liu.seSök publikationer i DiVA
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1 - 16 av 16
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Yuksekdag, Yusuf
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kultur och estetik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Doctors Behind Borders: The Ethics of Skilled Worker Emigration2019Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling i tillämpad etik består av fyra artiklar jämte en längre introduktion. Samtliga artiklar behandlar etiska aspekter på emigrationen av högutbildad vårdpersonal från utvecklingsländer och resursfattiga regioner, ett fenomen som ofta beskrivs som medicinsk kunskapsflykt (Medical Brain Drain). Utifrån normativ etisk teori analyseras i vilken utsträckning, om alls, utvecklingsländers ansatser att säkerställa nationella vård- och omsorgsbehov med hjälp av begränsningar av vårdpersonals mobilitet kan anses vara etiskt försvarbara. I avhandlingen analyseras också olika intressenters skyldigheter och rättigheter utifrån teorier om ansvar och rättigheter. Det gäller bland annat frågan om sjukvårdspersonalens individuella ansvar att stanna i hemlandet för att tillgodose grundläggande vårdbehov hos befolkningen.

    Avhandlingen bidrar med ett klargörande av (i) argument för och emot begränsningar av vårdpersonals rätt att lämna landet, (ii) relaterade rättighets- och intressekonflikters natur och (iii) teoretiskt förankrade rekommendationer för hur denna typ av konflikter bör hanteras. Avhandlingen synliggör etiskt relevanta följder av obligatoriska vårdprogram för olika intressegrupper (stakeholders) som stater, vårdgivare, vårdpersonal och vårdtagare, liksom vilka rättigheter och skyldigheter som står på spel, som exempelvis rätten att fritt lämna sitt land och rätten till grundläggande hälso- och sjukvård. Sammantaget bidrar avhandlingen med en grundlig analys av skäl för och emot begränsningar av den fundamentala men sparsamt analyserade mänskliga rättigheten att lämna det egna landet.

    Delarbeten
    1. Health Without Care? Vulnerability, Medical Brain Drain, and Health Worker Responsibilities in Underserved Contexts
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Health Without Care? Vulnerability, Medical Brain Drain, and Health Worker Responsibilities in Underserved Contexts
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Health Care Analysis, ISSN 1065-3058, E-ISSN 1573-3394, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 17-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    There is a consensus that the effects of medical brain drain, especially in the Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, ought to be perceived as more than a simple misfortune. Temporary restrictions on the emigration of health workers from the region is one of the already existing policy measures to tackle the issue - while such a restrictive measure brings about the need for quite a justificatory work. A recent normative contribution to the debate by Gillian Brock provides a fruitful starting point. In the first step of her defence of emigration restrictions, Brock provides three reasons why skilled workers themselves would hold responsibilities to assist with respect to vital needs of their compatriots. These are fair reciprocity, duty to support vital institutions, and attending to the unintended harmful consequences of one's actions. While the first two are explained and also largely discussed in the literature, the third requires an explication on how and on which basis skilled workers would have a responsibility as such. In this article, I offer a vulnerability approach with its dependency aspect that may account for why the health workers in underserved contexts would have a responsibility to attend to the unintended side effects of their actions that may lead to a vital risk of harm for the population. I discuss HIV/AIDS care in Zimbabwe as a case in point in order to show that local health workers may have responsibilities to assist the population who are vulnerable to their mobility.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Springer, 2018
    Nyckelord
    medical brain drain, ethics, vulnerability, Zimbabwe, HIV/AIDS, health workers
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Etik Filosofi Medicinsk etik Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-134570 (URN)10.1007/s10728-017-0342-x (DOI)000425320600002 ()28224293 (PubMedID)
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Stiftelsen Lars Hiertas Minne, FO2013-0484
    Anmärkning

    Funding agencies: Stiftelsen Lars Hiertas Minne [FO2013-0484]

    Tillgänglig från: 2017-02-16 Skapad: 2017-02-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-27
    2. How to Understand Limitations of the Right to Exit with Respect to Losses Associated with Health Worker Emigration: A Clarification
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How to Understand Limitations of the Right to Exit with Respect to Losses Associated with Health Worker Emigration: A Clarification
    2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Etikk i praksis, ISSN 1890-3991, E-ISSN 1890-4009, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 69-86Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    There is a recent interest in the ethics of high-skilled worker emigration through which the limitations of the right to exit are discussed. Insightful arguments have been made in favour of (or against) the emigration restrictions on skilled workers in order to tackle the deprivations in developing countries. However, there is still a need for clarification on how we can understand, discuss and implement limitations of a right from a normative perspective. Significantly, how we understand the limitation of a right might determine how we approach such limitations –both in terms ofthe process of assessing the limitations and in terms of their implications. In this paper, I identify two distinct ways to understand limitations of the right to exit with respect to losses associated with health worker emigration, while also pointing totheir implications for restrictive policies: (i) as a matter of scope, and (ii) as a matter of weight or emergency, which requires a compensatory scheme for the individual right holders. While the emergency restrictions seem to be a point of convergence in the literature, what defines an emergency and the nature of the compensation still warrant exploration. To that end, I also discuss from a normative perspective what might constitute a public emergency that would give states a prima facie prerogative to regulate temporary limitations on the exercise of the right to exit. In addition, I briefly introduce the implications of emergency restrictions, with a particular focus on compensatory schemes for individual right holders.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Akademika forlag, 2018
    Nyckelord
    compensation, emergency, health worker emigration, right limitations, right to exit
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Globaliseringsstudier Etik Filosofi Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152885 (URN)10.5324/eip.v12i2.2433 (DOI)000451375500006 ()
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-11-27 Skapad: 2018-11-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-05-27Bibliografiskt granskad
    3. The Right to Exit and Skilled Labour Emigration: Ethical Considerations for Compulsory Health Service Programmes
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Right to Exit and Skilled Labour Emigration: Ethical Considerations for Compulsory Health Service Programmes
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Developing World Bioethics, ISSN 1471-8731, E-ISSN 1471-8847, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 169-179Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Compulsory (health) service contracts have recently received considerable attention in the normative literature. The service contracts are considered and offered as a permissible and liberal alternative to emigration restrictions if individuals relinquish their right to exit via contract in exchange for the state-funded tertiary education. To that end, the recent normative literature on the service programmes has particularly focused on discussing the circumstances or conditions in which the contracts should be signed, so that they are morally binding on the part of the skilled workers. However, little attention is devoted to the relevance of the right to exit for the debate on compulsory service programmes. In this paper, I argue that even if the service contracts are voluntary, and thus the would-be medical students voluntarily relinquish their right to exit, the reasons behind the right should be taken into account for the contracts to be morally valid. A clear understanding of the right to exit is a must in order not to breach its basic components and for the service contracts to be morally binding. To that end, I provide two accounts of the reasons to value the right to exit by presenting Patti Lenard’s discussion of the right and by reconstructing James Griffin’s account of human rights. I conclude by offering brief ethical considerations for compulsory health service programmes grounded in the reasons to value the right to exit.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Inc., 2019
    Nyckelord
    compulsory service, ethics, right to exit, contract, health workers, migration
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Etik Filosofi Medicinsk etik Statsvetenskap (exklusive studier av offentlig förvaltning och globaliseringsstudier) Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER)
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-152001 (URN)10.1111/dewb.12217 (DOI)000483705700007 ()30548442 (PubMedID)
    Tillgänglig från: 2018-12-12 Skapad: 2018-12-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-09-23Bibliografiskt granskad
    4. Individual Responsibilities in Partial Compliance: Skilled Health Worker Emigration from Under-Served Regions
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Individual Responsibilities in Partial Compliance: Skilled Health Worker Emigration from Under-Served Regions
    2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: Public Health Ethics, ISSN 1754-9973, E-ISSN 1754-9981, s. 1-10, artikel-id phz016Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    One of the ways to address the effects of skilled worker emigration is to restrict the movement of skilled workers. However, even if skilled workers have responsibilities to assist their compatriots, what if other parties, such as affluent countries or source country governments, do not fulfil their fair share of responsibilities? This discussion raises an interesting problem about how to think of individual responsibilities under partial compliance where other agents (including affluent countries, developing states, or other individuals) do not fulfil their fair share of responsibilities. What is fair to expect from them? Taking health worker emigration as a case in point, I discuss whether the individual health workers’ fair share of responsibilities to address basic health care needs decreases or increases when the other parties do not fulfil their share. First, I review the responsibilities that different stakeholders may hold. Second, I argue that there are strong reasons against increasing or decreasing health workers’ fair share of responsibilities in a situation of partial compliance. I also argue that it is unfair for non-complier states to enforce health workers to fulfil their fair share or take up the slack.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Internationell Migration och Etniska Relationer (IMER) Etik
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161454 (URN)10.1093/phe/phz016 (DOI)
    Tillgänglig från: 2019-11-01 Skapad: 2019-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-01Bibliografiskt granskad
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Doctors Behind Borders: The Ethics of Skilled Worker Emigration
    Ladda ner (png)
    presentationsbild
  • 2. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Petersson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Värde, känsla och fiktion: fem studier om Uppsalaskolan och Axel Hägerströms moralfilosofi2017 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För mer än 40 år sedan disputerade jag i Uppsala på en avhandling om Axel Hägerströms värdeteori. Under åren har jag sedan i olika sammanhang, i artiklar och föreläsningar, återvänt till Hägerström. Redan som student fascinerades jag av hans texter, och även om jag varit kritisk mot vissa teser och argumentationer hos honom, så hyser jag en stor beundran inför det han åstadkommit. Jag sympatiserar starkt med hans ambition att skapa hållbara begrepp för vårt tänkande och för vår beskrivning av världen, och med hans konsekventa utrensande av teser som saknar grund eller innebär meningslösheter. Det ofrånkomliga kravet på motsägelsefrihet och betonandet av analys som filosofins metod är andra väsentliga och tilltalande komponenter i hans filosofi. Jag menar inte att han alltigenom lyckats i sina ambitioner eller att vi måste ansluta oss till hans olika teorier. Ibland är han mer av visionär och förkunnare än kritisk filosof och hans argumentationer vacklar. Men Hägerströms resonemang och teser rör centrala områden inom filosofin och det är, menar jag, en viktig uppgift att tolka och granska dem. Det är också viktigt att vi håller kunskapen om hans filosofi levande. Hans arbeten utgör ett av de tyngsta bidragen till svensk filosofihistoria hitintills…

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Värde, känsla och fiktion: Fem studier om Uppsalaskolan och Axel Hägerströms moralfilosofi
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    omslag
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 3.
    Kanakulya, Dickson
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Governance and Development of the East African Community: The Ethical Sustainability Framework2015Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The pursuit of sustainability of governance and development has become a major challenge in contemporary times because of increasing realization that: various ecological and social systems are interconnected; and the complexity of our natural and constructed environs requires holistic approaches to avoid catastrophic fissures in the systems on which humans depend. As regional governments such as the East African Community (EAC) become important in Africa (and other regions), they present opportunities to generate cross-national approaches to achieving sustainability albeit success in that direction is limited and sporadic. In order to mitigate the underlying causes of that situation, we need to reconceptualize and reconstruct sustainability thinking and policy. From an applied ethics perspective, the study set out to explicate the value of and constructively generate a more viable conceptualization of sustainability in relation to the EAC. The study used qualitative methodology; designed as an atypical regionalization case-study and an analytical-constructive research; compatible research tools were employed in interrogating and analyzing secondary sources relating to member states of the EAC and the research was executed between 2011 and 2014.

    The research found a divergence between the two main conceptual approaches to sustainability in Africa, namely, the ‘Market inspired sustainability’ (MIS) logic and the ‘Traditional African sustainability’ (TAS) logic. The study also uncovered colonial Social Darwinism as a major underlying governance philosophy that motivated the EAC’s former colonial rulers; which became a key ingredient in the application of a colonial-functionalist approach to the region’s earlier integration project (EAC-1).This was traced as a major premise on which the unsustainabilities within the contemporary regionalization project (EAC-2) were crafted. The research also found some acceptable levels of competence in regional governance within the individual EAC member countries in terms of: i) hierarchical, ii) network, and iii) market styles of metagovernance. However, closer analysis revealed: i) an inverse relationship between transfer of capabilities from colonizers to natives (TCCN) and the sustainability of postindependence states (SPIS); and ii)a directly proportional relationship between colonial governance style (CGS) and the economic performance of post-colonial (EPPC) East African countries. It also revealed an ambitious but inadequately grounded drive to expand the EAC project without due attention being given to existing faultlines of possible disintegration such as: perpetuation of colonially-initiated injustices, citizens’ incapacity to partake of the benefits of the integration, and low levels of integrity, among others.

    The EAC faces a risk of turning into colonial victimization and villainization writ large; which is unsustainable due to the social laws of victim-disaffection (ViD) and villain-encumbrance (ViE). Further analysis showed that these faultlines of disintegration could be exasperated internally by the governance styles and stances taken by the ruling regimes of the core member states: Kenya’s Jubilee Alliance Party (JAP) has to balance between the forces of ethnically inspired devolution and multicultural capitalism; Tanzania’s Chama Cha Mapimduzi (CCM) still has to overcome a socialist single-party hangover and manage the political marriage between the mainland and the island; and Uganda’s National Resistance Movement (NRM) has chosen a governance philosophy of hybrid Marxism. From a justice point of view, the study advocates for establishing a Regional Basic Structure (RBS) that uses a ‘one-step original position’ as a mitigation measure. The RBS should befounded on universal egalitarianism so as to minimize misrepresentation and diminish the political elitist culture of betrayal of the electorate at all levels of representative leadership.

    In a reconstructive fashion, the research amplified the classical philosophical position that ethical values within society (the ethical fabric) provide the foundation on which other dimensions of sustainability are built. On the basis of that premise, the study generated and proposes the Comprehensive Ethical Sustainability (CES) frameworkas a scheme of axiomized ethical principles designed to be used towards the realization of the sustainability of systems and processes. The CES scheme is a principlistic recasting of selected intuitively valuable dominant approaches to development; designed to be convertible into a comprehensive program of action (or sets of regional policies) towards the attainment of governance and development sustainability in an integrated EAC. The CES framework is fashioned as a reorganized, multi-dimensional cocktail of i) compound, ii) compatible and iii) complimentary principles of: i) Justice, ii) Capabilities, iii) Ubuntu and iv) Integrity, whose application would make the regional bloc sustainable. These principles are considered and proposed as pillars in the: i) theorization of sustainability; and ii) policy formulation, structural arrangements and individual action aimed at sustainability.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 4. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Romare, Johanna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Etik och ekonomiskt handlande: En undersökning av moral och egenintresse2014Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling behandlar frågan om i vilken utsträckning ett egenintresserat handlande kan vara etiskt berättigat. Utgångspunkten för analysen är homo economicus, den neoklassiska ekonomiska teorins antagande att individer är rationella och ultimat motiveras av sitt egenintresse.

    Efter en kort översikt av grunddragen i den neoklassiska ekonomiska teorin analyseras och preciseras egenskaperna hos homo economicus. Därefter utformas en normativ etisk teori för individer med anknytning till John Rawls teori om rättvisa. Syftet är att utforma ett teoretiskt ramverk för den etiska bedömningen av egenintresserat handlande. I det avslutande kapitlet tillämpas den rawlsianska etiska teorin på frågor om beskattning och skatteundandragande. Tillämpningen visar att skatteundandragande kränker ett flertal av den rawlsianska etiska teorins principer. Avslutningsvis diskuteras även skattereduktion för hushållsnära tjänster, RUT-avdraget, som ett medel för att komma tillrätta med skatteundandragande i vissa särskilt utsatta branscher. Jag hävdar att skattereduktion för städhjälp kan berättigas utifrån den rawlsianska etiska teorin, medan det ifrågasatta avdraget för läxhjälp inte kan berättigas.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Etik och ekonomiskt handlande: En undersökning av moral och egenintresse
    Ladda ner (pdf)
    omslag
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    presentationsbild
  • 5.
    Palm, Elin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    An e-turn in the Swedish health care: "e" as in ethical?2013Ingår i: ICT-ethics: Sweden and Japan / [ed] Elin Palm, Linköping: Linköping University, Centre for Applied Ethics , 2013, s. 43-53Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This symposium is a joint initiative of the Centre for Applied Ethics(CTE) at the University of Linköping, Sweden and the Centre for Business Information Ethics (CBIE) at Meiji University, Tokyo, Japan, with participants from Linköping University, Meiji University and Uppsala University. The symposium is free of charge and open to all.

  • 6.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Social Justice: Perspectives from Uganda2013Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    SOCIAL JUSTICE, HEALTH AND POVERTY IN UGANDA

    John Barugahare

    Injustice in Uganda manifests in many ways. One most serious, yet least discussed social injustice, is inequity in Health. Although there are two equally important aims of health systems – efficiency and equity, in Uganda too much focus has been on ensuring efficiency and as a consequence concerns of equity have been relegated. Ultimately, health policy in Uganda has disproportionately negatively affected the poor’s livelihoods in general and the trend seems to be worsening by day. Even though it is possible to borrow a leaf from the Western literature on how to design a good health policy, low income countries like Uganda have special features that render the extrapolation of the Western input good but not enough. In particular, these special features are the level of resource constraints, poverty and the financing mechanism of health care services. These three have very serious implications for equity in health. In general, there is a lot of injustice in the Uganda health care and this has been mainly due to poverty levels and the financing mechanism which the system relies on. Hence, there is an urgent need to concentrate on a discussion of injustice in health because health enhances people’s functionings and is a mandatory condition for people’s enjoyment of other life opportunities to the extent that if a section of a society is made to suffer injustice in health, this will translate into injustice in all the dimensions of their lives. This is something that fair‐minded people cannot afford to live with for long. Therefore, it is important in this work to illustrate how the above three special features play to cause and sustain inequity in Uganda health care system and to  suggest the starting point to overcoming this injustice, not only in Uganda but as a general trend in health policy analysis.

    THE POLITICS OF RESTORING ETHICS AND THE CHALLENGE OF PATRIOTISM IN SERVICE DELIVERY IN UGANDA’S PUBLIC SERVICE

    Dickson Kanakulya

    Reports indicate that there is an erosion of professionalism and ethics across most of the East African public service systems and this is limiting the efficient service delivery and negatively impacts on social justice. Because of this challenge many approaches are being applied to mitigate it, such as the institutional, legal, cultural and the political. This paper discusses the political approach and particularly problematizes the political push for patriotism in Uganda. Most of the critique and analysis was done while carrying out research and consultancy with Makerere Centre for Applied Ethics (MACAE) in selected districts in Uganda under the project “Pro‐poor Integrity” (PPI) funded by Tiri and DFID. The paper argues that the government’s policy of patriotism is more of politicking than real improvement of service delivery to the people. Political interference in public service has engendered a culture of impunity and increased unethical conduct among ‘politically‐connected’ civil servants right from the grass root service to the top administration, The paper argues that if ethics in Uganda’s public administration is to improve politicians ought  to be divorce party‐biased ideology from the patriotism discourse such that it can appeal to a wider spectrum of Ugandans.

    PERSISTENT COLONIAL COERCION IN CONTEMPORARY UGANDA: FOUNDATION OF SOCIAL INJUSTICES IN THE COUNTRY

    Gervase Tusabe

    Since 1962, all Uganda’s major centres of power i.e., political, economic and military have always been dominated by a chosen few, and the attendant wealth that goes with such powers has always been disproportionately enjoyed in favour of these chosen few when a considerable large number of people in the country are living under the weight of abject poverty.

    The major argument advanced in this paper is that the fundamental cause of this experience of injustice in Uganda is the persistent domestic colonial mode of political administration that is managed by a particular closed group of individuals who more or less conspired to work together to promote their self‐centred interests at the cost of deliberately ignoring the legitimate interests of the Ugandans who are outside their group.

    STRUCTURAL INJUSTICES AND THE ETHICS OF ENGENDERING POVERTY ERADICATION POLICIES IN UGANDA

    Michael George Kizito

    Since time immemorial, poverty reduction interventions in Sub‐Saharan Africa like everywhere in the South, have focused on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism). According to this perspective, in order to lift human persons out of poverty, it is imperative to integrate poor persons into poverty eradication interventions irrespective of sex, social status and gender. Scholars and institutions that subscribed to this conception of poverty thought that individuals were poor because of personal weaknesses (case poverty).This perspective has been greatly challenged due to the upsurge of gender and human rights scholarship in the 20th century. Gender scholars have painstakingly argued that in order to understand poverty, we need to look at society (ethical collectivism). They have rejected the Women in Development(WID) discourse that aims at integrating women into the development process in favour of the Gender and Development(GAD) approach to development and poverty reduction that aims at confronting power relations between men and women (empowerment).This GAD perspective looks at poverty in terms of the powerlessness speared head by prevailing structures in society (structural poverty) and hence the need to empower vulnerable persons such as women to challenge structures and strictures of oppression. The International Monetary fund (IMF) and World Bank as vehement promoters of economism in Sub‐Saharan Africa for decades have urged governments to include the perspectives of the poor in poverty polices through what they call participatory poverty assessments (PPAs). Despite its deceptive appearance, this PPAs stance of the IMF and World Bank tacitly looks at poverty as a case and not structural issue and that is why Uganda’s ambitious poverty reduction policy though greatly informed by Participatory Poverty Assessments greatly ignores structures and strictures that render women vulnerable to poverty. This paper critically assesses the obliviousness of Uganda’s Agricultural poverty policy to structures and how this has militated on the gender poverty production in Uganda. The paper contends that in order to realise engendered poverty eradication in Uganda, it is pertinent for the agricultural policy to ultimately make paradigm shift from focusing on the individual as the basic ingredient of a moral society (ethical individualism) to confronting structures and strictures that disempower and vulnerablelise individual moral agents (ethical collectivism).

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Social Justice: Perspectives from Uganda
  • 7.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Avdelningen för kulturvetenskaper, KVA. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    A Secular State?2010Ingår i: Identity and pluralism : ethnicity, religion and values / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköping: LiU-Tryckk , 2010, s. 80-102Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Challenges to Malaysian Pluralism – the Policy of Affirmative Action2010Ingår i: Identity and Pluralism: Religion, Ethnicity, Values / [ed] Göran Collste, Linköpings universitet , 2010, 1, s. 47-60Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication contains presentations from the workshop “Identity and Pluralism” held at Linköping University in Sweden in June 2008.

    ¨The first article by Reevany Bustami, Ellisha Nasruddin and Sarmila Md Sum offers a critique of the ‘diversity and inclusion’ discussions in the present CSR discourse. In doing so, it seeks to expand the parameters of diversity to include the broader community as well as the supply chain networks within which companies exist. It also examines the issues of diversity and pluralism within the context of multi religious and multi ethnic Malaysian society as well as the continuing debates of affirmative action originated from Malaysia’s New Economic Policy (NEP).

    In their essay on pluralism in Malaysian higher education Ellisha Nasruddin, Reevany Bustami and Ng Sen Fa discuss: 1) key future trends/alternatives within higher education and their cross-impacts; 2) how these trends/alternatives may create undesirable or desirable impact on ethnic pluralism; and 3) roadmap(s) for transformation within higher education vis-a-vis ethnic pluralism.

    What is the role of Christian churches in Malaysia? Göran Wiking discusses the isolationist characteristics inherent in some Malaysian churches and denominations. Secondly, a brief analysis of the phenomenon is attempted: is this a genuine or just a perceived impediment to national integration? Are there in fact indicators to the contrary, whereby a certain degree of ethnic isolation can serve to strengthen identity and foster more wholesome members of the society at large?

    Göran Collste discusses one aspect of Malaysian political pluralism; the policy of affirmative action. Affirmative action is favouring Malays and to be Muslim is one of the requirements for being beneficiary of affirmative action. He points at some problems for the policy of affirmative action in a time with increased religious tensions and an increased emphasis on religious affiliation as identity marker.

    What are the conditions for a real dialogue between members of different ethnic and religious groups? Peter Gan argues that openness to transformation by the other is not strictly speaking an ethic of reducing the other to the self. Rather, it is an orientation that is predicated upon a symmetric self-other relation. In exploring this form of openness, the author attempts to unravel the intricacies embedded within the dialogic process which permeates interethnic, particularly interreligious relations.

    The concept “secular state” is nowadays often used in both everyday discourse and scholarly debate. Often it comes with normative connotations; that the democratic state should be secular. However, the exact meaning of the concept is not clear. In his essay Marcus Agnafors examines different meanings of the concept “secular state”. He also discusses some arguments commonly presented in support of the idea that the state should, in some sense, be secular.

    Finally, Anne-Christine Hornborg’s essay deals with the struggle for identity by an Indian tribe in Canada. She discusses the impact of the so called residential school on contemporary Mi’kmaq life worlds and identities, drawing on interviews from fieldworks conducted in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

  • 9.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Identity and Pluralism: Ethnicity, Religion and Values2010Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication contains presentations from the workshop “Identity and Pluralism” held at Linköping University in Sweden in June 2008.

    ¨The first article by Reevany Bustami, Ellisha Nasruddin and Sarmila Md Sum offers a critique of the ‘diversity and inclusion’ discussions in the present CSR discourse. In doing so, it seeks to expand the parameters of diversity to include the broader community as well as the supply chain networks within which companies exist. It also examines the issues of diversity and pluralism within the context of multi religious and multi ethnic Malaysian society as well as the continuing debates of affirmative action originated from Malaysia’s New Economic Policy (NEP).

    In their essay on pluralism in Malaysian higher education Ellisha Nasruddin, Reevany Bustami and Ng Sen Fa discuss: 1) key future trends/alternatives within higher education and their cross-impacts; 2) how these trends/alternatives may create undesirable or desirable impact on ethnic pluralism; and 3) roadmap(s) for transformation within higher education vis-a-vis ethnic pluralism.

    What is the role of Christian churches in Malaysia? Göran Wiking discusses the isolationist characteristics inherent in some Malaysian churches and denominations. Secondly, a brief analysis of the phenomenon is attempted: is this a genuine or just a perceived impediment to national integration? Are there in fact indicators to the contrary, whereby a certain degree of ethnic isolation can serve to strengthen identity and foster more wholesome members of the society at large?

    Göran Collste discusses one aspect of Malaysian political pluralism; the policy of affirmative action. Affirmative action is favouring Malays and to be Muslim is one of the requirements for being beneficiary of affirmative action. He points at some problems for the policy of affirmative action in a time with increased religious tensions and an increased emphasis on religious affiliation as identity marker.

    What are the conditions for a real dialogue between members of different ethnic and religious groups? Peter Gan argues that openness to transformation by the other is not strictly speaking an ethic of reducing the other to the self. Rather, it is an orientation that is predicated upon a symmetric self-other relation. In exploring this form of openness, the author attempts to unravel the intricacies embedded within the dialogic process which permeates interethnic, particularly interreligious relations.

    The concept “secular state” is nowadays often used in both everyday discourse and scholarly debate. Often it comes with normative connotations; that the democratic state should be secular. However, the exact meaning of the concept is not clear. In his essay Marcus Agnafors examines different meanings of the concept “secular state”. He also discusses some arguments commonly presented in support of the idea that the state should, in some sense, be secular.

    Finally, Anne-Christine Hornborg’s essay deals with the struggle for identity by an Indian tribe in Canada. She discusses the impact of the so called residential school on contemporary Mi’kmaq life worlds and identities, drawing on interviews from fieldworks conducted in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Identity and Pluralism : Ethnicity, Religion and Values
  • 10.
    Petersson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    A Beginning2007Ingår i: Perspectives on Applied Ethics / [ed] Göran Collste, Linöping: Linköpings universitet, Centrum för tillämpad etik , 2007, s. 7-21Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Centrum för tillämpad etik. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation.
    Perspectives on Applied Ethics2007Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Applied ethics is a growing, interdisciplinary field dealing with ethical problems in different areas of society. It includes for instance social and political ethics, computer ethics, medical ethics, bioethics, envi-ronmental ethics, business ethics, and it also relates to different forms of professional ethics.

    From the perspective of ethics, applied ethics is a specialisation in one area of ethics. From the perspective of social practice applying eth-ics is to focus on ethical aspects and implications of that particular practice.

    The Erasmus Mundus Masters Course in Applied Ethics is supported by the European Union. The programme is a collaboration between three European universities; Linköping University, The Centre for Ap-plied Ethics, (Sweden), Utrecht University, the Ethics Institute, (The Netherlands), and the Norwegian University of Science and Technol-ogy, Department of Philosophy, Programme for Applied Ethics (Nor-way).

    Each year, the programme starts with a common introduction for all students. During this introduction, the teachers present different per-spectives on applied ethics. In this volume the introductions are pub-lished. They give a broad view of different aspects on applied ethics.

    Göran Collste

    Programme coordinator

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Perspectives on Applied Ethics
  • 12.
    Petersson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Filosofi. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Värdering och faktum: studier i Hans Larssons moralfilosofi2004Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Petersson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för religion och kultur, Filosofi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Applied Ethics and Reflective Equilibrium2000Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 14.
    Petersson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Enheten för Filosofi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    What is this Thing Called Reflective Equilibrium2000Ingår i: Applied ethics and reflective equilibrium 2000 CTE / [ed] Bo Petersson, Linköping: Linköping University , 2000, Vol. S. 7-25, s. 23-44Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Petersson, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Forskningsetisk vägning, 1: forskningens värde1999Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Nikku, Nina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap, Avdelningen för sociologi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Etik och politik: Fyra föredrag från ett symposium1997Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
1 - 16 av 16
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf