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  • 1.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Cooper, Matthew
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Jern, Mikael
    Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Visual Information Technology and Applications (VITA). Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    3-Dimensional Display for Clustered Multi-Relational Parallel Coordinates2005In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Information Visualisation, IV05, 6-8 July, 2005, 188-193 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Analysing multivariate data is a difficult task. Extensive interaction with the data is often necessary and, hence, the analysis can be quite time consuming. In this paper, we introduce a method to allow the user to simultaneously examine the relationships of a single dimension with many others in the data. The single dimension can then be interactively changed to allow the user to quickly examine all possible combinations. This method is achieved by extending the standard parallel coordinate approach to a 3D clustered multi-relational parallel coordinate representation (CMRPC). To aid this method, we use a technique called relation spacing which is used to position the axes according to how 'interesting' the different relations are. We also propose a number of interaction techniques to further facilitate the analysis process.

  • 2.
    Knutsson, Lena
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Blueprint for Women’s Fulfilment: A Reading of Three Novels in the Early Fiction of Margaret Drabble2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay will argue that Margaret Drabble has developed a pattern, that there is a blueprint for fulfilment in the life of the modern independent woman to be found inher early work. Three of Drabble's novels will be examined, moving from The Millstone(1965) and The Waterfall (1967), with their descriptions of two young heroines'pregnancies and lives with infant children, on to the more mature main character of TheRealms of Gold (1975). These three books form a chronology, both in regard to whenthey were written and, more importantly, to the different stages of a woman’s life thatthey represent. This will make it possible to see how Drabble perceives the demands ofsociety and different relationships influencing a woman's actions, her search foridentity, and the direction and fulfilment of her life. The pattern will be traced throughthree themes which are made visible in the novels in varying degrees. These are singlemotherhood and the role of the family, missing husbands and sexual fulfilment, andcareer and social interaction.The method is an analysis of the texts where the selected novels form the basis andstructure of the essay.

  • 3.
    van der Zijpp, Teatske Johanna
    et al.
    Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Niessen, Theo
    Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Nursing, Eindhoven, The Netherlands.
    Eldh, Ann Catrine
    Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden; Division of Nursing, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hawkes, Claire
    Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, The University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
    McMullan, Christel
    Institute of Applied Health Research, Murray Learning Centre, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
    Mockford, Carole
    Royal College of Nursing Research Institute, Department of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
    Wallin, Lars
    Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden; Division of Nursing, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    McCormack, Brendan
    School of Health Sciences, Queen Margaret University, East Lothian,UK.
    Rycroft-Malone, Jo
    Bangor University, UK, and School of Healthcare Sciences, Bangor, UK.
    Seers, Kate
    Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
    A Bridge Over Turbulent Waters: Illustrating the Interaction Between Managerial Leaders and Facilitators When Implementing Research Evidence.2016In: Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1545-102X, E-ISSN 1741-6787, Vol. 13, no 1, 25-31 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence focuses on the importance of the role of leadership in successfully transferring research evidence into practice. However, little is known about the interaction between managerial leaders and clinical leaders acting as facilitators (internal facilitators [IFs]) in this implementation process.

    AIMS: To describe the interaction between managerial leaders and IFs and how this enabled or hindered the facilitation process of implementing urinary incontinence guideline recommendations in a local context in settings that provide long-term care to older people.

    METHODS: Semistructured interviews with 105 managers and 22 IFs, collected for a realist process evaluation across four European countries informed this study. An interpretive data analysis unpacks interactions between managerial leaders and IFs.

    RESULTS: This study identified three themes that were important in the interactions between managerial leaders and IFs that could hinder or support the implementation process: "realising commitment"; "negotiating conditions"; and "encouragement to keep momentum going." The findings revealed that the continuous reciprocal relationships between IFs and managerial leaders influenced the progress of implementation, and could slow the process down or disrupt it. A metaphor of crossing a turbulent river by the "building of a bridge" emerged as one way of understanding the findings.

    LINKING EVIDENCE TO ACTION: Our findings illuminate a neglected area, the effects of relationships between key staff on implementing evidence into practice. Relational aspects of managerial and clinical leadership roles need greater consideration when planning guideline implementation and practice change. In order to support implementation, staff assigned as IFs as well as stakeholders like managers at all levels of an organisation should be engaged in realising commitment, negotiating conditions, and keeping momentum going. Thus, communication is crucial between all involved.

  • 4.
    Hallander, Ingrid
    Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Fluid and Mechanical Engineering Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A broad perspective on life cycle considerations in product development2004Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For products with long life cycles, operational and support costs represent a significant part of the total cost for the product. Moreover, such products frequently tend to be complex and contain a mixture of both mature. stable technology with bng life cycles and new technology with short life cycles. lt is therefore of great interest to industry to determine how to take these factors into consideration in an efficient way during product development.

    Another factor that affects product development for these and other kinds of products with shorter life cycles is interest in taking a wider view of the end-user or customer scenario, for instance by offering support and after sales services for the products. All these interests drive the demand to consider life cycle related issues in product development, not just life cycle cost. This also makes a life cycle perspective interesting for fums that produce products with shorter life cycles than the ones studied here through the opportunity for after market sales and services.

    This research has been explorative, aiming to understand how firms manage to take life cycle related demands into consideration during product development. The aim was to expand from a cost oriented focus to a wider focus, a value oriented focus, here called life cycle value. The dominant question has been "how" life cycle related demands are considered, focusing on barriers to and enablers for this. Equally important has been to determine the implication of life cycle value for different firms and industries and to find out where value is added in product development. A combination of a quantitative and qualitative research approach has been used to collect empirical data.

    One important finding was that there is an interest to deliver a solution to the customer rather than just a product, to consider customer revenue. This adds a new perspective to the implication of life cycle value, moving from a life cycle cost scenario to a life cycle cost versus revenue scenario. The results fom cases were categorized into six main attributes. These attributes were considered to be very influential and important for the ability to take life cycle perspective into account during product development.

    • Holistic Perspective
    • Requirements & Metrics
    • Leadership & Management/Knowledge management
    • Tools & Methods
    • Organizational Factors
    • Enterprise Relationships

    Within each of these attributes, several practices and lessons learned were identified. Some of the results are also worth investigating further in continued research:

    • Requirements formulation and management is considered to be critical. Well defined and clearly stated demands are key to taking life cycle issues into account due to the difficulty of incorporating life cycle related demands into the product. Nonetheless, balancing these demands against others is perceived to be difficult, and there is a clear need for tools, methods or models to support decision-making in this context.
    • The incorporation of new technology and services is another field of interest to industry. Organizational support and planning for technology insertion and new innovations and services into existing products and product lines are needed.
    • The organizational support to balance specialization and integration in a product development context, with a long-term focus
    • The effect of a transfer from delivering a product to delivering product and support services to the organization.
    List of papers
    1. Life cycle value in product development: a case study in the transportation industry
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Life cycle value in product development: a case study in the transportation industry
    2003 (English)In: DS 31: Proceedings of ICED 03, the 14th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden: ICED'03 , 2003, 417-418 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Several factors prevent enterprises from having a holistic perspective during product development. Important aspects include increased product complexity and significant uncertainty with regard to technology. For products with a long life cycle this is extremely important since development and life cycle costs are high. The combination of complexity of system design and the limits of individual human comprehension typically make it difficult to envision a best value solution.

    In an attempt to encircle a more holistic perspective of value, the concept of Life Cycle Value has evolved within the Lean Aerospace Initiative, LAI. The implication of this is development of products incorporating life cycle and long-term focus including cost and performance and reliability factors. A similar perspective has evolved within the Lean Aircraft Research Program, LARP, in Sweden.

    This paper contributes a new study of how life cycle aspects are taken into consideration in a large corporation in the transportation industry. The purpose of the research was to examine relative contributions to product development and determine factors that significantly promote the ability to consider the life cycle perspective. The results will be discussed with respect to tools, methods, requirements, metrics, leadership and other organizational factors, innovation, and enterprise relationships.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Stockholm, Sweden: ICED'03, 2003
    Keyword
    Life cycle, value, product development, transportation industry
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36398 (URN)31246 (Local ID)1-904670-00-8 (ISBN)31246 (Archive number)31246 (OAI)
    Conference
    ICED 03, the 14th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stockholm
    Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2013-12-03
    2. Lifecycle value framework for tactical aircraft product development
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lifecycle value framework for tactical aircraft product development
    2001 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to a dramatic reduction in defense procurement, the benchmark for developing new defense systems today is performance at an affordable cost. In an attempt to encircle a more holistic perspective of value, lifecycle value has evolved as a concept within the Lean Aerospace Initiative, LAI. The implication of this is development of products incorporating lifecycle and long-term focus instead of a shortsighted cost cutting focus. The interest to reduce total cost of ownership while still improving performance, availability, and sustainability, other dimensions taken into account within the lifecycle value approach, falls well within this context. Several factors prevent enterprises from having a holistic perspective during product development. Some important aspects are increased complexity of the products and significant technological uncertainty. The combination of complexity in system design and the limits of individual human comprehension typically prevent a best value solution to be envisioned. The purpose of this research was to examine relative contributions in product development and determine factors that significantly promote abilities to consider and achieve lifecycle value. This paper contributes a maturity matrix based on important practices and lessons learned through extensive interview based case studies of three tactical aircraft programs, including experiences from more than 100 interviews.

    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102199 (URN)
    Conference
    2001 Eleventh Annual International Symposium, Melbourne, Australia, 1-5 July 2001
    Available from: 2013-12-03 Created: 2013-12-03 Last updated: 2013-12-03
  • 5.
    Evangelista, Pietro
    et al.
    IRAT-CNR and Department of Management and Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
    Huge-Brodin, Maria
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Isaksson, Karin
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Sweeney, Edward
    National Institute for Transport and Logistics, Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland.
    A case study investigation on purchasing green transport and logistics services2012In: Purchasing & Supply Management in a Changing World: IPSERA 2012 Conference Proceedings / [ed] Esposito, E., Evangelista, P., Pastore, G., Raffa, M., Napoli, Italia: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane , 2012, WP17-1-WP17-13 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n the context of green supply chain management, green purchasing has received increased attention over the past decade and the strategic importance of introducing green aspects into purchasing practices has been recognised. Despite this growing importance, little has been written in relation to purchasing green transport and logistics services. Considering the strong environmental impact associated with transport and logistics activities, much remains to be learned concerning buyer’s practices when sourcing more sustainable services from third party logistics companies (3PLs). The aim of this paper is to explore practices of buying green transport and logistics services in three different European countries (Italy, Ireland and Sweden) using a multiple case study research approach. The paper analyses how general environmental company ambitions and environmental purchasing practices are reflected when green transport and logistics services are purchased. The results of the paper indicate that while the case companies show a relatively high concern of green issues at company level, a lower importance is attributed to green issues at the purchasing function level. When green concerns in purchasing transport and logistics services are analysed the level of importance decrease dramatically. It emerges a conflicting attitude among the overall company level and the purchasing of transport and logistics services. This suggests that there is the potential for improvements especially in the area of green collaboration in buyer and supplier relationships. 

  • 6.
    Järvinen, Johanna
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Ylinenpää, Emmelié
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Coopetitive situation and its effects on knowledge sharing: A single-case study on actors in coopetitive relationships2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Coopetition literature has been given a lot of interest in recent years but research on coopetition on the individual level of analysis and its effects on employees are scarce.The aim of the thesis is to indicate how coopetitive situations in coopetitive environments affect individual employees and knowledge sharing between them. From our findings, we found that coopetitive situations affect individual level knowledge sharing in two stages. First, individuals' attitudes towards knowledge sharing are influenced by the actor's position as either cooperative or competitive dominant. Ultimately, regardless of the actor's position, the choice to share knowledge is affected by the type of knowledge, by individual factors and by organizational factors. 

  • 7.
    Kjellman, Görel
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Skargren, Elisabeth
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Division of Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    A critical analysis of randomised clinical trials on neck pain and treatment efficacy: A review of the literature1999In: Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 0036-5505, Vol. 31, no 3, 139-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficacy of physiotherapy or chiropractic treatment for patients with neck pain was analysed by reviewing 27 randomised clinical trials published 1966-1995. Three different methods were employed: systematic analyses of; methodological quality; comparison of effect size; analysis of inclusion criteria, intervention and outcome according to The Disablement Process model. The quality of most of the studies was low; only one-third scored 50 or more of a possible 100 points. Positive outcomes were noted for 18 of the investigations, and the methodological quality was high in studies using electromagnetic therapy, manipulation, or active physiotherapy. High methodological quality was also noted in studies with traction and acupuncture, however, the interventions had either no effect or a negative effect on outcome. Pooling data and calculation of effect size showed that treatments used in the studies were effective for pain, range of motion, and activities of daily living. Inclusion criteria, intervention, and outcome were based on impairment in most of the analysed investigations. Broader outcome assessments probably would have revealed relationships between treatment effect and impairment, functional limitation and disability.

  • 8.
    Dragioti, Elena
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Larsson, Britt
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    Bernfort, Lars
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Levin, Lars-Åke
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Health Care Analysis. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center.
    A cross-sectional study of factors associated with the number of anatomical pain sites in an actual elderly general population: results from the PainS65+cohort2017In: Journal of Pain Research, ISSN 1178-7090, E-ISSN 1178-7090, Vol. 10, 2009-2019 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Several studies have illustrated that multisite pain is more frequent than single pain site, and it is associated with an array of negative consequences. However, there is limited knowledge available about the potential factors associated with multisite pain in the elderly general population. Objective: This cross-sectional study examines whether the number of anatomical pain sites (APSs) is related to sociodemographic and health-related factors in older adults including oldestold ages using a new method (APSs) to assess the location of pain on the body. Materials and methods: The sample came from the PainS65+ cohort, which included 6,611 older individuals (mean age = 76.0 years; standard deviation [SD] = 7.4) residing in southeastern Sweden. All the participants completed and returned a postal survey that measured sociodemographic data, total annual income, pain intensity and frequency, general well-being, and quality of life. The number of pain sites (NPS) was marked on a body manikin of 45 sections, and a total of 23 APSs were then calculated. Univariable and multivariable models of regression analysis were performed. Results: Approximately 39% of the respondents had at least two painful sites. The results of the regression analysis showed an independent association between the APSs and the age group of 75-79 years, women, married, high pain intensity and frequency, and low well-being and quality of life, after adjustments for consumption of analgesics and comorbidities. The strongest association was observed for the higher frequency of pain. Conclusion: Our results suggest that APSs are highly prevalent with strong relationships with various sociodemographic and health-related factors and concur well with the notion that multisite pain is a potential indicator of increased pain severity and impaired quality of life in the elderly. Our comprehensive method of calculating the number of sites could be an essential part of the clinical presentation, assessment, and treatment of multisite pain.

  • 9.
    Rasheed, Yasser
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science.
    A database solution for scientific data from driving simulator studies.2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many research institutes produce a huge amount of data. It was said by someone that “We are drowning in data, but starving of information”. This is particularly true for scientific data. The needs and the advantages of being able to search data from different experiments are increasing in order to look for differences and similarities among them and thus doing Meta studies. A Meta-study is the method that takes data from different independent studies and integrate them using statistical analysis. If data is well described and data access is flexible then it is possible to establish unexpected relationships among data. It also helps in the re-using of data from studies that have already been conducted which saves time, money and resources.

    In this thesis, we explore at the ways to store data from experiments and to make finding cross-experiments more efficient. The main aim of this thesis work is to propose a database solution for storing time series data generated by different simulators and to investigate the feasibility of using it with ICAT. ICAT is a metadata system used for searching and browsing of scientific data. This thesis has been completed in two steps. The first step is aimed at proposing an efficient database solution for storing time series data. The second step is aimed at investigating the feasibility of using ICAT and proposed database solution together. We found out that it is feasible to use ICAT as a metadata system for scientific studies. Since it is free and open source, it can be linked to any system and customized according to the needs.

  • 10.
    Koski, Timo
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematical Statistics .
    Rantanen, Ville-Veikko
    Biochemistry and Pharmacy Åbo Akademi.
    Gyllenberg, Mats
    Mathematics and Statistics University of Helsinki.
    Johnson, Mark S.
    Biochemistry and Pharmacy Åbo Akademi.
    A dissimilarity matrix between protein atom classes based on Gaussian mixtures2002In: Bioinformatics, ISSN 1367-4803, Vol. 18, no 9, 1257-1263 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation: Previously, Rantanen et al. (2001, J. Mol. Biol, 313, 197-214) constructed a protein atom-ligand fragment interaction library embodying experimentally solved, high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) structural data from the Protein Data Bank (PDB). The spatial locations of protein atoms that surround ligand fragments were modeled with Gaussian mixture models, the parameters of which were estimated with the expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm. In the validation analysis of this library, there was strong indication that the protein atom classification, 24 classes, was too large and that a reduction in the classes would lead to improved predictions. Results: Here, a dissimilarity (distance) matrix that is suitable for comparison and fusion of 24 pre-defined protein atom classes has been derived. Jeffreys' distances between Gaussian mixture models are used as a basis to estimate dissimilarities between protein atom classes. The dissimilarity data are analyzed both with a hierarchical clustering method and independently by using multidimensional scaling analysis. The results provide additional insight into the relationships between different protein atom classes, giving us guidance on, for example, how to readjust protein atom classification and, thus, they will help us to improve protein-ligand interaction predictions.

  • 11.
    Padgham, Lin
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    A Framework for Part-of Hierarchies in Terminological Logics1994In: Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning - Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference - KR 94, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1994, 485-496 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing recognition that part-whole hierarchies are a very general form of representation, widely used by humans in commonsense reasoning. This paper develops a terminological logic, and related inference mechanisms for representing and reasoning about composite concepts and individuals. A basic terminological logic language is extended with constructs for describing composite concepts in terms of their parts and the relationships between them. A part-of hierarchy is defined, based on the relationship of compositional inclusion. This part-of hierarchy is analogous to, but different from, the “is-a” hierarchy. Compositional inferencing is defined as a process which infers the existence of a whole, based on the existence of the required parts, where the parts are in the necessary relationship to each other. Three stable states are defined with respect to compositional inferencing - compositional extensions, credulous compositional extensions and skeptical compositional conclusions. This framework significantly enhances and is complementary to, knowledge representation and reasoning based on is-a hierarchies.

  • 12.
    Flodström, Raquel
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Framework for the Strategic Management of Information Technology2006Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Strategy and IT research has been extensively discussed during the past 40 years. Two scientific disciplines Management Science (MS) and Management Information Science (MIS) investigate the importance of IT as a competitive factor. However, although much research is available in both disciplines, it is still difficult to explain how to manage IT to enable competitive advantages. One reason is that MS research focuses on strategies and competitive environments but avoids the analysis of IT. Another reason is that MIS research focuses on IT as a competitive factor but avoids the analysis of the competitive environment. Consequently, there is a gap of knowledge in the understanding of the strategic management of information technology (SMIT).

    The strategic analysis of IT as a competitive factor is important for achieving the competitive advantages of IT. This thesis explores factors related to strategy and IT that should be considered for the strategic analysis of IT as a competitive factor, and proposes a framework for SMIT. The research is conducted by means of a qualitative analysis of theoretical data from the disciplines of MS and MIS. Data is explored to find factors related to SMIT.

    The results of the analysis show that the strategic management of information technology is a continuous process of evaluation, change, and alignment between factors such as competitive environment, competitive strategies (business and IT strategies), competitive outcome, and competitive factors (IT). Therefore, the understanding of the relationships between these factors is essential in order to achieve the competitive advantages of using IT.

    This thesis contributes to strategic management research by clarifying the relationships between strategic management, competitive environment, and IT as competitive factor into a holistic framework for strategic analysis. The framework proposed is valuable not only for business managers and for IT managers, but also for academics. The framework is designed to understand the relationship between competitive elements during the process of strategic analysis prior to the formulation of competitive strategies. Moreover, it can also be used as a communication tool between managers, in order to achieve alignment among company strategies. To academics, this thesis presents the state-of-the-art related to strategic management research; it can also be a valuable reference for strategic managers, as well as researchers interested in the strategic management of IT.

  • 13.
    Kling, Daniel
    et al.
    Norwegian Institute Public Heatlh, Norway; Norwegian University of Life Science, Norway.
    Tillmar, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Microbiology and Molecular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. National Board Forens Med, Department Forens Genet and Forens Toxicol, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Egeland, Thore
    Norwegian University of Life Science, Norway; Norwegian Institute Public Heatlh, Norway.
    Mostad, Petter
    Norwegian University of Life Science, Norway; University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A general model for likelihood computations of genetic marker data accounting for linkage, linkage disequilibrium, and mutations2015In: International journal of legal medicine (Print), ISSN 0937-9827, E-ISSN 1437-1596, Vol. 129, no 5, 943-954 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several applications necessitate an unbiased determination of relatedness, be it in linkage or association studies or in a forensic setting. An appropriate model to compute the joint probability of some genetic data for a set of persons given some hypothesis about the pedigree structure is then required. The increasing number of markers available through high-density SNP microarray typing and NGS technologies intensifies the demand, where using a large number of markers may lead to biased results due to strong dependencies between closely located loci, both within pedigrees (linkage) and in the population (allelic association or linkage disequilibrium (LD)). We present a new general model, based on a Markov chain for inheritance patterns and another Markov chain for founder allele patterns, the latter allowing us to account for LD. We also demonstrate a specific implementation for X chromosomal markers that allows for computation of likelihoods based on hypotheses of alleged relationships and genetic marker data. The algorithm can simultaneously account for linkage, LD, and mutations. We demonstrate its feasibility using simulated examples. The algorithm is implemented in the software FamLinkX, providing a user-friendly GUI for Windows systems (FamLinkX, as well as further usage instructions, is freely available at www.famlink.se). Our software provides the necessary means to solve cases where no previous implementation exists. In addition, the software has the possibility to perform simulations in order to further study the impact of linkage and LD on computed likelihoods for an arbitrary set of markers.

  • 14.
    Jenssen, T.-K.
    et al.
    Department of Computer and Information Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Laegreid, A.
    Lægreid, A., Department of Computer and Information Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
    Komorowski, J.
    Hovig, E.
    Department of Tumour Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway.
    A literature network of human genes for high-throughput analysis of gene expression2001In: Nature Genetics, ISSN 1061-4036, Vol. 28, no 1, 21-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have carried out automated extraction of explicit and implicit biomedical knowledge from publicly available gene and text databases to create a gene-to-gene co-citation network for 13,712 named human genes by automated analysis of titles and abstracts in over 10 million MEDLINE records. The associations between genes have been annotated by linking genes to terms from the medical subject heading (MeSH) index and terms from the gene ontology (GO) database. The extracted database and accompanying web tools for gene-expression analysis have collectively been named 'PubGene'. We validated the extracted networks by three large-scale experiments showing that co-occurrence reflects biologically meaningful relationships, thus providing an approach to extract and structure known biology. We validated the applicability of the tools by analyzing two publicly available microarray data sets.

  • 15.
    Widmalm, Sven
    Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change.
    A Machine to Work in: The Ultracentrifuge and the Modernist Laboratory Ideal2006In: Taking place: the spatial contexts of science, technology, and business / [ed] Enrico Baraldi, Hjalmar Fors and Anders Houltz, editors, Sagamore Beach, MA: Science History Publications /USA , 2006, 59-80 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking Place deals with places shaped by interactions of science, technology, and industry. It treats place as an essential factor for understanding municipalities, companies, scientists, and scientific institutions. It discusses, by means of historical and contemporary examples, the embodiment of ideas and power relationships in architectural structures, and how the creation of organized places can create or reverse the flow of people, ideas, wealth and commodities.

  • 16.
    Tan, He
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Method for Recommending Ontology Alignment Strategies2007In: Proceedings of the 6th International Semantic Web Conference and 2nd Asian Semantic Web Conference - ISWC / ASWC 07 / [ed] International Semantic Web Conference, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2007, 494-507 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In different areas ontologies have been developed and many of these ontologies contain overlapping information. Often we would therefore want to be able to use multiple ontologies. To obtain good results, we need to find the relationships between terms in the different ontologies, i.e. we need to align them. Currently, there already exist a number of different alignment strategies. However, it is usually difficult for a user that needs to align two ontologies to decide which of the different available strategies are the most suitable. In this paper we propose a method that provides recommendations on alignment strategies for a given alignment problem. The method is based on the evaluation of the different available alignment strategies on several small selected pieces from the ontologies, and uses the evaluation results to provide recommendations. In the paper we give the basic steps of the method, and then illustrate and discuss the method in the setting of an alignment problem with two well-known biomedical ontologies. We also experiment with different implementations of the steps in the method.

  • 17.
    Hagger, Martin S.
    et al.
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Chatzisarantis, Nikos L. D.
    Curtin University, Australia.
    Tinghög, Gustav (Contributor)
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A multilab preregistered replication of the ego-depletion effect2016In: Perspectives on Psychological Science, ISSN 1745-6916, E-ISSN 1745-6924, Vol. 11, no 4, 546-573 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Good self-control has been linked to adaptive outcomes such as better health, cohesive personal relationships, success in the workplace and at school, and less susceptibility to crime and addictions. In contrast, self-control failure is linked to maladaptive outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms by which self-control predicts behavior may assist in promoting better regulation and outcomes. A popular approach to understanding self-control is the strength or resource depletion model. Self-control is conceptualized as a limited resource that becomes depleted after a period of exertion resulting in self-control failure. The model has typically been tested using a sequential-task experimental paradigm, in which people completing an initial self-control task have reduced self-control capacity and poorer performance on a subsequent task, a state known as ego depletion. Although a meta-analysis of ego-depletion experiments found a medium-sized effect, subsequent meta-analyses have questioned the size and existence of the effect and identified instances of possible bias. The analyses served as a catalyst for the current Registered Replication Report of the ego-depletion effect. Multiple laboratories (k = 23, total N = 2,141) conducted replications of a standardized ego-depletion protocol based on a sequential-task paradigm by Sripada et al. Meta-analysis of the studies revealed that the size of the ego-depletion effect was small with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) that encompassed zero (d = 0.04, 95% CI [−0.07, 0.15]. We discuss implications of the findings for the ego-depletion effect and the resource depletion model of self-control. 

  • 18.
    Bartoszek, Krzysztof
    et al.
    Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Pienaar, Jason
    Department of Genetics, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa.
    Mostad, Petter
    Mathematical Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology and the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hansen, Thomas F.
    CEES, Department of Biology, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
    A phylogenetic comparative method for studying multivariate adaptation2012In: Journal of Theoretical Biology, ISSN 0022-5193, E-ISSN 1095-8541, Vol. 314, 204-215 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Phylogenetic comparative methods have been limited in the way they model adaptation. Although some progress has been made, there are still no methods that can fully account for coadaptationbetween traits. Based on Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (OU) models of adaptive evolution, we present a method,with R implementation, in which multiple traits evolve both in response to each other and, as inprevious OU models, to fixed or randomly evolving predictor variables. We present the interpretation ofthe model parameters in terms of evolutionary and optimal regressions enabling the study of allometric and adaptive relationships between traits. To illustrate the method we reanalyze a data set of antlerand body-size evolution in deer (Cervidae).

  • 19.
    Knutsson, Per
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Ostwald, Madelene
    Göteborg University.
    A process-oriented Sustainable Livelihoods Approach – a tool for increased understanding of vulnerability, adaptation and resilience2006In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, ISSN 1381-2386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) is often proposed to holistically capture

    vulnerability in assessments of livelihoods in aid and development programs. The full capacity of the approach has however only rarely been used in these assessments, lacking a clear account of processes of change and flexibility of assets, as well as the ability to quantify all capital assets of a livelihood system. The descriptions of livelihoods so far are in fact non-holistic. This paper attempts to use SLA in its full capacity through a quantification of the different capitals covered; natural, physical, economic, social and human. Further, the relationships between capitals are explored in a Chinese rural context of changing climate and land-use, and examples are given on how investments in one capital in reality can end up being accounted for in other capitals. The results indicate that through an analytical and process-oriented SLA, an effective tool for assessment of vulnerability can be developed. Such a tool would assist development organizations and policy-makers to target poverty traps and escape routes in the face of rapid and multiple changes.

  • 20.
    Jennersjö, Pär
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Guldbrand, Hans
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Local Health Care Services in West Östergötland, West County Primary Health Care.
    Björne, Stefan
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Länne, Toste
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery. Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV).
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
    Lindström, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Endocrinology.
    Wijkman, Magnus
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in East Östergötland, Department of Internal Medicine in Norrköping.
    Östgren, Carl Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in West Östergötland, "Primary Health Care in Motala".
    Nyström, Fredrik H
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Heart and Medicine Center, Department of Endocrinology.
    A prospective observational study of all-cause mortality in relation to serum 25-OH vitamin D-3 and parathyroid hormone levels in patients with type 2 diabetes2015In: Diabetology and Metabolic Syndrome, ISSN 1758-5996, E-ISSN 1758-5996, Vol. 7, no 53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Low levels of vitamin D have been related to increased mortality and morbidity in several non-diabetic studies. We aimed to prospectively study relationships between serum 25-OH vitamin D-3 (vitamin D) and of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) to total mortality in type 2 diabetes. We also aimed to compare the levels of these potential risk-factors in patients with and without diabetes. Methods: The main study design was prospective and observational. We used baseline data from 472 men and 245 women who participated in the "Cardiovascular Risk factors in Patients with Diabetes-a Prospective study in Primary care" study. Patients were 55-66 years old at recruitment, and an age-matched non-diabetic sample of 129 individuals constituted controls for the baseline data. Carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity (PWV) was measured with applanation-tonometry and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) with ultrasound. Patients with diabetes were followed for all-cause mortality using the national Swedish Cause of Death Registry. Results: Levels of vitamin D were lower in patients with diabetes than in controls, also after correction for age and obesity, while PTH levels did not differ. Nine women and 24 men died during 6 years of median follow up of the final cohort (n = 698). Vitamin D levels were negatively related to all-cause mortality in men independently of age, PTH, HbA1c, waist circumference, 24-h systolic ambulatory-blood pressure (ABP) and serum-apoB (p = 0.049). This finding was also statistically significant when PWV and IMT were added to the analyses (p = 0.028) and was not affected statistically when medications were also included in the regression-analysis (p = 0.01). In the women with type 2 diabetes, levels of PTH were positively related with all-cause mortality in the corresponding calculations (p = 0.016 without PWV and IMT, p = 0.006 with PWV and IMT, p = 0.045 when also adding medications to the analysis), while levels of vitamin D was without statistical significance (p greater than 0.9). Conclusions: Serum vitamin D in men and serum PTH in women give prognostic information in terms of total-mortality that are independent of regular risk factors in addition to levels of ABP, IMT and PWV.

  • 21. Welinder, H
    et al.
    Nielsen, J
    Rylander, L
    Ståhlbom, Bengt
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Pain and Occupational Centre, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Centre.
    A prospective study of the relationship between exposure and specific antibodies in workers exposed to organic acid anhydrides2001In: Allergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0105-4538, Vol. 56, no 6, 506-511 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The exposure-response relationships for the induction of specific IgE and IgG were evaluated in a prospective study of workers exposed to organic acid anhydrides (OAAs). Special attention was paid to the modifying effects of atopy and smoking. Methods: The subjects were 163 previously unexposed persons exposed to epoxy resins with hexahydro-, methylhexahydro-, and methyltetrahydrophthalic anhydride as curing agents. The levels of OAAs in air and of specific IgE and IgG in serum were recurrently monitored. The mean observation time was 32 (1-105) months. Results: The mean combined OAA exposure of the subjects was 15.4 (< 1-189) ╡g/m3. Positive specific IgE was demonstrated by 21 (13%) subjects with a mean induction time of 8.8 (1-35) months. The incidence of sensitization was 4.1 cases/1000 months at risk. The relative risk (OR) for atopics was 5.4 (1.9-15.3, 95% CI). An exposure-response relationship was demonstrated by an increasing risk of sensitization with increasing exposure. Conclusions: An association between exposure and atopy, respectively, and the induction of specific antibodies against OAAs were observed. The risk for atopics was comparable with the risk for the subjects in the most exposed group.

  • 22.
    Buchanan, Angus
    et al.
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia .
    Peterson, Sunila
    Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia .
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia .
    A qualitative exploration of the recovery experiences of consumers who had undertaken shared management, person-centred and self-directed services2014In: International Journal of Mental Health Systems, ISSN 1752-4458, Vol. 8, no 23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The mental health sector across states in Australia is moving to offering individualised funds and shared management, person-centred and self-directed (SPS) services. However, little is known about the recovery experiences of consumers with mental illness who had used a SPS service that was recently introduced in Western Australia. This study explored the recovery experiences of these consumers. Methods: Data relating to sixteen consumers lived experiences were analysed using an abbreviated grounded theory approach. These data had been developed in the past by consumers, the Guides (staff) and an independent evaluator. Results: Four over-arching categories, and related sub-categories, emerged. These suggested that consumers recovery experiences included them gaining: 1) a greater sense of empowerment; 2) expanded connections with the community, others and the self; 3) an enriched sense of the self; and 4) an enhanced quality of life. Conclusions: Access to SPS services, including having access to individualised funds, high quality shared management and person-centred relationships with the Guides, and a chance to self-direct services enabled consumers to have control over all aspects of their recovery journey, facilitated change and growth, and improved their capacity to self-direct services. Most consumers encountered a number of positive recovery experiences at varied levels that enhanced their lived experiences.

  • 23.
    Gavel, Hampus
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Ölvander, Johan
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A quantified and interactive relationship matrix applied to aircraft fuel system conceptual design2010In: International Review of Aerospace Engineering (IREASE), ISSN 1973-7459, E-ISSN 1973-7440, Vol. 3, no 1, 9-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes how the House of Quality matrix has been quantified for use in conceptual design. The House of Quality matrix is used for visualizing the relationships between subsystem design parameters and top-level requirements. The idea is then to insert quantified values of the subsystems’ characteristics as coupling elements, thus visualizing both the requirements-subsystems relationship and system performance. Here, a spreadsheet program (MS Excel) with a built-in modeling/solver tool has been used to model the subsystems. This makes the matrix interactive, thus facilitating trade studies between requirements and system design. By adding probabilistic analysis it is possible to explore the entire range of system behavior early on, rather than just focusing on one or more worst case scenarios as has previously often been the case, and thus promoting the selection of more optimal solutions. The quantitative approach also opens up for mathematically formal optimization which has been exploited by deriving Pareto fronts for visualization of conflicting objectives, one such objective being. The design application used as illustrative example is conceptual design of an aircraft fuel system.

  • 24.
    Wan, Miao
    et al.
    Information Security Center, State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China.
    Jönsson, Arne
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wang, Cong
    Information Security Center, State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China.
    Li, Lixiang
    Information Security Center, State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China.
    Yang, Yixian
    Information Security Center, State Key Laboratory of Networking and Switching Technology, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, China.
    A Random Indexing Approach for Web User Clustering and Web Prefetching2012In: New Frontiers in Applied Data Mining: PAKDD 2011 International Workshops, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Longbing Cao, Joshua Zhexue Huang, James Bailey, Yun Sing Koh, Jun Luo, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, 40-52 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a novel technique to capture Web users’ behaviour based on their interest-oriented actions. In our approach we utilise the vector space model Random Indexing to identify the latent factors or hidden relationships among Web users’ navigational behaviour. Random Indexing is an incremental vector space technique that allows for continuous Web usage mining. User requests are modelled by Random Indexing for individual users’ navigational pattern clustering and common user profile creation. Clustering Web users’ access patterns may capture common user interests and, in turn, build user profiles for advanced Web applications, such as Web caching and prefetching. We present results from the Web user clustering approach through experiments on a real Web log file with promising results. We also apply our data to a prefetching task and compare that with previous approaches. The results show that Random Indexing provides more accurate prefetchings.

  • 25.
    Salomonsson, Bjorn
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute.
    Sandell, Rolf
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL OF MOTHER-INFANT PSYCHOANALYTIC TREATMENT: I. OUTCOMES ON SELF-REPORT QUESTIONNAIRES AND EXTERNAL RATINGS2011In: INFANT MENTAL HEALTH JOURNAL, ISSN 0163-9641, Vol. 32, no 2, 207-231 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mother infant relationship disturbances occur in three domains: maternal distress, infant functional problems, and relationship difficulties. They constitute common clinical problems. In Sweden, they are usually handled by nurses as part of public Child Health Centre care. Severe cases are referred to child psychiatry services. This randomized controlled trial compared two groups of mother infant dyads in a Stockholm sample. One received only Child Health Centre care (the "CHCC" group) while the other received mother infant psychoanalytic treatment plus CHCC (the "MIP" group). Eighty dyads of mothers and infants under I years of age where the mothers had serious concerns about themselves in their role as mothers, their infants well-being, or the mother baby relationship were randomly selected for either the MIP or the CHCC group. The primary outcomes were mother-reported depression, mother-reported infant functional problems, and interviewer-based relationship assessments, all at 6 months after joining the project. Secondary outcomes were mother-reported stress and general psychic distress, externally rated video-recorded interactions, and the consumption of healthcare at the CHC, again all after 6 months. Intent-to-treat analyses of Treatment x Time effects significantly favored MIP treatment for maternal depression, mother infant relationships, and maternal sensitivity. Effects were nearly significant on maternal stress, but nonsignificant on mother-reported infant functional problems, general psychic distress, maternal interactive structuring and nonintrusiveness, infant responsiveness and involvement, and healthcare consumption. MIP treatment improved mother infant relationships and maternal sensitivity and depression, all of which are known to influence child development. If effects persist and are reproduced, MIP treatment holds promise for more widespread use.

  • 26.
    Salomonsson, Bjorn
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Sandell, Rolf
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL OF MOTHER-INFANT PSYCHOANALYTIC TREATMENT: II. PREDICTIVE AND MODERATING INFLUENCES OF QUALITATIVE PATIENT FACTORS2011In: INFANT MENTAL HEALTH JOURNAL, ISSN 0163-9641, Vol. 32, no 3, 377-404 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A randomized control trial was performed on 75 dyads in Stockholm, Sweden, with infants under I years. It recruited mothers who worried about the babies, themselves as mothers, and/or the mother-baby relationship. Two groups of mother-infant dyads were compared. One received only Child Health Centre care (the "CHCC" group) while the other received mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment plus CHCC (the "MIP" group). Significant treatment effects were found on mother-reported depression, interviewer-rated dyadic relationship qualities and externally rated maternal sensitivity, and near-significant effects on mother-reported stress, all in favor of MIP. The objective of this study is to investigate the predictive and moderating influences on outcomes by qualitatively assessed maternal and infant characteristics. The qualitative factors covered maternal suitability for psychoanalysis, and "ideal types" of mother and child, respectively. Outcome measures from two interviews with a 6-month interval were depression (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (J. Cox, J. Holden, andamp; R. Sagovsky, 1987), stress (Swedish Parental Stress Questionnaire (M. Ostberg, B. Hagekull, andamp; S. Wettergren, 1997), distress (Swedish Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90; L.R. Derogatis, I 994; M. Fridell, Z. Cesarec, M. Johansson, andamp; S. Mailing Thorsen, 2002) and infant social and emotional functioning (Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (J. Squires, D. Bricker, K. Heo, andamp; E. Twombly, 2002), relationship qualities (Parent-Infant Global Assessment Scale (PIR-GAS; ZERO TO THREE, 2005), and videotaped interactions (Emotional Availability Scales, Z. Biringen, J.L. Robinson, andamp; R.N. Emde, 1998). Suitability for psychoanalysis predicted outcome only on the PIR-GAS. Two overarching maternal ideal types were created, reflecting their attitude to the psychoanalytic process: "Participators" and "Abandoned." The Participators benefited more from MIP than they did From CHCC on maternal interactive sensitivity. A contrasting, but nonsignificant, pattern was found among the Abandoned mothers. Two ideal types of babies emerged: those "Affected" and "Unaffected" by the disturbance, respectively. Among Affected babies, dyadic relationships and sensitivity among their mothers improved significantly more from MIP than they did from CHCC. The superior effects of MIP applied especially to Participator mothers and Affected infants. For Abandoned mothers and Unaffected infants, CHCC seemed to be of equal value.

  • 27.
    Rönnbäck, Åsa
    et al.
    Division of Quality Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg.
    Witell, Lars
    Service Research Center, Karlstad University.
    A review of empirical investigations comparing quality initiatives in manufacturing and service organizations2008In: Managing Service Quality, ISSN 0960-4529, Vol. 18, no 6, 577-593 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate, by reviewing the literature, the relationship between quality management and business performance with a comparison between manufacturing and service organizations.Design/methodology/approach – This meta-analytic study critically examines the literature and evaluates the business performance implications of adopting quality management principles in manufacturing and service organizations. Altogether, 14 published research studies were identified that focused on the relationship between quality management and business performance with a comparison between manufacturing and service organizations.Findings – The results show several inconsistencies in previous research when it comes to the relationship between quality management and business performance when comparing manufacturing and service organizations. Some of these inconsistencies concern the principles of supplier relationships, leadership commitment and customer orientation. The inconsistencies can be explained by a number of factors: the difference in size of the organizations included in the studies, the cultural aspect and the research design. Regarding consistencies, two quality management principles stand out in several studies as being more central for service organizations: employee management and process orientation.Practical implications – The results can provide guidance for service managers aiming to implement quality management. In addition, the paper provides guidance to researchers about methodological issues so that future research can provide more reliable and valid results.Originality/value – The paper provides a critical review of previous research on what principles of quality management should be adopted in a service organization.

  • 28.
    Hansell, P.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Palm, Fredrik
    Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Drug Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    A role for the extracellular matrix component hyaluronan in kidney dysfunction during ACE-inhibitor fetopathy2015In: Acta Physiologica, ISSN 1748-1708, E-ISSN 1748-1716, Vol. 213, no 4, 795-804 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite data showing that inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system increase the risks of fetal morbidity and dysfunctionality later in life, their use during pregnancy has increased. The fetopathy induced by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is characterized by anuria, hypotension and growth restriction, but can also be associated with pulmonary hypoplasia. In the kidney, this fetopathy includes atrophy of the medulla, reduced number of glomeruli, developmental lesions of tubules and vessels, tubulointerstitial inflammation and extracellular matrix accumulation. Although angiotensin II (Ang II) inhibition during nephrogenesis interferes with normal growth and development, this review will focus on effects of the heavily accumulated matrix component hyaluronan (HA). An important mechanism of HA accumulation during nephrogenesis is disruption of its normal reduction as a consequence of lack of Ang II activation of hyaluronidase. Hyaluronan has very large water-attracting properties and is pro-inflammatory when fragmented. The ensuing inflammation and interstitial oedema affect kidney function. Hyaluronan is colocalized with CD44 overexpression and infiltrating immune cells. These properties make HA a plausible contributor to the observed structural and functional kidney defects associated with the fetopathy. Available data support an involvement of HA in kidney dysfunction of the foetus and during adulthood due to the physico-chemical characteristics of HA. No clinical treatment for HA accumulation exists. Treatment with the HA-degrading enzyme hyaluronidase and an HA synthesis inhibitor has been tested successfully in experimental models in the kidney, heart and pancreas. Reduced HA accumulation to reduce interstitial oedema and inflammation may improve organ function, but this concept needs to be tested in a controlled study before causal relationships can be established.

  • 29.
    Sim, Patrick Puay-I
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning.
    A Sociocultural Investigation of Learning and Transition in SFEC2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the advent of globalisation driving the People.s Republic of China to embrace its future, the local government has shown great enthusiasm promulgating one of the oldest industries. Foreign higher educational providers that operate in China through the mode of joint venture cooperatives between a Chinese and foreign institution of higher learning are becoming increasingly .knowledgeable-hungry. public or private universities and colleges. Such operations commonly known as Sino-foreign educational cooperatives

    (SFEC), are hotly spawned on the mainland, enrolling Chinese students through the division of responsibilities, roles and resources. The Chinese party is mostly responsible for the hardware support, supplying facilities and logistics as the part of the bargain, whereas the foreign party provides the intellectual software of academic programs. The locus of this qualitative study aims to present and investigate a distinct phenomenon of learning in SFEC through the theories of sociocultural perspective encumbered in a transitional context; Sino-foreign (SF) graduates to other workplace communities. Without common interests of social interaction, co-participation, and transformation, SFEC are often discredited due to various factors. The learning aims will feature participative and transformative themes that feature qualitative and interpretive methods. Thus, this research involves interviewing four relevant participants from the likes of two Chinese nationals and two non-Chinese, and how they view learning in SFEC applied to a transitional context, the workplace. My furtherance of analysis will generally stress learning, co-participation and transformative learning in activities that circumvents discriminatory elements of artifacts, identity profiling, relationships, commitment and workplace employment for the necessary transition. In the initial research phase, it did seem that putting learning into community practice in China was essential. In the closing stages, thoughts will flow to the legitimisation of participative and transformative learning, which forms the backdrop of this original theme of research gathered through previous works of similar purview. Prawatt and Floden (1994) remark that knowledge, and the belief that knowledge is the result of social interaction and language usage, and thus is a shared, rather than an individual, experience. Presumably, my chosen theories frame the interactive and shared communal nature of the Chinese society and learning systems.

  • 30.
    Shah, Fahid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Sindakovski, Robert
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A study about Social Media Marketing for Local Grocery Stores: How Social media can be used to create a better customer relationship?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The role of internet and the digitalized world are more relevant than ever before. The new phenomena of digital marketing has created a paradigm shift of existing marketing with new ways to market. Social media plays a significant role in this change, since it allows businesses to easily engage with its customers and to maintain relationships. For small and local businesses, this change has created great opportunities to interact more with the local audience. However, not all such businesses have the sufficient knowledge to optimize the usage of social media.

    The focus of the study is to explore the current usage of social media in local businesses context. Furthermore, we will suggest social media marketing strategies that will help local business to improve its customer relations. The qualitative approach is applied in this study by using interviews and observations, which is the main source of primary data collection. The conclusion was that local grocery stores still rely much more on traditional marketing methods. However, local grocery stores still use and value social media, but most are unclear of the true benefits and strategies when using social media. Lacking strategies consist of planning the social media marketing strategies, but also lacks the formal management of critical situations on social media. Overall, local stores perform well in building relations with its customers using social media however, there is a scope of further improvements.

  • 31.
    Hirsch, Richard
    Department of Linguistics, University of Göteborg, Sweden.
    A Study in Swedish Fear Vocabulary1980Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    I would like to begin this paper with a brief presentation of its main sections  and a short discussion of how they are interrelated. The first section consists of an analysis of the terms rädd (afraid), rädd för (afraid of). rädd att (afraid that) rädd för att (afraid that). räds (to be frightened) and rädsla (fear) as they appear in contexts taken from Press 65 and Press 76 Språkdata Gothenburg Univ. The aim of this analysis is to reveal the basic or common dimensions underlying these tenns. Af ter a rather detailed analysis of these cantexts where a num.her of ditnenslons are hypothesized I a discussionof the relationships between the various terms is taken up. This discussion centers mainly around the distinctions concerning Synonymy, Homonymy, Polysemy and Vagueness. Drawing upon the hypothesized dimensions underlying these terms a Folk Theory of Fear is outlined. The paper conc1udes with a presentation of a sernantic field of "fear" vocabl1lary in Swedish.

  • 32.
    Sonntag, Dag
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Study of Chain Graph Interpretations2014Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Probabilistic graphical models are today one of the most well used architectures for modelling and reasoning about knowledge with uncertainty. The most widely used subclass of these models is Bayesian networks that has found a wide range of applications both in industry and research. Bayesian networks do however have a major limitation which is that only asymmetric relationships, namely cause and eect relationships, can be modelled between its variables. A class of probabilistic graphical models that has tried to solve this shortcoming is chain graphs. It is achieved by including two types of edges in the models, representing both symmetric and asymmetric relationships between the connected variables. This allows for a wider range of independence models to be modelled. Depending on how the second edge is interpreted this has also given rise to dierent chain graph interpretations.

    Although chain graphs were first presented in the late eighties the field has been relatively dormant and most research has been focused on Bayesian networks. This was until recently when chain graphs got renewed interest. The research on chain graphs has thereafter extended many of the ideas from Bayesian networks and in this thesis we study what this new surge of research has been focused on and what results have been achieved. Moreover we do also discuss what areas that we think are most important to focus on in further research.

    List of papers
    1. Chain Graphs and Gene Networks
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chain Graphs and Gene Networks
    2015 (English)In: Foundations of Biomedical Knowledge Representation: Methods and Applications / [ed] Arjen Hommersom and Peter J.F. Lucas, Springer, 2015, 159-178 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chain graphs are graphs with possibly directed and undirected edges, and no semidirected cycle. They have been extensively studied as a formalism to represent probabilistic independence models, because they can model symmetric and asymmetric relationships between random variables. This allows chain graphs to represent a wider range of systems than Bayesian networks. This in turn allows for a more correct representation of systems that may contain both causal and non-causal relationships between its variables, like for example biological systems. In this chapter we give an overview of how to use chain graphs and what research exists on them today. We also give examples on how chain graphs can be used to model advanced systems, that are not well understood, such as gene networks.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2015
    Series
    Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, ISSN 0302-9743 ; 9521
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105813 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-28007-3_10 (DOI)978-3-319-28006-6 (ISBN)978-3-319-28007-3 (ISBN)
    Note

    The previous status of this article was Manuscript.

    Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2016-03-29Bibliographically approved
    2. Chain Graph Interpretations and Their Relations, Extended Version
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Chain Graph Interpretations and Their Relations, Extended Version
    2013 (English)In: Proceedings of the 12th European Conference, ECSQARU 2013, Utrecht, The Netherlands, July 8-10, 2013 / [ed] Linda C. van der Gaag, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013, 510-521 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with different chain graph interpretations and the relations between them in terms of representable independence models. Specifically, we study the Lauritzen-Wermuth-Frydenberg, Andersson-Madigan-Perlman and multivariate regression interpretations and present the necessary and sufficient conditions for when a chain graph of one interpretation can be perfectly translated into a chain graph of another interpretation. Moreover, we also present a feasible split for the Andersson-Madigan-Perlman interpretation with similar features as the feasible splits presented for the other two interpretations.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013
    Series
    Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743 (print), 1611-3349 (online) ; Vol. 7958
    Keyword
    Chain Graphs, Lauritzen-Wermuth-Frydenberg interpretation, Andersson-Madigan-Perlman interpretation, multivariate regression interpretation
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105814 (URN)10.1007/978-3-642-39091-3_43 (DOI)978-3-642-39090-6 (ISBN)978-3-642-39091-3 (ISBN)
    Conference
    The 12th European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty July 7th -10th, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Note

    Awarded best student paper award at ECSQARU 2013.

    Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2015-05-28Bibliographically approved
    3. Approximate Counting of Graphical Models Via MCMC Revisited
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Approximate Counting of Graphical Models Via MCMC Revisited
    2015 (English)In: International Journal of Intelligent Systems, ISSN 0884-8173, E-ISSN 1098-111X, Vol. 30, no 3, 384-420 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
    Abstract [en]

    We apply MCMC sampling to approximately calculate some quantities, and discuss their implications for learning directed and acyclic graphs (DAGs) from data. Specifically, we calculate the approximate ratio of essential graphs (EGs) to DAGs for up to 31 nodes. Our ratios suggest that the average Markov equivalence class is small. We show that a large majority of the classes seem to have a size that is close to the average size. This suggests that one should not expect more than a moderate gain in efficiency when searching the space of EGs instead of the space of DAGs. We also calculate the approximate ratio of connected EGs to connected DAGs, of connected EGs to EGs, and of connected DAGs to DAGs. These new ratios are interesting because, as we will see, they suggest that some conjectures that appear in the literature do not hold. Furthermore, we prove that the latter ratio is asymptotically 1.

    Finally, we calculate the approximate ratio of EGs to largest chain graphs for up to 25 nodes. Our ratios suggest that Lauritzen-Wermuth-Frydenberg chain graphs are considerably more expressive than DAGs. We also report similar approximate ratios and conclusions for multivariate regression chain graphs.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Wiley-Blackwell, 2015
    Keyword
    MCMC sampling, Bayesian networks, Chain graphs, Lauritzen-Wermuth-Frydenberg interpretation, Multivariate regression interpretation
    National Category
    Computer and Information Science
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105815 (URN)10.1002/int.21704 (DOI)000348308600008 ()
    Note

    This work is funded by the Center for Industrial Information Technology (CENIIT) and a so-called career contract at Linkoping University, by the Swedish Research Council (ref. 2010-4808), and by FEDER funds and the Spanish Government (MICINN) through the projects TIN2010-20900-C04-03 and TIN2010-20900-C04-01.

    Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2016-03-29Bibliographically approved
    4. Learning Multivariate Regression Chain Graphs under Faithfulness
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Learning Multivariate Regression Chain Graphs under Faithfulness
    2012 (English)In: Proceedings of the 6th European Workshop on Probabilistic Graphical Models, Granada (Spain), 19-21 September, 2012 / [ed] Andrés Cano, Manuel Gémez.-Olmedo and Thomas D. Nielsen, 2012, 299-306 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with multivariate regression chain graphs, which were introduced by Cox and Wermuth (1993, 1996) to represent linear causal models with correlated errors. Specifically, we present a constraint based algorithm for learning a chain graph a given probability distribution is faithful to. We also show that for each Markov equivalence class of multivariate regression chain graphs there exists a set of chain graphs with a unique minimal set of lines. Finally, we show that this set of lines can be identified from any member of the class by repeatedly splitting its connectivity components according to certain conditions.

    Keyword
    Chain Graph, Multivariate Regression Chain Graph, Learning, Bidirected Graph
    National Category
    Computer Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-80306 (URN)978-84-15536-57-4 (ISBN)
    Conference
    Sixth European Workshop on Probabilistic Graphical Models (PGM 2012), 19-21 September 2012, Granada, Spain
    Available from: 2012-08-23 Created: 2012-08-23 Last updated: 2016-07-01Bibliographically approved
    5. An inclusion optimal algorithm for chain graph structure learning: with supplement
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>An inclusion optimal algorithm for chain graph structure learning: with supplement
    2014 (English)In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Arti-cial Intelligence and Statistics, 2014, 778-786 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and proves an extension of Meek’s conjecture to chain graphs under the Lauritzen-Wermuth-Frydenberg interpretation. The proof of the conjecture leads to the development of a structure learning algorithm that finds an inclusion optimal chain graph for any given probability distribution satisfying the composition property. Finally, the new algorithm is experimentally evaluated.

    Series
    JMLR Workshop and Conference Proceedings, Vol. 33
    Keyword
    Chain Graph, Lauritzen-Wermuth-Frydenberg interpretation, Learning
    National Category
    Computer Systems
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105816 (URN)
    Conference
    17th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics April 22-25, 2014, Reykjavik, Iceland
    Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2016-03-29Bibliographically approved
  • 33.
    Martinsen, Uni
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Logistics Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Study of Environmental and Other Sustainable Activities in supply Chain Relationships at Clas Ohlson2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a case study conducted at the Swedish retail company Clas Ohlson. The study has been conducted as one step in the PhD process of the author of this report and is financed by the Swedish Energy Agency (Energimyndigheten). In this first chapter, some background information to the case study is given: the aim of the study, the rationale behind choosing Clas Ohlson as the case company and data collection methods. Finally, the structure of the remaining parts of the report is presented.

    The aim of this case study is to illustrate how environmental work can be conducted in different types of supply chain relationships, seen from the perspective of one focal shipper in a supply chain. The relationships include both upstream (such as suppliers and inbound logistics service providers) and downstream (such as outbound logistics service providers and stores in a city logistics context) parts of the supply chain. As these examples illustrate, the supply chain relationships can include shippers as well as logistics service providers (LSPs).

  • 34.
    Pishali Bajestani, Behnam
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Language and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    A Study of Menace, Pause and Silence in Harold Pinter’s Early Plays2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The particular characteristics of Pinter’s theatre such as the theme of violence, the competitive interpersonal relationships, the implied unwillingness in communication between the characters and the distinctive use of silences and pauses, distinguish his work from the writers of the absurd. Pinter makes particular use of “Silences” and “Pauses” as theatrical techniques that present a non-verbal way of communication in his plays. The frequent use of these particular techniques in Pinter’s dialogue has urged some critics to coin new expressions such as “Pinteresque” or “Pinter Pause” in the vocabulary of drama to specify Pinter’s technique. One of the important objectives in this essay is to point out the fundamental significance and function of the “Silences” and “Pauses” in Pinter’s work and point out their distinction. I will discuss how the silences and pauses function in Pinter’s theatre as a non-verbal way of communication by creating fragments in the dialogue.

     

    The plays which will be analyzed in this essay are: The Room, The Dumb Waiter, The Birthday Party and The Caretaker. My objective in this essay is to explore the context of these plays with regards to the theme of menace. In the first chapter, I mainly aim to explore the menacing context of these plays regarding the structure of menace and the ways it takes place in each play separately. This analysis will be presented in relation to the spatial territory in which the characters are confined. My aim is also to describe why menace is presented in a theatrical sense. I have chosen to quote some significant passages of each play in each section to illustrate my purposes in the first chapter. The aim of the second chapter is to define the character types involved in the presentation of menace, “The Intruders” and “The Victims”, and to analyze the strategies their use in encounters with each other. After describing the character types I will explore in detail how “The Intruders” use linguistic strategies to confuse and subdue their victims and finally victimize them and how “The Victims” use strategies to cope with menace in order to survive. There are some passages quoted from the plays to facilitate the purpose of the second chapter. The objective in the third chapter is to define “Silences” and “Pauses” as theatrical techniques used in form of non-verbal communication between the characters. I will discuss, based on Peter Hall’s definition, how these techniques are significant in understanding a Pinter play for the readers and the actors who perform them on stage, and will further explore the function of “Silences” and “Pauses” and their distinction in the context of the plays in question in this essay.

     

  • 35.
    Flycht-Eriksson (Silvervarg), Annika
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, NLPLAB - Natural Language Processing Laboratory. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Survey of Knowledge Sources in Dialogue Systems1999In: Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence, ISSN 1403-3534, Vol. 3, no 2, 5-32 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dialogue systems utilise a variety of knowledge sources and models. However, there is a confusion concerning the purposes and contributions of specific models and the relationships among them. In this paper we present a study of different dialogue systems and the knowledge sources and models they use. The models are characterised in terms of what knowledge they contain and the roles of various models and the relations between them are discussed. Implications for development of dialogue systems are also presented.

  • 36.
    Harrison, Katherine
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Tema Institute.
    ‘A sweaty-smelling, disheveled, anorectic-looking waif’ : alternative representations of women in cyberpunk fiction2009In: 7th European Feminist Research Conference, 2009Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Popular representations of technoscience exist in constant dialogue with technoscience itself, and inevitably encompass ongoing negotiations between technology and gendered bodies. Fictional representations of technoscience, such as those offered by cyberpunk, reveal the anxieties and assumptions surrounding these negotiations, whilst simultaneously coining neologisms and concepts which shape understandings of gender and technoscience. However, cyberpunk has been heavily critiqued for reinforcing certain stereotyped notions of gender. This paper is concerned with a short story by Candas Jane Dorsey which has been explicitly billed as a parody of cyberpunk and which thus provides a valuable fictional complement to work done within feminist Science and Technology Studies on relationships between ‘technology’ and ‘gender’. In Dorsey’s short story, ‘(Learning About) Machine Sex’, the protagonist is a woman programmer called Angel who designs an Artificial Intelligence. Disillusioned when the small company for which she works is sold to a larger corporation by her boss and ex-lover, Angel enacts her own personal revenge by designing a program called ‘Machine Sex’, and a special piece of hardware on which to run it – the ‘MannBoard’. The hardware-software combination Angel creates results in a piece of equipment with touch pads through which the user is effectively ‘programmed’ to orgasm. This paper focuses on two particular actors - Angel herself and the MannBoard technology – in order to trace the relationships between bodies and machines, desire and emotion, technoscience and gendered embodiment in this text. In this distinctive text Dorsey adapts the technophilic rhetoric and motifs of cyberpunk fiction to produce a circular, repetitive text which challenges stereotypical representations of women in technology. This parody of cyberpunk thus reflects contemporary ideas about technology whilst maintaining a critical distance to the gender norms often reproduced in this genre

  • 37.
    Lambrix, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Tan, He
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A Tool for Evaluating Ontology Alignment Strategies2007In: Journal on Data Semantics, ISSN 1861-2032, Vol. VIII, 182-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies are an important technology for the Semantic Web. In different areas ontologies have already been developed and many of these ontologies contain overlapping information. Often we would therefore want to be able to use multiple ontologies. To obtain good results, we need to find the relationships between terms in the different ontologies, i.e. we need to align them. Currently, there exist a number of systems that support users in aligning ontologies, but not many comparative evaluations have been performed and there exists little support to perform such evaluations. However, the study of the properties, the evaluation and comparison of the alignment strategies and their combinations, would give us valuable insight in how the strategies could be used in the best way. In this paper we propose the KitAMO framework for comparative evaluation of ontology alignment strategies and their combinations and present our current implementation. We evaluate the implementation with respect to performance. We also illustrate how the system can be used to evaluate and compare alignment strategies and their combinations in terms of performance and quality of the proposed alignments. Further, we show how the results can be analyzed to obtain deeper insights into the properties of the strategies.

  • 38.
    Sushandoyo, Dedy
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Magnusson, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A two-way relationship between multi-level technological change and organisational characteristics: cases involving the development of heavy hybrid buses2012In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, Vol. 32, no 7-8, 477-486 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses inter- and intra-organisational interaction in cases of product development, which involves significantly new technologies that affect core product sub-systems. The analysis shows that in such cases, there is a need to collaborate with suppliers to learn about the new technology. Moreover, provided that the firm's existing technology is still relevant, there is a need to integrate the new technology with existing technologies. Therefore, close supplier interaction has to be associated with close intra-organisational interaction. However, even a case where there is a limited need to integrate the new technology with existing technologies, there is a need to justify the new technology internally and negotiate the process of adopting it within the organisation. The paper thus demonstrates a two-way relationship between organisational characteristics and multi-level technological change. On the one hand, different types of technological changes demand different kinds of R&D organisations and supplier relationships. On the other hand, decisions to implement technological changes are influenced by existing organisational structures and product development philosophies.

  • 39.
    Fejes, Andreas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Nicoll, Katherine
    University of Stirling.
    A Vocational Calling: Exploring a caring technology in elderly care2010In: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 18, no 3, 353-370 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we explore the relationship of care of a group of health care workers in elderly care, through their descriptions of themselves and their work. We have an interest in how relationships of care may be explored and characterised in and across disparate vocational settings. This is a critical response to policy discourses of citizenship that are currently emerging for re-emphasis in Europe through citizenship education and the idea of the active citizen.We mobilise two notions to help us in the analysis of interview transcripts. First, ‘calling’ is used as a figure of thought. Past religious and secular discourses of calling to God and nursing provide us with glimpses of past relations of vocation and care through which to consider present descriptions. The term ‘technology of the self’ is one drawing specifically from the work of Michel Foucault, through which we theorise the calling to care emerging from our interviewee descriptions as such a technology. Our analysis indicates that a specific calling to care and technology is mobilised by these health care workers in elderly care. We conclude that it is through such stabilisations of description that the health care workers’ shape context-specific subjectivities, as caring citizens.

  • 40.
    Hellström, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Health, Activity, Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Torres, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Sweden .
    A wish to know but not always tell - couples living with dementia talk about disclosure preferences2013In: Aging & Mental Health, ISSN 1360-7863, E-ISSN 1364-6915, Vol. 17, no 2, 157-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most research on disclosure issues in dementia has focused on what it is like to receive a dementia diagnosis. Little is known about the disclosure preferences that people with dementia and their cohabiting spouses have. In this study, we explore disclosure preferences and focus on what couples living with dementia want to know and tell about the disease. The study is based on 40 qualitative interviews (20 with people with dementia and 20 with their spouses). The analysis revealed five preference patterns regarding what the couples wanted to know and how they felt about sharing information concerning the disease with others. The patterns have been called: (1) want to know and tell (no reservations about it); (2) want to know and tell (some reservations about it); (3) want to know but do not want to tell; (4) want to know but cannot decide if we want to tell and (5) cannot agree on either knowing or telling. They show that couples preferences about what they want to know are related to what they are willing to tell. The findings also show that it is usually the preferences of the person that has a dementia diagnosis that guide the stand that couples take as far as disclosure issues are concerned. Thus, the findings show the type of interdependence that exists when one person in a couple has received the diagnosis, and the life of the two people as a couple is challenged as a result of this.

  • 41.
    Dahl, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    Porelius, Jesper
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics.
    ABC+SCM=Sant?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Companies of today commonly search to gain competitive advantages throughout different forms of co-operation, one of which is referred to as Supply Chain Management. Although little research has been assigned to the topic of how to manage and control this type of relation, lately a growing number of academics has been arguing that ABC is an appropriate mean of controlling this type of relationships.

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate to what degree the ongoing debate on the use of ABC as a mean of control within SCM correspond to the present theories related to ABC and SCM respectively.

    Research method:

    The thesis takes it’s starting point within the literature, meaning that the empirical information consists of published articles in the ongoing debate. This information is put in relation to the original theories concerning both topics.

    Conclusions:

    The results shown in the thesis in some content agrees with the ongoing debate referring to the positive aspects that could result from using ABC as a mean of control within SCM. However the main result of the study is the discovery of a lack of discussion concerning the problems that implementing ABC within SCM might implicate, a fact that we believe contributes to the mainly positive view on using ABC within Supply Chain Management.

  • 42.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Gender and medicine.
    Abuse in health care: Gender differences and ill-health in men and women (re)victimized in health care2011In: GEXcel work in progress report / [ed] Barbro Wijma, Claire Tucker and Alp Biricik, Linköping: Institute for Thematic Gender studies, Linköping University , 2011, 149-163 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Until recently, abuse in health care (AHC) was an almost unexplored research field. There are studies on similar topics, e.g.; about physicianpatients communication (Annandale and Hunt, 1998; Ong et al., 1995), nurse-patient relationships (Halldorsdottir, 1996), various kinds of assaults against patients, e.g. abusive caring of demented patients (Eriksson and Saveman, 2002), sexual involvement between physicians or psychotherapists and patients (Fahy and Fisher, 1992; Dehlendorf and Wolfe, 1998; Hetherington, 2000), abuse of children in psychiatric care (Kaplan et al. 2001), and abuse within maternal care in developing countries (Jewkes, Abrahams, and Mvo, 1998; d’Olivera, Diniz, and Schraiber, 2002). Different kinds of patient evaluations of care could also be considered a research field related to AHC. Patient satisfaction and patient dissatisfaction are concepts that have been commonly used in such patient evaluations (van Campen et al., 1995; Annandale and Hunt, 1998; Coyle 1999; Coyle and Williams 1999). However, such studies have been subjected to profound critique, both because of a lack of theoretical and conceptual basis and also due to methodological weaknesses, as personal experiences are measured by using quantitative means (van Campen et al., 1995; Coyle and Williams, 2000, 2001; Rogers, Karlsen and Addington-Hall, 2000; Edwards and Titchen, 2003; Staniszewska and Henderson, 2005; Turris, 2005; Eriksson and Svedlund 2007).

  • 43.
    Sparrman, Anna
    Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Access and gatekeeping in researching children's sexuality: Mess in ethics and methods2014In: Sexuality & Culture, ISSN 1095-5143, E-ISSN 1936-4822, Vol. 18, no 2, 291-309 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a general idea that research methods help researchers investigate realities “out there”. Recent arguments, however, suggest that research methods are themselves productive, i.e., we can learn about a research topic by investigating aspects and details of the methods used in a research process. The present text investigates methods for gaining access to a research field in a project examining young children’s own (age 9–12 years) notions of sexuality. The article explores how and by whom the issue of children and sexuality is enacted as sensitive when trying to negotiate access to the research field. A whole variety of actors are involved in enacting children’s sexuality: institutions, groups of people, individuals, images, and architectural arrangements. The analysis reveals relationships in which fears, responsibilities, and the cultural attribution of vulnerability (sensitivity) are negotiated by adults, children, and the researcher.

  • 44.
    Ambrutyte, Zita
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Accounting for cooperation: case study of swedish vertical supply relationships2005Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decades a combination of business trends has caused companies to rely increasingly on relationships with other firms. Despite the popularity of inter-organizational relationships, evidence shows that many inter-organizational relationships fall short of meeting the expectations of their participants or fall for other reasons. It has been claimed that the degree to which efficiency is created is dependent on the information availability to the decision-makers; in order to assess the benefits and the results of the cooperation, there should be some arrangements by the parties done. The purpose of the study is therefore to provide an empirical evidence of the existing management accounting practice in vertical company relationships, how parties in the relationships use management accounting systems and financial information to determine effective and efficient use of resources through planning, co-ordination and evaluation.

    When this project started, it was expected that in practice this approach would result in systems that support the relationships and provide the foundations for realising the benefits. The findings provide unexpected results, i.e. the parties in the case rarely use management accounting knowledge or systems in managing relationships. However, the use of management accounting related decisions is almost a daily responsibility for the parties involved in relationships management. The reasons for such a situation might be the prevailing technical culture of most companies. This focuses on quality and processes and treats accounting and control as a staff function that is unnecessary in relationships management. Due to the shortage of funds and initiative the supplier companies often lack expertise and management information systems. However, the case investigated as well as other research evidence shows that decision-making based on management accounting information is becoming more common in managing the relationships and even more benefits could be achieved from improved accounting knowledge use.

    The mismatch between the empirical data and the expectations could possibly be influenced by two factors. First, it is possible that the case analysed represents a practical example which does not match the ideal case, and therefore the management practices illustrated might have room for changes. The second possibility is that the theories referred to in the thesis, do not represent exactly the likely practical scenarios, and accordingly these theories could be enhanced to better explain inter-organisational practices.

  • 45.
    Chicksand, Daniel
    et al.
    Aston Business School.
    Rehme, Jakob
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
    Dehn, Torsten
    Aston Business School.
    Achieving a competitive advantage: What is missing from research into supplychain management and servitization?2016In: 25th Annual Ipsera Conference: Purchasing and Supply Management, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will highlight that at the heart of supply chain management (SCM) andservitization research is the concept of value. However, it will be argued that currentwork in these fields do not, in the first instance, adequately define value and often omit afull discussion of value appropriation. To fill these gaps this paper will first introduce aconceptual model of value and will then suggest how it would be possible to empiricallydetermine the sharing of value in a business relationship through the presentation of amodel based on resource dependency theory (RDT). The paper will conclude that muchmore work is required to better conceptualize value in the context of SCM andservitization and that there needs to be more focus on understanding which factorsdetermine how value is shared in business relationships.

  • 46.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Lunds Tekniska Högskola.
    Grundström, Christina
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Jönsson, Petter
    Inflight Service AB.
    Acquisition and network identity change2011In: European Journal of Marketing, ISSN 0309-0566, Vol. 45, no 9/10, 1470-1500 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of the paper is to discuss whether or not an acquisition changes the network identity of an acquired firm and, if so, how. This study aims to bring new insights to the corporate marketing field, as it examines corporate identity in the context of how a company is perceived because of its relationships with other firms. The focus of this research is acquired innovative firms. Design/methodology/approach - This paper adopts a multiple case study approach. Data on four acquisitions of innovative firms were collected using 41 interviews, which were supplemented with secondary data. Findings - Based on the case studies, it can be concluded that the network identity of the acquired firms does change following an acquisition. The acquired firms inherited the acquirers identity, regardless of whether or not the companies were integrated. Previous, present and potential business partners regarded the innovative firms as being more solvent, but distanced themselves. In addition, some of them regarded the innovative firms as competitors. Practical implications - Changes in the way a firm is perceived by its business partners, following an acquisition, will influence the future business operations of the firm. Expected changes to business relationships should ideally be considered part of due diligence. Acquirers need to consider how they can minimise the risks associated with business partners changed perceptions of acquired firms. Originality/value - This paper contributes to the research on identity, through discussion of the consequences of an acquisition for the identity and relationships of a firm. It also contributes to the existing corporate marketing literature, through consideration of perceptions at a network level. Furthermore, this paper contributes to merger and acquisition literature, by highlighting the influence of ownership on relationships with external parties.

  • 47.
    Yvon-Durocher, Gabriel
    et al.
    Queen Mary University London.
    Reiss, Julia
    Queen Mary University London.
    Blanchard, Julia
    Cefas Lowestoft Lab.
    Ebenman, Bo
    Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Theoretical Biology . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Perkins, Danie lM
    Queen Mary University London.
    Reuman, Daniel C
    University London Imperial College of Science Technology and Medicine.
    Thierry, Aaron
    University of Sheffield.
    Woodward, Guy
    Queen Mary University London.
    Petchey, Owen L
    University of Sheffield.
    Across ecosystem comparisons of size structure: methods, approaches and prospects2011In: OIKOS, ISSN 0030-1299, Vol. 120, no 4, 550-563 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding how ecological communities are structured and how this may vary between different types of ecosystems is a fundamental question in ecology. We develop a general framework for quantifying size-structure within and among different ecosystem types (e. g. terrestrial, freshwater or marine), via the use of a suite of bivariate relationships between organismal size and properties of individuals, populations, assemblages, pair-wise interactions, and network topology. Each of these relationships can be considered a dimension of size-structure, along which real communities lie on a continuous scale. For example, the strength, slope, or elevation of the body mass-versus-abundance or predator size-versus-prey size relationships may vary systematically among ecosystem types. We draw on examples from the literature and suggest new ways to use allometries for comparing among ecosystem types, which we illustrate by applying them to published data. Finally, we discuss how dimensions of size-structure are interconnected and how we could approach this complex hierarchy systematically. We conclude: (1) there are multiple dimensions of size-structure; (2) communities may be size-structured in some of these dimensions, but not necessarily in others; (3) across-system comparisons via rigorous quantitative statistical methods are possible, and (4) insufficient data are currently available to illuminate thoroughly the full extent and nature of differences in size-structure among ecosystem types.

  • 48.
    Fejes, Andreas
    Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Studies in Adult, Popular and Higher Education. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences.
    Active Democratic Citizenship and Lifelong Learning: A governmentality Analysis2009In: The state, Civil Society and the Citizen: Exploring Relationships in the Field of Adult Education in Europe, Frankfurt Am Main: Peter Lang , 2009, 1, 79-95 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Thyberg , Ingrid
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Hass, Ursula A. M.
    Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Nordenskiöld, Ulla
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska akademin, Göteborg University, Göteborg.
    Gerdle, Björn
    Linköping University, Department of Neuroscience and Locomotion. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Skogh, Thomas
    Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
    Activity limitation in rheumatoid arthritis correlates with reduced grip force regardless of sex: The Swedish TIRA project2005In: Arthritis Care and Research, ISSN 0893-7524, Vol. 53, no 6, 886-896 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To evaluate activity limitations 3 years after diagnosis of early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to grip force and sex.

    Methods: A total of 217 patients, 153 women and 64 men, with recent-onset RA were included. Activity limitations were reported using the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Evaluation of Daily Activities Questionnaire (EDAQ). The relationships between activity limitations versus grip force (measured by the Grippit), walking speed, functional impairment, grip ability, pain, plasma C-reactive protein, the 28-joint disease activity score and its components, the physician's global assessment of disease activity, and sex were analyzed by partial least squares (PLS).

    Results: Women had significantly lower grip force and more activity limitations (HAQ and EDAQ) than men. The PLS analyses demonstrated that grip force was the strongest regressor of activity limitation, closely followed by walking speed. However, within subgroups based on grip force (group 1 = grip force <114 N, group 2 = 116-206 N, group 3 = 214-321 N, group 4 = grip force >328 N) and including sexes, women and men had corresponding degrees of activity limitation as reported by the HAQ and EDAQ.

    Conclusion: Our results indicate that the more pronounced activity limitations seen in women with RA, as compared with men, may be explained by lower grip force rather than sex.

  • 50.
    Cooper, Karen
    et al.
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Quayle, Ethel
    University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
    Jonsson, Linda
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping.
    Svedin, Carl Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Local Health Care Services in Central Östergötland, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Linköping.
    Adolescents and self-taken sexual images: A review of the literature2016In: Computers in human behavior, ISSN 0747-5632, E-ISSN 1873-7692, Vol. 55, no part B, 706-716 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite increasing public interest and concern about young peoples involvement in the self-production of sexual images (or sexting), there remains a dearth of research into their reasons for making and sending images, the processes involved, and the consequences arising from their experiences. This article reviews the motivational, lifestyle and personality factors influencing adolescent sexting practices and explores the research evidence within the wider context of debates around contemporary social and visual media cultures and gender. A systematic search of databases was conducted and eighty-eight records were identified for inclusion in the review. The findings reveal that sexting is remarkably varied in terms of context, meaning and intention, with the potential for consensual and non-consensual aspects of the activity. Whilst sexting can be a means of flirting or enhancing a sexual relationship, it can highlight potential vulnerabilities to victimisation or to participation in risky sexual practices. Sexting is also inextricably linked to social expectations of gendered sexual behaviours, with females often deriving less satisfaction from their experiences and being perceived more negatively by their peers. Further research linking adolescent motivations, well-being, relationships and lifestyles with the broader socio-cultural and media landscape will ultimately help drive understanding about the subject forward. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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