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  • 1.
    Svensson, Elise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Residential environment impact scale: Utilization of the Swedish version2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 419-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Residential Environment Impact Scale (REIS) is an assessment and consulting instrument designed to examine the impact of the residential environment on its residents and to develop recommendations for adapting this environment. Since REIS is new for occupational therapists in Sweden it is important to evaluate its utilization potential.

    Aim: The aim was to examine the utility of the Swedish version of the Residential Environment Impact Scale (REIS-S) for adults living in residential settings.

    Material and methods: Twenty-two occupational therapists conducted 28 REIS-S assessments in residential settings including 92 older persons and persons with disabilities. In total, 44 questionnaires were answered before and after conduction of the assessment. The data was analyzed using qualitative methods of analysis.

    Results: The REIS-S showed both positive and negative dimensions of utility among occupational therapists working in residential settings. It provided support for making recommendations and contributed to effective assessments but was found time-consuming. The clinical relevance with REIS-S was positive since it met the needs expressed by the occupational therapists.

    Conclusions: REIS-S seems promising according to utility in Swedish residential settings for adults. However, psychometrically testing is required for further establishing the utilization of the instrument.

  • 2.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ageing in people with intellectual disability as it is understood by group home staff2016In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, ISSN 1366-8250, E-ISSN 1469-9532, Vol. 41, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of older residents in group homes for people with intellectual disability (ID) is increasing. This interview study was focused on how group home staff addresses issues of ageing and being old among people with ID. Twelve members of staff at four different group homes in Sweden were interviewed. Findings revealed old age as something unarticulated in the group home. Group home staff felt unprepared to meet age-related changes in residents. The study also revealed that group home staff had a one-tracked way of describing the process of ageing among people with ID, seemingly rooted in a medical paradigm of disability. This study suggests that there is a need to raise issues and give guidance related to ageing and ID in disability policy documents in order to support the development of a formal culture that addresses old age and ID in disability services.

  • 3.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Occupational Therapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Choice and control for people ageing with intellectual disability in group homes2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 127-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many people ageing with intellectual disabilities (ID) age in place in group homes. Participation is a central concept in support and service to people with ID, but age is often a determining factor for participation among this group. Choice and control are dimensions of participation.

    Aim: The aim of this article is to explore how choice and control in the everyday life of people ageing with ID is expressed and performed in the group home’s semi-private spaces.

    Material and methods: Participant observations and interviews with residents and staff were conducted in four different group homes in Sweden that had older residents.

    Results: Four categories were found that can be understood as aspects of choice and control in the group home’s semi-private spaces in the everyday life of people ageing with ID. These categories included aspects such as space and object, time and routines, privacy, and a person-centred approach.

    Conclusion and significance: People ageing with ID are vulnerable when it comes to maintaining choice and control in various situations in the home’s semi-private spaces. It is argued that occupational therapists should include this occupational arena in their evaluations and interventions for people ageing with ID.

  • 4.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Att intervjua äldre personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning: en mångsidig metodologisk utmaning2015In: Att studera funktionshinder och åldrande: en bok om metoderfarenheter / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman, Annika Taghizadeh Larsson, Norrköping: Nationella institutet för forskning om äldre och åldrande (NISAL) , 2015, p. 51-79Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Delaktig (även) på äldre dar: Åldrande och delaktighet bland personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning som bor i gruppbostad2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation of people in all ages is one of the main goals in Swedish disability policy. Despite this, ageing and becoming old with intellectual disability has been given very little attention in policy documents and guidelines regarding support and service provided for this group. This thesis aims to explore ageing and participation among older people with intellectual disabilities who live in a group homes in accordance to the Swedish Disability Act. The focus has been on the group of people who were born before or around 1960. This group belongs to a generation that share unique experiences. They have lived a long life with disability, and they have experienced first-hand the development of the Swedish disability policy that started in the 1960s and resulted in today’s disability policy. These experiences carried through life course are likely to influence this group’s opportunities to participate as they age and reach later life. The thesis has a multiple methodological approach. Participant observations were executed and combined with individual semi-structured interviews with older people with intellectual disabilities as well as group home staff. The results of this thesis show that there is a discrepancy between how older people with intellectual disabilities experience ageing and later life and how these in turn are described by the staff. The thesis also reveals how aging and becoming old is not given particular attention to in everyday discussions in the group home, and that aging is understood mainly as a physical phenomenon. The results show that the formal organizational culture of the group home is weak in relation to ageing and becoming old with intellectual disability. This is because the staff perceives a lack of preparation, discussion and working methods on how to support participation among older residents. The results also show, however, that the residents’ age does play an important role for the staff’s perceptions and attitudes regarding participation of the older residents. The concept of participation is described and  operationalized as a social contextual doing, and as an aspiration to create a sense of coherence or experience of meaning and security at home. Finally, this thesis underlines that the life course unique to persons growing old with intellectual disabilities may influence the opportunities for and the experience of participation in the group home.

    List of papers
    1. Lived experiences of ageing and later life in older people with intellectual disabilities
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lived experiences of ageing and later life in older people with intellectual disabilities
    2015 (English)In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 602-628Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore how older people with intellectual disability (ID), who live in group accommodation, describe their lived experience in relation to ageing and later life. The study adopted a phenomenological approach, based on the concept of life-world. Individual, qualitative interviews were conducted with twelve people with ID (five men, seven women), between the ages of 48 and 71 (m=64), who lived in four different group accommodation units in southern Sweden. A descriptive phenomenological analysis method was used, which disclosed a structure consisting of themes and subthemes. The findings of the study reveal the informants’ lived experience of ageing and later life as a multifaceted phenomenon, expressed through the two themes, “age as a process of change” and “existential aspects of ageing”, each with three sub themes. along with six substantialising[SK1]  subthemes. The body is an essential element in their experience of ageing and growing old, and in how this experience is expressed. The study also finds social, cultural and historical dimensions of the life-world to be important in the informants’ experience of ageing and later life. This supports understanding of  the existence of a collective life-world for older people with ID, the unique experiences the informants share because of their disability and its consequences for their life course.

     

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Cambridge University Press, 2015
    Keywords
    Intellectual disability, ageing, later life, life-world, phenomenology.
    National Category
    Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-92377 (URN)10.1017/S0144686X13000949 (DOI)000357881100007 ()
    Available from: 2013-05-09 Created: 2013-05-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
    2. Ageing in people with intellectual disability as it is understood by group home staff
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ageing in people with intellectual disability as it is understood by group home staff
    2016 (English)In: Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, ISSN 1366-8250, E-ISSN 1469-9532, Vol. 41, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The number of older residents in group homes for people with intellectual disability (ID) is increasing. This interview study was focused on how group home staff addresses issues of ageing and being old among people with ID. Twelve members of staff at four different group homes in Sweden were interviewed. Findings revealed old age as something unarticulated in the group home. Group home staff felt unprepared to meet age-related changes in residents. The study also revealed that group home staff had a one-tracked way of describing the process of ageing among people with ID, seemingly rooted in a medical paradigm of disability. This study suggests that there is a need to raise issues and give guidance related to ageing and ID in disability policy documents in order to support the development of a formal culture that addresses old age and ID in disability services.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Routledge, 2016
    Keywords
    Intellectual disability; ageing; later life; staff; group home
    National Category
    Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113338 (URN)10.3109/13668250.2015.1094038 (DOI)000369497300001 ()
    Note

    Vid tiden för disputation förelåg publikationen som manuskript

    Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-16 Last updated: 2017-04-21Bibliographically approved
    3. Staff experiences of participation in everyday life of older people with intellectual disability who live in group homes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staff experiences of participation in everyday life of older people with intellectual disability who live in group homes
    2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 335-352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to explore ways in which members of staff in group homes for people with intellectual disability experience participation, and what participation means for older people with intellectual disability. Qualitative interviews were performed with 15 members of staff at group homes in Sweden. The findings of this study are illustrated by considering two interacting themes and six subthemes. These involve staff experiences of the meaning of participation and factors which facilitate or inhibit it. The meaning of participation was expressed as doing and feeling. Staff described that participation for older people with intellectual disability was influenced by the individual characteristics of the residents, such as the relationship between age and disability. They also expressed the view that participation was influenced by organizational and physical contextual factors such as economics, time and space as well as the social environment. The latter included staff knowledge and skills, family and peers.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2015
    National Category
    Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Health Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113333 (URN)10.1080/15017419.2014.941923 (DOI)
    Conference
    2015/01/16
    Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
    4. Choice and control for people ageing with intellectual disability in group homes
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Choice and control for people ageing with intellectual disability in group homes
    2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 127-137Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many people ageing with intellectual disabilities (ID) age in place in group homes. Participation is a central concept in support and service to people with ID, but age is often a determining factor for participation among this group. Choice and control are dimensions of participation.

    Aim: The aim of this article is to explore how choice and control in the everyday life of people ageing with ID is expressed and performed in the group home’s semi-private spaces.

    Material and methods: Participant observations and interviews with residents and staff were conducted in four different group homes in Sweden that had older residents.

    Results: Four categories were found that can be understood as aspects of choice and control in the group home’s semi-private spaces in the everyday life of people ageing with ID. These categories included aspects such as space and object, time and routines, privacy, and a person-centred approach.

    Conclusion and significance: People ageing with ID are vulnerable when it comes to maintaining choice and control in various situations in the home’s semi-private spaces. It is argued that occupational therapists should include this occupational arena in their evaluations and interventions for people ageing with ID.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Taylor & Francis, 2016
    Keywords
    Autonomy, decision-making, developmental disabilities, empowerment, group accommodation, later life, older adults, participation, occupational justice
    National Category
    Health Sciences Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Occupational Therapy
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-113335 (URN)10.3109/11038128.2015.1095235 (DOI)26452592 (PubMedID)
    Note

    At the time for thesis presentation publication was in status: Manuscript

    Available from: 2015-01-16 Created: 2015-01-16 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
  • 6.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lived experiences of ageing and later life in older people with intellectual disabilities2015In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 602-628Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to explore how older people with intellectual disability (ID), who live in group accommodation, describe their lived experience in relation to ageing and later life. The study adopted a phenomenological approach, based on the concept of life-world. Individual, qualitative interviews were conducted with twelve people with ID (five men, seven women), between the ages of 48 and 71 (m=64), who lived in four different group accommodation units in southern Sweden. A descriptive phenomenological analysis method was used, which disclosed a structure consisting of themes and subthemes. The findings of the study reveal the informants’ lived experience of ageing and later life as a multifaceted phenomenon, expressed through the two themes, “age as a process of change” and “existential aspects of ageing”, each with three sub themes. along with six substantialising[SK1]  subthemes. The body is an essential element in their experience of ageing and growing old, and in how this experience is expressed. The study also finds social, cultural and historical dimensions of the life-world to be important in the informants’ experience of ageing and later life. This supports understanding of  the existence of a collective life-world for older people with ID, the unique experiences the informants share because of their disability and its consequences for their life course.

     

  • 7.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Staff experiences of participation in everyday life of older people with intellectual disability who live in group homes2015In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 335-352Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to explore ways in which members of staff in group homes for people with intellectual disability experience participation, and what participation means for older people with intellectual disability. Qualitative interviews were performed with 15 members of staff at group homes in Sweden. The findings of this study are illustrated by considering two interacting themes and six subthemes. These involve staff experiences of the meaning of participation and factors which facilitate or inhibit it. The meaning of participation was expressed as doing and feeling. Staff described that participation for older people with intellectual disability was influenced by the individual characteristics of the residents, such as the relationship between age and disability. They also expressed the view that participation was influenced by organizational and physical contextual factors such as economics, time and space as well as the social environment. The latter included staff knowledge and skills, family and peers.

  • 8.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Alfredsson Ågren, Kristin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Haglund, Lena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Delaktighet som mål och medel i arbetsterapi2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 9. Lundén, Johannes
    et al.
    Smeds, Mika
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Jämlik arbetsterapi - inte utan kulturell kompetens2013In: Arbetsterapeuten, ISSN 0345-0988, no 5, p. 26-27Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt samhälle är i dag mer kulturellt heterogent än någonsin. Samtidigt ser vi allt större klyftor mellan olika grupper gällande hälsa och livskvalitet. Jämlik arbetsterapi är därför ett viktigt begrepp i vår yrkesutövning. Men då krävs kulturell kompetens hos arbetsterapeuterna.

  • 10.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nord, Catharina
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Hagberg, Jan-Erik
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Lived experience of ageing and later life in older people with intellectual disability2013In: NNDR 2013, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Older people with intellectual disability (ID) are a growing population in Sweden as in the rest of the western world. The challenges to understand what it means to be old for an individual who have lived her whole life with ID need to be addressed. The aim of this study is to explore how older people ID who live in group accommodations describe their lived experience in relation to ageing and later life. The study has a phenomenological approach, based on the concept of life-world. Individual qualitative interviews were conducted with twelve people (five men, seven women) with ID, between 48 to 71 years (m=64), who lived in four different group accommodations in southern Sweden. A semi-structured interview guide was used. The descriptive phenomenological analysis method used discloses a structure consisting of themes and subthemes. The findings of the study reveal the informants’ lived experience of ageing and later life as a multifaceted phenomenon expressed through the two themes “Age as a process of change” and “Existential aspects of ageing” and six substantializing subthemes.  The own body is essential for both how ageing and becoming old is experienced and for how this experience are expressed. The study also finds social, cultural and historical dimensions of the life-world to be important in the informants’ experience of ageing and later life and manifest the existence of a collective life-world for older people with ID, being the unique experiences that the informants share because of their disability and its life course consequences.

  • 11.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Äldre och åldrande - upplevelser beskrivna av äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: När människor åldras uppstår fysiska, psykologiska och sociala förändringar. Dessa kan resultera i upplevelser som i högre grad kan vara utmanande för personer med utvecklingsstörning. En anledning till detta kan vara en nedsatt förmåga att förstå sin åldrandeprocess och därmed kunna förbereda sig på och hantera dess konsekvenser.  Studier har visat att omgivningen ofta inte uppmärksammar åldersrelaterade förändringar hos personer med utvecklingsstörning.  Detta påverkar utförandet och resultatet av de arbetsterapeutiska insatserna.  En betydande utgångspunkt för att kunna ge kvalificerade insatser är att utgå från hur personen själv ser på sin livssituation.

    Syfte: Denna studie syftar till att beskriva hur en grupp äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning upplever äldre och åldrande.

    Tillvägagångssätt och analys: Studien har en fenomenologisk utgångpunkt. Individuella intervjuer har genomförts med stöd av en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. De 12 informanterna var mellan 48 och 71 år (m= 64) och bodde i fyra olika särskilda boenden. Intervjuerna har analyserats med stöd av en deskriptiva fenomenologisk metod.

    Resultat: Vid analysen framkom två kategorier och sex subkategorier som kan relateras till hur informanterna beskriver sina upplevelser av äldre och åldrande. Kategorin ”åldrandets förändringsprocesser” beskriver förändringar som informanterna relaterar till sitt eget åldrande, men också förändringar som utgår från andras åldrande och samhällets stereotypa föreställningar. Kategorin ”åldrandets existentiella aspekter” beskriver den ambivalens som finns i informanternas beskrivningar gällande deras roll som äldre och hur de upplever att den påverkar deras dagliga liv nu och i framtiden.

    Slutsats: Genom hela livet behöver personer med utvecklingsstörning stöd för att kunna vara delaktiga. Kvalificerade insatser bör också innehålla stöd att förstå sin åldrandeprocess och dess konsekvenser i det dagliga livet.

  • 12.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Ageing at home as experienced by older people with intellectual disabilities2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Alfredsson Ågren, Kristin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Occupational Therapy for adults with intellectual disability2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to perform a literature review in order to present an overview of evaluations and interventions in occupational therapy for adults with intellectual disabilities.

    The search was conducted through the following data bases AMED, CINAHL, ERIC, OT Seeker, PsycINFO, PubMed and Scopus covering the period between 2000 (January) - 2010 (March). The search was limited to empirical studies in occupational therapy written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals. The search terms “developmental disability”

    “intellectual disability” learning disability” “mental retardation” “adults” and “occupational therapy”. The final sample that was examined was 22 papers. The result showed that eight of the papers focused on evaluation and three of these included assessments based on Model of Human Occupation (MOHO); Assessment of Communication and Interaction Skills, Assessment of Motor and Process Skills and Volitional Questionnaire. Interventions were described in 14 papers and these were categorized as focusing on function, occupation or environment. Nine of the 22 included papers were written by Swedish occupational therapists. In total six papers were related to MOHO. This shows that the model is a potential support in the implementation of evidence based occupational therapy practise for adults with intellectual disabilities.

  • 14.
    Byström, Fanny
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Isaksson, Elise
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Participation in Daily Activities - perceptions of older people with intellectual disabilities2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Haglund, Lena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Taylor, Renée
    Department of Occupational Therapy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
    The myth of participation in occupational therapy: reconceptualizing a client-centred approach2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 421-427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation is often the comprehensive objective of treatment but also an indication of the extent to which the process of occupational therapy is client-centred. The purpose of this study was to explore levels of participation during occupational therapy among clients in the area of mental health from the occupational therapists' perspectives. Additionally the authors sought to identify factors that might hinder client participation. Postal questionnaires were sent out to 670 Swedish occupational therapists working with persons with mental illness and learning disabilities. The questionnaire required therapists to rate clients' levels of participation during occupational therapy. Findings indicated that the most common level of participation for the clients was interdependent, meaning that problems, goals, and plans were identified jointly and collaboratively with the occupational therapist. However, more than 20% of the clients were described as being dependent. Almost 90% of the occupational therapists rated client participation in therapy to be very important and nearly 70% claimed that client participation in general needed to be increased. Occupational therapists rated the primary barriers to participation as being clients' inability to participate and organizational and financial problems. Implications of these findings for education in client-centred practice approaches are discussed.

  • 16.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Upplevelsen av äldre och åldrande hos personer med utvecklingsstörning2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att fler personer med utvecklingsstörning blir äldre är ett nytt fenomen som hittills har fått ett begränsat utrymme inom såväl den funktionshinderpolitiska debatten som i forskningen. Det finns studier som visar att omgivningen ofta inte uppmärksammar åldersrelaterade förändringar hos personer med en utvecklingsstörning.  Detta påverkar utförandet och resultatet av de stödinsatser som ges i syfte att möjliggöra aktivitet och delaktighet.  En betydande utgångspunkt för att kunna ge ett kvalificerat stöd är att utgå från hur personerna själva ser på sin livssituation. Det finns dock få studier kring hur personer med utvecklingsstörning ser på äldre och åldrande och de som finns ger en tvetydig bild. Dels beskrivs äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning generellt ha en positiv inställning till sitt eget åldrande. Åldrandet ses som en ny fas av livet som ska fyllas med nya erfarenheter och aktiviteter tillsammans med andra personer. Andra bilder som ges visar att det kan vara svårt för personer med utvecklingsstörning att reflektera kring negativa aspekter av åldrandet om detta inte upplevts av personen själv. När människor åldras uppstår fysiska, psykologiska och socialt konstruerade fenomen som kan resultera i negativa upplevelser. Dessa upplevelser kan i högre grad vara svåra att handskas med för äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning. En anledning till detta kan vara en nedsatt förmåga att förstå sin åldrandeprocess och därmed kunna förbereda sig på och hantera dess konsekvenser.  

    Syfte: Denna studie syftar till att beskriva hur äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning upplever äldre och åldrande.

    Metod: Individuella intervjuer har genomförts med personer med utvecklingsstörning som är äldre än 45 år och bor i bostad med särskild service enligt LSS. Intervjuerna har analyserats kvalitativt.

    Resultat: Vid konferensen kommer preliminära teman att presenteras. Dessa kommer ge en mångfacetterad bild av hur personer med utvecklingsstörning upplever äldre och åldrande. De kommer även ge en inblick i åldrandeprocessen och dess konsekvenser för aktivitet och delaktighet i det dagliga livet för personer med utvecklingsstörning.

    Slutsats: Genom hela livet behöver personer med utvecklingsstörning stöd för att kunna vara delaktiga. För att kunna ge detta stöd behövs kunskap om hur de äldre själva upplever sitt åldrande och dess påverkan på det dagliga livet, om hur sociala kategorier som ålder och funktionsförmåga samverkar och vilka konsekvenser detta medför för individens möjlighet till aktivitet och delaktighet.  Ett kvalificerat stöd till äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning bör också innehålla stöd att förstå sin åldrandeprocess.

  • 17.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Alfredsson Ågren, Kristin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Evidensbaserad arbetsterapi - en rättighet för vuxna personer med utvecklingsstörning2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Kjellberg, Anette
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Alfredsson Ågren, Kristin
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Arbetsterapi för vuxna personer med utvecklingsstörning en litteraturgenomgång: Tidskriften arbetsterapeuten2010Other (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Om jag har ”Möjlighet att leva som andra” får jag då ”Bo bra hela livet”?- om bostadssituationen för äldre personer med utvecklingsstörning2010In: Rum för åldrande: essäer om äldres boende : essäer skrivna i forskarutbildningskursen Äldres boende / [ed] Abrahamsson, M., Hagberg, J-E., Lukkarinen Kvist, M. & Nord, C., Norrköping: Linköpings universitet , 2010, p. 28-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    denna antologi ingår elva essäer som ur olika perspektiv behandlar äldre och gamlas boende. De är skrivna i en forskarutbildningskurs vid Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga forskarskolan i äldre, åldrande och omsorg. Red. Abramsson, M., Hagberg, J-E., Lukkarinen Kvist, M. och Nord, C. Linköpings Universitet.

  • 20.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life.
    Haglund, Lena
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Psychosocial streghts and challenges related to work among persons with intellectual disabilities2009In: Occupational Therapy in Mental Health, ISSN 0164-212X, E-ISSN 1541-3101, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 151-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to describe the psychosocial strengths and challenges related to work among persons with intellectual disabilities. The instrument used for this purpose was the Swedish version of the Worker Role Interview. Thirty people with moderate to mild intellectual disability participated in the study. The findings indicate that the participants have many psychosocial strengths that positively affect their worker role. For most of the participants, work is a highly valued life domain and something to which they feel a commitment. It is also shown that the participants have well-developed work habits and a supportive social environment. The main problem area for some participants was in the area of personal causation. Overall, MOHO and the WRI provided useful concepts and a practical method of assessment for understanding strengths and challenges in persons with intellectual disabilities related to work.

  • 21.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    et al.
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Society, Diversity, Identity .
    Haglund, Lena
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care.
    Upplevelsen av psykosociala och miljömässiga faktorer relaterat till arbete hos personer med utvecklingsstörning2008In: Funktionshinder - aktivitet - delaktighet,2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

       

  • 22.
    Kåhlin, Ida
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Hälsa - utbildning - välfärdsinstitutioner (HUV) .
    Att intervjua personer med utvecklingsstörning - en utmaning för arbetsterapeuten2007In: At-Forum och Nordisk kongress för arbetsterapeuter,2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
1 - 22 of 22
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