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  • 1.
    Ballante, Flavio
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Turkina, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Ntzouni, Maria
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Core Facility.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Modified N-acyl-L-homoserine lactone compounds abrogate Las-dependent quorum-sensing response in human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa2023Ingår i: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences, E-ISSN 2296-889X, Vol. 10, artikel-id 1264773Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quorum sensing (QS) is a mode of cell-cell communication that bacteria use to sense population density and orchestrate collective behaviors. The common opportunistic human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa employs QS to regulate a large set of genes involved in virulence and host-pathogen interactions. The Las circuit positioned on the top of the QS hierarchy in P. aeruginosa makes use of N-acyl-L-homoserine lactones (AHLs) as signal molecules, like N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (3O-C12-HSL). Disabling QS circuits by certain small-molecule compounds, known as quorum-sensing inhibitors (QSIs), has been proposed as a strategy to attenuate bacterial pathogenicity. In this study, four new AHL analogs were designed by incorporating a tert-butoxycarbonyl Boc group in amide and beta-keto (3-oxo) moiety. Compounds were evaluated on a molecular and phenotypic basis as a QSI using the screening strategy linked to the assignment of the Las QS system in P. aeruginosa. Using a LasR-based bioreporter, we found that the compounds decreased LasR-controlled light activity and competed efficiently with natural 3O-C12-HSL. The compounds reduced the production of the cognate 3O-C12-HSL and certain virulence traits, like total protease activity, elastase activity, pyocyanin production, and extracellular DNA release. Furthermore, a quantitative proteomic approach was used to study the effect of the compounds on QS-regulated extracellular proteins. Among the four compounds tested, one of them showed the most significant difference in the appearance of the 3O-C12-HSL-responsive reference proteins related to QS communication and virulence, i.e., a distinct activity as a QSI. Moreover, by combining experimental data with computational chemistry, we addressed the effect of LasR protein flexibility on docking precision and assessed the advantage of using a multi-conformational docking procedure for binding mode prediction of LasR modulators. Thus, the four new AHL compounds were tested for their interaction with the AHL-binding site in LasR to identify the key interferences with the activity of LasR. Our study provides further insight into molecular features that are required for small-molecule modulation of LasR-dependent QS communication in P. aeruginosa. This should facilitate rational design of the next generation of antivirulence tools to study and manipulate QS-controlled fitness in bacteria and, thereby, handle bacterial infections in a new way.

  • 2.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Tjellström, Bo
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Midtvedt, Tore
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Norin, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Letter: risk of coeliac disease-do microbial-derived factors promote and protect?2021Ingår i: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 53, nr 12, s. 1326-1327Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 3.
    Hagbom, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hellysaz, Arash
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Istrate, Claudia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Univ Lisbon, Portugal.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sharma, Sumit
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Meira de Faria, Felipe
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    The 5-HT3 Receptor Affects Rotavirus-Induced Motility2021Ingår i: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 95, nr 15, artikel-id e00751-21Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotavirus infection is highly prevalent in children, and the most severe effects are diarrhea and vomiting. It is well accepted that the enteric nervous system (ENS) is acti-vated and plays an important role, but knowledge of how rotavirus activates nerves within ENS and to the vomiting center is lacking. Serotonin is released during rotavirus infection, and antagonists to the serotonin receptor subtype 3 (5-HT3 receptor) can attenuate rotavi-rus-induced diarrhea. In this study, we used a 5-HT3 receptor knockout (KO) mouse model to investigate the role of this receptor in rotavirus-induced diarrhea, motility, electrolyte secretion, inflammatory response, and vomiting reflex. The number of diarrhea days (P= 0.03) and the number of mice with diarrhea were lower in infected 5-HT3 receptor KO than wild-type pups. In vivo investigation of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran transit time showed that intestinal motility was lower in the infected 5-HT3 receptor KO compared to wild-type mice (P= 0.0023). Ex vivo Ussing chamber measurements of poten-tial difference across the intestinal epithelia showed no significant difference in electrolyte secretion between the two groups. Immediate early gene cFos expression level showed no difference in activation of the vomiting center in the brain. Cytokine analysis of the intestine indicated a low effect of inflammatory response in rotavirus-infected mice lack -ing the 5-HT3 receptor. Our findings indicate that the 5-HT3 receptor is involved in rotavi-rus-induced diarrhea via its effect on intestinal motility and that the vagus nerve signaling to the vomiting center occurs also in the absence of the 5-HT3 receptor. IMPORTANCE The mechanisms underlying rotavirus-induced diarrhea and vomiting are not yet fully understood. To better understand rotavirus pathophysiology, characterization of nerve signaling within the ENS and through vagal efferent nerves to the brain, which have been shown to be of great importance to the disease, is necessary. Serotonin (5-HT), a mediator of both diarrhea and vomiting, has been shown to be released from entero-chromaffin cells in response to rotavirus infection and the rotavirus enterotoxin NSP4. Here, we investigated the role of the serotonin receptor 5-HT3, which is known to be involved in the nerve signals that regulate gut motility, intestinal secretion, and signal transduction through the vagus nerve to the brain. We show that the 5-HT3 receptor is involved in rotavirus-induced diarrhea by promoting intestinal motility. The findings shed light on new treatment possibilities for rotavirus diarrhea.

  • 4.
    Kure, Jakob L.
    et al.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Andersen, Camilla B.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Lagerholm, B. Christoffer
    Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark; Univ Oxford, England.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Arnspang, Eva C.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark; Univ Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Using kICS to Reveal Changed Membrane Diffusion of AQP-9 Treated with Drugs2021Ingår i: Membranes, ISSN 2077-0375, E-ISSN 2077-0375, Vol. 11, nr 8, artikel-id 568Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The formation of nanodomains in the plasma membrane are thought to be part of membrane proteins regulation and signaling. Plasma membrane proteins are often investigated by analyzing the lateral mobility. k-space ICS (kICS) is a powerful image correlation spectroscopy (ICS) technique and a valuable supplement to fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). Here, we study the diffusion of aquaporin-9 (AQP9) in the plasma membrane, and the effect of different membrane and cytoskeleton affecting drugs, and therefore nanodomain perturbing, using kICS. We measured the diffusion coefficient of AQP9 after addition of these drugs using live cell Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence imaging on HEK-293 cells. The actin polymerization inhibitors Cytochalasin D and Latrunculin A do not affect the diffusion coefficient of AQP9. Methyl-beta-Cyclodextrin decreases GFP-AQP9 diffusion coefficient in the plasma membrane. Human epidermal growth factor led to an increase in the diffusion coefficient of AQP9. These findings led to the conclusion that kICS can be used to measure diffusion AQP9, and suggests that the AQP9 is not part of nanodomains.

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  • 5.
    Hagbom, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Meira de Faria, Felipe
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Tinnerfelt Winberg, Martin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Westerberg, Sonja
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sharma, Sumit
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Keita, Åsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för kirurgi, ortopedi och onkologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för inflammation och infektion. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för biomedicinska och kliniska vetenskaper, Avdelningen för molekylär medicin och virologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Neurotrophic Factors Protect the Intestinal Barrier from Rotavirus Insult in Mice2020Ingår i: mBio, ISSN 2161-2129, E-ISSN 2150-7511, Vol. 11, nr 1, artikel-id e02834-19Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased intestinal permeability has been proposed as a mechanism of rotavirus-induced diarrhea. Studies with humans and mice have, however, shown that rotavirus leaves intestinal permeability unaffected or even reduced during diarrhea, in contrast to most bacterial infections. Gastrointestinal permeability is regulated by the vagus nerve and the enteric nervous system, which is composed of neurons and enteric glial cells (EGCs). We investigated whether the vagus nerve, serotonin (5-HT), EGCs, and neurotropic factors contribute to maintaining gut barrier homeostasis during rotavirus infection. Using subdiaphragmatic vagotomized and 5-HT3 receptor knockout mice, we found that the unaffected epithelial barrier during rotavirus infection is independent of the vagus nerve but dependent on 5-HT signaling through enteric intrinsic 5-HT3 receptors. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that rotavirus-infected enterocytes were in close contact with EGCs and enteric neurons and that the glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) was strongly upregulated in enterocytes of infected mice. Moreover, rotavirus and 5-HT activated EGCs (P < 0.001). Using Ussing chambers, we found that GDNF and S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) led to denser epithelial barriers in small intestinal resections from noninfected mice (P < 0.01) and humans (P < 0.001) and that permeability was unaffected in rotavirus-infected mice. GSNO made the epithelial barrier denser in Caco-2 cells by increasing the expression of the tight junction protein zona occludens 1 (P < 0.001), resulting in reduced passage of fluorescein isothiocyanate dextran (P < 0.05) in rotavirus-infected monolayers. This is the first report to show that neurotropic factors contribute to maintaining the gut epithelial barrier during viral insult. IMPORTANCE Human and mouse studies have shown that rotavirus infection is associated with low inflammation and unaffected intestinal barrier at the time of diarrhea, properties different from most bacterial and inflammatory diseases of the gut. We showed by in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo experiments that neurotrophic factors and 5-HT have barrier protective properties during rotavirus insult. These observations advance our understanding of how the gut barrier is protected against rotavirus and suggest that rotavirus affects the gut barrier differently from bacteria. This is the first report to show that neurotrophic factors contribute to maintain the gut epithelial barrier during viral insult.

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  • 6.
    Aksenova, Vasilisa
    et al.
    Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhoretsky av., 4, St. Petersburg, Russia; Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Saint-Petersburg Technological Institute, 26 Moskovsky Prospect, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Turoverova, Lidia
    Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhoretsky av., 4, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Khotin, Mikhail
    Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhoretsky av., 4, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Tulchinsky, Eugene
    Department of Cancer Studies and Molecular Medicine, University of Leicester, RKCSB, LRI, Leicester, UK.
    Melino, Gerry
    Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Saint-Petersburg Technological Institute, 26 Moskovsky Prospect, St. Petersburg, Russia; MRC Toxicology Unit, Leicester, UK.
    Pinaev, George P
    Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhoretsky av., 4, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Barlev, Nickolai
    Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhoretsky av., 4, St. Petersburg, Russia; Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Saint-Petersburg Technological Institute, 26 Moskovsky Prospect, St. Petersburg, Russia; Department of Biochemistry, University of Leicester, Lancaster Road, Leicester, UK.
    Tentler, Dmitri
    Institute of Cytology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tikhoretsky av., 4, St. Petersburg, Russia; Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Saint-Petersburg Technological Institute, 26 Moskovsky Prospect, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Correction: Actin-binding protein alpha-actinin 4 (ACTN4) is a transcriptional co-activator of RelA/p65 sub-unit of NF-kB (vol 4, pg 362, 2013)2018Ingår i: Oncotarget, E-ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 9, nr 76, s. 34450-34450Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.901.].

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  • 7.
    Westerberg, Sonja
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hagbom, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Rajan, Anandi
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Persson, B. David
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Allard, Annika
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sharma, Sumit
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Arnberg, Niklas
    Umea Univ, Sweden.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Interaction of Human Enterochromaffin Cells with Human Enteric Adenovirus 41 Leads to Serotonin Release and Subsequent Activation of Enteric Glia Cells2018Ingår i: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 92, nr 7, artikel-id e00026-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human adenovirus 41 (HAdV-41) causes acute gastroenteritis in young children. The main characteristics of HAdV-41 infection are diarrhea and vomiting. Nevertheless, the precise mechanism of HAdV-41-induced diarrhea is unknown, as a suitable small-animal model has not been described. In this study, we used the human midgut carcinoid cell line GOT1 to investigate the effect of HAdV-41 infection and the individual HAdV-41 capsid proteins on serotonin release by enterochromaffin cells and on enteric glia cell (EGC) activation. We first determined that HAdV-41 could infect the enterochromaffin cells. Immunofluorescence staining revealed that the cells expressed HAdV-41-specific coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR); flow cytometry analysis supported these findings. HAdV-41 infection of the enterochromaffin cells induced serotonin secretion dose dependently. In contrast, control infection with HAdV-5 did not induce serotonin secretion in the cells. Confocal microscopy studies of enterochromaffin cells infected with HAdV-41 revealed decreased serotonin immunofluorescence compared to that in uninfected cells. Incubation of the enterochromaffin cells with purified HAdV-41 short fiber knob and hexon proteins increased the serotonin levels in the harvested cell supernatant significantly. HAdV-41 infection could also activate EGCs, as shown in the significantly altered expression of glia fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in EGCs incubated with HAdV-41. The EGCs were also activated by serotonin alone, as shown in the significantly increased GFAP staining intensity. Likewise, EGCs were activated by the cell supernatant of HAdV-41-infected enterochromaffin cells. IMPORTANCE The nonenveloped human adenovirus 41 causes diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, and low-grade fever mainly in children under 2 years of age. Even though acute gastroenteritis is well described, how human adenovirus 41 causes diarrhea is unknown. In our study, we analyzed the effect of human adenovirus 41 infection on human enterochromaffin cells and found it stimulates serotonin secretion in the cells, which is involved in regulation of intestinal secretion and gut motility and can also activate enteric glia cells, which are found in close proximity to enterochromaffin cells in vivo. This disruption of gut barrier homeostasis as maintained by these cells following human adenovirus 41 infection might be a mechanism in enteric adenovirus pathogenesis in humans and could indicate a possible serotonin-dependent cross talk between human adenovirus 41, enterochromaffin cells, and enteric glia cells.

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  • 8.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Tjellström, Bo
    Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Forslund, Tony
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för barns och kvinnors hälsa. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Oral immunoglobulin treatment improved intestinal permeability in children with active Crohns disease2017Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 106, nr 4, s. 647-653Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Crohns disease (CD) is a chronic mucosal inflammation that affects the intestinal barrier function, for example, by altering the intestinal permeability. This pilot clinical study investigated the impact of oral human immunoglobulin (OHIG) treatment on permeability characteristics in children with active luminal Crohns disease. Methods: The study was performed at the Department of Paediatrics, Norrkoping Hospital, Sweden. Intestinal permeability was studied in three boys aged 13, 15 and 18 years with active CD, before and after a six-week treatment programme with OHIG, using different-sized polyethylene glycols as the test molecules. Three age-and sex-matched children with active CD treated with exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) were also studied. Results: OHIG and EEN resulted in virtually similar reductions in the signs and symptoms of mucosal inflammation. However, OHIG, unlike EEN, appeared to normalise mucosal transfer leading to a normalisation of the maximum permeation of the small PEG molecules, as well as less restrictions of the larger PEG molecules. Conclusion: Our study found that OHIG appeared to normalise the mucosal barrier. This suggests that it could offer a new additional and versatile treatment for paediatric CD patients, with a minimal risk of adverse effects.

  • 9.
    Molinas, Andrea
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Turkina, Maria V
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelning för neurobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Mirazimi, Ali
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Perturbation of Wound Healing, Cytoskeletal Organization and Cellular Protein Networks during Hazara Virus Infection2017Ingår i: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, E-ISSN 2296-634X, Vol. 5, artikel-id 98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Normal epithelial and endothelial renewal and healing after bacterial and viral challenges are essential for homeostasis along the intestine and the blood and lymphatic vessels. We thus investigated whether and how virus affects migration of human epithelial cells and specifically how the nucleocapsid protein (N) modulates the cellular proteome and interactome using human Caco-2 cells in a wound-healing assay with Hazara virus as a model. Here, Hazara virus blocked cell migration in a dose- and time-dependent manner, disrupted the actin cytoskeleton and specifically reduced the expression of the IQ-motif-containing GTPase-activating protein 1 (IQGAP1) and water channel aquaporin 6 (AQP6) that regulate cytoskeletal organization, water homeostasis and vesicle communication. Moreover, in the Caco-2 cell proteome, we identified several distinct groups of molecules associating with N upon Hazara virus infection, being involved in the ensemble of important cellular processes, e.g., chaperone activity, metabolism, cellular defense against infections, cell morphology, and migration. These events do not only facilitate the virus life cycle, but they are also crucial for membrane and cytoskeleton dynamics, cellular self-renewal and wound healing, being so essential for body integrity and homeostasis.

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  • 10.
    Tjellstrom, Bo
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. County Council Ostergotland, Sweden.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. County Council Ostergotland, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Midtvedt, Tore
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Norin, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Letter: A Role for Bacteria in Celiac Disease? in DIGESTIVE DISEASES AND SCIENCES, vol 61, issue 7, pp 2140-21402016Ingår i: Digestive Diseases and Sciences, ISSN 0163-2116, E-ISSN 1573-2568, Vol. 61, nr 7, s. 2140-2140Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 11.
    Molinas, Andrea
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Mirazimi, Ali
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Holm, Angelika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Loitto, Vesa M.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Protective role of host aquaporin 6 against Hazara virus, a model for Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever virus infection2016Ingår i: FEMS Microbiology Letters, ISSN 0378-1097, E-ISSN 1574-6968, Vol. 363, nr 8, artikel-id fnw058Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Crimean–Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is an arthropod-borne pathogen that causes infectious disease with severe hemorrhagic manifestations in vascular system in humans. The proper function of the cells in the vascular system is critically regulated by aquaporins (AQP), water channels that facilitate fluxes of water and small solutes across membranes. With Hazara virus as a model for CCHFV, we investigated the effects of viruses on AQP6 and the impact of AQP6 on virus infectivity in host cells, using transiently expressed GFP-AQP6 cells, immunofluorescent assay for virus detection, epifluorescent imaging of living cells and confocal microscopy. In GFP-AQP6 expressing cells, Hazara virus reduced both the cellular and perinuclear AQP6 distribution and changed the cell area. Infection of human cell with CCHFV strain IbAR 10200 downregulated AQP6 expression at mRNA level. Interestingly, the overexpression of AQP6 in host cells decreased the infectivity of Hazara virus, speaking for a protective role of AQP6. We suggest the possibility for AQP6 being a novel player in the virus–host interactions, which may lead to less severe outcomes of an infection.

  • 12.
    Holm, Angelika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Pseudomonas aeruginosa N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-homoserine Lactone Elicits Changes in Cell Volume, Morphology, and AQP9 Characteristics in Macrophages2016Ingår i: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, E-ISSN 2235-2988, ISSN 2235-2988, Vol. 6, nr 32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quorum sensing (QS) communication allows Pseudomonas aeruginosa to collectively control its population density and the production of biofilms and virulence factors. QS signal molecules, like N-3-oxo-dodecanoyl-L-homoserine lactone (30-C-12-HSL), can also affect the behavior of host cells, e.g., by modulating the chemotaxis, migration, and phagocytosis of human leukocytes. Moreover, host water homeostasis and water channels aquaporins (AQP) are critical for cell morphology and functions as AQP interact indirectly with the cell cytoskeleton and signaling cascades. Here, we investigated how P aeruginosa 30-C-12-HSL affects cell morphology, area, volume and AQP9 expression and distribution in human primary macrophages, using quantitative PCR, immunoblotting, two- and three-dimensional live imaging, confocal and nanoscale imaging. Thus, 30-C-12-HSL enhanced cell volume and area and induced cell shape and protrusion fluctuations in macrophages, processes tentatively driven by fluxes of water across cell membrane through AQP9, the predominant AQP in macrophages. Moreover, 30-C-12-HSL upregulated the expression of AQP9 at both the protein and mRNA levels. This was accompanied with enhanced whole cell AQP9 fluorescent intensity and redistribution of AQP9 to the leading and trailing regions, in parallel with increased cell area in the macrophages. Finally, nanoscopy imaging provided details on AQP9 dynamics and architecture within the lamellipodial area of 30-C-12-HSL-stimulated cells. We suggest that these novel events in the interaction between P aeruginosa and macrophage may have an impact on the effectiveness of innate immune cells to fight bacteria, and thereby resolve the early stages of infections and inflammations.

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  • 13.
    Bialowas, Sonja
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Hagbom, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Nordgren, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Sharma, Sumit
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Rotavirus and Serotonin Cross-Talk in Diarrhoea2016Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, nr 7, s. e0159660-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rotavirus (RV) has been shown to infect and stimulate secretion of serotonin from human enterochromaffin (EC) cells and to infect EC cells in the small intestine of mice. It remains to identify which intracellularly expressed viral protein(s) is responsible for this novel property and to further establish the clinical role of serotonin in RV infection. First, we found that siRNA specifically silencing NSP4 (siRNA(NSP4)) significantly attenuated secretion of serotonin from Rhesus rotavirus (RRV) infected EC tumor cells compared to siRNA(VP4), siRNA(VP6) and siRNA(VP7). Second, intracellular calcium mobilization and diarrhoeal capacity from virulent and avirulent porcine viruses correlated with the capacity to release serotonin from EC tumor cells. Third, following administration of serotonin, all (10/10) infants, but no (0/8) adult mice, responded with diarrhoea. Finally, blocking of serotonin receptors using Ondansetron significantly attenuated murine RV (strain EDIM) diarrhoea in infant mice (2.9 vs 4.5 days). Ondansetron-treated mice (n = 11) had significantly (p amp;lt; 0.05) less diarrhoea, lower diarrhoea severity score and lower total diarrhoea output as compared to mock-treated mice (n = 9). Similarly, Ondansetron-treated mice had better weight gain than mock-treated animals (p amp;lt; 0.05). A most surprising finding was that the serotonin receptor antagonist significantly (p amp;lt; 0.05) also attenuated total viral shedding. In summary, we show that intracellularly expressed NSP4 stimulates release of serotonin from human EC tumor cells and that serotonin participates in RV diarrhoea, which can be attenuated by Ondansetron.

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  • 14.
    Vicente Carrillo, Alejandro
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Edebert, I.
    Karlbergsvägen 83 B, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Garside, H.
    AstraZeneca Research and Dev, England.
    Cotgreave, I.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Rigler, R.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Rodriguez-Martinez, Heriberto
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Boar spermatozoa successfully predict mitochondrial modes of toxicity: Implications for drug toxicity testing and the 3R principles2015Ingår i: Toxicology in Vitro, ISSN 0887-2333, E-ISSN 1879-3177, Vol. 29, nr 3, s. 582-591Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Replacement of animal testing by in vitro methods (3-R principles) requires validation of suitable cell models, preferably obtained non-invasively, defying traditional use of explants. Ejaculated spermatozoa are highly dependent on mitochondrial production and consumption of ATP for their metabolism, including motility display, thus becoming a suitable model for capturing multiple modes of action of drugs and other chemicals acting via mitochondrial disturbance. In this study, a hypothesis was tested that the boar spermatozoon is a suitable cell type for toxicity assessment, providing a protocol for 3R-replacement of animals for research and drug-testing. Boar sperm kinetics was challenged with a wide variety of known frank mito-toxic chemicals with previously shown mitochondrial effects, using a semi-automated motility analyser allied with real-time fluorescent probing of mitochondrial potential (MitoTracker and JC-1). Output of this sperm assay (obtained after 30 min) was compared to cell viability (ATP-content, data obtained after 24-48 h) of a hepatome-cell line (HepG2). Results of compound effects significantly correlated (P less than 0.01) for all sperm variables and for most variables in (HepG2). Dose-dependent decreases of relative ATP content in HepG2 cells correlated to sperm speed (r= 0.559) and proportions of motile (r = 0.55) or progressively motile (r = 0.53) spermatozoa. The significance of the study relies on the objectivity of computerized testing of sperm motility inhibition which is comparable albeit of faster output than somatic cell culture models. Sperm suspensions, easily and painlessly obtained from breeding boars, are confirmed as suitable biosensors for preclinical toxicology screening and ranking of lead compounds in the drug development processes.

  • 15.
    Bolshakova, Anastayia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Russian Academic Science, Russia; St Petersburg State Polytech University, Russia.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Pinaev, George
    Russian Academic Science, Russia.
    Petukhova, Olga
    Russian Academic Science, Russia.
    EGF-induced dynamics of NF-kappa B and F-actin in A431 cells spread on fibronectin2015Ingår i: Histochemistry and Cell Biology, ISSN 0948-6143, E-ISSN 1432-119X, Vol. 144, nr 3, s. 223-235Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To evaluate the role of actin cytoskeleton in the regulation of NF-kappa B transcription factor, we analyzed its involvement in the intracellular transport and nuclear translocation of the NF-kappa B RelA/p65 subunit in A431 epithelial cells stimulated with fibronectin and EGF. Live cell imaging and confocal microscopy showed that EGF activated the movement of RelA/p65 in the cytoplasm. Upon cell adhesion to fibronectin, RelA/p65 concentrated onto stress fibers, and EGF stimulated its subsequent allocation to membrane ruffles, newly organized stress fibers, and discrete cytoplasmic actin-rich patches. These patches also contained alpha-actinin-1 and alpha-actinin-4, vinculin, paxillin, alpha-tubulin, and PI3-kinase. Cytochalasin D treatment resulted in RelA/p65 redistribution to actin-containing aggregates, with the number of cells with RelA/p65-containing clusters in the cytoplasm increasing under the effect of EGF. Furthermore, EGF proved to induce RelA/p65 accumulation in the nucleus after cell pretreatment with actin-stabilizing and actin-destabilizing agents, which was accompanied by changes in its DNA-binding activity after either EGF stimulation or cytochalasin D treatment. Thus, EGF treatment of A431 cells results in simultaneous nuclear RelA/p65 translocation and cytoplasmic redistribution, with part of RelA/p65 pool forming a very tight association with actin-rich structures. Apparently, nuclear transport is independent on drug stabilization or destabilization of the actin.

  • 16.
    Turkina, Maria V
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Olofsson, Annelie
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Arnqvist, Anna
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Helicobacter pylori vesicles carrying CagA localize in the vicinity of cell-cell contacts and induce histone H1 binding to ATP in epithelial cells2015Ingår i: FEMS Microbiology Letters, ISSN 0378-1097, E-ISSN 1574-6968, Vol. 362, nr 11, s. fnv076-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Helicobacter pylori produces outer membrane vesicles (OMV), delivering bacterial substances including the oncogenic cytotoxin-associated CagA protein to their surroundings. We investigated the effects of H. pylori OMV carrying CagA (OMV-CagA) on cell junctions and ATP-binding proteome of epithelial monolayers, using proteomics, mass spectrometry and imaging. OMV-CagA localized in close vicinity of ZO-1 tight junction protein and induced histone H1 binding to ATP. We suggest the expression of novel events in the interactions between H. pylori OMV and epithelia, which may have an influence on host gene transcription and lead to different outcomes of an infection and development of cancer.

  • 17.
    Tjellström, Bo
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Midtvedt, Tore
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Norin, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Letter: Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Does Not Normalize Gut Microflora Function in Pediatric Perianal Crohn Disease in JOURNAL OF PEDIATRIC GASTROENTEROLOGY AND NUTRITION, vol 61, issue 1, pp E4-E42015Ingår i: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - JPGN, ISSN 0277-2116, E-ISSN 1536-4801, Vol. 61, nr 1, s. E4-E4Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 18.
    Navakauskiene, Ruta
    et al.
    Vilnius University, Lithuania Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Borutinskaite, Veronika V.
    Vilnius University, Lithuania .
    Treigyte, Grazina
    Vilnius University, Lithuania .
    Savickiene, Jurate
    Vilnius University, Lithuania .
    Matuzevicius, Dalius
    Vilnius University, Lithuania Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Navakauskas, Dalius
    Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Epigenetic changes during hematopoietic cell granulocytic differentiation - comparative analysis of primary CD34+cells, KG1 myeloid cells and mature neutrophils2014Ingår i: BMC Cell Biology, E-ISSN 1471-2121, Vol. 15, nr 4Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Epigenetic regulation is known to affect gene expression, and recent research shows that aberrant DNA methylation patterning and histone modifications may play a role in leukemogenesis. In order to highlight the co-operation of epigenetic mechanisms acting during the latter process it is important to clarify their potential as biomarkers of granulocytic differentiation. Results: In this study we investigated epigenetic alterations in human hematopoietic cells at a distinct differentiation stages: primary hematopoietic CD34+ cells, KG1 myeloid leukemic cells, whose development is stopped at early stage of differentiation, and mature neutrophils. We focused on the epigenetic status of cell cycle regulating (p15, p16) and differentiation related (E-cadherin and RAR beta) genes. We found that the methylation level in promoter regions of some of these genes was considerably higher in KG1 cells and lower in CD34+ cells and human neutrophils. As examined and evaluated by computer-assisted methods, histone H3 and H4 modifications, i.e. H3K4Me3, H3K9Ac, H3K9Ac/S10Ph and H4 hyperAc, were similar in CD34+ cells and human mature neutrophils. By contrast, in the KG1 cells, histone H3 and H4 modifications were quite high and increased after induction of granulocytic differentiation with the HDAC inhibitor phenyl butyrate. Conclusions: We found the methylation status of the examined gene promoters and histone modifications to be characteristically associated with the hematopoietic cell progenitor state, induced to differentiate myeloid KG1 cells and normal blood neutrophils. This could be achieved through epigenetic regulation of E-cadherin, p15, p16 and RAR beta genes expression caused by DNA methylation/demethylation, core and linker histones distribution in stem hematopoietic cells, induced to differentiation KG1 cells and mature human neutrophils, as well as the histone modifications H3K4Me3, H3K9Ac, H3K9Ac/S10Ph and H4 hyperAc in relation to hematopoietic cell differentiation to granulocyte. These findings also suggest them as potentially important biomarkers of hematopoietic cell granulocytic differentiation and could be valuable for leukemia induced differentiation therapy.

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  • 19.
    Sjöberg, Veronika
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hollén, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pietz, Grzegorz
    ology, Immunology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Fälth-Magnusson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Sundström, Mia
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Holmgren Peterson, Kajsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Sandström, Olof
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hernell, Olle
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Hammarström, Sten
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Hammarström, Marie-Louise
    Department of Clinical Microbiology, Immunology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Noncontaminated dietary oats may hamper normalization of the intestinal immune status in childhood celiac disease.2014Ingår i: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology, E-ISSN 2155-384X, Vol. 5, nr e58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Life-long, strict gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only treatment for celiac disease (CD). Because there is still uncertainty regarding the safety of oats for CD patients, the aim was to investigate whether dietary oats influence the immune status of their intestinal mucosa.

    METHODS: Paired small intestinal biopsies, before and after >11 months on a GFD, were collected from children with CD who were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind intervention trial to either of two diets: standard GFD (GFD-std; n=13) and noncontaminated oat-containing GFD (GFD-oats; n=15). Expression levels of mRNAs for 22 different immune effector molecules and tight junction proteins were determined by quantitative reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR.

    RESULTS: The number of mRNAs that remained elevated was higher in the GFD-oats group (P=0.05). In particular, mRNAs for the regulatory T cell (Treg) signature molecules interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), the cytotoxicity-activating natural killer (NK) receptors KLRC2/NKG2C and KLRC3/NKG2E, and the tight junction protein claudin-4 remained elevated. Between the two groups, most significant differences were seen for claudin-4 (P=0.003) and KLRC3/NKG2E (P=0.04).

    CONCLUSIONS: A substantial fraction of pediatric CD patients seem to not tolerate oats. In these patients, dietary oats influence the immune status of the intestinal mucosa with an mRNA profile suggesting presence of activated cytotoxic lymphocytes and Tregs and a stressed epithelium with affected tight junctions. Assessment of changes in levels of mRNA for claudin-4 and KLC3/NKG2E from onset to after a year on oats containing GFD shows promise to identify these CD patients.

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  • 20.
    Istrate, Claudia
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Hagbom, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Rotavirus Infection Increases Intestinal Motility but Not Permeability at the Onset of Diarrhea2014Ingår i: Journal of Virology, ISSN 0022-538X, E-ISSN 1098-5514, Vol. 88, nr 6, s. 3161-3169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The disease mechanisms associated with onset and secondary effects of rotavirus (RV) diarrhea remain to be determined and may not be identical. In this study, we investigated whether onset of RV diarrhea is associated with increased intestinal permeability and/or motility. To study the transit time, fluorescent fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran was given to RV-infected adult and infant mice. Intestinal motility was also studied with an opioid receptor agonist (loperamide) and a muscarinic receptor antagonist (atropine). To investigate whether RV increases permeability at the onset of diarrhea, fluorescent 4- and 10-kDa dextran doses were given to infected and noninfected mice, and fluorescence intensity was measured subsequently in serum. RV increased transit time in infant mice. Increased motility was detected at 24 h postinfection (h p.i.) and persisted up to 72 h p.i in pups. Both loperamide and atropine decreased intestinal motility and attenuated diarrhea. Analysis of passage of fluorescent dextran from the intestine into serum indicated unaffected intestinal permeability at the onset of diarrhea (24 to 48 h p.i.). We show that RV-induced diarrhea is associated with increased intestinal motility via an activation of the myenteric nerve plexus, which in turn stimulates muscarinic receptors on intestinal smooth muscles.

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  • 21.
    Tjellstrom, B.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden Norrkoping Hospital, Sweden .
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Fälth-Magnusson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Hollén, Elisabet
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Norin, E.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Midtvedt, T.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för kliniska vetenskaper. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    The effects of oats on the function of gut microflora in children with coeliac disease2014Ingår i: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 39, nr 10, s. 1156-1160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Faecal short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced by the gut microflora. We have previously reported high faecal SCFA levels in children with coeliac disease (CD), indicating alteration in gut microfloral metabolism. Data accumulated over recent decades by us and others suggest that wheat-free oats can safely be included in a gluten-free diet (GFD). However, concerns have been raised with respect to the safety of oats in a subset of coeliacs. Aim To describe faecal SCFA patterns in children with newly diagnosed CD treated for 1year with a GFD with or without oats. Methods This report is part of a randomised, double-blind study on the effect of a GFD containing oats (GFD-oats) vs. a standard GFD (GFD-std). Faecal samples were received from 34 children in the GFD-oats group and 37 in the GFD-std group at initial diagnosis and/or after 1year on a GFD. Faecal SCFAs were analysed. Results The GFD-std group had a significantly lower total faecal SCFA concentration at 12months compared with 0months (Pless than0.05). In contrast, total SCFA in the GFD-oats group remained high after 1year on the GFD. The children in the GFD-oats group had significantly higher acetic acid (Pless than0.05), n-butyric acid (Pless than0.05) and total SCFA concentration (Pless than0.01) after 1-year diet treatment compared to the GFD-std group. Conclusions Our results indicate that oats do affect the gut microflora function, and that some coeliac children receiving oats may develop gut mucosal inflammation, that may present a risk for future complications.

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  • 22.
    Jarmalaviciute, Akvile
    et al.
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    Tunaitis, Virginijus
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    Strainiene, Egle
    Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Aldonyte, Ruta
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    Ramanavicius, Arunas
    Vilnius State University, Lithuania .
    Venalis, Algirdas
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Avdelningen för mikrobiologi och molekylär medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pivoriunas, Augustas
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    A New Experimental Model for Neuronal and Glial Differentiation Using Stem Cells Derived from Human Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth2013Ingår i: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, ISSN 0895-8696, E-ISSN 1559-1166, Vol. 51, nr 2, s. 307-317Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Stem cells isolated from human adult tissues represent a promising source for neural differentiation studies in vitro. We have isolated and characterized stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs). These originate from the neural crest and therefore particularly suitable for induction of neural differentiation. We here established a novel three-stage protocol for neural differentiation of SHEDs cells. After adaptation to a serum-free and neurogenic environment, SHEDs were induced to differentiate. This resulted in the formation of stellate or bipolar round-shaped neuron-like cells with subpopulations expressing markers of sensory neurons (Brn3a, peripherin) and glia (myelin basic protein). Commercial PCR array analyses addressed the expression profiles of genes related to neurogenesis and cAMP/calcium signalling. We found distinct evidence for the upregulation of genes regulating the specification of sensory (MAF), sympathetic (midkine, pleitrophin) and dopaminergic (tyrosine hydroxylase, Nurr1) neurons and the differentiation and support of myelinating and non-myelinating Schwann cells (Krox24, Krox20, apolipoprotein E). Moreover, for genes controlling major developmental signalling pathways, there was upregulation of BMP (TGF beta-3, BMP2) and Notch (Notch 2, DLL1, HES1, HEY1, HEY2) in the differentiating SHEDs. SHEDs treated according to our new differentiation protocol gave rise to mixed neuronal/glial cell cultures, which opens new possibilities for in vitro studies of neuronal and glial specification and broadens the potential for the employment of such cells in experimental models and future treatment strategies.

  • 23.
    Aksenova, Vasilisa
    et al.
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Turoverova, Lidia
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Khotin, Mikhail
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Tulchinsky, Eugene
    University of Leicester, UK.
    Melino, Gerry
    Saint-Petersburg Technological Institute, Russia.
    Pinaev, George P.
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Barlev, Nicolai
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Tentler, Dmitri
    Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    Actin-binding protein alpha-actinin 4 (ACTN4) is a transcriptional co-activator of RelA/p65 sub-unit of NF-kB2013Ingår i: Oncotarget, E-ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 362-372Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ACTN4 is an actin-binding protein that participates in cytoskeleton organisation. It resides both in the cytoplasm and nucleus and physically associates with various transcription factors. Here, we describe an effect of ACTN4 expression on transcriptional activity of the RelA/p65 subunit of NF-kB. We demonstrate that ACTN4 enhances RelA/p65-dependant expression of c-fos, MMP-3 and MMP-1 genes, but it does not affect TNC, ICAM1 and FN1 expression. Importantly, actin-binding domains of ACTN4 are not critical for the nuclear translocation and co-activation of RelA/p65-dependent transcription. Collectively, our data suggest that in the nucleus, ACTN4 functions as a selective transcriptional co-activator of RelA/p65.

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  • 24.
    Tjellström, Bo
    et al.
    Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping. Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Fälth-Magnusson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Magnusson, Karl-Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Norin, Elisabeth
    Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Midtvedt, Tore
    Department of Microbiology, Tumor and Cell Biology, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Faecal short-chain fatty acid pattern in childhood coeliac disease is normalised after more than one year's gluten-free diet2013Ingår i: Microbiological Ecology in Health and Disease, ISSN 0891-060X, E-ISSN 1651-2235, Vol. 24Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Recent work indicates that the gut microflora is altered in patients with coeliac disease (CD). Faecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced by the gut microflora. We have previously reported a high SCFA output in children with symptomatic and asymptomatic CD at presentation, as well as in CD children on a gluten-free diet (GFD) for less than 1 year, indicating deviant gut microfloral function. In this report, we focus on faecal SCFA production in coeliacs on GFD for more than 1 year.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faecal samples were collected from 53 children with CD at presentation, 74 coeliac children on GFD for less than 1 year, and 25 individuals diagnosed with CD in childhood and on GFD for more than 1 year. The control group comprised 54 healthy children (HC). The faecal samples were analysed to show the SCFA pattern taken as a marker of gut microflora function. We applied a new fermentation index, reflecting the inflammatory activity of the SCFAs (amount of acetic acid minus propionic acid and n-butyric acid, together divided by the total amount of SCFAs).

    RESULTS: In coeliacs on GFD for more than 1 year, the individual SCFAs, total SCFA, and fermentation index did not differ significantly from the findings in controls. In contrast, the faecal SCFA level was clearly higher in coeliacs treated with GFD for less than 1 year compared to those more than 1 year.

    CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study on SCFA patterns in faecal samples from individuals with CD on GFD for more than 1 year. Our study indicates that the disturbed gut microflora function in children with CD at presentation and after less than 1 year of GFD, previously demonstrated by us, is normalised on GFD for more than 1 year.

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  • 25.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Bolshakova, Anastasia
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magalhães, Marco A.O
    Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Fluxes of Water through Aquaporin 9 Weaken Membrane-Cytoskeleton Anchorage and Promote Formation of Membrane Protrusions2013Ingår i: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. e59901-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    All modes of cell migration require rapid rearrangements of cell shape, allowing the cell to navigate within narrow spaces in an extracellular matrix. Thus, a highly flexible membrane and a dynamic cytoskeleton are crucial for rapid cell migration. Cytoskeleton dynamics and tension also play instrumental roles in the formation of different specialized cell membrane protrusions, viz. lamellipodia, filopodia and membrane blebs. The flux of water through membrane-anchored water channels, known as aquaporins (AQPs) has recently been implicated in the regulation of cell motility, and here we provide novel evidence for the role of AQP9 in the development of various forms of membrane protrusion. Using multiple imaging techniques and cellular models we show that: (i) AQP9 induced and accumulated in filopodia, (ii) AQP9-associated filopodial extensions preceded actin polymerization, which was in turn crucial for their stability and dynamics, and (iii) minute, local reductions in osmolarity immediately initiated small dynamic bleb-like protrusions, the size of which correlated with the reduction in osmotic pressure. Based on this, we present a model for AQP9-induced membrane protrusion, where the interplay of water fluxes through AQP9 and actin dynamics regulate the cellular protrusive and motile activity of cells.

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  • 26.
    Bolshakova, Anastasia
    et al.
    Russian Academic Science, Russia .
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pinaev, George
    Russian Academic Science, Russia .
    Petukhova, Olga
    Russian Academic Science, Russia .
    Functional compartmentalisation of NF-B-associated proteins in A431 cells2013Ingår i: Cell Biology International, ISSN 1065-6995, E-ISSN 1095-8355, Vol. 37, nr 4, s. 387-396Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    NF-B proteins belong to a family of ubiquitous transcription factors involved in a number of cellular responses. While the pathways of NF-B activation and input into the regulation of gene activity have been comprehensively investigated, its cytoplasmic functions are poorly understood. In this study we addressed effects of the compartmentalisation of NF-B proteins RelA/p65 and p50 in relation to the inhibitor IB-, using fibronectin (FN) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) for environmental stimulation of epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells. We thus assessed the presence of NF-B family proteins in the cytosol, membrane, nuclear and cytoskeletal fractions with a special attention to the cytoskeletal fraction to define whether NF-B was active or not. Sub-cellular fractionation demonstrated that the proportion of RelA/p65 differed in diverse sub-cellular fractions, and that the cytoskeleton harboured about 7% thereof. Neither the nuclear nor the cytoskeleton fraction did contain IB-. The cytoskeleton binding of RelA/p65 and p50 was further confirmed by co-localisation and electron microscopy data. During 30-min EGF stimulation similar dynamics were found for RelA/p65 and IB- in the cytosol, RelA/p65 and p50 in the nucleus and p50 and IB- in the membrane. Furthermore, EGF stimulation for 30min resulted in a threefold accumulation of RelA/p65 in cytoskeletal fraction. Our results suggest that nuclear-, membrane- and cytoskeleton-associated NF-B are dynamic and comprise active pools, whereas the cytoplasmic is more constant and likely non-active due to the presence of IB-. Moreover, we discovered the existence of a dynamic, IB--free pool of RelA/p65 associated with cytoskeletal fraction, what argues for a special regulatory role of the cytoskeleton in NF-B stimulation.

  • 27.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Lagerholm, Christoffer B.
    University of So Denmark, Denmark .
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Water fluxes through aquaporin-9 prime epithelial cells for rapid wound healing2013Ingår i: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, E-ISSN 1090-2104, Vol. 430, nr 3, s. 993-998Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cells move along surfaces both as single cells and multi-cellular units. Recent research points toward pivotal roles for water flux through aquaporins (AQPs) in single cell migration. Their expression is known to facilitate this process by promoting rapid shape changes. However, little is known about the impact on migrating epithelial sheets during wound healing and epithelial renewal. Here, we investigate and compare the effects of AQP9 on single cell and epithelial sheet migration. To achieve this, MDCK-1 cells stably expressing AQP9 were subjected to migration assessment. We found that AQP9 facilitated cell locomotion at both the single and multi-cellular level. Furthermore, we identified major differences in the monolayer integrity and cell size upon expression of AQP9 during epithelial sheet migration, indicating a rapid volume-regulatory mechanism. We suggest a novel mechanism for epithelial wound healing based on AQP-induced swelling and expansion of the monolayer.

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    Movie S1. The movie shows single cell migration of MDCK-1 cells expressing the GFP-AQP9 or empty GFP vector The time between frames is 30 s. Scalebar equals 20 µm.
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    Movie S2. Wound healing of MDCK-1 cell expressing GFP-AQP9 or empty GFP vector. The time between frames is 5 min. Scalebar equals 200 µm.
  • 28.
    Navakauskiene, Ruta
    et al.
    Vilnius University, Lithuania Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Treigyte, Grazina
    Vilnius University, Lithuania .
    Borutinskaite, Veronika-Viktorija
    Vilnius University, Lithuania .
    Matuzevicius, Dalius
    Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Navakauskas, Dalius
    Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Alpha-Dystrobrevin and its associated proteins in human promyelocytic leukemia cells induced to apoptosis2012Ingår i: Journal of Proteomics, ISSN 1874-3919, E-ISSN 1876-7737, Vol. 75, nr 11, s. 3291-3303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dystrobrevin is a dystrophin-related component of the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC). Using alpha-dystrobrevin as indicator, we aimed to elucidate the interaction network of the DAPC with other proteins during apoptosis of promyelocytic HL-60 cells. The precise role(s) of DBs are not known, but we and others have shown that they play a role in intracellular signal transduction and cellular organization. Apoptosis was induced with etoposide in the absence or presence of Z-VAD to block caspase activity, and we then followed the cellular distribution of alpha-DB and its association with other proteins, using confocal imaging and cell fractions analyses after immune-precipitation with anti-alpha-DB and mass spectrometry. Confocal imaging revealed distinct spatial relocalizations of alpha-DB between the cell membrane, cytosol and nucleus after induction of apoptosis. The expression levels of the identified proteins were evaluated with computer-assisted image analysis of the gels. We thus identified associations with structural and transport proteins (tropomyosin, myosin), membrane (ADAM21, syntrophin), ER-Golgi (TGN51, eIF38) and nuclear (Lamins, ribonucleoprotein C1/C2) proteins. These results suggest that apoptosis-induction in HL-60 cells involves not only classical markers of apoptosis but also a network alpha-DB-associated proteins at the cell membrane, the cytoplasm and nucleus, affecting key cellular transport processes and cellular structure.

  • 29.
    Tjellstrom, Bo
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden Norrkoping Hospital, Sweden .
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Midtvedt, Tore
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Norin, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Effect of exclusive enteral nutrition on gut microflora function in children with Crohns disease2012Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology, ISSN 0036-5521, E-ISSN 1502-7708, Vol. 47, nr 12, s. 1454-1459Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is a first-line treatment in children with active Crohns disease (CD) but is seldom used in adults with active disease. The mode of action of EEN in suppressing mucosa] inflammation is not fully understood, but modulation of intestinal microflora activity is one possible explanation. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 6-week EEN in children with active CD, with special reference to intestinal microflora function. Materials and methods. Fecal samples from 18 children (11 boys, 7 girls; median age 13.5 years) with active CD (13 children with small bowel/colonic and 5 with perianal disease) were analyzed for short chain fatty acid (SCFA) pattern as marker of gut microflora function. The children were studied before and after EEN treatment. Results from 12 healthy teenagers were used for comparison. Results. Eleven (79%) of the children with small bowel/colonic CD responded clinically positively to EEN treatment showing decreased levels of pro-inflammatory acetic acid as well as increased concentrations of anti-inflammatory butyric acids and also of valeric acids, similar to the levels in healthy age-matched children. In children with active perianal CD, however, EEN had no positive effect on clinical status or inflammatory parameters. Conclusions. The authors present new data supporting the hypothesis that the well-documented anti-inflammatory effect of EEN in children with active small bowel/colonic CD is brought about by modulation of gut microflora activity, resulting in an anti-inflammatory SCFA pattern. By contrast, none of the children with perianal disease showed clinical or biochemical improvement after EEN treatment.

  • 30.
    Borutinskaite, Veronika V
    et al.
    Vilnius State University, Lithuania .
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Navakauskiene, Ruta
    Vilnius State University, Lithuania .
    Histone deacetylase inhibitor BML-210 induces growth inhibition and apoptosis and regulates HDAC and DAPC complex expression levels in cervical cancer cells2012Ingår i: Molecular Biology Reports, ISSN 0301-4851, E-ISSN 1573-4978, Vol. 39, nr 12, s. 10179-10186Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) represent a new class of targeted anti-cancer agents and different other diseases, like muscular disorders. A number of studies have shown that extracellular signal-activated kinases can target chromatin-modifying complexes directly and regulate their function. The molecular connection between the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC) and chromatin has been described, by showing that NO signaling regulates histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity and influences gene expression in different cell types. In present study, we investigated HDACs changes in HeLa cells undergoing growth inhibition and apoptosis, caused by HDACI BML-210 and retinoic acid (ATRA). Cell cycle analysis indicated that HeLa cell treatment with 20 and 30 mu M concentration of BML-210 increased the proportion of cells in G0/G1 phase, and caused accumulation in subG1, indicating that the cells are undergoing apoptosis. We determined down-regulation of HDAC 1-5 and 7 after treatment with BML-210. Also, we demonstrated expression of different isoforms of alpha-dystrobrevin (alpha-DB) and other components of DAPC such as syntrophin, dystrophin, beta-dystrobrevin (beta-DB) and NOS in HeLa cells after treatments. We determined changes in protein expression level of dystrophin, NOS1, alpha- and beta-DB and in subcellular localization of alpha-DB after treatments with BML-210 and ATRA. In conclusion, these results suggest that HDACI BML-210 can inhibit cell growth and induce apoptosis in cervical cancer cells, what correlates with down-regulation of HDAC class I and II and changes in the DAPC expression levels. This can be important for identifying target proteins in DAPC signaling to HDACs, as a target of pharmacological intervention for treatment of muscular dystrophies and other diseases.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Swedish Institute Communicable Disease Control.
    Henriksson, Sara
    Uppsala University.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Uppsala University.
    Mirazimi, Ali
    Swedish Institute Communicable Disease Control.
    In situ rolling circle amplification detection of Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) complementary and viral RNA2012Ingår i: Virology, ISSN 0042-6822, E-ISSN 1096-0341, Vol. 426, nr 2, s. 87-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) is a human pathogen that causes a severe disease with high fatality rate for which there is currently no specific treatment. Knowledge regarding its replication cycle is also highly limited. In this study we developed an in situ technique for studying the different stages during the replication of CCHFV. By integrating reverse transcription, padlock probes, and rolling circle amplification, we were able to detect and differentiate between viral RNA (vRNA) and complementary RNA (cRNA) molecules, and to detect viral protein within the same cell. These data demonstrate that CCHFV nucleocapsid protein (NP) is detectable already at 6 hours post infection in vRNA- and cRNA-positive cells. Confocal microscopy showed that cRNA is enriched and co-localized to a large extent with NP in the perinuclear area, while vRNA has a more random distribution in the cytoplasm with only some co-localize with NP. However, vRNA and cRNA did not appear to co-localize directly.

  • 32.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Musse, Farah
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    N-Acylhomoserine lactones are potent neutrophil chemoattractants that act via calcium mobilization and actin remodeling2012Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology, ISSN 0741-5400, E-ISSN 1938-3673, Vol. 91, nr 1, s. 15-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In gram-negative bacteria, cell-cell communication based on HSL QS molecules is known to coordinate the production of virulence factors and biofilms. These bacterial signals can also modulate human immune cell behavior. Using a Transwell migration assay, we found that human primary neutrophils are strongly stimulated by 3O-C(12)-HSL and -C(10)-HSL but not C(4)-HSL in a concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, 3O-C(12)-HSL and -C(10)-HSL activate PLC gamma 1 but not -gamma 2, mobilize intracellular calcium, and up-regulate IP(3)R. These changes were paralleled by F-actin accumulation, primarily in the leading edge of neutrophils, as evidenced by phalloidin staining and confocal microscopy. F- and G-actin isolation and quantification by immunoblotting revealed that the F/G-actin ratio was increased significantly after treatment with all three HSLs. Furthemore, 3O-C(12)-HSL- and 3O-C(10)-HSL treatment resulted in phosphorylation of Rac1 and Cdc42. In contrast, C(4)-HSL had negligible influence on the phosphorylation status of PLC and Rac1/Cdc42 and failed to attract neutrophils and induce calcium release. The calcium inhibitor thapsigargin, which blocks ER calcium uptake, strongly prevented neutrophil migration toward 3O-C(12)-HSL and -C(10)-HSL. These findings show that the bacterial QS molecules 3O-C(12)-HSL and -C(10)-HSL may attract human neutrophils to the sites of bacterial infection and developing biofilms. Indeed, recognition of HSL QS signals by neutrophils may play a critical role in their recruitment during infections.

  • 33.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Turkina, Maria V
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Yakymenko, Olena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    The Pseudomonas aeruginosa N-Acylhomoserine Lactone Quorum Sensing Molecules Target IQGAP1 and Modulate Epithelial Cell Migration2012Ingår i: PLOS PATHOGENS, ISSN 1553-7374, Vol. 8, nr 10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quorum sensing (QS) signaling allows bacteria to control gene expression once a critical population density is achieved. The Gram-negative human pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa uses N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHL) as QS signals, which coordinate the production of virulence factors and biofilms. These bacterial signals can also modulate human cell behavior. Little is known about the mechanisms of the action of AHL on their eukaryotic targets. Here, we found that N-3-oxododecanoyl- L-homoserine lactone 3O-C-12-HSL modulates human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cell migration in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Using new 3O-C-12-HSL biotin and fluorescently-tagged probes for LC-MS/MS and confocal imaging, respectively, we demonstrated for the first time that 3O-C-12-HSL interacts and co-localizes with the IQ-motif-containing GTPase-activating protein IQGAP1 in Caco-2 cells. The interaction between IQGAP1 and 3O-C-12-HSL was further confirmed by pull-down assay using a GST-tagged protein with subsequent Western blot of IQGAP1 and by identifying 3O-C-12-HSL with a sensor bioassay. Moreover, 3O-C-12-HSL induced changes in the phosphorylation status of Rac1 and Cdc42 and the localization of IQGAP1 as evidenced by confocal and STED microscopy and Western blots. Our findings suggest that the IQGAP1 is a novel partner for P. aeruginosa 3O-C-12-HSL and likely the integrator of Rac1 and Cdc42- dependent altered cell migration. We propose that the targeting of IQGAP1 by 3O-C-12-HSL can trigger essential changes in the cytoskeleton network and be an essential component in bacterial - human cell communication.

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  • 34.
    Kwak, Young-Keun
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Vikström, Elena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Vecsey-Semjen, Beatrix
    AlbaNova University of Centre.
    Colque-Navarro, Patricia
    Karolinska Institute.
    Mollby, Roland
    Karolinska Institute.
    The Staphylococcus aureus Alpha-Toxin Perturbs the Barrier Function in Caco-2 Epithelial Cell Monolayers by Altering Junctional Integrity2012Ingår i: Infection and Immunity, ISSN 0019-9567, E-ISSN 1098-5522, Vol. 80, nr 5, s. 1670-1680Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased microvascular permeability is a hallmark of sepsis and septic shock. Intestinal mucosal dysfunction may allow translocation of bacteria and their products, thereby promoting sepsis and inflammation. Although Staphylococcus aureus alpha-toxin significantly contributes to sepsis and perturbs the endothelial barrier function, little is known about possible effects of S. aureus alpha-toxin on human epithelial barrier functions. We hypothesize that S. aureus alpha-toxin in the blood can impair the intestinal epithelial barrier and thereby facilitate the translocation of luminal bacteria into the blood, which may in turn aggravate a septic condition. Here, we showed that staphylococcal alpha-toxin disrupts the barrier integrity of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells as evidenced by decreased transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) and reduced cellular levels of junctional proteins, such as ZO-1, ZO-3, and E-cadherin. The Caco-2 cells also responded to alpha-toxin with an elevated cytosolic calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+](i)), elicited primarily by calcium influx from the extracellular environment, as well as with a significant reduction in TER, which was modulated by intracellular calcium chelation. Moreover, a significantly larger reduction in TER and amounts of the junctional proteins, viz., ZO-3 and occludin, was achieved by basolateral than by apical application of the alpha-toxin. These experimental findings thus support the hypothesis that free staphylococcal alpha-toxin in the bloodstream may cause intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction and further aggravate the septic condition by promoting the release of intestinal bacteria into the underlying tissues and the blood.

  • 35.
    Borutinskaité, Veronika
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Klinisk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Navakauskiene, R
    Institute for Biochemistry, Vilnius.
    alpha-Dystrobrevin distribution and association with other proteins in human promyelocytic NB4 cells treated for granulocytic differentiation2011Ingår i: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, ISSN 0301-4851, Vol. 38, nr 5, s. 3001-3011Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Dystrobrevins (DBs) bind directly to dystrophin and are prominent components of the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC) that links the cytoskeleton to the extracellular matrix. They are involved in brain development, synapse formation and plasticity, as well as water and ion homeostasis. However, the role of DB in non-muscular cells is not clear. In this study, we show that different alpha-dystrobrevin isoforms are present in promyelocytic leukemia (NB4) cells. Only the biggest alpha-dystrobrevin isoform (DB-alpha), which can be important for its function, was expressed in the membrane fraction of NB4 cells; the other alpha-DB isoforms were found in the hydrophilic cell fractions. Employing the immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry, we identified novel alpha-DB-interacting proteins involved in cytoskeleton reorganization (actin, tropomyosin, gelsolin, tubulin) and signal transduction process (stathmin, prohibitin, RIBA) during proliferation and differentiation of NB4 cells. Our results suggest that alpha-DB isoforms play a central role in cytoskeleton reorganization via their multiple interactions with actin and actin-associating proteins and may participate in signal transduction process during NB4 cell granulocytic differentiation via directly and non directly associated proteins.

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  • 36.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Glogauer, Michael
    University of Toronto.
    Ellen, Richard P
    University of Toronto.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magalhaes, Marco A O
    University of Toronto.
    Aquaporin 9 phosphorylation mediates membrane localization and neutrophil polarization2011Ingår i: Journal of Leukocyte Biology, ISSN 0741-5400, E-ISSN 1938-3673, Vol. 90, nr 5, s. 963-973Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Neutrophils are of prime importance in the host innate defense against invading microorganisms by using two primary mechanisms-locomotion toward and phagocytosis of the prey. Recent research points to pivotal roles for water channels known as AQPs in cell motility. Here, we focused on the role of AQP9 in chemoattractant-induced polarization and migration of primary mouse neutrophils and neutrophil-like HL60 cells. We found that AQP9 is phosphorylated downstream of fMLFR or PMA stimulation in primary human neutrophils. The dynamics of AQP9 were assessed using GFP-tagged AQP9 constructs and other fluorescent markers through various live-cell imaging techniques. Expression of WT or the phosphomimic S11D AQP9 changed cell volume regulation as a response to hyperosmotic changes and enhanced neutrophil polarization and chemotaxis. WT AQP9 and S11D AQP9 displayed a very dynamic distribution at the cell membrane, whereas the phosphorylation-deficient S11A AQP9 failed to localize to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, we found that Rac1 regulated the translocation of AQP9 to the plasma membrane. Our results show that AQP9 plays an active role in neutrophil volume regulation and migration. The display of AQP9 at the plasma membrane depends on AQP9 phosphorylation, which appeared to be regulated through a Rac1-dependent pathway.

  • 37.
    Savickiene, Jurate
    et al.
    Institute for Biochemistry, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Treigyte, Grazina
    Institute for Biochemistry, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Vistartaite, Giedre
    Institute for Biochemistry, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Tunaitis, Virginijus
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Navakauskiene, Ruta
    Institute for Biochemistry, Vilnius, Lithuania .
    C/EBP alpha and PU.1 are involved in distinct differentiation responses of acute promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 and NB4 cells via chromatin remodeling2011Ingår i: DIFFERENTIATION, ISSN 0301-4681, Vol. 81, nr 1, s. 57-67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    C/EBP alpha and PU.1 are the basic transcription factors that control differentiation-related genes, including granulocyte- colony-stimulating factor (G-CSFR) and human neutrophil elastase (HNE). Here, we analyzed a role of C/EBP alpha and PU.1 in human acute leukemia cell lines, HL-60 and NB4, in association with a modified chromatin structure by histone deacetylase inhibitors, FK228, sodium phenyl butyrate and vitamin B3. We found that sodium phenyl butyrate alone and 6 h-pretreatment with phenyl butyrate or FK228 before the induction of differentiation with all-trans-retinoic acid in the presence of vitamin B3 effectively accelerated and enhanced differentiation to granulocytes in HL-60 but not in NB4 cells as detected by NBT test and the expression of CD11b and CD114 (G-CSFR) using flow cytometric analysis. HDACIs induced a time- and dose-dependent accumulation of hyper-acetylated histone H4 in both cell lines with the delay in NB4 cells. Time-dependent different induction of HL-60 and NB4 cell differentiation was paralleled by the activation of C/EBP alpha and PU.1 binding to the G-CSFR and the HNE promoters in electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis revealed histone H4 acetylation in the G-CSF receptor promoter at the C/EBP alpha binding site in HL-60 but not in NB4 cells under the combined treatment. The results indicate that epigenetic events, such as histone acetylation, are involved in the activity modulation of the key transcription factors responsible for the induction of granulocytic differentiation in promyelocytic leukemia cells.

  • 38.
    Högberg, Lotta
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Webb, C
    Lund University.
    Fälth-Magnusson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Forslund, Tony
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Danielsson, L
    Norrtalje Hospital.
    Ivarsson, A
    Umea University.
    Sandstrom, O
    Umea University.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Children with screening-detected coeliac disease show increased levels of nitric oxide products in urine2011Ingår i: ACTA PAEDIATRICA, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 100, nr 7, s. 1023-1027Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Increased concentration of nitric oxide (NO) metabolites, nitrite and nitrate, in the urine is a strong indication of ongoing small intestinal inflammation, which is a hallmark of the enteropathy of coeliac disease (CD). It has previously been shown that children with symptomatic, untreated CD have increased levels of NO oxidation products in their urine. The aim of this study was to investigate whether screening-detected, asymptomatic coeliac children display the same urinary nitrite/nitrate pattern. Methods: In a multicenter screening study, serum samples were collected from 7208 12-year-old children without previously diagnosed CD. Sera were analysed for anti-human tissue transglutaminase (tTG) of isotype IgA. Small bowel biopsy was performed in antibody-positive children, yielding 153 new cases of CD. In the screening-detected individuals, the sum of nitrite and nitrate concentrations in the urine was analysed and used as an indicator of NO production. For comparison, 73 children with untreated, symptomatic CD were studied. Results: The nitrite/nitrate levels in children with screening-detected CD and those with untreated symptomatic CD did not differ significantly. Both groups had significantly increased urinary nitrite/nitrate concentrations compared to the children with normal small bowel biopsy (p andlt; 0.001). Conclusion: Children with screening-detected CD have increased production of NO just as children with untreated symptomatic CD. High NO metabolite levels in the urine may indicate a pathogenetic feature of CD and be a marker of major clinical importance.

  • 39.
    Tunaitis, Virginijus
    et al.
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    Borutinskaite, Veronika
    Institute Biochem, Lithuania .
    Navakauskiene, Ruta
    Institute Biochem, Lithuania .
    Treigyte, Grazina
    Institute Biochem, Lithuania .
    Unguryte, Ausra
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania .
    Aldonyte, Ruta
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pivoriunas, Augustas
    State Research Institute Centre Innovat Med, Lithuania.
    Effects of different sera on adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells2011Ingår i: JOURNAL OF TISSUE ENGINEERING AND REGENERATIVE MEDICINE, ISSN 1932-6254, Vol. 5, nr 9, s. 733-746Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Current cell therapy protocols require considerable numbers of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs), which can be obtained only by in vitro expansion. The most important issue is a choice of optimal growth supplements for cell culture. Ideally, these should be of known composition, free of animal components and allow production of large homogenic populations of MSCs in a considerably short period of time. Since this standard has not been achieved to date, we aimed to assess the molecular responses of MSCs to different growth supplements commonly in use. MSCs were isolated from breast or abdominal adipose tissue and plated into DMEM supplemented with one of four different sera: fetal calf serum (FCS), pretested fetal calf serum (FCS-Sp), human allogeneic serum (HS) or artificial serum substitute (AS). MSCs cultivated with different serum supplements demonstrated distinct morphologies, high adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential and expressed characteristic antigens. Using real-time PCR, we found a large increase in PPAR gamma and Msx2 gene expression in both lines of proliferating MSCs cultivated with AS. We found that MSCs cultivated in the presence of different sera had similar global proteomic expression patterns, but comparisons of identified proteins revealed most differences in the MSCs cultivated with AS. Our results indicate that MSCs cultivated in the presence of FCS and HS display similar growth, differentiation, immunophenotypic and proteomic properties, while AS induces more profound changes in the physiology of MSCs, suggesting that further fundamental studies should be done before its introduction into clinical practice.

  • 40.
    Munch, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Söderholm, Johan D
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Kirurgi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Kirurgi- och onkologicentrum, Kirurgiska kliniken i Östergötland med verksamhet i Linköping, Norrköping och Motala.
    Ost, A
    Medilab, Taby, Sweden .
    Carlsson, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Kirurgi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ström, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Gastroenterologi och hepatologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Endokrin- och magtarmmedicinska kliniken US.
    Low levels of bile acids increase bacterial uptake in colonic biopsies from patients with collagenous colitis in remission2011Ingår i: ALIMENTARY PHARMACOLOGY and THERAPEUTICS, ISSN 0269-2813, Vol. 33, nr 8, s. 954-960Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pandgt;Background Patients with collagenous colitis have an impaired mucosal barrier. Moreover, collagenous colitis is associated with bile acid malabsorption. Bile acids can increase bacterial mucosal uptake in humans. Mucosal barrier function was investigated by exposing colonic biopsies to chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) or deoxycholic acid (DCA) in Ussing chamber experiments. Aim To find if low levels of bile acids increase bacterial uptake in colonic biopsies from collagenous colitis patients. Methods The study comprised 33 individuals; 25 with collagenous colitis (14 in clinical remission without treatment, 11 with active disease and 10 examined in clinical remission resulting from treatment with 6 mg budesonide); eight healthy individuals undergoing screening colonoscopy served as controls. Endoscopic biopsies from the sigmoid colon were mounted in modified Ussing chambers and assessed for short-circuit current (Isc), potential difference, trans-epithelial resistance and transmucosal passage of Escherichia coli K12 after adding 100 mu mol/L CDCA or DCA. Results When adding 100 mu mol/L CDCA or DCA, bacterial uptake increased fourfold in biopsies of patients in remission; CDCA 6.5 units [2.5-9.8] and DCA 6.2 units [2.1-22] (median [IQR]), compared with uptake in biopsies without added bile acids 1.6 units [1.1-3] (P = 0.004 and P = 0.01 respectively). In active disease and in patients in remission due to budesonide treatment, bile acids did not affect bacterial uptake. Confocal microscopy revealed trans-epithelial passage of E. coli K12 within 30 min. Conclusions Low concentrations of dihydroxy-bile acids exacerbate mucosal barrier dysfunction in colonic biopsies of patients with collagenous colitis in remission. This allows a substantially increased bacterial uptake, which may contribute to recurrence of inflammation.

  • 41.
    Hagbom, Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Molekylär virologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Istrate, Claudia
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Klinisk mikrobiologi.
    Engblom, David
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Karlsson, Thommie
    Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi.
    Rodriguez-Diaz, Jesus
    University of Valencia.
    Buesa, Javier
    University of Valencia.
    Taylor, John A
    University of Auckland.
    Loitto, Vesa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Ahlman, Hakan
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lundgren, Ove
    University of Gothenburg.
    Svensson, Lennart
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Molekylär virologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Rotavirus Stimulates Release of Serotonin (5-HT) from Human Enterochromaffin Cells and Activates Brain Structures Involved in Nausea and Vomiting2011Ingår i: PLOS PATHOGENS, ISSN 1553-7366, Vol. 7, nr 7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    otavirus (RV) is the major cause of severe gastroenteritis in young children. A virus-encoded enterotoxin, NSP4 is proposed to play a major role in causing RV diarrhoea but how RV can induce emesis, a hallmark of the illness, remains unresolved. In this study we have addressed the hypothesis that RV-induced secretion of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) by enterochromaffin (EC) cells plays a key role in the emetic reflex during RV infection resulting in activation of vagal afferent nerves connected to nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) and area postrema in the brain stem, structures associated with nausea and vomiting. Our experiments revealed that RV can infect and replicate in human EC tumor cells ex vivo and in vitro and are localized to both EC cells and infected enterocytes in the close vicinity of EC cells in the jejunum of infected mice. Purified NSP4, but not purified virus particles, evoked release of 5-HT within 60 minutes and increased the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in a human midgut carcinoid EC cell line (GOT1) and ex vivo in human primary carcinoid EC cells concomitant with the release of 5-HT. Furthermore, NSP4 stimulated a modest production of inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)), but not of cAMP. RV infection in mice induced Fos expression in the NTS, as seen in animals which vomit after administration of chemotherapeutic drugs. The demonstration that RV can stimulate EC cells leads us to propose that RV disease includes participation of 5-HT, EC cells, the enteric nervous system and activation of vagal afferent nerves to brain structures associated with nausea and vomiting. This hypothesis is supported by treating vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis with 5-HT(3) receptor antagonists.

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  • 42.
    Aldonyte, R
    et al.
    Vilnius University, Zygimantu 9, Vilnius LT-01102, Lithuania.
    Tunaitis, V
    Vilnius University, Zygimantu 9, Vilnius LT-01102, Lithuania.
    Surovas, A
    Vilnius University, Zygimantu 9, Vilnius LT-01102, Lithuania.
    Suriakaite, K
    Vilnius University, Zygimantu 9, Vilnius LT-01102, Lithuania.
    Jarmalaviciute, A
    Vilnius University, Zygimantu 9, Vilnius LT-01102, Lithuania.
    Magnusson, Karl-Erik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pivoriunas, A
    Vilnius University, Zygimantu 9, Vilnius LT-01102, Lithuania.
    Effects of major human antiprotease alpha-1-antitrypsin on the motility and proliferation of stromal cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth2010Ingår i: e-biomed: Journal of Regenerating Medicine, ISSN 1524-8909, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 633-643Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: Intrinsic tissue regeneration mechanisms are still not fully understood. The destruction/reconstruction processes are usually in fine balance; however, this can be easily destroyed, for example in the environment of chronic inflammation. One of the major proteins present at the inflammatory sites is the multifunctional protein alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT). In this study, potential therapeutic effects of this major human antiprotease on progenitor cells are assessed.

    MATERIALS & METHODS: Stromal cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHEDs) were used, which are similar to the mesenchymal stromal cells isolated from other tissues. SHEDs were cultivated in the presence of subphysiological, physiological and inflammatory concentrations of AAT, and their proliferation and motility traits were assayed. Some intracellular signaling pathways, AAT internalization by SHEDs and their matrix metalloprotease profile were studied in parallel.

    RESULTS: Physiologic and inflammatory concentrations of AAT significantly increased the cell proliferation rate, induced phosphorylation of several key protein kinases and increased the amount of secreted active gelatinases. Moreover, cells exposed to physiologic and inflammatory levels of AAT were able to invade and migrate more efficiently. Subphysiologic AAT levels did not change cell behavior significantly.

    CONCLUSION: AAT at physiologic and inflammatory concentrations positively modulates the proliferation and motility of SHEDs in vitro. These results suggest the importance of AAT in the maintenance and regulation of tissue progenitor cells in vivo.

  • 43.
    Tjomsland, Vegard
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Molekylär virologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Sandström, Per
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Kirurgi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Kirurgi- och onkologicentrum, Kirurgiska kliniken i Östergötland med verksamhet i Linköping, Norrköping och Motala.
    Spangeus, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Internmedicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Messmer, Davorka
    University of California.
    Emilsson, Johan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Falkmer, Ursula
    Jonköping Hospital.
    Falkmer, Sture
    Jonköping Hospital.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Borch, Kurt
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Kirurgi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Kirurgi- och onkologicentrum, Kirurgiska kliniken i Östergötland med verksamhet i Linköping, Norrköping och Motala.
    Larsson, Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Molekylär virologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pancreatic adenocarcinoma exerts systemic effects on the peripheral blood myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cells: an indicator of disease severity?2010Ingår i: BMC CANCER, ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 10, nr 87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dendritic cells (DCs) isolated from tumor bearing animals or from individuals with solid tumors display functional abnormalities and the DC impairment has emerged as one mechanism for tumor evasion from the control of the immune system. Ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC), the most common pancreatic cancer, is recognized as a very aggressive cancer type with a mortality that almost matches the rate of incidence. Methods: We examined the systemic influence ductal pancreatic adenocarcinoma ( PDAC) exerted on levels of peripheral blood DCs and inflammatory mediators in comparison to the effects exerted by other pancreatic tumors, chronic pancreatitis, and age-matched controls. Results: All groups examined, including PDAC, had decreased levels of myeloid DCs (MDC) and plasmacytoid DCs (PDC) and enhanced apoptosis in these cells as compared to controls. We found elevated levels of PGE2 and CXCL8 in subjects with PDAC, and chronic pancreatitis. Levels of these inflammatory factors were in part restored in PDAC after tumor resection, whereas the levels of DCs were impaired in the majority of these patients similar to 12 weeks after tumor removal. Our results prove that solid pancreatic tumors, including PDAC, systemically affect blood DCs. The impairments do not seem to be tumor-specific, since similar results were obtained in subjects with chronic pancreatitis. Furthermore, we found that PDAC patients with a survival over 2 years had significant higher levels of blood DCs compared to patients with less than one year survival. Conclusions: Our findings points to the involvement of inflammation in the destruction of the blood MDCs and PDCs. Furthermore, the preservation of the blood DCs compartment in PDAC patients seems to benefit their ability to control the disease and survival.

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  • 44.
    Sjö, Anita
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Holmgren Peterson, Kajsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Protein kinase C activation has distinct effects on the localization, phosphorylation and detergent solubility of the claudin protein family in tight and leaky epithelial cells2010Ingår i: Journal of Membrane Biology, ISSN 0022-2631, E-ISSN 1432-1424, Vol. 236, nr 2, s. 181-189Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We have previously shown that protein kinase C (PKC) activation has distinct effects on the structure and barrier properties of cultured epithelial cells (HT29 and MDCK I). Since the claudin family of tight junction (TJ)-associated proteins is considered to be crucial for the function of mature TJ, we assessed their expression patterns and cellular destination, detergent solubility and phosphorylation upon PKC stimulation for 2 or 18 h with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). In HT29 cells, claudins 1, 3, 4 and 5 and possibly claudin 2 were redistributed to apical cell-cell contacts after PKC activation and the amounts of claudins 1, 3 and 5, but not of claudin 2, were increased in cell lysates. By contrast, in MDCK I cells, PMA treatment resulted in redistribution of claudins 1, 3, 4 and 5 from the TJ and in reorganization of the proteins into more insoluble complexes. Claudins 1 and 4 were phosphorylated in both MDCK I and HT29 cells, but PKC-induced changes in claudin phosphorylation state were detected only in MDCK I cells. A major difference between HT29 and MDCK I cells, which have low and high basal transepithelial electrical resistance, respectively, was the absence of claudin 2 in the latter. Our findings show that PKC activation targets in characteristic ways the expression patterns, destination, detergent solubility and phosphorylation state of claudins in epithelial cells with different capacities to form an epithelial barrier.

  • 45.
    Khotin, Mikhail
    et al.
    Russian Acadamy of Science.
    Turoverova, Lidia
    Russian Acadamy of Science.
    Aksenova, Vasilisa
    Russian Acadamy of Science.
    Barlev, Nikolai
    Russian Acadamy of Science.
    Borutinskaité, Veronika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Klinisk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Vener, Alexander
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Cellbiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Bajenova, Olga
    St Petersburg State University.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Pinaev, George P.
    Russian Acadamy of Science.
    Tentler, Dmitri
    Russian Acadamy of Science.
    Proteomic analysis of ACTN4-interacting proteins reveals its a putative involvement in mRNA metabolism2010Ingår i: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, E-ISSN 1090-2104, Vol. 397, nr 2, s. 192-196Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Alpha-actinin 4 (ACTN4) is an actin-binding protein. In the cytoplasm, ACTN4 participates in structural organisation of the cytoskeleton via cross-linking of actin filaments. Nuclear localisation of ACTN4 has also been reported, but no clear role in the nucleus has been established. In this report, we describe the identification of proteins associated with ACTN4 in the nucleus. A combination of two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2D-GE) and MALDI-TOF mass-spectrometry revealed a large number of ACTN4-bound proteins that are involved in various aspects of mRNA processing and transport. The association of ACTN4 with different ribonucleoproteins suggests that a major function of nuclear ACTN4 may be regulation of mRNA metabolism and signaling.

  • 46.
    Pivoriunas, Augustas
    et al.
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Surovas, Andrejus
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Borutinskaite, Veronika
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Matuzevicius, Dalius
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Treigyte, Grazina
    Lithuania Academy of Science.
    Savickiene, Jurate
    Lithuania Academy of Science.
    Tunaitis, Virginijus
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Aldonyte, Ruta
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Jarmalaviciute, Akvile
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Suriakaite, Kristina
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Liutkevicius, Evaldas
    JSC Imunolita, Vilnius.
    Venalis, Algirdas
    Institute for Experimentat and Clinical Medicine, Vilnius.
    Navakauskas, Dalius
    Vilnius Gediminas Technical University.
    Navakauskiene, Ruta
    Lithuania Academy of Science.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Proteomic Analysis of Stromal Cells Derived from the Dental Pulp of Human Exfoliated Deciduous Teeth2010Ingår i: STEM CELLS AND DEVELOPMENT, ISSN 1547-3287, Vol. 19, nr 7, s. 1081-1093Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human dental pulp derived from exfoliated deciduous teeth has been described as a promising alternative source of multipotent stem cells. While these cells share certain similarities with mesenchymal stem-like cells (MSC) isolated from other tissues, basically they are still poorly characterized. In this study, for the first time, a proteomic map of abundantly expressed proteins in stromal cells derived from the dental pulp of human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) was established. We also analyzed proteomic signatures of 2 clonal strains derived from SHEDs by single-cell cloning. The SHEDs were established from enzyme-disaggregated deciduous dental pulp from 6-year-old children. They had typical fibroblastoid morphology and high colony-forming efficiency index (16.4%). Cloning was performed at the second passage using limiting dilution in a 96-well plate (0.3 cell/well). Differentiation assessment revealed strong osteogenic but no adipogenic potential of the SHEDs in either clonal strain. The cells expressed characteristic antigens of MSC-like cells, including CD73, CD90, CD105, CD146, and did not express hematopoietic markers CD14, CD34, and CD45, as assessed with FACS analysis. For proteomic studies, cytosolic and nuclear proteins were analyzed with 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) and identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-time of flight (TOF)-mass spectrometry (MS). All proteins were identified with high level of confidence (the lowest sequence coverage was 27%). Identification of highly expressed proteins in SHEDs revealed proteomic profiles very similar to that of MSC-like cells derived from other tissues. We also found a high degree of similarity between proteomic signatures of primary SHEDs and clonal cell strains. Thus, our data confirm a close resemblance between SHEDs and MSC-like cells from other tissues and may serve as starting point for creating-comprehensive proteomic maps.

  • 47.
    Vikström, Elena
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Bui, Lan
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Konradsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi, Organisk Kemi. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Role of calcium signalling and phosphorylations in disruption of the epithelial junctions by Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing molecule2010Ingår i: European Journal of Cell Biology, ISSN 0171-9335, E-ISSN 1618-1298, Vol. 89, nr 8, s. 584-597Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Pseudomonas aeruginosa. cell-cell communication based on acyl-homoserine lactone (HSL) quorum sensing molecules is known to coordinate the production of virulence factors and biofilms by the bacterium. Incidentally, these bacterial signals can also modulate mammalian cell behaviour. We demonstrate here that 3O-C-12-HSL can induce changes in calcium signalling through influx and release of calcium from thapsigargin-sensitive stores and delocalization of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3R), but not of ryanodine receptors (RyR). In parallel, P. aeruginosa 3O-C-12-HSL disrupts junctions in human Caco-2 cells as evidenced by a reduction of the expression and distribution of ZO-3 and JAM-A. Using co-immunoprecipitation we also found an alteration in the binding of ZO-3 to JAM-A in protein complexes. Moreover, 3O-C-12-HSL-treatment resulted in tyrosine hyperphosphorylation of ZO-3 and JAM-A. On the contrary, serine and threonine residues of ZO-1 and JAM-A became less phosphorylated after exposition of 3O-C-12-HSL. The 3O-C-12-HSL-induced intracellular calcium signalling and alteration in the phosphorylation status of junction proteins furthermore correlated with changes in the association between JAM-A-ZO-3. The calcium inhibitors thapsigargin, xestospongin C. and dantrolene partly prevented the 3O-C-12-HSL-induced decreases in TER and increases in the paracellular flux of 10 kDa dextran. These findings clearly suggest that P. aeruginosa 3O-C-12-HSL can cause the loss of epithelial barrier function via calcium signalling and further alteration in the phosphorylation status of junction proteins; and that bacterial quorum sensing signals represent inter-kingdom signalling.

  • 48.
    Tjellström, Bo
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Stenhammar, Lars
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Högberg, Lotta
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Norrköping.
    Fälth-Magnusson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Pediatrik. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Barn- och kvinnocentrum, Barn- och ungdomskliniken i Linköping.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Midtvedt, Tore
    Karolinska Institute.
    Sundqvist, Tommy
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Norin, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Institute.
    Screening-detected and symptomatic untreated celiac children show similar gut microflora-associated characteristics2010Ingår i: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, ISSN 0036-5521, Vol. 45, nr 9, s. 1059-1062Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolic function of intestinal microflora in children with screening-detected celiac disease (CD) to see if there is an aberrant gut flora in screening-detected CD similar to symptomatic CD and contrary to healthy controls. Materials and methods. As part of a Swedish multicenter screening for CD, 912 12-year-old children were screened with serum anti-human tissue transglutaminase-IgA. Small bowel biopsy specimens from children with positive serology revealed 17 individuals with CD. The functional status of the intestinal microflora was evaluated by gas liquid chromatography of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in fecal samples. Our previously published findings in children with symptomatic CD and healthy controls were used as comparison. Results. The children with screening-detected CD had a similar fecal SCFA profile to children with symptomatic CD, but differed significantly from that in healthy children. Conclusions. This is the first study on SCFA patterns in fecal samples from children with screening-detected CD. The similarity of the fecal SCFA profile in screening-detected and symptomatic CD indicates common pathogenic mechanisms. This could open the way for new therapeutic or prophylactic measures based on novel biological principles.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 49.
    Turoverova, L.V.
    et al.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Khotin, M.G.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Yudintseva, N.M.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Blinova, M.I.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Pinaev, G.P.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Tentler, D.G.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Analysis of extracellular matrix proteins produced by cultured cells2009Ingår i: Cell and Tissue Biology, ISSN 1990-519X, Vol. 3, nr 5, s. 497-502Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The extracellular matrix (ECM) is a highly organized multimolecular structure essential for the vital functions of any organism. Although much of the data of extracellular matrix components has been accumulated, the isolation of an entire set of these proteins remains a complex procedure due to the high content of fibrillar proteins and proteoglycans, which form multidomain, netlike structures. In the study presented, we developed a method for isolating ECM proteins from cell cultures. Human epidermoid carcinoma cells A431 and fibroblasts obtained from normal and scar human skin were used. We showed that EDTA solution removed cells from culture plates without destroying the cell membranes. Subsequent treatment of remaining ECM proteins with acetic acid in order to dissociate collagen fibers significantly improved the fractioning of ECM proteins. The extraction of remaining proteins from the surface of the culture plate was preformed by a buffer developed based on Laemmli probe buffer. Using this method, we isolated ECM proteins synthesized by cultured cells, and the extracted proteins were suitable for future analysis by SDS PAGE and two-dimentional electrophoresis, as well as for identifying individual proteins by mass spectrometry. This study may allow us to compare assortments of ECM proteins isolated from different sources, and elucidate impact of various proteins on structure and property of extracellular matrix of investigated cells.

  • 50.
    Turoverova, L.V.
    et al.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Khotin, M.G.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Yudintseva, N.M.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Magnusson, Karl-Eric
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för klinisk och experimentell medicin, Medicinsk mikrobiologi. Linköpings universitet, Hälsouniversitetet.
    Blinova, M.I.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Pinaev, G.P.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Tentler, D.G.
    Institute of Cytology RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
    Analysis of extracellular matrix proteins produced by cultured cells2009Ingår i: Tsitologiya, ISSN 0041-3771, Vol. 51, nr 8, s. 691-696Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Extracellular matrix (ECM) is a highly organized multimolecular structure essential for vital function of any organism. Although a lot of data on the extracellular matrix components has been accumulated, an isolation of the entire set of these proteins still remains to be a complex procedure since ECM contains fibrillar proteins and proteoglycans, which form multidomain net-like structures. In the presented study, we developed a method for isolation of ECM proteins from cell cultures. Human epidermoid carcinoma cells A431 and fibroblasts obtained from normal and scar human skin were used. We showed that EDTA solution removed cells from culture plates without destroying the cell membrane. Following treatment of remaining ECM proteins with acetic acid in order to dissociate collagen fibrils significantly improved fractioning of ECM proteins. Extraction of the remained proteins from culture plate surface was preformed using a buffer developed on the basis of Laemmli probe buffer. With this method, we isolated ECM proteins synthesized by culturing cells and suitable for a future analysis by SDS PAGE and two-dimentional electrophoresis as well as for identification of individual proteins by mass-spectrometry. This study may allow comparing protein contents of ECMs isolated from different sources, and elucidate influences of various proteins on the protein and the properties of extracellular matrix of investigated cells.

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