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  • 1.
    Yuan, Fanglong
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Beijing Normal Univ, Peoples R China.
    Folpini, Giulia
    Ist Italiano Tecnol, Italy.
    Liu, Tianjun
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Singh, Utkarsh
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Treglia, Antonella
    Ist Italiano Tecnol, Italy; Politecn Milan, Italy.
    Lim, Jia Wei Melvin
    Nanyang Technol Univ, Singapore.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sum, Tze Chien
    Nanyang Technol Univ, Singapore.
    Petrozza, Annamaria
    Ist Italiano Tecnol, Italy.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bright and stable near-infrared lead-free perovskite light-emitting diodes2024In: Nature Photonics, ISSN 1749-4885, E-ISSN 1749-4893Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Long-wavelength near-infrared light-emitting diodes (NIR LEDs) with peak emission wavelengths beyond 900 nm are of critical importance for various applications including night vision, biomedical imaging, sensing and optical communications. However, the low radiance and poor operational stability of state-of-the-art long-wavelength NIR LEDs based on soft materials remain the most critical factors limiting their practical applications. Here we develop NIR LEDs emitting beyond 900 nm with improved performance through the rational manipulation of p doping in all-inorganic tin perovskites (CsSnI3) by retarding and controlling the crystallization process of perovskite precursors in tin-rich conditions. The resulting NIR LEDs exhibit a peak emission wavelength at 948 nm, high radiance of 226 W sr-1 m-2 and long operational half-lifetime of 39.5 h at a high constant current density of 100 mA cm-2. Our demonstration of efficient and stable NIR LEDs operating at high current densities may also open up new opportunities towards electrically pumped lasers. Controlling the intrinsic doping of lead-free perovskites enables near-infrared LEDs emitting at 948 nm with a peak radiance of 226 W sr-1 m-2 and a half-lifetime of 39.5 h.

  • 2.
    Knoop, Florian
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Shulumba, Nina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics.
    Castellano, Aloïs
    Université de Liège, Belgium.
    Alvarinhas Batista, J.P.
    Université de Liège, Belgium.
    Farris, Roberta
    Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology - ICN2 (BIST and CSIC), Spain.
    Verstraete, Matthieu J.
    Université de Liège, Belgium; University of Utrecht, the Netherlands.
    Heine, Matthew
    Department of Physics, Boston College, USA.
    Broido, David
    Department of Physics, Boston College, USA.
    Kim, Dennis S.
    University of California, USA.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Imperial College London, UK.
    Abrikosov, Igor A.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergei I.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Hellman, Olle
    Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel.
    TDEP:Temperature Dependent Effective Potentials2024In: Journal of Open Source Software, E-ISSN 2475-9066, Vol. 9, no 94, article id 6150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Temperature Dependent Effective Potential (TDEP) method is a versatile and efficient approach to include temperature in a binitio materials simulations based on phonon theory. TDEP can be used to describe thermodynamic properties in classical and quantum ensembles, and several response properties ranging from thermal transport to Neutron and Raman spectroscopy. A stable and fast reference implementation is given in the software package of the same name described here. The underlying theoretical framework and foundation is briefly sketched with an emphasis on discerning the conceptual difference between bare and effective phonon theory, in both self-consistent and non-self-consistent formulations. References to numerous applications and more in-depth discussions of the theory are given.

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  • 3.
    Mopoung, Kunpot
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ning, Weihua
    Soochow Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Muyi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mukhuti, Kingshuk
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Engelkamp, Hans
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Christianen, Peter C. M.
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Singh, Utkarsh
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Buyanova, Irina
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chen, Weimin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Puttisong, Yuttapoom
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Understanding Antiferromagnetic Coupling in Lead-Free Halide Double Perovskite Semiconductors2024In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 128, no 12, p. 5313-5320Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solution-processable semiconductors with antiferromagnetic (AFM) order are attractive for future spintronics and information storage technology. Halide perovskites containing magnetic ions have emerged as multifunctional materials, demonstrating a cross-link between structural, optical, electrical, and magnetic properties. However, stable optoelectronic halide perovskites that are antiferromagnetic remain sparse, and the critical design rules to optimize magnetic coupling still must be developed. Here, we combine the complementary magnetometry and electron-spin-resonance experiments, together with first-principles calculations to study the antiferromagnetic coupling in stable Cs-2(Ag:Na)FeCl6 bulk semiconductor alloys grown by the hydrothermal method. We show the importance of nonmagnetic monovalence ions at the B-I site (Na/Ag) in facilitating the superexchange interaction via orbital hybridization, offering the tunability of the Curie-Weiss parameters between -27 and -210 K, with a potential to promote magnetic frustration via alloying the nonmagnetic B-I site (Ag:Na ratio). Combining our experimental evidence with first-principles calculations, we draw a cohesive picture of the material design for B-site-ordered antiferromagnetic halide double perovskites.

  • 4.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Singh, Utkarsh
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Electronic structure of the magnetic halide double perovskites Cs-2(Ag, Na)FeCl6 from first principles2023In: Physical Review Materials, E-ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 7, no 4, article id 044605Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A family of magnetic halide double perovskites (HDPs) have recently attracted attention due to their potential to broaden application areas of halide double perovskites into, e.g., spintronics. Up to date the theoretical modeling of these systems have relied on primitive approximations to the density functional theory (DFT). In this paper, we study structural, electronic and magnetic properties of the Fe3+-containing HDPs Cs2AgFeCl6 and Cs2NaFeCl6 using a combination of more advanced DFT-based methods, including DFT + U, hybrid-DFT, and treatments of various magnetic states. We examine the effect of varying the effective Hubbard parameter, U-eff, in DFT + U and the mixing-parameter, alpha, in hybrid DFT on the electronic structure and structural properties. Our results reveal a set of localized Fe(d) states that are highly sensitive to these parameters. Cs2AgFeCl6 and Cs2NaFeCl6 are both antiferromagnets with Neel temperatures well below room temperature and are thus in their paramagnetic (PM) state at the external conditions relevant to most applications. Therefore, we have examined the effect of disordered magnetism on the electronic structure of these systems and find that while Cs2NaFeCl6 is largely unaffected, Cs2AgFeCl6 shows significant renormalization of its electronic band structure.

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  • 5.
    Singh, Utkarsh
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Exploring magnetism of lead-free halide double perovskites: A high-throughput first-principles study2023In: Physical Review Materials, E-ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 7, no 11, article id 114404Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have performed a comprehensive, first-principles high-throughput study of the magnetic properties of halide double perovskites, Cs2BBCl-6, with magnetic ions occupying one or both B and B sites. Our findings indicate a general tendency for these materials to exhibit antiferromagnetic ordering with low Neel temperatures. At the same time, we reveal a few potential candidates that predicted to be ferromagnetic with relatively high Curie temperatures. Achieving ferromagnetic coupling might be feasible via simultaneously alloying at B and B sites with magnetic 3d and nonmagnetic 5d ions. With this approach, we discover that Cs2HgCrCl6, Cs2AgNiCl6, and Cs2AuNiCl6 have high Curie temperatures relative to their peers, with the latter two exhibiting half metallic behavior. Further, this study illuminates the underpinning mechanism of magnetic exchange interactions in halide double perovskites, enabling a deeper understanding of their magnetic behavior. Our findings, especially the discovery of the compounds with robust half metallic properties and high Curie temperatures, hold promise for potential applications in the field of spintronics.

  • 6.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu.
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden; AlbaNova Univ Ctr, Sweden.
    Beyer, Doreen. C. C.
    Univ Leipzig, Germany.
    Bhat, Shrikant
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Germany.
    Farla, Robert
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Germany.
    Baran, Volodymyr
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Germany.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Kohlmann, Holger
    Univ Leipzig, Germany.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Spektor, Kristina
    Univ Leipzig, Germany; Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Germany.
    Formation and Polymorphism of Semiconducting K2SiH6 and Strategy for Metallization2023In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 62, no 21, p. 8093-8100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    K2SiH6, crystallizing in the cubicK(2)PtCl(6) structure type (Fm3 ̅m), features unusual hypervalent SiH6 (2-) complexes. Here, the formation of K2SiH6 athigh pressures is revisited by in situ synchrotron diffraction experiments,considering KSiH3 as a precursor. At the investigated pressures,8 and 13 GPa, K2SiH6 adopts the trigonal (NH4)(2)SiF6 structure type (P3 ̅m1) upon formation. The trigonal polymorphis stable up to 725 & DEG;C at 13 GPa. At room temperature, the transitioninto an ambient pressure recoverable cubic form occurs below 6.7 GPa.Theory suggests the existence of an additional, hexagonal, variantin the pressure interval 3-5 GPa. According to density functionaltheory band structure calculations, K2SiH6 isa semiconductor with a band gap around 2 eV. Nonbonding H-dominatedstates are situated below and Si-H anti-bonding states arelocated above the Fermi level. Enthalpically feasible and dynamicallystable metallic variants of K2SiH6 may be obtainedwhen substituting Si partially by Al or P, thus inducing p- and n-typemetallicity, respectively. Yet, electron-phonon coupling appearsweak, and calculated superconducting transition temperatures are <1K. The formation of K2SiH6 at high pressuresstarting from KSiH3 or mixtures of KH and KSiH3 is investigated by in situ synchrotron diffraction experiments.Between 6.5 and 13 GPa, K2SiH6 adopts the trigonal(NH4)(2)SiF6 structure type (P3 ̅m1), which is stable up to 725 & DEG;C at 13 GPa. At room temperature, the transition into an ambientpressure-recoverable cubic form occurs below 6.5 GPa.

  • 7.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    Univ Leipzig, Germany; Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Germany.
    Kohlmann, Holger
    Univ Leipzig, Germany.
    Druzhbin, Dmitrii
    ESRF European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    ESRF European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Bhat, Shrikant
    Deutsch Elektronen Synchrotron DESY, Germany.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Haeussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Hypervalent hydridosilicate in the Na-Si-H system2023In: Frontiers in Chemistry, E-ISSN 2296-2646, Vol. 11, article id 1251774Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrogenation reactions at gigapascal pressures can yield hydrogen-rich materials with properties relating to superconductivity, ion conductivity, and hydrogen storage. Here, we investigated the ternary Na-Si-H system by computational structure prediction and in situ synchrotron diffraction studies of reaction mixtures NaH-Si-H-2 at 5-10 GPa. Structure prediction indicated the existence of various hypervalent hydridosilicate phases with compositions NamSiH(4+m) (m = 1-3) at comparatively low pressures, 0-20 GPa. These ternary Na-Si-H phases share, as a common structural feature, octahedral SiH62- complexes which are condensed into chains for m = 1 and occur as isolated species for m = 2, 3. In situ studies demonstrated the formation of the double salt Na-3[SiH6]H (Na3SiH7, m = 3) containing both octahedral SiH62- moieties and hydridic H-. Upon formation at elevated temperatures (>500 degrees C), Na3SiH7 attains a tetragonal structure (P4/mbm, Z = 2) which, during cooling, transforms to an orthorhombic polymorph (Pbam, Z = 4). Upon decompression, Pbam-Na3SiH7 was retained to approx. 4.5 GPa, below which a further transition into a yet unknown polymorph occurred. Na3SiH7 is a new representative of yet elusive hydridosilicate compounds. Its double salt nature and polymorphism are strongly reminiscent of fluorosilicates and germanates.

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  • 8.
    Zhang, Bin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rudko, Galyna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chen, Weimin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Buyanova, Irina
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Lattice Dynamics and Electron-Phonon Coupling in Double Perovskite Cs2NaFeCl62023In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 127, no 4, p. 1908-1916Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Phonon-phonon and electron/exciton-phonon coupling play a vitally important role in thermal, electronic, as well as optical properties of metal halide perovskites. In this work, we evaluate phonon anharmonicity and coupling between electronic and vibrational excitations in novel double perovskite Cs2NaFeCl6 single crystals. By employing comprehensive Raman measurements combined with first-principles theoretical calculations, we identify four Raman-active vibrational modes. Polarization properties of these modes imply Fm (3) over barm symmetry of the lattice, indicative for on average an ordered distribution of Fe and Na atoms in the lattice. We further show that temperature dependence of the Raman modes, such as changes in the phonon line width and their energies, suggests high phonon anharmonicity, typical for double perovskite materials. Resonant multiphonon Raman scattering reveals the presence of high-lying band states that mediate strong electron-phonon coupling and give rise to intense nA(1g) overtones up to the fifth order. Strong electron-phonon coupling in Cs2NaFeCl6 is also concluded based on the Urbach tail analysis of the absorption coefficient and the calculated Frohlich coupling constant. Our results, therefore, suggest significant impacts of phonon-phonon and electron-phonon interactions on electronic properties of Cs2NaFeCl6, important for potential applications of this novel material.

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  • 9.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Zhang, Bin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Linqin
    School of Science Westlake University Hangzhou, P.R. China.
    Miao, Xiaohe
    Westlake University Hangzhou, P.R. China.
    Ning, Weihua
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Soochow University Suzhou, P. R. China.
    Zhang, Muyi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Cai, Xinyi
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bakhit, Babak
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Magnuson, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ren, Xiaoming
    State Key Laboratory of Materials‐Oriented Chemical Engineering and College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering Nanjing Tech University Nanjing, P.R. China.
    Sun, Licheng
    Center of Artificial Photosynthesis for Solar Fuels, School of Science Westlake University Hangzhou,P.R. China.
    Fahlman, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Laboratory of Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Buyanova, Irina A
    Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials.
    Chen, Weimin
    Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials.
    Simak, Sergei I
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala University Uppsala SE‐75120 Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor A.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Electronic and photonic materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Remarkable Thermochromism in the Double Perovskite Cs2NaFeCl62023In: Advanced Optical Materials, ISSN 2162-7568, E-ISSN 2195-1071, article id 2301102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lead-free halide double perovskites (HDPs) have emerged as a new generation of thermochromic materials. However, further materials development and mechanistic understanding are required. Here, a highly stable HDP Cs2NaFeCl6 single crystal is synthesized, and its remarkable and fully reversible thermochromism with a wide color variation from light-yellow to black over a temperature range of 10 to 423 K is investigated. First-principles, density functional theory (DFT)-based calculations indicate that the thermochromism in Cs2NaFeCl6 is an effect of electron–phonon coupling. The temperature sensitivity of the bandgap in Cs2NaFeCl6 is up to 2.52 meVK−1 based on the Varshni equation, which is significantly higher than that of lead halide perovskites and many conventional group-IV, III–V semiconductors. Meanwhile, this material shows excellent environmental, thermal, and thermochromic cycle stability. This work provides valuable insights into HDPs' thermochromism and sheds new light on developing efficient thermochromic materials.

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  • 10.
    Krasilnikov, O. M.
    et al.
    Natl Univ Sci & Technol, Russia.
    Vekilov, Yu Kh
    Natl Univ Sci & Technol, Russia; Natl Univ Sci & Technol, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Comment on "Nonlinear elasticity of prestressed single crystals at high pressure and various elastic moduli"2022In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 105, no 22, article id 226101Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that elastic moduli of higher (third and fourth) order of prestressed single crystals at high pressure, obtained from the Gibbs free energy, enter the relation between the Cauchy stress and Lagrange finite-strain tensor the same way they do for the second-order elastic moduli and, therefore, directly describe the nonlinear elasticity of prestressed crystals.

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  • 11.
    Belonoshko, Anatoly B.
    et al.
    Royal Inst Technol KTH, Sweden; Univ S Florida, FL 33620 USA.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Olovsson, Weine
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Elastic properties of body-centered cubic iron in Earths inner core2022In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 105, no 18, article id L180102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The solid Earths inner core (IC) is a sphere with a radius of about 1300 km in the center of the Earth. The information about the IC comes mainly from seismic studies. The composition of the IC is obtained by matching the seismic data and properties of candidate phases subjected to high pressure (P) and temperature (T). The close match between the density of the IC and iron suggests that the main constituent of the IC is iron. However, the stable phase of iron is still a subject of debate. One such iron phase, the body-centered cubic phase (bcc), is dynamically unstable at pressures of the IC (330-364 GPa) and low T but gets stabilized at high T characteristic of the IC (5000-7000 K). So far, ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) studies attempted to compute the bcc elastic properties for a small (order of 102) number of atoms. The mechanism of the bcc stabilization cannot be enabled in such cells and that has led to erroneous results. Here we apply AIMD to compute elastic moduli and sound velocities of the Fe bcc phase for a 2000 Fe atom computational cell, which is a cell of unprecedented size for ab initio calculations of iron. Unlike in previous ab initio calculations, both the longitudinal and the shear sound velocities of the Fe bcc phase closely match the properties of the IC material at P = 360 GPa and T = 6600 K, likely the PT conditions in the IC. The calculated density of the bcc iron at these PT conditions is just 3% higher than the density of the IC material according to the Preliminary Earth Model. This suggests that the widely assumed amount of light elements in the IC may need a reconsideration. The anisotropy of the bcc phase is an exact match to the most recent seismic studies.

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  • 12.
    Skripnyak, Natalia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tasnadi, Ferenc
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ponomareva, A. V.
    Natl Univ Sci & Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Lofstrand, J.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Berastegui, P.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Jansson, U.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Achieving low elastic moduli of bcc Ti-V alloys in vicinity of mechanical instability2020In: AIP Advances, E-ISSN 2158-3226, Vol. 10, no 10, article id 105322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Body centered cubic (bcc) Ti-based alloys are of interest for multiple technological applications ranging from aerospace technology to biomedicine. However, these alloys are usually unstable at low temperatures. Indeed, the calculated elastic modulus C of bcc Ti-V alloys with low V concentrations is negative at 0 K temperature, indicating their mechanical instability. Here, we investigate elastic moduli of the Ti-V system in the vicinity of mechanical instability theoretically and experimentally. Our calculations predict that mechanical stabilization of bcc Ti-V alloys, which is governed by the hardening of C , is possible at as low V concentration as 18 at.%. We synthesize single-phase bcc alloys with as little as 22 at.% of V with low values of Youngs modulus. Moreover, we predict strong concentration dependence of anisotropy of Youngs modulus in these alloys that can also be used in tuning the alloy composition to design materials for specific applications.

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  • 13.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci & Technol NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Anharmonicity and Ultralow Thermal Conductivity in Lead-Free Halide Double Perovskites2020In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 125, no 4, article id 045701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The lead-free halide double perovskite class of materials offers a promising venue for resolving issues related to toxicity of Pb and long-term stability of the lead-containing halide perovskites. We present a first-principles study of the lattice vibrations in Cs2AgBiBr6, the prototypical compound in this class and show that the lattice dynamics of Cs2AgBiBr6 is highly anharmonic, largely in regards to tilting of AgBr6 and BiBr6 octahedra. Using an energy- and temperature-dependent phonon spectral function, we then show how the experimentally observed cubic-to-tetragonal phase transformation is caused by the collapse of a soft phonon branch. We finally reveal that the softness and anharmonicity of Cs2AgBiBr6 yield an ultralow thermal conductivity, unexpected of high-symmetry cubic structures.

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  • 14.
    Errandonea, Daniel
    et al.
    Univ Valencia, Spain.
    Burakovsky, Leonid
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Preston, Dean L.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    MacLeod, Simon G.
    Univ Edinburgh, Scotland; AWE, England.
    Santamaria-Perez, David
    Univ Valencia, Spain.
    Chen, Shaoping
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Cynn, Hyunchae
    Lawrence Livermore Natl Lab, CA 94551 USA.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    McMahon, Malcolm I.
    Univ Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Proctor, John E.
    Univ Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Mezouar, Mohamed
    European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Experimental and theoretical confirmation of an orthorhombic phase transition in niobium at high pressure and temperature2020In: COMMUNICATIONS MATERIALS, ISSN 2662-4443, Vol. 1, no 1, article id 60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compared to other body-centered cubic (bcc) transition metals, Nb has been the subject of fewer compression studies and there are still aspects of its phase diagram which are unclear. Here, we report a combined theoretical and experimental study of Nb under high pressure and temperature. We present the results of static laser-heated diamond anvil cell experiments up to 120 GPa using synchrotron-based fast x-ray diffraction combined with ab initio quantum molecular dynamics simulations. The melting curve of Nb is determined and evidence for a solid-solid phase transformation in Nb with increasing temperature is found. The high-temperature phase of Nb is orthorhombic Pnma. The bcc-Pnma transition is clearly seen in the experimental data on the Nb principal Hugoniot. The bcc-Pnma coexistence observed in our experiments is explained. Agreement between the measured and calculated melting curves is very good except at 40-60 GPa where three experimental points lie below the theoretical melting curve by 250 K (or 7%); a possible explanation is given. The study of materials under extreme conditions can reveal interesting physics in diverse areas such as condensed matter and geophysics. Here, the authors investigate experimentally and theoretically the high pressure-high temperature phase diagram of niobium revealing a previously unobserved phase transition from body-centered cubic to orthorhombic phase.

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  • 15.
    Gordeeva, Alisa
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Hsu, Ying-Jui
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Jenei, Istvan Z.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Carvalho, Paulo H. B. Brant
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Ove
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Layered Zinc Hydroxide Dihydrate, Zn-5(OH)(10)center dot 2H(2)O, from Hydrothermal Conversion of epsilon-Zn(OH)(2) at Gigapascal Pressures and its Transformation to Nanocrystalline ZnO2020In: ACS Omega, E-ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 5, no 28, p. 17617-17627Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Layered zinc hydroxides (LZHs) with the general formula (Zn2+)(x)(OH-)(2x-my ),(A(m-))(y)center dot nH(2)O (A(m-) = Cl- , NO3- , ac(-) , SO42-, etc) are considered as useful precursors for the fabrication of functional ZnO nanostructures. Here, we report the synthesis and structure characterization of the hitherto unknown "binary" representative of the LZH compound family, Zn-5(OH)(10)center dot 2H(2)O, with A(m-) = OH- , x = 5, y = 2, and n = 2. Zn-5(OH)(10)center dot 2H(2)O was afforded quantitatively by pressurizing mixtures of epsilon-Zn(OH)(2) (wulfingite) and water to 1-2 GPa and applying slightly elevated temperatures, 100-200 degrees C. The monoclinic crystal structure was characterized from powder X-ray diffraction data (space group C2/c, a = 15.342(7) angstrom, b = 6.244(6) angstrom, c = 10.989(7) angstrom, beta = 100.86(1)degrees). It features neutral zinc hydroxide layers, composed of octahedrally and tetrahedrally coordinated Zn ions with a 3:2 ratio, in which H2O is intercalated. The interlayer d(200) distance is 7.53 angstrom. The H-bond structure of Zn-5(OH)(10)center dot 2H(2)O was analyzed by a combination of infrared/Raman spectroscopy, computational modeling, and neutron powder diffraction. Interlayer H2O molecules are strongly H-bonded to five surrounding OH groups and appear orientationally disordered. The decomposition of Zn-5(OH)(10)center dot 2H(2)O, which occurs thermally between 70 and 100 degrees C, was followed in an in situ transmission electron microscopy study and ex situ annealing experiments. It yields initially 5-15 nm sized hexagonal w-ZnO crystals, which, depending on the conditions, may intergrow to several hundred nm-large two-dimensional, flakelike crystals within the boundary of original Zn-5(OH)(10)center dot 2H(2)O particles.

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  • 16.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ning, Weihua
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Linqin
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Yin, Chunyang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mendoza Figueroa, José Silvestre
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biophysics and bioengineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Christensen, Christian Kolle
    DESY, Germany.
    Etter, Martin
    DESY, Germany.
    Ederth, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biophysics and bioengineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Sun, Licheng
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden; Dalian Univ Technol, Peoples R China.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Lead-Free Halide Double Perovskite Cs2AgBiBr6with Decreased Band Gap2020In: Angewandte Chemie International Edition, ISSN 1433-7851, E-ISSN 1521-3773, Vol. 59, no 35, p. 15191-15194Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmentally friendly halide double perovskites with improved stability are regarded as a promising alternative to lead halide perovskites. The benchmark double perovskite, Cs2AgBiBr6, shows attractive optical and electronic features, making it promising for high-efficiency optoelectronic devices. However, the large band gap limits its further applications, especially for photovoltaics. Herein, we develop a novel crystal-engineering strategy to significantly decrease the band gap by approximately 0.26 eV, reaching the smallest reported band gap of 1.72 eV for Cs(2)AgBiBr(6)under ambient conditions. The band-gap narrowing is confirmed by both absorption and photoluminescence measurements. Our first-principles calculations indicate that enhanced Ag-Bi disorder has a large impact on the band structure and decreases the band gap, providing a possible explanation of the observed band-gap narrowing effect. This work provides new insights for achieving lead-free double perovskites with suitable band gaps for optoelectronic applications.

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  • 17.
    Herper, Heike C.
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Di Marco, Igor
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden; Asia Pacific Ctr Theoret Phys, South Korea; POSTECH, South Korea.
    Eriksson, Olle
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden; Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Localized versus itinerant character of 4f-states in cerium oxides2020In: Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, ISSN 0953-8984, E-ISSN 1361-648X, Vol. 32, no 21, article id 215502Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electronic structure of cerium oxide is investigated here using a combination of ab initio one-electron theory and elements from many-body physics, with emphasis on the nature of the 4f electron shell of cerium ions. We propose to use the hybridization function as a convenient measure for the degree of localization of the 4f shell of this material, and observe that changing the oxidation state is related to distinct changes in the hybridization between the 4f shell and ligand states. The theory reveals that CeO2 has essentially itinerant 4f states, and that in the least oxidized form of ceria, Ce2O3, the 4f states are almost (but not fully) localized. This conclusion is supported by additional calculations based on a combination of density functional theory and dynamical mean field theory. Most importantly, our model points to the fact that diffusion of oxygen vacancies in cerium oxide may be seen as polaron hopping, involving a correlated 4f electron cloud, which is located primarily on Ce ions of several atomic shells surrounding the vacancy.

  • 18.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fischer, Andreas
    Augsburg Univ, Germany.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6: Hydrogen-Rich First-Row Transition Metal Hydrides from High Pressure Synthesis2020In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 59, no 22, p. 16467-16473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of ternary hydrogen-rich hydrides involving the first-row transition metals TM = Fe and Co in high oxidation states is demonstrated from in situ synchrotron diffraction studies of reaction mixtures NaH-TM-H-2 at p approximate to 10 GPa. Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6 feature pentagonal bipyramidal FeH73- and octahedral CoH63- 18-electron complexes, respectively. At high pressure, high temperature (300 < T <= 470 degrees C) conditions, metal atoms are arranged as in the face-centered cubic Heusler structure, and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations suggest that the complexes undergo reorientational dynamics. Upon cooling, subtle changes in the diffraction patterns evidence reversible and rapid phase transitions associated with ordering of the complexes. During decompression, Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6 transform to tetragonal and orthorhombic low pressure forms, respectively, which can be retained at ambient pressure. The discovery of Na3FeH7 and Na3CoH6 establishes a consecutive series of homoleptic hydrogen-rich complexes for first-row transition metals from Cr to Ni.

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  • 19.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    ESRF, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    ESRF, France.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Fischer, Andreas
    Augsburg Univ, Germany.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Na-Ni-H Phase Formation at High Pressures and High Temperatures: Hydrido Complexes [NiH5](3-) Versus the Perovskite NaNiH32020In: ACS Omega, E-ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 5, no 15, p. 8730-8743Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Na-Ni-H system was investigated by in situ synchrotron diffraction studies of reaction mixtures NaH-Ni-H-2 at around 5, 10, and 12 GPa. The existence of ternary hydrogen-rich hydrides with compositions Na3NiH5 and NaNiH3, where Ni attains the oxidation state II, is demonstrated. Upon heating at similar to 5 GPa, face-centered cubic (fcc) Na3NiH5 forms above 430 degrees C. Upon cooling, it undergoes a rapid and reversible phase transition at 330 degrees C to an orthorhombic (Cmcm) form. Upon pressure release, Na3NiH5 further transforms into its recoverable Pnma form whose structure was elucidated from synchrotron powder diffraction data, aided by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Na3NiH5 features previously unknown square pyramidal 18- electron complexes NiH53-. In the high temperature fcc form, metal atoms are arranged as in the Heusler structure, and ab initio molecular dynamics simulations suggest that the complexes are dynamically disordered. The Heusler-type metal partial structure is essentially maintained in the low temperature Cmcm form, in which NiH53- complexes are ordered. It is considerably rearranged in the low pressure Pnma form. Experiments at 10 GPa showed an initial formation of fcc Na3NiH5 followed by the addition of the perovskite hydride NaNiH3, in which Ni(II) attains an octahedral environment by H atoms. NaNiH3 is recoverable at ambient pressures and represents the sole product of 12 GPa experiments. DFT calculations show that the decomposition of Na3NiH5 = NaNiH3 + 2 NaH is enthalpically favored at all pressures, suggesting that Na3NiH5 is metastable and its formation is kinetically favored. Ni-H bonding in metallic NaNiH3 is considered covalent, as in electron precise Na3NiH5, but delocalized in the polyanion [NiH3](-).

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  • 20.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Huang, Yuqing
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Kobera, Libor
    Czech Acad Sci, Czech Republic.
    Xie, Fangyan
    Sun Yat Sen Univ, Peoples R China.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abbrent, Sabina
    Czech Acad Sci, Czech Republic.
    Brus, Jiri
    Czech Acad Sci, Czech Republic.
    Yin, Chunyang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci & Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Buyanova, Irina
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Chen, Weimin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Near-Infrared Light-Responsive Cu-Doped Cs2AgBiBr62020In: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 30, no 51, article id 2005521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lead-free halide double perovskites (A(2)B(I)B(III)X(6)) with attractive optical and electronic features are considered to be a promising candidate to overcome the toxicity and stability issues of lead halide perovskites (APbX(3)). However, their poor absorption profiles limit device performance. Here the absorption band edge of Cs(2)AgBiBr(6)double perovskite to the near-infrared range is significantly broadened by developing doped double perovskites, Cs-2(Ag:Cu)BiBr6. The partial replacement of Ag ions by Cu ions in the crystal lattice is confirmed by the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (ssNMR) measurements. Cu doping barely affects the bandgap of Cs2AgBiBr6; instead it introduces subbandgap states with strong absorption to the near-infrared range. More interestingly, the near-infrared absorption can generate band carriers upon excitation, as indicated by the photoconductivity measurement. This work sheds new light on the absorption modulation of halide double perovskites for future efficient optoelectronic devices.

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  • 21.
    Tidholm, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Shulumba, Nina
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tasnadi, Ferenc
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Temperature dependence of the Kohn anomaly in bcc Nb from first-principles self-consistent phonon calculations2020In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 101, no 11, article id 115119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using ab initio calculations, we have analyzed the influence of anharmonic effects on the electronic structure and the phonon-dispersion relations of body-centered-cubic (bcc) niobium (Nb) and investigated the temperature dependence of the Kohn anomaly in this metal. A comparison of the results obtained in the framework of the temperature-dependent effective potential method with those derived within the quasiharmonic approximation demonstrates the importance of the explicit treatment of the finite-temperature effects upon the theoretical description of bcc Nb lattice dynamics. In agreement with experimental results, the inclusion of anharmonic vibrations in our calculations leads to the disappearance of the Kohn anomaly for the acoustic mode in a vicinity of the Gamma point with increasing temperature. Moreover, the calculated phonon self-energy indicates that the origin of the temperature dependence is related to the change of the electronic structure. We have calculated the temperature dependence of the electronic spectral function and analyzed the Fermi surface of Nb. A significant temperature-induced smearing of the electronic states has been identified as the origin of the disappearance of the Kohn anomaly in Nb at elevated temperature.

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  • 22.
    Ekström, Erik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Le Febvrier, Arnaud
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bourgeois, F.
    Univ Technol Blois, France.
    Lundqvist, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Semiconductor Materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Palisaitis, Justinas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Persson, Per O A
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Caballero-Calero, O.
    CEI UAM, Spain.
    Martin-Gonzalez, M. S.
    CEI UAM, Spain.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Paul, Biplab
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    The effects of microstructure, Nb content and secondary Ruddlesden-Popper phase on thermoelectric properties in perovskite CaMn1-xNbxO3 (x=0-0.10) thin films2020In: RSC Advances, E-ISSN 2046-2069, RSC ADVANCES, Vol. 10, no 13, p. 7918-7926Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CaMn1-xNbxO3 (x = 0, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7 and 0.10) thin films have been grown by a two-step sputtering/annealing method. First, rock-salt-structured (Ca,Mn1-x,Nb-x)O thin films were deposited on 11 & x304;00 sapphire using reactive RF magnetron co-sputtering from elemental targets of Ca, Mn and Nb. The CaMn1-xNbxO3 films were then obtained by thermally induced phase transformation from rock-salt-structured (Ca,Mn1-xNbx)O to orthorhombic during post-deposition annealing at 700 degrees C for 3 h in oxygen flow. The X-ray diffraction patterns of pure CaMnO3 showed mixed orientation, while Nb-containing films were epitaxially grown in [101] out of-plane-direction. Scanning transmission electron microscopy showed a Ruddlesden-Popper (R-P) secondary phase in the films, which results in reduction of the electrical and thermal conductivity of CaMn1-xNbxO3. The electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient of the pure CaMnO3 film were measured to 2.7 omega cm and -270 mu V K-1 at room temperature, respectively. The electrical resistivity and Seebeck coefficient were reduced by alloying with Nb and was measured to 0.09 omega cm and -145 mu V K-1 for x = 0.05. Yielding a power factor of 21.5 mu W K-2 m(-1) near room temperature, nearly eight times higher than for pure CaMnO3 (2.8 mu W K-2 m(-1)). The power factors for alloyed samples are low compared to other studies on phase-pure material. This is due to high electrical resistivity originating from the secondary R-P phase. The thermal conductivity of the CaMn1-xNbxO3 films is low for all samples and is the lowest for x = 0.07 and 0.10, determined to 1.6 W m(-1) K-1. The low thermal conductivity is attributed to grain boundary scattering and the secondary R-P phase.

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  • 23.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Grinderslev, Jakob B.
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Andersson, Mikael S.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Armstrong, Jeff
    Rutherford Appleton Lab, England.
    Karlsson, Maths
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Jensen, Torben R.
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Analysis of Dihydrogen Bonding in Ammonium Borohydride2019In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 123, no 47, p. 28631-28639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structural and vibrational properties of ammonium borohydride, NH4BH4, have been examined by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations and inelastic neutron scattering (INS). The H disordered crystal structure of NH4BH4 is composed of the tetrahedral complex ions NH4+ and BH4-, which are arranged as in the fcc NaCl structure and linked by intermolecular dihydrogen bonding. Upon cooling, the INS spectra revealed a structural transition between 45 and 40 K. The reversible transition occurs upon heating between 46 and 49 K. In the low-temperature form reorientational dynamics are frozen. The libration modes for BH4- and NH4+ are near 300 and 200 cm(-1), respectively. Upon entering the fcc high-temperature form, NH4+ ions attain fast reorientational dynamics, as indicated in the disappearance of the NH4+ libration band, whereas BH4- ions become significantly mobile only at temperatures above 100 K. The vibrational behavior of BH4- ions in NH4BH4 compares well to the heavier alkali metal borohydrides, NaBH4-CsBH4. DFT calculations revealed a nondirectional nature of the dihydrogen bonding in NH4BH4 with only weak tendency for long-range order. Different rotational configurations of complex ions appear quasi-degenerate, which is reminiscent of glasses.

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  • 24.
    Pilemalm, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Effects of high pressure on ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases studied by density functional theory2019In: Results in Physics, ISSN 2211-3797, Vol. 13, article id 102293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases are layered materials that have been experimentally reported for M = Ta and Nb, but their high-pressure properties have not been studied. Here, we have used first-principles calculations to study their thermodynamic stability, elastic and electronic properties at high-pressure. We have used density functional theory to calculate the formation enthalpy relative to the competing binary phases, electronic density of states and elastic constants (c(ij)), bulk (B), shear (G) and Youngs (E) modulus as the pressure is varied from 0 to 150 GPa. Our results show that when the pressure increases from 0 to 150 GPa, elastic constants, bulk, shear and elastic moduli increase in the range 53-216% for ScTaN2, 72-286% for ScNbN2, and 61-317% for ScVN2.

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    Effects of high pressure on ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases studied by density functional theory
  • 25.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    ESRF, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    ESRF, France.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Exploring the Mg-Cr-H System at High Pressure and Temperature via in Situ Synchrotron Diffraction2019In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 58, no 16, p. 11043-11050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The complex transition metal hydride Mg3CrH8 has been previously synthesized using high pressure conditions. It contains the first group 6 homoleptic hydrido complex, [Cr(II)H-7](5-). Here, we investigated the formation of Mg3CrH8 by in situ studies of reaction mixtures of 3MgH(2)-Cr-H-2 at 5 GPa. The formation of the known orthorhombic form (o-Mg3CrH8) was noticed at temperatures above 635 degrees C, albeit at a relatively slow rate. At temperatures around 750 degrees C a high temperature phase formed rapidly, which upon slow cooling converted into o-Mg3CrH8. The phase transition at high pressures occurred reversibly at similar to 735 degrees C upon heating and at similar to 675 degrees C upon slow cooling. Upon rapid cooling, a monoclinic polymorph (m-Mg3CrH8) was afforded which could be subsequently recovered and analyzed at ambient pressure. m-Mg3CrH8 was found to crystallize in P2(1)/n space group (a = 5.128 angstrom, b = 16.482 angstrom, c = 4.805 angstrom, beta = 90.27 degrees). Its structure elucidation from high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction data was aided by first-principles DFT calculations. Like the orthorhombic polymorph, m-Mg3CrH8 contains pentagonal bipyramidal complexes [CrH7](5-) and interstitial H-. The arrangement of metal atoms and interstitial H- resembles closely that of the high pressure orthorhombic form of Mg3MnH7. This suggests similar principles of formation and stabilization of hydrido complexes at high pressure and temperature conditions in the Mg-Cr-H and Mg-Mn-H systems. Calculated enthalpy versus pressure relations predict o-Mg3CrH8 being more stable than m-Mg3CrH8 by 6.5 kJ/mol at ambient pressure and by 13 kJ/mol at 5 GPa. The electronic structure of m-Mg3CrH8 is very similar to that of o-Mg3CrH8. The stable 18-electron complex [CrH7](5-) is mirrored in the occupied states, and calculated band gaps are around 1.5 eV.

  • 26.
    Belonoshko, Anatoly B.
    et al.
    Royal Inst Technol KTH, Sweden.
    Fu, Jie
    Ningbo Univ, Peoples R China.
    Bryk, Taras
    Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, Ukraine.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mattesini, Maurizio
    Univ Complutense Madrid, Spain; UCM, Spain.
    Low viscosity of the Earths inner core2019In: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 10, article id 2483Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Earths solid inner core is a highly attenuating medium. It consists mainly of iron. The high attenuation of sound wave propagation in the inner core is at odds with the widely accepted paradigm of hexagonal close-packed phase stability under inner core conditions, because sound waves propagate through the hexagonal iron without energy dissipation. Here we show by first-principles molecular dynamics that the body-centered cubic phase of iron, recently demonstrated to be thermodynamically stable under the inner core conditions, is considerably less elastic than the hexagonal phase. Being a crystalline phase, the body-centered cubic phase of iron possesses the viscosity close to that of a liquid iron. The high attenuation of sound in the inner core is due to the unique diffusion characteristic of the body-centered cubic phase. The low viscosity of iron in the inner core enables the convection and resolves a number of controversies.

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  • 27.
    Eklof, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Fischer, Andreas
    Augsburg Univ, Germany.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    Chulalongkorn Univ, Thailand; Commiss Higher Educ, Thailand.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wu, Yang
    Tsinghua Univ, Peoples R China.
    Widom, Michael
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, PA 15213 USA.
    Scherer, Wolfgang
    Augsburg Univ, Germany.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Mysterious SiB3: Identifying the Relation between alpha- and beta-SiB32019In: ACS Omega, E-ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 4, no 20, p. 18741-18759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Binary silicon boride SiB3 has been reported to occur in two forms, as disordered and nonstoichiometric alpha-SiB3-x, which relates to the alpha-rhombohedral phase of boron, and as strictly ordered and stoichiometric beta-SiB3. Similar to other boron-rich icosahedral solids, these SiB3 phases represent potentially interesting refractory materials. However, their thermal stability, formation conditions, and thermodynamic relation are poorly understood. Here, we map the formation conditions of alpha-SiB3-x and beta-SiB3 and analyze their relative thermodynamic stabilities. alpha-SiB3-x is metastable (with respect to beta-SiB3 and Si), and its formation is kinetically driven. Pure polycrystalline bulk samples may be obtained within hours when heating stoichiometric mixtures of elemental silicon and boron at temperatures 1200-1300 degrees C. At the same time, alpha-SiB3-x decomposes into SiB6 and Si, and optimum time-temperature synthesis conditions represent a trade-off between rates of formation and decomposition. The formation of stable beta-SiB3 was observed after prolonged treatment (days to weeks) of elemental mixtures with ratios Si/B = 1:11:4 at temperatures 1175-1200 degrees C. The application of high pressures greatly improves the kinetics of SiB3 formation and allows decoupling of SiB3 formation from decomposition. Quantitative formation of beta-SiB3 was seen at 1100 degrees C for samples pressurized to 5.5-8 GPa. beta-SiB3 decomposes peritectoidally at temperatures between 1250 and 1300 degrees C. The highly ordered nature of beta-SiB3 is reflected in its Raman spectrum, which features narrow and distinct lines. In contrast, the Raman spectrum of alpha-SiB3-x is characterized by broad bands, which show a clear relation to the vibrational modes of isostructural, ordered B6P. The detailed composition and structural properties of disordered alpha-SiB3-x were ascertained by a combination of single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Si-29 magic angle spinning NMR experiments. Notably, the compositions of polycrystalline bulk samples (obtained at T amp;lt;= 1200 degrees C) and single crystal samples (obtained from Si-rich molten Si-B mixtures at T amp;gt; 1400 degrees C) are different, SiB2.93(7) and SiB2.64(2), respectively. The incorporation of Si in the polar position of B-12 icosahedra results in highly strained cluster units. This disorder feature was accounted for in the refined crystal structure model by splitting the polar position into three sites. The electron-precise composition of alpha-SiB3-x is SiB2.5 and corresponds to the incorporation of, on average, two Si atoms in each B-12 icosahedron. Accordingly, alpha-SiB3-x constitutes a mixture of B10Si2 and B11Si clusters. The structural and phase stability of alpha-SiB3-x were explored using a first-principles cluster expansion. The most stable composition at 0 K is SiB2.5, which however is unstable with respect to the decomposition beta-SiB3 + Si. Modeling of the configurational and vibrational entropies suggests that alpha-SiB3-x only becomes more stable than beta-SiB3 at temperatures above its decomposition into SiB6 and Si. Hence, we conclude that alpha-SiB3-x is metastable at all temperatures. Density functional theory electronic structure calculations yield band gaps of similar size for electron-precise alpha-SiB2.5 and beta-SiB3, whereas alpha-SiB3 represents a p-type conductor.

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  • 28.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Lugovskoy, A. V.
    NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Krasilnikov, O. M.
    NUST MISTS, Russia; NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Vekilov, Yu. Kh.
    NUST MISTS, Russia; NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Reply to the comment by M. Mazdziarz on the article "Ab initio calculations of pressure-dependence of high-order elastic constants using finite deformations approach" [Computer Physics Communications 220 (2017) 20-30]2019In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, E-ISSN 1879-2944, Vol. 235, p. 295-296Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Marcin Mazdziarz has published a comment on our recent paper by I. Mosyagin, A.V. Lugovskoy, O.M. Krasilnikov, Yu.Kh. Vekilov, S.I. Simak and L.A. Abrikosov titled "Ab initio calculations of pressure dependence of high-order elastic constants using finite deformations approach" [Computer Physics Communications 220 (2017)2030]. The author states that there are serious fundamental errors and flaws. In this reply we clarify all misunderstanding mentioned in the said comment. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.

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  • 29.
    Sangiovanni, Davide
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Ruhr Univ Bochum, Germany.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Smirnova, D.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Germany; Russian Acad Sci, Russia.
    Skripnyak, Natalia
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gambino, Davide
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mrovec, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Germany.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Superioniclike Diffusion in an Elemental Crystal: bcc Titanium2019In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 123, no 10, article id 105501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent theoretical investigations [A. B. Belonoshko et aL Nat. Geosci. 10, 312 (2017)] revealed the occurrence of the concerted migration of several atoms in bcc Fe at inner-core temperatures and pressures. Here, we combine first-principles and semiempirical atomistic simulations to show that a diffusion mechanism analogous to the one predicted for bcc iron at extreme conditions is also operative and of relevance for the high-temperature bcc phase of pure Ti at ambient pressure. The mechanism entails a rapid collective movement of numerous (from two to dozens) neighbors along tangled closed-loop paths in defect-free crystal regions. We argue that this phenomenon closely resembles the diffusion behavior of superionics and liquid metals. Furthermore, we suggest that concerted migration is the atomistic manifestation of vanishingly small co-mode phonon frequencies previously detected via neutron scattering and the mechanism underlying anomalously large and markedly non-Arrhenius self-diffusivities characteristic of bcc Ti.

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  • 30.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Temperature-induced phase transition and Li self-diffusion in Li2C2: A first-principles study2019In: Physical Review Materials, E-ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 3, no 2, article id 023602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithium carbide, Li2C2, is a fascinating material that combines strong covalent and weak ionic bonding resulting in a wide range of unusual properties. The mechanism of its phase transition from the ground-state orthorhombic (Immm) to the high-temperature cubic (Fm (3) over barm) crystal structure is not well understood and here we elucidate it with help of first-principles calculations. We show that stabilization of the cubic phase is a result of a temperature-induced disorientation of the C-C dumbbells and their further thermal rotations. Due to these rotations rather large deviatoric stress, which is associated with the dumbbell alignment along one of the crystallographic axes, averages out making the cubic structure mechanically stable. At high temperature we observe a type-II superionic transition to a state of high Li self-diffusion involving collective ionic motion mediated by the formation of Frenkel pairs.

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  • 31.
    Pilemalm, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergei
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    The Effect of Point Defects on the Electronic Density of States of ScMN2-Type (M = V, Nb, Ta) Phases2019In: Condensed Matter, ISSN 2410-3896, Vol. 4, no 3, article id 70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases are layered materials that have been experimentally reported for M = Ta and Nb. They are narrow-bandgap semiconductors with potentially interesting thermoelectric properties. Point defects such as dopants and vacancies largely affect these properties, motivating the need to investigate these effects. In particular, asymmetric peak features in the density of states (DOS) close to the highest occupied state is expected to increase the Seebeck coefficient. Here, we used first principles calculations to study the effects of one vacancy or one C, O, or F dopant on the DOS of the ScMN2 phases. We used density functional theory to calculate formation energy and the density of states when a point defect is introduced in the structures. In the DOS, asymmetric peak features close to the highest occupied state were found as a result of having a vacancy in all three phases. Furthermore, one C dopant in ScTaN2, ScNbN2, and ScVN2 implies a shift of the highest occupied state into the valence band, while one O or F dopant causes a shift of the highest occupied state into the conduction band.

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    The Effect of Point Defects on the Electronic Density of States of ScMN2-Type (M = V, Nb, Ta) Phases
  • 32.
    Ning, Weihua
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Xin-Gang
    Jilin Univ, Peoples R China.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tao, Youtian
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Ren, Xiao-Ming
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Lijun
    Jilin Univ, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Wei
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Thermochromic Lead-Free Halide Double Perovskites2019In: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 29, no 10, article id 1807375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lead-free halide double perovskites with diverse electronic structures and optical responses, as well as superior material stability show great promise for a range of optoelectronic applications. However, their large bandgaps limit their applications in the visible light range such as solar cells. In this work, an efficient temperature-derived bandgap modulation, that is, an exotic fully reversible thermochromism in both single crystals and thin films of Cs2AgBiBr6 double perovskites is demonstrated. Along with the thermochromism, temperature-dependent changes in the bond lengths of Ag Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br (R-Ag Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br) and Bi Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br (R-Bi Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br) are observed. The first-principle molecular dynamics simulations reveal substantial anharmonic fluctuations of the R-Ag Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br and R-Bi Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br at high temperatures. The synergy of anharmonic fluctuations and associated electron-phonon coupling, and the peculiar spin-orbit coupling effect, is responsible for the thermochromism. In addition, the intrinsic bandgap of Cs2AgBiBr6 shows negligible changes after repeated heating/cooling cycles under ambient conditions, indicating excellent thermal and environmental stability. This work demonstrates a stable thermochromic lead-free double perovskite that has great potential in the applications of smart windows and temperature sensors. Moreover, the findings on the structure modulation-induced bandgap narrowing of Cs2AgBiBr6 provide new insights for the further development of optoelectronic devices based on the lead-free halide double perovskites.

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  • 33.
    Pilemalm, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pourovskii, Leonid
    Centre de Physique Théorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Route de Saclay, FR-91128 Palaiseau, France / Collège de France, 11 place Marcelin Berthelot, FR-75005 Paris, France.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    Materials Modeling and Development Laboratory, NUST “MISIS”, RU-119991 Moscow, Russia.
    Simak, Sergei
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Thermodynamic Stability, Thermoelectric, Elastic and Electronic Structure Properties of ScMN2-Type (M = V, Nb, Ta) Phases Studied by ab initio Calculations2019In: Condensed Matter, ISSN 2410-3896, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases are layered materials that have been experimentally reported for M = Ta and Nb, but they have up to now not been much studied. However, based on the properties of binary ScN and its alloys, it is reasonable to expect these phases to be of relevance in a range of applications, including thermoelectrics. Here, we have used first-principles calculations to study their thermodynamic stability, elastic, thermoelectric and electronic properties. We have used density functional theory to calculate lattice parameters, the mixing enthalpy of formation and electronic density of states as well as the thermoelectric properties and elastic constants (cij), bulk (B), shear (G) and Young’s (E) modulus, which were compared with available experimental data. Our results indicate that the considered systems are thermodynamically and elastically stable and that all are semiconductors with small band gaps. All three materials display anisotropic thermoelectric properties and indicate the possibility to tune these properties by doping. In particular, ScVN2, featuring the largest band gap exhibits a particularly large and strongly doping-sensitive Seebeck coefficient.

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    Thermodynamic Stability, Thermoelectric, Elastic and Electronic Structure Properties of ScMN2-Type (M = V, Nb, Ta) Phases Studied by ab initio Calculations
  • 34.
    Pourovskii, L. V.
    et al.
    Univ Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Mravlje, J.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Slovenia.
    Georges, A.
    Univ Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; Univ Geneva, Switzerland.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Correction: Electron-electron scattering and thermal conductivity of epsilon-iron at Earths core conditions (vol 19, 073022, 2017)2018In: New Journal of Physics, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 20, article id 109501Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

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  • 35.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Inst Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Effect of temperature and configurational disorder on the electronic band gap of boron carbide from first principles2018In: Physical Review Materials, E-ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 2, no 10, article id 104603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overestimation, rather than the usual underestimation, of the electronic band gap at 0 K of boron carbide with the ideally stoichiometric composition of B4C, represented by B11CP (CBC), in density functional theory calculations is one of the outstanding controversial issues in the field of icosahedral boron-rich solids. Using a first-principles approach, we explore the effect of temperature and configurational disorder on the electronic band gap of B4C. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are performed to account for the effects of vibrational disorder. The results reveal that the volumetric thermal expansion as well as the thermally induced configurational disorder of icosahedral C-P atoms residing in the B11CP icosahedra have a minimal impact on the band gap of B4C, while a major decrease of the band gap is caused by explicit atomic displacements, induced by lattice vibrations. At 298 K, the band gap of B4C is overestimated, as compared to the experimental value, by approximately 31%. However, configurational disorder induced by introducing a small fraction of B-12 (CBC) and B-12 (B-4) into a matrix of B11CP (CBC) to make the composition of boron carbide approximately B4.3C, claimed to be the carbon-rich limit of the material in experiment, leads to a smaller band gap due to the appearance of midgap states. These results can explain at least a part of the previous discrepancies between theory and experiments for the band gap of boron carbide.

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  • 36.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden; Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Finite-temperature lattice dynamics and superionic transition in ceria from first principles2018In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 97, no 10, article id 104309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) in combination with the temperature dependent effective potential (TDEP) method has been used to go beyond the quasiharmonic approximation and study the lattice dynamics in ceria, CeO2, at finite temperature. The results indicate that the previously proposed connection between the B-1u phonon mode turning imaginary and the transition to the superionic phase in fluorite structured materials is an artifact of the failure of the quasiharmonic approximation in describing the lattice dynamics at elevated temperatures. We instead show that, in the TDEP picture, a phonon mode coupling to the E-u mode prevents the B-1u mode from becoming imaginary. We directly observe the superionic transition at high temperatures in our AIMD simulations and find that it is initiated by the formation of oxygen Frenkel pairs (FP). These FP are found to form in a collective process involving simultaneous motion of two oxygen ions.

  • 37.
    Bykova, E.
    et al.
    DESY, Germany; Univ Bayreuth, Germany.
    Bykov, M.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany; Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Cernok, A.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany; Open Univ, England.
    Tidholm, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. CALTECH, CA 91125 USA.
    Belov, M. P.
    Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liermann, H. -P.
    DESY, Germany.
    Hanfland, M.
    European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Prakapenka, V. B.
    Univ Chicago, IL 60637 USA.
    Prescher, C.
    Univ Chicago, IL 60637 USA; Univ Cologne, Germany.
    Dubrovinskaia, N.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany.
    Dubrovinsky, L.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany.
    Metastable silica high pressure polymorphs as structural proxies of deep Earth silicate melts2018In: Nature Communications, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 9, article id 4789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modelling of processes involving deep Earth liquids requires information on their structures and compression mechanisms. However, knowledge of the local structures of silicates and silica (SiO2) melts at deep mantle conditions and of their densification mechanisms is still limited. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of metastable high-pressure silica phases, coesite-IV and coesite-V, using in situ single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ab initio simulations. Their crystal structures are drastically different from any previously considered models, but explain well features of pair-distribution functions of highly densified silica glass and molten basalt at high pressure. Built of four, five-, and six-coordinated silicon, coesite-IV and coesite-V contain SiO6 octahedra, which, at odds with 3rd Paulings rule, are connected through common faces. Our results suggest that possible silicate liquids in Earths lower mantle may have complex structures making them more compressible than previously supposed.

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  • 38.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nature of the octahedral tilting phase transitions in perovskites: A case study of CaMnO32018In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 97, no 2, article id 024108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The temperature-induced antiferrodistortive (AFD) structural phase transitions in CaMnO3, a typical perovskite oxide, are studied using first-principles density functional theory calculations. These transitions are caused by tilting of the MnO6 octahedra that are related to unstable phonon modes in the high-symmetry cubic perovskite phase. Transitions due to octahedral tilting in perovskites normally are believed to fit into the standard soft-mode picture of displacive phase transitions. We calculate phonon-dispersion relations and potential-energy landscapes as functions of the unstable phonon modes and argue based on the results that the phase transitions are better described as being of order-disorder type. This means that the cubic phase emerges as a dynamical average when the system hops between local minima on the potential-energy surface. We then perform ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and find explicit evidence of the order-disorder dynamics in the system. Our conclusions are expected to be valid for other perovskite oxides, and we finally suggest how to predict the nature (displacive or order-disorder) of the AFD phase transitions in any perovskite system.

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  • 39.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Phase Stability of Dynamically Disordered Solids from First Principles2018In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 121, no 22, article id 225702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretical studies of phase stability in solid materials with dynamic disorder are challenging due to the failure of the standard picture of atoms vibrating around fixed equilibrium positions. Dynamically disordered solid materials show immense potential in applications. In particular, superionic conductors, where the disorder results in exceptionally high ionic conductivity, are very promising as solid state electrolytes in batteries and fuel cells. The biggest obstacle in living up to this potential is the limited stability of the dynamically disordered phases. Here, we outline a method to obtain the free energy of a dynamically disordered solid. It is based on a stress-strain thermodynamic integration on a deformation path between a mechanically stable ordered variant of the disordered phase, and the dynamically disordered phase itself. We show that the large entropy contribution associated with the dynamic disorder is captured in the behavior of the stress along the deformation path. We apply the method to Bi2O3, whose superionic delta phase is the fastest known solid oxide ion conductor. We accurately reproduce the experimental transition enthalpy and the critical temperature of the phase transition from the low temperature ground state a phase to the superionic d phase. The method can be used for a first-principles description of the phase stability of superionic conductors and other materials with dynamic disorder, when the disordered phase can be connected to a stable phase through a continuous deformation path.

  • 40.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Inst Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Structural models of increasing complexity for icosahedral boron carbide with compositions throughout the single-phase region from first principles2018In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 97, no 17, article id 174104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We perform first-principles calculations to investigate the phase stability of boron carbide, concentrating on the recently proposed alternative structural models composed not only of the regularly studied B11Cp(CBC) and B-12(CBC), but also of B-12(CBCB) and B-12(B-4). We find that a combination of the four structural motifs can result in low-energy electron precise configurations of boron carbide. Among several considered configurations within the composition range of B10.5C and B4C, we identify in addition to the regularly studied B11Cp(CBC) at the composition of B4C two low-energy configurations, resulting in a new view of the B-C convex hull. Those are [B-12(CBC)](0.67)[B-12(B-4)](0.33) and [B-12(CBC)](0.67)[B-12(CBCB)](0.33), corresponding to compositions of B10.5C and B6.67C, respectively. As a consequence, B-12(CBC) at the composition of B6.5C, previously suggested in the literature as a stable configuration of boron carbide, is no longer part of the B-C convex hull. By inspecting the electronic density of states as well as the elastic moduli, we find that the alternative models of boron carbide can provide a reasonably good description for electronic and elastic properties of the material in comparison with the experiments, highlighting the importance of considering B-12(CBCB) and B-12(B-4), together with the previously proposed B11Cp(CBC) and B-12(CBC), as the crucial ingredients for modeling boron carbide with compositions throughout the single-phase region.

  • 41.
    Burakovsky, Leonid
    et al.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Burakovsky, Naftali
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Preston, Dean
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Simak, Sergei I
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Systematics of the Third Row Transition Metal Melting: The HCP Metals Rhenium and Osmium2018In: Crystals, ISSN 2073-4352, Vol. 8, no 6, article id 243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The melting curves of rhenium and osmium to megabar pressures are obtained from an extensive suite of ab initio quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) simulations using the Z method. In addition, for Re, we combine QMD simulations with total free energy calculations to obtain its phase diagram. Our results indicate that Re, which generally assumes a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure, melts from a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure in the pressure range 20-240 GPa. We conclude that the recent DAC data on Re to 50 GPa in fact encompass both the true melting curve and the low-slope hcp-fcc phase boundary above a triple point at (20 GPa, 4240 K). A linear fit to the Re diamond anvil cell (DAC) data then results in a slope that is 2.3 times smaller than that of the actual melting curve. The phase diagram of Re is topologically equivalent to that of Pt calculated by us earlier on. Regularities in the melting curves of Re, Os, and five other 3rd-row transition metals (Ta, W, Ir, Pt, Au) form the 3rd-row transition metal melting systematics. We demonstrate how this systematics can be used to estimate the currently unknown melting curve of the eighth 3rd-row transition metal Hf.

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  • 42.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    ESRF, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    ESRF, France.
    Konar, Sumit
    Univ Edinburgh, Scotland; Univ Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Unraveling Hidden Mg-Mn-H Phase Relations at High Pressures and Temperatures by in Situ Synchrotron Diffraction2018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 1614-1622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The MgMnH system was investigated by in situ high pressure studies of reaction mixtures MgH2MnH2. The formation conditions of two complex hydrides with composition Mg3MnH7 were established. Previously known hexagonal Mg3MnH7 (h-Mg3MnH7) formed at pressures 1.52 GPa and temperatures between 480 and 500 degrees C, whereas an orthorhombic form (o-Mg3MnH7) was obtained at pressures above 5 GPa and temperatures above 600 degrees C. The crystal structures of the polymorphs feature octahedral [Mn(I)H-6](5) complexes and interstitial H-. Interstitial H- is located in trigonal bipyramidal and square pyramidal interstices formed by Mg2+ ions in h- and o-Mg3MnH7, respectively. The hexagonal form can be retained at ambient pressure, whereas the orthorhombic form upon decompression undergoes a distortion to monoclinic Mg3MnH7 (m-Mg3MnH7). The structure elucidation of o- and m-Mg3MnH7 was aided by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Calculated enthalpy versus pressure relations predict m- and o-Mg3MnH7 to be more stable than h-Mg3MnH7 above 4.3 GPa. Phonon calculations revealed o-Mg3MnH7 to be dynamically unstable at pressures below 5 GPa, which explains its phase transition to m-Mg3MnH7 on decompression. The electronic structure of the quenchable polymorphs h- and m-Mg3MnH7 is very similar. The stable 18-electron complex [MnH6](5-) is mirrored in the occupied states, and calculated band gaps are around 1.5 eV. The study underlines the significance of in situ investigations for mapping reaction conditions and understanding phase relations for hydrogen-rich complex transition metal hydrides.

  • 43.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Lugovskoy, A. V.
    NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Krasilnikov, O. M.
    NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Vekilov, Yu. Kh.
    NUST MISIS, Russia; NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ab initio calculations of pressure-dependence of high-order elastic constants using finite deformations approach2017In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, E-ISSN 1879-2944, Vol. 220, p. 20-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a description of a technique for ab initio calculations of the pressure dependence of second and third-order elastic constants. The technique is based on an evaluation of the corresponding Lagrangian stress tensor derivative of the total energy assuming finite size of the deformations. Important details and parameters of the calculations are highlighted. Considering body-centered cubic Mo as a model system, we demonstrate that the technique is highly customizable and can be used to investigate non-linear elastic properties under high-pressure conditions. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 44.
    Pourovskii, L. V.
    et al.
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Russia.
    Mravlje, J.
    Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Georges, A.
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Russia.
    Electron-electron scattering and thermal conductivity of epsilon-iron at Earths core conditions2017In: New Journal of Physics, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 19, article id 073022Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electronic state and transport properties of hot dense iron are of the utmost importance for the understanding of Earths interior. Combining state-of-the-art density functional and dynamical mean field theories we study the impact of electron correlations on the electrical and thermal resistivity of hexagonal close-packed epsilon-Fe at Earths core conditions and show that the electron-electron scattering in epsilon-Fe exhibit a nearly perfect Fermi-liquid (FL) behavior. Accordingly, the quadratic dependence of the scattering rate, typical of FLs, leads to a modification of the Wiedemann-Franz law and suppresses the thermal conductivity with respect to the electrical one. The consequence is a significant increase of the electron-electron thermal resistivity, which is found to be of comparable magnitude to the electron-phonon one.

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  • 45.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    First-principles prediction of stabilities and instabilities of compounds and alloys in the ternary B-As-P system2017In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 96, no 2, article id 024202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the thermodynamic stability of compounds and alloys in the ternary B-As-P system theoretically using first-principles calculations. We demonstrate that the icosahedral B12As2 is the only stable compound in the binary B-As system, while the zinc-blende BAs is thermodynamically unstable with respect to B12As2 and the pure arsenic phase at 0 K, and increasingly so at higher temperature, suggesting that BAs may merely exist as a metastable phase. On the contrary, in the binary B-P system, both zinc-blende BP and icosahedral B12P2 are predicted to be stable. As for the binary As-P system, As1-xPx disordered alloys are predicted at elevated temperature-for example, a disordered solid solution of up to similar to 75 at.% As in black phosphorus as well as a small solubility of similar to 1 at.% P in gray arsenic at T = 750 K, together with the presence of miscibility gaps. The calculated large solubility of As in black phosphorus explains the experimental syntheses of black-phosphorus-type As1-xPx alloys with tunable compositions, recently reported in the literature. We investigate the phase stabilities in the ternary B-As-P system and demonstrate a high tendency for a formation of alloys in the icosahedral B-12(As1-xPx)(2) structure by intermixing of As and P atoms at the diatomic chain sites. The phase diagram displays noticeable mutual solubility of the icosahedral subpnictides in each other even at room temperature as well as a closure of a pseudobinary miscibility gap around 900 K. As for pseudobinary BAs1-xPx alloys, only a tiny amount of BAs is predicted to be able to dissolve in BP to form the BAs1-xPx disordered alloys at elevated temperature. For example, less than 5% of BAs can dissolve in BP at T = 1000 K. The small solubility limit of BAs in BP is attributed to the thermodynamic instability of BAs with respect to B12As2 and As.

  • 46.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Halim, Joseph
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rosén, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Investigation of vacancy-ordered Mo1.33C MXene from first principles and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy2017In: Physical Review Materials, E-ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 1, no 4, article id 044002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MXenes are a comparatively young class of 2D materials, composed of transition-metal carbides/nitrides of the general formula Mn+1XnTx, where T represents surface terminations, typically O, OH, and/or F. Recently, a new type of MXene with vacancy ordering was discovered, Mo1.33CTx, with conduction and capacitance superior to the MXene counterpart without vacancies, Mo2CTx. We here present a theoretical evaluation of Mo1.33CTx based on first-principles calculations, where x = 2 and T is O, F, OH, or a mixture thereof. In addition to structural evaluation upon vacancy formation, we identify preferred terminations as well as termination sites, and resulting dynamical stability and electronic properties. For mixed terminations, the mixing energy is evaluated. We show that while Mo2C is typically O terminated, mixed terminations with a high F content are suggested for Mo1.33CTx, which in turn gives the highest metallicity out of all the configurations investigated. In addition, the results indicate a strong tuning potential of the band gap through choice of terminations, with an electronic structure changing between insulating and metallic depending on termination(s) and their configuration. We also performed x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to identify and quantify the terminating species on the MXene, as well as their respective binding energies. The experimental results are consistent with the theoretical analysis, and combined they suggest an explanation to the MXene chemistry as well as the reported high conductivity of Mo1.33CTx.

  • 47.
    Nilsson, Johan O.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Leetmaa, Mikael
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Oxygen diffusion in ceria doped with rare-earth elements2017In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 21, p. 13723-13730Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the effects of the dopant type and the dopant distribution on the ion diffusion in ceria doped with rare-earth elements (Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, and Gd). Diffusion is simulated by means of a Kinetic Monte Carlo method using input transition rates derived from diffusion barriers calculated in the framework of density functional theory (DFT). Based on diffusion simulations, we discuss the characteristics of the dopants in terms of the diffusion barriers, and study oxygen ion trajectories for different dopants and distributions. Our simulations show a trend of increasing ion diffusivity with increasing atomic number for all distributions.

  • 48.
    Kerdsongpanya, Sit
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Rensselaer Polytech Institute, NY 12180 USA.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. CALTECH, CA 91125 USA.
    Sun, Bo
    National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Kan Koh, Yee
    National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Lu, Jun
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Van Nong, Ngo
    Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Simak, Sergei I.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Phonon thermal conductivity of scandium nitride for thermoelectrics from first-principles calculations and thin-film growth2017In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 96, no 19, article id 195417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The knowledge of lattice thermal conductivity of materials under realistic conditions is vitally important since many modern technologies require either high or low thermal conductivity. Here, we propose a theoretical model for determining lattice thermal conductivity, which takes into account the effect of microstructure. It is based on ab initio description that includes the temperature dependence of the interatomic force constants and treats anharmonic lattice vibrations. We choose ScN as a model system, comparing the computational predictions to the experimental data by time-domain thermoreflectance. Our experimental results show a trend of reduction in lattice thermal conductivity with decreasing domain size predicted by the theoretical model. These results suggest a possibility to control thermal conductivity by microstructural tailoring and provide a predictive tool for the effect of the microstructure on the lattice thermal conductivity of materials based on ab initio calculations.

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  • 49.
    Burakovsky, L.
    et al.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Cawkwell, M. J.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Preston, D. L.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Errandonea, D.
    University of Valencia, Spain.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Recent ab initio phase diagram studies: Iridium2017In: JOINT AIRAPT-25TH and EHPRG-53RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HIGH PRESSURE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2015, IOP PUBLISHING LTD , 2017, Vol. 950, article id UNSP 042021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phase diagram of iridium is investigated using the Z methodology in conjunction with the VASP ab initio molecular dynamics package. The Z methodology is a novel technique for phase diagram studies which combines the direct Z method for the computation of melting curves and the inverse Z method for the calculation of solid-solid phase boundaries. We compare our results to the available experimental data on iridium. We offer explanation for the 14-layer hexagonal structure observed in experiments by Cerenius and Dubrovinsky.

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  • 50.
    Belonoshko, Anatoly B.
    et al.
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Lukinov, Timofei
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Fu, Jie
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden; Dalian University of Technology, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Jijun
    Dalian University of Technology, Peoples R China.
    Davis, Sergio
    Chilean Comm Nucl Energy CCHEN, Chile.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Stabilization of body-centred cubic iron under inner-core conditions2017In: Nature Geoscience, ISSN 1752-0894, E-ISSN 1752-0908, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 312-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Earths solid core is mostly composed of iron. However, despite being central to our understanding of core properties, the stable phase of iron under inner-core conditions remains uncertain. The two leading candidates are hexagonal close-packed and body-centred cubic (bcc) crystal structures, but the dynamic and thermodynamic stability of bcc iron under inner-core conditions has been challenged. Here we demonstrate the stability of the bcc phase of iron under conditions consistent with the centre of the core using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. We find that the bcc phase is stabilized at high temperatures by a diffusion mechanism that arises due to the dynamical instability of the phase at lower temperatures. On the basis of our simulations, we reinterpret experimental data as support for the stability of bcc iron under inner-core conditions. We suggest that the diffusion of iron atoms in solid state may explain both the anisotropy and the low shear modulus of the inner core.

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