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  • 1.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Grinderslev, Jakob B.
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Andersson, Mikael S.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Armstrong, Jeff
    Rutherford Appleton Lab, England.
    Karlsson, Maths
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Jensen, Torben R.
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Analysis of Dihydrogen Bonding in Ammonium Borohydride2019In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 123, no 47, p. 28631-28639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The structural and vibrational properties of ammonium borohydride, NH4BH4, have been examined by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations and inelastic neutron scattering (INS). The H disordered crystal structure of NH4BH4 is composed of the tetrahedral complex ions NH4+ and BH4-, which are arranged as in the fcc NaCl structure and linked by intermolecular dihydrogen bonding. Upon cooling, the INS spectra revealed a structural transition between 45 and 40 K. The reversible transition occurs upon heating between 46 and 49 K. In the low-temperature form reorientational dynamics are frozen. The libration modes for BH4- and NH4+ are near 300 and 200 cm(-1), respectively. Upon entering the fcc high-temperature form, NH4+ ions attain fast reorientational dynamics, as indicated in the disappearance of the NH4+ libration band, whereas BH4- ions become significantly mobile only at temperatures above 100 K. The vibrational behavior of BH4- ions in NH4BH4 compares well to the heavier alkali metal borohydrides, NaBH4-CsBH4. DFT calculations revealed a nondirectional nature of the dihydrogen bonding in NH4BH4 with only weak tendency for long-range order. Different rotational configurations of complex ions appear quasi-degenerate, which is reminiscent of glasses.

  • 2.
    Pilemalm, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Effects of high pressure on ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases studied by density functional theory2019In: Results in Physics, ISSN 2211-3797, Vol. 13, article id 102293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases are layered materials that have been experimentally reported for M = Ta and Nb, but their high-pressure properties have not been studied. Here, we have used first-principles calculations to study their thermodynamic stability, elastic and electronic properties at high-pressure. We have used density functional theory to calculate the formation enthalpy relative to the competing binary phases, electronic density of states and elastic constants (c(ij)), bulk (B), shear (G) and Youngs (E) modulus as the pressure is varied from 0 to 150 GPa. Our results show that when the pressure increases from 0 to 150 GPa, elastic constants, bulk, shear and elastic moduli increase in the range 53-216% for ScTaN2, 72-286% for ScNbN2, and 61-317% for ScVN2.

  • 3.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    ESRF, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    ESRF, France.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Exploring the Mg-Cr-H System at High Pressure and Temperature via in Situ Synchrotron Diffraction2019In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 58, no 16, p. 11043-11050Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The complex transition metal hydride Mg3CrH8 has been previously synthesized using high pressure conditions. It contains the first group 6 homoleptic hydrido complex, [Cr(II)H-7](5-). Here, we investigated the formation of Mg3CrH8 by in situ studies of reaction mixtures of 3MgH(2)-Cr-H-2 at 5 GPa. The formation of the known orthorhombic form (o-Mg3CrH8) was noticed at temperatures above 635 degrees C, albeit at a relatively slow rate. At temperatures around 750 degrees C a high temperature phase formed rapidly, which upon slow cooling converted into o-Mg3CrH8. The phase transition at high pressures occurred reversibly at similar to 735 degrees C upon heating and at similar to 675 degrees C upon slow cooling. Upon rapid cooling, a monoclinic polymorph (m-Mg3CrH8) was afforded which could be subsequently recovered and analyzed at ambient pressure. m-Mg3CrH8 was found to crystallize in P2(1)/n space group (a = 5.128 angstrom, b = 16.482 angstrom, c = 4.805 angstrom, beta = 90.27 degrees). Its structure elucidation from high resolution synchrotron powder diffraction data was aided by first-principles DFT calculations. Like the orthorhombic polymorph, m-Mg3CrH8 contains pentagonal bipyramidal complexes [CrH7](5-) and interstitial H-. The arrangement of metal atoms and interstitial H- resembles closely that of the high pressure orthorhombic form of Mg3MnH7. This suggests similar principles of formation and stabilization of hydrido complexes at high pressure and temperature conditions in the Mg-Cr-H and Mg-Mn-H systems. Calculated enthalpy versus pressure relations predict o-Mg3CrH8 being more stable than m-Mg3CrH8 by 6.5 kJ/mol at ambient pressure and by 13 kJ/mol at 5 GPa. The electronic structure of m-Mg3CrH8 is very similar to that of o-Mg3CrH8. The stable 18-electron complex [CrH7](5-) is mirrored in the occupied states, and calculated band gaps are around 1.5 eV.

  • 4.
    Belonoshko, Anatoly B.
    et al.
    Royal Inst Technol KTH, Sweden.
    Fu, Jie
    Ningbo Univ, Peoples R China.
    Bryk, Taras
    Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, Ukraine.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mattesini, Maurizio
    Univ Complutense Madrid, Spain; UCM, Spain.
    Low viscosity of the Earths inner core2019In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 10, article id 2483Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Earths solid inner core is a highly attenuating medium. It consists mainly of iron. The high attenuation of sound wave propagation in the inner core is at odds with the widely accepted paradigm of hexagonal close-packed phase stability under inner core conditions, because sound waves propagate through the hexagonal iron without energy dissipation. Here we show by first-principles molecular dynamics that the body-centered cubic phase of iron, recently demonstrated to be thermodynamically stable under the inner core conditions, is considerably less elastic than the hexagonal phase. Being a crystalline phase, the body-centered cubic phase of iron possesses the viscosity close to that of a liquid iron. The high attenuation of sound in the inner core is due to the unique diffusion characteristic of the body-centered cubic phase. The low viscosity of iron in the inner core enables the convection and resolves a number of controversies.

  • 5.
    Eklof, Daniel
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Fischer, Andreas
    Augsburg Univ, Germany.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    Chulalongkorn Univ, Thailand; Commiss Higher Educ, Thailand.
    Jaworski, Aleksander
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Pell, Andrew J.
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Grins, Jekabs
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wu, Yang
    Tsinghua Univ, Peoples R China.
    Widom, Michael
    Carnegie Mellon Univ, PA 15213 USA.
    Scherer, Wolfgang
    Augsburg Univ, Germany.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Mysterious SiB3: Identifying the Relation between alpha- and beta-SiB32019In: ACS OMEGA, ISSN 2470-1343, Vol. 4, no 20, p. 18741-18759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Binary silicon boride SiB3 has been reported to occur in two forms, as disordered and nonstoichiometric alpha-SiB3-x, which relates to the alpha-rhombohedral phase of boron, and as strictly ordered and stoichiometric beta-SiB3. Similar to other boron-rich icosahedral solids, these SiB3 phases represent potentially interesting refractory materials. However, their thermal stability, formation conditions, and thermodynamic relation are poorly understood. Here, we map the formation conditions of alpha-SiB3-x and beta-SiB3 and analyze their relative thermodynamic stabilities. alpha-SiB3-x is metastable (with respect to beta-SiB3 and Si), and its formation is kinetically driven. Pure polycrystalline bulk samples may be obtained within hours when heating stoichiometric mixtures of elemental silicon and boron at temperatures 1200-1300 degrees C. At the same time, alpha-SiB3-x decomposes into SiB6 and Si, and optimum time-temperature synthesis conditions represent a trade-off between rates of formation and decomposition. The formation of stable beta-SiB3 was observed after prolonged treatment (days to weeks) of elemental mixtures with ratios Si/B = 1:11:4 at temperatures 1175-1200 degrees C. The application of high pressures greatly improves the kinetics of SiB3 formation and allows decoupling of SiB3 formation from decomposition. Quantitative formation of beta-SiB3 was seen at 1100 degrees C for samples pressurized to 5.5-8 GPa. beta-SiB3 decomposes peritectoidally at temperatures between 1250 and 1300 degrees C. The highly ordered nature of beta-SiB3 is reflected in its Raman spectrum, which features narrow and distinct lines. In contrast, the Raman spectrum of alpha-SiB3-x is characterized by broad bands, which show a clear relation to the vibrational modes of isostructural, ordered B6P. The detailed composition and structural properties of disordered alpha-SiB3-x were ascertained by a combination of single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Si-29 magic angle spinning NMR experiments. Notably, the compositions of polycrystalline bulk samples (obtained at T amp;lt;= 1200 degrees C) and single crystal samples (obtained from Si-rich molten Si-B mixtures at T amp;gt; 1400 degrees C) are different, SiB2.93(7) and SiB2.64(2), respectively. The incorporation of Si in the polar position of B-12 icosahedra results in highly strained cluster units. This disorder feature was accounted for in the refined crystal structure model by splitting the polar position into three sites. The electron-precise composition of alpha-SiB3-x is SiB2.5 and corresponds to the incorporation of, on average, two Si atoms in each B-12 icosahedron. Accordingly, alpha-SiB3-x constitutes a mixture of B10Si2 and B11Si clusters. The structural and phase stability of alpha-SiB3-x were explored using a first-principles cluster expansion. The most stable composition at 0 K is SiB2.5, which however is unstable with respect to the decomposition beta-SiB3 + Si. Modeling of the configurational and vibrational entropies suggests that alpha-SiB3-x only becomes more stable than beta-SiB3 at temperatures above its decomposition into SiB6 and Si. Hence, we conclude that alpha-SiB3-x is metastable at all temperatures. Density functional theory electronic structure calculations yield band gaps of similar size for electron-precise alpha-SiB2.5 and beta-SiB3, whereas alpha-SiB3 represents a p-type conductor.

  • 6.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Lugovskoy, A. V.
    NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Krasilnikov, O. M.
    NUST MISTS, Russia; NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Vekilov, Yu. Kh.
    NUST MISTS, Russia; NUST MISTS, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Reply to the comment by M. Mazdziarz on the article "Ab initio calculations of pressure-dependence of high-order elastic constants using finite deformations approach" [Computer Physics Communications 220 (2017) 20-30]2019In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, E-ISSN 1879-2944, Vol. 235, p. 295-296Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Marcin Mazdziarz has published a comment on our recent paper by I. Mosyagin, A.V. Lugovskoy, O.M. Krasilnikov, Yu.Kh. Vekilov, S.I. Simak and L.A. Abrikosov titled "Ab initio calculations of pressure dependence of high-order elastic constants using finite deformations approach" [Computer Physics Communications 220 (2017)2030]. The author states that there are serious fundamental errors and flaws. In this reply we clarify all misunderstanding mentioned in the said comment. (C) 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.

    The full text will be freely available from 2020-06-19 15:55
  • 7.
    Sangiovanni, Davide
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Ruhr Univ Bochum, Germany.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Smirnova, D.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Germany; Russian Acad Sci, Russia.
    Skripnyak, Natalia
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Gambino, Davide
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Mrovec, M.
    Ruhr Univ Bochum, Germany.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Superioniclike Diffusion in an Elemental Crystal: bcc Titanium2019In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 123, no 10, article id 105501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent theoretical investigations [A. B. Belonoshko et aL Nat. Geosci. 10, 312 (2017)] revealed the occurrence of the concerted migration of several atoms in bcc Fe at inner-core temperatures and pressures. Here, we combine first-principles and semiempirical atomistic simulations to show that a diffusion mechanism analogous to the one predicted for bcc iron at extreme conditions is also operative and of relevance for the high-temperature bcc phase of pure Ti at ambient pressure. The mechanism entails a rapid collective movement of numerous (from two to dozens) neighbors along tangled closed-loop paths in defect-free crystal regions. We argue that this phenomenon closely resembles the diffusion behavior of superionics and liquid metals. Furthermore, we suggest that concerted migration is the atomistic manifestation of vanishingly small co-mode phonon frequencies previously detected via neutron scattering and the mechanism underlying anomalously large and markedly non-Arrhenius self-diffusivities characteristic of bcc Ti.

  • 8.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Temperature-induced phase transition and Li self-diffusion in Li2C2: A first-principles study2019In: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 3, no 2, article id 023602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lithium carbide, Li2C2, is a fascinating material that combines strong covalent and weak ionic bonding resulting in a wide range of unusual properties. The mechanism of its phase transition from the ground-state orthorhombic (Immm) to the high-temperature cubic (Fm (3) over barm) crystal structure is not well understood and here we elucidate it with help of first-principles calculations. We show that stabilization of the cubic phase is a result of a temperature-induced disorientation of the C-C dumbbells and their further thermal rotations. Due to these rotations rather large deviatoric stress, which is associated with the dumbbell alignment along one of the crystallographic axes, averages out making the cubic structure mechanically stable. At high temperature we observe a type-II superionic transition to a state of high Li self-diffusion involving collective ionic motion mediated by the formation of Frenkel pairs.

  • 9.
    Pilemalm, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergei
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    The Effect of Point Defects on the Electronic Density of States of ScMN2-Type (M = V, Nb, Ta) Phases2019In: Condensed Matter, ISSN 2410-3896, Vol. 4, no 3, article id 70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases are layered materials that have been experimentally reported for M = Ta and Nb. They are narrow-bandgap semiconductors with potentially interesting thermoelectric properties. Point defects such as dopants and vacancies largely affect these properties, motivating the need to investigate these effects. In particular, asymmetric peak features in the density of states (DOS) close to the highest occupied state is expected to increase the Seebeck coefficient. Here, we used first principles calculations to study the effects of one vacancy or one C, O, or F dopant on the DOS of the ScMN2 phases. We used density functional theory to calculate formation energy and the density of states when a point defect is introduced in the structures. In the DOS, asymmetric peak features close to the highest occupied state were found as a result of having a vacancy in all three phases. Furthermore, one C dopant in ScTaN2, ScNbN2, and ScVN2 implies a shift of the highest occupied state into the valence band, while one O or F dopant causes a shift of the highest occupied state into the conduction band.

  • 10.
    Ning, Weihua
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Xin-Gang
    Jilin Univ, Peoples R China.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Bai, Sai
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ji, Fuxiang
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tao, Youtian
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Ren, Xiao-Ming
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Zhang, Lijun
    Jilin Univ, Peoples R China.
    Huang, Wei
    Nanjing Tech Univ, Peoples R China.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Gao, Feng
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Thermochromic Lead-Free Halide Double Perovskites2019In: Advanced Functional Materials, ISSN 1616-301X, E-ISSN 1616-3028, Vol. 29, no 10, article id 1807375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lead-free halide double perovskites with diverse electronic structures and optical responses, as well as superior material stability show great promise for a range of optoelectronic applications. However, their large bandgaps limit their applications in the visible light range such as solar cells. In this work, an efficient temperature-derived bandgap modulation, that is, an exotic fully reversible thermochromism in both single crystals and thin films of Cs2AgBiBr6 double perovskites is demonstrated. Along with the thermochromism, temperature-dependent changes in the bond lengths of Ag Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br (R-Ag Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br) and Bi Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br (R-Bi Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br) are observed. The first-principle molecular dynamics simulations reveal substantial anharmonic fluctuations of the R-Ag Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br and R-Bi Symbol of the Klingon Empire Br at high temperatures. The synergy of anharmonic fluctuations and associated electron-phonon coupling, and the peculiar spin-orbit coupling effect, is responsible for the thermochromism. In addition, the intrinsic bandgap of Cs2AgBiBr6 shows negligible changes after repeated heating/cooling cycles under ambient conditions, indicating excellent thermal and environmental stability. This work demonstrates a stable thermochromic lead-free double perovskite that has great potential in the applications of smart windows and temperature sensors. Moreover, the findings on the structure modulation-induced bandgap narrowing of Cs2AgBiBr6 provide new insights for the further development of optoelectronic devices based on the lead-free halide double perovskites.

  • 11.
    Pilemalm, Robert
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Pourovskii, Leonid
    Centre de Physique Théorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, Route de Saclay, FR-91128 Palaiseau, France / Collège de France, 11 place Marcelin Berthelot, FR-75005 Paris, France.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    Materials Modeling and Development Laboratory, NUST “MISIS”, RU-119991 Moscow, Russia.
    Simak, Sergei
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Thermodynamic Stability, Thermoelectric, Elastic and Electronic Structure Properties of ScMN2-Type (M = V, Nb, Ta) Phases Studied by ab initio Calculations2019In: Condensed Matter, ISSN 2410-3896, Vol. 4, no 2, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ScMN2-type (M = V, Nb, Ta) phases are layered materials that have been experimentally reported for M = Ta and Nb, but they have up to now not been much studied. However, based on the properties of binary ScN and its alloys, it is reasonable to expect these phases to be of relevance in a range of applications, including thermoelectrics. Here, we have used first-principles calculations to study their thermodynamic stability, elastic, thermoelectric and electronic properties. We have used density functional theory to calculate lattice parameters, the mixing enthalpy of formation and electronic density of states as well as the thermoelectric properties and elastic constants (cij), bulk (B), shear (G) and Young’s (E) modulus, which were compared with available experimental data. Our results indicate that the considered systems are thermodynamically and elastically stable and that all are semiconductors with small band gaps. All three materials display anisotropic thermoelectric properties and indicate the possibility to tune these properties by doping. In particular, ScVN2, featuring the largest band gap exhibits a particularly large and strongly doping-sensitive Seebeck coefficient.

  • 12.
    Pourovskii, L. V.
    et al.
    Univ Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Mravlje, J.
    Jozef Stefan Inst, Slovenia.
    Georges, A.
    Univ Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; Univ Geneva, Switzerland.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Correction: Electron-electron scattering and thermal conductivity of epsilon-iron at Earths core conditions (vol 19, 073022, 2017)2018In: New Journal of Physics, ISSN 1367-2630, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 20, article id 109501Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 13.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Inst Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Effect of temperature and configurational disorder on the electronic band gap of boron carbide from first principles2018In: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 2, no 10, article id 104603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overestimation, rather than the usual underestimation, of the electronic band gap at 0 K of boron carbide with the ideally stoichiometric composition of B4C, represented by B11CP (CBC), in density functional theory calculations is one of the outstanding controversial issues in the field of icosahedral boron-rich solids. Using a first-principles approach, we explore the effect of temperature and configurational disorder on the electronic band gap of B4C. Ab initio molecular dynamics simulations are performed to account for the effects of vibrational disorder. The results reveal that the volumetric thermal expansion as well as the thermally induced configurational disorder of icosahedral C-P atoms residing in the B11CP icosahedra have a minimal impact on the band gap of B4C, while a major decrease of the band gap is caused by explicit atomic displacements, induced by lattice vibrations. At 298 K, the band gap of B4C is overestimated, as compared to the experimental value, by approximately 31%. However, configurational disorder induced by introducing a small fraction of B-12 (CBC) and B-12 (B-4) into a matrix of B11CP (CBC) to make the composition of boron carbide approximately B4.3C, claimed to be the carbon-rich limit of the material in experiment, leads to a smaller band gap due to the appearance of midgap states. These results can explain at least a part of the previous discrepancies between theory and experiments for the band gap of boron carbide.

  • 14.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden; Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Finite-temperature lattice dynamics and superionic transition in ceria from first principles2018In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 97, no 10, article id 104309Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) in combination with the temperature dependent effective potential (TDEP) method has been used to go beyond the quasiharmonic approximation and study the lattice dynamics in ceria, CeO2, at finite temperature. The results indicate that the previously proposed connection between the B-1u phonon mode turning imaginary and the transition to the superionic phase in fluorite structured materials is an artifact of the failure of the quasiharmonic approximation in describing the lattice dynamics at elevated temperatures. We instead show that, in the TDEP picture, a phonon mode coupling to the E-u mode prevents the B-1u mode from becoming imaginary. We directly observe the superionic transition at high temperatures in our AIMD simulations and find that it is initiated by the formation of oxygen Frenkel pairs (FP). These FP are found to form in a collective process involving simultaneous motion of two oxygen ions.

  • 15.
    Bykova, E.
    et al.
    DESY, Germany; Univ Bayreuth, Germany.
    Bykov, M.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany; Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Cernok, A.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany; Open Univ, England.
    Tidholm, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. CALTECH, CA 91125 USA.
    Belov, M. P.
    Natl Univ Sci and Technol MISIS, Russia.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Liermann, H. -P.
    DESY, Germany.
    Hanfland, M.
    European Synchrotron Radiat Facil, France.
    Prakapenka, V. B.
    Univ Chicago, IL 60637 USA.
    Prescher, C.
    Univ Chicago, IL 60637 USA; Univ Cologne, Germany.
    Dubrovinskaia, N.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany.
    Dubrovinsky, L.
    Univ Bayreuth, Germany.
    Metastable silica high pressure polymorphs as structural proxies of deep Earth silicate melts2018In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, E-ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 9, article id 4789Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Modelling of processes involving deep Earth liquids requires information on their structures and compression mechanisms. However, knowledge of the local structures of silicates and silica (SiO2) melts at deep mantle conditions and of their densification mechanisms is still limited. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of metastable high-pressure silica phases, coesite-IV and coesite-V, using in situ single-crystal X-ray diffraction and ab initio simulations. Their crystal structures are drastically different from any previously considered models, but explain well features of pair-distribution functions of highly densified silica glass and molten basalt at high pressure. Built of four, five-, and six-coordinated silicon, coesite-IV and coesite-V contain SiO6 octahedra, which, at odds with 3rd Paulings rule, are connected through common faces. Our results suggest that possible silicate liquids in Earths lower mantle may have complex structures making them more compressible than previously supposed.

  • 16.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Nature of the octahedral tilting phase transitions in perovskites: A case study of CaMnO32018In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 97, no 2, article id 024108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The temperature-induced antiferrodistortive (AFD) structural phase transitions in CaMnO3, a typical perovskite oxide, are studied using first-principles density functional theory calculations. These transitions are caused by tilting of the MnO6 octahedra that are related to unstable phonon modes in the high-symmetry cubic perovskite phase. Transitions due to octahedral tilting in perovskites normally are believed to fit into the standard soft-mode picture of displacive phase transitions. We calculate phonon-dispersion relations and potential-energy landscapes as functions of the unstable phonon modes and argue based on the results that the phase transitions are better described as being of order-disorder type. This means that the cubic phase emerges as a dynamical average when the system hops between local minima on the potential-energy surface. We then perform ab initio molecular dynamics simulations and find explicit evidence of the order-disorder dynamics in the system. Our conclusions are expected to be valid for other perovskite oxides, and we finally suggest how to predict the nature (displacive or order-disorder) of the AFD phase transitions in any perovskite system.

  • 17.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Phase Stability of Dynamically Disordered Solids from First Principles2018In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 121, no 22, article id 225702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Theoretical studies of phase stability in solid materials with dynamic disorder are challenging due to the failure of the standard picture of atoms vibrating around fixed equilibrium positions. Dynamically disordered solid materials show immense potential in applications. In particular, superionic conductors, where the disorder results in exceptionally high ionic conductivity, are very promising as solid state electrolytes in batteries and fuel cells. The biggest obstacle in living up to this potential is the limited stability of the dynamically disordered phases. Here, we outline a method to obtain the free energy of a dynamically disordered solid. It is based on a stress-strain thermodynamic integration on a deformation path between a mechanically stable ordered variant of the disordered phase, and the dynamically disordered phase itself. We show that the large entropy contribution associated with the dynamic disorder is captured in the behavior of the stress along the deformation path. We apply the method to Bi2O3, whose superionic delta phase is the fastest known solid oxide ion conductor. We accurately reproduce the experimental transition enthalpy and the critical temperature of the phase transition from the low temperature ground state a phase to the superionic d phase. The method can be used for a first-principles description of the phase stability of superionic conductors and other materials with dynamic disorder, when the disordered phase can be connected to a stable phase through a continuous deformation path.

  • 18.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Inst Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Structural models of increasing complexity for icosahedral boron carbide with compositions throughout the single-phase region from first principles2018In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 97, no 17, article id 174104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We perform first-principles calculations to investigate the phase stability of boron carbide, concentrating on the recently proposed alternative structural models composed not only of the regularly studied B11Cp(CBC) and B-12(CBC), but also of B-12(CBCB) and B-12(B-4). We find that a combination of the four structural motifs can result in low-energy electron precise configurations of boron carbide. Among several considered configurations within the composition range of B10.5C and B4C, we identify in addition to the regularly studied B11Cp(CBC) at the composition of B4C two low-energy configurations, resulting in a new view of the B-C convex hull. Those are [B-12(CBC)](0.67)[B-12(B-4)](0.33) and [B-12(CBC)](0.67)[B-12(CBCB)](0.33), corresponding to compositions of B10.5C and B6.67C, respectively. As a consequence, B-12(CBC) at the composition of B6.5C, previously suggested in the literature as a stable configuration of boron carbide, is no longer part of the B-C convex hull. By inspecting the electronic density of states as well as the elastic moduli, we find that the alternative models of boron carbide can provide a reasonably good description for electronic and elastic properties of the material in comparison with the experiments, highlighting the importance of considering B-12(CBCB) and B-12(B-4), together with the previously proposed B11Cp(CBC) and B-12(CBC), as the crucial ingredients for modeling boron carbide with compositions throughout the single-phase region.

  • 19.
    Burakovsky, Leonid
    et al.
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Burakovsky, Naftali
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Preston, Dean
    Los Alamos Natl Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Simak, Sergei I
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Systematics of the Third Row Transition Metal Melting: The HCP Metals Rhenium and Osmium2018In: Crystals, ISSN 2073-4352, Vol. 8, no 6, article id 243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The melting curves of rhenium and osmium to megabar pressures are obtained from an extensive suite of ab initio quantum molecular dynamics (QMD) simulations using the Z method. In addition, for Re, we combine QMD simulations with total free energy calculations to obtain its phase diagram. Our results indicate that Re, which generally assumes a hexagonal close-packed (hcp) structure, melts from a face-centered cubic (fcc) structure in the pressure range 20-240 GPa. We conclude that the recent DAC data on Re to 50 GPa in fact encompass both the true melting curve and the low-slope hcp-fcc phase boundary above a triple point at (20 GPa, 4240 K). A linear fit to the Re diamond anvil cell (DAC) data then results in a slope that is 2.3 times smaller than that of the actual melting curve. The phase diagram of Re is topologically equivalent to that of Pt calculated by us earlier on. Regularities in the melting curves of Re, Os, and five other 3rd-row transition metals (Ta, W, Ir, Pt, Au) form the 3rd-row transition metal melting systematics. We demonstrate how this systematics can be used to estimate the currently unknown melting curve of the eighth 3rd-row transition metal Hf.

  • 20.
    Spektor, Kristina
    et al.
    ESRF, France.
    Crichton, Wilson A.
    ESRF, France.
    Konar, Sumit
    Univ Edinburgh, Scotland; Univ Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Filippov, Stanislav
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Haussermann, Ulrich
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Unraveling Hidden Mg-Mn-H Phase Relations at High Pressures and Temperatures by in Situ Synchrotron Diffraction2018In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 57, no 3, p. 1614-1622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The MgMnH system was investigated by in situ high pressure studies of reaction mixtures MgH2MnH2. The formation conditions of two complex hydrides with composition Mg3MnH7 were established. Previously known hexagonal Mg3MnH7 (h-Mg3MnH7) formed at pressures 1.52 GPa and temperatures between 480 and 500 degrees C, whereas an orthorhombic form (o-Mg3MnH7) was obtained at pressures above 5 GPa and temperatures above 600 degrees C. The crystal structures of the polymorphs feature octahedral [Mn(I)H-6](5) complexes and interstitial H-. Interstitial H- is located in trigonal bipyramidal and square pyramidal interstices formed by Mg2+ ions in h- and o-Mg3MnH7, respectively. The hexagonal form can be retained at ambient pressure, whereas the orthorhombic form upon decompression undergoes a distortion to monoclinic Mg3MnH7 (m-Mg3MnH7). The structure elucidation of o- and m-Mg3MnH7 was aided by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Calculated enthalpy versus pressure relations predict m- and o-Mg3MnH7 to be more stable than h-Mg3MnH7 above 4.3 GPa. Phonon calculations revealed o-Mg3MnH7 to be dynamically unstable at pressures below 5 GPa, which explains its phase transition to m-Mg3MnH7 on decompression. The electronic structure of the quenchable polymorphs h- and m-Mg3MnH7 is very similar. The stable 18-electron complex [MnH6](5-) is mirrored in the occupied states, and calculated band gaps are around 1.5 eV. The study underlines the significance of in situ investigations for mapping reaction conditions and understanding phase relations for hydrogen-rich complex transition metal hydrides.

  • 21.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Lugovskoy, A. V.
    NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Krasilnikov, O. M.
    NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Vekilov, Yu. Kh.
    NUST MISIS, Russia; NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ab initio calculations of pressure-dependence of high-order elastic constants using finite deformations approach2017In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, E-ISSN 1879-2944, Vol. 220, p. 20-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a description of a technique for ab initio calculations of the pressure dependence of second and third-order elastic constants. The technique is based on an evaluation of the corresponding Lagrangian stress tensor derivative of the total energy assuming finite size of the deformations. Important details and parameters of the calculations are highlighted. Considering body-centered cubic Mo as a model system, we demonstrate that the technique is highly customizable and can be used to investigate non-linear elastic properties under high-pressure conditions. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 22.
    Pourovskii, L. V.
    et al.
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Russia.
    Mravlje, J.
    Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia.
    Georges, A.
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; University of Geneva, Switzerland.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Russia.
    Electron-electron scattering and thermal conductivity of epsilon-iron at Earths core conditions2017In: New Journal of Physics, ISSN 1367-2630, E-ISSN 1367-2630, Vol. 19, article id 073022Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The electronic state and transport properties of hot dense iron are of the utmost importance for the understanding of Earths interior. Combining state-of-the-art density functional and dynamical mean field theories we study the impact of electron correlations on the electrical and thermal resistivity of hexagonal close-packed epsilon-Fe at Earths core conditions and show that the electron-electron scattering in epsilon-Fe exhibit a nearly perfect Fermi-liquid (FL) behavior. Accordingly, the quadratic dependence of the scattering rate, typical of FLs, leads to a modification of the Wiedemann-Franz law and suppresses the thermal conductivity with respect to the electrical one. The consequence is a significant increase of the electron-electron thermal resistivity, which is found to be of comparable magnitude to the electron-phonon one.

  • 23.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    First-principles prediction of stabilities and instabilities of compounds and alloys in the ternary B-As-P system2017In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 96, no 2, article id 024202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the thermodynamic stability of compounds and alloys in the ternary B-As-P system theoretically using first-principles calculations. We demonstrate that the icosahedral B12As2 is the only stable compound in the binary B-As system, while the zinc-blende BAs is thermodynamically unstable with respect to B12As2 and the pure arsenic phase at 0 K, and increasingly so at higher temperature, suggesting that BAs may merely exist as a metastable phase. On the contrary, in the binary B-P system, both zinc-blende BP and icosahedral B12P2 are predicted to be stable. As for the binary As-P system, As1-xPx disordered alloys are predicted at elevated temperature-for example, a disordered solid solution of up to similar to 75 at.% As in black phosphorus as well as a small solubility of similar to 1 at.% P in gray arsenic at T = 750 K, together with the presence of miscibility gaps. The calculated large solubility of As in black phosphorus explains the experimental syntheses of black-phosphorus-type As1-xPx alloys with tunable compositions, recently reported in the literature. We investigate the phase stabilities in the ternary B-As-P system and demonstrate a high tendency for a formation of alloys in the icosahedral B-12(As1-xPx)(2) structure by intermixing of As and P atoms at the diatomic chain sites. The phase diagram displays noticeable mutual solubility of the icosahedral subpnictides in each other even at room temperature as well as a closure of a pseudobinary miscibility gap around 900 K. As for pseudobinary BAs1-xPx alloys, only a tiny amount of BAs is predicted to be able to dissolve in BP to form the BAs1-xPx disordered alloys at elevated temperature. For example, less than 5% of BAs can dissolve in BP at T = 1000 K. The small solubility limit of BAs in BP is attributed to the thermodynamic instability of BAs with respect to B12As2 and As.

  • 24.
    Lind, Hans
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Halim, Joseph
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rosén, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Investigation of vacancy-ordered Mo1.33C MXene from first principles and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy2017In: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS, ISSN 2475-9953, Vol. 1, no 4, article id 044002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    MXenes are a comparatively young class of 2D materials, composed of transition-metal carbides/nitrides of the general formula Mn+1XnTx, where T represents surface terminations, typically O, OH, and/or F. Recently, a new type of MXene with vacancy ordering was discovered, Mo1.33CTx, with conduction and capacitance superior to the MXene counterpart without vacancies, Mo2CTx. We here present a theoretical evaluation of Mo1.33CTx based on first-principles calculations, where x = 2 and T is O, F, OH, or a mixture thereof. In addition to structural evaluation upon vacancy formation, we identify preferred terminations as well as termination sites, and resulting dynamical stability and electronic properties. For mixed terminations, the mixing energy is evaluated. We show that while Mo2C is typically O terminated, mixed terminations with a high F content are suggested for Mo1.33CTx, which in turn gives the highest metallicity out of all the configurations investigated. In addition, the results indicate a strong tuning potential of the band gap through choice of terminations, with an electronic structure changing between insulating and metallic depending on termination(s) and their configuration. We also performed x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy to identify and quantify the terminating species on the MXene, as well as their respective binding energies. The experimental results are consistent with the theoretical analysis, and combined they suggest an explanation to the MXene chemistry as well as the reported high conductivity of Mo1.33CTx.

  • 25.
    Nilsson, Johan O.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Leetmaa, Mikael
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Oxygen diffusion in ceria doped with rare-earth elements2017In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 21, p. 13723-13730Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examine the effects of the dopant type and the dopant distribution on the ion diffusion in ceria doped with rare-earth elements (Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, and Gd). Diffusion is simulated by means of a Kinetic Monte Carlo method using input transition rates derived from diffusion barriers calculated in the framework of density functional theory (DFT). Based on diffusion simulations, we discuss the characteristics of the dopants in terms of the diffusion barriers, and study oxygen ion trajectories for different dopants and distributions. Our simulations show a trend of increasing ion diffusivity with increasing atomic number for all distributions.

  • 26.
    Kerdsongpanya, Sit
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Rensselaer Polytech Institute, NY 12180 USA.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. CALTECH, CA 91125 USA.
    Sun, Bo
    National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Kan Koh, Yee
    National University of Singapore, Singapore.
    Lu, Jun
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Van Nong, Ngo
    Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Risø Campus, Roskilde, Denmark.
    Simak, Sergei I.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Phonon thermal conductivity of scandium nitride for thermoelectrics from first-principles calculations and thin-film growth2017In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 96, no 19, article id 195417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The knowledge of lattice thermal conductivity of materials under realistic conditions is vitally important since many modern technologies require either high or low thermal conductivity. Here, we propose a theoretical model for determining lattice thermal conductivity, which takes into account the effect of microstructure. It is based on ab initio description that includes the temperature dependence of the interatomic force constants and treats anharmonic lattice vibrations. We choose ScN as a model system, comparing the computational predictions to the experimental data by time-domain thermoreflectance. Our experimental results show a trend of reduction in lattice thermal conductivity with decreasing domain size predicted by the theoretical model. These results suggest a possibility to control thermal conductivity by microstructural tailoring and provide a predictive tool for the effect of the microstructure on the lattice thermal conductivity of materials based on ab initio calculations.

  • 27.
    Burakovsky, L.
    et al.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Cawkwell, M. J.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Preston, D. L.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Errandonea, D.
    University of Valencia, Spain.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Recent ab initio phase diagram studies: Iridium2017In: JOINT AIRAPT-25TH and EHPRG-53RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HIGH PRESSURE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 2015, IOP PUBLISHING LTD , 2017, Vol. 950, article id UNSP 042021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phase diagram of iridium is investigated using the Z methodology in conjunction with the VASP ab initio molecular dynamics package. The Z methodology is a novel technique for phase diagram studies which combines the direct Z method for the computation of melting curves and the inverse Z method for the calculation of solid-solid phase boundaries. We compare our results to the available experimental data on iridium. We offer explanation for the 14-layer hexagonal structure observed in experiments by Cerenius and Dubrovinsky.

  • 28.
    Belonoshko, Anatoly B.
    et al.
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Lukinov, Timofei
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Fu, Jie
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden; Dalian University of Technology, Peoples R China.
    Zhao, Jijun
    Dalian University of Technology, Peoples R China.
    Davis, Sergio
    Chilean Comm Nucl Energy CCHEN, Chile.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Stabilization of body-centred cubic iron under inner-core conditions2017In: Nature Geoscience, ISSN 1752-0894, E-ISSN 1752-0908, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 312-+Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Earths solid core is mostly composed of iron. However, despite being central to our understanding of core properties, the stable phase of iron under inner-core conditions remains uncertain. The two leading candidates are hexagonal close-packed and body-centred cubic (bcc) crystal structures, but the dynamic and thermodynamic stability of bcc iron under inner-core conditions has been challenged. Here we demonstrate the stability of the bcc phase of iron under conditions consistent with the centre of the core using ab initio molecular dynamics simulations. We find that the bcc phase is stabilized at high temperatures by a diffusion mechanism that arises due to the dynamical instability of the phase at lower temperatures. On the basis of our simulations, we reinterpret experimental data as support for the stability of bcc iron under inner-core conditions. We suggest that the diffusion of iron atoms in solid state may explain both the anisotropy and the low shear modulus of the inner core.

  • 29.
    Fashandi, Hossein
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Dahlqvist, Martin
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Lu, Jun
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Palisaitis, Justinas
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Rosén, Johanna
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Andersson, Mike
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Sensor Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Lloyd Spetz, Anita
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Sensor Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Synthesis of Ti3AuC2, Ti3Au2C2 and Ti3IrC2 by noble metal substitution reaction in Ti3SiC2 for high-temperature-stable Ohmic contacts to SiC2017In: Nature Materials, ISSN 1476-1122, E-ISSN 1476-4660, Vol. 16, no 8, p. 814-818Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The large class of layered ceramics encompasses both van der Waals (vdW) and non-vdW solids. While intercalation of noble metals in vdW solids is known, formation of compounds by incorporation of noble-metal layers in non-vdW layered solids is largely unexplored. Here, we show formation of Ti3AuC2 and Ti3Au2C2 phases with up to 31% lattice swelling by a substitutional solid-state reaction of Au into Ti3SiC2 single-crystal thin films with simultaneous out-diffusion of Si. Ti3IrC2 is subsequently produced by a substitution reaction of Ir for Au in Ti3Au2C2. These phases form Ohmic electrical contacts to SiC and remain stable after 1,000 h of ageing at 600 degrees C in air. The present results, by combined analytical electron microscopy and ab initio calculations, open avenues for processing of noble-metal-containing layered ceramics that have not been synthesized from elemental sources, along with tunable properties such as stable electrical contacts for high-temperature power electronics or gas sensors.

  • 30.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Thermodynamic stability and properties of boron subnitrides from first principles2017In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 95, no 6, article id 064206Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We use the first-principles approach to clarify the thermodynamic stability as a function of pressure and temperature of three different alpha-rhombohedral-boron-like boron subnitrides, with the compositions of B6N, B13N2, and B38N6, proposed in the literature. We find that, out of these subnitrides with the structural units of B-12(N-N), B-12(NBN), and [B-12(N-N)](0.33)[B-12(NBN)](0.67), respectively, only B38N6, represented by [B-12(N-N)](0.33)[B-12(NBN)](0.67), is thermodynamically stable. Beyond a pressure of about 7.5 GPa depending on the temperature, also B38N6 becomes unstable, and decomposes into cubic boron nitride and a-tetragonalboron- like boron subnitride B50N2. The thermodynamic stability of boron subnitrides and relevant competing phases is determined by the Gibbs free energy, in which the contributions from the lattice vibrations and the configurational disorder are obtained within the quasiharmonic and the mean-field approximations, respectively. We calculate lattice parameters, elastic constants, phonon and electronic density of states, and demonstrate that [B-12(N-N)](0.33)[B-12(NBN)](0.67) is bothmechanically and dynamically stable, and is an electrical semiconductor. The simulated x-ray powder-diffraction pattern as well as the calculated lattice parameters of [B-12(N-N)](0.33)[B-12(NBN)](0.67) are found to be in good agreement with those of the experimentally synthesized boron subnitrides reported in the literature, verifying that B38N6 is the stable composition of a-rhombohedral-boron-like boron subnitride.

  • 31.
    Burakovsky, L.
    et al.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Burakovsky, N.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Cawkwell, M. J.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Preston, D. L.
    Los Alamos National Lab, NM 87545 USA.
    Errandonea, D.
    University of Valencia, Spain.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ab initio phase diagram of iridium2016In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 94, no 9, p. 094112-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phase diagram of iridium is investigated using the Z methodology. The Z methodology is a technique for phase diagram studies that combines the direct Z method for the computation of melting curves and the inverse Z method for the calculation of solid-solid phase boundaries. In the direct Z method, the solid phases along the melting curve are determined by comparing the solid-liquid equilibrium boundaries of candidate crystal structures. The inverse Z method involves quenching the liquid into the most stable solid phase at various temperatures and pressures to locate a solid-solid boundary. Although excellent agreement with the available experimental data (to less than or similar to 65 GPa) is found for the equation of state (EOS) of Ir, it is the third-order Birch-Murnaghan EOS with B-0 = 5 rather than the more widely accepted B-0 = 4 that describes our ab initio data to higher pressure (P). Our results suggest the existence of a random-stacking hexagonal close-packed structure of iridium at high P. We offer an explanation for the 14-layer hexagonal structure observed in experiments by Cerenius and Dubrovinsky.

  • 32.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Carbon-rich icosahedral boron carbides beyond B4C and their thermodynamic stabilities at high temperature and pressure from first principles2016In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, ISSN 2469-9950, Vol. 94, no 5, article id 054104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigate the thermodynamic stability of carbon-rich icosahedral boron carbide at different compositions, ranging from B4C to B2C, using first-principles calculations. Apart fromB4C, generally addressed in the literature, B2.5C, represented by B10C2p (C-C), where C-p and (C-C) denote a carbon atom occupying the polar site of the icosahedral cluster and a diatomic carbon chain, respectively, is predicted to be thermodynamically stable under high pressures with respect to B4C as well as pure boron and carbon phases. The thermodynamic stability of B2.5C is determined by the Gibbs free energy G as a function of pressure p and temperature T, in which the contributions from the lattice vibrations and the configurational disorder are obtained within the quasiharmonic and the mean-field approximations, respectively. The stability range of B2.5C is then illustrated through the p-T phase diagrams. Depending on the temperatures, the stability range of B2.5C is predicted to be within the range between 40 and 67 GPa. At T greater than or similar to 500 K, the icosahedral C-p atoms in B2.5C configurationally disorder at the polar sites. By investigating the properties of B2.5C, e.g., elastic constants and phonon and electronic density of states, we demonstrate that B2.5C is both mechanically and dynamically stable at zero pressure, and is an electrical semiconductor. Furthermore, based on the sketched phase diagrams, a possible route for experimental synthesis of B2.5C as well as a fingerprint for its characterization from the simulations of x-ray powder diffraction pattern are suggested.

  • 33.
    Wang, Fei
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. University of Saarland, Germany.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISIS, Russia; Tomsk State University, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Odén, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Nanostructured Materials. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Muecklich, Frank
    University of Saarland, Germany.
    Tasnadi, Ferenc
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Coherency effects on the mixing thermodynamics of cubic Ti1-xAlxN/TiN(001) multilayers2016In: PHYSICAL REVIEW B, ISSN 2469-9950, Vol. 93, no 17, p. 174201-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, we discuss the mixing thermodynamics of cubic (B1) Ti1-xAlxN/TiN(001) multilayers. We show that interfacial effects suppress the mixing enthalpy compared to bulk Ti1-xAlxN. The strongest stabilization occurs for compositions in which the mixing enthalpy of bulk Ti1-xAlxN has its maximum. The effect is split into a strain and an interfacial (or chemical) contribution, and we show that both contributions are significant. An analysis of the local atomic structure reveals that the Ti atoms located in the interfacial layers relax significantly different from those in the other atomic layers of the multilayer. Considering the electronic structure of the studied system, we demonstrate that the lower Ti-site projected density of states at epsilon(F) in the Ti1-xAlxN/TiN multilayers compared to the corresponding monolithic bulk explains a decreased tendency toward decomposition.

  • 34.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Tasnádi, Ferenc
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Wang, Fei
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Effects of configurational disorder on the elastic properties of icosahedral boron-rich alloys based on B6O, B13C2, and B4C, and their mixing thermodynamics2016In: Journal of Chemical Physics, ISSN 0021-9606, E-ISSN 1089-7690, Vol. 144, no 13, article id 134503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The elastic properties of alloys between boron suboxide (B6O) and boron carbide (B13C2), denoted by (B6O)1−x(B13C2)x, as well as boron carbide with variable carbon content, ranging from B13C2 to B4C are calculated from first-principles. Furthermore, the mixing thermodynamics of (B6O)1−x(B13C2)x is studied. A superatom-special quasirandom structure approach is used for modeling different atomic configurations, in which effects of configurational disorder between the carbide and suboxide structural units, as well as between boron and carbon atoms within the units, are taken into account. Elastic properties calculations demonstrate that configurational  disorder in B13C2, where a part of the C atoms in the CBC chains substitute for B atoms in the B12 icosahedra, drastically increase the Young’s and shear modulus, as compared to an atomically ordered state, B12(CBC). These calculated elastic moduli of the disordered state are in excellent agreement with experiments. Configurational disorder between boron and carbon can also explain the experimentally observed almost constant elastic moduli of boron carbide as the carbon content is changed from B4C to B13C2. The elastic moduli of the (B6O)1−x(B13C2)x system are also practically unchanged with composition if boron-carbon disorder is taken into account. By investigating the mixing thermodynamics of the alloys, in which the Gibbs free energy is determined within the mean-field approximation for the configurational entropy, we outline the pseudo-binary phase diagram of (B6O)1−x(B13C2)x. The phase diagram reveals the existence of a miscibility gap at all temperatures up to the melting point. Also, the coexistence of B6O-rich as well as ordered or disordered B13C2-rich domains in the material prepared through equilibrium routes is predicted.

  • 35.
    Mosyagin, Igor
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Olovsson, Weine
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. NUST MISIS, Russia.
    Highly Efficient Free Energy Calculations of the Fe Equation of State Using Temperature-Dependent Effective Potential Method2016In: Journal of Physical Chemistry A, ISSN 1089-5639, E-ISSN 1520-5215, Vol. 120, no 43, p. 8761-8768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free energy calculations at finite temperature based on ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations have become possible, but they are still highly computationally demanding. Besides, achieving simultaneously high accuracy of the calculated results and efficiency of the computational algorithm is still a challenge. In this work we describe an efficient algorithm to determine accurate free energies of solids in simulations using the recently proposed temperature-dependent effective potential method (TDEP). We provide a detailed analysis of numerical approximations employed in the TDEP algorithm. We show that for a model system considered in this work, hcp Fe, the obtained thermal equation of state at 2000 K is in excellent agreement with the results of standard calculations within the quasiharmonic approximation.

  • 36.
    Nilsson, Johan O.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Yu Vekilova, Olga
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Hellman, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Klarbring, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ionic conductivity in Gd-doped CeO2: Ab initio color-diffusion nonequilibrium molecular dynamics study2016In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 93, no 2, p. 024102-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A first-principles nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) study employing the color-diffusion algorithm has been conducted to obtain the bulk ionic conductivity and the diffusion constant of gadolinium-doped cerium oxide (GDC) in the 850-1150 K temperature range. Being a slow process, ionic diffusion in solids usually requires simulation times that are prohibitively long for ab initio equilibrium molecular dynamics. The use of the color-diffusion algorithm allowed us to substantially speed up the oxygen-ion diffusion. The key parameters of the method, such as field direction and strength as well as color-charge distribution, have been investigated and their optimized values for the considered system have been determined. The calculated ionic conductivity and diffusion constants are in good agreement with available experimental data.

  • 37.
    Klarbring, Johan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Johan O.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ionic conductivity in Sm-doped ceria from first-principles non-equilibrium molecular dynamics2016In: Solid State Ionics, ISSN 0167-2738, E-ISSN 1872-7689, Vol. 296, p. 47-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sm-doped ceria is a prospective electrolyte material for intermediate-temperature solid-oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFC). Equilibrium ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) studies of oxygen ion diffusion in this material are currently impractical due to the rareness of diffusive events on the accessible timescale. To overcome this issue we have performed ab initio non-equilibrium molecular dynamics calculations of Sm-doped ceria using the color diffusion algorithm. Applying an external force field we have been able to increase the frequency of diffusive events over the simulation time, while keeping the physical mechanism of diffusion intact. We have investigated the temperature dependence of the maximum strength of the applied external field that could be used while maintaining the response of the system in a linear regime. This allows one to obtain the diffusivity at zero field. The bulk ionic conductivity has been calculated and found to match the experimental data well. We have also compared the description of the diffusion process by our method to previous findings and show that the migration mechanism and site preference of oxygen vacancies with respect to the Sm dopants is well reproduced. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 38.
    Delange, Pascal
    et al.
    University of Paris Saclay, France.
    Ayral, Thomas
    CEA, France.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Ferrero, Michel
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France.
    Parcollet, Olivier
    CEA, France.
    Biermann, Silke
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France.
    Pourovskii, Leonid
    University of Paris Saclay, France; Coll France, France; National University of Science and Technology MISIS, Russia.
    Large effects of subtle electronic correlations on the energetics of vacancies in alpha-Fe2016In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 94, no 10, p. 100102-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We study the effect of electronic Coulomb correlations on the vacancy formation energy in paramagnetic alpha-Fe within ab initio dynamical mean-field theory. The calculated value for the formation energy is substantially lower than in standard density-functional calculations and in excellent agreement with experiment. The reduction is caused by an enhancement of electronic correlations at the nearest neighbors of the vacancy. This effect is explained by subtle changes in the corresponding spectral function of the d electrons. The local lattice relaxations around the vacancy are substantially increased by many-body effects.

  • 39.
    Nilsson, Johan O.
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Leetmaa, Mikael
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Vekilova, Olga Yu.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Statistical error in simulations of Poisson processes: Example of diffusion in solids2016In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 94, no 8, article id 085206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulations of diffusion in solids often produce poor statistics of diffusion events. We present an analytical expression for the statistical error in ion conductivity obtained in such simulations. The error expression is not restricted to any computational method in particular, but valid in the context of simulation of Poisson processes in general. This analytical error expression is verified numerically for the case of Gd-doped ceria by running a large number of kinetic Monte Carlo calculations.

  • 40.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Max Planck Institute Eisenforsch GmbH, Germany.
    Configurational order-disorder induced metal-nonmetal transition in B13C2 studied with first-principles superatom-special quasirandom structure method2015In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 92, no 1, article id 014202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to a large discrepancy between theory and experiment, the electronic character of crystalline boron carbide B13C2 has been a controversial topic in the field of icosahedral boron-rich solids. We demonstrate that this discrepancy is removed when configurational disorder is accurately considered in the theoretical calculations. We find that while the ordered ground state B13C2 is metallic, the configurationally disordered B13C2, modeled with a superatom-special quasirandom structure method, goes through a metal to nonmetal transition as the degree of disorder is increased with increasing temperature. Specifically, one of the chain-end carbon atoms in the CBC chains substitutes a neighboring equatorial boron atom in a B-12 icosahedron bonded to it, giving rise to a B11Ce(BBC) unit. The atomic configuration of the substitutionally disordered B13C2 thus tends to be dominated by a mixture between B-12(CBC) and B11Ce(BBC). Due to splitting of valence states in B11Ce(BBC), the electron deficiency in B-12(CBC) is gradually compensated.

  • 41.
    Vekilova, Olga
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Pourovskii, L. V.
    Swedish E Sci Res Ctr, Linkoping, Sweden; Ecole Polytech, France.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Russia.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Electronic correlations in Fe at Earths inner core conditions: Effects of alloying with Ni2015In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 91, no 24, p. 245116-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have studied the body-centered cubic (bcc), face-centered cubic (fcc), and hexagonal close-packed (hcp) phases of Fe alloyed with 25 at.% of Ni at Earths core conditions using an ab initio local density approximation + dynamical mean-field theory approach. The alloys have been modeled by ordered crystal structures based on the bcc, fcc, and hcp unit cells with the minimum possible cell size allowing for the proper composition. Our calculations demonstrate that the strength of electronic correlations on the Fe 3d shell is highly sensitive to the phase and local environment. In the bcc phase, the 3d electrons at the Fe site with Fe only nearest neighbors remain rather strongly correlated, even at extreme pressure-temperature conditions, with the local and uniform magnetic susceptibility exhibiting a Curie-Weiss-like temperature evolution and the quasiparticle lifetime Gamma featuring a non-Fermi-liquid temperature dependence. In contrast, for the corresponding Fe site in the hcp phase, we predict a weakly correlated Fermi-liquid state with a temperature-independent local susceptibility and a quadratic temperature dependence of Gamma. The iron sites with nickel atoms in the local environment exhibit behavior in the range between those two extreme cases, with the strength of correlations gradually increasing along the hcp-fcc-bcc sequence. Further, the intersite magnetic interactions in the bcc and hcp phases are also strongly affected by the presence of Ni nearest neighbors. The sensitivity to the local environment is related to modifications of the Fe partial density of states due to mixing with Ni 3d states.

  • 42.
    Lukinov, T.
    et al.
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Belonoshko, A. B.
    Royal Institute Technology KTH, Sweden.
    Sound velocity in shock compressed molybdenum obtained by ab initio molecular dynamics2015In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 92, no 6, p. 060101-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sound velocity of Mo along the Hugoniot adiabat is calculated from first principles using density-functional theory based molecular dynamics. These data are compared to the sound velocity as measured in recent experiments. The theoretical and experimental Hugoniot and sound velocities are in very good agreement up to pressures of 210 GPa and temperatures of 3700 K on the Hugoniot. However, above that point the experiment and theory diverge. This implies that Mo undergoes a phase transition at about the same point. Considering that the melting point of Mo is likely much higher at that pressure, the related change in the sound velocity in experiment can be ascribed to a solid-solid transition.

  • 43.
    Arapan, Sergiu
    et al.
    National Institute Mat Science, Japan; Moldavian Academic Science, Moldova.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Skorodumova, Natalia V.
    KTH Royal Institute Technology, Sweden; Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Volume-dependent electron localization in ceria2015In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 91, no 12, p. 125108-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have performed a numerical study of the process of electron localization in reduced ceria. Our results show that different localized charge distributions can be attained in a bulk system by varying the lattice parameter. We demonstrate that the effect of electron localization is mainly determined by lattice relaxation and an accurate account for the effects of electronic correlation is necessary to achieve localized charge distribution.

  • 44.
    Ektarawong, Annop
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Birch, Jens
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Alling, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    First-principles study of configurational disorder in B4C using a superatom-special quasirandom structure method2014In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 90, no 2, article id 024204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Configurationally disordered crystalline boron carbide, with the composition B4C, is studied using first-principles calculations. We investigate both dilute and high concentrations of carbon-boron substitutional defects. For the latter purpose, we suggest a superatoms picture of the complex structure and combine it with a special quasirandom structure approach for disorder. In this way, we model a random distribution of high concentrations of the identified low-energy defects: (1) bipolar defects and (2) rotation of icosahedral carbon among the three polar-up sites. Additionally, the substitutional disorder of the icosahedral carbon at all six polar sites, as previously discussed in the literature, is also considered. Two configurational phase transitions from the ordered to the disordered configurations are predicted to take place upon an increase in temperature using a mean-field approximation for the entropy. The first transition, at 870 K, induces substitutional disorder of the icosahedral carbon atoms among the three polar-up sites; meanwhile the second transition, at 2325 K, reveals the random substitution of the icosahedral carbon atoms at all six polar sites coexisting with bipolar defects. Already the first transition removes the monoclinic distortion existing in the ordered ground-state configuration and restore the rhombohedral system (R3m). The restoration of inversion symmetry yielding the full rhombohedral symmetry (R (3) over barm) on average, corresponding to what is reported in the literature, is achieved after the second transition. Investigating the effects of high pressure on the configurational stability of the disordered B4C phases reveals a tendency to stabilize the ordered ground-state configuration as the configurationally ordering/disordering transition temperature increases with pressure exerted on B4C. The electronic density of states, obtained from the disordered phases, indicates a sensitivity of the band gap to the degree of configurational disorder in B4C.

  • 45.
    Pourovskii, L V.
    et al.
    Ecole Polytech, France.
    Miyake, T
    AIST, Japan.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ruban, A V.
    Royal Institute Technology, Sweden.
    Dubrovinsky, L
    University of Bayreuth, Germany.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Electronic properties and magnetism of iron at the Earth's inner core conditions2013In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 87, no 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ state-of-the-art ab initio simulations within the dynamical mean-field theory to study three likely phases of iron (hcp, fcc, and bcc) at the Earth's core conditions. We demonstrate that the correction to the electronic free energy due to correlations can be significant for the relative stability of the phases. The strongest effect is observed in bcc Fe, which shows a non-Fermi-liquid behavior, and where a Curie-Weiss behavior of the uniform susceptibility hints at a local magnetic moment still existing at 5800 K and 300 GPa. We predict that all three structures have sufficiently high magnetic susceptibility to stabilize the geodynamo.

  • 46.
    Sergueev, I.
    et al.
    Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, D-22607 Hamburg, Germany.
    Dubrovinsky, Leonid
    Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
    Ekholm, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Vekilova, Olga
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Chumakov, A. I.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France.
    Zając, M.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France.
    Potapkin, V.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France.
    Kantor, I.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble, France.
    Bornemann, S.
    Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.
    Ebert, H.
    Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, München, Germany.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ruffer, R.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), P.O. Box 220, F-38043 Grenoble, France.
    Hyperfine Splitting and Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism of Ni at Multimegabar Pressure2013In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 111, no 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Magnetic and elastic properties of Ni metal have been studied up to 260 GPa by nuclear forward scattering of synchrotron radiation with the 67.4 keV Mossbauer transition of Ni-61. The observed magnetic hyperfine splitting confirms the ferromagnetic state of Ni up to 260 GPa, the highest pressure where magnetism in any material has been observed so far. Ab initio calculations reveal that the pressure evolution of the hyperfine field, which features a maximum in the range of 100 to 225 GPa, is a relativistic effect. The Debye energy obtained from the Lamb-Mossbauer factor increases from 33 me V at ambient pressure to 60 me V at 100 GPa. The change of this energy over volume compression is well described by a Gruneisen parameter of 2.09.

  • 47.
    Xu, Weiming M.
    et al.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Greenberg, Eran
    Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
    Rozenberg, Gregory Kh.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Pasternak, Moshe P.
    School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
    Bykova, Elena
    Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
    Boffa-Ballaran, Tiziana
    Bayerisches Geoinstitut, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
    Dubrovinsky, Leonid
    Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
    Prakapenka, Vitali
    Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, Argonne, USA.
    Hanfland, Michael
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble Cedex, France.
    Vekilova, Olga
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ruffer, R.
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), P.O. Box 220, F-38043 Grenoble, France.
    Pressure-induced hydrogen bond symmetrization in iron oxyhydroxide2013In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 111, no 17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Under high pressures the hydrogen bonds were predicted to transform from a highly asymmetric soft O-H center dot center dot center dot O to a symmetric rigid configuration in which the proton lies midway between the two oxygen atoms. Despite four decades of research on hydroxyl containing compounds, pressure induced hydrogen bond symmetrization remains elusive. Following single crystal x-ray diffraction, Mossbauer and Raman spectroscopy measurements supported by ab initio calculations, we report the H-bonds symmetrization in iron oxyhydroxide, FeOOH, resulting from the Fe3+ high-to-low spin crossover at above 45 GPa.

  • 48.
    Hellman, Olle
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Steneteg, Peter
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Abrikosov, Igor
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Temperature dependent effective potential method for accurate free energy calculations of solids2013In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 87, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed a thorough and accurate method of determining anharmonic free energies, the temperature dependent effective potential technique (TDEP). It is based on ab initio molecular dynamics followed by a mapping onto a model Hamiltonian that describes the lattice dynamics. The formalism and the numerical aspects of the technique are described in detail. A number of practical examples are given, and results are presented, which confirm the usefulness of TDEP within ab initio and classical molecular dynamics frameworks. In particular, we examine from first principles the behavior of force constants upon the dynamical stabilization of the body centered phase of Zr, and show that they become more localized. We also calculate the phase diagram for 4He modeled with the Aziz et al. potential and obtain results which are in favorable agreement both with respect to experiment and established techniques.

  • 49.
    Alling, Björn
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Khatibi, Ali
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Eklund, Per
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Hultman, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Theoretical investigation of cubic B1-like and corundum (Cr1−xAlx)2O3 solid solutions2013In: Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology. A. Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, ISSN 0734-2101, E-ISSN 1520-8559, Vol. 31, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    First-principles calculations are employed to investigate the stability and properties of cubic rock-salt-like (Cr1−xAlx)2O3 solid solutions, stabilized by metal site vacancies as recently reported experimentally. It is demonstrated that the metal site vacancies can indeed be ordered in a way that gives rise to a suitable fourfold coordination of all O atoms in the lattice. B1-like structures with ordered and disordered metal site vacancies are studied for (Cr0.5Al0.5)2O3 and found to have a cubic lattice spacing close to the values reported experimentally, in contrast to fluorite-like and perovskite structures. The obtained B1-like structures are higher in energy than corundum solid solutions for all compositions, but with an energy offset per atom similar to other metastable systems possible to synthesize with physical vapor deposition techniques. The obtained electronic structures show that the B1-like systems are semiconducting although with smaller band gaps than the corundum structure.

  • 50.
    Hellman, Olle
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Skorodumova, N V
    Royal Institute Technology.
    Simak, Sergey
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Charge Redistribution Mechanisms of Ceria Reduction2012In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 108, no 13, p. 135504-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Charge redistribution at low oxygen vacancy concentrations in ceria have been studied in the framework of the density functional theory. We propose a model to approach the dilute limit using the results of supercell calculations. It allows one to reproduce the characteristic experimentally observed behavior of composition versus oxygen pressure dependency. We show that in the dilute limit the charge redistribution is likely to be driven by a mechanism different from the one involving electron localization on cerium atoms. We demonstrate that it can involve charge localization on light element impurities.

123 1 - 50 of 111
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