liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
Begrens søket
1234567 51 - 100 of 690
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 51.
    Bank, Natasha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sustainability Profiled Incubators - Procceses For Recruiting And Supporting Tenants2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since start-ups enterprises often have more room and flexibility for sustainability ideas in the early stages of business development incubators could be particularly important for introducing and developing sustainability thinking. Previous studies on incubators and the incubation processes in general are rather extensive in the literature. However, there are few studies particularly focusing on sustainability dimensions of incubators. In particular how incubators recruit and support start-ups in incorporating sustainability thinking into their core business idea or making their sustainability-oriented idea even more successful has received few research attention. With this gap identified in research and societal need for sustainability, research on green incubators is of timely interest. The latest report from the IPCC on climate change problem warns about the demand of sustainable business creation, which is critical to promote sustainable development. Entrepreneurship is at the heart of sustainable growth (Carayannis and Von Zedtwitz, 2005) and in that sense it is in the heart of sustainability development. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to investigate empirically the recruiting criteria of start-ups by three sustainability oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany in order to understand how they support sustainable entrepreneurship and eco-innovation.

    Following a literature review on “conventional” incubators, a sample incubator that works with sustainable start-ups in each country was chosen and studied by help of interviews with managers, stakeholders, tenants and managers at incubators in order to investigate deficits and potentials of the existing incubator support systems for sustainable entrepreneurship and eco innovation. The data used in the study comes from Green Tech Park (Sweden), LADEC (Finland) and Green Garage (Germany).

    From this study, our major implications are that, the studied incubators on average have an ambition to recruit and develop sustainability oriented start-ups, but a critical mass of such tenants is vital if any such ambitions are to become a reality. This critical mass of start-ups is very much influenced by the local context of the incubator, which generates both potential tenants and resources to support such firms in sustainability entrepreneurship and eco innovation. For incubator management, this suggests an active search for tenants interested in sustainable entrepreneurship and providing support focused on such activities.

  • 52.
    Bank, Natasha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sustainability profiled incubators-process for recruiting and supporting tenants2015Inngår i: Proceedings of XXVI ISPIM Conference: Shaping the Frontiers of Innovation Management, ISPIM – the International Society for Professional Innovation Management , 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the recruitment and support process of sustainability profiled incubators have received little research attention, the goal of this paper is to fill this knowledge gap by an empirically investigation of three sustainability oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany. The data used in the study comes from interviews with managers, stakeholders, tenants in selected incubators, in Green Tech Park (Sweden), LADEC (Finland) and Green Garage (Germany). Our major implications are that, the studied incubators on average have an ambition to recruit and develop sustainability oriented start-ups, but a critical mass of such tenants is vital if any such ambitions are to become a reality. This critical mass of start-ups is influenced by the local context, which generates both potential tenants and resources to support such firms. For incubator management, this suggests an active search for tenants interested in sustainable entrepreneurship and providing support focused on such activities.

  • 53.
    Bank, Natasha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Tenant recruitment and support processes in sustainability-profiled business incubators2016Inngår i: Industry & higher education, ISSN 0950-4222, E-ISSN 2043-6858, Vol. 30, nr 4, s. 267-277Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Recruitment and support processes in sustainability-profiled incubators have received little research attention. The article addresses this knowledge gap in an empirical investigation of three sustainability-oriented incubators in Sweden, Finland and Germany. The data are based on interviews with managers, stakeholders and tenants in Green Tech Park (Sweden), LADEC (Finland) and Green Garage (Germany). On average, the studied incubators had an ambition to recruit and develop sustainability-oriented start-ups, but the number of tenants must reach a critical mass if such ambitions are to become a reality. The local context influences this critical mass of start-ups and is a determining factor in generating (a) potential tenants and (b) the resources to support such firms. This suggests that incubator managers must actively seek tenants interested in sustainable entrepreneurship and that support must focus on activities in sustainability.

  • 54.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Scandelius, Christina
    Brunel Univ, England.
    Schmidt, Kirsten
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
    Sonnemann, Guido
    Univ Bordeaux, France.
    Preface: Recognizing management in LCM2018Inngår i: The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, ISSN 0948-3349, E-ISSN 1614-7502, Vol. 23, nr 7, s. 1351-1356Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 55.
    Baumgarten, Sara
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Torgnyson, Emelie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Inventering av verktyg för hållbarhetsbedömning av stadsdelar: Underlagsrapport till ett forskningsprojekt i samarbete   mellan Linköpings universitet och Linköpings kommun2014Student paper other, 12 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar stadsutveckling på stadsdelsnivå har blivit populärt under de senaste åren. Det har byggts flera nya stadsdelar i Sverige med en hållbarhetsprofil och det pågår ett arbete med att ta fram ett svenskt certifieringsverktyg och en svensk standard för hållbara stadsdelar. Traditionellt har det varit stort fokus på byggnadsnivå inom hållbar stadsutveckling. Att fokusera på stadsdelsnivå gör det möjligt att betrakta byggnaderna i relation till omgivningen och på så sätt skapas ytterligare förutsättningar att nå en hållbar stadsutveckling. Denna rapport är en del av ett forskningsprojekt i samarbete mellan Linköpings universitet och Linköpings kommun med syfte att utveckla ett processtöd för hållbar stadsutveckling på stadsdelsnivå. Rapporten syftar till att utveckla ett underlag för en verktygslåda som kan användas för att säkerställa ett visst mått av hållbarhet i de stadsplaneringsprojekt som genomförs i en kommun. Rapporten består av tre delar; verktygsinventering, identifiering av nuläge och behov samt rekommendation.

     

    En internationell och en nationell verktygsinventering genomfördes. Den internationella inventeringen utgick från en litteraturstudie och 54 verktyg identifierades. Utifrån resultatet identifierades sex verktygskategorier; certifierings-, självutvärderings-, ranknings-, planerings-, design- och beräkningsverktyg. Den nationella inventeringen genomfördes utifrån e- postkonversation med experter inom området och fem verktyg identifierades. Inget av de nationella verktygen tar ett helhetsgrepp på hållbarhetsfrågorna. Ett svenskt certifieringsverktyg för hållbar stadsutveckling är dock som tidigare nämnts under utveckling.

     

    Ett urval av verktygen valdes ut för vidare analys; BREEAM Communities, SPeAR® och One Planet Living. Analysen genomfördes utifrån ett teoretiskt ramverk som baseras på tre perspektiv; hållbarhetsperspektivet, systemperspektivet och användarperspektivet. Verktygen är liknande i sin ansats att definiera hållbarhet. Gällande systemperspektivet är det enbart BREEAM Communities som inte uttalat definierar ett systemperspektiv. Gällande användarperspektivet har verktygen olika uppbyggnad och struktur vilket gör att de är användbara i olika situationer. Exempelvis är ett verktyg som One Planet Living användbart vid planering för hållbar stadsutveckling på ett övergripande plan, medan BREEAM Communities och SPeAR® har en finare detaljeringsnivå och är tillämpbara vid utformning och planering av ett specifikt område. Till skillnad från SPeAR® kan BREEAM Communities användas i marknadsföringssyfte eftersom det erbjuder möjlighet till certifiering.

     

    Nulägesbeskrivningen utgick från e-postkonversation och intervjustudier med de tio största kommunerna i Sverige. Resultatet visade att endast en kommun har ett verktyg för hållbar stadsutveckling i dagsläget och att en kommun håller på att utveckla ett verktyg. Behovsidentifieringen utgick från en intervjustudie i form av fokusgruppsintervjuer med två kommuner. Intervjustudien visade att det finns behov av verktyg i kommunikation med olika aktörer, vid uppföljning av översikts- och detaljplanering samt vid jämförelse av olika alternativ.

     

    Rekommendationen baserades på verktygsinventeringen, nulägesbeskrivningen och behovsidentifieringen. En verktygslåda för hållbar stadsutveckling bör bestå av ett planeringsverktyg som används för att sätta upp övergripande visioner och strategier vid bland annat översiktsplanering. Verktygslådan bör ta lärdom av certifierings- och självutvärderingsverktyg för att underlätta vid kommunikation med externa aktörer vilka är vana vid att arbeta med denna typ av verktyg. Slutligen bör design- och beräkningsverktyg användas som hjälpmedel vid uppföljning samt vid jämförelser av olika alternativ.

  • 56.
    Ben Amor, Mehdi
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Laboratory of ECSTRA, Economic Department, HEC of Carthage, Carthage University, Carthage, Tunisia.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Frankelius, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hafedh, Ben Abdennebi
    Laboratory of ECSTRA, Economic Department, HEC of Carthage, Carthage University, Carthage, Tunisia.
    Revisiting Industrial Organization: Product Service Systems Insight2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 96, s. 1459-1477Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This literature review puts forward a comparison between the traditional seller, usually represented by classic Industrial Organization (IO) models, and system providers, which are illustrated by Product Service System (PSS) models. A multidisciplinary systematic literature review, that compares PSS and IO models, is conducted, and ends up in to define PSS as a technology. It highlights the differences and similarities between classic IO and classic PSS and evaluate the weakness and strengths of different models. In total, 148 articles from different disciplines have been investigated, and a different understanding of PSS is provided. A new IO framework, that considers classic sellers and PSSs providers, is established to preserve PSS specificities and stress the role of policy maker and competition for PSSs expansion.

  • 57.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    et al.
    Kalmar högskola.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sviden, John
    Tema V LIU.
    Duration of soil cadmium and lead pollution from shale-based alum production1997Inngår i: Journal of Geochemical Exploration, ISSN 0375-6742, E-ISSN 1879-1689, Vol. 58, s. 309-317Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 58.
    Berglund, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ersson, Carolina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Martin, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Challenges for developing a system for biogas as vehicle fuel: lessons from Linkoping, Sweden2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Biofuels are being employed in nearly all the EU member states to fulfill the targets set up by the European Directive 2003/30/EC to have a 5.75% share of renewable energy in their transport sector by 2010. In Sweden ethanol is the leading biofuel, while biogas mainly depend on local initiatives with the city of Linköping as a case in point.

    Our purpose with this article is to analyze the development of biogas in Linköping within a framework of technological transition theory. To this we add a set of concepts from large technical systems-literature to address and re-analyze two earlier studies on the biogas development in Linköping to achieve a deeper understanding of this success story. We argue that the establishment of a development trajectory for biogas depended on the ability of the involved actors to establish and nurture their social network, to create learning processes and stimulate the articulation of expectations and visions. It was also important that these three factors were allowed to influence each other for the system to gain a momentum of its own.

    Furthermore, the biogas development in Linköping is found to be interesting in that the triggers for the development came from a variety of levels and angles. Initially, the rising fuel prices after the oil crises in the 1970’s resulted in an increased interest in renewable fuels in general. Second, an anticipated national pipeline for natural gas planned through Linköping was considered a huge potential for methane exports. A part from these external energy incentives, the local trigger was the bad urban air quality caused by the public transport authority’s bus fleet. The breakthrough came when it was discovered that by-product biogas from the wastewater treatment facility could be used as a fuel for transport.

    When the plans for the national pipeline were rejected, a fruitful co-operation between the municipally owned production facility and the public transport authority was set up to meet the constructed demand from public transport. This cooperative pair-arrangement was the starting point for the biogas niche trajectory as other actors subsequently were enrolled to increase the size and agency of the network.

    Nowadays, biogas and other renewable fuels play a significant role in the supply of transport fuels for Linköping. In 2009, a total of 9.5% of all transport fuels used in Linköping were from renewable sources, i.e. biogas (4.6%), ethanol and biodiesel. This puts the city well ahead of the European target of 5.75% renewable fuels by 2010.

  • 59.
    Bergman, Filip
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Olsson, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Beräkningsverktyg till strategisk planering av framtidens ledningsbundna infrastruktur: Utveckling av modell för LCC- och LCA-analyser av ledningsbunden infrastruktur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En ny lag kring hållbarhetsredovisning för företag med samhällsbärande verksamhet innebär att företagen behöver rikta ett större fokus på hållbarhet och därmed minska miljöpåverkan. För att öka hållbarheten och medvetenheten kring vilka kostnader och vilken miljöpåverkan företagets aktiviteter leder till kan ett livscykelperspektiv leda till ökad kunskap och förståelse.Ledningsbunden infrastruktur som el, opto, vatten och avlopp är idag en förutsättning i samhället. Flera av näten som idag används installerades i mitten på 1900-talet vilket innebär att de snart har uppnått sin förväntade livslängd. Med detta följer ökade underhållsarbeten och kostnader för företagen som förvaltar näten. Exempelvis innebär förnyelsen av svenska vatten- och avloppsledningar en årlig investering på 1,9 miljarder kr, något som kommer behöva dubbleras de närmsta 50 åren. 50 % av kostnaderna för att utföra underhållsåtgärder vid konventionell förläggning beror på trafikavstängning och schaktning.Till följd av ovanstående problematik har Tekniska verken arbetat fram en ny lösning för förläggning av ledningsbunden infrastruktur som innebär att ledningsnät för el, opto, vatten, avlopp, sopsug och fjärrvärme förläggs i en kulvert. Kulverten är den första i sitt slag och är gjord av plast med kammare i betong för att sammankoppla rören och dra ut servisledningar. Den första plats som denna infrakulvert installerats på är Vallastaden i Linköping som exploateras för bo- och samhällsexpo 2017.För att utvärdera denna teknik utvecklades i detta examensarbete en modell som kan användas till att beräkna livscykelkostnaderna och miljöpåverkan för infrakulverten och jämföra detta med konventionell förläggning. I examensarbetet begränsades datainsamlingen till att endast studera kostnader och miljöpåverkan har därför inte studerats. Modellen har utvecklats för att ta hänsyn till infrastrukturens stokastiska karaktär och kan beräkna medelkostnader och standardavvikelser samt genomföra detaljerade känslighetsanalyser. Denna typ av modell har ett flertal användningsområden för förvaltande företag då det ger en uppfattning om förväntade kostnader och kan utvärdera risker i samband med investeringar.

  • 60.
    Bertils, Elsa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Elvingson, Herman
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Utveckling av marknader för avfallsbaserade resurser: En fallstudie på återanvändning av komplexa avfallsströmmar ur ett värdekedjeperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Immense amounts of waste are generated daily by our society, and the management of these streams is a critical societal function. Part of this work is reusing and recycling materials with attractive properties, which is also an imperative step towards circular material flows. Although, the reuse of waste-based resources entails a conflict between efficient use of resources and minimal environmental toxicity, which hampers the reuse. The labeling of a resource as waste also makes using or trading the resource problematic, both regarding regulations, but also concerns from the society regarding toxicity or quality.

    A way of increasing the reuse of waste streams is initiating and organizing a functioning trade with the material. This study aims at clarifying how new markets for waste base products can emerge and evolve. This aim is formulated as identifying the functions that needs to be fulfilled for a new market for waste-based products to function, and what can be done to fulfill these functions. The study is designed as a case study including four cases where waste in some way is put back to use through trade. This reuse is studied as a market, with buyers, seller and brokers encased in institutions. To expose the role of policy instruments in organizing waste-based markets, there is one specific policy instrument per case for which the effect is analyzed deeper. The main empirics has been collected through interviews with actors on the four case markets, aiming to identify typical events in the evolution of the markets, and what is perceived as important as of today. The case markets are residual sludge from biogas production and from waste water treatment being used as fertilizer, and the residual gravel from waste incineration in Sweden and Denmark being used as a construction material. On these markets, the degree of actual trade varies, as well as the maturity of the markets.

    By studying and comparing four markets for waste-based resources, and considering the perspectives from actors at different ends of the respective resources value chain, twelve market functions have been identified within three market components. The component institutions and networks contain functions not directly related to the supply- or demand-side of the markets but rather the legitimacy and authorization process, ability of the actors to identify with their roles in the value chain, and how certifications and actor-initiatives can form common grounds for actors in the value chain. In the component supply the waste producer’s responsibility and means of influence over the quality and quantity of the resource is identified as functions. Brokers might play a critical role and policy instruments is needed to increase the producers means of influencing the waste streams, and to regulate the use of the resource. In the component of demand marketing, systems for quality assertion, and niche management are identified as methods to fulfill critical functions.

    Waste based resources by nature appears as a secondary material flow in a process, and therefore it is not naturally integrated in the business model of any actor. The waste-label forces the resource to comply to rules and regulations perceived problematic, while buyer demands are perceived as unfairly promoting virgin resources and getting societal acceptance of the resource is an uphill battle. By studying the behaviors and needs of market actors, and the role of policy instruments during the course of market evolution, opportunities has been identified as to how policy instruments can fulfill the varying key market functions. For each of the identified functions, it is suggested how policy instruments can contribute, or help the market actors, to fulfill the function.

  • 61.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Implementation of coordinated urban distribution and consolidation centres: –A Swedish municipality perspective2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Freight transportation in urban areas is an important area in the development of more sustainable cities. Several Swedish municipalities have recognised the inefficiency in the flow of goods to their premises, resulting in negative environmental, economical and social impact. Some Swedish municipalities have started to consolidate their distribution, separate the purchase of goods from the purchase of transport services, as well as started to place demands on the transportation service purchased. However, different establishments are applied by different municipalities, and there is a lack of overview and knowledge exchange between different initiatives.

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyse activities in the Swedish municipalities’ development process of consolidated urban distribution in order to identify important knowledge dissemination and collaborative actions. Empirical data is gathered from interviews, internet information and brochures regarding initiatives taken by three Swedish municipalities.

    The investigation of the initiatives shows several similarities but also many differences. The results also provide examples of how knowledge can be integrated in the organisation. There is a need for an expanded collaboration between actors to make the freight transports in the cities more efficient. Increased knowledge transfer can help municipalities overcome several of these weaknesses. This area of research is still in its infancy and new areas for further research are identified in this paper.

  • 62.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Coordinated distribution to municipality facilities; a Swedish perspective2013Inngår i: Proceedings from the 25th International NOFOMA conference, Göteborg, 2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 63.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Toward sustainability with the coordinated freight distribution of municipal goods2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 194-204Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipalities play an important role in the development of sustainable societies, particularly by way of public procurement. Within this area, municipal governments can significantly impact the environment by placing environment-conscious demands on the products and services purchased. At the same time, municipalities are largely responsible when it comes to decreasing the fastest growing source of CO2 emissions in urban areas: road transport. Yet, while much has been done to curb the environmental impact of passenger transport, freight transport seems to have been nearly forgotten. Some Swedish municipalities have set a good example by coordinating the distribution of goods to their facilities and by separating the purchases of goods from those of distribution services. Although municipalities claim that cooperation and knowledge dissemination are central to developing sustainability management, it remains unclear how such should be applied to coordinated urban freight distribution. This paper thus aims to describe and analyse activities in Swedish municipalities' developmental processes of promoting the coordinated freight distribution of goods, in order to identify which activities of knowledge dissemination and collaboration should be prioritised. Empirical data were gathered from interviews, the Internet, and brochures for initiatives taken by Swedish municipalities. Results indicate that the initiatives demonstrate several similarities and differences, as well as provide examples of how knowledge can be integrated into municipal organisation. Above all, results indicate a need for increased collaboration among actors to make freight transport in Swedish cities more efficient, as well as that increased knowledge transfer can help municipalities to overcome several of their weaknesses.

  • 64.
    Boks, Casper
    et al.
    Department of Product Design, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Plepys, Andrius
    The International Insitute for Industrial Environmental Economics, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    McAloone, Tim
    Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Jalas, Mikko
    Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration, Helsinki, Finland.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Department of Environmental Systems Analysis, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Bey, Niki
    The Institute for Product Development, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Nordic Post-Graduate Sustainable Design and Engineering Research from a Supervisor Perspective2008Inngår i: Proceedings of NordDesign 2008 / [ed] L. Roosimölder, Tallin, Estonia, 2008, s. 171-180Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The multi- and interdisciplinary field of sustainable product innovation is rapidly expanding as an arena for scientific research. Universities in Nordic countries can be considered as an exponent of this type of research, with active research groups in, among others, Göteborg, Helsinki, Lund, Lyngby, Linköping and Trondheim. In the context of a Nordforsk funded project, seven second generation PhD supervisors from these universities, who have been active in this field for many years, discuss funding, publication, research traditions, education and supervision practices related to PhD research in this field. A number of recommendations to improve current practices are made, including the mapping currently existing differences in different academic institutions, studying the cross-over learning effects between academica and non-academic partners, and the development of ‘quality indicators’ of research in the SPI domain.

  • 65.
    Bolin, Lisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lee, Hui Mien
    Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    LCA of Biogas Through Anaerobic Digestion from the Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (OFMSW) Compared to Incineration of the Waste2009Inngår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign 2009: 6th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing, Sapporo, Japan, 2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Production of biogas through anaerobic digestion (AD) from the organic fraction of minucipal solid waste (OFMSW) was compared to incineration of the waste. At the moment, almost all of the OFMSW in Singapore is incinerated. Three different scales of biogas plants were compared to incineration: one large-scale biogas plant that can treat half of all OFMSW in Singapore; one medium- scale biogas plant about 15 times smaller than the large one; and one small-scale biogas plant that can treat waste from e.g. a shopping centre or food centre. Two alternatives for utilization of the biogas were also compared, generation of electricity and the use of the biogas in heavy vehicles. The combination of the different scales and the different utilization gives the six different scenarios. By using life cycle assessment (LCA) the different scenarios were compared in terms of global warming potential (GWP), acidification, eutrophication, energy use and land use. The results show that biogas production creates less environmental impact than incineration. The use of the gas as a vehicle fuel creates a bigger decrease of GWP, acidification and eutrophication than when using the gas for electricity generation. The prevention of leakage of biogas during production and upgrading is crucial for the environmental impact on GWP. A leakage of only a few percent of the produced gas will lead to a loss of all the gain in saved GHG-emissions.

  • 66.
    Boonkanit, Prin
    et al.
    King Mongkut Institute of Technology.
    Lin, Han-Hsuan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Kengpol, Athakorn
    King Mongkut Institute of Technology.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Industrial activities in EcoDesign - a comparison between Sweden and Thailand2008Inngår i: Joint International Congress and Exhibition Electronics Goes Green,2008, Berlin, 2008, s. 503-508Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 67.
    Boons, Frank
    et al.
    University of Manchester, UK.
    Spekkink, Wouter
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Isenmann, Ralf
    Munich University of Applied Sciences, Germany.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Brullot, Sabrina
    Institut Charles Delaunay, France.
    Deutz, Pauline
    University of Hull, UK.
    Gibbs, David
    University of Hull, UK.
    Massard, Guillaume
    Université de Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Romero Arozamena, Elena
    University of Cantabria, Spain.
    Ruiz Puente, Carmen
    University of Cantabria, Spain.
    Verguts, Veerle
    Flemish Land Agency, Belgium.
    Davis, Chris
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Korevaar, Gijsbert
    Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Costa, Inês
    3Drivers.
    Baumann, Henrikke
    Chalmers tekniska högskola, Sweden.
    Comparing industrial symbiosis in Europe: towards a conceptual framework and research methodology2015Inngår i: International perspectives on industrial ecology / [ed] Pauline Deutz, Donald I Lyons, Jun Bi, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, s. 69-88Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial symbiosis (IS) continues to raise the interest of researchers and practitioners alike. Individual and haphazard attempts to increase linkages among co-located firms have been complemented by concerted efforts to stimulate the development of industrial regions with intensified resource exchanges that reduce environmental impact. Additionally, there are examples of both spontaneous and facilitated linkages between two or more firms involving flows of materials/energy waste. A striking feature of IS activities is that they are found across diverse social contexts and vary considerably in form (Lombardi et al., 2012); there are substantial differences in the ways in which IS manifests itself. Equally diverse are the activities of policy makers to stimulate such linkages. Such diversity can already be found within Europe, as became apparent in a first meeting among some of the present authors in 2009 (Isenmann and Chernykh, 2009). Researchers present there decided to create a network of European researchers on IS, with the explicit aim to develop a comparative analysis. We can thus provide insight to the relationship between the style of IS and its context and thereby the potential for policy makers in different contexts to learn from each other. Policy learning can be a tempting route to IS, but is fraught with difficulties if the influence of context is not appreciated (e.g., Wang et al., Chapter 6, this volume).

  • 68.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bridging the gap between engineering design and marketing: insights for research and practice in product/service system design2018Inngår i: Design Science, ISSN 2053-4701, Vol. 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decade, product/service systems (PSSs) have become a research issue in several disciplines, such as engineering design and marketing. The inherent interdisciplinary nature of this research issue has however remained unexploited. In order to bridge these silos and foster more interaction across relevant disciplines, this research examines PSSs from an interdisciplinary angle by analyzing how engineering design and marketing inform one another, as well as presents insights for PSS design. The research is carried out using a three-stage process for analyzing and evaluating interdisciplinary research: first, through a systematic literature review to identify relevant papers and their level of utilization across disciplines; second, by using a qualitative thematic analysis looking for different perspectives in order to find themes to bridge the gap between the disciplines; and third, by providing a research agenda to advance research by moving from silos to synergy. The results show a limited use of theories, frameworks, methods and tools across disciplines thus far, while the major contribution of this article lies in the implications derived for PSS design for academics and practitioners alike, which are categorized into seven specific themes: business orientation, collaboration, cost aspects, flexibility, performance indicators, requirements and services.

  • 69.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Early stages of designing resource-efficient offerings: An initial view of their analysis and evaluation2018Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing use of natural resources and the pollution it causes calls for new ways of addressing customer needs. Additionally, a more uncertain and complex world also presents new challenges. In this thesis, these new challenges are tackled through inter and transdisciplinary research, which require more interaction across disciplines to tackle complex phenomena.

    The manner in which companies address customer needs starts from the designing (a multiplestakeholder perspective) of offerings where companies rely on different types of support (guidelines, standards, methods and tools). In this thesis, these offerings, include products, services, systems, and solutions. This plays an important role in the use of natural resources and its impact on the environment. In this Licentiate, I present results to show initial cues on how to design resource-efficient offerings, and more specifically their analysis and evaluation in the early stages of the design process. This type of offerings is suggested to be crucial for the circular economy, which can be understood as a paradigm shift towards sustainability. In this paradigm shift, designing is carried out by taking into account reuse, remanufacture and recycling of products as strategies by multiple stakeholders and companies. Other strategies include providing services, a function or a solution through dematerialization and transmaterialization.

    The methods used in this research are narrative and systematic literature reviews, thematic analysis and a case study. The results show a lack of interdisciplinary research in the academic literature in subjects relevant to the design of resource-efficient offerings. The results also show a need to clarify what transdisciplinary research entails. Moreover, current practice shows that support used by companies needs to consider several factors for it to be useful, for example, the vision of the company, participation of potential users of the support and everyday operations, among other characteristics. Finally, more practical support coming from academia is necessary to improve its use in industry.

    Delarbeid
    1. Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design
    2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: DS 84: PROCEEDINGS OF THE DESIGN 2016 14TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-4, The Design Society, 2016, s. 137-144Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Product/Service System (PSS) is a different way of fulfilling customer needs by providing a bundle of products and services. PSS is by nature an interdisciplinary field of research that needs collaboration across disciplines. This research paper investigates how much interdisciplinary research has been carried in terms of insights used between two important disciplines, namely, Engineering Design and Industrial Marketing. The results show that few insights have been used across disciplines which shows a gap for further research.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    The Design Society, 2016
    Serie
    Proceedings of the International Design Conference, ISSN 1847-9073
    Emneord
    product-service systems (PSS), interdisciplinary collaboration, engineering design, industrial marketing
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-135352 (URN)000395390600014 ()
    Konferanse
    14th International Design Conference (DESIGN), Dubrovnik, Croatia, May 16-19, 2016
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research
    Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-03-13 Laget: 2017-03-13 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-17bibliografisk kontrollert
    2. Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Do We Share an Understanding of Transdisciplinarity in Environmental Sustainability Research?
    2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 170, s. 1399-1403Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This letter postulated that there is a need to clarify the statement of the journal as a transdisciplinaryplatform. It first provided an understanding of transdisciplinary research based on the literature. Second,it explained why an understanding of transdisciplinarity is important, and how such an understandingwill enhance the research and practice in the topics of the entire journal. Third, taking environmentalsustainability design research as an example subject, it commented on among others six articles publishedin the journal, and showed the relevance of this issue within this example subject. Overall, thisletter is expected to contribute to enhance the quality of the research and practice in the topics of thejournal.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Elsevier, 2018
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-142361 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.09.226 (DOI)000414879300123 ()
    Prosjekter
    Mistra REES
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, 2014/16
    Merknad

    Funding agencies: Mistra REES (Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions) program - Mistra (The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research) [DIA 2014/16]

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-28 Laget: 2017-10-28 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-17
  • 70.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio A.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Widgren, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Support for Designing Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Current Use and Requirements by Swedish Industry: Report from “Product and Service Design Support for REES” Project of Mistra REES program2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This document reports on the results of work packages (WPs) 2.1 and 2.2 in Project 2 (Product and Service Design Support for REES, i.e. resource efficient and effective solutions) of the Mistra REES program (www.mistrarees.se). WP 2.1 and WP 2.2 aim at documenting current use of design support and deriving requirements for design support, respectively. The document only covers results from interviews with companies, while the other reports will cover results, for instance, from scientific literature review (ISRN: LIU‐IEI‐RR‐‐17/00264—SE) and the design session with industry partners in the Mistra REES consortium. The results of this research into industrial practice will be a foundation for WP 2.3, which aims at developing new design support for designers.

    The document describes current use (i.e., “as‐is” status) of product and service design support when designing REES, as well as requirements for product and service design support for REES (i.e., information soon‐to‐be). Both of these are results of analysis in different phases of an early phase of design for REES. Those phases consist of requirement specification, conceptual design, and analysis and evaluation, which can be ordered temporally along the design process.

    Eight Sweden‐based companies that provide products and services in different sectors and work on resource efficiency participated in the interviews. They vary in terms of the size: from small to large. 24 individual interviews were conducted in total with the length being between 54 and 117 minutes (with two additional shorter follow up interviews via phone/skype). The 24 interviews were carried out all with face to face between May and July, 2016. The result from each company is described per section in this report, while cross‐company analysis will be made in a separate document.

  • 71.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio A.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Widgren, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    State of the Art of Design Methods for Resource Efficient and Effective Solutions: Report from “Product and Service Design Methods for REES” Project of Mistra REES program2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This document reports on the results of work packages (WPs) 2.1 and 2.2 in Project 2 (Product and Service Design Methods for REES, i.e. resource efficient and effective solutions) of the Mistra REES program (www.mistrarees.se). WP 2.1 and WP 2.2 aim at documenting current use of design methods and deriving requirements for design methods, respectively. The document only covers results from the scientific literature review, while other reports to be developed will cover results, for instance, from the interview study and the design session with industry partners in the Mistra REES consortium. The results of the literature review will be a foundation for WP 2.3, which aims at developing new design methods. Note that methods here include frameworks, tools, and support for designers.

    The document describes current use (i.e., “as‐is” status) of product and service design methods when designing REES, as well as requirements for product and service design methods for REES (i.e., information soon‐to‐be). Both of these are results of analysis in different phases of an early phase of design for REES. Those phases consist of requirement specification, conceptual design, and analysis and evaluation, which can be ordered temporally along the design process.

    From the overall analysis, found is a lack of insights about methods for designing REES, although potentially useful methods are available. This means advancement of knowledge is insufficient for industry within the subject, which is relatively new. It may also mean the developed methods are not precisely according to the needs of companies. This shows a high potential of developing new methods in the rest of the project.

    More specifically, in the requirement specification, the literature shows that potentially useful methods include QFD (Quality Function Deployment), the Taguchi method, the Kano model, and data mining, among others. In the conceptual design, numerous methods exist, and most of them were developed in an older context, where REES was not as relevant as today. Those methods include DfX methods (X denotes cost, assembly, etc.), the functional block diagram, the checklist, morphological analysis, and the Fishbone Diagram. Only a few seem to be used widely in industry today. In the analysis and evaluation, available methods include Lifecycle Simulation, Lifecycle Costing, multi‐criteria decision making, and the Analytical Hierarchy Process. Most of the methods or tools available specialise in one area. This is a problem when developing an integrated offering of products and services, because designers need to have a holistic perspective for that.

    Regarding requirements for methods to be developed, the authors analysed literature as follows. In the requirement specification, requirements originating from multiple aspects and actors need to be taken into account. Since an enormous amount of data and information can be collected from products and by technologies implemented today, a huge opportunity is presented for enhancing requirement specification. Yet, there seems to be little insights to take this opportunity. In conceptual design, it is important to identify and involve relevant actors as well as their requirements according to a number of scientific reports. Especially, interaction between the relevant actors seems to be critical to be implemented. In analysis and evaluation, various pieces of earlier research works recommend different features to be implemented in methods. These features include visualization of information and information flows, graphical user interface, multiple users’ participation, and ability to handle environmental information, uncertainty and risk.

  • 72.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio Andres
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kowalkowski, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Interdisciplinary Insights Found for Product/Service System Design2016Inngår i: DS 84: PROCEEDINGS OF THE DESIGN 2016 14TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-4, The Design Society, 2016, s. 137-144Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Product/Service System (PSS) is a different way of fulfilling customer needs by providing a bundle of products and services. PSS is by nature an interdisciplinary field of research that needs collaboration across disciplines. This research paper investigates how much interdisciplinary research has been carried in terms of insights used between two important disciplines, namely, Engineering Design and Industrial Marketing. The results show that few insights have been used across disciplines which shows a gap for further research.

  • 73.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Dahllöf, Lisbet
    Swedish Environmental Institute GothenburgSweden.
    Eriksson, Karin
    Volvo Group Trucks Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Development of an environmental evaluation tool in the transport sector and its impact on decision-making in the early stages of design2018Inngår i: Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies: From science to innovation / [ed] Enrico Benetto, Kilian Gericke, Mélanie Guiton, 2018, s. 381-389Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to government policies and regulations as well as customer and societal demands, organizations around the world are looking for ways to manage their economic, environmental and social sustainability. One of the most frequently used standards for organizations seeking to manage their environmental responsibilities is ISO 14001. This framework, however, is generic because it can be used by any organization irrespective of sector, activity or core values. Therefore, implementation of generic guidelines might result in the use of alternative tools that respond better to specific organizational needs and that provide outcomes that can be useful for decision-making. Through case study methodology, this paper shows how Volvo Group, a world-leading producer of transport solutions, developed an internal environmental evaluation tool called Environmental Screening (EnvS) to improve the environmental performance of its solutions.

  • 74.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Analysis and evaluation in the early stages of designing resource efficient offerings: A comparison among large companies and small and medium enterprises2019Inngår i: Proceedings of the Design Society: International Conference on Engineering Design, Cambridge University Press, 2019, Vol. 1, s. 3161-3170Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe there is a common vision to transform the economy into a sustainable one by 2050 which among other changes, calls for companies to address their offerings in a more resource-efficient manner. Therefore, efforts to provide design support namely, methods, guidelines and tools to specifically address natural resources and impact of products and services have been increasing. Moreover, companies of all sizes should integrate environmental concerns as early as possible to select profitable and environmentally sound offerings. However, knowledge of the analysis and evaluation of resourceefficient offerings seems currently insufficient especially with regards to similarities and differences among different company sizes. In this paper, the study of eight case companies: 3 large companies and 5 SMEs, shows how industry addresses the analysis and evaluation of their offerings. Commonalities among SMEs and large companies include decisions made by strategic or managerial boards, the use of mock-ups and project management skills, among others. These findings could help academics in providing relevant, useful and usable support to industry.

  • 75.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Methods and tools used in the Swedish manufacturing industry during the early stages of design2019Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a part of deliverables from theMistraREES1programme (www.mistrarees.se) work package (WP)2.1and 2.2 of Project 2 (the project concerning design). The objective of the report is to identify and describe methods and tools used as design support for REES in the Swedish manufacturing industry.

    This report presents the results of an analysisto identify different methods and tools used during the early stages of design for REES in manufacturing companies in Sweden. The methods are classified in “as-is”and “to-be”stages. The as-ismethods are what are currently used, and the to-bemethods are what they would like to have in place in the future. The compilation of methods and tools also included other sources of information partly to corroborate results from interviews. These other sources included meeting minutes and internal reports, when available. Other sources are also included from two publications in the academic literature from López-Mesa & Bylund (2011)and Nilsson et al. (2018).

  • 76.
    Brambila-Macias, Sergio
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Requirements for REES design support: A survey among large companies and SMEs2018Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents the results of a survey carried out during 2017-2018 among 11 different companies as part of the REES programme (www.mistrarees.se) work package (WP) 2.2 of Project 2 (the project concerning design in the programme). The objective of the survey was to identify the most important requirements for design support that is being developed for REES designers in the manufacturing industry. The survey comprises results from a total of 25 participants from 5 SMEs and 6 large companies, which included 8 participants from SMEs and 17 from large companies. This classification was made according to the EU commission (2015) definition of SMEs (< 250 employees and ≤ EUR 50 million in annual turnover). The results presented are divided into Section 1 where an overview of the survey and the method is presented and section 2 results, where consolidated data and comparison between large companies and SMES is provided.

  • 77.
    Busch, Henner
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Green Attraction: Transnational Municipal Climate Networks and Green City Branding2015Inngår i: Journal of Management and Sustainability, ISSN 1925-4733, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 1-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we investigate the nexus of green city branding and municipal climate networks. In recent decades, a number of formal transnational municipal climate networks have emerged and their membership continues to increase. In parallel, city branding that is based on green policies, has gained importance. Based on quantitative and qualitative data, we assess how and to what extent German cities use their membership in transnational municipal climate networks to communicate green city brands. In contrast to our expectations, we encountered very few indications of green city branding efforts by German cities. Our analysis shows that in general, branding considerations only play a negligible role in the involvement of cities in transnational municipal climate networks or climate policies. Instead, it seems that German cities use their membership in climate networks, to genuinely improve local climate change strategies. We therefore suggest that research on green city branding should be more sensitive to the particular context of cities and efforts should be made to unveil theunderlying motives for the communication of green policies.

  • 78.
    Busch, Henner
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Bendlin, Lena
    Freie Universität Berlin, Germany.
    Fenton, Paul
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Uncovering Local Impacts – The Influence of Transnational Municipal Climate Networks on Urban Climate Governance2016Inngår i: 2016 Berlin conference on global environmental change: transformative global climate governance "aprés Paris", Berlin 23-24 May 2016, 2016, s. 1-20Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, many cities have joined transnational municipal climate networks (TMCNs), which were set up in response to climate change. Despite the fact that some of these TMCNs have been active for more than two decades, there has been no systematic investigation of the networks’ impact on local climate governance. In this article we attempt to answer if and how local climate governance has been influenced by municipalities’ memberships in TMCNs. Our assessment is based on an online survey conducted with staff from all German cities above 50,000 inhabitants with membership in TMCNs, fieldwork and interviews in seven German cities. Network membership mainly influences local climate governance through the following processes: (1) Enabling internal mobilisation (2) Formulating emission reduction goals (3) Creating political-administrative lock-in (4) Enabling direct exchange and (5) Offering project support. Our data suggests that the main influences of TMCN membership unfold in internal political processes in the member cities. External interactions, such as between cities or between network staff and cities is comparably less important. We also found that many of these benefits can be associated with laggards rather than pioneering cities. We conclude that TMCNs have considerable influence on local climate governance in Germany.

  • 79.
    Byers, Steven
    et al.
    College of Business, Idaho State University, USA.
    Groth, John
    Texas A & M University, USA.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Using Portfolio Theory to Improve Resource Efficiency of Invested Capital2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The diligent use of capital of all forms contributes to sustainability. In fact, capital employment is a common factor in sustainability research and in the practice of sustainability management.  For example, capital usage is included in research in environmental sustainability in the context of sustainable consumption. Product/Service Systems (PSS), which includes product sharing as one concrete form, has been addressed in research on that context. However, virtually no literature provides concrete, theory-based methods for quantifying the effects of sharing products. The goal of this paper is to describe the potential contribution of portfolio theory in order to quantify the effects and optimize the employment of capital in a theoretical and quantitative manner in the context of sustainability. Practices tied to the prescriptions of portfolio theory can contribute to environmental sustainability. The core perspective can be summarized as follows: the pooled, portfolio approach to asset management yields a reduction in assets employed and used relative to the volume of demanded resources used for need fulfillment.

    To reach this goal, the paper first provides a brief literature review from the “finance side” of literature. Then, the “engineering side” literature offers a few examples of others who have applied the prescriptions of portfolio theory to “engineering” application.

    After that, it provides an overview of the core issues and implications of portfolio theory, and develops some ideas to support application of portfolio theory. The provided insights illustrate how portfolio principles applied outside the arena of investments can yield benefits, including the fulfillment of needs with the least resource used – a core principle in sustainability. In particular, the “pooling” of assets/services to meet uncertain demands from different users of an asset/service pool may yield benefit from diversification effects.

    Furthermore, the paper offers additional avenues for future research. It describes how this special application of portfolio theory outside the realm of finance can yield benefits that positively affect the creation of value and resource use in an economy at large.

  • 80.
    Byers, Steven
    et al.
    College of Business, Idaho State University, USA.
    Groth, John
    Texas A & M University, USA.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Using portfolio theory to improve resource efficiency of invested capital2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 156-165Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Limited literature provides concrete, theory-based methods for quantifying the effects of sharing capital. This paper describes the potential contribution of portfolio theory to quantify the effects and optimize the employment of capital (human, tangible, financial, and service employing capital) in a theoretical and quantitative manner in the context of sustainability. Insights illustrate how portfolio principles can yield benefits, including the fulfillment of needs using fewer resources, consistent with sustainability. In particular, “pooling” assets to meet uncertain demands from different users of an asset pool may yield benefit from diversification effects. Suggests future research avenues such as the management of high-value, critical-value, and expiring resources to support sustainability.

  • 81.
    Cao, Cejun
    et al.
    Tianjin Univ, Peoples R China; Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Li, Congdong
    Tianjin Univ, Peoples R China; Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    Yang, Qin
    Sichuan Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Liu, Yang
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Jinan Univ, Peoples R China; Univ Vaasa, Finland.
    Qu, Ting
    Jinan Univ, Peoples R China.
    A novel multi-objective programming model of relief distribution for sustainable disaster supply chain in large-scale natural disasters2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 174, s. 1422-1435Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To save lives and reduce suffering of victims, the focus of this paper is to design the strategies of relief distribution regarding beneficiary perspective on sustainability. This problem is formulated as a multi objective mixed-integer nonlinear programming model to maximize the lowest victims perceived satisfaction, and minimize respectively the largest deviation on victims perceived satisfaction for all demand points and sub-phases. Then, genetic algorithm is proposed to solve this mathematical model. To validate the proposed methodologies, a case study from Wenchuan earthquake is illustrated. Computational results demonstrate genetic algorithm here can achieve the trade-off between solution quality and computation time for relief distribution with the concern of sustainability. Furthermore, it indicates that the methodology provides the tools for decision-makers to optimize the structure of relief distribution network and inventory, as well as alleviate the suffering of victims. Increasingly, this paper expects to not only validate the proposed model and method, but also highlight the importance and urge of considering beneficiary perspective on sustainability into relief distribution problem. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 82.
    Carlsson, Anders
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Baas, Leenard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sustainability Jam Sessions for vision creation and problem solving2015Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, s. 29-35Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a concept for creating arenas where expertise from certain branches of industry can interact with sustainability professionals and researchers to address and solve sustainability challenges. The concept Sustainability Jam Session (SJS) builds upon the idea of conducting creative meetings between professionals in “jam sessions,” similar to those associated primarily with music and improvisation. Approaches such as these have been used in the IT sector over the past decades, but this is the first attempt to apply it in the area of sustainability. SJS's were tested at the 2012 Greening of Industry Network Conference (GIN2012) and here we report our experiences from arranging six SJS's at the conference.

    A typical process of an SJS includes a preparatory phase, the actual jam, and documentation and follow up. The preparatory phase mainly involves identifying hosts and topics to be addressed at the SJS, followed by attracting participants. The jam is started by an introduction of the topics, a technical visit (if appropriate), and a problem-solving workshop, ending with a wrap-up reporting. Thorough documentation is necessary for following up the results of the SJS and preparing for implementation of the identified solutions.

    We conclude that skill, structure, setting, and surrender of control, as well as finding “red and hot” topics for the jams are the key factors for successful SJS's.

    Based on our experiences from GIN2012, we recommend other research conferences in the sustainability field use SJS's if the intention is to boost the interaction between the conference and the host region or non-academic organizations in general. We also suggest that a similar approach can be used in regional development for creating an infrastructure for learning and transformation towards sustainability and initiatives for open innovation.

  • 83.
    Carlsson, Simon
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Carlsson, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Industriell Symbios Bioenergi: Lokalisering och samverkans betydelse för lönsamheten av biodieselproduktion2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this master thesis is to identify guidelines for a sustainable production that can provide useful information concerning the establishment of a biodiesel production. These guidelines concern the surrounding production environment, such as infrastructures and industries.

    The thesis is based on theoretical grounds surrounding industrial symbiosis, biodiesel production and how sustainable development should be designed. A study of an already established producer in a similar business area has been used to provide a picture of similar projects. The thesis has with the supervisor's consent focused on the production conditions that are affected by location.

    The production conditions selected are heating, raw material market, residual and sustainable profile. These are then evaluated through an Excel-based sensitivity analysis. The economic assessment showed that these conditions had limited impact on profitability. By combining these, however, it creates a profile of sustainability that will affect profitability in the long run.

  • 84.
    Celander, Filip
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Haglund, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Energy and nutrient recovery from dairy manure: Process design and economic performance of a farm based system2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis assessed the technical and economic premises for installing systems that process manure in order to recover nutrients and inherent energy. The main purpose of recovering nutrients was to extract phosphorus from the manure, so as to be able to distribute more of the manure on the farm without exceeding the phosphorus regulation. Three other scenarios were included as reference; conventional manure handling, solid-liquid separation only and solid-liquid separation including energy recovery. Since most important parameters for modeling scenarios in agriculture are site-specific (e.g. soil type, crop rotation and manure composition), the thesis results were based on a case farm. The case farm is a 675 ha dairy farm with approx. 1400 milking cows, located in Östergötland, Sweden.

    As for the results, it was first concluded that the central characteristics of manure were the content of dry matter (DM), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). The higher the DM content, the more fuel for energy recovery, and the higher the N:P-ratio, the more on-farm N can be utilized before having to consider the P regulation. The technical premises for farm-scale nutrient recovery were limited to commercial techniques from companies operating in Sweden, and included various possible processing methods, such as; pH modification, anaerobic digestion, coagulation-flocculation, precipitation, filtration and reverse osmosis. However, most methods were either too costly or simply not realistic to install on stand-alone farms, resulting in only two feasible options; struvite precipitation and secondary solid-liquid separation with a decanter centrifuge.

    The comparison in economic performance for all scenarios resulted as follows: nutrient recovery by struvite precipitation was the most profitable scenario of all, if struvite was allowed to replace mineral P fertilizer (i.e. end-product on-farm utilization). If not, it was more profitable to invest in only energy recovery, as nutrient recovery by secondary solid-liquid separation or struvite precipitation with end-product sales were not as profitable. However, the absolutely largest increase in profitability lies within investing in a primary solid-liquid separation. As for the case farm, this investment reduced costs by more than 2 MSEK, while any of the latter scenarios reduce costs by 0,1-0,2 MSEK. Furthermore, the possible utilization of the waste heat from energy recovery increased profitability by a factor of ten.

  • 85.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    The role of biogas in a more sustainable energy system in Sweden2019Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    There are numerous problems in the world that need to be dealt with in order to achieve sustainable development. The energy system has significant negative impacts on many of these problems, and there is a need for a transition towards more sustainable energy. Sweden has already started this transition and is using large amounts of renewable energy. However, within the transport sector and the manufacturing sector in particular, large amounts of fossil fuels are still used. Biogas is one alternative that can help solve several sustainability problems and that could be part of a future more sustainable energy system. However, it is not certain what biogas is most suitable to be used for.

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how biogas should be used in a future more sustainable energy system, by answering three research questions: 1) In what ways can biogas be used in a more sustainable energy system? 2) How can we assess whether biogas is suitable in a specific context? and 3) What determines whether it is easy or difficult for a user to start using biogas? These questions are explored in a Swedish context using four appended articles, which are based on two collaborative projects using a combination of workshops, literature reviews and interviews.

    Biogas can be used for heat, electricity or fuel in the manufacturing or transport sector. In Sweden, heat and electricity are mainly of interest for smaller production scales, while production on larger scales will likely be dominated by upgrading mostly to CBG but also to LBG. CBG can be used for less energy-intensive purposes, such as cars or buses, while the growing interest in LBG in Sweden may open up new market segments for biogas which are more energy-intensive, such as heavy trucks or shipping, or in geographical locations that are further away from the site of production.

    Several sustainability assessment methods exist that can be used to evaluate whether biogas is suitable in a specific context, such as multi-criteria assessments or scenario analyses. These methods can include a number of different aspects that are relevant to biogas use, such as GHG emissions, safety issues, and the vitality of the surrounding region. In order to introduce biogas, six main factors were identified that can make this easier or more difficult: technical maturity, tank volume, distance between the producer and the user, scale of energy use, policies and costs, and strategies of individual organizations.

    Overall, the rise in LBG production creates new opportunities for biogas use in both geographical and usage areas that did not previously use biogas. There is no simple answer to what biogas should be used for in the future – rather, this depends on the circumstances. It is also possible that the usage areas that are most suitable now for biogas might not be the most suitable areas in the future, depending on developments within, for example, the electricity system and hydrogen. However, CBG and LBG are likely to dominate biogas production in Sweden until then.

    Delarbeid
    1. Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective
    Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective
    2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary environmental problems require a transition to renewable energy. Biogas is one alternative, which besides being renewable has many other benefits. For further expansion of biogas production, it seems necessary to develop new areas of biogas usage where biogas can replace fossil fuels. This article presents an analysis of the drivers for and barriers to increased biogas usage in three sectors where biogas usage is undeveloped in Sweden: manufacturing, road transport and shipping. Several of the identified drivers and barriers, such as unstable and short-term policies, lack of infrastructure, and contract requirements, have also been found in previous studies even though they may be slightly different depending on the context. A new driver observed in this study is that of intergenerational thinking in family-owned businesses. The study also reiterates the significant influence of policy in the form of subsidies, tax exemptions and regulations on the adoption and use of renewable energy in general and biogas specifically. The results suggest the need for future policymaking to be guided by long-term trajectories, which can be a relevant basis for adopters to make investments into biogas technologies.

    sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
    Taylor & Francis, 2019
    Emneord
    Renewable energy, diffusion, biogas, Sweden
    HSV kategori
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-162032 (URN)10.1080/17597269.2019.1657661 (DOI)
    Merknad

    Funding Agencies|Biogas Research Center (BRC); Environmental Bus Project; Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Energy Agency; Linkoping University; VinnovaVinnova; SLU

    Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-11-18 Laget: 2019-11-18 Sist oppdatert: 2019-12-19
  • 86.
    Dahlgren, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Kanda, Wisdom
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Anderberg, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Drivers for and barriers to biogas use in manufacturing, road transport and shipping: a demand-side perspective2019Inngår i: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, s. 1-12Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary environmental problems require a transition to renewable energy. Biogas is one alternative, which besides being renewable has many other benefits. For further expansion of biogas production, it seems necessary to develop new areas of biogas usage where biogas can replace fossil fuels. This article presents an analysis of the drivers for and barriers to increased biogas usage in three sectors where biogas usage is undeveloped in Sweden: manufacturing, road transport and shipping. Several of the identified drivers and barriers, such as unstable and short-term policies, lack of infrastructure, and contract requirements, have also been found in previous studies even though they may be slightly different depending on the context. A new driver observed in this study is that of intergenerational thinking in family-owned businesses. The study also reiterates the significant influence of policy in the form of subsidies, tax exemptions and regulations on the adoption and use of renewable energy in general and biogas specifically. The results suggest the need for future policymaking to be guided by long-term trajectories, which can be a relevant basis for adopters to make investments into biogas technologies.

  • 87.
    Dannert, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Norström, Josefin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Metod för bedömning och jämförelse av insamlings- och sorteringssystem för hushållsavfall: Utveckling av ett verktyg för multikriterieanalys med en- och fåfamiljshus i Linköpings kommun som fall2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    En av de största globala utmaningarna idag är de negativa miljöeffekterna från den linjära ekonomin som världen bygger på, där produkter oupphörligt skapas från jungfruliga råvaror och efter användningstiden slutar som avfall utan nytta. Initiativ på flera nivåer; lokalt, regionalt, nationellt och globalt, krävs för att uppnå en cirkulär ekonomi där uppkomsten av avfall, samt utvinningen av jungfruliga råvaror, minskar. Europeiska unionens handlingsplan för cirkulär ekonomi säger att 75 % av alla förpackningar ska materialåtervinnas till år 2030. I Sverige materialåtervinns mellan 42,2 % (plastförpackningar) och 95 % (glas) och fastighetsnära insamlingssystem för förpackningar och tidningar är förhållandevis väl utbyggda, åtminstone för flerfamiljshus. Gällande småhus har utvecklingen gått något långsammare även om flera kommuner idag infört fastighetsnära insamling för hushållsavfall, inklusive förpacknings- och tidningsavfall. Att välja ett nytt, utökat avfallssystem till en kommun är ett stort och komplext beslut med många aspekter att ta hänsyn till. Flera tidigare utredningar inför denna typ av beslut har saknat en tydlig målbild, metodik och systematik i granskningen, varför syftet med denna studie varit att utveckla en metod för att genomföra en systematisk multikriterieanalys av ett antal avfallssystem för insamling och sortering av hushållsavfall från småhus i en kommun. 

    Innan multikriterieanalysen påbörjades gjordes en omfattande kartläggning av de aspekter som är kopplade till beslutet om ett nytt avfallssystem. Kartläggningen och det urval av aspekter som gjordes till multikriterieanalysen är värdefull kunskap för kommuner som står inför denna typ av beslut. Multikriterieanalysen har tagits fram med inspiration från den generiska formen av en multikriterieanalys där Linköpings kommun och Tekniska verken använts som fall. På grund av detta har även de system som utvärderats valts ut med hänsyn till intressanta avfallssystem för Linköpings kommun. Den framtagna multikriterieanalysen har paketerats i ett användarvänligt verktyg som kan användas av beslutsfattare i kommuner som önskar att utvärdera och jämföra avfallssystem för småhus. 

    Studien har resulterat i att det i huvudsak är följande sju kriterier som bör beaktas i en utredning gällande ett nytt insamlings- och sorteringssystem för småhus i en kommun, där resurseffektivitet är av hög prioritet i beslutet: 

    • Etablerbarhet & flexibilitet 

    • Miljöpåverkan från materielbehov 

    • Kundperspektiv 

    • Arbetsmiljö 

    • Miljöpåverkan från energianvändning vid drift 

    • Insamlingsresultat 

    • Ekonomi 

    Dessa kriterier har brutits ned i mindre beståndsdelar, kallade indikatorer. När avfallssystem ska utvärderas och jämföras är det essentiellt att de bedöms inom dessa kriterier och indikatorer för att skapa bra underlag inför valet av system.  

    Studien har kunnat belysa att det i nuläget finns en hel del osäkerheter inom områdena Etablerbarhet & flexibilitet samt Miljöpåverkan från energianvändning i drift som försvårar bedömning av system inom kriterierna. Även vissa avfallssystem saknas tillräcklig kunskap om som krävs för att kunna göra en rättvis bedömning av systemen, mycket till följd av att de är oetablerade i Sverige.

  • 88.
    Davis, Chris B
    et al.
    Center for Energy and Environmental Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    Aid, Graham
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Department of Research and Development, Ragn-Sells AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ben, Zhu
    Department of Engineering Systems and Services, TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands.
    Secondary Resources in the Bio-Based Economy: A Computer Assisted Survey of Value Pathways in Academic Literature2017Inngår i: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, E-ISSN 1877-265X, Vol. 8, nr 7, s. 2229-2246Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on value pathways for organic wastes has been steadily increasing in recent decades. There have been few considerably broad overview studies of such materials and their valuation potential in the bio-based economy in part because of the vast multitude of materials and processes that can be used to produce energy carriers, chemicals, and materials of value. This article explores how automated data analysis approaches can help in analyzing large bodies of text to distill and present potential value pathways for secondary (waste) bio-based materials. The study employed multiple methods (literature collection, topic modelling, and co-occurrence analysis) on a collection of abstracts from 53,292 academic articles covering technologies, applications, and products (TAPs) for bio-based wastes. The results of both the topic modelling and co-occurrence analysis are presented as online interactive web pages. The topic modelling presented an overview of research clusters related to secondary organic resources, processes, and disciplines. The co-occurrence analysis helped to understand which TAPs are researched in relation to a broad spectrum of organic wastes. Co-occurrences were evaluated using the Normalized Pointwise Mutual Information measure to locate terms which co-occur more frequently than would be expected by chance. Through the use of detailed lists of organic wastes and TAPs, the co-occurrence method mapped out 7118 unique intersections between 473 specific wastes and 228 TAPs. This technique enables us to find seemingly non-obvious valorization pathways such as the re-use of oyster shells as catalysts for bio-diesel production and bioplastic production from brewery waste. While a proof-of-concept, this work points the way for using Big Data to suggest novel pathways for implementing the Circular Economy.

  • 89.
    Dermentzis, Georgios
    et al.
    Unit for Energy Efficient Building, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Ochs, Fabian
    Unit for Energy Efficient Building, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Gustafsson, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Calabrese, Toni
    Unit for Energy Efficient Building, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Siegele, Dietmar
    Unit for Energy Efficient Building, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
    Feist, Wolfgang
    Unit for Energy Efficient Building, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; Passive House Institute, Darmstadt, Germany.
    Dipasquale, Chiara
    EURAC Research, Bolzano, Italy.
    Fedrizzi, Roberto
    EURAC Research, Bolzano, Italy.
    Bales, Chris
    Energy Technology, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    A comprehensive evaluation of a monthly-based energy auditing tool through dynamic simulations, and monitoring in a renovation case study2019Inngår i: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 183, s. 713-726Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An energy auditing tool (PHPP) was evaluated against a dynamic simulation tool (TRNSYS) and used for the assessment of energy conservation measures in a demo case study. The comprehensive comparison of heating and cooling useful demands and loads included three building types (single-, multi-family house, and office), three building energy levels (before renovation and after renovation with a heating demand of 45 and 25 kWh/(m²·a)) and seven European climates.

    Dynamic simulation results proved PHPP (monthly energy balance) to be able to calculate heating demand and energy savings with good precision and cooling demand with acceptable precision compared to detailed numerical models (TRNSYS). The average deviation between the tools was 8% for heating and 15% for cooling (considering climates with a relevant cooling load only). The higher the thermal envelope quality was, i.e. in case of good energy standards and in cold climates, the better was the agreement. Furthermore, it was confirmed that PHPP slightly overestimates the heating and cooling loads by intention for system design.

    The renovation design of a real multi-family house was executed using PHPP as energy auditing tool. Several calculation stages were performed for (a) baseline, (b) design phase, and (c) verification with monitoring in order to calculate the corresponding heating demand. The PHPP model was calibrated twice, before and after the renovation. The necessity for tool calibration, especially for the baseline, was highlighted increasing the confidence with respect to a number of boundary conditions.

    In this study, PHPP was tested as an energy auditing tool aiming to be a versatile and less error-prone alternative to more complex simulation tools, which require much more expert knowledge and training.

  • 90.
    Desai, Avni
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Widgren, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A Collaboration in Product Service System for Telecom Networks: An "Orange and Ericsson case" study2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the research is to study the “Orange and Ericsson case” while developing the method Actors and System Map. The interaction between actors within Ericsson’s Device Connection Platform is investigated in order to identify improvement opportunities in the interaction between the provider and the customer. To answer the purpose the following research questions was formulated:

    RQ1)  What type of actors may be involved in a telecom related IPSO?

    RQ2)  How can the connections between actors in the telecom related IPSO be illustrated?

    RQ3)  How can the Actors and System Map method be refined?

    In order to answer the research questions different methodologies were used for the analysing process. The research started with a widespread literature study to collect knowledge related to the area of Product Service System (PSS) and methodologies for identifying how actors interact with one another. Studying different mapping methods the conclusion was made that Actors and System Map was most suitable for this study.

    In the methodology background the previous selected method, Actors and System Map from an Integrated Product Service Offering (IPSO) perspective, was examined in order to be able to refine and improve the mapping method. Actors Map provides a visual and clear overview of the actors involved while a System Map shows the information flows and activities between the actors.

    To understand the interaction between the two companies, the definition of IPSO and the importance of value-based selling for a service offering are described in the theory background. Also, different ways of looking at a business model within the telecommunication industry is presented.

    Obtaining information regarding making an Actors Map and a System Map an improved mapping method was refined. The adaption of the method was divided into eight steps. The refined Actors Maps of the DCP shows the actors involved, how they are connected and their main assignments from each respondent’s point of view at Ericsson. The refined System Map shows what kind of information is transferred between the actors within the companies and between Orange and Ericsson. Both maps delivered as a decision basis will help identification of non-value giving links and non-optimal distances in the information flow for both companies.

  • 91.
    Dipasquale, Chiara
    et al.
    EURAC.
    Fedrizzi, Roberto
    EURAC.
    Bellini, Alessandro
    EURAC.
    Gustafsson, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Ochs, Fabian
    University of Innsbruck.
    Bales, Chris
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Database of energy, environmental and economic indicators of renovation packages for European residential buildings2019Inngår i: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 203, artikkel-id 109427Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing the energy efficiency with a vast impact in the residential building stock requires retrofit so- lutions that can be exploited with respect to a wide range of different building typologies and climates. Several tools and methodologies are nowadays available both for the assessment of building demands and for the individuation of optimum retrofit solutions. However, they are usually either too complex to be adopted by professionals or, on the contrary, oversimplified to account for the full complexity of a deep envelope and HVAC system retrofit. In this context, this paper describes a methodology developed to generate reliable information on retrofit solutions for typical buildings in different climatic conditions. Detailed numerical models are used to simulate a number of combinations of envelope and HVAC systems retrofit measures and renewable energy integration. Energy performance results are gathered in a database that allows comparing solu- tions, spanning over a range of more than 250,0 0 0 combinations of building types, age of construction, climates, envelope performance levels and HVAC systems configurations. Economic feasibility is also de- rived for each of the combinations. In this way, the accurateness of a detailed and validated calculation is made available to assist during the decision making process, with minimum computational effort being required by professionals: the variety and density of evaluated combinations allows to easily assess the performance of a specific case by interpolating among instances previously assessed. The applicability of the results to different climates and similar building typologies is verified by a comparison of the database results with a specific case dynamic simulation.

  • 92.
    Duong, Sutina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Systematic Assessment of Straw as Potential Biogas Substrate in Co-digestion with Manure2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This work was carried out at Biogas Research Center (BRC) and the company Biogas in Vadstena. The aim was to systematically evaluate new substrates for biogas production. In particular, this case investigated the potential of straw in co-digestion with manure and slurry from pig, chicken and dairy. Straw is interesting to evaluate since it is second generation biomass and available in a large quantity. Also, anaerobic digestion (AD) of manure is beneficial because it deals with the spontaneous methane emission and leads to a better manure handling. Goals within the EU as well as in Sweden have been set up to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel and to produce more renewable energy.

    The methodology used is outlined by BRC in which a number of key areas, such as description of biomass, amount biomass, gas yield, technology, economy, environmental performance and energy system, competing interests and institutional factors, have been evaluated through literature studies and case study Biogas in Vadstena. Based on the results an overall judgment is done to determine the potential of straw.

    The result shows that straw is not appropriate to digest solely because of high TS, high carbon content and lack of nutrients. Straw also has lignocellulosic structures, which are difficult to break down. Especially lignin limits the biodegradability. Mechanical, thermal, chemical and biological pretreatments can increase the availability and biodegradability in the straw. In some cases pretreatment can also increase the methane potential. However, straw works well as a carbon complement in co-digestion with manure, which is a nitrogen-rich substrate. There are technologies available for AD of straw and manure for the whole biogas process, from transportation and pretreatment to digestion and upgrading. Although, there is space for further development of pretreatment and upgrading technology. The economic calculations show that it is profitable to use straw with manure in a farm-based biogas plant for vehicle gas production. Furthermore, the calculations of the energy show that biogas production is energy efficient with energy input/output ratio of 18-23%. Besides production of biogas, the digestate could be used as an environmentally friendly fertilizer.

    In summary, it is possible to produce biogas from straw together with manure, and this is beneficial from both an environmental and economic perspective.

  • 93.
    Einhaeupl, Paul
    et al.
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium; UAntwerpen, Belgium.
    Krook, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Van Acker, Karel
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium; Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium.
    Van Passel, Steven
    UAntwerpen, Belgium.
    Eliciting stakeholder needs - An anticipatory approach assessing enhanced landfill mining2019Inngår i: Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, E-ISSN 1879-2456, Vol. 98, s. 113-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Landfill owners, governmental institutions, technology providers, academia and local communities are important stakeholders involved in Enhanced Landfill Mining (ELFM). This concept of excavating and processing historical waste streams to higher added values can be seen as a continuation of traditional landfill mining (LFM) and seems to be an innovative and promising idea for potential environmental and societal benefits. However, ELFMs profitability is still under debate, and environmental as well as societal impacts have to be further investigated. This study provides a first step towards an anticipatory approach, assessing ELFM through stakeholder integration. In the study, semi-structured interviews were conducted with various stakeholders, involved in a case study in Flanders, Belgium. Participants were selected across a quadruple helix (QH) framework, i.e. industrial, governmental, scientific, and local community actors. The research comprises 13 interviews conducted with an aim to elicit stakeholder needs for ELFM implementation using a general inductive approach. In total 18 different stakeholder needs were identified. The paper explains how the stakeholder needs refer to the different dimensions of sustainability, which groups of stakeholders they primarily affect, and what types of uncertainty could be influenced by their implementation. The stakeholder needs are structured into societal, environmental, regulatory and techno-economic needs. Results show additional economic, environmental, and societal aspects of ELFM to be integrated into ELFM research, as well as a need for the dynamic modeling of impacts. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 94.
    Eklind, Y.
    et al.
    Department of Soil Sciences, Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7014, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Kotheus, M.
    Kirchmann, H.
    Department of Soil Sciences, Swed. Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7014, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Formation of chloromethoxybenzaldehyde during composting of organic household waste2004Inngår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 56, nr 5, s. 475-480Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Standardized household waste was mixed with different litter amendments, straw, leaves, hardwood shavings, softwood shavings, paper, and sphagnum peat, resulting in six compost mixtures. In addition non-amended household waste was composted. Composting was done in small rotatable bins and compost samples were taken on a regular basis until day 590. Extraction and analysis of wet compost samples showed no evidence for the presence of chloroorganic compounds. Drying and re-wetting of compost samples, however, revealed that chloromethoxybenzaldehyde (CMBA) was formed in all composts at concentrations varying between 5.6 and 73.4 µgkg-1 dry matter. CMBA was not present in the original materials. During composting, there was a clear positive relation between formation of CMBA and microbial activity, as indicated by C losses and temperature. Formation took place during the most intensive phase of composting when C losses were highest. Under anaerobic conditions, however, which prevailed initially in the non-amended compost, no CMBA was formed. Calculation of total amounts of CMBA in composts revealed that there was a small decrease during storage in the hardwood, peat, and softwood composts. However, all composts contained CMBA after 590 days. The mean concentration was 33.4 µgkg-1 dry matter (s.d.=21.9). Possible biocidal effects of composts when used in cultivation may be explainable by the presence of natural toxic compounds formed during composting. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 95.
    Eklund, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Systemlösningar som slår flera flugor i samma smäll2011Inngår i: Återvinna fosfor - hur bråttom är det? / [ed] Birgitta Johansson, Forskningsrådet Formas, 2011, s. 375-386Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fosfor är nödvändigt för allt liv och för all matproduktion. Nu varnar forskare för att fosforreserverna kan ta slut fortare än vi anar. Men är läget verkligen så allvarligt som vissa forskare säger? Kan vi effektivisera fosforanvändningen? Hur kan vi återvinna fosfor och återföra den till matproduktion? Vad kan jordbruket göra - och vad kan vi göra i städerna? Ska vi gödsla med avloppsslam? Eller ska vi bränna slam och återvinna fosfor ur askan? Ska vi bygga om husens och städernas avloppssystem för källsortering? Vilka lösningar är rimliga i ett hållbart samhälle?

  • 96.
    Eklund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    Karmar högskola.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Historical cadmium and lead lead pollution studies in growth-rings of oakwood1996Inngår i: Environment and History, ISSN 0967-3407, E-ISSN 1752-7023, Vol. 2, s. 347-357Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 97.
    Eklund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Bergbäck, Bo
    Kalmar högskola.
    Lohm, Ulrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Reconstruction of historical cadmium and lead emissions from a swedish alum works, 1726-18401995Inngår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 170, s. 21-30Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 98.
    Eklund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson (fd Emilsson), Sara
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Tio utmaningar för ett hållbart Norrköping: Slutsatser från forskningsprogrammet Hållbara Norrköping (2010-2013)2015Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Städer är en viktig arena för arbetet för en mer hållbar utveckling. Det finns prognoser som förutspår att omkring 70% av jordens befolkning kommer att leva och bo i städer år 2050 (jämfört med dagens 50%). Detta, tillsammans med en generell förväntad befolkningsökning, ställer höga krav på hur städer utvecklas för att tillgodose staden med de resurser som krävs för att försörja dess invånare, utan att ytterligare överutnyttja jordens ekologiska bärkraftighet. Samtidigt som städer är källor till många av de globala miljöproblemen, är det också på stadsnivå som det finns stora möjligheter att agera och få genomslag för lösningar och förbättringar.

    I Sverige har kommunerna en nyckelroll eftersom det oftast är de som ska omsätta de internationella och nationella visionerna och målen om det hållbara samhället till konkreta åtgärder och processer. Genom att utveckla tekniska system som gör det enklare för varje enskild individ att leva mer hållbart kan kommunerna underlätta arbetet för en mer hållbar stadsutveckling. För att lyckas med det räcker det inte med stegvisa förbättringar av de redan befintliga teknikerna, utan flera tekniska system behöver förändras väsentligt. Detta förutsätter gränsöverskridande samverkan mellan olika samhällsaktörer, sektorer, organisationer och över geografiska territorier.

    Innovation är en viktig komponent i hållbar stadsutveckling. Innovation rör inte bara inte tekniska lösningar utan även innovation av organisatoriska samarbetsformer där samverkan och lärande står i fokus. Hållbar utveckling är en stor utmaning med komplexa och flerdimensionella problem. För att klara denna krävs gemensamma ansträngningar och en vilja att arbeta över organisations- och sektorsgränser. Från forskningsprogrammets sida har vi gjort flera olika ansatser för att stimulera bred aktörssamverkan och gemensamt lärande för en mer hållbar stadsutveckling, till exempel genom att:

    • bjuda in till regelbundna möten med forskningsprogrammets referensgrupp som representerar olika lokala aktörsgrupper (se bilaga 1),
    • tillgängliggöra forskningen till en bredare målgrupp i visualiseringsproduktioner i samarbete med Interactive Institute (se bilaga 2),
    • arrangera konferenser och seminarier i syfte att sprida resultat och slutsatser från forskningsprogrammet och stimulera till diskussion om hållbar stadsutveckling (se bilaga 3)
    • publicera vetenskapliga och populärvetenskapliga artiklar, rapporter samt synliggöra forskningen i media (Bilaga 4)

    Forskningens syfte har varit att bidra till relevanta aktörers beslutsprocesser genom att bidra med kunskap och inspiration. Vi gör inte anspråk på att ha gjort en komplett genomlysning, utan de delprojekt som genomförts är valda utifrån att de ansågs vara särskilt värdefullt utifrån forskningsprogrammets syfte och inriktning.

  • 99.
    Eklund, Mats
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Hjelm, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Jonsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik.
    Miljöteknik i Norrköping - Inventering av företag och förslag på åtgärder för utveckling2008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 100.
    Elfving, Sofi W.
    et al.
    Ericsson AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Ericsson – The History from Product to Solution Provider and Challenges and Opportunities in an Evolving Environment2015Inngår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 30, s. 239-244Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM) are realizing that their products, earlier the foundation of their success, no longer stand alone in satisfying customer requirements. Customers now demand integration of services and bundling as well as increased active participation of OEMs during the use phase. Ericsson, a Swedish multinational OEM of communications technology and services, is an example of such a company. The objective of this paper is to describe, compare and discuss Ericsson's journey from a product provider to a PSS provider, e.g. by comparison with other industry examples. Furthermore, the paper highlights future challenges and opportunities for instance regarding business models, trends and product design.

1234567 51 - 100 of 690
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf