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  • 1.
    Azevedo Costa, Marcelo
    et al.
    Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil.
    Wullt, Bernard
    Robotics and Motion Division, ABB AB.
    Norrlöf, Mikael
    Robotics and Motion Division, ABB AB.
    Gunnarsson, Svante
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Failure detection in robotic arms using  statistical modeling, machine learning and hybrid gradient boosting2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Modeling and failure prediction is an important task in manyengineering systems. For this task, the machine learning literaturepresents a large variety of models such as classification trees,random forest, artificial neural networks, fuzzy systems, amongothers. In addition, standard statistical models can be applied suchas the logistic regression, linear discriminant analysis, $k$-nearestneighbors, among others. This work evaluates advantages andlimitations of statistical and machine learning methods to predictfailures in industrial robots. The work is based on data from morethan five thousand robots in industrial use. Furthermore, a newapproach combining standard statistical and machine learning models,named \emph{hybrid gradient boosting}, is proposed. Results show thatthe a priori treatment of the database, i.e., outlier analysis,consistent database analysis and anomaly analysis have shown to becrucial to improve classification performance for statistical, machinelearning and hybrid models. Furthermore, local joint information hasbeen identified as the main driver for failure detection whereasfailure classification can be improved using additional informationfrom different joints and hybrid models.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Llamas, Xavier
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    LiU CPgui: A Toolbox for Parameterizing Compressor Models2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A toolbox for parameterizing the ellipse model, that is a control-oriented compressor model, to any given measured compressor map is described in detail in this document. The compressor model has been developed in previous publications and shown to be capable of accurately reproducing the measured data obtained from gas stand measurements, for a wide range of compressors, starting from small automotive applications to large compressors used in marine propulsion. In addition, it has been shown that it is possible to extrapolate both mass flow and efficiency to the unmeasured low speed region of the compressor in a physical way. The parameterization algorithm is based on Total Least Squares (TLS), which is shown here and in previous publications to be a fast and reliable approach to fit the compressor model to the map. The toolbox is implemented in a Matlab Graphical User Interface (GUI) in order to make it easy for the user to parameterize the compressor model. To demonstrate the workflow and ease of use, a complete step-by-step example of how to work with the toolbox is provided. To further facilitate the user in applying the model, the package also provides implementations of the ellipse compressor model both as a Matlab function and as a Simulink block. This way, the user can quickly and reliably use the results of the parameterization process in a desired application, e.g. including the compressor model of a given compressor map in a combustion engine simulation model.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Fritsche, Carsten
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Orguner, Umut
    Middle East Technical University, Turkey.
    Supplementary Material for “Bobrovsky-Zakai Bound for Filtering, Prediction and Smoothing of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems”2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains supplementary material for the paper [1], and gives detailed proofs of all lemmas and theorems that could not be included into the paper due to space limitations. The notation is adapted from the paper.

    [1] C. Fritsche, U. Orguner, and F. Gustafsson, “Bobrovsky-Zakai bound for filtering, prediction and smoothing ofnonlinear dynamic systems,” in International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), Cambridge, UK, Jul.2018, pp. 1–8.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Supplementary Material for “Bobrovsky-Zakai Bound for Filtering, Prediction and Smoothing of Nonlinear Dynamic Systems”
  • 4.
    Fritsche, Carsten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet.
    Derivation of a Bayesian Bhattacharyya bound for discrete-time filtering2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this report, the derivation of the Bayesian Bhattacharyya bound for discrete-time filtering as proposed by Reece and Nicholson [1] is revisited. It turns out that the general results presented in [1] are incorrect, as some expectations appearing in the information matrix recursions are missing. This report presents the corrected results and it is argued that the missing expectations are only zero in a number of special cases. A nonlinear toy example is used to illustrate when this is not the case.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Derivation of a Bayesian Bhattacharyya bound for discrete-time filtering
  • 5.
    Eldesokey, Abdelrahman
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Datorseende. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Normalized Convolutional Neural Networks for Sparse Data2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Fritsche, Carsten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    On parametric smoothing Cramér-Rao bounds2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this report, the parametric Cramér-Rao lower bound for the smoothing problem is derived.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    On parametric smoothing Cramér-Rao bounds
  • 7.
    Zhao, Yuxin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Fritsche, Carsten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Supplementary Materials for "Sequential Monte Carlo Methods and Theoretical Bounds for Proximity Report based Indoor Positioning"2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This reportontains supplementary material for the paper [1].

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Dahlin, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Kohn, Robert
    University of New South Wales, Australia.
    Schön, Thomas Bo
    Uppsala university.
    Bayesian inference for mixed effects models with heterogeneity2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We are interested in Bayesian modelling of panel data using a mixed effects model with heterogeneity in the individual random effects. We compare two different approaches for modelling the heterogeneity using a mixture of Gaussians. In the first model, we assume an infinite mixture model with a Dirichlet process prior, which is a non-parametric Bayesian model. In the second model, we assume an over-parametrised finite mixture model with a sparseness prior. Recent work indicates that the second model can be seen as an approximation of the former. In this paper, we investigate this claim and compare the estimates of the posteriors and the mixing obtained by Gibbs sampling in these two models. The results from using both synthetic and real-world data supports the claim that the estimates of the posterior from both models agree even when the data record is finite.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9.
    Carvalho Bittencourt, André
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Data-driven estimation of Gramian based interaction measures for control structure selection2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Interaction measures quantify the input-output relations in MIMO processes and can support the selection of control structures (CSS). Interaction measures are typically computed based on an existing process models. The study of input-output interactions based on data can complement missing information on a model, e.g., revealing unknown relations in a complex system or adjusting for a time dependent behavior. This paper presents a unified approach for data-driven estimation of Gramian based interaction measures from input-output data. Given open or closed-loop data, a high-order Vector ARX (VARX) model is identified and its parameters are used to calculate predictor Markov parameters, together with a covariance estimate. Three interaction measures based on the Hankel, Hilbert-Schmidt-Hankel and H2 norms are calculated from the estimated predictor Markov parameters and uncertainty estimates are provided for the last two, allowing for robust CSS. A solution which is recursive in the data points is presented, making it practical for applications to large datasets. The approach is verified through simulations and several possible extensions are discussed. As the method is suitable for open and closed-loop data and for large datasets, it opens up for data-driven control structure selection based on operational data from entire plants.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Data-driven estimation of Gramian based interaction measures for control structure selection
  • 10.
    Linder, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Enqvist, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Identification and prediction in dynamic networks with unobservable nodes2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest for system identification in dynamic networks has increased recently with a wide variety of applications. In many cases, it is intractable or undesirable to observe all nodes in a network and thus, to estimate the complete dynamics. If the complete dynamics is not desired, it might even be challenging to estimate a subset of the network if key nodes are unobservable due to correlation between the nodes. In this contribution, we will discuss an approach to treat this problem. The approach relies on additional measurements that are dependent on the unobservable nodes and thus indirectly contain information about them. These measurements are used to form an alternative indirect model that is only dependent on observed nodes. The purpose of estimating this indirect model can be either to recover information about modules in the original network or to make accurate predictions of variables in the network. Examples are provided for both recovery of the original modules and prediction of nodes.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 11.
    Cerqueira, Jorge
    et al.
    Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil.
    Rezende, André
    Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil.
    Waldemar, Barosso Magno
    Military Institute of Engineering, Brazil.
    Gunnarsson, Svante
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Introducing CDIO at The Military Institue of Engineering in Brazil2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the motivation, the current state and the future actions of an improvement process in engineering education at the Brazilian higher education institution called the Military Institute of Engineering. Based on the reasons for why and how to change, the CDIO framework was chosen, at the end of 2014, as the kernel of this improvement process. The activities realized, the plan for the future actions and the open questions are presented in this report.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 12.
    Nurminen, Henri
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Department of Automation Science and Engineering, Finland.
    Rui, Rafael
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Ardeshiri, Tohid
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bazanella, Alexandre
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Mean and covariance matrix of a multivariate normal distribution with one doubly-truncated component2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This technical report gives analytical formulas for the mean and covariancematrix of a multivariate normal distribution with one componenttruncated from both below and above.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    doubly-truncated
  • 13.
    Fritsche, Carsten
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Supplementary material for “On parametric lower bounds for discrete-time filtering”2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains supplementary material for the paper, and gives detailed proofs of all theorems and lemmas that could not be included into the paper due to space limitations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Supplementary Material for “On parametric lower bounds for discrete-time filtering”
  • 14.
    Fritsche, Carsten
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Orguner, Umut
    Middle East Technical University, Turkey.
    Supplementary Material for “Recent results on Bayesian Cramer-Rao bounds for jump Markov systems”2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains supplementary material for the paper, and gives detailed proofs of all lemmas and propositions that could not be included into the paper due to space limitations. The notation is adaptedfrom the paper.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Supplementary Material for “Recent results on Bayesian Cramer-Rao bounds for jump Markov systems”
  • 15.
    Kok, Manon
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hol, Jeroen
    Xsens Technologies BV, .
    Schön, Thomas
    Department of Information Technology, Division of Systems and Control, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Using inertial sensors for position and orientation estimation2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, micro-machined electromechanical system (MEMS) inertial sensors (3D accelerometers and 3D gyroscopes) have become widely available due to their small size and low cost. Inertial sensor measurements are obtained at high sampling rates and can be integrated to obtain position and orientation information. These estimates are accurate on a short time scale, but suffer from integration drift over longer time scales. To overcome this issue, inertial sensors are typically combined with additional sensors and models. In this tutorial we focus on the signal processing aspects of position and orientation estimation using inertial sensors, discussing different modeling choices and a selected number of important algorithms. The algorithms include optimization-based smoothing and filtering as well as computationally cheaper extended Kalman filter implementations.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Using inertial sensors for position and orientation estimation
  • 16. Karami, Farzaneh
    et al.
    Khoshfetrat Pakazad, Sina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Afshar, Ahmad
    Automated Model Generation for Analysis of Large-scale Interconnected Uncertain Systems2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The first challenge in robustness analysis of large-scale interconnected uncertain systems is to provide a model of such systems in a standard-form that is required within different analysis frameworks. This becomes particularly important for large-scale systems, as analysis tools that can handle such systems heavily rely on the special structure within such model descriptions. We here propose an automated framework for providing such models of large-scale interconnected uncertain systems that are used in Integral Quadratic Constraint (IQC) analysis. Specifically, in this paper we put forth a methodological way to provide such models from a block-diagram and nested description of interconnected uncertain systems. We describe the details of this automated framework using an example.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Generalized Riccati Equations for Hinfinity Synthesis2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Conditions for the existence of controllers for lineartime-varying (LTV) systems is given. The closed loop performance isspecified in terms of energy gain, which also includes terminalconstraints. The conditions can be formulated either as linear matrixinequalities (LMIs) or as solutions to Riccati differental equationswith algebraic constraints.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Linder, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Enqvist, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Fossen, Thor I.
    Centre for Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems (AMOS), Department of Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Johansen, Tor Arne
    Centre for Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems (AMOS), Department of Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Modeling for IMU-based Online Estimation of a Ship's Mass and Center of Mass2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A ship's roll dynamics is very sensitive to changes in the loading conditions and a worst-case scenario is the loss of stability.  This paper proposes an approach for online estimation of a ship's mass and center of mass. Instead of focusing on a sensor-rich environment where all possible signals on a ship can be measured and a complete model of the ship can be estimated, a minimal approach is adopted. A model of the roll dynamics is derived from a well-established model in literature and it is assumed that only motion measurements from an inertial measurement unit together with measurements of the rudder angle are available. Furthermore, identifiability properties and disturbance characteristics of the model are presented. Due to the properties of the model, the parameters are estimated with an iterative instrumental variable approach to mitigate the influence of the disturbances and it uses multiple datasets simultaneously to overcome identifiability issues. Finally, a simulation study is presented to investigate the sensitivity to the initial conditions and it is shown that there is a low sensitivity for the desired parameters.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Linder, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Enqvist, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    On Indirect Input Measurements2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A common issue with many system identification problems is that the true input to the system is unknown. In this paper, a framework, based on indirect input measurements, is proposed to solve the problem when the input is partially or fully unknown, and cannot be measured directly. The approach relies on measurements that indirectly contain information about the unknown input. The resulting indirect model formulation, with both direct- and indirect input measurements as inputs, can be used to estimate the desired model of the original system. Due to the similarities with closed-loop system identification, an iterative instrumental variable method is proposed to estimate the indirect model. To show the applicability of the proposed method, it is applied to data from an inverted pendulum experiment with good results.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 20.
    Linder, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Enqvist, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Fossen, Thor I.
    Centre for Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems (AMOS), Department of Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Johansen, Tor Arne
    Centre for Autonomous Marine Operations and Systems (AMOS), Department of Engineering Cybernetics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Online Estimation of Ship's Mass and Center of Mass Using Inertial Measurements2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A ship's roll dynamics is sensitive to the mass and mass distribution. Changes in these physical properties might introduce unpredictable behavior of the ship and a {worst-case} scenario is that the ship will capsize. In this paper, a recently proposed approach for online estimation of mass and center of mass is validated using experimental data. The experiments were performed using a scale model of a ship in a wave basin. The data was collected in free run experiments where the rudder angle was recorded and the ship's motion was measured using an inertial measurement unit. The motion measurements are used in conjunction with a model of the roll dynamics to estimate the desired properties. The estimator uses the rudder angle measurements together with an instrumental variable method to mitigate the influence of disturbances. The experimental study shows that the properties can be estimated with quite good accuracy but that variance and robustness properties can be improved further.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Petersson, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Parametric Controller Strategies2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the modeling of a sounding rocket using a linear time varying model. Different control strategies are investigated to control the time varying model.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Ardeshiri, Tohid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Nurminen, Henri
    Department of Automation Science and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Pichè, Robert
    Department of Automation Science and Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Finland.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Variational Iterations for Filtering and Smoothing with skew-t measurement noise2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this technical report, some derivations for the filter and smoother proposed in [1] are presented. More specifically, the derivations for the cyclic iteration needed to solve the variational Bayes filter and smoother for state space models with skew t likelihood proposed in [1] are presented.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Ardeshiri, Tohid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Özkan, Emre
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Orguner, Umut
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Variational Iterations for Smoothing with Unknown Process and Measurement Noise Covariances2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this technical report, some derivations for the smoother proposed in [1] are presented. More specifically, the derivations for the cyclic iteration needed to solve the variational Bayes smoother for linear state-space models with unknownprocess and measurement noise covariances in [1] are presented. Further, the variational iterations are compared with iterations of the Expectation Maximization (EM) algorithm for smoothing linear state-space models with unknown noise covariances.

    [1] T. Ardeshiri, E. Özkan, U. Orguner, and F. Gustafsson, ApproximateBayesian smoothing with unknown process and measurement noise covariances, submitted to Signal Processing Letters, 2015.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Nielsen, Isak
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Axehill, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Parallel Riccati Factorization Algorithm with Applications to Model Predictive Control2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Model Predictive Control (MPC) is increasing in popularity in industry as more efficient algorithms for solving the related optimization problem are developed. The main computational bottle-neck in on-line MPC is often the computation of the search step direction, \ie the Newton step, which is often done using generic sparsity exploiting algorithms or Riccati recursions. However, as parallel hardware is becoming increasingly popular the demand for efficient parallel algorithms for solving the Newton step is increasing. In this paper a tailored, non-iterative parallel algorithm for computing the Riccati factorization is presented. The algorithm exploits the special structure in the MPC problem, and when sufficiently many processing units are available, the complexity of the algorithm scales logarithmically in the prediction horizon. Computing the Newton step is the main computational bottle-neck in many MPC algorithms and the algorithm can significantly reduce the computation cost for popular state-of-the-art MPC algorithms.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Nielsen, Isak
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Axehill, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    An O(log N) Parallel Algorithm for Newton Step Computation in Model Predictive Control2014Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of Model Predictive Control in industry is steadily increasing as more complicated problems can be addressed. Due to that online optimization is usually performed, the main bottleneck with Model Predictive Control is the relatively high computational complexity. Hence, a lot of research has been performed to find efficient algorithms that solve the optimization problem. As parallelism is becoming more commonly used in hardware, the demand for efficient parallel solvers for Model Predictive Control has increased. In this paper, a tailored parallel algorithm that can adopt different levels of parallelism for solving the Newton step is presented. With sufficiently many processing units, it is capable of reducing the computational growth to logarithmic growth in the prediction horizon. Since the Newton step computation is where most computational effort is spent in both interior-point and active-set solvers, this new algorithm can significantly reduce the computational complexity of highly relevant solvers for Model Predictive Control.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    An O(log N) Parallel Algorithm for Newton Step Computation in Model Predictive Control
  • 26.
    Dahlin, Johan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Schön, Thomas Bo
    Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University.
    Villani, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap, Statistik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Approximate inference in state space models with intractable likelihoods using Gaussian process optimisation2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a novel method for MAP parameter inference in nonlinear state space models with intractable likelihoods. The method is based on a combination of Gaussian process optimisation (GPO), sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) and approximate Bayesian computations (ABC). SMC and ABC are used to approximate the intractable likelihood by using the similarity between simulated realisations from the model and the data obtained from the system. The GPO algorithm is used for the MAP parameter estimation given noisy estimates of the log-likelihood. The proposed parameter inference method is evaluated in three problems using both synthetic and real-world data. The results are promising, indicating that the proposed algorithm converges fast and with reasonable accuracy compared with existing methods.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Approximate inference in state space models with intractable likelihoods using Gaussian process optimisation
  • 27.
    Nilsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Fröberg, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan. Volvo Construction Equipment.
    Åslund, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Minimizing Fuel Use During Power Transients for Naturally Aspirated and Turbo Charged Diesel Engines2014Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent development has renewed the interest in drivetrain concepts which gives a higher degree offreedom by disconnecting the engine and vehicle speeds. This freedom raises the demand for activecontrol, which especially during transients is not trivial, but of which the quality is crucial for the successof the drivetrain concept. In this work the fuel optimal engine operating point trajectories for a naturallyaspirated and a turbocharged diesel engine, connected to a load which does not restrict the engine speed,is derived, analysed and utilized for finding a suboptimal operating point trajectory. The analysis andoptimization is made with dynamic programming, Pontryagin’s maximum principle and a suboptimalstrategy based on the static optimal operating points. Methods are derived for using Pontryagin’smaximum principle for finding the optimal operating point trajectories, for simple load cases. The timeneeded for computation is reduced a factor 1000−100, depending on engine layout, compared to dynamicprogramming. These methods are only applicable to very simple load cases though. Finally, a suboptimalcalculation method which reduce the time needed for computation a factor > 1000 compared to dynamicprogramming, while showing a < 5% increase in fuel consumption compared to the optimal, is presented.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Carvalho Bittencourt, André
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Saarinen, Kari
    ABB Corporate Research.
    Sander Tavallaey, Shiva
    ABB Corporate Research.
    Gunnarsson, Svante
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    A Data-Driven Method for Monitoring of Repetitive Systems: Applications to Robust Wear Monitoring of a Robot Joint2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a method for monitoring of systems that operate in a repetitive manner. Considering that data batches collected from a repetitive operation will be similar unless in the presence of an abnormality, a condition change is inferred by comparing the monitored data against a nominal batch. The method proposed considers the comparison of data in the distribution domain, which reveals information of the data amplitude. This is achieved with the use of kernel density estimates and the Kullback-Leibler distance. To decrease sensitivity to unknown disturbances while increasing sensitivity to faults, the use of a weighting vector is suggested which is chosen based on a labeled dataset. The framework is simple to implement and can be used without process interruption, in a batch manner. The method was developed with interests in industrial robotics where a repetitive behavior is commonly found. The problem of wear monitoring in a robot joint is studied based on data collected from a test-cycle. Real data from accelerated wear tests and simulations are considered. Promising results are achieved where the method output shows a clear response to the wear increases.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Eriksson, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Frisk, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Krysander, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Analysis and optimization with the Kullback-Leibler divergence for misfire detection using estimated torque2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Engine misfire detection is an important part of the On-Board Diagnostics (OBDII) legislations to reduce exhaust emissions and avoid damage to the catalytic converters. The flywheel angular velocity signal is analyzed, investigating how to use the signal in order to best detect misfires. An algorithm for engine misfire detection is proposed based on the flywheel angular velocity signal. The flywheel signal is used to estimate the torque at the flywheel and a test quantity is designed by weighting and thresholding the samples of estimated torque related to one combustion. During the development process, the Kullback-Leibler divergence is used to analyze the ability to detect a misfire given a test quantity and how the misfire detectability performance varies depending on, e.g., load and speed. The Kullback-Leibler divergence is also used for parameter optimization to maximize the difference between misfire data and fault-free data. Evaluation shows that the proposed misfire detection algorithm is able to have a low probability of false alarms while having a low probability of missed detections.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Nielsen, Isak
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Garpinger, Olof
    Lunds Universitet.
    Cederqvist, Lars
    Svensk Kärnbränslehantering AB.
    Decentralized Friction Stir Welding Control on Canisters for Spent Nuclear Fuel2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish nuclear waste will be stored in copper canisters and kept isolated deep under ground for at least 100,000 years. To ensure reliable sealing of the canisters, friction stir welding is utilized. To repetitively produce high quality welds, it is vital to use automatic control of the process. A decentralized solution is designed based on an already existing temperature controller and a proposed linear plunge depth controller. The plunge depth control is challenging mainly because of deection in the machine, thermal expansion and cross couplings in the process. The decentralized controller has been implemented and evaluated on the real system with good results, keeping the plunge depth within the necessary 0:1 mm of its setpoint at the same time as the temperature specications are met.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Decentralized Friction Stir Welding Control on Canisters for Spent Nuclear Fue
  • 31.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Karlsson, Rickard
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Norrlöf, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Estimation-based Norm-optimal Iterative Learning Control2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The iterative learning control (ILC) method improvesperformance of systems that repeat the same task several times. In this paper the standard norm-optimal ILC control law for linear systems is extended to an estimation-based ILC algorithm where the controlled variables are not directly available as measurements. The proposed ILC algorithm is proven to be stable and gives monotonic convergence of the error. The estimation-based part of the algorithm uses Bayesian estimation techniques such as the Kalman filter. The objective function in the optimisation problem is modified to incorporate not only the mean value of the estimated variable, but also information about the uncertainty of the estimate. It is further shown that for linear time-invariant systems the ILC design is independent of the estimation method. Finally, the concept is extended to non-linear state space models using linearisation techniques, where it is assumed that the full state vector is estimated and used in the ILC algorithm. It is also discussed how the Kullback-Leibler divergence can be used if linearisation cannot be performed. Finally, the proposed solution for non-linear systems is applied and verified in a simulation study with a simplified model of an industrial manipulator system.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Pipeleers, Goele
    Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Norrlöf, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    H Synthesis Method for Control of Non-linear Flexible Joint Models2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    An H synthesis method for control of a flexible joint, with non-linear spring characteristic, is proposed. The first step of the synthesis method is to extend the joint model with an uncertainty description of the stiffness parameter. In the second step, a non-linear optimisation problem, based on nominal performance and robust stability requirements, has to be solved. Using the Lyapunov shaping paradigm and a change of variables, the non-linear optimisation problem can be rewritten as a convex, yet conservative, LMI problem. The method is motivated by the assumption that the joint operates in a specific stiffness region of the non-linear spring most of the time, hence the performance requirements are only valid in that region. However, the controller must stabilise the system in all stiffness regions. The method is validated in simulations on a non-linear flexible joint model originating from an industrial robot.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Helmersson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Norrlöf, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    H-Controller Design Methods Applied to One Joint of a Flexible Industrial Manipulator2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Control of a flexible joint of an industrial manipulator using H design methods is presented. The considered design methods are i) mixed-H design, and ii) H loop shaping design. Two different controller configurations are examined: one uses only the actuator position, while the other uses the actuator position and the acceleration of end-effector. The four resulting controllers are compared to a standard PID controller where only the actuator position is measured. The choices of the weighting functions are discussed in details. For the loop shaping design method, the acceleration measurement is required to improve the performance compared to the PID controller. For the mixed-H method it is enough to have only the actuator position to get an improved performance. Model order reduction of the controllers is briefly discussed, which is important for implementation of the controllers in the robot control system.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Skoglund, Martin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Sjanic, Zoran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Initialisation and Estimation Methods for Batch Optimisation of Inertial/Visual SLAM2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Simultaneous Localisation and Mapping (SLAM) denotes the problem of jointly localizing a moving platform and mapping the environment. This work studies the SLAM problem using a combination of inertial sensors, measuring the platform's accelerations and angular velocities, and a monocular camera observing the environment. We formulate the SLAM problem on a nonlinear least squares (NLS) batch form, whose solution provides a smoothed estimate of the motion and map. The NLS problem is highly nonconvex in practice, so a good initial estimate is required. We propose a multi-stage iterative procedure, that utilises the fact that the SLAM problem is linear if the platform's rotations are known. The map is initialised with camera feature detections only, by utilising feature tracking and clustering of  feature tracks. In this way, loop closures are automatically detected. The initialization method and subsequent NLS refinement is demonstrated on both simulated and real data.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Initialisation and Estimation Methods for Batch Optimisation of Inertial/Visual SLAM
  • 35.
    Carvalho Bittencourt, André
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Modeling and Experiment Design for Identification of Wear in a Robot Joint under Load and Temperature Uncertainties based on Constant-speed Friction Data2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of wear to friction are studied based on constant-speed friction data collected from dedicated experiments during accelerated wear tests. It is shown how the effects of temperature and load uncertainties produce larger changes to friction than those caused by wear, motivating the consideration of these effects. Based on empirical observations, an extended friction model is proposed to describe the effects of speed, load, temperature and wear. Assuming availability of such model and constant-speed friction data, a maximum likelihood wear estimator is proposed.  A criterion for experiment design is proposed which selects speed points to collect constant-speed friction data which improves the achievable performance bound for any unbiased wear estimator. Practical issues related to experiment length are also considered. The performance of the wear estimator under load and temperature uncertainties is found by means of simulations and verified under three case studies based on real data.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Modeling and Experiment Design for Identification of Wear in a Robot Joint under Load and Temperature Uncertainties based on Constant-speed Friction Data
  • 36.
    Ardeshiri, Tohid
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Özkan, Emre
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Orguner, Umut
    Middle East Technical University.
    On Reduction of Mixtures of the Exponential Family Distributions2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Many estimation problems require a mixture reduction algorithm with which an increasing number of mixture components are reduced to a tractable level. In this technical report a discussion on dierent aspects of mixture reduction is given followed by a presentation of numerical simulation on reduction of mixture densities where the component density belongs to the exponential family of distributions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    On Reduction of Mixtures of the Exponential Family Distributions
  • 37.
    Callmer, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Törnqvist, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Robust Heading Estimation Indoors2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Indoor positioning in unknown environments is crucial for rescue personnel and future infotainment systems. Dead-reckoning inertial sensor data gives accurate estimate of distance, for instance using zero velocity updates, while the heading estimation problem is inherently more difficult due to the large degree of magnetic disturbances indoors. We propose a Kalman filter bank approach based on supporting a magnetic compass with gyroscope turn rate information, where a hidden Markov model is used to model the presence of magnetic disturbances. In parallel, we suggest to run a robust heading estimation system based on data from a sliding window. The robust estimate is used to detect filter divergence, and to restart the filter when needed. The underlying assumptions and the heading estimation performance are supported in field trials using more than 500 data sets from more than 50 venues in 5 continents.

  • 38.
    Callmer, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Törnqvist, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Robust Heading Estimation Indoors using Convex Optimization2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem of estimating heading is central in the indoor positioning problem based on mea- surements from inertial measurement and magnetic units. Integrating rate of turn angular rate gives the heading with unknown initial condition and a linear drift over time, while the magnetometer gives absolute heading, but where long segments of data are useless in prac- tice because of magnetic disturbances. A basic Kalman filter approach with outlier rejection has turned out to be difficult to use with high integrity. Here, we propose an approach based on convex optimization, where segments of good magnetometer data are separated from disturbed data and jointly fused with the yaw rate measurements. The optimization framework is flexible with many degrees of freedom in the modeling phase, and we outline one design. A recursive solution to the optimization is derived, which has a computational complexity comparable to the simplest possible Kalman filter. The performance is evaluated using data from a handheld smartphone for a large amount of indoor trajectories, and the result demonstrates that the method effectively resolves the magnetic disturbances.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Sjanic, Zoran
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Simultaneous Navigation and Synthetic Aperture Radar Focusing2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) equipment is a radar imaging system that can be used to create high resolution images of a scene by utilising the movement of a flying platform. Knowledge of the platform's trajectory is essential to get good and focused images. An emerging application field is real-time SAR imaging using small and cheap platforms with poorer navigation systems implying unfocused images. This contribution investigatesa joint estimation of the trajectory and SAR image.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    3063
  • 40.
    Lundahl, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Åslund, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Nielsen, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Vehicle dynamics platform, experiments, and modeling aiming at critical maneuver handling2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    For future advanced active safety systems, in road-vehicle applications, there will arise possibilities for enhanced vehicle control systems, due to refinements in, e.g., situation awareness systems. To fully utilize this, more extensive knowledge is required regarding the characteristics and dynamics of vehicle models employed in these systems. Motivated by this, an evaluative study for the lateral dynamics is performed, considering vehicle models of more simple structure. For this purpose, a platform for vehicle dynamics studies has been developed. Experimental data, gathered with this testbed, is then used for model parametrization, succeeded by evaluation for an evasive maneuver. The considered model configurations are based on the single-track model, with different additional attributes, such as tire-force saturation, tire-force lag, and roll dynamics. The results indicate that even a basic model, such as the single-track with tire-force saturation, can describe the lateral dynamics surprisingly well for this critical maneuver.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Schoukens, Maarten
    et al.
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel ,Faculty of Engineering, Department of Fundamental Electricity and Instrumentation.
    Lyzell, Christian
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Enqvist, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Combining the best linear approximation and dimension reduction to identify thelinear blocks of parallel Wiener systems2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A Wiener model is a fairly simple, well known, and often used nonlinearblock-oriented black-box model. A possible generalization of the class ofWiener models lies in the parallel Wiener model class. This paper presents amethod to estimate the linear time-invariant blocks of such parallel Wienermodels from input/output data only. The proposed estimation methodcombines the knowledge obtained by estimating the best linear approxima-tion of a nonlinear system with a dimension reduction method to estimatethe linear time-invariant blocks present in the model. The estimation of thestatic nonlinearity is fairly easy once the linear blocks are known.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Combining the best linear approximation and dimension reduction to identify thelinear blocks of parallel Wiener systems
  • 42.
    Axelsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Discrete-time Solutions to the Continuous-time Differential Lyapunov Equation With Applications to Kalman Filtering2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Prediction and filtering of continuous-time stochastic processes  require a solver of a continuous-time differential Lyapunov equation (CDLE).   Even though this can be recast into an ordinary differential equation (ODE),  where standard solvers can be applied, the dominating approach in  Kalman filter applications is to discretize the system and then  apply the discrete-time difference Lyapunov equation (DDLE). To avoid problems with  stability and poor accuracy, oversampling is often used. This  contribution analyzes over-sampling strategies, and proposes a  low-complexity analytical solution that does not involve  oversampling. The results are illustrated on Kalman filtering  problems in both linear and nonlinear systems.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 43.
    Lingegård, Sofia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Lindahl, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Svensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Funktionsupphandling av järnvägsinfrastruktur2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid byggnation och underhåll av infrastruktur för järnväg används stora mängder av olika material, vilket medför stor miljöpåverkan från de tidiga produktionsstegen, till exempel råvaruutvinning. Hittills har Trafikverket inte haft något uttalad livscykeltänkande i sitt arbete med upphandlingar. Trafikverket behöver arbeta med miljöledning av nya produkter och välja de mest resurssnåla produkterna i ett livscykelperspektiv. En bättre planerad och förebyggande verksamhet för drift och underhåll skulle möjliggöra förlängd livslängd för järnvägsprodukter.

    Integrerade produkt‐ och tjänsteerbjudanden (till exempel funktions‐ eller resultatorienterade kontrakt) är en affärsmodell som används av allt fler företag. Affärsmodelltypen benämns ofta även som funktionsförsäljning och kan beskrivas som ett livscykelkontrakt med funktionsåtagande. Tidigare forskning har visat att denna typ av affärsmodell, ofta ökar drivkrafterna för förändring och därmed ökad kosteffektivitet och kvalitet ur ett livscykelperspektiv.

    Det övergripande syftet med det här projektet är att;

    ta fram metoder, som stödjer Trafikverket, att utveckla sina sätt att utformaupphandlingsspecifikationer.

    Mer specifikt så har det undersöks om integrerade produkt‐ och tjänsteerbjudande kan förbättra förvaltningen av järnvägsinfrastruktur, och vad skulle i sådant fall en implementering innebära för riskfaktorer samt hur kan kontrakten utvärderas ekonomiskt‐ och miljömässigt?

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Funktionsupphandling av järnvägsinfrastruktur
  • 44.
    Granström, Karl
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Orguner, Umut
    Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Middle East Technical University.
    Implementation of the GIW-PHD filter2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report contains pseudo-code for, and a computational complexity analysis of, the Gaussian inverse Wishart Probability Hypothesis Density filter.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT03
  • 45.
    Skoglar, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Information Based Planning for Aerial Exploration2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploration is in this work defined as the task of efficient information gathering of areas, building, roads, etc., by controlling a pan/tilt camera on a sensor platform. Good exploration is characterized by several images from different directions of the areas of interests and that the images can be used to create maps, video mosaics and multi-view imagery for anomaly and change detection. In this paper an aerial exploration framework based on the information filter is presented. The work is inspired by research on optimal trajectory for bearings-only tracking. A number of static grid points represent the area to be explored and the problem is to plan the trajectory of the sensor platform and the pointing direction of the camera to maximize the exploration performance of the grid points.

  • 46.
    Petersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Löfberg, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Model Reduction using a Frequency-Limited H2-Cost2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a method for model reduction on a given frequency range, without having to specify input and output filter weights. The method uses a nonlinear optimization approach where we formulate a H2 like cost function which only takes the given frequency range into account. We derive a gradient of the proposed cost function which enables us to use off-the-shelf optimization software. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Model Reduction using a Frequency-Limited H2-Cost
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    FULLTEXT03
  • 47.
    Nilsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sundström, Christofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nyberg, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Frisk, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Krysander, Mattias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Fordonssystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Offline driving pattern detection and identification under usage disturbances2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Optimizing the configuration of a wheel loader to customer needs can lead to a significant increase in efficiency with respect to fuel economy, cost, component dimensioning etc. Experience show that even modest customer adaptation can save around 20% of fuel cost. A key motivator for this work is that wheel loader manufacturers in general does not have full information about customer usage of the machine and the main objective here is to develop an algorithm that automatically, using only production sensors, extracts information about the usage of a machine at a specific customer site. Two main challenges are that sensors are not located with respect to this task and the significant usage disturbances that typically occur during operation. The proposed solution is a robust method, based on a mix of techniques using basic signal processing, state automaton techniques, and parameter estimation algorithms. A key property of the method is the method of combining, individually very simple, basic techniques in a scheme where robustness are introduced. The approach is evaluated on measured data of a wheel loader loading gravel and shot rock.

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    Offline driving pattern detection and identification under usage disturbances
  • 48.
    Roth, Michael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    On the Multivariate t Distribution2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This technical report summarizes a number of results for the multivariate t distribution which can exhibit heavier tails than the Gaussian distribution. It is shown how t random variables can be generated, the probability density function (pdf) is derived, and marginal and conditional densities of partitioned t random vectors are presented. Moreover, a brief comparison with the multivariate Gaussian distribution is provided. The derivations of several results are given in an extensive appendix.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    On the Multivariate t Distribution
  • 49.
    Simon, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Löfberg, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Glad, Torkel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Reference Tracking MPC using Terminal Set Scaling2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A common assumption when proving stability of linear MPC algorithms fort racking applications is to assume that the desired setpoint is located farinto the interior of the feasible set. The reason for this is that the terminal state constraint set which is centered around the setpoint must be contained within the feasible set. In many applications this assumption can be severly limiting since the terminal set is relatively large and therefore limits how close the setpoint can be to the boundary of the feasible set. We present simple modifications that can be performed in order to guarantee stability and convergence to setpoints located arbitrarily close to the boundary of the feasible set. The main idea is to introduce a scaling variable which dynamically scales the terminal state constraint set and therefore allowsa setpoint to be located arbitrarily close to the boundary. In addition to this the concept of pseudo setpoints are used to gain the maximum possible region of attraction and to handle infeasible references. Recursive feasibility and convergence to the desired setpoint, or its closest feasible alternative, is proven and a motivating example of controlling an agile fighter aircraftis given.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 50.
    Skoglar, Per
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Orguner, Umut
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Törnqvist, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för systemteknik, Reglerteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Road Target Search and Tracking with Gimballed Vision Sensor on a UAV2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This work considers a sensor management problem where a number of road bounded vehicles are monitored by a UAV with a gimballed vision sensor. The problem is to keep track of all discovered targets and simultaneously search for new targets by controlling the pointing direction of the vision sensor and the motion of the UAV. A planner based on a state-machine is proposed with three different modes; target tracking, known target search, and new target search. A high-level decision maker chooses among these sub-tasks to obtain an overall situational awareness. A utility measure for evaluating the combined search and target tracking performance is also proposed. By using this measure it is possible to evaluate and compare the rewards of updating known targets versus searching for new targets in the same framework. The targets are assumed to be road bounded and the road network information is used both to improve the tracking and sensor management performance. The tracking and search are based on flexible target density representations provided by particle mixtures and deterministic grids.

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