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  • 1.
    Sommar, Carl-Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nordensvärd, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Garcia, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Autonomy and paternalism – framing Swedish COVID-19 restriction policy2024In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden became an outlier among the Nordic countries in handling the COVID-19 pandemic. While the Nordic countries have historically shared a social democratic welfare state regime, with strong cooperation and harmonization of social policies, their responses to the pandemic showcased fundamental differences to that of Sweden. In particular, Sweden’s prioritization of individual civil liberties over social rights diverged from the more coercive approaches of Finland and Norway, which placed greater emphasis on public health and social welfare. This study examines the media framing surrounding the contrasting Swedish approach and highlights the dichotomy between statist individualism/autonomy and welfare paternalism/interdependence that has been an inherent part of the Swedish welfare state framing. Employing interpretive policy analysis, the study explores the media narratives used by policy actors to frame their pandemic response in terms of individual autonomy and governmental paternalism. We identified two contrasting perspectives on governance regarding the COVID-19 policy strategy. One framing perspective backed the strategy, emphasizing the importance of safeguarding individual autonomy and minimizing central control. The other viewpoint demanded a lockdown and criticized the Swedish response as too lenient. This deviated from usual Swedish political alignments and created a polarized and lively debate around the core values of individual autonomy, agency, and central governmental paternalism. 

  • 2.
    Järnland, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Garcia, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kommunernas lägesbildsrapportering under Covid-19 pandemin: Ett medel för regional samverkan eller statlig styrning?2023Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den globala Corona-pandemin vände upp och ner på mycket i världen och vi lärde oss att leva tillsammans på nya sätt. Hanteringen av covid-19 viruset och den påföljande pandemin var en gemensam global angelägenhet. Men alla de åtgärder som gjorts i vardagen för att bromsa spridningen och minska konsekvenserna var en lokal och regional angelägenhet. I Sverige och Norden har de lokala och regionala demokratiska sammanslutningarna stort självbestämmande och självstyre. I en kris krävs det att de självstyrande enheterna koordineras och samverkar på bra sätt. Därför är det angeläget att analysera hur sådan koordinering och samverkan gått till för att lära oss till kommande kriser.

    I den här rapporten beskrivs hur samordningen av kommuners pandemihantering skett genom att studera de lagstadgade styrmedlen – lägesbilder. Lägesbilder är ett sätt att beskriva vad som sker kontinuerligt och genom att dela och jämföra dessa är avsikten att skapa möjligheter till bättre styrning och samordning av krishanteringen. Rapporten är huvudsakligen empirisk och materialet samlades främst in under hösten 2022. Förste författaren Erik Järnland var under den perioden praktikant i forskargruppen och har sedan följt upp och skrivit samman rapporten under hösten 2023 då han arbetade som forskningsassistent. Dessa beskrivningar, som tyvärr tyder på att krishanteringen inte blev så samordnad och att lägesbilderna inte hade den avsedda effekten, kommer fortsatt att analyseras i vetenskapliga artiklar.

    Vi vill här rikta ett stort tack till alla dem som bidragit till att ta fram material och delta i intervjuer kring lägesbilderna. Främst vill vi tack de noggranna och hjälpsamma personer som håller i kommunala och regionala diarium och arkiv. Därtill uppskattar vi att de som arbetar strategiskt med krishantering har ställt upp för intervjuer och uppföljande samtal. Vi hoppas att våra sammanställningar här kan komma till nytta för er och era kollegor.

    Den här rapporten utgör en del av det mångvetenskapliga forskningsprojektet POLYGOV, https://www.polygov.org/. POLYGOV finansieras av Norges Forskningsråd och leds av Are Vegard Haug vid Oslo Met universitet. Projektet syftar till att kartlägga och jämföra krishantering och lokal demokrati i de nordiska länderna under Coronapandemin. I projektet medverkar forskare från nio universitet i Norge, Danmark (inkl Grönland), Sverige, Finland, Island och Färöarna. Forskargruppen vid Avdelningen för statsvetenskap på Linköpings universitet har ansvarat för de svenska delstudierna inom projektet och denna rapport är en del av det.

    Linköping i december 2023,

    Elin Wihlborg

    Professor och forskningsledare

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  • 3. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Garcia, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lokal demokrati på distans: vem tar ordet när fullmäktige blir digitala?2022Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis studies the differences between analogue and digital council meetings in how they are organized and how speaking times are distributed between men and women, and hard and soft issues. The study is based on Swedish municipal council meetings, which share similar features with national parliamentary meetings and seek legitimacy through meetings and debate. Perspectives on meeting sites and components are combined with a time perspective on parliamentary activity, where women's representation and formal meeting procedures are set in focus. By studying video recordings of six council meetings in three municipalities, time is used to measure components of three analogue and three digital meetings. Measures of relative speaking time or speech duration are constructed and applied to meeting structure and how women and men spend their speaking time. Findings indicate that the roles of meeting secretaries and chairmen changed when faced with new digital challenges. The meeting formality decreased in the digital meetings, which is in line with previous research. Women generally accounted for a smaller proportion of speaking time in relation to their numerical representation. They spent more of their speaking time debating soft issues, such as social care, while men spent more of their speaking time debating hard issues, such as economy and infrastructure. The findings are in line with previous research on the policy areas with which women and men most engage. In the digital meetings, differences between men and women where still observed, but less noticeable. This could be interpreted as the digital format having potential benefits for women's representation in certain circumstances. The findings have implications for the understanding on how digital parliamentary meetings strive to create legitimacy. However, more research is needed to be able to generalize beyond the specific context of this study and to understand the mechanisms that can explain differences between men's and women's speaking time. The contribution of the thesis lies primarily in the development of a new method for measuring speaking time which, in relation to previous research, presents greater robustness from a reliability and validity perspective.

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  • 4.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Garcia, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Blom, Agneta
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Towards Zoomocracy: an Explorative Study on Virtual Democratic Decision Making in Swedish City Council Meetings in the Wake of the Covid-19 Pandemic2022In: Proceedings of the 55th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences 2022 / [ed] Tung X. Bui, 2022, p. 2563-2572Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Governmental decision making is essential to maintain democracy. The decision making formats and processes are institutionalized and follow strict formats for participation, debate and decisions. The constraints and lock-downs due to the covid-19 pandemic led to an extensive increase in the use of digital meeting tools to maintain democratic decision making through virtual meetings. Our main approach in this paper is to inductively explore the changes that occur when democratic meetings take place on-line through a quantitative text analysis and interviews. We delimit our focus to speech duration in recorded meetings. We find that the virtual meeting format changed meeting characteristics compared to on-site meetings. There were some changes in speech duration among councilors which has to be further investigated in a larger sample. The main contribution of this paper is the method to measure actual speech duration and compare how virtual meetings may influence the organization of democratic meetings.

  • 5.
    Carlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Iacobaeus, Helena
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Demokratiska beslut i coronatider: Digitala verktyg för att ställa om snarare än ställa in2021In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, no 5, p. 431-449Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The municipalities provide the bulk of the welfare services in Sweden and depend on local council decisions to be made for the function of the welfare provision. Since the outbreak of the global covid-19 pandemic, the local governments have been forced to find new digital forms for making decisions in a covid-safe manner. In this article, we focus on the municipal council level and explore how they have dealt with the pandemic to be able to make decisions and what implications that might have for the democratic arena and local leadership of municipal councils. From March to November in 2020, we conducted 41 interviews with council chairmen, vice-chairmen and local party secretaries. We found that the municipal councils used different strategies to cope with the pandemic including decreasing municipal council size, de-prioritizing matters of political nature, moving to larger meeting rooms and introducing digital meeting participation tools. The introduction of digital meeting tools has according to the interviews challenged the democratic processes in several ways. We found the ability to participate is conditioned by individual competence to handle digital tools and there are differences in individual competences as well as local municipal capacity for digital support. Our conclusion is that there is a need to further support municipalities competences and resources to lead with digital tools. In addition, the study shows demands for more national guidelines and norms on how to manage digital council meetings and sustain local democracy in a digital era. 

  • 6.
    Carlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gröning, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Nordqvist, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Wihlborg, Elin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kompetenser att leda digitalisering i kommuner: en intervjustudie med politiker och tjänstepersoner i relation till SKR:s kompetenslyft2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag gör vi en mängd aktiviteter digitalt, som att betala parkeringsavgifter, söka information om återvinningsstationens öppettider, förnya recept och boka tider i vården. Alla dessa nya sätt för medborgare att ha kontakt med kommuner och regioner utmanar även hur kommunala och regionala verksamheter ledes. Än mer digitala har vi blivit i och med nedstängningarna med anledning av pandemin. Därför har det varit så intressant att få arbeta tillsammans med SKR kring kompetenslyftet för digitalisering i kommuner och regioner under denna period.

    Vårt samarbete inleddes hösten 2018 när vi i forskargruppen DINO – Digitalisering i Nya Offentligheter – fick en fråga från Anders Nordh vid dåvarande SKL om att göra en mindre intervjustudie kring kommunala ledares kompetenser att leda för digitalisering. Vi grundade arbetet i en översikt av forskning kring hur kommunala ledare styr och utveckla digitalisering sina verksamheter. Flera av oss i forskargruppen har sedan dess på olika sätt bidragit till SKR:s kompetenslyft vid föreläsningar på plats och digitalt, med inspelade föreläsningar och genom att resonera om och utveckla upplägget på kompetenslyftsaktiviteter. När vi mött kommunala ledare har vi även samlat in deras reflektioner och svar på frågor om hur de leder digitaliseringen. Därtill har vi i gruppen gjort flera uppföljande intervjuer. I den här rapporten analyserar vi och presenterar våra resultat, samt sammanfattar våra slutsatser och diskuterar våra erfarenheter om vad kommunala ledare kan lära sig av arbetet.

    Vi tackar SKR och alla er som deltagit i utbildningarna och svarat på våra frågor för ett gott samarbete. Vi hoppas att vi på nya sätt kan fortsätta att växa och utveckla våra kompetenser att leda för digitalisering.

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1 - 6 of 6
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