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  • 51.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Towards facilitating circular product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing2015Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 29, s. 780-785Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to achieve a sustainable development, circular economy approaches and circular material flows are explored in industry. However, circular information flows remain essentially unestablished. The aim of this paper is to: 1) explore categories and types of product life-cycle information available for remanufacturing; 2) identify constraints for efficient product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing; and 3) propose initiatives to facilitate product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing.

    Data was collected through workshops and interviews at five remanufacturing companies. An accumulated Sankey diagram illustrates product life-cycle information flow, losses and bottleneck. Based on the analysis, possible initiatives to facilitate efficient product life-cycle information flow via remanufacturing are presented.

  • 52.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Permin, Eike
    Mannheim, Tom
    Buhse, K.
    Lorenz, M.
    Department of Mechanism Theory and Dynamics of Machines, RWTH Aachen, Germany.
    Schmitt, R.
    Corves, B.
    Department of Mechanism Theory and Dynamics of Machines, RWTH Aachen, Germany.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Industrial energy efficiency potentials: an assessment of three different robot concepts2017Ingår i: International Journal of Sustainable Engineering, ISSN 1939-7038, s. 1-12, artikel-id TSUE 1284280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise in energy consumption and the associated costs instigate financial concerns among industrialenergy consumers. For industrial processes addressing heating and cooling as well as materialtransformation, a wide range of energy efficiency measures have been developed and successfullyimplemented. In contrast to that, most robot-based operations such as pick-and-place motions orassembly tasks still use inefficient standard concepts causing high-energy consumption and high-energycosts. Thanks to a rather low payload-to-weight ratio of new robot designs, such as parallel kinematic orhybrid robot manipulators, a high potential for energy savings is expected. This article identifies potentialsfor energy saving concerning industrial consumers by assessing three different robot concepts. Based on aliterature review, two existing designs for robots – the conventional serial robot and the parallel kinematicrobot are analysed and compared with respect to the energy utilised during a typical item placementtask. Afterwards, the concept of PARAGRIP, a hybrid of the two presented robot designs is introducedand examined based on simulation regarding its energy consumption. The final results demonstratesignificantly different energy consumptions between the robot concepts, identifying potential savings ofabout 40% in a selected industrial application scenario.

  • 53.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Challenges and Opportunities of Lean Remanufacturing2014Ingår i: International Journal of Automation Technology, ISSN 1881-7629, E-ISSN 1883-8022, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 644-652Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Lean philosophy, which promotes business excellence through continuous improvement, originates from the Japanese car manufacturer, Toyota’s Production System (TPS). An area where lean has not been fully explored is remanufacturing, a process that brings used products back to useful life. Remanufacturing is often a more complex process than manufacturing due to the uncertainty of process steps/time and part quality/quantity. This study explored remanufacturing by identifying its challenges and opportunities in becoming lean. The challenges of a lean remanufacturing system do not exceed its advantages. Although some researchers state that it is difficult or even impossible to apply lean principles to remanufacturing, this research utilizes lean as a continuous improvement philosophy that focuses on improving the remanufactured products’ quality, process lead times, and inventory levels. 

  • 54.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Minimum Time for Material and Information Flows Analysis at a Forklift Truck Remanufacturer2014Ingår i: Proceedings of Sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS14), 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Material and information flows are often complex at remanufacturing companies. Minimum time for Material and Information Flows Analysis (MiniMifa) is a data collection workshop in which material and information flows’ challenges and improvement opportunities are investigated. By carrying the idea of Value Stream Mapping (VSM), MiniMifa turns to an act of cartography of industrial processes. After the workshop, companies have a holistic view of their processes, the current “pains” - challenges, and possible “painkillers” – improvement ideas, including lean-inspired solutions.

    This paper demonstrates a pilot MiniMifa at a forklift truck remanufacturer where a potential improvement in e.g. lead time reduction by 93% was discovered.

  • 55.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    MINIMUM TIME FOR MATERIAL AND INFORMATION FLOWS ANALYSIS (MINIMIFA): A METHOD TO IDENTIFY CHALLENGES AND IMPROVEMENT OPPORTUNITIES2014Ingår i: Proceedings of Sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS14), Götegorg, Sweden, September 16-18; 2014, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Material and information flows are often complex at remanufacturing companies. Minimum time for Material and Information Flows Analysis (MiniMifa) is a data collection workshop in which material and information flows’ challenges and improvement opportunities are investigated. By carrying the idea of Value Stream Mapping (VSM), MiniMifa turns to an act of cartography of industrial processes. After the workshop, companies have a holistic view of their processes, the current “pains” - challenges, and possible “painkillers” – improvement ideas, including lean-inspired solutions.

    This paper demonstrates a pilot MiniMifa at a forklift truck remanufacturer where a potential improvement in e.g. lead time reduction by 93% was discovered.

  • 56.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Remanufacturing: Challenges and Opportunities to be Lean2013Ingår i: Proceedings of EcoDesign 2013 International Symposium, 2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The lean philosophy, which denotes business excellence through continuous improvement, originates from Japanese car manufacturer Toyota’s Production System (TPS). An area where lean is not fully explored is remanufacturing, a business that brings used products back to useful life. Remanufacturing is often a more complex process than manufacturing due to uncertainty of process steps/time and part quality/quantity.This paper has explored remanufacturing by revealing its challenges and opportunities to be lean. The identified challenges to work with lean do not overcome the advantages of a lean remanufacturing system. Even though some researches state that it is difficult or even impossible to apply lean to remanufacturing, this research recovers lean as a continuous improvement philosophy that not only works for manufacturing but also for remanufacturing.

  • 57.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Remanufacturing lead time reduction through a Just-in-time Lean strategy: a case study on Laptops2017Ingår i: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference onRemanufacturing (ICOR17), 2017, s. 47-56Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The annual accumulation of electronic equipment waste, including IT, in the European Union reached at least nine million tons in 2015. These products usually have a limited lifespan, and many consumers tend to buy new devices before their old ones stop working.

    Remanufacturing is one of the effective ways to contribute to IT waste reduction. Product life extension through remanufacturing gives the product one or several more users throughout its life cycle. When remanufacturing is applied to laptops, the extraction of virgin materials, the energy consumption for manufacturing and the amount of waste are all reduced. However, today many remanufacturers of IT face challenges associated with inefficient and complex processes due to uncertainties in core timing, volume and quality. Lean remanufacturing is typically treated as an operations improvement strategy that deals with the process challenges. Just-in-time is one of the lean strategies to address inefficient, long and stochastic operations. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to investigate how just-in-time can help to reduce remanufacturing process lead time, and consequently increase process efficiency.

    The data was collected through a focus group interview and a simplified Value Stream Mapping lean method at an IT remanufacturing company. The company’s remanufacturing process is assessed regarding process lead time and efficiency. Based on the case company's process challenges, the following possible just-in-time solutions were developed for remanufacturers: cellular layout, distinct product family flows and Kanban reordering system.

  • 58.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Toward Pull Remanufacturing: A Case Study on Material and Information Flow Uncertainties at a German Engine Remanufacturer2015Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 26, s. 270-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Together with reuse and material recycling, remanufacturing has emerged as a sustainable approach for used products. Remanufacturing is more complex than manufacturing, due to the uncertainties in material and information flows inside the remanufacturing facility and along the product life-cycle. Therefore, some remanufacturers intend to use lean production principles and philosophies to deal with this complexity and to improve their operations. The aim of this paper is to identify reasons for possible material and information flow uncertainties and develop lean-inspired solution at a German engine remanufacturer. The empirical data were collected via a Material and Information Flow Analysis workshop. The reasons for missing, late, defective and non-available spare parts as well as disrupted, uneven, chaotic and inaccessible information flows are identified. Finally, a lean pull Kanban reordering system is suggested and recognized to be a proper solution to remanufacturing complexity.

  • 59.
    Kurilova-Palisaitiene, Jelena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Poksińska, Bonnie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lean improvements in remanufacturing: solving information flow challenges2017Ingår i: QMOD proceedings, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - One efficient way to prolong the functional life of used products is remanufacturing. Compared to manufacturing, remanufacturing is a complex industrial process due to among other things high product variability, low production volumes and uncertain quality of returned used products. Remanufacturers are dependent on product information from Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM), but that information is often not shared. Remanufacturers struggle to access or develop lacking product information and need a strategy to address information flow challenges. Lean could be a suitable strategy to improve the information flow. Therefore, the purpose of the paper is to identify and suggest Lean improvements to address remanufacturer’s information flow challenges.

    Methodology/Approach - Based on a case study of a filling machine remanufacturer, this paper discusses the information flow challenges and Lean-based solutions. The data was collected through a three-hour focus group interview combined with a Value Stream Mapping (VSM) method with the participation of seven company employees representing sales, logistics, quality, maintenance and production departments.

    Findings - Two key information flow challenges were identified at the company: a lack of available product data and miscommunication with the OEM, and poor internal information sharing. The analysis of the identified challenges and improvement ideas created a platform for developing Lean-based solutions:1) developing standard operations through instruction checklists and kitting areas;2) boosting supplier and customer relations through six best partnering practices; and3) developing people and teams through teamwork and training.

    Originality/Value of paper – All industries have their own specific challenges and development needs. This paper focuses on information flow challenges in remanufacturing. Original product information is often not shared, even when the remanufacturer has a contract with the OEM. Only few remanufacturers work with Lean today, but Lean could be a strategy to address the information flow challenges. This paper contributes to the knowledge on how Lean could be applied in the remanufacturing context.

  • 60.
    Kurilova-Pališaitienė, Jelena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Toward Lean Remanufacturing: Challenges and Improvements in Material and Information Flows2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is an environmentally sound material recovery option which is essential to compete for sustainable manufacturing. The aim with remanufacturing at a majority of companies is to prolong physical product performance by delivering the same or betterthan-original product quality. In general, remanufacturing is an industrial process that brings used products back to useful life by requiring less effort than is demanded by the initial production process. Consequently, from a product life-cycle perspective, remanufacturing generates great product value.

    Remanufacturers lag behind manufacturers since they often face complex and unpredictable material and information flows. Based on a review of remanufacturing research, remanufacturing challenges in material and information flows can be classified into three groups: insufficient product quality, long and unstable process lead times, and an unpredictable level of inventory. While some remanufacturing researchers state that manufacturing and remanufacturing are significantly different, they have more in common than many other processes operations. Therefore, to sustain competitive remanufacturing, companies investigate an opportunity for improvement through the employment of lean production that generates significant benefits for manufacturers.

    In order to investigate the potential to address remanufacturing challenges by lean production, a Minimum time for material and information flow analysis (MiniMifa) method was developed. This method originates from the value stream mapping (VSM) method, broadly practiced to bring lean to manufacturing companies. The focus of MiniMifa was to collect empirical data on the identified groups of remanufacturing challenges from the remanufacturing perspective, and to provide a basis for the development of improvements originating from lean principles.

    Lean production was selected for this research due to its system perspective on material and information flows. Among the defined lean principles in remanufacturing, a pull principle was investigated at the case companies. The suggested principle demonstrated a reduction in lead time, followed by improvements in inventory level and product quality. However, in order to become lean, remanufacturers have to overcome three levels of lean remanufacturing challenges: external and internal challenges as well as lean wastes.

    Finally, this research reduces the gap between academia and industry by contributing with a possible solution to the identified remanufacturing challenges in material and information flows.

    Delarbeten
    1. Minimum Time for Material and Information Flows Analysis at a Forklift Truck Remanufacturer
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Minimum Time for Material and Information Flows Analysis at a Forklift Truck Remanufacturer
    2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of Sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS14), 2014Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Material and information flows are often complex at remanufacturing companies. Minimum time for Material and Information Flows Analysis (MiniMifa) is a data collection workshop in which material and information flows’ challenges and improvement opportunities are investigated. By carrying the idea of Value Stream Mapping (VSM), MiniMifa turns to an act of cartography of industrial processes. After the workshop, companies have a holistic view of their processes, the current “pains” - challenges, and possible “painkillers” – improvement ideas, including lean-inspired solutions.

    This paper demonstrates a pilot MiniMifa at a forklift truck remanufacturer where a potential improvement in e.g. lead time reduction by 93% was discovered.

    Nyckelord
    Remanufacturing, Lean, Material and Information Flows, Data collection workshop, Process map
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118270 (URN)
    Konferens
    Sixth Swedish Production Symposium (SPS14), September 16-18, 2014, Gothenburg, Sweden
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-25 Skapad: 2015-05-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Toward Pull Remanufacturing: A Case Study on Material and Information Flow Uncertainties at a German Engine Remanufacturer
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Toward Pull Remanufacturing: A Case Study on Material and Information Flow Uncertainties at a German Engine Remanufacturer
    2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 26, s. 270-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Together with reuse and material recycling, remanufacturing has emerged as a sustainable approach for used products. Remanufacturing is more complex than manufacturing, due to the uncertainties in material and information flows inside the remanufacturing facility and along the product life-cycle. Therefore, some remanufacturers intend to use lean production principles and philosophies to deal with this complexity and to improve their operations. The aim of this paper is to identify reasons for possible material and information flow uncertainties and develop lean-inspired solution at a German engine remanufacturer. The empirical data were collected via a Material and Information Flow Analysis workshop. The reasons for missing, late, defective and non-available spare parts as well as disrupted, uneven, chaotic and inaccessible information flows are identified. Finally, a lean pull Kanban reordering system is suggested and recognized to be a proper solution to remanufacturing complexity.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Elsevier, 2015
    Nyckelord
    Remanufacturing, Product life-cycle, Lean, Pull, Kanban
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-118272 (URN)10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.187 (DOI)000360931800048 ()
    Konferens
    12th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing - Emerging Potentials, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, 22–24 September 2014
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-25 Skapad: 2015-05-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-17Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Challenges and Opportunities of Lean Remanufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Challenges and Opportunities of Lean Remanufacturing
    2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Automation Technology, ISSN 1881-7629, E-ISSN 1883-8022, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 644-652Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Lean philosophy, which promotes business excellence through continuous improvement, originates from the Japanese car manufacturer, Toyota’s Production System (TPS). An area where lean has not been fully explored is remanufacturing, a process that brings used products back to useful life. Remanufacturing is often a more complex process than manufacturing due to the uncertainty of process steps/time and part quality/quantity. This study explored remanufacturing by identifying its challenges and opportunities in becoming lean. The challenges of a lean remanufacturing system do not exceed its advantages. Although some researchers state that it is difficult or even impossible to apply lean principles to remanufacturing, this research utilizes lean as a continuous improvement philosophy that focuses on improving the remanufactured products’ quality, process lead times, and inventory levels. 

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Fuji Technology Press, 2014
    Nyckelord
    lean, remanufacturing, product life cycle, continuous improvement
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Annan samhällsbyggnadsteknik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-120764 (URN)
    Projekt
    ÅterProdukt, KEAP
    Forskningsfinansiär
    VINNOVA
    Tillgänglig från: 2015-08-24 Skapad: 2015-08-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-17Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 61.
    Källmar, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlsson Sundqvist, Therese
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Integration of Environmental Aspects in Product Development and Ship Design2013Ingår i: Re-engineering Manufacturing for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013 / [ed] Andrew Y. C. Nee, Bin Song and Soh-Khim Ong, Singapore: Springer, 2013, s. 41-46Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ship recycling is a pressing issue to handle due to bad conditions in South Asian countries. The objective of this paper isto explore how to integrate environmental aspects, especially recycling, in the product development process of ships atKockums AB by developing and proposing an implementation of a tool, document and/or method. As a result, a Long-termEnvironmental Action Plan (LEAP) including 18 actions was developed. The proposed way of implementing LEAP wasthrough plan-do-act-check methodology by a systematic integration of ecodesign. LEAP includes tools, documents andmethods that are to be used in daily work and product development.

  • 62.
    Lee, H. M.
    et al.
    Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Singapore.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Swedish WEEE system – Challenges and Recommendations2012Ingår i: Sustainable Systems and Technology (ISSST), 2012, IEEE , 2012, s. 1-6Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The directive in WEEE has been in effect since 2001 in the European Union (EU) and Sweden has been the best performance since it was launched. This study looks into how the various stakeholders are playing their role in the system, why was it successful and what are the challenges ahead for the system to further improve and the bring up the rate of WEEE recycling in the country. This work is done by interviewing and visiting the various stakeholders involved in the Swedish WEEE system including the Swedish EPA, Swedish Waste Management, El-Kretsen which is the association representing the manufacturers, the recyclers that are providing the EoL services in the system and consumers of the recycling centres. The study revealed that the system had performed well by virtue of the common understanding and general awareness of the public adding on to the fact that the consumption rate of EEE is also high in Sweden. All the stakeholders displayed a sense a responsibility towards pushing for higher volume to be collected. Many issues that are occurring in collecting WEEE are inherited from the earlier life cycle stages particularly in design and manufacturing. It was also found out in the study that it is more economically viable for the EoL stakeholders to operate WEEE collection as compared to the past due to the growing demands of resources. The processing capacity at times is lagging behind the collection rate. Recommendations for improving the system from both the system level and technical level are also mentioned subsequently in the paper.

  • 63.
    Leitao, Paulo
    et al.
    Polytech Institute Braganca, Brazil; Artificial Intelligence and Comp Science Lab LIACC, Portugal.
    Karnouskos, Stamatis
    SAP, Germany.
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lee, Jay
    University of Cincinnati, OH 45221 USA.
    Strasser, Thomas
    AIT Austrian Institute Technology, Austria.
    Colombo, Armando W.
    University of Appl Science Emden Leer, Germany; Schneider Elect Ind Business, France.
    Smart Agents in Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the IEEE, ISSN 0018-9219, E-ISSN 1558-2256, Vol. 104, nr 5, s. 1086-1101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Future industrial systems can be realized using the cyber-physical systems (CPSs) that advocate the coexistence of cyber and physical counterparts in a network structure to perform the systems functions in a collaborative manner. Multiagent systems share common ground with CPSs and can empower them with a multitude of capabilities in their efforts to achieve complexity management, decentralization, intelligence, modularity, flexibility, robustness, adaptation, and responsiveness. This work surveys and analyzes the current state of the industrial application of agent technology in CPSs, and provides a vision on the way agents can effectively enable emerging CPS challenges.

  • 64.
    Leitao, Paulo
    et al.
    Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal.
    Karnouskos, Stamatis
    SAP, Karlsruhe, Germany.
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Moutis, Panayiotis
    Carnegie Mellon University, USA.
    Barbosa, Jose
    Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Portugal.
    Strasser, Thomas I
    AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Common practices for integrating industrial agents and low level automation functions2017Ingår i: IECON 2017 - 43RD ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE IEEE INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS SOCIETY, IEEE, 2017, s. 6665-6670Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial agent technologies have been integrated in key elements coupling industrial systems and software logic, which is an important issue in the design of cyber-physical systems. Although several efforts have been tried out over the last decades to integrate software agents with physical hardware devices, and some commonalities can be observed among the existing practices, there is no uniform way overall. This work presents an empirical survey of existing practices in three application area, namely factory automation, power & energy systems and building automation. It identifies pertaining common issues and discusses how they integrate low level automation functions by utilizing industrial agents. The surveyed practices reveal high diversity, customized traditional integration focusing mostly on I/O functions, without security, and an overall approach that is mostly coupled rather than embedded.

  • 65.
    Leitao, Paulo
    et al.
    Polytech Institute Braganca, Portugal.
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Lee, Jay
    University of Cincinnati, OH 45221 USA.
    Guest Editorial Special Section on Smart Agents and Cyber-Physical Systems for Future Industrial Systems2017Ingår i: IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, ISSN 1551-3203, E-ISSN 1941-0050, Vol. 13, nr 2, s. 657-659Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 66.
    Leitão, Paulo
    et al.
    Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus Sta Apolónia, Apartado 1134, 5301-857 Bragança, Portugal .
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Barata, José
    New University of Lisbon, Faculties of Science and Technology, Caparica, Portugal.
    Vogel-Heuser, Birgit
    Technische Universität München, Germany.
    Summer school on intelligent agents in automation: Hands-on educational experience on deploying industrial agents2016Ingår i: IECON 2016 - 42nd Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2016, s. 6602-6607Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cyber-physical systems constitutes a framework to develop intelligent, distributed, resilient, collaborative and cooperative systems, promoting the fusion of computational entities and physical devices. Agent technology plays a crucial role to develop this kind of systems by offering a decentralized, distributed, modular, robust and reconfigurable control structure. This paper describes the implementation of a summer school aiming to enhance the participants’ knowledge in the field of multi-agent systems applied to industrial environments, being able to gain the necessary theoretical and practical skills to develop real industrial agent based applications. This is accomplished in an international framework where individual knowledge and experiences are shared in a complementary level.

  • 67.
    Lind, Sebastian
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Olsson, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Exploring inter-organizational relationships in automotive component remanufacturing2014Ingår i: Journal of Remanufacturing, ISSN 2210-4690, Vol. 4, nr 5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the industry sectors with the longest history in remanufacturing is the automotive industry. Remanufactured parts include brake calipers, engines, servo pumps and alternators. A big challenge for automotive component remanufacturers is to achieve a steady flow of cores (parts that are used for remanufacturing). This flow could be secured by making agreements with core suppliers, such as an original equipment manufacturer (OEM), a core broker or another actor in the market. The remanufacturer can also choose to collect the cores without closer collaboration with the core suppliers. One crucial aspect in choosing how to collect the cores is that it has to be lucrative.

    The aim of this paper is to explore how remanufacturers manage their inter-organizational relationships in the closed-loop supply chain. A case study was conducted within the European research project ‘CAN-REMAN’, and empirical data was collected from six participating companies within the project, all European small and medium-sized (SME) remanufacturers of automotive components. These companies were investigated, and their relationships, defined in earlier research with core suppliers, were evaluated.

    A key finding of the research is that the most problematic parameter with supplier relationships is to receive the ordered quantity of cores from the supplier. This parameter is continually ranked as one of the most important, and the participating companies also claim to have problems with it. A successful relationship and take-back system was pointed out by one of the companies to never be the owner of the actual cores, and only perform the remanufacturing activity (service) for an OEM. This new relationship, called reman-contract, is where the OEM owns the core and the remanufacturer just performs remanufacturing including some sorting and storing. It was found that with this kind of relationship, the ordered quantity of cores was fulfilled to a higher degree, and thus the challenge of achieving a steady flow of cores was met.

  • 68.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Product Design Considerations for Improved Integrated Product/Service Offerings2013Ingår i: Handbook of Sustainable Engineering / [ed] Joanne Kauffman, Kun-Mo Lee, Springer Netherlands, 2013, s. 669-689Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    "The efficient utilization of energy, sustainable use of natural resources, and large-scale adoption of sustainable technologies is the key to a sustainable future. The Handbook of Sustainable Engineering provides tools that will help us achieve these goals". Nobel Prize Winner Dr. R.K. Pauchauri, Chairman, UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change As global society confronts the challenges of diminishing resources, ecological degradation, and climate change, engineers play a crucial role designing and building technologies and products that fulfil our needs for utility and sustainability. The Handbook of Sustainable Engineering equips readers with the context and the best practices derived from both academic research and practical examples of successful implementations of sustainable technical solutions. The handbook's content revolves around the two themes, new ways of thinking and new business models, including sustainable production, products, service systems and consumption while addressing key assets based on new materials, optimized resource management, and new energy sources. Contributions reflect a focus on state-of-the art insights into employing smart materials, recycling e-waste, water utilization, solar cells, product lifecycles, transportation and reverse manufacturing. Supportive of this, underlying issues such as engineering education, consumer behaviour and the regulatory climate complete the handbook's comprehensive treatment of the problems and most promising solutions.

  • 69.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Environmental and economic benefits of Integrated Product Service Offerings quantified with real business cases2014Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 64, nr 1, s. 288-296Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper quantifies environmental and economic benefits of the Integrated Product Service Offering (IPSO) in real practice from a life cycle perspective, in comparison with its corresponding product-sales type business as a reference. The paper also discusses the engineering activities contributing to those effects, as well as their enablers. To reach this goal, the paper investigates three IPSOs as real-life business cases in industry. Those cases are selected from different sectors and have different characteristics. In addition, the paper calculates and compares environmental impacts and economic costs of different offerings in each case through the use of Life Cycle Assessment and Life Cycle Costing, respectively. In all three cases, IPSOs had environmental and economic advantages in comparison with the product-sales type business. The engineering activities contributing to those advantages under IPSOs were recycling, remanufacturing, reuse, maintenance, and holistic planning and operation. The enablers were found to be high flexibility for realizing products and services and close relationships with relevant actors.

  • 70.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ölundh Sandström, Gunilla
    KTH.
    Hur företag bör arbeta i framtagandet av integrerade produkt- och tjänsteerbjudanden2007Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 71.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Svensson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema vatten i natur och samhälle. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Industrial cleaning with Qlean Water: a case study of printed circuit boards2013Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 47, s. 19-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many manufacturing companies are looking for ways to substitute environmentally problematic cleaning methods for surface treatments with more environmentally friendly ones. In this paper, one potential solution is described. The Qlean method, based on cleaning with highly pure water (in this paper defined as Qlean Water), is a novel cleaning method. This method, now utilized at one plant at a leading major international electronic company, has substituted previous chemical-based methods for cleaning printed circuit boards prior to lacquering. This paper presents, based on that company's primary data, a comparative study using environmental analysis and economic life cycle cost review between cleaning with Qlean Water and conventional cleaning. The focus is on the environmental and economic performance of the two alternatives. The conclusion is that Qlean Water offers both a significant economic and environmental cost reduction and a better product. This is the case even though all identified economic benefits derived from using Qlean Water, e.g. that the quality and technical lifetime have been extended for the printed circuit boards with the Qlean Water cleaning method, are not considered in the economic analysis.

  • 72.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi.
    Ölundh Sandström, Gunilla
    Department of Machine Design, School of Industrial Technology and Management, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi.
    Öhrwall Rönnbäck, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell marknadsföring och industriell ekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion.
    Östlin, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Monteringsteknik.
    Learning networks: a method for Integrated Product and Service Engineering - experience from the IPSE project2008Ingår i: Manufacturing Systems and Technologies for the New Frontier: The 41st CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems May 26–28, 2008, Tokyo, Japan / [ed] Mamoru Mitsuishi, Kanji Ueda, Fumihiko Kimura., London: Springer , 2008, s. 495-500Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with the Integrated Product and Service Engineering (IPSE) project is to develop a methodology for companies that want to make the journey of moving from selling products to also sell Integrated Product and Service Offerings. In order to achieve that major changes are needed in the companies. In this paper the learning network approach is described as well as the content of the workshop series that the companies participated in. The findings show that a learning network approach is beneficial methodology for achieving changes in the companies, since the participants learn from each other and from the researchers.

  • 73.
    Lindbäck, Jan Erik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Saab Aerostructures, Linköping, Sweden.
    Björnsson, Andreas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Compraser, Linköping, Sweden.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    New Automated Composite Manufacturing Process:: Is it possible to find a cost effective manufacturing method with the use of robotic equipment?2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 5th International Swedish Production Symposium / [ed] Mats Björkman, 2012, s. 523-531Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of carbon composites has continuously increased in the commercial aircraft industry due to more challenging weight targets which is one way to handle the environmental requirements to lower the CO2 emissions. One aircraft structure component made at Saab Aerostructures is long and slender U-sections manufactured in carbon composites. The manufacturing is performed by manual layup of composite material. These U-sections are selected as an illustrative case in order to discuss possibilities for an automated manufacturing process with the aim to reduce cost. A literature review of different existing technologies have been performed and compared with the industrial front at Saab Aerostructures. Automated Tape Laying (ATL) and Automated Fibre Placement (AFP) are the two dominating automation methods, of today, for aircraft prepreg manufacturing. Both methods are heavy investments for small to medium size composite manufacturers. Analysis in the case has shown that the selected component cannot be automated with these two methods due to design constrains. The paper suggests that another automated method with a cutting machine in combination with an industrial robot with a vacuum gripper, is selected for further work. The proposed pick and place process is also assumed to reduce the material waste.

  • 74.
    Lindkvist Haziri, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Supporting design for remanufacturing: A framework for implementing information feedback from remanufacturing to product design2019Ingår i: Journal of Remanufacturing, ISSN 2210-464X, s. 1-20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is an industrial process turning used products into a condition of like new or better. Remanufacturing is also one strategy that salvages the value put into products during manufacturing and thus reduces the environmental impact of products over the life-cycle. However, not many products are designed for remanufacturing, and there is rarely any feedback from remanufacturing to design. Since design for remanufacturing is not applied at most manufacturing companies, there is a need to support companies, for example, by information feedback methods. By implementing feedback transfer from remanufacturing to design and employing design for remanufacturing, the remanufacturing process is more likely to be effective and efficient. The aim of this paper is to present a framework that supports design for remanufacturing by the implementation of structured feedback from remanufacturing to design. The framework aims at strategically outlining and practically implementing information feedback from remanufacturing to design. A case company where the framework has been initialised is also presented.

  • 75.
    Lindkvist Haziri, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Feedback from Remanufacturing: Its Unexploited Potential to Improve Future Product Design2019Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 15, s. 1artikel-id 4037Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Company interest and research in the circular economy and remanufacturing have increased as a means of reducing negative environmental impacts. Remanufacturing is an industrial process whereby used products are returned to a state of like-new. However, few products are designed for remanufacturing, and further research and industrial efforts are needed to facilitate more widespread use of design for remanufacturing. One crucial factor facilitating design for remanufacturing is the integration of feedback in the product design process. Thus, the objective of this paper is to analyse feedback flows from remanufacturing to product design. Hence, a literature study and multiple case studies were conducted at three companies that design, manufacture and remanufacture different kinds of products. The cross-case analysis revealed the five barriers of the lack of internal awareness, lack of knowledge, lack of incentives, lack of feedback channels and non-supportive organisational structures, and the five enablers of business opportunities, integrated design processes, customers’ demand, laws, regulations and standards, and new technologies. To establish improved feedback from remanufacturing to product design, the barriers need to be addressed and the enablers explored. Thus, improved feedback from remanufacturing to product design will improve the design of future products suited for a more circular economy.

  • 76.
    Lindkvist, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Företagsekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A STEPWISE METHOD TOWARDS PRODUCTS ADAPTED FOR REMANUFACTURING2016Ingår i: DS 84: PROCEEDINGS OF THE DESIGN 2016 14TH INTERNATIONAL DESIGN CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-4 / [ed] Marjanovic Dorian, Storga Mario, Pavkovic Neven, Bojcetic Nenad, Skec Stanko, DESIGN SOC , 2016, Vol. 1-4, s. 321-330Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, products are often not designed for remanufacturing. Further, there is a lack of feedback from remanufacturing to product design. Thus, information from remanufacturing and design for remanufacturing needs to be integrated in a better way into the product development processes.

    In this paper a stepwise method towards products adapted for remanufacturing is described. The method is directed at OEMs that remanufacture, and specifically supports integration of information from remanufacturing into the design process in order to better adapt products for remanufacturing.

  • 77.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Exploring Product Life-Cycle Information Flows with a Focus on Remanufacturing2014Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Our daily lives and welfare rely heavily on products. Considering that climate change is caused by humans, it is important to handle and use products in a sustainable manner; remanufacturing is one such way to accomplish this. Remanufacturing is an industrial process where products are restored into useful life. However, few products are designed for remanufacturing, which sometimes makes remanufacturing impossible or difficult to perform. Traditionally, the design focus has been on the manufacturing and use phases. The product life-cycle perspective, however, is required to obtain a more sustainable product life-cycle.

    As the remanufacturing process is characterised by process steps such as inspection, disassembly, cleaning and reprocessing, the often labour-intensive remanufacturing process has specific requirements on the design. Further, the remanufacturing process is characterised by uncertainties such as when used products are expected and what state they will be in when they arrive. Information from the product life-cycle such as drawings and service reports could potentially facilitate the remanufacturing process. Further, feedback from remanufacturing to product design could improve the design of the next generation of products.

    The objective of this thesis is to identify and analyse product life-cycle information flows with a particular focus on remanufacturing.

    The design research methodology framework has been used to outline, plan and support the research. Previous research in the area has been assessed through a literature study, while the case study methodology was applied for carrying out the empirical studies. The data collection methods used in the case studies were semi-structured interviews, workshops and document analysis.

    The result from the literature study shows that feedback such as suggestions for improvement from remanufacturing personnel, process data, and data about wear on components could help to improve the design of the next generation of products. Further, design changes could lead to a more efficient remanufacturing process. The three industrial cases presented in this licentiate thesis fail to explore the full potential of remanufacturing feedback to product design. All in all, remanufacturing is sufficiently included in the information flows of the product life-cycle. Design for remanufacturing is not applied in any of the industrial cases studied.

    Delarbeten
    1. Life-Cycle Information Feedback to Product Design
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Life-Cycle Information Feedback to Product Design
    2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 5th Swedish Production symposium (SPS'12), The Swedish Production Academy , 2012, s. 99-105Konferensbidrag, Enbart muntlig presentation (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A key to sustainable product development is to consider the entire product life-cycle, as well as the requirements on product design in the different life-cycle phases. Improvements in product design can be based on information feedback from the product life-cycle. The aim of this paper is to identify sources of information from the product life-cycle for product design, as well as what benefits the retrieval of such information feedback can have for the product development process. The method udes for this paper was a literature review, utilizing the Scopus and Science Direct databases. Feedback information on the design phase can stream from the product life-cycle phases of manufacturing, use, service and edn-of-life. The feedback includes objective and subjective data from customers, users, service technicians and company staff involved in the product life-cycle. The feedback from the product life-cycle needs to be managed well, and relevant information should be available to the product development team in the design phase. Sucg information flows are valuable in supporting the design of products to facilitate the entire product life-cycle.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    The Swedish Production Academy, 2012
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Övrig annan teknik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-87524 (URN)978-91-7519-752-4 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    5th International Swedish Production Symposium (SPS 2012), 6-8 November 2012, Linköping, Sweden
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-01-18 Skapad: 2013-01-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. The Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in a Value Chain including Remanufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in a Value Chain including Remanufacturing
    2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Re-engineering Manufacturing for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013 / [ed] Andrew Y.C. Nee, Bin Song, and Soh-Khim Ong, Singapore: Springer, 2013, s. 621-626Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product life-cycle information is used to improve a product’s performance over its life-cycle. The objective of this paper is to describe how information from the product life-cycle phases of design, manufacturing, use, service and end-of-life are used and handled in a value chain comprised of an international original equipment manufacturer with its suppliers and contracted remanufacturers. A case study of a value chain was conducted. The paper concludes that the information flows within the value chain studied are well-functioning; however the organizational structure seems to be a hindrance for full information exchange within the value chain.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Singapore: Springer, 2013
    Nyckelord
    Product life-cycle, Product life-cycle information, Remanufacturing, Product-Service System
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102567 (URN)10.1007/978-981-4451-48-2_101 (DOI)978-981-4451-47-5 (ISBN)978-981-4451-48-2 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013
    Projekt
    KEAP
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vinnova
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-13 Skapad: 2013-12-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-12Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Exploring the Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in Two Value Chains Including Remanufacturing
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Exploring the Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in Two Value Chains Including Remanufacturing
    2013 (Engelska)Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Not many products are designed for remanufacturing. One of the reasons may be that the information flows to and from remanufacturers are not in level with the other information flows in the product life-cycle. In this paper, the information flows within two value chains including remanufacturing and PSS are investigated. The case studies show that the remanufacturing part of the value chain is not strongly included in the information flows in the product life-cycle. This means that valuable feedback about the product design and condition at end-of-life is neglected. Further, information feed forward, which could potentially make the remanufacturing process more efficient, is not satisfactorily implemented.

    Nyckelord
    Information Feed Forward/ Feedback, Design for Remanufacturing, Product Service System
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102558 (URN)
    Konferens
    8th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing (EcoDesign 2013), Jeju Islands, Korea, December 4-6 2013
    Projekt
    KEAP 2
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Vinnova
    Anmärkning

    Best paper award at conference

    Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-13 Skapad: 2013-12-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-04-12
  • 78.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Alonso Movilla, Natalia
    University of Grenoble, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Zwolinski, Peggy
    University of Grenoble, Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France.
    Investigating types of information from WEEE take-back systems in order to promote Design for Recovery2016Ingår i: Sustainability through innovation in product life cycle design / [ed] Matsumoto, M., Masui, K., Fukushige, S., Kondoh, S, Springer, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment) recovery facilities have been set up for the last decade to promote a circular economy. Their activities focus on the reuse, remanufacturing and/or recycling of products. Currently, little information reaches designers regarding the requirements that these facilities have on product design. Therefore, most products are not designed to be properly recovered. The aim of this paper is to explore the nature of product life-cycle information from recovery organisations that could be shared in order to improve resource efficiency. The focus is on how information exchange can benefit the end-of-life phase of forthcoming designed products. Two levels of information have been identified, macroscopic and microscopic. Our study is illustrated with a detailed analysis of the French WEEE compliance scheme and an in-depth analysis of an IT remanufacturing facility in Sweden.  Based on the cases studies we have identified current and potential information flows between different stakeholders that could benefit design for recovery.

  • 79.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    A stepwise method towards products adapted for remanufacturing2016Ingår i: DS 84: Proceedings of the DESIGN 2016 14th International Design Conference / [ed] Marjanovic Dorian, Storga Mario, Pavkovic Neven, Bojcetic Nenad, Skec Stanko, The Design Society, 2016, s. 321-330Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Remanufacturing is an important component of a resource-efficient manufacturing industry [see e.g. Rose and Ishii 1999; Steinhilper 1998; Sundin and Lee 2011]. By keeping components and their embodied material in use for a longer period of time, significant energy use and emissions to air and water (e.g. CO2 and SO2) can be avoided. According to Sundin and Lee [2011], environmental comparisons of remanufacturing versus new manufacturing and/or material recycling show environmental benefits for remanufacturing. This is due to alleviation of depletion of resources, reduction of global warming potential, and better chances to close the loop for safer handling of toxic materials [Sundin and Lee 2011]. In addition to its environmental benefits, remanufacturing provides opportunities for the creation of highly skilled jobs and economic growth.

     

    In order to make remanufacturing businesses more beneficial, product information should be accessible for the remanufacturing personnel and the products should be adapted for the remanufacturing process [Sundin and Bras 2005]. Although previous research identified information that could be fed back to the design phase from remanufacturing [e.g. Lindkvist and Sundin 2012] (see Table 1), such information is not often available in the design phase [Lindkvist and Sundin 2015]. Design for remanufacturing (DfRem) aims at facilitating the remanufacturing process so that e.g. disassembly, cleaning, reprocessing and reassembly are facilitated [Sundin and Bras 2005]. However, products are often not designed for remanufacture [Sundin and Bras 2005; Hatcher et al. 2011], although there do exist guidelines for design for remanufacturing [see e.g. Charter and Gray 2008, Sundin and Bras 2005].

     

    Successful integration of DfRem requires support on a strategic as well a tactical level, i.e. both what to do and how to do it [Yang et al. 2014]. Further, Hatcher et al. [2014] point out a gap in research regarding the operational factors influencing DfRem integration into the design process. In their findings, external factors such as customer demand and internal factors such as the OEM-remanufacturer relationship were identified. This paper addresses the combination of the strategic and tactical approaches, targeting the internal factors affecting DfRem integration into the design process. The proposed method is directed at companies that include both design and remanufacturing in their operations, and specifically supports integration of information from remanufacturing into the design process in order to better adapt products for remanufacturing. 

  • 80.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Analysing the service information transfer in the service development process at two automotive companies2016Ingår i: 23RD CIRP CONFERENCE ON LIFE CYCLE ENGINEERING, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2016, Vol. 48, s. 51-56Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As service renders an increasing share of companies revenues and affects a products environmental performance, the effectiveness of the services carried out is important. The aim of this paper is to analyse the service information transfer in the service development process at two automotive companies in order to explore its inefficiencies, and to promote steps to make it more efficient in the future. The work process during service development was mapped, focusing on the information transfer, including databases utilized and types of instructions produced. The studies show that some information provided to the service designers is insufficiently detailed and some databases are incompatible, causing rework in the service development process. Further, the information provided to service technicians comes in multiple formats, causing inefficiency in the service process, and feedback to the service designers is too time consuming. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 81.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Assessing barriers for available life-cycle information feedback transfer to product design2015Ingår i: ICoR- 2nd International Conference on Remanufacturing, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of products greatly influences the performance of the product in the rest of the product’s life-cycle phases, e.g. manufacturing, use/maintenance and end-of-life processes. In order to design more sustainable products, information from all life-cycle phases should be implemented in structured ways via e.g. eco-design tools in the design process. Remanufacturing is one viable end-of-life strategy that is environmentally beneficial as it will preserve most of the material and energy put into the initial product and/or its components. Although the product design determines a large portion of the remanufacturability of a product, few companies apply design for remanufacturing on their products.The aim of this paper is to show what type of feedback is available at remanufacturers, and to explore the barriers that prevent that feedback from reaching product development. Using the case study methodology, data have been collected through semi-structured interviews with four remanufacturing companies focusing on the information exchange between the departments of remanufacturing and product development.The case study results show that there is feedback from the remanufacturers concerning a wide variety of design aspects. Furthermore, the remanufacturers have feedback about information they lack from design and the use phase including service. At present, however, there is no feedback provided from remanufacturing to design in the cases studied. Thus, the barriers for providing available life-cycle information feedback are assessed. There are both internal and external barriers. Between design and remanufacturing the barriers include e.g. lack of knowledge and organisational aspects. Further influencing the lack of feedback are managerial aspects such as the business case and specifications lacking remanufacturing aspects and thus not supporting design for remanufacturing. However, design changes such as different joining methods, a higher degree of standardization and different material selections could be very beneficial for remanufacturing and thus the environment.

  • 82.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Life-Cycle Information Feedback to Product Design2012Ingår i: Proceedings of the 5th Swedish Production symposium (SPS'12), The Swedish Production Academy , 2012, s. 99-105Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A key to sustainable product development is to consider the entire product life-cycle, as well as the requirements on product design in the different life-cycle phases. Improvements in product design can be based on information feedback from the product life-cycle. The aim of this paper is to identify sources of information from the product life-cycle for product design, as well as what benefits the retrieval of such information feedback can have for the product development process. The method udes for this paper was a literature review, utilizing the Scopus and Science Direct databases. Feedback information on the design phase can stream from the product life-cycle phases of manufacturing, use, service and edn-of-life. The feedback includes objective and subjective data from customers, users, service technicians and company staff involved in the product life-cycle. The feedback from the product life-cycle needs to be managed well, and relevant information should be available to the product development team in the design phase. Sucg information flows are valuable in supporting the design of products to facilitate the entire product life-cycle.

  • 83.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    The role of Product-Service Systems regarding information feedback transfer in the product life-cycle including remanufacturing2016Ingår i: PRODUCT-SERVICE SYSTEMS ACROSS LIFE CYCLE, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2016, Vol. 47, s. 311-316Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With a Product-Service System (PSS), the producer often has control of its products during multiple life-cycles, and thus there are more incentives for design for service and remanufacturing in comparison to traditional sales. The aim of this paper is to explore the role of PSS regarding information feedback transfer in the product life-cycle including remanufacturing. The paper explores two industrial cases where PSS does not yet act as a facilitator for transferring information feedback from remanufacturing to product designers. However, the full potential of PSS is not yet utilized at the companies, and their products are neither designed for PSS nor remanufacturing. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license.

  • 84.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    The Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in a Value Chain including Remanufacturing2013Ingår i: Re-engineering Manufacturing for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 20th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Singapore 17-19 April, 2013 / [ed] Andrew Y.C. Nee, Bin Song, and Soh-Khim Ong, Singapore: Springer, 2013, s. 621-626Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product life-cycle information is used to improve a product’s performance over its life-cycle. The objective of this paper is to describe how information from the product life-cycle phases of design, manufacturing, use, service and end-of-life are used and handled in a value chain comprised of an international original equipment manufacturer with its suppliers and contracted remanufacturers. A case study of a value chain was conducted. The paper concludes that the information flows within the value chain studied are well-functioning; however the organizational structure seems to be a hindrance for full information exchange within the value chain.

  • 85.
    Lindkvist, Louise
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sakao, Tomohiko
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Exploring the Use of Product Life-Cycle Information in Two Value Chains Including Remanufacturing2013Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Not many products are designed for remanufacturing. One of the reasons may be that the information flows to and from remanufacturers are not in level with the other information flows in the product life-cycle. In this paper, the information flows within two value chains including remanufacturing and PSS are investigated. The case studies show that the remanufacturing part of the value chain is not strongly included in the information flows in the product life-cycle. This means that valuable feedback about the product design and condition at end-of-life is neglected. Further, information feed forward, which could potentially make the remanufacturing process more efficient, is not satisfactorily implemented.

  • 86.
    Malm, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Important Factors in the Transfer of Aircraft Production: Challenges Related to Offset Business2013Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, many global industries have difficulties meeting their transfer of production cost targets; the complexity in transfer of production is often underestimated. The aircraft manufacturing industry is a relevant example of a global industry, as many aircraft manufacturers produce parts in different areas of the world. The aircraft manufacturing industry include highly complex production technologies, is regulated by strict national and international standards, and utilizes a comprehensive configuration management.

    Large international agreements in defence-related industries often involve offset business. The most important parameters for the buying organisation in offset business are to create relations, import technical knowledge/production, promote domestic merchandise, and create employment for the local population.

    The purpose of the research is to identify, categorise and explore challenges related to transfer of aircraft production within offset business. The research is conducted as a case study at the Swedish enterprise SAAB Aeronautics. Future export deals for SAAB Aeronautics will in all probability consist of offsetbusiness including transfer of production, involving for example parts or entire aircraft to the receiving country.

    Several factors connected to transfer of aircraft production were identified. The factors were categorised and three of the categories were selected for in-depth studies:

    Category 1: Cultural challenges and communication

    Category 2: Configuration management

    Category 3: Transfer of knowledge and technology

    The results from the in-depth studies can help Aeronautics in planning and conducting transfer of aircraft production.

    Delarbeten
    1. Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production
    2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD), 2011, IEEE , 2011, s. 835-841Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research within this paper identifies three main categories of cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production. The first category is organizational structure, hierarchy and delegation of responsibility the second category is consensus behavior and avoidance of conflicts and the third category is individual motivation factors. Furthermore, the paper discusses the need for specific types of cross-cultural training that can be one solution for reducing the problems and difficulties that cultural challenges may induce. The case study indicates that it is important for Aeronautics, a Swedish enterprise, to apply organized cross-cultural training in combination with technical training. To secure the presence of cross-cultural training, suitable types of cultural training could be included in the working process/routine for how to conduct a production transfer.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    IEEE, 2011
    Nyckelord
    aircraft production, cross-cultural communication, cross-cultural training, cultural challenges, offset, outsourcing, transfer
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89309 (URN)10.1109/CSCWD.2011.5960215 (DOI)978-1-4577-0386-7 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    15th International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD 2011), 8-9 June 2011, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-02-27 Skapad: 2013-02-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-11-09
    2. Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production
    2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS. 28TH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES 23 - 28 September, 2012, Brisbane, Australia, 2012, s. 1-9Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to discuss how relocation of production can be affected when MBD is applied. The research is performed from a view point of production relocation; the focus is not on MBD as a method. The paper is based on a literature review combined with empirical data from an industrial study at the Swedish enterprise Saab Aeronautics. It was hard to find gaps in the literature since no literature covering the aim of the research was found. Important subject of discussion was that update or creation of MBD production documentation can decrease the amount of tacit knowledge at the sender and help the possibility to differentiate off-line learning from on-line learning, which can save both time and cost.

    Nyckelord
    MBD, Production Relocation, Aircraft Production, Production Transfer
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89576 (URN)978-0-9565333-1-9 (ISBN)
    Konferens
    28th International Congress of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS 2012), 23–28 September 2012, Brisbane, Australia
    Forskningsfinansiär
    VINNOVA
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-02-27 Skapad: 2013-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-11-09Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes
    2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies / [ed] Daniel J. Svyantek and Kevin Mahoney, Information Age Publishing, 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume of the Research in Organizational Sciences is entitled "Received Wisdom, Kernels of Truth, and Boundary Conditions in Organizational Studies". Received wisdom is knowledge imparted to people by others and is based on authority and tenacity as sources of human knowledge. Authority refers to the acceptance of knowledge as truth because of the position and credibility of the knowledge source. Tenacity refers to the continued presentation of a particular bit of information by a source until this bit of information is accepted as true by receivers. The problem for organizational studies, however, is that this received wisdom often becomes unquestioned assumptions which guide interpretation of the world and decisions made about the world. Received wisdom, therefore, may lead to organizational practices which provide little or no benefit to the organization and, potentially, negative organizational effects, because this received wisdom is no longer valid. The 14 papers in this volume all, in some way, strive to question received wisdom and present alternatives which expand our understanding of organizational behavior in some way. The chapters in this volume each strive to present new ways of understanding organizational constructs, and in so doing reveal how received wisdom has often led to confirmation bias in organizational science. The knowledge that some perceived truths are actually the products of received wisdom and do not stand up to close scrutiny shakes up things within research areas previously thought settled allowing new perspectives on organizational science to emerge

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Information Age Publishing, 2013
    Serie
    Research in organizational sciences
    Nyckelord
    Organizational behavior, BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Negotiating
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Maskinteknik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93636 (URN)9781623961893 (ISBN)9781623961909 (ISBN)
    Tillgänglig från: 2013-06-04 Skapad: 2013-06-04 Senast uppdaterad: 2016-11-09Bibliografiskt granskad
  • 87.
    Malm, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Saab Group, Business Area Aeronautics, Linköping, Sweden.
    Model Based Definition within relocation of aircraft production2012Ingår i: ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS. 28TH CONGRESS OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES 23 - 28 September, 2012, Brisbane, Australia, 2012, s. 1-9Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is to discuss how relocation of production can be affected when MBD is applied. The research is performed from a view point of production relocation; the focus is not on MBD as a method. The paper is based on a literature review combined with empirical data from an industrial study at the Swedish enterprise Saab Aeronautics. It was hard to find gaps in the literature since no literature covering the aim of the research was found. Important subject of discussion was that update or creation of MBD production documentation can decrease the amount of tacit knowledge at the sender and help the possibility to differentiate off-line learning from on-line learning, which can save both time and cost.

  • 88.
    Malm, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Saab Group, Business Area Aeronautics, Linköping, Sweden.
    Andersson, Henric
    Saab Group, Business Area Aeronautics, Linköping, Sweden.
    A change process: transition from 2D to 3D by Model Based Definition2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the 6th Swedish Production Symposium (SPS), Gothenburg, Sweden. September 2014, 2014, s. 1-10Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate factors that are important for the transition from 2D to 3D by Model Based Definition (MBD). Within MBD, 3D models are used as sources of information for design, production, distribution, technical documentation, services and the overall product lifecycle. The introduction and development of MBD at Aeronautics can be described in five transitions that illustrate how knowledge enhancement from project to project and between the projects and the linear organization has evolved. The largest challenges have been in the start-up of the transitions, people are gathered with different prerequisites, seeing solutions or problems from different perspectives.

  • 89.
    Malm, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production2011Ingår i: Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD), 2011, IEEE , 2011, s. 835-841Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research within this paper identifies three main categories of cross-cultural communication challenges within international transfer of aircraft production. The first category is organizational structure, hierarchy and delegation of responsibility the second category is consensus behavior and avoidance of conflicts and the third category is individual motivation factors. Furthermore, the paper discusses the need for specific types of cross-cultural training that can be one solution for reducing the problems and difficulties that cultural challenges may induce. The case study indicates that it is important for Aeronautics, a Swedish enterprise, to apply organized cross-cultural training in combination with technical training. To secure the presence of cross-cultural training, suitable types of cultural training could be included in the working process/routine for how to conduct a production transfer.

  • 90.
    Malm, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Saab Group, Business Area Aeronautics, Linköping, Sweden.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    International transfer of aircraft production: Problems and effects due to cultural differences2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In transfer of advanced industrial production in connection with offset business may not the selling organization be free to choose the most suitable subcontractor with respect to culture, organization, technical level etc. This paper discusses in specific Aeronautics (one of five business areas at Saab Group) and identifies different complications that can occur when different cultures meet during the transfer of production processes. The research is based on a case study utilizing interviews, observations and literature studies. Compilation and analysis of gathered empirical data indicates that many of the differences that emerge during transfer of production technology from Aeronautics to subcontractors in other countries can be exemplified by: -differences in hierarchal organization between different cultures, Swedes’ consensus behaviour and avoidance of conflicts and differences in individual motivation factors between cultures. All of these are considered from the perspective of different categories of employees such as; operators, engineers and management. For a successful transfer of production, the case study implies that important factors are; harmonization of production documentation between receiver and sender, and education of project team on receiving company’s culture before the production transfer is started.

  • 91.
    Malm, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Saab Group, Business Area Aeronautics, Linköping, Sweden.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Technology Management and Economics.
    Rudlund, Mats
    Saab Group, Business Area Aeronautics, Linköping, Sweden.
    Production Start-up Phase: A Comparison between New Product Development and Production Relocation2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenging situation due to a more global market is the increasing need for production relocation. New product development with constant increasing competition challenges the ways to perform production start-up and production relocation. Product development processes focus in general on function of the product and to avoid product quality problems. Production relocation processes also focus on avoiding product quality problems, but problems that occur within production relocation are mostly related to forgotten or misunderstood information. In this paper, a literature review is performed investigating these three areas and relate them to industrial experience. Existing relocation processes are often based on processes for product development. There are several similarities between the production start-up in product development and product relocation since the same result is requested. However, the way to achieve the results can differ within the literature, within the paper are the differences and similarities discussed.

  • 92.
    Malm, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Fredriksson, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för teknik och naturvetenskap, Kommunikations- och transportsystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets2016Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 27, nr 5, s. 640-661Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how capability gaps can be identified and how they can be dealt with in aircraft technology transfers in future offset deals.

    Methodology – The study is based on lessons learned as identified from three case studies of technology transfers from Saab, a Swedish aircraft manufacturing company to South Africa, the Czech Republic, and India.

    FindingsThe capability gap between sender and receiver has to be dealt with on two levels: on an organizational level; and on an individual level. It is proposed that the disseminative capacity constitutes the ability to assess the capability gap between the sender and receiver, and to convert this assessment to adaptations of the product and production process to include in an industrialization process. On the individual level, the capability-raising activities were connected to employees’ knowledge, Personal Development Plans for the transfer of explicit knowledge, as well as on-the-job training to facilitate the exchange of tacit knowledge.

    Research limitations The research is based on case studies from one company.

    Originality/value – The paper focuses on the context of offset and reports on actual experiences from a capability perspective of technology transfers within the aircraft manufacturing area. It proposes a structured way of identifying and bridging the capability gap within such transfers.

  • 93.
    Malm, Anna
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Maskinkonstruktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Exchange of tacit knowledge within advanced production with small batch sizes2013Ingår i: Received wisdom, kernels of truth, and boundary conditions in organizational studies / [ed] Daniel J. Svyantek and Kevin Mahoney, Information Age Publishing, 2013Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This volume of the Research in Organizational Sciences is entitled "Received Wisdom, Kernels of Truth, and Boundary Conditions in Organizational Studies". Received wisdom is knowledge imparted to people by others and is based on authority and tenacity as sources of human knowledge. Authority refers to the acceptance of knowledge as truth because of the position and credibility of the knowledge source. Tenacity refers to the continued presentation of a particular bit of information by a source until this bit of information is accepted as true by receivers. The problem for organizational studies, however, is that this received wisdom often becomes unquestioned assumptions which guide interpretation of the world and decisions made about the world. Received wisdom, therefore, may lead to organizational practices which provide little or no benefit to the organization and, potentially, negative organizational effects, because this received wisdom is no longer valid. The 14 papers in this volume all, in some way, strive to question received wisdom and present alternatives which expand our understanding of organizational behavior in some way. The chapters in this volume each strive to present new ways of understanding organizational constructs, and in so doing reveal how received wisdom has often led to confirmation bias in organizational science. The knowledge that some perceived truths are actually the products of received wisdom and do not stand up to close scrutiny shakes up things within research areas previously thought settled allowing new perspectives on organizational science to emerge

  • 94.
    Mandenius, Carl-Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Teknisk biologi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Scale-up of cell culture bioreactors using biomechatronic design2012Ingår i: Biotechnology Journal, ISSN 1860-6768, E-ISSN 1860-7314, Vol. 7, nr 8, s. 1026-1039Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Scale-up of cell culture bioreactors is a challenging engineering work that requires wide competence in cell biology, mechanical engineering and bioprocess design. In this article, a new approach for cell culture bioreactor scale-up is suggested that is based on biomechatronic design methodology. The approach differs from traditional biochemical engineering methodology by applying a sequential design procedure where the needs of the users and alternative design solutions are systematically analysed. The procedure is based on the biological and technical functions of the scaled-up bioreactor that are derived in functional maps, concept generation charts and scoring and interaction matrices. Basic reactor engineering properties, such as mass and heat transfer and kinetics are integrated in the procedure. The methodology results in the generation of alternative design solutions that are thoroughly ranked with help of the user needs. Examples from monoclonal antibodies and recombinant protein production illuminate the steps of the procedure. The methodology provides engineering teams with additional tools that can significantly facilitate the design of new production methods for cell culture processes.

  • 95.
    Martinsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion.
    Development of Robust Automated Handling of pre-impregnated Carbon Fibre2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Prepreg is a fibre reinforced polymer composite material often used by the aeronautical industry. The material supplier has pre-impregnated the fibre often with an epoxy resin and cured it to a semi-viscous B-stage where the material is tacky (adhesive). Manual layup of prepreg components is still common because there are only a few automated layup techniques which has limited geometric capability and high investment cost.

    Swerea SICOMP is a research institute which have in collaboration with partners developed a manufacturing demonstrator for automated layup of carbon fibre prepreg components based on robotic handling. The manufacturing demonstrator is able to; feed out prepreg from a spool onto a cutting table, cut the prepreg into plies, pick the plies from the cutting table and place them on a layup table, consolidate the prepreg plies on the layup table and remove the backing paper that covers one side of the prepreg.

    Three robustness problems has been identified and these forms the bulk of this master’s thesis. The first problem is that the robot is unable to place the plies on the cutting table with sufficient accuracy due to fluctuating position of the prepreg on the cutting table. The second problem is that the end effector used for the pick and place operation sometimes fails to pick the adhesive plies from the cutting table. The problem originates in limited holding force by the end effectors suction cups and limited capability to perform a peeling motion when picking due to the design of the end effector. The third problem is that process variables like temperature is believed to effect the robustness of the demonstrator but has not been further studied.

    The first problem was solved by implementing a probing routine which measures the position of the prepreg on the cutting table with an array sensor mounted to the robot. The measurement values are used to reprogram subsequent operations.

    The second problem seems to be solved by designing and implementing a new pick and place end effector. The new end effector has higher holding force and better capability to perform a peeling motion while picking and placing the tacky prepreg plies. Tests with the new end effector has been promising, the pick and placeoperation performs robustly, but all ply geometries was not tested and some minor adjustment is needed to further improve the placing accuracy.

    The third problem has not been solved but studied. A literature study reviled that temperature, relative humidity and prepreg out of freezer age is likely to effect the prepreg adhesive properties which in turn is known to effect the robustness. A test procedure has been devised to test how these variables effect the robustnessof the demonstrator. The tests should be conducted when all process steps in the demonstrator is up and running.

  • 96.
    Nargund, Vijay
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion.
    Ahmed, Syed Z.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion.
    3D Layout Scanning for Smart Manufacturing: Method Development and a Study of Future Possibilities2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The term ‘Industry 4.0’ leads to many new possibilities like smart factory which is the amalgamation of manufacturing systems in a network to perform tasks more efficiently. It is becoming more and more important for the companies to develop smart factories and integrate the devices within such a facility to meet the demands of the evolving market. The next generation production systems are designed to share the data within the network, plan, and predict the solution for the future problems.

    One such technology under smart factory is 3D laser scanning resulting in point cloud of the production unit. The traditional way of documenting a layout is usually with the help of 2D computer aided designs which are susceptible to measurement errors and changes that are not updated regularly. With the help of point clouds, an as-is representation of the factories can be recorded which can be easily updated with changes in the real world. With advancements in virtual manufacturing, the need for visualization of the factories is increasing drastically. 3D Laser Scanning is one of the better ways of meeting this need, among many other applications.

    The focus of the thesis had been to create a method document for 3D laser scanning of factories and to discuss the future possibilities of it. The research approach used in this thesis was conducting observational study, interviews and testing of the method. One such future possibility is autonomous scanning and how it would be beneficial for a company like Scania which is developing smart factories. Based on the study carried out during the thesis, a document presenting the method developed is included in the report. The report also points out the applications and benefits of point cloud over traditional layout planning methods.

  • 97.
    Neves, Pedro
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Dias-Ferreira, Joao
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Onori, Mauro
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Barata Oliveira, Jose
    University of Nova Lisboa, Portugal.
    Layout validation and re-configuration in Plug&Produce systems2016Ingår i: Assembly Automation, ISSN 0144-5154, E-ISSN 1758-4078, Vol. 36, nr 4, s. 412-428Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This paper aims to provide a method and decision support tool to enhance swift reconfiguration of Plugamp;Produce (Pamp;P) systems in the presence of continuously changing production orders. Design/methodology/approach - The paper reviews different production scenarios and system design and configuration methods and more particularly specifies the need of decision support tools for Pamp;P systems that integrate configuration and planning activities. This problem is then addressed by proposing a method that helps reduce the solution space of the reconfiguration problem and allows the timely selection of the most promising reconfiguration alternative. Findings - The proposed method was found to be helpful in reducing the reconfiguration alternatives that need to be considered and in selecting the most promising one for different orders. The advantages and limitations of this method are identified, and an illustrative test case of the approach is presented, corroborating the method applicability in the absence of large queues in the system. Originality/value - This paper addresses a less explored domain within the Pamp;P systems research field, which is the system reconfiguration. It proposed a method to support system validation and reconfiguration jointly with an illustrative test case. This represents an original contribution to the Pamp;P research field, and it can have impact in improving agility and decreasing the complexity of reconfiguration activities to cope with constantly changing production orders.

  • 98.
    Neves, Pedro
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ferreira, Joao Dias
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Maffei, Antonio
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Onori, Mauro
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Barata, Jose
    Uninova Research Institute, Portugal.
    Data-mining approach to support layout configuration decision-making in Evolvable Production Systems2014Ingår i: Proceedings 2014 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC) October 5-8, 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 3649-3656Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Computational and communication capabilities are increasingly being used in all devices. In the production context this leads to the generation of massive amounts of data that are rarely proficuously used. More particularly the application of data-mining techniques to infer knowledge from systems’ operation to improve its design decisions remains fairly unexplored. This article presents an approach to extract system design and configuration rules from Evolvable Production Systems. Furthermore it provides the empirical results from two test-cases that support the hypothesis that a simulation-data-mining approach can help reducing the complexity of the work carried by system designers and production managers.

  • 99.
    Neves, Pedro
    et al.
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ribeiro, Luis
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Ferreira, Joao Dias
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Onori, Mauro
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Barata, Jose
    Uninova Research Institute, Portugal.
    Exploring reconfiguration alternatives in Self-Organising Evolvable Production Systems through Simulation2014Ingår i: Proceedings 2014 12th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), Central Campus of the Federal University of Rio Grande do SulPorto Alegre, RS, Brazil, 27 - 30 July, 2014, IEEE conference proceedings, 2014, s. 511-518Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation has played an important role alongthe years to predict systems’ behaviour before theirdeployment. In the case of self-organising mechatronic systemssimulation tools can help researchers and practitionersunderstanding the full potential of the solution as well as itsunderlying limitations. Self-organising mechatronic systemshave passed a feasibility study and presented promisingresults. However they are rarely explored in industry in partdue to the lack of methods to support their design andconfiguration and the difficulty to predict the systems’behaviour before their deployment. Given the cost anddevelopment time associated with building self-organisingmechatronic systems this research problem has been left quiteunattended. In this article we present a tool that enables thecreation and simulation of Evolvable Production Systems andtheir self-organising behaviour. The generated operationalresults can posteriorly be used to analyse the suitability ofdifferent design and configuration alternatives for differentproduct types and volumes.

  • 100.
    Nilsson, Sara
    et al.
    SAAB Aerostructures, Linköping.
    Jensen, Jonas
    Volvo Construction Equipment.
    Björkman, Mats
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell Produktion. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    11 Rules of Design for Manufacturing CFRP Components2018Ingår i: So You Want to Design Aircraft: Manufacturing with Composites / [ed] Jean Broge, SAE International , 2018, First, s. 29-42Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic (CFRP) is one of the most commonly used materials in the aerospace industry today. CFRP in pre-impregnated form is an anisotropic material whose properties can be controlled to a high level by the designer. Sometimes, these properties make the material hard to predict with regards to how the geometry affects manufacturing aspects. This chapter describes 11 design rules that describe geometrical design choices and deals with manufacturability problems that are connected to them, why they are connected, and how they can be minimized or avoided. Examples of design choices dealt with in the rules include double curvature shapes, assembly of uncured CFRP components, and access for nondestructive testing.

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