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Elserafy, Ahmed TaherORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5394-9082
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 39) Show all publications
Elserafy, A. T. (2024). Stem Cells, From A to B [Arabic]. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stem Cells, From A to B [Arabic]
2024 (Arabic)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

Have you ever thought about how our body compensates for lost cells? Have you heard about a new management line for several diseases using so-called stem cells? You may have heard about some pa<ents being defrauded with claims of stem cell therapy. 

When these magical cells and their therapeutic ability were discovered, many researchers and doctors believed that we found a cure for cureless conditions. Stem cells have amazing abilities to differentiate into various cells of the body, which is an indisputable fact, replacing damaged tissues in a manner similar to human spare parts. Thus, a new branch of medicine known as regenerative medicine has been emerged. The challenge is to harness these cells to respond adequately to the differentiation triggers. Also, the development of the protocols to introduce these cells into the body is a complex process. The mistake that a few medicals made was to rush the use of stem cells before establishing the conditions for treatment, including laboratory experiments and studies on experimental animals and groups of patients. These validations are required for licensing these cells as a medical treatment.

This book aims at providing basic information about stem cells and regenerative medicine from their scientific sources. In addition, the book highlights the current clinical studies, as well as future trends in this field.

Abstract [ar]

الملخص العربى

هل فكرت يوما كيف يعوض جسمنا خلاياه المفقودة؟ هل سمعت عن طريقة جديدة للتعامل مع العديد والعديد من الأمراض باستخدام ما يسمي بالخلايا الجذعية؟ ربما تكون قد سمعت عن بعض المرضى الذين تعرضوا للاحتيال بمزاعم العلاج بتلك الخلايا.

عند اكتشاف هذه الخلايا السحرية وقدرتها العلاجية٬ ظن الكثير من الباحثين والأطباء أنه قد توصلنا الى علاج لكل ما لا علاج له. فلهذه الخلايا قدرات مذهلة للتحور الي مختلف خلايا الجسم٬ وهذه حقيقة لا خلاف عليها٬ وبالتالى تعويض الأنسجة التالفة فيما يشبه قطع الغيار البشرية٬ مما أدي إلى ظهور فرع جديد من فروع الطب يعرف باسم الطب التجديدى. ولكن المشكلة تكمن في ترويض هذه الخلايا بحيث تستجيب لعملية التحور بدون إفراط ولا تفريط. كما أن وضع البروتوكولات لإدخال هذه الخلايا إلى الجسم هى عملية معقدة. وكان الخطأ الذي وقع فيه بعض الأطباء هو التعجل باستخدام الخلايا الجذعية قبل تحقيق شروط العلاج من تجارب معملية ودراسات علي حيوانات التجارب وعلي مجموعات من المرضى٬ وصولا إلى ترخيص هذه الخلايا كعلاج طبى.  

يهدف هذا الكتاب إلى تقديم المعلومات الأساسية عن الخلايا الجذعية والطب التجديدى من مصادرها العلمية، وصولا الى الدراسات الإكلينيكية، وكذلك الاتجاهات المستقبلية فى هذا المجال.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2024. p. 125
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-200799 (URN)10.3384/9789180755849 (DOI)9789180755832 (ISBN)9789180755849 (ISBN)
Note

Review: The book has been reviewed by four experienced researches.

Available from: 2024-02-12 Created: 2024-02-12 Last updated: 2024-02-28Bibliographically approved
Sami, M. M., Sherief, M. H., El-Abaseri, T. B., El-Sakka, A. I. & El-Serafi, A. T. (2023). Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 in urothelial bladder carcinoma in an Egyptian cohort: Clinical implication and prognostic significance. UROLOGIA JOURNAL, 90(2), 246-260
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 in urothelial bladder carcinoma in an Egyptian cohort: Clinical implication and prognostic significance
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2023 (English)In: UROLOGIA JOURNAL, ISSN 0391-5603, Vol. 90, no 2, p. 246-260Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Bladder cancer (BC) has a particular importance in Egyptian patients due to aggressive behavior and absence of prognostic markers. Objective: To evaluate the expression of gene and protein expression of HER2 and epidermal growth factor (EGFR) in Egyptian patients with BC and ultimately to investigate their clinical implication and prognostic significance. Material and methods: The study was carried out on 46 patients with urothelial bladder BC. Tissue were obtained from transurethral resection (N = 22) and radical cystectomy (N = 24) specimens. The original hematoxylin and eosin slides were re-evaluated and the formalin fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues which had sufficient tumor tissue (&gt;75%) and minimal or absent tumor necrosis were selected for immunohistochemistry (IHC) and RNA extraction. Furthermore, five control biopsies were obtained from patients with cystitis. Follow-up data were retrieved from the medical records which included the treatment regimen, disease recurrence and/or progression, and survival. Results: EGFR and HER2 protein were overexpressed in 35% and 46% of patients respectively. EGFR was correlated with the tumor size, grade and pathological stage, with a similar trend for HER2. The recurrence rate was higher in patients with expression of any of the markers. Gene expression was significantly higher (10.6-folds) for EGFR and (21-folds) for HER2 in patients with BC in comparison to control patients. Survival analysis showed lower median disease-free survival in association with HER2 protein overexpression. Conclusions: Our data highlighted the prognostic significance of EGFR and HER in BC and proposed their possible use as predictive markers and potential therapeutic targets.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2023
Keywords
Bladder cancer; HER1; HER2; EGFR; survival; bilharziasis
National Category
Urology and Nephrology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-191849 (URN)10.1177/03915603221150965 (DOI)000922492400001 ()36670543 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-02-21 Created: 2023-02-21 Last updated: 2024-04-30Bibliographically approved
Dogan, S., Elmasry, M., Elserafy, A. T., Sjöberg, F., Vuola, J., Kankuri, E., . . . Lindford, A. (2022). A prospective dual-centre intra-individual controlled study for the treatment of burns comparing dermis graft with split-thickness skin auto-graft. Scientific Reports, 12(1), Article ID 21666.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A prospective dual-centre intra-individual controlled study for the treatment of burns comparing dermis graft with split-thickness skin auto-graft
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2022 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 12, no 1, article id 21666Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To investigate if donor and recipient site morbidity (healing time and cosmesis) could be reduced by a novel, modified split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) technique using a dermal component in the STSG procedure (DG). The STSG technique has been used for 150 years in surgery with limited improvements. Its drawbacks are well known and relate to donor site morbidity and recipient site cosmetic shortcomings (especially mesh patterns, wound contracture, and scarring). The Dermal graft technique (DG) has emerged as an interesting alternative, which reduces donor site morbidity, increases graft yield, and has the potential to avoid the mesh procedure in the STSG procedure due to its elastic properties. A prospective, dual-centre, intra-individual controlled comparison study. Twenty-one patients received both an unmeshed dermis graft and a regular 1:1.5 meshed STSG. Aesthetic and scar assessments were done using The Patient and Observer Scar Assessment Scale (POSAS) and a Cutometer Dual MPA 580 on both donor and recipient sites. These were also examined histologically for remodelling and scar formation. Dermal graft donor sites and the STSG donor sites healed in 8 and 14 days, respectively (p < 0.005). Patient-reported POSAS showed better values for colour for all three measurements, i.e., 3, 6, and 12 months, and the observers rated both vascularity and pigmentation better on these occasions (p < 0.01). At the recipient site, (n = 21) the mesh patterns were avoided as the DG covered the donor site due to its elastic properties and rendered the meshing procedure unnecessary. Scar formation was seen at the dermal donor and recipient sites after 6 months as in the standard scar healing process. The dermis graft technique, besides potentially rendering a larger graft yield, reduced donor site morbidity, as it healed faster than the standard STSG. Due to its elastic properties, the DG procedure eliminated the meshing requirement (when compared to a 1:1.5 meshed STSG). This promising outcome presented for the DG technique needs to be further explored, especially regarding the elasticity of the dermal graft and its ability to reduce mesh patterns. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT05189743) 12/01/2022. © 2022, The Author(s).

Keywords
burns, cicatrix, dermis, humans, prospective studies, skin transplantation
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-190855 (URN)10.1038/s41598-022-25346-4 (DOI)001015461100020 ()36522434 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85144147270 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding: Linkoping University; Department of Plastic and Hand Surgery Linkoping University Hospital; Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linkoping University, Linkoping

Available from: 2023-01-03 Created: 2023-01-03 Last updated: 2024-01-10
Steinvall, I., Elmasry, M., Abdelrahman, I., El-Serafi, A. T., Fredrikson, M. & Sjöberg, F. (2022). ABO blood group and effects on ventilatory time, length of stay and mortality in major burns a retrospective observational outcome study. Burns, 48(4), 785-790
Open this publication in new window or tab >>ABO blood group and effects on ventilatory time, length of stay and mortality in major burns a retrospective observational outcome study
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2022 (English)In: Burns, ISSN 0305-4179, E-ISSN 1879-1409, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 785-790Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Blood group has been found to be important in the development of many diseases and the outcome of several disease processes, especially cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, such as caused by trauma and sepsis. The main reason is claimed to be related to glycobiology and effects mediated through the endothelium. This study investigated the possible effect of blood group (ABO) on burn care outcome. Burn outcome prediction models are extremely accurate and as such can be used to identify outcome effects even in single centre settings. In this retrospective risk adjusted observational study, we investigated the effect of ABO blood group on ventilatory time, length of hospital stay (LOS), and 90 day mortality among patients with burns. RESULTS: A total of 225 patients were included (2008-2019) with median TBSA of 26%; interquartile range (IQR) of 20-37%; median age 45 years (IQR 22-65 years); median Baux score (age + TBSA%); 76 (IQR 53- 97); 168 (75%) were male; median duration of hospital stay was 31 days (IQR 19-56); a total of 138 (61%) received treatment with mechanical ventilation; and 29 (13%) died. In a multivariable regression model, we were unable to isolate any significant effect of any blood group (O, A, B, AB) on the outcome measures studied (ventilatory time, LOS, and mortality). IN SUMMARY: contrary to many other major areas of disease in which ABO blood groups affect outcome, we were unable to find any such effect on patients with burns. Given the precision of the outcome models presented (AUC 0.93) any such an effect, if missed due to the limited study cohort, may be considered limited and to have only a minor clinical impact.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2022
Keywords
ICU; Large burns; Mortality prediction; Survival; Total Body Surface area burned (TBSA %)
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-183534 (URN)10.1016/j.burns.2022.02.001 (DOI)000833489400007 ()35227532 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85125505549 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Carnegie foundation (Stockholm, Sweden); Queen Victoria Foundation (Stockholm, Sweden); Department of Hand Surgery, Plastic Surgery and Burns, Linkoping University Hospital; Linkoping University Linkoping, Sweden

Available from: 2022-03-17 Created: 2022-03-17 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Alghfeli, L., Parambath, D., Eldeen, L. A. T., El-Serafi, I. & El-Serafi, A. T. (2022). Non-additive effect of the DNA methylation inhibitor, 5-Aza-dC, and glass as a culture surface on osteogenic differentiation. Heliyon, 8(12), Article ID e12433.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Non-additive effect of the DNA methylation inhibitor, 5-Aza-dC, and glass as a culture surface on osteogenic differentiation
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2022 (English)In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 8, no 12, article id e12433Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The clinical need for bone regenerative solutions is expanding with increasing life expectancy and escalating incidence of accidents. Several strategies are being investigated to enhance the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. We previously reported two different approaches for this purpose, in monolayer and three-dimensional cell culture. The first approach was based on pretreating cells with 5-Aza-dC, a DNA methylation inhibitor, before the applying the differentiation media. The second approach was based on culturing cells on a glass surface during differentiation. In this study, we investigated the potential effect of combining both methods. Our results sug-gested that both approaches were associated with decreasing global DNA methylation levels. Cells cultured as a monolayer on glass surface showed enhancement in alkaline phosphatase activity at day 10, while 5-Aza-dC pretreatment enhanced the activity at day 5, irrespective of the culture surface. In three-dimensional pellet cul-ture, 5-Aza-dC pretreatment enhanced osteogenesis through Runx-2 and TGF-beta 1 upregulation while the glass surface induced Osterix.Furthermore, pellets cultured on glass showed upregulation of a group of miRNAs, including pro-osteogenesis miR-20a and miR-148b and anti-osteogenesis miR-125b, miR-31, miR-138, and miR-133a. Interestingly, 5-Aza-dC was not associated with a change of miRNAs in cells cultured on tissue culture plastic but reverted the upregulated miRNAs on the glass to the basal level. This study confirms the two approaches for enhancing osteogenic differentiation and contradicts their combination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2022
Keywords
Stem cells; Regenerative medicine; Osteogenesis; Bone; miRNA; Glass; Biomaterial; Epigenetic modi fier; Epigenetics
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-191206 (URN)10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e12433 (DOI)000904142900007 ()36590514 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|University of Sharjah; [180-1090-127P]

Available from: 2023-01-25 Created: 2023-01-25 Last updated: 2023-05-03
Steinvall, I., Elmasry, M., Abdelrahman, I., Elserafy, A. T. & Sjöberg, F. (2021). Addition of admission lactate levels to Baux score improves mortality prediction in severe burns.. Scientific Reports, 11(1), Article ID 18038.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Addition of admission lactate levels to Baux score improves mortality prediction in severe burns.
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2021 (English)In: Scientific Reports, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 18038Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Risk adjustment and mortality prediction models are central in optimising care and for benchmarking purposes. In the burn setting, the Baux score and its derivatives have been the mainstay for predictions of mortality from burns. Other well-known measures to predict mortality stem from the ICU setting, where, for example, the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS 3) models have been found to be instrumental. Other attempts to further improve the prediction of outcome have been based on the following variables at admission: Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (aSOFA) score, determinations of aLactate or Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio (aNLR). The aim of the present study was to examine if estimated mortality rate (EMR, SAPS 3), aSOFA, aLactate, and aNLR can, either alone or in conjunction with the others, improve the mortality prediction beyond that of the effects of age and percentage total body surface area (TBSA%) burned among patients with severe burns who need critical care. This is a retrospective, explorative, single centre, registry study based on prospectively gathered data. The study included 222 patients with median (25th-75th centiles) age of 55.0 (38.0 to 69.0) years, TBSA% burned was 24.5 (13.0 to 37.2) and crude mortality was 17%. As anticipated highest predicting power was obtained with age and TBSA% with an AUC at 0.906 (95% CI 0.857 to 0.955) as compared with EMR, aSOFA, aLactate and aNLR. The largest effect was seen thereafter by adding aLactate to the model, increasing AUC to 0.938 (0.898 to 0.979) (p < 0.001). Whereafter, adding EMR, aSOFA, and aNLR, separately or in combinations, only marginally improved the prediction power. This study shows that the prediction model with age and TBSA% may be improved by adding aLactate, despite the fact that aLactate levels were only moderately increased. Thereafter, adding EMR, aSOFA or aNLR only marginally affected the mortality prediction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nature Publishing Group, 2021
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-179204 (URN)10.1038/s41598-021-97524-9 (DOI)000694868000037 ()34508143 (PubMedID)
Note

Fundin agencies: Open access funding provided by Linköping University. This study was funded by the department of Hand Surgery, Plastic Surgery and Burns, and Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; The Carnegie Foundation; and the research fund of King Gustaf the 5th and Queen Victoria, Stockholm, Sweden.

Available from: 2021-09-13 Created: 2021-09-13 Last updated: 2024-01-10Bibliographically approved
Khan, A. A., Khattak, M. N., Parambath, D. & El-Serafi, A. T. (2021). Significant transcriptomic changes are associated with the inhibitory effects of 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine during adipogenic differentiation of MG-63 cells. SAUDI JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 28(12), 7336-7348
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Significant transcriptomic changes are associated with the inhibitory effects of 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine during adipogenic differentiation of MG-63 cells
2021 (English)In: SAUDI JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, ISSN 1319-562X, Vol. 28, no 12, p. 7336-7348Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Our previous study revealed that the treatment of 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine (5-aza) inhibited while treatment of suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) enhanced the adipogenic differentiation of MG-63 cells. In this study, we examined the transcriptomic profiles of the derived adipocyte-like cells from MG-63 cells in the presence of 5-aza (Treatment 1) and SAHA (Treatment 2). Genome wide expression analysis showed high within sample variability for the adipocytes derived with 5-aza versus vehicle. Additionally, the expression profile of 5-aza derived cells was separated from the other sample groups. Differential analysis on the pairwise comparison of 5-aza versus control and SAHA versus 5-aza identified 1290 and 1086 differentially expressed (DE) genes, respectively. Furthermore, some overlap was observed between the up and down-regulated DE genes of 5-aza versus control and SAHA versus control (jaccard score 0.3) as well as between the differentially regulated genes of 5-aza versus control and 5-aza versus SAHA (jaccard score 0.29). A total of 73 transcription factors (TFs) were differentially expressed across all the pair wise comparisons with some overlap between the under and over expressed TFs of 5-aza versus control and 5-aza versus SAHA (jaccard score 0.29). Unsupervised clustering of TFs showed that the samples within the group are consistent in expression and the samples cluster in accordance with the group. Several GO terms related to enhanced adipogenesis such as neutral lipid biosynthetic process, lipid metabolic processes, cellular amide metabolic processes and cellular carbohydrate metabolic processes were enriched in the down regulated genes of 5-aza derived adipocytes versus control, indicating 5aza inhibit the adipogenic differentiation of MG-63 cells. GSEA analysis on selected gene sets of MAPK and PI3K signaling pathway in MSigDB identified the pathways were up-regulated in 5-aza versus control. This study revealed that inhibition of MG-63 adipogenesis due to 5-aza treatment is associated with large transcriptomics changes and further research is needed to unravel the roles of these genes in the adipogenesis. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of King Saud University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER, 2021
Keywords
Adipogenesis; Adipogenesis Transcriptomics analysis; MG-63 cells; Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid; 5-Aza-2-deoxycytidine
National Category
Medical Biotechnology (with a focus on Cell Biology (including Stem Cell Biology), Molecular Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry or Biopharmacy)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-181441 (URN)10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.08.033 (DOI)000720909000018 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|Al Jalila FoundationAl Jalila Foundation (AJF) [AJF201533]; Sheikh Hamdan Bin Rashid Al Maktoum Award for Medical Sciences [MRG-6112013-2014]

Available from: 2021-11-29 Created: 2021-11-29 Last updated: 2022-03-25
Alghfeli, L., Parambath, D., Manzoor, S., Roach, H. I., Oreffo, R. O. C. & El-Serafi, A. T. (2021). Synthesis of scaffold-free, three dimensional, osteogenic constructs following culture of skeletal osteoprogenitor cells on glass surfaces. Bone Reports, 15, Article ID 101143.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthesis of scaffold-free, three dimensional, osteogenic constructs following culture of skeletal osteoprogenitor cells on glass surfaces
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2021 (English)In: Bone Reports, E-ISSN 2352-1872, Vol. 15, article id 101143Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Efficient differentiation of stem cells into three-dimensional (3D) osteogenic construct is still an unmet challenge. These constructs can be crucial for patients with bone defects due to congenital or traumatic reasons. The modulation of cell fate and function as a consequence of interaction with the physical and chemical properties of materials is well known. Methods: The current study has examined the osteogenic differentiation potential of human skeletal populations following culture on glass surfaces, as a monolayer, or in glass tubes as a pellet culture. The 3D prosperities were assessed morphometrically and the differentiation was evaluated through molecular characterization as well as matrix formation. Results: Early temporal expression of alkaline phosphatase expression of skeletal populations was observed following culture on glass surfaces. Skeletal populations seeded on glass tubes, adhered as a monolayer to the tube base and subsequently formed 3D pellets at the air-media interface. The pellets cultured on glass displayed 4.9 +/- 1.3 times the weight and 2.9 +/- 0.1 the diameter of their counterpart cultured in plastic tubes and displayed enhanced production of osteogenic matrix proteins, such a collagen I and osteonectin. The size and weight of the pellets correlated with surface area in contrast to cell numbers seeded. Global DNA methylation level was decreased in pellets cultured on glass. In contrast, gene expression analysis confirmed upregulation extracellular matrix proteins and osteogenesis-related growth factors. Conclusion: This simple approach to the culture of skeletal cells on glass tubes provides a scaffold-free, 3D construct platform for generating pellets enabling analysis and evaluation of tissue development and integration of multiple constructs with implications for tissue repair and regenerative application on scale-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER, 2021
Keywords
Osteoprogenitor cells; Pellets; 3D culture; Osteogenesis; Differentiation
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-180885 (URN)10.1016/j.bonr.2021.101143 (DOI)000711380900004 ()
Note

Funding Agencies|University of Sharjah, UAE; Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UKUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)

Available from: 2021-11-08 Created: 2021-11-08 Last updated: 2024-04-30
El-Serafi, A., He, R., Zheng, W., Benkossou, F., Oerther, S., Zhao, Y., . . . Hassan, M. (2021). Vitamin D levels and busulphan kinetics in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, a multicenter study. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 56, 807-817
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Vitamin D levels and busulphan kinetics in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, a multicenter study
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2021 (English)In: Bone Marrow Transplantation, ISSN 0268-3369, E-ISSN 1476-5365, Vol. 56, p. 807-817Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Vitamin D (Vit-D), an essential nutrient, interacts with different drugs including chemotherapeutic agents like busulphan, an alkylating agent used for conditioning prior to stem cell transplantation. The correlation between Vit-D plasma levels and busulphan clearance was investigated in an uncontrolled prospective study in patients and mice. Plasma 25(OH)D levels were measured and busulphan pharmacokinetics calculated in 81 patients. Adults received oral busulphan (n = 34) while children received busulphan orally (n = 19) or intravenously (n = 28). Patients received no Vit-D supplementation. To confirm our findings, pharmacokinetics after a single dose of busulphan (oral or intravenous) were evaluated in two groups of mice (n = 60) receiving high or standard-level Vit-D supplementation. Both busulphan clearance (P &lt; 0.0001) and 25(OH)D levels (P = 0.0004) were significantly higher in adults compared to children. A significant negative correlation (P = 0.041) was found between busulphan clearance and 25(OH)D levels in children treated orally. No such correlation was observed in adults or in children receiving intravenous busulphan. In addition, no significant effect of Vit-D levels on busulphan pharmacokinetics in mice regardless of the administration route. In conclusion, 25(OH)D can affect oral busulphan pharmacokinetics in children and its level should be considered when personalizing oral busulphan treatment. Further studies are warranted to confirm the underlying mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGERNATURE, 2021
National Category
Hematology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-171539 (URN)10.1038/s41409-020-01091-y (DOI)000581834100001 ()33087877 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Cancer SocietySwedish Cancer Society [CAN2014/759]; Swedish Childhood Cancer Foundation [PR2017-0083]; KI funds [2018-02377, 2018-02344]; Radiumhemmets Research Funding [161082]

Available from: 2020-11-20 Created: 2020-11-20 Last updated: 2022-05-25
Lagerwall, C., Shahin, H., Abdallah, S., Steinvall, I., Elmasry, M., Sjöberg, F. & El-Serafi, A. T. (2021). Xeno-free workflow exhibits comparable efficiency and quality of keratinocytes isolated from human skin biopsies. Regenerative Therapy, 18, 401-407
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Xeno-free workflow exhibits comparable efficiency and quality of keratinocytes isolated from human skin biopsies
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2021 (English)In: Regenerative Therapy, ISSN 2352-3204, Vol. 18, p. 401-407Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction Regenerative solutions of the skin represent a hope for burn victims with extensive skin loss and chronic wound patients. The development of xeno-free workflow is crucial for clinical application in compliance with the directives of the European Medicines Agency. This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of the xeno-free isolation workflow of keratinocytes from human skin biopsy. Methods Skin biopsies were obtained from volunteers. The epidermis was digested with TrypLE™ Select, which was deactivated by dilution or with trypsin, deactivated by media with fetal bovine serum. Freshly isolated cells were compared for total cell number, viability, activity of caspase 3, gene expression and the presence of the keratinocyte surface markers cytokeratin 14. The cells were cultured in xeno-free conditions for one week and characterized regarding the number and viability as well as the metalloproteinase secretion. Results The number of obtained cells was similar in both workflows. The cell viability was less in the TrypLE group, with slight reduction of the cell surface marker cytokeratin 14. Caspase 3 activity was comparable as well as the gene expression of the apoptotic markers BAX, BCL2 and SLUG, as well as the keratinocyte markers cytokeratin 14, stratifin and filaggrin. Upon culture, the number of keratinocytes, their viability and secretion of matrix metalloproteinases 1 and 10 were equal in both groups. Conclusion This study reports the possibility of isolating functioning and viable keratinocytes through a xeno-free workflow for clinical application.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021
Keywords
Keratinocytes, Regenerative medicine, European medicines agency, Xeno-free, TrypLE, Trypsin
National Category
Surgery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-179790 (URN)10.1016/j.reth.2021.09.005 (DOI)000703088900050 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Centre for Advanced Medical Product, Sweden; Hand and Plastic Surgery Department, Linköping University Hospital, Region Östergötland, Sweden.

Available from: 2021-10-01 Created: 2021-10-01 Last updated: 2023-11-09Bibliographically approved
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ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5394-9082

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