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  • 51.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Planning and Uncovering Industrial Symbiosis: Comparing the Rotterdam and Östergötland regions2011Inngår i: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 20, nr 7, s. 428-440Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial ecology is defined as the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems and as such may focus on a geographic area, resource and/or industry sector. In these types of setting, industrial ecology is also often known as industrial symbiosis (IS). The proximity of companies in industrial estates facilitates the linking of utilities and the exchange of wastes and by-products, which may eventually be useful inputs for adjacent industrial processes. The typical model that has been applied in several regions of the world is one where an anchor-tenant organization with energy and by-product linkages is connected to companies physically located nearby. In the case of biomass symbiosis, however, the resource chains are not explicitly arranged by their industrial setting and the supply of waste and by-products is able to be organized in a more scattered way.

    In this article, the role of industrial symbiosis is analyzed in respect of the planned industrial symbiosis activities in the Rotterdam Harbour and Industry Complex in the Netherlands and in the application of renewable energy in the Östergötland region in Sweden.

    The objective of this article is to discuss the similarities and differences between the planned industrial symbiosis activities in Rotterdam and the unplanned biomass and industrial symbiosis activities in the Östergötland region. By presenting this knowledge in this article, it is anticipated that further development of industrial symbiosis application processes may be achieved. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.

  • 52.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Planning and Unfolding Eco-Industrial Parks: Reflections on Synergy2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial Ecology (IE) in industrial estates has a geographic, resource, and/or industry sector focus. In such geographic and/or industry sector settings IE is often labelled as Industrial Symbiosis (IS), for instance by linking utilities and waste/by-product exchange, the organization of a resource chain such as in the case of biomass, or of linkages around a key-organization.

    The role of industrial symbiosis is analyzed in the planned industrial symbiosis activities in the Rotterdam Harbor and Industry complex and the application process of renewable energy in the Östergötland region in Sweden.

    The objective of this paper is to discuss a synthesis between the planned activities in Rotterdam and to unfold current industrial symbiosis activities in the Östergötland. Such knowledge can help further developing the application process of industrial symbiosis in Eco-Industrial Parks in China.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Planning and Unfolding Eco-Industrial Parks: Reflections on Synergy
  • 53.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Planning and Unfoldning Industrial Symbiosis: Reflections on cases in Sweden, Denmark and the Netherlands2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 54.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Challenge of Industrial Ecology for a Sustainable Economy in China2011Inngår i: The Green Economy and Its Implementation in China / [ed] Manhong Mannie Liu; David Ness; Huang Haifeng, Enrich Professional Publishing, 2011, 1, s. 7-27Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    China’s enormous economic growth has earned a spotlight on the global stage, but it comes at a great cost to the environment, both ecologically and financially. In response to this challenge, the Ecological Development Union International hosted a series of conferences on China’s ecological development and highlighted the environmental economy at the China-Europe Forum held in 2010. This book collects the essays and papers presented by more than 30 internationally acclaimed experts from Australia, Canada, China, Europe, and the United States. Providing unprecedented insight into an important topic, this in-depth review also serves to put forth feasible resolutions as concern for the future of the Green Economy grows.

  • 55.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Towards a 100% renewable energy region on the basis of industrial symbiosis2010Inngår i: Greening of Industry Conference 2010: Climate Change & Green Growth: Innovating for Sustainability, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 56.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Utilizing excess heat: from possibility to realization on the basis of industrial symbiosis2012Inngår i: Energy Delta Institute Quarterly, ISSN 2212-9669, Vol. 4, nr 2-3, s. 12-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    One of the unintended “products” of intensive energy using production processes is excess heat, also called waste heat. Excess heat can for instance be found in the chemical, cement, iron and steel making, and the pulp and paper industry. The constantly growing demand for energy and resulting climate change effects are reinforcing interest in the application of excess heat, while increasing knowledge about industrial symbiosis makes facilitation easier. The growing costs of energy and the big loss of waste heat is the basis for the fact that recovering of waste heat is the most promising and cost effective option to reduce the world-wide amount of industrial energy consumption (International Energy Agency 2010). Waste recovery and reuse also provide financial savings, reduction of CO2 and NOx, and innovation by quality improvement of processes and products. Besides the single company’s internal improvement of excess heat recovery, the concept of industrial symbiosis provides a basis for waste heat exchange between companies as examples in the Netherlands and Sweden illustrate.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 57.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Östergötland: Towards a sustainable region on the basis of industrial symbiosis and renewable energy2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of industrial symbiosis is analyzed in the application process of renewable energy in the Östergötland region in Sweden.

    The care for nature has a long history in Sweden. The related forestry industry’s tradition of integrated diversification for efficient resource use fits in that mode. Uncovering and mimicking existing symbioses seems to fit better in the Swedish business concept than intended developments to eco-industrial parks.

    It is concluded that the strong link between the industry, government and academia with respect to innovative approaches for applying renewable energy and industrial symbiosis plays a strong role at the macro level in the Östergötland community.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Östergötland: Towards a sustainable region on the basis of industrial symbiosis and renewable energy
  • 58.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Baas jr., Leenard
    Dutch Ophthalmic Research Centre B.V., Zuidland, the Netherlands.
    Ophthalmic Medical Devices and Sustainability: a Dialogue for R & D2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the practice of research and design of ophthalmic medical devices and the confrontation with sustainability questions. The ophthalmic medical devices industry sector is far away from sustainability innovations currently. The confrontation is developed on the basis of a scientific dialogue between the two authors about their respectively daily R&D practices and sustainability research.

    The strong regulation rules and the risk-elimination in safety policy determine a small playing field for changes on the basis of sustainability. The regulation is even different per country. That means that changes have to be tested in several regulatory situations and cultural settings.

    The strict requirements in the medical sector also mean that a starting sustainability dialogue needs to follow the theory about the introduction and dissemination of new concepts: information sharing, awareness raising, recognition, acknowledgement, commitment, education, assessment of opportunities, demonstration projects, evaluation, and continuous improvement. Such emerging sustainability dialogue in an industrial sector often meets reluctance from companies and resistance to start an assessment process. When there is a medical professional market, the demands and needs of medical staff are strongly determining the R&D space. Risk-elimination in the health treatment of patients is a major component of safety policy in the medical sector.

    In general however, leading companies foresee growing environmental pressures and want to explore the opportunities of new sustainability business models. In such context, medical product R & D can consider aspects such as product waste prevention, energy use, cleaning, maintenance, recycling, reuse (in developing countries), and leasing.

    The paper dialogues conceptual thinking about eco-design of ophthalmic medical devices on the basis of both practical R & D experience in the ophthalmic medical devices company D.O.R.C. International in the Netherlands as well as academic sustainability research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Ophthalmic Medical Devices and Sustainability: a Dialogue for R & D
  • 59.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Support your future today: enhancing sustainable transitions by experimenting at academic conferences2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 1-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Major societal changes which challenge societal functions and actors activities are needed to enhance sustainable development. Thus sustainable transitions research emphasizes co-evolutionary approaches involving a multitude of actors including the business sector, the government, and academia. Academic research can catalyse sustainable transitions by critically analyse current societal trends to develop and disseminate new knowledge. At research conferences, researchers and practitioners meet to network and discuss recent research findings providing arenas for testing and evaluating ideas to enhance sustainable transitions. This however requires some modifications of the standard design of a research conference. Here we report learning outcomes from experimenting at the 18th international Greening of Industry Network conference during 21-24 October 2012 in Linkoping, Sweden. The conference was a combination of a traditional conference structure with different interactive elements such as sustainability jam-sessions to discuss future challenges of six companies and clusters of companies at their site. The intention of doing so was to enhance learning outcomes both for visiting conference delegates and among actors in the host region. This was perceived by the participants as an innovative approach fostering both problem solving and creation of new ideas. Four out of the six companies continued dialogues about sustainable production fields or bio-refineries with Linkoping University. In addition we introduce and summarize research findings presented at the conference which were further developed into research articles. The essence of these articles covers sustainable industry management; cleaner production; industrial ecology; cooperation between industry, governments and academics; dissemination of concepts and technologies; methods and tools for modelling and measuring of industrial symbiosis, CO2 performance and eco-efficiency.

  • 60.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Korevaar, Gijsberg
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Eco-Industrial Parks in the Netherlands: the Rotterdam Harbour and Industry Complex2010Inngår i: Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact / [ed] Jan Harmsen & Joe Powell, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, s. 59-79Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Because of the growing interest among petroleum, recycling, and other industries, sustainability is central to chemical engineers and students. Sustainable Development in the Process Industry not only explores but also demonstrates practical solutions for using sustainable technologies, focusing on three major points: people, prosperity, and planet. Rather than presenting theories, the text provides examples and cases studies ranging from the petroleum industry to the water processing industry. With a collection of international authors, the text is suitable for any chemical engineer or student interested in achieving a more sustainable world.

  • 61.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Industrial ecology looks at landfills from another perspective2011Inngår i: Regional Development Dialogue, ISSN 0250-6505, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 169-182Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this article is to go beyond the currently established view on landfills as final deposits for waste and analyse their potential as future resource reservoirs. We analyse whether the application of the industrial ecology concept can contribute in realising the approach of landfill mining as an alternative strategy for extraction of valuable material and energy resources. In doing so, an analytical approach involving three main steps was applied. Firstly, state-of-the-art research on landfill mining is reviewed in order to identify critical barriers for why this promising approach not yet has been fully realised. Then, some of the main constituents of industrial ecology research were briefly summarised with special emphasis on how they relate to landfills. The third and final step involved a synthesis aiming to conclude in what way industrial ecology could contribute in addressing the identified challenges for implementation of landfill mining. We conclude the systems view of industrial ecology provides both a comprehensive view on environmental potential and impacts as well as new public/private partnerships for landfill mining activities for mutual benefits.

  • 62.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Magnusson, Dick
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Mejía-Dugand, Santiago
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Emerging selective enlightened self-interest trends in society: Consequences for demand and supply of renewable energy2014Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy supply has for a long time primarily been a question of central management with littlecommunication between producer and consumer. Heating, electricity and other services havebeen produced by public corporations with little room for alternative solutions. However, thishas started to change, through grassroots movements aimed at greater degrees of self-sufficiencyin energy production. The trend is clear in both Sweden and internationally.

    This study focuses on grassroots movements, to understand the determinants for up-scalingtowards greater self-sufficiency. We are interested in understanding the driving forces behinddifferent types of communities with high ambitions on sustainability and self-sufficiency. Thestudy was conducted in two phases. In phase one, we have studied a total of five communities inDenmark, Germany and the UK that have taken extensive measures to increase energy selfsufficiency,in order to understand how and why they were created and how they work today. Inphase two, we have conducted a web-based questionnaire to residents in the Swedish ecovillages,to understand the reasons for moving there and the experience of living in the villages.The overall aim of the study is to understand citizens' involvement in sustainable communitiesand analyse what this could mean regarding current supply and demand for sustainable energy.

    The results from phase one, where interviews were conducted with key stakeholders inrenewable communities, shows that these communities took their steps towards moresustainability due to either momentous events, such as the oil crises of the 1970s, or throughnational "energy competitions"; they started because of particular events. Of paramountimportance for successful projects was a close cooperation between municipalities and citizens,particularly through civic ownership. It created interest, transparency and security in the projects.The development also created new jobs, attracting new jobs to the communities because of theexpertise that were there. Although there are great advantages of the high degree civil activity ithas been proved to be more time consuming. In all cases they have managed to becomeessentially self-sufficient in renewable energy, in one case, they produce up to 500 percent oftheir electricity needs, but a further challenge has been to adapt the independent systems toexisting centralized systems, adapted to different conditions.

    The questionnaire in phase two was sent out to 17 ecovillages. We received a response rate ofapproximately 30 percent and the questions concerned for example motives moving to the ecovillage,environmental interest and perceived satisfaction with the accommodation. The resultsshowed that residents are well educated with a great interest in the environment and that,although in many cases it expressed that sacrifices must be made on the basis of theaccommodation, it is worth it. The replies expressed few social conflicts but that the technicalsystems resulted in work and discussions. In some cases it seems as the technical systems wereoff-gauge from the start and something that had to be handled a long time to come. The technicalsystem performance is something that is very important for whether residents feel comfortable invillage or not. The villages started as movements willing to do something different.

    The results from the two studies show, among other things, the importance of communicationand inclusion of residents. People are also willing to adapt to new situations as long as it does notaffect the comfort too much or if it is for a good cause. However, there is considerableknowledge among all these communities that should be utilised in other contexts.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Emerging selective enlightened self-interest trends in society: Consequences for demand and supply of renewable energy
  • 63.
    Baas, Leenard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mirata, Murat
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bio-resource production on the basis of Industrial Ecology in four European harbours, harbour cities and their region2015Inngår i: Économie Circulaire et Écosystémes Portuaires (Circular Economy and Port Ecosystems) / [ed] Yann Alix, Nicolas Mat, Juliette Cerceau, Paris: Foundation Sefacil , 2015, 1, s. 223-242Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter re ects the design and starting performance of the Symbiotic bio- Energy Port Integration with Cities by 2020 project (EPIC 2020). The EPIC 2020 project is coordinated by the city of Malmö and is performed in four harbour cities: Malmö in Sweden, Mantova in Italy, Navipe-Akarport in Greece, and Wismar (including Rostock) in Germany. A number of expert organisations and energy companies also take part in the project.

    The overall objectives of EPIC 2020 are to build operational and strategic capacity and know-how to promote ef cient use of available bioenergy resources, ef cient conversion technologies and interactions between different biomass supply chains. EPIC 2020 targets the untapped bioenergy resource potential of ports and port regions and the challenge of generating urban economic growth based on bioenergy resources. The project applies the industrial symbiosis approach to achieve its overall objectives.

    Ports provide crossing points between transport modes of goods and resources, with connections to hinterland and on-site industrial activities and a nearby urban setting. This means that ports, despite their limited areal footprint, have access to signi cant quantities of bio wastes, surrounding bioenergy resources, biomass from crossing supply chains and energy from intensive activities. The aim is to create platforms for the transformation of port areas to ef cient and carbon-neutral urban-integrated energy systems, where residual bio and energy resources and linear biomass supply chains are utilized as local and network resources.

    The EPIC 2020 project is halfway the 3-year performance framework. Re ection to primary results is provided. 

  • 64.
    Baniya, Bishal
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A theoretical study of the potential for metal extraction from the incinerated ashes residing in Swedish landfills2013Inngår i: Environmental technology, ISSN 0959-3330, E-ISSN 1479-487X, Vol. 34, nr 7, s. 891-900Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, waste incineration has played a major role in sustainable waste management, as well as generating combined heat and electricity for many years. Incineration of combustible waste produces residues such as fly ash and bottom ash. The chemical composition of both ashes shows that they consist of bulk metals and scarce metals in significant quantity, in elemental form as well as in small metal pieces, which remain unsorted from the incinerated residues. This shows the potential for metal extraction from the ashes, which are deposited in Swedish landfills. Thus with the aim of quantifying selected metals (Al, Cu, Fe, Zn, Sb, Sn, Ni, Co, Mo, Ti and V), and assessing their flows and stocks in different deposits, this study has been carried out. Approximately 50% of grate plants and 30% of fluidized bed plant in Sweden were sampled for the study. The data collected from the sampled plants were the basis for the calculation of flow of ashes and metals through all the plants. First of all, annual metal flows for 19852010 were estimated, based on which accumulated stocks at different deposits were calculated.

  • 65.
    Bank, Natasha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sustainability Profiled Incubators - Procceses For Recruiting And Supporting Tenants2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since start-ups enterprises often have more room and flexibility for sustainability ideas in the early stages of business development incubators could be particularly important for introducing and developing sustainability thinking. Previous studies on incubators and the incubation processes in general are rather extensive in the literature. However, there are few studies particularly focusing on sustainability dimensions of incubators. In particular how incubators recruit and support start-ups in incorporating sustainability thinking into their core business idea or making their sustainability-oriented idea even more successful has received few research attention. With this gap identified in research and societal need for sustainability, research on green incubators is of timely interest. The latest report from the IPCC on climate change problem warns about the demand of sustainable business creation, which is critical to promote sustainable development. Entrepreneurship is at the heart of sustainable growth (Carayannis and Von Zedtwitz, 2005) and in that sense it is in the heart of sustainability development. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to investigate empirically the recruiting criteria of start-ups by three sustainability oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany in order to understand how they support sustainable entrepreneurship and eco-innovation.

    Following a literature review on “conventional” incubators, a sample incubator that works with sustainable start-ups in each country was chosen and studied by help of interviews with managers, stakeholders, tenants and managers at incubators in order to investigate deficits and potentials of the existing incubator support systems for sustainable entrepreneurship and eco innovation. The data used in the study comes from Green Tech Park (Sweden), LADEC (Finland) and Green Garage (Germany).

    From this study, our major implications are that, the studied incubators on average have an ambition to recruit and develop sustainability oriented start-ups, but a critical mass of such tenants is vital if any such ambitions are to become a reality. This critical mass of start-ups is very much influenced by the local context of the incubator, which generates both potential tenants and resources to support such firms in sustainability entrepreneurship and eco innovation. For incubator management, this suggests an active search for tenants interested in sustainable entrepreneurship and providing support focused on such activities.

  • 66.
    Bank, Natasha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sustainability profiled incubators-process for recruiting and supporting tenants2015Inngår i: Proceedings of XXVI ISPIM Conference: Shaping the Frontiers of Innovation Management, ISPIM – the International Society for Professional Innovation Management , 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the recruitment and support process of sustainability profiled incubators have received little research attention, the goal of this paper is to fill this knowledge gap by an empirically investigation of three sustainability oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany. The data used in the study comes from interviews with managers, stakeholders, tenants in selected incubators, in Green Tech Park (Sweden), LADEC (Finland) and Green Garage (Germany). Our major implications are that, the studied incubators on average have an ambition to recruit and develop sustainability oriented start-ups, but a critical mass of such tenants is vital if any such ambitions are to become a reality. This critical mass of start-ups is influenced by the local context, which generates both potential tenants and resources to support such firms. For incubator management, this suggests an active search for tenants interested in sustainable entrepreneurship and providing support focused on such activities.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 67.
    Bank, Natasha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Tenant recruitment and support processes in sustainability-profiled business incubators2016Inngår i: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 267-277Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment and support processes in sustainability-profiled incubators have received little research attention. The article addresses this knowledge gap in an empirical investigation of three sustainability-oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany. The data are based on interviews with managers, stakeholders and tenants in Green Tech Park (Sweden), LADEC (Finland) and Green Garage (Germany). On average, the studied incubators had an ambition to recruit and develop sustainability-oriented start-ups, but the number of tenants must reach a critical mass if such ambitions are to become a reality. The local context influences this critical mass of start-ups and is a determining factor in generating (a) potential tenants and (b) the resources to support such firms. This suggests that incubator managers must actively seek tenants interested in sustainable entrepreneurship and that support must focus on activities in sustainability.

  • 68.
    Bao, Xing
    et al.
    Zhejiang Univ Finance & Econ, Peoples R China.
    Wei, Wei
    Zhejiang Univ Finance & Econ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Yang
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Remanufacturing lead time planning of the medical device with multi-refurbishing steps2022Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 379, artikkel-id 134697Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This research is motivated by the challenges a ventilator remanufacturer encountered during the COVID-19 pandemic: (i) three refurbishing steps, namely, disassembling, sterilising, and reconditioning, which reduce the yield rates of reused components and thus complicating the remanufacturing process, are required to satisfy the compulsory hygienic regulations; and (ii) the lead time to procuring new components become rather variable because of the paralysed global logistics, thereby prolonging the remanufacturing time. To minimise the total remanufacturing costs, mathematical models are built to derive the optimal remanufacturing lead time analyt-ically for one-and two-component cases and numerical studies are conducted to investigate the behaviour of the remanufacturing process. Four managerial insights are provided to improve the remanufacturing performance: (i) The minimum relative entropy method could approximate the optimal remanufacturing lead time with higher precision because the remanufacturing time might be multi-modal distributed. (ii) Increasing the yield rates at all refurbishing steps could shorten the remanufacturing lead time but does not lower the total cost necessarily. (iii) Investment in reducing the refurbishing lead times might not be economically efficient, whereas shortening the procurement lead time could lower the cost dramatically. (iv) Stock-based strategy for the components with low holding cost could help simplify the remanufacturing process and save the multi-skilled labour cost.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 69.
    Barrie, Jack
    et al.
    University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Building ecologies of circular intermediaries2020Inngår i: Handbook of the circular economy / [ed] Miguel Brandão, David Lazarevic, Göran Finnveden, Northampton: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2020, s. 235-249Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to a circular economy requires deep structural change of entire production-consumption systems. Such a systemic transition will inevitably be hampered by poor knowledge and resource transfer between various levels of society. It is therefore proposed in this chapter that a circular economy requires well-functioning ecosystems of intermediaries who can broker knowledge exchange and collaboration between different societal systems as well as geo-political scales. Sustainability intermediation has been recognised as being critical for lubricating the machinery of societal transitions, however, little is known with regards to the ecology of intermediaries required to achieve a global transition to a circular economy. In light of the challenges surrounding the effective governance of a circular economy transition, the questions this chapter seeks to explore is: how do we begin to nurture adequate ecologies of intermediaries that can facilitate the transition to a circular economy?

  • 70.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Scandelius, Christina
    Brunel Univ, England.
    Schmidt, Kirsten
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
    Sonnemann, Guido
    Univ Bordeaux, France.
    Preface: Recognizing management in LCM2018Inngår i: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, Vol. 23, nr 7, s. 1351-1356Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 71.
    Baumgarten, Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Torgnyson, Emelie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Inventering av verktyg för hållbarhetsbedömning av stadsdelar: Underlagsrapport till ett forskningsprojekt i samarbete   mellan Linköpings universitet och Linköpings kommun2014Student paper other, 12 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar stadsutveckling på stadsdelsnivå har blivit populärt under de senaste åren. Det har byggts flera nya stadsdelar i Sverige med en hållbarhetsprofil och det pågår ett arbete med att ta fram ett svenskt certifieringsverktyg och en svensk standard för hållbara stadsdelar. Traditionellt har det varit stort fokus på byggnadsnivå inom hållbar stadsutveckling. Att fokusera på stadsdelsnivå gör det möjligt att betrakta byggnaderna i relation till omgivningen och på så sätt skapas ytterligare förutsättningar att nå en hållbar stadsutveckling. Denna rapport är en del av ett forskningsprojekt i samarbete mellan Linköpings universitet och Linköpings kommun med syfte att utveckla ett processtöd för hållbar stadsutveckling på stadsdelsnivå. Rapporten syftar till att utveckla ett underlag för en verktygslåda som kan användas för att säkerställa ett visst mått av hållbarhet i de stadsplaneringsprojekt som genomförs i en kommun. Rapporten består av tre delar; verktygsinventering, identifiering av nuläge och behov samt rekommendation.

     

    En internationell och en nationell verktygsinventering genomfördes. Den internationella inventeringen utgick från en litteraturstudie och 54 verktyg identifierades. Utifrån resultatet identifierades sex verktygskategorier; certifierings-, självutvärderings-, ranknings-, planerings-, design- och beräkningsverktyg. Den nationella inventeringen genomfördes utifrån e- postkonversation med experter inom området och fem verktyg identifierades. Inget av de nationella verktygen tar ett helhetsgrepp på hållbarhetsfrågorna. Ett svenskt certifieringsverktyg för hållbar stadsutveckling är dock som tidigare nämnts under utveckling.

     

    Ett urval av verktygen valdes ut för vidare analys; BREEAM Communities, SPeAR® och One Planet Living. Analysen genomfördes utifrån ett teoretiskt ramverk som baseras på tre perspektiv; hållbarhetsperspektivet, systemperspektivet och användarperspektivet. Verktygen är liknande i sin ansats att definiera hållbarhet. Gällande systemperspektivet är det enbart BREEAM Communities som inte uttalat definierar ett systemperspektiv. Gällande användarperspektivet har verktygen olika uppbyggnad och struktur vilket gör att de är användbara i olika situationer. Exempelvis är ett verktyg som One Planet Living användbart vid planering för hållbar stadsutveckling på ett övergripande plan, medan BREEAM Communities och SPeAR® har en finare detaljeringsnivå och är tillämpbara vid utformning och planering av ett specifikt område. Till skillnad från SPeAR® kan BREEAM Communities användas i marknadsföringssyfte eftersom det erbjuder möjlighet till certifiering.

     

    Nulägesbeskrivningen utgick från e-postkonversation och intervjustudier med de tio största kommunerna i Sverige. Resultatet visade att endast en kommun har ett verktyg för hållbar stadsutveckling i dagsläget och att en kommun håller på att utveckla ett verktyg. Behovsidentifieringen utgick från en intervjustudie i form av fokusgruppsintervjuer med två kommuner. Intervjustudien visade att det finns behov av verktyg i kommunikation med olika aktörer, vid uppföljning av översikts- och detaljplanering samt vid jämförelse av olika alternativ.

     

    Rekommendationen baserades på verktygsinventeringen, nulägesbeskrivningen och behovsidentifieringen. En verktygslåda för hållbar stadsutveckling bör bestå av ett planeringsverktyg som används för att sätta upp övergripande visioner och strategier vid bland annat översiktsplanering. Verktygslådan bör ta lärdom av certifierings- och självutvärderingsverktyg för att underlätta vid kommunikation med externa aktörer vilka är vana vid att arbeta med denna typ av verktyg. Slutligen bör design- och beräkningsverktyg användas som hjälpmedel vid uppföljning samt vid jämförelser av olika alternativ.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Inventering av verktyg för hållbarhetsbedömning av stadsdelar
  • 72.
    Beijbom, Elin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Lindqvist, Emma
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Att uppnå ett levande ledningssystem för hållbarhetsstyrning: En fallstudie på det tekniska säljbolaget Xylem Water Solutions Sweden AB:s integrerade kvalitets- och miljöledningssystem2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where the concept sustainability increasingly is becoming more relevant, stakeholders require companies to take greater responsibility. As a result, the strategic importance of sustainable development increases in the corporate world. Management systems is a strategical tool that can be used for sustainable development. A management system describes how an organization conducts its business and is a tool for the management to manage the business. A well-functioning management system can contribute to increased competitiveness, reduced costs and efficient working methods. It also exists several common challenges for management systems, for example that they do not always generate continuous improvement, that it can require a lot of resources, and that it is not used actively after implementation. For a management system to be effective and efficient, an important prerequisite is that the management system is actively used. An active management system is defined in the report as a management system that is purposefully introduced and used to contribute benefits and continuous improvements to the business and the surrounding world.

    This study examines how a management system can become active and how successful sustainability management can be achieved in a technical sales company. This is accomplished through a qualitative study consisting of a literature study and a case study. The literature study resulted in ten key factors that are important for an active management system for sustainability management; favorable culture, management commitment, involved employees, understanding and well-functioning communication, clearness, resources, defined areas of responsibility, business adaptation, consensus on sustainability and integration. The case study that was carried out consisted of an analysis of the current situation based on a questionnaire, a document study, interviews, and a participatory observation as well as a gap analysis that identified proposed actions. The case study was conducted at a technical sales company, Xylem Water Solution Sweden AB (Xylem WSS), that is a part of the corporate group Xylem Inc. The company works with water technology solutions and has a certified quality and environmental management system according to ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.

    Xylem WSS’s management system is not active according to the definition in this report. The company's management system model has sustainability as a foundation for all activities. This is not being realized since the sustainability work is not well coordinated or prioritized. Based on this, there is a great potential for improvement. For the company to achieve an active management system for sustainability management, the company should work towards the identified key factors, for instance by implementing the proposed actions presented in this report. It is of great importance to have a committed management to create a culture of accountability where the management system and sustainability are prioritized. By improving the communication, it is possible to increase understanding, clarity, consensus, and commitment. Furthermore, increased business adaptation and integration in daily operations, as well as coordination of sustainability work, can improve the outcome of the management system. By adapting strategies and goals that exist on the corporate level to the operation of Xylem WSS, the company can achieve a structured sustainability management. In this situation, sustainability aspects that are specific to Xylem WSS should be identified and influence the outcome. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 73.
    Ben Amor, Mehdi
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Laboratory of ECSTRA, Economic Department, HEC of Carthage, Carthage University, Carthage, Tunisia.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Frankelius, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hafedh, Ben Abdennebi
    Laboratory of ECSTRA, Economic Department, HEC of Carthage, Carthage University, Carthage, Tunisia.
    Revisiting Industrial Organization: Product Service Systems Insight2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 96, s. 1459-1477Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This literature review puts forward a comparison between the traditional seller, usually represented by classic Industrial Organization (IO) models, and system providers, which are illustrated by Product Service System (PSS) models. A multidisciplinary systematic literature review, that compares PSS and IO models, is conducted, and ends up in to define PSS as a technology. It highlights the differences and similarities between classic IO and classic PSS and evaluate the weakness and strengths of different models. In total, 148 articles from different disciplines have been investigated, and a different understanding of PSS is provided. A new IO framework, that considers classic sellers and PSSs providers, is established to preserve PSS specificities and stress the role of policy maker and competition for PSSs expansion.

  • 74.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Volvo Construction Equipment Operations, Eskilstuna, Sweden; School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    D'Cruze, Ricky Stanley
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Funk, Peter
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Sohlberg, Rickard
    School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    Combining Ontology and Large Language Models to Identify Recurring Machine Failures in Free-Text Fields2024Inngår i: Sustainable Production through Advanced Manufacturing, Intelligent Automation and Work Integrated Learning / [ed] Joel Andersson, Shrikant Joshi, Lennart Malmsköld, Fabian Hanning, IOS Press, 2024, Vol. 52, s. 27-38Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies must enhance total maintenance effectiveness to staycompetitive, focusing on both digitalization and basic maintenance procedures.Digitalization offers technologies for data-driven decision-making, but manymaintenance decisions still lack a factual basis. Prioritizing efficiency andeffectiveness require analyzing equipment history, facilitated by usingComputerized Maintenance Management Systems (CMMS). However, CMMS dataoften contains unstructured free-text, leading to manual analysis, which is resourceintensiveand reactive, focusing on short time periods and specific equipment. Twoapproaches are available to solve the issue: minimizing free-text entries or usingadvanced methods for processing them. Free-text allows detailed descriptions butmay lack completeness, while structured reporting aids automated analysis but maylimit fault description richness. As knowledge and experience are vital assets forcompanies this research uses a hybrid approach by combining Natural LanguageProcessing with domain specific ontology and Large Language Models to extractinformation from free-text entries, enabling the possibility of real-time analysis e.g.,identifying recurring failure and knowledge sharing across global sites.

  • 75.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    et al.
    Kalmar högskola.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sviden, John
    Tema V LIU.
    Duration of soil cadmium and lead pollution from shale-based alum production1997Inngår i: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, ISSN 0375-6742, E-ISSN 1879-1689, Vol. 58, s. 309-317Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 76.
    Berglund, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ersson, Carolina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Martin, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Challenges for developing a system for biogas as vehicle fuel: lessons from Linkoping, Sweden2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Biofuels are being employed in nearly all the EU member states to fulfill the targets set up by the European Directive 2003/30/EC to have a 5.75% share of renewable energy in their transport sector by 2010. In Sweden ethanol is the leading biofuel, while biogas mainly depend on local initiatives with the city of Linköping as a case in point.

    Our purpose with this article is to analyze the development of biogas in Linköping within a framework of technological transition theory. To this we add a set of concepts from large technical systems-literature to address and re-analyze two earlier studies on the biogas development in Linköping to achieve a deeper understanding of this success story. We argue that the establishment of a development trajectory for biogas depended on the ability of the involved actors to establish and nurture their social network, to create learning processes and stimulate the articulation of expectations and visions. It was also important that these three factors were allowed to influence each other for the system to gain a momentum of its own.

    Furthermore, the biogas development in Linköping is found to be interesting in that the triggers for the development came from a variety of levels and angles. Initially, the rising fuel prices after the oil crises in the 1970’s resulted in an increased interest in renewable fuels in general. Second, an anticipated national pipeline for natural gas planned through Linköping was considered a huge potential for methane exports. A part from these external energy incentives, the local trigger was the bad urban air quality caused by the public transport authority’s bus fleet. The breakthrough came when it was discovered that by-product biogas from the wastewater treatment facility could be used as a fuel for transport.

    When the plans for the national pipeline were rejected, a fruitful co-operation between the municipally owned production facility and the public transport authority was set up to meet the constructed demand from public transport. This cooperative pair-arrangement was the starting point for the biogas niche trajectory as other actors subsequently were enrolled to increase the size and agency of the network.

    Nowadays, biogas and other renewable fuels play a significant role in the supply of transport fuels for Linköping. In 2009, a total of 9.5% of all transport fuels used in Linköping were from renewable sources, i.e. biogas (4.6%), ethanol and biodiesel. This puts the city well ahead of the European target of 5.75% renewable fuels by 2010.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Challenges for developing a system for biogas as vehicle fuel : lessons from Linkoping, Sweden
  • 77. Bestill onlineKjøp publikasjonen >>
    Bergman, Filip
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sustainability performance of multi-utility tunnels: Sustainability assessments for furthering knowledge and understanding2022Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi-utility tunnel has received increased attention as an alternative method for the installation of subsurface infrastructure for the distribution of electricity, water, sewage and district heating. In previous research, the multi-utility tunnel (MUT) has been described as a more sustainable technology compared to the conventionally used technique where the cables and pipes are placed with open-cut excavation (OCE), especially when the entire life cycle is taken into account. This thesis aims to contribute to an improved understanding of MUT's sustainability performance in relation to conventional installation using open-cut excavation. This is done by using literature study, interview study and quantitative sustainability assessments to gain an understanding of the current state of knowledge. Furthermore, this thesis also focuses on how knowledge can be deepened with the help of quantitative sustainability assessments and the challenges of conducting this type of assessment. This thesis shows that the state of knowledge regarding MUT's sustainability performance is low and scattered, with a lack of a holistic approach. Direct economic performance has gained the most attention, followed by indirect and social impact, and the environmental impact has so far barely been assessed. The sustainability performance depends to a large extent on the conditions of the specific case, and these should be considered when assessing the technology. Quantitative assessments have the potential to help deepen the knowledge of the sustainability implications of using MUT. The characteristics of MUT have some similarities with other types of physical infrastructure. Similarities are that the systems are long-lived, have project conditions that affect sustainability performance, and impact a broad spectrum of actors. One difference to typical infrastructure systems is that the owner and management structure of MUT is, by design, more complex as several types of utility systems are in use. The characteristics of MUT give some practical considerations that need to be addressed: data availability, including practitioners; detailed data; transparency; and flexibility. This thesis highlights the complexity of assessing MUT´s sustainability performance and advocates that future studies should have a learning-oriented approach so that the knowledge level can collectively and gradually improve over time rather than focusing on decision-oriented studies.

    Delarbeid
    1. A Critical Review of the Sustainability of Multi-Utility Tunnels for Colocation of Subsurface Infrastructure
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>A Critical Review of the Sustainability of Multi-Utility Tunnels for Colocation of Subsurface Infrastructure
    2022 (engelsk)Inngår i: Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, E-ISSN 2624-9634, Vol. 4, artikkel-id 847819Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-utility tunnel (MUT) have received increasing attention as an alternative method for installing subsurface infrastructure for the distribution of electricity, telecommunications, water, sewage and district heating. MUTs are described as a potentially more sustainable technology than conventional open-cut excavation (OCE), especially if the entire life cycle of these cable and pipe networks is taken into account. Based on an extensive review of the academic literature, this article aims to identify and critically examine claims made about the pros and cons of using MUT for the placement of subsurface infrastructure. Identified claims are mapped, and their validity and applicability assessed. These claims are then analyzed from a sustainability perspective, based on the three sustainability dimensions and a life cycle perspective. The results show that a variety of advantages and disadvantages of using MUTs for subsurface infrastructure are highlighted by the articles, but several of these are without any empirical support. When some form of empirical support is presented, it usually comes from case-specific analyses of MUTs, and the applicability in other MUT projects is seldom discussed. Economic performance is the sustainability dimension that has received the most attention, while environmental performance has not been analyzed in the reviewed literature, which is a major limitation of the current knowledge. In summary, the knowledge about the sustainability performance of using MUTs for subsurface infrastructure is still limited and incoherent. In order to increase the knowledge, this article points out the importance of new case studies, in which the sustainability consequences of using MUTs for subsurface infrastructure are mapped and evaluated by combining both quantitative and qualitative assessment methods.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Frontiers Media S.A., 2022
    Emneord
    multi-utility tunnel; subsurface infrastructure; sustainability assessment; urban underground; cable and pipe networks
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190595 (URN)10.3389/frsc.2022.847819 (DOI)000922209000001 ()2-s2.0-85125838424 (Scopus ID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    The Kamprad Family Foundation
    Merknad

    Funding: Kamprad Family Foundation for Entrepreneurship, Research Charity;  [20180218]

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2022-12-16 Laget: 2022-12-16 Sist oppdatert: 2023-02-22bibliografisk kontrollert
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 78.
    Bergman, Filip
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A Critical Review of the Sustainability of Multi-Utility Tunnels for Colocation of Subsurface Infrastructure2022Inngår i: Frontiers in Sustainable Cities, E-ISSN 2624-9634, Vol. 4, artikkel-id 847819Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-utility tunnel (MUT) have received increasing attention as an alternative method for installing subsurface infrastructure for the distribution of electricity, telecommunications, water, sewage and district heating. MUTs are described as a potentially more sustainable technology than conventional open-cut excavation (OCE), especially if the entire life cycle of these cable and pipe networks is taken into account. Based on an extensive review of the academic literature, this article aims to identify and critically examine claims made about the pros and cons of using MUT for the placement of subsurface infrastructure. Identified claims are mapped, and their validity and applicability assessed. These claims are then analyzed from a sustainability perspective, based on the three sustainability dimensions and a life cycle perspective. The results show that a variety of advantages and disadvantages of using MUTs for subsurface infrastructure are highlighted by the articles, but several of these are without any empirical support. When some form of empirical support is presented, it usually comes from case-specific analyses of MUTs, and the applicability in other MUT projects is seldom discussed. Economic performance is the sustainability dimension that has received the most attention, while environmental performance has not been analyzed in the reviewed literature, which is a major limitation of the current knowledge. In summary, the knowledge about the sustainability performance of using MUTs for subsurface infrastructure is still limited and incoherent. In order to increase the knowledge, this article points out the importance of new case studies, in which the sustainability consequences of using MUTs for subsurface infrastructure are mapped and evaluated by combining both quantitative and qualitative assessment methods.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 79.
    Bergman, Filip
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Olsson, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Beräkningsverktyg till strategisk planering av framtidens ledningsbundna infrastruktur: Utveckling av modell för LCC- och LCA-analyser av ledningsbunden infrastruktur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En ny lag kring hållbarhetsredovisning för företag med samhällsbärande verksamhet innebär att företagen behöver rikta ett större fokus på hållbarhet och därmed minska miljöpåverkan. För att öka hållbarheten och medvetenheten kring vilka kostnader och vilken miljöpåverkan företagets aktiviteter leder till kan ett livscykelperspektiv leda till ökad kunskap och förståelse.Ledningsbunden infrastruktur som el, opto, vatten och avlopp är idag en förutsättning i samhället. Flera av näten som idag används installerades i mitten på 1900-talet vilket innebär att de snart har uppnått sin förväntade livslängd. Med detta följer ökade underhållsarbeten och kostnader för företagen som förvaltar näten. Exempelvis innebär förnyelsen av svenska vatten- och avloppsledningar en årlig investering på 1,9 miljarder kr, något som kommer behöva dubbleras de närmsta 50 åren. 50 % av kostnaderna för att utföra underhållsåtgärder vid konventionell förläggning beror på trafikavstängning och schaktning.Till följd av ovanstående problematik har Tekniska verken arbetat fram en ny lösning för förläggning av ledningsbunden infrastruktur som innebär att ledningsnät för el, opto, vatten, avlopp, sopsug och fjärrvärme förläggs i en kulvert. Kulverten är den första i sitt slag och är gjord av plast med kammare i betong för att sammankoppla rören och dra ut servisledningar. Den första plats som denna infrakulvert installerats på är Vallastaden i Linköping som exploateras för bo- och samhällsexpo 2017.För att utvärdera denna teknik utvecklades i detta examensarbete en modell som kan användas till att beräkna livscykelkostnaderna och miljöpåverkan för infrakulverten och jämföra detta med konventionell förläggning. I examensarbetet begränsades datainsamlingen till att endast studera kostnader och miljöpåverkan har därför inte studerats. Modellen har utvecklats för att ta hänsyn till infrastrukturens stokastiska karaktär och kan beräkna medelkostnader och standardavvikelser samt genomföra detaljerade känslighetsanalyser. Denna typ av modell har ett flertal användningsområden för förvaltande företag då det ger en uppfattning om förväntade kostnader och kan utvärdera risker i samband med investeringar.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Bergman,Olsson-Beräkningsverktyg till strategisk planering av framtidens ledningsbundna infrastruktur
  • 80.
    Bertils, Elsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Elvingson, Herman
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Utveckling av marknader för avfallsbaserade resurser: En fallstudie på återanvändning av komplexa avfallsströmmar ur ett värdekedjeperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Immense amounts of waste are generated daily by our society, and the management of these streams is a critical societal function. Part of this work is reusing and recycling materials with attractive properties, which is also an imperative step towards circular material flows. Although, the reuse of waste-based resources entails a conflict between efficient use of resources and minimal environmental toxicity, which hampers the reuse. The labeling of a resource as waste also makes using or trading the resource problematic, both regarding regulations, but also concerns from the society regarding toxicity or quality.

    A way of increasing the reuse of waste streams is initiating and organizing a functioning trade with the material. This study aims at clarifying how new markets for waste base products can emerge and evolve. This aim is formulated as identifying the functions that needs to be fulfilled for a new market for waste-based products to function, and what can be done to fulfill these functions. The study is designed as a case study including four cases where waste in some way is put back to use through trade. This reuse is studied as a market, with buyers, seller and brokers encased in institutions. To expose the role of policy instruments in organizing waste-based markets, there is one specific policy instrument per case for which the effect is analyzed deeper. The main empirics has been collected through interviews with actors on the four case markets, aiming to identify typical events in the evolution of the markets, and what is perceived as important as of today. The case markets are residual sludge from biogas production and from waste water treatment being used as fertilizer, and the residual gravel from waste incineration in Sweden and Denmark being used as a construction material. On these markets, the degree of actual trade varies, as well as the maturity of the markets.

    By studying and comparing four markets for waste-based resources, and considering the perspectives from actors at different ends of the respective resources value chain, twelve market functions have been identified within three market components. The component institutions and networks contain functions not directly related to the supply- or demand-side of the markets but rather the legitimacy and authorization process, ability of the actors to identify with their roles in the value chain, and how certifications and actor-initiatives can form common grounds for actors in the value chain. In the component supply the waste producer’s responsibility and means of influence over the quality and quantity of the resource is identified as functions. Brokers might play a critical role and policy instruments is needed to increase the producers means of influencing the waste streams, and to regulate the use of the resource. In the component of demand marketing, systems for quality assertion, and niche management are identified as methods to fulfill critical functions.

    Waste based resources by nature appears as a secondary material flow in a process, and therefore it is not naturally integrated in the business model of any actor. The waste-label forces the resource to comply to rules and regulations perceived problematic, while buyer demands are perceived as unfairly promoting virgin resources and getting societal acceptance of the resource is an uphill battle. By studying the behaviors and needs of market actors, and the role of policy instruments during the course of market evolution, opportunities has been identified as to how policy instruments can fulfill the varying key market functions. For each of the identified functions, it is suggested how policy instruments can contribute, or help the market actors, to fulfill the function.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 81.
    Bjerre, Gustav
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Granath, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Flexibilitetsmarknaders roll för att överkomma kapacitetsbrist i lokala elnät: En studie om konceptets möjligheter och utmaningar på aktörsnivå och marknadsnivå2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Flera svenska storstadsregioner har börjat nå taket för nätkapacitet i elnäten, ett problem som även kallas kapacitetsbrist. Problemet med kapacitetsbrist grundar sig i de förändringar som sker för elproduktionen, med exempelvis en ökande grad av förnyelsebar, intermittent elproduktion, och förändringar i efterfrågan i och med samhällets ökande grad av elektrifiering. För att hantera och överkomma kapacitetsbrist har elnätsbolag traditionellt sett byggt ut elnätet för att därmed har möjlighet att leverera effekt under årets alla dagar, en metod som har långa ledtider och har höga investeringskostnader. Den accelererade problematiken kring kapacitetsbrist sätter ett förändringstryck på elsystemet och i synnerhet elnätsbolagen att hantera problemet. Ett alternativ till att hantera kapacitetsbrist är för elnätsbolag att upphandla flexibilitetstjänster. Det är en lösning som anses som resurseffektiv och samhällsekonomisk i förhållande till konventionell nätutbyggnad. Flexibilitet i elsystemet innebär aktörers medvetna förändring i elproduktion eller efterfrågan av effekt som avser att stabilisera elsystemet. Genom en flexibilitetsmarknad kan elnätsbolag ge aktörer incitament att erbjuda sin flexibilitet mot betalning och därmed hantera kapacitetsbrist när det behövs. 

    I det här examensarbetet har syftet varit att studera flexibilitetsmarknaders roll i att överkomma kapacitetsbrist i lokala elnät och vad konceptet innebär för möjligheter och utmaningar på aktörsnivå och övergripande marknadsnivå. Genom kvalitativa forskningsmetoder, semi-strukturerade intervjuer, litteratur- och dokumentstudier, har författarna kartlagt kunskapsläget om flexibilitetsmarknader och konceptets innebörd för enskilda aktörer. Examensarbetet presenterar även ett teoretiskt ramverk av ekonomisk teori som syftar till att ge större förståelse för marknadens etableringsprocess och vilka eventuella marknadsmisslyckanden som riskerar att ske. En förstudie har genomförts där två aktiva projekt, CoordiNet och Sthlmflex, av flexibilitetsmarknader i Sverige har studerats för att identifiera insikter om flexibilitetsmarknaders möjligheter och utmaningar. Vidare utfördes en semi-strukturerad intervjustudie med 15 olika företag i Göteborg, en region som ännu inte har en flexibilitetsmarknad, för att studera olika aktörers drivkrafter och hinder för att medverka på en flexibilitetsmarknad. Företagen var kategoriserade i fem olika segment; industrier, hamnindustrier, fastighetsbolag, elnätsbolag och aggregatorer.

    Resultatet från förstudien visar på att de existerande flexibilitetmarknaderna har varit viktiga för deltagande aktörer att lära sig förstå hur de bör arbeta med en flexibilitetsmarknad som en del av verksamheten. Det har visat sig existera ett antal utmaningar i projekten som exempelvis bristfällig kommunikation, avsaknad av automatiserade processer och låg likviditet på marknaderna. I intervjustudien kunde det urskiljas att de flesta industrier, hamnindustrier och fastighetsbolag har flexibilitetsresurser och potential för att medverka som leverantörer på en flexibilitetsmarknad. Hos samma segment identifierades dock hinder gällande bristen på teknisk utrustning för att kunna erbjuda flexibilitet och en osäkerhet kring ersättningsnivån som kan väntas från flexibilitetmarknaden för flexibilitetsleverantörer. Elnätsbolag ser flexibilitetsmarknader som ett bra alternativ till att hantera kapacitetsbrist och att potentialen är stor för framtiden. Aggregatorer tros ha en betydande roll på flexibilitetsmarknader och vara en möjliggörare för aktörer med mindre resurser och begränsad kunskap. Totalt var 12 av 15 tillfrågade företagen intresserade av att delta på en flexibilitets-marknad i Göteborg. Utifrån teori kan flexibilitetsmarknader ses som en innovativ marknad och att etableringsprocessen innebär olika marknadsstabiliserande aktioner. Flexibilitetsmarknader innebär även ett behov av innovativa affärsmodeller för marknadsaktörerna. Med hänsyn till hinder och utmaningar som identifierats hos flexibilitetsmarknaderna under examensarbetet existerar risker för eventuella marknadsmisslyckanden, orsakade av asymmetrisk information, transaktionskostnader, begränsad rationalitet och externaliteter.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 82.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Implementation of coordinated urban distribution and consolidation centres: –A Swedish municipality perspective2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Freight transportation in urban areas is an important area in the development of more sustainable cities. Several Swedish municipalities have recognised the inefficiency in the flow of goods to their premises, resulting in negative environmental, economical and social impact. Some Swedish municipalities have started to consolidate their distribution, separate the purchase of goods from the purchase of transport services, as well as started to place demands on the transportation service purchased. However, different establishments are applied by different municipalities, and there is a lack of overview and knowledge exchange between different initiatives.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse activities in the Swedish municipalities’ development process of consolidated urban distribution in order to identify important knowledge dissemination and collaborative actions. Empirical data is gathered from interviews, internet information and brochures regarding initiatives taken by three Swedish municipalities.

    The investigation of the initiatives shows several similarities but also many differences. The results also provide examples of how knowledge can be integrated in the organisation. There is a need for an expanded collaboration between actors to make the freight transports in the cities more efficient. Increased knowledge transfer can help municipalities overcome several of these weaknesses. This area of research is still in its infancy and new areas for further research are identified in this paper.

  • 83.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Coordinated distribution to municipality facilities; a Swedish perspective2013Inngår i: Proceedings from the 25th International NOFOMA conference, Göteborg, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 84.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Toward sustainability with the coordinated freight distribution of municipal goods2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 194-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities play an important role in the development of sustainable societies, particularly by way of public procurement. Within this area, municipal governments can significantly impact the environment by placing environment-conscious demands on the products and services purchased. At the same time, municipalities are largely responsible when it comes to decreasing the fastest growing source of CO2 emissions in urban areas: road transport. Yet, while much has been done to curb the environmental impact of passenger transport, freight transport seems to have been nearly forgotten. Some Swedish municipalities have set a good example by coordinating the distribution of goods to their facilities and by separating the purchases of goods from those of distribution services. Although municipalities claim that cooperation and knowledge dissemination are central to developing sustainability management, it remains unclear how such should be applied to coordinated urban freight distribution. This paper thus aims to describe and analyse activities in Swedish municipalities' developmental processes of promoting the coordinated freight distribution of goods, in order to identify which activities of knowledge dissemination and collaboration should be prioritised. Empirical data were gathered from interviews, the Internet, and brochures for initiatives taken by Swedish municipalities. Results indicate that the initiatives demonstrate several similarities and differences, as well as provide examples of how knowledge can be integrated into municipal organisation. Above all, results indicate a need for increased collaboration among actors to make freight transport in Swedish cities more efficient, as well as that increased knowledge transfer can help municipalities to overcome several of their weaknesses.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 85.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Skill, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sustainability potentials of digitally based platforms for the circularity of household items2023Inngår i: Cleaner Logistics and Supply Chain, ISSN 2772-3909, artikkel-id 100133Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Closed-loop supply chains (CLSCs) are an important response to pressing sustainability challenges. However, they bring about tradeoffs like increased resource use in logistics. Addressing these complexities, digital platforms emerge as promising, yet under-researched, tools for efficiency enhancement in CLSCs. This study investigates three digital platforms facilitating furniture and household item trade in relation to CLSCs. A comprehensive framework, rooted in literature on CLSCs, digital platforms, and logistics, guides the analysis. The findings reveal diverse sustainability potentials within these platforms, primarily driven by system design, scale, and actor engagement. The efficacy of the digital platform varies based on usage patterns, their geographical scope, logistic solutions, and providers. Crucially, environmental and social sustainability tradeoffs and benefits come to light, offering insights into their emergence based on system design. This study provides insights for practitioners and scholars, regarding potentials/risks of trade-offs in environmental and social sustainability dimensions related to the use of digital platforms for trading secondhand furniture. It provides a nuanced understanding of how these differ depending on system design.

  • 86.
    Boks, Casper
    et al.
    Department of Product Design, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Plepys, Andrius
    The International Insitute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    McAloone, Tim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Jalas, Mikko
    Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Helsinki, Finland.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Department of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Bey, Niki
    The Institute for Product Development, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Nordic Post-Graduate Sustainable Design and Engineering Research from a Supervisor Perspective2008Inngår i: Proceedings of NordDesign 2008 / [ed] L. Roosimölder, Tallin, Estonia, 2008, s. 171-180Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi- and interdisciplinary field of sustainable product innovation is rapidly expanding as an arena for scientific research. Universities in Nordic countries can be considered as an exponent of this type of research, with active research groups in, among others, Göteborg, Helsinki, Lund, Lyngby, Linköping and Trondheim. In the context of a Nordforsk funded project, seven second generation PhD supervisors from these universities, who have been active in this field for many years, discuss funding, publication, research traditions, education and supervision practices related to PhD research in this field. A number of recommendations to improve current practices are made, including the mapping currently existing differences in different academic institutions, studying the cross-over learning effects between academica and non-academic partners, and the development of ‘quality indicators’ of research in the SPI domain.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 87.
    Bolin, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lee, Hui Mien
    Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    LCA of Biogas Through Anaerobic Digestion from the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) Compared to Incineration of the Waste2009Inngår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign 2009: 6th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, Sapporo, Japan, 2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Production of biogas through anaerobic digestion (AD) from the organic fraction of minucipal solid waste (OFMSW) was compared to incineration of the waste. At the moment, almost all of the OFMSW in Singapore is incinerated. Three different scales of biogas plants were compared to incineration: one large-scale biogas plant that can treat half of all OFMSW in Singapore; one medium- scale biogas plant about 15 times smaller than the large one; and one small-scale biogas plant that can treat waste from e.g. a shopping centre or food centre. Two alternatives for utilization of the biogas were also compared, generation of electricity and the use of the biogas in heavy vehicles. The combination of the different scales and the different utilization gives the six different scenarios. By using life cycle assessment (LCA) the different scenarios were compared in terms of global warming potential (GWP), acidification, eutrophication, energy use and land use. The results show that biogas production creates less environmental impact than incineration. The use of the gas as a vehicle fuel creates a bigger decrease of GWP, acidification and eutrophication than when using the gas for electricity generation. The prevention of leakage of biogas during production and upgrading is crucial for the environmental impact on GWP. A leakage of only a few percent of the produced gas will lead to a loss of all the gain in saved GHG-emissions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 88.
    Boonkanit, Prin
    et al.
    King Mongkut Institute of Technology.
    Lin, Han-Hsuan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Kengpol, Athakorn
    King Mongkut Institute of Technology.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Industrial activities in EcoDesign - a comparison between Sweden and Thailand2008Inngår i: Joint International Congress and Exhibition Electronics Goes Green,2008, Berlin, 2008, s. 503-508Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 89.
    Boons, Frank
    et al.
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Spekkink, Wouter
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Isenmann, Ralf
    Munich University of Applied Sciences, Germany.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Brullot, Sabrina
    Institut Charles Delaunay, France.
    Deutz, Pauline
    University of Hull, UK.
    Gibbs, David
    University of Hull, UK.
    Massard, Guillaume
    Université de Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Romero Arozamena, Elena
    University of Cantabria, Spain.
    Ruiz Puente, Carmen
    University of Cantabria, Spain.
    Verguts, Veerle
    Flemish Land Agency, Belgium.
    Davis, Chris
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Korevaar, Gijsbert
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Costa, Inês
    3Drivers.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Sweden.
    Comparing industrial symbiosis in Europe: towards a conceptual framework and research methodology2015Inngår i: International perspectives on industrial ecology / [ed] Pauline Deutz, Donald I Lyons, Jun Bi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 69-88Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) continues to raise the interest of researchers and practitioners alike. Individual and haphazard attempts to increase linkages among co-located firms have been complemented by concerted efforts to stimulate the development of industrial regions with intensified resource exchanges that reduce environmental impact. Additionally, there are examples of both spontaneous and facilitated linkages between two or more firms involving flows of materials/energy waste. A striking feature of IS activities is that they are found across diverse social contexts and vary considerably in form (Lombardi et al., 2012); there are substantial differences in the ways in which IS manifests itself. Equally diverse are the activities of policy makers to stimulate such linkages. Such diversity can already be found within Europe, as became apparent in a first meeting among some of the present authors in 2009 (Isenmann and Chernykh, 2009). Researchers present there decided to create a network of European researchers on IS, with the explicit aim to develop a comparative analysis. We can thus provide insight to the relationship between the style of IS and its context and thereby the potential for policy makers in different contexts to learn from each other. Policy learning can be a tempting route to IS, but is fraught with difficulties if the influence of context is not appreciated (e.g., Wang et al., Chapter 6, this volume).

  • 90. Bestill onlineKjøp publikasjonen >>
    Brambila, Sergio
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Support for the conceptual design stage of effective and resource-efficient offerings: A pragmatic and cross-disciplinary approach2020Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Human activities in the form of production and consumption have increased to an all-time high. In many cases, this increase has resulted in environmental problems such as waste and pollution that, in turn, affect our health and way of living. Societies have proposed different measures to address such environmental problems. These range from different waste treatment technologies to alternative business models, policy measures, and lifecycle thinking in the design of products, to mention but a few.

    In this research, the focus is on supporting early design activities of what is often called the conceptual design stage with the objective to provide effective and resource-efficient offerings. The early design activities considered here are planning, analysis, and evaluation.

    Design researchers have largely supported these three activities with a variety of methods and tools. However, previous research has shown that design support coming from academia has had a low uptake in industry. In this regard, the aim of this research is to propose not only useful but also usable support for design practitioners during the conceptual design stage.

    This research is carried out in the manufacturing sector in Sweden, where selected companies expressed an interest in collaborating with academia to address more thoroughly effective and resource-efficient offerings. To better match company needs and research from academia, this research took a pragmatic and cross-disciplinary approach. This research approach, along with literature reviews, semi-structured interviews, workshops, and questionnaires, shows different ways in which support can be made more useful and usable. The main gap addressed here is that the knowledge and the related skills of the user of the support have not been sufficiently explored.

    The results include requirements of the user of the support, proposed methods and tools derived from the requirements identified, and, most importantly, the knowledge and skills needed by the user of the support.

    The main message of this research is that support could be expanded from methods and tools to include knowledge and skills needed by design practitioners, the users of support. The flow of support from academia to industry could also be reinforced in a two-way flow through a pragmatic and cross-disciplinary approach to first and foremost address design practitioners’ needs.

    Delarbeid
    1. Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation / [ed] Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton, Springer, 2018, s. 381-389Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to government policies and regulations as well as customer and societal demands, organizations around the world are looking for ways to manage their economic, environmental and social sustainability. One of the most frequently used standards for organizations seeking to manage their environmental responsibilities is ISO 14001. This framework, however, is generic because it can be used by any organization irrespective of sector, activity or core values. Therefore, implementation of generic guidelines might result in the use of alternative tools that respond better to specific organizational needs and that provide outcomes that can be useful for decision-making. Through case study methodology, this paper shows how Volvo Group, a world-leading producer of transport solutions, developed an internal environmental evaluation tool called Environmental Screening (EnvS) to improve the environmental performance of its solutions.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Springer, 2018
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152498 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-66981-6_42 (DOI)978-3-319-66981-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-66980-9 (ISBN)
    Konferanse
    8th Life Cycle Management Conference 2017, Luxembourg 3-6 sep 2017
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-05 Laget: 2018-11-05 Sist oppdatert: 2021-08-18
    2. Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 170, s. 1399-1403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This letter postulated that there is a need to clarify the statement of the journal as a transdisciplinaryplatform. It first provided an understanding of transdisciplinary research based on the literature. Second,it explained why an understanding of transdisciplinarity is important, and how such an understandingwill enhance the research and practice in the topics of the entire journal. Third, taking environmentalsustainability design research as an example subject, it commented on among others six articles publishedin the journal, and showed the relevance of this issue within this example subject. Overall, thisletter is expected to contribute to enhance the quality of the research and practice in the topics of thejournal.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Elsevier, 2018
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142361 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.226 (DOI)000414879300123 ()
    Prosjekter
    Mistra REES
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
    Merknad

    Funding agencies: Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) program - Mistra (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research) [DIA 2014/16]

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-28 Laget: 2017-10-28 Sist oppdatert: 2021-02-04
    3. Bridging the gap between engineering design and marketing: insights for research and practice in product/service system design
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Bridging the gap between engineering design and marketing: insights for research and practice in product/service system design
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Design Science, E-ISSN 2053-4701, Vol. 4Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, product/service systems (PSSs) have become a research issue in several disciplines, such as engineering design and marketing. The inherent interdisciplinary nature of this research issue has however remained unexploited. In order to bridge these silos and foster more interaction across relevant disciplines, this research examines PSSs from an interdisciplinary angle by analyzing how engineering design and marketing inform one another, as well as presents insights for PSS design. The research is carried out using a three-stage process for analyzing and evaluating interdisciplinary research: first, through a systematic literature review to identify relevant papers and their level of utilization across disciplines; second, by using a qualitative thematic analysis looking for different perspectives in order to find themes to bridge the gap between the disciplines; and third, by providing a research agenda to advance research by moving from silos to synergy. The results show a limited use of theories, frameworks, methods and tools across disciplines thus far, while the major contribution of this article lies in the implications derived for PSS design for academics and practitioners alike, which are categorized into seven specific themes: business orientation, collaboration, cost aspects, flexibility, performance indicators, requirements and services.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Cambridge University Press, 2018
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152497 (URN)10.1017/dsj.2018.3 (DOI)000427603600001 ()
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-05 Laget: 2018-11-05 Sist oppdatert: 2023-05-04
    4. Effective ecodesign implementation with the support of a lifecycle engineer
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Effective ecodesign implementation with the support of a lifecycle engineer
    2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 279, artikkel-id 123520Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of Ecodesign, in which the answers to the questions of “why”, “what”, and “how” have been largely studied in the past, the lack of implementation in industry remains an issue. The literature lacks insights into the “how” question combined with “who” for ecodesign implementation. The aim of this paper is to propose a concept for a knowledge holder, called a lifecycle engineer, with specific knowledge that can support a team or organization in the ecodesign process for its more effective implementation. This is achieved first by a literature review using a set of constructs derived from theories of engineering design and transdisciplinary research. Second, by consulting the results from the literature review and the proposal of a lifecycle engineer, through semi-structured interviews, with practitioners from the manufacturing sector. The analysis of the semi-structured interviews shows that the relevant knowledge includes lifecycle analysis, materials and their selection, energy efficiency, legislation, and management. This knowledge was complemented by skills that practitioners thought of as relevant for effective implementation. Moreover, the proposal of a lifecycle engineer, according to most practitioners, was found to be useful. The advantages of a lifecycle engineer include having more focus on ecodesign and the availability of information and staff to drive changes. Caveats include clear benefits against investment for the company, especially for smaller ones, and enough tasks for full-time employment.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Elsevier, 2021
    Emneord
    Specialist, Knowledge, Domain, Engineering design, Environment, Sustainability
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-170209 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123520 (DOI)000613139700038 ()2-s2.0-85089736221 (Scopus ID)
    Merknad

    Funding agencies: Mistra REES (Resource-Efficient and Effective Solutions) program - Mistra (the Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research) [DIA 2014/16]

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-10-01 Laget: 2020-10-01 Sist oppdatert: 2021-03-15bibliografisk kontrollert
    5. Design Guidelines Developed from Environmental Assessments: A Design Tool for Resource-Efficient Products
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Design Guidelines Developed from Environmental Assessments: A Design Tool for Resource-Efficient Products
    2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 12, artikkel-id 4953Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The circular economy provides a potential solution to the take-make-dispose model of resource use that currently characterizes the economy. Guidelines for the circular economy often consist of prioritized lists of measures to achieve resource efficiency. However, for the purpose of designing products, such general prioritizations of measures are less useful. Instead, the tool developed in this study is based on learnings from numerous life cycle assessments and provides design recommendations for the improved resource efficiency of products based on product characteristics. The tool includes measures over the whole lifecycle of different products that lead to improved resource efficiency. The tool also demonstrates how different product types, such as different varieties of durable and consumable products, can become more resource-efficient and when trade-offs occur over the lifecycle of a product. The tool was tested in a design case where its usefulness and usability were evaluated using a comparative life cycle assessment and a questionnaire. The evaluation shows the tool is informative and provides design suggestions that lead to improved resource efficiency. The tool is considered usable and could be implemented in design practice.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    MDPI, 2020
    Emneord
    design guidelines; circular economy; resource efficiency; durable products; consumable products; design tool; life cycle assessment
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-168304 (URN)10.3390/su12124953 (DOI)000550304900001 ()2-s2.0-85087753546 (Scopus ID)
    Merknad

    Funding Agencies|Mistra REES (Resource-Efficient and Effective Solutions); Mistra (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research) [2014/16]; Chalmers Area of Advance Production

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-08-20 Laget: 2020-08-20 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-10bibliografisk kontrollert
    6. Failure analysis method for enhancing circularity through systems perspective
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Failure analysis method for enhancing circularity through systems perspective
    2021 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 544-562Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, a circular economy has attracted global attention as an approach for addressing material security and resource-efficiency issues. As our societies shift toward a circular economy, manufacturers need to not only produce environmentally conscious products but to also realize reliable systems that will ensure the closure of the loops of the products, components, and materials. To do so, early-stage design is crucial to effectively and efficiently detect possible failures and then take adequate countermeasures against them. Although a few methods of failure analysis have been proposed to address environmental issues, these methods have failed to consider the cause-effect relationships among failures. This will hinder manufacturers from identifying core problems that should be addressed in a given system. Therefore, this study extends failure mode and effect analysis, which is an engineering technique used to address potential failures, by addressing the entire system reliability in relation to circularity. As a result of a case study of a manufacturer aiming to increase circularity with their products on the market, we revealed that the proposed method is useful in the early stage of design to (a) identify failure modes where effects are largely given to or received from other failures, (b) develop countermeasures effectively by addressing root causes of failures, and (c) find an opportunity to collaborate with external actors.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    WILEY, 2021
    Emneord
    circular economy; decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL); failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA); industrial ecology; product-service system (PSS); system design
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-170545 (URN)10.1111/jiec.13069 (DOI)000572877000001 ()
    Merknad

    Funding Agencies|Swedish funding body called Stiftelsen for miljostrategisk forskning (Mistra, "The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research" in English) through their research programnamed theMistraREES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) [2014/16]

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-10-16 Laget: 2020-10-16 Sist oppdatert: 2022-10-24
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 91.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bridging the gap between engineering design and marketing: insights for research and practice in product/service system design2018Inngår i: Design Science, E-ISSN 2053-4701, Vol. 4Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, product/service systems (PSSs) have become a research issue in several disciplines, such as engineering design and marketing. The inherent interdisciplinary nature of this research issue has however remained unexploited. In order to bridge these silos and foster more interaction across relevant disciplines, this research examines PSSs from an interdisciplinary angle by analyzing how engineering design and marketing inform one another, as well as presents insights for PSS design. The research is carried out using a three-stage process for analyzing and evaluating interdisciplinary research: first, through a systematic literature review to identify relevant papers and their level of utilization across disciplines; second, by using a qualitative thematic analysis looking for different perspectives in order to find themes to bridge the gap between the disciplines; and third, by providing a research agenda to advance research by moving from silos to synergy. The results show a limited use of theories, frameworks, methods and tools across disciplines thus far, while the major contribution of this article lies in the implications derived for PSS design for academics and practitioners alike, which are categorized into seven specific themes: business orientation, collaboration, cost aspects, flexibility, performance indicators, requirements and services.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 92. Bestill onlineKjøp publikasjonen >>
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Early stages of designing resource-efficient offerings: An initial view of their analysis and evaluation2018Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing use of natural resources and the pollution it causes calls for new ways of addressing customer needs. Additionally, a more uncertain and complex world also presents new challenges. In this thesis, these new challenges are tackled through inter and transdisciplinary research, which require more interaction across disciplines to tackle complex phenomena.

    The manner in which companies address customer needs starts from the designing (a multiplestakeholder perspective) of offerings where companies rely on different types of support (guidelines, standards, methods and tools). In this thesis, these offerings, include products, services, systems, and solutions. This plays an important role in the use of natural resources and its impact on the environment. In this Licentiate, I present results to show initial cues on how to design resource-efficient offerings, and more specifically their analysis and evaluation in the early stages of the design process. This type of offerings is suggested to be crucial for the circular economy, which can be understood as a paradigm shift towards sustainability. In this paradigm shift, designing is carried out by taking into account reuse, remanufacture and recycling of products as strategies by multiple stakeholders and companies. Other strategies include providing services, a function or a solution through dematerialization and transmaterialization.

    The methods used in this research are narrative and systematic literature reviews, thematic analysis and a case study. The results show a lack of interdisciplinary research in the academic literature in subjects relevant to the design of resource-efficient offerings. The results also show a need to clarify what transdisciplinary research entails. Moreover, current practice shows that support used by companies needs to consider several factors for it to be useful, for example, the vision of the company, participation of potential users of the support and everyday operations, among other characteristics. Finally, more practical support coming from academia is necessary to improve its use in industry.

    Delarbeid
    1. Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: DS 84: PROCEEDINGS OF THE DESIGN 2016 14TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-4, The Design Society, 2016, s. 137-144Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Product/Service System (PSS) is a different way of fulfilling customer needs by providing a bundle of products and services. PSS is by nature an interdisciplinary field of research that needs collaboration across disciplines. This research paper investigates how much interdisciplinary research has been carried in terms of insights used between two important disciplines, namely, Engineering Design and Industrial Marketing. The results show that few insights have been used across disciplines which shows a gap for further research.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    The Design Society, 2016
    Serie
    Proceedings of the International Design Conference, ISSN 1847-9073
    Emneord
    product-service systems (PSS), interdisciplinary collaboration, engineering design, industrial marketing
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135352 (URN)000395390600014 ()
    Konferanse
    14th International Design Conference (DESIGN), Dubrovnik, Croatia, May 16-19, 2016
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-13 Laget: 2017-03-13 Sist oppdatert: 2020-11-06bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 170, s. 1399-1403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This letter postulated that there is a need to clarify the statement of the journal as a transdisciplinaryplatform. It first provided an understanding of transdisciplinary research based on the literature. Second,it explained why an understanding of transdisciplinarity is important, and how such an understandingwill enhance the research and practice in the topics of the entire journal. Third, taking environmentalsustainability design research as an example subject, it commented on among others six articles publishedin the journal, and showed the relevance of this issue within this example subject. Overall, thisletter is expected to contribute to enhance the quality of the research and practice in the topics of thejournal.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Elsevier, 2018
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142361 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.226 (DOI)000414879300123 ()
    Prosjekter
    Mistra REES
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
    Merknad

    Funding agencies: Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) program - Mistra (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research) [DIA 2014/16]

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-28 Laget: 2017-10-28 Sist oppdatert: 2021-02-04
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Early stages of designing resource-efficient offerings: An initial view of their analysis and evaluation
    Download (pdf)
    omslag
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    presentationsbild
  • 93.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio A.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Widgren, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Support for Designing Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Current Use and Requirements by Swedish Industry: Report from “Product and Service Design Support for REES” Project of Mistra REES program2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This document reports on the results of work packages (WPs) 2.1 and 2.2 in Project 2 (Product and Service Design Support for REES, i.e. resource efficient and effective solutions) of the Mistra REES program (www.mistrarees.se). WP 2.1 and WP 2.2 aim at documenting current use of design support and deriving requirements for design support, respectively. The document only covers results from interviews with companies, while the other reports will cover results, for instance, from scientific literature review (ISRN: LIU‐IEI‐RR‐‐17/00264—SE) and the design session with industry partners in the Mistra REES consortium. The results of this research into industrial practice will be a foundation for WP 2.3, which aims at developing new design support for designers.

    The document describes current use (i.e., “as‐is” status) of product and service design support when designing REES, as well as requirements for product and service design support for REES (i.e., information soon‐to‐be). Both of these are results of analysis in different phases of an early phase of design for REES. Those phases consist of requirement specification, conceptual design, and analysis and evaluation, which can be ordered temporally along the design process.

    Eight Sweden‐based companies that provide products and services in different sectors and work on resource efficiency participated in the interviews. They vary in terms of the size: from small to large. 24 individual interviews were conducted in total with the length being between 54 and 117 minutes (with two additional shorter follow up interviews via phone/skype). The 24 interviews were carried out all with face to face between May and July, 2016. The result from each company is described per section in this report, while cross‐company analysis will be made in a separate document.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Support for Designing Resource Efficientand Effective Solutions: Current Use andRequirements by Swedish Industry: Report from “Product and Service Design Support for REES” Project of Mistra REES program
    Download (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 94.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio A.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Widgren, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    State of the Art of Design Methods for Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Report from “Product and Service Design Methods for REES” Project of Mistra REES program2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This document reports on the results of work packages (WPs) 2.1 and 2.2 in Project 2 (Product and Service Design Methods for REES, i.e. resource efficient and effective solutions) of the Mistra REES program (www.mistrarees.se). WP 2.1 and WP 2.2 aim at documenting current use of design methods and deriving requirements for design methods, respectively. The document only covers results from the scientific literature review, while other reports to be developed will cover results, for instance, from the interview study and the design session with industry partners in the Mistra REES consortium. The results of the literature review will be a foundation for WP 2.3, which aims at developing new design methods. Note that methods here include frameworks, tools, and support for designers.

    The document describes current use (i.e., “as‐is” status) of product and service design methods when designing REES, as well as requirements for product and service design methods for REES (i.e., information soon‐to‐be). Both of these are results of analysis in different phases of an early phase of design for REES. Those phases consist of requirement specification, conceptual design, and analysis and evaluation, which can be ordered temporally along the design process.

    From the overall analysis, found is a lack of insights about methods for designing REES, although potentially useful methods are available. This means advancement of knowledge is insufficient for industry within the subject, which is relatively new. It may also mean the developed methods are not precisely according to the needs of companies. This shows a high potential of developing new methods in the rest of the project.

    More specifically, in the requirement specification, the literature shows that potentially useful methods include QFD (Quality Function Deployment), the Taguchi method, the Kano model, and data mining, among others. In the conceptual design, numerous methods exist, and most of them were developed in an older context, where REES was not as relevant as today. Those methods include DfX methods (X denotes cost, assembly, etc.), the functional block diagram, the checklist, morphological analysis, and the Fishbone Diagram. Only a few seem to be used widely in industry today. In the analysis and evaluation, available methods include Lifecycle Simulation, Lifecycle Costing, multi‐criteria decision making, and the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Most of the methods or tools available specialise in one area. This is a problem when developing an integrated offering of products and services, because designers need to have a holistic perspective for that.

    Regarding requirements for methods to be developed, the authors analysed literature as follows. In the requirement specification, requirements originating from multiple aspects and actors need to be taken into account. Since an enormous amount of data and information can be collected from products and by technologies implemented today, a huge opportunity is presented for enhancing requirement specification. Yet, there seems to be little insights to take this opportunity. In conceptual design, it is important to identify and involve relevant actors as well as their requirements according to a number of scientific reports. Especially, interaction between the relevant actors seems to be critical to be implemented. In analysis and evaluation, various pieces of earlier research works recommend different features to be implemented in methods. These features include visualization of information and information flows, graphical user interface, multiple users’ participation, and ability to handle environmental information, uncertainty and risk.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    State of the Art of Design Methods forResource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Report from “Product and Service Design Methods for REES” Project of Mistra REES program
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  • 95.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio Andres
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kowalkowski, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design2016Inngår i: DS 84: PROCEEDINGS OF THE DESIGN 2016 14TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-4, The Design Society, 2016, s. 137-144Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Product/Service System (PSS) is a different way of fulfilling customer needs by providing a bundle of products and services. PSS is by nature an interdisciplinary field of research that needs collaboration across disciplines. This research paper investigates how much interdisciplinary research has been carried in terms of insights used between two important disciplines, namely, Engineering Design and Industrial Marketing. The results show that few insights have been used across disciplines which shows a gap for further research.

  • 96.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Dahllöf, Lisbet
    Swedish Environmental Institute GothenburgSweden.
    Eriksson, Karin
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design2018Inngår i: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation / [ed] Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton, Springer, 2018, s. 381-389Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to government policies and regulations as well as customer and societal demands, organizations around the world are looking for ways to manage their economic, environmental and social sustainability. One of the most frequently used standards for organizations seeking to manage their environmental responsibilities is ISO 14001. This framework, however, is generic because it can be used by any organization irrespective of sector, activity or core values. Therefore, implementation of generic guidelines might result in the use of alternative tools that respond better to specific organizational needs and that provide outcomes that can be useful for decision-making. Through case study methodology, this paper shows how Volvo Group, a world-leading producer of transport solutions, developed an internal environmental evaluation tool called Environmental Screening (EnvS) to improve the environmental performance of its solutions.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 97.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Analysis and evaluation in the early stages of designing resource efficient offerings: A comparison among large companies and small and medium enterprises2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, s. 3161-3170Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe there is a common vision to transform the economy into a sustainable one by 2050 which among other changes, calls for companies to address their offerings in a more resource-efficient manner. Therefore, efforts to provide design support namely, methods, guidelines and tools to specifically address natural resources and impact of products and services have been increasing. Moreover, companies of all sizes should integrate environmental concerns as early as possible to select profitable and environmentally sound offerings. However, knowledge of the analysis and evaluation of resourceefficient offerings seems currently insufficient especially with regards to similarities and differences among different company sizes. In this paper, the study of eight case companies: 3 large companies and 5 SMEs, shows how industry addresses the analysis and evaluation of their offerings. Commonalities among SMEs and large companies include decisions made by strategic or managerial boards, the use of mock-ups and project management skills, among others. These findings could help academics in providing relevant, useful and usable support to industry.

  • 98.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Design support needs to realize more effective and resource-efficient offerings: A comparison among large companies and small and medium enterprises2021Inngår i: Frontiers in Sustainability, E-ISSN 2673-4524, Vol. 2, artikkel-id 758625Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In an economic paradigm where companies think that more is better and resources are considered infinite, waste, pollution, and environmental degradation are often the result. This can, in turn, be addressed by companies focusing on offerings that are both effective and resource efficient. However, this type of offerings can be more uncertain and complex due to multiple factors such as multiple actors and conflicting objectives taking place at once. Dedicated design support for the relatively new offerings will be helpful for designers in industry. Large and small companies could benefit from the dedicated design support to successfully realize these types of offerings. However, the type of support they might need is not clear. Differences and similarities among large and small companies could guide researchers in providing more reliable support. Therefore, the aim of this research is to present differences and similarities of design support needs among large companies and small and medium enterprises. This is carried out through semi-structured interviews and follow-up meetings. The results show that differences include a formal product realization process for large companies and an informal or no process for smaller ones. Similarities point at design support for better communication and management of their offerings with regard to lead time as well as lifecycle and strategic thinking for decision making. The conclusions highlight the importance for researchers to provide design support that purposefully addresses specific needs.

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  • 99.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Effective ecodesign implementation with the support of a lifecycle engineer2021Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 279, artikkel-id 123520Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the field of Ecodesign, in which the answers to the questions of “why”, “what”, and “how” have been largely studied in the past, the lack of implementation in industry remains an issue. The literature lacks insights into the “how” question combined with “who” for ecodesign implementation. The aim of this paper is to propose a concept for a knowledge holder, called a lifecycle engineer, with specific knowledge that can support a team or organization in the ecodesign process for its more effective implementation. This is achieved first by a literature review using a set of constructs derived from theories of engineering design and transdisciplinary research. Second, by consulting the results from the literature review and the proposal of a lifecycle engineer, through semi-structured interviews, with practitioners from the manufacturing sector. The analysis of the semi-structured interviews shows that the relevant knowledge includes lifecycle analysis, materials and their selection, energy efficiency, legislation, and management. This knowledge was complemented by skills that practitioners thought of as relevant for effective implementation. Moreover, the proposal of a lifecycle engineer, according to most practitioners, was found to be useful. The advantages of a lifecycle engineer include having more focus on ecodesign and the availability of information and staff to drive changes. Caveats include clear benefits against investment for the company, especially for smaller ones, and enough tasks for full-time employment.

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    fulltext
  • 100.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Methods and tools used in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the early stages of design2019Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a part of deliverables from theMistraREES1programme (www.mistrarees.se) work package (WP)2.1and 2.2 of Project 2 (the project concerning design). The objective of the report is to identify and describe methods and tools used as design support for REES in the Swedish manufacturing industry.

    This report presents the results of an analysisto identify different methods and tools used during the early stages of design for REES in manufacturing companies in Sweden. The methods are classified in “as-is”and “to-be”stages. The as-ismethods are what are currently used, and the to-bemethods are what they would like to have in place in the future. The compilation of methods and tools also included other sources of information partly to corroborate results from interviews. These other sources included meeting minutes and internal reports, when available. Other sources are also included from two publications in the academic literature from López-Mesa & Bylund (2011)and Nilsson et al. (2018).

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    Methods and tools used in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the early stages of design
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