liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Endre søk
Begrens søket
123 51 - 100 of 101
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 51.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Schelp, I
    Åhlgren, M
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Evaluation of a home injury prevention program in a WHO Safe community. 1999Inngår i: International journal for consumer and product safety, ISSN 1387-3059, Vol. 6, s. 25-32Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 52.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Schelp, L
    Evaluation of an inter-organizational prevention program against injuries among the elderly in a WHO Safe Community2001Inngår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 115, nr 5, s. 308-316Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcome of a participatory community-based prevention program against injuries among the elderly. A population-based quasi-experimental design was used with pre- and post-implementation measurements in an intervention and a control area. The program was based on cross-sectoral participation in detecting and taking action against injuries among the elderly. Change in the relative risk of injury was estimated by the odds ratio. Morbidity in moderately (AIS 2) severe injury in the study area was reduced from 46 per 1000 population years to 25 per 1000 population years (odds ratio 0.55, 95% confidence interval 0.46-0.65), while the minor (AIS 1) injuries increased (odds ratio 1.55, 95% confidence interval 1.21-1.91). The risk of severe or fatal (AIS 3-6) injuries remained constant. In the study area, only a slight decrease in the total morbidity rate was observed (odds ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval 0.77-0.99). In the control area, there was no evident change in the total morbidity rates. Falls decreased or showed a tendency to decrease in the age groups 65 to 79-y-old in the study area, while they increased in the older age group. The results indicate that no sharp boundaries should be drawn between safety education, physical conditioning, environmental adjustments and secondary prevention measures when planning safety promotion among the elderly. Future studies should address these issues along with the methodological complexity associated with assessment of participatory community-based safety promotion programs.

  • 53.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Schelp, L
    Evaluation of inter-organizational traffic injury prevention in a WHO safe community2001Inngår i: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 33, nr 5, s. 599-607Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of the study was to examine the effect of a community-based injury prevention program on traffic injuries. A population-based quasi-experimental design was used with pre- and post-implementation measurements in an intervention and a control area. The program was based on inter-organizational participation in detecting and taking action against traffic injuries. The total relative risk for traffic injury in the study area showed only a tendency to decrease following program exposure (odds ratio 0.91, 95% confidence interval 0.81-1.02). No change in relative risk was observed in the control area. The analyses of program impact on injury severity showed that the relative risk for moderate injuries in the study area was reduced by almost half (odds ratio 0.59, 95% confidence interval 0.49-0.69), the risk for severe or fatal injuries remained constant (odds ratio 1.27, 95% confidence interval 0.80-2.02), and the risk for minor injuries increased (odds ratio 1.34, 95% confidence interval 1.13-1.59). The relative risk for moderate injuries was reduced by at least half for mopedists, cyclists, pedestrians, and those leaving or entering a motor vehicle. Community-based injury prevention can be a complement to national traffic safety programs. ⌐ 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.

  • 54.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Schelp, Å
    Schelp, L
    Åhlgren, M
    Åhlgren, M
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Evaluation of an inter-organizational program for prevention of work-related injuries in a WHO Safe Community.1999Inngår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 13, s. 89-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 55.
    Löfman, Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Berglund, K.
    Department of Community Medicine, County Council of Uppsala, Uppsala.
    Larsson, Lasse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Toss, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Changes in Hip Fracture Epidemiology: Redistribution Between Ages, Genders and Fracture Types2002Inngår i: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 18-25Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After several reports of increasing hip fracture incidence some studies have suggested a trend-break. In a previous study of hip fractures we forecast a 70% increase in the total number of fractures from 1985 up to year 2000. We therefore studied the incidence trend for the last 15 years and supply a new prognosis up to year 2010. We recorded all incident hip fractures treated in the county of Östergötland, Sweden (≈ 400 000 inhabitants) 1982–96. A total of 11 517 hip fractures in men and women aged 50 years and above were included in the study after cross-validation between a computerized register of radiologic investigations and the hospital records. The projected number of fractures up to year 2010 was estimated by a Poisson regression model, considering both age and year of fracture in every single year 1982–96 for the respective fracture type and gender, and applied to the projected population. The annual number of hip fractures increased by 39% in men and 25% in women during the study period. Amongst men, the age-adjusted incidence of cervical fractures increased from 188 to 220/100 000 and of trochanteric fractures from 138 to 170/100 000. In women the incidence of cervical fractures decreased from 462/100 000 to 418/100 000 and of trochanteric fractures from 407/100 000 to 361/100 000. Cervical/trochanteric fracture incidence rate ratio leveled off, and also the female/male fracture rate ratio declined. A prognosis assuming that the incidence development will continue as during 1982–96, and a population in agreement with the forecast, predicts that the total age- and sex-adjusted number of hip fractures will decrease by 11% up to year 2010 compared with 1996. In women and men, however, a decrease of 19% and an increase of 7% respectively were projected. If the age- and sex-specific incidence remains at the same level as at the end of the study period, no significant change in the total numbers will occur. A trend-break was thus found in hip fracture incidence for women but not for men. Whether this is due to therapeutic and/or preventive measures in women is unknown. According to the most probable scenario a substantial increase in male trochanteric fractures (36%) is expected up to 2010, while all other hip fractures in both genders will decrease by 4–32% resulting in a total reduction of 11%.

  • 56.
    Löfman, Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hallberg, Inger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Berglund, Kenneth
    Community Medicine, County Council of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wahlström, Ola
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Ortopedi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Kartous, Lisa
    Div of Geriatric Medicine, Ryhov Hospital, County council of Jönköping.
    Larsson, Lasse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Toss, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Women with low energy fracture: Case for investigation?Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The combined use of bone mineral density, fracture history and other risk markers for fracture is advocated for identifying subjects with high fracture risk. An incident fracture is suggested as an accurate indication for osteoporosis investigation, but there are still insufficient data for grading the priority between ages and types of fractures. We therefore decided to examine a consecutive series of 55-75 year old women with an incident fracture for evaluating a standardized clinical routine program and for studying the covariance between fracture history, bone mineral density and other risk markers.

    Materila and methods: We invited 600 consecutive women 55-75 years old with an incident newly diagnosed fracture in distal radius forearm, proximal humerus, vertebra or hip. External drop-out was 33%. Of the 400 responders 31 had a high-energy trauma, 62 were on treatment against osteoporosis and 4 were living in other counties and were therefore excluded. The remaining 303 subjects entered the study. A questionnaire on previous fractures and risk factors was enclosed with the invitation to the osteoporosis unit. At a single visit a short history was assessed and physical examination performed as well as a few laboratory investigations. Bone mineral density was measured at the hip, lumbar spine and forearm by DXA (Hologic QDR 4500A).

    Results: The fracture spectrum was: distal radius 56.4 %, proximal humerus 12.2%, vertebra 18.2% and hip 13.2%. 49% had had at least one previous fracture, 19% at least two previous and 6.3% three or more previous fractures before the recent one. As few spine X-rays were performed, the true prevalence of vertebral fracture is unknown. Patients with fracture in vertebra or hip had lower BMD and more previous fractures than patients with forearm or humerus fracture. The number of previous fractures was inversely correlated to BMD of the hip and forearm, while BMD of the spine had a biphasic relationship.

    The Odds ratio of having either osteopenia and osteoporosis were >20 for patients with hip fracture and 75 for the spine (mean values), whereas the OR of the forearm fracture group was slightly above 10, table 6. The OR were as expected dependent of cut-off limit used. Mean value for the OR was in the hip fracture group 8.2 and 9.2 for !-score -2.5 and -2.0 respectively at the lower end of the confidence interval. For the spine and the forearm, the corresponding odds ratios were 16-17 and 7-9 respectively.

    Conclussion: Vertebral fracture was the strongest and distal radius the weakest predictor of low BMD. The number of previous fractures is a helpful information for finding the most osteoporotic patients. Only 15 % had been treated for osteoporosis before the index fracture. Osteoporosis investigation therefore seems warranted in every woman 55-75 years old with a recent low-energy fracture in distal radius, proximal humerus, spine or hip, with highest priority to those in spine or hip and those with multiple previous fractures.

  • 57.
    Löfman, Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Toss, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Larsson, Lasse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Common biochemical markers of bone turnover predict future bone loss: A 5-year follow-up study2005Inngår i: Clinica Chimica Acta, ISSN 0009-8981, E-ISSN 1873-3492, Vol. 356, nr 1-2, s. 67-75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Bone mineral density (BMD) is used to follow gain or loss of bone mass but cannot detect changes within a short period of time. Biochemical markers of bone turnover may be of value for prediction of individual bone loss.

    Methods

    We studied the relation between common inexpensive markers of bone turnover (serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteocalcin (OC), urinary hydroxyproline (OHPr), and calcium (Ca)), BMD, age, and menopause in a combined cross-sectional and longitudinal design comprising 429 pre- and postmenopausal randomly selected women aged 21–79 years (mean 50 years). A follow-up was initiated after 5 years (including 192 of these women), which focused on changes in bone mass and the ability of these four common markers of bone turnover (sampled at baseline) to predict future bone loss.

    Results

    A marked increase was observed for all markers at the beginning of menopause. During the postmenopausal period ALP and Ca decreased to near premenopausal levels, while OC and OHPr remained high even 15 years after menopause. We also found inverse correlations at baseline between the bone markers and BMD, independent of the selected marker or skeletal site, r=−0.14 to −0.46, P<0.05. The correlations between ALP, OC, OHPr, and subsequent bone loss over 5 years, was significant for arm, r=−0.23 to −0.36, P<0.01. Baseline levels of all bone markers correlated significantly at group level with the 5-year follow-up of BMD for all sites. The ability of markers to predict individual bone loss was estimated by a multivariate regression model, which included baseline BMD, age, and body mass index as independent variables. ROC analysis showed a validity of approximately 76% for the forearm model, but was lower for the hip (55%) and lumbar spine (65%).

    Conclusions

    These data show that the common inexpensive biochemical markers of bone turnover ALP, OC, OHPr, and Ca were related to the current bone mass and, moreover, provides information about future bone loss at the individual level. Future investigations should include an evaluation of the clinical relevance of markers of bone turnover in relation to fracture risk.

  • 58.
    Löfman, Owe
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Toss, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och vård, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Larsson, Lasse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi, Klinisk kemi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Bone Mineral Density in Diagnosis of Osteoporosis: Reference Population, Definition of Peak Bone Mass, and Measured Site Determine Prevalence2000Inngår i: Journal of clinical densitometry, ISSN 1094-6950, E-ISSN 1559-0747, Vol. 3, nr 2, s. 177-186Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A population-based study was performed in order to compare different definitions of peak bone mass, and to apply the corresponding T-scores for different skeletal sites to a cohort of 70-yr-old women for studying the prevalence of osteoporosis. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip, lumbar spine, and forearm was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic 4500) in 296 women ages 16–31 yr and 210 women age 70 yr. Peak bone mass occurred in women in their early 20s at the proximal femur and at 28 and 31 yr at the spine and forearm, respectively. BMD cutoff levels were compared to machine-specific cutoff values for the different sites. When applied to our cohort of 70-yr-old women, the prevalence of osteoporosis at the total hip was 9–25%, depending on which peak bone mass the T-score of – 2.5 was based. The prevalence in the spine was 28–33% and in the forearm 45–67%. Osteoporosis in at least one of the three measured sites was documented in 49–72% of the population sample. Our results show that the use of T-score to define osteoporosis results in a highly different prevalence rate in a given population depending on the reference population and the skeletal sites chosen for measurement.

  • 59.
    Mc Kee, K J
    et al.
    Storbritannien.
    Philip, I
    Storbritannien.
    Lamura, G
    Italien.
    Prouskas, C
    Grekland.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Förebygg+samhällsmiljö IHS. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Krevers, Barbro
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik.
    Spazzafumo, L
    Italien.
    Bien, B
    Polen.
    Parker, C
    Storbritannien.
    Nolan, M R
    Storbritannien.
    Szczerbinska, K
    Polen.
    The COPE index - A first stage assessment of negative impact, positive value and quality of support of caregiving in informal carers of older people2003Inngår i: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 39-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Data was collected in five countries from informal carers of older people (n=577) via a common protocol. Carers completed: (1) a 17-item version of the Carers of Older People in Europe (COPE) Index, an assessment of carers' perceptions of their role, (2) a questionnaire on demographic and caregiving circumstances, and (3) three instruments included for the criterion validation of the COPE Index (the General Health Questionnaire, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF). Principal Component Analysis of the COPE Index was followed by internal consistency analysis of emergent components. Scales derived by summing items loading on the components were analyzed for their association with the criterion measures. Two components, negative impact and positive value, emerged consistently across countries. A third component, quality of support was less consistent across countries. Scales derived from the negative impact and positive value components were internally consistent and significantly associated with the criterion validity measures. These two scales and four items drawn from the quality of support component were retained in the final COPE Index. While further testing is required, the COPE Index has current utility in increasing understanding of the role perceptions of carers of older people.

  • 60. Morin, Magnus
    et al.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Jenvald, Johan
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Simulating Influenza Outbreaks in Local Communities2005Inngår i: BioMedSim,2005, 2005, s. 17-23Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 61. Mörch, M
    et al.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Granérus, Ann-Kathrine
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Geriatrik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, MC - Medicincentrum, Geriatrik-LAH.
    Thirty year´s experience with cancer and non-cancer patients in palliative home care.1999Inngår i: Journal of Palliative Care, ISSN 0825-8597, Vol. 15, s. 43-48Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 62.
    Nilsen, Per
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Hudson, D S
    Socialmedicin Karolinska institutet.
    Kullberg, Agneta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Ekman, R
    Socialmedicin Karolinska institutet.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Making sense of safety2004Inngår i: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 10, s. 71-73Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 63.
    Nilsson, Evalill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för vård och välfärd, Human biomedicin.
    Raak, Ragnhild
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för vård och välfärd, Human biomedicin.
    Wahren, Lis Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för vård och välfärd, Human biomedicin.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Hälsorelaterad livskvalitet i relation till psykologiska förklaringsvariabler2004Inngår i: Svenska Läkarsällskapets Riksstämma,2004, 2004, s. 82-82Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 64.
    Nilsson, Evalill
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier, Naturvetenskap - medicin - estetik - kommunikation (NMEK).
    Wenemark, Marika
    IMH Hälsouniversitetet, Linköpings Universitet.
    Bendtsen, Preben
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Akutkliniken.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Respondent satisfaction regarding SF-36 and EQ-5D, and patients' perspectives concerning health outcome assessment within routine health care2007Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 16, nr 10, s. 1647-1654Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate respondent satisfaction regarding SF-36 and EQ-5D and patients' perspectives concerning health outcome assessment within routine health care. Methods: Eighteen Swedish hospitals participated in the study which included 30 patient intervention groups (e.g. education groups for patients with ischemic heart disease or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Patients responded to SF-36 and EQ-5D before and after ordinary interventions (n = 463), and then completed an evaluation form. Results: Regarding respondent satisfaction, most patients found both questionnaires easy to understand (70% vs. 75% for SF-36 and EQ-5D respectively), easy to respond to (54% vs. 60%), and that they gave the ability of describing their health in a comprehensive way (68% for both). Health outcome assessment in routine health care was perceived as valuable by 57% of the patients, while 4% disapproved. Most patients (68%) considered both questionnaires equally suitable, 25% preferred SF-36 and 8% EQ-5D. Among those who were more satisfied with a short questionnaire (EQ-5D), several still preferred a longer and more comprehensive questionnaire (SF-36). Conclusion: Health outcome assessment within routine health care seems to be acceptable, and even appreciated, by patients. Questionnaire length and ease of response were not found to be crucial arguments in choosing between SF-36 and EQ-5D. © 2007 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

  • 65.
    Nordlund, Anders
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Rikscentrum arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering IHS.
    Ekberg, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Rikscentrum arbetslivsinriktad rehabilitering IHS.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Group: med:, Linquest
    Ståhlbom, Bengt
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Smärt- och yrkesmedicinskt centrum, Yrkes- och miljömedicinskt centrum.
    Tondel, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Smärt- och yrkesmedicinskt centrum, Yrkes- och miljömedicinskt centrum.
    EQ-5D in a general population survey - A description of the most commonly reported EQ-5D health states using the SF-362005Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 1099-1109Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The importance of studying health-related quality of life in the general population has increasingly been emphasized. From a public health perspective, this benefits the identification of population inequalities in health status. One of the currently most popular instruments is the EQ-5D. Evaluations of the EQ-5D generally focus on the overall preference-based index. As this index has a built-in value, exploration of the information from the underlying health states is also important. In this study, the ten most commonly reported EQ-5D health states are described using the SF-36. Data collected in 1999 by questionnaires mailed to a random sample aged 20-74 in south-eastern Sweden were used (n = 9489). Almost 43% reported the best possible EQ-5D health state and 78% were accounted for by three EQ-5D health states. The EQ-5D health state classification was largely reflected by the SF-36, with the EQ-5D items mobility, usual activities, pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression tapping most clearly on the SF-36 scales physical functioning, role limitations due to physical health problems, bodily pain, and mental health, respectively. However, within the same level of EQ-5D (i.e., moderate problems) there was a rather large variation of SF-36 scale scores, particularly regarding the EQ-5D item pain/discomfort and the SF-36 scale BP. © Springer 2005.

  • 66.
    Nordqvist, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    What promotes sustainability in Safe Community programmes?2009Inngår i: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 9, nr 4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The theory and practice of safety promotion has traditionally focused on the safety of individuals. This study also includes systems, environments, and organizations. Safety promotion programmes are designed to support community health initiatives taking a bottom-up approach. This is a long-term and complex process. The aim of this study was to try to empirically identify factors that promote sustainability in the structures of programmes that are managed and coordinated by the local government.

    Methods: Four focus group sessions with local government politicians and administrators in designated Safe Communities were conducted and analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Collaboration was found to be the basis for sustainability. Networks, enabling municipalities to exchange ideas, were reported to positively influence the programmes. Personal contacts rather than organizations themselves, determine whether collaboration is sustained. Participants reported an increase in cross-disciplinary collaboration among staff categories. Administrators and politicians were reported to collaborate well, which was perceived to speed up decision-making and thus to facilitate the programme work. Support from the politicians and the county council was seen as a prerequisite. Participants reported an increased willingness to share information between units, which, in their view, supports sustainability. A structure in which all local authorities offices were located in close proximity to one another was considered to support collaboration. Appointing a public health coordinator responsible for the programme was seen as a way to strengthen the relational resources of the programme.

    Conclusion: With a public health coordinator, the external negotiating power was concentrated in one person. Also, the internal programme strength increased when the coordination was based on a bureaucratic function rather than on one individual. Increased relational resources facilitated the transfer of information. A regular flow of information to policy-makers, residents, and staff was needed in order to integrate safety programmes into routines. Adopting a bottom-up approach requires that informal and ad hoc activities in information management be replaced by formalized, organizationally sanctioned routines. In contrast to injury prevention, which focuses on technical solutions, safety promotion tries to influence attitudes. Collaboration with the media was an area that could be improved.

  • 67.
    Oldfors Engström, Lena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Patient adherence in an individualized rehabilitation programme: A clinical follow-up2005Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 33, nr 1, s. 11-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: This investigation aims to describe patients with longstanding pain who did not complete their participation and/or participated infrequently in physiotherapy (PT) treatment based on their own activity and responsibility, and in addition to understand the phenomenon of adherence from a behavioural theoretical perspective. Methods: The phenomenon compliance/adherence was studied in relation to health locus of control (HLC) factors and health belief (HB) variables. Outcome measures were based on a questionnaire answered by all patients before the beginning of treatment. Definitions of adherence were completed treatment period and exercise frequency respectively. Patients completing treatment were compared with those who did not. Exercise frequencies of those completing treatment were also studied. Results: Those who did not complete treatment reported higher pain intensity, higher Oswestry score, and worse general health than those completing treatment. Results also showed that those who exercised once a week or less often valued the significance of healthcare treatment less, perceived higher pain intensity, presented a higher Oswestry score, worse general health, more pain locations, lower expectations, were younger and almost solely women, than those who exercised more often. Conclusions: Individuals exercising irregularly were above all women. This fact needs further investigation. Individuals' belief in treatment effects is of significance to adherence. Adherence is a comprehensive concept and depending on how we look at it we find different populations. © 2005 Taylor & Francis Ltd.

  • 68.
    Peolsson, Anneli
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Kjellman, Görel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Närsjukvården i västra Östergötland, Forsknings- och utvecklingsenheten för Närsjukvården i Östergötland. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Intervention vid nackbesvär: Manuella tekniker och träningsterapi har god effekt2007Inngår i: Fysioterapi, ISSN 1653-5804, Vol. 1, s. 40-47Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 69.
    Pilemalm, Sofie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Third generation participatory design: making participation applicable to large-scale system development projects.2004Inngår i: PDC 2004,2004, Palo Alto: PDC , 2004, s. 127-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 70.
    Rahimi, Bahlol
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Moberg, Anna
    Vårdprocesscentrum Landstinget Östergötland.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    The voices are the same2008Inngår i: Medical Informatics Association,2008, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

       

  • 71.
    Ringsberg, K
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Clinical health education for patients with asthma-like symptoms but negative asthma tests2001Inngår i: Allergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0105-4538, E-ISSN 1398-9995, Vol. 56, nr 11, s. 1049-1054Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients with asthma-like symptoms but negative asthma tests often state that they lack strategies to cope with their symptoms. The aim of the study was to determine whether a problem-based health education program had a beneficial effect on the participants' experience of symptoms and subjective health. Methods: Thirty-eight patients, consecutively drawn from an outpatient clinic for asthma and allergy, were randomly allocated to an intervention group (I group, n = 18) and a control group (C group, n = 20). The I group, divided into three subgroups, met on seven occasions over 5 months. The program had a multidisciplinary approach, used exercises inspired by cognitive behavioral therapy, and was performed according to the principles of problem-based learning. All patients answered the Nijmegen Symptom Questionnaire (NQ) and the SF-36 health survey before and 2 months after the training was terminated. Results: Before the program, there were no significant differences between the groups in their earlier experience of symptoms. After it, the I group scored significantly lower on shortness of breath (P = 0.001) and central tetany (P = 0.05) than the C group. On both test occasions, the asthma-like patients scored lower on all variables of the SF-36 than the reference groups of asthmatics and healthy subjects. No significant differences were seen between the I group and the C group except for vitality, in which the C group scored lower before the intervention. Conclusions: Patients with asthma-like symptoms but negative asthma tests benefit from taking part in a problem-based health education program. It mainly reduces the frequency of symptoms.

  • 72.
    Risto, Olof
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Ortopedi och Idrottsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Ortopedicentrum, Ortopedkliniken Linköping.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Towards safe environments for youth sports: impact of a fair play programme on injury rates in youth bandy.2007Inngår i: International journal of injury control and safety promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 189-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    [No abstract available]

  • 73.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Carstensen, John
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för hälsa och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Löfman, Owe
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nordfeldt, Sam
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Seasonal variation in the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in south-east Sweden2007Inngår i: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, ISSN 0168-8227, E-ISSN 1872-8227, Vol. 76, nr 1, s. 75-81Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the aim to survey the seasonal pattern of diagnosis of type 1 diabetes we included all 1903 children <16 years of age and who had been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes between 1977 and 2001 in the south-east of Sweden. To investigate the seasonal pattern a mixture of two cosine functions was included in a logistic regression model.

    There was a clear seasonal variation over the years (p < 0.001). Children in the oldest age group (11–15 years) showed the most obvious seasonal variation (p < 0.001). Children with a short duration of symptoms had about the same seasonal variation as children with a long duration. Both children with and without an infection 3 months prior to diagnosis showed significant seasonal variation (p < 0.001) although the seasonal pattern differed between the two groups (p < 0.001). As the incidence of diabetes increased during the 25 years the study period was divided into periods of 5 years and it was only during the two last periods that significant seasonal variation occurred.

    There is a clear seasonal variation in diagnosis of type 1 diagnosis in children and the results suggest that children with a less aggressive disease process at diagnosis were most responsible for this variation. Children with and without prior infection showed a different seasonal pattern.

  • 74.
    Samuelsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Löfman, Owe
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Geographical mapping of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents in south east Sweden2004Inngår i: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 58, nr 5, s. 388-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Study objective: As earlier studies have shown space-time clusters at onset of type 1 diabetes in the south east region of Sweden we investigated if there also has been any geographical clusters of diabetes in this region.

    Design: The place of residence (coordinates) at the time of diagnosis were geocoded in a geographical information system (GIS). All children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes up to 16 years of age at diagnosis between 1977–1995 were included. The population at risk was obtained directly from the population registry for the respective years and geographical area levels.

    Setting: South east region of Sweden containing 5 counties, 49 municipalities, and 525 parishes.

    Main results: A significant geographical variation in incidence rate were found between the municipalities (p<0.001) but not between the counties. The variation became somewhat weaker when excluding the six largest municipalities (p<0.02). In municipalities with increased risk (>35.1/100 000) the major contribution comes from children in age group 6–10 years of age at diagnosis. There were no obvious differences between the age groups in municipalities with decreased risk (<20.1/100 000). Boys and girls had about the same degree of geographical variation.

    Conclusions: Apart from chance, the most probable explanation for the geographical variation in the risk for children and adolescents to develop type 1 diabetes between the municipalities in the region is that local environmental factors play a part in the process leading to the disease.

  • 75.
    Sjögren, Elaine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Leanderson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Smärt- och yrkesmedicinskt centrum, Yrkes- och miljömedicinskt centrum.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Diurnal saliva cortisol levels and relations to psychosocial factors in a population sample of middle-aged Swedish men and women2006Inngår i: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 1070-5503, E-ISSN 1532-7558, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 193-200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Whereas psychosocial risk factors increase the risk for disease, psychosocial resources reduce this risk. To examine a possible pathway for these effects, the relations between saliva cortisol levels and psychosocial factors were studied in a random sample of 257 men and women aged 30 to 64 years. Saliva samples were collected at home on waking, 30 min after waking, and in the evening. A flatter diurnal rhythm of cortisol, that is, lower deviations between awakening and evening cortisol levels, was related to high levels of psychosocial risk factors (cynicism, depression, and vital exhaustion), whereas a steeper diurnal rhythm was related to psychosocial resources (social support and coping), general health, and well-being (all p < .05). Our results support earlier suggestions that the capacity of the hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal-axis to dynamically respond to stress is 1 pathway for observed effects of psychosocial factors regarding risk for disease development. Copyright © 2006 by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

  • 76.
    Sjögren, Elaine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Leanderson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Smärt- och yrkesmedicinskt centrum, Yrkes- och miljömedicinskt centrum.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Klinisk immunologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk immunologi och transfusionsmedicin.
    Interleukin-6 levels in relation to psychosocial factors: Studies on serum, saliva, and in vitro production by blood mononuclear cells2006Inngår i: Brain, behavior, and immunity, ISSN 0889-1591, E-ISSN 1090-2139, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 270-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Psychosocial factors and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels are both related to risk of morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate how a broad range of psychosocial factors related to levels of IL-6 in different media. Fifty-nine men and women aged 30-65 were recruited from a larger study and selected to cover a broad range of psychosocial status. IL-6 levels were analyzed in serum, in saliva collected at home at three different time points during a day, and in the supernatant of cell cultures stimulated in vitro with lipopolysaccharide. After adjustments for age, gender, self-reported health problems, and lifestyle factors, IL-6-levels in serum were negatively correlated with coping and self-esteem, and positively correlated with cynicism, hostile affect, hopelessness, depression, and vital exhaustion. In saliva samples, at all time points, IL-6 levels were positively correlated to cynicism, and IL-6 levels 30 min after awakening were also positively correlated with hopelessness, depression, and vital exhaustion. After adjustment for age and gender, cynicism, depression, and vital exhaustion were negatively correlated to IL-6 levels in the supernatant of cell cultures stimulated in vitro with lipopolysaccharide, but this effect was lost after control for self-reported health problems and lifestyle factors. In conclusion, we found that IL-6 levels in serum and saliva were negatively related to psychosocial resources and positively related to psychosocial risk factors. These data strengthen the argument that IL-6 is involved in mediating the risk for disease development that has been associated with psychosocial factors. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  • 77.
    Sjögren, Elaine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Leandersson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin.
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Klinisk immunologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk immunologi och transfusionsmedicin.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Interleukin 6 levels in serum, saliva and in vitro production by blood mononuclear cells and their relations to psychosocial factors2004Inngår i: Eighth International Congress of Behavioral Medicine,2004, London: Lawrence erlbaum associates publishers London , 2004, s. 353-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 78.
    Sjögren, Elaine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Leandersson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin.
    Ernerudh, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Klinisk immunologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Laboratoriemedicinskt centrum, Klinisk immunologi och transfusionsmedicin.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Psycholsocial factors and biological mechanisms in stress2004Inngår i: The 26th World Congress of the International Federation of Biomedical Laboratory Science IFBLS,2004, Stockholm: ABCD Swedish Association of health professionals , 2004, s. 74-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 79.
    Sjögren, Elaine
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Sjögren, Elaine
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Tondel, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Smärt- och yrkesmedicinskt centrum, Yrkes- och miljömedicinskt centrum.
    Ståhlbom, Bengt
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Yrkes- och miljömedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Smärt- och yrkesmedicinskt centrum, Yrkes- och miljömedicinskt centrum.
    Can gender differences in psychosocial factors be explained by socioeconomic status?2006Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 34, s. 59-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 80.
    Skargren, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik.
    Carlsson, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Centrum för utvärdering av medicinsk teknologi.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    One-Year Follow-up Comparison of the Cost and Effectiveness of Chiropractic and Physiotherapy as Primary Management for Back Pain: Subgroup Analysis, Recurrence, and Additional Health Care Utilization1998Inngår i: Spine, ISSN 0362-2436, E-ISSN 1528-1159, Vol. 23, nr 17, s. 1875-1883Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 81.
    Tagesson (Sonesson), Sofi
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Ortopedi och Idrottsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Ortopedicentrum, Ortopedkliniken Linköping.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Kvist, Joanna
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik.
    Passive and dynamic translation in the knee is not influenced by knee exercises in healthy individuals2005Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 139-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    No evidence exists that repeated isolated quadriceps contractions lead to increased sagittal plane tibial translation. The purpose was to analyze passive and dynamic tibial translation before, during and after a specific exercise session, including cycling and a maximum number of knee extensions and heel-raises, in healthy individuals. Passive and dynamic sagittal tibial translation was measured on 18 healthy individuals (nine men and nine women) before, during and after a specific exercise session with heavy load, including cycling and maximum number of knee extensions and heel-raises. Sagittal tibial translation during the Lachman test, maximal isometric quadriceps contraction, one-legged squat and gait was registered with the CA-4000 electrogoniometer. The electromyographic (EMG) activity of m. vastus medialis and lateralis, m. gastrocnemius and mm. hamstrings was registered. There was no difference in passive or dynamic sagittal tibial translation during or after the exercise session. No difference could be detected in EMG activity during squat after compared with before the exercise session. In conclusion, the knee exercises did not influence the amount of translation in healthy individuals. The findings indicate that isolated strength training of quadriceps may be included in anterior cruciate ligament rehabilitation programs, even if further specific studies on injured individuals most be performed.

  • 82.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Medicinsk informatik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Design of computer-based decision support for general practitioners1989Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Most computer-based decision support systems (DSSs) in medicine have been developed in hospital settings, intended for use in hospitals. In this study, a DSS for general practitioners (GPs) in primary care is designed, taking into consideration that primary care is the first level in a health care organization. Female genitourinary (GU) infections is chosen as prototype area for the study of decisionmaking.

    There are three primary data sources used for this study: 1. Decision protocols were obtained from 11 GPs after 139 GU consultations. A decision certainty estimate and an estimate by the GP of the patient's desire to go through GU work-up was included. 2. A nine-physician panel evaluated 63 of these protocols. Individually, the panel completed a similar decision protncol without access to the GP's decisions. 3. Questionnaires were responded to by 186 primary care physicians regarding information needs and attitudes towards computer support. The critical incident technique is used to identify information dilemmas.

    Discriminant analysis is used to identify dati items used by the GPs to differentiate between decision alternatives. The kappa coefficient is used as measure of inter-physician decision variability in the panel.

    From a theoretical review, a model is establisbed,of which knowledge types the GP uses and the forms in which this knowledge is used in daily practice:Not all types of knowledge relevant to the GP are available in forms amenable to computer manipulation. Doctor-patient communication skills are, for instance, tacit and acquired through professional experience.

    The main empirical results of this study are that: I. The GPs rely heavily on laboratory data in their decisions. However, they fail to use negative evidence. Orthogonal patient desire is a major source of uncertainty. 2. The urethritis diagnosis is used inconsistently. 3. There are considerable differences between individual physicians in their use of medical concepts. In one case out of four, no consensus diagnosis is available at all. 4. Dilemmas in general inte'rnal medicine are the most prevalent medicaldilemmas for the GP, and support for drug prescription and access to full-text databases are the computer applications most desired.

    A design of the DSS is described, which consists of five integrated components: a hypertext module, a critiquing program for support of drug prescriptions, diagnosis support of reconsider type, an interface to computer-based library and communication resources, and a central database. The design is implemented in experimental form. Organizational changes to facilitate decision-making and a theoretical model of the GP's information use arc discussed.

  • 83.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Professional ethics for system developers in health care.1999Inngår i: Methods of Information in Medicine, ISSN 0026-1270, Vol. 38, s. 144-147Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 84.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Angbratt, Marianne
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hermansson, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Pediatrik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Bolme, P
    Häger, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Pediatrik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Valter, L
    A high-precision protocol for identification of preschool children at risk for persisting obesity2007Inngår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 2, nr 6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent studies suggest that adolescent adiposity is established already in preadolescence. Earlier studies have confirmed a strong tracking of obesity from adolescence to adulthood. Our aim was to examine the diagnostic accuracy of a population-derived protocol for identification of preschool children at risk for obesity in preadolescence. Methodology/Principal Findings: We analysed data obtained for child health surveillance up to age 5 from 5778 children born in a swedish county in 1991. The basic data set included age, sex, and weight and height measurements from the regular checkups between ages 1.5 and 5. Data not routinely collected in the child health centre setting were disregarded. The children were at age 10 randomly assigned to protocol derivation and validation cohorts and assessed for obesity according to IOTF criteria. The accuracy of predicting obesity in the validation cohort was measured using decision precision, specificity, and sensitivity. The decision protocol selected 1.4% of preschool children as being at obesity risk. The precision of the protocol at age 10 was 82% for girls and 80% for boys, and the specificity was 100% for both boys and girls, The sensitivity was higher for girls (41 %) than for boys (21%). The relative risk for obesity at age 10 estimated by the odds ratio for individuals selected by the protocol compared to non-selected peers was 212.6 (95% confidence interval 56.6 to 798.4) for girls and 120.3 (95% Cl 24.5 to 589.91for boys. Conclusion/Significance: A simple and inexpensive decision protocol based on BMI values proved to have high precision and specificity for identification of preschool children at risk for obesity persisting into adolescence, while the sersitivity was low especially for boys. Implementation and further evaluations of the protocol in chlid health centre settings are warranted. © 2007 Timpka et al.

  • 85.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Ludvigsson, Johnny
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Ekberg, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Nordfeldt, Sam
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik.
    Hanberger, Lena
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik.
    Web 2.0 systems supporting childhood chronic disease management: A pattern language representation of a general architecture2008Inngår i: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, ISSN 1472-6947, E-ISSN 1472-6947, Vol. 8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Chronic disease management is a global health concern. By the time they reach adolescence, 10-15% of all children live with a chronic disease. The role of educational interventions in facilitating adaptation to chronic disease is receiving growing recognition, and current care policies advocate greater involvement of patients in self-care. Web 2.0 is an umbrella term for new collaborative Internet services characterized by user participation in developing and managing content. Key elements include Really Simple Syndication (RSS) to rapidly disseminate awareness of new information, weblogs (blogs) to describe new trends, wikis to share knowledge, and podcasts to make information available on personal media players. This study addresses the potential to develop Web 2.0 services for young persons with a chronic disease. It is acknowledged that the management of childhood chronic disease is based on interplay between initiatives and resources on the part of patients, relatives, and health care professionals, and where the balance shifts over time to the patients and their families. Methods. Participatory action research was used to stepwise define a design specification in the form of a pattern language. Support for children diagnosed with diabetes Type 1 was used as the example area. Each individual design pattern was determined graphically using card sorting methods, and textually in the form Title, Context, Problem, Solution, Examples and References. Application references were included at the lowest level in the graphical overview in the pattern language but not specified in detail in the textual descriptions. Results. The design patterns are divided into functional and non-functional design elements, and formulated at the levels of organizational, system, and application design. The design elements specify access to materials for development of the competences needed for chronic disease management in specific community settings, endorsement of self-learning through online peer-to-peer communication, and systematic accreditation and evaluation of materials and processes. Conclusion. The use of design patterns allows representing the core design elements of a Web 2.0 system upon which an 'ecological' development of content respecting these constraints can be built. Future research should include evaluations of Web 2.0 systems implemented according to the architecture in practice settings.

  • 86.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Hassling, Linda
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Nordfeldt, Sam
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för molekylär och klinisk medicin, Pediatrik.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Towards integration of computer games in interactive health education environments: understanding gameplay challenge, narrative and spectacle.2004Inngår i: MedInfo, IOS Publishing , 2004, Vol. 11, nr Pt 2, s. 941-945Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    CONTEXT: There is an alarming progress in the health status of the young in western countries, and new methods and tools for behavioural health interventions are urgently called for. OBJECTIVE: To explore how computer game designs can be integrated in the development of Interactive Health Education Environments. DESIGN: Qualitative analyses of adolescents' experiences of playing an action-adventure computer game, using data from in-depth interviews. RESULTS: A model is presented, where the gameplaying experience is connected to four components of computer games. Playing computer games was found to mainly be motivated by the challenges and competition represented in the gameplay scripts. CONCLUSIONS: Interactive health education environments can be improved by implementing challenging gameplay scripts, spectacular technical features and narratives.

  • 87.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Evidence based prevention of acute injuries during physical exercise in a WHO safe community2001Inngår i: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 35, nr 1, s. 20-27Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective - To evaluate a community based programme for evidence based prevention of injuries during physical exercise. Design - Quasi-experimental evaluation using an intervention population and a non-random control population. Participants - Study municipality (population 41 000) and control municipality (population 26 000) in Sweden. Main outcome measures - Morbidity rate for sports related injuries treated in the health care system, severity classification according to the abbreviated injury scale (AIS). Results - The total morbidity rate for sports related injuries in the study area decreased by 14% from 21 to 18 injuries per 1000 population years (odds ratio 0.87, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.79 to 0.96). No tendency towards a decrease was observed in people over 40. The rate of moderately severe injury (AIS 2) decreased to almost half (odds ratio 0.58, 95% CI 0.50 to 0.68), whereas the rate of minor injuries (AIS 1) increased (odds ratio 1.22, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.40). The risk of severe injuries (AIS 3-6) remained constant. The rate of total sports injury in the control area did not change (odds ratio 0.93, 95% CI 0.81 to 1.07), and the trends in the study and control areas were not statistically significantly different. Conclusion - An evidence based prevention programme based on local safety rules and educational programmes can reduce the burden of injuries related to physical exercise in a community. Future studies need to look at adjusting the programme to benefit all age groups.

  • 88.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Ekstrand, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Karlsson, Nadine
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Impact of social standing on sports injury prevention in a WHO safe community: intervention outcome by household employment contract and type of sports.2005Inngår i: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 39, nr 7, s. 453-457Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 89.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Schelp, L
    Åhlgren, M
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Community-based injury prevention: effects on health care utilization.2000Inngår i: International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, E-ISSN 1464-3685, Vol. 28, s. 502-508Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 90.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Morin, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, ASLAB - Application Systems Laboratory.
    Jenvald, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, ASLAB - Application Systems Laboratory.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Gursky, Elin
    ANSER.
    Towards a simulation environment for modeling of local influenza outbreaks2005Inngår i: AIMA 2005 Annual Symposium,2005, 2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 91.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Morin, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, ASLAB - Application Systems Laboratory.
    Jenvald, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, ASLAB - Application Systems Laboratory.
    Gursky, Elin
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Dealing with ecological fallacy in preparations for influenza pandemics: Use of a flexible environment for adaptation of simulations to household structures in local contexts2007Inngår i: MedINFO 2007,2007, 2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 92.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Lindqvist, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap.
    The impact of home safety promotion on different social strata in a WHO safe community.2006Inngår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 120, s. 427-433Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 93.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Risto, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Ortopedicentrum, Ortopedkliniken Linköping.
    Björmsjo, Maria
    Boys soccer league injuries: A community-based study of time-loss from sports participation and long-term sequelae2008Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 19-24Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Youth soccer is important for keeping European children physically active. The aim of this study is to examine injuries sustained in a community soccer league for boys with regard to age-related incidence, time lost from participation and long-term sequelae. Methods: Primary injury data was collected from a soccer league including 1800 players, comprising approximately 25% of all boys 13-16 years of age in three Swedish municipalities (population 150 000). Injuries were primarily identified based on a time loss definition of sports injury. At the end of the season, a physician interviewed every player who reported injured to determine whether there were any remaining sequelae. If a sequela was confirmed, the physician repeated the interview 6, 18 and 48 months after the end of the season. Results: Forty-four injuries were recorded during 18 720 player game hours (2.4 injuries per 1000 player game hours). The highest injury incidence (6.8 injuries per 1000 player game hours) was recorded in the first-year elite divisions. Thirty-two injuries (73%) were categorized as moderate-severe, and 21 injuries (48%) required medical attention. Eight injuries caused sequelae that remained 6 months after the end of the season, and 3 injuries caused sequelae that lasted 4 years after the injury event. Conclusion: An overall low injury rate makes soccer a suitable sport for inclusion in programmes that promote physical activity among children. When organizing soccer leagues for boys, injury prevention programmes should be provided to adolescent players when they begin playing in competitive divisions. © The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Public Health Association. All rights reserved.

  • 94.
    Timpka, Toomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Risto, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Ortopedi och Idrottsmedicin. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Ortopedicentrum, Ortopedkliniken Linköping.
    Borg, K
    Johansson, J
    Injury incidence in a men's elite bandy league: An epidemiological study of a full regular season2007Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 17, nr 6, s. 636-640Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Bandy is a popular European winter team-sport. The best bandy teams participate in semi-professional leagues, where the play-off games attract more than 10 000 spectators. Injury patterns in elite bandy have not been investigated previously. The aim of this study is to examine the incidence and types of injuries sustained during elite bandy games for men. Twelve of the 16 teams in the Swedish elite bandy league during the 2002 season participated in the study. In total, 36 injuries were recorded, corresponding to 7.3 injuries/1000 player game hours and 5.7 injuries/1000 athlete exposures. Collision was the most common injury cause (47%), while contusion was the most common injury type (25%), followed by fracture (22%) and ligament rupture (19%). The study showed that the injury incidence in elite bandy is low, but also that the injuries that are still sustained are relatively severe. This pattern can be explained by the fact that even though bandy rules do not allow body checks, collisions between skaters moving at high speeds still cause the majority of injuries. Further studies of the injury rehabilitation practices, and the implementation and evaluation of safety programs in elite bandy are warranted. © 2007 Blackwell Munksgaard.

  • 95.
    Vaez, Marjan
    et al.
    Socialmedicin Karolinska institutet.
    Kristenson, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Laflamme, Lucie
    Socialmedicin Karolinska institutet.
    Perceived quality of life and self-rated health among first-year university students2004Inngår i: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 68, nr 2, s. 221-234Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study compares health status and quality of life assessments of first-year university students with those of their same-age working counterparts. Subjects and materials for each group were gathered in 1999 from two cross-sectional data sets from the Swedish region of Östergötland, covering males and females aged 20-34 years. Subjects' perceived quality of life (QoL) and self-rated health (SRH) were assessed on a 10-point scale (Ladder scale) and a five-point scale, respectively. Gender-based comparison revealed that, for both males and females, first-year university students' average perceived QoL was lower than that of their working counterparts (p < 0.0001 in all instances). A higher proportion of students than expected rated their health as "average" or as "low" (p < 0.0001). Perceived QoL was significantly correlated with SRH in both groups. Differences in perceived QoL and SRH exist between students and their full-time working peers, and the determinants of these differences deserves greater attention. Knowledge of the determinants of SRH and perceived QoL among university students might then be translated into sound and effective public-health practice and intervention programs.

  • 96.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, EISLAB - Economic Information Systems.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Changes in the roll of IT in primary healthcare2004Inngår i: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, ISSN 0195-4210Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Proceeding of 11th Conference on Medical Informatics, Medinfo-San Francisco, Cal. (Eds) Edward Shortliffe et.al .Amsterdam: IOS. Press, 2004

  • 97.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Hallberg, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, MDALAB - Human Computer Interfaces.
    Healthcare professional's demand for knowledge in informatics. 1999Inngår i: International Journal of Medical Informatics, ISSN 1386-5056, E-ISSN 1872-8243, Vol. 53, s. 107-114Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 98.
    Waller, John
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Allmänmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Eriksson, Olle
    Linköpings universitet, Matematiska institutionen. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Foldevi, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Allmänmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Grahn Kronhed, Ann-Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och miljö. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Larsson, Lasse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicin och kirurgi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Löfman, Owe
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Toss, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Möller, Margareta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Knowledge of osteoporosis in a Swedish municipality: a prospective study2002Inngår i: Preventive Medicine, ISSN 0091-7435, E-ISSN 1096-0260, Vol. 34, nr 4, s. 485-491Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. As a part of the Vadstena Osteoporosis Prevention Project, the knowledge of osteoporosis was examined before the intervention program started, after 5 and 10 years.

    Methods. At baseline (in 1989) 15% of the population in two Swedish municipalities was randomly invited to the study. The participants in the study group were invited for examination by forearm bone densitometry and a questionnaire concerning lifestyle and risk factors for osteoporosis and also knowledge of osteoporosis, while the subjects in the control group were examined only by questionnaire. Follow-ups were made in 1994 and in 1999. Meanwhile education about osteoporosis was given to the study group, to the public, and to various professionals in the study community.

    Results. There was a difference in the level of knowledge between the groups prior to the intervention. The rate of increment did not differ significantly between the groups for the study period. Previous participants had 0.58 higher score than new participants in the study group in 1994 (P = 0.031) and 0.76 higher score in 1999 (P < 0.001) regarding the total number of correct answers. The women in the study group had 0.63 higher score than the men in 1994 (P = 0.016) and 1.03 higher score in 1999 (P < 0.001) regarding the total number of correct answers.

    Conclusion. There was no significant effect of a general intervention program concerning the knowledge of osteoporosis in participants in the intervention area compared to the control area.

  • 99.
    Wigertz, Ove
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Medicinsk informatik.
    Åhlfeldt, Hans
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Medicinsk informatik.
    Lundquist, Per-Gotthard
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för nervsystem och rörelseorgan, Oto-Rhino-Laryngologi. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Rekonstruktionscentrum, Öronkliniken US.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Socialmedicin och folkhälsovetenskap. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    Teaching health informatics at Linköping University. A New design for the medical student curriculum1996Inngår i: HTE96 European Conference on Health Telematics Education,1996, 1996Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 100.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa och samhälle, Sjukgymnastik. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum, Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum.
    A model for continuos outcome registration in primary care2002Inngår i: Humans in a Complex Environment, volym II,2002, 2002, s. 861-861Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
123 51 - 100 of 101
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf