University, Sweden .
    Sexual orientation and earnings: a register data-based approach to identify homosexuals2010Inngår i: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 23, nr 3, s. 835-849Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines earnings differentials between homo- and heterosexual individuals by identifying sexual orientation with the help of information from register data. Register data enable us to avoid the misclassifications of sexual orientation often mentioned as a potential bias in survey-based studies. The results show that gay men are at an earnings disadvantage as compared to male heterosexuals while the earnings differential between lesbians and heterosexual women is very small. Our results are in line with results from previous research but are more reliable since we use a more reliable measure of sexual orientation than previous research.

  • 357.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden and Swedish Collegium for Advanced Study, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    The effect of subtle religious representations on cooperation2011Inngår i: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 38, nr 11, s. 900-910Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how subtle religious representations affect prosocial behavior. The authors study the impact of religious representations on prosocial behavior in terms of cooperation in a one-shot/three-person public goods game.

    Design/methodology/approach – The authors used the scrambled sentence task to prime participants with religious words before they were asked to make a one-shot/three-person public goods game decision.

    Findings – Both in the raw data and when controlling for factors such as age, gender and religious beliefs, the authors found that priming of religious representations increased cooperation in the experiment, that is, increased contributions to the public good. The authors found no significant interaction effects between priming and self-reported measures of religiosity, suggesting that the priming effect was present among both self-reported religious and nonreligious participants. Self-reported measures of religiosity were not correlated with cooperation in this study.

    Originality/value – The paper adds to the growing body of experimental economics literature that has studied self-reported measures of religiosity alongside behavior in different economic games. This study contributes to the literature by examining the effect of subtle influences of religion on cooperation. Also, in contrast to previous economic literature, the paper examines the direct impact of religion as an independent variable on cooperation.

  • 358.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lång, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Swedish Def Res Agcy FOI, Sweden.
    Victimized Twice: A Field Experiment on the Employability of Victims2019Inngår i: Victims & Offenders, ISSN 1556-4886, E-ISSN 1556-4991Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Do employers discriminate against victims? We address this question and present the findings of a field experiment on hiring discrimination against victims. Matched pairs of written job applications for fictitious victims and nonvictims were sent to 1,117 employers in various labor market sectors. The probability of receiving a job interview invite or a job offer from employers was then estimated. Differences in this probability between the victim and nonvictim applicants were interpreted as discrimination. Results show that victims had a significantly lower probability of receiving a job interview invite or a job offer from employers than nonvictims. The extent of discrimination varied with applicants sex and occupational characteristics.

  • 359.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    Centre for Labour Market Policy Research, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Can education affect pro-social behavior?: Cops, economists and humanists in social dilemmas2008Inngår i: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 298-307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine whether education and training affect pro-social behavior. Economics students are often accused of being less pro-social. The explanations given are that less pro-social people choose to study economics or that economics studies indoctrinate students to selfish behavior. The paper experimentally tests these postulations.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses the prisoner's dilemma game and stag hunt game to study cooperation across different groups of students.

    Findings – The experiment supports neither of the postulations: economics students would be indoctrinated or less pro-social people choose to study economics. However, the study shows that police cadets, who go through an education where teamwork and cooperation is promoted, become more cooperative and pro-social after their completed education.

    Originality/value – In contrast to earlier studies, this paper does not simply study economics students, but also examines if students in educational programs that promote loyalty and cooperation and encourage teamwork are more pro-social than other students.

  • 360.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    School of Management and Economics, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Decisions under unpredictable losses: An examination of the restated diversification principle2007Inngår i: Judgment and decision making, ISSN 1930-2975, E-ISSN 1930-2975, Vol. 2, nr 5, s. 312-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An experimental test of the descriptive adequacy of the restated diversification principle is presented. The principle postulates that risk-averse utility maximizers will pool risks for their mutual benefit, even if information is missing about the probabilities of losses. It is enough for people to assume that they face equal risks when they pool risks. The results of the experiment support the principle.

  • 361.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), Växjö University, Sweden.
    Group identity, social distance and intergroup bias2007Inngår i: Journal of Economic Psychology, ISSN 0167-4870, E-ISSN 1872-7719, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 324-337Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies how groupidentity, socialdistance and intergroupbias may affect economic decision-making. Two types of experimental groupings are created, and subjects are then paired with either an in-group member or an out-group member in a number of two-person games. The result of this experiment shows that out-group members face a risk of being discriminated against. The cause of the discrimination is not hostility toward out-group members; the discrimination is triggered because of higher expectations or favoritism of in-group members. This type of behavior holds, regardless of the grouping procedure.

  • 362.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Lina
    School of Management and Economics, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    School of Management and Economics, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Are lesbians discriminated against in the rental housing market? Evidence from a correspondence testing experiment2008Inngår i: Journal of Housing Economics, ISSN 1051-1377, E-ISSN 1096-0791, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 234-238Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a field experiment, conducted over the Internet, studying possible discrimination againstlesbians in the rentalhousing market in Sweden. We let two fictitious couples, one heterosexual and one lesbian, apply for vacant rental apartments advertised by landlords on the Internet. We then investigated whether there were differences between the couples in the number of received call-backs, invitations to further contact, and invitations to immediate showings. Our findings show no indication of differential treatment of lesbians by landlords. A discussion relating to earlier findings is provided

  • 363.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    et al.
    Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Centre for Labour Market Policy Research, Växjö University, Sweden.
    Discrimination in the rental housing market: a field experiment on the Internet2008Inngår i: Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, E-ISSN 1095-9068, Vol. 64, nr 2, s. 362-372Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents afieldexperiment on discrimination in the housing market, using the Internet as a research platform. The procedure involved our creating three fictitious persons with distinctive sounding ethnic and gender names. These individuals applied for vacant rental apartments in Sweden that were advertised by landlords on the Internet. Our findings show that the Arabic/Muslim male received far fewer call backs, enquiries, and showings than the Swedish male. Our observations also indicate that the Swedish female met with less difficulty in terms of finding an apartment than the Swedish male. Thus, based on our findings, we conclude that ethnic, as well as gender discrimination exists in the Swedish rentalhousing market.

  • 364.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lång, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The employability of ex-offenders: a field experiment in the Swedish labor market2017Inngår i: IZA Journal of Labor Policy, ISSN 2193-9004, E-ISSN 2193-9004, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 1-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the findings of a field experiment on hiring discrimination against ex-offenders in the Swedish labor market. Matched pairs of written job applications for fictitious male and female applicants with and without a past conviction of assault were sent to employers for nine different occupations. Results show that discrimination against ex-offenders exists, but the extent of it varies across occupations. The past conviction of assault was associated with 7–18 percentage point lower probability of receiving a positive employer response. Discrimination against ex-offenders was pronounced in female-dominated and high-skilled occupations. The magnitude of discrimination against ex-offenders did not vary by applicants’ sex.

  • 365.
    Ahmed, Ali M.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg and Växjö University, Sweden.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    University of Gothenburg and Växjö University, Sweden.
    Trust in India and Sweden: an experimental examination of the Fukuyama conjecture2008Inngår i: Cross-cultural research, ISSN 1069-3971, E-ISSN 1552-3578, Vol. 42, nr 4, s. 420-429Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors test the proposition, put forward by Francis Fukuyama, that the higher the level of trust in a country the less corrupt, the more developed, and wealthier its economy will be. They study trust and voluntary cooperation using a one-shot and three-person public goods game experiment in India and Sweden. The results, in line with the proposition, show that the average contribution is significantly larger in Sweden, implying a higher level of trust and cooperation in Sweden than in India. This article provides further evidence on the relationship between trust and economic development. This study differs from previous ones in that it uses a multilateral game experiment to study trust and cooperation rather than a bilateral game experiment. Furthermore, it provides evidence from two countries not studied before in this context.

  • 366.
    Ahmed Ali, Muna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier.
    Upplevelser i somaliska och svenska skolor: En kvalitativ studie om somaliska ensamkommandepojkars bemötande samt upplevelser och mål i svenska och somaliska skolor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
  • 367.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö University, Sweden.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Göteborg University and Växjö University, Sweden.
    Cooperación y confianza: análisis comparativo en economía experimental2007Inngår i: Revista CIFE, ISSN 0124-3551, Vol. 12, nr 9, s. 9-23Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work using an experiment of game of public goods analyzes the relation between the attitudinal trust and behavioral trust in three countries. Students from Colombia, Mexico and Sweden participate in this experiment and respond a questionnaire with questions on confidence. The attitudinal trust and behavioral trust are different substantially between the analyzed countries. The confidence measured by the questions of the questionnaire does not show a pattern of common conduct between the participants of the three countries. Nevertheless, a somewhat similar behavior we found in the applied experiment, that is to say, the participants assume a certain level of risk very similarity, however, cultures and different societies come from.

  • 368.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Implicit influences of Christian religious representations on dictator and prisoner’s dilemma game decisions2011Inngår i: The Journal of Socio-Economics, ISSN 1053-5357, E-ISSN 1879-1239, Vol. 40, nr 3, s. 242-246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate how implicit influences of Christian religious representations affect prosociality. We examine the direct impact of religion as an independent variable on prosocial behavior. We do so by priming participants with religious words in a scrambled sentence task before they make a dictator game and a prisoner's dilemma game decision. Priming religious words significantly increased prosocial behavior in both games: participants in the treatment group were more generous and cooperative than participants in the control group. The priming effect was present regardless of participants’ self-reported religiosity. Self-reported religiosity was not correlated with generosity or cooperation.

  • 369.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg and Växjö University.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    University of Gothenburg and Växjö University.
    Is the hand of God involved in human cooperation?2009Inngår i: International Journal of Social Economics, ISSN 0306-8293, E-ISSN 1758-6712, Vol. 36, nr 1/2, s. 70-80Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the supernatural punishment theory. The theory postulates that religion increases cooperation because religious people fear the retributions that may follow if they do not follow the rules and norms provided by the religion.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper reports results for a public goods experiment conducted in India, Mexico, and Sweden. By asking participants whether they are religious or not, one can study whether religiosity has an effect on voluntary cooperation in the public goods game.

    Findings – No significant behavioral differences were found between religious and nonreligious participants in the experiment.

    Originality/value – This paper differs from the previous limited experimental literature, studying religiosity and cooperation, in the sense that it uses a public goods game rather than a prisoner's dilemma game. The public goods game is more interesting since many real life problems are multilateral rather than bilateral. Further, the study was conducted in three different countries: India, Mexico, and Sweden; with three different types of potentialy religious people: Hindus, Catholics, and Protestants.

  • 370.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    School of Public Administration, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Religious context and prosociality: an experimental study from Valparaíso, Chile2013Inngår i: Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, ISSN 0021-8294, E-ISSN 1468-5906, Vol. 52, nr 3, s. 627-637Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Are people more prosocial in a religious context? We addressed this question through an experiment. We randomly placed participants in the control group in a neutral location (a lecture hall), and we placed participants in the experimental group in a religious location (a chapel). The participants then took part in a one-shot three-person public goods game, which measured participants' degree of cooperativeness. The results showed that participants in the experimental group cooperated significantly more than did participants in the control group. Furthermore, participants' beliefs about other participants' cooperativeness were more positive in the experimental group than they were in the control group. Improved expectations of others partially explained the enhanced cooperation in the religious context. We found no main or interaction effect of self-reported religiosity in the experiment.

  • 371.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Växjö University, Sweden.
    Salas, Osvaldo
    Göteborg University, Sweden.
    The relationship between behavioral and attitudinal trust: a cross-cultural study2009Inngår i: Review of social economy, ISSN 0034-6764, E-ISSN 1470-1162, Vol. 67, nr 4, s. 457-482Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the relationship between trust in an experiment and trust measured by means of popular survey items in different countries. Students from Chile, Colombia, India, Mexico and Sweden participate in a public goods game experiment and answer a set of standard attitudinal survey questions about trust. We find that behavioral trust and attitudinal trust significantly differ among countries. Behavioral trust is highest in Sweden, followed by Latin America, and lowest in India. Attitudinal trust is highest in Chile and Sweden, followed by India and Mexico, and lowest in Colombia. Further, the predictive power of survey items also differs among countries. Trust measured by survey items is significantly related to behavioral trust in some but not in all societies. No single survey item predicts actual trust across all countries. Plausible explanations of the inconsistent relationship between behavioral and attitudinal trust across countries are discussed.

  • 372.
    Ahmed, Ali
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Uddin, Gazi Salah
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sohag, Kazi
    Institute of Climate Change, Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia.
    Biomass energy, technological progress and the environmental Kuznets curve: Evidence from selected European countries2016Inngår i: Biomass and Bioenergy, ISSN 0961-9534, E-ISSN 1873-2909, Vol. 90, s. 202-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the causal relationship between economic growth and CO2 emissions in a panel of 24 European countries from 1980 to 2010. Using an analytical framework that considers pooled mean group estimations in a dynamic heterogeneous panel setting, we show that there is an inverted U-shaped relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth in the long run and that there is no such relationship in the short run. In particular, we find that biomass energy is insignificantly linked to CO2 emission. However, technological innovation significantly facilitates reduction of CO2 emissions in the investigated countries. Altogether, our study implies that economic growth and environmental quality can be achieved simultaneously, which opens up new insights for policy-makers for sustainable economic development via implementation of renewable energy consumption through technological innovation.

  • 373.
    Ahmed, Hameed
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Najam, Ali
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    How Corporate Governance Affects Strategy of Corporations: - Lessons from Enron Corporation -2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate governance is a subject of academic and professional debate. It has and it will continue to be a topic under scrutiny for subsequent deliberations since there are many different research dimensions and contexts associated with it. However, it has been observed that the linkage between corporate governance and strategy of a corporation remains as an untapped area with considerable avenues of research. This paper tends to explore this linkage, using Enron scandal as backdrop.

    In the aftermath of the debacle of US energy giant Enron in 2001, the significance of corporate governance has come under heavy scrutiny of different researchers. Whereas different explanations have been attributed to its downfall, it has been widely accepted that this was a case of failed corporate governance.

    This paper tends to explore Enron downfall from the perspective of failed corporate governance. By defining and exploring corporate governance and its underlying issues, the authors have used Agency theory as a theoretical framework in unison with internationally renowned auditing company - Ernst & Young Model - to understand the role of different actors and forces responsible for Enron collapse.

    By using qualitative research method, the authors have used secondary literature as well as combination of questionnaires and telephonic interviews to obtain viewpoint of renowned international academic / professional researchers. They have been identified through convenience sampling methodology. A few internationally renowned auditing companies have also been used as part of this survey to explore diversity of perspectives in this context. Efforts have been made; to explore the main causes rather then to write just another case on Enron.

    After drawing lessons from Enron, the paper concludes with the understanding that there is direct link between corporate governance and strategy of corporations. However there is diversity of perspectives in this context and hence it requires further exploration and debate.

  • 374.
    Ahmed, Hameed
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    Xiaohong, Ye
    Linköpings universitet, Ekonomiska institutionen.
    The Role Scenarios of EU in the World of 2020: a Comparative Perspective Between European and US based Think Tanks.2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to tell out a “what next” question of the future scenarios that the European Union (EU), as a security community, is most likely to face in its development as a world power up to the year 2020. The EU is a rapidly evolving concept consolidating with comprehensive internal and external dimension and implication. Key concepts such as power, security, global governance and international order have been used as the underlying themes that will determine the course of the future. In this context Neo-realism, Constructivism and Security Community’s model have been used as the theoretical framework to examine how EU’s role in the international system can be analyzed in the conceptual framework of security. This is followed by a discussion on the concurrent ESDP instruments initiated by the new Constitution as a key momentum of security community buildup internally. To broaden understanding and to get a variety of perspectives, research reports and policy papers of some transatlantic think tanks were analyzed. While multi- perspectives of some prominent think tanks were reviewed, analyzed and discussed, the opinions of policy makers at the United Nations Head Quarters, New York, were also explored to reflect on how EU’s role in international affairs is being perceived in the corridors of power, both concurrently and futuristically. These views were consequently augmented by attending General Assembly and Security Council sessions during September 2004 to January 2005 to observe what sorts of power and influence EU exerts in the contemporary international system and what potential it has for the future. Based on these findings, the paper identified three scenarios that EU is most likely to face in its efforts to be an international power. The paper concluded with the understanding that EU has vision and potential to be a power in the international system futuristically, which can be further enhanced if EU enhances its military capabilities and improves its power perception in the eyes of various stakeholders. However since the international system is volatile, its future role cannot be predicted with accuracy, only alternative options can be identified. EU’s roles are dependent upon the degree of success of the integration process internally and the structural interaction with other major actors in the international system. Whereas EU may enhance its role up to the year 2020, it may not enter into a power conflict with other major powers. However it will play its role comparable with the magnitude of its size, power and influence to manage the international system, futuristically in an improvised way.

  • 375.
    Ahmed, Shohana
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Kamruzzaman, Mohammad
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling.
    Drivers of eco-innovation2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary business world is now facing a challenge, a shift from traditional innovation to eco-innovation. Organizations need to recognize the importance of environment in any aspect of innovation. This paper aims to deduce the drivers of eco-innovation from the overview of existing literature and empirical study to provide an understanding of the organization aiming towards eco-innovation.

    The aim of this thesis is to identify the drivers of eco-innovation and objectives being able to understand and review the contribution of innovation and eco-innovation as separate entities.This research is limited to the investigation of drivers of eco-innovation in one single organization i.e. Tekniska Verken, Linköping. Conceptual model of drivers of eco-innovation is created from previous research and verified through empirical study. The model of this research is to outline the three categories of drivers within the limit and scope of this analysis. However modification of the model on the basis of additional drivers has been duly appreciated and elucidated to reflect reality of the research.

  • 376.
    Ahmetagic, Nermin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Hälsa och samhälle.
    The Dynamics of Health and Welfare: A Methodological Study Analysing the Two Phenomena in Five Populations During the Early 2000s2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 poäng / 45 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to describe the dynamics of objective health and welfare in five populations, from the year 2000 to 2009, qua a methodological study. It proposes a three step approach to ensure the validity criteria in the conducted research process:

    1. firstly, to identify the relevant variables as predictors of the two phenomena, empiric studies and sociological theories by Esping-Andersen (1999) Nussbaum (1999, 2000, 2011), were consulted. This (with the data availability) frames the study to include five related categories of objective health and welfare indicators, including (1) demographic (e. g. life expectancy (LE), total fertility rate (TFR)), (2) child-welfare (i. e. under-five mortality rate (U5MR), (3) welfare services (immunization coverage and prevalence of tuberculosis (TB)), (4) education, and (5) indicators on health expenditure (HE). The applied theoretical frame–in a combination with the four posed research questions–indicates a need of an overall methodological approach that is primary quantitative. The data analysis follows an observational epidemiological type that is descriptive study, to analyse the indicators in five populations and two control groups.
    2. The study obtains descriptive data from three data bases, which are selected upon a qualitative analysis, to account for their validity and reliability.
    3. Further data analysis is strengthened qua the inclusion of the two control groups of populations, when appropriate. Since it wasn’t possible to compare data on populations across time, due to different data production methodologies.

    Main findings indicate that HE, immunization, TFR, male and female LE, U5MR and school enrolment, tend to diverge between and within the five populations, expressed in absolute and relative terms. The comparison of the estimated data for the five populations with the two control groups of populations, shows that most objective health and welfare indicators tend to converge, (within categories 1, 2 and 3, except TFR) when expressed in absolute and relative terms. When estimated data is analysed in the light of two sociological theories, it is evident that the existing gap between male and female LE, U5MR, and HE indicators can improve further.

  • 377.
    Ahn, Jae-Il
    et al.
    Ottawa Hospital, Canada .
    Kuffova, Lucia
    University of Aberdeen, Scotland .
    Merrett, Kimberley
    Ottawa Hospital, Canada .
    Mitra, Debbie
    Ottawa Hospital, Canada .
    Forrester, John V.
    University of Aberdeen, Scotland .
    Li, Fengfu
    Ottawa Hospital, Canada .
    Griffith, May
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Ottawa Hospital, Canada .
    Crosslinked collagen hydrogels as corneal implants: Effects of sterically bulky vs. non-bulky carbodiimides as crosslinkers2013Inngår i: Acta Biomaterialia, ISSN 1742-7061, E-ISSN 1878-7568, Vol. 9, nr 8, s. 7796-7805Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have previously shown that recombinant human collagen can be crosslinked with N-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-N-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC) to fabricate transparent hydrogels possessing the shape and dimensions of the human cornea. These corneal implants have been tested in a Phase I human clinical study. Although these hydrogels successfully promoted corneal tissue and nerve regeneration, the gelling kinetics were difficult to control during the manufacture of the implants. An alternative carbodiimide capable of producing hydrogels of similar characteristics as EDC in terms of strength and biocompatibility, but with a longer gelation time would be a desirable alternative. Here, we compared the crosslinking kinetics and properties of hydrogels crosslinked with a sterically bulky carbodiimide, N-Cyclohexyl-N-(2-morpholinoethyl) carbodiimide metho-p-toluenesulfonate (CMC), with that of EDC. CMC crosslinking was possible at ambient temperature whereas the EDC reaction was too rapid to control and had to be carried out at low temperatures. The highest tensile strength obtained using optimized formulations were equivalent, although CMC crosslinked hydrogels were found to be stiffer. The collagenase resistance of CMC crosslinked hydrogels was superior to that of EDC crosslinked hydrogels while biocompatibility was similar. We are also able to substitute porcine collagen with recombinant human collagen and show that the in vivo performance of both resulting hydrogels as full-thickness corneal implants is comparable in a mouse model of an orthotopic corneal graft. In conclusion, CMC is a viable alternative to EDC as a crosslinker for collagen-based biomaterials for use as corneal implants, and potentially for use in other tissue engineering applications.

  • 378.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    A good learning opportunity, but is it for me?: A study of Swedish students' attitudes towards exchange studies in higher education2014Inngår i: Journal of Research in International Education, ISSN 1475-2409, E-ISSN 1741-2943, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 106-118Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes students’ involvement and interest in exchange programmes in Swedish higher education. Law and Engineering bachelor’s programmes were chosen to exemplify an over-represented and under-represented group respectively in terms of international mobility in this context. The study combines interview and survey data. The author argues that the different institutional practices in educational programmes impact on students’ experienced involvement in exchange studies.

  • 379.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo.
    A waste of time? The Korean exchange students talk about the value of the period2006Inngår i: NFPF/NERA,2006, 2006, s. 34-34Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In my dissertation which is in progress, I study the Korean exchange student in Swedish higher education. The main objects of the study are their movement in time and space and the construction of the meaning of this movement. This presentation is based on the results of the last interviews with the students which took place in Korea sixth month after their return. They appreciate highly their experience of studying in Sweden, meeting the students from various countries and being far away from their own university. When they talk about the disadvantage of being an exchange student, they say that they have wasted their time. Even though they use the same expression, -a waste of time-, what they mean is slightly different. Drawing upon Actor network theory, I argue that we need to examine the ways in which the students- time is organized by their university and the ways in which the different universities create different subjectivities, to understand what they mean with -a waste of time-.

  • 380.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Att vara lärare eller att arbeta som lärare - en reflektion över läraridentiteten2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna text har tre olika utgångspunkter. Den första är mitt intresse för iden-titetsfrågan. Den andra kommer från postmoderna feministiska tankar - de-ras belysning om ‘‘positionality’’ i undervisnings sammanhang. Att fundera över ens ‘‘positionality’’ i relation till identitetsfrågor, att fundera över Vem jag är som lärare kommer från den tredje punkten, dvs. behov av reflektion. Dessa tankar kopplas till varandra och formulerar syftet med denna text.

    Syftet med texten är att problematisera och reflektera över min lärariden-titet (eller icke- identitet) och vad det eventuellt kan innebära i undervisnings-sammanhang. Efter denna inledning följer en kort beskrivning av teoretiska bakgrunder och reflektion över lärare och identitet som berör frågeställning-ar så som:

    • Hur förstår jag frågan om identitet och ‘positionality’1?
    • Att vara lärare, hur förhåller jag mig till den sociala rollen? Hur kan man förstå detta förhållningssätt?
    • Hur relateras min ‘positionality’ till identitetsfrågan?

    Jag har fått hjälp från min kollega. Vi har samtalat om frågor som berör lä-raridentiteten, vilken textens reflektionsdel grundar sig i. När jag planerade denna text, tänkte jag att jag skulle samtala med henne och skriva texten på ett sätt så att vem som säger vad syns tydligt. Men som vanligt blir det inte som man planerat. Min reflektion växte ovanpå vårt samtal; det är en pro-dukt av interaktion mellan oss, och en produktion av reflektion över samtalet. Det är inte för att göra ägandeskap på reflektionen, utan snarare påpeka att det inte är intressant att spåra vem som säger vad, och att texten kommit från en punkt under ständig process.

  • 381.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Distance and proximity: a study of Swedish students' attitudes towards exchange studies in higher education2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 382.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    En lustgård med taggar: en studie om kvinnors sexualitet i massmedia2001Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 383.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Exchange studies as actor-networks: Following Korean exchange students in Swedish higher education2011Inngår i: Journal of Research in International Education, ISSN 1475-2409, E-ISSN 1741-2943, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 46-57Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how Korean exchange students organized their studies during exchange programs in Swedish higher education. For most students, the programs became a disordered period in relation to their education. The value of exchange studies seems mainly to be extra-curricular. Drawing upon actor network theory, the article argues that the students’ way of organizing their studies is based not only on individual choice but also on relations to other actors in a network.

  • 384.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande.
    Korean Exchange Students' Interactions with other Students in Sweden2008Inngår i: International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation ICERI,2008, Madrid: IATED , 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Based on interviews with fourteen Korean exchange students at Swedish host universities, this paper investigates how they interacted with the other students at the host universities during their exchange programme. The number of international students (including both free movers and exchange students) is often used to indicate the degree of internationalisation of a university. The international students are also assumed to assist the so-called -internationalization at home- - i.e., different internationalization initiatives for those students who choose not to study abroad - by sharing their experiences and cultures with the domestic students at the host universities. Nevertheless, it is reported that interactions between international and domestic students are not always as intense as the intention in policy documents and that the international students are more likely to interact with other international students or co-nationals. By following the Korean exchange students during their exchange programme and drawing upon Actor-network theory (ANT), this study explores where and with whom the Korean exchange students interacted and which network they were enrolled in as an effect. The results show that introduction courses, international master courses in English, residence areas, international students- pubs at the host universities and a Korean church in a Swedish city were significant spaces for their networking in Sweden. These spaces introduced the Korean exchange students to other international students, with whom they spent most time during the programme and organised studies and activities together. They were nodes of network of international students at the host universities. In these spaces, the Swedish students were not present. The paper concludes that even though the Swedish students and the exchange students were at the same place, -at the university-, they moved differently and were separated from each other; the exchange students were not enrolled in a network where the Swedish student were enrolled and the Swedish students were not present in networks in which international students were actors. 

  • 385.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Teaching future mobile professionals2012Inngår i: ProPEL Conference  Programme Book 2012, 2012, s. 12-13Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Students are on the move. An increasing number of students move abroad for education, both as part of exchange programs and as “free movers”. In the field of higher education, increasing the international mobility of the student population has been a top priority. Studying abroad is often described as valuable educational and cultural experiences. In addition to the educational merits, cultural experiences and personal development, it is also argued that internationally mobile students are set to enjoy an advantage in employability and mobility in a supposed future international and intercultural labour market. Increasing demands have been placed on universities as social institutions to produce internationally mobile professionals.

    Evaluations of exchange programmes, for example ERASMUS, show that there may be some truth to the claim that international education provides an advantage in the labour market. However, the results of the studies are often cautiously positive.  

    While the discussion of international education and mobility is attracting more and more attention, it is often pointed out that it is difficult to define “international education”, and that it is better understood as aspects of transnational work. 

    This paper investigates how international education is translated and performed by Swedish educational programs. It deals with questions such as what makes a student internationally mobile and what it means for an educator to teach an international education and provide students and graduates with international competences. The empirical materials are interviews with teachers in Swedish higher education, working in three different international fields: a PhD with teaching experiences in courses in an international master program, a director of studies in international master program with additional experience in a national program and a director of studies in a national program with an international focus. 

    Drawing upon the sociomaterial perspective on mobility and education, the paper aims at tracing the different entities that enable student and graduate mobility and in which way international educations are performed. The paper discusses various entities such as policy documents, degrees, language, incoming and outgoing students as well as the labor market, and how they contribute to create a space for anticipation and limits of “international education” and “international mobility”. 

  • 386.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    To participate or not to in an exchange program: A study on the Swedish students’ attitudes on exchange programs in higher education2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores students’ attitudes on international exchange programs in higher education in Sweden. Internationalization of higher education has been one of the main agendas during the last decades and increasing students’ international mobility has been one of the key issues in work of internationalisation of higher education. There are strong arguments and assumptions on the positive value of what internationalization of higher education would bring. For the individual students, it is often argued that students would gain international and intercultural knowledge and understandings by studying abroad. In addition

    it is not only educational merits but an advantage in employability and mobility in the future labour market, which is described to be international and intercultural.

    Exchange studies as an inclusive and integrated part of students’ education are aimed to make it easier for the students to move and study abroad. It is intended that studying abroad would be an open opportunity for students. Despite the accessibilities and universities’ ambitions and efforts in improving conditions for the students, not many students take this opportunity. In Sweden, the number of outgoing students is not impressive. For example during 2007-08, the percentage of outgoing students in higher education was only 1,8 % (Högskoleverket, 2009).

    The main question of the study investigates students’ attitudes on exchange programs and their choices; which groups of students are more likely to take part in exchange programs? The study is based on survey data collected from two different educational programs: one is over- represented and the other is under-represented in internationally mobile student groups. Independent variables such as gender, the parents’ socio-economic backgrounds and level of education are used to describe student groups and their attitudes. To gain better understanding on the students’ attitudes and participation in exchange programs, the study further explores; the students’ international experiences, the families’ international experiences and the students’ perceptions on their future labour market.

    Influenced by Bourdieu’s work, the concepts such as international capital, educational capital and educational trajectories are used to interpret the results. The results further discuss the students’ subjective attitudes and choices within the objective conditions and structures.

  • 387.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo.
    Trajectories in a network - Korean exchange students in Sweden2004Inngår i: Nordic Educational Research Association Conference,2004, 2004, s. 62-62Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This descriptive study is about Korean exchange students in the Swedish higher education. Informal interviews with 15 students are used as method to understand how they understand their situation. The main questions are what made them to become an exchange student; their motives, expectations and life trajectory. Even though these questions are of personal characters, their stories are concerned with their relations in their universities, how their universities define this exchange student period, how each universities provide and limit the possibility for students, how the universities construct the students- time zone and what these factors mean to the students- trajectory. Drawing upon Actor network theory, the study suggests that the students- individual trajectory should be understood as a part of the collective narratives by considering their relations to other actors in the universities that is seen as a network in this study.

  • 388.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Unequal opportunities: considering student mobility as an effect of institutional practice2013Inngår i: Mobility as a tool to acquire and develop competences from childhood to seniority / [ed] M. Mendel & A. Atlas, Warszawa: Fundacja Rozwoju systemu Edukacji , 2013, s. 365-373Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 389.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Sociomateriella perspektiv på vuxen pedagogik2013Inngår i: Lärandets mångfald: Om vuxenpedagogik och folkbildning / [ed] Andreas Fejes, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2013, s. 299-316Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 390.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Rimpilainen, Sanna
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Performing multiple realities: a study of action and agency in technology-enhanced simulation in medical education2013Inngår i: Book of Abstracts: 7th European Research Conference, 2013, s. 3-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon Actor network theory (ANT), the paper discusses the issue of agency in simulation training in medical education. Data is generated through observing technology-enhanced simulations in health care education where a mid-fidelity simulator (SimMan) is used. In the teaching session described in the paper, the students work and learn together in a-30 minutes emergency simulation with the SimMan as a patient called Sofia. The paper illustrates different examples of how the SimMan transforms from a "mannequin" and a "piece of technology" to a "female patient Sofia" as an effect of an assemblage of heterogeneous actors and how rapidly the transformation reverses back to a "mannequin", "piece of technology" when the assemblage fails to hold together. By drawing upon ANT, the paper argues that agency is not just a capacity of the students and teachers, but in webs of relations of human actors, materials, a scenario, techniques and the mannequin.

  • 391.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Rimpilainen, Sanna
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Abrandt Dahlgren, Madeleine
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Fenwick, Tara
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Interprofessional training in technology-enhanced medical simulation: Locations and knowings2013Inngår i: Conference Programme Book: 8th International Conference on Researching Work and Learning 2013, 2013, s. 15-16Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper take an actor-network theory perspective on the use of medical simulators in professional education as a means of training students in medical education and nursing in handling acute emergency situations in health care.  The main aim of the study is to investigate what activities are performed in what material arrangements in a full cycle of simulation, i.e  the briefing, the simulation in the emergency room, the observations in the control room and the debriefing and what knowing is produced as an effect of these arrangements.

     The use of simulators has become a common teaching strategy in medical education. An ageing population, declining financial resources and lack of trained health care personnel are global trends that call for changing the system of health care practice as well as for professional education in the sector.  To build more effective health services, professionals are required to work more collaboratively and in partnership with health care consumers (WHO 2008; 2010). Recently, leading medical experts have also criticised the training of health personnel for not adequately preparing for cooperation and inter-professional communication (Frenk et al, 2010). In health care, this concern situations demanding effective communication for making prompt decisions that are of critical importance in emergency situations. Training of students and professionals by means of full-scale simulators is a response to accommodate for these needs.  Education in simulation-based environments is seen to offer opportunities to address the needs for training interprofessional collaboration by focusing on communication, situation awareness, decision making and coping with stress (Arafeh et al 2010; Östergaard et al,2011). Cook et al has shown in a meta analysis of more than 600 research articles, that in comparison with no intervention, technology-enhanced simulation is consistently associated with large effects for outcomes of knowledge, skills, and behaviors but moderate effects for patient-related outcomes (Cook et al 2011). A majority of the studies are effect studies with quantitative designs. The authors argue that there is a need for rigorous, theory based qualitative studies in order to clarify how and when to effectively use technology enhanced simulations in the training of health care professionals.

     The present study draws upon Actor-network theory (Latour, 2005).  This perspective which situates materiality as a part of the social practices, provides theoretical tools for observation and discussion of the relation between the material assemblages and human actors. Observations of full-scale simulations of acute trauma handling in the emergency room with ten groups of medical and nursing students make up the data for analysis. Preliminary findings indicate that the different locations and material arrangements of the simulation cycle produce different kinds of knowing and learning than the intended curriculum objectives. The findings can contribute to the theoretical knowledge of how to design simulation-based medical education.

     

     

     

     

     

  • 392.
    Ahn, Song Ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Rimpiläinen, Sanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Three locations of technology enhanced medical simulation training and their effect on learning and knowing2014Inngår i: Professional Matters: Materialities and virtualities of professional learning, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to address the identified gap in literature concerning  the lack of rigorous, theory-based, qualitative studies to clarify how and when to effectively use simulations to train health care professionals (Cook, et al, 2011). By drawing upon actor-network theory (ANT) (Latour, 2005) an approach that situates materiality as a part of the social practices, and provides theoretical tools for observation and discussion of the relation between the material assemblages and human actors, we have investigated how learning takes place during a simulation-based medical training. Knowing and learning, according to ANT, are not simply cognitive or social phenomena, but are seen as emerging as effects of the socio-material networks gathered together and being performed into being in particular locations (Law, 2004; Rimpiläinen, 2011).  In this study we have focussed on observing the socio-material arrangements that emerged in three locations involved in the simulation – the simulation room, the observation room and the reflection room - and analysing what kinds of knowing and learning they have produced through which socio-material arrangements. Data for analysis consists of observations of full-scale simulations of acute trauma handling in the emergency room with ten groups of medical and nursing students.  Preliminary findings indicate that the different locations and material arrangements of the simulation cycle produce different kinds of knowing and learning from the intended curriculum objectives. The findings can contribute to the theoretical knowledge of how to design simulation-based medical education.

  • 393.
    Ahn, Song-ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Aktör-nätverksteori2015Inngår i: Handbok i kvalitativ analys / [ed] Andreas Fejes och Robert Thornberg, Stockholm: Liber, 2015, 2, s. 115-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 394.
    Ahn, Song-ee
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Ur kurs: Utbytesstudenters rörelser i tid och rum2007Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to study exchange students’ movement and exchange studies as a trajectory in time and space. The dissertation is based on interviews with fourteen Korean exchange students at Swedish universities. The theoretical framework is based on Actor–Network Theory (ANT). ANT argues that everything that does something is an actor (human and non-human) and that an actor cannot be separated from a network that acts through the actor. ANT also argues that one’s location is not explained only in terms of Euclidean space and time but also in terms of spatiality and temporality, which are a network’s production.

    The dissertation shows that the students were enrolled and mobilized in the exchange programs by heterogeneous actors and that there were specific network spaces that produced exchange students at the home universities. The exchange students were excluded at the Swedish host universities by being formally included without direction. At the host universities, they went off course from their educational trajectories because the curriculum disappeared during their exchange studies. The dissertation also shows that the exchange students were enrolled and mobilized in the networks of “international students” at the host universities. Theses exchange students instead moved in the same way as the other exchange students, which stabilized the networks of “international students” at the host universities. It describes how the exchange students acted at a distance as actor of networks in Korea. When they returned, many of them had to prolong their educational period. This was a result of the translation of exchange studies at the home universities.

    In this dissertation, it shows that the exchange program was performed not only by individual exchange students; rather, it was performed in the associations of heterogeneous actors.

  • 395.
    Ahn, Song-ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Andersson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Fejes, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning, VUFo. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Flogell, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Karlsson, Georg
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Avdelningen för studier av vuxenutbildning, folkbildning och högre utbildning (VUFo). Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Kunskap – synlig, standardiserad och jämförbar?2009Inngår i: Lärande på vuxnas vis: Vetenskap och beprövad erfarenhet, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, 1, s. 123-142Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok belyser och jämför flera gemensamma brännpunkter i kommunal vuxenutbildning, folkhögskola och högskola: till vilka utbildningarna riktas, hur de utformas didaktiskt, hur de studerande betygssätts och bedöms. Författarna använder konkreta exempel när de diskuterar bland annat utbildares och studerandes perspektiv på dessa områden. Boken riktar sig till blivande och verksamma personalvetare, yrkes- och studievägledare samt pedagoger.

  • 396.
    Ahn, Song-Ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Harlin, Eva-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Innovative folk high school programs2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 397.
    Ahn, Song-ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Harlin, Eva-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Kursutveckling inom folkhögskolan: Fyra exampelpå didaktisk innovation2018Inngår i: Folkhögskolan 150 år / [ed] Ann- Marie Laginder, Eva Önnesjö, Irma Carlsson & Erik Nylander, Stockholm: Förening för Folkbildningsforsning och författarna , 2018, 1, s. 273-286Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 398.
    Ahn, Song-Ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Harlin, Eva-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Hallqvist, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Innovative Program Development in Swedish Folk High Schools2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 399.
    Ahn, Song-ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Nyström, Sofia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Nya former för yrkeslärande: simulatorstödd undervisning2018Inngår i: Yrkesutbildning: Mellan skola och arbetsliv / [ed] Maria Gustavssion & Susanne Köpsén, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, s. 85-99Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 400.
    Ahn, Song-ee
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap och lärande, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande. Linköpings universitet, Utbildningsvetenskap.
    Rimpiläinen, Sanna
    Location and Knowings2019Inngår i: Interprofessional Simulation in Health Care: Materiality, Embodiment, Interaction / [ed] Madeleine Abrandt Dahlgren, Hans Rystedt, Li Felländer-Tsai, Sofia Nyström, Springer, 2019, s. 93-103Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
567891011 351 - 400 of 27767
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