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  • 1.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Moghadam-Saman, Saeed
    University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
    Aligning doctoral education with local industrial employers’ needs: a comparative case study2019Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Doctoral education was primarily designed to answer the human resources needs of academia. However, nowadays, increasing numbers of doctorate holders seek employment outside academia. Accordingly, doctoral education can be one of the means by which universities take part in the development of industry in their regions. This study explores whether and how doctoral-level skills are being adapted to the needs of local industrial employers in two different contexts. Two research and science parks situated next to research-intensive universities in Sweden and Spain were chosen as cases for an exploratory and comparative study. In these parks, local industrial employers conduct R&D activities that make them potentially attractive destinations for doctoral graduates. Similarities in the cases were found regarding the process of adaptation of doctoral education at the adjacent universities to meet the industrial employers’ needs in the parks. Discrepancies are also highlighted regarding stages of development, institutional settings, geography and culture. Implications for several stakeholders are formulated to improve the process analysed in the study concerning better alignment of doctoral education with industrial employers’ need for generic skills.

  • 2.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Moghadam-Saman, Saeed
    Univ Stavanger, Norway.
    Aligning doctoral education with local industrial employers needs: a comparative case study2019Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Doctoral education was primarily designed to answer the human resources needs of academia. However, nowadays, increasing numbers of doctorate holders seek employment outside academia. Accordingly, doctoral education can be one of the means by which universities take part in the development of industry in their regions. This study explores whether and how doctoral-level skills are being adapted to the needs of local industrial employers in two different contexts. Two research and science parks situated next to research-intensive universities in Sweden and Spain were chosen as cases for an exploratory and comparative study. In these parks, local industrial employers conduct Ramp;D activities that make them potentially attractive destinations for doctoral graduates. Similarities in the cases were found regarding the process of adaptation of doctoral education at the adjacent universities to meet the industrial employers needs in the parks. Discrepancies are also highlighted regarding stages of development, institutional settings, geography and culture. Implications for several stakeholders are formulated to improve the process analysed in the study concerning better alignment of doctoral education with industrial employers need for generic skills.

  • 3.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre. HELIX Competence Centre.
    Doctoral education and employment in the regions: the case of Catalonia2019Ingår i: Regional Studies, Regional Science, ISSN 0080-0694, E-ISSN 2168-1376, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 299-318Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though the doctoral degree was originally designed for an academic career, there is an increasingly important labour market for doctorate holders outside academia, mainly because of a shortage of job opportunities within it. Doctoral degrees are granted only by universities; thus, universities are the only suppliers of the doctoral workforce to the labour market. Understanding the needs of non-academic employers is thus crucial if universities are to adapt their doctoral education curriculum. Many studies have analyzed labour markets for doctorate holders at national and transnational scales, but few studies focus on the regional scale. The present study explores regional data for Catalonia in Spain on the employment situation of doctorate holders in order to define the characteristics of the regional, non-academic labour market for doctorate holders. Descriptive statistics suggest a high retention rate of doctorate holders within the region and a large part of doctorate holders (two-thirds) having a job that does not require a doctoral degree. This study highlights the existence of a skills mismatch that might be linked to the preference for a better paid or more stable job, or to the lack of development of skills that represent added value in the eyes of employers. These characteristics can be formulated as hypotheses to be tested in further qualitative or quantitative studies. They have several implications for universities, non-academic employers and regional policy-makers, such as the need to work on the valorization of the doctoral degree in the non-academic labour market.

  • 4.
    Etzkowitz, Henry
    et al.
    International Triple Helix Institute.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Keel, Jisoo
    Stanford University, Science Technology and Society Program, United States of America.
    Kumar, Caleb
    Stanford University, Science Technology and Society Program, United States of America.
    Nelson Smith, Kaden
    Stanford University, Science Technology and Society Program, United States of America.
    Albats, Ekaterina
    School of Business and Management, Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Entrepreneurial university dynamics: Structured ambivalence, relative deprivation and institution-formation in the Stanford innovation system2019Ingår i: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 141, s. 159-171Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Cadorin, Eduardo
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Universities and Science Parks: Engagements and Interactions in Developing and Attracting Talent2019Ingår i: Developing Engaged and Entrepreneurial Universities: Theories, Concepts and Empirical Findings / [ed] Thorsten Kliewe, Tobias Kesting, Carolin Plewa, Thomas Baaken, Singapore: Springer, 2019, s. 151-169Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many studies have shown that they have ceased to be mere facilitators of physical spaces to become important providers of services and resources to their tenants. Universities situated in or next to them play a key role in getting engaged in the development and the attraction of talent to Science Parks, to their tenant firms as well as to the region. Considering that skilled professionals are one of the resources that companies seek the most, Science Parks have dedicated numerous activities and means to become even more attractive to talented individuals, who can especially be found in entrepreneurial universities. In this study, we review the literature regarding the interactions existing between Science Parks or their tenants and their local universities. Talent attraction and entrepreneurship issues are addressed as the building blocks of these interactions. We strive to identify types of interactions that could differ in function of the maturity levels of the firms since their aims are not the same: at an early stage, firms tend to focus more on growth, whereas at a later stage, they tend to focus more on their development. We then point out policy implications, concerning both entrepreneurial or engaged universities and Science Parks.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2021-09-25 08:00
  • 6.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    The Integration of Collaboration Skills in Doctoral Education2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As for all sorts of education programs, the first aim in doctoral education is to educate students with the skills they need in their professional life, as researchers in this case. Career opportunities for doctoral graduates can be found, obviously, in academia, but also outside it as employed by a non-academic organisation or as self-employed. For each of these career possibilities, collaboration is crucial. However, collaboration skills are not systematically integrated in doctoral education curricula, or at least not explicitly. Doctoral education thus calls for a reform to integrate the teaching of such skills; and this reform can happen only through the definition of collaboration skills and through the implementation of different kinds of collaboration opportunities.

  • 7.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Transitioning from an economic to a broader social impact: A case study of a Swedish university2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of universities in regional development has been intensively debated in both research and practice. The objective of this study was to examine the possible roles of a university in the development of its region over the long term. A case study approach was adopted through the analysis of a rather young university in a provincial region of Sweden. The region is mainly agricultural but has two large cities where industrial and military activities can be found, as well as IT and R&D activities in two Science Parks and the surrounding ecosystems. A review of the literature dealing with entrepreneurial universities and regional development shows that five main models have been proposed to describe the various roles and interactions of universities with their environments: (i) the knowledge factory, (ii) the relational university, (iii) the entrepreneurial university, (iv) the systemic university, and (v) the engaged university. Interviews with key personnel of the university in relation with regional management and regional stakeholders supplement the case. It is argued that the selected case corresponds most closely to the model of a systemic university but also has characteristics of an engaged university. The current case seems to be in transition between these two models, due mainly to external desires for achieving a broader social impact. This case highlights implications for policymakers and university managers in leading a transition process from one university model to another.

  • 8.
    Cadorin, Eduardo
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Germain-Alamartine, Eloïse
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Bienkowska, Dzamila
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Linköpings universitet, HELIX Competence Centre.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Projekt, innovationer och entreprenörskap. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Science Parks - University interaction: A literature2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout the history of Science Parks, many studies have shown that Science Parks have ceased to be mere facilitators of physical spaces, to become important providers of services and resources to their tenants. Considering that skilled professionals are one of the most sought after resources by technology and knowledge intensive firms, Science Parks have dedicated numerous activities and means in order to become even more attractive to talents. In this context, universities situated in or next to Science Parks play a key role in developing and attracting talents to Science Parks and to its firms as well as to the region, functioning as a regional node of a large national and international network of universities. Science Parks and universities are vital parts of the entrepreneurial ecosystem of a region and have many complementarities. In this study, we review the literature regarding the relationship existing between Science Parks and universities and the ways in which they can collaborate. Talent, recruitment, and entrepreneurship issues are addressed as the building blocks of these interactions. Other stakeholders, inside and outside a Science Park, are also analysed in order to widen the perspective to the ecosystem of actors involved, allowing a better understanding of the role, the interests, the means and the implications of each one. The purpose of this study is to understand and qualify the university's role in attracting and developing talent that firms in Science Parks can recruit later on. We identify the types of interactions occurring between Science Parks and their nearby universities. We strive to find what kinds of skills are considered relevant by employers, and to describe the initiatives developed by universities and Science Parks – separately and together – aiming at drawing, developing and retaining talents. We also seek to identify who are the actors involved; private or public organisations, or people embodying specific functions in these organisations. In the end, we recognize and point out policy implications, concerning both universities and Science Parks.

1 - 8 av 8
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