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  • 1.
    Nilsson, Tom
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Fristedt, Carl
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Land of the dead: Mer än bara zombies2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår uppsats kommer beröra Zombies på film och fokusera på filmen Land of the Dead. Många människor upplever zombies som inget mer än monster, en fara för karaktärerna att klara sig undan. Vi vill uppmärksamma att all populärkultur i varierande utsträckning gestaltar verklighet, och analysera hur Zombies används för att gestalta aspekter av vårt samhälle.

  • 2.
    Vastesson, Alexander
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Micro-Structuring of New Materials Combined with Electronic Polymers for Interfaces with Cells2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Materials based on novel Off-Stoichiometry Thiol-Ene polymers, abbreviated OSTE, show promising properties as materials forlow cost and scalable manufacturing of micro- and nanosystems such as lab-on-chip devices. The OSTE materials have tunablemechanical properties, offer possibility for low temperature bonding to many surfaces via tunable surface chemistry, and can beused in soft lithography. Unlike the commonly used elastomer poly(dimethylsiloxane), PDMS, the OSTE materials have lowpermeability for gasses, are resistant to common solvents and can be more permanently surface modified.In this master’s thesis project, the OSTE materials have been evaluated with focus on compatibility with cells, possibility fornanostructuring using soft lithography and the use of OSTE as a flexible support for conducting polymers.Results from cell seeding studies with HEP G2 cells suggest that cells can proliferate on a low thiol off-stoichiometry OSTEmaterial for at least five days. The biocompatibility for this type of OSTE material may be similar to poly(styrene). However, highlevels of free thiol monomers in the material decrease cell viability considerably.By using soft lithography techniques it is possible to fabricate OSTE nanochannels with at least the dimensions of 400 nm x 15nm. Combined with the advantages of using the OSTE materials, such as low temperature bonding and possibility for stablesurface modifications, a candidate construction material for future development of systems for DNA analysis is at hand.OSTE can serve as a flexible support for an adsorbed film of a conducting polymer with the possibility for future applicationssuch as electronic interfaces in microsystems. In this project, a film of PEDOT:PSS with the electrical resistance of ~5 kΩ wascreated by adsorption to an flexible OSTE material. Furthermore, results suggest that it is possible to further optimize theconductivity and water resistance of PEDOT:PSS films on OSTE.

  • 3.
    Yang, Jian
    et al.
    Drexel University, PA 19104 USA; Drexel University, PA 19104 USA; Nanjing Technical University, Peoples R China.
    Naguib, Michael
    Oak Ridge National Lab, TN 37381 USA.
    Ghidiu, Michael
    Drexel University, PA 19104 USA;.
    Pan, Li-Mei
    Nanjing Technical University, Peoples R China.
    Gu, Jian
    Nanjing Technical University, Peoples R China.
    Nanda, Jagjit
    Oak Ridge National Lab, TN 37381 USA.
    Halim, Joseph
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Drexel University, PA 19104 USA; Drexel University, PA 19104 USA.
    Gogotsi, Yury
    Drexel University, PA 19104 USA; Drexel University, PA 19104 USA.
    Barsoum, Michel W.
    Drexel University, PA 19104 USA; Drexel University, PA 19104 USA.
    Two-Dimensional Nb-Based M4C3 Solid Solutions (MXenes)2016In: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 99, no 2, 660-666 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Herein, two new two-dimensional Nb4C3-based solid solutions (MXenes), (Nb-0.8,Ti-0.2)(4)C3Tx and (Nb-0.8,Zr-0.2)(4)C3Tx (where T is a surface termination) were synthesizedas confirmed by X-ray diffractionfrom their corresponding MAX phase precursors (Nb-0.8,Ti-0.2)(4)AlC3 and (Nb-0.8,Zr-0.2)(4)AlC3. This is the first report on a Zr-containing MXene. Intercalation of Li ions into these two compositions, and Nb4C3Tx was studied to determine the potential of those materials for energy storage applications. Lithiation and delithiation peaks at 2.26 and 2.35 V, respectively, appeared in the case of Nb4C3Tx, but were not present in Nb2CTx. After 20 cycles at a rate of C/4, the specific capacities of (Nb-0.8,Ti-0.2)(4)C3Tx and (Nb-0.8,Zr-0.2)(4)C3Tx were 158 and 132 mAh/g, respectively, both slightly lower than the capacity of Nb4C3Tx.

  • 4.
    Kuei, Chun-Fu
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics.
    Transmission electron microscopy study on the formation of SiNX interlayer during InAlN growth on Si (111) substrate2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Ternary indium aluminum nitride (InXAl1-XN) semiconductor is an attractive material with a wide-range bandgap energy varied from ultraviolet (Eg(AlN): 6.2 eV) to near infrared (Eg(InN): 0.7 eV). With tuning composition, it can be widely used to many optoelectronic device applications. In this thesis, I have studied InXAl1-XN film deposited on Si (111) substrate using natural and isotopically enriched nitrogen as reactive gas by reactive magnetron sputter epitaxy (MSE). Four series of experiments were performed, which are I. InAlN presputtering, II. InAlN sputter deposition, III. InAlN direct deposition, and IV. InAlN direct deposition using isotopically enriched nitrogen. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The θ-2θ XRD scan confirms that the designed composition x = 0.17 of InXAl1-XN film was obtained. TEM images shows that an amorphous interlayer with a thickness ranging from 1.2 nm to 1.5 nm was formed between Si substrate and InXAl1-XN film. However, high-resolution TEM shows that the interlayer actually contains partial crystalline structures. EDX line profile indicates that the chemical composition of the amorphous interlayer is silicon nitride (SiNX). By comparing d-spacing measurement of partial crystalline structures with EDX line profile, it reveals that partial SiNX crystal is formed in the interlayer. Nonetheless, the samples (IAD01, IAD02, IAD03, IAD04), grown without presputtering procedure, contain both crystalline SiNX and InXAl1-XN embedded in the amorphous interlayer. It means that SiNX and InXAl1-XN film can be directly grown on the substrate in the beginning of deposition. Moreover, the samples (IAD01, IAD03), quenched directly after deposition, have less crystalline structures in the interlayer then the samples (IAD02, IAD04), maintained at 800℃ for 20 min.

  • 5.
    Tipping-Ball, Bethany-Alicia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Everyday Life on Planet Jedward: Thinking of John and Edward Grimes.  On Everyday Life as a Jedward fan.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Identical twins John and Edward Grimes (artist name "Jedward") have been active for six years and have a heterogeneous following of fans. This thesis aims to investigate how and in which situations fans think about Jedward as part of their everyday life. Each of the three informants, plus the author, kept diaries recording the above for the course of one week. The diaries were subsequently coded into the groups Traditional Fandom, Social Media, Music, Places, Family & Friends, Interests & Hobbies, Studies, Film & TV and Food & Drink respectively. Auto-ethnographic method was implemented and combined with work within the spheres of fandom and music. At a later date informants were asked if there are any products or causes that they associate with John and Edward; in lieu of comprehensive answers, the author compiled such a list. For the fours fans taking part, John and Edward are experienced as being close to them in many different situations during their day-to-day lives, in much the same way as a close friend or loved one. The conclusion is that through aiming to portray my own interpretation of fandom, it has been possible to see just how creative and imaginative fans are, an enlightening reflection contrary to those which in many cases have been none too positive.

  • 6.
    Blomberg, Rina
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    CORTICAL PHASE SYNCHRONISATION MEDIATES NATURAL FACE-SPEECH PERCEPTION2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is a challenging task for researchers to determine how the brain solves multisensory perception, and the neural mechanisms involved remain subject to theoretical conjecture.  According to a hypothesised cortical model for natural audiovisual stimulation, phase synchronised communications between participating brain regions play a mechanistic role in natural audiovisual perception.  The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis by investigating oscillatory dynamics from ongoing EEG recordings whilst participants passively viewed ecologically realistic face-speech interactions in film.  Lagged-phase synchronisation measures were computed for conditions of eye-closed rest (REST), speech-only (auditory-only, A), face-only (visual-only, V) and face-speech (audio-visual, AV) stimulation. Statistical contrasts examined AV > REST, AV > A, AV > V and AV-REST > sum(A,V)-REST effects.  Results indicated that cross-communications between the frontal lobes, intraparietal associative areas and primary auditory and occipital cortices are specifically enhanced during natural face-speech perception and that phase synchronisation mediates the functional exchange of information associated with face-speech processing between both sensory and associative regions in both hemispheres.  Furthermore, phase synchronisation between cortical regions was modulated in parallel within multiple frequency bands.  

  • 7.
    Bunnfors, Kalle
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Synthesis and electrochemical characterisation of processable polypyrrole boronic acid derivatives for carbohydrate binding2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conducting polymers have been widely explored for many different purposes including sensing. In thisthesis the conducive properties of pyrrole and the carbohydrate binding properties of boronic acid iscombined to make a reagent-free detector for carbohydrates. The polymer is manufactured in form ofparticles in the μm scale to create a porous film which has a high surface to volume ratio.The material was characterised and the binding properties were evaluated for galactose and glucose.Proof of binding was found via both electrochemical methods and QCM-D. A correlation between R2 value and concentration of substrate was found which enables measurement of concentration of carbohydratesin unknown samples.

  • 8.
    Mia, Sundbom
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    VALIE EXPORT: - Feministisk filmkonstnär och aktionist i efterkrigstidens Österrike2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att analysera feministiska tendenser i VALIE EXPORTs verk utifrån feministisk konstteori. Den avsedda definitionen av ”feministiska tendenser” i denna uppsats syftar till de avsikter och ansatser i EXPORTs verk som framstår som feministiska. För att kunna analysera något diffust som feministiska tendenser har det varit av vikt att analysera dessa genom tendensernas koppling till, och påverkan på det konstnärliga uttrycket i EXPORTs verk. Syftet att analysera feministiska tendenseri VALIE EXPORTs verk hoppas kunna uppnås genom att besvara följande frågeställningar:

    • Hur tar sig feministiska tendenser uttryck i EXPORTs tre verk?
    • Kan man från ett konstfeministiskt perspektiv se skillnader och likheter i uttryck mellan verken?
    • Vad anser efterkommande feministiska teoretiker angående defeministiska tendenser och uttryck som gör sig gällande i EXPORTs verk
  • 9.
    Weijland, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Skillnader och likheter mellan kvinnliga actionhjältar under 1970-, 1980- & 2010-talet: En analys av kvinnliga karaktärer i actionfilmer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Laura Mulvey was the first to suggest that women and men have different positions on the screen; men drives the plot forward, and the women are objects of masculine desire and lust.

    The purpose of this report was to look at and compare the two characters from the 70’s - and 80's with two characters from the 00’s - and 2010’s to gain a deeper understanding and insight into how female action heroes are presented. This will be done with the help of the questions; How is the female action heroes that are analyzed in the paper?

    What are the differences and similarities between the past and the present-day action heroes? Just how stereotypical are the women in their genre? The four female action heroes that were analyzed were; Princess Leia Star Wars, Sarah Connor Terminator and Lisbeth Salander Men Who Hates Women and Katniss Everdeen The Hunger Games.

    The four female action heroes were analyzed based on Rikke Schubarts categories (Moderarketypen, Amazon, Dotterarketypen, Hämnerskan and Dominatrix), the character's personal development, the character's violence and the reason for the character's.

    Characters from the past were more often presented as more uncertain and fragile than the modern confident characters. The female action heroes of modern times was more independent, strong, and in no need of a man in comparison with contemporary female action heroes. The older films' characters were more stereotypical than the newer films. 

  • 10.
    Eriksson Leidnert, Michaela
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Cederqvist, Jenni
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Interaktion i vardagslivet hos vuxna med Aspergers syndrom. Implikationer för intervention.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Asperger syndrome (AS) results, among other things, in a deficit in social interaction. This deficit causes difficulties with several communicative abilities. Still, there is a limited range of communicative intervention programs for people with AS. The aims of this study were to analyze the interaction in the daily life of adults with AS, to further be able to construct a foundation for the design of future intervention programs. The study consisted of an interview part and a video part. Seven individuals participated in the interview part and two in the video part. The interview part consisted of semi-structured interviews, where the following aspects were investigated: how the participant experienced her/his own and the surrounding’s communicative abilities, conscious strategies to facilitate the communication, and lastly, experiences of and preferences for intervention. The interview part was analyzed with content analysis. Regarding the video part, two film clips were recorded. The film clips were analyzed with Conversation Analysis (CA), in order to describe the interactional strengths and difficulties of the participants.The content analysis resulted in the identification of ten categories, which highlight different aspects of communication in individuals with AS from their own perspective. The majority of the participants showed an interest in participating in communicative. The analysis of the film clips indicated that repair and organization of topics may be problematic areas in the communication of individuals with AS. Continuers proved to be a communicative strength. Considering all of the results in this study, the authors suggest a varied intervention, where group and individual intervention are combined. Examples of communicative abilities that can be practiced are repair, organization of topics and continuers. People close to the individual with AS should be integrated in the intervention. Video recordings of real life situations should be part of the intervention and may advantageously be analyzed with CA. The practice of specific communicative behaviors can be carried out using role-playing. Since the result of both the interview and the video part suggest great individual differences, it is of great importance that the intervention is based on individual abilities.

  • 11.
    Agelin, Sebastian
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Rörlig bild för lärande: Läraresintentionerochvillkorföratteleverskagörafilmiskolan2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om hur lärare kan uppfatta hur elever inom grundskolan lär och vad de kan lära genom att göra egna filmer. Arbetet beskriver lärares syften med att låta elever skapa film i skolan och vad som krävs av lärare och elever för att arbetet ska fungera och svara upp mot läroplan för grundskolan, förskoleklassen och fritidshemmet 2011. Undersökningen består dels av en litteratursökning och dels resultatet från en kvalitativ intervju av lärare. Lärarna som intervjuats berättar att det är ett arbetssätt som fungerar mycket bra för dem. Eleverna är ofta väl motiverade och många skolämnen kan integreras. Dock kan inte all undervisning ske på detta sätt eftersom arbetet tar mycket tid och kan orsaka stress. En del av arbetet sker dessutom på lärarnas egen fritid. Elever lär sig att skapa berättelser som kan filmatiseras. Det finns även intention om att elever som arbetar med film genom sina erfarenheter att berätta och få fram sitt budskap ska kunna bli mer kritiska gentemot det mediala utbudet.

  • 12.
    Shtepliuk, I.
    et al.
    NASU, Ukraine.
    Podolskaia, N.
    RAS, Russia; RAS, Russia; St Petersburg Academic University, Russia.
    Lashkarev, G.
    NASU, Ukraine.
    Phase Field Modeling of the Zn1-xCdxO Solid Solutions2014In: Acta Physica Polonica. A, ISSN 0587-4246, E-ISSN 1898-794X, Vol. 126, no 5, 1079-1082 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The analysis of spinodal decomposition in the Zn1-xCdxO ternary alloy was carried out by means of the nonlinear Cahn-Hilliard equation. Interaction parameter as a function of composition x was provided by valence force field simulations and was used in this analysis. The morphological patterns for the ternary alloys with different Cd content (x = 5, 10, 50%) were experimentally obtained using the semi-implicit Fourier-spectral method. The simulated microstructure evolution Zn0.95Cd0.05O demonstrates that the microstructure having a form of bicontinuous worm-like network is evolved with the progress of aging. An effect of the phase-field mobility and the gradient energy on the microstructure evolution of the Zn1-xCdxO alloys is discussed. It was found that the higher driving force for the decomposition in the higher Cd content film results in a higher decomposition rate revealed by the simulations. The temporal evolution of the simulated Zn0.95Cd0.05O microstructure is in good agreement with experimental results, which have been obtained for this solid solution.

  • 13.
    Tunholm, Amanda
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ett hantverk som går hand i hand med döden: En studie av vad det innebär att vara garvare idag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur det är att vara en garvare som arbetar med traditionella tekniker utifrån ett specifikt fall. Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka hur det är att vara yrkesverksam garvare idag och hur garvaren ser på sin kunskap och sin verksamhet. Problemformulering:

    • Vad innebär det att vara garvare och arbeta småskaligt och med traditionell tekniker?
    • Vilka problem och utmaningar kan en garvare som arbetar småskaligt med traditionella tekniker mötas av?
    • Hur hanterar garvaren dessa problem och utmaningarna?

    Arbetet har varit en kvalitativ fallstudie med metodologisk triangulering som kombinerar olika metoder så som observation, intervju, en text och film analys för att undersöka en och samma informant. Informanten som har undersöks är en yrkesverksam garvare i Östergötland. Resultatet från de olika metoderna pekar på att arbeta som garvare med traditionella tekniker innebär ett fysiskt krävande arbete. Som garvare får man förhålla sig till en moral och etisk diskussion om dödandet av djur.

  • 14.
    Keshmiri, Vahid
    Linköping University, Department of Electrical Engineering, Electronics System. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Study of the Memristor Models and Applications2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Before 1971, all the electronics were based on three basic circuit elements. Until a professor from UCBerkeley reasoned that another basic circuit element exists, which he called memristor; characterized bythe relationship between the charge and the flux-linkage. A memristor is essentially a resistor withmemory. The resistance of a memristor (memristance) depends on the amount of current that is passingthrough the device. In 2008, a research group at HP Labs succeeded to build an actual physical memristor. HP's memristorwas a nanometer scale titanium dioxide thin film, composed of two doped and undoped regions,sandwiched between two platinum contacts. After this breakthrough, a huge amount of research startedwith the aim of better realization of the device and discovering more possible applications of thememristor. In this report, it is attempted to cover a proper amount of information about the history, introduction,implementation, modeling and applications of the device. But the main focus of this study is onmemristor modeling. Four papers on modeling of the memristor were considered, and since there wereno cadence models available in the literature at the time, it was decided to develop some cadencemodels. So, cadence models from the mentioned papers were designed and simulated. From the samemodeling papers some veriloga models were written as well. Unfortunately, due to some limitation of thedesign tool, some of the models failed to provide the expected results, but still the functioning modelsshow satisfactory results that can be used in the circuit simulations of memristors.

  • 15.
    Grantz, Helene
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, National Centre for Outdoor Education (NCU). Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Handla med handlingskompetens: en kvasiexperimentell studie kring undervisning om hållbar konsumtion2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien har varit att undersöka vilka skillnader som kan identifieras rörande elevers handlingskomptens beroende på var och hur undervisningen har bedrivits. Jag har velat ta reda på på vilka sätt valet av undervisningsmetoder och valet av plats för undervisningen kan påverka elevernas utveckling av handlingskompetens. Studien har genomförts med en kvasiexperimentell design, där två klasser i årskurs 8 har arbetat med ett tema kring hållbar konsumtion av kläder. Den ena klassen har haft all undervisning i klassrummet medan den andra klassen vid två tillfällen fått gå till stadens centrum för att göra butiksundersökningar och intervjua butikspersonal. I övrigt har båda klasserna fått likartad undervisning av samma lärare. I slutet av projektet genomfördes semistrukturerade gruppintervjuer med eleverna som analyserades med hjälp av tematisk analys. Resultaten visar att klassen som gjort butiksundersökningar i betydligt högre utsträckning såg just att ställa frågor i butiken som ett sätt att påverka för en hållbarare klädkonsumtion. Att de nämner frågandet som en lösning på problemen med klädproduktion och konsumtion kan kopplas till att de fått möjlighet att pröva detta tillvägagångssätt. Men det innebär dock inte med nödvändighet att eleverna kommer att använda sig av denna påverkansmetod när de själva handlar kläder. Intervjuerna visade också att butiksundersökningarna lyftes av elva av tjugo elever som viktigast för att skapa engagemang för ämnet. Näst viktigast ansåg de vara att se på film. I klassen som hade all undervisning i klassrummet var film det mest dominerande sättet att skapa engagemang.

  • 16.
    Wretås, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law.
    Bergström, Isabelle
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law.
    Streaming av olovligt tillgängliggjorda verk - En ansvarsutredning: En ansvarsutredning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Streaming är en teknik som används för att se på direktsändningar eller filer som är lagrade på webbplatser, direkt på datorn, utan att filer sparas. Det har blivit ett sätt att komma runt förbudet mot att ladda ned film men rättsläget vad gäller streaming är idag oklart. Med denna uppsats avser vi att undersöka gällande rätt, om en lagändring bör ske och vilka aktörer som kan hållas ansvariga vid streaming av olovligt tillgängliggjort material.

    Upphovsrätten är idag reglerad på många olika plan, det finns internationella konventioner och avtal, EU-regler och nationella regler. Inom Sverige förekommer regleringen främst i Upphovsrättslagen (URL). De internationella bestämmelserna syftar till att ge skydd åt upphovsmän, oberoende av nationalitetsgränser, och detta har i sin tur inverkat på EU-direktiv. Det direktiv som haft störst betydelse för upphovsrätten är det så kallade Infosoc-direktivet. På grund av Internet och dess utveckling krävdes en harmonisering av upphovsrätten och de närstående rättigheterna i EU. I Sverige är upphovsmännens ensamrätt stadgat i både grundlagarna och URL. Syftet med skyddet är att främja nyskapande och kreativitet. Ensamrätten ger upphovsmannen rätt att förfoga över sitt verk, framställa exemplar och göra det tillgängligt för allmänheten. Utöver detta har upphovsmannen rätt att angivas när ett exemplar framställs eller görs tillgängligt för allmänheten, samt att verket inte får ändras så att det kränker honom.

    Att göra ett verk tillgängligt för allmänheten innebär att det ställs till förfogande så att enskilda kan ta del av det, det saknar således betydelse om någon verkligen har lyssnat eller tittat på verket. I proposition 2004/05:110 stadgas det att det inte är olagligt att enbart titta eller lyssna på ett verk som är olovligt tillgängliggjort. Upphovsmannens ensamrätt att framställa kopior, både permanenta och tillfälliga, har inskränkningar som stadgas i 11 a § URL. Inskränkningen innebär att tillfälliga kopior får framställas om det tillhör en integrerad och väsentlig del i en teknisk process och om exemplaren är flyktiga eller har en underordnad betydelse i processen. De får inte heller ha en självständig ekonomisk betydelse. Uppfyller kopian något av dessa rekvisit och syftet med framställningen är överföring i ett nät eller laglig användning, är de tillfälliga kopiorna lagliga.

    Vid intrång i upphovsrätten är det inte bara den som utför brottet som kan bli ansvarig utan även den som medverkar till det. För att åläggas medverkansansvar krävs det inte att handlandet har varit en förutsättning för genomförandet av huvudbrottet, det räcker således med bidragande i en obetydlig skala.

    Medverkansansvaret har diskuterats i ett flertal rättsfall. I två förhandsavgöranden från EU-domstolen diskuteras det huruvida en internetleverantör kan åläggas ett medverkansansvar för tillhandahållandet av Internet till hemsidor där olovligt publicerade verk finns tillgängliga. Slutsatsen blev att internetleverantörer ska ses som mellanhänder och erhåller därmed ett medverkansansvaransvar. I två svenska rättsfall har frågan avgjorts huruvida medverkansansvaret för personerna bakom hemsidan The Pirate Bay, samt för internetleverantören till hemsidan, ska utgå. Följden blev att både personerna bakom sidan och internetleverantören hade ett medverkansansvar.

    Vi har kommit fram till, enligt dagens rättsläge, att streaming av olovligt tillgängliggjort material är lagligt. Vi anser dock att en lagändring bör ske, och att upphovsmannens skydd måste bevaras. Genom en utredning om medverkansansvaret i Sverige har vi har funnit att ett medverkansansvar kan ådömas internetleverantörer samt de som köper reklamplats på streaminghemsidan.

  • 17.
    Fanny Ovesen, Frida Pettersson
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Minst lika bra som den bäste mannen: En intervjustudie om att vara kvinna i en mansdominerad filmbransch2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Filmbranschen är på många sätt en mansdominerad bransch. Hade könsfördelningen inte varit så sned är det rimligt att anta att filmutbudet hade haft en större mångfald. Detta gäller förstås även för andra kategorier som klass, etnicitet och sexualitet. Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på hur kvinnor med ledande kreativa eller administrativa positioner i filmbranschen har tagit sig dit de är idag, och vad de har upplevt på vägen dit. Vi har valt att applicera ett feministiskt perspektiv på vår studie, kompletterat med teorier om intersektionalitet. Vår frågeställning lyder:

    1) Är det möjligt att utläsa vilka faktorer som verkar ha spelat in i hur deras yrkesliv har utvecklat sig (bakgrund, utbildning, familj etc.)?

    2) Vilken betydelse ger de kön (att vara kvinna) i deras bransch, och hur har denna förståelse skapats?

    3) Vad ger kvinnornas berättelser för bild av möjligheterna till ett mer jämställt arbetsliv inom film?

  • 18.
    Andersson, Emelie
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Religionskunskapen och de rörliga bilderna: Vad gör film och TV till meningsfulla redskap i undervisningen?2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Filmer är fulla av dolda värden samt religiösa och anti-religiösa budskap. Det blir mer och mer vanligt att man tar vara på detta i religionsstudier. Detta examensarbete syftar till att belysa frågan om och i så fall vad som gör att film och TV kan vara användbara pedagogiska redskap i religionskunskapsundervisning. Detta görs genom att undersöka tidigare forsknings syn på att använda film och TV i undervisning. Metoden som används är en systematisk litteraturstudie. Examensarbetet undersöker närmre vad är det som gör film och TV till användbara pedagogiska redskap samt vilka negativa effekter användandet av film och TV i undervisning kan leda till. Dessutom berör examensarbetet förutsättningarna för att film och TV ska kunna ses som användbara pedagogiska redskap. Resultaten visar att film och TV kan ses som en resurs från elevernas värld som förknippas med känslomässiga upplevelser, att film och TV formar elevers liv och identitet och kan väcka samtal som förändrar elevers synsätt samt att användandet av film och TV kan ge elever en mer kritisk blick. Samtliga fördelaktiga aspekter riskerar dock att medföra negativa effekter om inte förutsättningarna är de rätta. Olika sätt att studera film på diskuteras. En slutsats som dras är att film och TV inte automatiskt kan ses som användbara pedagogiska redskap, utan den avgörande förutsättningen för att film och TV ska kunna ses som användbara är att elever lär sig se film och TV med en kritisk blick. För att uppnå detta behövs en kunnig lärare som kan leda in diskussionerna på rätt spår.

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Skön litteratur?: Om litteraturundervisningen i gymnasieskolan2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Litteraturundervisningen har länge varit en självklar del av svenskämnet på gymnasiet, men på senare tid har den blivit både ifrågasatt och kritiserad från olika håll. Med detta som bakgrund diskuteras i denna uppsats varför litteraturundervisningen är en viktig del av svenskämnet, vad som bör studeras samt hur detta kan ske. Huvuddelen av uppsatsen presenterar konkreta förslag på lektionsupplägg som alla har använts i litteraturundervisningen av lärare på gymnasiet. Dessa lektionsupplägg är indelade i tre övergripande arbetssätt: litteratursamtal, filmvisning och drama. Det visar sig att alla de tre arbetssätten kan bidra till uppnåendet av svenskämnets syfte, som presenteras i Skolverkets ämnesplan. Arbetssätten i sig är dock inget som garanterar att ämnets syfte uppnås och det är därför av största vikt att den enskilda läraren ständigt reflekterar över sin undervisning och ser till att den följer med i den utveckling som sker i samhället.

  • 20.
    Lin, Keng-Yu
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Thin Film Physics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Thin films for thermoeletric applications2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Global warming and developments of alternative energy technologies have become important issues nowadays. Subsequently, the concept of energy harvesting is rising because of its ability of transferring waste energy into usable energy. Thermoelectric devices play a role in this field since there is tremendous waste heat existing in our lives, such as heat from engines, generators, stoves, computers, etc. Thermoelectric devices can extract the waste heat and turn them into electricity. Moreover, the reverse thermoelectric phenomenon has the function of cooling which can be applied to refrigerator or heat dissipation for electronic devices. However, the energy conversion efficiency is still low comparing to other energy technologies. The efficiency is judged by thermoelectric figure of merit (ZT), defined by Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity and thermal conductivity. In order to improve ZT, thin film materials are good candidates because of their structural effects on altering ZT. 

     

    Ca3Co4O9 thin films grown by reactive radio frequency magnetron sputtering followed by post-annealing process is studied in this thesis. Structural properties of the films with the evolution of elemental ratio (Ca/Co) of calcium and cobalt have been investigated. For the investigations, three samples having elemental ratio 0.82, 0.72, and 0.66 for sample CCO1, CCO2 and COO3, respectively, have been prepared. Structural properties of the films have been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) θ-2θ and pole figure analyses. Surface morphology of the films has been investigated by scanning electron microscopic (SEM) analyses. The highly oriented and phase pure epitaxial Ca3Co4O9 thin films were obtained in the end.

     

    Mixing of ScN and CrN to obtain ScxCr1-xN solid solution thin films by DC magnetron sputtering is the other task in this thesis. Growth of ScN and CrN thin films were studied first in order to get the best mixed growth conditions. The phase shifts between ScN (111) and CrN (111) peaks were observed in mixed growth films by XRD θ-2θ measurements, indicating the formation of ScxCr1-xN. Surface morphology of the films were investigated by SEM. The (111)-oriented ScxCr1-xN thin films with decent surface smoothness grown by DC magnetron sputtering at 600 °C in pure nitrogen with bias were developed. 

  • 21.
    Skoglund, Martin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Mårtensson, Cecilia
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Solar landfills: A study of the concept in a Swedish setting2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing global energy demand, which today is mainly supplied by energy sources with a fossil origin, is a severe threat to the environment and to the security of supply. In order to handle these problems, renewable energy sources are promoted globally as well as nationally in Sweden. Solar photovoltaic (PV) technology is one of the most mature and commercial renewable energy technologies and could play a vital role in phasing out fossil energy sources. In the emerging, promising concept of solar landfills, PV systems are installed on closed landfill sites in order to combine renewable electricity production with resource efficient use of land. In this study the legal, technical and financial aspects concerning a solar landfill project in a Swedish setting were investigated. Additionally, the potential of the concept on a regional level in Sweden was analysed. The methodology used in the study featured literature research, interviews, and a feasibility assessment of a solar landfill project on Visby landfill.

    Regarding the legal aspects linked to a solar landfill project, an inconsistency between Swedish municipalities concerning the need of a building permit for a ground mounted PV system was revealed in the study. While some municipalities demand a building permit, others do not. Additionally, the fact that a closed landfill usually is classified as an environmentally hazardous activity doesn’t result in any need for additional permissions for a PV system installation on a closed landfill. Therefore, such legal aspects are not likely to hinder a solar landfill project to any great extent.

    Considering the technical aspects, the choice of mounting system must be done carefully because of the special conditions which exist on a landfill site; such as ground penetration restrictions and risks of settlement. While a ballasted mounting system can avoid ground penetration, a driven pile mounting system generally features a lighter construction. Furthermore, a fixed tilt mounting system is preferred over a sun tracking mounting system due to the extra weight and sensitivity to settlement which comes with the latter choice. Regarding the choice of PV modules, thin film modules generally feature a lower weight and can therefore be advantageous in comparison with crystalline silicon modules. In the case of Visby landfill, where penetration was preferred to be avoided but where the risk of settlement was considered low, the PV system which was deemed most suitable for the site featured a ballasted fixed tilt mounting system with crystalline silicon PV modules.

    Considering the financial aspects, the study emphasises the importance of using the produced electricity to offset consumed electricity in order to enable a sound investment. This can be done by a wise choice of owning and financing structure where the produced electricity offsets consumed electricity for a large consumer, e.g. an industry or a grocery store, or for a number of residences in a community solar. The economic feasibility also heavily depends on the projects’ possibility to use policy incentives and tax exemptions. The feasibility assessment of Visby landfill showed that the most economically feasible investment was possible by founding a community solar which offsets the members’ consumed electricity. Such an investment would feature a 10 year payback time and an internal rate of return of 8.3 %.

    Finally, the potential of the solar landfill concept on a regional level was identified as significant. In a scenario where the PV system suggested for Visby landfill in the feasibility assessment is installed on all the suitable landfill sites on Gotland, the island has the possibility to produce 22 GWh of electricity from solar landfills, thereby meeting the regional energy goal set for 2020.

  • 22.
    Granath, Linus
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Film i läromedel: En kartläggning över hur film presenteras i ESS i Svenska för år 6-92013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur förhåller sig läromedel riktade mot grundskolans år 6-9 till aktuell forskning och gällande styrdokument? Med fokus på hur filmiska uttryck får plats i svenskämnet försöker jag reda ut detta i denna produktionsuppsats.

    Arbetet bygger på en kartläggning i vilken det innehåll som förespråkar film som undervisningsmedium, i en läromedelsserie, har lyfts ut. Sedermera relateras detta resultat till vad såväl aktuell forskning på området som grundskolans styrdokument säger i frågan om filmens roll inom svenskämnet.

    Mycket fokus i läromedlen, såväl som i svenskämnets kursplan, ligger på att studera litteratur och det är i relation till detta delområde som filmen ges mest plats. Ofta talar man om filmen som det främsta, alternativa mediet i fråga om att tillgodogöra sig texter. Vad forskningen dock talar om i samma fråga är att man måste arbeta djupare, hitta bredare frågor och studera filmen som ett eget medium, inte studera boken genom filmen.

    Intressant är dock att man i läromedlen tydligt kan se hur man etablerar grundläggande filmiska kunskaper och ger en ytlig överblick kring studiesättet i årskurs 6. I årskurs 9 ställer man högre krav och utökar ämnet, bland annat genom att blicka framåt och reflektera över framtiden med historiska kunskaper i bagaget. Läromedelsserien försöker att hålla en röd tråd och visa på lämplig utveckling av elevernas förmågor.

    Vad denna karläggning visar är att forskningen har både ett större djup och en större bredd än vad läromedelsserien lyckas täcka in. Det finns outnyttjad potential inom studieområdet.

    En av filmundervisningens främsta avanser ligger i dess relation till elevernas vardag. Skolan kan inte kräva plats i ungdomarnas vardag om man inte släpper in deras. Skolan är en del av samhället och måste således också nyttja samhällets kulturella uttryck för att utbilda.

  • 23.
    Khajavizadeh, Lida
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Growth and structural characterization of ScN/CrN periodic and quasi-periodic superlattices for thermoelectric application2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this diploma work is the deposition and characterization of ScN/CrN superlattices with both periodic and quasi-periodic structures. ScN as semiconductor material with (2eV) band gap energy was selected due to its thermal and mechanical stability and its hardness. High resistivity against oxidation and high wear resistance were the reasons for choosing CrN as another candidate for the superlattices. The Rudin Shapiro structure was selected as quasi-periodic structure because of its more random structure.

    In this research both periodic and Rudin Shapiro as quasi-periodic structures have been deposited and investigated. The best optimized temperature for the deposition was 835°C and the selected periodic thickness was 6 nm for periodic structure with each ScN and CrN layers having each a thickness of 3 nm. The material ratio of Rudin Shapiro superlattices was kept the same as periodic samples. Evaluation of quasi-periodic and periodic superlattices was performed by X-ray diffraction measurements. Five peaks were recorded for superlattices measurement of periodic structure by diffraction. The envelope of the diffraction pattern represents two separated peaks in investigation of Rudin Shapiro investigation.

    The results of the X-ay measurements showed low quality of the superlattices for both deposited structures which suggest the need for further optimization of the deposition process or the use of other materials of superlattices.

  • 24.
    Kalldin, Sofie
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biomolecular and Organic Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lamination of Organic Solar Modules2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As the Worlds energy demand is increasing we need more of our energy to be generated from resources that affect the climate as little as possible. Solar power could be the solution if there were solar panels with a less energy demanding production than the established silicon based solar modules.

    Printable organic solar cells will enable a cheap production process, thus they are mainly made out of polymers in solution. However, to be able to decrease the total cost of the solar modules the commonly used indium tin oxide (ITO) for the transparent electrode needs to be replaced by a less expensive material. If the cheap, high conductive and transparent polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) could replace ITO the cost of organic solar modules would significantly decrease.

    For PEDOT:PSS to be able to replace ITO there are requirements that have to be met. The transparent electrode needs to be apart from transparent, highly conductive, have a low contact resistance to the other materials in the organic solar cell and be printable.

    In this study it has been shown that the PEDOT:PSS film with Zonyl and Diethylene Glycol (DEG) as an secondary dopant, is capable of laminating to thin films made out of PEDOT:PSS, metal or a polymer fullerene blend. The contact resistances between two PEDOT:PSS films and PEDOT:PSS film and a metal film proved to be low. When laminating to a metal film an interlayer of Silver Nano Wires (AgNW) was needed to achieve a low contact resistance.

  • 25.
    Zandén, Adam
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Utvärdering av solceller och vindkraft2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the evaluations that have been made of the three different solar cell types (polycrystalline, monocrystalline and thin film) and the various models from Sino Sun, PPAM and Schüco the conclusion is that the most expensive solar cell, is not always the best. The differences between Sino Sun and PPAM are so small and along with the price off the last mentioned solar cell which means that Sino Sun’s solar cells are the best choice of solar cell technology that Egen El AB has to offer.

    The different wind power alternatives on Kullen in the city of Katrineholm come in many shapes and method of fabrication. The results have shown that ETC is not a great wind power solution but Svarta Sara, one av Egen El AB’s flagship, is according to the output power effectiveness.

  • 26.
    Sunnerstam, Hanna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Food, Humans and Other Kinds of Matter: A Posthumanist and Materialist Reading of the Anime Film Spirited Away2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My aim with this thesis is to use a combination of posthumanist and feminist materialist perspectives in analysing the anime film Spirited Away (2001).

    The analysis is organised as follows: the first chapter of the analysis deals with the notions of agency and magic. Magic is an omnipresent force in the bathhouse depicted in the film; a force that creates connections between different bodies and that also bridges the language-matter divide. By making inanimate matter come alive, magic points to a conception of life as relations rather than as possession. However, magic also reveals the hierarchies at work, as not all animate(d) beings have the capacity or the right to use it.

    The first chapter is followed by three chapters focused on eating, understood as a kind of intra-action between different kinds of matter. Food is, as I will show, important in the negotiations of boundaries and agency. The question of who is eating who also reveals some of the power relationships that govern the posthuman world depicted in the film.

    In the two last chapters of the analysis I will, so to speak, push the food plate aside in favour of other matters. The fifth chapter will focus on the physical transformations taking place in the film and how these can be interpreted from a posthumanist and materialist perspective. I will look at embodiments, using a narratologically influenced perspective that allows for corporeal ambiguities and shuns notions of bodies as fixed and clearly separate from other bodies. The discussion will continue in the final chapter where I use 'monster theory' to further examine the leakages between categories. The monstrous corresponds not necessarily to widely-spread images of monsters (known from various cultural masterplots) or to bodies that distinctly disobey the norms. The morphological diversity exhibited by the characters in the film reveals the impossibility of clearly demarcating categories and boundaries between Self and Other.

  • 27.
    Liljeholm, Lina
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Electroacoustic evaluation of thin film piezoelectric resonators for frequency control and sensing applications2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electroacoustic evaluation and characterization of thin film electroacoustic resonators operating in the low GHz frequency range has been performed. The measurements have been carried out with a network analyser and model parameters extractions have been performed with both ADS and MATLAB. This study includes evaluation of three equivalent circuit models of the resonators using two different extraction methods of the circuit parameters. Further, the characterization includes evaluation of a resonating biochemical sensor noise performance, as well as its short time stability as a function of various network analyser parameters. The latter include the intermediate frequency bandwidth and the sweep time of network analyser, for which optimal settings for further measurements have been found. Further, it is shown that the resonators have an high Quality factor, which together with the high frequency of operation yield an extremely high mass sensitivity. Finally, the resolution of the resonant sensors is estimated to be approximately up to 5 times better than the resolution of commercially available biosensors, when operated in liquid media.

  • 28.
    Gustafsson, Björn
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nilsson, Pontus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Reklamfilm: InstantPlanner2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a walkthrough of our work with the production of a commercial film for Configura Systems AB. It covers all of the work, from the opening meetings with the company and the education recieved in the software that we later would do the commercial for.

    We explain how the different scenes are built figuratively speaking, and we go through some of the technical methods and software’s we have used. We describe our thoughts about the different scenes and how we want the viewer to react and be affected by the commercial to become a potential future customer. We also have a part with how we contacted a professional voiceover from England and got him to provide all the voice material for the commercial.

    In the discussion part, we think of things that we could have done different. We also have encountered some problems during the work, and we go through them and some of the solutions.

    As appendixes we have added the speakertext that we sent for recording, and also the first (version.01) and the latest (version.06) of the storyboards.

  • 29.
    Söder, Oskar
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Effektivisering av avropsrutiner för minskad kapitalbindning.2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statoil Logistik is a subsidiary of Statoil Detaljhandel AB and is responsible for procurement, stock management and distribution of car, leisure and consumption to the 1 500 Statoil gas stations. Today they are approximately handling 7 000 order rows every day and they have a capital turnover rate of 5 every year. Statoil Logistik also manage their own custom and ADR papers as well as Statoils internal leaflets. Statoils Logistik’s warehouse is also used by Air Liquide, Swedish Film Industry and Kemetyl. The warehouse in Flen is about 15 000 m 2.

    This master degree thesis have enlightened Statoil’s warehouse managing system’s, named Albin, functions by documenting used programming code against the older documentation used today. During this job a few differences has been discovered. The one most critical was an error with a variable used by Albin in the calculations of demand forecast for seasonal products. For the product Glykol the difference before and after the error was corrected more than 24 000 units, this during a month where the demand was 20 000 units. The forecast error was halved.

    The second part of this thesis is focused to modify the safety stock calculations used by Albin for the seasonal products. The problem, that was discovered in the thesis first part, meant that the size of the safety stock was restricted to 100 % of the calculated months forecast. Some of Statoil Logistik’s products have a variation of 1000 % between high and low season. A more flexible system was needed to calculate the size of the safety stock. The results of this part presented in this thesis are two proposals each based on the fundamental safety stock formulae SERV1.

    The first proposal, recommended to Statoil to be implemented, uses seasonal indexes and seasonal constants. By letting Albin calculate weather a product is in high or low season at the time of the calculation, the size of the safety stock is adjusted according to season. This is done by multiplying SERV1 with a seasonal constant.

    The second proposal uses an alternative way of using the standard deviation used by SERV1. The standard deviation is here differentiated depending on the products seasonal changes. At low season one standard deviation is calculated while another one is used and calculated for the high season where the demand is greater.

  • 30.
    Nadim Karlsson, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Musikalisk känsloresa - En studie i hur musik kan skapas och associeras med känslor2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt intresse för film- och tv-spelsmusik har lett mig in på detta musikaliska arbete, vars utgångspunk har varit att utröna om man med hjälp utav egenkomponerad symfoniorkestermusik kan skapa och förmedla olika känslostämningar. Det känslomönster som jag har försökt återspegla i min komposition är hämtad ur Bröderna Grimms saga om Rödluvan och vargen. För att genomföra detta arbete har jag samtalat med två kompositörer angående deras syn på känslor, musik och skapandeprocessen samt fördjupat mig i litteratur och undersökningar inom områdena musikpsykologi, musikvetenskap och grundläggande fakta kring en symfoniorkesters uppbyggnad. Musikpsykologin har exempelvis delat upp musiken i tio olika byggstenar som alla mer eller mindre kan påverka vår känslostämning inför musiken. Musiken skrevs och producerades i sequenserprogrammet Nuendo 3 samt mjukvarusynten Edirol Orchestral.

    För att ta reda på hur känslorna i min egenkomponerade musik uppfattades valdes en lyssnarpanel ut. Tio män och tio kvinnor deltog i undersökningen varav hälften av kvinnorna och männen var verksamma inom musikbranschen och den andra hälften räknade sig själva som ickemusiker. Min studie visar att det vid flera tillfällen gick att påverka personerna i undersökningen till att associera min musik med en viss förutbestämd känslostämning. Undersökningen visade således att de tio byggstenarna som musikpsykologin beskriver kan användas som hjälp för att förmedla känslostämningar via musik. Resultatet mynnar sedan ut i en diskussion där jag exempelvis beskriver mina tankar kring skapandeprocessen, skillnaden mellan de olika lyssnargrupperna som ingick i min undersökning samt hur vidare forskning inom området skulle fortgå utifrån mitt arbete.

    För att förstå sig på denna uppsats fullt ut krävs troligtvis tillgång till en kopia utav den komposition som arbetet utmynnat i. Musiken kan tillsvidare fås vid förfrågan, på e-postadressen; Nadde_k@hotmail.com

  • 31.
    Khoury, Richard
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Spatially Varying IBL Using Light Probe Sequences2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Visual media, such as film and computer games, often require the need for the realistic rendering of synthetic objects. Image Based Lighting (IBL) techniques provide methods for applying measured real-world lighting to synthetic objects, making them appear believable within their environment. Given this ability, IBL techniques have drawn interest within many industries involved in visual effects, however its adoption has been mostly confined to implementations of its original method.

    Traditional IBL, as it is now known, only requires the measurement of light at one position in space to provide the data for illuminating all synthetic objects in the scene. This single requirement places large constraints on the complexity of illumination within a scene by assuming there are negligible changes in lighting within the extent of the local environment. Due to this, lighting features such as shadows, that exhibit a spatial frequency greater than zero, cannot be represented within this limited model.

    Modern research into IBL techniques aim to resolve this problem by presenting methods to capture, process, and render spatially varying illumination. This thesis builds upon recent research into densely sampled light probe sequences and considers its use in a production environment. Its objective is to present set of tools for processing and rendering this data for use with the commercial software packages Maya, a modelling and animation application, and mental ray, a high-fidelity renderer.

  • 32.
    Lindberg, Adrian
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Simulation of feathers for animation of birds in SFX2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study at Fido Film in autumn 2008 evaluated different methods of simulating feather coats for visually appealing results. The report discusses various approaches with a focus on a more general solution. It will be shown that in order to create a good feather simulation, collision detection needs to be used as opposed to interference testing. The difference being that the first is time continuous and the other is time discrete i.e. a collision might have already occurred during the test phase. For a time continuous solution, aspects of handling simultaneous collisions in a efficient way are discussed. Alternative approaches are explored and finally recommendations for further study are given.

  • 33.
    Blomberg, Rina
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Evoked Multisensory Cortical Representations During Unisensory Stimulation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 12 credits / 18 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary aim of this study was to establish whether redintegrative effects can be revealed under conditions with complex sensory stimulation.  Specifically, would the cortical activity involved in the single-trial, passive encoding of a movie, be reactivated when subsequently exposed to a unisensory component of that movie, e.g. an audio- or visual-only segment?  High-density electrical neuroimaging analysis in the frequency domain was used to assist this aim.  The statistical comparisons revealed a greater number of oscillating neuronal regions across all frequency bands in participants who received audiovisual stimulation prior to unisensory exposure (compared to participants who experienced the same unisensory stimulus without prior audiovisual stimulation).   This difference between groups was significant in the alpha2 (right frontal lobe) and gamma (right frontal, sub-lobar and temporal lobes) frequencies during audio-only stimulation.    This enhanced cortical activity during unisensory stimulation suggests that participants were retrieving associated memory traces from their prior multisensory experience, although specific redintegrative effects could not be confirmed.

  • 34.
    Nworah, Nnamdi Felix
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biosensors and Bioelectronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fabrication and Characterization of Individually Addressable Polypyrrole Trilayer Microactuators2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Conjugated polymers are organic polymers that can conduct electricity. They undergo a volume change upon redox reaction and can be used as an active material in some micro- actuator system. Micro-actuators are useful in biomedical and electronic application. We have fabricated a patterned Polypyrrole (PPy) trilayer microactuator device that has individually addressable microactuators (a micro walker) which can operate in air. Furthermore, the PPy trilayer microactuator device is fabricated using standard microfabrication method called photolithography to pattern PPy on PVDF membrane material. An etching process was used to achieve the patterning process. We presented the result of characterization of speed as a function of voltage and thickness of PPy film. Secondly, distance as a function of applied voltage and thirdly, the work density as a function of applied voltage. The procedures for fabrication of PPy microactuator device, using clean room facility is detailed in this thesis.

  • 35.
    Samuelsson, Madeleine
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Översättningsprocessen: Att översätta till resultatet dubbning samt en diskussion gentemot att översätta till resultatet undertextning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En uppsats om översättningsprocessen i vilken dubbning och undertextning sker till mediet TV och film. Uppsatsen tar upp svårigheter med språk, så som tal- och skriftspråk, och olika studios översättningsprocesser. Uppsatsen lägger därmed belägg för att både dubbning och undertextning har svårigheter och öppnar upp en ny syn för den fördomsfulle eller nonchalanta. Uppsatsen avslutas med en jämförelse och en betraktelse av vad författaren har kommit fram till.

  • 36.
    Norén, Beata
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    User-centered program interface for people with autism and their staff2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete utforskas möjligheterna att skapa en mediaspelare för personer med autism och autismliknande funktionshinder. Målet med mediaspelaren är att användarna ska kunna se på film och lyssna på musik via en dator på önskat sätt samt kunna hantera spelaren helt på egen hand. Ett antal existerande mediaspelare och olika utvecklingssätt för att skapa en helt ny spelare testades och utvärderades gentemot en framtagen kravspecifikation. Resultatet av detta var att ingen av de testade existerande spelarna eller utvecklingssätten kunde uppfylla de viktigaste kraven. Därefter skapades ett gränssnittsförslag för att visa hur en framtida mediaspelare skulle kunna se ut, där enkelhet och tydlighet var några av nyckelorden. Ett användbarhetstest med fem experter gjordes på gränssnittsförslaget, vilket ledde till ett antal förslag på hur gränssnittsförslaget skulle kunna ändras till det bättre.

  • 37.
    Utterborn, Charlotta
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pojkars läsning: -en kvalitativ studie av pojkars läsvanor i årskurs 82013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta forskningsproducerande arbete undersöks en grupp pojkars läsvanor i syfte att se vilken typ av litteratur deföredrar att läsa samt vilka attityder de har till läsning. Bakgrunden till denna studie är författarens examensarbete isvenska som behandlade pojkars förhållande till skönlitteratur. Undersökningen som ligger till grund för dennauppsats är strukturerade skriftliga intervjuer, genomförda med tio pojkar i årskurs åtta.Resultaten av studien som genomförts visar på att de flesta pojkar har en dålig attityd till läsning av skönlitteratur.Många föredrar istället digitala medier som TV, film och datorspel. Läsningen kopplas många gånger endast tillskolarbete och inte som en del av pojkarnas fritidsliv. Läsande förebilder pekas ut som en viktig del i formandet avpojkars attityder inför läsning. Finns läsande förebilder i hemmet är chansen större att pojkarna utvecklar en positivattityd till aktiviteten.Den skönlitteratur majoriteten pojkar traditionellt sett föredrar att läsa innehåller element som våld, action, vapen ochäventyr med en manlig huvudkaraktär som reproducerar en stereotyp verklighetsbild där mannen är hjälten ochkvinnan är passiv. Resultaten i denna studie visar här på en liten förändring. Majoriteten pojkar föredrar action ochvåld, men huvudkaraktärens kön verkade vara sekundärt i deras val av skönlitteratur så länge handlingen vartillfredsställande. En informant i studien hävdade även att det i bra böcker skulle finnas ett element av kärlek, någotsom indikerar att den typiska pojkboken är på väg bort för att istället ge plats åt en modernare ungdomsbok.

  • 38.
    Tingström, Emilia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Axelsson, Linus
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Varför bestiga berg?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will focus on the people using and are involved in, and have a large interest in the horror film genre. The purpose of this essay is to find what urge these people to continuously watch horror movies and how they believe to be acknowledge by the society in a modern sense. Our study is mainly based on two separate interviews and therefore, mainly from the users perspective. This essay is also complemented by earlier research on this topic. In context of stigma, violence debate, exclusion we found that the users truly can be found in a rare type of alternative sphere, besides the public sphere. But this is also in relationship with age and gender of the user.

    Our stands in all this is that horror movies should be accepted as an escape from reality, not a genre that twist people to become violent, and that users can see the difference between reality and fiction and using horror movies should not be considered a deviant behavior in a modern society.

  • 39.
    Bragée, Rebecca
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Survey of 3D-cinema systems2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    3D‐cinema has since the beginning of the 20 th century tried to stay put on the market. The first period was during the 1920’s, but the technique was insufficient and the people experienced discomfort. They also tried to introduce it during the 1950’s, 1970’s and 1980’s, but failed.

    Now during the 21st century the cinematographers says that 3D‐cinema is here to stay. The argumentation is that the digital technique brings something that the earlier technique couldn’, which is a steady image. Moreover, the post‐production and filmmaking as well as the viewing systems have evolved. Today polarising techniques, active shutter glasses and spectral division are available for 3D‐cinema viewing systems.

    This Master Thesis focuses on the different viewing systems for the cinemas. There will also be a discussion whether 3D is here to stay or not. The Scandinavian market will be under focus since all the Scandinavian countries has chosen different 3D‐cinema systems.

    There are five major 3D‐cinema systems on the market today: Dolby 3D, IMAX 3D, Master Image, RealD and XPand. Four of these systems will be studied more thoroughly. IMAX 3D will not be taken under consideration since SF has come to the conclusion that they are too expensive at the moment.

    Dolby 3D has the market share in Norway; they also have a small market share in Sweden, mainly by Folkets Bio. This is one of the systems that don’ demand a silver screen. It can be used on regular matte white screens. Their technique is based on spectral division of the light and its wavelengths.

    The glasses are reused since they are expensive. Master Image has the market share in Denmark and is also becoming more common in Sweden, mainly by SF Bio. Master Image’ technique is based on circular polarisation. It uses circularly polarised glasses and a circular rotating disk in front of the lens to create the polarisation. This system needs a silver screen and the glasses are disposable.

    RealD is one of the top brands on the market and has some market shares in both Sweden and Norway. This 3D‐cinema system uses circular polarised glasses. A so‐called “‐screen”is installed in front of the lens to create the polarisation. The glasses are disposable, as Master Image’ glasses, and RealD also needs to use a silver screen.

    Xpand is the 3D‐cinema system chosen in Finland. It is for the moment the only system on the market that uses active glasses, which includes changing batteries every 200 hours. This system doesn’ need a silver screen; it is perfectly fine on a matte white screen. The glasses are expensive and are reused. The glasses are larger compared to the passive glasses, especially when compared to RealD’ and Master Image’ glasses.

    My advice is to not narrow down to just one 3D‐cinema system. The theatre’ structure is of importance, for example the width of it. The use of a silver screen in a wide theatre results in seats on the side with low light levels, resulting in artefacts from the screen. Another standpoint is the possibility to move the 3D‐system between screens effectively. No matter which system you choose, all have advantages and disadvantages.

  • 40.
    Göransson, Jonas
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Filmmusik i surround - Redovisning av problem vid mixning av filmmusik2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag vill med denna C-uppsats redovisa vad som är enkelt kontra det som är besvärligt då jag under en period får möjlighet att mixa filmmusik i 5.1 hos Ljudligan. Därutöver vill jag även fokusera på att skildra hur jag löser de problem som uppstår vid mixningen för att slutligen redovisa det som är enkelt att lösa. Med till praktiken har jag en generell förståelse för surround och de olika delmomenten vid mixning.

    För att lösa de moment som jag upplever som besvärliga kommer jag först att försöka på eget sätt att arbeta fram en bekväm ljudbild. Huruvida jag når ett bra resultat beror dels att jag själv ska bli nöjd, men även på om min handledare hos Ljudligan uppskattar min färdiga produktion. Jag kommer vid behov att fråga de övriga anställda hos Ljudligan för rekommendationer gällande mina problem. Slutligen kommer jag att vända mig till litteraturen för problemlösningar. Under perioden hos Ljudligan fick jag arbeta med cirka 15 minuters musik till filmen Låt den rätta komma in.

    Flerkanaligtljud har funnits sedan 1930-talet, där Walt Disney tillsammans med sina kollegor 1938 tog fram teknologin Fantasound. Därefter har tekniken utvecklas och idag förutom att vara vanligt vid fil m och TV även introducerats inom bilindustrin

    Min slutsats är att en bedömning huruvida vad som är enkelt kontra det som var besvärligt vid mixning av filmmusik i Surround är högst subjektivt. Mixar man filmmusik bör man vara noggrann med volym och dynamik, så att man inte stör filmens handling och dialog. Ett bra tips är att låta någon annan bedöma och ge sin feedback innan man lämnar ifrån sig arbetet. Vill man arbeta så effektiv som möjligt och spara tid bör man enligt min mening dela in kanalerna i olika grupper, då man arbetar mycket med automatiseringar.

  • 41.
    Tolunay, Tomas
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Omvandling av spelfilm till animerad film2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis will discuss the method and the problems concerning the conversion of feature film to animated film. Digital effects have been used within film production to manifest phenomena that can not been added in reality, an example is of course flying dragons. Digital Anarchy has recently released the effect application ToonIt, a plugin for Adobe Premiere Pro, that has in simple terms put the ability to convert feature film to animated film. Through surreal effects the possibility is there to produce impressions of vast ages in oriental settings without the requirements to invest in tailorsown outfits or recordings in faraway lands. The possibility is even there to produce two-dimensional animated film without going through the procedure of producing twenty four handdrawn or computerdrawn pictures per one second of film.

  • 42.
    Bergström, Patrik
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Proof-of-Concept Implementation of a Non-linear Video Player for HTTP-based Adaptive Streaming2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Video consumption on the Internet has been growing over the last decade and is expected to continue to increase. Video streaming is a widely used approach to viewing video on the Internet, which allows users to watch the video while it is being downloaded. Adaptive streaming is a video streaming technique that allows the player to change the downloading video’s bit rate depending on the user’s available bandwidth.

    Another approach to a more personal viewing experience is non-linear videos. These videos can be played in a non-sequential order. For example, a viewer can be given the choice of what ending to watch in a movie, or the path through an exhibition.

    This thesis will present the design and implementation of a novel structure for non-linear video. This structure is used by a video player for downloading and viewing an adaptive video intended for non-linear viewing, stored at some server. Media creators will also have an easier time to both visualize and create uniform video experiences.

    This thesis presents modifications to Adobe’s Open Source Media Framework and Strobe Media Playback which allow playing non-linear video. Presented in this thesis are the design and implementation details. Changes in the player include a user interface for non-linear media. The changes to the back-end include buffer management for parallel downloading and techniques to handle the new structure.

    Finally, this thesis presents proof-of-concept validation tests that show the functionality of the design and implementation. The thesis is concluded with a discussion of future work in this area.

  • 43.
    Fernlund, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Koskinen, Markus
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    HDR in production2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    HDR (High Dynamic Range) är en teknik som gör det möjligt att fånga in ett större dynamiskt omfång en vad en vanlig bild skulle klara av. Användningsområdena för sådana HDR-bilder är många men företag inom mspel- och film- och visualiseringsindustrin använder ofta bilderna för virtuell ljussättning, däribland Syndicate Entertainment. Det är ett filmproduktionsbolag beläget i Stockholm där examensarbetet delvis är utfört.

    Idén bakom examensarbetet är att den komplicerade och långsamma processen att skapa HDR-bilderna bör kunna effektiviseras. En utförd enkätundersökning ligger tillsammans med litteraturstudier och kontakt med handledare på företaget och skolan som grund för en framtagen arbetsgång. Arbetsgången är den kedja av processer som krävs för att skapa en HDR-bild och vidare en ljusmapp. Denna arbetsgång granskas kritiskt där förslag på förbättringar redovisas. Förutom granskningen har en demonstrationsapplikation utvecklats. Det finns två syften med denna applikation. Syftena är dels att tillgodose företagets önskemål om att erhålla en applikation som går att använda i praktiken, dels för att realisera och testa några av de framtagna effektiviseringsteorierna.

  • 44.
    Svensson, Andre
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Evaluation of Miller Grahpics Norrköping AB's proofing system2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Miller Graphics Norrköping AB is a prepress company that, besides of conventional repro services, concentrates upon a production of Kliché plates and offset film. Concerning the company’s proofing system, including an Epson Stylus Pro 9600 printer, Miller Graphics had a desire regarding an evaluation of the system, in terms of quality parameters such as colourand text reproduction. What are the actual limitations within the system and how could an understanding of the affecting parameters be used to improve the objective quality? Furthermore the company also had a request of comparing the printer’s capacity with newer products on the market.

    In order to define the different limitations regarding the proofing system’s existing reproduction abilities, an evaluation of the current calibration was performed. In relation to this the impact of different quality factors such as base linearizations, paper and simulation profiles, and colour management, where investigated. From this evaluation it could be established that the reproduction could be improved considerably, concerning affecting factors such as the calibration for each paper type and Pantone matching. Furthermore, the printer was compared with the two newer models Epson Stylus Pro 7800 and Epson Stylus Pro 9800, in terms of colour and text reproduction. In relation to this, it could be confirmed the print results from the newer units experienced a higher quality, particularly in colour reproduction.

    Concerning the optimisation of the current calibrations used by the company, three different independent simulation methods where applied. Using the Gretag MacBeth’s ColorPicker software, a model based on surface interpolation of the substrate’s colour gamut, and a simulation model of the current paper profiles, suggestions of an optimising matching of the different spot colours could be brought out. Furthermore, affecting parameters of the text reproduction for the current paper profiles, such as print direction, where investigated.

    From an overarching understanding of the affecting factors in the context, a new calibration and paper profile where developed, adjusted for one of the paper types that are used within the company’s workflow. This new base linearization was mainly adjusted to broaden the colour gamut of the paper, and thereby possibly enhance the reproduction of spot colours. From an evaluation of printed material using the new calibration and paper profile, it could be established that the quality in the reproduction of Pantone colours as well as text material, could be further improved.

    Finally, the relation between an increased print resolution and improved quality in text reproduction was investigated. In relation to this, a new calibration and paper profile where generated, in this case focusing on a higher resolution. From an evaluation of printed material generated with the new base linearization and paper profile, it could be confirmed that the quality could be improved, though at the expense of printout time.

  • 45.
    Lindell, Olle
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Informationsfilmskoncept för Access Marketing2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report explains the development of a promotional film, in a short and long version, for Access Marketing AB. Part focus was also directed on the possibility to apply the concept for use in other areas, such as the internet or application software. Access Marketing is an established company in the media business and they work with, among other things, print, web-design, and TVcommercials. The purpose of the film was to display the company's competence in the areas of video engineering. The film was then supposed to be used to attract potential clients to the company. They where considered to be represented by highly appointed employees at various companies or enterprises.

    The project followed standard procedure for video productions, beginning with a theoretical phase consisting of analysis, concept and scriptwriting. After that, a practical phase with elements as video editing, 3D-animation, motion-effects, composition and audio editing. During the theoretical phase the form and design elements of the film was carefully treated with much thought. While the film, during the practical phase, was processed with much experimental work.

    The result of the project differed a bit from the original plan. It concluded in two different promotional films instead of one with two different lengths. This came to be as the shorter version of the film was redesigned and stripped of the original concept. Instead it was decided to only concentrate on edited clips. This made the shorter version get a different purpose than the long version.

    The negative aspect of the result is that the concept no longer conveys in the short version of the film. Though, the positive aspect of the result is considered to outweigh the negative. Its strength lies in giving Access more flexibility at their presentations, with the possibility to choose between the two different films based on the type of the potential client.

    Future ideas for the concept could be implementation in Access website, where it would be easily applied as the present layout and design is fitting for the concept. Another thought could be to produce a DVD with interactive and dynamic menus designed with the concept in mind.

    The report deals with editing in programs like 3D Studio Max 8, Adobe After Effects 6.5 and Audacity 1.2.4. It explains, in detail, the production and the reasoning at the different stages of the project. It also gives some tips on how you can work with the different parts of production in a suitable and smooth way. Since the project involved much graphic elements it also contains many pictures to illustrate and make it easier for the reader to understand it.

  • 46.
    Karlsson, Simon Gustav
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Subgenres in Swedish music videos - A neo-formalistic analysis of fifteen music videos2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete är en analys av femton svenska musikvideor. Syftet är att undersöka likheter och skillnader i berättande, stilar och tekniker som används. Uppsatsen jämför även de videor som undersöks för att se om det finns gemensamma kontaktpunkter i deras sammansättning samt om videons uppbyggnad styrs av musikgenren den representerar.

    Många tidigare analyser inom området utgår från musikvideons roll i samhället; politiskt, ekonomiskt eller historiskt. De koncentrerar sig på innebörden av musikvideons budskap. Till skillnad från dessa utgångspunkter, undersöker denna uppsats filmens uppbyggnad ur ett neoformalistiskt perspektiv. Det vill säga att den utgår från teoribyggen hämtade från kognitions- och perceptionspsykologin och som sedan applicerats på film. Dessa teorier bryter ner filmen i sina beståndsdelar för att se hur den är uppbyggd och hur den berättar. Filmens beståndsdelar sträcker sig från form, via stil och teknik till musik.

    Resultatet är en analys gjord på femton videor utifrån dessa teorier och mynnar ut i en sammanfattning där skillnader och likheter kan ses. Där kan man bland annat se att de flesta videorna har en narrativ struktur, har artisten som huvudmotiv, och arbetar med olika tekniker och teman för att rama in motivet.

    Det finns många likheter och paralleller i de olika videorna – men även en hel del olikheter. Den tydligaste faktorn som binder ihop olika videorna är, vid sidan om berättarstrukturen, videons stil. Använder man ordet musikstil istället för musikgenre, blir sambandet lättare att förstå. Undersökningen visar att videons stil och musikstilen, främst inom hip hop-genren i mångt och mycket går hand i hand. Detta samband är tydligt och påvisar att hip hop inte bara är en musikgenre, utan kan i förlägningen även ses som en subgenre till svenska musikvideogenren.

    Uppsatsen visar även en tendens av avsaknat användande av musiken i musikvideorna. Det är främst stilen, berättarstrukturen och funktionerna av olika tekniker som leder videon vidare snarare än musiken. Detta skulle kunna förklaras av att regissörerna kommer från en klassisk filmbakgrund snarare än en musikerbakgrund.

    För framtida forskare skulle uppsatsen kunna ligga till grund för en mer omfattande analys av eventuellt fler videor eller analys ur ett internationellt perspektiv. För att starkare kunna förankra sambandet mellan musikvideors berättande och spelfilm, kunde en undersökning göras på regissörer, som arbetat med både musikvideor och spelfilm. Man kunde då på ett mer säkert sätt undersöka om det fanns paralleller i berättarform och stil mellan de olika filmtyperna.

  • 47.
    Englesson, Dan
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Improving the visual quality of computer generated crowds for feature film production2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis, several different methods for improving the visual quality of a crowd system for feature film production are presented. The implementations were made for the Moving Picture Company for their crowd system software ALICE. The methods implemented and presented in this thesis have made improvements on the basic skinning methods by introducing twisting and scaling of the bones with a method called Stretchable and Twistable Bone Skinning. Also, complex and detailed deformations on crowd characters such as muscle bulging and wrinkles on clothes, are now possible due to the implementation of Pose Space Deformation methods which interpolates stored complex and time-consuming deformations onto a mesh. Several known pose space deformation methods were implemented and compared and resulted in an other method trying to reduce the current pose space deformation method’s limitations and is presented as Three-Joint Pose Space Deformation. In this thesis, a novel method for Dynamic Pose Space Deformation is also presented and a dynamic spring-damper approximation deformation method was also implemented, enabling crowd characters to have dynamic effects, such as jiggling of fat and muscle bouncing, due to joint accelerations.

  • 48.
    Pakiam, Barbro
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Communications Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Snövit: från undersaga till bildberättelse1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Snow White through Grimm and Disney - A Comparative Study

    This essay attempts to discern the differences regarding six Swedish versions of the fairy-tale Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs over a period of 150 years. Focus is placed on structural transformations through time and media according to the analytical theories of Vladimir Propp. Attention is also given to former research done on the impact of the fairy-tale on the child from a psychological and social point of view. Of interest is the historical background of the tale, commencing with oral tradition, and how this was dealt with by the Grimm brothers. Three of the versions used for this comparative study are variants of the Grimm tale, and three belong to Walt Disney productions, i.e. the film and its picture stories. The aim of the comparison is to clarify how and why this tale is retained to the present.

  • 49.
    Ekeroth, Sebastian
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Applied Optics . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Growth and Characterization of Al1-xInxN Nanospirals2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work columnar nanospirals of AlInN were grown on top of TiN-coated sapphire substrates by magnetron sputtering. A variety of samples with different growth parameters were fabricated and investigated.

    The main objectives in this work were to optimize the degree of circular polarization and to control the active wavelength region for where this polarization effect occurs. Attempts were made to achieve a high degree of circular polarization in both reflected and transmitted light.

    It is shown that for reflected light it is possible to achieve a high degree of circular polarization within the visible wavelength regions. For transmitted light the concept of achieving circularly polarized light is proven.

  • 50.
    Koskinen, Markus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Pietiläinen, Matias
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Configura - An informative commercial2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies need to reach out to new customers with product information quick and easy. A step in that direction is an informative commercial, which can be seen as a DVD as well as on the Internet. This report describes how such a commercial was created.

    The degree project is produced for a company called Configura AB. They have developed a computer program based on advanced 3-d graphics, user friendly menus and custom made solutions that makes it easy to visualise an imagined design plan.

    The commercial is about this program and it is produced by us from the beginning to the end. In this report you can read about the pre-production, from an idea to a script.

    The production of the film containes sound-, picture-, effect recordings as well as recorded sequences from the program. Video- and sound editing can be read in the chapter about post-production. The report has a chronological structure with the focus on the technique and the difficulties that we have faced during this project.

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