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  • 51.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Barajas, Josefin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Stroke patients' experiences of return to work2006In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 28, no 17, p. 1051-1060Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of return to work (RTW) after stroke from the patient's perspective.

    Method. Six patients who had their first ever stroke in 2001, were <65 years of age and were working at the time of their stroke were included. Information was obtained via an open-ended interview. The material was transcribed verbatim and analysed using Giorgi's empirical phenomenology.

    Results. Rehabilitation was perceived as primarily aimed at restoring bodily functions and a return to everyday activities, rather than at promoting a return to work. It was not experienced as adapted to the participants' needs or their age. The workplace was experienced as very important in the rehabilitation process. When the informants experienced that the rehabilitation professionals were not taking action, they took control of the situation themselves. The informants expressed pride in their own capacity to take the initiative and in their ability to take action. Both self-employed and employed informants said they had possibilities and opportunities to take action since their work situation was flexible. The informants' adaptation to a new role at work was perceived as facilitated by the understanding and positive attitude of co-workers.

    Conclusion. Among this group of stroke patients, the individual patient's capacity and ability to return to work was enhanced by motivation or “will” and self-efficacy in combination with external support. Self-efficacy was not only a personal trait or internal factor; it was enhanced and encouraged in interaction with contextual conditions. There are similarities between the RTW process and processes of health promotion.

  • 52.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Bendtsen, Preben
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Health promotion and rehabilitation: a case study2003In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 25, no 16, p. 908-915Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Since the number of people in Sweden on long-term sick leave has rapidly increased since 1996, new non-biomedical models of occupational rehabilitation are at stake. A group of seven women who had finished medical treatment and rehabilitation but were still on sick leave or temporary disability pension for several years, worked in a problem-based rehabilitation group for 6 months. Focus for the group was on a process of change towards health and work ability.

    Purpose: The aim of this case study was to improve understanding of effects of a problem-based rehabilitation model (PBR) on health promoting processes amongst a group of women on long-term sick leave. Method: Data source was a focus group interview. The analysis follows the guidelines of qualitative analysis that emerges from grounded theory.

    Results: The pedagogical model of PBR enhanced the participant's internal resources such as self-confidence and ability to act in a social setting. External resources such as social support were improved. An individual follow-up was conducted 2 years after the rehabilitation process and four out of seven women had returned to work.

    Conclusion: Among this group of women PBR launched health-promoting processes. When the more medically oriented treatment is finished or is not able to contribute further to the individual's recovery, other aspects of the individuals abilities and health resources will be focused upon.

  • 53.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Nordlund, A.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Ergonomics.
    Axelsson, Olav
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine.
    Job Strain and First-Ever Stroke in a Community Based Case Control Study in Sweden; Preliminary results2003In: ICPH Intl Congress on Occupational Health,2003, Iguassu Falls, Brasilien: ICPH , 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

         

  • 54.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Ergonomics. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences, Centre for Studies of Humans, Technology and Organization. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Organisational change, job strain and increased risk of stroke?: a pilot study2008In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 443-449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The objective of this pilot study was to explore whether organisational change and work-related stress, as measured by the Job Content Questionnaire, were associated with first-ever stroke among working people aged 30–65.

    Methods: In a case-control study a total of 65 consecutive cases, aged 30–65 years of age, with first-ever stroke were recruited from four hospitals in Sweden during 2000–2002. During the same period, 103 random population controls in the same age interval were recruited. Data on job-related stress and traditional medical risk factors were collected by a questionnaire.

    Results: In the multivariate analyses, organisational change (OR 3.38) increased the likelihood of stroke, while experiencing an active job (OR 0.37) decreased the likelihood of stroke. Regarding risk factors outside work, age (OR 1.11), low physical activity (OR 5.21), low education (OR 2.48) and family history of stroke (OR 2.59) were associated with increased likelihood of stroke.

    Conclusion: This study suggests an association between organisational change, work-related stress and stroke. The likelihood of stroke was lower for people in active job situations.

  • 55.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Increasing Stroke Incidence in Sweden Between 1989 and 2000 Among Persons Aged 30 to 65 Years: Evidence From the Swedish Hosptial Discharge Register.2003In: 12th Nordic Meeting on Cerebrovascular Diseases,2003, 2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Increasing stroke incidence in Sweden between 1989 and 2000 among persons aged 30 to 65 years: evidence from the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register2004In: Stroke, ISSN 0039-2499, E-ISSN 1524-4628, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 1047-1051Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and Purpose— Stroke mortality is decreasing in Sweden, as is the case in other Western European countries. However, both decreases and increases have been reported in Sweden for persons younger than age 65 years. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of stroke in Sweden between the periods 1989 and 1991 and 1998 and 2000 in persons aged 30 to 65 years.

    Methods— All first-ever stroke patients aged 30 to 65 years in the Swedish Hospital Discharge Register between 1989 and 2000 were included.

    Results— The age-standardized, 3-year average incidence increased by 19%, from 98.9 to 118.0 per 100 000 among men, and by 33%, from 48.4 to 64.4 among women, between 1989 and 1991 and 1998 and 2000. The largest increase was seen among those younger than 60 years. On a county level, the change in age-standardized stroke incidence varied from small decreases (−3%) to large increases (82%).

    Conclusion— Stroke incidence increased in Sweden for both men and women between 1989 and 2000. The increase was larger among women. This calls for action when it comes to studying risk factors and planning for prevention and health promotion and indicates the need for gender-specific studies.

  • 57.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Sick leave, disability pension and health-care-seeking behaviour prior to stroke, among people aged 30–65: a case–control study2007In: Brain Injury, ISSN 0269-9052, E-ISSN 1362-301X, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 457-463Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Primary objective: To explore sick leave, disability pension and health-care-seeking behaviour among people 30–65 years of age prior to their stroke in 2001 in the county of Östergötland, Sweden.

    Research design: A register-based, retrospective case–control study for the period 1 January 1998–31 December 2000. Cases (n = 212): patients aged 30–65 with first-ever stroke in 2001. Controls (n = 4606): people aged 30–65, randomly selected from the same base population.

    Main outcomes and results: More than 91 days of accumulated sick leave among women was associated with increased likelihood of developing stroke (OR = 1.89). Among men, 29–90 days and more than 91 days on sick leave increased the likelihood of stroke (OR = 2.34 and OR = 3.43, respectively).

    Conclusion: Frequent health-care-seeking behaviour is not a tool for identifying women who develop stroke, while it may be an indicator for men. Accumulated sick leave may be a tool for identifying men and women with higher risk of stroke.

    Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02699050701317643

  • 58.
    Medin, Jennie
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Eklund, Jörgen
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Ergonomics.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Axelsson, Olav
    Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine.
    Organisational change, job strain, effort reward and increased risk of stroke: a case control study.2005In: Second ICOH International Conference on Psychosocial factors at Work.,2005, 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59. Nilsson, S
    et al.
    Engblom, D
    Karlsson, LG
    Mölstad, S
    Jönköping.
    Nylander, Eva
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Medicine and Care, Clinical Physiology. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart Centre, Department of Clinical Physiology.
    Scheike, M
    Åkerlind, Ingemar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Örtoft, K
    Bröstsmärta och ischemisk hjärtsjukdom i primärvården2002In: Svenska Läkaresällskapets Riksstämma, Göteborg, 2002,2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Nordlund, Anders
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Tobaksrökning och hälsa i Sverige under 1900-talet.2005In: Svenska folkets hälsa i historiskt perspektiv / [ed] Jan Sundin, Christer Hogstedt,Jakob Lindberg, Henrik Moberg, Stockholm: Statens folkhälsoinstitut , 2005, p. 305-361Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har i ett internationellt perspektiv en lång tradition av att bedriva´det som nu kallas folkhälsopolitik. Den mångfald av insatser som genomförts har påverkat både hälsan och medellivslängden, vilken fördubblats sedan mitten av 1700-talet. Denna utveckling går dock inte enbart, eller ens främst, att tillskriva folkhälsopolitiska insatser. Förändringar i befolkningens hälsa, sjuklighet och dödlighet måste ses i relation till samhällets struktur i olika skeden och samhällsutvecklingen i bred mening.

  • 61.
    Nordlund, Anders
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Centre for Public Health Sciences, Centre for Public Health Sciences.
    Group: med:, Linquest
    Ståhlbom, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Pain and Occupational Centre, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Centre.
    Tondel, Martin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Pain and Occupational Centre, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Centre.
    EQ-5D in a general population survey - A description of the most commonly reported EQ-5D health states using the SF-362005In: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 1099-1109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of studying health-related quality of life in the general population has increasingly been emphasized. From a public health perspective, this benefits the identification of population inequalities in health status. One of the currently most popular instruments is the EQ-5D. Evaluations of the EQ-5D generally focus on the overall preference-based index. As this index has a built-in value, exploration of the information from the underlying health states is also important. In this study, the ten most commonly reported EQ-5D health states are described using the SF-36. Data collected in 1999 by questionnaires mailed to a random sample aged 20-74 in south-eastern Sweden were used (n = 9489). Almost 43% reported the best possible EQ-5D health state and 78% were accounted for by three EQ-5D health states. The EQ-5D health state classification was largely reflected by the SF-36, with the EQ-5D items mobility, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression tapping most clearly on the SF-36 scales physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health problems, bodily pain, and mental health, respectively. However, within the same level of EQ-5D (i.e., moderate problems) there was a rather large variation of SF-36 scale scores, particularly regarding the EQ-5D item pain/discomfort and the SF-36 scale BP. © Springer 2005.

  • 62.
    Strindlund, Lena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Långtidssjukskrivna inom Landstinget i Östergötland 2002: Diagnoser, arbetsförhållanden och rehabiliteringsbehov2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien ingår som en del i projektet ”Arbetsplatsen, arbetsledaren och den sjukskrivne - förutsättningar för samverkan med FK i arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering”. Projektet är en del i samverkansavtalet mellan försäkringskassan och landstinget i Östergötland och syftar på sikt till att identifiera hinder och goda lösningar för framgångsrik rehabilitering tillbaka till arbete av sjukskrivna inom landstinget.

    Studien bygger på det enkätmaterial som landstinget skickade till samtliga 392 långtidssjukskrivna (>6 månader) medarbetare hösten 2002. Totalt 79% besvarade enkäten.

    En dryg tredjedel var sjukskrivna på grund av en kombination av psykiska och somatiska besvär, en fjärdedel på grund av psykiska besvär enbart och en femtedel på grund av besvär i rörelseorganen enbart. Andelen med psykiska besvär var högst bland yrkesgrupper med hög kvalifikationsnivå, medan besvär i rörelseorganen var vanligare i gruppen med låg kvalifikationsnivå. Mer än hälften hade varit sjukskrivna i mer än 1.5 år. Den självskattade hälsan, mätt med SF-36, var mycket låg bland de långtidssjuka, i detta avseende fanns inga större skillnader mellan hög- och lågkvalificerade grupper.

    Två tredjedelar av de långtidssjuka anger att arbetet helt eller delvis är orsaken till sjukskrivningen, i gruppen med psykiska besvär uppger 90% att arbetet är orsaken. Analys av svaren i en öppen fråga om vilka förhållanden i arbetet som bidragit till sjukskrivningen angavs en hög arbetsbelastning som hänför sig till bemanningsproblematik och små möjligheter till återhämtning som viktiga orsaksfaktorer. Många av de långtidssjuka uppger brister i ledarskapet som en starkt bidragande faktor till ohälsa. Brister i organisation av arbetet skapar oklarheter, som i sin tur leder till stress och hög arbetsbelastning.

    Mindre än hälften av de långtidssjuka uppger att arbetsledningen genomfört några åtgärder för att främja återgång i arbete. Inte heller försäkringskassan upplevs ha arbetat målinriktat för att främja arbetsåtergång, endast en tredjedel har fått en rehabiliteringsplan.

    För gruppen med psykiska besvär är framför allt minskad stress, ändrade arbetsuppgifter och kortare arbetstid viktiga förutsättningar för återgång i arbete. Gruppen med besvär i rörelseorganen anger att mindre kroppsligt tungt arbete, förändrade arbetsuppgifter och kortare arbetstid är betydelsefullt. Cirka 40% av de långtidssjukskrivna uppger att de skulle kunna arbeta på hel- eller deltid.

    Undersökningsgruppen var sjukskrivna då de besvarade enkäten. Detta kan innebära att man har en ökad benägenhet att tillskriva arbetsplatsen större orsak till ohälsan, än om man varit i arbete. De långtidssjukas upplevelse av arbetsledning och organisation och av hur de fått hjälp och stöd från olika aktörer har emellertid betydelse för hur man ser på sina möjligheter till återgång i arbete. Upplevelser av bristande engagemang och stöd under sjukskrivnings- och rehabiliteringsprocessen kan öka hindren för återgång i arbete.

    Kommentarerna i enkäten gav en bild av vilka förhållanden som är viktiga att utveckla för att etablera en rehabiliteringsprocess som möjliggör för de långtidssjuka att återgå i arbete. Till dessa förhållanden hör:

    • Respekt för ohälsan
    • Arbetsledningens förhållningssätt och agerande
    • Rutiner på arbetsplatsen vid sjukskrivning och rehabilitering
    • Vidgade möjligheter till arbetsträning och omplacering
    • Bättre samverkan mellan rehabiliteringsaktörerna
    • Sociala mötesplatser för långtidssjukskrivna
    Download full text (pdf)
    Långtidssjukskrivna inom Landstinget i Östergötland 2002 : Diagnoser, arbetsförhållanden och rehabiliteringsbehov
  • 63.
    Tengland, Per-Anders
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Malmö University, Sweden .
    A qualitative approach to assessing work ability2013In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 393-404Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PROBLEM: We often need to be able to assess the extent to which individuals have or lack work ability. For this we need instruments. Most of the instruments available have flaws. They either lack validity or they use roundabout methods when collecting information about the individuals work ability. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanOBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to present a conceptual model for constructing a questionnaire that can be used for assessing work ability. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMETHODS: The methods used are philosophical, i.e. analytical and deductive. A conceptual theory is provided, and based on the resulting definition of the concept of "work ability" conclusions are drawn regarding how to assess work ability. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanRESULTS: When constructing quantitative instruments, we can increase validity through using a more strict definition of work ability. However, such an approach will only solve some of the problems noted above. The proposal is, instead, to create a qualitative questionnaire, founded on a definition of "work ability", which focuses on the concrete problems concerning the work ability of the individual. Finally, a sketch of such an instrument is provided, with questions covering all the relevant aspects of work ability. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanCONCLUSION: The qualitative questionnaire proposed is believed to be superior to more traditional (quantitative) instruments for assessing a persons work ability, as well as for finding solutions to her problems concerning work ability.

  • 64.
    Vaez, Marjan
    et al.
    Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap Karolinska Institutet.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Laflamme, Lucie
    Institutionen för folkhälsa Karolinska Institutet.
    Abusive Events at Work among Young Working Adults - Magnitude of the Problem and its Effect on Self-Rated Health2004In: Relations Industrielles - Industrial Relations, ISSN 0034-379X, E-ISSN 1703-8138, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 569-584Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Vaez, Marjan
    et al.
    Institutionen för klinisk neurovetenskap Karolinska Institutet.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Laflamme, Lucie
    Institutionen för folkhälsa Karolinska Institutet.
    Ratings of health and quality of life by young working people: Are there occupational or education-based differences?2004In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 193-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines differences in self-rated health and perceived quality of life (QoL) among young working people according to occupation and education level. Subjects were extracted from a cross-sectional data set, covering questionnaire responses of people aged 20-74 years from the Swedish region of Östergötland, and addressing individual environmental and health conditions. The emphasis was on males and females in paid employment aged 20-34 (n = 863). Differences in self-rated health items and in perceived QoL were subjected to a series of t-tests. Two measures of individual socioeconomic position were considered - occupation and education. No education-based differences were found, and there were few differences based on occupation. Among males, manual workers reported significantly higher scores with regard to pain and physical function than did non-manual workers. Male and female manual workers scored significantly lower on current perceived QoL than non-manual workers. In the case of females, the differences between manual and non-manual workers also applied to former perceived QoL. Yet, after applying the Bonferroni correction, none of the differences observed remained significant. In line with some earlier studies, it appears that - among young working adults - the manners in which health status and QoL are perceived are not strongly conditional on socioeconomic position. © 2004 - IOS Press and the authors. All rights reserved.

  • 66.
    Westlander, Gunnela
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Ergonomics.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Hälsofrämjande interventioner. Del 12005In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 82, no 3, p. 196-266Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 67.
    Wilhelmsson, Susan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, General Practice. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in the West of Östergötland, Unit of Research and Development in Local Health Care, County of Östergötland.
    Foldevi, Mats
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, General Practice.
    Åkerlind, Ingemar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Faresjö, T
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Welfare and Care (IVV), Science in Nursing.
    Unfavourable working conditions for female GPs. A comparison between Swedish general practitiners and district nurses2002In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 20, p. 74-78Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 68.
    Ydreborg, Berit
    et al.
    Örebro läns landsting.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Nilsson, Kerstin
    Sahlgrenska Akademin Göteborgs universitet.
    Swedish social insurance officers' experiences of difficulties in assessing applications for disability pensions - an interview study.2007In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 7, no 128Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the focus is on social insurance officers judging applications for disability pensions. The number of applications for disability pension increased during the late 1990s, which has resulted in an increasing number of disability pensions in Sweden. A more restrictive attitude towards the clients has however evolved, as societal costs have increased and governmental guidelines now focus on reducing costs. As a consequence, the quantitative and qualitative demands on social insurance officers when handling applications for disability pensions may have increased. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the social insurance officers' experiences of assessing applications for disability pensions after the government's introduction of stricter regulations.    

  • 69.
    Åkerlind, Ingemar
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Continuity of Care and Sociodemographic Factors ExplainDifferences in Patient Satisfaction between Primary Health Care Centers.2002In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 9 (suppl1),2002, 2002, p. 302-302Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 70.
    Åkerlind, Ingemar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Johansson, Kjell
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science.
    Bendtsen, Preben
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Beroendekliniken IHS. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Dependency.
    How often are patients receiving advice about alcohol and other lifestyle habits in primary care in Sweden?2002In: Eur J Public Health,2002, 2002, p. 35-36Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Åkerlind, Ingemar
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, National Centre for Work and Rehabilitation.
    Lundkvist, J
    Borgquist, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, General Practice.
    Mölstad, Sigvard
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, General Practice.
    The more time spent on listening - the less time spent on prescribing antibiotics in general practice.2002In: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 9 (suppl1),2002, 2002, p. 302-302Conference paper (Refereed)
12 51 - 71 of 71
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