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Berggren, C. & Karabag, S. F. (2023). Are efficient nuclear power projects possible? Lessons from Fenno- Swedish history. Kvartal.SE, 1-3
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are efficient nuclear power projects possible? Lessons from Fenno- Swedish history
2023 (English)In: Kvartal.SE, E-ISSN 2002-6269, p. 1-3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [en]

While the critics of nuclear power previously focused on safety risks, they now point to how modern nuclear power plant constructions are plagued by cost increases and excruciating delays, most recently in Finland's new Olkiluoto 3-plant, which was finally commissioned in early 2023. These problems are avoidable, however. In the 1970s and 1980s, Sweden and Finland managed to build 14 new reactors without any costly delays. Stepwise, sequential expansion, continuous improvements, and knowledge transfer based on long-term partnerships were the crucial parts of this forgotten achievement.

Keywords
Nuclear power, power plant projects, project sequence management, industry-government partnership
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-193731 (URN)10.13140/RG.2.2.24811.00802 (DOI)
Available from: 2023-05-15 Created: 2023-05-15 Last updated: 2023-05-24Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2023). Crises, Prolonged War, Sectoral Growth Opportunities. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 13(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crises, Prolonged War, Sectoral Growth Opportunities
2023 (English)In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 13, no 1Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Starting with a discussion of the contradictory trends shaping the global economy in the 2020s, this essay focuses on three technology-intensive sectors: defense, pharmaceuticals, and energy. In the defense sector, the Russian-Ukraine war and the tensions in East Asia ended a long period of slow growth with a ´call to arms´ and rearmament across OECD. The challenge of the Western industries now is to accelerate output and capacity in a broad range of sub-sectors and support the safe supply of weapons and spare parts to the Ukrainian army. Thus, RUW is also a battle between different skills in management, logistics, leadership, and training systems, which offers a rich arena for future research in these fields. 

In the pharmaceutical sector, the Covid-19 outbreak initiated another call to arms, and the industry was quick to respond by rapidly delivering new, effective vaccines. This coincided with a breakthrough for new approaches to cancer treatment, with a potential for major public health benefits, if the industry can handle the side effects and policymakers design cost-effective delivery systems with wide coverage. Again, this calls for focused research in the fields of management, innovation studies, and economics. 

The third sector discussed in this essay, electricity production, was caught in a perfect storm by the outbreak of the new war. However, the net effect seems to be a major increase in investments in renewables. This creates new challenges regarding, for example, system stability, combinations of flexible and nuclear-based power sources, and the cost-effective diffusion of renewables to emerging economies, thus another arena for important future research. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canada: JAEBR, 2023
Keywords
Crises, prolonged war, sectoral growth opportunities, defense industry, pharmaceutical industry, Green Energy
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-191696 (URN)10.13140/RG.2.2.34678.27207 (DOI)001025454600001 ()
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, 2020-024533
Note

Funding: Energimyndigheten, The Swedish Energy Agency [2020-024533]

Available from: 2023-02-08 Created: 2023-02-08 Last updated: 2023-09-12Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F. & Berggren, C. (2023). Dynamics of Catching Up: Exploring National, Sectoral, and Ownership Influences in Two Emerging Economy Firms. Journal of Management & Organization Studies, 8(2), 121-176
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dynamics of Catching Up: Exploring National, Sectoral, and Ownership Influences in Two Emerging Economy Firms
2023 (English)In: Journal of Management & Organization Studies, ISSN 2149-2646, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 121-176Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Extant literature has extensively studied innovation-capability building in emerging economy firms (EEFs) from South Korea and China, but tends to neglect EEFs in somewhat less successful emerging economies, like Brazil and Turkey. Compared to the Asian countries, Brazil and Turkey liberalized and opened up their markets to global competition and the investments of multinational enterprises (MNEs) earlier, which implied other opportunities as well as restrictions for innovation-capability building in local firms. By analyzing different ways of catching-up in two Turkish firms, this study reveals that, unlike the East Asian cases, national factors such as state support did not significantly promote the innovation activities. Instead, sectoral and firm-level factors, such as competition, learning trajectories, and technological dynamics were the key ones affecting the studied firms’ processes of innovation-capability building. These factors, particularly the learning trajectories, were heavily influenced by ownership characteristics. In one of the cases, the involvement of a Turkish diversified business group played a vital role in a locally engineered and independent learning process; in the other case, the technological and organizational learning process exploited the advantages of being a joint venture between a foreign multinational and a Turkish owner group. 

The study suggests that technological catch-up alone is insufficient for emerging economy firms. To build an enduring competitive advantage, they also need to develop organizational and international marketing capabilities. Thus, the alignment among technology innovation, marketing, and organizational capabilities is vital for a firm catch-up in competitive market environments. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Turkey: , 2023
Keywords
Innovation-capability building, catching up, technology-marketing-organization alignment, emerging economy firms
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-198647 (URN)10.15659/yoad.8.2.001 (DOI)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-03388Vinnova, 2022-00301
Available from: 2023-10-22 Created: 2023-10-22 Last updated: 2024-01-09Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2020). Sonderweg -The strange departure of Sweden from the Nordic model. Kvartal.se, Dec 19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sonderweg -The strange departure of Sweden from the Nordic model
2020 (English)In: Kvartal.se, ISSN 2002-6269, Vol. Dec 19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [en]

Nordic cooperation played an important role for Sweden’s economic and social success in the years after WWII. In the 1970s, however, Sweden started to turn away from its Nordic neighbors and in the following decades, the country embarked on a Sonderweg within key policy areas such as education, immigration, law enforcement, and, most recently, COVID-19 mitigation strategy. This essay compares Sweden with the surrounding Nordic countries and seeks to explain her divergent policy choices in terms of two factors: the erosion of the all-inclusive organizational structure that characterized Sweden during the heyday of “Model Suedois,” and the emergence of a fragmented complex of narrow interest groups without the previous ethics of responsibility.

A recurring theme in the analysis is Sweden´s reluctance to engage in constructivestudies of her Nordic neighbors. According to the World Happiness Index, the Nordic area ranks as the “happiest region in the world,” with Finland in a leading position. If Sweden can equip herself with a positive curiosity and willingness to learn, there may still be an opportunity to close the gap to her most successful Nordic neighbors. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: , 2020
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-173757 (URN)
Available from: 2021-03-06 Created: 2021-03-06 Last updated: 2022-03-07Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2020). Så blev Sverige Landet Annorlunda. Kvartal.se, Dec. 19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Så blev Sverige Landet Annorlunda
2020 (Swedish)In: Kvartal.se, ISSN 2002-6269, Vol. Dec. 19Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Det nordiska samarbetet spelade en viktig roll under Sveriges framgångsår efter andra världskriget. Men på 70- och 80-talen vände sig Sverige bort från Norden och Europa och slog in på en Sonderweg med en alltmer avvikande politik inom skola, invandringspolitik och brottsbekämpning, och nu senast coronastrategi.

Christian Berggren, professor emeritus i industriell organisation vid Linköpings universitet, jämför länderna och ser en förklaring till Sveriges tidigare framgångar i en korporativ styrning av samhället, där organisationer på arbetsmarknaden tvingades ta ansvar för den förda politiken. Men den modellen övergavs och blev ersatt med en global och idealistisk agenda. Intressegrupperna behövde inte längre stå för konsekvenserna av sina krav. Arvet efter framgångsåren märks i dag mest i en svensk ovilja att lära av övriga Norden. Men Sverige har fortfarande en möjlighet att finna vägen tillbaka till toppen i ”världens lyckligaste” region, menar Berggren.

Keywords
Norden, Sonderweg, exceptionalism
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-172287 (URN)
Available from: 2021-01-04 Created: 2021-01-04 Last updated: 2021-09-23Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2019). Dags att göra upp med Stockholmskriminologerna. Kvartal.se, 10 oktober
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dags att göra upp med Stockholmskriminologerna
2019 (Swedish)In: Kvartal.se, ISSN 2002-6269, Vol. 10 oktoberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

Tvärtemot vad tongivande kriminologer som professor Jerzy Sarnecki hävdar så tyder mycket forskning på att skärpta straff kan vara både bra och lönsamt för samhället och även sänka brottsligheten. Under vissa förutsättningar kan fängelsetid leda till bättre möjligheter för kriminella att återanpassa sig till samhället. Christian Berggren, som är skribent och professor emeritus i industriell organisation vid Linköpings universitet, har granskat forskningen och förespråkar en uppgörelse med den kriminalpolitiska ideologi som länge skymt sikten, både för vad som hänt i Sverige och vad som kan och bör göras. 

Keywords
gängkriminalitet, fängelse, inkapacitering, invandring, socioekonomiska faktorer.
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-170579 (URN)
Available from: 2020-10-15 Created: 2020-10-15 Last updated: 2021-09-20Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2019). The cumulative power of incremental innovation and the role of project sequence management. International Journal of Project Management, 37(3), 461-472
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The cumulative power of incremental innovation and the role of project sequence management
2019 (English)In: International Journal of Project Management, ISSN 0263-7863, E-ISSN 1873-4634, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 461-472Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In innovation and project management studies incremental development projects are perceived as theoreticlly and organisationallyuninteresting. By means of a longitudinal study of product improvement projects at an automobile firm, this paper challenges such views andshows how the cumulative impact of the studied sequence resulted in a competitive repositioning of the company's product portfolio during afinancially difficult period. Project managers achieved this by transcending the separation between exploration and exploitation projects; they notonly adhered to time, cost and quality goals but also tried out new ways of testing and experimenting with controversial technical ideas. The paperanalyzes the intensive inter project learning that generated these ambidextrous capabilities and emphasizes that practices at the project-level need tobe buttressed by expanded management learning and capability development also at the sequence level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon Press, 2019
Keywords
Incremental innovation; Project sequence; Exploration; Exploitation; Multi-project management; Ambidextrous; Longitudinal, inter project learning, resistance to change
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-156687 (URN)10.1016/j.ijproman.2019.01.014 (DOI)000465052400007 ()2-s2.0-85062416533 (Scopus ID)
Note

Funding agencies: Jan Wallanders research foundation at Svenska Handelsbanken, Stockholm; Tom Hedelius research foundation at Svenska Handelsbanken, Stockholm; Tore Browalds research foundation at Svenska Handelsbanken, Stockholm

Available from: 2019-05-08 Created: 2019-05-08 Last updated: 2019-06-12Bibliographically approved
Berggren, C. (2018). Bra saker på uppgång – Roslings världsbild är ensidigt positiv. Kvartal.se, 20 september
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bra saker på uppgång – Roslings världsbild är ensidigt positiv
2018 (Swedish)In: Kvartal.se, Vol. 20 septemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Abstract [sv]

KI-professorn Hans Rosling (1948-2017) nådde internationell stjärnstatus med sin personliga karisma och sitt positiva budskap om världens utveckling. Men hans evangelium såsom det presenteras i boken ”Factfulness” blandar på ett förledande sätt viktig statistik och tänkvärda insikter med ett ytterst ensidigt urval och en frånvaro av komplicerande diskussioner. En politik som utgår från denna förskönade världsbild kan få allvarliga konsekvenser, menar Christian Berggren, professor emeritus i industriell utveckling.

Keywords
Rosling, Factfulness, global utveckling, befolkningsökning, biologisk mångfald, migration
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-170600 (URN)
Available from: 2020-10-16 Created: 2020-10-16 Last updated: 2021-09-23Bibliographically approved
Magnusson, T. & Berggren, C. (2018). Competing innovationsystems and the need for redeployment in sustainability transitions. Technological forecasting & social change, 126, 217-230
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competing innovationsystems and the need for redeployment in sustainability transitions
2018 (English)In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509, Vol. 126, p. 217-230Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

According to sustainability transitions theories, innovation policies should create protective spaces (‘niches’) for promising new technologies. Moreover they should support a cumulative process of market formation and growth. Based on results from comparative case studies of two competing technological innovation systems for heavy transport (biogas and electrification), this paper argues that these recommendations are contradictory when technology alternatives with different degrees of maturity compete for the same niche. Should innovation policies open up the niche for the promising but immature alternative, or should they continue to support the technology that already has attained a niche position? If this contradiction remains unsolved, there is a risk for conflicts that block the progress of both alternatives. The paper suggests that there is a need for differentiated policies to resolve the contraction. In order to facilitate further development of both systems, the paper suggests that niche nurturing for immature systems needs to be combined with redeployment into new market segments for more mature systems. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Technological innovation system; strategic niche management; technology competition; system redeployment; market formation; niche accumulation
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-141195 (URN)10.1016/j.techfore.2017.08.014 (DOI)000419411000022 ()2-s2.0-85029231428 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Miljöbuss, BRC
Funder
VINNOVA, 2015-03536
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Energy Agency [DNR2013-6841]; Swedish Innovation Agency (VINNOVA) [2015-03536]

Available from: 2017-09-26 Created: 2017-09-26 Last updated: 2018-01-22Bibliographically approved
Karabag, S. F., Borah, D. J. & Berggren, C. (2018). Separation or Integration for Successful Acquisition?: A Comparative Study of Established and Emerging Economies' Firms. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 8(1), 1-23
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Separation or Integration for Successful Acquisition?: A Comparative Study of Established and Emerging Economies' Firms
2018 (English)In: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, E-ISSN 1927-033X, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Studies of the post-acquisition practices of established economy firms argue that integration is one of the most important factors that drives acquisition performance. Recent research suggests that firms from emerging economies may use different approaches in their acquisitions. However, there is a lack of studies of the post-acquisition strategies of emerging economy firms. This study presents an in-depth case study of the strategy of an emerging economy firm from a large business group after its acquisition of a classical brand-name company in a developed economy. Moreover, this strategy and its performance outcomes is compared with the strategy of the acquired firm´s previous owner, an established MNE from a leading OECD country. The study reveals that the emerging economy firm, Tata Motors, pursued a consistent separation strategy in all the investigated areas – human resource management, new product development, production, and marketing. Moreover, this separation strategy turned out to be much more successful than the integration strategy pursued by the previous owner, Ford Motors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Burnaby, Canada: Journal of Applied Economics and Business Research, 2018
Keywords
Post-acquisition organization strategy, separation, integration, emerging economies firm, automotive industry, Tata, Ford
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-146278 (URN)
Projects
This work was supported by VINNOVA, Sweden´s national innovation agency (grant number: 2014-03388)
Funder
Vinnova, 2014-03388
Available from: 2018-04-06 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2021-06-08Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-4233-5138

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