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  • 1.
    Weström, Sarah
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Örneholm, Isabelle
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Interaktion och intervention: En undersökning av kommunikativa behov hos personer med afasi och dysartri i vardagliga och kliniska samtal2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In speech and language intervention, the ability to interact is seldom evaluated; rather intervention is evaluated in terms of improved testresults.  If goal-setting in intervention also is based on everyday communicative needs, the relevance of the treatment may be increased and intervention outcome may be implemented in the patient’s natural environment.

    The present study, as part of a research-project, is based on analyses of interaction and interviews to examine everyday conversations and speech and language intervention. The aim was to explore if there is a relation between everyday communication needs and goal-setting in speech and language intervention for people with aphasia. A further aim was to investigate if there are everyday communicative needs that may form goals for speech and language intervention.

    Two individuals with aphasia and one individual with both dysarhtria and aphasia participated in the study. Three speech and language pathologists and two relatives also participated in the study. Everyday interaction and intervention sessions were recorded and transcribed according to Conversation Analysis principles and analysed from an interactional perspective. Interviews regarding intervention and everyday communication were carried out with all participants. Recordings were presented and discussed with all participants, in so called retrospections.

    Four phenomena that illustrate communication needs of the participating patients were identified: repair, alternative and augmentative communication, co-construction and feedback. Analysis, interviews and retrospections have revealed that communication needs can form the basis of goal-setting in speech and language intervention. It is also demonstrated that intervention mainly is based on the everyday communication needs of the patient. Retrospections were also shown to be useful in order to observe communication needs in everyday life and in order to evaluate speech and language intervention. The retrospections were found to be beneficial to an open dialogue between speech and language pathologist, patient and relatives regarding the content and aim of the intervention.

     

  • 2.
    Ardi, Sonay
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Quality of Life of Elderly People in Iran: With Sevice Design Approach2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the aging world of today, more attentions are grabbed towards studies on elderly. New facilities and technologies are emerged to serve to the elderly, maketheir life easier, better and more useful. Having participated in a study on thequality of life of the elderly in Europe, it was aimed to run a similar project toresearch the quality of life of the elderly in a Non-EU country. This was donethrough the research questions “What is the quality of life for them?” and “Howa designer, focused on service design, can improve their quality of life?”The knowledge for the study was obtained from fields Quality of Life of ElderlyPeople, Service Design, Service Design Process, and Qualitative Research. As thekey country for this study, Iran was chosen. Study on the target group in thiscountry was done through Cultural Probes and in analyzing the probes, Processfor Empathy in Design was used. To visualize the results of the target group study,Affinity Diagrams and Personas were drawn.The result was designing a service for the target group, which is presented byConcept Scenario, Storyboards, System Maps and Blueprints. In this concept,called “Virtual Family”, the personas are encouraged to be members of a networkwhich is supported by an organization/community in terms of health, social life,leisure activities and educational programs. This network is forming a virtualfamily regarding the traditional values and ethics which are important for thisage group. Additionally it supports them with entertainment and educationalprograms. Later on, the service concept was evaluated by a number of people inthe same age and social group of the target group. Evaluators found the conceptan excellent complement for mentioned target group who are on the verge oflosing their family and social structure, but the organizational system of the contextcountry should be studied to know if it is planning is practical in that context.

  • 3.
    Linte, Thibault
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Hervier, Ariane
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Bogdan, Vincent
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration.
    Being Small and Managing Communities: An explorative study on how SMEs utilize community management to communicate2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research on community management conducted in the past has used primarily examples and case studies within large corporations. Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) also need to be included in community management, exploring the ways in which they deal with community management and if the large company theories on the subject can be applied to them.

    In an attempt to respond to this gap in community management we respond to the question of how do small and medium-sized companies utilize communities to communicate successfully to their consumers?

    During our work, we noted that SMEs were facing two phases when dealing with community management. A strategic step, where the company has to define its goals, its targets, the means it will invest and the tools it will use to deal with community management. The second phase being an operational step includes the creation of communities and the management of them.

    In the strategic step, we pointed out questions which companies have to address before starting community management including the benefits that the company expects from the community, the amount it will invest in it and the tools the company will use.

    In the operational step, five main principles were highlighted as commonly used by SMEs to communicate through communities: (1) promotion of an Ideal, (2) uniting around shared interests, (3) the use of the myth as a gathering factor, (4) the importance of the community involvement in the company, and (5) the physical interaction between community members and the brand.

    Additionally, we found that SMEs have two main advantages when it comes to collaborating with customers/fans that large businesses did not have: proximity and flexibility. However, we found that it was difficult for small companies to find competent people working in the community management field.

    This lack of knowledge within SMEs appeared to be the primary reason why most brand communities failed. Therefore, in this thesis we aimed to point out good habits in terms of community management in order for SMEs to possess a basic knowledge, thus enabling them to benefit from their advantages of proximity and flexibility, which are a result of by their size and is essential for community management.

  • 4.
    Bertling, Natalie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Unga och arbetslösa: En diskursanalys av talet rörande unga arbetslösa2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, I am using a critical discourse analysis a la Fairclough to examin how various actors talk about the group of unemployed youths in the 52 articles from Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet. What’s written in media often portrays different ideas that individuals use in social practice. My theoretical points are social constructivism, risk-, expert-, and media society. Four themes crystallized in the analysis; young and unemployed, education, jobbgaratin and youth and labor market. The results portray a picture of the young people particularly vulnerable to a changing and tough labor market where there is more competition than before. Youth unemployment area is described as a complex in which several aspects such as socio-economic equity, education and skills considered to determine the establishment potential of young people. The youth are described both as responsible for their employability as well as victims of a society that lacks effort to get young people into work. What follows from the results is that the image of the young unemployed is multifaceted, but it seems to be a notion of social practice which different agents assume when they talk about young people.

  • 5.
    Strömstedt, Isabelle
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society, Media Production. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "Folk accepterar inte några miljöbomber längre": En analys av förändring i Nordiska projektexportfondens satsningsområden under 1982-20122012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen behandlar Nordiska projektexportfondens strategiska arbete och hur det har förändrats över tiden. Nordiska projektexportfonden har arbetat med satsningsområden som en del i sitt strategiska arbete. Det är dessa satsningsområden vi valt att analysera, med fokus på miljö och geografi. Syftet med uppsatsen var att identifiera förändringar i satsningsområdena från institutionens start fram tills idag. Som teori har vi använt Whittingtons strategiska perspektiv, som består av det klassiska, processuella, evolutionistiska och det systemteoretiska perspektivet. För att förtydliga vår analys har vi satt in resultatet från undersökningen i Whittingtons strategiska modell. Vi har även kopplat analysen till en mer offentlig debatt om miljödiskurs, strategi, interconnectedness och geografiska preferenser. Materialet bestod främst av dokument från Nordiska projektexportfondens arkiv samt intervjuer med berörda parter. Slutsatsen vi drog var att Nordiska projektexportfonden har en innesluten strategi med vinstmaximering och lokalförankring som utgångspunkter. Den geografiska fokusen förändrades främst på grund av omvärldsförhållanden och miljöfokusen har växt fram från flera olika håll.

  • 6.
    Ståhl, Sally
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Strokekedjan från början till slut: En etnografisk studie om farlighet och tid i en akut vårdkedja2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    30 000 people in Sweden get a stroke every year. This leads to large personal adaptions as well as high costs for the society. The most efficient treatment, thrombolysis, must be given as soon as possible to have a good effect. At the same time it is very important to find out if the patient has any differential diagnosis that can make the treatment hazardous.

    This study investigates how the course ov events around acute stroke patients take place and important factors for the decision making. The studiy is based on ethnographic field studys on four swedish hospitals. The material is analysed with methods from joint cognitive systems and goal-oriented design. The results show that in spite of different organisation of the course  of events around acute stroke patients are the processes and direct communication most successful for effective spread of information between the processes. The neurologist on call is an important roll who, as well as the rest of the participants in the course of events, balances the decision making between efficiency and thoroughness. The combination of analysis gives results on both system- and individual levels. Possibilites for improvents are given in three categories: logistic, technological and organizational.

  • 7.
    Kabata, Bazolla
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Att vara svensk med etniskt påbrå i det svenska samhället: Varför definieras människor som ”vi” och ”dem” ?2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what ideas about “Swedishness”. As my informants discuss the subject, it is clear that there are different responses to what is meant by Swedishness and several ways to look at it. My informants think of themselves as Swedish, but also aware that others may view of them as immigrants, that is non-Swedish. The themes I have looked closely at are my informants ideas about Swedishness, and what they think are obstacles to attain Swedishness in the eyes of others, that is personal names, ability to speak Swedish, and ideas about homeland.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Ulrica
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    Placerade barns skolgång: En studie om ungdomar som är eller har varit placerade i samhällsvård och deras upplevelse av skolgång, stöd och relationer i skolan.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt både svensk och internationell forskning är placerade barns skolgång bristfällig. Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån ett barnperspektiv undersöka hur placerade ungdomar mellan 16- och 20 år har upplevt/upplever sin skolgång och hur samspelet mellan dem och lärarna har sett ut, och även om de har fått särskilt stöd under sin skoltid. Frågeställningarna är följande: Vilka erfarenheter och upplevelser av skolan har ungdomar över 16 år som varit eller är placerade i samhällsvård? Hur har samspelet mellan ungdomarna och lärarna/pedagogerna fungerat under skolgången enligt ungdomarna? Har dessa ungdomar fått något särskilt stöd under sin skolgång och vad berättar de om detta? Denna studie är inspirerad av livsberättelse som metodansats och kvalitativa intervjuer har använts som datainsamlingsmetod. Fem personer har intervjuats med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Intervjuerna har transkriberats. Utifrån berättelserna har teman skapats och analyserats/diskuterats utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet, barnperspektivet och det relationella perspektivet. Huvudresultaten i studien är att läraren i skolan har en viktig roll för placerade barn. Läraren behöver ge stöd, samspela och se ungdomarna som individer oavsett bakgrund eller prestation. Att ha en social tillhörighet och goda relationer med andra elever och lärare har också visat sig vara betydelsefullt. Ungdomarna nämner också att stödet de har fått i skolan har sett olika ut och upplevts både positivt och negativt. Positivt utifrån att de har fått det stöd de behöver men även negativt med skamfyllda upplevelser där ungdomarna känt sig bortvalda vilket i sin tur har lett till störande beteenden eller att de har gett upp hoppet om att lyckas i skolan.

  • 9.
    Rundqvist, Mikael (Editor)
    Integrationsverket, Analysavdelningen, Norrköping.
    Staten som förebild?: om planer, insatser och utfall i 17 myndigheters arbete med etnisk mångfald2004Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The “State as a Role Model” report (Staten som förebild?) deals with the observance of the federal politicians’ regulatory instructions and ethnic diversity work in government authorities. The general idea is that the integration policy be taken seriously, both through giving concrete substance to the objective, of the state serving as a model, when it comes to ethnic diversity, and through examining adherence to this objective. The report focuses on planning, initiatives and outcomes. Working on the basis of the regulations set out by Swedish parliament and Government, the action plans of 17 federal authorities are examines with respect to ethnic diversity, the 17 authorities are asked about their work with diversity, and the outcome in their personnel numbers are mapped. The relationships between planning, initiatives and outcomes are considered, as are the regulatory instructions.

    Of the 17 authorities selected, 15 have drawn up action plans for promoting ethnic diversity. Generally speaking, most of these programs are weak from a content perspective, and the authorities’ diversity work is in need of holistic thinking. Methods for incorporating the integration policy into current day-to-day activities need to be developed.

    One overall impression gained from the interviews with the authorities is that internal work to increase and better utilize the diversity found in Swedish society is perceived as fairly new, and as yet both given relatively little reflection and rather shaky. All of the authorities interviewed need to further develop their diversity work, some more than others.

    When it comes to the outcome in personnel numbers, the percentage of foreign-born individuals working at the 17 authorities is in general considerably lower than the corresponding figure for foreign-born workers otherwise employed in the nation. The fact that foreign-born individuals are generally under-represented in federal administration is reflected in their also being under-represented in different occupations at the 17 authorities, especially with respect to management positions.

    One important observation is that, at most of the authorities surveyed in the study, there was a decline in the total number of employees between the years of 1997 and 2001, although this has not affected foreign-born employees, as is otherwise often the case. The need to hire new people at the 17 authorities during this period, as a whole, has been small. This means that any substantial changes in the composition of personnel through new recruitment have not been possible during the initial years of the integration policy.

    When focus is directed to the local and regional levels, and to the more concrete day-to-day work of the authorities, it becomes clear that an authority’s diversity work is characterized by the nature of its activities. Indepth study on the local and regional levels also shows the importance of organizing the work, as well as the importance of diversity for externally-oriented activities, and that diversity can be perceived as somewhat of a sensitive, new or unfamiliar issue. The closer analyses also show that organizations can follow independent strategies in relation to their plans for ethnic diversity.

    Even if no strong connections can be demonstrated between planning, initiatives and outcomes in the analysis in this report, the Swedish Integration Board feels it is too early to rule out the federal stipulation that authorities use special action plans in their work to promote ethnic diversity. One must remember that the integration policy is a new policy that involves long-range development processes, not all of which are subject to immediate impact. Before the policy is abandoned, the directives on diversity should be implemented in full. One way to make the policy more clear may be to write more specific demands into the directives and budget appropriations to the authorities.

  • 10.
    Pettersson, Olivia
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Wennfalk, Martina
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences.
    Patient education and adherence to tuberculosis treatment: - Indonesian nurses share their experiences2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The aim of this qualitative study was to explore Indonesian nurses’ experiences of patient education and patients’ adherence to TB treatment.

    Background

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that 9.6 million people in the world suffer from. Indonesia is one of the world’s 22 high-burden countries with over 320.000 cases of TB in 2014. The UN’s (United Nation) goal is to have ended the TB epidemics by the year 2030. Nurses play a central role in accomplishing adherence to treatment and prevention of TB.

    Method

    To fulfil the aim a qualitative method using semi-structured interviews was used. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. The transcribed data was analysed by using a qualitative content analysis with a manifest approach.

    Findings

    The findings, based on the result of nine interviews, showed four themes: “Strategies for patient education”, “Factors affecting patient education and adherence to treatment”, ”Outcomes of patient education” and ”Feelings and opinions about patient education”.

    Conclusion

    This study showed that the nurses use different strategies when practicing patient education. It was also shown that the nurses are well aware about patient-related factors and how they affect patient education and adherence to TB treatment.

    Keywords

    Tuberculosis, nursing care, patient education, adherence 

  • 11.
    Valtersson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    How adult migrant students learn maths.: Adult students understanding and engaging with maths.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the adult immigrant students’ experience of maths in Sweden. I will present an understanding rather than an explanation on how second language adult students learn maths. It can be argued that people who study maths as adults in a new homeland and in a foreign language face particular challenges. At the same time research reports that people sometimes approach the subject in a more fruitful way as adults compared to their childhood experiences. I want to contribute to the general knowledge of the subject and furthermore provide improved understanding of how mathematics teachers can guide their students towards their goals.I have performed semi-structured qualitative research interviews. My informants are my own maths students on the basic level with incomplete grades in maths from secondary school, or they have failed in their maths studies in upper secondary school due to a low level of know-ledge. They are over 20 years of age and they are all immigrants and have arrived in Sweden as adults. I have used my students statements, written as narratives as the material which is to be interpreted and understood. Because of my use of my own students in the interview, I will not take into account their statements about the teacher’s role in my conclusion.I find that:1. The difficult experience of being forced to leave the home country, together with a wish to take revenge on the failures from their youth, can lead to a kind of struggle for decom-pensation that can be reflected in the participants' positive evaluation of their maths studies.2. Having a family is a great motivational help for studying regardless of the time it takes to take care of the same.3. The memories of previous failures with the incomprehensible, abstract mathematics characterise the students’ inception of the subject.4. It seems possible that adult students can understand themselves in a new way and redefine their relationship with maths and their own ability to study the subject.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Från segregation till segregation: En familjs ackulturation i en mångkulturell miljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Hageby is a district in Norrköping, which is mainly perceived as segregated with a large number of inhabitants of foreign origin. It's also associated with low socioeconomic status, criminality, high unemployment and social exclusion. The external perception of the area is mainly negative, whilst the internal experiences and views, on the contrary are quite positive. Some internal conflicts, based on ethnicity and religion is clearly present here, but most informants expresses a positive view of the Swedish people, though many have little opportunity to interact with ethnic Swedes. Living in a multicultural area, seems for many of the local inhabitants to be something partly positive. For newcomers living there, closeness to family and their ethnic group, also helps soften the stress of settling in and adjusting to a new community. Extensive research shows that living in a segregated area, tend to slow the integration process, having negative effect on learning the new language, developing networks necessary for finding work, understanding of and full participation in society. Newer the less, my informants show that living in a segregated area, does not necessarily have these effects on an individual level. Although the extended influence of negative stereotyping of the area and the people who live there, tend to have an effect on self image and the construction of identity.

  • 13.
    Ruales Falconi, Alejandra
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change.
    Cultural paradigm shifts in socio-technical transitions towards sustainable cities: A case study of the transportation system of São Paulo2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation is a key component of the urban realm due to its high fossil fuel consumption, GHG emissions and pollution generation (among other negative externalities) that have been aggravated by an individual motor vehicle-driven society. In order to achieve a balanced urban growth for the future, the transportation paradigm requires a complete shift that will depend upon a change on people’s behaviors and perceptions about mobility. Being the biggest, most populous city of Brazil and the western hemisphere, as well as the financial motor behind the country’s economy, São Paulo currently faces a very serious transportation problem: an extremely high car per capita ratio in conjunction with a deficient public transport network. Furthermore, socioeconomic disparities exert an additional pressure to this dilemma, limiting the access to mobility and deeply embedding the car from a cultural standpoint. Given its prominence, São Paulo is the ideal city to evaluate how specific cultural and socio- spatial niches can steer a cultural paradigm shift that could ultimately trigger a socio-technical transition towards sustainability. In this case study, the role of policies, technology, and infrastructure as policymaking instruments are analyzed in the context of urban spaces in emergent nations, where political and economic structures are strong social determinants. Moreover, this study has shown how these instruments could not only produce a new set of mobility practices (or a new transportation culture) but also the creation of an equitable and thriving urban environment. 

  • 14.
    Didanovic Nilsson, Lotta
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication.
    Är blod tjockare än vatten?: En kvalitativ studie om familjen och den biologiska betydelsen.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    Titel: Is blood thicker than water? A qualitative study of the family and the biological significance.

    Author: Lotta Didanovic Nilsson

     

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate whether, and if so, why it is so important for individuals to get to know their biological parents. The point of departure has been people who have grown up with one of their biological parents and met the other biological parent only as an adult. I have chosen to look at what happens in this meeting and how the people involved reacted and were affected by this. What controls and shapes the individual/group, such as the media, family-policy, social structures and what is considered proper procedure in a certain context and at different levels will also be discussed. The study is qualitative with semi-structured interviews with six informants, myself included. Therefore, this thesis will be an auto-ethnography as my own history and my experience is lifted and analysed together with my informants’. The results show a multi-faceted picture where the conclusion I draw is that the biological plays an important role for the parent- and child-relationship but perhaps for other reasons than we have previously thought. It further requires a social context on a day to day-basis for this relationship to become something significant and deep.

  • 15.
    Malmström, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    Design and Implementation of NFC-based gym mobile app2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report investigates the technical and economic viability of introducing a Near Field Communication (NFC) client system in a gym environment. The system aims to aid the customers with logging their workout, retrieving information regarding exercises as well as enhancing the attendance control for both staff and customers. To identify what information to be presented, the most important quality factors and what functionalities are most desired, an exploratory case study was conducted. The study showed that there is a discrepancy between the desire to log ones workout and actually doing it. Most people want to keep track of how they workout, but despite the wide variety of workout applications on the market, they choose not to use them. The main concern expressed was that the logging needs to be fast and easy, indicating that the existing apps do not fulfill the ease of use desired. The system presented in this report is coupled to the gym where NFC tags pair an exercise to its corresponding logger and information in the application. The ability for the gym to track its customers’ workout habits is a rare feature that provides several economic benefits such as targeted advertisement, better maintenance control and new customer services analyzing their workout. For the system to be effective the customers need to use the system and log their workout, therefore it needs to be supported by the major mobile platforms. To accommodate this a hybrid platform approach using PhoneGap was used. This approach allows for development in one language that translates into native embedded web applications. At the time of writing Apple’s latest models do include the hardware for NFC communication. However, it is not possible to develop a custom NFC application for iPhone yet. By adopting the hybrid approach there is no need to create a whole new app when they do release the rights to do so. In conclusion, the technical viability of the NFC based system comes with the tradeoffs of dealing with the lack of standards of a new technology and being early on the market with a new feature. This calls for some custom solutions, since each platform adopts their own way of NFC implementation, but is manageable. The economic aspects are tied to the use of the system where the ease of use is the key factor for the customers. The end user tests indicate that NFC provides that small advantage over traditional workout applications needed to make logging attractive.

  • 16.
    Angerborn, Felix
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems.
    Better text formatting for the mobile web with javascript2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As people read more and longer texts on the web, the simple formatting options that exists in todays browsers creates worse results than necessary. On behalf of Opera Software in Linköping, a better algorithm has been implemented in Javascript with the purpose of delivering a visually better experience for the reader. The implementation is first and foremost for mobile devices and therefore a large part of the thesis has been the evaluation and optimization of performance. 

  • 17.
    Haji Modiri, Shima
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Impacts of Living and Working Conditions on the Health of Immigrants: A Comparative Study on Asylum-Seekers in Germany and the Netherlands2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last several decades, many people, fleeing from disasters or political threats, have applied for asylum in the European countries. Council Directive 2003/9/EC, laying down minimum standards for the reception of asylum-seekers, as well as several other directives, have been developed in the EU in order to ensure fair treatment of the asylum-seekers in all the European countries. However, there are huge differences in the national asylum laws of countries and consequently, the way they treat the asylum-seekers. In this research, the national asylum laws of Germany and the Netherlands are studied and compared, showing that though following the Council Directive, fair or equal treatment of asylum-seekers cannot be guaranteed. In the Netherlands asylum-seekers are granted with a great extent of benefits while in Germany, they are greatly discriminated against. Based on the Social Determinants of Health Model, developed by Dahlgren and Whitehead in 1991, the hypothesis is that the asylum seekers in the Netherlands enjoy better health status than the ones in Germany, because based on the Dutch asylum laws, they have better living and working conditions. In order to confirm or negate this hypothesis, a meta-study of available literature on the health status of asylum-seekers has been done. However, the hypothesis could not be confirmed/ negated due to extreme lack of availability of data in this area.

    By discussing the relationship between life conditions and health of individuals, reviewing current legal instruments regulating asylum in the EU and analyzing the available data on the health status of asylum-seekers, this paper draws the attention to the importance of data and research on these topics and the need for development of practices for collection of such information. Availability of such information can affect future decision and policy makings regarding asylum-seekers and their health and might result in comprehensive reformations in the current national or international legal instruments.

  • 18.
    Rodgers, Naomi Alice
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    “House and Techno Broke Them Barriers Down”: Exploring Exclusion through Diversity in Berlin’s Electronic Dance Music Nightclubs2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Berlin is heralded worldwide as being a city that is open, innovative and diverse: a true multicultural metropolis. Music plays a central role in the city’s claim to this title. Go to any one of Berlin’s many notorious alternative nightclubs and you will hear techno, house and electronic dance music blasting out to hoards of enthusiastic partygoers. Many of these clubs and their participants claim that these parties represent diversity, acceptance, equality and tolerance: Spaces within which social divisions are suspended, difference is overcome and people are united. This ubiquitous discursive assertion is referred to in this thesis as a “diversity discourse”. This “diversity discourse” will be deconstructed and situated within a wider political context, with a specific focus on perceptions of race, ethnicity, sexuality and gender. Engaging with theories of intersectionality, post-colonial theory (looking specifically at Jasbir Puar’s important work on homonationalism) and employing qualitative methods such as in-depth interviews and autoethnographic inquiry, it will be argued that the “diversity discourse” works as a mask to conceal a reality of social segregation. Far from being sites of equality and diversity, it will be suggested that access to these nightclubs is premised on the possession of societal privilege. That being said, it will also be argued that research into EDM nightclub participation refrain from viewing these clubs within a binary framework of “good” or “bad”; Rather, they should be seen as complex sites of ambivalence, within which multiple identities are acted out and explored. The project contributes to the current body of work within the (post-) discipline of intersectional gender studies, arguing for the need for theorisations in the field to encompass notions of intersecting privilege and disadvantage.

  • 19.
    Rauhala, Sebastian
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Gaze control for detail and overview in image exploration2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Eye tracking technology has made it possible to accurately and consistently track a users gaze position on a screen. The human eyes center of focus, where it can see the most detailed information, is quite small at a given moment. The peripheral vision of humans have a much lower level of details than the center of gaze. Knowing this, it is possible to display a view that increases the level of resolution at the position of the users gaze point on the screen, while the rest of the screen keeps a lower resolution. An implementation of such a system can generate a representation of data with both detail and overview. The results indicate that even with simple gaze data processing it is possible to use gaze control to help explore details of a high resolution image. Gaze data processing often involve a compromise between stability, responsiveness and latency. A low latency, highly responsive gaze data filter would increase the risk for lens oscillation, and demand a higher concentration level from the viewer then a slower filter would. Applying a gaze data filter that allowed for smooth and stable lens movement for small saccades and responsive movements for large saccades proved successfully. With the uses of gaze control the user might be able to use a gaze aware application more efficient since gaze precedes actions. Gaze control would also reduce the need for hand motions which could provide a improved work environment for people interacting with computer.

  • 20.
    Blom, Kajsa
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Håcansdotter, Linnéa
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Time and Activity Analysis of Doctors and Nurses Work Assignments2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With people’s increased life span, the demand for health care services has increased, while there is a lack of health care professionals. By increasing the health care professionals’ value-adding work assignments for patient care, they will be used more efficiently and be able to meet the demand of the health care services.

    Based on observations and time studies carried out at Vrinnevisjukhusets health care facility for stroke and rehabilitation of stroke, this thesis has provided suggestions for areas of improvement which could increase the amount of doctors’ and nurses’ value-adding work assignments. Based on the result time studies at the health care facility, a time distribution of the doctors’ and nurses’ work assignments was also established and showed that they spent their most time on administrative work (48 % for doctors and 26 % for nurses), communication (15 % for doctors and 24 % for nurses) and time with patient (15 % for doctors and 20 % for nurses).

    Based on the observations and the result of time distribution, the doctors and nurses main areas of improvement was the lack of guidelines for implementation of journal notes which made their administrative work assignments inefficient, as well as the lack of system for the stock levels of medicines, which hindered the nurses’ medication management. To address these problems the health care facility and the entire medical clinic that the facility is part of, should determine guidelines on how the journal notes should be conducted for avoidance of duplications and to also facilitate the search of information. The medical clinic should also invest in a new storage system which updates the stock levels of medicines automatically, and also makes it possible to see how much of each medicine is available in each facility and storage. The arrangement of the facilities storage is also an area that could be improved by implementing the Leans’ 5S, which would improve the doctors’ and nurses’ time distribution and increase the value-adding work assignments. By also planning and clarify when a reporting is ongoing, as well as relocate or invest in more printers and telemetry computers, the facilities doctors’ and nurses’ time distribution will be improved and also increase the amount of work assignments that is value-adding.

  • 21. Klompstra, Leonie
    et al.
    Jaarsma, TinyStrömberg, Anna
    Playing exergames by heart failure patients.2013Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Regular daily exercise is recognized as important in patients with heart failure (HF), but adherence to exercise recommendations is low. It is important to search for alternative approaches to motivate patients with HF to be more active. The use of exergames (games to improve physical exercise) might be an encouragement for HF patients, especially for people who may be reluctant to engage in more traditional forms of exercise, such as going to the gym or take a walk outside. The aim of this study is to assess the self-reported time playing on the Wii exergame platform when patients get access to the Wii at home for 12 weeks and the factors related to the time playing.

    Methods: As part of a feasibility study, the Wii was installed in the home of HF patients for a period of 12 weeks and patients were instructed to exergame 20 minutes a day (e.g. virtual bowling or tennis). Patients completed a diary which contained questions about the amount of minutes exergaming, heart failure symptoms and perceived exertion. At baseline and 12 weeks the physical capacity was assessed by 6minute walking test. We compared patients who played more than the median amount of minutes on the Wii with patients who played less than the median time.

    Results:  Thirty-two HF patients (age 64 ± 14, 10 female) were included. The mean time exergaming was 28 (±13) minutes a day (median of 27 minutes). Two patients stopped exergaming during the study. Men played more minutes a day on the Wii (31 minutes) than women (20 minutes), (t =2.243, p <.033) which could not be explained by age. Both male and female patients decreased in time exergaming, comparing the first 6 weeks access to the Wii with the last 6 weeks, but no differences were found in the amount of minutes decrease in exergaming (-5±9) between man and women. Patients who played more than the median time were significant lower educated, had a lower NYHA class and had more often grandchildren than patients who exergamed less than the median time.  No association could be found between the groups in exercise capacity, motivation, self-efficacy, symptoms experience, perceived exertion with time exergaming.

    Conclusion: Patients with HF played a considerable time active games on the Wii during 12 months of access to the Wii. Although women exergamed less than men, they did not decrease more in playing then men during the study. Patients who increased more than the median amount of minutes exergaming had a lower educational level, lower NYHA class, and more patients had grandchildren than patients who exergamed less. Access to exergames seem to be a promising to keep HF patients motivated to be active and to provide social facilitation with grandchildren. 

  • 22. Klompstra, Leonie
    et al.
    Jaarsma, TinyStrömberg, Anna
    Gender differences in participation motives for exercise and exergaming in heart failure patients.2014Conference proceedings (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Regular daily exercise is recognized as important in patients with heart failure (HF). The use of exergames (games to improve physical exercise) might be an encouragement for HF patients, especially for people who may be reluctant to engage in more traditional forms of exercise. It is known that participation motives are important factors in able to become more physical active. Therefore the purpose of this study is to examine gender differences in participation motives before access to an exergame computer and the exercise motives after access to an exergame computer at home.

    Methods: The Wii was installed in the home of HF patients for a period of 12 weeks and patients were instructed to exergame 20 minutes a day (e.g. virtual bowling or tennis). Patients completed a questionnaire on baseline and 12 weeks which included the exercise motivation index (EMI), which measured participation motives. The EMI consists of 15 statements; each statement is followed by a five-point verbal rating from 0 (not important) to 4 (extremely important). Chi-square test was performed to look in gender in participation motives of the EMI and the ESE. P-values<.05 was considered significant.

    Results:  Thirty-two HF patients (age 64 ± 14, 10 female) were included. The exercise motives which scored important or extremely important on baseline were: ‘I want to be in better shape so that my clothes sit better’, ‘I want the ageing process to slow down and feel younger’, ‘Exercise increases my overall well-being’ and ‘I want to be healthier and live longer’. After 12 weeks access to the Nintendo Wii only the participation motive: ‘I want to be healthier and perhaps life longer’ scored important or extremely inportant. Gender differences were found in participation motives at baseline. Female patients significant agreed more on 6 participation motives compared to men: I want to be in better shape so my clothes fit better (3 vs 1), I am proud of myself when I exercise regularly (3 vs 1), I want to look good (2 vs. 1), I want to be as active as my family and my friends (2 vs 1), I feel successful when I am on better shape (3 vs 1) and I want to feel less physical vulnerable (3 vs 1). At 12 weeks there were fewer differences in participation motives. Difference were found where women agreed more on 2 participation motives than men: I want to be as active as my family and my friends (2 vs 1) and People who are in good shape will be admired, I want to be admired too (2 vs 1).

    Conclusion: This study shows gender differences in the participation motives in becoming physical active and exergaming. Women have more participation motives than men. After 12 weeks access to the Nintendo Wii we found less difference in the participation motives between men and women. Gender differences in participation motives in exergaming were due to social facilitation and I want to be admired, where women agreed more than men. 

  • 23.
    Kling, Daniel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Olofsson, Ivar
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Det sovande folket. Konsumentens information på bankmarknaden för fonderoch sparkonton2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen analyserar bankmarknaden för de finansiella tjänsterna sparkontooch fondsparande från ett konsumentperspektiv, med fokus på informationsasymmetrioch inlåsningeffekter. Speciellt undersöktes skillnader mellanunga och äldre, och vilka möjligheter som fanns till förbättring. Uppsatsenbaserades på en enkätundersökning riktad mot främst unga ekonomstuderande,andra studerande och högutbildade. Skillnader och trender isvaren kopplades till tidigare forskning på området och förklarades utifrånStructure-Conduct-Performance-modellen och teori kring byteskostnader, intressekonflikteroch asymmetrisk information. Enkätundersökningen visadeatt konsumenter hade lite kunskap och att deras främsta informationskällavar banken. Vidare användes jämförelsetjänster i liten utsträckning, vilketsammantaget skapade ett starkt beroende till bankens rådgivning. Dennakunskapsbrist och beroendeställning är en av flera förklaringar till den bristanderörligheten på marknaden. Marknadsföringen för fonder kunde visasupplevas svagt vilseledande utan skillnader mellan ekonomstuderande ochövriga, vilket tyder på att upplevelsen inte främst beror på konsumentenskunskap men på marknadsföringens innehåll. Undersökningen kunde intepåvisa några skillnader mellan äldre och yngre i hur ofta jämförelsetjänsteranvändes. Ett problem var att antalet svarande som själva valt sparkontooch fonder var för lågt för att statistiska tester skulle vara tillämpligt. Ettproblem var att antalet svarande som själva valt fonder eller flyttat tillgångarmellan fonder var för lågt för att statistiska tester skulle vara tillämpligt.Möjligheten att förbättra situationen anses som god genom bland annatinförande av striktare regler kring marknadsföring av fonder och ökad informationtill konsumenterna för att öka deras makt.

  • 24.
    Wiberg, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Social Work. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    "En gång till!": En kvalitativ studie om attityderna inom handikapprörelsen gentemot internet och onlinespel2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out the attitudes of interest groups that organize people with intellectual disabilities regarding the perception of the Internet and online games based on the obstacles and opportunities for their members. The study is based on seven interviews with elected representatives and officials from the organizations FUB, Autism and Aspergerförbundet, and Attention. Semi-structured interviews were used in accordance with the study's purpose and character. The material has been transcribed and thematized to be interpreted on the basis of social constructivism in accordance with Loseke (2003) and Spector and Kitsuse (2001). The analysis shows that the elected representatives and officials see both obstacles and opportunities with the Internet and online gaming for their members. Internet and online games can help to increase the level of participation and provide opportunities for self-fulfillment, but can also lead to social isolation and various forms of social vulnerability.

  • 25.
    Mc Glinn, Sarah
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Performing the Jersey: Subjectivity, Identity, and Change within the Scottish Football Culture2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Before the days of cable television it was almost impossible to watch Scottish Football in Sweden. As such, my father would listen to all important Celtic games on the radio. He would go into his bedroom, close the door and listen intently to the crackling, yet passionate voices which tried vigorously to transmit scenes of green grass, screaming crowds, twenty-two men, and a ball, to all the people who lacked the good fortune of being at the stadium. I remember one occasion especially well: it was a Saturday in May, 1998; I was twelve years old and stood in the hall. As I peered through my parents bedroom door, I caught my father kissing the radio as it announced Celtic’s winning goal; the goal which stopped their opponents, Rangers, from winning ten Scottish leagues in a row. He was crying, laughing and yelling, all at once. And after the game had finished, he came down stairs, and we celebrated by putting on our favourite Celtic CD. Dancing, while singing classic Celtic songs, we revelled in ‘our’ victory.

    The memory of this day is dear to me, along with many other recollections I have of amazing afternoons which were spent singing (and sometimes crying), first with my father and, later also with his friends. Because when cable TV finally did come to my hometown Malmö in 1999, we formed a network. We joined forces with other people, (though mainly white, heterosexual men of working-class backgrounds), who, like us, loved Celtic, and thus wanted to watch them as often as they could. And together we sang the same songs which my father and I had danced to on that aforementioned day: the 9th of May 1998. In fact, he and I still sing many of those songs on a weekly basis, as do hundreds of thousands of other fans.

    Yet, some of these songs, as well as others performed by various Scottish clubs, have become increasingly criticised, and in some cases banned, for containing discriminatory, or bigoted ideas and language; an example of this critical shift can be gauged by e.g. the Offensive Behaviour at Football and Threatening Communications (Scotland) Bill, which was passed by the Scottish Parliament on the 14th of December, 2011, and enacted on the 1st of March of the following year. The bill introduces new legislation which criminalizes offensive or threatening behaviour “likely to incite public disorder at certain football matches, and [which] provides for a criminal offence concerning the sending of communications which contain threats of serious violence or which contain threats intended to incite religious hatred” (The Scottish Parliament, 2011; My italics). This law is quite unique for a number of reasons. First, because it is specific to Scotland. Secondly, because it is a national law introduced to tackle the problem of mainly one city: Glasgow, and its famous rivalry between Celtic and Rangers, known as the ‘Old Firm’. Obviously bigoted rivalries exist all over Scotland - all over the world for that matter - but the ‘Old Firm’ is considered one of the most exaggerated rivalries in Europe. What is more, the law was passed soon after the 2011 Scottish cup final, in which two players were sent off, 13 players were given yellow cards, and Celtic’s manager, Neil Lennon pushed Rangers’ assistant manager Ally McCoist. The BBC reports that “Scotland's First Minister Alex Salmond held a summit in Edinburgh with representatives from Celtic, Rangers, Scottish football authorities and Strathclyde Police to discuss ways to combat disorder associated with the fixture between Glasgow's main two rival clubs” (BBC, 2011). Scotland’s justice secretary, Kenny MacAskill, claims that “the majority of Scots - 91% - support tougher action to tackle the problem [of sectarianism1]” (STV, 2013). However, the law has been met with resistance from different groups of football fans, who argue that the laws infringe on free expression.

  • 26.
    Larsen, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Yosef, Naima
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    In the Pursuit of Influence: A Study of Transnational Advocacy Networks' Legitimacy Efforts2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    As organized global actors, transnational advocacy networks (TANs) are an emerging way of people getting their voice heard and to make a change in global governance. Influencing policy-makers through advocacy has an identified connection to the legitimacy of the organization where the general assumption is that a higher legitimacy facilitates influence.

    In this thesis we have approached this situation from a strategic standpoint. Seeing as TANs – like most organizations – follow a strategy in order to achieve their goals, we wanted to see how legitimacy can be included as a part of the TANs strategy. This included describing the connections between the TAN as an organization and the legitimacy potential in both the organizational form and their actions.

    Our empirical findings suggested a close relationship between a TAN’s legitimacy and their stance with a policy-making institution, which led to a focus on these institutions as a target for TANs and their advocacy. We developed on this relation and outlined a suggestion for a strategic framework for TANs to consider when strategizing around legitimacy. We found that two main paths – named the Insider and the Outsider strategies – illustrate the options and implications a TAN is faced with on the topic of strategic legitimacy.

    The results constitute a contribution to the development of TAN strategy, a field that in the time of our writing this remains underexplored territory. We suggest that this field can be further developed by continuous research and we hope that this thesis is a contribution to that development.

  • 27.
    Hammarling, Josefine
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Holmstedt, Charlie
    Linköping University, Department for Studies of Social Change and Culture, Culture, Society and Media Production - KSM. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Vem är du?: En diskursanalytisk studie om transpersoners upplevda bemötande i feministiska forum på nätet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The idea for this study was evoked from a number of observations that we did in relation to our personal interest for feminism and gender studies. We have noticed tendecies of identity politics in feminist web­based discussion forums, which have led to intermutual conflicts within the feminist movement. Discussions of great importance between the members of these discussion forums, have oftentimes ended up being matters of interpretative prerogative, and to whom it belongs, as well as questions about who holds authority to claim which opinion, and why one holds authority to claim any opinion at all. We read this phenomenon as a matter of power configuration ­ for even within these formed groups of people that are oppressed in the western majority culture, relations including roles with oppressing positions as well as roles with oppressed positions emerge.

    In this study we have chosen to focus on a certain type of identities that are frequently stressed when conflicts emerge in these web­based forums, namley transgender identities. The purpose of this paper is to bring forward the narratives of people with transgender identities, about their experienced possibilites to word in feminist web­based discussion forums, as well as analyze the discourses of power that figures in these forums. The material for this study was collected through qualitative interviews, which were made with four different respondents. All of which having experience of being transgender and members of different feminist web­based forums. The analysis in turn consists of essential recitals by the respondents, which are resolved from a discourse theoretical perspective. According to discourse theory, power configurations between people are made from a variation of factors that determine the directions of power, and are constantly reformed from one moment to another. From the recitals of our respondents we understand that there are several power discourses prevailing concurrently in the feminist web­based discussion forums, and that there is no binary and consistent divergence between the oppressing position and the oppressed position. A person whose identity validates its power in one discussion, can be totally powerless because of its identity in another. 

  • 28.
    Zackrisson, Ludwig
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identitetsskapande i form- och konstvärlden: En studie om hur egenföretagare förhåller sig till sina yrkesidentiteter2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta arbete studeras hur aktörer som arbetar professionellt med skapande verksamhet formar sin yrkesidentiteter. Syftet är att förstå identitetskonstruktioner genom att belysa hur personerna förhåller sig till yrkestitlar och begrepp för beteckna sig själva och det arbete de utför. Studien bygger på fem kvalitativa intervjuer med personer som verkar inom form- och konstvärlden.

    Ett avgörande resultat är att benämningen på föremål är sekundär, det vill säga mindre centralt än hur aktörerna förhåller sig till sina yrkesidentiteter. Hur man resonerade kring valet av yrkestitel gjordes på olika sätt, men bland annat för att hävda vilka kunskaper man besitter. Valen görs även utifrån föreställningen att kunder ska kunna knyta an till verksamhetens art och förstå vad personen i fråga gör. Viktiga aspekter är också att aktörerna är bekväma yrkestiteln, som blir personlig och central för formandet av yrkesidentiteter.

    Sammanfattningsvis formas identiteter utifrån komplexa individuella och sociala sammanhang. Studien visar hur yrkesidentiteter formas i växelspel person och samhälle. Yrkesidentiteten har på så vis en kollektiv och individuell dimension. Samtidigt visar empirin på en variation i hur informanterna identifierar sig utifrån ett socialt samspel.

  • 29.
    Bruce, Linnéa
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Timeefficiency of constructionwork in a developing country2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To work time efficient, structured and to not waste time are important factors at a construction work. Time is money and the more time a job takes the more money it costs. In theory, there are several factors that affect the efficiency at a construction site. Some of these factors are structural and schedules, work preparation, planning, method improvement and to identify targets. Most of these factors are used in construction work in Sweden, but the construction is not as developed in a developing country and they often work day by day. A country that has problems with efficiency in the workplace is the poor country Philippines in Asia.

    During a volunteer work trip to the Philippines was the deficiencies and timing problems during construction observed. Volunteer work took place in a small village called Los Amigos outside the town of Davao. The work was to build and renovate homes and the area around the buildings for wheelchair people who can’t afford their own homes. Besides the volunteer work was a construction site that was observed during the trip. The construction site is made up of a basketball court.

    This study aims to observe the construction work in the Philippines to identify problems with building work and efficiency in the workplace. Through observations and an interview with a supervisor in the village of Los Amigos have the different time problems been reflected and discussed. Based on the theoretical frameworks and taking into account the culture of the country have improvement proposals been worked out.

    The report ends with two sections that describe how to work more time-efficient, structured and avoid time losses. One section deals with the construction work on volunteer work and the other for a work on the basketball court built in the same area. The workplaces are of completely different character and various improvement proposals have thus been drawn up.

  • 30.
    Lundmark, linda
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Definitionen och tolkningen av miljöproblemen och möjliga lösningar: En studie kring Svenska miljöorganisationers argument och perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, four different Swedish environmental organizations are examined and compared in order to highlight how they view theenvironmental problems and possible solutions. People from the environmental organizations Naturskyddsföreningen, Klimataktion, Fores andHela Sverige ska leva were interviewed. Additional information was gathered from the various environmental organizations' websites andcatalogs. To get an in-depth discussion and to relate the analyzed material to a larger theoretical context, the arguments of the environmentalorganizations have been analyzed in relation to different environmental discourses. Two relevant theoretical frameworks for this study is Hajersdiscursive theory, which relate to environmental problems and environmental conflicts, and Swyngedouws view of how today's symbolization of"Nature" affect and limit environmental policy. The result shows that the various environmental organizations have a different approach toenvironmental problems and possible solutions. Fores perspective can be related to the ecological modernization discourse, where theenvironmental problem is seen as something that could be dealt with within the current socio-economic frames with a continued economicgrowth. Naturskyddsföreningen do not criticize economic growth, but they believe that the economic systems should be driven in a moreenvironmentally conscious direction. Their perspective can be related to the ecological reconsideration discourse (den ekologiska omprövningensdiskurs). Both Klimataktions and Hela Sverige ska levas approach to environmental problems can be related to the system criticism discourse(Systemkritikens diskurs), where market-based solutions and technological developments are not considered to be enough to solve environmentalproblems. Instead we need to extensively change our way of life with reduced consumption and energy use.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Software and Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Knowledge management and throughput optimization in large-scale software development2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Large-scale software development companies delivering market-driven products have introduced agile methodologies as the way of working to a big extent. Even though there are many benefits with an agile way of working, problems occur when scaling agile because of the increased complexity. One explicit problem area is to evolve deep product knowledge, which is a domain specific knowledge that cannot be developed anywhere else but at the specific workplace. This research aims to identify impediments for developing domain specific knowledge and provide solutions to overcome these challenges in order to optimize knowledge growth and throughput.

    The result of the research shows that impediments occur in four different categories, based on a framework for knowledge sharing drivers. These are people-related, task-related, structure-related and technology-related. The challenging element with knowledge growth is to integrate the training into the feature development process, without affecting the feature throughput negatively.

    The research also shows that by increasing the knowledge sharing, the competence level of the whole organization can be increased, and thereby be beneficial from many perspectives, such as feature-throughput and code quality.

  • 32.
    Bergström, Emelie
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Tema Environmental Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Bilismen ur ett genusperspektiv: En kvantitativ studie i Norrköping om mänsoch kvinnors förhållande till fordonet bil ochexisterande normer kring kvinnor och män2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims is to look at car traffic, which contributes to a significant environmental impact, from a gender perspective. The purpose of the study is also to compare with previous studies and to analyze how this is corresponds with frame and situation of people living in Norrköping. In order to approach this suitably, a quantitative study in the form of surveys have been conducted - with a sample of 100 respondents to represent Norrkoping. This method assisted in the raised questions. To best get a perspective of correlation between the sexes and between different questions in the questionnaire, a chi-square test was applied.

    The results of the study showed that different expectations about men’s and women’s behavior and relationship to the usage of vehicles in society exists, in Norrköping, yet also that the habits around the usage reflects additional differences. Men and women have similar approaches to the usage of vehicles, with an environmental consciousness, with regards to the given car or such, in a comparable degree independent of their gender. This study has found that both men and women, to a notable degree, regard men to be more interested in cars and that they are more prone to drive one. It also shows that several of the respondents, regard women to be over-all more environmentally aware than men. This would align with the contemporary norms of society based on previous research. However, in contrast, the results also highlight that both genders, in Norrköping, spend the comparable amount of time driving a car and have similar awareness of environmental factors. The differences in the expectations around the given behavior of men and women are there but their reported behavior does not necessarily follow those predictions.

  • 33.
    Åstrom, Anne N.
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Ekback, Gunnar
    Department of Dentistry, Örebro County Council, Örebro, Sweden.
    Ordell, Sven
    Dental Commissioning Unit,Ostergotland County Council.
    Nasir, Elwalid
    Department of Clinical Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.
    Long-term routine dental attendance: influence on tooth loss and oral health-related quality of life in Swedish older adults2014In: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 42, no 5, 460-469 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ObjectivesFew studies have investigated the effect of long-term routine dental attendance on oral health between middle-aged and older adults, using a prospective cohort design. This study aimed to assess routine dental attendance (attending dentist in the previous 12months for dental checkups) from age 50 to 65years. Moreover, this study examined whether long-term routine dental attendance contributes to oral health-related quality of life, OHRQoL, and major tooth loss independent of social factors and the type of treatment sector utilized. Whether oral health impacts of long-term routine attendance varied with type of treatment sector utilized was also investigated. MethodIn 1992, a census of the 1942 cohort in two counties of Sweden participated in a longitudinal questionnaire survey conducted at age 50 and again after 5, 10, and 15years. Information was collected on a wide range of health- and oral health-related aspects. Of the 6346 subjects who completed the 1992 survey, 4143 (65%) completed postal follow-ups in 1997, 2002, and 2007. ResultsRoutine dental attendance decreased from 69.1% at age 50-64.2% at age 65. Adjusted logistic regression analyses revealed that individuals reporting long-term routine attendance (routine attendance in both 1992 and 2007) were 0.3 (95% CI 0.2-0.5) times less likely than their counterparts who were nonroutine attenders to report oral impacts. According to generalized estimating equations (GEE), individuals who reported long-term routine attendance were 0.6 (95% CI 0.4-0.7) times less likely than nonroutine attenders to have major tooth loss across the survey years. The effect of long-term routine attendance on OHRQoL was stronger in public than in private dental healthcare attenders. ConclusionRoutine attendance decreased from age 50-65years. Long-term routine attendance had positive impact on major tooth loss and OHRQoL supporting the principle of encouraging annual dental attendance for preventive checkups among older people.

  • 34.
    Algotsson, Anna
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Transgression and Tradition: Redefining Gender Roles in Elizabeth Gaskell´s North and South2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay argues that Elizabeth Gaskell challenges the limiting gender roles of the Victorian era through giving her heroine, Margaret Hale in North and South, both the traditionally female qualities of virtue and selflessness and the traditionally masculine qualities of independence and action. The essay also argues that Gaskell’s heroine balances between the feminine and the masculine world as to not appear “unwomanly”, but rather subtly influencing the readers and calls for changing gender norms. Concrete examples of the heroine’s gender transgressions are put forward, but also her compliance to the traditional gender roles summed up in three roles or themes: the angel in the house, the female visitor and the refined lady.

    This essay also provides a didactic approach on working with North and South and the topic of Victorian gender norms in the upper secondary school. The relevance of and reasons for reading literature in school are also presented. The didactic chapter offers a concrete lesson plan on how to work with the theme of Victorian gender norms, which may develop students’ emphatic skills and also make them aware of ties between themselves and people that lived a long time ago.

  • 35.
    Neffati, Hammadi
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Översättning och anpassning av Kortfattad Afasiprövning till arabiska: Jämförelse med arabiska Bilingual Aphasia Test och självskattad språkförmåga2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the growing amount of citizens with another mother tongue than Swedish, the need for assessment instruments in other languages than Swedish within the Swedish health care increases. To enable this, the knowledge of multilingualism and adequate assessments are required. The aim is to develop a modern Arabic version of a screening material that is comparable to what is used in the Swedish clinic in the assessment of people diagnosed with aphasia. In the present study, Short Aphasia Examination (Kortfattad Afasiprövning), which is one of the few screening material is available in Swedish and among the ten most frequently used assessment materials (Blom Johansson, Carlsson & Sonnander, 2011). Translation and adaptation was made to the Standard Arabic (KAPARABISKA) and Arabic dialect of Hadari (KAPHADARI). The results were also compared with the participants' self-rated language abilities. The study is also implementing a comparison between KAP and the Hadari Arabic screening version of the Bilingual Aphasia Test (BAT). The translated assessment materials were tested on six participants, where five had Arabic as their mother tongue and one participant had Arabic and Swedish as mother tongues. The result indicates that the Arabic versions of KAP and BAT are assessing the language ability of the participants almost equally, but that KAP is assessing reading and writing abilities on a higher difficulty. The KAP assessments were conducted during half as long time as BAT. Both the KAP assessments and the BAT assessment identified participants with limited literacy skills, which indicates the importance of inquiring the patient’s education level to avoid false interpretation of the results.

  • 36.
    Mahrs Träff, Annsfie
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Perceptions of the concept of physical activity among older people and staff in residential homes2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation aims to present parts of my doctoral work focusing on the ability and desire to be physically active when you live in a residential home for the elderly. The aim for this part of the study was to identify and describe variations in perceptions of the concept for “physical activity”.Physical activity is described as positive and important for all people. My thesis is to investigate how people are interested in, and able to, maintaining physical activities even though they often have significant disabilities. And also to investigate how older people in residential homes are experiencing opportunities for physical activity and how their physical environment affects these opportunities.The part of my studies that will be presented have a phenomenografic approach was used to analyze semistructurated interviews with elderly people living on residential homes and with staff. This took place in four residential homes in two municipalities in Sweden.The interviews show that the older people often describes physical activity in one way when asked about what the concept of physical activity means to them and sometimes also states that physical activity is something that they do not perform. Later in the interview the very same person can describe the activities of a physical nature which they do in everyday life, for example to walk. A number of staff do describe that physically activity is one thing when it comes to themselves, but something else when it comes to the older people.To have different perceptions of a central concept can affect both hopes and expectations.

  • 37.
    Drugge, Jessica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Svensson, Elizabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Political Science.
    Biståndets framgång i Ghana: En jämförande fallstudie av Hungerprojektet och ActionAids biståndsarbete i Ghana2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the world today there are 842 million people hungry, which corresponds to the population of the US, Japan and Europe combined. The reason for their hunger is not lack of food, according to the UN, there are enough resources in the world for everyone to be satisfied. The majority of the hungry live in developing countries; in rural or slum areas and its mainly women and children.1 In order to among other things, to correct this untenable situation the Millennium Development Goals were created. Foreign aid would solve the victim's problems, but few issues are so controversial as foreign aid. Where does the money go? Do they make any difference to the individuals? What distinguishes a functioning foreign aid?

    The aim is to try to locate the factors leading to a successful assistance. This has been developed through a qualitative comparative case study. The selected organizations has been compered to the established theories in the field, these are mostly based on William Easterly and Jeffrey Sachs. The work focuses on ActionAid and The Hunger Project's work in Ghana with emphasis on implementation.

    One of the conclusions we have made in this paper is that there need to be good communication between the organizations and the local population. If those who live in the community do not recognize the problems or if the solution is not designed to fit the local conditions, then it will not be a long-term change. It is also important that all groups in the society are involved in the work process and especially the marginalized groups that usually consist of women and children. This work can be seen as a first step to locating aid organizations' success factors, but also illustrates common problems with foreign aid. 

  • 38.
    Larsson, Elias
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Isaksson, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Avgörande faktorer för talnaturlighet hos personer med Parkinsons sjukdom: Korrelationsstudie mellan naiva lyssnares bedömning och akustisk analys2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Speech and voice changes are common in Parkinson’s disease. These changes can affect the speaker’s intelligibility but can also have a negative impact on the perceived naturalness of speech. The research available regarding the different factors that affect speech naturalness is scarce, which was the motivation behind this study.

    The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the level of perceived speech naturalness could derive from any specific aspects of speech. This was accomplished by recording speech samples from eight people with Parkinson’s disease using a test battery with various speech tasks. These samples were presented to a group of 27 naive listeners whose task was to judge the level of intelligibility as well as the level of speech naturalness. Correlations were then made between their assessments and various acoustic measurements.

    The main finding of the present study was that speech and articulation rate seemed to have the greatest impact on the perceived level of naturalness, where the people who had the slowest rate were judged to be the least natural sounding. Furthermore there were strong indications that the level of intelligibility correlated with the level of speech naturalness. In this study there were no other acoustic correlates found with statistical significance.

  • 39.
    Karampaxoglou, Thaleia
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Centre for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Genetically Modified Food and Crops: Risks and Intellectual Property Rights2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper attempts to present and analyze problems that may arise from the use of Genetically Modified (GM) products and issues raised by the Intellectual Property (IP) rights that Genetic Engineering (GE) companies have on their products. Arguments in favor and against the existence of health risks and environmental risks of GM products are presented. The European policy of the socioeconomic effects of the GM products is discussed and is proposed the application of the precautionary principle for the prevention of unintended consequences from the GM products to other than health and environmental domains. The need of IP rights is supported, but is also suggested an IP rights flexibility. Do IP rights violate the rights of all people to a nourishing life, natural resources, the right to decide about what they eat and the right to live in a viable ecosystem? Finally, I provide an analysis of the effects on the farmers due to the IP rights on GM crop for cultivation and state dependency issues that may occur.

  • 40.
    Johansson, Whilma
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sköld, Frida
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Behavioral Finance: Svenska fondbolags hantering av psykologiska fallgropar i praktiken2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research has shown that people always are influenced by biases. Empirical studies have previously been conducted in order to find ways to reduce the biases. In the literature review for this thesis was however no qualitative study found which concerned the handling in practice, why it was of interest to study. Since the empirical studies, to some extent, have been based on practice when creating their hypotheses regarding the problem of biases, it was also relevant for this paper to survey the knowledge that Swedish fund companies currently have regarding behavioral finance as a research field.

    Aim: This paper aims to survey and analyse Swedish fund companies’ knowledge regarding behavioral finance as a research field. The paper also intends to analyse if and to what extent ways of handling biases, by previous research presented, in practice are used by Swedish fund companies when making investment decisions.

    Completion: To achieve the purpose of this paper, a qualitative approach has been used based on eight interviews conducted with representatives from Swedish fund companies. All representatives have an overall insight into how the fund management is done in respective fund companies. The collected empirical data has been analyzed partly on the basis of one, for this paper developed, analytical model with the aim to survey were Swedish fund companies are in terms of knowledge regarding behavioral finance, and partly on previous empirical research in the field of this research area.

    Conclusion: This paper table a new hypothesis which means that the industry lacks theoretical knowledge in behavioral finance and that the methods used by Swedish fund companies generally do not reduce biases. It is explained by the fact that a majority of the methods used by Swedish fund companies are not supported in precious research.

  • 41.
    Niemi, Denise
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Östh, Jennie
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Från e-handel till butik: Hur renodlade e-handelsföretag som adderar fysiska butiker arbetar för att förmedla en enhetlig bild av varumärket2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recently, a new trend in multichannel retailing has been growing where pure eretailersare realizing the importance of being available to the customer in several sales channelsand therefore adds a physical store to its existing e-commerce. The new trend is further referredto as Clicks to Bricks. When multiple sales channels operate under the same brand difficultiesmay arise in conveying a consistent image of the brand, which is highlighted in the existingliterature on multi-channel retailing. However, there are no previous studies that examinechallenges in conveying a consistent image of the brand specifically for companies going fromClicks to Bricks. Based on the fact that Clicks to Bricks is a relatively new phenomenon thearea is fairly unexplored in the academic world, which means that further studies are needed toprovide a greater understanding of the phenomenon.

    Purpose: The study aims to provide a greater understanding of the phenomenon Clicks toBricks, by examining the reasons for pure e-tailers to add a physical store as a sales channel andhow they work to convey a consistent brand image.

    Completion: The study has the design of a multiple case study and has been conducted with aqualitative approach. The study's empirical data is collected from interviews with people onnine different companies that have gone from Clicks to Bricks.

    Conclusion: This study observes the fact that companies going from Clicks to Bricks haverecognized the importance of communicating a consistent brand across their sales channels.Companies have, however, started its work towards communicating a consistent image of thebrand at a late stage in the establishment process. The study identifies opportunities forimprovement in terms of conveying a consistent brand when it comes to companies going fromClicks to Bricks.

  • 42.
    Birchwood, Aina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hammarberg, Matilda
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Högteknologiskt samtalsstöd vid demens: En analys av samtal med och utan surfplatta med applikationen Book Creator2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The number of people who are affected by dementia is expected to increase, from 25 million in the year 2000 to approximately 63 million in the year 2030. Dementia can be described as a global disorder of intellectual functions, where the cognitive ability including communication is affected. High technological communication aids that support people with dementia in their communication are currently an underexplored area with limited evidence. The aim of the present study was to identify interactional phenomena occurring in interaction involving one person with dementia with and without a tablet with the application Book Creator. A further aim was to examine how the conversation partner experienced the communication of the person with dementia. The study was conducted in a residential care facility for people with dementia where a total of nine conversations were recorded, six conversations without the application and three conversations with the application. The material comprised 2 hours and 25 minutes and was transcribed according to Conversation Analytic principles. Five phenomena were identified: initiative, common ground, coherence, incomplete common ground and non-coherence. The frequency of occurrence of these phenomena was calculated in percentage of their occurrence in relation to total number of turns.The result in the present study indicated that the interactional phenomena involving incomplete common ground and non-coherence occurred in a reduced frequency in conversations with the application Book Creator. The person with dementia took the initiative to the same extent in interactions with and without the application. There appeared to be no differences regarding common ground and coherence between the participants in the conversation with and without the application. The analysis also revealed that the person with dementia could handle the tablet with the application Book Creator on her own with some support. The results are in accordance with research regarding communicative difficulties in people with dementia, strategies to address these difficulties and the need of increased training in communicative treatment in dementia.

  • 43.
    Collin, Angelica
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Tollander, Sofie
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Att leva med autismspektrumtillstånd: Innehållsanalys och samtalsanalys av en fokusgruppsdiskussion2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is a neuropsychiatric impairment that may affect an individual's everyday life. Life areas that may be problematic include work, family, relationships and areas that require social interaction. The aim of the present study was to investigate communication in everyday life amongst adults with ASD as well as, by listening to the participants' personal narratives, explore how AST can affect an individual's life. The study was based on a video recorded focus group discussion with four participants who in adulthood have been diagnosed with ASD. Conversation Analysis and Content analysis were used for analysis of the material. The results showed that the participants have skills for social interaction and empathy. Some of the participants were perceived as using their gaze in a deviant way, and unexpected changes in topics and attempted interruptions were observed during the discussion. The majority of the participants described periods of psychiatric problems during their lives, and that the diagnosis has been important for their quality of life as it enables them to create relationships with people with similar difficulties. This appears to be important to them since they have difficulties building relationships. The results contribute to a better understanding of how a neuropsychiatric diagnosis can affect an individual's life.

  • 44.
    Eriksson Leidnert, Michaela
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Cederqvist, Jenni
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Interaktion i vardagslivet hos vuxna med Aspergers syndrom. Implikationer för intervention.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Asperger syndrome (AS) results, among other things, in a deficit in social interaction. This deficit causes difficulties with several communicative abilities. Still, there is a limited range of communicative intervention programs for people with AS. The aims of this study were to analyze the interaction in the daily life of adults with AS, to further be able to construct a foundation for the design of future intervention programs. The study consisted of an interview part and a video part. Seven individuals participated in the interview part and two in the video part. The interview part consisted of semi-structured interviews, where the following aspects were investigated: how the participant experienced her/his own and the surrounding’s communicative abilities, conscious strategies to facilitate the communication, and lastly, experiences of and preferences for intervention. The interview part was analyzed with content analysis. Regarding the video part, two film clips were recorded. The film clips were analyzed with Conversation Analysis (CA), in order to describe the interactional strengths and difficulties of the participants.The content analysis resulted in the identification of ten categories, which highlight different aspects of communication in individuals with AS from their own perspective. The majority of the participants showed an interest in participating in communicative. The analysis of the film clips indicated that repair and organization of topics may be problematic areas in the communication of individuals with AS. Continuers proved to be a communicative strength. Considering all of the results in this study, the authors suggest a varied intervention, where group and individual intervention are combined. Examples of communicative abilities that can be practiced are repair, organization of topics and continuers. People close to the individual with AS should be integrated in the intervention. Video recordings of real life situations should be part of the intervention and may advantageously be analyzed with CA. The practice of specific communicative behaviors can be carried out using role-playing. Since the result of both the interview and the video part suggest great individual differences, it is of great importance that the intervention is based on individual abilities.

  • 45.
    Johansson, Camilla
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Pettersson, Lisa
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Microcredit Impact on Business Performance: A Minor Field Study in El Salvador2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Microcredits have become a popular way to include poor people in the financial market. Former research on the impact on business performance has provided divergent findings and its impact on the Salvadoran market is not yet investigated. This thesis takes on this problem by analysing and evaluating how the microenterprises in Usulután, El Salvador are affected by the participation in a microcredit program. By using a quantitative method the business performance of a treatment group is compared to that of a control group. The results show that participation in a microcredit program enlarged the enterprise size in terms of sales, total assets and equity, but did not have any significant impact on business profit, marginal return to capital or fixed asset. Regressions are conducted to describe what individual characteristics of the clients are the most important for the business performance. Clients with higher education and male clients over performed other clients.

  • 46.
    Daniel, Larsson
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Capabilities and Civil Disobedience: A comparative analysis of The Capability Approach2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates whether Amartya Sen’s or Martha Nussbaum’s version of the capability approach is better suited to justify civil disobedience. The theoretical framework of my study is critical discourse analysis. This aims to establish the most significant conditions for the justification of civil disobedience. An interpretation of the conception of civil disobedience is presented. The investigation assumes that civil disobedience is justified when people advocate for a change in a policy or a law that limits the securing of basic capabilities. A major part of the essay is devoted to clarifying how the idea of basic capabilities relates to civil disobedience. I also emphasize the importance of human dignity as a universal value. I argue that this value is crucial to realizing why some capabilities are more basic than others. I show that Nussbaum is in a better position than Sen to explain when civil disobedience can be justified. This is because Sen lacks a framework of basic capabilities leaving it up to each nation to assess which capabilities ought to be secured.

  • 47.
    Jonsson, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Maslyannikov, Lev
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Commercial and Business Law. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Arbetsrätten vid partiella företagsförvärv: Med utgångspunkt i förvärvsmetodernas skatterättsliga följder2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate acquisitions often give rise to questions pertaining labour law and tax law, where many people and large amounts of money are involved. In the context of partial acquisitions, these questions come to a head, since difficult delimitations must be done when dividing a company. These delimitations are, furthermore, based upon different grounds within different fields of law. From an economical perspective, a failed transition of staff can carry considerable costs and risks of conflict. A disadvantageous outcome in the context of tax law is expensive as well. For this reason we have chosen, in this thesis, to focus on questions concerning labour law and tax law in the context of partial corporate acquisitions. These questions are treated in the following manner.

    Firstly, a review of the relevant norms within labour law, tax law and corporate law is made. This is done to paint a somewhat nuanced picture of both the assessment process within labour law and the frames of tax and company law, in which the methods of acquisition are stipulated. Against this background, we have constructed three examples that illustrate how the methods can be applied to achieve different effects pertaining labour law. The examples are designed to cover the majority of the norms that were investigated in the first part of the thesis. Finally, a general evaluation of the results is made.

    The method of acquisition, by itself, erects a framework in which labour law can be applied. However, it is the desired outcome in the context of labour law that governs the choice of acquisition method and its arrangement. It is possible to achieve these desired outcomes while receiving an advantageous treatment in the context of tax law as well. The execution of a partial acquisition, with consideration for the methods within tax law and the results within labour law, can therefore amount to a successful ”cherry pick”.

  • 48.
    Roin, Asa
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, NISAL - National Institute for the Study of Ageing and Later Life. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Faroe Isl, Denmark.
    The multifaceted notion of home: Exploring the meaning of home among elderly people living in the Faroe Islands2015In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, E-ISSN 1873-1392, Vol. 39, 22-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ageing in place or staying home for as long as possible has long been the policy ideal regarding life in old age in most Western countries. The notion of home, however, is often used as an unquestioned concept that does not reflect the diversity of living conditions among older people. This paper draws upon data from a qualitative study conducted in the Fame Islands, an archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean, during the winter and spring of 2013. It explores how older people living in different small island communities and one urban area within the same national context construct the meaning of home. The findings supported the assumption that older people want to stay at home for as long as possible, but home as a concept was found to have different meanings for different older people, depending on where they lived, their personal and family history, their social connections and environmental conditions. Differences in the meaning of home for older people living in small remote communities and those living in the city were noticeable. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 49.
    Mäkelä, Debora
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Historical Child Abuse In Out-Of-Home Care: Finland Disclosing And Discussing Its Past2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus in this thesis lies in the observation of how the public debate is formulating and developing in Finland in relation to the current implementation of the Inquiry on historical child abuse and neglect in out-of-home care. This thesis analyses the testimonies published around the investigation and on historical child abuse, in the public domain. The release of two documentaries broadcasted on National TV (YLE TV1) in 2013 and 2014 triggered a, however scarce, online public discussion with few newspapers’ as well as magazines’ articles covering informatively the inquiry. The online debate has so far seen the participation mainly of the victims themselves of historical abuse. Generally, I found a confirmation that the Finnish individualistic culture is hardly prompt to open discussion on such topics. As S.N., a care leaver, explains in the second documentary: (Lehikoinen, Luurankokaappi, 2014) “the culture does not give space” though people have “the need to speak.” My thematic analysis on this debate has nonetheless disclosed an urge to come to terms with a past of institutional abuse, framed in a general context of public mistrust in the Child Welfare4 system. The care-leavers, narrating their stories in the two TV documentaries, disclosed memories of neglect, violence and systematical isolation of the Poor. Their stories are interpreted through the debate on the media as stories of injustice. Their narration portraits a concept of “child care” very far from nowadays’ standards of child welfare. Care-leaver H.S. points his finger on the Finnish child-care institution where he spent his childhood in the ‘50s: “Only a monster can send a child to such a place!” (Lehikoinen, Varastettu Lapsuus, 2013).

  • 50.
    Börjesson, Emma
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Analys av 25-hydroxyvitamin D i primärvården2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The interest of vitamin D has increased in the last years. That is because there is so many possible positive effects of vitamin D and also because many individuals has vitamin D deficiency. Modern man spends much time indoors which leads to lower levels of vitamin D. People who have emigrated from a sunny climate to a Nordic climate often gets a deficiency due to a more pigmented skin which requires a larger amount of UVB to get an adequate synthesis of vitamin D.

    Aim: The aim with this study is to compare and evaluate how similar the instrument mini VIDAS measures 25(OH)D total against the current existing method cobas e 602. A discussion about if 25(OH)D total has a place in primary health care is included in the study.

    Method: The comparison was based on 39 samples. The samples was analyzed on cobas e 602 and mini VIDAS. A precision test was performed. External controls from DEQAS was also included in the study. The results have been presented with simple linear regression analysis, mean value, SD and CV.

    Results: The comparison between cobas e 602 and mini VIDAS gave a coefficient of determination of 81,34 %. mini VIDAS was closest to the external controls target values.

    Conclusion: There is no obvious conclusions about if mini VIDAS fulfills the requirement to be introduced to primary health care. The coefficient of determination of 81,34 % should be at least 95 %. However is mini VIDAS closer to the external controls target values then cobas e 602. There is factors that implies that 25(OH)D total has a place in primary health care with regards to demand, use and because many individuals has vitamin D deficiency. The instrument is also user-friendly to a primary health care laboratory.

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