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  • 51.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Jacobsson, Staffan
    Chalmers.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH.
    Inför EU-tull på koldioxid2007In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 2007-04-10, no BrännpunktArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 52.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Jakobsson, Staffan
    Chalmers.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH.
    En myt att Sverige minskat utsläppen av växthusgaser2007In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 2007-02-17, no DebattArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

          

  • 53.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Jansson, Jan Owen
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics .
    Laestadius, Staffan
    Fördubbla trängselskatten och slopa kringfartsled2008In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, Vol. 2008-01-19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Järkvik, J.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Lagomizing, organic integration, and systems emergency wards, and the practice of project management2008In: PMI Research Conference,2008, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Järkvik, Jack
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Jack Järkvik Management AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Lagomizing, organic integration, and systems emergency wards: Innovative practices in managing complex systems development projects2008In: Project Management Journal, ISSN 8756-9728, E-ISSN 1938-9507, Vol. 39, no S1, p. S111-S122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In complex systems development, project management is a key factor for innovation, for bringing together system capabilities to actually working systems and taking them to the customer. The critical question then is: How can successful project management in this field be conceptualized, practiced, and understood? In the extant literature, there is a plethora of suggested tools for advanced planning and scheduling, for system decomposition and modularization, and for reducing interdependencies and avoiding errors. There is also a growing criticism of these “planning approaches,” suggesting various contingency and flexibility approaches, to reflect and adapt to complexity and change. This critique, however, tends to lack grounded suggestions for effective managerial practices and does not distinguish between general flexibility needs and specific project structures required to make complex systems development at all possible. This article centers on the development of large, complex systems with an empirical focus on the telecom industry. Key challenges here, it is argued, are to understand complexity, reduce complexity, and rapidly act on the consequences of complexity to ensure timely delivery of reliable and predictable systems to highly demanding customers. To cope with these challenges, a set of innovative practices has been developed within Ericsson, a world leader in mobile network systems. We focus on three such practices, which together represent examples of a “neo-realistic” approach to project management: (1) lagomizing, a top-down redefinition of project goals to reduce complexity and transform expectations; (2) organic integration, an articulation and visualization of a shared understanding of system capabilities; and (3) Systemakut, the Systems Emergency Ward, a real-time, high-visibility agora for managing integration, handling errors, and making swift decisions and in public. The study is based on a research methodology involving knowledge coproduction, where the team of authors represents both academic knowledge and practitioner experience of managing innovations in complex systems development projects.

  • 56.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Södertörns Högskola.
    Firm innovativenessin emerging economies - the case of fast moving innovators in the Turkishautomotive and white goods industries2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Innovation capability building in emerging economies through joint venture: Case of Turkish automotive industry2015In: Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2015), 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    International R&D collaboration in high tech - the challenges of jet fighter development partnerships in2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In core OECD countries, the defense industry is a preferred sector for government-supported development of advanced R&D and engineering capabilities, which are then diffused to civilian applications, e.g. airplanes and power turbines. This profile of government involvement and high tech makes defense system development attractive also for emerging economies, where policy makers strive to upgrade independent R&D capabilities. Within the defense sector, fighter jets are a particular demanding area in terms of system complexity, long life-cycle and extreme operational conditions. Also, fighter programs require large investments for long period of time: typically 10-20 years. Products are tightly integrated with all subsystems developed for a particular use. In contrast to consumer durables such as white goods, new entrants cannot start with reverse engineering and assembly to gradually move up the technology frontier, but have to compete with world leaders directly. Moreover, the global aerospace industry is an oligopolistic sector with cut-throat competition and very high switching costs for customers.

    This paper seeks the answers of the following questions: Which are the main factors leading up to the formation of new types of international partnerships in jet fighter development? A second question is: Which are the specific challenges related to such partnerships involving firms both from established and emerging economies? In order to answer these research questions Turkish jet fighter program is used as a case study.

    The paper shows that the chances to succeed are highly uncertain in this sector dominated by USA. Although Turkey developed some level of R&D capability in previous defence R&D programs, the complexity of jet fighter development poses new challenges. Previous experiences indicate that technical capabilities are not sufficient, equally important is the formation of local management capabilities. During the pre-development (concept) phase, Turkey chose to collaborate with Swedish Saab. The paper discusses several challenges in this type of collaboration for the future program development, concerning intra- as well as inter-organizational management, i. e. both the organization of the technical development projects, and the design of appropriate industry governance structures.

  • 59.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Division of Business Administration at Zirve University, Gaziantep, Turkey.
    Mobile communications in Turkey: from first mover advantages to management capabilities2011In: Info, ISSN 1463-6697, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 72-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Several studies of the telecommunications industry have focused on government regulation and structural conditions, suggesting that initial order of entry and network effects create strong first-mover advantages for GSM companies. This paper seeks to change the focus to managerial capabilities and to investigate how an early mover on the Turkish market manages the phase of vigorous competition following the early-regulated period.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is a case study of one leading firm in the context of the Turkish telecommunications market development. The most important sources for data are Telepati Telekom Journal, Turkcell Annual Reports, Telecommunications Authority of Turkey's publications, the reports of investment institutions, web pages of operators, and previous publications about the Turkish telecom industry.

    Findings – The paper finds that the early mover, Turkcell, has used a mix of differentiated marketing strategies, innovative and diversified product development and increased service quality to defend its position in an era of increased competition with new operators, a high number of pre-paid customers and number portability.

    Originality/value – On the basis of this case, the paper argues that studies of the telecommunications industry need to expand their analyses of industry structures to also include firm-specific strategies and management capabilities.

  • 60.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Retraction, Dishonesty and Plagiarism: Analysis of a Crucial Issue for Academic Publishing, and the Inadequate Responses from Leading Journals in Economics and Management Disciplines2012In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, ISSN 1927-033X, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 172-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Academic dishonesty and plagiarism have become hot issues in newspapers and academia. However, there are few studies of how leading journals are handling these issues. Therefore the purpose of this paper is to analyze the current situation and policies concerning academic dishonesty, plagiarism and paper retractions in academia in general, and business and economics disciplines in particular. Four databases, Ebsco Business Source Premier, Emerald, JSTOR and ScienceDirect, have been examined. This survey shows that while some science journals, e.g. medical journals, are very active in retracting papers due to the dishonesty and plagiarism, business and economics journals are not. The survey also displays that some journals have already published explicit policies regarding academic honesty; within the business field, however, only two established and one emerging journal discuss such policies. Given the extent of the problem, it seems important that more journals openly confront the situation, elaborate and publish explicit policies how to reduce the future occurrence of academic dishonesty and plagiarism.

  • 61.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Scientific misconduct at an elite medical institute: The role of competing institutional logics and fragmented control2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 48, no 2, p. 428-443Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The incidence of revealed fraud and dishonesty in academia is on the rise, and so is the number of studies seeking to explain scientific misconduct. This paper builds on the concepts of competing logics and institutional fields to analyze a serious case of medical and scientific misconduct at a leading research institute, Karolinska in Sweden, home to the Nobel Prize in Medicine.

    By distinguishing between a market-oriented, a medical and an academic logic, the study analyzes how various actors − executives, research leaders, co-authors, journal editors, medical doctors, science bloggers, investigative journalists and documentary filmmakers − sustained or tried to expose the misconduct. Despite repeated warnings from patient-responsible doctors and external academic reviewers, Karolinska protected the surgeon, Paolo Macchiarini, until a documentary film at the Swedish national public TV exposed the fraud which led to public inquiries and proposals for a new national ethics legislation.

    The analysis illustrates the power of a market-oriented logic focused on brand and image at the research institute and at a leading journal, but also the perseverance of the logics of scientific scrutiny and medical care among practicing doctors and independent academics although the carriers of these logics were less well organized than the carriers of the market-oriented logic. Furthermore, the analysis shows the problem of fragmented control in the academic institutional field. The discussion of remedies compares the Karolinska case, where media actors were instrumental in sanctioning the perpetrators, with a similar instance of medical misconduct at Duke in the US where the government agency (ORI) intervened and shows the limitations of both types of actors. The conclusion highlights the importance of studying misconduct management and institution-building in different fields to develop effective remedies.

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-04-18 13:03
  • 62.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    The challenge of knowledge acquisition and integration in emerging economy firms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge-based theories of the firm have inspired a rich literature on the search, transfer and integration of knowledge in advanced economies. This paper builds on theories on boundaries and knowledge integration to analyze an important new subject: firms in emerging economies and their strategies for acquiring and integrating external knowledge and break with their past as local low-cost manufacturers. Studies within this area, we propose, may also provide fresh perspectives on the general discourse on knowledge integration across boundaries.  We start with the empirical context, emerging economies and technological catch-up, with a focus on Turkey. Then we present case studies of firm strategies to overcome external knowledge boundaries, adopted by two of Turkey´s industry leaders. These strategies are analyzed using Carlile´s (2004) framework on knowledge boundaries. We conclude by briefly reviewing the difficulties faced by the studied firms, and what these difficulties may tell us about different types of boundaries. 

  • 63.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH.
    Co-development and composite clusters-the secular strength of Nordic telecommunications2003Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the 1980s and 1990s Finland and Sweden were on the international frontier in telecommunications, pioneering the first-generation cellular system and leading in the development of the second generation. This strength in telecommunications has developed under various regulatory regimes in a complex industrial history, going back to the nineteenth century. To account for this Fenno-Swedish telecom trajectory, the article starts out with Porter's model of industrial competitiveness and theories of public procurement, and then focus the attention and analysis in two directions: (i) the historical role of advanced, research-intensive users and competitive public-private development pairs, and (ii) the emergence and significance of a composite binational clusters and their local agglomerations in the accelerated industry growth in the 1990s.

  • 64.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH.
    Gör krispolitiken till hävstång för klimatomställning2008In: Tiden : tidskrift för socialistisk kritik och politik grundad av Hjalmar Branting / utges av Sveriges socialdemokratiska arbetareparti, ISSN 0040-6759, Vol. 2008, no 6, p. 10-14Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Laestadius, Staffan
    KTH.
    Kan krishantering och klimatomställning kombineras?2009In: Ekonomisk Debatt, E-ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 13-27Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln diskuteras hur den kortsiktiga hanteringen av dagens kris kan kombineras med långsiktig klimatomställning. Omfattande konsumtionsstimulanser, som nu införs i allt fler länder, bidrar sannolikt till att förvärra de omvandlingsproblem som klimatkrisen aktualiserar. Med utgångspunkt i en klimatanpassad keynesmodell undersöker artikeln villkoren för en krispolitik med dubbla ambitioner. Utmaningen här är att skapa en kombination av stöd för uthållighetsskapande investeringar och uthållig konsumtion på bekostnad av klimatbelastande konsumtion för att både gynna sysselsättningen på kort sikt och påskynda den långsiktiga strukturomvandlingen. Artikeln ger exempel på hur en sådan politik kan bedrivas och visar att regeringens nuvarande politik pekar i en annan riktning.

  • 66.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Lindkvist, Lars
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Projekt : organisation för målorientering och lärande2001 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      Svenska industriföretag, tjänsteföretag och offentliga organisationer väljer i allt högre utsträckning att bedriva verksamhet i projektform. Projektet som arbetsform har gått från att ha varit något av en undantagslösning för unika insatser till att idag framstå som en ”grundbult” i sättet att organisera stora delar av verksamheten inom företag och organisationer. Därmed har också behovet av kunskaper om projektstyrning och projektorganisation ökat dramatiskt. I denna bok behandlas ledning, organisering och lärande i olika typer av projekt. Genom att boken tydligt tar sin utgångspunkt i konkreta fallbeskrivningar och kopplar dessa till aktuell organisations- och projektforskning, lämpar den sig som lärobok på projekt- och organisationskurser inom ekonom-, ingenjörs-, civilingenjörs- och systemvetarutbildningar vid universitet och högskolor. Den är också väl lämpad att användas som kursbok i företagsintern vidareutbildning, och på universitetens externa kurser och ledarskapsprogram. Boken är även intressant för var och en som på egen hand vill fundera över projektorganisationens för- och nackdelar.

  • 67.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Coordinated policies for electrification of heavy vehicles: a technological innovation systems analysis.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Less than 10 years ago, Volvo Cars was known for spacious family cars with high levels of safety but fuel consumption well above the EU average. When in 2007, customers started to demand more efficient cars, the company had little to offer and few projects in the pipeline, whereas competitors rapidly launched less-emitting models. Without waiting for formal executive decisions, a team of experienced engineers took the initiative and organized a broad reengineering campaign labeled “DRIVe” (“Drive towards zero”). The basic idea was to build on existing models and platforms and in a very focused process introduce modifications and fuel-saving modules and so launch a low emitting model within less than 12 months. Incentives on various national markets, for example Belgium or the Netherlands were important factors to convince the market organization and get internal acceptance. In 2008, production started of the first DRIVe versions of Volvo’s compact cars with emissions at 119 gram CO2/km, a reduction by 10+ grams. Six months later more advanced versions with start/stop functionality reduced emissions to 104 g/km. DRIVe versions of the larger models followed, and in 2010, production started of a new version of the large V70 DRIVe with fuel consumption reduced to 0.45 l/100 km and emissions to 119 g CO2/km, a 25% improvement. Later in 2010, improved versions S40 and V50 reported emissions at 99 g/km. The flow of rapid reengineering projects continued and in 2014, the team could present the compact V40 model with a new powerful engine, boasting emissions as low as 85gra/km – without the help of any hybrid systems. An important driver of this flow constantly improved models has been the purchasing incentives in the Netherlands which are tightened annually, 88 gram/km in 2013, 85gram/km in 2014, 82gram/km in 2015, etc. Compliance with these levels is critical for success in the Dutch company car segment and has been very effective in setting a target for the DRIVe projects in recent years, and has contributed to Volvo Cars repositioning from fuel consumption well above the EU average to the lowest fuel consumer within its segment. In total, the DRIVe program has delivered 25 improved models from 2008 to 2014. In this paper we analyze its success factors, management particularities and lessons and limitations for other development projects.

  • 68.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Kan man skapa utan att förstöra?: nyskapande vidareutveckling som förenar2015In: Kunskapsintegration och innovation i en internationaliserande ekonomi: slutrapport från ett forskningsprogram / [ed] Hans Andersson, Christian Berggren, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2015, p. 19-31Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 69.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Reducing automotive emissions-The potentials of combustion engine technologies and the power of policy2012In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 41, p. 636-643Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing transport emissions, in particular vehicular emissions, is a key element for mitigating the risks of climate change. In much of the academic and public discourse the focus has been on alternative vehicle technologies and fuels (e.g. electric cars, fuel cells and hydrogen), whereas vehicles based on internal combustion engines have been perceived as close to their development limits. This paper offers a different perspective by demonstrating the accelerated improvement processes taking place in established combustion technologies as a result of a new competition between manufacturers and technologies, encouraged both by more stringent EU legislation and new CAFE levels in the US. The short-term perspective is complemented by an analysis of future improvement potentials in internal combustion technologies, which may be realized if efficient regulation is in place. Based on a comparison of four different regulatory approaches, the paper identifies the need for a long-term technology-neutral framework with stepwise increasing stringencies, arguing that this will encourage continual innovation and diffusion in the most effective way.

  • 70.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hybrids, diesel or both? The forgotten technological competition for sustainable solutions in the global automotive industry2009In: International Journal of Automotive Technology and Management, ISSN 1470-9511, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 148-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rising fuel prices and tightening regulations to curb greenhouse gases and other emissions have changed the parameters of competition in the global automotive industry, introducing new uncertainties, increased variation and technological turbulence. Many studies focus on the potential performance of alternative technologies, from fuel cells to battery electric cars. This paper starts from the other end: the competition unfolding in the real marketplace between todays most important fuel-saving technologies: the new gasoline hybrid electric vehicle versus the old but continuously evolving diesel power train. In the paper, these technological options are related to the evolution of the European and US markets and the innovation and sourcing strategies of Japanese and European manufacturers. A central finding is that the advent of the hybrid power train has intensified technological competition within the industry, but that it stands no real chance of replacing the evolving diesel in the foreseeable future. However, the competitiveness of technological trajectories must be distinguished from the fate of the firms engaged in these technologies. The paper ends with a discussion of the key factors influencing the outcome of this technology contest between the leading Japanese and European manufacturers.

  • 71.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hybrids versus diesel: The forgotten technological competition for sustainable solutions in the global automotive industry2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Managing radical innovation withinestablished structures – a case study of heavy hybrid-electric vehicle development.2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    New forms of vehicle maker supplier interdependence? The case of electric machine development for heavy hybrid vehicles2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Transition pathways revisited: Established firms as multi-level actors in the heavy vehicle industry2015In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 44, no 5, p. 1017-1028Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions positions established firms (incumbents) as defenders of existing technologies at the "regime level." By contrast, it positions new entrants at the niche level, as promoters of new technologies. This paper challenges the positioning of firms as actors on either regime or niche levels. Based on a comparative analysis of technology strategies in the heavy vehicle industry, the paper shows that established firms are active at both levels, developing several technology alternatives simultaneously. This means that incumbents technology strategies determine important parts of the required niche regime interactions. The paper also shows how incumbents may pursue contrasting technology strategies. While some adopt a dualistic approach, keeping regime and niche level activities technologically and commercially separate, others develop integrated strategies where niche activities are leveraged to impact upon the regime level. The cases studied illustrate how the success of such integrated strategies depends on the emergence of bridging policies. Bridging policies are relevant both for linking early niche markets to broader regime-level markets, and for supporting further technological advancements of niche markets. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 75.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Olausson, Daniel
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Managing asymmetries in information flows and interaction between R&D, manufacturing, and service in complex product development2012In: R &D Management, ISSN 0033-6807, E-ISSN 1467-9310, Vol. 42, no 4, p. 342-357Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of new product development have demonstrated the value of effective interaction

    between research and development (R&D) and manufacturing, but few studies also include

    service operations despite their growing importance. Building on in-depth studies of two

    firms in the capital goods sector, the paper illustrates how the structural differences between

    the R&D-manufacturing and R&D-service interfaces result in serious information and

    interaction imbalances, and presents managerial means to handle these. The paper makes

    three contributions. First, it shows the value of moving beyond a dyadic perspective to

    studies of more complex structures involving triads of specialized functions. Second, the

    paper underlines the role of informational flows that can compensate for asymmetries in

    such triads and facilitate thoughtful trade-off decisions. Third, the paper highlights the

    importance of creating conditions for integrated knowledge-based approaches across functions,

    which involve the generation and sharing of new knowledge. The paper ends with an emerging management agenda to support such integrative efforts in new product development projects.

  • 76.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Era of ferment and the challenge to the dominant powertrain design in the heavy vehicle industryManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    After an extended period of technological stability, the automotive industry has entered an era of ferment, triggered by regulatory, economic and technological changes. This ferment has also spread to powertrain development in the industry´s most conservative and least researched sector, heavy vehicles. All European heavy truck and bus  majors are now experimenting with new powertrain technologies in small series, mostly in buses, and hybrid system suppliers from other industries have also entered the field. In an unprecedented move, Volvo departed from the industry majors´ cautious approach by launching a completely new powertrain platform for the London hybrid bus trial 2010-2012, and making this platform the standard for its future city buses in Europe. Does this signal an end to the industry´s persistent mono-design regime in powertrains? By employing a longitudinal approach, comparing Volvo and its niche-focused competitors both in the development and early market stages, the paper investigates the technology and market challenges involved in this discontinuous innovation, from technology selection and knowledge sourcing to market launch and the struggle to increase volume and reduce costs. The study brings new insights to the criticality of integrated rather than separated or modular approaches when developing technologies for discontinuous innovation in complex products; the need for manufacturers to make use of, but also to escape from idiosyncratic market niches; and the importance of broad competitive entries to seriously challenge dominant designs in this industry.

  • 77.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Producer-user interactions in the development of discontinuous environmental innovations: The cases of the development processes of heavy hybrid vehicles2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sydow, Jörg
    Department of Management, Pfadkolleg Research Centre, Freie Universität Berlin.
    Tell, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Relating knowledge integration and absorptive capacity: knowledge boundaries and reflective agency in path-dependet processes2017In: Managing knowledge integration across boundaries / [ed] Fredrik Tell, Christian Berggren, Stefano Brusoni, Andrew Van de Ven, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 57-71Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Management Education for Practicing Managers: Combining Academic Rigor With Personal Change and Organizational Action2011In: Journal of Management Education, ISSN 1052-5629, E-ISSN 1552-6658, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 377-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For several decades, management educators have discussed the difficulty of accommodating the competing values of academic rigor and organizational relevance. Only a few articles, however, consider approaches for integrating theory and practice in educational programs for working managers. Building on 15 years of experience in executive education, this article presents an approach grounded in experiential and action learning, which combines personal learning and organizational action without compromising academic standards. The following educational practices are discussed and evaluated: reflection reports, personal learning contracts, roundtable examinations, live cases, action-oriented thesis work, and organizational knowledge theaters. Taken together, the approach constitutes a powerful program design to address multiple learning loci and combinations of reflection and action, albeit one with considerable challenges and difficulties, as the authors discuss.

  • 80.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Management Education in a Mode 2-Society: Knowledge Co-Production and In-Vivo Implementation2007In: INTED 2007 Conference,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    Principles for ‘Engaged Management Education’: Designing Education Programs for Practicing Project Managers2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years, scholars have criticized managementeducation for its lack of connection to real business problemsand disinterest in deep personal learning. Several recentcontributions address the need for reflexive approaches toalign subject learning with development of self-awarenessand purpose. Few papers, however, discuss approaches forintegrating theory and practice in programs for practicingmanagers. As a response to this lacuna, this paper discusses asocial action-oriented twist of experiential learning, drawing onideas of knowledge co-production and engaged scholarship, tobridge the ”knowing-doing gap”. The paper is based on morethan ten years’ of experience with various customized programsfor practicing managers that have been developed with a selectgroup of world-leading Swedish-based firms in such industriesas aerospace, automotive and telecom systems. The paperpresents six practices intended to combine personal learningwith organizational action, however without compromisingacademic standards. The paper concludes with an agenda ofcore principles for building engaged management educationwhere knowledge co-production is the underlying pedagogicalphilosophy. The agenda is viewed as particularly relevant forprograms in project management that are carried out in closepartnership with sponsoring organizations – a market segmentof great importance to many business and engineering schoolsinvolved in project management.

  • 82.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    Rethinking Project Management Education: Responding to the Challenges of a Mode 2-Society2007In: Project Management Conference: Excellence in Teaching and Learning,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 83.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. BI Norwegian School of Management, Norway.
    Rethinking project management education: Social twists and knowledge co-production2008In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 286-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Projects play an important role in modern enterprises, not only as arenas for corporate renewal and capability integration, but also for the development of leadership capacity. As a consequence, the area of project management is becoming increasingly important for universities and management educators. Previous research and reports, however, have given severe critique to much of the project management education for its lack of relevance and rigor - but offered surprisingly little guidance as to what to do to deal with the problems. In this paper, our aim is to contribute to the current debate about project management education for practicing managers. We draw on more than ten years of experience from two senior-level education programs to show how educational practices can be developed to stimulate knowledge co-production between practitioners and academia. We suggest a model based on a "social twist" of experiential learning theory and discuss six learning modes of how to rejuvenate, stretch and improve project management education.

  • 84.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Anderson, Christian
    Clients, contractors, and consultants - The consequences of organizational fragmentation in contemporary project environments2001In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 32, no No. 3, p. 39-48Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Berggren, Christian
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics, Business Administration.
    Andersson, Christian
    Projekt utan partnerskap: om kunder konsulter och leverantörer i stora engångsprojekt2001In: Projekt: Organisation för målorientering och lärande / [ed] Christian Berggren, Lars Lindkvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2001, 1, p. 202-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

       Svenska industriföretag, tjänsteföretag och offentliga organisationer väljer i allt högre utsträckning att bedriva verksamhet i projektform. Projektet som arbetsform har gått från att ha varit något av en undantagslösning för unika insatser till att idag framstå som en ”grundbult” i sättet att organisera stora delar av verksamheten inom företag och organisationer. Därmed har också behovet av kunskaper om projektstyrning och projektorganisation ökat dramatiskt. I denna bok behandlas ledning, organisering och lärande i olika typer av projekt. Genom att boken tydligt tar sin utgångspunkt i konkreta fallbeskrivningar och kopplar dessa till aktuell organisations- och projektforskning, lämpar den sig som lärobok på projekt- och organisationskurser inom ekonom-, ingenjörs-, civilingenjörs- och systemvetarutbildningar vid universitet och högskolor. Den är också väl lämpad att användas som kursbok i företagsintern vidareutbildning, och på universitetens externa kurser och ledarskapsprogram. Boken är även intressant för var och en som på egen hand vill fundera över projektorganisationens för- och nackdelar.

  • 86.
    Berggren, ChristianChrbe53
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Kågeson, Per
    Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm.
    Speeding up electro-mobility: How to electrify half of new car sales by 20302017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Noxious diesel emissions far above official limits and the need to rapidly reduce-greenhouse gases generate widespread calls for banning fossil-fueled cars in Europe. This report shows that it is possible to electrify 50 per cent of all new cars in the EU by 2030.

     This, however, requires massive investment in European battery production capacity, and a long-term commitment to sustainable supply of critical materials. In addition a large-scale expansion of the charging infrastructure is needed, in particular at home and at work places, which account for around 95 per cent of all battery charging. Moreover, local grids will need enforcement in most countries. The additional electricity demand must be satisfied at a time when many coal-fired and nuclear-based power plants will be decommissioned.  Plug-in hybrids, which combine a downsized combustion engine with an electric motor, will probably play an important role, both to relieve long-distance drivers of range anxiety and to reduce the demand for scarce virgin metals, in particular cobalt.

     To make the shift happen, an EU-wide Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) mandate needs to be established from 2025, with planned stringency increases every second year or so. Such a regulation is less vulnerable to budget restraints and changing relative prices than financial incentives. At the same time, the regulatory demands on manufacturers to reduce CO2 emissions from combustions engines need to become more stringent and apply to all combustion engines, including those in plug-in hybrids. Such a combination of policies will make it possible to realize the overall target of 50 per cent electrification of new cars in a robust and flexible way.

  • 87.
    Borah, Dhruba Jyoti
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Drivers for a successful acquisition: The case of Jaguar Land Rover’s acquisition by Tata2015In: Gerpisa colloquium, Paris (2015), 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The automotive management literature stated that Jaguar Land Rover (JLR) was not successful under Ford ownership. Recent JLR‟s reports and automotive publications highlight that JLR has been successful under Tata ownership. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the various factors behind Tata-JLR‟s success by investigating the post-acquisition strategies adopted by Tata for JLR. This paper uses qualitative study primarily based on interviews with top management portfolio holders from Ford, JLR and Tata as well as industry experts to study the differences in post-acquisition strategies adopted by the two owners. The findings show that separation strategy, market expansion, and increased investments are the major drivers behind the success of Tata‟s acquisition. Time of the acquisition (2008) has come out as a surprising success factor in this research. The study reveals that Ford used organizational integration strategy, which limited the quality of decision making of JLR management team. On the other hand, Tata has implemented separation strategy and empowered decentralized decision making to JLR‟s managers. This study also brings out a comparison of level of task integration between Jaguar Land Rover and its owners with the help of patent analysis

  • 88.
    da Silva, Luiz Eduardo
    Department of Science and Technology (DCT), Brazilian Army, Brazil.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Collaboration in international technology transfer: the role of knowledge boundaries and boundary objects2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms increasingly use choose collaborative arrangements to get access to the most recent and advanced technologies instead of trying to develop them in-home. Several emerging economies use such arrangements particularly in the defense industry as a vehicle for technology transfer to the local industry. The effectiveness of technology transfer, however, is affected by many factors. This paper analyzes international technology transfer as a challenge of inter-firm collaboration and a challenge of cross-boundary knowledge management, and highlights the role of boundary objects to mitigate problems of knowledge boundaries such transfers. Building on a comparative case study of two international technology transfer projects, the paper contributes to the understanding of how collaboration problems can affect the transfer of knowledge across knowledge boundaries and how the use of appropriate boundary objects may improve collaboration management and the knowledge transfer. 

  • 89.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Service Management, Lunds universitet, Lund.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Frändberg, Lotta
    Kulturgeografiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet, Göteborg .
    Laestadius, Staffan
    Industriell utveckling, KTH, Stockholm.
    Nilsson, Jan Henrik
    Service Management, Lunds universitet, Lund.
    Åkerman, Jonas
    Miljöstrategisk analys, KTH, Stockholm.
    Beskatta det smutsiga flyget2007In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, Vol. 2007-11-12, no BrännpunktArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 90.
    Johansson, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Andersson, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Taking the inventive step: The role of the patent department in new product development2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing on an interview-based case study of R&D specialists in two patent intensive firms, we suggest that patent engineers are an important resource for R&D specialists’ work throughout the inventive process. In addition to the role prior literature indicates the patent department to have for supplying R&D with information needed from and about patents to plan R&D work, the findings suggest that patent engineers contribute to the actual development work whereby R&D specialists turn ideas into inventions, and inventions into patents. In virtue of their patent expertise and their technological competence, patent engineers can help R&D specialists to shape and refine their ideas into patentable inventions by appraising potential obstacles, suggesting promising lines of approach to a determined problem, or at times even by assisting with the technological solution per se. We suggest that such contributions of the patent department are particularly important in mature industries where demands for patentable inventions to protect new products are in constant conflict with that many of the knowledge domains in which firms compete are already heavily patented. The results further indicate an increasing need for firms to integrate not only the functionally specialized departments of R&D, marketing and manufacturing, as is often indicated in new product development literatures, but also a need to integrate R&D with the patent department. Indeed, in mature industries at least, the responsibilities for R&D and patenting may be intimately related, making it difficult to analyze the two separately.

  • 91.
    Järkvik, Jack
    et al.
    Jack Järkvik Management Ltd, Stockholm.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. BI Norwegian School of Management, Oslo, Norway.
    A neo-realistic approach to time-critical complex systems development2008In: Project Management Practice, no 1, p. 4-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Järkvik, Jack
    et al.
    okänt.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    Söderlund, Jonas
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration .
    A Neo-realistic Approach to Time-critical Complex Systems Development2007In: IRNOP Project Research Conference; Projects in Innovation, Innovation in Projects,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 93.
    Karabag, S.F.
    et al.
    okänt.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship .
    R&D Internationalization - Towards a Global Knowledge Economy. Turkey as a Critical Case2007In: RADMA Conference,2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 94.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Antecedents of firm performance in emerging economies: Business groups, strategy, industry structure, and state support2014In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 67, no 10, p. 2212-2223Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A rich literature has investigated the antecedents of firm performance in developed economies, resulting in a consensus view that firm resources and strategy are the key determinants. Several arguments, however, suggest that in emerging economies other factors are more important for firm performance. This study analyzes the impact of firm strategy and industry structure as well as business group membership and state support on firm performance in an advanced emerging economy, Turkey. Using a data set compiled from a selection of the 1000 largest manufacturing firms in this country, the study employs several regression models to identify the main determinants of firm performance as measured by productivity and net profit margin. In contrast to studies of developed economies, the investigation finds that firm-related factors (competitive strategies) do not significantly influence performance; instead factors related to industry structure and business group membership are the strongest determinants of firm performance; further, state support interacts with business group membership and is positively related to productivity.

  • 95.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Back to the Merton ideals? Corporate fraud, scientific dishonesty, and the need to reform academic institutions and identity2013In: 35th DRUID Celebration Conference 2013, proceeding, Druid Web , 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For a long time, plagiarism and data manipulation have been dealt with as serious issues in science and medicine.  Reluctantly, academic dishonesty and manipulation are also becoming important issues in social sciences, with prestigious journals recently retracting several published and highly cited papers. This paper provides statistics on retracted papers during the last 12 years in management and economics as reported in several comprehensive databases, Ebsco Business Source Premier, Emerald, JSTOR, ScienceDirect, Springer, Taylor & Francis Online and  Wiley Online Library and analyzes which, if any,  explicit policies journals have formulated in this area. Drawing on recent analyses of persistent corporate fraud, the paper discusses the role of similar mechanisms for the non-discovery of academic fraud, such as institutional endorsement and ascription, fragmented control and mimetic herding. This analysis is related to current forms of academic identity construction, where publications outlets and numbers trump substance, and referencing is more important than reading or reflecting.  The paper ends with a menu of possible remedies, from journal policies and the practices of employment committees to the everyday actions of individual academics.

  • 96.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    From Licensing to Innovation: Alternative Ways of Capability Building at Firms in Emerging Economies2013In: R&D Management Conference's Proceeding, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of the rapid economic development in East Asia have generated several models how industries in latecomer economies may upgrade from low-end manufacturing to full-blown product development capabilities.  With the exception of some Korea and Taiwan’s firms, however, there are few studies of the innovation journey of specific firms and the challenges, managerial efforts and uncertainties involved in linking to and learning from international knowledge centers. Moreover, the alternative ways suggested in the literature to acquire knowledge for innovation, need to be analyzed and compared from a firm and management perspective.

    This paper analyzes the strategic options confronting emerging economy firms which aspire to succeed in global competition. Using in-depth studies of two company cases in Turkey, one in white goods and one in the automotive industry, the paper details the combination of efforts and investments required to move up the technology ladder from license-based domestic businesses to independent, internationally competitive capabilities on par with global innovation leaders.  The paper shows the critical value of long-term ownership structures for independent capability building but also indicates the difficulty of building brand value commensurate with technological achievements.  Further, the paper demonstrates the limits of the alternative way, joint venture agreements, where MNEs tend to retain exclusive control of key technologies and product decisions.  Here the paper suggests that coordinated private and Government efforts might be needed to position local partner firms as global centers of “niche” excellence within the multinational configuration.

  • 97.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    International R&D collaboration in high tech - the challenges of jet fighter development partnerships in emerging economies2015In: Handbook of Research on Driving Competitive Advantage through Lean and Disruptive Innovation: Advances in Business Strategy and Competitive Advantage (ABSCA) / [ed] Latif Al-Hakim, Xiaobu Wu, Andy Koronios and Yongyi Shou, Hershey, USA: IGI Global, 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter seeks the answers to the following research question: Which are the challenges related to high tech R&D collaboration involving firms both from established and emerging economies? To answer this question, the Turkish jet fighter program is used as a case study. The study shows the chances to succeed are highly uncertain in this sector dominated by USA. Although Turkey acquired some level of R&D capability in previous defense R&D programs, the complexity of jet fighter development poses new challenges. Previous experiences indicate that technical capabilities are not sufficient, equally important is the formation of management capabilities. During the pre-development (concept) phase, Turkey chose to collaborate with Swedish Saab. The paper discusses several challenges in this type of collaboration for a full-scale jet fighter development program- These challenges concern intra- as well as inter-organizational management, the organization of the technical development projects, and the design of appropriate industry governance structures.

  • 98.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Joint ventures or independence? Alternative ways of R&D capability building at emerging economy firms2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies of the rapid economic development in East Asia suggest several factors which influence how industries inlatecomer economies can utilize external knowledge to upgrade from low-end manufacturing to full-blown productdevelopment capabilities. A main aspect in this process is the learning and capability development at the level of firms.However, there are few studies of the innovation journey of specific latecomer firms and the challenges, managerialefforts and uncertainties involved in accessing and learning from international knowledge centers. Specifically, thevarious ways to acquire knowledge for innovation suggested in the literature need to be examined.This paper analyzes the strategic options confronting latecomer firms which aspire to succeed in global competition.Based on in-depth studies in two Turkish industries, white goods and automotive, the paper details the combination ofefforts and investments required to move up the technology ladder from license-based domestic businesses tointernationally competitive capabilities. Two principal ways of acquiring innovation proficiency are compared:independent capability building versus international joint ventures. The paper shows the power of the former, but alsoindicates the difficulty of fostering brand value commensurate with technological achievements. Further the analysisreveals the reasons for and the limits of the alternative way, joint venture agreements, where MNEs tend to retainexclusive control of core technologies. The discussion section suggests that in sectors where independent capabilitybuilding is implausible; it might be possible to position local firms as global niche centers of excellence withinmultinational configurations, if private and government efforts are skilfully coordinated.

  • 99.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Misconduct, Marginality and Editorial Practices in Management, Business, and Economics Journals2016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 7, article id e0159492Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The paper presents data on the two problems of misconduct and marginality in management, business and economics (MBE) journals and their practices to combat these problems.

    Design

    Data was collected in three phases. First, all publicly retracted papers in MBE journals were identified through keywords searches in 7 major databases (n = 1329 journals). Second, a focused survey was distributed to editors involved in such retractions (n = 64; response rate = 28%). Finally, a survey was administered to all active journals in the seven databases to collect data on editors’ perceptions and practices related to the two problems (n = 937, response rate = 31.8%). Frequency analyses, cross tabulations, and qualitative analyses of open answers were used to examine the data.

    Results

    184 retracted papers in MBE journals were identified in 2005–2015 (no retraction was found before 2005). From 2005–2007 to 2012–2015, the number of retractions increased by a factor ten with an all-time high in 2015. The survey to journals with reported retractions illustrates how already a few cases of suspected misconduct put a strain on the editorial workload. The survey to all active journals revealed that 42% of the respondents had started to use software to screen all submitted papers, and that a majority recognized the problem of marginality, as indicated by salami-style submissions. According to some editors, reviewers easily spot such submissions whereas others argued that authors may submit thinly sliced papers in parallel to several journals, which means that this practice is only discovered post-publication. The survey question on ways to support creative contributions stimulated a rich response of ideas regarding editorial vision, engaged boards and developmental approaches. The study uses data from three specialized fields, but its findings may be highly relevant to many journals in the social sciences.

  • 100.
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Struggling with knowledge boundaries and stickiness: case studies of innovating firms in an emerging economy2017In: Managing knowledge integration across boundaries / [ed] Fredrik Tell, Christian Berggren, Stefano Brusoni, Andrew Van de Ven, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017, p. 139-154Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter investigates the efforts of firms in emerging economies to acquire the advanced knowledge needed to build internationally competitive innovation capabilities. Two studies of innovator firms in Turkey are analysed using Carlile´s framework of syntactic, semantic and pragmatic boundaries. The findings show how firms use external collaboration to overcome semantic boundaries related to interpretive ambiguity, and international windows of opportunity to bypass pragmatic, interest-related knowledge boundaries.

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