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  • 1.
    Agnafors, Marcus
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Justice among Us: A Philosophical Analysis of Michael Walzer’s Theory of Justice2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The American philosopher Michael Walzer has been regarded as one of the most influential theorists in the field of distributive justice since the publication of Spheres of Justice in 1983. However, despite the popularity, his theory is often misunderstood or said to suffer from serious shortcomings.

    The aim of the dissertation is to present and defend a clearer and stronger version of Walzer’s theory of distributive justice. After a brief sketch of Walzer’s early works, in which important concepts were introduced and developed, the mature theory is analysed. By subjecting the key areas of Walzer’s theory to a critical and reconstructive philosophical analysis, a stronger and more detailed account is gained. Important ideas and concepts such as community, consent, interpretation, social meanings, complex equality and minimal morality are discussed, criticised and revised in order to strengthen the theory. In addition, a comparison is made between John Rawls’s method of wide reflective equilibrium and Walzer’s interpretative method; it is argued that the methods of the two philosophers exhibit considerable similarities.

  • 2.
    Blåder, Niclas
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Gemenskap och mångfald: En ekklesiologisk studie med utgångspunkt i Don S. Brownings metod, där två församlingars tal om identitet och pluralism i den egna församlingen relateras till Dietrich Bonhoeffers teologiska tänkande2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Most people strive for fellowship. However, most communities and fellowships are fairly homogenous and uniform. Many Christian parish fellowships are built in a similar fashion; they are, in other words, fellowships where pluralism has a hard time asserting itself. Could theology possibly contribute to opening up for discussions regarding community and pluralism in the Christian church and in social life? This dissertation takes its starting point in how two actual parishes in Sweden talk about identity and pluralism and how they try to come to grips with the fact that in each parish there are different mental figures as to how parish fellowship might include pluralism. The difficulties facing the parishes point to a dilemma facing all churches, and possibly all human beings: How to unite fellowship and pluralism? Dietrich Bonhoeffer is a theologian who in his writings discussed this very issue, first as a young man in his dissertation Sanctorum Communio, then later as the leader of the Seminary at Finkenwalde in his book Life Together and finally as a member of the resistance movement during WWII in what was meant to be his magnum opus, Ethics. Based on the theological discussion of Bonhoeffer, it becomes an important task to address the practical dilemma of the churches through responsible action in the practical situation; to try to model a community that includes otherness, at the same time being aware ofthe plurality and that each action may threaten to shut some people out.

  • 3.
    Blåder, Niclas
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Två församlingars praktiska tänkande om identitet och pluralism2008 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande text är en analys av talet om identitet och pluralism i Olaus Petri och Södertälje-Tveta församlingar. Studien utfördes under åren 2003 och 2004 och har efter det strukturerats och analyserats. Materialet från Örebro Olaus Petri har redan använts i min licentiatavhandling, Den här presenterade texten utgör ”källmaterial” för den doktorsavhandling jag kommer att lägga fram under 2008 med titeln Gemenskap och mångfald. Den som enbart är intresserad av det empiriska materialet kan läsa texten fristående från avhandlingen och på så sätt få en bild av undersökningen. Metodkapitlet tjänar funktionen att göra denna text läsbar och möjlig att förstå. Den som också är intresserad av den teologiska analysen av materialet hänvisas till avhandlingen, där det också kommer att finnas ett mer utbyggt metodkapitel.

    Niclas Blåder

  • 4.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Possibilities of Religous Pluralism2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The six essays collected in this volume address from different disciplinary perspectives the implication of religious pluralism for school, work, politics, values and law.

    Reevany Bustami analyses the new Malaysian Prime Minister’s view on national identity and religious pluralism. Ellisha Nasruddin examines pluralism as manifested in the form of ethnic integration within work organisations. Göran Collste discusses the possibilities of moral and political consensus in nations characterised by religious pluralism. Edgar Almén describes the modern Swedish history of handling pluralism within religious education. Annika Rabo discusses family law and religious pluralism in Syria and, finally, Hans Ingvar Roth focuses on factors contributing to social and political polarisation and on conditions for a fruitful inter- and intra religious dialogue.

  • 5.
    Collste, Göran
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture, Center for Applied Ethics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Religious and Ethnic Pluralism in Malaysia2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Malaysia ethnic and religious pluralism goes hand in hand. Pluralism affects all sectors of society. Obviously it creates tensions but all the same Malaysia is remarkable as an example of how different ethnic and religious groups peacefully live side by side. In this book, Malaysian scholars write about how pluralism affects different areas of their society. They have different disciplinary backgrounds and they focus on a variety of aspects of religious pluralism: social relations, religious dialogue, legal pluralism, pluralism at the marketplace and how pluralism affects educational preferences. The authors point both at the possibilities and at the problems of religious pluralism in Malaysia.

  • 6.
    Gustafson, David M.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    D. L. Moody and Swedes: Shaping Evangelical Identity among Swedish Mission Friends 1867–18992008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The American Dwight L. Moody (1837–1899) was the most famous revivalist of the late 1800s and exercised a wide and lasting influence on the Protestant world, reaching Swedes in Sweden and America. His influence was felt among Swedes despite the fact that he was of English heritage, never visited Sweden or any Scandinavian country, and never spoke a word of the Swedish language. Nevertheless, he became a “hero” revivalist among Swedish Mission Friends in Sweden and America.

    Moody’s early ministry was centered in Chicago, the largest urban population of Swedes in the United States. In 1867, he first came into contact with Swedish immigrants in Chicago known as Mission Friends. The church that he founded, Chicago Avenue Church, later organized a Swedish fellowship. Many Swedes who immigrated to America, a land of religious pluralism, were eager to adopt Moody’s beliefs and methods. Fredrik Franson who joined Moody’s church became a proponent of the American revivalist’s beliefs and methods, spreading them in America, Sweden and other countries. E. A. Skogsbergh, a pioneer of the Mission Covenant in America, adopted Moody’s preaching style so much that he became known as “the Swedish Moody.”

    News of Moody’s large revival campaigns in Great Britain from 1873–1875 traveled quickly to Sweden, making “Mr. Moody” a household name in homes of many Mission Friends. Moody’s sermons published in Sweden were distributed in books, newspapers, and colporteur tracts, and led to the spread of Sweden’s “Moody fever” from 1875–1880. P. P. Waldenström cited Moody as an example of evangelical cooperation in events leading to the founding of Svenska Missionsförbundet (Swedish Mission Covenant). Songs of Moody’s musical partner, Ira D. Sankey, were translated into Swedish by Theodor Truvé and Erik Nyström and sung in homes and mission houses. Moody’s influence extended even to Sweden’s Archbishop Nathan Söderblom who during his college years attended Moody’s student conference at Northfield, Massachusetts. As Mission Friends adopted Moody’s alliance ideal, beliefs, and methods, their religious identity shifted in the direction of Moody’s new American evangelicalism.

  • 7.
    Larsson, Mats
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    De ”riktigt kristna”, deras ”wänner” och ”motståndare”: en lokal- och frikyrkohistorisk studie av Askers baptistförsamlings identitet och mentalitet, 1858−18872007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this work is to do a qualitative study of the identity of the Baptist congregation in Asker and the mentality which is created in that congregation during the period 1858–1887. The question at issue concerns the content, the creation, the continuity, the changes, the rate of exclusion, the expressions, etc of the identity and the mentality.The dissertation is divided into five parts: Part one (chapter 1–2) includes issues of theoretical and methodological interest. The purpose of part two (chapter 3–5) is to give some background information, to sketch the landscape in which the Baptist congregation of Asker is placed. Part three (chapter 6–13) is the main part of the dissertation, in which the results of the study of the eight selected areas are presented and analysed. Part four (chapter 14–15) is the part where the results of the studies of the different areas are put together and the whole picture of the identity and mentality of the congregation is presented. The conclusion is that the identity is constructed out of two kinds of relations, an inner religious and several outer relations, such as the Lutheran state church, the society, the history and so on. These relationships construct the identity. The congregation mediate their identity through preaching, through special institutions and through the normative common life of the congregation. The mentality of the congregation is characterized by spiritual rationality, dualistic thinking, insecure security, limited democracy, and assured faith and efficiency In the last fifth part we find some words for further study and thinking, two appendixes and the list of sources and literature.

  • 8.
    Lejon, Kjell O.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    “Conservative with a heart”: reflektioner över George W. Bushs “compassionate conservatism”2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    det ideologiska och praktiskpolitiska identitetsbygge som George W. Bush under sin presidentperiod arbetade med på den inrikespolitiska arenan fanns en rad ideologiska byggklossar som var hämtade från tankar omkring en ”compassionate conservatism”. Arbetet med bygget, som oftast skedde i skuggan av utrikespolitiska händelser, framskred på flera fronter under hela presidentperioden. Det ingick i en övergripande politisk policy med två inriktningar eller huvudmål, sammanfattningsvis beskrivna i det första installationstalet med orden ”justice” och ”compassion.”

    Målen återkom exempelvis i ett ”fund-raising letter” daterat den 23 maj 2003. I detta brev nämnde Bush att hans arbete syftade dels till ”expanding peace and freedom throughout the world” – en policy som drabbades hårt av den svåra politiska och militära utvecklingen i Irak och Afganistan, dels till att hjälpa nationen att bli mer ”compassionate and prosperous”.

    Bush kunde i sammanhanget mycket förenklat beskriva sin egen ”compassionate conservatism” med att säga att han var en ”conservative with a heart”. Detta skedde till exempel när han tillfrågades om varför han så starkt betonade god undervisning för alla barn och det därtill hörande temat ”No Child Left Behind”. I installationstalet förklarade Bush vidare: ”America, at its best, is compassionate”. Bakom dessa ord och bakom ett flertal politiska ställningstaganden fanns naturligtvis sammansatta och komplicerade drivkrafter. Flera av de byggklossar som i Bushs politiska och praktiska identitetsbygge bildade själva fundamentet hade otvetydiga kopplingar till en religiöst präglad övertygelse. För att fullt ut kunna förstå den politiska frågan krävs därför även kännedom om dess religio-politiska kontext.

    Syftet med detta arbete är att från religionsvetenskaplig synvinkel på ett introducerande sätt presentera några reflektioner över religionens roll för George W. Bushs ”compassionate conservatism.”

  • 9.
    Lejon, Kjell O.
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    E Pluribus Unum?: Studier i religiös identitet och pluralism2003Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this volume, three examples of studies in religious identity and pluralism are given by researchers at the Department of Religion and Culture, Linköping University.

    Associate Professor Håkan Ulfgard focuses on some fundamental perceptions of biblical and Jewish identity formation.

    Associate Professor Kjell O. Lejon describes how the religious and political history of the United States of America have formed identity marks of the American civil religion, and gives examples of how they have been used historically, especially in a political context.

    Professor Göran Collste brings up questions concerning political ethics and philosophy based upon experiences in multiethnic and multi religious Malaysia.

  • 10.
    Lejon, Kjell O.
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    The Inauguration Ceremony as Public Theology: The cases of George H. W. Bush and Barack Obama2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The religio-political setting of the Inauguration Ceremonies—with songs, pastors, presidential addresses, prayers, blessings etc.—is clearly revealing an American sentiment, which includes an interconnection between patriotism and Christianity. “God bless America” and “One nation under God” are common themes as well as other references related to Religious and often specifically Christian theological viewpoints. It is argued that the ceremonies themselves not only reveal parts of a general civil religion,  but in fact they become proclamations of a specific American public theology. They form a sort of rites-de-passage of the nation, bringing forward a new President; from now on acting not only as a political leader but also as a sort of a pastor (priest and/or prophet) of the nation, using the White House as an impressive pulpit. The type of religious dimension presented in the presidential inauguration ceremonies of Bush Sr. and Obama has often been described as civil religion, but the outspoken theological content is not fully compatible with French sociological theory or German sociological theory, which are often used to describe civil religion. Therefore, a more accurate description of the modern American version is “public theology.”

  • 11.
    Roitto, Rikard
    Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Behaving as a Christ‐Believer: A Cognitive Perspective on Identity and Behavior Norms in Ephesians2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study contributes to the understanding of how first century Christ-believers, particularly those who shared the imagination of Ephesians, experienced the relation between their social identity as Christ-believers and behavior norms. In order to understand this, a number of theories from the cognitive sciences are used in combination with historical-critical methods. After a theoretical survey of relevant cognitive theories and discussions about the epistemological problems of using cognitive theories on historical texts, the theories are used to understand a) how Ephesians imagines the relation between identity and behavior norms and b) the potential group dynamic effects of this imagination. The result is a demonstration of how Ephesians is able to create a coherent narrative, beginning with God’s agency and ending with behavior (norms), and facilitating psychological and group dynamic effects such as intergroup distinction, selfesteem, cognitive certainty and consensus among group members, intragroup cooperation, moral judgment and nclusion/marginalization, motivation to remain committed and, last but not least, a sense of capacity and obligation to act morally.

  • 12.
    Roth, Hans Ingvar
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Identitet och pluralism: En forskningsöversikt med särskild hänsyn till religionsvetenskapliga aspekter2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    his research report, written by Dr. Hans Ingvar Roth, M.Litt. (Oxon), Th.D. (Lund), is an attempt to give an overview of the growing academic research field »Identity and Pluralism», with specific emphasis on historical, contemporary and potential contributions of Theology and Religious Studies. The report argues that Theology and Religious Studies could make valuable contributions in this area. This becomes obvious, e.g. with reference to the current debate on multiculturalism.

    This volume also includes a brief introduction to the research education in Identity and Pluralism at the Department of Religion and Culture, Linköping University, written by Dr. Kjell O. Lejon, Associate Professor and Director of Research at the department.

  • 13.
    Sunnliden, Håkan
    Linköping University, Department of Religion and Culture. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
    Framväxten av en postmodern kyrkomodell?: Ralph W. Neighbour Jr. och The Cell Group Church2007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is written at the multi-disciplinary research school Identity and Pluralism−and also within the subject of Church History−at the Department of Culture and Communication, University of Linkoping, Sweden.

    In the thesis the rise of the Cell Group Church is explained. Further the Cell Group Church is analyzed with help of questions regarding identity and pluralism. The author conceives a basis of identity, an approach to define cell-structured churches. This basis can in turn constitute a premise for continued research. Furthermore adequate criteria to evaluate the movement are put forth.

    The dissertation poses three main questions. How was the Cell Group Church formed? Is it possible to identify the Cell Group Church with help of identity markers? What criteria are appropriate to use for an evaluation of the Cell Group Church?

    The concept of the Cell Group Church was coined by Dr. Ralph W. Neighbour and it is he and his book ‘Where Do We Go From Here?’ which are the eye-catchers in this thesis. In what way might Neighbour’s own personal development have affected the design? The intention is not to make a psychological study of Neighbour’s persona, but to weigh in some decisive events that are found in Neighbour’s own biography and that might have affected the design of the Cell Group Church. But influence also has occurred from the outside. What has happened when the Cell Group Church has met the congregations of reality in Korea, Singapore, The Ivory Coast and Columbia? What has Neighbour modified and what in the Cell Group Church has endured? Within the given frame, 1965-2006, there has been an interaction going on between Neighbour and his personal development on the one side and his encounters with reality on the other. In this tension a process of reform is growing. The author will highlight what is lasting in this process, what stands for continuity, and what means a change of identity. The method is to begin with historically descriptive but devolves into being analytical.

    This thesis contributes to the basic research in the field of the Cell Group Church. The movement of the Cell Church is a part of a forceful global course of events within Christianity. There are historians of religion and sociologists of religion who mean that a new kind of Christianity is forming in our times. The manner in which the Cell Group Church relates to its contemporary period is interesting both from international as well as Swedish conditions. Is the Cell Group Church an alternative that will replace the churches of old? Can the Cell Group Church contribute to the survival of the churches of old?

1 - 13 of 13
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