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  • 1.
    Dong, Huan-Ji
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Brain, Katherine
    Univ Newcastle, Australia; Hunter Integrated Pain Serv, Australia.
    Olsson, Max
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Dragioti, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Univ Ioannina, Greece.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Eating habits and the desire to eat healthier among patients with chronic pain: a registry-based study2024Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 14, nr 1, artikel-id 4705Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthcare professionals often meet pain patients with a poor nutritional status such as obesity, unhealthy dietary behaviors, and a suboptimal dietary intake. A poor nutritional status may play a significant role in the occurrence, development, and prognosis of chronic pain. This study investigated eating habits in a specialized pain rehabilitation center using data (N = 2152) from the Swedish quality registry for pain rehabilitation during the period 2016-2021. Patients answered a lifestyle questionnaire regarding their eating habits and desire to modify their lifestyle. The mean (SD) patient age was 46.1 (14.6) years, with 24.8% classified as obese. Suboptimal eating habits included irregular mealtimes (27.2%), weekly consumption of fast-food (20.3%) and nearly daily consumption of confectionery (33.3%). Approximately 20% (n = 426) reported a desire to eat healthier. Frequent confectionery intake (Odds ratio [OR] 1.23, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.04-1.47) and fast-food consumption (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.24-2.02) increased the likelihood to desire healthier eating. Younger patients (18-29 years), those classified as obese, and those with more extended spatial pain were more likely to express a desire to eat healthier. Eating habits should be addressed in pain management and interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation teams are encouraged to provide nutritional care tailored to the patient's needs.

  • 2.
    Giordano, Rocco
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark; Aalborg Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Arendt-Nielsen, Lars
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark; Aalborg Univ Hosp, Denmark.
    Petersen, Kristian Kjaer-Staal
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark; Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
    Inflammatory biomarkers in patients with painful knee osteoarthritis: exploring the potential link to chronic postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty-a secondary analysis2024Ingår i: Pain, ISSN 0304-3959, E-ISSN 1872-6623, Vol. 165, nr 2, s. 337-346Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the end-stage treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA), and approximately 20% of patients experience chronic postoperative pain. Studies indicate that inflammatory biomarkers might be associated with pain in OA and potentially linked to the development of chronic postoperative pain after TKA. This study aimed to (1) evaluate preoperative serum levels of inflammatory biomarkers in patients with OA and healthy control subjects, (2) investigate preoperative differences of inflammatory biomarker profiles in subgroups of patients, and (3) compare subgroups of patients with and without postoperative pain 12 months after surgery. Serum samples from patients with OA scheduled for TKA (n = 127) and healthy participants (n = 39) were analyzed. Patients completed the Knee-injury-and-Osteoarthritis-Outcome-Score (KOOS) questionnaire and rated their clinical pain intensity using a visual analog scale (VAS) before and 12 months after TKA. Hierarchical cluster analysis and Orthogonal Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis were used to compare groups (patients vs control subjects) and to identify subgroups of patients in relation to postoperative outcomes. Difference in preoperative and postoperative VAS and KOOS scores were compared across subgroups. Twelve inflammatory markers were differentially expressed in patients when compared with control subjects. Cluster analysis identified 2 subgroups of patients with 23 proteins being significantly different (P < 0.01). The 12-months postoperative VAS and KOOS scores were significantly different between subgroups of patients (P < 0.05). This study identified differences in specific inflammatory biomarker profiles when comparing patients with OA and control subjects. Cluster analysis identified 2 subgroups of patients with OA, with one subgroup demonstrating comparatively worse 12-month postoperative pain intensity and function scores.

  • 3.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Radiofysikavdelningen US. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. AMRA Med AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Lund, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Forsgren, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. AMRA Med AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Pain and the biochemistry of fibromyalgia: patterns of peripheral cytokines and chemokines contribute to the differentiation between fibromyalgia and controls and are associated with pain, fat infiltration and content2024Ingår i: FRONTIERS IN PAIN RESEARCH, ISSN 2673-561X, Vol. 5, artikel-id 1288024Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives This explorative study analyses interrelationships between peripheral compounds in saliva, plasma, and muscles together with body composition variables in healthy subjects and in fibromyalgia patients (FM). There is a need to better understand the extent cytokines and chemokines are associated with body composition and which cytokines and chemokines differentiate FM from healthy controls.Methods Here, 32 female FM patients and 30 age-matched female healthy controls underwent a clinical examination that included blood sample, saliva samples, and pain threshold tests. In addition, the subjects completed a health questionnaire. From these blood and saliva samples, a panel of 68 mainly cytokines and chemokines were determined. Microdialysis of trapezius and erector spinae muscles, phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of erector spinae muscle, and whole-body magnetic resonance imaging for determination of body composition (BC)-i.e., muscle volume, fat content and infiltration-were also performed.Results After standardizing BC measurements to remove the confounding effect of Body Mass Index, fat infiltration and content are generally increased, and fat-free muscle volume is decreased in FM. Mainly saliva proteins differentiated FM from controls. When including all investigated compounds and BC variables, fat infiltration and content variables were most important, followed by muscle compounds and cytokines and chemokines from saliva and plasma. Various plasma proteins correlated positively with pain intensity in FM and negatively with pain thresholds in all subjects taken together. A mix of increased plasma cytokines and chemokines correlated with an index covering fat infiltration and content in different tissues. When muscle compounds were included in the analysis, several of these were identified as the most important regressors, although many plasma and saliva proteins remained significant.Discussion Peripheral factors were important for group differentiation between FM and controls. In saliva (but not plasma), cytokines and chemokines were significantly associated with group membership as saliva compounds were increased in FM. The importance of peripheral factors for group differentiation increased when muscle compounds and body composition variables were also included. Plasma proteins were important for pain intensity and sensitivity. Cytokines and chemokines mainly from plasma were also significantly and positively associated with a fat infiltration and content index.Conclusion Our findings of associations between cytokines and chemokines and fat infiltration and content in different tissues confirm that inflammation and immune factors are secreted from adipose tissue. FM is clearly characterized by complex interactions between peripheral tissues and the peripheral and central nervous systems, including nociceptive, immune, and neuroendocrine processes.

  • 4.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Themistocleous, Andreas
    Univ Oxford, England.
    Stensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Rice, Andrew S. C.
    Imperial Coll London, England.
    Tesfaye, Solomon
    Sheffield Teaching Hosp NHS Fdn Trust, England.
    Bennett, David L.
    Univ Oxford, England; John Radcliffe Hosp, England.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Serum levels of endocannabinoids and related lipids in painful vs painless diabetic neuropathy: results from the Pain in Neuropathy Study2024Ingår i: Pain, ISSN 0304-3959, E-ISSN 1872-6623, Vol. 165, nr 1, s. 225-232Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    N-arachidonoylethanolamine (also known as anandamide) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol are activators of the cannabinoid receptors. The endocannabinoid system also includes structurally and functionally related lipid mediators that do not target cannabinoid receptors, such as oleoylethanolamide, palmitoylethanolamide, and stearoylethanolamide. These bioactive lipids are involved in various physiological processes, including regulation of pain. The primary aim of the study was to analyze associations between serum levels of these lipids and pain in participants in the Pain in Neuropathy Study, an observational, cross-sectional, multicentre, research project in which diabetic patients with painless or painful neuropathy underwent deep phenotyping. Our hypothesis was that painful neuropathy would be associated with higher levels of the 5 lipids compared with painless neuropathy. Secondary aims were to analyze other patient-reported outcome measures and clinical data in relationship to lipid levels. The lipid mediators were analyzed in serum samples using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Serum levels of anandamide were significantly higher in the painful group, but the effect size was small (Cohen d = 0.31). Using cluster analysis of lipid data, patients were dichotomized into a "high-level" endocannabinoid group and a "low-level" group. In the high-level group, 61% of patients had painful neuropathy, compared with 45% in the low-level group (P = 0.039). This work is of a correlative nature only, and the relevance of these findings to the search for analgesics targeting the endocannabinoid system needs to be determined in future studies.

  • 5.
    Ginstman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Zsigmond, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Altered levels of transthyretin in human cerebral microdialysate after subarachnoid haemorrhage using proteomics; a descriptive pilot study2023Ingår i: Proteome Science, E-ISSN 1477-5956, Vol. 21, nr 1, artikel-id 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundSubarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is one of the most severe forms of stroke in which delayed cerebral ischemia is one of the major complications. Neurointensive care aims at preventing and treating such complications and identification of biomarkers of early signs of ischemia might therefore be helpful.MethodsWe aimed at describing proteome profile in cerebral microdialysate in four patients with aneurysmal SAH using two dimensional gel electrophoresis in combination with mass spectrometry in search for new biomarkers for delayed cerebral ischemia and to investigate if there were temporal fluctuations in those biomarkers over time after aneurysmal bleed.ResultsThe results showed transthyretin in nine different proteoforms (1001, 1102, 2101, 3101, 4101, 4102, 5001, 5101, 6101) in cerebral microdialysate samples from four patients having sustained SAH. Several proteoforms show highly differing levels and pooled analysis of all samples showed varying optical density related to time from aneurysmal bleed, indicating a temporal evolution.ConclusionsTransthyretin proteoforms have not earlier been shown in cerebral microdialysate after SAH and we describe differing levels based on proteoform as well as time from subarachnoid bleed. Transthyretin is well known to be synthetized in choroid plexus, whilst intraparenchymal synthesis remains controversial. The results need to be confirmed in larger studies in order to further describe transthyretin.

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  • 6.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Thordeman, Katarina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Cerebrospinal Fluid Metabolomics Identified Ongoing Analgesic Medication in Neuropathic Pain Patients2023Ingår i: Biomedicines, E-ISSN 2227-9059, Vol. 11, nr 9, artikel-id 2525Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can reasonably be hypothesized to mirror central nervous system pathophysiology in chronic pain conditions. Metabolites are small organic molecules with a low molecular weight. They are the downstream products of genes, transcripts and enzyme functions, and their levels can mirror diseased metabolic pathways. The aim of this metabolomic study was to compare the CSF of patients with chronic neuropathic pain (n = 16) to healthy controls (n = 12). Methods: Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was used for analysis of the CSF metabolome. Multivariate data analysis by projection discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) was used to separate information from noise and minimize the multiple testing problem. Results: The significant OPLS-DA model identified 26 features out of 215 as important for group separation (R2 = 0.70, Q2 = 0.42, p = 0.017 by CV-ANOVA; 2 components). Twenty-one out of twenty-six features were statistically significant when comparing the two groups by univariate statistics and remained significant at a false discovery rate of 10%. For six out of the top ten metabolite features, the features were absent in all healthy controls. However, these features were related to medication, mainly acetaminophen (=paracetamol), and not to pathophysiological processes. Conclusion: CSF metabolomics was a sensitive method to detect ongoing analgesic medication, especially acetaminophen.

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  • 7.
    Moller, Marika C.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden.
    Berginstrom, Nils
    Umea Univ, Sweden; Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Holmqvist, Anna
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden.
    Lofgren, Monika
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden.
    Nordin, Love
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Stalnacke, Britt-Marie
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Cognitive and mental fatigue in chronic pain: cognitive functions, emotional aspects, biomarkers and neuronal correlates-protocol for a descriptive cross-sectional study2023Ingår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 13, nr 3, artikel-id e068011Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Chronic pain (CP) is one of the most frequently presenting conditions in health care and many patients with CP report mental fatigue and a decline in cognitive functioning. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Methods and analysis This study protocol describes a cross-sectional study aimed at investigating the presence of self-rated mental fatigue, objectively measured cognitive fatigability and executive functions and their relation to other cognitive functions, inflammatory biomarkers and brain connectivity in patients with CP. We will control for pain-related factors such as pain intensity and secondary factors such as sleep disturbances and psychological well-being. Two hundred patients 18-50 years with CP will be recruited for a neuropsychological investigation at two outpatient study centres in Sweden. The patients are compared with 36 healthy controls. Of these, 36 patients and 36 controls will undergo blood sampling for inflammatory markers, and of these, 24 female patients and 22 female controls, between 18 and 45 years, will undergo an functional MRI investigation. Primary outcomes are cognitive fatigability, executive inhibition, imaging and inflammatory markers. Secondary outcomes include self-rated fatigue, verbal fluency and working memory. The study provides an approach to study fatigue and cognitive functions in CP with objective measurements and may demonstrate new models of fatigue and cognition in CP. Ethics and dissemination The study has been approved by the Swedish Ethics Review Board (Dnr 2018/424-31; 2018/1235-32; 2018/2395-32; 2019-66148; 2022-02838-02). All patients gave written informed consent to participate in the study. The study findings will be disseminated through publications in journals within the fields of pain, neuropsychology and rehabilitation. Results will be spread at relevant national and international conferences, meetings and expert forums. The results will be shared with user organisations and their members as well as relevant policymakers. Trial registration number NCT05452915.

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  • 8.
    Perini, Irene
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Mayo, Leah M.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Johansson Capusan, Andrea
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Psykiatriska kliniken i Linköping.
    Paul, Elisabeth
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Yngve, Adam
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Kämpe, Robin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Gauffin, Emelie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Psykiatriska kliniken i Linköping.
    Mazurka, Raegan Mary Rose
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Stensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Asratian, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hamilton, J. Paul
    Univ Bergen, Norway.
    Kastbom, Åsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Psykiatriska kliniken i Linköping.
    Gustafsson, Per A
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatriska kliniken Linköping.
    Heilig, Markus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Psykiatriska kliniken i Linköping. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Resilience to substance use disorder following childhood maltreatment: association with peripheral biomarkers of endocannabinoid function and neural indices of emotion regulation2023Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry, ISSN 1359-4184, E-ISSN 1476-5578, nr 6, s. 2563-2571Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Childhood maltreatment (CM) is a risk factor for substance use disorders (SUD) in adulthood. Understanding the mechanisms by which people are susceptible or resilient to developing SUD after exposure to CM is important for improving intervention. This case-control study investigated the impact of prospectively assessed CM on biomarkers of endocannabinoid function and emotion regulation in relation to the susceptibility or resilience to developing SUD. Four groups were defined across the dimensions of CM and lifetime SUD (N = 101 in total). After screening, participants completed two experimental sessions on separate days, aimed at assessing the behavioral, physiological, and neural mechanisms involved in emotion regulation. In the first session, participants engaged in tasks assessing biochemical (i.e., cortisol, endocannabinoids), behavioral, and psychophysiological indices of stress and affective reactivity. During the second session, the behavioral and brain mechanisms associated with emotion regulation and negative affect were investigated using magnetic resonance imaging. CM-exposed adults who did not develop SUD, operationally defined as resilient to developing SUD, had higher peripheral levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide at baseline and during stress exposure, compared to controls. Similarly, this group had increased activity in salience and emotion regulation regions in task-based measures of emotion regulation compared to controls, and CM-exposed adults with lifetime SUD. At rest, the resilient group also showed significantly greater negative connectivity between ventromedial prefrontal cortex and anterior insula compared to controls and CM-exposed adults with lifetime SUD. Collectively, these peripheral and central findings point to mechanisms of potential resilience to developing SUD after documented CM exposure.

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  • 9.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Matikhan, Daria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Christidis, Nikolaos
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Kosek, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Mannerkorpi, Kaisa
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård.
    The Vastus Lateralis Muscle Interstitium Proteome Changes after an Acute Nociception in Patients with Fibromyalgia Compared to Healthy Subjects-A Microdialysis Study2023Ingår i: Biomedicines, E-ISSN 2227-9059, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikel-id 206Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex disorder and a clinical challenge to diagnose and treat. Microdialysis is a valuable tool that has been used to investigate the interstitial proteins and metabolites of muscle in patients with fibromyalgia. The implantation of the catheter in the muscle causes acute tissue trauma and nociception. The aim of this study was to investigate acute proteome changes in the vastus lateralis muscle in women fibromyalgia patients (FM) and healthy subjects (CON). A further aim was to study if a 15-week resistance exercise program in FM had any influence on how chronic painful muscle responds to acute nociception. Twenty-six women patients with FM and twenty-eight CON were included in this study. A microdialysis catheter (100 kilo Dalton cut off, membrane 30 mm) was inserted in the vastus lateralis muscle, and samples were collected every 20 min. Subjects rated pain before catheter insertion, directly after, and every 20 min of sample collection. Dialysate samples from time points 0-120 were pooled and considered trauma samples due to the catheter insertion. The samples were analyzed with nano-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/MS). Advanced multivariate data analysis was used to investigate protein profile changes between the groups. Multivariate data analysis showed significant (CV-ANOVA p = 0.036) discrimination between FM and CON based on changes in 26 proteins. After the 15-week exercise intervention, the expression levels of the 15 proteins involved in muscle contraction, response to stimulus, stress, and immune system were increased to the same expression levels as in CON. In conclusion, this study shows that microdialysis, in combination with proteomics, can provide new insights into the interstitial proteome in the muscle of FM. In response to acute nociception, exercise may alter the innate reactivity in FM. Exercise may also modulate peripheral muscle proteins related to muscle contraction, stress, and immune response in patients with FM.

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  • 10.
    Ernberg, Malin
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Jasim, Hajer
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Folktandvården Stockholms Län AB, Sweden.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Altered Plasma Proteins in Myogenous Temporomandibular Disorders2022Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 11, nr 10, artikel-id 2777Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were (1) to compare the levels and interactions of several plasma proteins in patients with myogenous temporomandibular disorders (TMDM) compared to healthy and pain-free controls, (2) to compare the levels and interactions in two TMDM subgroups, myalgia (MYA) and myofascial pain (MFP), and (3) to explore associations between the proteins and clinical data. Thirty-nine patients with TMDM (MFP, n = 25, MYA, n = 14), diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria for TMD (DC/TMD), aged 38 years, and sex-matched pain-free controls completed an extended DC/TMD Axis II questionnaire and the plasma concentration of 87 biomarkers were analyzed. Nine proteins separated TMDM from controls (p = 0.0174) and 12 proteins separated MYA from MFP (p = 0.019). Pain duration, characteristic pain intensity, pain catastrophizing, perceived stress, and insomnia severity were significantly associated with protein markers (p < 0.001 to p < 0.022). In conclusion, several plasma proteins were upregulated in TMDM and either upregulated or downregulated in MYA compared to MFP. Some proteins in TMDM were associated with pain variables, sleep disturbance, and emotional function. These results show that systemic differences in protein expression exist in patients with TMDM and that altered levels of specific plasma proteins are associated with different clinical variables.

  • 11.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Thordeman, Katarina
    Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hadjikani, Romina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Bay Nord, Anders
    Swedish NMR Centre at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    An investigation of metabolome in blood in patients with chronic peripheral, posttraumatic/postsurgical neuropathic pain.2022Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 12, nr 1, artikel-id 21714Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Neuropathic pain (NP) is a chronic pain condition resulting from a lesion or disease in the somatosensory nervous system. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolome in plasma from patients with chronic peripheral, posttraumatic/postsurgical NP compared to healthy controls. Further, we aimed to investigate the correlation between pain intensity and the metabolome in plasma. The metabolic profile in plasma samples from 16 patients with chronic NP and 12 healthy controls was analyzed using a nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy method. Information about pain intensity, pain duration, body mass index (BMI), age, sex, and blood pressure were obtained through a questionnaire and clinical examination. Multivariate data analysis was used to identify metabolites significant for group separation and their correlation with pain intensity and duration, BMI, and age. We found 50 out of 326 features in plasma significantly contributing to group discrimination between NP and controls. Several of the metabolites that significantly differed were involved in inflammatory processes, while others were important for central nervous system functioning and neural signaling. There was no correlation between pain intensity and levels of metabolite in NP. These findings indicate that there seems to be peripheral/systemic differences in the metabolic profile between patients with chronic NP and healthy individuals.

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  • 12.
    Jönsson, Mika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Jonasson, Lena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärtcentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Differences in plasma lipoprotein profiles between patients with chronic peripheral neuropathic pain and healthy controls: an exploratory pilot study2022Ingår i: Pain Reports, E-ISSN 2471-2531, Vol. 7, nr 5, artikel-id e1036Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Little is still known about the underlying mechanisms that drive and maintain neuropathic pain (NeuP). Recently, lipids have been implicated as endogenous proalgesic ligands affecting onset and maintenance of pain; however, in the case of NeuP, the relationship is largely unexplored. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the lipoprotein profile in patients with chronic peripheral NeuP compared with healthy controls. Methods: The concentrations of 112 lipoprotein fractions in plasma from patients with NeuP (n = 16) and healthy controls (n = 13) were analyzed using proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. A multiplex immunoassay based on an electrochemiluminescent detection method was used to measure the concentration of 71 cytokines in plasma from patients with NeuP (n = 10) and healthy controls (n = 11). Multivariate data analysis was used to identify patterns of protein intercorrelations and proteins significant for group discrimination. Results: We found 23 lipoproteins that were significantly upregulated in patients with NeuP compared with healthy controls. When the influence of cytokines was included in a regression model, 30 proteins (8 cytokines and 22 lipoprotein fractions) were significantly upregulated or downregulated in patients with NeuP. Both conditions presented lipoprotein profiles consistent with inflammation. Body mass index did not affect lipoprotein profiles in either group. No relationship between age and lipoprotein pattern was found in NeuP, but a significant relationship was found in healthy controls. Conclusion: Patients with NeuP presented a lipoprotein profile consistent with systemic low-grade inflammation, like that seen in autoimmune, cardiometabolic, and neuroprogressive diseases. These preliminary results emphasize the importance of chronic low-grade inflammation in NeuP.

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  • 13.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. AMRA Med AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Lund, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Bengtsson, Ann
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Forsgren, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. AMRA Med AB, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Fibromyalgia: Associations Between Fat Infiltration, Physical Capacity, and Clinical Variables2022Ingår i: Journal of Pain Research, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 15, s. 2517-2535Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of fibromyalgia (FM) and generally most studies report increased Body Mass Index (BMI) in FM. Obesity in FM is associated with a worse clinical presentation. FM patients have low physical conditioning and obesity further exacerbates these aspects. Hitherto studies of FM have focused upon a surrogate for overall measure of fat content, ie, BMI. This study is motivated by that ectopic fat and adipose tissues are rarely investigated in FM including their relationships to physical capacity variables. Moreover, their relationships to clinical variables including are not known. Aims were to 1) compare body composition between FM and healthy controls and 2) investigate if significant associations exist between body composition and physical capacity aspects and important clinical variables.Methods: FM patients (n = 32) and healthy controls (CON; n = 30) underwent a clinical examination that included pressure pain thresholds and physical tests. They completed a health questionnaire and participated in whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine body composition aspects.Results: Abdominal adipose tissues, muscle fat, and BMI were significantly higher in FM, whereas muscle volumes of quadriceps were smaller. Physical capacity variables correlated negatively with body composition variables in FM. Both body composition and physical capacity variables were significant regressors of group belonging; the physical capacity variables alone showed stronger relationships with group membership. A mix of body composition variables and physical capacity variables were significant regressors of pain intensity and impact in FM. Body composition variables were the strongest regressors of blood pressures, which were increased in FM.Conclusion: Obesity has a negative influence on FM symptomatology and increases the risk for other serious conditions. Hence, obesity, dietary habits, and physical activity should be considered when developing clinical management plans for patients with FM.

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  • 14.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Edman, Emelie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Löf, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Lund, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. AMRA Medical AB.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Forsgren, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. AMRA Medical AB.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Dong, Huan-Ji
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Fibromyalgia in women: association of inflammatory plasma proteins, muscle blood flow, and metabolism with body mass index and pain characteristics2022Ingår i: Pain Reports, E-ISSN 2471-2531, Vol. 7, nr 6, artikel-id e1042Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Obesity is a common comorbidity in fibromyalgia (FM). Both FM and obesity have been connected to low-grade inflammation, although it is possible that previously reported inflammatory alterations in FM primarily may be linked to increased body mass index (BMI). Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether the inflammatory plasma protein profile, muscle blood flow, and metabolism and pain characteristics (clinical parameters and patient-reported outcome measurements) differed between female patients with FM with and without obesity. Methods: Patients with FM underwent clinical examinations, physical tests, and answered questionnaires. They were dichotomized according to BMI (&lt;30 kg/m(2) [n = 14]; &gt;= 30 kg/m(2) [n = 13]). Blood samples were collected and analyzed using a panel of 71 inflammatory plasma proteins. Results: There were significant (P &lt; 0.05) differences in blood pressure, pulse, max VO2, pain intensity, physical capacity, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire between the groups; the obese group had higher blood pressure, pulse, pain intensity, and Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire. There were 14 proteins that contributed to the group belonging. The 4 most important proteins for the group discrimination were MIP1 beta, MCP4, IL1RA, and IL6, which showed higher concentrations in obese patients with FM. Significantly decreased blood flow and increased concentration of pyruvate were detected in obese patients compared with nonobese patients. There was significant correlation between inflammatory proteins and sedentary behavior and health status in obese patients with FM. Conclusions: These findings suggest that metabolism and inflammation interact in female patients with FM with obesity and might cause chronic low-grade inflammation. Screening for obesity and monitoring of BMI changes should be considered in the treatment of patients with FM.

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  • 15.
    Stensson, Niclas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Rönne-Petersén, Linn
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Yang, Liu L.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Karolinska Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Lavebratt, Catharina
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Karolinska Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Falkenberg, Torkel
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Investigating the Long-Term Effect of an Interdisciplinary Multimodal Rehabilitation Program on Levels of Bioactive Lipids and Telomerase Activity in Blood from Patients with Chronic Pain2022Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 11, nr 5, artikel-id 1291Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mechanism-based diagnosis and therapies for chronic pain are lacking. However, bio-psycho-social interventions such as interdisciplinary multimodal rehabilitation programs (IPRPs) have shown to be relatively effective treatments. In this context we aim to investigate the effects of IPRP on the changes in levels of bioactive lipids and telomerase activity in plasma, and if these changes are associated with changes in pain intensity and psychological distress. This exploratory study involves 18 patients with complex chronic pain participating in an IPRP. Self-reports of pain, psychological distress, physical activity, and blood samples were collected before the IPRP and at a six-month follow-up. Levels of arachidonoylethanolamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), oleoylethanolamide (OEA), stearoylethanolamide (SEA), and telomerase activity were measured. Pain intensity was decreased, and SEA levels were increased at the six-month follow up. A significant correlation existed between changes in SEA levels and pain intensity. AEA levels, were inversely correlated with physical activity. Furthermore, 2-AG and telomerase activity was significantly correlated at the six-month follow-up. This study confirms that IPRP is relatively effective for reduction in chronic pain. Changes in SEA were correlated with changes in pain intensity, which might indicate that SEA changes reflect the pain reduction effects of IPRP.

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  • 16.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Jonkoping Univ, Sweden; Acad Hlth & Care, Sweden.
    Forsman, Mikael
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Abtahi, Farhad
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Measurements and observations of movements at work for warehouse forklift truck operators2022Ingår i: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, E-ISSN 2376-9130, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 1840-1848Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Inclinometry and video analyses can provide objective measures of physical workloads. The study aim was to measure and observe arm, back and head postures and movements among forklift truck operators (FLTOs) during a working day, analyzing differences between types of forklift trucks and to assess reported workload and health. Twenty-five male FLTOs in a high-level warehouse were randomly included. The data collected comprised technical measurements, video analyses of postures and movements, and a questionnaire measuring health, pain and workload. On average, the FLTOs rotated their head more than 45 degrees, in total, 232 times/h. Video analysis revealed that FLTOs periodically drive the forklift truck sideways with the head rotated in the direction of travel, and in periods look upwards, in which the head is highly rotated and extended. Inclinometry and observations during the working day has the potential to be a valuable part of risk assessment promoting occupational safety and health.

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  • 17.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Gordh, Torsten
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Carlsson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Plasma proteins from several components of the immune system differentiate chronic widespread pain patients from healthy controls - an exploratory case-control study combining targeted and non-targeted protein identification2022Ingår i: Medicine, ISSN 0025-7974, E-ISSN 1536-5964, Vol. 101, nr 46, artikel-id e31013Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic widespread pain (CWP), including fibromyalgia (FM), is characterized by generalized musculoskeletal pain and hyperalgesia. Plasma proteins from proteomics (non-targeted) and from targeted inflammatory panels (cytokines/chemokines) differentiate CWP/FM from controls. The importance of proteins obtained from these two sources, the protein-protein association network, and the biological processes involved were investigated. Plasma proteins from women with CWP (n = 15) and CON (n = 23) were analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis and a multiplex proximity extension assay for analysis of cytokines/chemokines. Associations between the proteins and group were multivarietly analyzed. The protein-protein association network and the biological processes according to the Gene Ontology were investigated. Proteins from both sources were important for group differentiation; the majority from the two-dimensional gel electrophoresis analysis. 58 proteins significantly differentiated the two groups (R-2 = 0.83). A significantly enriched network was found; biological processes were acute phase response, complement activation, and innate immune response. As with other studies, this study shows that plasma proteins can differentiate CWP from healthy subjects. Focusing on cytokines/chemokines is not sufficient to grasp the peripheral biological processes that maintain CWP/FM since our results show that other components of the immune and inflammation systems are also highly significant.

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  • 18.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Yan, Hong
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Welinder, Charlotte
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Kosek, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Mannerkorpi, Kaisa
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Proteomic Investigation in Plasma from Women with Fibromyalgia in Response to a 15-wk Resistance Exercise Intervention2022Ingår i: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 54, nr 2, s. 232-246Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex pain condition, and exercise is considered the first option of treatment. Few studies have examined the effect of exercise on molecular mechanisms in FM. The aim of this study was to analyze the plasma proteome in women with FM and healthy controls (CON) before and after 15 wk of resistance exercise. This study further investigated whether clinical and exercises-related outcomes correlated with identified plasma proteins in FM.

    Methods: Plasma samples from 40 FM/25 CON (baseline) and 21 FM/24 CON (postexercise) were analyzed using shotgun proteomics. Clinical/background data were retrieved through questionnaires. Exercise-related variables and pressure pain thresholds were assessed using standardized instruments. Multivariate statistics were applied to analyze the proteomic profile at baseline and postexercise, and correlation with clinical/exercise-related data.

    Results: Fifteen weeks of resistance exercises improved clinical symptoms and muscle strength, and affected circulating proteins related to immunity, stress, mRNA stability, metabolic processes, and muscle structure development in FM. Pressure pain threshold was related to a specific protein profile, with proteins involved in metabolic and immune response. Subgroups of FM based on plasma proteins, FM duration, and improved muscle strength were identified.

    Conclusions: Exercise seems to affect circulating proteins, clinical characteristics, and muscle strength in FM. This study contributes to better understanding of systemic protein changes in FM compared with CON and how resistance exercise affects such changes.

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  • 19.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Andrell, Paulin
    Sahlgrens Acad, Sweden; Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Fisher, Marcelo Rivano
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Freund-Levi, Yvonne
    Orebro Univ, Sweden; Univ Hosp Orebro, Sweden; Sodertalje Hosp, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Grelz, Henrik
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Grabel, Olaf
    Sahlgrens Acad, Sweden.
    Karlsten, Rolf
    Uppsala Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Kosek, Eva
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Lofgren, Monika
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden.
    Ringqvist, Asa
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Rudling, Karin
    Univ Hosp Orebro, Sweden.
    Stalnacke, Britt-Marie
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden; Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Sorlen, Niklas
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Uhlin, Karin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Danderyd Hosp, Sweden.
    Westergren, Hans
    Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden; Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Swedish Chronic Pain Biobank: protocol for a multicentre registry and biomarker project2022Ingår i: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 12, nr 11, artikel-id e066834Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    IntroductionAbout 20% of the adult population have chronic pain, often associated with psychological distress, sick leave and poor health. There are large variations in the clinical picture. A biopsychosocial approach is used in investigation and treatment. The concept of personalised medicine, that is, optimising medication types and dosages for individual patients based on biomarkers and other patient-related factors, has received increasing attention in different diseases but used less in chronic pain. This cooperative project from all Swedish University Hospitals will investigate whether there are changes in inflammation and metabolism patterns in saliva and blood in chronic pain patients and whether the changes correlate with clinical characteristics and rehabilitation outcomes.Methods and analysisPatients at multidisciplinary pain centres at University Hospitals in Sweden who have chosen to participate in the Swedish Quality Registry for Pain Rehabilitation and healthy sex-matched and age-matched individuals will be included in the study. Saliva and blood samples will be collected in addition to questionnaire data obtained from the register. From the samples, proteins, lipids, metabolites and micro-RNA will be analysed in relation to, for example, diagnosis, pain characteristics, psychological distress, body weight, pharmacological treatment and clinical rehabilitation results using advanced multivariate data analysis and bioinformatics.Ethics and disseminationThe study is approved by the Swedish Ethical Review Authority (Dnr 2021-04929) and will be conducted in accordance with the declaration of Helsinki.The results will be published in open access scientific journals and in popular scientific relevant journals such as those from patient organisations. Data will be also presented in scientific meetings, meeting with healthcare organisations and disseminated in different lecturers at the clinics and universities.

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  • 20.
    Högstedt, Alexandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Centrum för kirurgi, ortopedi och cancervård, Kirurgiska kliniken US.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Investigation of proteins important for microcirculation using in vivo microdialysis after glucose provocation: a proteomic study2021Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikel-id 19093Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Insulin has metabolic and vascular effects in the human body. What mechanisms that orchestrate the effects in the microcirculation, and how the responds differ in different tissues, is however not fully understood. It is therefore of interest to search for markers in microdialysate that may be related to the microcirculation. This study aims to identify proteins related to microvascular changes in different tissue compartments after glucose provocation using in vivo microdialysis. Microdialysis was conducted in three different tissue compartments (intracutaneous, subcutaneous and intravenous) from healthy subjects. Microdialysate was collected during three time periods; recovery after catheter insertion, baseline and glucose provocation, and analyzed using proteomics. Altogether, 126 proteins were detected. Multivariate data analysis showed that the differences in protein expression levels during the three time periods, including comparison before and after glucose provocation, were most pronounced in the intracutaneous and subcutaneous compartments. Four proteins with vascular effects were identified (angiotensinogen, kininogen-1, alpha-2-HS-glycoprotein and hemoglobin subunit beta), all upregulated after glucose provocation compared to baseline in all three compartments. Glucose provocation is known to cause insulin-induced vasodilation through the nitric oxide pathway, and this study indicates that this is facilitated through the interactions of the RAS (angiotensinogen) and kallikrein-kinin (kininogen-1) systems.

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  • 21.
    Assenhöj, Maria
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin.
    Ward, Liam J.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Graff, Pal
    Natl Inst Occupat Hlth, Norway.
    Ljunggren, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin.
    Metal exposure from additive manufacturing and its effect on the nasal lavage fluid proteome - a pilot study2021Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 16, nr 8, artikel-id e0256746Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of metal additive manufacturing (AM) is steadily increasing and is an emerging concern regarding occupational exposure. In this study, non-invasive sampled nasal lavage fluid (NLF) from the upper airways was collected from metal AM operators at the beginning and end of a workweek during two consecutive years with preventive interventions in the occupational setting in-between (n = 5 year 1, n = 9 year 2). During year one, NLF was also collected from welders (n = 6) from the same company to get a comparison with a traditional manufacturing technique with known exposure and health risks. The samples were investigated using untargeted proteomics, as well as using multi-immunoassay to analyze a panel of 71 inflammatory protein markers. NLF in AM operators from year 1 showed decreased levels of Immunoglobulin J and WAP four-disulfide core domain protein 2 and increased levels of Golgi membrane protein 1, Uteroglobin and Protein S100-A6 at the end of the workweek. At year two, after preventive interventions, there were no significant differences at the end of the workweek. In welders, Annexin A1 and Protein S100-A6 were increased at the end of the workweek. The analysis of 71 inflammatory biomarkers showed no significant differences between the beginning and the end of workweek year 1 in AM operators. We identified several proteins of interest in the AM operators that could serve as possible markers for exposure in future studies with a larger cohort for validation.

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  • 22.
    Madariaga, Victor Ignacio
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Jasim, Hajer
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Myogenous temporomandibular disorders and salivary markers of oxidative stress-A cross-sectional study2021Ingår i: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 48, nr 1, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The clinical care of chronic pain requires personalised understanding of the mechanisms involved. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are the most common chronic orofacial pain conditions, and oxidative stress has been proposed to be implicated in their pathophysiology, especially in arthrogenous TMD. However, few studies have explored oxidative stress in myogenous TMD (TMDM). Objective The aims of this study were to compare the salivary oxidative stress profiles between individuals with TMDM and healthy controls, and to explore associations of these markers with clinical characteristics. Methodology Saliva samples were collected from 39 individuals with TMDM and 37 age and sex-matched healthy volunteers. Psychological stress levels and clinical characteristics were assessed in all participants. The samples were analysed for total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidative capacity (TAC) and superoxide dismutase activity (SODa). Comparisons between groups were performed using parametric and non-parametric tests depending on data distribution. Results Psychological stress was higher in TMDM compared to controls (P &lt; .001). TAC levels were significantly higher (P &lt; .05) whereas TOS levels were significantly lower (P &lt; .05) in TMDM compared to controls. There were no differences in SODa levels between groups and no correlations were found between clinical characteristics and oxidative stress markers. Conclusion Individuals with TMDM showed higher levels of antioxidative markers, but lower levels of oxidative markers. These results can be explained in part by chronicity and adaptation to the disease and other factors, such as psychological stress. Longitudinal studies must be conducted to clarify the role of oxidative stress in TMDM.

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  • 23.
    Thorneus, Erik
    et al.
    Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Graff, Pal
    Natl Inst Occupat Hlth STAMI, Norway.
    Bryngelsson, Ing-Liss
    Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Nordenberg, Eva
    Holmen Paper Braviken, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Siemens Energy AB, Sweden.
    Fornander, Louise
    Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Occupational Exposure to Metalworking Fluid and the Effect on Health Symptoms-An Intervention Study2021Ingår i: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 63, nr 10, s. E667-E672Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Exposure to metalworking fluid has been shown to cause health problems among workers. The aim of this study was to compare health outcomes and levels of exposure among workers exposed to metalworking fluid before and after the implementation of preventive measures. The frequencies of self-reported symptoms, as well as the concentrations of measured substances were lower after the implementation of preventive measures. Logistic regression showed statistically significant differences in the report of irritations, a stuffy or runny nose, eye irritation, a hoarse or dry throat, and a cough with odds ratios of 0.31 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.21 to 0.47), 0.12 (95% CI 0.05 to 0.29), 0.13 (95% CI 0.06 to 0.28), and 0.24 (95% CI 0.12 to 0.46), respectively. This confirms the efficiency of the performed intervention and highlights the importance of eliminating the recirculation of contaminated air.

  • 24.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wentzel Olausson, Ulrika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Smeds, Staffan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    The Dynamic Computer Workstation-A Pilot Study of Clinical and Biochemical Investigation during Work at Static Respectively Mobile Keyboards2021Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 18, nr 4, artikel-id 1493Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A large and increasing number of the work force in the population spend their work hours at the keyboard. There is evidence that repetitive high levels of static work, or extreme working postures involving the neck-shoulder muscles are an increased risk for chronic neck-shoulder pain. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of dynamic computer working (DCW), using a mobile application to the desk surface, on pain characteristics and biomarkers in office workers. We included 10 female subjects. All subjects answered questionnaires about general health, pain intensity and characteristics. The pressure pain threshold (PPT), neck range and motion, neck and shoulder strength were measured. Microdialysis was conducted in trapezius muscle. Measurements were performed before and 4 weeks after DCW. Multivariate analysis, orthogonal partial least square discriminate analysis (OPLS-DA) and univariate analysis paired test, Wilcoxon, was performed. There was significant improvement in reported neck pain, quality of life, and psychological distress after 4 weeks DCW. The PPT and strength in neck and shoulder were significantly increased after DCW. A significant OPLS-DA model showed clear separation between the samples collected before and after 4 weeks DCW. In conclusion, these results show that keyboard work at a movable desk application might decrease the risk of repetitive strain injuries in the neck and shoulder muscles.

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  • 25.
    Jönsson, Mika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    The inflammatory profile of cerebrospinal fluid, plasma, and saliva from patients with severe neuropathic pain and healthy controls - a pilot study2021Ingår i: BMC Neuroscience, E-ISSN 1471-2202, Vol. 22, nr 1, artikel-id 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Neuropathic pain (NeuP) is a complex, debilitating condition of the somatosensory system, where dysregulation between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines are believed to play a pivotal role. As of date, there is no ubiquitously accepted diagnostic test for NeuP and current therapeutic interventions are lacking in efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of three biofluids - saliva, plasma, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), to discriminate an inflammatory profile at a central, systemic, and peripheral level in NeuP patients compared to healthy controls. Methods: The concentrations of 71 cytokines, chemokines and growth factors in saliva, plasma, and CSF samples from 13 patients with peripheral NeuP and 13 healthy controls were analyzed using a multiplex-immunoassay based on an electrochemiluminescent detection method. The NeuP patients were recruited from a clinical trial of intrathecal bolus injection of ziconotide (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT01373983). Multivariate data analysis (principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square regression) was used to identify proteins significant for group discrimination and protein correlation to pain intensity. Proteins with variable influence of projection (VIP) value higher than 1 (combined with the jack-knifed confidence intervals in the coefficients plot not including zero) were considered significant. Results: We found 17 cytokines/chemokines that were significantly up- or down-regulated in NeuP patients compared to healthy controls. Of these 17 proteins, 8 were from saliva, 7 from plasma, and 2 from CSF samples. The correlation analysis showed that the most important proteins that correlated to pain intensity were found in plasma (VIP &gt; 1). Conclusions: Investigation of the inflammatory profile of NeuP showed that most of the significant proteins for group separation were found in the less invasive biofluids of saliva and plasma. Within the NeuP patient group it was also seen that proteins in plasma had the highest correlation to pain intensity. These preliminary results indicate a potential for further biomarker research in the more easily accessible biofluids of saliva and plasma for chronic peripheral neuropathic pain where a combination of YKL-40 and MIP-1 alpha in saliva might be of special interest for future studies that also include other non-neuropathic pain states.

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  • 26.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för samhälle och hälsa.
    Gordh, Torsten
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Thermal Pain Thresholds Are Significantly Associated with Plasma Proteins of the Immune System in Chronic Widespread Pain-An Exploratory Pilot Study Using Multivariate and Network Analyses2021Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 10, nr 16, artikel-id 3652Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic widespread pain (CWP), including fibromyalgia (FM), is characterized by generalized musculoskeletal pain. An important clinical feature is widespread increased pain sensitivity such as lowered pain thresholds for different stimuli such as heat (HPT) and cold (CPT). There is a growing interest in investigating the activated neurobiological mechanisms in CWP. This explorative proteomic study investigates the multivariate correlation pattern between plasma and muscle proteins and thermal pain thresholds in CWP and in healthy controls (CON). In addition, we analysed whether the important proteins and their networks for CPT and HPT differed between CWP and CON. We used a proteomic approach and analysed plasma and muscle proteins from women with CWP (n = 15) and CON (n = 23). The associations between the proteins and CPT/HPT were analysed using orthogonal partial least square (OPLS). The protein-protein association networks for the important proteins for the two thermal pain thresholds were analysed using STRING database. CWP had lowered pain thresholds for thermal stimulus. These levels were generally not related to the included clinical variables except in CWP for HPT. Highly interacting proteins mainly from plasma showed strong significant associations with CPT and HPT both in CWP and in CON. Marked differences in the important proteins for the two thermal pain thresholds were noted between CWP and CON; more complex patterns emerged in CWP. The important proteins were part of the immune system (acute phase proteins, complement factors, and immunoglobulin factors) or known to interact with the immune system. As expected, CWP had lowered pain thresholds for thermal stimulus. Although different proteins were important in the two groups, there were similarities. For example, proteins related to the host defence/immunity such as acute phase proteins, complement factors, immunoglobulin factors, and cytokines/chemokines (although not in CON for CPT) were important habitual/tonic factors for thermal pain thresholds. The fact that peripheral proteins contribute to thermal pain thresholds does not exclude that central factors also contribute and that complex interactions between peripheral and central factors determine the registered pain thresholds in CWP.

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  • 27.
    Jasim, Hajer
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Hedenberg-Magnusson, Britt
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden; Folktandvarden Stockholms Lan AB, Sweden.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Altered levels of salivary and plasma pain related markers in temporomandibular disorders2020Ingår i: Journal of Headache and Pain, ISSN 1129-2369, E-ISSN 1129-2377, Vol. 21, nr 1, artikel-id 105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Different pain syndromes may be characterized by different profiles of mediators reflecting pathophysiological differences, and these alterations may be measured in a simple saliva sample. The aims of the current study were to compare concentration of glutamate, serotonin (5-HT), nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and substance P (SP) in saliva and plasma from a well-defined group of patients with chronic temporomandibular disorders myalgia (TMD-myalgia) with a group of pain-free controls, and further investigate the relationship between these markers and clinical characteristics. Methods Patients diagnosed according to the diagnostic criteria for TMD (n = 39), and matched healthy pain-free controls (n = 39) were included. Stimulated whole saliva and plasma samples were collected in the morning. Glutamate was analysed using a colorimetric assay, and 5-HT and SP were analysed by commercially available ELISA. Levels of NGF and BDNF were determined using multiplex electrochemiluminescence assay panel. Results Patients expressed higher salivary and plasma levels of glutamate (saliva: 40.22 +/- 13.23 mu mol/L; plasma: 30.31 +/- 18.73 mu mol/L) than controls (saliva: 33.24 +/- 11.27 mu mol/L; plasma: 20.41 +/- 15.96 mu mol/L) (p &lt; 0.05). Salivary NGF (0.319 +/- 0.261 pg/ml) and BDNF (3.57 +/- 1.47 pg/ml) were lower in patients compared to controls (NGF: 0.528 +/- 0.477 pg/ml; BDNF 4.62 +/- 2.51 pg/ml)(ps &lt; 0.05). Contrary, plasma BDNF, was higher in patients (263.33 +/- 245.13 pg/ml) than controls (151.81 +/- 125.90 pg/ml) (p &lt; 0.05). 5-HT was undetectable in saliva. Neither plasma 5-HT, nor SP levels differed between groups. BDNF and NGF concentrations correlated to levels of psychological distress (p &lt; 0.0005). Conclusion The higher levels of salivary and plasma glutamate in patients with TMD-myalgia compared to controls strengthens its importance in the pathophysiology of TMD-myalgia. However, the lack of correlation to pain levels question its role as a putative biomarker. Patients with TMD-myalgia further had lower levels of salivary NGF and BDNF, but higher plasma BDNF. These results and their correlations to psychological distress warrant further investigations.

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  • 28.
    Ydrefors, Johannes
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US.
    Karlsson, Tomas
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wentzel Olausson, Ulrika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Johansson, Ann-Charlotte
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap.
    Olausson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård.
    Nagi, Saad
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US.
    Automated Nociceptive Withdrawal Reflex Measurements Reveal Normal Reflex Thresholds and Augmented Pain Ratings in Patients with Fibromyalgia2020Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 9, nr 6, artikel-id 1992Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The nociceptive withdrawal reflex (NWR) is used to probe spinal cord excitability in chronic pain states. Here, we used an automated and unbiased procedure for determining the NWR threshold and compared the reflex thresholds and corresponding pain ratings in a well-characterized cohort of fibromyalgia (n = 29) and matched healthy controls (n = 21). Surface electrical stimuli were delivered to the foot in a stepwise incremental and decremental manner. The surface electromyographic activity was recorded from the ipsilateral tibialis anterior muscle. Fibromyalgia patients reported significantly higher scores for psychological distress and pain-related disability and a significantly lower score for perceived state of health compared to the matched controls. The subjective pain ratings were significantly higher in patients. The NWR thresholds were similar to the controls. In the patients, but not in controls, the NWR thresholds and subjective pain ratings were significantly correlated. Our results showed an increased subjective pain sensitivity in fibromyalgia, but we found no evidence for spinal sensitization based on the reflex measures.

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  • 29.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård.
    Falkenberg, Torkel
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Lundström, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård.
    Changes in inflammatory plasma proteins from patients with chronic pain associated with treatment in an interdisciplinary multimodal rehabilitation program - an explorative multivariate pilot study.2020Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Pain, ISSN 1877-8860, E-ISSN 1877-8879, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 125-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested that alterations in inflammation molecules maintain chronic pain although little is known about how these factors influence homeostatic and inflammatory events in common chronic pain conditions. Nonpharmacological interventions might be associated with alterations in inflammation markers in blood. This study of patients with chronic pain investigates whether an interdisciplinary multimodal rehabilitation program (IMMRP) was associated with significant alterations in the plasma pattern of 68 cytokines/chemokines 1 year after rehabilitation and whether such changes were associated with clinical changes. Blood samples and self-reports of pain, psychological distress, and physical activity of 25 complex chronic pain patients were collected pre-IMMRP and at 12-month follow-up. Analyses of inflammatory proteins (cytokines/chemokines/growth factors) were performed directly in plasma using the multiplex immunoassay technology Meso Scale Discovery. This explorative pilot study found that 12 substances, mainly pro-inflammatory, decreased after IMMRP. In two other relatively small IMMRP studies, four of these proinflammatory markers were also associated with decreases. The pattern of cytokines/chemokines pre-IMMRP was associated with changes in psychological distress but not with pain or physical activity. The present study cannot impute cause and effect. These results together with the results of the two previous IMMRP studies suggest that there is a need for larger and more strictly controlled studies of IMMRP with respect to inflammatory markers in blood. Such studies need to consider responders/non-responders, additional therapies, involved pain mechanisms and diagnoses. This and the two other studies open up for developing biologically measurable outcomes from plasma. Such biomarkers will be an important tool for further development of IMMRP and possibly other treatments for patients w ith chronic pain.

  • 30.
    Jasim, Hajer
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Carlsson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hedenberg-Magnusson, Britt
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Folktandvarden Stockholms Lan AB, Sweden.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Daytime changes of salivary biomarkers involved in pain2020Ingår i: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 1365-2842, Vol. 47, nr 7, s. 843-850Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to investigate salivary levels of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), substance P (SP) and glutamate at five time points from morning to afternoon in a well-characterised healthy and pain-free individuals. Ten young adults were included. Unstimulated and stimulated whole saliva were collected from each participant repeatedly across the day. Blood samples were drawn in connection with the first and last saliva sample as reference standard. Levels of NGF and BDNF were determined using gel-free Western blot technology, glutamate levels were analysed using a colorimetric assay, and SP was determined using a commercially available ELISA. Salivary NGF and BDNF showed significant differences between the different collection times in both unstimulated (NGF; P = .006; BDNF; P = .026) and stimulated whole saliva (NGF; P = .006; BDNF; P = .019). The highest concentrations of the neuropeptides were expressed in the early morning, and they thereafter decreased across the day. In contrast, the expression of salivary glutamate and SP did not show any significant changes across the day. Plasma levels of NGF were higher in the evening sample (P = .028); otherwise, there were no significant differences for any of the other markers between morning and evening samples. NGF and BDNF in whole saliva showed a significant variation across the day. On the contrary, no variation in the levels of SP and glutamate was detected. These findings highlight the importance of consistency in the collection time and approach in biomarker studies using saliva.

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  • 31.
    Farnebo, Simon
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Wiig, Monica
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden; Uppsala Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Holm, Bjorn
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden; Uppsala Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Differentially Expressed Proteins in Intra Synovial Compared to Extra Synovial Flexor Tendon Grafts in a Rabbit Tendon Transplantation Model2020Ingår i: Biomedicines, E-ISSN 2227-9059, Vol. 8, nr 10, artikel-id 408Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Uncomplicated healing of grafts for tendon reconstruction remains an unsolved problem in hand surgery. Results are limited by adhesion formation and decreased strength properties, especially within the tight fibro-osseous sheath of the digits. This is especially problematic when an extra synovial tendon graft is used to replace an intra synovial flexor tendon. Compositional differences are likely to play an important role in these processes. The aim of this study was, therefore, to compare protein expression in pair-matched intra synovial tendon grafts with extra synovial tendon grafts, using a rabbit tendon injury model. We hypothesized that there would be significant differences in proteins critical for response to tensile loading and adhesion formation between the two groups. Using mass spectrometry and multivariate statistical data analysis, we found tissue-specific differences in 22 proteins, where 7 explained 93% (R2) of the variation, with a prediction of 81% (Q2). Among the highest discriminating proteins were Galectin, Histone H2A, and Periostin, which were found in a substantially larger amount in the extra synovial tendons compared to the intra synovial tendons. These findings may contribute to improved understanding of the differences in outcome seen after tendon reconstruction using tendon grafts with intra synovial and extra synovial grafts.

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  • 32.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Lund, Eva
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Bengtsson, Ann
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Lundberg, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Veenstra, Helene
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. AMRA Med AB, SE-58222 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Forsgren, Mikael
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik. AMRA Med AB, SE-58222 Linkoping, Sweden.
    Evidence of Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Fibromyalgia: Deviating Muscle Energy Metabolism Detected Using Microdialysis and Magnetic Resonance2020Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 9, nr 11, artikel-id 3527Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In fibromyalgia (FM) muscle metabolism, studies are sparse and conflicting associations have been found between muscle metabolism and pain aspects. This study compared alterations in metabolic substances and blood flow in erector spinae and trapezius of FM patients and healthy controls. FM patients (n = 33) and healthy controls (n = 31) underwent a clinical examination that included pressure pain thresholds and physical tests, completion of a health questionnaire, participation in microdialysis investigations of the etrapezius and erector spinae muscles, and also underwent phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy of the erector spinae muscle. At the baseline, FM had significantly higher levels of pyruvate in both muscles. Significantly lower concentrations of phosphocreatine (PCr) and nucleotide triphosphate (mainly adenosine triphosphate) in erector spinae were found in FM. Blood flow in erector spinae was significantly lower in FM. Significant associations between metabolic variables and pain aspects (pain intensity and pressure pain threshold PPT) were found in FM. Our results suggest that FM has mitochondrial dysfunction, although it is unclear whether inactivity, obesity, aging, and pain are causes of, the results of, or coincidental to the mitochondrial dysfunction. The significant regressions of pain intensity and PPT in FM agree with other studies reporting associations between peripheral biological factors and pain aspects.

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  • 33.
    Veenstra, Helene
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Böhme, Rebecca
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Olausson, Håkan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurofysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Wicksell, Rikard K.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Exploration of Functional Connectivity Changes Previously Reported in Fibromyalgia and Their Relation to Psychological Distress and Pain Measures2020Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine, E-ISSN 2077-0383, Vol. 9, nr 11, artikel-id 3560Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Neural functional connectivity changes in the default mode network (DMN), Central executive network (CEN), and insula have been implicated in fibromyalgia (FM) but stem from a sparse set of small-scale studies with limited power for the investigation of confounding effects. We investigated whether anxiety, depression, pain sensitivity, and pain intensity modulated functional connectivity related to DMN nodes, CEN nodes, and insula. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were collected from 31 females with FM and 28 age-matched healthy controls. Connectivity was analysed with a region-based connectivity analysis between DMN nodes in ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and posterior cingulate cortex, CEN nodes in the intraparietal sulcus (IPS), and bilateral insula. FM patients displayed significantly higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms than controls. The right IPS node of the CEN showed a higher level of connectivity strength with right insula in FM with higher pain intensity compared to controls. More anxiety symptoms in FM correlated with higher levels of connectivity strength between the vmPFC DMN node and right sensorimotor cortex. These findings support the theory of altered insular connectivity in FM and also suggest altered IPS connectivity in FM. Interestingly, no change in insular connectivity with DMN was observed.

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  • 34.
    Stensson, Niclas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Mannerkorpi, Kaisa
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Kosek, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Increased Anandamide and Decreased Pain and Depression after Exercise in Fibromyalgia2020Ingår i: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, ISSN 0195-9131, E-ISSN 1530-0315, Vol. 52, nr 7, s. 1617-1628Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Physical exercise is increasingly being promoted by health care for chronic pain conditions with beneficial outcomes, such as pain and fatigue reduction, and increased quality of life. Nevertheless, knowledge about biochemical consequences of physical exercise in chronic pain is still relatively poor. The endocannabinoid system has been suggested to play a role for acute exercise-induced reward and pain inhibition. The aim of this study is to investigate the chronic outcomes of resistance exercise on levels of endocannabinoids and related lipids in fibromyalgia (FM). Methods This study examine the outcomes of a 15-wk person-centered resistance exercise program on plasma levels of the lipid mediators; anandamide, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), oleoylethanolamide, palmitoylethanolamide, and stearoylethanolamide (SEA) sampled from 37 women with FM and 33 healthy controls. The associations between clinical scorings of pain, depression, anxiety, fatigue, and muscle strength with levels of these lipid mediators before and after the exercise program are also analyzed. Results After the 15-wk exercise program, anandamide levels were significantly increased, and SEA levels significantly decreased in FM. Pain intensity and depression scorings decreased and muscle strength increased, and in a multivariate context, muscle strength was positively associated with 2-AG levels after the resistance exercise program in FM. Conclusions The increased anandamide and decreased SEA in women with FM after the 15-wk program might point to a chronic effect of resistance exercise. Pain and depression scorings decreased in the FM group after the program, but no associations between pain, depression, and lipid level changes were assured.

  • 35.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Plasma protein patterns are strongly correlated with pressure pain thresholds in women with chronic widespread pain and in healthy controls-an exploratory case-control study2020Ingår i: Medicine, ISSN 0025-7974, E-ISSN 1536-5964, Vol. 99, nr 22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic widespread pain (CWP) is a complex pain condition characterized by generalized musculoskeletal pain and often associated with other symptoms. An important clinical feature is widespread increased pain sensitivity such as lowered pain thresholds for mechanical stimuli (pressure pain thresholds [PPT]). There is a growing interest in investigating the activated neurobiological mechanisms in CWP, which includes fibromyalgia. In CWP, strong significant correlations have been found between muscle protein patterns and PPT. This explorative proteomic study investigates the multivariate correlation pattern between plasma proteins and PPT in CWP and in healthy controls (CON). In addition, this study analyses whether the important proteins for PPT differ between the 2 groups. Using 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we analyzed the plasma proteome of the CWP (n = 15) and the CON (n = 23) and proteins were identified using mass spectrometry. For both the CWP and the CON, the associations between the identified proteins and PPT were analyzed using orthogonal partial least square in 2 steps. Significant associations between certain plasma proteins and PPT existed both in CWP (R-2 = 0.95;P = .006) and in CON (R-2 = 0.89;P &lt; .001). For both groups of subjects, we found several proteins involved in PPT that reflect different biological processes. The plasma proteins as well as the biological processes involved in PPT differed markedly between the 2 groups of subjects. This study suggests that plasma protein patterns are associated with pain thresholds in CWP. Using the plasma proteome profile of CWP to study potential biomarker candidates could provide a snapshot of ongoing systemic mechanisms in CWP.

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  • 36.
    Mayo, Leah M.
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Asratian, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Lindé, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Holm, Lovisa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Nätt, Daniel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Augier, Gaëlle
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Stensson, Niclas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Vecchiarelli, Haley A.
    Hotchkiss Brain Institute and Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research and Education, Departments of Cell Biology and Anatomy and Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Canada.
    Balsevich, Georgia
    Hotchkiss Brain Institute and Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research and Education, Departments of Cell Biology and Anatomy and Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Canada.
    Aukema, Robert J.
    Hotchkiss Brain Institute and Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research and Education, Departments of Cell Biology and Anatomy and Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Canada.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård.
    Spagnolo, Primavera A.
    National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH, Bethesda, USA.
    Lee, Francis S.
    Institute for Developmental Psychobiology, Weill Cornell Medical College of Cornell University, New York, USA.
    Hill, Matthew N.
    Hotchkiss Brain Institute and Mathison Centre for Mental Health Research and Education, Departments of Cell Biology and Anatomy and Psychiatry, University of Calgary, Canada.
    Heilig, Markus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Centrum för social och affektiv neurovetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Psykiatricentrum, Psykiatriska kliniken i Linköping.
    Protective effects of elevated anandamide on stress and fear-related behaviors: translational evidence from humans and mice2020Ingår i: Molecular Psychiatry, ISSN 1359-4184, E-ISSN 1476-5578, Vol. 25, nr 5, s. 993-1005Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common, debilitating condition with limited treatment options. Extinction of fear memories through prolonged exposure therapy, the primary evidence-based behavioral treatment for PTSD, has only partial efficacy. In mice, pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) produces elevated levels of anandamide (AEA) and promotes fear extinction, suggesting that FAAH inhibitors may aid fear extinction-based treatments. A human FAAH 385C-greater thanA substitution encodes an FAAH enzyme with reduced catabolic efficacy. Individuals homozygous for the FAAH 385A allele may therefore offer a genetic model to evaluate the impact of elevations in AEA signaling in humans, helping to inform whether FAAH inhibitors have the potential to facilitate fear extinction therapy for PTSD. To overcome the challenge posed by low frequency of the AA genotype (appr. 5%), we prospectively genotyped 423 individuals to examine the balanced groups of CC, AC, and AA individuals (n = 25/group). Consistent with its loss-of-function nature, the A allele was dose dependently associated with elevated basal AEA levels, facilitated fear extinction, and enhanced the extinction recall. Moreover, the A-allele homozygotes were protected against stress-induced decreases in AEA and negative emotional consequences of stress. In a humanized mouse model, AA homozygous mice were similarly protected against stress-induced decreases in AEA, both in the periphery, and also in the amygdala and prefrontal cortex, brain structures critically involved in fear extinction and regulation of stress responses. Collectively, these data suggest that AEA signaling can temper aspects of the stress response and that FAAH inhibition may aid the treatment for stress-related psychiatric disorders, such as PTSD.

  • 37.
    Jasim, Hajer
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Scandinavian Ctr Orofacial Neurosci SCON, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Protein Signature in Saliva of Temporomandibular Disorders Myalgia2020Ingår i: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, ISSN 1661-6596, E-ISSN 1422-0067, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, Vol. 21, nr 7, artikel-id 2569Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last years, several attempts have been made to study specific biological markers of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). So far, no laboratory tests have been appropriately validated for the diagnosis and prognosis of these disorders. This study aimed to investigate the proteomic profile of the whole stimulated saliva of TMD myalgia patients in order to evaluate potential diagnostic and/or prognostic salivary candidate proteins which could be useful for the management of TMD. Twenty patients diagnosed with TMD myalgia according to the validated Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (DC/TMD) and 20 matched healthy pain-free controls were enrolled. Saliva samples were collected in the morning. Comparative proteomic analysis was performed with two-dimensional gel electrophoresis followed by identification with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Statistical analysis of the quantitative proteomics data revealed that 20 proteins were significantly altered in patients compared to controls. Among these proteins, 12 showed significantly increased levels, and 8 showed significantly decreased levels in patients with TMD myalgia compared to controls. The identified proteins are involved in metabolic processes, immune response, and stress response. This proteomic study shows that the salivary protein profile can discriminate patients with TMD myalgia from healthy subjects, but the protein signature has no correlation with the clinical features of TMD myalgia. Additional studies are needed to validate our observations in additional sample sets and to continue assessing the utility of saliva as a suitable sample for studying processes related to TMD myalgia.

  • 38.
    Zsigmond, Peter
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Ljunggren, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Proteomic Analysis of the Cerebrospinal Fluid in Patients With Essential Tremor Before and After Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery: A Pilot Study2020Ingår i: Neuromodulation, ISSN 1094-7159, E-ISSN 1525-1403, Vol. 23, nr 4, s. 502-508Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective Electrical neuromodulation by deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a well-established method for treatment of severe essential tremor (ET). The mechanism behind the tremor relieving effect remains largely unknown. Our aim of this study was to evaluate alterations in proteomics pre- and post-DBS in patients diagnosed with severe ET. Materials and Methods Ten right-handed ET patients were included in this study. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was obtained by lumbar puncture preoperatively (N = 10) and six months postoperatively (N = 7). The samples were analyzed by high sensitive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Results Twenty-two proteins were statistically significantly altered in the CSF of ET patients before and after DBS treatment. Downregulated proteins were involved in regulatory processes of protein activation, complement activation, humoral immune response as well as acute inflammatory response. The upregulated proteins were involved in pathways for cell secretion, adhesion as well as response to axon injury. Conclusions DBS in ET patients effects the neurochemical environment in the CSF. These findings further elucidate the mechanisms of DBS and may lead to new biomarkers for evaluating the effect of DBS treatment.

  • 39.
    Tobieson, Lovisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för neurobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Czifra, Zita
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Marklund, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Proteomic investigation of protein adsorption to cerebral microdialysis membranes in surgically treated intracerebral hemorrhage patients-a pilot study2020Ingår i: Proteome Science, E-ISSN 1477-5956, PROTEOME SCIENCE, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Cerebral microdialysis (CMD) is a minimally invasive technique for sampling the interstitial fluid in human brain tissue. CMD allows monitoring the metabolic state of tissue, as well as sampling macromolecules such as proteins and peptides. Recovery of proteins or peptides can be hampered by their adsorption to the CMD membrane as has been previously shown in-vitro,however, protein adsorption to CMD membranes has not been characterized following implantation in human brain tissue. Methods In this paper, we describe the pattern of proteins adsorbed to CMD membranes compared to that of the microdialysate and of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We retrieved CMD membranes from three surgically treated intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients, and analyzed protein adsorption to the membranes using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) in combination with nano-liquid mass spectrometry. We compared the proteome profile of three compartments; the CMD membrane, the microdialysate and ventricular CSF collected at time of CMD removal. Results We found unique protein patterns in the molecular weight range of 10-35 kDa for each of the three compartments. Conclusion This study highlights the importance of analyzing the membranes in addition to the microdialysate when using CMD to sample proteins for biomarker investigation.

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  • 40.
    Gerdle, Björn
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Proteomic studies of common chronic pain conditions-a systematic review and associated network analyses2020Ingår i: Expert Review of Proteomics, ISSN 1478-9450, E-ISSN 1744-8387, Vol. 17, nr 6, s. 483-505Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction The lack of biomarkers indicating involved nociceptive and/or pain mechanisms makes diagnostic procedures problematic. Clinical pain research has begun to use proteomics. Areas covered This systematic review covers proteomic studies of chronic pain cohorts and in relation to clinical variables. Searches in three databases identified 96 studies from PubMed, 161 from Scopus and 155 from Web of Science database. Finally, 27 relevant articles were included. Network analyses based on the identified proteins were performed. Expert opinion Small pain cohorts were investigated and the number of studies per diagnosis and tissue is small. The use of proteomics in chronic pain research is exploratory and larger proteomic studies are needed. It will be necessary to standardize the descriptions of the pain cohorts investigated. There is a need to identify the mechanisms underlying the whole clinical presentation of specific chronic pain conditions. Multivariate methods capable of handling and identifying intercorrelated protein patterns must be applied. Rather than focusing on a few proteins, future studies should use network analyses to investigate interactions and biological processes. Proteomics in combination with bioinformatics have a huge potential to identify previously unknown panels of proteins involved in chronic pain and relevant when devising new pain control strategies.

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  • 41.
    Högstedt, Alexandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Tesselaar, Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Diagnostikcentrum, Medicinsk strålningsfysik.
    Farnebo, Simon
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Sampling insulin in different tissue compartments using microdialysis: methodological aspects2020Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 21948Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sampling the concentration of insulin in human skin using microdialysis is challenging because of low intracutaneous concentrations and low recovery, presumably due to adsorption of insulin to the microdialysis system. In this study, we aimed to (1) measure how the concentration of insulin varies in three different tissue compartments (intracutaneous, subcutaneous and intravenous) and (2) to study how much insulin is adsorbed to the microdialysis catheter membranes and tubing during a typical microdialysis experiment, both in vivo and in vitro. We hypothesized that (1) the concentration of insulin decreases from the intravenous compartment to the intracutaneous and subcutaneous tissue, and that (2) adsorption of insulin to the microdialysis membrane and tubing impairs the recovery of insulin from the tissue. In this experimental study, microdialysis catheters were inserted intracutaneously, subcutaneously and intravenously in 11 healthy subjects. Systemic endogenous hyperinsulinemia was induced by intake of an oral glucose load. Insulin concentration was measured in the dialysate and in the extracted samples from the catheter membrane and tubings. In vitro microdialysis was performed to investigate the temporal resolution of the adsorption. After an oral glucose load insulin concentration increased intravenously, but not in the intracutaneous or subcutaneous compartments, while glucose, lactate and pyruvate concentrations increased in all compartments. The adsorption of insulin to the microdialysis membrane in vivo was highest in the intravenous compartment (p=0.01), compared to the intracutaneous and subcutaneous compartments. In vitro, the adsorption to the microdialysis membrane was highest one hour after sampling, then the concentration gradually decreased after three and five hours of sampling. The concentration of insulin in peripheral tissues is low, probably due to decreasing tissue vascularity. Adsorption of insulin to the microdialysis membrane is modest but time-dependent. This finding highlights the importance of a stabilization time for the microdialysis system before sampling tissue analytes.

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  • 42.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Kosek, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Mannerkorpi, Kaisa
    Gothenburg Univ, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Significant correlation between plasma proteome profile and pain intensity, sensitivity, and psychological distress in women with fibromyalgia2020Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 10, nr 1, artikel-id 12508Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex pain condition where the pathophysiological and molecular mechanisms are not fully elucidated. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the plasma proteome profile in women with FM compared to controls. The secondary aim was to investigate if plasma protein patterns correlate with the clinical variables pain intensity, sensitivity, and psychological distress. Clinical variables/background data were retrieved through questionnaires. Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were assessed using an algometer. The plasma proteome profile of FM (n=30) and controls (n=32) was analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. Quantified proteins were analyzed regarding group differences, and correlations to clinical parameters in FM, using multivariate statistics. Clear significant differences between FM and controls were found in proteins involved in inflammatory, metabolic, and immunity processes. Pain intensity, PPT, and psychological distress in FM had associations with specific plasma proteins involved in blood coagulation, metabolic, inflammation and immunity processes. This study further confirms that systemic differences in protein expression exist in women with FM compared to controls and that altered levels of specific plasma proteins are associated with different clinical parameters.

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  • 43.
    Dimitrijevic Carlsson, Alexandra
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för diagnostik och specialistmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Folktandvården, Centrum för Oral Rehabilitering Linköping. Malmo Univ, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för hälsa, medicin och vård, Avdelningen för prevention, rehabilitering och nära vård. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Starkhammar Johansson, Carin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Folktandvården, Centrum för Oral Rehabilitering Linköping.
    Alstergren, Per
    Malmo Univ, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Sweden; Skane Univ Hosp, Sweden.
    Unstimulated Parotid Saliva Sampling in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis and Healthy Controls: A Proof-of-Concept Study on Biomarkers2020Ingår i: DIAGNOSTICS, ISSN 2075-4418, Vol. 10, nr 4, artikel-id 251Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this proof-of-concept study were to develop a collecting method for unstimulated parotid saliva in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients and healthy children and to investigate if inflammatory biomarkers could be detected in these samples. Forty-five children with JIA (median age of 12 years and 25th-75th percentile of 10-15 years; 33 girls and 12 boys) and 16 healthy children as controls (median age of 13 years and 25-75th percentile of 10-13 years; 11 girls and 5 boys) were enrolled in this study. Unstimulated parotid saliva was collected with a modified Carlson-Crittenden collector. The salivary flow rate and salivary concentrations of total protein and inflammatory mediators were assessed. The Meso Scale Discovery electrochemiluminescence immunoassay was used for analyzing protein concentrations and the inflammatory biomarkers. Sufficient parotid saliva volumes to be analyzed could be collected with the collection device. JIA patients had a lower sampling saliva volume (p = 0.008) and saliva flow rate (p = 0.039) than controls. The total protein concentrations and inflammatory biomarkers were measured in the last six healthy subjects. The median protein concentration was 1312 mu g/mL (25th percentile: 844 mu g/mL and 75th percentile: 2062 mu g/mL; n = 6) and quantifiable concentrations of 39 inflammatory proteins could be assessed in these samples. In conclusion, this study indicates that the saliva sampling method, as used in the present study, is able to collect sufficient sample volumes in children, and that it is possible to analyze various inflammatory biomarkers in the collected saliva.

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  • 44.
    Lind, Anne-Li
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Just, David
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Mikus, Maria
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Fredolini, Claudia
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Ioannou, Marina
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Bäckryd, Emmanuel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Tanum, Lars
    Akershus Univ Hosp, Norway.
    Gordh, Torsten
    Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Manberg, Anna
    KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sweden.
    CSF levels of apolipoprotein C1 and autotaxin found to associate with neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia2019Ingår i: Journal of Pain Research, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 12, s. 2875-2889Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia are two common and poorly understood chronic pain conditions that lack satisfactory treatments, cause substantial suffering and societal costs. Today, there are no biological markers on which to base chronic pain diagnoses, treatment choices or to understand the pathophysiology of pain for the individual patient. This study aimed to investigate cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein profiles potentially associated with fibromyalgia and neuropathic pain. Methods: CSF samples were collected from 25 patients with neuropathic pain (two independent sets, n=14 patients for discovery, and n=11 for verification), 40 patients with fibromyalgia and 134 controls without neurological disease from two different populations. CSF protein profiling of 55 proteins was performed using antibody suspension bead array technology. Results: We found increased levels of apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) in CSF of neuropathic pain patients compared to controls and there was a trend for increased levels also in fibromyalgia patients. In addition, levels of ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase family member 2 (ENPP2, also referred to as autotaxin) were increased in the CSF of fibromyalgia patients compared to all other groups including patients with neuropathic pain. Conclusion: The increased levels of APOC1 and ENPP2 found in neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia patients may shed light on the underlying mechanisms of these conditions. Further investigation is required to elucidate their role in maintaining pain and other main symptoms of these disorders.

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  • 45.
    Jasim, Hajer
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Anders K
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Diurnal variation of inflammatory plasma proteins involved in pain2019Ingår i: Pain Reports, E-ISSN 2471-2531, Vol. 4, nr 5, artikel-id e776Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Proteomics is a powerful approach for biochemical research because it directly studies the main functional components of biochemical systems. The understanding of the normal fluctuations of the proteome in health is essential to identify pain-specific biomarkers.

    Objective: To investigate fluctuations of the plasma proteome in healthy pain-free individuals.

    Methods: Blood samples were structurally collected in the early morning and evening from 10 clinically healthy individuals (26.3 ± 3.3 years). High abundant proteins were removed from plasma, and proteins were then analysed by nanoliquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry. In addition, an assay of 71 cytokines/chemokines/growth factors was analysed.

    Results: Multivariate statistical analysis displayed that there were up to 64 proteins whose expression levels were significantly altered between the plasma samples collected during the morning and evening; no changes existed for the assay. The levels of 34 proteins were increased and 30 proteins were decreased during the evening compared with the morning sample. The increased proteins were involved in the biological processes such as protein activation cascade, complement activation, and stress response. The decreased proteins were involved in regulation of endopeptidase activity, inflammatory response, and protein metabolic processes.

    Conclusion: The circadian variations in the plasma proteome stress the need to collect blood samples of both patients and controls at a fixed time of the day. The results in this study might be useful for better understanding of the complexity of individual variation in the human plasma proteome over time and provide a baseline for improved pain biomarker discovery.

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  • 46.
    Tobieson, Lovisa
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Zsigmond, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Rossitti, Sandro
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Hillman, Jan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Marklund, Niklas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Dynamic protein changes in the perihaemorrhagic zone of Surgically Treated Intracerebral Haemorrhage Patients2019Ingår i: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, artikel-id 3181Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The secondary injury cascades exacerbating the initial brain injury following intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) are incompletely understood. We used dual microdialysis (MD) catheters placed in the perihaemorrhagic zone (PHZ) and in seemingly normal cortex (SNX) at time of surgical ICH evacuation in ten patients (range 26-70 years). Routine interstitial MD markers (including glucose and the lactate/pyruvate ratio) were analysed and remaining microdialysate was analysed by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and nano-liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/MS). Two time intervals were analysed; median 2-10 hours post-surgery (time A) and median 68-76 hours post-ICH onset (time B). Using 2-DE, we quantified 232 +/- 31 different protein spots. Two proteins differed between the MD catheters at time A, and 12 proteins at time B (p amp;lt; 0.05). Thirteen proteins were significantly altered between time A and time B in the SNX and seven proteins in the PHZ, respectively. Using nLC-MS/MS ca 800 proteins were identified out of which 76 were present in all samples. At time A one protein was upregulated and two downregulated, and at time B, seven proteins were upregulated, and four downregulated in the PHZ compared to the SNX. Microdialysis-based proteomics is feasible for study of secondary injury mechanisms and discovery of biomarkers after ICH.

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  • 47.
    Nyman, Erika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Henricson, Joakim
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för läkemedelsforskning. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Närsjukvården i centrala Östergötland, Akutkliniken i Linköping.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Anderson, Chris D.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Hudkliniken i Östergötland.
    Kratz, Gunnar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för Kirurgi, Ortopedi och Onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Hand- och plastikkirurgiska kliniken US.
    Hyaluronic Acid Accelerates Re-epithelialization and Alters Protein Expression in a Human Wound Model2019Ingår i: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open, E-ISSN 2169-7574, Vol. 7, nr 5, artikel-id e2221Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA), a large glycosaminoglycan involved in proliferation, migration, and tissue repair, is suggested to be an important factor for keratinocyte activation and re-epithelialization. The experimental hypothesis of this study was that HA accelerates re-epithelialization, and we aimed to investigate the effect of exogenous intradermal HA during deep dermal, incisional wound healing in vivo in humans, the primary endpoint being re-epithelialization. Methods: A total of 8 standardized deep dermal incisional wounds (depth 1.6mm, width 1.8mm) per subject were induced in 10 healthy volunteers. Two of the wound sites per subject were pretreated with injections of HA and 2 with saline solution. At 2 time points (24 hours and 14 days), 2 biopsies for each treatment group (one for histology and one for proteomics) were taken. Skin erythema was measured at 24-hour intervals for 14 days as a surrogate measurement of inflammation. Results: At 24 hours, 8 of 9 wounds pretreated with HA showed complete re-epithelization, whereas none of the wounds pretreated with saline had re-epithelized. Wounds pretreated with HA also showed a 10-fold regulation of 8 identified proteins involved in wound healing compared to wounds treated with saline solution. No difference in inflammation, as measured as erythema, could be seen between any of the groups. Conclusions: We conclude that HA accelerates re-epithelialization and stimulates an altered protein expression in vivo in human deep dermal incisional skin wounds, but has no effect on the inflammation process as measured by erythema.

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  • 48.
    Ljunggren, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin.
    Bengtsson, Torbjorn
    Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Helen
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Arbets- och miljömedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Starkhammar Johansson, Carin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Folktandvården, Centrum för Oral Rehabilitering Linköping.
    Palm, Eleonor
    Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Nayeri, Fariba
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi, infektion och inflammation. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Infektionskliniken i Östergötland.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Davies, Julia
    Malmo Univ, Sweden.
    Svensater, Gunnel
    Malmo Univ, Sweden.
    Lönn, Johanna
    Orebro Univ, Sweden; Malmo Univ, Sweden; PEAS Research Institute, Sweden.
    Modified lipoproteins in periodontitis: a link to cardiovascular disease?2019Ingår i: Bioscience Reports, ISSN 0144-8463, E-ISSN 1573-4935, Vol. 39, nr 3, artikel-id BSR20181665Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a strong association between periodontal disease and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disorders. A key event in the development of atherosclerosis is accumulation of modified lipoproteins within the arterial wall. We hypothesise that patients with periodontitis have an altered lipoprotein profile towards an atherogenic form. Therefore, the present study aims at identifying modifications of plasma lipoproteins in periodontitis. Lipoproteins from ten female patients with periodontitis and gender- and age-matched healthy controls were isolated by density-gradient ultracentrifugation. Proteins were separated by 2D gel-electrophoresis and identified by map-matching or by nano-LC followed by MS. Apolipoprotein (Apo) A-I (ApoA-I) methionine oxidation, Oxyblot, total antioxidant capacity and a multiplex of 71 inflammation-related plasma proteins were assessed. Reduced levels of apoJ, phospholipid transfer protein, apoF, complement C3, paraoxonase 3 and increased levels of alpha-1-antichymotrypsin, apoA-II, apoC-III were found in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) from the patients. In low-density lipoprotein (LDL)/very LDL (VLDL), the levels of apoL-1 and platelet-activating factor acetylhydrolase (PAF-AH) as well as apo-B fragments were increased. Methionine oxidation of apoA-I was increased in HDL and showed a relationship with periodontal parameters. alpha-1 antitrypsin and alpha-2-HS glycoprotein were oxidised in LDL/VLDL and antioxidant capacity was increased in the patient group. A total of 17 inflammation-related proteins were important for group separation with the highest discriminating proteins identified as IL-21, Fractalkine, IL-17F, IL-7, IL-1RA and IL-2. Patients with periodontitis have an altered plasma lipoprotein profile, defined by altered protein levels as well as post-translational and other structural modifications towards an atherogenic form, which supports a role of modified plasma lipoproteins as central in the link between periodontal and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

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  • 49.
    Peolsson, Anneli
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för fysioterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Karlsson, Anette
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Ghafouri, Bijar
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Ebbers, Tino
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för kardiovaskulär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Fysiologiska kliniken US. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Engström, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för radiologiska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Jönsson, Margaretha
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för fysioterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Herrgardets Vardcentral, Sweden.
    Wåhlén, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för samhällsmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Smärt och rehabiliteringscentrum.
    Romu, Thobias
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Borga, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk teknik, Avdelningen för medicinsk teknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Centrum för medicinsk bildvetenskap och visualisering, CMIV.
    Kristjansson, Eythor
    Univ Iceland, Iceland.
    Bahat, Hilla Sarig
    Univ Haifa, Israel.
    German, Dmitry
    Univ Haifa, Israel.
    Zsigmond, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för neuro- och inflammationsvetenskap. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Sinnescentrum, Neurokirurgiska kliniken US.
    Peterson, Gunnel
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för fysioterapi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Pathophysiology behind prolonged whiplash associated disorders: study protocol for an experimental study2019Ingår i: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 20, artikel-id 51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundThere is insufficient knowledge of pathophysiological parameters to understand the mechanism behind prolonged whiplash associated disorders (WAD), and it is not known whether or not changes can be restored by rehabilitation. The aims of the projects are to investigate imaging and molecular biomarkers, cervical kinaesthesia, postural sway and the association with pain, disability and other outcomes in individuals with longstanding WAD, before and after a neck-specific exercise intervention. Another aim is to compare individuals with WAD with healthy controls.MethodsParticipants are a sub-group (n=30) of individuals recruited from an ongoing randomized controlled study (RCT). Measurements in this experimental prospective study will be carried out at baseline (before intervention) and at a three month follow-up (end of physiotherapy intervention), and will include muscle structure and inflammation using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), brain structure and function related to pain using functional MRI (fMRI), muscle function using ultrasonography, biomarkers using samples of blood and saliva, cervical kinaesthesia using the butterfly test and static balance test using an iPhone app. Association with other measures (self-reported and clinical measures) obtained in the RCT (e.g. background data, pain, disability, satisfaction with care, work ability, quality of life) may be investigated. Healthy volunteers matched for age and gender will be recruited as controls (n=30).DiscussionThe study results may contribute to the development of improved diagnostics and improved rehabilitation methods for WAD.Trial registrationClinicaltrial.gov Protocol ID: NCT03664934, initial release 09/11/2018.