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  • 1.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att kissa som en gammal gubbe2018In: Prostatan - det ständiga gisslet: Mannen och prostatan i kultur, medicin och historia / [ed] Maria Björkman, Nordic Academic Press, 2018, p. 13-25Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många män upplever en förändring i urineringsmönster då de åldras, och många erfar även ett återkommande behov att urinera, samtidigt som de har svårigheter att tömma blåsan. ”Att kissa som en gammal gubbe”, som en man kallade det. Det är en frustrerande situation både för kropp och själ.

    Ett återkommande tema i de intervjuer jag har genomfört för den forskningsstudie som ligger till grund för detta kapitel, är att när prostatan förändras, åldras och kanske blir sjuk innebär detta en ny upplevelse av det offentliga rummet för dessa män. Från att, i de flesta fall, ha levt i en frisk, ung eller medelålders kropp, så har de män jag träffat plötsligt inte längre passat in i den ”normala” kategorin på grund av en problematisk prostata. När denna förändring sker förflyttas kroppen från kategorin ”normal” till kategorin ”icke-normal”. Förvandlingen synliggör samtidigt en infrastruktur av offentliga toaletter som hitintills varit osynlig. Detta kan komma som en chock.

  • 2.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Big Pharma, Women and the Labour of Love2017In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 431-432Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 3.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Alpha-blockers and a weaker pharmaceutical influence on medical discourse2016In: Glocal Pharma: International Brands and the Imagination of Local Masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren, Cecilia Åsberg, New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 63-72Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This section of this book explores local examples of a pharmaceutical’s ability to influence the treatment of established medical conditions and redefine health problems as issues with a pharmaceutical solution. The previous chapter explored the influence Viagra had on the medical discourse in Sweden. In this chapter, I am again relying on an analysis of the medical discourse in the Swedish-language medical journal Läkartidningen. From it, I have retrieved research articles and debate pages that appear when the journal’s online archive is searched for the Swedish words associated with lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostate hyperplasia (LUTS/BPH): BPH, prostatahyperplasi and prostatahypertrofi. 1 I have conducted a search for the years between 1990 and 2015, since alpha-blockers started to become a more common treatment method in Europe for LUTS/BPH in the 1990s (EUA 2006, 35) and were registered as a treatment for BPH in Sweden in the early 1990s (Carlsson and Spångberg 1996a, 4549; Hallin 1999, 3520). This time frame mirrors that used for Viagra in the previous chapter.

  • 4.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Conclusions: Glocal pharma and the Swedish Viagra man2016In: Glocal Pharma: International Brands and the Imagination of Local Masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren and Cecilia Åsberg, New YOurk: Routledge, 2016, p. 99-107Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this book we have been looking at how pharmaceuticals are localized in a specific context: in Sweden, with its well-developed, Northern/Western  medical system and the welfare policies that provide this medical system at very little point-of-contact cost to the majority of people living there.

  • 5.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Enrolling men, their doctors and partners: Individual and collective responses to erectile dyspunction2016In: Glocal Pharma: International brands and the Imagination of Local masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren, Cecilia Åsberg, London, New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 75-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter examines how men, their doctors and their partners are enrolled by the Pfizer-sponsored website for potential Swedish Viagra customers. We read this enrolment as an example of how new techno-social identities are created by a drug, in this case, Viagra. The Swedish-language site www.potenslinjen.se2 (in English, ‘potency hotline’) is framed as a source of information for laypeople concerned about erectile dysfunction.3 We have examined how the site’s text and imagery address different audiences in the construction of the Swedish Viagra man. Our analysis builds on existing literature about the promotion of Viagra which addresses the construction of erectile dysfunction (ED) and masculinity in other national contexts, and we therefore make mention of alternative images and readings in other contexts throughout our analysis. Like previous critical studies of Viagra (Fishman and Mamo 2001; Marshall 2006; Tiefer 2006; Vares and Braun 2006), we are examining the construction of an ideal user of Viagra, but we also discuss the way the enrolment of doctors and partners serves to position ED in the man and define its treatment as a solitary act of taking a pill while simultaneously involving the other actors to help the medicine function.

  • 6.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sjögren, Ebba
    Department of Accounting at Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Glocal Pharma: International brands and the imagination of local masculinity2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An exploration of how global pharmaceutical products are localized - of what happens when they become ’glocal’ - this book examines the tensions that exist between a global pharmaceutical market and the locally bounded discourses and regulations encountered as markets are created for new drugs in particular contexts. Employing the case study of the emergence, representation and regulation of Viagra in the Swedish market, Glocal Pharma offers analyses of commercial material, medical discourses and legal documents to show how a Swedish, Viagra-consuming subject has been constructed in relation to the drug and how Viagra is imagined in relation to the Swedish man.

    Engaging with debates about pharmaceuticalization, the authors consider the ways in which new identities are created around drugs, the redefinition of health problems as sits of pharmaceutical treatment and changes in practices of governance to reflect the entrance of pharmaceuticals to the market. With attention to ’local’ contexts, it reveals elements in the nexus of pharmaceutcalization that are receptive to cultural elements as new products become embedded in local markets.

    An empirically informed study of the ways in which the presence of a drug can alter the concept of a disease and its treatment, understandings of who suffers from it and how to cure it - both locally and internationally - this book will appeal to scholars of sociology and science and technology studies with interests in globalization, pharmaceuticals, gender and the sociology of medicine.

  • 7.
    Sjögren, Ebba
    et al.
    Department of Accounting at Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Governing by drugs: Conniving patients, beguiled doctors and disciplining drugs2016In: Glocal Pharma: International brands and the imagination of local masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren and Cecilia Åsberg, Routledge, 2016, p. 15-28Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In April 2001, the Swedish government decided to immediately remove Viagra from the public pharmaceutical reimbursement system (Swedish Book of Statutes 2001, 140). All patients who still wanted their use of these pharmaceuticals to be subsidized were henceforth required to submit individual applications for subsidy to the government itself.

    This highly publicized and much-debated decision marked a clear break with the established practice whereby prescription drugs that were granted marketing approval were consistently included in the public pharmaceutical benefits scheme. Under this scheme, patients prescribed subsidized drugs paid only a portion of their direct cost. Following the government’s decision, Viagra was still available for purchase in pharmacies by those holding prescriptions, but the patients were now to assume the cost.....

  • 8.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Introduction: Glocal pharmaceuticalization2016In: Glocal Pharma: International brands and the imagination of local masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren and Cecilia Åsberg, New York: Routledge, 2016, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Swedish medical discourse: Impotence, erectile dysfunction and Viagra in Läkartidningen2016In: Glocal Pharma: International brands and the imagination of local masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren and Cecilia Åsberg, Routledge, 2016, p. 51-62Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Viagra Selfhood: Pharmaceutical advertising and the visual formations of Swedish masculinity2016In: Glocal Pharma: International Brands and the Imagination of Local Masculinity / [ed] Ericka Johnson, Ebba Sjögren, Cecilia Åsberg, New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 88-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we will investigate the visual confguration of what we term a  Swedish Viagra imaginary, a cultural phantasy landscape that produces and repro- duces certain subject positions of great interest for feminists and other scholars invested in social change. More precisely, we interrogate a set of key images pre- sented by the Pfzer-sponsored website for potential Swedish Viagra customers with erectile dysfunction in order to explore how this particular Viagra imaginary provides reference points for shared and collective identities. We explore here the  visual formation, and the naturalization, of the nationally shaped masculinity of the potential consumers of Viagra at a Swedish-language site, www.potenslinjen.se/,  the same site discussed in Chapter 6. This site is produced by the pharmaceutical 2 company Pfzer for the explicit purpose of providing the Swedish public with health  information on erectile problems.

  • 11.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Koobak, Redi
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Beyond the humanist imagination2015In: Debates in Nordic gender studies: differences within / [ed] Cecilia Åsberg, Malin Rönnblom, London: Routledge, 2015, p. 77-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Poem: Intra-face2015Other (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Enrolling Men, their Doctors, and Partners: Individual and Collective Responses to Erectile Dysfunction2012In: Science & Technology Studies, ISSN 2243-4690, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 46-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the Pfizer funded Swedish informational site about erectile dysfunction (ED), www.potenslinjen.se, we examine how potential users, their partners, and medical doctors are enrolled in the process of creating the Swedish Viagra user. Contextualized against other critical work on Viagra, our analysis shows how the commercial discourse embeds the ED patient into a network of actors. Three separate actors are co-constituted and enrolled by this erectile dysfunction information discourse, comprising Viagra marketing material in a country which forbids direct to consumer advertising of prescription medication. Doctors are enrolled to produce the cultural authority of expert medical knowledge, whereas partners are given responsibility for the emotional aspects of a man’s sexuality and encouraged to direct the man toward the relationship-saving Viagra. Throughout, though, the man is the patient responsible for taking Viagra to fix his dysfunctioning penis. We problematize this individualised solution by contrasting it with the social aspects of the discourse and examining other qualitative and historical studies of impotence. We then ask if the enrolment presented by the Swedish Viagra website could be (mis)used to expand the circle of actors involved in ED, redefi ning the ‘problem’ and opening for a wider variety of treatments.

  • 14.
    Sjögren, Ebba
    et al.
    Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Governing by Drugs: The Denial of Subsidy for Viagra Use in Sweden2012In: Transformations of the Swedish welfare state: from social engineering to governance? / [ed] Martin Letell, Bengt Larsson and Håkan Thörn, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Koobak, Redi
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Beyond the Humanist Imagination2011In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 218-230Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent stirrings wihin the humanities and the social sciences, perhaps especially within feminist theory, have engendered new materialist, feminist materialist and posthumanist approaches to life worlds that exceeds the limiting horizon of both andro- and anthopocentrism. This position paper maps out some of these recent theoretical trends of a form of feminist post-humanities with special attention paid to material bodies (transcoproreality), non-human animals and other organisms we are intimately related to, non-human agents of the world, and the environment (environmental humanities).

  • 16.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Koobak, Redi
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Editorial: Post-humanities is a Feminist Issue2011In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 213-216Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sjogren, E
    Stockholm School of Economics.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Prescribing for the "Swedish Viagra Man"2011In: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0009-9236, E-ISSN 1532-6535, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 15-16Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural and social studies of sildenafil (Viagra) have shown how it in influence more than just blood flow in the penis. Sildenafil has introduced the term "erectile dysfunction" (ED) to the general public, changing wider cultural perceptions and the treatment of impotence. This article presents results from a study on how this pharmaceutical drug was introduced to a Swedish audience, where direct-to-consumer marketing is not all allowed. Our studies of the online market information (presented as health education) show that not only does the globalization of the pharmaceutical market make medicines available to international consumers, it also spreads ideas about the healthy subjectivities— gendered identities and behaviors—those medicines are prescribing. This, we feel, calls for further critical consideration to articulate the prescribed social practices that prescription medicines carry.

  • 18.
    Johnson, Ericka
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Extending the simulator: Good practice for instructors using medical simulators2009In: Using Simulations for Education, Training and Research / [ed] Peter Dieckmann, Pabst Science Publishers, 2009, p. 180-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Åsberg, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies.
    Johnson, Ericka
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Viagra Selfhood: Pharmaceutical Advertising and the Visual Formation of Swedish Masculinity2009In: HEALTH CARE ANALYSIS, ISSN 1065-3058, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 144-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using material from the Pfizer sponsored website providing health information on erectile dysfunction to potential Swedish Viagra customers (http://www.potenslinjen.se), this article explores the public image of masculinity in relation to sexual health and the cultural techniques for creating pharmaceutical appeal. We zoom in on the targeted ideal users of Viagra, and the nationalized, racialized and sexualized identities they are assigned. As part of Pfizers marketing strategy of adjustments to fit the local consumer base, the ways in which Viagra is promoted for the Swedish setting is telling of what concepts of masculinity are so stable and unassailable that they can withstand the association with a drug that is, in essence, an acknowledgement of failed masculinity and dysfunctional sexuality. With comparative national examples, this study presents an interdisciplinary take on the glocalized cultural imaginary of Viagra, and the masculine subject positions it engenders.

  • 20.
    Johnson, Ericka
    University of Gothenburg.
    Chemistries of Love: Impotence, erectile dysfunction and Viagra in Läkartidningen2008In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 31-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the discourse surrounding impotence, erectile dysfunction and Viagra in the Swedish medical journal Läkartidningen. It draws on articles published from 1990 to 2006, the eight years prior to and after Viagra’s 1998 introduction. Close reading of the articles has shown changes over this time period in how the impotent patient is defined. It has also revealed a transition in the discourse from the term impotence to erectile dysfunction. In these articles the role of the (female) partner in finding a solution to impotence and the social aspects of impotence also change dramatically once Viagra is available. Results from this study are contextualized against similar research that has examined the medical discourse around erectile dysfunction in the international arena.

  • 21.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Out of my viewfinder, yet in the picture: Seeing the hospital in medical simulations2008In: Science, Technology and Human Values, ISSN 0162-2439, E-ISSN 1552-8251, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines the integration of medical simulators into medical education. Training on a haptic enabled surgery simulator has been observed with an eye to the context of the medical apprenticeship. Videotape of simulations and ethnographic observations at the simulator center are analyzed using the theoretical tools of legitimate peripheral practice and identity construction. In doing so it becomes apparent that simulations are much more than just a forum for the transfer of specific medical skills. Though they may be designed to facilitate discrete aspects of surgical practice, when in use the simulators are surrounded by the rich and varied social interactions that make up the medical apprenticeship. These social aspects contribute to the creation of medical practices out of simulator practices, so that working on the simulator can still be experienced as part of the situated learning otherwise conducted during the internship (clinical clerkship) of medical training.

  • 22.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Simulating Medical Patients and Practices: Bodies and the Construction of Valid Medical Simulators2008In: Body & Society, ISSN 1357-034X, E-ISSN 1460-3632, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 105-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Why and how can a gynaecological simulator that has been ‘validated’ in one context, that is, accepted by experts as a functional and realistic model of the body on which to teach gynaecological exams, not be considered functional when it changes contexts and is used in another country? 1 To think through this problem, which grew out of reflections upon the ontological basis of the simulator’s different functionality within the US and Swedish contexts, I examine the use of the terms ‘reality’ and ‘validity’ in medical simulator literature, and then apply Karen Barad’s concepts of agential reality and intra-action to the gynaecological simulator’s development. This provides a new way of thinking about how knowledge can be created in and from a simulator.

  • 23.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Biomedikaliserade maskuliniteter & Viagra2007In: Manlighetskonferens,2006, Manlighetskonferens Proceedings: Kvinnoforum , 2007, p. 107-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Dreaming of a Mail-Order Husband. Russian-American Internet romance2007Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the American media, Russian mail-order brides are often portrayed either as docile victims or as gold diggers in search of money and green cards. Rarely are they allowed to speak for themselves. Until now. In Dreaming of a Mail-Order Husband, six Russian women who are in search of or have already found U.S. husbands via listings on the Internet tell their stories. Ericka Johnson, an American researcher of gender and technology, interviewed these women and others. The women, in their twenties and thirties, describe how they placed listings on the Internet and what they think about their contacts with Western men. They discuss their expectations about marriage in the United States and their reasons for wishing to emigrate. Their differing backgrounds, economic situations, and educational levels belie homogeneous characterizations of Russian mail-order brides.

    Each chapter presents one woman’s story and then links it to a discussion of gender roles, the mail-order bride industry, and the severe economic and social constraints of life in Russia. The transitional economy has often left people, after a month’s work, either unpaid or paid unexpectedly with a supply of sunflower oil or toilet paper. Women over twenty-three are considered virtually unmarriageable in Russian society. Russia has a large population of women who are single, divorced, or widowed, who would like to be married yet feel that they have no chance finding a Russian husband. Grim realities such as these motivate women to seek better lives abroad. For many of those seeking a mail-order husband, children or parents play significant roles in the search for better lives, and they play a role in Johnson’s account as well. In addition to her research in the former Soviet Union, Johnson conducted interviews in the United States, and she shares the insights—about dating, marriage, and cross-cultural communication—of a Russian-American married couple who met via the Internet.

  • 25.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Medicinska simulatorer Hur de kan användas i undervisningen. Erfarenheter och råd.2007Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 26.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Surgical simulators and simulated surgeons: Reconstituting medical practice and practitioners in simulations2007In: Social Studies of Science, ISSN 0306-3127, E-ISSN 1460-3659, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 585-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulators that represent human patients are being integrated into medical education. This study examines the use of a haptic-enabled, virtual reality simulator designed to allow training in minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques. The paper shows how medical practices and practitioners are constructed during a simulation. By using the theoretical tools that situated learning and communities of practice provide, combined with the concept of reconstituting, I broaden the discussion of medical simulators from a concern with discrete skills and individual knowledge to an examination of how medical knowledge is created around and with computer simulators. The concept of reconstitution is presented as a theoretical term for understanding the interplay between simulators and people in practice. Rather than merely enacting simulator training, reconstituting creates a different context, different actors and different techniques during the simulation. © SSS and SAGE Publications.

  • 27.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Thelander, Sabrina
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Roberts, Celia
    Sociology Department, Lancaster University, County College South Lancaster, UK .
    Controversies in cardiology2006In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    No abstract available.

  • 28.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Simulating the patient and simulating the patient's experience2006In: Soziale Technik, ISSN 1022-6893, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    When simulators are used to supplement and even replace training on patients, the patient's participation in medical practice is silenced. Can the patient's experience of medical practice be incorporated into simulators designed to teach medicine? And if so, how? My work with a gynaecological simulator has been raising some interesting questions about this.

  • 29.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Thelander, Sabrina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv kan ge ny syn på medicinen2006In: Dagens medicin : oberoende nyhetstidning för hela sjukvården, ISSN 1104-7488, Vol. 18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Learning Karate, a metaphor for Ph.D. training2005In: Kunskapens vägar och forskningens praktik, Lund: Arkiv förlag , 2005, p. 87-96Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    The ghost of anatomies past Simulating the one-sex body in modern medical training2005In: Feminist Theory, ISSN 1464-7001, E-ISSN 1741-2773, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 141-159Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An examination of the use of medical simulators shows that they contain traces of the one-sex body model found in pre-Enlightenment anatomies. The simulators present the male body as 'male including female' rather than 'male, not female'. Only when female sex organs are relevant to a practice, as in gynaecology, does a simulator need to become 'female, not male'. The widely held modernist understanding of sex and gender as binary categories is actually masking local practices which allow varied sex and gender paradigms to coexist in simulator use. This analysis applies the discussions of Laqueur, Schiebinger and Faulkner to simulator practice. The consequences of recognizing the presence of the one-sex body are two-fold. Firstly, seeing that the relocation of medical knowledge can still be haunted by conceptual paradigms of the past forces a more nuanced understanding of the variety that localized medical practices contain. Secondly, observing the ease with which the reified knowledge of a one-sex body is embraced by subjects who also exist in a world of binary gender points to the complexity our subjectivities can embrace and forces the researcher to acknowledge the implications of the simulations' context. Copyright © 2005 SAGE Publications.

  • 32.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Kjellin, Ann
    Wredmark, Torsten
    Ahlberg, Gunnar
    Anderberg, Bo
    Enochsson, Lars
    Hedman, Leif
    Mäkinen, Kai
    Ramel, Stig
    Ström, Pär
    Särnå, Lars
    Westman, Bo
    Felländer-Tsai, Li
    Basic Accreditation for Invasive Image-guided Intervention: A Shift of Paradigm in High Technology Education, Embedding Performance Criterion Levels in Advanced Medical Simulators in a Modern Curriculum2004In: Journal on Information Technology in Healthcare, ISSN 1479-649X, Vol. 2, p. 165-173Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Ström, Pär
    Kjellin, Ann
    Wredmark, Torsten
    Felländer-Tsai, Li
    Evaluating instruction of medical students with a haptic surgical simulator: The importance of coordinating students' perspectives2004In: Journal on Information Technology in Healthcare, ISSN 1479-649X, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 155-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the practices surrounding the use of a surgical simulator in training medical students. Design: Non-randomised observational study. Setting: Teaching hospital in Sweden. Methods: Two separate studies were performed using a haptically enabled (i.e. providing tactile feedback) surgical simulator. In the first study a total of 46 students and two instructors were observed as the students trained their speed and accuracy in locating spheres in a simulated abdomen, shoulder and knee. Through qualitative analysis of video of the instructors' teaching, methods for reconstituting medical practice in the simulations were observed. In the second, quantitative, study, a subgroup of 30 students performed two tests on the simulator, the first relying solely on the on-screen instructions available with the simulator and the second after receiving individual instruction from a practising surgeon. The difference between these two scores was analysed and students were asked to evaluate their experience of the simulator and training session. Results: The first study demonstrated what methods the instructors used to help students relate the computer screen image to human anatomy, and to make the training with the simulator clinically relevant and authentic. The instructors did this by actively aligning and coordinating the students' perspectives, and by reconstituting patient bodies into the simulation. In the second study the students' test results were significantly improved after receiving instruction from the surgeon. Conclusion: The results from these two studies demonstrate the important role that instructors play in simulator training. They also suggest practices to consider when designing a programme for simulator training.

  • 34.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Situating Simulators: The integration of simulations in medical practice2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the practices of integrating simulators into medical education. Simulators have been observed in use to discern how medical practices are created out of the simulations. Video recordings of the simulations have been analysed, complemented by interviews with instructors and students. To contextualise the simulations, the author also shadowed students on an anaesthesiology course, of which simulator training was an introductory element.

    Analysing this material in the theoretical framework of situated learning and communities in practice showed how medical practices and medical participants are reconstituted in simulations. Reconstitution occurs as the instructors speak about the simulations in medical terms and as they use their own bodies and voices to reconstitute the patient body. It repeatedly defmes the simulation as medical practice and relies on the student's previous knowledge and the instructor's presence and intervention. Reconstitution describes what occurs in the simulator centre, but it also contributes to the theoretical discussion oflearning in practice as it further develops Wenger's understanding of participation.

    The simulations are not isolated events separate from the medical apprenticeship. They are embedded in the hospital's work, connected to the rest of the training the students take part in, and an opportunity for students to interact with others in their role as doctors-in-training. This indicates that in the simulations the students are involved in learning to be doctors rather than just learning medical skills, which emphasises the importance of the instructing doctor's role in a simulation.

    The study also considers the simulators as artefacts in practice. Rather than seeing simulators as predefined representations of medical understandings with distinct boundaries between the artefact and the user, the simulators are considered to be part of a relational practice, intra-action. Considering the relationship between the simulator and the user allows for ambivalent definitions of machine, user, and even agency.

  • 35.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Technology and Social Change.
    Genus i Cyberrymden2003In: Vem tillhör tekniken? Kunskap och kön i teknikens värld / [ed] Boel Berner, Lund: Arkiv förlag , 2003, p. 261-277Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vem har makten över tekniken? Vem känner sig tillhöra tekniken, vem fascineras av den och vem får ingå i dess nätverk och brödraskap?I denna bok står teknik och genus, makt och identitet i fokus. Teknik har länge och självklart tillhört en manlig sfär. Dess innehåll och inriktning har präglats av mäns prioriteringar och sätt att se på världen. Idag söker sig många kvinnor till teknisk utbildning. Kvinnor använder Internet för kontakter och vardagsbehov. Många tekniska "framsteg", från fosterdiagnostik till kärnkraftverk, ifrågasätts ur kvinnoperspektiv. Tekniken är inte längre bara männens domän.Författarna tar oss till tekniska högskolor, ingenjörskontor, knuttegäng och cyberrymden och visar hur manlighet och kvinnlighet skapas i dessa miljöer. De granskar den motsägelsefulla hållning gentemot tekniken som många kvinnor har och som visar sig i feministiska analyser av teknikens makt. Vi får en mångfald analyser, ofta överraskande, som stimulerar till eftertanke och diskussion, både hos dem som arbetar med teknik och hos en intresserad allmänhet.

  • 36.
    Strom, P.
    et al.
    Ström, P., Center for Surgical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, SE-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kjellin, A.
    Center for Surgical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, SE-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hedman, L.
    Department of Psychology, Skill Acquisition Laboratory, Umeå University, SE-901, 87 Umeå, Sweden.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Wredmark, T.
    Center for Surgical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, SE-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fellander-Tsai, L.
    Felländer-Tsai, L., Center for Surgical Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, SE-141 86 Stockholm, Sweden.
    Validation and learning in the Procedicus KSA virtual reality surgical simulator: Implementing a new safety culture in medical school2003In: Surgical Endoscopy, ISSN 0930-2794, E-ISSN 1432-2218, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 227-231Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Advanced simulator training within medicine is a rapidly growing field. Virtual reality simulators are being introduced as cost-saving educational tools, which also lead to increased patient safety. Methods: Fifteen medical students were included in the study. For 10 medical students performance was monitored, before and after 1 h of training, in two endoscopic simulators (the Procedicus KSA with haptic feedback and anatomical graphics and the established MIST simulator without this haptic feedback and graphics). Five medical students performed 50 tests in the Procedicus KSA in order to analyze learning curves. One of these five medical students performed multiple training sessions during 2 weeks and performed more than 300 tests. Results: There was a significant improvement after 1 h of training regarding time, movement economy, and total score. The results in the two simulators were highly correlated. Conclusion: Our results show that the use of surgical simulators as a pedagogical tool in medical student training is encouraging. It shows rapid learning curves and our suggestion is to introduce endoscopic simulator training in undergraduate medical education during the course in surgery when motivation is high and before the development of "negative stereotypes" and incorrect practices.

  • 37.
    Johnson, Ericka
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Wredmark, T
    Felländer-Tsai, L
    Kjellin, A
    Advanced virtual reality (VR) simulators in medicine. Teaching a concern for safety2001In: European journal of sports traumatology and related research (Testo stampato), ISSN 1592-3894, E-ISSN 1720-836X, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 183-184Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    [No abstract available]

  • 38.
    Johnson, Ericka
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    Vem söker vad? Ryska postorderfruar från Kirgizistan2001In: Nordisk Østforum, ISSN 0801-7220, E-ISSN 1891-1773, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 85-92Article in journal (Refereed)
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