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  • 51.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Inledning till etiken2002 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduction: Ethics and Communication - Global Perspectives2016In: Ethics and Communication: Global Perspectives / [ed] Göran Collste, London & New York: Rowman & Littlefield International, 2016, 1, p. 1-21Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?2013In: Review of Ecumenical Studies, ISSN 2065-5940, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 69-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from former colonies to former colonial powers represents a large part of the 20th century migration. The question discussed in this article is if a generous immigration policy on behalf of persons from former colonies is an appropriate means for the European nations and former colonial powers to compensate for colonial injustices.

  • 54.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Is a generous Immigration Policy a Way to Rectify for Colonial Injustices?2012In: Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012, p. 71-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migration from former colonies to former colonial powers represents a large part of the 20th century migration. The question discussed in this article is if a generous immigration policy on behalf of persons from former colonies is an appropriate means for the European nations and former colonial powers to compensate for colonial injustices.

  • 55.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Is human life special? :: religious and philosophical perspectives on the principle of human dignity2002Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The principle of human dignity has greatly influenced the Western moral tradition. It has, however, during the last few decades been questioned by a number of moral philosophers, many of them involved in applied ethics. The aim of this study is to examine different religious and philosophical views on whether humnan life is special and, if it is, in what respects. The book is divided into three main sections. The first section includes an examination of some important religious contributions from the past and the present. In the next section, the views of modern philosophers criticising the principle and of those defending it are examined. Finally, the meaning and relevance of the principle, when applied to certain moral problems in the modern world, are discussed. With reference to the discussion on priorities in health care it is argued that although the principle has a religious origin it may function as a universal moral principle in a modern pluralistic and secularised society. Contents: The Principle of Human Dignity--The Foundation: Early Christianity--Man, the Master of Created Beings: Thomas Aquinas on the Sancity of Human Beings--The Modern Catholic View--Protestant Tradition--Islam on the Sanctity of Human Life--Utilitarianism--Animal Ethics--The Principle of Human Dignity: Philosophical Defence--The Meaning and Relevance of a Principle of Human Dignity--Infanticide and the Principle of Human Dignity--Priorities in Health Care and the Principle of Human Dignity--This book discusses the theories of the following philosophers and theologians with regard to the Principle of Human Dignity

  • 56.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Is Human Life Special? Philosophical perspectives1998Report (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Is Human Life Special? Religious Perspectives1999Report (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Is Religious Pluralism Possible?2005Report (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Kan kvotering för invandrare rättfärdigas?2004In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, p. 10-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kommunikationens villkor1996In: Information och samtycke / [ed] Statens medicinsk-etiska råd, Stockholm: Fritzes , 1996, p. 91-111Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 61.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lagen som tvingar äldre till separation bör ändras2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Malaysia och konsten att leva i religiös pluralism2002In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, p. 10-10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 63.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Moral Decison making, Narratives and Geneteic Diagnosis.2011In: Ethical Dilemmas in Prenatal Diagnosis / [ed] Fischmann, T, Hildt, D, Dordrecht: Springer , 2011, p. 167-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological developments in the life sciences confront us with new facets of a Faustian seduction. Are we „playing God“ more and more, as claimed by critical authors of modernity? Achievements in genetic research produce ethical dilemmas which need to be the subject of reflection and debate in modern societies. Denial of ambivalences that ethical dilemmas arouse constitutes a threat to societies as well as to individuals. The book presents a compilation of some of the results of the interdisciplinary European study “Ethical Dilemmas Due to Prenatal and Genetic Diagnostics” (EDIG), which investigated some of these dilemmas in detail in a field which is particularly challenging: prenatal diagnosis. When results from prenatal diagnosis show fetal abnormalities, women and their partners are confronted with ethical dilemmas regarding: the right to know and the right not to know; decision-making about the remainder of the pregnancy and the desire for a healthy child; responsibility for the unborn child, for its well-being and possible suffering; life and death. This book provides answers from an ethical, psychoanalytical and medical viewpoint.

  • 64.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "...människorna som är skapade till Guds avbilder". Människovärdesidén i tidig kristen tradition1995In: Hälsosamma tankar, 11 filosofiska uppsatser / [ed] Per-Erik Liss, Bo Petersson, Nora: Nya Doxa , 1995, p. 39-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Människovärdet ifrågasatt?1997In: Religion & livsfrågor / utges av Föreningen Lärare i religionskunskap, ISSN 0347-2159, p. 35-45Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 66.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Nya moderaterna sliter sönder samhället2006In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, p. 10-10Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 67.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Personlig integritet1997In: Integritet, offentlighet, informationsteknik: betänkande / av Datalagskommittén, Stockholm: Fritzes , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Perspectives on Applied Ethics2007Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Applied ethics is a growing, interdisciplinary field dealing with ethical problems in different areas of society. It includes for instance social and political ethics, computer ethics, medical ethics, bioethics, envi-ronmental ethics, business ethics, and it also relates to different forms of professional ethics.

    From the perspective of ethics, applied ethics is a specialisation in one area of ethics. From the perspective of social practice applying eth-ics is to focus on ethical aspects and implications of that particular practice.

    The Erasmus Mundus Masters Course in Applied Ethics is supported by the European Union. The programme is a collaboration between three European universities; Linköping University, The Centre for Ap-plied Ethics, (Sweden), Utrecht University, the Ethics Institute, (The Netherlands), and the Norwegian University of Science and Technol-ogy, Department of Philosophy, Programme for Applied Ethics (Nor-way).

    Each year, the programme starts with a common introduction for all students. During this introduction, the teachers present different per-spectives on applied ethics. In this volume the introductions are pub-lished. They give a broad view of different aspects on applied ethics.

    Göran Collste

    Programme coordinator

  • 69.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Politisk tro kan splittra Malaysia1995In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 70.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Possibilities of Religous Pluralism2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The six essays collected in this volume address from different disciplinary perspectives the implication of religious pluralism for school, work, politics, values and law.

    Reevany Bustami analyses the new Malaysian Prime Minister’s view on national identity and religious pluralism. Ellisha Nasruddin examines pluralism as manifested in the form of ethnic integration within work organisations. Göran Collste discusses the possibilities of moral and political consensus in nations characterised by religious pluralism. Edgar Almén describes the modern Swedish history of handling pluralism within religious education. Annika Rabo discusses family law and religious pluralism in Syria and, finally, Hans Ingvar Roth focuses on factors contributing to social and political polarisation and on conditions for a fruitful inter- and intra religious dialogue.

  • 71.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Principles and approaches in ethics assessment: Research integrity2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific research is a conscious and systematic approach to acquire knowledge, based on theories, methods and standards that have been developed through the history of scientific disciplines. The terms “research integrity” and “good research practice” refer to ideals for how research ought to be performed.

    In the 1940s the American sociologist Robert Merton proposed norms for scientific research that have influenced the discussion on research integrity since then. According to Merton good research should not be secret or anyone’s property but requires instead openness and publicity. Merton uses the term communism/communalism for this norm. The second norm, according to Merton, is universalism, which means that the only relevant criteria for assessing research are the scientific criteria. The position or characteristic of the researcher has no relevance. Thirdly, disinterestedness means that the main motive driving the researcher should be the quest for knowledge, not for example economic gain or fame. Finally, the researcher should always be open for questioning the result. Merton calls this “organized scepticism”. This norm coheres with Karl Popper’s famous demarcation line between research and other activities; falsification, i.e. the constant efforts to falsify one’s result in order to get closer to the truth. Merton’s norms for research are summarized in the acronym CUDOS. Although the exact meaning and implication of Merton’s criteria can be discussed, they imply an ideal for scientific work and deviations from this ideal can be seen as misconduct in research.

    Merton’s CUDOS norms are well - known examples of ideals and norms for science. These norms could be seen as the basis for professional ethics of researchers. Scientific misconduct and fraud are deviation from the ideals of science and good research practice. In the following we first conceptualise the area of scientific misconduct. Then we present some norms, guidelines and codes of scientific integrity. In the next section we

    argue that scientific misconduct is a real problem that must be taken seriously by the research community and finally we discuss how scientific misconduct is investigated, how common it is and how it can be explained.

     

  • 72.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Proceedings from The 49th Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2012, Theme: Ethics and Migration, August 23–26, 2012, Lucian Blaga University Sibiu, Romania2012Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    August 23-26 2012 Societas Ethica, the European Society for Research in Ethics held its 49th annual conference. The conference theme was “Ethics and Migration” and the setting the Romanian city Sibiu in Transylvania. The site for the conference mirrored the theme. Transylvania has during the centuries been a place for waves of migration, for example, already in the 12th Century it received many German immigrants. It is also today a home for hundreds of thousands of Roma people.

    Migration is so far a neglected issue within applied ethics. This is surprising due to both the seriousness of the issue and the ethical dilemmas it poses. With this conference the Societas Ethica, wished to bolster the ethical discussion on migration. The conference channels illustrated the range of ethical issues that migration raises:

    Many people migrate from poverty and oppression but are stopped at the borders of the rich nations in Europe and America; what are their obligations towards the migrants? How is migration related to global justice?

    Migrants and refugees are vulnerable. They have lost their communities and citizenships. What are the rights of migrants and refugees? Who is obliged to protect their rights?

    Fortress Europe has unfortunately become a reality. With surveillance, fences and barbwire Europe tries to keep the migrants at a distance. But, what are the moral obligations of the individual European nations and of the European Union? What do we owe them?

    Immigrants who have successfully entered Europe are often met with hostility and end up in segregated communities. What are the ethical challenges of segregation and conflicts based on religion and ethnicity?

    The unknown person, the different, the Other, is often despised and persecuted. European history shows ample of evidence of this fact. How should minorities, like for example the Roma people, be respected and included by the majority populations and by the states?

    The first key note speech was held by Dr Gernot Haupt, Alpen-Adria University Klagenfurt over the theme “Antigypsism and migration”. Haupt showed with plenty of examples how the Roma people in Europe have been victims of constant policies of exclusion; from repression to extermination culminating in the Holocaust in the 1930s and 1940s. Haupt expressed critique of the present attitude of the majority in societies with Roma minorities. Their message is; it is always they, the Roma, who must change, not we!

    Dr Matthew Gibney from Oxford University addressed the topic “Refugees and justice between states”. He noticed that presently the majority of the world’s refugees go to neighboring poor countries and hence that the refugee situation exacerbate the global inequalities. How can this change? Are not for example nations responsible for creating massive streams of refugees, like the United States after the attack on Iraq in 2003, obliged to host the resulting refugees?

    Dr Michelle Becka from University of Frankfurt am Main talked about “Ethics on the border. Towards a theological horizon in the discourse of migration”. She emphasized that being a stranger is an important theme in the biblical tradition; migrants are in focus for theological ethics. When the humanity of migrants is reduced due to oppression and segregation it is crucial for theological ethics to emphasize the need for solidarity.

    In the last keynote speech Dr Oliver Bakewell from Oxford University talked over the theme “The relationships between migration and human development”. His lecture focused on the potential positive effects of migration for development through Diasporas communities with links to their homelands, remittances, i.e. the financial support that immigrants send back to their home countries, etc.

    More than 40 participants, among them many young scholars from all over Europe but also from India, the United States, Hong Kong and Australia, presented high quality paper. As the only European society open for scholars in moral philosophy, theological ethics and applied ethics, Societas Ethica has a great potential to influence and stimulate the ethical discussions in Europe.

  • 73.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    "...punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation..." An Argument for Global Rectificatory Justice2007In: Political Practices and International Order / [ed] Stefanans Heuser, Hans Günter Ulrich, Zürich: LiT Verlag , 2007, p. 208-218Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    International order is one of the most challenging issues in political ethics today, and its place within the multifaceted fleld of politics is frequently debated. The diverse phenomena resulting from 'globalisation' - particularly in the wake of the end of the so-called Cold War - urge us to think about our 'world' in terms of a single political entity. Besides the existing international institutions, however, it is still open to question what this entity should be and what concrete political practices should correspond to it. In the essays collected in this book, political scientists, sociologists, philosophers, theologians and policy advisors explore how political practices can be institutionally localised without necessarily becoming incorporated into structures of governance. Political ethics, as presented in this book, seeks to address the particular practices of power, justice, and peace of citizens themselves, and to assess their relevance for the shaping of international institutions

  • 74.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Recension: Per Sundman1998In: Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, ISSN 1386-2820, E-ISSN 1572-8447, Vol. 1, p. 447-448Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Recension av Sanctity of Life and Human Dignity, ed. Bayertz, K,1998In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 4, p. 195-197Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rectification for Atrocities under Colonialism2016In: Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies, ISSN 1369-801X, E-ISSN 1469-929X, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 852-864Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wars and injustices can have wide-ranging reverberations. Colonialism ended – with a few exceptions – over fifty years ago, but there are still many traces left. In this essay I focus on two cases of atrocities under colonialism that have left scars in the present and my question is: how can a nation rectify for the long-term effects of an aggression? What is the appropriate ethical response? The two examples are the German genocide of the Herero tribe in 1904–1905 and the British war against the Mau Mau movement in Kenya in the 1950s. The examples are chosen because they both illustrate enduring claims for rectification after aggressions. After the presentation of these cases and of how Germany and Great Britain have responded, I discuss the meaning of rectificatory justice and criteria for reasonable claims for rectification.

  • 77.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Religious and Ethnic Pluralism in Malaysia2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Malaysia ethnic and religious pluralism goes hand in hand. Pluralism affects all sectors of society. Obviously it creates tensions but all the same Malaysia is remarkable as an example of how different ethnic and religious groups peacefully live side by side. In this book, Malaysian scholars write about how pluralism affects different areas of their society. They have different disciplinary backgrounds and they focus on a variety of aspects of religious pluralism: social relations, religious dialogue, legal pluralism, pluralism at the marketplace and how pluralism affects educational preferences. The authors point both at the possibilities and at the problems of religious pluralism in Malaysia.

  • 78.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Religiös identitet och pluralism - exemplet Malaysia2003Report (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    “…restoring the dignity of the victims”. Is global rectificatory justice feasible?2010In: Ethics and global politics, ISSN 1654-4951, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 85-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The discussion of global justice has mainly focused on global distributive justice. This article argues for global rectificatory justice, mainly by former colonial states in favor of former colonized peoples. The argument depends on the following premises: (1) there is a moral obligation to rectify the consequences of wrongful acts; (2) colonialism was on the whole harmful for the colonies; (3) the present unjust global structure was constituted by colonialism; and (4) the obligation of rectificatory justice is trans-generational so long as there are at present identifiable beneficiaries and victims of past injustice. Although it is too demanding to ask for full compensation for 450 years of colonialism, the former colonial powers can in different ways and to the best of their efforts contribute to change the present inequalities that are the legacy of history. A theory of global rectificatory justice is complementary to a theory of global distributive justice and enables us to develop a fuller understanding of the meaning of global justice.

  • 80.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Should Every Human Being Get Health Care? On Priorities and the Sanctity of Human Life1998Report (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Should Every Human Being Get Health Care? On Priorities in Health Care and the Principle of Human Dignity1999In: Ethical perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 113-125Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Social Justice: Perspectives from Uganda2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    SOCIAL JUSTICE, HEALTH AND POVERTY IN UGANDA

    John Barugahare

    Injustice in Uganda manifests in many ways. One most serious, yet least discussed social injustice, is inequity in Health. Although there are two equally important aims of health systems – efficiency and equity, in Uganda too much focus has been on ensuring efficiency and as a consequence concerns of equity have been relegated. Ultimately, health policy in Uganda has disproportionately negatively affected the poor’s livelihoods in general and the trend seems to be worsening by day. Even though it is possible to borrow a leaf from the Western literature on how to design a good health policy, low income countries like Uganda have special features that render the extrapolation of the Western input good but not enough. In particular, these special features are the level of resource constraints, poverty and the financing mechanism of health care services. These three have very serious implications for equity in health. In general, there is a lot of injustice in the Uganda health care and this has been mainly due to poverty levels and the financing mechanism which the system relies on. Hence, there is an urgent need to concentrate on a discussion of injustice in health because health enhances people’s functionings and is a mandatory condition for people’s enjoyment of other life opportunities to the extent that if a section of a society is made to suffer injustice in health, this will translate into injustice in all the dimensions of their lives. This is something that fair‐minded people cannot afford to live with for long. Therefore, it is important in this work to illustrate how the above three special features play to cause and sustain inequity in Uganda health care system and to  suggest the starting point to overcoming this injustice, not only in Uganda but as a general trend in health policy analysis.

    THE POLITICS OF RESTORING ETHICS AND THE CHALLENGE OF PATRIOTISM IN SERVICE DELIVERY IN UGANDA’S PUBLIC SERVICE

    Dickson Kanakulya

    Reports indicate that there is an erosion of professionalism and ethics across most of the East African public service systems and this is limiting the efficient service delivery and negatively impacts on social justice. Because of this challenge many approaches are being applied to mitigate it, such as the institutional, legal, cultural and the political. This paper discusses the political approach and particularly problematizes the political push for patriotism in Uganda. Most of the critique and analysis was done while carrying out research and consultancy with Makerere Centre for Applied Ethics (MACAE) in selected districts in Uganda under the project “Pro‐poor Integrity” (PPI) funded by Tiri and DFID. The paper argues that the government’s policy of patriotism is more of politicking than real improvement of service delivery to the people. Political interference in public service has engendered a culture of impunity and increased unethical conduct among ‘politically‐connected’ civil servants right from the grass root service to the top administration, The paper argues that if ethics in Uganda’s public administration is to improve politicians ought  to be divorce party‐biased ideology from the patriotism discourse such that it can appeal to a wider spectrum of Ugandans.

    PERSISTENT COLONIAL COERCION IN CONTEMPORARY UGANDA: FOUNDATION OF SOCIAL INJUSTICES IN THE COUNTRY

    Gervase Tusabe

    Since 1962, all Uganda’s major centres of power i.e., political, economic and military have always been dominated by a chosen few, and the attendant wealth that goes with such powers has always been disproportionately enjoyed in favour of these chosen few when a considerable large number of people in the country are living under the weight of abject poverty.

    The major argument advanced in this paper is that the fundamental cause of this experience of injustice in Uganda is the persistent domestic colonial mode of political administration that is managed by a particular closed group of individuals who more or less conspired to work together to promote their self‐centred interests at the cost of deliberately ignoring the legitimate interests of the Ugandans who are outside their group.

    STRUCTURAL INJUSTICES AND THE ETHICS OF ENGENDERING POVERTY ERADICATION POLICIES IN UGANDA

    Michael George Kizito

    Since time immemorial, poverty reduction interventions in Sub‐Saharan Africa like everywhere in the South, have focused on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism). According to this perspective, in order to lift human persons out of poverty, it is imperative to integrate poor persons into poverty eradication interventions irrespective of sex, social status and gender. Scholars and institutions that subscribed to this conception of poverty thought that individuals were poor because of personal weaknesses (case poverty).This perspective has been greatly challenged due to the upsurge of gender and human rights scholarship in the 20th century. Gender scholars have painstakingly argued that in order to understand poverty, we need to look at society (ethical collectivism). They have rejected the Women in Development(WID) discourse that aims at integrating women into the development process in favour of the Gender and Development(GAD) approach to development and poverty reduction that aims at confronting power relations between men and women (empowerment).This GAD perspective looks at poverty in terms of the powerlessness speared head by prevailing structures in society (structural poverty) and hence the need to empower vulnerable persons such as women to challenge structures and strictures of oppression. The International Monetary fund (IMF) and World Bank as vehement promoters of economism in Sub‐Saharan Africa for decades have urged governments to include the perspectives of the poor in poverty polices through what they call participatory poverty assessments (PPAs). Despite its deceptive appearance, this PPAs stance of the IMF and World Bank tacitly looks at poverty as a case and not structural issue and that is why Uganda’s ambitious poverty reduction policy though greatly informed by Participatory Poverty Assessments greatly ignores structures and strictures that render women vulnerable to poverty. This paper critically assesses the obliviousness of Uganda’s Agricultural poverty policy to structures and how this has militated on the gender poverty production in Uganda. The paper contends that in order to realise engendered poverty eradication in Uganda, it is pertinent for the agricultural policy to ultimately make paradigm shift from focusing on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism) to confronting structures and strictures that disempower and vulnerablelise individual moral agents (ethical collectivism).

  • 83.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Societas Ethica’s Annual Conference 2015: Globalisation and Global Justice, Lunnevads folkhögskola, Linköping, Sweden, August 20-23, 2015: Societas Ethica Jahretagung 2015, Globalisierung und globale Gerechtigkeit2015Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The proceedings from the Societas Ethica’s annual conference 2015 looks different than previous years. We do not publish the full papers this year. The reason for this change is that less and less papers have been submitted the last years due to the fact that most academic journals are hesitant to publish articles that already have been published in conference proceedings. So, in order to be able to mirror the conferences, the board of Societas Ethica decided that it is better that the conference proceedings contain the paper abstracts.

    The proceedings contain three parts; first, the thematic introduction by the President, then the key note speeches and the responses to the key notes and finally, the conference paper abstracts.

  • 84.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Specifying Rights: the Case of TRIPS2011In: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9981, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 63-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The TRIPS-agreement has been widely discussed. Critics have critisised it for favouring property rights at the cost of public health in AIDS-stricken development countries. In this article the conflict between on the one hand Intellectual Property Rights and on the other a right to subsistence is analysed with the help of a method for specification. The rationalization of TRIPS and its amendments raises two questions for ethics, one normative and one meta-ethical. Firstly, which right has priority: the right to property or the right to subsistence? Secondly, how can conflicting rights be reconciled in a coherent ethical system. The aim of the article is to answer these two questions and in order to do that the method of specification developed by the philosopher Henry Richardson is applied. The result is a specified norm applicable for this and similar kind of rights conflicts.

  • 85.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Svensk teologisk etik efter 20002010In: Etiska undersökningar: Om samhällsmoral, etisk teori och teologi / [ed] E Namli, P Sundman, S Wigorts Yngvesson, Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2010, p. 357-376Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Etik är ett brett och angeläget ämne som engagerar forskare inom teologin, filosofin och samhällsdisciplinerna. Inte minst under Professor Carl-Henric Grenholms tid som ämnesföreträdare har etikforskningen i Uppsala haft en sådan bredd. Som en replik på Carl-Henric Grenholms bestående insatser har ett flertal forskare från Europa och USA bidragit med artiklar till denna hyllningsskrift.

    Tre områden har fått illustrera hans mångåriga engagemang som forskare och lärare: etisk teori, socialetik samt teologi och etik. Här analyseras frågor om religion och moral, människovärde, praktiskt förnuft, tolerans, sexualitet och lagring av kärnavfall. Antologin rymmer ett brett spektrum av artiklar skrivna med varje forskareseget temperament och stil. De bildar tillsammans ett smakprov på de områden som under några decennier präglat Carl-Henric Grenholms forskning.

  • 86.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sverige har ansvar för slavhandeln2014In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I måndags rapporterade Dagens Eko att de karibiska staterna kräver gottgörelse från en rad europeiska länder, däribland Sverige, för det lidande deras befolkningar utsatts för genom slaveriet och slavhandeln.

    Bakgrunden är att 15 karibiska stater tillsatt en gemensam undersökningskommission ledd av historikern Hilary Beckles med syfte att undersöka slavhandelns effekter i Karibien. Beckles har i samband med denna undersökning också publicerat boken ”Britain’s Black Debt” (2013).

  • 87.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The ethics of ambient computing for personal health monitoring2009In: International Conference of Computer Ethics Philosophical Enquiry, Corfu: Nomiki Bibliothiki , 2009, p. 116-134Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    The Ethics of E-Medicine,2006In: Social Informatics: An Information Society for All,,2006, New York: Springer , 2006, p. 101-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    The Internet doctor and medical ethics2002In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 121-125Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    The moral staus of the foetus2008In: The Janus Face of Prenatal Diagnostics / [ed] Eve-Marie Engels, Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber, John Tsiantis, London: Karnac , 2008, 1, p. 289-306Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Coping with modern technology (genetics, biotechnology etc.) has become a major issue of people living in the 21st century. This technology creates new chances and possibilities but also new dangers and ethical concerns. This book investigates ethical dilemmas connected to these new technologies in a field of prenatal and genetic research that seems particularly challenging: prenatal diagnostics. In the last decades enormous progress has been made in diagnosing genetically based diseases and other serious prenatal abnormalities. Despite intensive world-wide research, several problems have emerged and still wait to be answered. The most prominent aim of the book is to address major ethical dilemmas in the context of genetic and prenatal diagnosis, and by that means help to create greater awareness of and sensitivity to these dilemmas among various segments of the societies.

  • 91.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Titel: Recension av Daniel Butt; Rectifying International Justice. Principles of Compensation and Restitution Between Nations, Oxford University Press, 20092012In: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 19, no 1Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 92.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Under my Skin: The Ethics of Ambient Computing for Personal Health Monitoring2011In: The Handbook of Emergent Technologies in Social Research / [ed] Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber, Oxford: Oxford University Press , 2011, p. 687-Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Emergent technologies are pushing the boundaries of how both qualitative and quantitative researchers practice their craft, and it has become clear these changes are dramatically altering research design, from the questions researchers ask and the ways they collect data, to what they even consider data.  Gathering a broad range of new developments in one place, The Handbook of Emergent Technologies in Social Research offers comprehensive, up-to-date thinking on technological innovations. In addition to addressing how to effectively apply new technologies-such as the internet, mobile technologies, geospatial technologies (GPS), and the incorporation of computer-assisted software programs (CAQDAS) to qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods approaches to research projects-many chapters provide in-depth examples of practices within both disciplinary and interdisciplinary environments and outside the academic world in multi-media laboratories and research institutes. Not only an authoritative view of cutting-edge technologies and their applications, the Handbook examines the costs and benefits of utilizing new technologies on the research process, the potential misuse of these techniques for methods practices, and the ethical and moral dimensions of emergent technologies, especially with regard to issues of surveillance and privacy. The Handbook of Emergent Technologies in Social Research is an essential resource for research methods courses in various fields, including the social sciences, education, communications, computer science, and health services, and an indispensable guide for social researchers looking to incorporate emerging technologies into their methods and practice.

  • 93.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Value Assumptions in Economic Theory1998Report (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Value Pluralism and Prospects of Global Consensus2010In: International Conference on Rethinking Realities, Reimagining Pluralism: Future Landscapes of Pluralism for Democratic Societies, Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia , 2010, p. 138-149Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Value Pluralism and Prospects of Global Consensus2011In: Implications of Pluralism: Essays on culture, identity and values / [ed] Göran Collste, Bangi, Malaysia: Institute of Ethnic Studies, Universiti Kengbansaan, Malaysia , 2011, 1, p. 55-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume contains a selection of papers that were originally presented at the International Conference on “Rethinking Realities, Reimagining Pluralism: Future Landscapes of Pluralism for Democratic Societies” held on 14-15 December 2010 at the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysiar (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. This conference was jointly organised by the Institute of Ethnic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, CSR, Philanthropy and Transdisciplinary Action Group (CPTAG),Universiti Sains Malaysia and Linköping University, Sweden. It was also the final conference of the research project “Possibilities of Religious Pluralism”, a joint project involving researchers from Sweden and Malaysia and funded by SIDA (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency).

  • 96.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics.
    Var John Rawls en dålig forskare eller är det något fel på måttstocken?: in Dagens Nyheter 26 June, 20092009Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 97.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vårdens datorisering ur etiskt perspektiv1997In: IT i vården / [ed] Bo Arnesjö, Maria Lagerstedt, Gunilla Nilsson, Stockholm: Utbildningsradion , 1997, p. 42-47Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 98.
    Collste, Göran
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics.
    Duquenoy, Penny
    George, Carlisle
    Hedström, Karin
    Kimppa, Kai
    Mordini, Emilio
    ICT in Medicine and Health Care: Assessing Social, Ethical and Legal Issues2006In: Social Informatics: An Information Society for All,,2006, New York: Springer , 2006, p. 297-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 99.
    Collste, Göran
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Manzeschke, ArneInstitut Technik-Theologie-Naturwissenschaften an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany.
    Proceedings from the Societas Ethica Annual Conference 2011, The Quest for perfection. The Future of Medicine/Medicine of the future, August 25-28, 2011, Universita della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland2011Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SOCIETAS ETHICA (European Society for Research in Ethics) is an organisation for the exchange of scholarly work in ethics. SOCIETAS ETHICA is bilingual: English and German are the official languages for conferences and publications. Each year the SOCIETAS ETHICA organises a conference (usually at the end of August). Members and non-members are invited to give a lecture or prepare a paper on the theme of the year. The theme of the year reflects on a current subject of interest and debate in either applied ethics or fundamental ethics. The theme of the 2011 conference was: The Quest for perfection. The Future of Medicine/Medicine of the future.

  • 100.
    Collste, Göran
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Palm, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kavathatzopoulos, Iordanis
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Struntar regeringen i rätten till personlig integritet?2013In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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