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Understanding attitude measurement: Exploring meaning and use of the PATT short questionnaire
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. (TekNaD)
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. (TekNaD)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5257-8208
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Learning, Aesthetics, Natural science. Linköping University, Faculty of Educational Sciences. (TekNaD)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0829-3349
2018 (English)In: International journal of technology and design education, ISSN 0957-7572, E-ISSN 1573-1804, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 67-83Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pupils’ attitudes toward technology survey (PATT) has been used for 30 years and is still used by researchers. Since it was first developed, the validity of the questionnaire constructs has primarily been discussed from a statistical point of view, while few researchers have discussed the type of attitudes and interest that the questionnaire measures. The purpose of this study is to increase the knowledge about student interpretations and the meaning of their answers in the recently developed PATT short questionnaire (PATT-SQ). To research this, a mixed methods approach was used, where the qualitative data from six interviewees (students aged 14) help to explain and interpret the quantitative data from 173 respondents (students aged 12–15). The interviewed students completed a Swedish version of the PATT-SQ 3 weeks prior a semistructured interview. The results from this study imply that the PATT-SQ survey can be used mostly as it is, but this study also shows that there are some categories that require some caution when being analyzed and discussed. For example, the gender category cannot be used as intended since it does not measure what it is supposed to and it might be gender-biased. The interest category can advantageously be reduced to four items to focus on school technology, which will indicate how deep a student’s well-developed individual interest is. And the career category seems to only detect students’ who urge a career in technology, while the other students lack knowledge about what that career might be and therefore they are not interested in such a career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2018. Vol. 28, no 1, p. 67-83
Keywords [en]
Attitudes; Interest; Technology education; PATT
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133346DOI: 10.1007/s10798-016-9392-xISI: 000425323800004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85006930137OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-133346DiVA, id: diva2:1058812
Available from: 2016-12-21 Created: 2016-12-21 Last updated: 2024-03-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Having an attitude toward technology: Rethinking PATT studies from a theoretical perspective to study students’ attitudes toward technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Having an attitude toward technology: Rethinking PATT studies from a theoretical perspective to study students’ attitudes toward technology
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Attityd till teknik : Teoretiska perspektiv på PATT-studier för att studera eleves attityder till teknik
Abstract [en]

Attitudes are complex and consist of emotions, beliefs, and behavior. The overall aim of this thesis is to contribute to a theoretically anchored understanding of attitudes toward technology by exploring the three components of attitudes: affective, cognitive, and behavioral among 12-15-year-old students in Sweden.  

This thesis includes three research papers (I, II, III) and one book chapter (Paper IV) that are based on data from two studies. Data (student interviews N=6 and survey N=173) from the first study was used in Papers I, II and IV, and data (student survey N=485) from the second study were used in Paper III.     

In Paper I, an existing attitude survey (PATT) is validated for use in a Swedish context. In Paper II, an instrument to quantify students’ perceptions of technology and technology education is developed This instrument is used to study the cognitive component of attitudes and is named the Mitcham Score. In Paper III, the methods developed in Paper I and II are used to study the relationships among the affective, cognitive, and behavioral components of attitudes. In Paper IV, students’ perceptions of technology are discussed as a starting point for teachers, when planning and teaching technology. 

The methods developed throughout the thesis prove useful to research the different components of attitudes. The Mitcham Score can give insights into students’ perception of technology as well as be used as a construct of the cognitive component of attitudes. The PATT survey categories called Boredom and Interest measure students’ feelings (affect), while the category called Career was seen as assessing the behavioral component. The affective component, Interest, was related to both the cognitive component and the behavioral component. A high Mitcham Score, or in other words a broad perception of technology, seems to be a key concept for girls to consider technological careers.   

Abstract [sv]

Attityder är komplexa och kan påverkas av olika faktorer, såsom känslor, övertygelser och beteenden. Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling är att bidra till en teoretiskt förankrad förståelse av attityder till teknik genom att utforska de tre komponenterna av attityder: affektiva, kognitiva och beteendemässiga, bland 12–15-åriga elever i Sverige.  

Avhandlingen innehåller tre artiklar (Paper I, II, III) och ett bokkapitel (Paper IV) som är baserade på data från två studier. Data (elevintervjuer N=6 och enkät N=173) från den första studien användes i Paper I, II och IV, och data (elevenkät N=485) från den andra studien användes i Paper III.     

I Paper I valideras en befintlig attitydenkät (PATT) för användning i en svensk kontext. I paper II utvecklas ett instrument för att kvantifiera elevers uppfattningar om teknik och teknikundervisning, detta instrument utvecklades för att kunna studera den kognitiva komponenten av attityder och kallas Mitcham Score. Paper III utgår från de metoder som utvecklats i Paper I och II för att studera sambanden mellan de affektiva, kognitiva och beteendemässiga komponenterna av attityder. I Studie IV diskuteras elevers uppfattningar om teknik som en utgångspunkt för lärare, för att planera och undervisa teknik.  

De metoder som utvecklats i avhandlingen visar sig vara användbara för att undersöka de olika komponenterna av attityder. Mitcham Score kan ge insikter i elevernas uppfattning om teknik samt användas för att bedöma den kognitiva komponenten av attityder. Den använda PATT-enkätens kategorier som kallas Tråkighet och Intresse mäter tydligt elevernas affektiva komponent medan kategorin som kallas Karriärssträvan mäter den beteendemässiga komponenten. Den affektiva komponenten, Intresse, relaterade till både den kognitiva och den beteendemässiga komponenten. Högt Mitcham Score, eller med andra ord bred uppfattning om vad teknik är, verkar vara en nyckelfaktor för att flickor ska överväga en karriär inom teknik.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2024. p. 99
Series
Studies in Science and Technology Education, ISSN 1652-5051 ; 126
Keywords
Attitudes, Technology Education, PATT, Mitcham Score, Attityder, Teknikundervisning, PATT, Mitcham Score
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-201743 (URN)10.3384/9789180756099 (DOI)9789180756082 (ISBN)9789180756099 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-04-12, K1, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Norrköping, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-03-19 Created: 2024-03-19 Last updated: 2024-03-19Bibliographically approved

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