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  • 1.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Natl Board Trade Sweden, Sweden.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Natl Board Trade Sweden, Sweden; Orebro Univ, Sweden.
    Tingvall, Patrik
    Natl Board Trade Sweden, Sweden; Sodertorn Univ, Sweden.
    Import, Productivity, and Export Performances2024Ingår i: Economics, E-ISSN 1864-6042, Vol. 18, nr 1, artikel-id 20220084Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is twofold. First, we analyze whether the decision of where to import from is affected by firms' ex-ante characteristics. Second, we analyze how the origin of imports affects firms' productivity, export sales, and the number of export markets. Using extensive data on Swedish manufacturing firms from 2007 to 2020, we uncover several significant insights. Nearly 80% of the firms engage in international trade. The smallest firms operate exclusively as exporters, medium-sized firms as importers, and the largest firms engage in two-way trading. While most imports originate from high-wage countries, there has been a gradual shift to low-wage countries over time. Self-selection is evident, with highly productive firms importing from all sources, followed by firms that exclusively import from either low-wage or high-wage countries, and the lowest-productive firms not importing. By controlling for self-selection using the Event Study approach and difference-in-differences matching estimator, we find that large importing firms exhibit no significant differences in productivity and export sales in comparison to their non-importing counterparts. However, small importing firms show increased productivity growth, driven by high-wage imports. Both small and large firms importing from high- and low-wage countries tend to access more high-wage export markets than non-importers.

  • 2.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Koch, Michael
    Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Domestic and foreign acquisitions, plant survival and employment effects2023Ingår i: Applied Economics Letters, ISSN 1350-4851, E-ISSN 1466-4291, Vol. 30, nr 7, s. 923-926Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We estimate causal treatment effects of domestic and foreign acquisitions on plant survival, employment (growth) and the skill composition within acquired plants. To do so, we look at takeovers of private firms in Danish manufacturing and service sectors during the period 2002-2015. We use plant-, firm-, and industry-level information to control for the non-random selection of the acquisition targets, differentiated for domestic and foreign acquirers, by combining a difference-in-differences approach with a propensity score weighting estimator. Our results reveal positive effects on plant survival, employment (growth) and the skill intensity for domestic targets, while foreign targets reduce their skill intensity following an acquisition.

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  • 3.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Aarhus Univ, Denmark.
    Global sourcing, firm size and export survival2020Ingår i: Economics, E-ISSN 1864-6042, Vol. 14, artikel-id 202018Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates how firm size and global sourcing affect the export surviving probabilities. By using data on export and import transactions disaggregated by destination/origin for the entire Danish manufacturing firms between the period 1995-2006, the author is able to classify the firms into different size categories and to observe whether they continue or cease to export. Moreover, he is able to define whether the firms source intermediate inputs from high- or low-wage counties. The results, after controlling for the endogeneity of the international sourcing decision by using instrument variable and propensity score matching, indicate that firm size is positively correlated with the likelihood of continuing to export. Moreover, for small and medium size firms, global sourcing seems also to increase the probability of staying in the export market but only if they source from high-wage countries. However, sourcing inputs from abroad, no matter if it is from high- or low-wage countries, do not seem to significantly affect the export surviving probabilities for larger firms.

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  • 4.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global sourcing, productivity and export intensity2020Ingår i: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 3, s. 615-643Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effect of global sourcing on firm performances by using data on Danish manufacturing firms during the period 1995–2006. The results show that firms with better ex‐ante characteristics are more inclined to source intermediate inputs from abroad. The results also show that firms that source from different locations possess different ex‐ante characteristics; the most productive source inputs from high‐wage countries while capital stock and being an exporter are more important factors when sourcing from low‐wage countries. Moreover, controlling for the endogeneity of both the sourcing decision and location by using instrument variable and DiD matching approach, the results seem also to suggest that firms that source inputs from high‐wage countries benefited from doing so in terms of higher growth of productivity and export intensity. Firms that source inputs from low‐wage countries, on the other hand, seem not to have experienced any significant impact on neither productivity nor export, not even three years after they started to source inputs from these countries.

  • 5.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Offshoring, Firm Size and Export Survival2019Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 6.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Acquisition, Plant Survival and Employment Growth2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Acquisition, Plant Survival and Employment Growth2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 8.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Effect of Offshoring on Productivity and Export Growth2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the effect of offshoring on firm performances by using data on Danish manufacturing firms during the period 1995-2006. The results show that firms with better ex-ante characteristics are more inclined in offshoring activities. The results also show that firms that source from different locations possesses different ex-ante characteristics; the most productive source inputs from high-wage countries while, capital stock and being an exporter are more important factors when sourcing from low-wage countries. Moreover, controlling for the endogeneity of both the offshoring decision and location by using instrument variable and DiD matching approach, the results seem also to suggest that firms that allocated some of their production process to high-wage countries benefited from doing so in terms of higher growth of productivity and export intensity. Firms that allocated their offshoring activities to low-wage countries, on the other hand, seems to not have experienced any significant impact on neither productivity nor export, not even three years after they started to offshore.

  • 9.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Offshoring and product development2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the link between offshoring and product development by utilizing novel and detailed firm- and product level dataset for the Danish manufacturing sector during the period 1996-2006. By using information on all import transactions disaggregated by origin and on all manufactured products and sales measured at the eight-digit Combined Nomenclature (CN8) level, I am able to define, i) whether the firms are engaged in offshoring activities or not, ii) the amount of CN2, CN4 and CN6 product mix they sell in the domestic and export market, and iii) whether they have (on a yearly basis) developed a new product. The results seem to indicate that offshoring firms have better ex-ante characteristics than non-offshoring firms. However, controlling for this endogeneity by using Coarsened Exact Matching (CEM), the results seem also to indicate that offshoring to high-wage countries increases the probability to develop a new CN4 and CN6 products by about 11 and 12 percent, whereas offshoring to low-wage countries have no effect on product development. Moreover, locating the offshoring to high-wage countries have no significant effect on the amount of CN2 product mix, only on CN4 and CN6 product mix. However, if the offshoring is located in low-wage countries the CN4 and CN6 product mix are not affected but the CN2 product mix is on average reduced by 5 percent as compared to the matched non-offshoring firms.

  • 10.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Offshoring and product development2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Offshoring, Firm Size and Export Survival2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Offshoring, Firm Size and Export Survival2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten. Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Offshoring, Plant Survival and Employment Growth2016Ingår i: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 39, nr 5, s. 597-620Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    n/a

  • 14.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    The Effect of Offshoring on Productivity and Export Growth2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Aarhus University, Aarhus V, Denmark.
    Görg, Holger
    Kiel Institute for the World Economy, Kiel, Germany.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Foreign acquisitions, domestic multinationals, and R&D2014Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 116, nr 4, s. 1091-1115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim in this paper is to evaluate the causal effect of foreign acquisition on research and development (R&D) intensity in targeted domestic firms. We are able to distinguish domestic multinational enterprises (MNEs) and non-MNEs, which allows us to investigate the fear that the change in ownership of domestic MNEs to foreign MNEs leads to a reduction in R&D activity in the country. Overall, our results give no support to the fears that foreign acquisition of domestic firms leads to a relocation of R&D activity in Swedish MNEs. Rather, in this paper, we find robust evidence that foreign acquisitions lead to increasing R&D intensity in acquired domestic MNEs and non-MNEs.

  • 16.
    Bandick, Roger
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Nationalekonomi. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Global Activities and Plant Survival: The Case of Sweden2014Ingår i: Innovation, globalization and firm dynamics : lessons for enterprise policy / [ed] Anna Maria Ferragina, Erol Taymaz, Kamil Yilmaz, Routledge, 2014, s. -35Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides an extensive review of the empirical evidence found for Sweden concerning plant survival. The result reveals that foreign MNE plants and exporting non-MNE plants have the lowest exit rates, followed by purely domestic-oriented plants, and that domestic MNE plants have the highest exit rates. Moreover, the exit rates of globally engaged plants seem to be unaffected by increased foreign presence, whereas there appears to be a negative impact on the survival rates of non-exporting non-MNE plants. Finally, the result reveals that the survival ratio of plants of acquired exporters, but not other types of plants, improves post acquisition.

  • 17.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Denmark.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Orebro University, Orebro, Sweden.
    Employment effects of foreign acquisition2011Ingår i: International Review of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1059-0560, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 211-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the employment effects of foreign acquisitions in acquired firms in Swedish manufacturing during the 1990s; a period characterized by a dramatic increase in foreign ownership. We find some evidence of positive employment effects in acquired firms and it seems that the employment of skilled labor increases more than that of less-skilled labor. Our results indicate that the positive employment effects are more pronounced in acquired non-MNEs than in Swedish MNEs. Furthermore, we observe shifts in skill intensities toward higher shares of skilled labor in non-MNEs taken over by foreign MNEs, but not in acquired Swedish MNEs.

  • 18.
    Bandick, Roger
    Institute of Business and Technology and Aarhus School of Business, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
    Foreign Acquisition, Wages and Productivity2011Ingår i: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 34, nr 6, s. 931-951Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies the effect of foreign acquisition on wages and total factor productivity (TFP) in the years following a takeover by using unique detailed firm-level data for Sweden for the period 1993–2002. The paper takes particular account of potential endogeneity of the acquisition decision (for example, due to ‘cherry picking’) by implementing an instrumental variable approach and propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation. Moreover, in line with the recent literature on firm heterogeneity and trade, this paper allows for the acquisition effect to differ depending on whether the targeted firms were domestic multinational or non-multinationals before the foreign takeover. This paper also allows for the acquisition effect to differ depending on whether the acquisition is horizontal or vertical. Our results show that foreign acquisition has no effects on overall, skilled or less-skilled wage growth, either in targeted Swedish MNEs or in targeted Swedish non-MNEs or if the acquisition was motivated by vertical or horizontal motives. However, the results indicate that both targeted Swedish MNEs and non-MNEs have better growth in TFP after vertical foreign acquisition only but no such impact from horizontal foreign acquisition.

  • 19.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Institute of Business and Technology, Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Görg, Holger
    International Economics, Kiel Institute for the World Economy and University of Kiel, Germany.
    Karpaty, Patrik
    Swedish Business School, Örebro University, Sweden.
    What happens to R&D in domestic multinationals after foreign acquisition2011Ingår i: VoxEU.org, artikel-id 15 JanuaryArtikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    With foreign ownership of domestic companies becoming increasingly common, questions are mounting as to the consequences. One area of concern is the effect on research and development. This column presents new evidence from Sweden, where flagship firms such as Volvo and Saab are now foreign owned, that it hopes will reassure policymakers.

  • 20.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    epartment of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Denmark.
    Görg, Holger
    Kiel Institute for the World Economy, University of Kiel, Germany.
    Foreign acquisition, plant survival, and employment growth2010Ingår i: Canadian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0008-4085, Vol. 43, nr 2, s. 547-573Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the effect of foreign acquisition on survival and employment growth of targets using data on Swedish manufacturing plants. We separate targeted plants into those within Swedish MNEs, Swedish exporting non-MNEs, and purely domestic firms. The results, controlling for possible endogeneity of acquisition using IV and propensity score matching approaches suggest that acquisition by foreign owners increases the lifetime of the acquired plants only if the plant was an exporter. The effect is robust to controlling for domestic acquisitions and differs between horizontal and vertical acquisitions. We find robust positive employment growth effects only for exporters and only if the takeover is vertical.

  • 21.
    Bandick, Roger
    Institute of Business and Technology & Department of Economics at Aarhus School of Business, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
    Multinationals and plant survival2010Ingår i: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 146, nr 4, s. 609-634Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is twofold: first, to investigate how different ownership structures affect plant survival, and second, to analyze how the presence of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) affects domestic plants’ survival. Using a unique and detailed data set on the Swedish manufacturing sector, I am able to separate plants into those owned by foreign MNEs, domestic MNEs, exporting non-MNEs, and purely domestic firms. In line with previous findings, the result, when conditioned on other factors affecting survival, shows that foreign MNE plants have lower survival rates than non-MNE plants. However, separating the non-MNEs into exporters and non-exporters, the result shows that foreign MNE plants have higher survival rates than non-exporting non-MNEs, while the survival rates of foreign MNE plants and exporting non-MNE plants do not seem to differ. Moreover, the simple non-parametric estimates show that domestic MNE plants are more likely to exit the market than other plants, also when controlling for plant-specific differences. Finally, foreign presence in the market seems to have had a negative impact on the survival rate of plants in non-exporting non-MNEs, but not to have affected plants in exporting non-MNEs or plants in domestic MNEs.

  • 22.
    Bandick, Roger
    et al.
    Swedish Business School, Örebro University, Sweden; Department of Economics, Aarhus School of Business, Aabyhøj, Denmark.
    Hansson, Pär
    Swedish Business School, Örebro University, Sweden.
    Inward FDI and demand for skills in manufacturing firms in Sweden2009Ingår i: Review of World Economics, ISSN 1610-2878, E-ISSN 1610-2886, Vol. 145, nr 1, s. 111-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We observe a substantial increase in foreign ownership in Sweden in the 1990s. Did that have any effect on relative demand for skilled labor? Has technology transfers-often associated with inward FDI-led to an increased demand for skills due to skilled-biased technical change? Are there any grounds for the concerns in the public Swedish debate that more skilled activities have been moved to other countries where the headquarters are located? Estimating relative labor demand at the firm level and using propensity score matching with difference-in-difference estimation, we obtain support for that relative demand for skilled labor tend to rise in non-multinationals (non-MNEs)-but not in multinationals (MNEs)-that become foreign-owned. Other interesting findings are that larger presence of foreign MNEs in an industry appears to have a positive impact on the relative demand for skills in Swedish MNEs within the same industry and that the elasticity of substitution between skilled and less-skilled labor seems to be lower in MNEs than in non-MNEs.

1 - 22 av 22
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