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  • 1.
    Koehler, Jonathan
    et al.
    Fraunhofer ISI, Germany.
    Geels, Frank W.
    Univ Manchester, England.
    Kern, Florian
    Inst Ecol Econ Res, Germany.
    Markard, Jochen
    ETH, Switzerland.
    Onsongo, Elsie
    Int Inst Social Studies, Netherlands.
    Wieczorek, Anna
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, Netherlands.
    Alkemade, Floortje
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, Netherlands.
    Avelino, Flor
    Erasmus Univ, Netherlands.
    Bergek, Anna
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Boons, Frank
    Univ Manchester, England.
    Funfschilling, Lea
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Hess, David
    Vanderbilt Univ, TN 37235 USA.
    Holtz, Georg
    Wuppertal Inst Climate Environm and Energy, Germany.
    Hyysalo, Sampsa
    Aalto Univ, Finland.
    Jenkins, Kirsten
    Univ Brighton, England.
    Kivimaa, Paula
    Univ Sussex, England.
    Martiskainen, Mari
    Univ Sussex, England.
    McMeekin, Andrew
    Univ Manchester, England.
    Muehlemeier, Marie Susan
    Ecole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Nykvist, Bjorn
    SEI, Sweden.
    Pel, Bonno
    Univ Libre Bruxelles, Belgium.
    Raven, Rob
    Monash Univ, Australia.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Sanden, Bjorn
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Sweden.
    Schot, Johan
    Univ Sussex, England.
    Sovacool, Benjamin
    Univ Sussex, England.
    Turnheim, Bruno
    Univ Manchester, England; Univ Sussex, England; Univ Paris Est Marne Vallee, France.
    Welch, Dan
    Univ Manchester, England.
    Wells, Peter
    Cardiff Univ, Wales.
    An agenda for sustainability transitions research: State of the art and future directions2019Ingår i: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 31, s. 1-32Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on sustainability transitions has expanded rapidly in the last ten years, diversified in terms of topics and geographical applications, and deepened with respect to theories and methods. This article provides an extensive review and an updated research agenda for the field, classified into nine main themes: understanding transitions; power, agency and politics; governing transitions; civil society, culture and social movements; businesses and industries; transitions in practice and everyday life; geography of transitions; ethical aspects; and methodologies. The review shows that the scope of sustainability transitions research has broadened and connections to established disciplines have grown stronger. At the same time, we see that the grand challenges related to sustainability remain unsolved, calling for continued efforts and an acceleration of ongoing transitions. Transition studies can play a key role in this regard by creating new perspectives, approaches and understanding and helping to move society in the direction of sustainability.

  • 2.
    Feiz, Roozbeh
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten. Biogas Research Center.
    Ammenberg, Jonas
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Industriell miljöteknik. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Björn, Annika
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Yufang, Guo
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.
    Karlsson, Magnus
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för ekonomisk och industriell utveckling, Energisystem. Linköpings universitet, Tekniska fakulteten.
    Liu, Yonghui
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.
    Liu, Yuxian
    Linköpings universitet. Guangzhou University Research Center on Urban Sustainable Development, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.
    Masuda, Laura Shizue Moriga
    Institute of Biology, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    Enrich-Prast, Alex
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Trygg, Kristina
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Shakeri Yekta, Sepehr
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Zhang, Fagen
    School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China.
    Biogas Potential for Improved Sustainability in Guangzhou, China: A Study Focusing on Food Waste on Xiaoguwei Island2019Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As a result of rapid development in China and the growth of megacities, large amounts of organic wastes are generated within relatively small areas. Part of these wastes can be used to produce biogas, not only to reduce waste-related problems, but also to provide renewable energy, recycle nutrients, and lower greenhouse gases and air polluting emissions. This article is focused on the conditions for biogas solutions in Guangzhou. It is based on a transdisciplinary project that integrates several approaches, for example, literature studies and lab analysis of food waste to estimate the food waste potential, interviews to learn about the socio-technical context and conditions, and life-cycle assessment to investigate the performance of different waste management scenarios involving biogas production. Xiaoguwei Island, with a population of about 250,000 people, was chosen as the area of study. The results show that there are significant food waste potentials on the island, and that all studied scenarios could contribute to a net reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. Several socio-technical barriers were identified, but it is expected that the forthcoming regulatory changes help to overcome some of them.

  • 3.
    Parks, Darcy
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    From sustainable to smart: Re-branding or re-assembling urban energy infrastructure?2019Ingår i: Geoforum, ISSN 0016-7185, E-ISSN 1872-9398, Vol. 100, s. 51-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Visions of sustainable cities have increasingly been substituted by the ambition to become a ‘smart city’ in recent years. Ongoing scholarly discussions often focus on how sustainability and ‘smartness’ relate to each other conceptually, to which extent smart city technologies contribute to making cities more sustainable, and calls to prioritise social issues over technology. The questions of how this ‘shift to smart’ has unfolded, and how it has reshaped strategies and interventions to make cities and their energy infrastructures more sustainable, have however been much less investigated. The aim of this article is to zoom in on the dynamics of such a shift from sustainable to smart. The cities of Malmö and Graz have strong profiles as sustainable cities and have both begun to use smart city branding. We build our analysis on argumentative discourse theory and the concept of socio-material assemblages. Along with a discursive shift from sustainable cities to smart cities, we also observe changes in institutions and socio-material practices. We identify appropriation and colonisation as two dynamics that characterise the relations between assemblages of sustainable and smart cities. We conclude that even when smart city discourses are appropriated by actors in existing sustainable city assemblages, the discursive shift might eventually allow smart city assemblages to colonise existing institutions and socio-material practices. But the shift does not take place through explicit controversy between two discourse coalitions, and it therefore remains important to further investigate the conditions that allow for a change in dynamics from appropriation to colonisation.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2021-03-15 08:00
  • 4.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Köhler, Helena
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema Miljöförändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Households as infrastructure junctions in urban sustainability transitions: The case of hot water metering2019Ingår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 56, nr 11, s. 2372-2386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The integration of infrastructure domains and resource flows such as electricity, heat, water and waste increasingly gains currency in strategies to achieve more resource-efficient, smart and resilient cities. While widely discussed concepts of a nexus of resource systems, such as energy-water-food, aim at a more optimised and integrative management of resource flows, this article investigates how infrastructure integration is accomplished through the establishment of new interfaces and junctions between formerly separated systems. In particular, it focuses on households as an arena where different urban infrastructures intersect and different kinds of sometimes contradicting demands are imposed to co-manage these infrastructures, such as in the case of own electricity generation from photovoltaics along with the charging of electric cars and the management of household energy consumption. The installation of meters and the constant monitoring of resource use and consumption feedback to household members is regarded as a crucial element in such a transition towards more sustainable urban infrastructures. Empirically, the article studies the introduction of hot tap water meters in urban households in Sweden and the resistance and reactions of these households to such a metering regime. Our study shows how meters as new junctions between energy suppliers and users but also between separate infrastructures of electricity, hot tap water and room heating become contested political terrains which are linked to broader socio-political questions of urban change. In contrast to system management perspectives, such an inside-out approach rather lends itself to context-sensitive and navigational governance approaches of infrastructure integration.

  • 5.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Analyzing the Socio-Technical Transformation of Energy Systems: The Concept of 'Sustainability Transitions'2018Ingår i: Oxford Handbook of Energy and Society / [ed] Gross M and Davidson D, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018, s. 45-60Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Turnheim, Bruno
    et al.
    Department of Geography, King’s College London, London, UK / Manchester Institute of Innovation ResearchUniversity of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
    Wesseling, Joeri H.
    Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Truffer, Bernhard
    Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands / Eawag-Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Dübendorf, Switzerland.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Carvalho, Luis
    Centre of Studies in Geography and Spatial Planning, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Binder, Claudia
    Laboratory for Human-Environment Relations in Urban Systems, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Challenges ahead: Understanding, assessing, anticipating and governing foreseeable societal tensions to support accelerated low-carbon transitions in Europe2018Ingår i: Advancing Energy Policy: Lessons on the integration of Social Sciences and Humanities / [ed] Chris Foulds and Rosie Robison, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, s. 141-161Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Addressing global climate change calls for rapid, large-scale deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs). Such an accelerated diffusion constitutes a new phenomenon, which challenges existing analytical approaches. The implied fundamental reconfiguration of energy systems will inevitably involve adjoining shifts in the structure of energy markets, the socio-cultural significance of energy, and related rules and institutions - producing new societal tensions that are largely understudied. This think piece draws on insights from socio-technical, social-ecological and techno-economic systems studies to better understand, assess and support the exploration of low-carbon futures.  We sketch out an integrated approach that encompasses four major tasks for governing the energy transition: i) a richer understanding of the dynamics of socio-technical and social-ecological systems; ii) multi-dimensional assessments of prospective environmental, social and economic impacts of these transformations; iii) methods that enable actors to anticipate future impacts in their everyday innovation and decision practices; and iv) elaborate new, integrated governance arrangements to tackle the upcoming transformations.

  • 7.
    Ulsrud, Kirsten
    et al.
    Department of Sociology and Human Geography, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Winther, Tanja
    Centre for Development and the Environment (SUM), University of Oslo, Norway.
    Muchunku, Charles
    Independent Energy Consultant, Kenya.
    Palit, Debajit
    TERI, New Delhi, India.
    Pathways to electricity for all: What makes village-scale solar power successful?2018Ingår i: Energy Research & Social Science, ISSN 2214-6296, E-ISSN 2214-6326, Vol. 44, s. 32-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents new empirical research on what it takes to provide enduring access to affordable, reliable and useful electricity services for all. We analyze and synthesize the long-term experiences with three different systems for village-scale solar power supply in India, Senegal and Kenya. Since this scale of electricity provision forms part of village infrastructure, it requires particular types of knowledge, policies and support mechanisms. This research therefore investigates how village-scale solar systems can be designed, implemented, sustained and replicated in ways that make them accessible and useful for the community members. Drawing on a socio-technical and practice-oriented approach, we show that the electricity system’s degree of adaptedness to its social context affects many important qualities of the system such as the relevance of the available electricity services for the people, the system’soperational and economic sustainability and the potential for replication. Achieving such adaptation notably requires a flexible approach on the part of implementers, funders and local actors before, during and after implementation. We also show the need for institutionalization of decentralized electricity provision, discuss the current ambiguities in policies, regulations and funding mechanisms for village-scale solar power, and provide recommendations to policy makers and donors.

  • 8.
    Ulsrud, Kirsten
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Muchunku, Charles
    Independent RE Consultant, POB 76406-00508, Kenya.
    Spatial transfer of innovations: South-South learning on village-scale solar power supply between India and Kenya2018Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 114, s. 89-97Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents research on the transfer of sustainable energy innovations between countries of the global South from a socio-technical perspective. The analysis identifies factors important for how a deliberate transfer process may unfold. It is based on monitoring a case of South-South transfer of experiences with village-level solar power supply models from India to Kenya. This research shows that it is not so much stable technical solutions which travel between different spatial and cultural contexts, but that experiences with sustainable technologies in one country can provide important inspiration and knowledge for the development of new socio-technical designs based on local needs in a new socio-spatial context in a different country. Such learning processes can be especially effective between countries with similar problem situations, such as poverty and lacking access to electricity in rural areas. To achieve a successful transfer, strong emphasis must be put on mutual learning and exchange of knowledge, socio-technical experimentation, adaptation and social embedding. Learning from promising, innovative infrastructures in other geographical areas needs to capture the micro-level interactions between people, technology and socio-cultural contexts, while also taking into account larger processes of system innovation and emerging transitions.

    Publikationen är tillgänglig i fulltext från 2019-12-22 06:34
  • 9.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Späth, Philipp
    University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
    Cities as Arenas of Low-Carbon Transitions. Friction Zones in the Negotiation of Low-Carbon Futures2017Ingår i: Urban Sustainability Transitions / [ed] Frantzeskaki, N., Castan Broto, V., Coenen, L. & Loorbach, D., London: Routledge, 2017, s. 287-299Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    University of Freiburg.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    von Radecki, Alanus
    Stuttgart, Germany .
    Incumbent Actors as Niche Agents: The German Car Industry and the Taming of the “Stuttgart E-Mobility Region”2016Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 252-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The system of mobility currently faces severe challenges. Particularly in cities, strategic interventions are made to support a transition towards sustainable mobility. Incumbent actors from the car industry are often invited to play a key role in such initiatives. The Stuttgart region is supported with public money to become a model region of sustainable mobility because it is base to key actors of the German car industry. This paper examines the locus of agency in such a “transition arena”. How do key actors frame the challenge of sustainable mobility? What role is attributed to public policy at various governance levels and to the “local” industry, respectively? In the case of the Stuttgart region, we find a high ability of key industry actors to reframe transition initiatives for sustainable mobility and align public policy with their interests—particularly in local, i.e., place-bound contexts. This underlines the need for transition studies to pay more attention to the agency of incumbent actors and their capacity to absorb sustainable alternatives without changing dominant industry structures.

  • 11.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    Institute of Forest and Environmental Policy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Conflicting strategies towards sustainable heating at an urban junction of heat infrastructure and building standards2015Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 78, s. 273-280Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Approaches to ‘sustainability transitions’ stress the possibility of aligning actors around a shared vision of the future, e.g. at the scale of a city. Empirical accounts reveal how difficult such coordination often is due to contradictory views involved. How can we better understand related processes of searching and negotiation? What does this mean for the organization of decision making processes regarding long-term infrastructural change? 

    We analyze a conflict which erupted in Freiburg, Germany when two strategies of reducing environmental impacts of space heating were to be applied in the Vauban ‘model district’: A) Efficient co-generation of heat and power (CHP) combined with district heating systems (DHS), and B) Reducing heat demand by low-energy designs and ambitious energy standards (‘passive house standard’). In order to understand the politics of infrastructure development, we unravel 1) enabling factors and driving forces of the conflict, 2) normative content of opposing viewpoints, 3) resources tapped into for settling the disagreement, and 4) the institutional setup of such decision making about energy policy priorities in the municipality. 

    We reflect on implications of such a perspective on how policies and how governance arrangements should ideally be shaped and take a brief outlook on further research needed.

  • 12.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Intermediaries and the governance of choice: the case of green electricity labelling2015Ingår i: Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems / [ed] Jonas Anshelm, Kajsa Ellegård, Jenny Palm, Harald Rohracher, Linköping: Linköping University , 2015, s. 307-329Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 13.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Science and Technology Studies, History of2015Ingår i: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences / [ed] James D. Wright, Oxford: Elsevier, 2015, 2nd, s. 200-205Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The interdisciplinary field of science and technology studies (STS) has only emerged in the late 1970s but has been influenced by various lines of thought in sociology, philosophy, and economics. At its basis is the claim that not only the social institution of science or the impact of technological change on society is open to social analysis but also the very content of science and engineering, i.e., scientific facts and technological objects. This article sketches out the development of STS from its roots, among others in the sociology of knowledge and history of technology, to contemporary issues such as the problem of expertise and transformations in the production of knowledge.

  • 14.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ellegård, Kajsa
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Palm, Jenny
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Socio-technical perspectives on sustainable energy systems2015Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 15.
    Ulsrud, Kirsten
    et al.
    Department of sociology and human geography, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    Winther, Tanja
    Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway .
    Palit, Debajit
    The Energy and Resources Institute, TERI, New Delhi, INDIA.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Village-level solar power in Africa: Accelerating access to electricity services through a socio-technical design in Kenya2015Ingår i: Energy Research & Social Sciences, ISSN 2214-6296, Vol. 5, s. 34-44Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Village-level solar power supply represents a promising potential for access to electricity services. Increased knowledge is needed for the development of solutions that work for the users and are viable in the long run. This article analyzes a solar power model developed and tested through action research in collaboration between a community in Kenya and a team of social scientists and technical experts. The analysis includes the reasons for its socio-technical design, and the actual functioning of the model. The research shows that an energy center model can cover basic electricity needs in areas with dispersed settlement patterns, where mini-grid based systems as well as conventional grid extension meet significant challenges. Such areas are representative for large geographical areas in Africa. We show that portable lanterns and low prices may enhance access to suitable services. Committed follow-up of the local actors, and a flexible socio-technical design – allowing for improvements after implementation – contribute to economic sustainability and smooth functioning. Close attention to the socio-cultural context and the challenges of users, operators and managers is required. Our research draws on theories of socio-technical change and users’ innovation, and presents a five-step analytical framework for analysis of village-level power provision.

  • 16.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    Institute of Forest and Environmental Policy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Beyond localism: The spatial scale and scaling in energy transitions2014Ingår i: Scale-sensitive Governance of the Environment / [ed] Padt, F.J.G., Opdam, P.F.M., Polman, N.B.P., Termeer, C.J.A.M., Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2014, s. 106-121Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Späth, Philipp
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    The interplay of urban energy policy and socio-technical transitions: The eco-cities of Graz and Freiburg in retrospect2014Ingår i: Urban Studies, ISSN 0042-0980, E-ISSN 1360-063X, Vol. 51, nr 7, s. 1415-1431Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The cities of Graz in Austria and Freiburg in Germany have been perceived as ecological model cities since the late 1980s.This is shown by various international awards, press coverage and many visitors from other municipal administrations. Both cities have been well known for their attempts to bring about transitions towards more sustainable and low-carbon energy systems. The comparison of Graz and Freiburg over a period of two decades enables us to study how differing contexts, actor constellations and historic developments shape the transformation of energy systems towards greater sustainability. It is argued that understanding the role of cities for energy transitions requires a detailed examination of the coupled dynamics of socio-technical interactions across the levels of niches, regimes and landscapes on the one hand, and multilevel systems of governance on the other. At these intersections new, although spatially confined, socio-technical constellations of sustainable energy provision may emerge and be stabilised. Nevertheless, empirical evidence shows that it is misleading to conclude that true socio-technical transitions are taking place in these cities, even though a number of foundations for long-term change processes have been laid.

  • 18.
    Wirth, Steffen
    et al.
    Eawag – Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Duebendorf, Switzerland.
    Markard, Jochen
    Truffer, Bernhard
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Informal institutions matter: professional culture and the development of biogas technology2013Ingår i: Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, ISSN 2210-4224, E-ISSN 2210-4232, Vol. 8, s. 20-41Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Institutions play a crucial role for the development and diffusion of novel technologies. Many studies have analyzed the role of formal institutions such as support policies or specific R&D programs, while informal institutions have received less attention. With this paper, we contribute to the institutional analysis of emerging technological fields as we examine how the effects of formal institutions depend on informal institutional structures. We present findings from a comparative study of biogas technology in selected Austrian regions. Our findings suggest that the professional culture in which farmers are embedded modulates the effects of feed-in tariffs and investment subsidies to a considerable extent. This explains regional differences in the diffusion as well as variations in the design and operation of biogas plants. We argue that studies on emerging technologies benefit from a systematic analysis of the interplay of regulative, normative and cultural-cognitive institutions. We also argue that socio-technical variation is an important indicator to look at in addition to diffusion rates.

  • 19.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Intertwining the Material and the Social: Some Concluding Remarks2013Ingår i: Knowledge and evidence: investigating technologies in practice / [ed] Boel Berner, Corinna Kruse, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013, s. 255-262Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 20.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    et al.
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring. Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Of solar collectors, wind power, and car sharing: Comparing and understanding successful cases of grassroots innovations2013Ingår i: Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, E-ISSN 1872-9495, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 856-867Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Grassroots activities so far have not been sufficiently appreciated as sources of innovation. Transition processes towards more sustainable socio-technical energy, transport or production systems, however, are hardly imaginable without a broader participation of engaged citizens. This paper presents and compares three cases of successful grassroots innovations for sustainability. In particular we compare the development of wind technology in Denmark, the solar collector do-it-yourself movement in Austria, and the development of car sharing in Switzerland. The paper aims at a better understanding of the preconditions, patterns of growth and change and factors of success of grassroots innovations for more sustainable socio-technical regimes such as energy and transport. In the analysis we focus on dimensions such as the structural conditions and resources of origin, motivations of social actors involved, learning processes and outcomes, competences and activities of those actors, processes of institution-building, and the relationships to mainstream market actors. Based on the empirical background the paper discusses implications for the theorisation of grassroots innovations for greater sustainability and draws implications for further research.

  • 21.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Mert, Wilma
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Austria.
    Improving the public perception of bioenergy2012Ingår i: Handbook Biomass Gasification (Second Edition) / [ed] Harrie Knoef, Enschede: BTG , 2012, 2nd, s. 433-448Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 22.
    Weber, K. Matthias
    et al.
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Legitimizing research, technology and innovation policies for transformative change: Combining insights from innovation systems and multi-level perspective in a comprehensive ‘failures’ framework2012Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, nr 6, s. 1037-1047Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent policy debates about orientating research, technology and innovation policy towards societal challenges rather than economic growth objectives only call for new lines of argumentation to systematically legitimize policy interventions. While the multi-level perspective on long-term transitions has attracted quite some interest over the past years as a framework for dealing with long-term processes of transformative change, but the innovation systems approach is still the dominant perspective for devising innovation policy. Innovation systems approaches stress the importance of improving innovation capabilities of firms and the institutional settings to support them, but they are less suited for dealing with the strategic challenges of transforming systems of innovation, production and consumption, and thus with long-term challenges such as climate change or resource depletion. It is therefore suggested to consider insights from transition studies more prominently in a policy framework that is based on the innovation systems approach and the associated notion of ‘failures’. We propose a comprehensive framework that allows legitimizing and devising policies for transformative change that draws on a combination of market failures, structural system failures and transformational system failures.

  • 23.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Local Demonstrations for Global Transitions—Dynamics across Governance Levels Fostering Socio-Technical Regime Change Towards Sustainability2012Ingår i: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 20, nr 3, s. 461-479Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Which role do spatial dimensions play in the transformation of socio-technical regimes, in particular the energy system, towards more sustainable configurations? Concepts such as the multi-level perspective on socio-technical change have not given sufficient attention to space and place so far.

    We develop our considerations around the case of an ‘Energy Region’ in Austria where people try to bring about a substantive shift in their local energy supply structure and have the ambition to contribute to a general transition towards sustainable energy systems. However, if this ambition is to stand the test of reality, what are the mechanisms and processes through which regional governance can have a broader impact on the transition of the energy system? What are the resources it can draw upon? What are the linkages with other governance levels?

    We investigate in detail how one regional showcase for the feasibility of a non-fossil, sustainable energy system was set up in Murau, a remote, alpine district of Austria. Starting from the multi-level framework for the modelling of niche-regime interaction we put particular emphasis on the formation of discourse coalitions and dynamics of multi-level governance. Our findings support the view to pay considerably more attention to the interplay of local and non-local discourses and the dynamic relations between local initiatives and non-local networks which can provide specific opportunities for the legitimization and entrenchment of alternative socio-technical configurations. 

  • 24.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    et al.
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Nutzerinnovation und Nachhaltigkeit: Soziale und technische Innovationen als zivilgesellschaftliches Engagement2012Ingår i: Gesellschaft innovativ: Wer sind die Akteure? Wiesbaden: VS Verlag / [ed] G. Beck, C. Kropp, Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2012, s. 171-190Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 25.
    Wächter, Petra
    et al.
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Schreuer, Anna
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Räumliche Aspekte eines nachhaltigen Energiesystems: Backcasting als Methode für Systeminnovation2012Ingår i: Der Systemblick auf Innovation: Technikfolgenabschätzung in der Technikgestaltung / [ed] M. Decker, A. Grunwald, M. Knapp, Berlin: Edition Sigma, 2012, s. 351-358Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Wächter, Petra
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    Sozio-technische Szenarien und Kernhandlungsfelder für ein nachhaltiges Energiesystem in Österreich2012Ingår i: Der Systemblick auf Innovation: Technikfolgenabschätzung in der Technikgestaltung / [ed] M. Decker, A. Grunwald, M. Knapp, Berlin: Edition Sigma, 2012, s. 193-200Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 27.
    Wächter, Petra
    et al.
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria .
    Schreuer, Anna
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Austria.
    Knoflacher, Markus
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Towards a Sustainable Spatial Organization of the Energy System: Backcasting Experiences from Austria2012Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 193-209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to a sustainable energy system faces more challenges than a simple replacement of fossil energy carriers by renewable sources. Since current structures do not favour sustainable energy generation and use it is indispensable to change the existing infrastructure. A fundamental change of the energy system also requires re-organizing spatial structures and their according institutions and governance structures. Especially in Austria, urban sprawl and unsustainable settlement structures are regarded as one of the main developments leading to increased energy demand. One of the aims within the project E-Trans 2050 was to identify socio-economic constellations that are central to the further transformation of the energy system and to focus on actors and their socio-technical framework conditions. Based on a sustainable future vision for the year 2050 a backcasting workshop was conducted to identify necessary steps for the envisaged transition to a more sustainable energy system. The results shed light on the necessary changes for a transformation towards sustainability in the specific Austrian situation. Critical issues are region-specific production of energy and its use, settlement and regional structures and values and role models, which all have a determining influence on energy demand. Combining the knowledge of extensive energy use with available energy resources in spatial planning decisions is a main challenge towards a long term sustainable energy system.

  • 28.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Späth, Philipp
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Transitions towards sustainability - learning from Graz and Freiburg?2012Ingår i: Serbian Architectural Journal, ISSN 1821-3952, Vol. 4, s. 75-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation policies in the European Union increasingly address so-called ‘grand challenges’ such as climate change, resource depletion or aging societies. Such transformations go far beyond conventional product or process innovations and require a restructuring of broad socio-technical regimes, e.g. the built environment, systems of mobility, the energy system or the way we organize processes of production and consumption.

    The distributed nature and specific socio-technical dynamics of large-scale transition processes towards greater sustainability makes cities an important arena of infrastructure transformation and a crucial nexus between different levels of governance and strands of socio-political discourse. The article is based on an analysis of the cases of Graz and Freiburg which since at least two decades have been regarded as ‘eco-cities’ and particularly advanced in their environmental policies and actions. We will investigate to which extent these cities were indeed capable of system innovations and fundamental shifts towards the aim of a “sustainable city“ and we will then draw some conclusions about the ‘room for manoeuvring’ of cities within broader sustainability transitions.

  • 29.
    Ulsrud, Kirsten
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Winther, Tanja
    University of Oslo, Norway .
    Palit, Debajit
    The Energy and Resources Institute, India.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Sandgren, Jonas
    Sweco Norway AS, Norway.
    The Solar Transitions research on solar mini-grids in India: Learning from local cases of innovative socio-technical systems2011Ingår i: Energy for Sustainable Development, ISSN 0973-0826, Vol. 15, nr 3, s. 293-303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents new empirical material from a case study on longstanding, pioneering efforts on implementation and use of solar mini-grid systems in the Sunderban Islands in India. These local, socio-technical experiments have been investigated by a trans-disciplinary team of researchers and practitioners in order to gain a deep understanding of the diversity of social and technical factors influencing the ways in which the systems work at different levels. This socio-technical research highlights the dynamics between technology and society and how they are mutually influencing and shaping each other. These dynamics create gradual changes in the socio-technical system of technical devises, people, practices, knowledge and other elements, requiring adjustments also by the implementing actors. A range of technical and non-technical factors at various levels are found to be relevant for the implementation, operation, sustenance and further development of the solar power supply systems. The research points to important factors that should be taken into account and considered when planning similar activities. In addition to the analysis of the research findings, the article includes a brief review of literature on the implementation and use of solar photovoltaic technology in developing countries, with an emphasis on solar mini-grid systems.

  • 30.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    et al.
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
    Schreuer, Anna
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Graz, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Auf der Suche nach nachhaltigen Anwendungsformen der Brennstoffzellentechnologie: Erfahrungen mit Constructive Technology Assessment2010Ingår i: Technology Governance: Der Beitrag der Technikfolgenabschätzung / [ed] Aichholzer, G., Bora, A., Bröchler, S., Decker, M., Latzer, M., Berlin: Edition Sigma, 2010, s. 271-278Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 31.
    Rohracher, Harald
    IFZ - Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Graz, Austria.
    Biofuels and their publics: the need for differentiated analyses and strategies2010Ingår i: Biofuels, ISSN 1759-7269, E-ISSN 1759-7277, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 3-5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 32.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Constructing markets for green electricity: The ‘soft power’ of intermediaries in transforming energy systems2010Ingår i: Shaping Urban Infrastructures: Intermediaries and the Governance of Socio-Technical Networks / [ed] S. Guy, S. Marvin, W. Medd and T. Moss, London: Earthscan Publications Ltd., 2010, s. 75-91Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 33.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Rohracher, Harald
    IFZ – Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, University of Klagenfurt, Graz, Austria.
    ‘Energy Regions’: The transformative power of regional discourses on socio-technical futures2010Ingår i: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 39, nr 4, s. 449-458Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    ‘Guiding visions’ play an important role in the transition management approach as a central means of ‘mobilizing social actors’. The development and social propagation of such visions is an inherently political and contested process involving much strategizing and anticipation of conflict. How is social compliance with such visions achieved? And what effects can such visions, if developed specifically for a small region, have on transitions of a broader scope, e.g. the transition towards a more sustainable energy regime?

    Austrian initiatives of regional development called ‘Energy Regions’ are an example for the promotion of such guiding visions of a future energy system (e.g. a set of objectives and means to achieve net regional energy self-reliance by 2015). We scrutinize the regional politics of guiding visions and the interrelation of regional discourse and network building with the developments at other governance levels for instructive lessons about new forms of governance in support of socio-technical transitions towards sustainability.

    After identifying some shortcomings of the literature on socio-technical change especially when it comes to conceptualise such discursive and institutional dynamics at various spatial scales, we suggest a combination of concepts from the fields of technology and policy studies to be further integrated into a new approach.

    We find that regionally grown ‘guiding visions’ can particularly support certain discourse coalitions by developing ‘translations’ of radical visions into achievable practical solutions (even if these relate to regions particularly ‘privileged’ in this respect), providing visible evidence of their principal feasibility and in effect orienting a broad actor coalition towards an envisaged transition.

  • 34.
    Wächter, Petra
    et al.
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    Institute of Technology Assessment of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Krise, Chance oder Business as usual?: Drei Szenarien für Österreichs Energieversorgung2010Ingår i: GAIA, ISSN 0940-5550, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 158-160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    The ‘eco-cities’ Freiburg and Graz: the social dynamics of pioneering urban energy and climate governance2010Ingår i: Cities and Low Carbon Transitions / [ed] H. Bulkeley, V. Castán Broto, M. Hodson and S. Marvin, London: Routledge , 2010, s. 88-106Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 36.
    Schreuer, Anna
    et al.
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Graz, Austria.
    Späth, Philipp
    Institute of Forest and Environmental Policy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
    Transforming the Energy System: The Role of Institutions, Interests and Ideas2010Ingår i: Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, ISSN 0953-7325, E-ISSN 1465-3990, Vol. 22, nr 6, s. 649-652Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 37.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Graz, Austria.
    Intermediaries and the Governance of Choice: The Case of Green Electricity Labelling2009Ingår i: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 41, nr 8, s. 2014-2028Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about the reframing of electricity markets as a strategically oriented nonstate governance activity of intermediary organisations. In particular, it is centred on the establishment of ‘green’ electricity labels by environmental and other nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) as an attempt to establish and shape a market for green electricity. Such labels serve as a ‘boundary object’ between electricity generators, suppliers, consumers, and regulators, and are analysed as the creation of new sociotechnical arrangements around green electricity generation and use. The analysis also shows that private governance initiatives of this kind are highly interdependent with state regulatory systems. NGOs have played a vital role in defining and negotiating such standards, enrolling and aligning supply-side and demand-side actors, communicating with a wider public and building trust for the respective products, establishing links with regulators, and shaping policies for renewable electricity at national and European levels. The cases of electricity labelling investigated are an example of new political strategies of civil society intermediary organisations in an increasingly market-driven environment.

  • 38.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Transforming environmental innovation systems: Innovation cultures and social learning processes2009Ingår i: Innovation cultures – challenge and learning strategies / [ed] Jiři Loudín, Klaus Schuch, Prague: Filosofia , 2009, s. 69-91Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Energy systems in transition: contributions from social sciences2008Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, ISSN 1466-2132, E-ISSN 1741-511X, Vol. 9, nr 2-3, s. 144-161Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the potential role of social sciences ? especially social studies of technology and innovation studies ? for our understanding of energy provision and consumption. Energy systems are best understood as socio-technical arrangements with a strong interrelation of technological and social elements such as institutions, regulations, cultural values, social practices as well as interests, expectations and relationships of the actors involved. Such a perspective also gives us a better grasp of the ongoing dynamics of energy system transformation and stimulates new approaches to the governance of transition processes towards sustainability. Contributions of social sciences can support the understanding and shaping of energy transitions in an analytic, projective and reflexive dimension.

  • 40.
    Rohracher, Harald
    et al.
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Späth, Philipp
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Neue Chancen ungleich verteilt: Räumliche Ausdifferenzierungen der Energieversorgung im ländlichen Österreich2008Ingår i: Infrastrukturnetze und Raumentwicklung: Zwischen Universalisierung und Differenzierung / [ed] T. Moss, M. Naumann, M. Wissen, Munich: oekom verlag, 2008, s. 225-248Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Weber, K. Matthias
    et al.
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Kubeczko, Klaus
    Austrian Institute of Technology, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    System innovations in innovation systems: Conceptual foundations and experiences with Adaptive Foresight in Austria2008Ingår i: Perspectives on radical changes to sustainable consumption and production / [ed] Arnold Tukker, Martin Charter, Carlo Vezzoli, Eivind Stø and Maj Munch Andersen, Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing Ltd, 2008, s. 345-368Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Book review of ‘Ralf Brand: Synchronizing Science and Technology with Human Behaviour. London: Earthscan, 2005.’2007Ingår i: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000X, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 415-416Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 43.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Die Wechselwirkung technischen und institutionellen Wandels in der Transformation von Energiesystemen2007Ingår i: Gesellschaft und die Macht der Technik: Sozioökonomischer und institutioneller Wandel durch Technisierung / [ed] Dolata, U.; Werle, R., Frankfurt / New York: Campus Verlag, 2007, s. 133-151Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Governing sociotechnical change in regional innovation systems2007Ingår i: Governing Sociotechnical Change in Southeastern Europe: Contributions from a Science and Technology Studies Perspective / [ed] H. Rohracher, I. Tchalakov, F. Mali et al., Sofia: East-West Publishers , 2007, s. 90-116Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 45.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    The Governance of Socio-Technical Change - Social Studies of Technology in Austria2007Ingår i: Governing Sociotechnical Change in Southeastern Europe: Contributions from a Science and Technology Studies Perspective / [ed] H. Rohracher, I. Tchalakov, F. Mali et al., Sofia: East-West Publishers , 2007, s. 19-42Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 46.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Innovation und Diffusion von Umwelttechnologien: Das Potential techniksoziologischer Beiträge zu Technologieprogrammen2006Ingår i: Technik- und Wissenschaftssoziologie in Österreich. Stand und Perspektiven / [ed] E. Buchinger und U Felt, Springer, 2006, Vol. 8, s. 29-49Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [de]

    Vor etwa drei Jahren wurde durch das Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Infrastruktur und Technologie das Impulsprogramm „Nachhaltig Wirtschaften“ eingerichtet, im Rahmen dessen Forschungs- und Technologieprojekte zu den Themen „Haus der Zukunft“ und „Fabrik der Zukunft“ gefördert werden. Ein Charakteristikum insbesondere der Programmlinie „Haus der Zukunft“ ist die gezielte Einbeziehung sozio-ökonomischer Forschungsansätze zur Analyse von nachhaltigen Technologien und zur Entwicklung technologiepolitischer Strategien. Nicht zuletzt durch die Anbindung an solche Technologieprogramme hat sich damit in Österreich ein hochinteressantes Anwendungsfeld für Techniksoziologie entwickelt, das eine zunehmende Anzahl von Forschungseinrichtungen anzieht.

    Basierend auf einer Analyse aktueller techniksoziologischer Forschungsprojekte in diesen Impulsprogrammen soll in diesem Beitrag eine erste Bilanz über dieses Forschungsfeld in Österreich gezogen und Überlegungen für weiterführende Forschungsperspektiven angestellt werden. Zwei beispielhafte Kernthemen, die in diesem Beitrag dargestellt werden sollen, sind:

    • Die Rolle von AnwenderInnen in der Entwicklung und Verbreitung von Umwelttechnologien. Besonders im Themenfeld „ökologisches Bauen“ wurde im Rahmen mehrerer Forschungsarbeiten die Perspektive von NutzerInnen ins Zentrum gestellt. Die techniksoziologische Annäherung an Innovations- und Diffusionsprozesse aus der Perspektive der individuellen und kulturellen Aneignung von Technologien rückt andere Aspekte in den Vordergrund als die bisher dominierende design-zentrierte Analyse von Technologien – so etwa Fragen der Ko-Evolution von Nutzungspraktiken und technischem Design.
    • Einbeziehung von sozialwissenschaftlicher Technikforschung in die Entwicklung technologiepolitischer Strategien. Anschließend an internationale Diskussionen zur Nutzung techniksoziologischer Perspektiven für das Design von Technologiepolitik, wird in Projekten der angesprochenen Programmen versucht, Verfahren wie „Constructive Technology Assessment“ oder „Transition Management“ anzuwenden und weiterzuentwickeln. Ziel solcher Verfahren ist es, verbesserte Rahmenbedingungen für soziale Lern- und Reflexionsprozesse in der Technikgestaltung zu schaffen und technische Entwicklungen in den breiteren Zusammenhang ‚soziotechnischer Regimes’ zu stellen.

    Wie diese Beispiele zeigen, liegt das techniksoziologische Forschungsfeld, das in diesem Beitrag vorgestellt werden soll, an der Schnittstelle der Analyse von Umwelttechnologien in ihrem sozialen und kulturellen Kontext und der Praxis technologiebezogener Nachhaltigkeitsprogramme.

  • 47.
    Rohracher, Harald
    IFZ – Inter-University Research Centre for Technology Work and Culture, Graz, Austria.
    Sustainability as a Matter of Social Context: Information Technologies and the Environment2006Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, ISSN 1466-2132, E-ISSN 1741-511X, Vol. 6, nr 6, s. 539-552Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on the potential of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to improve the sustainability of residential buildings. While ICT can contribute to improving building energy efficiency (e.g., energy management systems) there are also plausible scenarios of an increasing energy demand triggered by ICT use. The main argument of this paper is that harnessing the sustainability potentials of ICT in buildings is largely a matter of social and institutional embedding and is not determined by the characteristics of this technology. The paper argues that the strategic management of technological change towards sustainability means providing sufficient scope for a co-evolution of configurations of technology, services and patterns of usage by allowing users and designers to interact at the early stage of product development. Examples for the organisation of such a process are drawn from a research project in Austria.

  • 48.
    Späth, Philipp
    et al.
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Weber, K. Matthias
    AIT Austrian Institute of Technology, Department Foresight & Policy Development.
    Oehme, Ines
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Graz, Austria.
    The transition towards sustainable production systems in Austria - reflexive experimentation?2006Ingår i: Reflexive Governance for Sustainable Development / [ed] J.-P. Voß, D. Bauknecht, R. Kemp, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2006, s. 355-382Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 49.
    Bauknecht, Dierk
    et al.
    Institute for Applied Ecology, Germany.
    Späth, Philipp
    University of Freiburg, Germany.
    Leprich, Uwe
    Rohracher, Harald
    University of Klagenfurt, Austria.
    Transformation der Stromwirtschaft: Die Rolle der Netze und ihrer Regulierung2006Ingår i: Ökologische Transformation der Energiewirtschaft: Erfolgsbedingungen und Restriktionen / [ed] D. Reiche, M. Bechberger, Berlin: Erich-Schmidt Verlag , 2006, s. 257-275Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 50.
    Ornetzeder, Michael
    et al.
    Centre for Social Innovation, Austria.
    Rohracher, Harald
    Inter-University Research Centre for Technology, Work and Culture, Austria.
    User-led Innovations and Participation Processes: Lessons from Sustainable Energy Technologies2006Ingår i: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 138-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we will pose the question whether a higher level of user participation could be used as a strategy to improve the development and dissemination of sustainable energy technologies. We will especially focus on user-led innovation processes with a high involvement of individual end-users.

    In our argument we will draw on several case studies in the field of renewable energy technologies—in particular solar collectors and biomass heating systems—and sustainable building technologies. Users in these case studies were involved in the design or planning processes, sometimes in a very selective way and with limited influence, sometimes very active and for quite a long period of time. Especially in the case of renewable energy technologies self-building groups were highly successful and resulted in improved and widely disseminated technologies.

    Based on the empirical results of our case studies we will critically discuss the potential of user involvement (especially in self-building groups) for the development and promotion of sustainable energy technologies and outline technological and social pre-conditions for the success of such approaches.

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