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Synthesis of scaffold-free, three dimensional, osteogenic constructs following culture of skeletal osteoprogenitor cells on glass surfaces
Univ Sharjah, U Arab Emirates.
Univ Sharjah, U Arab Emirates.
Univ Sharjah, U Arab Emirates.
Univ Southampton, England.
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2021 (English)In: Bone Reports, E-ISSN 2352-1872, Vol. 15, article id 101143Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Efficient differentiation of stem cells into three-dimensional (3D) osteogenic construct is still an unmet challenge. These constructs can be crucial for patients with bone defects due to congenital or traumatic reasons. The modulation of cell fate and function as a consequence of interaction with the physical and chemical properties of materials is well known. Methods: The current study has examined the osteogenic differentiation potential of human skeletal populations following culture on glass surfaces, as a monolayer, or in glass tubes as a pellet culture. The 3D prosperities were assessed morphometrically and the differentiation was evaluated through molecular characterization as well as matrix formation. Results: Early temporal expression of alkaline phosphatase expression of skeletal populations was observed following culture on glass surfaces. Skeletal populations seeded on glass tubes, adhered as a monolayer to the tube base and subsequently formed 3D pellets at the air-media interface. The pellets cultured on glass displayed 4.9 +/- 1.3 times the weight and 2.9 +/- 0.1 the diameter of their counterpart cultured in plastic tubes and displayed enhanced production of osteogenic matrix proteins, such a collagen I and osteonectin. The size and weight of the pellets correlated with surface area in contrast to cell numbers seeded. Global DNA methylation level was decreased in pellets cultured on glass. In contrast, gene expression analysis confirmed upregulation extracellular matrix proteins and osteogenesis-related growth factors. Conclusion: This simple approach to the culture of skeletal cells on glass tubes provides a scaffold-free, 3D construct platform for generating pellets enabling analysis and evaluation of tissue development and integration of multiple constructs with implications for tissue repair and regenerative application on scale-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER , 2021. Vol. 15, article id 101143
Keywords [en]
Osteoprogenitor cells; Pellets; 3D culture; Osteogenesis; Differentiation
National Category
Cell and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-180885DOI: 10.1016/j.bonr.2021.101143ISI: 000711380900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-180885DiVA, id: diva2:1609449
Note

Funding Agencies|University of Sharjah, UAE; Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, UKUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)

Available from: 2021-11-08 Created: 2021-11-08 Last updated: 2024-04-30

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El-Serafi, Ahmed Taher

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Division of Surgery, Orthopedics and OncologyFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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