This report discusses the road safety in Latin American developing countries, focusing mainly on Bolivia. To give the layman an overview, the general road traffic problem is explained. The factors on which road safety depends are described, as well as the degree in which the accident causes - human, vehicle and environment - are involved in a road crash.
For the purpose of an uniform understanding of the term developing countries, they are defined from a traffic point of view. Thereafter, different definitions of the term crash are discussed. To make it possible to compare the countries with dissimilar crash definitions, the required adjustment factors are exposed. The countries are classified in three groups depending on the number of motor vehicles per 1000 inhabitants.
Bolivia as the emphasis of the study is described in detail. First general facts are presented, so the reader knows what type of country Bolivia is. Secondly, the amplitude and sort of the network is explained. After this, the traffic incidents, i.e. number, type and cause, are summarised. To be able to propose some measures for the enhancement of the traffic situation it is essential to analyse the actual state. This is done in the next step.
The most important existing regulations are described as well as the safety campaigns which were introduced in the past.
Based on this, proposals to improve the safety are listed. As speeding and driving under the influence of alcohol are the main accident causes, countermeasures for them are proposed. These are classified into engineering, enforcement and education. The report ends with a discussion of implementation difficulties of such countermeasures. Eventually the conclusions from the paper are presented.
Key words: Road safety, developing countries, Bolivia, accident, speeding, driving under the influence of alcohol, national road safety programme, countermeasures, engineering, enforcement, education