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  • 1. Beställ onlineKöp publikationen >>
    Andrei, Mariana
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    The role of industrial energy management in the transition toward sustainable energy systems: Exploring practices, knowledge dynamics and policy evaluation2023Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att mildra klimatförändringarna är en av de största utmaningarna i modern tid. EU har satt upp målet att uppnå klimatneutralitet till 2050. Omställningen av tillverkningsindustrin är avgörande för att nå EU:s målet, eftersom industrin står för cirka 25% av den totala slutliga energianvändningen och ungefär en femtedel av EU:s växthusgasutsläppen. Energieffektivitet är en av de viktigaste pelarna för industriell dekarbonisering, där energiledning spelar en avgörande roll för att uppnå sin fulla potential. För att bibehålla långsiktig konkurrenskraft samtidigt som man bidrar till EU:s mål om klimatneutralitet till 2050 behöver tillverkningsindustrin förbättra energieffektiviteten på ett kostnadseffektivt sätt. Tillverkningsföretag utforskar nya sätt att arbeta med energiledningsåtgärder för att möta behovet att radikala och inkrementella innovationer som krävs för att uppnå omställningsmålen. Men på grund av den höga komplexiteten hos industriella energisystem och att det skiljer sig mycket åt mellan branscher är det svårt att förbättra energieffektiviteten. Kunskap är en nyckelfaktor för att hitta radikala och inkrementella innovationer för energieffektivitet och industriella processer.

    Syftet med denna avhandling är att utforska rollen av industriella energiledning i övergången till ett hållbart energisystem med hjälp av ett utvidgat systemperspektiv. Genom att använda top-down och bottom-up-ansatser, fokuserar denna avhandling specifikt på tre nyckelaspekter: industriella energiledningsåtgärder, kunskapsdynamik inom industriell energiledning och policyutvärdering. Nyckelaspekter i denna avhandling har studerats med hjälp av blandade metoder, såsom litteraturstudie, intervjuer, fallstudier med deltagande observationer och aktionsforskningsmetod, och enkäter. Denna avhandling förespråkar att energiledningsaktiviteter (ELsA) inkluderar aktiviteter utöver energieffektiviseringar. Specifikt inkluderar de aktiviteter relaterade till dekarbonisering av industriella processer, inklusive energiförsörjning (egen och köpt) och bränslekonvertering, åtminstone.

    Resultaten visar att intern energiledning kretsar kring fokus på tekniker, processer och ledarskap, för vilket kunskapsskapandet är en pågående och utvecklande process. ELsA omfattar en omfattande uppsättning strategier och åtgärder som vidtagits av tillverkande organisationer för att förbättra energieffektiviteten, minska utsläppen av växthusgaser och navigera övergången till hållbar energianvändning.  Sådana åtgärder består av följande komponenter: energibesparing, energieffektivitet, processinnovation, energitillförsel och kompensationsåtgärder. Vidare har denna avhandling visat att externa åtgärder kopplad till deltagande i energipolitiska program och frivilliga initiativ också är en vanlig praxis i energiledningsarbete.

    Organisationer använder ofta en kombination av dessa strategier för att uppnå klimatneutralitet och anpassa sig till miljömässiga hållbarhetsmål. En framgångsrik implementering av ELsA är beroende av djup processkunskap, särskilt när det gäller radikala processinnovationer, som kräver en grundlig förståelse för ömsesidigt beroende och sammankopplade processer. Samarbete med externa kunskapskällor, inklusive universitet och intressenter, är avgörande för att driva innovation och anpassa sig till föränderliga energisystem. Ledarskap spelar en viktig roll för att navigera i dessa komplexiteten och säkerställa ett strategiskt tillvägagångssätt för implementering av ELsA.

    Denna avhandling bidrar till forskningen om energiledning på olika sätt: i. ompröva energihushållningens roll i det aktuella sammanhanget av övergången till hållbara energisystem, ii. främja teoretisk och praktisk förståelse för energiledning i tillverkande organisationer, iii. förbättra kunskapsskapande perspektivet inom energiledningsaktiviteter för att förbättra antagandet av både energieffektivitet och processinnovation, och iv. förbättra fördjupad teoretisk förståelse av kunskapsskapande perspektivprocessen för energiledning genom utveckling av ett kunskapsbaserat ramverk.

    Delarbeten
    1. Knowledge demands for energy management in manufacturing industry - A systematic literature review
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Knowledge demands for energy management in manufacturing industry - A systematic literature review
    2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 159, artikel-id 112168Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The social context in relation to energy policies and advances in more energy efficient technologies is changing constantly, thus driving a need for change in the manufacturing sector. This study presents a knowledge-based framework that enables the understanding of the model for knowledge that has taken industrial energy efficiency to current levels and the analysis of the model in the current context of industry transition. The framework consists of three broader forms of knowledge and specific knowledge attributes that can capture the knowledge employed in industrial energy management. The framework is applied in a systematic literature review, analyzing the forms of knowledge and main aspects of energy management in manufacturing industries from 157 articles published between 2010 and 2020 in various academic journals. Besides the framework, the results show that the technical form of knowledge is the primary type of knowledge employed in energy management and that a paradigm-changing towards Industry 4.0. is seen. Another employed form of knowledge is process knowledge, which is concerned with the prerequisite information needed to implement energy management. Finally, lead- ership knowledge is also employed in energy management and a blend in these three forms of knowledge might move us beyond traditional knowledge towards new forms of knowledge that maximize the potential for energy management in manufacturing industries. The knowledge demands brought by Industry 4.0 for all forms of knowledge are identified and discussed.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Elsevier, 2022
    Nyckelord
    Energy management, Manufacturing industry, Energy efficiency, Decarbonization, Analytical framework, Knowledge based framework, Industry 4.0, Process knowledge, Technical knowledge, Leadership knowledge, Model for energy management
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Teknik och teknologier
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-183200 (URN)10.1016/j.rser.2022.112168 (DOI)000786655600003 ()
    Projekt
    Towards a theory of energy management through contrasting case studies from the shipping and the manufacturing sectors
    Forskningsfinansiär
    Energimyndigheten, 460581-1, Dnr 2018-001887
    Anmärkning

    Funding: Graduate School in Energy Systems (FoES) - Swedish Energy Agency [46058-1, 2018-001887]; Division of Energy Systems in the Department of Management and Engineering at Link oping University

    Tillgänglig från: 2022-02-28 Skapad: 2022-02-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-31Bibliografiskt granskad
    2. Decarbonization of industry: Guidelines towards a harmonized energy efficiency policy program impact evaluation methodology
    Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Decarbonization of industry: Guidelines towards a harmonized energy efficiency policy program impact evaluation methodology
    Visa övriga...
    2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy Reports, E-ISSN 2352-4847, Vol. 7, s. 1385-1395Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
    Abstract [en]

    The decarbonization of EU energy system is under way, but manufacturing industry is still using approximately 25% of the EU total final energy use. To maintain long-term competitiveness while contributing to the EU goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, manufacturing industry needs to improve energy efficiency in a cost-effective way. One important way to achieve this is through energy audits. The Energy Efficiency Directive promotes member states development of energy efficiency programs to encourage industry to undergo energy audits. Previous studies have reviewed industrial energy efficiency policy program evaluations and argued that there is no harmonized way to conduct them. This leads to difficulties in: i) comparing energy efficiency and cost saving potentials throughout different programs, and ii) providing necessary information that supports the improvement of the policy program. Therefore, we argue that a harmonized methodology for industrial energy efficiency policy program evaluation is of great importance, and, we have developed a set of five-steps guidelines that lay the foundation for an ex-ante energy efficiency policy program evaluation methodology. The guidelines are to be be conducted during the lifetime of the program, in five steps, as follows: (s1) define key issues, (s2) set the objectives for each key issue, (s3) identify the options for each key issue, (s4) analyze options from an energy and environmental perspective, and (s5) compare options and select the recommended one. Our proposed methodology will support policymakers and evaluators answer questions such as: i) how can the objectives of the policy program be achieved? ii) is there any need to change the policy program? Furthermore, a comparison in terms of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability of all major policy options developed, including the status quo option is proposed in the methodology. This paper can be seen an important step towards the goal of creating a harmonized policy evaluation methodology. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

    Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
    Elsevier, 2021
    Nyckelord
    Decarbonization of industry; Energy efficiency policy programs; Ex-ante policy evaluation; Energy audits; Policy process; Guidelines; Methodology
    Nationell ämneskategori
    Energisystem
    Identifikatorer
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-180263 (URN)10.1016/j.egyr.2021.02.067 (DOI)000701614200009 ()
    Anmärkning

    Funding Agencies|Swedish Energy AgencySwedish Energy Agency [302881]; Division of Energy Systems at the Department of Management and Engineering, Linkoping University, Sweden

    Tillgänglig från: 2021-10-14 Skapad: 2021-10-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-31
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  • 2.
    Andrei, Mariana
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Thollander, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Sannö, Anna
    Research & Development Department, Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Knowledge demands for energy management in manufacturing industry - A systematic literature review2022Ingår i: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 159, artikel-id 112168Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The social context in relation to energy policies and advances in more energy efficient technologies is changing constantly, thus driving a need for change in the manufacturing sector. This study presents a knowledge-based framework that enables the understanding of the model for knowledge that has taken industrial energy efficiency to current levels and the analysis of the model in the current context of industry transition. The framework consists of three broader forms of knowledge and specific knowledge attributes that can capture the knowledge employed in industrial energy management. The framework is applied in a systematic literature review, analyzing the forms of knowledge and main aspects of energy management in manufacturing industries from 157 articles published between 2010 and 2020 in various academic journals. Besides the framework, the results show that the technical form of knowledge is the primary type of knowledge employed in energy management and that a paradigm-changing towards Industry 4.0. is seen. Another employed form of knowledge is process knowledge, which is concerned with the prerequisite information needed to implement energy management. Finally, lead- ership knowledge is also employed in energy management and a blend in these three forms of knowledge might move us beyond traditional knowledge towards new forms of knowledge that maximize the potential for energy management in manufacturing industries. The knowledge demands brought by Industry 4.0 for all forms of knowledge are identified and discussed.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Jalo, Noor
    et al.
    Univ Gavle, Sweden.
    Johansson, Ida
    Univ Gavle, Sweden.
    Andrei, Mariana
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Nehler, Therese
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Thollander, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Univ Gavle, Sweden.
    Barriers to and Drivers of Energy Management in Swedish SMEs2021Ingår i: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 14, nr 21, artikel-id 6925Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy efficiency gap is known as the difference between optimal level of energy efficiency and the actual level of achieved energy efficiency. Energy management has proven to further close the energy efficiency gap. Energy management may differ depending on whether it concerns a large, energy-intensive company or small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). SMEs are of high interest since they form a large share of the economy today. For SMEs, a lighter form of energy management, in the form of energy efficiency network participation, has proven to deliver sound energy efficiency impact, while for larger, energy-intensive firms, a certified energy management system may be more suitable. However, various barriers inhibit adoption of energy efficiency measures. While there is an array of research on barriers to and driving forces for energy efficiency in general, research on barriers to, and driving forces for, energy management is rare, one exception being a study of energy-intensive pulp and paper mills. This holds even more so for industrial SMEs. This paper aims to identify the barriers to, and drivers for, energy management in manufacturing SMEs. Results of this explorative study show that the top four barriers to energy management are lack of time/other priorities, non-energy-related working tasks are prioritized higher, slim organization, and lack of internal expert competences, i.e., mainly organizational barriers. The top four drivers for energy management are to reduce production waste, participation in energy efficiency networks, cost reduction from lower energy use, and commitment from top management. Furthermore, results show that energy management among the studied SMEs seems to not be as mature, even though the companies participated in an energy management capacity building program in the form of energy efficiency networks, which, in turn, shows a still largely untapped potential in the societal aim to reduce the energy efficiency and management gaps. The main contribution of this paper is a first novel attempt to explore barriers to, and drivers for, energy management among SMEs.

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  • 4.
    Andrei, Mariana
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Thollander, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Pierre, Inge
    Energiforetagen Sverige, Sweden.
    Gindroz, Bernard
    CEN CENELEC Sect Forum Energy Management SFEM, Belgium.
    Rohdin, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Decarbonization of industry: Guidelines towards a harmonized energy efficiency policy program impact evaluation methodology2021Ingår i: Energy Reports, E-ISSN 2352-4847, Vol. 7, s. 1385-1395Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The decarbonization of EU energy system is under way, but manufacturing industry is still using approximately 25% of the EU total final energy use. To maintain long-term competitiveness while contributing to the EU goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, manufacturing industry needs to improve energy efficiency in a cost-effective way. One important way to achieve this is through energy audits. The Energy Efficiency Directive promotes member states development of energy efficiency programs to encourage industry to undergo energy audits. Previous studies have reviewed industrial energy efficiency policy program evaluations and argued that there is no harmonized way to conduct them. This leads to difficulties in: i) comparing energy efficiency and cost saving potentials throughout different programs, and ii) providing necessary information that supports the improvement of the policy program. Therefore, we argue that a harmonized methodology for industrial energy efficiency policy program evaluation is of great importance, and, we have developed a set of five-steps guidelines that lay the foundation for an ex-ante energy efficiency policy program evaluation methodology. The guidelines are to be be conducted during the lifetime of the program, in five steps, as follows: (s1) define key issues, (s2) set the objectives for each key issue, (s3) identify the options for each key issue, (s4) analyze options from an energy and environmental perspective, and (s5) compare options and select the recommended one. Our proposed methodology will support policymakers and evaluators answer questions such as: i) how can the objectives of the policy program be achieved? ii) is there any need to change the policy program? Furthermore, a comparison in terms of relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability of all major policy options developed, including the status quo option is proposed in the methodology. This paper can be seen an important step towards the goal of creating a harmonized policy evaluation methodology. (C) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

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  • 5.
    Andrei, Mariana
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Thollander, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Reducing the Energy Efficiency Gap by Means of Energy Management Practices2019Ingår i: 2019 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry, Portland, August 12-14, 2019: Inspiring Action for a Sustainable Future. Panel 2: People, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy efficiency remains a cornerstone in climate change mitigation. Research onimproved energy efficiency has shown the existence of a gap between the optimal and currentimplementation of energy efficient technologies, which is referred to as the energy efficiencygap. Studies have identified that energy efficiency could be further improved by includingenergy management practices alongside energy-efficient technologies. The inefficiencies ofenergy efficiency are commonly explained by the existence of various barriers to energyefficiency. Energy management is stated to be one of the foremost means of overcoming thesebarriers, and two important factors that can help are energy services and energy data monitoring.The aim of this paper is to address how energy services and energy data monitoring can helpeliminate the energy efficiency gap. The study has been carried out as a multiple case studyusing semi-structured interviews.Two aspects of energy management are included: Energy Performance Contract (EPC)and the concept of “Smart” processes and subprocesses. EPC is a commercial model that ispreferably to be designed in a way that it can remove barriers and allow driving forces to beeffective within the contract, and the concept of smart processes and subprocesses, that implies abetter use of big data from measurements and intra-machine connectivity by using the Internet ofThings. Major barriers to energy efficiency are high transaction costs, problems with financingand competition with in-house expertise. Thus, by introducing the EPC and “Smart” concept, areduction of the energy efficiency gap could be achieved.

  • 6.
    Lawrence, Akvile
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Thollander, Patrik
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Andrei, Mariana
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Specific Energy Consumption/Use (SEC) in Energy Management for Improving Energy Efficiency in Industry: Meaning, Usage and Differences2019Ingår i: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 12, nr 2, artikel-id 247Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although several research studies have adopted specific energy consumption (SEC) as an indicator of the progress of improved energy efficiency, publications are scarce on critical assessments when using SEC. Given the increasing importance of monitoring improved industrial energy efficiency and the rising popularity of SEC as an energy key performance indicator (e-KPI), an in-depth analysis and problematization on the pros and cons of using SEC would appear to be needed. The aim of this article is to analyse SEC critically in relation to industrial energy efficiency. By using SEC in the pulp and paper industry as an example, the results of this exploratory study show that although SEC is often used as an e-KPI in industry, the comparison is not always straightforward. Challenges emanate from a lack of information about how SEC is calculated. It is likely that SEC is an optimal e-KPI within the same study, when all deployed SECs are calculated in the same way, and with the same underlying assumptions. However, before comparing SEC with other studies, it is recommended that the assumptions on which calculations are based should be scrutinized in order to ensure the validity of the comparisons. The paper remains an important contribution in addition to the available handbooks.

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