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  • 1.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Creating ‘international communities’ in southern Spain: Self-segregation and ‘institutional whiteness’ in Swedish lifestyle migration.2019In: European Journal of Cultural Studies, ISSN 1367-5494, E-ISSN 1460-3551, Vol. 22, no 5-6, p. 799-816Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines intra-European relations in narratives of Swedish lifestyle migrants living permanently or part-time on the Spanish Sun Coast. It pays particular attention to the complexities of Swedish migrants’ cultural identities and patterns of self-segregation in the Spanish society by investigating the following questions: How do boundaries of social networks that Swedish lifestyle migrants participate in, or interrelate, with a sense of ‘likeness’? In what ways are the formation of these ‘international’ networks mediated through ideas of cultural similarity and parallel difference, and how do such notions both override and uphold boundaries tied to social, cultural and racial divisions? It is argued that the formation of so-called ‘international communities’ on the Spanish Sun Coast tend to cluster mainly north-western European lifestyle migrants, which calls for an analysis of ‘orientations’ towards a certain ‘likeness’, and the function of these spaces and communities as spaces of ‘institutional whiteness’ that work as a ‘meeting point’ where some bodies tend to feel comfortable as they already belong here. The social and cultural boundaries that surround these communities destabilises the idea of a common, culturally homogeneous European identity and display intra-European racial divisions mediated through discourses of cultural differences. What appears is a south–north divide built upon a deep Swedish postcolonial identification with Anglo Saxon and north-western European countries and cultures, and a parallel dis-identification with (the former colonial powers in) southern Europe.

  • 2.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    White Women. White Nation. White Cosmopolitanism: Swedish Migration between the National and the Global2019In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 96-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging from the concepts of white cosmopolitanism and white cosmopolitan femininity, this article analyses "cosmopolitan narratives" of Swedish migrant women who lived abroad for an extended period and eventually returned to Sweden. Based on eight months' ethnographic work, including 46 in-depth interviews with migrants who had returned in Sweden, the article explores how national boundaries are both maintained and traversed in the construction of a "world citizen". It is argued that the women?s self-identification with a cosmopolitan ethos is structured by whiteness, nationality, and class that grants uninterrupted mobility and "worldliness". As symbolic bearers of the Swedish nation, national ideals act on the white women?s bodies internationally, in ways that both uphold and re-inscribe the nation into the global. Thus, apart from obscuring global inequalities, white cosmopolitan femininity is imbricated in both national and global politics as a place where global structures reconnect with the white nation, thereby enabling Swedish migrants to re-install themselves into contemporary global settings as self-defined cosmopolitan subjects

  • 3.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Creating ‘international communities’ in southern Spain: Self-segregation and ‘institutional whiteness’ in Swedish lifestyle migration2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Southern Spain is the most attractive region in Europe for so called lifestyle migrants from a number of European countries, preferably from the Nordic countries and Great Britain. This paper examines intra-European relations as they are narrated by Swedish lifestyle migrants living permanently or part-time at the Spanish Suncoast. The aim is to discuss classed and racial aspects of self-segregation and constructions of cultural similarity and parallel difference that both override and uphold boundaries tied to national, cultural and social divisions. By looking at how formations of ‘international communities’ are shaped among north Western European lifestyle migrants, theories on ‘orientations’ towards whiteness and likeness, and institutions as ‘meeting points’ where some bodies tend to feel comfortable in certain spaces as they already belong here, are developed. These ‘international communities’ recruit particular subjects, yet resulting in a division between migrants from northern Europe, non-European migrants and locals from Spain. The results destabilize the idea of a common, culturally homogeneous European identity, displaying divisions mediated through discourses of cultural differences. What appears is a south-north divide built upon a deep Swedish postcolonial identification with Anglo-Saxon countries and cultures and parallel dis-identification with (the former colonial powers in) Southern Europe.

  • 4.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hemmafru hemma [A housewife “at home”]: Återvändande migrantkvinnors möte med svenska jämställdhetsnormer i politik och praktik [Returning migrant women’s encounters of Swedish gender equality in policy and in practice]2018In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 2-3, p. 389-414Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A housewife “at home”. Returning migrant women’s encounters of Swedish gender equality in policy and in practice

    This article discusses the experiences of Swedish migrant women who are returning to Sweden after having lived abroad for a period of their lives. Most of them have been situated outside the formal labour market during their time abroad and been occupied with family related work. The aim of this article is to analyse how political ideals formulated around work, gender equality and income redistribution, encounter the constructions of Swedishness, gender and heterosexuality in these women’s stories. When living abroad, the women were provided for by their husbands. Yet, their positions as “trailing spouses” had had severe impact on their opportunities for reintegration into the labour market as well as for their future – or current – pensions. The article discusses the political and sociological consequences of women’s economic dependence, primarily in terms of welfare state distribution and pensions by asking: In what ways are returning migrant women situated in-between a global labour market and the Swedish welfare system in relation to migration, gender and gender equality?

  • 5.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Icke/vit migration: Reflektioner kring ras, medborgarskap och tillhörighet i en svensk kontext.2018In: Studier om rasism: Tvärvetenskapliga perspektiv på ras, vithet och diskriminering / [ed] Tobias Hübinette & Andréaz Wasniowski, Arx Förlag , 2018, p. 273-301Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Den vita maskulinitetens kris är nu2017In: Feministiskt perspektiv, ISSN 2002-1542Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Embodying Exoticism: Gendered Nuances of Swedish Hyper-Whiteness in the United States2017In: Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 0036-5637, E-ISSN 2163-8195, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 179-199Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Teitelbaum, Benjamin R.
    University of Colorado, USA.
    Nordic Whiteness: An Introduction2017In: Scandinavian Studies, ISSN 0036-5637, E-ISSN 2163-8195, Vol. 89, no 2, p. 151-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    On 'the migrant'2017Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The white side of migration: Reflections on race, citizenship and belonging in Sweden2017In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 7, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘The migrant’ tends to be imagined as a non-privileged, non-white, non-western subject in search of a better future in Europe or the United States and as such is a pre-constituted subject shaped by notions of marginalization and poverty. What kinds of stories are obscured by this recurrent image of ‘the migrant’ and how do such categorizations hamper the analysis of privilege, belonging and white normativity within studies of migration? Why are some individuals not regarded as migrants despite their migrant status? Why are other individuals seen as migrants and thus denied their national belonging in spite of their formal status as national citizens? The article develops analytical tools on migration, belonging and citizenship, with particular attention to (a) autochthony and belonging, (b) race and citizenship and (c) white capital.

  • 11.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vit migration: kön, vithet och privilegier i transnationella migrationsprocesser2017Book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    White women. White nation. White cosmopolitanism.: Swedish return migration between the national and the global.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cosmopolitanism is intrinsically associated with the transgression of narrowing national boundaries, performing the function of a ‘globalization from within’. This paper emerges from the concept of white cosmopolitanism, providing a critique of the inherent racial aspects of cosmopolitanism and the ‘cosmopolitan class’, based on the argument that the very language of cosmopolitanism is structured by whiteness and class, granting uninterrupted mobility and a sense of becoming ‘worldly’. The concept captures Swedish white upper-middle-class returning migrant women’s’ sense of being ‘citizens of the world’ including ideas of certain ethics such as ‘tolerance’ and a cultured approach to ‘otherness’. The paper analyses how national boundaries are confined, yet transgressed in the narratives of the ‘Swedish world citizen’. Such process reflects how the reproduction of Swedish nationality acts upon the women’s bodies as representatives of the nation abroad and simultaneously re-inscribing the (white) nation into the global.

  • 13.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Diana and everything else.: Review of Diana and Beyond by Raka Shome.2016In: New Formations, ISSN 0950-2378, E-ISSN 1741-0789, no 88, p. 146-149Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The white side of migration: Reflections on race, citizenship and belonging2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘The migrant’ tends to be imagined as a non-privileged, non-white, non-Westernsubject in search for a better future in Europe or the US, and as such a preconstitutedsubject shaped by notions of marginalization and poverty. What kind ofstories are obscured by this recurrent image of ‘the migrant’, and how does suchcategorization hamper the thinking of privilege, belonging and white normativity?Why are some migrants not regarded as migrants despite their migrant status andwhy are other individuals seen as migrants and thus denied their national belongingin spite of their formal status as national citizens? The presentation aims to developexisting theoretical perspectives on migration and citizenship by combining findingsin current migration studies with critical race and whiteness studies with particularattention to a) autochthony and belonging, b) race and citizenship, and c) whitecapital.

  • 15.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    “We are the world”: Swedish migrant women and white cosmopolitanism2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Race and whiteness fundamentally structures mobility and migration by the means of border controls and visa policies or by the lack thereof. These principles in contemporary globalization make up the foundation for our different approaches to the world around us. This paper emerges from the concept of white cosmopolitanism to capture the interrelation between white upper-middle-class migrant women’s sense of being ‘citizens of the world’ and the production of Swedish national modernity. Empirically, the paper is based on nearly ten years of ethnographic work including in-depth interviews with Swedish women living abroad and returning migrants to Sweden. For the women abroad, it is of utmost importance to preserve their Swedish national identity yet transcending the national to become ‘citizens of the world’. For returning Swedes, the undertaking is to bring this world back ‘home’ to Sweden. This process reflects how the reproduction of Swedish modernity acts upon the women’s bodies as representatives of the Swedish nation abroad simultaneously re-inscribing the nation into the global. It is here argued that the very language of cosmopolitanism is structured by whiteness, white capital and class, which grant uninterrupted mobility and the authority to bring pieces and parts of the world ‘back’ into the national. Such expressions and subject positions of white upper-middle-class women are further re-constructed through other women’s work as they care for the domestic and the family while the white women acquire cosmopolitan capital by traveling around the world. Apart from obscuring global inequalities, white cosmopolitanism is here seen as imbricated in national politics. As Sweden searches for a post-Social Democrat identity domestically and globally, white cosmopolitan femininity may well be the place where global intimacies reconnect with a renewed white nationalism that re-inscribes Sweden into the contemporary neoliberal global soul, even with closed borders.

  • 16.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Relocating Swedish whiteness: Review of White migrations: gender, whiteness and privilege by Stine H. Bang Svendsen2015In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 140-143Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    et al.
    Institutionen för språk, litteratur och interkultur, Karlstads universitet, Karlstads univeristet.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sweden after the recent election: the double-binding power of Swedish whiteness through the mourning of the loss of “old Sweden” and the passing of “good Sweden”2015In: Debates in nordic gender studies: differences within / [ed] Cecilia Åsberg & Malin Rönnblom, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 43-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vita kroppar migrerar också.2015In: Feministiskt perspektivArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Migranter har blivit ett kodnamn för "icke-vita". Det synliggörs i Catrin Lundströms forskning om transnationell migration där hon studerar svenska kvinnor som av olika anledningar flyttat och bosatt sig i andra länder. Christin Sandberg har intervjuat henne om relationen mellan kön, vithet och globala omsorgs- och migrationskedjor.

  • 19.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Den vita kvinnans olika positioner2014In: Kritiska gemenskaper: att skriva feministisk och postkolonial vetenskap / [ed] Kerstin Sandell, Maja Sager, Nora Rähtzel, Lund: Lunds universitet , 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Embodying exoticism: Swedish women and Nordic Whiteness in the US2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gender, whiteness and privilege in Transnational Migration: Some implications for the field of Migration research2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Svenskhetens utsida2014In: Bryt upp!: Om etik och rasism / [ed] Nick Jones, Lund: BTJ Förlag , 2014, p. 157-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Multicultural Centre.
    Swedish whiteness and white melancholia: A case study of a white nation in crisis and its history and future.2014In: Unveiling whiteness in the 21st century: Global manifestations, transdisciplinary interventions / [ed] Deirdre Howard-Wagner, Veronica Watson & Lisa Spanierman., Lanham: Lexington Books, 2014Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Multicultural Centre.
    Three phases of hegemonic whiteness: Understanding racial temporalities in Sweden2014In: Social Identities, ISSN 1350-4630, E-ISSN 1363-0296, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 423-437Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the election in Sweden in 2010, the racist Sweden Democrats party entered parliament. Post-election reactions and discussions were largely preoccupied with the issue of how the presence of a racist party in the Swedish parliament disturbs the country's exceptionalist image and privileged position – both in the West and in the non-Western world – as humanity's avant-garde and beacon for antiracism. This article aims to understand the current situation in Sweden from a critical race and whiteness studies perspective. We regard contemporary Sweden as a ‘white nation in crisis’, and diagnose Swedish society as suffering from a ‘white melancholia’. In order to disentangle and shed light upon what is perceived to be mourned and what is seen as being lost for the future, the article offers an historicised account of three principal phases, stages and moments of Swedish nation-building and whiteness; ‘white purity’ (1905–1968); ‘white solidarity’ (1968–2001); and ‘white melancholy’, from 2001 onwards. The analysis also takes into account how these three nation-building projects and hegemonic whiteness and racial grammar regimes are interrelated, and intersect with the different gender and class relations; racial formations; minority discourses; and various political ideologies and affective structures characterising these three periods.

  • 25.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    White migrations: Gender, Whitenss and Privilege in Transnational Migration2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The migrant is often thought of as a non-westerner in search for a better future in Europe or the United States. From a multi-sited ethnography with Swedish migrant women in the US, Singapore and Spain, this book explores the intersections of racial and class privilege and gender vulnerabilities in contemporary feminized migration from or within ‘the West’. Through an analysis of ‘white migration’, it develops theoretical tools to understand the dynamics that shape the women’s lives as wealthy housewives, expatriate wives and lifestyle migrants. By shifting the gaze towards privileged migrants, The book illustrates how race shapes contemporary transnational migration and how white privilege is reproduced through family formation, expatriate geographies or ‘international communities’ in response to the shifting boundaries of whiteness in different national and regional settings. Looking at how whiteness migrates through a transnational lens the book fills a gap in literature on race and migration, presenting some of the complexities of the current global power relations and the contextual variations that surround these.

  • 26.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Färgblindheten eliminerar inte rasismen2013In: Dagens ArenaArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Joseph, Cynthia
    et al.
    Monash University, Victoria, Australia.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gender, culture and work in global cities: Researching ‘transnational’ women2013In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 36, no SI, p. 1-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Maid" sökes: "Live-in-maid" och skillnadsskapande praktiker i svenska migranthem i Singapore2013In: Rena hem på smutsiga villkor?: Hushållsarbete, Globalisering, Migration / [ed] Anna Gavanas & Catharina Calleman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2013, 1, p. 107-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med att ett skatteavdrag för rengöring, underhåll och tvätt (det så kallade RUT-avdraget) infördes 2007 började en intensiv debatt om hushållstjänster i Sverige. Idag subventioneras RUT-tjänsterna med ungefär 1,5 miljarder kronor av skattemedel. RUT har blivit en del av många människors vardag och har medfört stora förändringar i svenskt familje- och arbetsliv.Hur ser då förhållandena ut för dem som arbetar på den växande hushållstjänstemarknaden? Har de svarta arbetena blivit vita, som tanken var? Vad betyder det att äldre övergår från att vara mottagare av omsorg till att bli kunder på en marknad för hushållstjänster? Finns det några likheter mellan dagens hushållstjänster och det arbete som tyska hembiträden utförde i Sverige på 1950-talet? Hur resonerar svenska kvinnor bosatta i utlandet kring social jämlikhet och hushållsarbetares rättigheter, när de själva får rollen som arbetsgivare?Om dessa och andra relaterade frågor handlar denna bok, med bidrag av landets  främsta forskare på området: sociologer, statsvetare, historiker, genusvetare, arbetsrättsjurister och antropologer från en rad svenska universitet. De utforskar vad som händer på hushållstjänstemarknaden och följer särskilt de internationella sambanden. Även den växande efterfrågan på hushållstjänster i resten av världendiskuteras, med fokus på migration och internationell arbetsfördelning. Boken återger många olika erfarenheter och perspektiv  här får såväl nystartade städentreprenörer som hushållsarbetare i exil och andra inblandade aktörer komma till tals.

  • 29.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Mistresses" and "maids" in transnational "contact zones": Expatriate wives and the intersection of difference and intimacy in Swedish domestic spaces in Singapore2013In: Women's Studies: International Forum, ISSN 0277-5395, E-ISSN 1879-243X, Vol. 36, no SI, p. 44-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the tensions that arise when professionally educated Swedish migrant women relocate to a temporary expatriate wife status, with a particular focus on the transnational household as a “contact zone” between expats and migrant domestic workers in Singapore. Based on interviews and ethnographic work with 13 Swedish women and one month of fieldwork in the Swedish community in Singapore in spring 2009, the article investigates the women's altered positions as “trailing spouses” and employers from an intersectional perspective that highlights the politics of difference between women with regard to constructions of race, femininity and intimacy. In this context, the article explores how processes of globalisation, transnational migration and division of labour are played out between the different migrant women in the household sphere, thus broadening contemporary discussions by including privileged practices and positions in transnational migration. As expatriate wives, the Swedish women were often locked into conservative frames, oriented towards “family values”, negotiated in relation to (former) ideologies of gender equality and (new) power relations in the household sphere.

  • 30.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish Whiteness and White Melancholia: A case study of a white nation in crisis, its history and future2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last election in Sweden in 2010, the racist party the Sweden Democrats entered the national parliament, something that disturbs the image and the privileged position of progressive Sweden and ‘Nordic exceptionalism’ in the postcolonial world. This paper offers an historicized account of what we consider are the three principal phases, stages and moments of Swedish nation-building and Swedish whiteness, namely the white purity period between 1905-1968, the white solidarity period between 1968-2001 and the white melancholy period from 2001 and onwards. The analysis takes into account how these three nation-building projects and hegemonic whiteness and racial grammar regimes are interrelated and intersecting with the different gender and class relations, racial formations and minority discourses, political ideologies and affective structures that characterised these three time periods. It is argued that Sweden today is subjected to the double-binding power of Swedish whiteness in the sense that the disappearance of white Sweden, that is Sweden as a racially homogeneous nation, and the passing of good Sweden, that is Sweden as a politically progressive nation, are both perceived to be threatened and even under siege by the presence of people of colour within the Swedish body politic and state territory.

  • 31.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Multicultural Centre, Botkyrka, Sweden.
    Swedish Whiteness and White Melancholia: A Diagnosis of a White Nation in Crisis2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish Whiteness and White Melancholia: A white nation in crisis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After the last election in Sweden in 2010, the racist party the Sweden Democrats entered the national parliament. The post-election reactions and discussions have largely been preoccupied with the issue of how this new presence of a racist party in the Swedish parliament disturbs the exceptionalist image and the privileged position of Sweden both in the West as well as in the non-Western world as being humanity’s avant-garde and beacon for antiracism and everything that is considered to be good and progressive. An explosive eruption of militant antiracism has also taken place since 2010, especially among the country’s elites and within the Swedish establishment. Although Sweden is still topping the international lists as having the most radical anti-discrimination legislation and as harbouring the most solid antiracist population without any competition, at the very same time, Sweden has recently and rapidly also entered the top positions of being one of the most statistically segregated and segmented societies according to racial lines, at least in the Western world and particularly within the residential and labour markets.

    With this background as the point of departure, this article aims at understanding the current situation in Sweden from a critical race and whiteness studies perspective, something that has not yet been heard of in a country which prides itself of having accomplished a post-racial utopia and where colour-blindness is hegemonic and issues of race and whiteness are taboo subjects and almost forbidden to speak about. We regard contemporary Sweden as a white nation in crisis and diagnose Swedish whiteness as suffering from what can be conceptualised as a white melancholia. To be able to disentangle and shed light upon what is perceived to be mourned and what is seen as being lost for the future, the article offers an historicized account of what we consider are the three principal phases, stages and moments of Swedish nation-building and Swedish whiteness, namely the white purity period between 1905-1968, the white solidarity period between 1968-2001 and the white melancholy period from 2001 and onwards. The analysis also takes into account how these three nation-building projects and hegemonic whiteness and racial grammar regimes are interrelated and intersecting with the different gender and class relations, with the different racial formations and minority discourses, and with the different political ideologies and affective structures that characterised these three time periods.

    At the end, we argue that Sweden is at the moment subjected to the double-binding power of Swedish whiteness in the sense that the disappearance of white Sweden, that is Sweden as a racially homogeneous nation, and the passing of good Sweden, that is Sweden as a politically progressive nation, are both perceived to be threatened and even under siege by the presence of people of colour within the Swedish body politic and state territory. Consequently, both the reactionary and racist camp, and the radical and antiracist camp, are mourning the contemporary crisis of the Swedish nation. Finally, we are discussing the possibility of applying our analysis of Swedish whiteness and of white melancholia to other white nations in crisis, and the potential contribution it could make to the field of race and whiteness studies.

  • 33.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Swedish whiteness in Southern Spain2013In: Geographies of Privilege / [ed] France Winddance Twine & Bradley Gardener, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 191-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    How are social inequalities experienced, reproduced and challenged in local, global and transnational spaces? What role does the control of space play in distribution of crucial resources and forms of capital (housing, education, pleasure, leisure, social relationships)? The case studies in Geographies of Privilege demonstrate how power operates and is activated within local, national, and global networks. Twine and Gardener have put together a collection that analyzes how the centrality of spaces (domestic, institutional, leisure, educational) are central to the production, maintenance and transformation of inequalities. The collected readings show how power--in the form of economic, social, symbolic, and cultural capital--is employed and experienced. The volume's contributors take the reader to diverse sites, including brothels, blues clubs, dance clubs, elite schools, detention centers, advocacy organizations, and public sidewalks in Canada, Italy, Spain, United Arab Emirates, Mozambique, South Africa, and the United States.  Geographies of Privilege is the perfect teaching tool for courses on social problems, race, class and gender in Geography, Sociology and Anthropology.

  • 34.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Cuesta, Marta
    Sociologiska institutionen, Högskolan Halmstad.
    The Politics of Belonging: Intersectional Contestations2013In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Cuesta, Marta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad, Centrum för samhällsanalys (CESAM).
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Transversal Borders and Boundaries : Review of: The Politics of Belonging: Intersectional Contestations. Nira Yuval-Davis2013In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 164-167Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies – Tema Q. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Utan mätning, ingen rättvisa2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    White migrations: Exploring Whiteness and Transnationalism2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of ‘white migration’ could be read as an oxymoron. A migrant is rarely thought of as white and white people tend not to be seen as migrants. Rather, white people’s presence ‘out of place’ is more probably conflicted with the position of a tourist, an expatriate, a mobile professional or, just ‘passing’ as European or North American. This paper provides a theoretical discussion linking transnational migration studies and critical whiteness studies, suggesting that there is a discursive gap between privileged white migrant subjects – experiencing a lack of discrimination (or a positive one) – and non-white (im)migrants – who are defined by discrimination. In this gap, I ask what ‘white capital’ can do for migration and how migration impact on the value of such capital. The theoretical arguments stem from 66 in-depth interviews with Swedish migrant women in the US, Singapore and Spain, showing how the focus on gendered white migration calls for a need to study both oppression and domination – and the intersection between them. In sum, the paper argues that a transnational approach to white migrations could pose new questions and add new knowledge to both (i) transnational migration studies, which have mainly focused on the disadvantages of migration rather than the possible opportunities embedded in white migrations, and to (ii) critical studies of whiteness, which have mainly cantered on single national racial hierarchies, particularly so in the US and the UK.

  • 38.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Umeå universitet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Complying With Colonialism: Gender, Race and Ethnicity in the Nordic Region2012In: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, ISSN 1369-183X, E-ISSN 1469-9451, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 187-188Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    "I didn't come here to do housework": Relocating "Swedish" practices and ideologies in the context of the global division of labour: the case of expatriate households in Singapore.2012In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 150-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of 13 in-depth interviews with Swedish women and one month of ethnographic work in the Swedish community in Singapore in 2009, this article examines how Swedish women, travelling from Sweden to Singapore as "expatriate wives" in the wake of their Swedish husbands, navigate gendered and racialised transnational spaces of domestic work and negotiating their changed identities as both housewives and employers of live-in maids in the household. How do the women justify their current division of labour in the light of Swedish national ideologies of work and Swedish ideals of gender and class equality?

  • 40.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Intra-European Migration and the institutionalization of whiteness in southern Spain2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Southern Spain is the most attractive region in Europe for so called ‘lifestyle migrants’ from a number of European countries, preferably from the Nordic countries and Great Britain. This paper discusses the institutionalization of national identities, from in-depth interviews and ethnographic work with Swedish migrant women in Fuengirola, Marbella and Málaga conducted in the spring of 2010. Through an analysis of intra-European migrations and their race and class relations, the idea of a common, culturally homogeneous European identity is deconstructed. What appears is a south-north divide built upon a deep Swedish postcolonial identification with Anglo-Saxon countries and cultures and parallel dis-identification with (the former colonial powers in) Southern Europe. The Swedish women interviewed were mainly socializing with other north(west) European migrants from similar social segments who shared the embodiment of white ‘structured invisibility’, thus separating them from non-European migrants, but as well from Spaniards.

    By looking at how nationally-specific formations of white identity are played out in southern Spain, I develop Sara Ahmed’s (2007) theories on ‘orientations’ towards whiteness, likeness and institutions as ‘meeting points’ where some bodies tend to feel comfortable in certain spaces as they already belong here. Whiteness is here discussed in terms of “likeness”, “proximity” and “shared attributes” that bring some people together in a foreign context. Following Ahmed, I argue that the “institutionalization of whiteness” in southern Spain recruits subjects who feel they are part of an ‘international community’, but resulting in a division between migrants from northern Europe, non-European migrants and locals from Spain. The paper further develops class-related national identities. Migrants of upper-middle-class background retained their class positions more effectively than the lower-middle-classes whose migration to Spain was often characterized by a sense of downward class mobility in terms of economic capital, and a higher orientation towards primarily national organizations and institutions.

  • 41.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    Multicultural Centre, Stockholm, Sweden.
    La mélancolie blanche ou comment pleurer la ’bonne vieille Suède2012In: La Revue Nouvelle, ISSN 0035-3809, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 10-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Maid" sökes: Live-in maids och skillnadsskapande praktiker i svenska migranthem i Singapore2012In: Hushållstjänster, migration och globalisering: vad händer efter RUT?, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Panelen presenterar en gemensam bok om Hushållstjänster, Migration och Globalisering, som släpps Januari 2013 och redigeras av Anna Gavanas och Catharina Calleman. Landets främsta forskare på området bidrar med kapitel; sociologer, statsvetare, historiker, genusvetare, arbetsrättsjurister och antropologer från en rad svenska universitet (Stockholm, Göteborg, Umeå, Örebro, Linköping). I panelen presenterar redaktörerna tillsammans med Catrin Lundström, Emma Strollo, Elin Kvist och Oksana Shmulyar Gréen sin pågående forskning om hushållstjänster, med särskild betoning på vad som har hänt på den svenska arbetsmarknaden efter RUT-avdraget – skattereduktionen för hushållstjänster. Paneldeltagarna diskuterar även den växande efterfrågan på hushållstjänster i resten av världen med fokus på migration, globalisering och internationell arbetsfördelning. Deltagarna återger perspektiv och erfarenheter bland både arbetsgivare, hushållstjänstearbetare och andra inblandade aktörer.

  • 43.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Migrating citizens: Citizenship as (trans)national capital2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines first-generation Swedish migrant women’s transnational organization around national identity, foregrounding new forms of national belonging on an increasingly globalized arena, where social and geographical boundaries are simultaneously transgressed and fixed. Empirically, the paper builds upon ethnographic work and in-depth interviews conducted in a global support network for Swedish migrant women in the United States, Singapore and Spain, 2007-2011. The sense of national belonging constitutes the basis of the community, drawing the boundaries of both inclusion and exclusion, in ways that re/construct differences, distances and inequalities between women in a transnational migratory context. In these circumstances, citizenship becomes an important dimension of the women’s sense of belonging and stability. Most of the women interviewed had kept their formal Swedish citizenship as a warrant for welfare, intimately linked to Swedish “women and child friendly” politics, a practice which points to a continuous importance and belief in the welfare State as a national capital on a global neo-liberal market. Such practices highlights what the sociologist Anja Weiss’ (2005) has identified as the “transnationalization of social inequality”, pointing at migrants’ different positions according to their connections to “weak” or “strong” national welfare states. While the lack of citizenship status serves as an additional axis of inequality and exploitation for most migrants, lacking a formal citizenship in the country where they reside is a choice for Swedish migrant women. For them, Swedish citizenship works as a “back up” for health care, education, elderly care, or future reterritorialization. Citizenship thus becomes a crucial form of gendered ‘national capital’ – an economic, social and symbolic resource that distanced and distinguished them from the majority of migrants, underscoring the unequally distributed resources that national belongings provide in a transnational migratory context. Hence, citizenship cannot be approached as a unified and internationally coherent concept. Rather, it raises questions of whom, where and where from, embracing inclusive boundaries as well as exclusive functions.

  • 44.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mistresses and Maids in Transnational Migrations: Global Divisions of Labor in Swedish Expat Homes in Singapore.2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Department of Culture Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Rasifierat begär: de andra som exotiska2012In: Om ras och vithet i det samtida Sverige / [ed] Tobias Hübinette, Helena Hörnfeldt, Fataneh Farahani & René León Rosales, Botkyrka: Mångkulturellt centrum , 2012, p. 189-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns rasistiska strukturer i dagens Sverige- Men flertalet av oss blundar gärna för både vithetens privilegier  och den diskriminering som icke-vita svenskar utsätts för. Vår fysiska kropp påverkar hur vi blir bemötta, betraktade och behandlade. Därför måste vi börja tala om ras.

    Först då kan vi förstå de samhällsproblem som handlar om vardagsrasism, segregation och diskriminering.Med inspiration från kritisk ras- och vithetsforskning skärskådar tolv forskare med varierande akademisk bakgrund dagens Sverige. Dessutom berättar medlemmar i Mellanförskapet, författare, journalister och andra om sina erfarenheter av att leva som icke-vita svenskar i dagens Sverige.

  • 46.
    Hübinette, Tobias
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Pedagogik, Sweden.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Umeå universitet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS), Sweden.
    Den svenska vithetens melankoli2011In: Glänta, ISSN 1104-5205, Vol. 2, no 19, p. 28-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Umeå centrum för genusstudier (UCGS).
    Sohl, Lena
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Hemmafrun är det nya gamla2011In: Tidskriften Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 1, p. 44-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 48.
    Lundström, Catrin
    et al.
    Umeå Centrum för Genusstudier, Sweden.
    Sohl, Lena
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen, Sweden.
    Hemmafrun är det nya gamla2011In: Arena, ISSN 1652-0556, no 1, p. 44-47Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 49.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mistresses and maids in transnational ‘contact zones’: The case of Swedish migrants in Singapore2011In: Kinship, Gender and Generation in Disparate Transnational Spaces, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 50.
    Lundström, Catrin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, REMESO - Institute for Research on Migration, Ethnicity and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Mistresses and Maids’ in Transnational Migrations: Global Divisions of Labor in Swedish Expat Homes in Singapore2011Conference paper (Other academic)
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