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Hansson, Per-Olof
Publications (10 of 20) Show all publications
Mwikal, M. P., Kalai, J. M., Okoth, U. & Hansson, P.-O. (2023). Influence of Organizational Values on Job Commitment of Public University Lecturers. Journal of Pedagogy, Andragogy and Heutagogy in Academic Practice (JPAHAP), 4(3), 65-86
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of Organizational Values on Job Commitment of Public University Lecturers
2023 (English)In: Journal of Pedagogy, Andragogy and Heutagogy in Academic Practice (JPAHAP), ISSN 2708-261X, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 65-86Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Values fostered by various organizations often have the potential to ignite various positive employee outcomes. Whereas previous scholars have documented those values such as corporate social responsibility (CSR), welfare programs, and teamwork are significant in influencing employee behaviour. However, how these values have influenced job commitment among university lecturers has not been highlighted. This is critical especially in universities like Nairobi and South Eastern which have experienced abnormally high turnover, absenteeism, and strike events of lecturer in the last five years. This study investigated the influence of organizational values on job commitment among lecturers at the University of Nairobi and South Eastern University. Specific objectives were to explore the influence of CSR on job commitment, analyse the influence of welfare programs on job commitment, and to determine the influence of teamwork on job commitment. The Theory of Equity by Adams was used to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was used on a target population of 56191 lecturers, deans and students from which 377 was derived as a sample size via Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) Table. Closed and open-ended questionnaire was used for data collection. Findings revealed that organizational values investigated contributes 63.4% variation in job commitment among lecturers in the University of Nairobi and South Eastern Kenya University (R2 =0.634). CSR (B=.473), welfare programs (B=0.488), and teamwork (B=0.484) are significant predictors (p=0.000) of job satisfaction among the lecturers. It is concluded that equitable provision of these values can lead to a significant improvement in lecturers’ job commitment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Nairobi, 2023
Keywords
Organizational values; Job Commitment; Corporate Social Responsibility; welfare programs
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-202628 (URN)
Available from: 2024-04-17 Created: 2024-04-17 Last updated: 2024-04-17
Pauline Mwikali, M., M. Kalai, J., Okoth, U. & Hansson, P.-O. (2023). Relationship between Goal-Orientation Culture and Job Commitment among Lecturers in Public Universities in Kenya. International Journal of Scientific Research and Management (IJSRM), 11(09), 1495-1507
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relationship between Goal-Orientation Culture and Job Commitment among Lecturers in Public Universities in Kenya
2023 (English)In: International Journal of Scientific Research and Management (IJSRM), E-ISSN 2321-3418, Vol. 11, no 09, p. 1495-1507Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

One of the management strategies which guides people and organizations to focus their efforts towards achievement of individual and organizational objectives is goal orientation. While it has been documented by previous researchers that learning goal as well as performance goal orientations are significant in influencing employee behaviour, how the same influence job commitment among university lecturers is still a matter of conjecture. This knowledge would be significant especially in the context of public universities in Kenya where missing lecture sessions are rampant on one hand, while more employers prefer graduates from Technical, Industrial and Vocational Enterprise Training (TIVET) institutions than university graduates, on the other hand. This study explored the influence of goal orientation culture on job commitment among lecturers at the University of Nairobi and South Eastern University. The hypothesis that: Organizational goal orientation culture does not have significant relationship with job commitment among lecturers at the Nairobi University and South Eastern Kenya University was tested. Self-determination theory (SDT) of motivation originated by Ryan and Deci was used to guide the study. Descriptive survey design was used on a target population of 56191 lecturers, Deans and students from which 377 was derived as a sample size via Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) Table. Closed and open-ended questionnaire was used for data collection, and regressions (at 0.05 level of significance) as well as thematic analyses used respectively to analyse quantitative and qualitative data. Findings revealed that 86.1% of changes in job commitment among the lecturers is attributed to goal-oriented culture (R2 =0.861), with goals related to timelines for examination result submission and number of units taught strictly adhered to. It is concluded that matching of the university and lecturers’ goals related to teaching timelines among others significantly enhance lecturers’ job commitment. Professional development opportunities for lecturers should be enhanced to improve their capacities, while challenges facing lecturers in enhancing their job commitment need further exploration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Valley International, 2023
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-202629 (URN)10.18535/ijsrm/v11i09.sh06 (DOI)
Available from: 2024-04-17 Created: 2024-04-17 Last updated: 2024-04-17
Jacobsson, J., Kowalski, J., Timpka, T., Hansson, P.-O., Spreco, A. & Dahlström, Ö. (2023). Universal prevention through a digital health platform reduces injury incidence in youth athletics (track and field): a cluster randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 57(6), 364-371
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Universal prevention through a digital health platform reduces injury incidence in youth athletics (track and field): a cluster randomised controlled trial
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2023 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 57, no 6, p. 364-371Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives To examine whether universal prevention via a digital health platform can reduce the injury incidence in athletics athletes aged 12-15 years and if club size had an influence on the effect of the intervention. Methods This was a cluster randomised trial where young athletics athletes were randomised through their club following stratification by club size into intervention (11 clubs; 56 athletes) and control (10 clubs; 79 athletes) groups. The primary endpoint was time from baseline to the first self-reported injury. Intervention group parents and coaches were given access to a website with health information adapted to adolescent athletes and were encouraged to log in and explore its content during 16 weeks. The control group continued training as normal. Training exposure and injury data were self-reported by youths/parents every second week, that is, eight times. The primary endpoint data were analysed using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to analyse the second study aim with intervention status and club size included in the explanatory models. Results The proportion of completed training reports was 85% (n=382) in the intervention group and 86% (n=545) in the control group. The injury incidence was significantly lower (HR=0.62; chi(2)=3.865; p=0.049) in the intervention group. The median time to first injury was 16 weeks in the intervention group and 8 weeks in the control group. An interaction effect between the intervention and stratification factor was observed with a difference in injury risk between athletes in the large clubs in the intervention group versus their peers in the control group (HR 0.491 (95% CI 0.242 to 0.998); p=0.049). Conclusions A protective effect against injury through universal access to health information adapted for adolescent athletes was observed in youth athletics athletes. The efficacy of the intervention was stronger in large clubs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP, 2023
Keywords
sociology; ecology; child
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-191038 (URN)10.1136/bjsports-2021-105332 (DOI)000904353700001 ()36564148 (PubMedID)
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council for Sport Science (CIF); [FO2017-0010]

Available from: 2023-01-17 Created: 2023-01-17 Last updated: 2024-05-02Bibliographically approved
Jacobsson, J., Mirkovic, D., Hansson, P.-O., Lundqvist, C., Mann, R. H. & Traneus, U. (2023). Youth athletes at Swedish sports high schools with an athletics specialism emphasise environmental support for injury risk management: a focus group study. BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, 9(2), Article ID e001527.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Youth athletes at Swedish sports high schools with an athletics specialism emphasise environmental support for injury risk management: a focus group study
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2023 (English)In: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine, Vol. 9, no 2, article id e001527Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we examined knowledge and understandingof sport-related injuries among youth athletics (track andfield) athletes and assessed their needs in managing anyhealth problems. Qualitative data were collected via 12focus groups with youth athletes (16–19 years) studying atSwedish sports high schools with an athletics specialism. Allfocus group discussions were audiorecorded and transcribedbefore being analysed using a thematic analysis approach.Four researchers independently reviewed the transcripts,generated codes and developed themes. Three overarchingthemes related to the athletes’ knowledge and understandingof sport-related injury were developed: (1) awareness ofinjuries, (2) perception of injuries, and (3) factors contributingto injuries. The youth athletes were typically uncertain abouthow to acknowledge a sport-related injury. They expressed thatknowledge about injuries was obtained in part by reflecting onthe lived experiences of their peers. It was also demonstratedthat there appears to be a ‘culture of acceptance’ regardinginjury occurrence. In contrast, causes of injuries were viewedas dependent on multiple factors (eg, lack of context-specificknowledge about training practices). Regarding athletes’needs in managing injuries, an additional three themes weredeveloped: (1) creating functioning elite sports environments,(2) application of knowledge and (3) fostering athletes. Anapparent lack of structure and organisation related to theschool environment was identified as an important issueto review to create opportunities for sustainable athleticdevelopment. The study identified areas that can be improvedin Swedish sports high schools with an athletic specialism andcould be applied in other youth sports contexts. The resultsof this study guide school stakeholders, alongside the sportgoverning bodies who have the mandate to influence activitiesin youth sports contexts, whereby special attention should bedirected towards improving the social environment for youthathletes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2023
National Category
Other Medical Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-193686 (URN)10.1136/bmjsem-2022-001527 (DOI)000990117400003 ()37200774 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2023-05-12 Created: 2023-05-12 Last updated: 2023-06-14
Hansson, P.-O. & Powell, J. (2022). The outcome of teaching is seeing the unseen: awareness of your own attitudes, values and rights. In: Josephine Moate (Ed.), Reimagining Creative Democracy: ReCreaDe the Book: (pp. 132-147). Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The outcome of teaching is seeing the unseen: awareness of your own attitudes, values and rights
2022 (English)In: Reimagining Creative Democracy: ReCreaDe the Book / [ed] Josephine Moate, Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä , 2022, p. 132-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In recent decades, pre-corona, we have seen unprecedented progress towards achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) concerning access to water, sanitation, education, and poverty reduction and increased life expectancy. However, human rights are not a similar success story. During the pandemic we have experienced in many countries police brutality and violation of rights. Post-corona education therefore has an essential role in promoting human rights, gender equality and democracy and thus supporting, strengthening and rebuilding quality education for all. Research has shown that effective education programmes can reduce misinformation, increase knowledge, strengthen positive values and attitudes, increase skills to make informed decisions and act upon them, and improve perceptions of social norms (UNESCO, 2009).  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jyväskylä: University of Jyväskylä, 2022
Series
JYU Reports, ISSN 2737-0046 ; 14
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-202631 (URN)9789513993627 (ISBN)
Available from: 2024-04-17 Created: 2024-04-17 Last updated: 2024-05-07Bibliographically approved
Samuelsson, M., Prytz, C., Hansson, P.-O., Ludvigsson, D. & Höög, M.-L. (2022). Träning av praktisk ämnesdidaktik i virtuell praktik: pedagogiskt utvecklingsprojekt för e-lärande 2020. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Träning av praktisk ämnesdidaktik i virtuell praktik: pedagogiskt utvecklingsprojekt för e-lärande 2020
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2022 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Den praktiska ämnesdidaktik som projektet fokuserat på var en virtuell praktik, en lärarledd simuleringsundervisning med fem virtuella elever. Träningen på att undervisa de virtuella eleverna följdes av återkoppling som gavs av en ämnesdidaktiker i historia och en i samhällskunskap. Den virtuella praktiken bakades in som ett obligatoriskt moment i två campusförlagda kurser för blivande ämneslärare, i historia respektive samhällskunskap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2022. p. 21
Keywords
Didaktik
National Category
Didactics Pedagogy History and Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-188802 (URN)
Projects
Pedagogiskt utvecklingsprojekt för e-lärande 2020
Available from: 2022-09-26 Created: 2022-09-26 Last updated: 2022-11-10Bibliographically approved
Hansson, P.-O. (2021). Teaching Practice Online: Challenges in Japan, India and Kenya Under Pandemic. IAFOR Journal of Education, 9(2), 77-91
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teaching Practice Online: Challenges in Japan, India and Kenya Under Pandemic
2021 (English)In: IAFOR Journal of Education, ISSN 2187-0594, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 77-91Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The coronavirus pandemic affected the whole world in 2020, with high pressure on the health sector, many deaths, reduced business activity, rising unemployment rates, travel restrictions and social distancing. These developments have had severe consequences for all areas of every society around the globe. This also includes education. In many countries, primary and secondary pupils and university students alike were sent home as schools and universities closed abruptly as part of efforts to control the spread of the virus. As teaching moved online, learners and teachers were unprepared for the new situation, which posed a unique set of challenges. In this context, trainee teachers at a Swedish university were encouraged to support online teaching at schools in Japan, India and Kenya. The purpose of the digital internship was threefold: to continue the trainees’ teaching placements in the absence of opportunities for in-class teaching; to provide an opportunity for trainee teachers to develop their own competence in online teaching; and to assist the foreign schools in the challenging task of delivering online classes. This article aims to investigate the challenges faced by pupils in Japanese, Indian and Kenyan schools and by 27 Swedish trainee teachers during this project. Data collection consisted of interviews, an online questionnaire, lesson observations, assessment forms, and reports given by trainees. The main challenges identified through our findings included internet access in host countries, the use of a teacher-centred approach to learning, and difficulty for trainees to relate to the pupils’ life conditions. However, we conclude that the trainee teachers increased their global awareness through a climate-friendly alternative to the traditional teaching placement abroad.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The International Academic Forum, 2021
Keywords
COVID-19, challenges, lockdown, online teaching, trainee teachers
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-174916 (URN)10.22492/ije.9.2.05 (DOI)
Available from: 2021-04-08 Created: 2021-04-08 Last updated: 2021-04-29
(2020). Digitalisering av lärares undervisning: Översikt och exempel från examensarbeten vid ämneslärarprogrammet i samhällskunskap. Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Digitalisering av lärares undervisning: Översikt och exempel från examensarbeten vid ämneslärarprogrammet i samhällskunskap
2020 (Swedish)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Denna publikation är en del av rapportserien DINO – Digitalisering i nya offentligheter. Syftet med rapportserien är att publicera tidiga forskningsresultat som handlar om samhällets digitalisering i vid mening, och särskilt det som sker inom och i relation till offentliga verksamheter.

Digitaliseringen av skolan handlar om ett offentligt sammanhang i allra högsta grad. Och bland lärarstudenterna som vi handleder på ämneslärarprogrammet i samhällsvetenskap har kraven på att arbeta med digitala verktyg och att ha digital kompetens fångat mångas intresse och uppmärksamhet. Vi vill därför ge en inblick i den kunskap som skapas kring temat i den här rapporten. Rapporten vänder sig till en intresserad allmänhet, men även forskare och universitetslärare som undervisar lärarstudenter, lärarstudenter som står i startgroparna för att skriva examensarbeten, samt aktiva lärare som vill få inblick i kollegors utmaningar och tillvägagångssätt när det gäller digitaliseringen och användningen av digitala verktyg i undervisningen.

I rapporten vill vi dela med oss av relevanta sätt att studera och förstå hur lärare i grundskola och på gymnasiet kan undervisa med digitala verktyg, hur studenterna kan arbeta för att fånga detta, samt visa på resultat som framkommit ur examensarbetena.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2020. p. 35
Series
DINO Rapport ; 2020:4
Keywords
Digitalisering, Datorer och samhälle, Informationskompetens, Digital kompetens, Lärare, Grundskola, Gymnasieskola
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Public Administration Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-164146 (URN)
Available from: 2020-03-06 Created: 2020-03-06 Last updated: 2020-03-06Bibliographically approved
Dahlström, Ö., Adami, P. E., Fagher, K., Jacobsson, J., Bargoria, V., Gauffin, H., . . . Timpka, T. (2020). Efficacy of pre-participation cardiac evaluation recommendations among athletes participating in World Athletics Championships. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 27(14), 1480-1490
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficacy of pre-participation cardiac evaluation recommendations among athletes participating in World Athletics Championships
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2020 (English)In: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881, Vol. 27, no 14, p. 1480-1490Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Athletes competing in athletics (track and field) at international level may be participating with underlying undiagnosed life-threatening cardiovascular conditions. Our objective was to analyse variations in pre-participation cardiac evaluation prevalence among athletes participating in two International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) World Athletics Championships, with regard to the human developmental level and global region of their home countries, as well as athletes’ age category, gender, event group and medical insurance type.

Design Cross-sectional web-based survey.MethodsA total of 1785 athletes competing in the IAAF World Under 18 Championships Nairobi 2017 and World Championships London 2017 were invited to complete a pre-participation health questionnaire investigating the experience of a pre-participation cardiac examination.

Results A total of 704 (39%) of the athletes participated. Among these, 59% (60% of women; 58% of men) reported that they had been provided at least one type of pre-participation cardiac evaluation. Athletes from very high income countries, Europe and Asia, showed a higher prevalence of at least one pre-participation cardiac evaluation.

Conclusions The prevalence of pre-participation cardiac evaluation in low to middle income countries, and the African continent in particular, needs urgent attention. Furthermore, increases in evaluation prevalence should be accompanied by the development of cost-effective methods that can be adopted in all global regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2020
Keywords
Pre-participation cardiac evaluation, cardiac screening, sudden cardiac death prevention, athletics, track and field, IAAF, World Athletics
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161339 (URN)10.1177/2047487319884385 (DOI)000492624800001 ()31648553 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2019-10-30 Created: 2019-10-30 Last updated: 2021-12-29Bibliographically approved
Wickström, W., Spreco, A., Bargoria, V., Elinder, F., Hansson, P.-O., Dahlström, Ö. & Timpka, T. (2019). Perceptions of Overuse Injury Among Swedish Ultramarathon and Marathon Runners: Cross-Sectional Study Based on the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R). Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1-11, Article ID 2406.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perceptions of Overuse Injury Among Swedish Ultramarathon and Marathon Runners: Cross-Sectional Study Based on the Illness Perception Questionnaire Revised (IPQ-R)
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2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 10, p. 1-11, article id 2406Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Long-distance runners’ understandings of overuse injuries are not well known which decreases the possibilities for prevention. The common sense model (CSM) outlines that runners’ perceptions of a health problem can be described using the categories identity, consequence, timeline, personal control, and cause. The aim of this study was to use the CSM to investigate perceptions of overuse injury among long-distance runners with different exercise loads.

Methods: The study used a cross-sectional design. An adapted version of the illness perception questionnaire revised (IPQ-R) derived from the CSM was used to investigate Swedish ultramarathon and marathon runners’ perceptions of overuse injuries. Cluster analysis was employed for categorizing runners into high and low exercise load categories. A Principal Component Analysis was thereafter used to group variables describing injury causes. Multiple logistic regression methods were finally applied using high exercise load as endpoint variable and CSM items representing perceptions of injury identity, consequence, timeline, personal control, and causes as explanatory variables.

Results: Complete data sets were collected from 165/443 (37.2%) runners. The symptoms most commonly associated with overuse injury were pain (80.1% of the runners), stiff muscles (54.1%), and stiff joints (42.0%). Overuse injury was perceived to be characterized by the possibility of personal control (stated by 78.7% of the runners), treatability (70.4%), and that the injury context was comprehensible (69.3%). The main injury causes highlighted were runner biomechanics (stated by 78.3%), the runner’s personality (72.4%), and running surface biomechanics (70.0%). Among men, a belief in that personality contributes to overuse injury increased the likelihood of belonging to the high exercise load category [Odds ratio (OR) 2.10 (95% Confidence interval (95% CI) 1.38–3.19); P = 0.001], while beliefs in that running biomechanics [OR 0.56 (95% CI 0.37–0.85); P = 0.006) and mileage (OR 0.72 (95% CI 0.54–0.96); P = 0.026] causes injury decreased the likelihood. In women, a strong perception that overuse injuries can be controlled by medical interventions decreased the likelihood of high exercise load [OR 0.68 (95% CI 0.52–0.89); P = 0.005].

Conclusion: This study indicates that recognition among long-distance runners of the association between own decisions in overuse injury causation is accentuated by increased exercise loads.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
Illness perceptions, long-distance running, overuse injury, exercise load, common sense model of illness, sports psychology
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Sport and Fitness Sciences Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-161230 (URN)10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02406 (DOI)000494658900001 ()
Note

Funding agencies: Swedish Centre for Sports Research (CIF) [P2018-0194]

Available from: 2019-10-24 Created: 2019-10-24 Last updated: 2022-02-10
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