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  • 1.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society.
    Do asylum-seekers respond to policy changes? Evidence from the Swedish-Syrian case2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 125, no 1, p. 3-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do asylum-seekers respond to policy changes in their destination country, and to what extent? We approach this question by using high-frequency data, and we focus on a sudden liberalization in Swedish policy toward Syrian asylum-seekers, which implied permanent instead of temporary residence. We show a clear and fast, yet temporary, increase in Syrian asylum applications in Sweden after the policy change. Also, the policy caused a shift - not limited to the short term - in the share of individuals arriving without family, and consequently in the share applying for family reunification. Our study adds quasi-experimental evidence to the literature on inter-country asylum flows and migration policy.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning, Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    Institutet för bostads- och urbanforskning, Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Do Asylum-seekers Respond to Policy Changes? Evidence from the Swedish-Syrian Case2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Do asylum-seekers respond to destination country policy changes, and to what extent? We approach this question by using high-frequency data and focus on a sudden liberalization in Swedish policy toward Syrian asylum-seekers, which implied permanent instead of temporary residence. We show a clear and fast, yet temporary, increase in Syrian asylum applications in Sweden after the policy change. Also, the policy caused a shift, not limited to the short-term, in the share of individuals arriving without family, and consequently in the share applying for family reunification. Our study adds quasi-experimental evidence to the literature on inter-country asylum-flows and migration policy.

  • 3.
    Holmqvist, Emma
    et al.
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Faculty of Social Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Society, Division of Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO). Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Risk and Crisis Research Centre, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lidén, Gustav
    Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Risk and Crisis Research Centre, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Resilience in Local Housing Policy?: Liberal or Restrictive Policy Stances Among Swedish Municipalities Following the Great Migration in the Summer of 20152022In: Frontiers in Political Science, E-ISSN 2673-3145, Vol. 4, article id 885892Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The dramatic event that the great migration in the summer of 2015 entailed changed the migration policies of various countries. Substantial amendments were hastily made in a policy field in which already tense state-local relations struggled to manage coordination, responsibilities, and funding. Sweden, recognized as a final host country of the massive flows of refugees and asylum-seekers, was no exception. In Sweden, autonomy in terms of local refugee reception was circumvented in 2016. Municipalities’ remaining discretion is above all concentrated to one of the most crucial spheres of refugee reception: the outline of local housing policies. We argue that housing may be perceived as a tool of resilience that local governments may use to maintain far-reaching influence over the settlement of migrants with a refugee background by selecting restrictive or generous policy options. In this paper, we conduct a theoretically grounded analysis of local housing policy for refugees among Swedish municipalities. To capture the intrinsic dynamic, we propose a generic typology applying the dimension of either a liberal or a restrictive housing policy and relate it to theoretical notions of refugee policy as characterized by either a rights-based or a more restrictive approach. Our findings show that local governments in Sweden pursue a wide array of policy stances that appear to be correlated with factors originating from prior experiences of refugee reception, conditions in the labor and housing markets, and political circumstances. Based on this, we argue that local housing policy has offered municipalities a tool to exert a form of intentional, or unintentional, migration control despite national efforts to impose a more just system of refugee reception. 

  • 4.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Robinson, Darrel
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Tidsbegränsade eller permanenta uppehållstillstånd?: En studie av arbetsmarknadseffekter för syriska flyktingar2021In: Tidsbegränsade uppehållstillstånd, egenföretagande och skolsegregation: Aktuella avhandlingar om utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden / [ed] Johanna Hemberg och Linus Liljeberg, Stockholm: Delmi , 2021, p. 3-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Governing Migration: On the Emergence and Effects of Policies Related to the Settlement and Inclusion of Refugees2020Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis consists of the following papers: In Paper I, I investigate the causal relationship between seat majorities for mainstream parties and refugee reception policy in Swedish municipalities. In conclusion, I find that the link between political seat majorities and refugee reception is of an associative rather than a causal nature. In order to find significant estimates, the win margin for each bloc needs to be rather substantial. Thus, the paper indicates that there is a unified political attitude over the mainstream blocs towards refugee reception and that other factors, and not political seat majorities, have contributed to the uneven distribution of refugees among municipalities in Sweden. In Paper II, I turn to focus on how stakeholders in four small-sized Swedish municipalities with diverging historical reception of refugees explain and describe their policy approach. By conducting semi-structured interviews, I find that stakeholders share a common understanding about how refugee reception has been performed locally (in terms of high or low refugee intake) and that they emphasise the importance of prior experiences rather than the composition of political parties or resources in explaining their current policy approach. In Paper III, which is co-authored with Henrik Andersson, we investigate whether asylum seekers react to changes in migration policy by assessing the effects of a Swedish regulatory change implemented in 2013. Using high-frequency data with information on the weekly number of asylum seekers, we find that refugees do react very rapidly, even within a week, but that the effects were temporary. We also find that the Swedish change of policy affected the distribution of Syrian asylum seekers in Europe in a significant manner as well as the characteristics of the Syrian population of refugees coming to Sweden. In Paper IV, which is co-authored with Darrel Robinson, we investigate the effects of residency status on the labour market participation of refugees. Using a full-population database, we show that residency status has a short-term effect on labour market participation among Syrian refugees, indicating that those granted temporary residency are more active in the labour market. However, those granted permanent residency are more likely to participate in education.

  • 6.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Robinson, Darrel
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Permanent or temporary settlement?: A study on the short-term effects of residence status on refugees’ labour market participation2020In: Comparative Migration Studies, ISSN 2214-8590, E-ISSN 2214-594X, Vol. 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Whether refugees in need of protection should be granted long- or short-term residence permits in the host country upon arrival is a long-standing debate in the migration policy and scholarly literature. Rights-based models of inclusion advocate for secure and long-term residency status arguing that this will provide the foundations for successful inclusion. Responsibilities-based models on the other hand claim that migrants should only be granted such status if certain criteria, such as full-time employment, have been met, again under the belief that such a system will facilitate inclusion into the host society. Using a sudden policy change as a natural experiment combined with detailed Swedish registry data, we examine the effect permanent residency on three measures of labour market inclusion in the short-term. Our findings are twofold. On the one hand, we find that temporary residents that are subject to a relatively less-inclusive situation have higher incomes and less unemployment. However, at the same time, they are less likely to spend time in education than are those with permanent residency.

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  • 7.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    Institute for Housing and Urban Research, Department of Government, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Unity or Distinction over Political Borders?: The Impact of Mainstream Parties in Local Seat Majorities on Refugee reception2020In: Scandinavian Political Studies, ISSN 0080-6757, E-ISSN 1467-9477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study exploits close elections in Sweden to assess the causal relationship between seat majorities for mainstream political parties and refugee reception policy. The study focuses on the two dominant mainstream political blocs, in a centre‐right and a centre‐left coalition, during three waves of elections from 2002 to 2010. In doing so, the study makes a few contributions to current research: Firstly, besides addressing a current knowledge gap in the focus on mainstream parties and refugee reception policy, this study investigates the impact of seat majorities which potentially have a more influential position compared to individual parties. Secondly, the study relies on an empirical strategy which allows comparison of comparable cases. Lastly, the study focuses on mainstream parties at the local level of government within one institutional context and thus addresses the obstacle of case comparability within cross‐country studies. In conclusion, this study finds that the relationship between the mainstream political blocs and refugee reception policy is of an associative nature. In order to find significant estimates of seat majorities, the win margin for each bloc needs to be substantial. These results indicate that there is a unified political attitude over the mainstream blocs towards refugee reception and that other factors, and not political seat majorities, have contributed to the uneven distribution of refugees among municipalities in Sweden.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Påverkar nationell migrationspolitik flyktingflöden?2019In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 5-17Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Många europeiska länder har under de senaste åren infört en allt restriktivare migrationspolitik. Sverige är inget undantag. Men vilken effekt har egentligen nationalstaters asylpolitik på flyktingströmmar? Trots den ökande betydelsen av nationell migrationspolitik är det nuvarande kunskapsläget om huruvida, och i så fall hur snabbt, migranter reagerar på policyförändringar relativt begränsat. Tidigare studier tenderar att använda årliga data och nationella jämförelser, vilket gör resultaten svårtolkade. Mot denna bakgrund använder vi högfrek-venta data och undersöker hur antalet syriska asylsökande till Sverige föränd-rades till följd av en plötslig policyförändring, som innebar att asylsökande från Syrien tilldelades permanenta i stället för temporära uppehållstånd.

  • 9.
    Jutvik, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Robinson, Darrel
    Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Limited time or secure residence?: a study on the short-term effects of temporary and permanent residence permits on labour market participation2018Report (Other academic)
1 - 9 of 9
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