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  • 1.
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Navigation Functionalities for an Autonomous UAV Helicopter2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis was written during the WITAS UAV Project where one of the goals has been the development of a software/hardware architecture for an unmanned autonomous helicopter, in addition to autonomous functionalities required for complex mission scenarios. The algorithms developed here have been tested on an unmanned helicopter platform developed by Yamaha Motor Company called the RMAX. The character of the thesis is primarily experimental and it should be viewed as developing navigational functionality to support autonomous flight during complex real world mission scenarios. This task is multidisciplinary since it requires competence in aeronautics, computer science and electronics. The focus of the thesis has been on the development of a control method to enable the helicopter to follow 3D paths. Additionally, a helicopter simulation tool has been developed in order to test the control system before flight-tests. The thesis also presents an implementation and experimental evaluation of a sensor fusion technique based on a Kalman filter applied to a vision based autonomous landing problem. Extensive experimental flight-test results are presented.

    List of papers
    1. Dynamic 3D path following for an autonomous helicopter
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamic 3D path following for an autonomous helicopter
    2004 (English)In: Proceedings of the 5th IFAC Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles (IAV), Elsevier , 2004Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A hybrid control system for dynamic path following for an autonomous helicopter is described. The hierarchically structured system combines continuous control law execution with event-driven state machines. Trajectories are defined by a sequence of 3D path segments and velocity profiles, where each path segment is described as a parametric curve. The method can be used in combination with a path planner for flying collision-free in a known environment. Experimental flight test results are shown.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Elsevier, 2004
    National Category
    Computer Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-22974 (URN)2345 (Local ID)008-044237-4 (ISBN)2345 (Archive number)2345 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-07 Created: 2009-10-07 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
    2. Autonomous landing of an unmanned helicopter based on vision and inertial sensing
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>Autonomous landing of an unmanned helicopter based on vision and inertial sensing
    2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics / [ed] Marcelo H. Ang and Oussama Khatib, Springer , 2006, Vol. 21, p. 343-352Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose an autonomous precision landing method for an unmanned helicopter based on an on-board visual navigation system consisting of a single pan-tilting camera, off-the-shelf computer hardware and inertial sensors. Compared to existing methods, the system doesn't depend on additional sensors (in particular not on GPS), offers a wide envelope of starting points for the autonomous approach, and is robust to different weather conditions. Helicopter position and attitude is estimated from images of a specially designed landing pad. We provide results from both simulations and flight tests, showing the performance of the vision system and the overall quality of the landing. © Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2006.

    Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
    Springer, 2006
    Series
    Springer Tracts in Advanced Robotics, ISSN 1610-7438 ; 21
    National Category
    Engineering and Technology
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-50036 (URN)10.1007/11552246_33 (DOI)978-3-540-28816-9 (ISBN)
    Available from: 2009-10-11 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2011-03-08Bibliographically approved
    3. From Motion Planning to Control - A Navigation Framework for an Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
    Open this publication in new window or tab >>From Motion Planning to Control - A Navigation Framework for an Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
    Show others...
    2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the 21st Bristol UAV Systems Conference (UAVS), 2006Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) which can operate autonomously in dynamic and complex operational environments is becoming increasingly more common. While the application domains in which they are currently used are still predominantly military in nature, in the future we can expect wide spread usage in thecivil and commercial sectors. In order to insert such vehicles into commercial airspace, it is inherently important that these vehicles can generate collision-free motion plans and also be able to modify such plans during theirexecution in order to deal with contingencies which arise during the course of operation. In this paper, wepresent a fully deployed autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle, based on a Yamaha RMAX helicopter, whichis capable of navigation in urban environments. We describe a motion planning framework which integrates two sample-based motion planning techniques, Probabilistic Roadmaps and Rapidly Exploring Random Treestogether with a path following controller that is used during path execution. Integrating deliberative services, suchas planners, seamlessly with control components in autonomous architectures is currently one of the major open problems in robotics research. We show how the integration between the motion planning framework and thecontrol kernel is done in our system.

    Additionally, we incorporate a dynamic path reconfigurability scheme. It offers a surprisingly efficient method for dynamic replanning of a motion plan based on unforeseen contingencies which may arise during the execution of a plan. Those contingencies can be inserted via ground operator/UAV interaction to dynamically change UAV flight paths on the fly. The system has been verified through simulation and in actual flight. We present empirical results of the performance of the framework and the path following controller.

    National Category
    Computer Sciences
    Identifiers
    urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-36792 (URN)32592 (Local ID)32592 (Archive number)32592 (OAI)
    Available from: 2009-10-10 Created: 2009-10-10 Last updated: 2018-01-13Bibliographically approved
  • 2.
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Duranti, Simone
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Merz, Torsten
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Dynamic 3D path following for an autonomous helicopter2004In: Proceedings of the 5th IFAC Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles (IAV), Elsevier , 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A hybrid control system for dynamic path following for an autonomous helicopter is described. The hierarchically structured system combines continuous control law execution with event-driven state machines. Trajectories are defined by a sequence of 3D path segments and velocity profiles, where each path segment is described as a parametric curve. The method can be used in combination with a path planner for flying collision-free in a known environment. Experimental flight test results are shown.

  • 3.
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Hempel, Maria
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Rudol, Piotr
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Lundström, David
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Fluid and Mechanical Engineering Systems.
    Duranti, Simone
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Wzorek, Mariusz
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Doherty, Patrick
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    High Accuracy Ground Target Geo-Location Using Autonomous Micro Aerial Vehicle Platforms2008In: Proceedings of the AIAA Guidance, Navigation, and Control Conference (GNC), AIAA , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a method for high accuracy ground target localization using a Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV) equipped with a video camera sensor. The proposed method is based on a satellite or aerial image registration technique. The target geo-location is calculated by registering the ground target image taken from an on-board video camera with a geo- referenced satellite image. This method does not require accurate knowledge of the aircraft position and attitude, therefore it is especially suitable for MAV platforms which do not have the capability to carry accurate sensors due to their limited payload weight and power resources.  The paper presents results of a ground target geo-location experiment based on an image registration technique. The platform used is a MAV prototype which won the 3rd US-European Micro Aerial Vehicle Competition (MAV07). In the experiment a ground object was localized with an accuracy of 2.3 meters from a ight altitude of 70 meters.

  • 4.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    A non-monotonic fuzzy logic.1991In: International Fuzzy Systems Association, Fourth World Congress,1991, 1991Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Nonmonotonicity, fuzziness, and multi-values.1993In: Fuzzy Logic: State of the Art. Series D: System Theory, Knowledge Engineering and Problem Solving. / [ed] R. Lowen and M. Roubens, Dordrecht ; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers , 1993Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

      

  • 6.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Hellendoorn, H.
    Fuzzy if-then-unless rules and their implementation.1992In: International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty in Knowledge-Based Systems, IPMU92,1992, Springer , 1992Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Hellendoorn, H.
    Fuzzy if-then-unless rules and their implementation.1992Report (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Hellendoorn, Hans
    Fuzzy if-then-unless rules and their implementation1993In: International Journal of Uncertainty Fuzziness and Knowledge-Based Systems, ISSN 0218-4885, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 167-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the possibility of generalizing the notion of a fuzzy If-Then rule to take into account its context dependent nature. We interpret fuzzy rules as modeling a forward directed causal relationship between the antecedent and the conclusion, which applies in most contexts, but on occasion breaks down in exceptional contexts. The default nature of the rule is modeled by augmenting the original If-Then rule with an exception part. We then consider the proper semantic correlate to such an addition and propose a ternary relation which satisfies a number of intuitive constraints described in terms of a number of inference rules. In the rest of the paper, we consider implementational issues arising from the unless extension and propose the use of reason maintenance systems, in particular TMS's, where a fuzzy If-Then-Unless rule is encoded into a dependency net. We verify that the net satisfies the constraints stated in the inference schemes and conclude with a discussion concerning the integration of qualitative IN-OUT labelings of the TMS with quantitative degree of membership labelings for the variables in question.

  • 9.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Tsoukias, A.
    Partial logics and partial preferences.1992In: International Conference on Economics/Management and Information Technology,1992, 1992, p. 525-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Tsoukias, A.
    Partiality, para-consistency and preference modeling: Preliminary version.1992Report (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Doherty, Patrick
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Haslum, Patrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Heintz, Fredrik
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Merz, Torsten
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Nyblom, Per
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Persson, Tommy
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Wingman, Björn
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    A Distributed Architecture for Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Experimentation2004In: 7th International Symposium on Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems,2004, Toulouse: LAAS , 2004, p. 221-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Doherty, Patrick
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    A non-monotonic fuzzy logic1992In: Fuzzy Logic for the Management of Uncertainty / [ed] Lotfi A. Zadeh, Janusz Kacprzyk, New York: John Wiley & Sons , 1992, p. 171-190Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Duranti, Simone
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Lundström, David
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Rudol, Piotr
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Wzorek, Mariusz
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Doherty, Patrick
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    LinkMAV, a prototype rotary wing micro aerial vehicle.2007In: 17th IFAC Symposium on Automatic Control in Aerospace,2007, Oxford: Elsevier , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fuzzy Control for an Unmanned Helicopter2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall objective of the Wallenberg Laboratory for Information Technology and Autonomous Systems (WITAS) at Linköping University is the development of an intelligent command and control system, containing vision sensors, which supports the operation of a unmanned air vehicle (UAV) in both semi- and full-autonomy modes. One of the UAV platforms of choice is the APID-MK3 unmanned helicopter, by Scandicraft Systems AB. The intended operational environment is over widely varying geographical terrain with traffic networks and vehicle interaction of variable complexity, speed, and density.

    The present version of APID-MK3 is capable of autonomous take-off, landing, and hovering as well as of autonomously executing pre-defined, point-to-point flight where the latter is executed at low-speed. This is enough for performing missions like site mapping and surveillance, and communications, but for the above mentioned operational environment higher speeds are desired. In this context, the goal of this thesis is to explore the possibilities for achieving stable ‘‘aggressive’’ manoeuvrability at high-speeds, and test a variety of control solutions in the APID-MK3 simulation environment.

    The objective of achieving ‘‘aggressive’’ manoeuvrability concerns the design of attitude/velocity/position controllers which act on much larger ranges of the body attitude angles, by utilizing the full range of the rotor attitude angles. In this context, a flight controller should achieve tracking of curvilinear trajectories at relatively high speeds in a robust, w.r.t. external disturbances, manner. Take-off and landing are not considered here since APIDMK3 has already have dedicated control modules that realize these flight modes.

    With this goal in mind, we present the design of two different types of flight controllers: a fuzzy controller and a gradient descent method based controller. Common to both are model based design, the use of nonlinear control approaches, and an inner- and outer-loop control scheme. The performance of these controllers is tested in simulation using the nonlinear model of APID-MK3.

  • 15.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Bergsten, P
    Robust Fuzzy Gain Scheduled visual-servoing with Sampling Time Uncertainties2004In: IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control ISIC,2004, 2004, p. 239-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract-This paper addresses the robust fuzzy control problem for discrete-time nonlinear systems in the presence of sampling time uncertainties in a visual-servoing control scheme. The Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model is adopted for the nonlinear geometric model of a pin-hole camera, which presents second-order nonlinearities. The case of the discrete T-S fuzzy system with sampling-time uncertainty is considered and a multi-objective robust fuzzy controller design is proposed for the uncertain fuzzy system. The sufficient conditions are formulated in the form of linear matrix inequalities (LMI). The effectiveness of the proposed controller design methodology is demonstrated through numerical simulation, then tested on a EVI-D31 SONY camera.

  • 16.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Bergsten, Pontus
    Örebro University .
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Autonomous Helicopter Control Using Fuzzy-Gain Scheduling2001In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotic & Automation (ICRA), IEEE , 2001, Vol. 3, p. 2980-2985Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work reported in the paper is aimed at achieving aggressive manoeuvrability for an unmanned helicopter APID MK-III by Scandicraft AB in Sweden. The manoeuvrability problem is treated at the level of attitude (pitch, roll, yaw) and the aim is to achieve stabilization of the attitude angles within much larger ranges than currently available. We present a fuzzy gain scheduling control approach based on two different types of Iinearization of the original nonlinear APID MK-III model. The performance of the fuzzy gain scheduled controllers is evaluated in simulation and shows that they are effective means for achieving the desired robust manoeuvrability.

  • 17.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Driankov, D.
    Örebro University, IEEE, Örebro SE-70182, Sweden.
    A fuzzy gain-scheduler for the attitude control of an unmanned helicopter2004In: IEEE transactions on fuzzy systems, ISSN 1063-6706, E-ISSN 1941-0034, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 502-515Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we address the design of an attitude controller that achieves stable, and robust aggressive maneuverability for an unmanned helicopter. The controller proposed is in the form of a fuzzy gain-scheduler, and is used for stable and robust altitude, roll, pitch, and yaw control. The controller is obtained from a realistic nonlinear multiple-input-multiple-output model of a real unmanned helicopter platform, the APID-MK3. The results of this work are illustrated by extensive simulation, showing that the objective of aggressive, and robust maneuverability has been achieved. © 2004 IEEE.

  • 18.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    A Fuzzy Flight Controller Combining Linguistic and Model-based Fuzzy Control2004In: Fuzzy sets and systems (Print), ISSN 0165-0114, E-ISSN 1872-6801, Vol. 146, no 3, p. 313-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we address the design of a fuzzy flight controller that achieves stable and robust -aggressive- manoeuvrability for an unmanned helicopter. The fuzzy flight controller proposed consists of a combination of a fuzzy gain scheduler and linguistic (Mamdani-type) controller. The fuzzy gain scheduler is used for stable and robust altitude, roll, pitch, and yaw control. The linguistic controller is used to compute the inputs to the fuzzy gain scheduler, i.e., desired values for roll, pitch, and yaw at given desired altitude and horizontal velocities. The flight controller is obtained and tested in simulation using a realistic nonlinear MIMO model of a real unmanned helicopter platform, the APID-MK

  • 19.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Örebro University.
    Autonomous Helicopter Control using Linguistic and Model-Based Fuzzy Control2001In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Intelligent Control (CCA/ISIC), IEEE , 2001, p. 348-352Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper presents the design of a horizontal velocity controller for the unmanned helicopter APID MK-III developed by Scandicraft AB in Sweden. The controller is able of regulating high horizontal velocities via stabilization of the attitude angles within much larger ranges than currently available. We use a novel approach to the design consisting of two steps: 1) a Mamdani-type of a fuzzy rules are used to compute for each desired horizontal velocity the corresponding desired values for the attitude angles and the main rotor collective pitch; and 2) using a nonlinear model of the altitude and attitude dynamics, a Takagi-Sugeno controller is used to regulate the attitude angles so that the helicopter achieves its desired horizontal velocities at a desired altitude. According to our knowledge this is the first time when a combination of linguistic and model-based fuzzy control is used for the control of a complicated plant such as an autonomous helicopter. The performance of the combined linguistic/model-based controllers is evaluated in simulation and shows that the proposed design method achieves its intended purpose

  • 20.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Fuzzy Control of an Autonomous Helicopter2001In: Proceedings of the 9th IEEE International Fuzzy Systems Association (IFSA) World Congress, IEEE Computer Society , 2001, p. 2797-2802Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents a horizontal velocity controller for the unmanned helicopter APID MK-III developed by Scandicraft AB in Sweden. We use a novel approach to the design consisting of two steps: 1) Mamdani-type of fuzzy rules to compute each of the desired horizontal velocity corresponding to the desired values for the attitude angles and the main rotor collective pitch; and 2) a Takagi-Sugeno controller is used to regulate the attitude angles so that the helicopter achieves its desired horizontal velocities at a desired altitude. The performance of the combined linguistic/model-based controller is evaluated in simulation and shows that the proposed design method achieves its intended purpose

  • 21.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Takagi-Sugeno Fuzzy Gain Scheduling with Sampling-Time Uncertainties2004In: IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems Fuzz-IEEE 2004,2004, 2004, p. 239-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the robust fuzzy control problem for discrete-time nonlinear systems in the presence of sampling time uncertainties. The case of the discrete T-S fuzzy system with sampling-time uncertainty is considered and a robust controller design method is proposed. The sufficient conditions and the design procedure are formulated in the form of linear matrix inequalities (LMI). The effectiveness of the proposed controller design methodology is demonstrated of a visual-servoing control problem

  • 22.
    Kadmiry, Bourhane
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Palm, Rainer
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Örebro University.
    Autonomous Helicopter Control Using Gradient Descent Optimization Method2001In: Proceedings of the Asian Conference on Robotic & Automation (ACRA), 2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work reported in this paper is aimed at designing a velocityyaltitude and position controllers for the unmanned helicopter APID MK-III by Scandicraft AB in Sweden. The controllers are able of regulating high velocities via stabilization of the attitude angles within much larger ranges than currently available. We use a novel approach to the design consisting of two steps: rst, a gradient descent optimization method i s u s e d t o c ompute for each desired horizontal velocityyaltitude or position the corresponding desired values for the attitude angles and the main rotor col-lective pitch; second, a linear control scheme is used to regulate the attitude angles so that the helicopter achieves its desired horizontal velocity at the desired altitude, or its desired position. The performance of the controllers is evaluated in simulation and shows that the proposed design method achieves its intended purpose.

  • 23.
    Kleiner, Alexander
    et al.
    University of Freiburg.
    Dornhege, Christian
    University of Freiburg.
    Kümmerle, Rainer
    University of Freiburg.
    Ruhnke, Michael
    University of Freiburg.
    Steder, Bastian
    University of Freiburg.
    Nebel, Bernhard
    University of Freiburg.
    Doherty, Patrick
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wzorek, Mariusz
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Rudol, Piotr
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Duranti, Simone
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Lundström, David
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    RoboCupRescue - Robot League Team RescueRobots Freiburg (Germany)2006In: RoboCup 2006 (CDROM Proceedings), Team Description Paper, Rescue Robot League, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the approach of the RescueRobots Freiburg team, which is a team of students from the University of Freiburg that originates from the former CS Freiburg team (RoboCupSoccer) and the ResQ Freiburg team (RoboCupRescue Simulation). Furthermore we introduce linkMAV, a micro aerial vehicle platform. Our approach covers RFID-based SLAM and exploration, autonomous detection of relevant 3D structures, visual odometry, and autonomous victim identification. Furthermore, we introduce a custom made 3D Laser Range Finder (LRF) and a novel mechanism for the active distribution of RFID tags.

  • 24.
    Lundström, David
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Amadori, Kristian
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    RAVEN - A Subscale Radio Controlled Business Jet Demonstrator2008In: proceedings from the ICAS 2008, CD-ROM, Anchorage: International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences, (ICAS) , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A dynamically scaled model of a Business-Jet has been build and is undergoing testing at Linköping University. The goal of the project was to understand the difficutlties of dynamic scaling and how to extract useful data from subscale flight testing. This paper presents the experience made during the projects up to the time of writing, and includes details from manufacturing, ground testing equipment such as car top testing, in flight data acquisition system design and preparation for the fligt testing.

  • 25.
    Lundström, David
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Krus, Petter
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Micro Aerial Vehicle Design Optimization using Mixed Discrete and Continuous Variables2006In: A collection of technical papers : 11th AIAAA/ISSMO Multidisciplinary Analysis and Optimization Conferences, Reston, Virginia, USA: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2006, p. 1277-1290Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Micro or mini aerial vehicles are characterized by the fact that they are likely to be build in relatively low numbers for the sensors and equipment available at the time of deployment. Therefore "design and build on demand" is very attractive, where a modular concept with a more or less automated design process is desirable. In this paper design automation of a Micro or Mini Aerial Vehicle (MAV) is demonstrated using design optimization with both discrete and continuous variables. This involves both selections of components for the propulsion system, as well as geometrical parameters for the airframe.

  • 26.
    Merz, Torsten
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Building a System for Autonomous Aerial Robotics Research2004In: Proceedings of the 5th IFAC Symposium on Intelligent Autonomous Vehicles (IAV), Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Merz, Torsten
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Duranti, Simone
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Autonomous landing of an unmanned helicopter based on vision and inertial sensing2006In: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics / [ed] Marcelo H. Ang and Oussama Khatib, Springer , 2006, Vol. 21, p. 343-352Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we propose an autonomous precision landing method for an unmanned helicopter based on an on-board visual navigation system consisting of a single pan-tilting camera, off-the-shelf computer hardware and inertial sensors. Compared to existing methods, the system doesn't depend on additional sensors (in particular not on GPS), offers a wide envelope of starting points for the autonomous approach, and is robust to different weather conditions. Helicopter position and attitude is estimated from images of a specially designed landing pad. We provide results from both simulations and flight tests, showing the performance of the vision system and the overall quality of the landing. © Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2006.

  • 28.
    Merz, Torsten
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Rudol, Piotr
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Wzorek, Mariusz
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Control System Framework for Autonomous Robots Based on Extended State Machines2006In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Autonomic and Autonomous Systems (ICAS), 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Palm, R.
    et al.
    Siemens AG Corporate Technology, Otto-Hahn-Ring 6, 81739, Munich, Germany.
    Driankov, Dimiter
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Design of a fuzzy gain scheduler using sliding mode control principles2001In: Fuzzy sets and systems (Print), ISSN 0165-0114, E-ISSN 1872-6801, Vol. 121, no 1, p. 13-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fuzzy gain schedulers are designed on the basis of a conventional modeling of the nonlinear controlled system and the division of the state space into a finite number of fuzzy regions. Linearization of the nonlinear system at the center of each fuzzy region leads to the design of a set of linear control laws that locally stabilize the linearized system, and consequently the original nonlinear system at the corresponding operating point. Gain scheduling control of the original nonlinear system can be therefore realized along an a priori unknown, but slowly time varying desired trajectory. In this paper we analyze the stability and robustness of the gain-scheduled closed-loop system by adopting ideas from sliding mode control. It is shown that gain scheduling control of the original nonlinear system can be realized along an a priori unknown, but slowly time-varying desired trajectory. It is shown how the advantages of the sliding mode types of analysis of a fuzzy gain scheduler can also be used for its design. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.

  • 30.
    Rudol, Piotr
    et al.
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Wzorek, Mariusz
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Doherty, Patrick
    Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
    Vision-based Pose Estimation for Autonomous Indoor Navigation of Micro-scale Unmanned Aircraft Systems2010In: Proceedings of the 2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), IEEE conference proceedings , 2010, p. 1913-1920Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a navigation system for autonomous indoor flight of micro-scale Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) which is based on a method for accurate monocular vision pose estimation. The method makes use of low cost artificial landmarks placed in the environment and allows for fully autonomous flight with all computation done on-board a UAS on COTS hardware. We provide a detailed description of all system components along with an accuracy evaluation and a time profiling result for the pose estimation method. Additionally, we show how the system is integrated with an existing micro-scale UAS and provide results of experimental autonomous flight tests. To our knowledge, this system is one of the first to allow for complete closed-loop control and goal-driven navigation of a micro-scale UAS in an indoor setting without requiring connection to any external entities.

  • 31.
    Wzorek, Mariusz
    et al.
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Conte, Gianpaolo
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Rudol, Piotr
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    Merz, Torsten
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Duranti, Simone
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, AUTTEK - Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Research Group .
    Doherty, Patrick
    Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, KPLAB - Knowledge Processing Lab.
    From Motion Planning to Control - A Navigation Framework for an Autonomous Unmanned Aerial Vehicle2006In: Proceedings of the 21st Bristol UAV Systems Conference (UAVS), 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) which can operate autonomously in dynamic and complex operational environments is becoming increasingly more common. While the application domains in which they are currently used are still predominantly military in nature, in the future we can expect wide spread usage in thecivil and commercial sectors. In order to insert such vehicles into commercial airspace, it is inherently important that these vehicles can generate collision-free motion plans and also be able to modify such plans during theirexecution in order to deal with contingencies which arise during the course of operation. In this paper, wepresent a fully deployed autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle, based on a Yamaha RMAX helicopter, whichis capable of navigation in urban environments. We describe a motion planning framework which integrates two sample-based motion planning techniques, Probabilistic Roadmaps and Rapidly Exploring Random Treestogether with a path following controller that is used during path execution. Integrating deliberative services, suchas planners, seamlessly with control components in autonomous architectures is currently one of the major open problems in robotics research. We show how the integration between the motion planning framework and thecontrol kernel is done in our system.

    Additionally, we incorporate a dynamic path reconfigurability scheme. It offers a surprisingly efficient method for dynamic replanning of a motion plan based on unforeseen contingencies which may arise during the execution of a plan. Those contingencies can be inserted via ground operator/UAV interaction to dynamically change UAV flight paths on the fly. The system has been verified through simulation and in actual flight. We present empirical results of the performance of the framework and the path following controller.

1 - 31 of 31
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